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Other Name
P.O.W. HANDMADE ALBUM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20000044000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P.O.W. HANDMADE ALBUM
Date
1940
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
2
Length
25.2
Width
18.7
Description
HANDMADE ALBUM CONSISTS OF BACK AND FRONT COVERS MADE OF INTERWOVEN PLANT STALKS OR FIBRES. COVERS DISPLAY A DARK COLOURED GEOMETRIC DESIGN. FRONT COVER EMBOSSED "MB" AND "CANADA 1940-41". INSIDE COVERS FEATURE CARDBOARD SURFACE.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
ALBUM BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, JACK EKLUND. DONOR REQUESTS JACK BE NAMED ON ANY FUTURE LABELLING AS DONOR. ALBUM WAS GIVEN TO FATHER BY HIENRICH BIER, AN INMATE OF LETHBRIDGE'S P.O.W. CAMP. DONOR'S FATHER MANAGED THE BENNETT FARM IN COALDALE WHERE P.O.W.'S WORKED. DONOR AND HIS FAMILY TREATED P.O.W.'S WELL AND GAVE THEM GOODS LIKE COFFEE. IN RETURN PRISONERS GAVE ALBUM TO JACK. IN ADDITION TO BIER, LUTHER ZIEMAHAGEL, ANOTHER P.O.W. WAS A CLOSE FAMILY FRIEND. JACK EKLUND'S PARENTS WERE ORIGINALLY FROM UTAH PRIOR TO SETTLEMENT IN RAYMOND/ STIRLING. JACK WAS BORN IN STIRLING. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20000044000
Acquisition Date
2000-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, WOOD, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20170023002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
FELT, WOOD, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Length
37
Width
30
Description
RED FELT BANNER WITH TOP FORMING A STITCHED LOOP FIXED TO WOODEN ROD. BANNER IS FRINGED AT THE BOTTOM AND FRONT HAS RED AND BLACK PAINTED SCENE DEPICTING FORT MACLEOD, TEEPEES, AND MOUNTAINS WITH TEXT “ORIGINAL HOME OF THE MOUNTIES, FORT MACLEOD”. BACK HAS WHITE PAPER LABEL ATTACHED WITH BLACK FADED TEXT “JUNIOR FOREST WARDENS & [ILLEGIBLE], FORT MACLEOD, ALBERTA, CANADA”. FRONT AND BACK ARE CREASED, AND FRONT HAS STAIN AT TOP BELOW ROD; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JULY 21, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED GLENN AND JOANNE ALLEN REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF RCMP AND LETHBRIDGE MEMORABILIA. GLENN ALLEN WAS RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE, AND COLLECTED THE OBJECTS AS A CHILD IN LETHBRIDGE. ON THE RCMP FIGURINE, ALLEN RECALLED, “THESE TWO MOUNTED POLICE ITEMS, THE BANNER AND THE LITTLE STATUETTE…I WAS YOUNG, IN THE [HOMEFRONT] PERIOD FROM 1940-1945. LETHBRIDGE WAS A MAJOR BASE FOR THE COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING THING. WE HAD YOUNG BRITISH AIRMEN COME, AND THEY LIVED EVERYWHERE. THEY BOARDED WITH PEOPLE; THEY STAYED ON BASE, BUT WHEN THEY HAD A DAY OFF, IT WAS ONE OF THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE PEOPLE OF LETHBRIDGE TO TAKE THEM ON LITTLE JOURNEYS TO PLACES. I CAN REMEMBER GOING WITH THEM…TO FORT MACLEOD, AND THEN TO PINCHER CREEK, AND WE HAD PLUMS AND CHERRIES. I CAN REMEMBER MY MOTHER BRINGING THIS BAG OF FRUIT OUT, AND SAYING TO THE ONE YOUNG FELLOW, “WOULD YOU LIKE A PIECE OF FRUIT?” HE WAS SITTING IN THE FRONT SEAT, TURNED TO MY MOTHER [WHO] WAS DRIVING THE CAR, [THEN] HE TURNED TO HIS BUDDIES IN THE BACKSEAT, AND HE [SAID], “WOULD YOU LIKE A PLUM OR A CHERRY?” WE VISITED THERE, AND THOSE WERE GIFTS FROM THOSE AIRMEN TO ME, AT THAT TIME. I HAD A LITTLE MANTLE IN MY ROOM, DOWNSTAIRS IN CALGARY, AND HAD THEM THERE. WHEN WE WERE IN LETHBRIDGE, WE HAD NO SPACE AT ALL FOR ANYTHING. OUR FURNITURE HAD TO BE ALL STORED. THE ONLY POSSESSIONS OF OURS THAT WERE IN THAT HOUSE WERE OUR BEDS AND OUR DRESSERS, MAYBE A COUPLE OF CHAIRS…” “[I DISPLAYED THEM] MORE IN CALGARY, THAN LETHBRIDGE.” ALLEN ELABORATED ON HIS FAMILY’S HISTORY IN LETHBRIDGE, NOTING, “MY MOTHER’S FAMILY CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1923, AND SHE WAS ABOUT 12 AT THE TIME. SHE DIDN’T GO TO SCHOOL ANY FURTHER AT THAT POINT IN TIME, AND SHE WAS HIRED ON AS A HOUSE GIRL FOR THE STOLZ FAMILY.” “MY DAD’S NAME WAS TOM, THOMAS SPENCE ALLEN, AND MY MOTHER WAS DOROTHY EMMA SCHIELS. MY DAD’S FAMILY - HIS FATHER AND, A FEW YEARS LATER MY DAD AND HIS MOTHER - CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1910, AND THEY SETTLED IN NORTH LETHBRIDGE, AT 707 12A ST. NORTH. THERE WERE THREE BOYS AND ONE GIRL. THEY ALL WENT THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AT GALBRAITH HIGH SCHOOL, AND MY DAD WORKED FOR THE RAILWAYS. HE STARTED AS A MESSENGER…HE WAS 15 YEARS OF AGE. HE PROGRESSED IN THE FREIGHT CPR BUSINESS, AND BECAME A FREIGHT INSPECTOR IN LETHBRIDGE, AND THEN, IN 1948, WAS TRANSFERRED TO CALGARY. MY MOTHER WAS ALWAYS A HOUSEWIFE. THEY LIVED ON 3RD AVENUE NORTH, BY THE LEALTA THEATRE. THEY HAD JUST ONE CHILD. I GREW UP [IN THAT HOUSE] UNTIL I WAS ABOUT AGE FIVE. AT THAT TIME, THE END OF THE WAR WAS COMING, AND SOLDIERS WERE RETURNING. RENTAL HOUSING BECAME ALMOST NOT AVAILABLE. ANYBODY WHO WAS RENTING AT THAT TIME, IF YOU HADN’T BEEN IN THE FORCES, YOU WERE REQUIRED BY ORDINANCE TO FIND ANOTHER PLACE. IT WAS A HOUSE WHICH WE HAD TO GIVE UP. WE’D BEEN THERE SINCE I WAS BORN. THEN WE MOVED OVER TO 12TH STREET C, THE 500 BLOCK. WE LIVED TEMPORARILY THERE, AND THEN THAT HOUSE WAS SECONDED. WE WERE ONLY THERE MAYBE 6 MONTHS, AND THEN WE MOVED INTO AN ATTIC SPACE AT 507 12TH STREET A NORTH, AND LIVED IN THE 2 ROOMS IN THE ATTIC - NO INSULATION, AND VERY COLD IN THE WINTER, AND HOT IN THE SUMMER.” “[MY FATHER] GOT A PROMOTION [IN 1948]. HE GOT A PROMOTION TO CALGARY…A BETTER JOB.” “MY MOTHER AND DAD LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE, GREW UP IN LETHBRIDGE. MY MOTHER WAS THE COLLECTOR IN THE FAMILY. WHEN I WAS MARRIED [IN 1962], ALL OF THESE THINGS SHE GAVE ME TO JUST TAKE ALONG, BECAUSE THEY HAD BEEN GIVEN TO ME. THEY ARE JUST LITTLE ITEMS THAT WE JUST DON’T KNOW WHETHER THEY HAVE ANY VALUE, AND RATHER THAN HAVE THEM JUST GO TO LAND FILL, WE’D LIKE YOU TO HAVE A LOOK AT THEM.” “TODAY IS OUR FIFTY-FIFTH WEDDING ANNIVERSARY, AND WE’RE RETURNING TO LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE WE’VE HAD THESE THINGS IN OUR POSSESSION FOREVER, AND WE WANT TO SEE IF THEY HAVE ANY VALUE TO THE MUSEUM. THEY ARE RELICS THAT WE’VE [GATHERED] FROM PAST YEARS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170023001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170023002
Acquisition Date
2017-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PAPER MESSAGE BASKET
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19970041002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PAPER MESSAGE BASKET
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
PAPER, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
30.4
Width
18.9
Description
PINK PAPER BASKET IS FLAT CARDBOARD BACK WITH CROSS-WOVEN POUCH FASTENED TO BOTTOM HALF. BASKET HAS FADED RED RIBBON TIED THROUGH TWO HOLES AT TOP. TWO RED BIRD-LIKE FIGURES ARE GLUED TO BACK AS DECORATION, ONE LARGE & ONE SMALL. PAPER IS SLIGHTLY WORN AND FADED.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
Historical Association
FURNISHINGS
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
PAPER BASKET WAS LIKELY GIVEN AS A GIFT TO THE REVEREND CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, (DONOR'S FATHER). REV. NAKAYAMA AND HIS FAMILY MOVED TO COALDALE IN 1945 AFTER RELOCATION FROM VANCOUVER IN 1942 TO SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. AT COALDALE HE FOUNDED THE ANGLICAN CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION WHERE HE WAS RECTOR FROM 1945 TO 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041002
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BLANKET STRIP
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, BEADS, SINEW
Catalogue Number
P19739145000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BLANKET STRIP
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BUCKSKIN, BEADS, SINEW
No. Pieces
1
Length
106.7
Width
8.9
Description
GEOMETRIC BEADWORK PATTERN WITH CROSS IN CIRCLE MOTIF REGULARLY SPACED. BACKED ON BUCKSKIN. ARTIFACT APPEARS COMPLETE. BEADS ARE RED, GREEN, WHITE, BLUE, YELLOW. BUCKSKIN BACKING SOILED, WORN. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT. *NOTE* LOOSE TASSELS
Subjects
BEDDING
PERSONAL GEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION METHOD INDICATE SIOUX ORIGINS. BLANKET STRIPS ORIGINAL USE TO JOIN A BUFFALO ROBE USED AS A BLANKET. WITH TRADE BLANKETS, STRIPS BECAME MORE DECORATIVE THAN FUNCTIONAL, OFTEN USED TO JOIN COURTING BLANKETS OF DIFFERENT COLORS. STRIPS OVER TIME BECAME LARGER IN WIDTH & FANCIER. MAY HAVE BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH SIOUX IN CANADA, OR TRADED/GIFT TO ALBERTA NATIVE.
Catalogue Number
P19739145000
Acquisition Date
1973-
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WOOD-TURNED
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20120019000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WOOD-TURNED
Date
2009
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
13
Diameter
31
Description
WOOD-TURNED BOWL, MADE OF POPLAR. WOOD IS HONEY-COLOURED, WITH DARKER KNOTS AND GRAIN. TWO DARKER, INCISED RINGS ON OUTSIDE OF BOWL’S RIM. TEXT MARKED ON BOTTOM OF BOWL READS "BRYAN MATTHEWS, POPLAR, L.A. 1.04.09".
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
DOMESTIC
History
THIS BOWL WAS CRAFTED BY BRYAN MATTHEWS OUT OF WOOD SOURCED FROM A POPLAR TREE THAT GREW OUTSIDE THE GALT MUSEUM BUILDING FOR APPROXIMATELY 70 YEARS. THE TREE WAS CUT DOWN ON APRIL 17, 2008, AS PART OF THE MUSEUM’S STRATEGIC REVITALIZATION OF ITS PUBLIC ENTRANCE AND SURROUNDING ROADWAYS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20120019000
Acquisition Date
2012-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20190010003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1945
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.3
Diameter
30.6
Description
BROWN WOODEN BOWL; BOWL HAS SCALLOPED EDGES; BOWL TAPERS FROM TOP TO BASE; BOWL IS CARVED INWARDS FROM UPPER EDGES. INSIDE OF BOWL HAS CARVED WREATH OF LEAVES WITH TEXT AT THE TOP, “HOLLAND”, AND TEXT AT THE BOTTOM, “1945”, AND CARVED FLOWER IN THE CENTER. BASE HAS A HOLE CARVED IN THE CENTER. BOWL HAS MINOR DUST AND RESIDUE INSIDE; BOWL HAS LIGHT WEAR AND SCRATCHING INSIDE AND ON OUTSIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
FURNISHINGS
MILITARY
History
ON JUNE 5, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL DARMODY REGARDING HER DONATION OF OBJECTS RELATED TO HER PARENTS, IRENE (NEE NAGY) AND JOHN FROUWS. ON THE BOWL, DARMODY SHARED, “DAD SENT [THE BOWL] FROM OVERSEAS, TO MOM, FROM HOLLAND…HE WATCHED THE GUY MAKE THIS [BOWL]…HE DID SEND A FEW THINGS, BUT IT WAS MAINLY THE LETTER-WRITING BACK-AND-FORTH. HE MADE SURE MOM SENT BOXES OF COOKIES, AND DIFFERENT THINGS…MORE PSYCHOLOGICAL, THAN NEEDING THE COOKIES.” “[THE BOWL WAS USED BY MY MOM AS A] JEWELRY BOX—THIS WAS PROBABLY ON THAT TABLE FOREVER.” ON HER FATHER’S SERVICE IN THE CANADIAN MILITARY, DARMODY RECALLED, “I THINK IT WAS POVERTY [THAT MOTIVATED DAD TO ENLIST]…DAD STRUGGLED IN THE 1930S. HE WAS PULLED OUT OF GRADE 11 TO WORK IN THE COAL MINE, AND HE GOT A LUCKY BREAK FROM BILL HOPE, TO WORK IN GALT GARDENS WITH PLANTS, BEFORE HE SIGNED UP [FOR THE WAR EFFORT]. THAT WAS SIGNIFICANT, AND THEY BECAME FRIENDS WHEN HE RETURNED FROM THE WAR, TOO…HE WAS A GOOD MENTOR TO DAD, AND THAT’S WHERE THE KNOWLEDGE OF PLANTS GREW. [DAD] ENLISTED, BECAUSE THEN HE HAD A CHOICE. HE DIDN’T WANT TO FIGHT IN THE FRONT-LINE, SO, IF YOU VOLUNTEERED EARLY, YOU GOT TO PICK AND CHOOSE WHAT YOU WANTED TO DO, SO HE PICKED ELECTRICAL ENGINEER, AND HE WAS REALLY WELL-TRAINED.” “MY DAD’S FAMILY CAME [FROM HOLLAND] IN THE ‘20S—’25—AND HIS DAD WANTED TO BE A FARMER HERE, AND HE WAS THE OLDEST, SO HE AGREED TO EMIGRATE FROM HOLLAND. THERE WASN’T ENOUGH LAND [IN HOLLAND]…AND HE DECIDED HE WANTED TO FARM SOMEWHERE ELSE, ‘CAUSE IT WOULDN’T HAVE WORKED OUT STAYING IN HOLLAND. SO, BECAUSE HE DIED IN THE ‘30S, TRYING TO SAVE THAT LITTLE BOY…WHO HAD FALLEN THROUGH THE ICE NEAR THE WEIR IN THE OLDMAN RIVER. THEY BOTH DROWNED…BUT HE HAD A FEW FAILURES, I THINK, WITH FARMING, AND HE DID WORK FOR THE COAL MINING COMPANY…WHEN HE DIED, THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE GAVE HIS WIDOW, AND THE FAMILY, $30.00 A MONTH [I THINK IT WAS RELIEF MONEY]. SO DAD WAS HIGHLY-MOTIVATED. HE DIDN’T WANT TO GO OVERSEAS, AND BE KILLED…BUT, IF HE SIGNED UP EARLY, HE COULD PICK AND CHOOSE WHAT HE WANTED TO DO, AND START SENDING MONEY TO HIS MOTHER…ONLY DAD’S OLDEST SIBLING, GERTRUDE, WAS MARRIED. HIS OTHER SIBLINGS, ALICE, TINA, HARRY, AND JIM WERE YOUNGER AND NOT ABLE TO FINANCIALLY SUPPORT THEIR MOTHER. THE THREE YOUNGEST WERE STILL IN SCHOOL…THEY WEREN’T OF AN AGE WHERE THEY COULD WORK, AND SUPPORT THE MOTHER. SO, HE WAS IN A GOOD POSITION TO DO SO, BY SIGNING UP [FOR THE MILITARY IN 1940].” “[DAD] REALLY FELT CANADIAN, THROUGH-AND-THROUGH…AS A KID, HIS PARENTS TRUSTED HIM. HE WOULD BE GONE ALL WEEKEND, AT ALEXANDER WILDERNESS, JUST CAMPING WITH A FRIEND. THEY DIDN’T WORRY ABOUT HIM AT THE RIVER BOTTOM. HE LOVED THE COULEES…THIS WAS HOME. HOLLAND DIDN’T MEAN ANYTHING TO HIM, BECAUSE HE WAS SO YOUNG WHEN HE CAME HERE…HIS MOM COULDN’T GO BACK, AND SHE PROBABLY HADN’T BONDED AS WELL TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA, ESPECIALLY WITHOUT HER HUSBAND…THE IRONY…HE SPENT A LOT OF TIME IN HOLLAND [DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR], AND HE WAS AN ASSET, BECAUSE HE COULD SPEAK SOME DUTCH, I’M NOT SURE HOW WELL, BUT IN EMERGENCIES THEY WOULD USE HIM. ONE GERMAN WOMAN WAS HIT BY ONE OF THE FORCES. SHE WAS OK, BUT HE HAD TO TAKE HER HOME. HE KNEW ENOUGH TO COMMUNICATE IN GERMAN, AND IN DUTCH, WITH THE FAMILY, WHAT HAD HAPPENED. BUT, HE WASN’T A CANADIAN CITIZEN…THEY JUST QUIETLY GAVE HIM HIS PAPERS LIKE, CAME TO HIS HOUSE…I DON’T KNOW WHEN THAT WAS…HE JUST NEVER THOUGHT OF IT, AND HE SERVED OVERSEAS. AND, AT THE END, I GUESS, OR MAYBE DURING…THEY FOUND OUT HE WASN’T CANADIAN, SO THEY QUIETLY GAVE HIM THE PAPER.” DARMODY ELABORATED ON HER PARENTS’ RELATIONSHIP, NOTING, “FOR DAD, [THE RELATIONSHIP WITH MOM] STARTED REALLY EARLY. MOM WAS 4 YEARS OLDER, AND HE FELL IN LOVE WITH HER WHEN HE WAS A LITTLE BOY. HE WOULD PLAY WITH HER YOUNGEST BROTHER, BUT 3-4 YEARS [AGE DIFFERENCE WHEN] YOU’RE YOUNG, IS A LOT…HE PROBABLY WAS A NICE KID, BUT SHE DIDN’T SHOW ANY INTEREST. BUT HE FELL IN LOVE WITH HER EARLY, AND HE PROCEEDED…MOM WOULD HAVE BEEN [LIVING] IN DIAMOND CITY. DAD MIGHT HAVE BEEN ON THE NORTH SIDE THEY HAD A LITTLE HOUSE.” “THINGS WERE HAPPENING DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION. MY MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER [VERONA NAGY], HAD AN EXTREMELY UNHAPPY MARRIAGE. MY GRANDFATHER [STEVE NAGY], ALLEGEDLY DRANK TOO MUCH AND WOULD OFTEN SQUANDER HIS MEAGRE COAL-MINING EARNINGS ON ALCOHOL. IN 1933, SHE DECIDED TO HOMESTEAD IN PEACE RIVER AREA [HARMON VALLEY]. HER THIRD OLDEST SON [LEWIS] CAME WITH HER, AND HE BUILT HER A LOVELY LOG CABIN. DURING THE DEPRESSION, MOM [IRENE NAGY] SPENT TIME IN CHICAGO WITH HER BROTHER STEVE AND HIS FAMILY. SHE ALSO ALTERNATED BETWEEN LETHBRIDGE AND PEACE RIVER. IN PEACE RIVER THEY HAD LOTS TO EAT BUT VERY LITTLE MONEY. THROUGH HER YOUNGEST BROTHER, MITCH, MOM MOST LIKELY LEARNED THAT DAD WAS ABOUT TO ENLIST IN [THE SECOND WORLD WAR]. IN 1939, MY PARENTS ALLEGEDLY STARTED DATING. THEY WOULD SPEND LOTS OF TIME IN THE COULEES HAVING PICNICS AND PICKING SASKATOON BERRIES…THE THIRD OLDEST BROTHER, AND ALL HER SIBLINGS, EXCEPT FOR HER SISTER, MARY, MOVED EVENTUALLY TO PEACE RIVER, AND JUST THE TWO SISTERS REMAINED. DAD ASKED MOM, WHEN THEY MARRIED IN ’43, TO MAKE HER HOME BASE LETHBRIDGE. SHE WAS GOING BACK AND FORTH…TO HELP HER MOM.” “THEY STARTED TO COURT IN THE ‘40S [AND MARRIED IN 1943], BECAUSE HE GOT A LEAVE FROM THE TRAINING CAMP IN ONTARIO…SHE WAS IN PEACE RIVER AT THE TIME, WHEN HE ASKED HER TO MARRY HIM, AND HE WAS ON A SHORT LEAVE. HE TOOK HIS MOTHER, IN HIS CAR, FROM LETHBRIDGE TO PEACE RIVER, AND IT WAS LIKE A MAJOR EXCURSION ON GRAVEL ROADS, TO MEET MOM, AND THEN THE TWO MOTHERS WERE TOGETHER.” DARMODY ELABORATED ON HOW SHE OBTAINED HER PARENTS’ COLLECTION INCLUDING THE TROPHY, NOTING, “[THE OBJECTS CAME INTO MY POSSESSION TOGETHER]…WHEN DAD DIED…[IN] 2011.” “[I WANTED TO KEEP THEM BECAUSE] THEY CONNECT ME TO THE PAST, AND WHEN…THE FORMER GOVERNOR-GENERAL’S WIFE WAS IN LETHBRIDGE, SHE WROTE THAT BOOK, ‘MATRONS AND MADAMS’, SHE SAID IT USUALLY TAKES 3-4 GENERATIONS FOR THE WAR EFFECTS TO BE ELIMINATED, FROM THE GREAT-GREAT-GREAT GRANDKIDS, SO, I WAS INDIRECTLY AFFECTED BY THE WAR…I HAD TO TEACH SOCIAL STUDIES AT ONE POINT, IN VANCOUVER, SO I LEARNED, DID A LOT OF PREPARATION. DAD WAS SUPPORTING HIS WIDOWED MOTHER…AFTER 1943, HE WAS SENDING MONEY TO MOM. HE DIDN’T HAVE A LOT OF SPARE MONEY TO BUY THINGS AND SEND BACK HOME…SO THE THINGS HE SENT WERE HUMBLE.” ACCORDING TO THE SERVICE PAY BOOKS OF JOHN W. FROUWS HELD IN THE GALT ARCHIVES [20191038011], STAFF SERGEANT FROUWS [M-35922] ATTESTED WITH THE CANADIAN FORCES ON JUNE 3, 1941. THE WAR DIARY OF THE 10TH CANADIAN FIELD PARK COMPANY, ROYAL CANADIAN ENGINEERS, HELD IN THE GALT ARCHIVES [20191038023] DETAILS THE ACTIONS OF ST. SGT. FROUWS AND HIS COMPANY. AT CAMP PETAWAWA, ONTARIO IN 1942, THE 10TH CANADIAN FIELD PARK COMPANY TOOK ON MEMBERS OF THE 2ND CORPS. FIELD PARK COMPANY, R.C.E., AND ON JULY 22ND, 1942 THE UNIT WAS CHANGED TO THE 2ND CORPS. FIELD PARK COMPANY, R.C.E. ON AUGUST 14TH, 1943, THE NEW WAR ESTABLISHMENT CREATED AN ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL UNIT WITHIN THE FIELD PARK COMPANY. AN ENTRY FROM MARCH 1, 1943 RECORDS FROUWS AS BEING PROMOTED FROM L.CPL. TO A.CPL. AT CAMP PETAWAWA, ONTARIO. FROUWS WAS FURTHER PROMOTED TO L.SGT. ON JUNE 24, 1943 AT ALDERSHOT, NOVA SCOTIA, TO A.SGT. ON JULY 26, 1943, AND TO S.SGT. ON SEPTEMBER 29, 1943 AT MICKLEHAM, SURREY, ENGLAND. THE 2ND CORPS. FIELD PARK COMPANY MOVED FROM CAMP PETAWAWA, ONTARIO TO HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA BEFORE PROCEEDING TO ENGLAND IN AUGUST 1943. THE UNIT SAILED FROM ENGLAND TO JUNO BEACH, NORMANDY IN TWO PARTS ON JULY 11, 1944. ON JULY 14, 1944, S.SGT. FROUWS WAS LISTED AS ACCOMPANYING L.CPL. TRETHEWAY IN “DE-BOOBY-TRAPPING” THE TELEPHONE EXCHANGE IN CAEN, FRANCE. THE COMPANY PROCEEDED THROUGH HOLLAND AND BELGIUM IN 1944 AND 1945, STATIONING AT NIJMEGEN, HOLLAND ON SEPTEMBER 22, 1944, BOURG LEOPOLD, BELGIUM ON SEPTEMBER 29, 1944, WEMMEL, BELGIUM ON OCTOBER 2, 1944, KESSEL, BELGIUM ON OCTOBER 10, 1944, AND TILBURG, HOLLAND BY NOVEMBER 1944. THE COMPANY REMAINED IN HOLLAND UNTIL APRIL 19, 1945, WHEN IT MOVED TO NORDHORN, GERMANY AND REMAINED THROUGH VE DAY ON MAY 9, 1945. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190010001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190010003
Acquisition Date
2019-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ORIGAMI PAPER IN BOX
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19970041119
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ORIGAMI PAPER IN BOX
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
26
Height
3.7
Length
10.2
Width
10.2
Description
.1) BOX. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX HAS RED AND YELLOW LID WHICH HAS LEAF AND BRANCH MOTIF ON PAPER COVER. PAPER COVER IS TORN AT TOP RIGHT. ON INSIDE OF LID IS PAPER LABEL WITH ORANGE SYMBOL AT CENTRE AND JAPANESE CHARACTERS. .2) ORIGAMI BOX. 2.6CM X 2.6CM X 1.6CM FOLDED PAPER BOX WITH BLUE LID AND BLUE BOTTOM. INSIDE IS PINK FOLDED FLOWER. .3) ORIGAMI BOX. 3.1CM X 3.1CM X 1.3CM FOLDED PAPER BOX WITH MEDIUM BLUE LID AND PURPLE BOTTOM. INSIDE IS ORANGE FOLDED FLOWER. .4) ORIGAMI BOX. 3.0CM X 3.0CM X 1.5CM FOLDED PAPER BOX WITH BLUE LID AND WHITE BOTTOM. INSIDE IS LIGHT BLUE FOLDED PAPER BIRD. .5) ORIGAMI BOX. 1.8CM X 1.8CM X 0.9CM FOLDED PAPER BOX WITH PINK LID AND PINK BOTTOM. INSIDE IS PINK FOLDED PAPER BIRD. .6) ORIGAMI BOX. 2.2CM X 2.2CM X 0.9CM FOLDED PAPER BOX WITH LIGHT BLUE LID AND BOTTOM. INSIDE IS PEACH COLORED FOLDED PAPER BIRD. .7) ORIGAMI BOX. 1.9CM X 1.9CM X 1.1CM FOLDED PAPER BOX WITH PINK LID AND LIGHT BLUE BOTTOM. INSIDE IS PEACH COLORED FOLDED PAPER BIRD. .8) ORIGAMI BOX. 1.8CM X 1.8CM X 1.0CM FOLDED PAPER BOX WOTH PINK LID AND YELLOW BOTTOM. INSIDE IS LIGHT BLUE FOLDED PAPER BIRD. .9) ORIGAMI PAPER. THREE TRIANGULAR PIECES OF PAPER, TWO RED AND ONE GREEN. .10) ORIGAMI PAPER. TWO DIAMOND SHAPE PIECES OF PAPER, ONE BLUE AND ONE BROWN. *UPDATE* AS OF 2011 INVENTORY, TWO PIECES FROM THIS ARTIFACT WERE NOT FOUND. A RED TRIANGULAR PIECE OF PAPER AND A SMALL LIGHT BLUE PAPER CRANE ARE MISSING. KEVIN MACLEAN, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN, SUSPECTS THERE COULD HAVE BEEN AN ERROR IN THE CATALOGUING PROCESS. SUBSEQUENTLY, THE CURRENT NUMBER OF PIECES FOR THIS ARTIFACT HAS BEEN REDUCED FROM 28 TO 26.
Subjects
CONTAINER
TOY
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
ORIGAMI BOXES AND PAPER WERE FOUND AMONG THE BELONGINGS OF THE REV. G.G. NAKAYAMA. DONOR IS UNSURE WHETHER MOTHER OR FATHER MADE THEM. REV. G.G.NAKAYAMA AND HIS FAMILY MOVED TO COALDALE IN 1945 AFTER BEING RELOCATED FROM VANCOUVER IN 1942 TO SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. AT COALDALE HE FOUNDED THE ANGLICAN CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION WHERE HE WAS RECTOR FROM 1945 TO 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041119
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ORIGAMI PAPER IN BOX
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19970041120
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ORIGAMI PAPER IN BOX
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
5.5
Length
10.3
Width
10.3
Description
.1) BOX. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX HAS RED AND YELLOW LID WHICH HAS LEAF AND BRANCH MOTIF ON PAPER COVER. ON INSIDE OF LID IS PAPER LABEL WITH ORANGE SYMBOL AT CENTRE AND JAPANESE CHARACTERS. .2) ORIGAMI BALL. 6.5CM (D) MULTI SIDED GREEN AND WHITE PAPER BALL MADE FROM FOLDED SECTIONS OF PAPER.
Subjects
CONTAINER
TOY
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
ORIGAMI BOXES AND PAPER WERE FOUND AMONG THE BELONGINGS OF THE REV. G.G. NAKAYAMA. DONOR IS UNSURE WHETHER MOTHER OR FATHER MADE THEM. REV. G.G. NAKAYAMA AND HIS FAMILY MOVED TO COALDALE IN 1945 AFTER BEING RELOCATED FROM VANCOUVER IN 1942 TO SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. AT COALDALE HE FOUNDED THE ANGLICAN CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION WHERE HE WAS RECTOR FROM 1945 TO 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041120
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20190010001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1945
Materials
WOOD, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.2
Length
12.2
Width
17.5
Description
WOOD BOX WITH DARK-WOOD TONES AND LIGHTER WOOD BASE; BOX HAS CARVED SCROLL PATTERN ON TOP WITH CARVED TEXT, “MY DARLING IRENE”; BOX HAS CARVED SCROLL PATTERN ON FRONT WITH CARVED TEXT, “HOLLAND 1945”. BOX HAS NAILS IN SIDES AND ATTACHED TO BASE; BOX HAS BRASS HINGES ON BACK. INSIDE OF BOX HAS MINOR RESIDUE AND STAINING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
FURNISHINGS
MILITARY
History
ON JUNE 5, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL DARMODY REGARDING HER DONATION OF OBJECTS RELATED TO HER PARENTS, IRENE (NEE NAGY) AND JOHN FROUWS. ON THE CARVED BOX, DARMODY SHARED, “DAD SENT [THE BOX] FROM OVERSEAS, TO MOM, FROM HOLLAND…HE DID SEND A FEW THINGS, BUT IT WAS MAINLY THE LETTER-WRITING BACK-AND-FORTH. HE MADE SURE MOM SENT BOXES OF COOKIES, AND DIFFERENT THINGS…MORE PSYCHOLOGICAL, THAN NEEDING THE COOKIES.” ON HER FATHER’S SERVICE IN THE CANADIAN MILITARY, DARMODY RECALLED, “I THINK IT WAS POVERTY [THAT MOTIVATED DAD TO ENLIST]…DAD STRUGGLED IN THE 1930S. HE WAS PULLED OUT OF GRADE 11 TO WORK IN THE COAL MINE, AND HE GOT A LUCKY BREAK FROM BILL HOPE, TO WORK IN GALT GARDENS WITH PLANTS, BEFORE HE SIGNED UP [FOR THE WAR EFFORT]. THAT WAS SIGNIFICANT, AND THEY BECAME FRIENDS WHEN HE RETURNED FROM THE WAR, TOO…HE WAS A GOOD MENTOR TO DAD, AND THAT’S WHERE THE KNOWLEDGE OF PLANTS GREW. [DAD] ENLISTED, BECAUSE THEN HE HAD A CHOICE. HE DIDN’T WANT TO FIGHT IN THE FRONT-LINE, SO, IF YOU VOLUNTEERED EARLY, YOU GOT TO PICK AND CHOOSE WHAT YOU WANTED TO DO, SO HE PICKED ELECTRICAL ENGINEER, AND HE WAS REALLY WELL-TRAINED.” “MY DAD’S FAMILY CAME [FROM HOLLAND] IN THE ‘20S—’25—AND HIS DAD WANTED TO BE A FARMER HERE, AND HE WAS THE OLDEST, SO HE AGREED TO EMIGRATE FROM HOLLAND. THERE WASN’T ENOUGH LAND [IN HOLLAND]…AND HE DECIDED HE WANTED TO FARM SOMEWHERE ELSE, ‘CAUSE IT WOULDN’T HAVE WORKED OUT STAYING IN HOLLAND. SO, BECAUSE HE DIED IN THE ‘30S, TRYING TO SAVE THAT LITTLE BOY…WHO HAD FALLEN THROUGH THE ICE NEAR THE WEIR IN THE OLDMAN RIVER. THEY BOTH DROWNED…BUT HE HAD A FEW FAILURES, I THINK, WITH FARMING, AND HE DID WORK FOR THE COAL MINING COMPANY…WHEN HE DIED, THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE GAVE HIS WIDOW, AND THE FAMILY, $30.00 A MONTH [I THINK IT WAS RELIEF MONEY]. SO DAD WAS HIGHLY-MOTIVATED. HE DIDN’T WANT TO GO OVERSEAS, AND BE KILLED…BUT, IF HE SIGNED UP EARLY, HE COULD PICK AND CHOOSE WHAT HE WANTED TO DO, AND START SENDING MONEY TO HIS MOTHER…ONLY DAD’S OLDEST SIBLING, GERTRUDE, WAS MARRIED. HIS OTHER SIBLINGS, ALICE, TINA, HARRY, AND JIM WERE YOUNGER AND NOT ABLE TO FINANCIALLY SUPPORT THEIR MOTHER. THE THREE YOUNGEST WERE STILL IN SCHOOL…THEY WEREN’T OF AN AGE WHERE THEY COULD WORK, AND SUPPORT THE MOTHER. SO, HE WAS IN A GOOD POSITION TO DO SO, BY SIGNING UP [FOR THE MILITARY IN 1940].” “[DAD] REALLY FELT CANADIAN, THROUGH-AND-THROUGH…AS A KID, HIS PARENTS TRUSTED HIM. HE WOULD BE GONE ALL WEEKEND, AT ALEXANDER WILDERNESS, JUST CAMPING WITH A FRIEND. THEY DIDN’T WORRY ABOUT HIM AT THE RIVER BOTTOM. HE LOVED THE COULEES…THIS WAS HOME. HOLLAND DIDN’T MEAN ANYTHING TO HIM, BECAUSE HE WAS SO YOUNG WHEN HE CAME HERE…HIS MOM COULDN’T GO BACK, AND SHE PROBABLY HADN’T BONDED AS WELL TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA, ESPECIALLY WITHOUT HER HUSBAND…THE IRONY…HE SPENT A LOT OF TIME IN HOLLAND [DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR], AND HE WAS AN ASSET, BECAUSE HE COULD SPEAK SOME DUTCH, I’M NOT SURE HOW WELL, BUT IN EMERGENCIES THEY WOULD USE HIM. ONE GERMAN WOMAN WAS HIT BY ONE OF THE FORCES. SHE WAS OK, BUT HE HAD TO TAKE HER HOME. HE KNEW ENOUGH TO COMMUNICATE IN GERMAN, AND IN DUTCH, WITH THE FAMILY, WHAT HAD HAPPENED. BUT, HE WASN’T A CANADIAN CITIZEN…THEY JUST QUIETLY GAVE HIM HIS PAPERS LIKE, CAME TO HIS HOUSE…I DON’T KNOW WHEN THAT WAS…HE JUST NEVER THOUGHT OF IT, AND HE SERVED OVERSEAS. AND, AT THE END, I GUESS, OR MAYBE DURING…THEY FOUND OUT HE WASN’T CANADIAN, SO THEY QUIETLY GAVE HIM THE PAPER.” DARMODY ELABORATED ON HER PARENTS’ RELATIONSHIP, NOTING, “FOR DAD, [THE RELATIONSHIP WITH MOM] STARTED REALLY EARLY. MOM WAS 4 YEARS OLDER, AND HE FELL IN LOVE WITH HER WHEN HE WAS A LITTLE BOY. HE WOULD PLAY WITH HER YOUNGEST BROTHER, BUT 3-4 YEARS [AGE DIFFERENCE WHEN] YOU’RE YOUNG, IS A LOT…HE PROBABLY WAS A NICE KID, BUT SHE DIDN’T SHOW ANY INTEREST. BUT HE FELL IN LOVE WITH HER EARLY, AND HE PROCEEDED…MOM WOULD HAVE BEEN [LIVING] IN DIAMOND CITY. DAD MIGHT HAVE BEEN ON THE NORTH SIDE THEY HAD A LITTLE HOUSE.” “THINGS WERE HAPPENING DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION. MY MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER [VERONA NAGY], HAD AN EXTREMELY UNHAPPY MARRIAGE. MY GRANDFATHER [STEVE NAGY], ALLEGEDLY DRANK TOO MUCH AND WOULD OFTEN SQUANDER HIS MEAGRE COAL-MINING EARNINGS ON ALCOHOL. IN 1933, SHE DECIDED TO HOMESTEAD IN PEACE RIVER AREA [HARMON VALLEY]. HER THIRD OLDEST SON [LEWIS] CAME WITH HER, AND HE BUILT HER A LOVELY LOG CABIN. DURING THE DEPRESSION, MOM [IRENE NAGY] SPENT TIME IN CHICAGO WITH HER BROTHER STEVE AND HIS FAMILY. SHE ALSO ALTERNATED BETWEEN LETHBRIDGE AND PEACE RIVER. IN PEACE RIVER THEY HAD LOTS TO EAT BUT VERY LITTLE MONEY. THROUGH HER YOUNGEST BROTHER, MITCH, MOM MOST LIKELY LEARNED THAT DAD WAS ABOUT TO ENLIST IN [THE SECOND WORLD WAR]. IN 1939, MY PARENTS ALLEGEDLY STARTED DATING. THEY WOULD SPEND LOTS OF TIME IN THE COULEES HAVING PICNICS AND PICKING SASKATOON BERRIES…THE THIRD OLDEST BROTHER, AND ALL HER SIBLINGS, EXCEPT FOR HER SISTER, MARY, MOVED EVENTUALLY TO PEACE RIVER, AND JUST THE TWO SISTERS REMAINED. DAD ASKED MOM, WHEN THEY MARRIED IN ’43, TO MAKE HER HOME BASE LETHBRIDGE. SHE WAS GOING BACK AND FORTH…TO HELP HER MOM.” “THEY STARTED TO COURT IN THE ‘40S [AND MARRIED IN 1943], BECAUSE HE GOT A LEAVE FROM THE TRAINING CAMP IN ONTARIO…SHE WAS IN PEACE RIVER AT THE TIME, WHEN HE ASKED HER TO MARRY HIM, AND HE WAS ON A SHORT LEAVE. HE TOOK HIS MOTHER, IN HIS CAR, FROM LETHBRIDGE TO PEACE RIVER, AND IT WAS LIKE A MAJOR EXCURSION ON GRAVEL ROADS, TO MEET MOM, AND THEN THE TWO MOTHERS WERE TOGETHER.” DARMODY ELABORATED ON HOW SHE OBTAINED HER PARENTS’ COLLECTION INCLUDING THE TROPHY, NOTING, “[THE OBJECTS CAME INTO MY POSSESSION TOGETHER]…WHEN DAD DIED…[IN] 2011.” “[I WANTED TO KEEP THEM BECAUSE] THEY CONNECT ME TO THE PAST, AND WHEN…THE FORMER GOVERNOR-GENERAL’S WIFE WAS IN LETHBRIDGE, SHE WROTE THAT BOOK, ‘MATRONS AND MADAMS’, SHE SAID IT USUALLY TAKES 3-4 GENERATIONS FOR THE WAR EFFECTS TO BE ELIMINATED, FROM THE GREAT-GREAT-GREAT GRANDKIDS, SO, I WAS INDIRECTLY AFFECTED BY THE WAR…I HAD TO TEACH SOCIAL STUDIES AT ONE POINT, IN VANCOUVER, SO I LEARNED, DID A LOT OF PREPARATION. DAD WAS SUPPORTING HIS WIDOWED MOTHER…AFTER 1943, HE WAS SENDING MONEY TO MOM. HE DIDN’T HAVE A LOT OF SPARE MONEY TO BUY THINGS AND SEND BACK HOME…SO THE THINGS HE SENT WERE HUMBLE.” ACCORDING TO THE SERVICE PAY BOOKS OF JOHN W. FROUWS HELD IN THE GALT ARCHIVES [20191038011], STAFF SERGEANT FROUWS [M-35922] ATTESTED WITH THE CANADIAN FORCES ON JUNE 3, 1941. THE WAR DIARY OF THE 10TH CANADIAN FIELD PARK COMPANY, ROYAL CANADIAN ENGINEERS, HELD IN THE GALT ARCHIVES [20191038023] DETAILS THE ACTIONS OF ST. SGT. FROUWS AND HIS COMPANY. AT CAMP PETAWAWA, ONTARIO IN 1942, THE 10TH CANADIAN FIELD PARK COMPANY TOOK ON MEMBERS OF THE 2ND CORPS. FIELD PARK COMPANY, R.C.E., AND ON JULY 22ND, 1942 THE UNIT WAS CHANGED TO THE 2ND CORPS. FIELD PARK COMPANY, R.C.E. ON AUGUST 14TH, 1943, THE NEW WAR ESTABLISHMENT CREATED AN ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL UNIT WITHIN THE FIELD PARK COMPANY. AN ENTRY FROM MARCH 1, 1943 RECORDS FROUWS AS BEING PROMOTED FROM L.CPL. TO A.CPL. AT CAMP PETAWAWA, ONTARIO. FROUWS WAS FURTHER PROMOTED TO L.SGT. ON JUNE 24, 1943 AT ALDERSHOT, NOVA SCOTIA, TO A.SGT. ON JULY 26, 1943, AND TO S.SGT. ON SEPTEMBER 29, 1943 AT MICKLEHAM, SURREY, ENGLAND. THE 2ND CORPS. FIELD PARK COMPANY MOVED FROM CAMP PETAWAWA, ONTARIO TO HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA BEFORE PROCEEDING TO ENGLAND IN AUGUST 1943. THE UNIT SAILED FROM ENGLAND TO JUNO BEACH, NORMANDY IN TWO PARTS ON JULY 11, 1944. ON JULY 14, 1944, S.SGT. FROUWS WAS LISTED AS ACCOMPANYING L.CPL. TRETHEWAY IN “DE-BOOBY-TRAPPING” THE TELEPHONE EXCHANGE IN CAEN, FRANCE. THE COMPANY PROCEEDED THROUGH HOLLAND AND BELGIUM IN 1944 AND 1945, STATIONING AT NIJMEGEN, HOLLAND ON SEPTEMBER 22, 1944, BOURG LEOPOLD, BELGIUM ON SEPTEMBER 29, 1944, WEMMEL, BELGIUM ON OCTOBER 2, 1944, KESSEL, BELGIUM ON OCTOBER 10, 1944, AND TILBURG, HOLLAND BY NOVEMBER 1944. THE COMPANY REMAINED IN HOLLAND UNTIL APRIL 19, 1945, WHEN IT MOVED TO NORDHORN, GERMANY AND REMAINED THROUGH VE DAY ON MAY 9, 1945. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190010001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190010001
Acquisition Date
2019-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NEEDLE CASKET
Date Range From
1830
Date Range To
1953
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TORTISESHELL, IVORY, SILVER
Catalogue Number
P20090016033
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NEEDLE CASKET
Date Range From
1830
Date Range To
1953
Materials
TORTISESHELL, IVORY, SILVER
No. Pieces
2
Height
3.1
Length
6.0
Width
3.5
Description
1. CHEST, TORTOISESHELL VENEER. ROUND SILVER BUTTON CAN BE PUSHED IN ORDER TO OPEN CHEST. THREE, ROUND IVORY FEET ON BOTTOM, ONE MISSING. SILVER BANNER ON TOP OF CHEST MARKED, “FM” IN CURSIVE. BACK, PROPER LEFT, BOTTOM CORNER, FRONT, PROPER RIGHT CORNER AND BACK PROPER RIGHT TOP CORNER ARE CHIPPED. INSIDE OF CHEST LINED WITH BLUE, FLORAL DAMASK. 3.1 CM HIGH BY 6.0 CM LONG BY 3.5 CM WIDE. 2. CHARM. AGATE HEART,TRANPARENT BROWN, BLACK, AND WHITE STRIPED. AGATE ANCHOR MISSING ONE ARM, TRANSPARENT ORANGE AND RED SWIRLS. CHARMS CONNECTED BY THREE METAL LOOPS. 0.5 CM HIGH BY 3.6 CM LONG BY 2.1 CM WIDE.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
ACCORDING TO DAVE MERESKI, A LOCAL GOLDSMITH, THE METHOD OF DRILLING HOLES AND LINKING THE CHARM TOGETHER WOULD DATE IT SOME TIME AFTER 1920. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P20090016001 AND PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20090016033
Acquisition Date
2009-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1952
Date Range To
1953
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, BRASS, ORGANIC MATERIAL
Catalogue Number
P19970041350
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1952
Date Range To
1953
Materials
PLASTIC, BRASS, ORGANIC MATERIAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
5.9
Width
3
Description
BROOCH IS RECTANGULAR PIECE OF CLEAR PLASTIC WITH ROUNDED ENDS AND NUMEROUS TINY SEA SHELLS GLUED TO IT IN A THREE DIMENSIONAL FLOWER DESIGN OF WHITE, PINK AND BLUE. BRASS PIN IS GLUED TO BACK.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
BROOCH WAS MADE BY DONOR AT THE AGE OF 13 OR 14 WHILE ATTENDING CAMP OLIVER WHICH WAS AN ANGLICAN SUMMER CAMP FOR TEENAGERS NEAR CALGARY. HER FATHER REV. NAKAYAMA AND THEIR FAMILY MOVED TO COALDALE IN 1945 AFTER BEING RELOCATED FROM VANCOUVER IN 1942 TO SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. AT COALDALE HE FOUNDED THE ANGLICAN CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION WHERE HE WAS RECTOR FROM 1945 TO 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041350
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
HORSE HAIRS, BUCKSKIN, CANCELLOUS BONE
Catalogue Number
P19641165000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Materials
HORSE HAIRS, BUCKSKIN, CANCELLOUS BONE
No. Pieces
4
Description
.1 PAINT BRUSH. 3 CM LTH X 18.1 CM DIA.. HORSE HAIR BRITTLE ENCASED IN BUCKSKIN. .2 PAINT BRUSH. 1.3 CM HT. X 3.8 CM WTH. X 5.1 CM LTH. CANCELLOUS BONE WEDGE ENCASED IN BUCKSKIN. YELLOW PAINT ADHERING TO BONE .3 PAINT BRUSH. 1.9 CM HT. X 3.5 CM WTH. X 8.2 CM LTH. GREEN PAINT. .4 PAINT BRUSH. 1.9 CM HT. X 3.8 CM WTH. X 8.9 CM LTH. .RED PAINT ADHERING TO BONE. CANCELLOUS BONE WEDGE ENCASED IN BUCKSKIN.CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIANS. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641165000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PIN
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, ALUMINUM, TIN, PAINT, PLASTIC, COPPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL, PAPER/CARD
Catalogue Number
P19940024001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PIN
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Materials
STEEL, ALUMINUM, TIN, PAINT, PLASTIC, COPPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL, PAPER/CARD
No. Pieces
79
Description
ALL PINS ARE STEEL WITH A TIN CAP THAT HAS A PAPER DECORATION COVERED IN A LACQUER UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED. 1. ADVERTISING BUTTON: 3.8CM (D) HAS A STEEL PIN THAT WAS BENT IN MIDDLE WITH ONE END COVERING THE DIAMETER AND THE OTHER FORMING A HALF CIRCLE AND IS FIT UNDER THE LIP OF THE BUTTON TO SECURE IT. THE FRONT IS OFF-WHITE AND IN RED LETTERING STATES "GENERAL MOTORS PRODUCTS OF CANADA LIMITED RETAIL BRANCH REGINA OIL CHANGED AT____________ MILES LUBRICATED AT_______MILES HYPOID CHANGED AT___________MILES". PAPER IS WARPED UNDERNEATH LACQUER, HAS SURFACE DIRT, SOME CORROSION ON BACK AND PIN. 2. ADVERTISING BUTTON: 3.3CM (D). PIN HAS ALUMINUM LAYER ON BACK WHICH IS CONCAVE IN SHAPE AND HAS ONE HOLE WHERE THE PIN AND ITS END COME THROUGH, AND A CRESCENT SHAPED HOLE ON THE OTHER SIDE WHICH THE PIN LATCHES INTO. PIN IS BLUE AND READS IN WHITE LETTERING "RIDE THE GREEN LANE OF SAFETY IN A NEW 1939 HUDSON" ON THE FRONT. ALSO HAS A PICTURE OF A WHITE CAR DRIVING ON A GREEN ROAD IN THE MIDDLE. HAS MINOR CORROSION ON PIN AND UNDER ALUMINUM. 3. ADVERTISING PIN: 3.2CM (D). PIN HAS BEEN WRAPPED UNDER THE LIP AND HAS BEEN BENT ON OPPOSITE SIDE OF POINT TO PRODUCE A HOOK FOR SECURING PIN. OFF WHITE FRONT SAYS IN RED LETTERS "GILLESPIE MAID CEREAL" WITH A BLUE, RED AND WHITE BIG BILLED BIRD EATING A BOX OF CEREAL AND TWO MORE BY HIS FEET. UNDERNEATH IN BLUE IT READS ""IT FILLS THE BILL"". HAS SOME SCRATCHES AND SURFACE DIRT, HAS MUCH CORROSION ON BACK. 4. YMCA BUTTON: 1.9CM (D). ON BACK HAS PAPER FITTED IN THAT READS "INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, NEW YORK CITY. PAT.FEB. 16-'97" AND TINY WRITING BELOW ALL IN BLACK PRINT. THE PIN IS STRAIGHT ACROSS AND ONE END WRAPS HALF WAY UNDER BUTTON LIP. WHITE FRONT HAS AN INVERTED RED TRIANGLE WITH WHITE CENTER AND IN BLUE INK AT TOP READS "I AM A" AND IN BLUE RECTANGLE WITH WHITE LETTERS READS "YMCA" AND IN BLUE LETTERS AT THE BOTTOM READS "BOOSTER". PAPER IS FADING AND WORN ON BACK, SOME MINOR SIGNS OF CORROSION, 5. SAME AS #4. 6. SAME AS #5. 7. YMCA BUTTON: 1.6CM (D). PAPER ON BACK IS SAME AS #4 EXCEPT SMALLER AND BOTTOM SMALL WRITING IS DIFFERENT. PIN IS PLACED IN SAME AS #4. FRONT OF BUTTON IS SAME AS #4 EXCEPT IT ONLY HAS THE TRIANGLE WITH "YMCA" ACROSS IT AND NO OTHER WRITING. PIN IS ALSO MORE YELLOW THAN #4. SOME SMALL SCRATCHES ON SURFACE. 8. AVIATION BUTTON: 2.3CM (D). PIN IS LIKE #4. FRONT IS BLUE-GREEN WITH GOLD TRIM, WRITING AND PICTURE. READS "HOWIE WING CADET AVIATION CORPS". WITH A PICTURE OF A PILOT'S HEAD WITH WINGS ON EITHER SIDE. ALONG EDGE OF BUTTON IN BLUE IT READS "E.C. FORD, REG'D. MONTREAL". MUCH CORROSION ALONG BACK AND SOME ON PIN. COLOURS ARE FADED. 9. SAME AS #8 EXCEPT FRONT COLOURS ARE NOT FADED AND APPEAR NAVY BLUE. NOT AS MUCH CORROSION ON BACK OR WARPING, AND PIN IS STRAIGHT. 10. EXHIBITION PIN: 4.4CM (D). PIN PLACED IN SAME AS #4. FRONT IS GOLD WITH BLACK WRITING AND ONE OUTER AND ONE INNER BLACK CIRCLE OUTLINES. IN BETWEEN CIRCLES READS "LINDSAY CENTRAL EXHIBITION" AND READS IN CENTRE "1928". BACK AND PIN ARE CORRODING QUICKLY, AND HAS SMALL WHITE SPOTS ON BACK. 11. COMMEMORATIVE PIN: 2.4CM (D). PIN SAME AS #4 EXCEPT SLIGHTLY OFFSIDE. HAS OFF-WHITE TOP WITH BLUE LETTERING THAT READS "80 YEARS OF PROGRESS TLC 1873 - 1953". ON SIDE READS "WELLINGS-TORONTO". HAS A SMALL AMOUNT OF CORROSION ON BACK. 12. EXHIBITION PIN: 4.5CM (D). PIN SAME AS #4. WHITE TOP HAS BLUE LETTERS AND PICTURE. IT READS "LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION" AND HAS PICTURE OF HORSE HEAD ON LEFT, COW HEAD ON RIGHT, WHEAT IN BETWEEN THEM AND ON BOTTOM, AND CHICKEN HEAD IN CIRCLE BELOW HORSE/COW. 13. WAR BUTTON: 2.2CM (D). OFF WHITE BUTTON HAS PIN LIKE #4. ON FRONT IS BROWN OUTLINE OF A HAND GIVING THE "THUMBS-UP" SIGNAL. BELOW IN RED IT READS "WAR SAVER". ON SIDE IT READS IN RED "BY STANLEY TORONTO". HAS MINIMAL CORROSION ON BACK AND PIN. 14. SAME AS #13 EXCEPT IS MORE YELLOW, AND HAS BLUISH UNDERSIDE. 15. SAME AS #13 EXCEPT IS MORE YELLOW AND HAS MORE CORROSION UNDERNEATH. 16. SAME AS #13 EXEPT IS MORE YELLOWISH AND HAS MORE UNDERSIDE CORROSION. 17. SAME AS #13 EXCEPT IS YELLOW WITH DIRT AROUND EDGE, AND HAS MORE CORROSION. 18. SAME AS #13 EXCEPT IS YELLOW AND HAS A FAIR AMOUNT OF DIRT AND CORROSION. 19. SAME AS #13 EXCEPT IS DARKER YELLOW AND HAS A BIT MORE CORROSION. 20. "SAYING" BUTTON: 3.3CM (D). HAS SAME PIN AS #4. BUTTON HAS ORANGE AND CREAM COLOURED CHECKS AROUND OUTSIDE OF TOP, AND INSIDE IS CREAM WITH NAVY BLUE WRITING "WHATA WORM" AND NAVY PICTURE OF BIRD WITH WORM COMING OUT OF ITS BEAK IN A CURVE PATTERN. BUTTON IS SLIGHTLY WARPED AND HAS CORROSION ON BACK AND PIN. 21. "SAYING" BUTTON: 3.6CM (D). SAME PIN AS #4. HAS CREAM BACKGROUND ON TOP AND RED CHECKS AROUND CIRCUMFERENCE AND IN BLUE IT READS "ALL I WANT IS LOVE". HAS MINOR SIGNS OF CORROSION ON BACK AND ON PIN. PIN TIP IS SILVER. 22. "SAYING" BUTTON: SAME AS #21 EXCEPT HAS BLUE CHECKS AND IN RED STATES "LET'S GET LIT". 23. RELIGIOUS BUTTON: 2.3CM (D). HAS SAME PIN AS #4. CREAMY BACKGROUND HAS PURPLE, PINK, GREEN, AND BROWN FLOWERS AND LEAVES AT BOTTOM, AND MOUNTAIN OVER WATER IN MIDDLE. IN BLACK IT SAYS "WALK HONESTLY". THE BACK HAS MINIMAL CORROSION AND ON PIN. 24. RELIGIOUS BUTTON: SAME AS #23 EXCEPT HAS DIFFERENT RED FLOWERS AT BOTTOM AND READS IN BLACK "BE OF GOOD CHEER". HAS A LITTLE BIT MORE CORROSION. 25. RELIGIOUS BUTTON: 2.3CM (D). HAS PAPER IN BACK THAT READS "MANUFACTURED BY THE HAMMOND PUBLISHING CO. MILWAUKEE, WIS.". THE TOP IS YELLOW WITH WHITE, PURPLE, AND ORANGE FLOWERS AND LEAVES. IS A BUTTERFLY TO THE RIGHT. IT READS IN BLACK ""CAST THY BURDEN ON THE LORD"". TO THE SIDE IS A "C" IN A CIRCLE FOR COPYRIGHT. 26. CLUB BUTTON: 2.2CM (D). HAS PIN LIKE #4. FRONT IS GREEN WITH GOLD TRIM AND DESIGNS. HAS GOLD STAR THAT READS "ROOSEVELT GARNER CLUB" IN GREEN AND IN BANNER BELOW READS "CALIFORNIA" ALSO IN GREEN. ON SIDE IN GREEN SAYS, "BASTIAN BROS CO." WITH A TINY INSIGNIA THEN, "ROCHESTER N.Y.". LITTLE SIGN OF CORROSION. 27. CLUB BUTTON: 2.3CM (D). PIN SAME AS #4. ON FRONT TOP IS YELLOW WITH BLUE WRITING THAT READS "ALWAYS BE CAREFUL". BOTTOM IS RED AND READS IN YELLOW "ALEMITE BRIGADIERS CLUB". IN MIDDLE IS BLUE CIRCLE WITH "ABC" WRITTEN IN YELLOW. SOME SMALL SCRATCHES ON FRONT. 28. CLUB BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). PIN SAME AS #4. BACK HAS PAPER THAT READS "HODGES BADGE CO. 166 ESSEX ST. BOSTON, MASS.". TOP IS PURPLE WITH GOLD CREST THAT HAS PURPLE WRITING THAT READS "LIONS L INTERNATIONAL". PIN IS BENT, HAS DIRT ON PAPER. LETTER AFTER "ST." IS ILLEGIBLE DUE TO DIRT. HAS CORROSION ON BACK AND PIN. 29. CLUB PIN: 3.8CM (D). PIN SAME AS #4. PIN IS BLUE ON TOP WITH WHITE WRITING OVER THE TOP THAT READS "HILLIARD CLUB 1934" AND ON BOTTOM "SEIGNIORY CLUB CONVENTION". IN MIDDLE IS A PICTURE OF A SOLDIER WITH A HELMET AND SWORD WEARING A RED CROSS AND A SHIELD THAT SAYS IN RED "DOMINION LIFE". HE IS PROTECTING A WOMAN SITTING AND HOLDING A CHILD. CREST IS RED, PICTURE IS WHITE. BACK IS CORRODING, AS IS PIN. 30. CLUB PIN: 3.1CM (D). SAME PIN AS #3. OFF WHITE TOP HAS RED LETTERING THAT READS "LETHBRIDGE NORTHERN" OVER TOP AND BOTTOM, AND IN BLUE IN MIDDLE READS "PATRIOTIC LEAGUE". HAS SOME DIRT ON TOP. IS CORRODING UNDERNEATH AND ON PIN A LITTLE BIT. 31. RELIGION BUTTON: 2CM (D). HAS SAME PIN AS #4. BUTTON HAS BACK THAT IS GREY AND READS INSIDE OF TWO BLUE CIRCLES "WM. H. DIETZ 10 SO. ....(?) AVE. CHICAGO. ILL. U.S.A.". TOP IS YELLOW AND HAS WHITE CROSS WITH BLACK AND GREEN OUTLINE AND WHITE LILIES AND GREEN LEAVES. AT TOP IN BLACK IT SAYS "HE IS RISEN". THIS IS NOT PAPER WITH LACQUER, IT IS PAINT ON TOP. PAINT IS SCRATCHED, HAS SOME DIRT UNDERNEATH, AND THE THE PAINT ON BACK IS ALSO SCRATCHED. 32 BIRTHDAY PIN: 1.7CM (D). HAS SAME PIN AS #4. ON BACK HAS GREY PAINT AND IN PURPLE PAINT IT READS "DAVID C. COOK PUBLISHING CO. ELGIN NEW YORK BOSTON" WITH TWO PURPLE SCROLLS. THE TOP IS PURPLE-PINK AND HAS ORANGE CANDLE FLAMES AND WRITING THAT SAYS "BIRTHDAY GREETINGS", AND HAVE CREAM CANDLES AND WRITING THAT SAYS "FROM YOUR SUNDAY SCHOOL". THIS BUTTON IS PAINTED AND NOT WITH PAPER AND LACQUER COVERING. PAINT IS CHIPPING ON TOP AND BOTTOM, PIN SHOWS SOME SIGNS OF CORROSION. 33. BUTTON: 2.4CM (D). BUTTON IS A CUPEROUS METAL (BRASS?). PIN IS ATTACHED TO FLAT BACK BY A PROTRUDING CLASP THAT FORMS A HINGE ON ONE SIDE AND HOOKS INTO AN EYE AT THE OTHER END. HAS PAINT AND PAPER WITH LACQUER FINISH ON TOP. THE TOP HAS A BLUE CIRCULAR CENTRE WITH A DEPRESSED GREY OUTLINE AROUND IT, THEN A THIN RING OF WHITE, AND AGAIN THE GREY OUTLINE. OUTER RING IS BLUE WITH DEPRESSED GREY OUTLINE, THIN WHITE RING, AND FINALLY THE GREY OUTLINE. SOME CORROSION ON BACK. 34. BUTTON: 1.6CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. ON BACK IS GREY PAINT AND READS IN BLUE "DAVID C. COOK PUBLISHING CO, ... ELGIN NEW YORK, BOSTON ...". TOP IS YELLOW PAINT WITH GREEN BORDER WREATH WITH A CREAM RIBBON AT THE BOTTOM. IN MIDDLE IS A CREAM BANNER THAT READS "C I C" IN GREEN LETTERS. PAINT IS SCRATCHED ON BOTH SIDES. SOME SIGN OF CORROSION ON TOP. 35. BUTTON: 1.6CM (D). PIN IS SAME STYLE AS #4, EXCEPT POINTED END IS BENT IN "S" SHAPE. UNDERNEATH OF PIN IS PAPER THAT READS "THE STANDARD PUBLISHING CO 9TH & CUTTER STS. CINCINNATI O." TOP IS BLUE WITH WHITE OUTLINE CIRCLE AND WHITE LETTERING THAT GOES FROM SMALL TO BIG, TO SMALL AND READS "OTHERS". MINOR CORROSION ON BACK. 36. BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. TOP IS OFF-WHITE AND READS IN BLUE LETTERING "A.C.B. INTER-SCHOOL A.A." IN A SEMI-CIRCLE OVER TOP, AND READS STRAIGHT ACROSS "CADOMIN ALBERTA 1932". SOME CORROSION ON BACK AND PIN. 37. CLUB BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. TOP IS YELLOWISH WITH RED LETTERING THAT READS "..JOE.E.BROWN..SMILERS CLUB", AND ON SIDE "BY STANLEY TORONTO". ON TOP MIDDLE IS A BLACK AND WHITE PICTURE OF A MAN'S HEAD AND SHOULDER WEARING A TIE AND HAS A SMILE. IT LOOKS AS THOUGH HE IS FRAMED BY RIPPED PAPER. 38. BUTTON: 2.2CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. UNDERNEATH BUTTON IS PAPER THAT READS "MADE BY EHRMAN MFG CO. BOSTON MASS" WITH A LOGO BELOW THAT READS "AMERICAN ... LIPSSA MANUFACTURE" AND AT BOTTOM "FACTORY ...UFORD N H". TOP IS OFF-WHITE WITH A FLAG IN THE MIDDLE THAT HAS VERTICAL FROM LEFT TO RIGHT BLACK, YELLOW, RED STRIPES AND ON THE YELLOW STRIPE A CREST. BELOW READS "BELGIUM" IN BLACK. TOP HAS SOME DIRT, CORROSION ON BACK AND PIN. 39. PET BUTTON: 2.5CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. TOP IS BLACK AND READS IN YELLOW "THOROUGHBRED QUALITY GUTTA PERCHA PRODUCTS" WITH THE PICTURE OF A BROWN AND WHITE DOG WITH A COLLAR THAT READS "PERKY" ON IT. ON THE SIDE IN YELLOW IT READS "BY STANLEY TORONTO". BACK IS DENTED, HAS SOME CORROSION, AND PIN IS BENT. 40. PET BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. FRONT IS OFF-WHITE WITH THE PICTURE OF A MOUNTAIN-GOAT IN BLACK AND WHITE. BACK HAS SIGNS OF ACTIVE CORROSION. PIN IS BENT. 41. PET BUTTON: 2.1CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. TOP IS PAINTED GREEN WITH A HORIZONTAL WHITE STRIP AND THE PICTURE OF A BROWN DOG LABELED UNDERNEATH IN BLACK "IRISH TERRIER". ON SIDE IT READS "MADE IN U.S.A." IN BLACK. MINOR SCRATCHES IN PAINT ON TOP, MINOR CORROSION ON BACK. 42. PET BUTTON: 2.1CM (D). SAME AS #41 EXCEPT TOP HAS PICTURE OF A BROWN GERMAN SHEPARD STANDING ON A BEACH, WITH A SAILBOAT ON THE WATER IN THE BACKGROUND. HAS DOG'S SHADOW ON SAND. READS IN BLACK BELOW "POLICE DOG". 43. PET BUTTON: SAME AS #41 EXCEPT BACKGROUND IS PAINTED YELLOW WITH A RED STRIPE THROUGH THE MIDDLE AND BELOW BACKGROUND IS MORE ORANGE THAN TOP. HAS A PICTURE OF A BLACK LONG HAIRED DOG THAT IS LABELED IN BLACK BELOW "POODLE". 44. PET BUTTON: SAME AS #41 EXCEPT TOP IS YELLOW BACKGROUND WITH ORANGE CRISS-CROSSES. AND HAS AN ORANGE STRIP WITH THE BOTTOM BEING GREEN AND WHITE VERTICAL STRIPES. HAS A PICTURE OF A SMALL BLACK DOG AND IS LABELLED "SCOTTISH TERRIER". 45. PET BUTTON: SAME AS #41 EXCEPT HAS A BLACK UPPER BACKGROUND AND IS BLUE BELOW. HAS A PICTURE OF A BIG WHITE DOG THAT READS "BULL TERRIER". 46. PET BUTTON: SAME AS #41 EXCEPT HAS A PICTURE OF A BLACK DOG STANDING ON GREEN GRASS WITH MOUNTAINS IN BACKGROUND AND A PINK SKY. THIS ONE IS LABELED "SCHIPPERKE". 47. PET BUTTON: 3.9CM (L) X 3.6CM (W). MOTHER-OF-PEARL SHIELD HAS AN OVAL HOLE AT THE TOP. PIN ON BACK HAS BROKEN OFF. ON FRONT IS A BRASS-COPPER FIGURE ATTACHED TO THE SHIELD. THIS IS A DEER JUMPING OVER SOMETHING, AT THE BASE IS A SMALL NAIL THAT HOLDS THE PLATE ON THE MOTHER-OF-PEARL. HAS SOME CORROSION. HAS SMALL CRACKS IN THE MOTHER-OF-PEARL. 48. RED CROSS BUTTON: 2.3CM (D). HAS SAME PIN AS #3. BACK IS PAINTED IN BLACK "MADE IN CANADA BY GENERAL STEEL WARES LIMITED --- MONTREAL". TOP IS PAINTED OFF-WHITE WITH A BLUE MAPLE LEAF AND IN THE CENTRE OF THE LEAF IS A WHITE CROSS, AND IN ITS CENTRE IS A RED CROSS. HAS SOME MINOR SCRATCHES IN THE PAINT, AND MINOR CORROSION. 49. RED CROSS BUTTON: SAME AS #48 EXCEPT HAS A FEW MORE SCRATCHES. 50. RED CROSS BUTTON: SAME AS #48 EXCEPT HAS A RED BACKGROUND AND A GOLD MAPLE LEAF, AND BELOW IN BLACK IS WRITTEN "JUNIOR". HAS A DENT IN THE STEEL. 51. RED CROSS BUTTON: SAME AS #48 EXCEPT HAS PURPLE BACKGROUND AND A GREEN LEAF WITH THE LABEL "JUNIOR" IN BLACK UNDERNEATH. 52. RED CROSS BUTTON: SAME AS #48 EXCEPT HAS GOLD BACKGROUND AND GREEN LEAF WITH "JUNIOR" WRITTEN IN BLACK BELOW. 53. RED CROSS BUTTON: SAME AS #48 EXCEPT SEEMS TO HAVE A BLUE BACKGROUND AND GOLD CROSS, PAINT IS BADLY CHIPPED. 54. RED CROSS BUTTON: 1.5CM (D). SAME PIN AS "4. HAS GOLD BACK, AND OFF-WHITE TOP WITH A RED HEART PAINTED IN THE MIDDLE AND IN BLUE "1940" UNDER CROSS AND "M" ON SIDE. HAS MINOR SCRATCHES. 55. RED CROSS BUTTON: SAME AS #54 EXCEPT COLOUR IS SLIGHTLY FADED AND HAS DENT. 56. RED CROSS BUTTON: 1.5CM (D). SAME PIN AS #4. HAS PAINTED OFF-WHITE TOP WITH A BLUE BORDER AND A RED CROSS IN THE MIDDLE. HAS MINOR SCRATCHES. 57. RED CROSS BUTTON: 2.3CM (D). YELLOW PLASTIC FLAT BACK HAS PLASTIC HOLDER FOR PIN WHICH IS BENT AT NINETY DEGREE ANGLE AND HOOKS IN TO A PLASTIC EYE. FRONT HAS CLEAR YELLOW PLASTIC LAYER WITH PAPER UNDERNEATH. PAPER HAS BLUE CIRCLE BORDER WITH RAISED GOLD LETTERING THAT READS "CANADIAN RED CROSS SOCIETY". INNER CIRCLE IS GOLD WITH RAISED GOLD SCULPTED DESIGN AND LETTERING THAT READS ".BLOOD DONOR SERVICE". IN CENTRE IS A RED CROSS. PAPER HAS A RIP. PLASTIC IS SCRATCHED. 58. CLUB BUTTON: 2.3CM (D). PIN SAME AS #4. HAS WHITE TOP WITH BLACK AND WHITE PICTURE OF A SINGER AND STRINGED INSTRUMENT PLAYER ON A HILL AND READS IN BLACK LETTERING "HAPPY HERALDERS" ON TOP, ON SIDE " RYRIE-BIRKS-TORONTO". SHOWS MINOR SIGNS OF CORROSION. 59. CLUB BUTTON: SAME AS #58 EXCEPT IS YELLOWING. 60. CLUB BUTTON: SAME AS #58 EXCEPT IS YELLOWING AND SHOWS SIGNS OF ACTIVE CORROSION. 61. POLITICAL BUTTON: 1.9 CM (D). OFF-WHITE TOP HAS BLUE LETTERING THAT READS "ALBERTA SOCIAL CREDIT" WITH THESE INITIALS OVERLAPPING IN THE CENTRE. HAS A PICTURE OF A WEIGH SCALE WITH THE TWO BASKETS BEING ON EITHER SIDE OF THE INITIALS. HAS SOME SURFACE DIRT, IS CORRODING ON BACK. 62. POLITICAL BUTTON: SAME AS #61 EXCEPT IS YELLOWING AND CORROSION IS SHOWING THROUGH TOP IN PLACES. 63. BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). TEAL BUTTON HAS OFF-WHITE CIRCLE AND RECTANGLE AT BOTTOM. IN CIRCLE IN TEAL READS "CHAUFFEUR 1946 ALBERTA", IN RECTANGLE "14472" IN BLACK. IN CENTER IS ALBERTA FLAG IN A CREST. IS DENTED ON BACK AND CORRODING. PIN SAME AS #3. 64. BUTTON: 1.7CM (D). GOLD BACK IS PAINTED IN BLACK "DAVID C. COOK PUBLISHING CO. ELGIN NEW YORK BOSTON". TOP IS PAINTED OFF WHITE AND IN RED READS "RALLY DAY". HAS TWO IDENTICAL RED FLAGS WITH THEIR POLES CROSSED WITH A UNION JACK IN THE CORNER AND A CREST MORE IN THE MIDDLE. PIN SAME AS #4. MINOR SCRATCHES ON PAINT. 65. BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). PAPER ON BACK READS IN BLACK PRINT "EATON'S THE STORE FOR YOUNG CANADA". TOP IS GREEN WITH A PICTURE OF SANTA CLAUS HOLDING A WHITE SIGN THAT READS IN RED LETTERING "FROM SANTA AT EATON'S". PIN SAME AS #4. SOME MINOR SPOTS OF CORROSION ON BACK AND PIN. 66. BUTTON: 2.2CM (D). SAME PIN AS #4. OFF-WHITE PIN HAS RED BORDER AND OFF-WHITE PRINT THAT READS "NATIONAL . SALESMENS . CRUSADE ." IN CENTRE IN BLUE IT READS "SALES MEAN JOBS". IS CORRODING ON BACK. 67. BUTTON: 2.5CM (D). PIN SAME AS #3. ON BACK IS ETCHED "UNION LABEL ROCH. N." WITH AN INSIGNIA. ON FRONT TOP IS LIGHT BLUE AND BOTTOM IS WHITE. READS IN BLACK "I.B.E.W. A.F.OF L.". HAS A BLACK AND WHITE SKETCH OF A CLENCHED FIST AND WRIST WITH ZIG-ZAGS EMITTING FROM THE FIST. HAS A DIFFERENT LOGO ON EITHER SIDE OF FIST. SIDE READS "BASTIAN BROS. CO. ROCHESTER, N.Y.". IS CORRODING ON ONE SPOT ON BACK. 68. SUPERMAN BUTTON: 2.0CM (D). ON BACK IN BLUE PAINT IT READS "KELLOGG'S PEP" AND UPSIDE-DOWN "MADE IN U.S.A.". FRONT IS PAINTED OFF-WHITE WITH A PICTURE OF SUPERMAN WEARING RED AND WHITE, AND READS ON THE RIGHT IN BLACK "SUPERMAN". ON SIDE IT READS "COPYRIGHT D.C. INC.". PAINT IS CHIPPING, HAS MINOR SPOTS OF CORROSION. 69. ROYALTY BUTTON: 3.3CM (D). STEEL CAP IS PAINTED ON TOP, HAS GATHERED EDGE. PIN IS SAME AS #4. TOP IS CREAM WITH A PICTURE OF EDWARD VIII IN UNIFORM FROM THE CHEST UP LOOKING STRAIGHT OUT. HAS CORROSION ON BACK. 70. ROYALTY BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. TOP IS GREEN-GREY WITH BLACK AND WHITE PHOTO OF KING GEORGE VI IN PROFILE, WEARING A SUIT. SOME CORROSION ON BACK. 71. ROYALTY BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). SAME PIN AS #4. TOP IS OFF-WHITE WITH A BLACK AND WHITE PROFILE PHOTOGRAPH OF KING GEORGE VI IN UNIFORM. HAS TINY MARKS ON HIS FACE, SOME MINOR CORROSION ON BACK. 72. ROYALTY BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). SAME PIN AS #4. TOP IS OFF-WHITE AND HAS A BLACK AND WHITE PHOTO OF KING GEORGE VI AND QUEEN ELIZABETH. BOTH ARE FACING FORWARD WITH GEORGE IN UNIFORM AND ELIZABETH IN A FLAPPER DRESS. ON THE SIDE IN BLACK IT READS "MADE IN TORONTO". HAS SOME SMALL SCRATCHES AND MINOR SPOTS OF CORROSION ON BACK. 73. ROYALTY BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). SAME PIN AS #4. TOP IS YELLOW WITH OVAL FRAMED BLACK AND WHITE PICTURES OF GEORGE VI IN UNIFORM ON THE LEFT, AND QUEEN ELIZABETH ON THE RIGHT IN FLAPPER DRESS. THE FRAMES HAVE A CROWN IN THE MIDDLE ABOVE THEM, AND ARE TRIMMED WITH GREEN VINES. ON THE BOTTOM IN RED PRINT IS AN INSIGNIA AND THEN READS "WELCOME TO CANADA -1939-", AND ON SIDE "E.C. FORD REG'D, MONTREAL". CORNERS ARE WORN, PIN IS BENT, SOME CORROSION. 74. ROYALTY BUTTON: 3.2CM (D). SAME PIN AS #4. TOP IS PALE GREEN WITH BLUE WRITING AROUND PERIPHERY THAT READS "CORONATION OF THEIR MAJESTIES KING GEORGE VI AND QUEEN ELIZABETH" WITH "1937" IN THE MIDDLE. BACK HAS BLUE LINES OF LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE WITH RED REPRESENTATIONS OF "CANADA" "INDIA" "BRITISH ISLES" "SOUTH AFRICA" AND "AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND" AROUND THE EDGES. IN THE CENTRE ARE BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOS OF KING GEORGE ON THE LEFT AND QUEEN ELIZABETH ON THE RIGHT. THEY HAVE A CROWN ABOVE AND BETWEEN THEM AND TWO FLAGS FOLDED TOGETHER OF THE BRITISH FLAG AND THE CANADIAN ENSIGN (?). PIN IS BENT, HAS SOME CORROSION IN THE BACK. 75. ROYALTY PIN: 3.3CM (D). SAME PIN AS #4. HAS RED BORDER THAT READS IN WHITE RECTANGLE IN BLACK LETTERS "MADE IN CANADA BY E.C. FORD, MONTREAL". THEN IS A WHITE RING THAT READS IN BLACK "25TH ANNIVERSARY KING GEORGE V AND QUEEN MARY 1910-1935". IN BLACK AND WHITE IS A SIDE BY SIDE PROFILE OF THE ROYAL COUPLE, AND AROUND THEM IS A BLUE CIRCLE WITH VARIOUS FLAGS IN THE SHAPES OF CRESTS AND SHIELDS, WITH A CROWN ABOVE THEIR HEADS. HAS MINOR CORROSION ON BACK. 76. ROYALTY BUTTON: SAME AS #75 EXCEPT HAS A RIP IN THE CARDBOARD AND TWO SMALL ROUND DENTS IN THE BACK. 77. ROYALTY BUTTON: 2.1CM (D). BACK HAS LAYER OF ALUMINUM THAT IS CONCAVE WITH TWO SMALL HOLES ON ONE SIDE WHERE THE PIN COMES THROUGH WITH THE END WOVEN UP AND SECURED RIGHT BESIDE IT. OPPOSITE THIS SIDE IS A CRESCENT SHAPED OPENING WHERE THE PIN HOOKS IN PLACE. ON IT IS ETCHED "MADE IN JAPAN". TOP IS OFF-WHITE WITH BLACK LETTERING READING "IN COMMEMORATION OF CORONATION" WITH THE BRITISH FLAG IN THE MIDDLE. 78. ROYALTY BUTTON: 2.0CM (D). PIN IS SAME AS #4. TOP HAS RED BORDER AND BLUE BACKGROUND WITH A COLOUR PHOTO OF KING GEORGE VI, QUEEN ELIZABETH, AND THE CHILD PRINCESS ELIZABETH. ABOVE THEM IS A CROWN. BACK IS CORRODING. 79. POPPY PIN: 4.6CM (L). RED CARDBOARD POPPY IS FUZZY ON TOP WITH SCALLOPED EDGES IN SHAPE OF A POPPY. HAS BLACK FELT ROUND MIDDLE PIECE, WHICH IS HELD TO RED POPPY WITH A PIN WHOSE HEAD IS ON TOP. PIN IS BENT PARALLEL WITH CARDBOARD, AND BENT AT END TO FORM HOOK. ON BACK OF RED CARBOARD IS PRINTED IN ALTERNATE A TRIANGLE WITH A HAND HOLDING A MALLET IN THE CENTRE AND READS "VETCRAFT". THERE IS ALSO A ROUNDED INSIGNIA WITH "BRITISH.EMPIRE.SERVICE.LEAGUE" AROUND EDGE AND "CANADIAN" IN A BANNER, WITH "LEGION" BELOW. THERE IS A MAPLE LEAF IN THE MIDDLE. POPPY MATERIAL IS WORN, AND CARDBOARD IS FOLDED AND TORN IN AREAS.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
BUTTONS AND OTHER ARTIFACTS FOUND IN BOX IN BARRACK BAY AT LOCATION OF STREETS ALIVE DURING RENOVATIONS. OWNER NOT KNOWN.
Catalogue Number
P19940024001
Acquisition Date
1994-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
VALENTINE
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19960000037
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
VALENTINE
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Length
87
Width
81.2
Description
WHITE PAPER HEART-SHAPED VALENTINE WITH RED TISSUE PAPER STAPLED TO BORDER AS TRIM. 28 PAPER VALENTINES (CUT-OUT TYPE) GLUED TO HEART IN RANDOM ARRANGEMENT WITH ONE ELONGATED ONE IN CENTER (29 TOTAL). PAPER IS WRINKLED SLIGHTLY, WITH TEARS IN TISSUE THROUGHOUT BORDER. BACK OF VALENTINE IS PLAIN.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
LEISURE
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
FOUND IN DRY LAB WITHOUT DOCUMENTATION OR KNOWN PROVENANCE. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. NO NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT WAS FOUND.
Catalogue Number
P19960000037
Acquisition Date
1996
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TRENCH ART
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20090010003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TRENCH ART
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.5
Length
5.0
Width
1.8
Description
BRASS BULLET HEAD FEATURES HAND-MODIFIED CARTRIDGE END, POUNDED & CUT INTO A MILITARY IRON CROSS-LIKE SHAPE.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
MILITARY
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
TRENCH ART PRESUMED TO HAVE BEEN ACQUIRED BY FORMER OWNER HELEN NOBLE DURING WWI. NOBLE ACTED AS A NURSE DURING THE WAR. SHAPE OF ARTWORK LEADS TO SPECULATION THAT ARTIST MAY HAVE BEEN GERMAN AND MAY HAVE BEEN TREATED BY NOBLE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE P20090010001 AND PERMANENT RECORD.
Catalogue Number
P20090010003
Acquisition Date
2009-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TRENCH ART OR BATTLEFIELD SOUVENIR
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19683502000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TRENCH ART OR BATTLEFIELD SOUVENIR
Date
1918
Materials
BRASS, STEEL
No. Pieces
2
Length
17.8
Diameter
3.6
Description
CALIBER 35MM "VERDUN 1918" AND "RAILWAY SYMBOL" EMBOSSED ON A DECORATIVE BACKGROUND ON SIDE OF CASE. STAMPED ON BULLET: "94", "4498" L.U., "NO. 60 17" STAMPED ON BASE: "37-85", "P.D. PS. 216.9.16" HAS BEEN FIRED AND PRIMER IS MISSING.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
MILITARY
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
THIS IS REPRESENTATIVE OF TRENCH ART THAT CAME OUT OF THE MONTHS & YEARS SOLDIERS SPENT IN THE TRENCHES DURING W.W. I. ENGRAVING IS HAND WORKED *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE DONOR'S FATHER, GEORGE WATSON SR., SERVED IN WWI, AND IT IS POSSIBLE THAT HE WAS THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS CARTRIDGE. FROM WATSON SR.'S OBITUARY IN JUNE 30, 1980 LETHBRIDGE HERALD: "WATSON, GEORGE OF 1409 9 AVE SOUTH PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON JUNE 27 AT THE AGE OF 84 YEARS... [HE] WAS EDUCATED IN LETHBRIDGE AND TOOK HIS NORMAL SCHOOL TRAINING IN CALGARY. DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR HE ENLISTED IN THE ROYAL FLYING CORPS, SERVING AS A FLYING CADET. HE RETURNED TO THIS AREA AND TAUGHT SCHOOL IN SLEEPY HOLLOW, MILK RIVER, COALHURST, COALDALE, AT THE LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE FROM 1930 TO 1950, AND FROM 1950-1961 AS VICE PRINCIPAL OF HAMILTON SCHOOL, THE FIRST JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE. HE WAS AN HONORARY LIFE MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA TEACHER'S ASSOCIATION. ACTIVE IN COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS, HE SERVED ON THE FOLLOWING: THE FIRST TOWN PLANNING COMMISSION OF THE CITY, THE PARKS AND RECREATION BOARD, THE HEALTH UNIT, AND ONE TERM AS AN ALDERMAN ON CITY COUNCIL. DURING ITS FORMATIVE YEARS HE SERVED AS COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE NO. 1 SQUADRON OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR CADETS. HE WAS A FOUNDING MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AND THE LETHBRIDGE RETIRED TEACHERS ASSOCIATION." ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR, GEORGE WATSON JR., PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRDGE ON MAY 16, 2003, AT THE AGE OF 75 YEARS. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE WATSON FAMILY, INCLUDING WATSON SR.'S MILITARY SERVICE RECORDS, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19830011000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19683502000
Acquisition Date
1968-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BOX
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER, SATIN, VELVET, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19940024004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BOX
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, PAPER, SATIN, VELVET, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
27.3
Width
11.8
Description
WOOD BOX HAS BROWN SCULPTED CARDBOARD TO IMITATE LEATHER ON OUTSIDE AND EDGES. OPENS ON TWO HINGES ALONG THE BACK. LID FASTENS SHUT WITH A THREE LEAF CLOVER SHAPED CLASP ON A HINGE WITH A HOLE IN THE CENTER OVER A PEG ON THE BOTTOM PORTION OF THE BOX. BOTH SIDES OF THE CLASPS HAVE THE SAME DECORATIVE BASES. ON THE INSIDE OF THE LID IS A SATIN PILLOW THAT HAS TWO TABS OF MATERIAL ON THE INSIDE. IN PENCIL IT READS "SAUL"(?). THE BOTTOM OF THE BOX IS LINED WITH BROWN VELVET WHICH IS IN TWO PIECES AND GLUED TOGETHER. HAS A WHITE RIBBED LINING AROUND TOP OF BOTTOM. HAS NUMEROUS RIPS AND TEARS IN OUTSIDE PAPER COVERING. PILLOW HAS MANY HOLES AND RUNS. VELVET APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN CUT OFF ALONG SOME SIDES, THIS REVEALS SOME REMNANTS OF GLUE AND PAPER. SOME FRAYED MATERIAL IS COMING OUT FROM BEHIND THE RIBBED TRIM.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
BUTTONS AND OTHER ARTIFACTS FOUND IN BOX IN BARRACK BAY AT LOCATION OF STREETS ALIVE DURING RENOVATIONS. OWNER NOT KNOWN.
Catalogue Number
P19940024004
Acquisition Date
1994-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1946
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20080016001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1946
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
2
Height
8.0
Length
11.7
Width
1.7
Description
1. WOODEN CIGARETTE CASE, TEXT, "CANADA," CARVED INTO FRONT SURFACE. 2. LID, SLIDES INTO TOP OF CIGARETTE CASE, DIVIT TO ALLOW FOR FINGER TO SLIDE BACK LID.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
BOTH POW HANDCRAFTED ITEMS DONATED BY IRENE FEKETE AND MARGUERITE LENGYL ON BEHALF OF THEIR LATE FATHER DAVID GEDDES REID AND THE GREATER REID FAMILY. THEIR FATHER DAVID WAS A MEMBER OF THE VETERANS GUARD OF CANADA DURING WWII, POSTED TO CAMP 133 IN LETHBRIDGE. REID WAS BORN IN LANARKSHIRE, SCOTLAND ON 4 FEBRUARY 1897 AND JOINED THE SCOTTISH RIFLES AT AGE 17. HE SUFFERED WARTIME WOUNDS AND LATER EMIGRATED TO CANADA, MARRYING SARAH WARD IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1927. TOGETHER, THEY HAD FOUR CHILDREN WALLACE REID (KEREMEOUS, BC), MARGUERITE LENGYL (LETHBRIDGE), IRENE FEKETE (MEDICINE HAT) AND EDNA MALACKO (VANCOUVER). IN THE 1940S, REID ATTEMPTED TO RE-ENLIST WITH THE CANADIAN ARMY, HOWEVER, HE WAS DISQUALIFIED ON MEDICAL GROUNDS DUE TO WOUNDS SUFFERED IN WORLD WAR ONE WHICH, INCLUDED SHRAPNEL IN HIS BACK AND RESPIRATORY COMPLICATIONS RESULTING FROM A TEMPORARY BURIAL (SHELL STRIKE?). CONCEQUENTLY, HE JOINED THE VETERANS GUARD SOMETIME ABOUT 1942, TRAINING, HIS DAUGHTERS BELIEVED, IN CALGARY. PRIOR TO HIS VG SERVICE, REID WAS EMPLOYED BY THE CPR. DAUGHTER MARGUERITE COMMENTED THAT HE WANTED TO RE-JOIN THE SERVICE ON ACCOUNT THAT HE, “LIKED THE ARMY”. REID WAS POSTED TO CAMP 133 FOR HIS ENTIRE CAREER. HIS DAUGHTERS NOTED THAT HE ONLY HAD TO WALK ACROSS THE FIELD FROM THE CAMP TO 125 20TH STREET NORTH IN ORDER TO “COME HOME”. AS PART OF HIS CAMP WORK, HE SEARCHED THE CRAWL SPACES OF “CABINS” AND “HUTS” TO LOOK FOR THE EXISTENCE OF ESCAPE TUNNELS WHICH, HE DID, THE DAUGHTERS CLAIMED, FIND. REID BEFRIENDED MANY OF THE CAMP’S INMATES, ACCEPTING GIFTS OF CHOCOLATE FROM THE INTERNEES WHICH, THEY RECEIVED VIA MAIL FROM GERMANY. THE CHOCOLATE WAS LATER BROUGHT HOME FOR HIS KIDS. IN RETURN, HE PROVIDED THE POWS WITH CANADIAN CIGARETTES WHICH, THE DAUGHTERS STATED WAS SOUGHT AFTER BY THE POWS. IT IS THOUGHT THAT THE HANDICRAFTS WERE RECEIVED IN TRADE FOR CIGARETTES. REID SMOKED TOO. HE ESCORTED THE POWS HOME TO GERMANY VIA ENGLAND IN 1946 AND RETURNED TO HIS CPR WORK AFTER THE WAR. IRENE TOOK BOTH ITEMS WITH HER WHEN SHE LEFT HOME IN 1954. HER FATHER DAVID PASSED AWAY IN 1967 IN LETHBRIDGE. IRENE CONSIDERS HERSELF A “KEEPER” OF “OLD THINGS, ANTIQUES”. THE CIGARETTE CASE WAS KEPT IN A DRAWER. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE VETERANS GUARD OF CANADA WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA ONLINE CANADIAN MILITARY HISTORY GATEWAY. THE VETERANS GUARD OF CANADA WAS FORMED IN MAY 1940, DRAWING FROM FIRST WORLD WAR VETERANS BETWEEN THE AGES OF 40 AND 65. THE GUARD PERFORMED BOTH FULL-TIME AND RESERVE SERVICE DURING WORLD WAR II, AND AT ITS MOST ACTIVE POINT IN 1944 ENCOMPASSED 10,000 FULL-TIME MEN WITH ANOTHER 8,000 ON PART-TIME SERVICE. THE MAJORITY SERVED IN CANADA - SOME STANDING GUARD AT POWER PLANTS, FACTORIES, DAMS, BRIDGES, AND OTHER FACILITIES DEEMED ESSENTIAL TO THE WAR EFFORT, MOST SERVING AS GUARDS AT POW AND ENEMY ALIEN INTERNMENT CAMPS ACROSS THE COUNTRY. A FEW COMPANIES ALSO SERVED OVERSEAS IN ENGLAND, THE BAHAMAS, AND GUYANA. THESE WWI VETERANS, THOUGH AGING, WERE CONSIDERED GOOD CANDIDATES FOR GUARD SERVICE GIVEN THEIR PREVIOUS MILITARY TRAINING AND IN SOME CASES, PERSONAL EXPERIENCE WITH BEING PRISONERS OF WAR THEMSELVES. THEY UNDERSTOOD THE PRISONER MENTALITY AND THE REGIMEN OF CONTROLLED LIFE. THE VETERANS GUARD CONTINUED TO SERVE AFTER THE WAR UNTIL IT WAS DISBANDED IN MARCH 1947. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20000091002 FOR HARDCOPY OF ONLINE SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20080016001
Acquisition Date
2008-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TATTING CASE
Date Range From
1830
Date Range To
1890
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TORTISESHELL, IVORY, SILVER
Catalogue Number
P20090016031
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TATTING CASE
Date Range From
1830
Date Range To
1890
Materials
TORTISESHELL, IVORY, SILVER
No. Pieces
10
Height
9.1
Length
4.1
Width
1.2
Description
TORTOISESHELL CASE AND LID WITH ASSORTED HOOKS AND NEEDLES AND HOLDER – 10 PIECES. REFER TO DIAGRAM IN PERMANENT FILE FOR LOCATIONS OF ITEMS IN CASE. 1. CASE, RECTANGULAR SHAPED. OUTSIDE COVERED WITH TORTOISESHELL VENEER. NINE COMPARTMENTS. COMPARTMENT 6 HAS A NEEDLE STUCK IN IT. LARGEST COMPARTMENT LINED WITH RED VELVET. TORTOISESHELL IS CRACKING ALONG EDGES OF CASE. LID HAS BROKEN OFF. 7.8 CM HIGH BY 4.1 CM LONG BY 1.2 CM WIDE. 2. LID , RECTUANGULAR SHAPED. OUTSIDE COVERED WITH TORTOISESHELL. INSIDE LINED WITH RED PAPER. SILVER BANNER ON TOP MARKED, “FM”. 2.2 CM HIGH BY 3.8 CM LONG BY 1.2 CM WIDE. 3. CROCHET HOOK, SILVER. POINTED HOOK AT ONE END, OTHER END COMES TO A POINT. TARNISHED. 5.6 CM LONG BY 0.2 CM IN DIAMETER. 4. NEEDLE, SILVER. ONE END TAPERS INTO A POINT, OTHER END TAPERS INTO A WEDGE SHAPE. TARNISHED. 5.4 CM LONG BY 0.1 CM IN DIAMETER. 5. NEEDLE, SILVER. BOTH ENDS TAPER TO A POINT. TARNISHED. 5.5 CM LONG BY 0.1 CM IN DIAMETER. 6. CROCHET HOOK, SILVER. ROUNDED HOOK AT ONE END, OTHER END BLUNT. TARNISHED. 5.5 CM LONG BY 0.1 CM IN DIAMETER. 7. CROCHET HOOK, SILVER. ONE END TAPERS INTO A POINT, HOOK APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN BROKEN OFF. TARNISHED. 5.5 CM LONG BY 0.1 CM IN DIAMETER. 8. CROCHET HOOK, SILVER. TINY POINTED HOOK AT ONE END, OTHER END COMES TO A POINT. TARNISHED. 5.6 CM LONG BY 0.1 CM IN DIAMETER. 9. CROCHET HOOK HOLDER. IVORY HANDLE WITH TWO ROUND, BLACK BANDS ON END CLOSEST TO SILVER HOLDER. TOP OF SILVER HOLDER DECORATED WITH BLACK BANDS, IT UNSCREWS FROM THE HANDLE TO REVEAL A SLOTTED, HOLLOW METAL SCREW. METAL ROD ENGRAVED “…EGISTERED…” 2 PIECES. 7.6 CM LONG BY 0.7 CM IN DIAMETER.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P20090016001 AND PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20090016031
Acquisition Date
2009-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DIORAMA (SONGBIRD) ORNAMENT
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, WOOD, BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL
Catalogue Number
P19662370000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DIORAMA (SONGBIRD) ORNAMENT
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1900
Materials
GLASS, WOOD, BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL
No. Pieces
2
Height
53.3
Diameter
32.0
Description
GLASS BELL CASE OVER BLACK WOOD BASE. 10 STUFFED BIRDS & BKGRD OF DRIED FOLIAGE. BASE LOOSE. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
DONOR CLAIMS VICTORIAN ERA OBJECT.
Catalogue Number
P19662370000
Acquisition Date
1966-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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