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Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19738274000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
COTTON, WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Length
63.5
Width
38.0
Description
124.4 CM (TIE) LTH. RED WOOLEN TAPE TIE. POSSIBLY HAND WOVEN COTTON APRON, CROSS STITCH. TRADITIONAL UKRAINIAN PATTERN. COLOURS: BLACK, RED, YELLOW, BLUE, GREEN ON WHITE BACKGROUND. BOTTOM HAS TASSELED FRINGE. TAPE TIE IS WORN & TORN IN TWO PLACES.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
*UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, INCLUDING THREE DONATED BY THE UKRAINIAN ASSOCIATION OF LETHBRIDGE. THOUGH THE ASSOCIATION HAS DISBANDED, SHE WAS ABLE TO DETERMINE THAT IT IS LIKELY THAT THIS OBJECT AND 81 OTHERS DONATED BY THE ASSOCIATION IN 1973 WERE ORIGINALLY PART OF THE GALT MUSEUM'S 'UKRAINIAN ROOM' EXHIBIT. ACCORDING TO LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1969 AND 1976, AND PHOTOGRAPHS IN THE GALT ARCHIVES (199110764419, 1991107612370, 199110764421, AND 199110764422) THE UKRAINIAN ROOM WAS INSTALLED IN 1966, WHEN THE MUSEUM WAS MOVED FROM THE BOWMAN CENTRE TO THE GALT HOSPITAL BUILDING. THE ROOM WAS FURNISHED WITH OBJECTS DONATED BY THE UKRAINIAN ASSOCIATION, AND THE GROUP HELD ANNUAL TEAS THERE. THOUGH THE CATALOGUE NUMBERS OF THE UKRAINIAN ASSOCIATION DONATION REFLECT A 1973 DONATION DATE, THE INITIAL ACQUISITION YEAR LISTED IN HARDCOPY FILES IS 1966, WHICH ALIGNS WITH THE OPENING DATE OF THE UKRAINIAN ROOM. IN ADDITION, ARCHIVAL PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE ROOM DEPICT OBJECTS THAT ARE NOW HELD IN COLLECTIONS (P19738277001-GA, P19738277002-GA, AND P19738277003-GA CAN BE CLEARLY IDENTIFIED, WITH OTHER OBJECTS IDENTIFIED SPECULATIVELY). IN 1984 THE MUSEUM DISMANTLED ALL ITS DISPLAYS IN PREPARATION FOR THE BUILDING'S RENOVATION AND EXPANSION, AND ACCORDING TO BRAD BROWN, GALT EXHIBIT DESIGNER, WHEN THE FACILITY REOPENED TO THE PUBLIC IN 1985 ALL THE EXHIBITS HAD BEEN REWORKED, AND THE UKRAINIAN ROOM NO LONGER EXISTED. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P19738274000
Acquisition Date
1966-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, FLOSS
Catalogue Number
P19940005004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1940
Materials
LINEN, FLOSS
No. Pieces
3
Description
1. CREAM LINEN CROCHETED HALF APRON. 37.2CM (LENGTH) X 38.2CM (WIDTH). THIN TIES SERRATED AT ENDS AND HAVE DIAGONAL LINES OF FILLED IN HOLES ACROSS TIES. WAISTBAND HAS SMALLER STITCHES AND IS SLIGHTLY WIDER THAN TIES. FRONT OF APRON IS IN A SHIELD SHAPE WITH A SCALLOPED BORDER AND HALF CIRCLE DESIGNS. RIGHT TIE IS 3/4CM LONGER THAN THE LEFT STRAP. HAS BEEN HEAVILY STARCHED. 2. CREAM LINEN HALF APRON. 50.4CM (LENGTH) X 42CM (WIDTH). APRON HAS TIES WITH A SEAM ON EITHER TIE 1/4 OF THE WAY THROUGH THE TIE, AND THEY WIDEN TOWARDS THE END. FRONT OF APRON IS IN SHAPE OF A SHIELD WITH SCALLOPED EDGES THAT ARE HEAVILY EMBROIDERED WITH WHITE FLOSS. CUTWORK OF A FLORAL AND LEAF PATTERN WITH HEAVILY EMBROIDERED EDGES IS IN THE BOTTOM MIDDLE OF THE APRON. THERE ARE SOME SMALL TEARS IN THE CUTWORK. THE APRON HAS BEEN STARCHED. 3. CREAM LINEN FULL APRON. 94.8CM (LENGTH) X 101CM (WIDTH). APRON HAS BIB WHICH IS SAME PIECE OF FABRIC AS THE SKIRT. SKIRT HAS TWO VERTICAL SEAMS AT SIDE OF BODY. ENTIRE APRON EXCLUDING TIES IS TRIMMED WITH A SERRATED CROCHETED BORDER. THERE IS CUTWORK OF A FLORAL AND LEAF PATTERN WHICH IS EDGED BY WHITE EMROIDERY FLOSS ON THE BIB AND SKIRT. THE SKIRT CUTWORK HAS CRESCENT SHAPE DESIGNS ABOVE THE FLORAL DESIGNS WHICH HAS CIRCLES EMBROIDRED AROUND THE CRESCENTS. THERE ARE TIES WHICH ARE ATTACHED UNDER THE ARMS AT THE TOP EDGE OF THE SKIRT. THESE TIES WIDEN TOWARDS THE ENDS. THERE ARE ALSO SHOULDER STRAPS WHICH GO OVER THE SHOULDER BLADES AND CRISS-CROSS BEFORE ATTACHING TO THE LOWER TIES, THEY NARROW TOWARDS THE BOTTOM. THE NECKLINE IS V-SHAPED, AND THE APRON WOULD TIE AROUND THE ENTIRE BODY. THERE IS A STAIN ON THE END OF ONE TIE. HAS BEEN HEAVILY STARCHED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
APRONS WERE USED TO ENTERTAIN GUESTS OF THE DONOR'S AND THEIR FAMILY IN ABOUT 1930 (DATE ESTIMATED BY DONOR). *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A PAIR OF GLOVES DONATED BY ANNE DUECK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. ANNE DUECK PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 81 ON DECEMBER 13, 2004. ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY “ANNE WAS KNOWN FOR HER TEACHING IN THE COMMUNITY OF COALDALE AT JOHN DAVIDSON AND R.I. BAKER SCHOOLS UNTIL HER RETIREMENT.” SHE WAS THE DAUGHTER OF PETER P. DUECK AND ANNA DUECK (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). PETER P. DUECK PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 88 ON AUGUST 9, 1983. ANNA DUECK (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN) WAS BORN IN THE CRIMEA AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1926. ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY, SHE LIVED IN COALDALE FROM THAT POINT FORWARD, EXCEPT FOR ONE YEAR. SHE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 86 ON DECEMBER 13, 1981. PETER DUECK’S BROTHER WAS NAMED FRANK DUECK. FRANK PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON JANUARY 9, 1983. ACCORDING TO HIS OBITUARY, HE WAS BORN, RAISED, AND EDUCATED IN RUSSIA AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1926, WHERE HE FARMED IN THE COALDALE DISTRICT BEFORE RETIRING TO LETHBRIDGE AND THEN CALGARY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19940005004
Acquisition Date
1994-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RUBBER, THREAD, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19990038035
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Materials
RUBBER, THREAD, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.5
Diameter
10.0
Description
THREE CIRCULAR ELASTICS. EACH ELASTIC IS COVERED WITH TURQUOISE THREAD. THERE ARE SPECKS OF GOLD THROUGHOUT THE TURQUOISE. EACH HAS A SMALL SECTION THAT IS COVERED WITH CLEAR PLASTIC, TO HOLD BANDS TOGETHER. ONE OF THE BANDS HAS HAD SOME OF ITS ELASTIC STRETCHED OUT. THE OTHER TWO BANDS ARE BASICALLY THE SAME SIZE. SOME OF THE TURQUOISE ON ALL THREE HAS BECOME DISCOLOURED, TO A YELLOWISH COLOUR.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
BELONGED TO FRED A. EWING. A MALE CLOTHING ACCESSORY, USED IN 1800S/EARLY1900S. SEE P19990038001-GA FOR HISTORY. RELATED CATALOGUE NUMBER P19990038036-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING ARMBANDS AND A BELT DONATED BY W.F. AND JULIA EWING. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. FREDERICK ANDREW EWING WAS BORN IN KINGSTON MILLS, ON AND LIVED ACROSS CANADA AND THE US, INCLUDING: MANITOBA AT THE AGE OF 12, RIVERSIDE, CA IN 1890, ONTARIO IN 1893, AND FINALLY LETHBRIDGE IN 1898. HE WORKED FOR W.D. “CURLIE” WHITNEY FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE BUYING LAND WEST OF LETHBRIDGE IN 1910. WITH HIS FIRST WIFE MONICA EWING (NEE MCCAUGHTERY), HE HAD TWO CHILDREN: BILL AND TOM EWING. FREDERICK PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 95 ON JULY 29, 1972. MONICA EWING (NEE MCCAUGHTERY) PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 25 IN NOVEMBER 1918, SUCCUMBING TO PNEUMONIA, FOLLOWING A BOUT WITH INFLUENZA. HER SISTER, MRS. MABEL (HARRY) PATTERSON, DIED JUST A WEEK BEFORE MONICA. BILL AND TOM EWING WERE CARED FOR BY MONICA’S SISTER, EDNA FORBES, UNTIL FRED REMARRIED IN 1921. FRED’S SECOND WIFE WAS ELIZABETH EWING (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE WAS BORN IN SCOTLAND AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1889 WITH HER FAMILY. SHE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 91 ON NOVEMBER 12, 1978. WILLIAM “BILL” EWING PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 94 ON DECEMBER 27, 2006. HE WAS THE SON OF FREDERICK AND MONICA EWING. HE WAS MARRIED TO JULIA SABINE EWING (NEE BOND). JULIA SABINE BOND EWING WAS BORN ON JULY 29, 1915 IN VULCAN, AB, THE THIRD OF FIVE CHILDREN BORN TO JOHN AND BLANCHE BOND. AS A CHILD, SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO HIGH RIVER, AB, WHERE SHE LIVED UNTIL 1949 WHEN SHE MOVED TO A FARM NEAR CARMANGAY, AB. SHE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1966 AND LIVED THERE UNTIL HER PASSING AT THE AGE OF 95 ON JUNE 24, 2011. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19990038035
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RUBBER, THREAD
Catalogue Number
P19990038036
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Materials
RUBBER, THREAD
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.6
Diameter
8.6
Description
CIRCULAR ELASTIC. ELASTIC IS COVERED WITH NAVY BLUE AND GREY STRIPED MATERIAL. THE MATERIAL IS STRETCHY. A SEAM IS DISTINGUISHABLE AROUND THE BAND. MATERIAL GENERALLY SEEMS TO FLOAT LOOSELY AROUND THE ELASTIC, BUT IN A COUPLE PLACES IT IS STUCK TO ELASTIC, THEREBY MAKING MATERIAL LOOK TWISTED OR DEFORMED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
BELONGED TO FRED A. EWING. A MALE FASHION ACCESSORY USED IN 1800S/EARLY1900S. SEE P19990038001-GA FOR HISTORY. RELATED CATALOGUE NUMBER P19990038035-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING ARMBANDS AND A BELT DONATED BY W.F. AND JULIA EWING. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. FREDERICK ANDREW EWING WAS BORN IN KINGSTON MILLS, ON AND LIVED ACROSS CANADA AND THE US, INCLUDING: MANITOBA AT THE AGE OF 12, RIVERSIDE, CA IN 1890, ONTARIO IN 1893, AND FINALLY LETHBRIDGE IN 1898. HE WORKED FOR W.D. “CURLIE” WHITNEY FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE BUYING LAND WEST OF LETHBRIDGE IN 1910. WITH HIS FIRST WIFE MONICA EWING (NEE MCCAUGHTERY), HE HAD TWO CHILDREN: BILL AND TOM EWING. FREDERICK PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 95 ON JULY 29, 1972. MONICA EWING (NEE MCCAUGHTERY) PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 25 IN NOVEMBER 1918, SUCCUMBING TO PNEUMONIA, FOLLOWING A BOUT WITH INFLUENZA. HER SISTER, MRS. MABEL (HARRY) PATTERSON, DIED JUST A WEEK BEFORE MONICA. BILL AND TOM EWING WERE CARED FOR BY MONICA’S SISTER, EDNA FORBES, UNTIL FRED REMARRIED IN 1921. FRED’S SECOND WIFE WAS ELIZABETH EWING (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE WAS BORN IN SCOTLAND AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1889 WITH HER FAMILY. SHE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 91 ON NOVEMBER 12, 1978. WILLIAM “BILL” EWING PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 94 ON DECEMBER 27, 2006. HE WAS THE SON OF FREDERICK AND MONICA EWING. HE WAS MARRIED TO JULIA SABINE EWING (NEE BOND). JULIA SABINE BOND EWING WAS BORN ON JULY 29, 1915 IN VULCAN, AB, THE THIRD OF FIVE CHILDREN BORN TO JOHN AND BLANCHE BOND. AS A CHILD, SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO HIGH RIVER, AB, WHERE SHE LIVED UNTIL 1949 WHEN SHE MOVED TO A FARM NEAR CARMANGAY, AB. SHE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1966 AND LIVED THERE UNTIL HER PASSING AT THE AGE OF 95 ON JUNE 24, 2011. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19990038036
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PAIR OF ARM STRAPS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ELASTIC, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19990041008
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PAIR OF ARM STRAPS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1940
Materials
ELASTIC, STEEL
No. Pieces
2
Height
1.5
Length
12.3
Width
0.1
Description
TWO ELASTIC ARM BANDS. THEY ARE BURGUNDY WITH A YELLOW STRIPE BETWEEN TWO GREY STRIPES. THEY ARE EACH LOOPED THROUGH TWO METAL PIECES WHICH ALLOW THEM TO BE LENGTHENED AND SHORTENED. ONE END IS LOOSE (TO ALLOW FOR SIZE ADJUSTMENT); THIS END IS CAPPED WITH A PIECE OF SILVER METAL.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
A MALE FASHION ACCESSORY WORN AROUND ARMS, ALONG WITH LONG-SLEEVED SHIRTS; EARLY 20TH CENTURY. MURIEL NUGENT WAS BORN MARCH 30, 1915 IN WINNIPEG. THERE, SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM T. NUGENT AND IN 1946, WITH THEIR FAMILY, THEY CAME TO LETHBRIDGE. THEY MOVED IN ORDER THAT WILLIAM COULD TAKE UP A JOB WITH WESTERN CANADIAN HARDWARE IN LETHBRIDGE. PRIOR, HE HAD SERVED WITH THE NAVAL RESERVES IN WINNIPEG DURING WORLD WAR II. MURIEL PASSED AWAY OCTOBER 8, 2002 AND WAS PREDECEASED BY HER HUSBAND IN 1989. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A PAIR OF ARMBANDS DONATED BY MURIEL NUGENT. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. MURIEL AGNES WILSON NUGENT (NEE COLLIN) WAS BORN ON MARCH 20, 1915 IN WINNIPEG, MB. SHE LIVED THERE UNTIL MOVING TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1946. SHE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 87 ON OCTOBER 8, 2002. MURIEL MARRIED WILLIAM TELLUS NUGENT IN ST. JAMES, MB ON MARCH 17, 1934. WILLIAM WAS BORN ON SEPTEMBER 15, 1913 ON CARTER FARM, IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF BROKENHEAD, MB. HE WORKED FOR MERCHANTS CONSOLIDATED LTD., AND WALTER WOODS HARDWARE IN WINNIPEG BEFORE SERVING IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE IN WINNIPEG AND NOVA SCOTIA DURING WWII. IN APRIL 1946, WILLIAM AND MURIEL MOVED WITH THEIR FAMILY TO LETHBRIDGE SO THAT WILLIAM COULD WORK FOR WESTERN CANADA HARDWARE. HE PASSED AWAY ON MAY 16, 1989. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19990041008
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.75
Length
16
Width
9.5
Description
KHAKI-COLOURED CANVAS ARMBAND WITH BUCKLED STRAP. PRINTED DESIGN ON FRONT IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD HEALTH”. TEXT STAMPED ON BACK READS “FINNIGANS LTD. Y.A. 5.000”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS ARMBAND WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20150022002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
2010
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
43
Width
8.9
Description
WHITE ARMBAND WITH DIAGONAL STRIPES OF LIGHT BLUE, MEDIUM BLUE ON ONE SIDE AND GREEN ON THE OTHER END. IN CENTRE OF ARMBAND IS A SILK-SCREEN OF THE VANCOUVER 2010 OLPYMICS: "TORCH RELAY/RELAIS DE LA FLAMME - VANCOUVER 2010 - PRESENTED BY/PRESENTE PAR COCA-COLA, RBC, CANADA". FASTENS WITH BLACK VELCRO, WITH A LARGER LOOP SECTION (MEASURES 10.2CM WHILE THE HOOK SECTION IS ONLY 4CM). ON REVERSE OF HOOK SECTION IS ANOTHER SILK-SCREEN: "HUDSON'S BAY CO." WITH HBC COAT OF ARMS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
SPORTS
History
THIS ARMBAND RELATES TO THE 2010 OLYMPICS IN VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA. IN AN ORAL INTERVIEW WITH THE DONOR, ANINE VONKEMAN, CONDUCTED BY KEVIN MACLEAN IN JUNE 2015, ANINE SAID I “WAS HONOURED TO BE ACCEPTED AS A VOLUNTEER, A MEDIA HANDLER VOLUNTEER, ALONG WITH BOB COONEY FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMMUNICATIONS AT THE TIME, WHO I REALLY RESPECT AND HE’S RESPECTED BY THE LOCAL MEDIA. AND SO HE AND I WORKED TOGETHER TO BE THE MEDIA HANDLERS FOR THE TORCH RELAY, WHICH IS A HUGE EVENT ... FROM A LOGISTICAL POINT OF VIEW AND IN TERMS OF DEALING WITH MEDIA IN THAT WAY. LIKE WE DO MEDIA PREVIEWS OF OUR EXHIBITS AND THEY’RE JUST TINY COMPARED TO WHAT AN UNDERTAKING THIS IS, BECAUSE IT WAS TELEVISED NATIONALLY AND ALL OF THAT AND ALL THE INFRASTRUCTURE THAT WAS SET UP FOR THE CELEBRATION AT HENDERSON LAKE.” THE ARMBAND ALLOWED ANINE ENTRY TO THE MEDIA PIT AND VOLUNTEER TENT AT HENDERSON LAKE. ANINE CONTINUED, SAYING THAT SHE WAS “EXCITED ABOUT BEING PART OF THE TORCH RELAY AND BECAUSE THE OLYMPICS HAVE ALWAYS BEEN A HUGE PART OF MY LIFE AND SPORTS EVENTS IN GENERAL, DUTCH PEOPLE GO A LITTLE NUTS. SO, YOU KNOW, TO BE ABLE TO BE A PART OF THAT AND ALSO TO DEAL WITH THE MEDIA IN THAT WAY, WHICH WAS A BIG DEAL, WAS KIND OF REALLY INTERESTING.” ANINE KEPT THE ARMBAND, SAYING “IT’S AN IMPORTANT REMINDER OF BEING PART OF THAT. AND IT WAS AN IMPORTANT EVENT IN LETHBRIDGE TO BE ON THE TORCH RELAY ROUTE FOR THE OLYMPIC FLAME.” ANINE WAS BORN IN HOLLAND IN 1967 AND EMIGRATED TO CANADA WITH HER PARENTS (WIM AND TRUDY) AND TWO BROTHERS (ALWIN AND HERWIN) IN NOVEMBER 1981, FOLLOWING A FAMILY VACATION TO CANADA IN 1979. HER FAMILY SETTLED IN THE PICTURE BUTTE AREA TO FARM. HER FATHER HELPED TO ESTABLISH THE DUTCH-CANADIAN CLUB AND THE GALT 8 MINE SOCIETY. ANINE CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1986 TO ATTEND THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE (U OF L) AND STARTED WORKING AT SAAG IN 1992, TWO WEEKS AFTER GRADUATING FROM THE U OF L. SHE BEGAN AS THE PUBLIC PROGRAMS COORDINATOR AND “WAS DOING MEDIA STUFF, VOLUNTEER COORDINATION, SPECIAL EVENTS COORDINATION AND STARTED THE ART AUCTION.” BY 2004 ANINE WAS WORKING AT THE GALT AS MARKETING/COMMUNICATIONS OFFICER. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND SEE P20150005000 FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE VONKEMAN FAMILY.
Catalogue Number
P20150022002
Acquisition Date
2015-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAZI ARMBAND
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, FELT
Catalogue Number
P19860045001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAZI ARMBAND
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON, FELT
No. Pieces
1
Width
8.9
Diameter
38
Description
GOLD OR YELLOW COTTON BAND SEWN TO FELT BACKING. STAMPED IN BLACK LETTERING: "DEUTFCHE WEHRMACHT". STAMPED IN PURPLE INK ILLEGIBLE LETTERS IN CIRCLE WITH GERMAN EAGLE & SWASTIKA.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
USED BY THE GERMAN ARMED FORCES TO IDENTIFY CIVILIAN & NON-MILITARY UNIFORMED PERSONEL ATTACHED TO OR WORKING CLOSELY WITH ANY BRANCH OF THE MILITARY FORCE. DONOR ACQUIRED WHILE SERVING IN HOLLAND WITH 1ST DIVISION SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS (VANCOUVER) AS A MEDIC. ACQUIRED FROM GERMAN ARMY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY JAMES BURNESS. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR, "JAMES (JIM) NICOL BURNESS OF LETHBRIDGE, PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY ON FEBRUARY 16, 2005 AT THE AGE OF 86. JIM, THE BELOVED HUSBAND OF ANN BURNESS (NEE YANOTA), WAS BORN MAY 11, 1918 IN LETHBRIDGE. A DESCENDANT OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA PIONEERS, JIM GREW UP AND RECEIVED HIS EDUCATION IN BURDETT, ALBERTA AND AT THE AGE OF 24 ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY, WHERE HE SERVED PROUDLY AS A STRETCHER-BEARER WITH THE INFANTRY IN THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN OF WORLD WAR TWO. AFTER THE WAR HE WORKED IN CONSTRUCTION FOR TEN YEARS IN BANFF AND LETHBRIDGE. IN 1949 HE MARRIED ANN YANOTA OF BLAIRMORE AND THEY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE. THEY BUILT THEIR OWN HOME, ONE IN WHICH THEY LIVED FOR OVER 50 YEARS. JIM COMPLETED A 24-YEAR CAREER WITH THE POST OFFICE, HELPING REVITALIZE THE POSTAL EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION... HE WAS A MEMBER OF ROTARY, KINSMEN, SHRINERS, SCOTTISH RITE, AND THE LETHBRIDGE GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB." SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19860042001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19860045001
Acquisition Date
1985-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAZI ARMBAND
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19860045002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAZI ARMBAND
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Width
8.5
Diameter
38
Description
GOLD OR YELLOW COTTON BAND STAMPED IN BLACK LETTERING: "DEUTFCHE WEHRMACHT".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
USED BY THE GERMAN ARMED FORCES TO IDENTIFY CIVILIAN & NON-MILITARY UNIFORMED PERSONEL ATTACHED TO OR WORKING CLOSELY WITH ANY BRANCH OF THE MILITARY FORCE. DONOR ACQUIRED WHILE SERVING IN HOLLAND WITH 1ST DIVISION SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS (VANCOUVER) AS A MEDIC. ACQUIRED FROM GERMAN ARMY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY JAMES BURNESS. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR, "JAMES (JIM) NICOL BURNESS OF LETHBRIDGE, PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY ON FEBRUARY 16, 2005 AT THE AGE OF 86. JIM, THE BELOVED HUSBAND OF ANN BURNESS (NEE YANOTA), WAS BORN MAY 11, 1918 IN LETHBRIDGE. A DESCENDANT OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA PIONEERS, JIM GREW UP AND RECEIVED HIS EDUCATION IN BURDETT, ALBERTA AND AT THE AGE OF 24 ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY, WHERE HE SERVED PROUDLY AS A STRETCHER-BEARER WITH THE INFANTRY IN THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN OF WORLD WAR TWO. AFTER THE WAR HE WORKED IN CONSTRUCTION FOR TEN YEARS IN BANFF AND LETHBRIDGE. IN 1949 HE MARRIED ANN YANOTA OF BLAIRMORE AND THEY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE. THEY BUILT THEIR OWN HOME, ONE IN WHICH THEY LIVED FOR OVER 50 YEARS. JIM COMPLETED A 24-YEAR CAREER WITH THE POST OFFICE, HELPING REVITALIZE THE POSTAL EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION... HE WAS A MEMBER OF ROTARY, KINSMEN, SHRINERS, SCOTTISH RITE, AND THE LETHBRIDGE GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB." SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19860042001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19860045002
Acquisition Date
1985-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL, CARDBOARD, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19950069030
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
NICKEL, CARDBOARD, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
4
Description
1. ARMLETS: 8CM (D). TWO EXPANDABLE NICKEL ARMLETS. EACH IS MADE UP OF 16 TUBULAR CAPSULES, JOINED THROUGH CENTRES BY SPRING-LOADED LINKS. DIAMETER WHEN FULLY EXPANDED IS APPROXIMATELY 11CM. 2. BOX: 1.2CM (H) X 11.8CM (L) X 5.8CM (W). 2 PIECES. BURGUNDY CARDBOARD BASE WITH SIMULATED LEATHER FINISH. STRIP ACROSS LENGTH OF INSIDE CENTRE IS FOLDED WITH 2 PEAKS TO SUPPORT ARMLETS. PLASTIC LID WITHOUT JOINTED CORNERS, HAS GOLD PRINT ON TOP READING "EXPANDA ARMLET STRATTON MADE IN ENGLAND" WITH MAN'S HEAD WEARING TOPHAT PICTURED. CRACKED IN BOTTOM LEFT HAND CORNER. LID FITS INTO, RATHER THAN OVER, BASE OF BOX.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
UNKNOWN *UPDATE* IN 2017, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ARTIFACTS IN RELATED LOCATIONS, INCLUDING AN ARMLET DONATED BY BILL SKELTON. ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT RECORD WAS A BIOGRAPHY OF WILLIAM HERBERT SCORESBY SKELTON. EXCERPTS FROM THAT BIOGRAPHY FOLLOW: “WILLIAM HERBERT SCORESBY SKELTON WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ON 6 APRIL 1920. HIS PARENTS WERE MARION SCORESBY SKELTON AND HERBERT SCORESBY SKELTON. EDUCATED LOCALLY, MR. SKELTON WORKED AT THE DOMINION EXPERIMENTAL FARM (NOW THE LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH CENTRE) FOR SEVERAL YEARS. HE BEGAN HIS CAREER AS A REPORTER WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1943. AFTER FIVE YEARS AT THE NEWSPAPER, HE BECAME NEWS DIRECTOR AT THE RADIO STATION CJOC ON 15 FEBRUARY 1948. DURING HIS FIRST TWO YEARS AT THE RADIO STATION, MR. SKELTON WAS THE ONLY EMPLOYEE IN THE NEWS DEPARTMENT. MR. SKELTON ORGANIZED THE FIRST FULL-TIME NEWS DEPARTMENT AT THE RADIO STATION AND WAS NEWS DIRECTOR FOR THE JOINT RADIO – TELEVISION OPERATIONS OF SELKIRK COMMUNICATIONS IN LETHBRIDGE AND SOUTHERN ALBERTA. BY THE TIME OF HIS RETIREMENT IN APRIL 1978, CJOC HAD EIGHT EMPLOYEES IN THE NEWS DEPARTMENT. WILLIAM SKELTON MARRIED MARY THERESA FRANCIS IN SOUTHMINSTER UNITED CHURCH, LETHBRIDGE ON 3 AUGUST 1957. THE COUPLE DID NOT HAVE CHILDREN. DURING HIS LIKE MR. SKELTON WAS VERY ACTIVE AS A VOLUNTEER WITH MANY COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS… WILLIAM SKELTON DIED ON 13 JULY 1998, AGE 78, AND IS BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. MARY THERESA SKELTON (NEE FRANCIS) WAS THE DAUGHTER OF DR. AND MRS. JAMES R. FRANCIS AND THE GRANDDAUGHTER OF REVEREND JAMES ROBERTSON D. D., A FORMER MODERATOR OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN CANADA. A TEACHER AT LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE FROM 1945 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT, MARY SKELTON WAS ALSO ACTIVE IN THE COMMUNITY… MARY SKELTON DIED ON 23 AUGUST 2000, AGE 80, AND IS BURIED BESIDE HER HUSBAND IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY. [SOURCES: THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, VARIOUS ISSUES; WHO’S WHO IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA 1988-1989 (HISTORICAL RESEARCH CENTRE, 1989) PAGES 739-740].” FOR FULL BIOGRAPHICAL DOCUMENT, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950069030
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TINNIES OR PROPAGANDA BADGE
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ZINC, PLASTIC?
Catalogue Number
P19860047001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TINNIES OR PROPAGANDA BADGE
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Materials
ZINC, PLASTIC?
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
3.0
Description
CIRCULAR SHAPE WITH CENTRAL BEAD, SWIRL DESIGNED MIDDLE CIRCLE, BEADED OUTER RIM. INSCRIBED "THURINGISCH 7 JAHRH O.15"
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
BADGE MEDIEVAL IN APPEARANCE. TINNIES WERE ISSUED TO COMMEMORATE EVENTS & FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS, OFTEN ASSOCIATED WITH FUND RAISING FOR WAR EFFORT OR OTHER NEEDS OF THE STATE OR NAZI PARTY. USUALLY ONLY GIVEN TO CIVILIANS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY JAMES BURNESS. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR, "JAMES (JIM) NICOL BURNESS OF LETHBRIDGE, PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY ON FEBRUARY 16, 2005 AT THE AGE OF 86. JIM, THE BELOVED HUSBAND OF ANN BURNESS (NEE YANOTA), WAS BORN MAY 11, 1918 IN LETHBRIDGE. A DESCENDANT OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA PIONEERS, JIM GREW UP AND RECEIVED HIS EDUCATION IN BURDETT, ALBERTA AND AT THE AGE OF 24 ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY, WHERE HE SERVED PROUDLY AS A STRETCHER-BEARER WITH THE INFANTRY IN THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN OF WORLD WAR TWO. AFTER THE WAR HE WORKED IN CONSTRUCTION FOR TEN YEARS IN BANFF AND LETHBRIDGE. IN 1949 HE MARRIED ANN YANOTA OF BLAIRMORE AND THEY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE. THEY BUILT THEIR OWN HOME, ONE IN WHICH THEY LIVED FOR OVER 50 YEARS. JIM COMPLETED A 24-YEAR CAREER WITH THE POST OFFICE, HELPING REVITALIZE THE POSTAL EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION... HE WAS A MEMBER OF ROTARY, KINSMEN, SHRINERS, SCOTTISH RITE, AND THE LETHBRIDGE GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB." SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19860042001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19860047001
Acquisition Date
1985-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TINNIES OR PROPAGANDA BADGE
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ZINC OR POT METAL
Catalogue Number
P19860047002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TINNIES OR PROPAGANDA BADGE
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Materials
ZINC OR POT METAL
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
2.7
Description
BADGE IN A MARINE SHIPPING MINE SHAPE. PIN ON BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
TINNIES OR PROPAGANDA BADGES WERE ISSUED TO RAISE FUNDS OR TO COMMEMORATE EVENTS SUCH AS NAZI PARTY RALLIES. USUALLY GIVEN TO CIVILIANS. THIS BADGE MAY HAVE BEEN TO RAISE FUNDS TO MAKE ANTI-SHIPPING MINES FOR THE WAR EFFORT. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY JAMES BURNESS. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR, "JAMES (JIM) NICOL BURNESS OF LETHBRIDGE, PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY ON FEBRUARY 16, 2005 AT THE AGE OF 86. JIM, THE BELOVED HUSBAND OF ANN BURNESS (NEE YANOTA), WAS BORN MAY 11, 1918 IN LETHBRIDGE. A DESCENDANT OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA PIONEERS, JIM GREW UP AND RECEIVED HIS EDUCATION IN BURDETT, ALBERTA AND AT THE AGE OF 24 ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY, WHERE HE SERVED PROUDLY AS A STRETCHER-BEARER WITH THE INFANTRY IN THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN OF WORLD WAR TWO. AFTER THE WAR HE WORKED IN CONSTRUCTION FOR TEN YEARS IN BANFF AND LETHBRIDGE. IN 1949 HE MARRIED ANN YANOTA OF BLAIRMORE AND THEY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE. THEY BUILT THEIR OWN HOME, ONE IN WHICH THEY LIVED FOR OVER 50 YEARS. JIM COMPLETED A 24-YEAR CAREER WITH THE POST OFFICE, HELPING REVITALIZE THE POSTAL EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION... HE WAS A MEMBER OF ROTARY, KINSMEN, SHRINERS, SCOTTISH RITE, AND THE LETHBRIDGE GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB." SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19860042001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19860047002
Acquisition Date
1985-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TINNIES OR PROPAGANDA BADGE
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ZINC OR POT METAL, PLASTIC?
Catalogue Number
P19860047003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TINNIES OR PROPAGANDA BADGE
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Materials
ZINC OR POT METAL, PLASTIC?
No. Pieces
1
Length
3.4
Width
2
Description
TEAR DROP SHAPE, BEADED OUTER EDGE, BEAD IN CENTRE OF CROSS ON FACE. INSCRIBED ON BACK: "O38 NORMANNISHCH UM 1066".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
TINNIES OR PROPAGANDA BADGES WERE ISSUED TO RAISE FUNDS OR TO COMMEMORATE EVENTS SUCH AS NAZI PARTY RALLIES. USUALLY GIVEN TO CIVILIANS. THIS BADGE MAY HAVE BEEN TO RAISE FUNDS OR TO COMMEMORATE SOME EVENT, POSSIBLY HELD IN 1938. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY JAMES BURNESS. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR, "JAMES (JIM) NICOL BURNESS OF LETHBRIDGE, PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY ON FEBRUARY 16, 2005 AT THE AGE OF 86. JIM, THE BELOVED HUSBAND OF ANN BURNESS (NEE YANOTA), WAS BORN MAY 11, 1918 IN LETHBRIDGE. A DESCENDANT OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA PIONEERS, JIM GREW UP AND RECEIVED HIS EDUCATION IN BURDETT, ALBERTA AND AT THE AGE OF 24 ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY, WHERE HE SERVED PROUDLY AS A STRETCHER-BEARER WITH THE INFANTRY IN THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN OF WORLD WAR TWO. AFTER THE WAR HE WORKED IN CONSTRUCTION FOR TEN YEARS IN BANFF AND LETHBRIDGE. IN 1949 HE MARRIED ANN YANOTA OF BLAIRMORE AND THEY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE. THEY BUILT THEIR OWN HOME, ONE IN WHICH THEY LIVED FOR OVER 50 YEARS. JIM COMPLETED A 24-YEAR CAREER WITH THE POST OFFICE, HELPING REVITALIZE THE POSTAL EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION... HE WAS A MEMBER OF ROTARY, KINSMEN, SHRINERS, SCOTTISH RITE, AND THE LETHBRIDGE GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB." SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19860042001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19860047003
Acquisition Date
1985-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SHOULDER FLASHES; FIRE DEPARTMENT
Date Range From
1989
Date Range To
1999
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19990022002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SHOULDER FLASHES; FIRE DEPARTMENT
Date Range From
1989
Date Range To
1999
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
2
Height
12.0
Width
11.0
Description
TWO SHOULDER FLASHES; TRIANGULAR SHAPED; BLACK FABRIC WITH YELLOW THREAD BINDING THE EDGES. IN YELLOW THREAD IS THE SYMBOL FOR TRANSPORT CANADA AND THE WORDS "TRANSPORT CANADA". THE CREST ON THE FLASHES IS COMPRISED OF GOLD, YELLOW AND RED THREADS. THE CREST IS THE SAME AS THE CAP BADGE ON HAT (P19990022001-GA). IN THE CENTRE OF THE CIRCLE IS A RED MAPLE LEAF.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THE SHOULDER FLASHES ARE FROM THE CRASH RESCUE UNIFORM WORN BY CAM HUTCHINSON-MACLEAN. HE BEGAN HIS CRASH RESCUE SERVICE IN EDMONTON IN 1981 BEFORE BEING TRANSFERRED TO KENYON FIELD (LETHBRIDGE AIRPORT) IN 1985. MR. HUTCHINSON-MACLEAN LEFT THE SERVICE IN 1989 HOLDING THE RANK OF FIRE RESCUE 3 (CAPTAIN). THE FIRE DEPARTMENT IS NO LONGER STATIONED AT THE AIRPORT.
Catalogue Number
P19990022002
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
INFANT (PAIR)
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19705712000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
INFANT (PAIR)
Date
1915
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
2
Length
78.7
Width
12.0
Description
KNITTED WHITE COTTON, 1 END BLUNT, OPPOSITE TIE CUT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
KNITTED IN 1915 BY MRS. JAMES COEL, MOTHER OF MISS EDITH COEL (MRS.FALKLAND WARREN) FOR DONOR'S SON JAMES H. GRAHAM BORN 1916. MR. GRAHAM, MANAGER OF S.M.R.I.D. UNTIL AUG. 1968. BANDS ARE TIED AROUND INFANTS ABDOMEN TO PROTECT UMBILICAL CORD REMNANT UNTIL IT DRIES & FALLS OFF.
Catalogue Number
P19705712000
Acquisition Date
1970-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BEADED BELT
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, LEATHER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19651872000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BEADED BELT
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
GLASS, LEATHER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
81.2
Width
7.6
Description
GEOMETRIC BEADWORK DESIGN IN RED, BLUE, GREEN, WHITE AND PINK BEADS. BEADWORK DESIGN COVERS ONE FACE OF THE HARNESS LEATHER. BACK COVERED WITH WINE COTTON BELT ATTACHMENT CONSISTS OF TWO LEATHER THONGS AT EACH END OF BELT. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
PERSONAL CARE
History
PLAINS INDIAN.
Catalogue Number
P19651872000
Acquisition Date
1965-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19780208000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Materials
LEATHER, BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
83.8
Width
6.4
Description
BACK OF THE BELT IS HARNESS LEATHER WITH BEAD STITCHING. BEADS - BLUE, RED, BROWN & YELLOW (GEOMETRIC PATTERN). 2 HOLES IN EACH END OF BELT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
BELT ORIGINALLY BELONGED TO BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER JOE HEALY, ACQUIRED BY DONOR'S HUSBAND ABOUT 1912. SEE P197800207000-GA FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI (BLOOD TRIBE), AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. MEN AND WOMEN TRADITIONALLY WORE RAWHIDE BELTS. STARTING FROM THE 19TH CENTURY, THE BELTS WERE INCREASINGLY MADE FROM RE-USED HARNESS LEATHER AND DECORATED WITH BEADWORK IN OVERLAY (SPOT) STITCH. THE WHOLE LENGTH OF BELT IS EXECUTED IN BEADED COLOUR. THE DESIGN CONSISTS OF PANELS WITH GEOMETRIC DESIGNS SEWN TO THE BELT WITH OVERLAY STITCH. THE TRIANGLE SYMBOL IS CALLED THE “MOUNTAIN.” IN THIS DESIGN, THE SYMBOLS ARE COMBINE BASE TO BASE TO FORM A DIAMOND SHAPE. THE NAMES OF BEADED DESIGNS OF THE KAINAI ARE MORE DESCRIPTIVE THAN EVOCATIVE." *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF JOE HEALY, WHO WAS PURPORTEDLY THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS BELT. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY ON JOE HEALY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT ARCHIVES AND 'THE AMAZING DEATH OF CALFSHIRT: THREE HUNDRED YEARS OF BLACKFOOT HISTORY' BY HUGH DEMPSEY: POTAI'NA "FLYING CHIEF' JOE HEALY (LATER CALLED WOLF MOCCASIN) WAS BORN IN 1854 ON THE MONTANA BLACKFEET RESERVATION, TO THE LEADER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, MANY BRAIDS. MANY BRAIDS HAD BECOME FRIENDLY WITH JOHN J. HEALY, CO-OPERATOR OF THE SUN RIVER CROSSING TRADING POST WITH ALFRED B. HAMILTON. DURING A ROUTINE VISIT TO THE TRADING POST, THE BLOODS' CAMP WAS RAIDED AT NIGHT BY A BAND OF PEND D'OREILLE WARRIORS. MANY BRAIDS, HIS WIFE, BABY AND TEENAGE DAUGHTER WERE KILLED IN THE CONFLICT, WHICH WAS WITNESSED BY JOHN HEALY. BEFORE HE DIED, MANY BRAIDS ASKED JOHN HEALY TO TAKE CARE OF HIS SON, FLYING CHIEF, THE ONLY SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. JOHN HEALY GAVE THE EIGHT YEAR OLD BOY THE NAME JOE HEALY, AND KEPT HIM AT THE TRADING POST UNTIL THE SUMMER, WHEN HE WAS ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL AT NEARBY FORT SHAW. THERE JOE DEVELOPED HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH. IN 1869, WHILE JOE WAS IN SCHOOL, HEALY AND HAMILTON WENT NORTH AND OPENED A TRADING POST AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE OLDMAN AND ST. MARY RIVERS; THIS POST WOULD BECOME KNOWN AS FORT WHOOP-UP AND WAS INFAMOUS FOR ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WHISKEY TRADE AND VIOLENCE IN THE AREA UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE IN 1874. THREE YEARS LATER, DUE TO A DECLINE IN THE BUFFALO POPULATIONS AND THUS THE ROBE MARKET, HEALY CLOSED THE SUN RIVER CROSSING POST AND MOVED TO FORT BENTON. JOE WAS NOW SIXTEEN AND WAS COMPELLED TO RETURN TO HIS RELATIVES AMONG THE BLOODS. HE FOLLOWED THE LAST BUFFALO HERDS WITH BULL SHIELD, AND JOINED IN RELIGIOUS AND WARFARE ACTIVITIES OF THE TRIBE. WHEN THE BLOODS SETLLED ON THEIR RESERVE IN 1881, JOE WAS THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE TRIBE WHO WAS FLUENT IN BLACKFOOT AND ENGLISH. HE WAS AN OUTSPOKEN SUPPORTER OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS AND DEFIED ATTEMPTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPRESS DANCES AND FESTIVALS. HE MARRIED WIDE NOSTRILS, THE DAUGHTER OF IRON PIPE, AND THEY HAD SIX DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. JOE WORKED AS AN OFFICIAL INTERPRETER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WHEN A NEW TREATY WAS MADE IN 1883, AND AS A SCOUT FOR THE RNWMP. IN LATER YEARS HE CO-ORDINATED FIRST NATIONS' PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE. JOE HEALY DIED AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN 1936 AS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED PATRIARCHS OF THE BLOOD TRIBE.
Catalogue Number
P19780208000
Acquisition Date
1978-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BEADED BELT (MAN'S)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, LINEN, GLASS BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19790236000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BEADED BELT (MAN'S)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BUCKSKIN, LINEN, GLASS BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
94.0
Width
8.0
Description
BELT CONSTRUCTED OF BUCKSKIN WITH LACE TIES AT THE ENDS, COMPLETELY FACED WITH GEOMETRIC BEADWORK DESIGNS SEWN ONTO A LINED FACE - IN TURN SEWN ONTO THE BUCKSKIN. BEADWORK FEATURES SQUARES, ARROWS & TRIANGLES IN BEADS THAT ARE BLUE, RED, WHITE, BLACK, GREEN, CLEAR, TRANSLUCENT PINK, TRANSLUCENT ORANGE, TRANSLUCENT GREEN, TRANSLUCENT BLUE, TRANSLUCENT RED. SOME BEADS ARE SMALL "PIPESTEM" TYPE. PIECES OF BEAD EDGING ARE MISSING. THREE DESIGNS ARE USED IN SEPARATE PANELS, EACH REPEATED ONCE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
STONEY OR ASSINIBOINE. PURCHASED, OR RECEIVED AS A GIFT, BY DONOR FROM INDIAN PEOPLE WORKING OR STOPPING AT THE RANCH. DECORATIVE "DRESS" BELT. RANCH IS LOCATED NEAR THE EDEN VALLEY STONEY RESERVE. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, INCLUDING A DRUM DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES, ALSO THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR AND HER FAMILY'S RANCH, THE ROCKING P, WAS FOUND IN LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1931 AND 1953, THE BOOK 'COWBOYS, RANCHERS AND THE CATTLE BUSINESS: CROSS-BORDER PERSPECTIVES ON RANCHING HISTORY' BY SIMON M. EVANS, AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON AMERICASHORSEDAILY.COM, AND THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. RODERICK RIDDLE MACLEAY WAS BORN IN 1878 IN DANVILLE, QUEBEC. IN 1898 HE CAME TO ALBERTA AND BEGAN RANCING A SMALL HERD OF CATTLE ON LAND WEST OF HIGH RIVER. IN 1904, MACLEAY PURCHASED THE 40,000 ACRE BROOKS RANCH, AND THE FOLLOWING YEAR MARRIED LAURA STURTEVANT. THEY HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, DOROTHY AND MAXINE. DURING THE SEVERE WINTER OF 1906/07, MACLEAY LOST 90% OF HIS HERD , AND A FLAGGING CATTLE MARKET DEVASTATED HIS PROFITS. ONLY TWO YEARS LATER HOWEVER, MACLEAY ENTERED INTO A PARTNERSHIP WITH ROCKING P RANCH OWNER GEORGE EMERSON, AND IN 1914 MACLEAY BOUGHT OUT EMERSON WITH THE AGREEMENT TO MAINTAIN THE ROCKING P BRAND. OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS MACLEAY EXAPANDED Y ACQUIRING THE ADJACENT WILLOW CREEK, BAR S, AND LIVINGSTONE RANCHES. IN THE 1930S, MACLEAY HIRED ERNEST BLADES AS A COWBOY, AND BLADES MARRIED DOROTHY MACLEAY IN 1940. ROD MACLEAY DIED IN OCTOBER 1953, AND HIS LAND WAS LEFT TO HIS DAUGHTERS. DOROTHY AND ERNEST BLADES ASSUMED OPERATION OF THE ROCKING P, MANAGING IT ALONG WITH THEIR OWN RANCH, THE 3VS. THEIR SON, MAC BLADES, BEGAN WORKING FULL TIME ON THE RANCHES IN 1965 WHEN HE FINISHED HIGH SCHOOL, AND BY 1973 WAS RANCH MANAGER. IN 1996 THE PROPERTY WAS DIVIDED AMONG DOROTHY AND ERNEST'S FIVE CHILDREN, AND AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, MAC BLADES OWNS AND OPERATES THE ROCKING P RANCH. OF PARTICULAR NOTE TO THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES TO THE GALT MUSEUM IS THIS SHORT EXCERPT FROM ROD MACLEAY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY FROM OCTOBER 30, 1953: "[AN] INTEREST WHICH ENGROSSED [MACLEAY] WAS THE CAUSE OF THE STONEY INDIANS LIVING A NOMADIC LIFE AWAY FROM THE MORLEY RESERVATION. HE HAD MUCH TO DO WITH IMPRESSING SUCCESSFULLY ON THE GOVERNMENT THE NEED FOR A SUB-RESERVE." THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAKODA (FORMERLY CALLED STONEY) FIRST NATION AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE WAS SOURCED FROM ROCKYMOUNTAINNAKODA.COM. THE NAKODA "MOUNTAIN PEOPLE" HISTORICALLY TRAVERSED THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND FOOTHILLS IN SMALL, NOMADIC GROUPS, WITH EACH GROUP BEING LED BY A HEAD CHIEF. IN 1877 AT THE SIGNING OF TREATY 7, THE NAKODA WERE REPRESENTED BY THREE HEAD CHIEFS, WHO WERE ASSURED THAT THE NAKODA WOULD RETAIN THREE LARGE TRACTS OF TRADITIONAL HOMELAND, ONE FOR EACH NOMADIC GROUP. HOWEVER, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ALLOTED THE NAKODA ONLY ONE LAND ENTITLEMENT, NOW KNOWN AS THE MORLEY RESERVE, LOCATED WEST OF CALGARY. THE LAND ALLOTMENT WAS FENCED IN BARBED WIRE, PREVENTING THE NAKODA FROM THEIR NOMADIC MOVEMENTS. DURING THE 20TH CENTURY, TWO SMALLER SATELLITE RESERVES WERE ESTABLISHED FOR THE NAKODA FIRST NATION: THE BIG HORN RESERVE (KISKA WAPTADN "BIG HORN RIVER"), 265KM NORTHWEST OF MORLEY, AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE (GA-HNA "ALONG THE FOOTHILLS"), 120KM SOUTH OF MORLEY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19790236000
Acquisition Date
1974-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19970041382
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.2
Length
113
Width
3.4
Description
GREY LEATHER BELT WITH SILVER COLORED BRASS BUCKLE. TONGUE OF BELT IS TORN. FINISH IS WORN AS WELL.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
BELT BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041382
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19970041451
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.4
Length
75.6
Width
4.3
Description
GREEN CIRCULAR PLASTIC BELT BUCKLE WITH LIME GREEN NYLON BELT WHICH IS FASTENED WITH A SAFETY PIN.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
BELT BELONGED TO DONOR'S MOTHER, LOIS, WHO USED THE BELT WITH HER DRESSES. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. FROM AUGUST 29 TO 31, 2011 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONOR, JOY KOGAWA, ABOUT HER MEMORIES ASSOCIATED WITH SPECIFIC OBJECTS THAT SHE DONATED IN 1997. OF HER MOTHER'S CLOTHES, KOGAWA SAID: “ SHE SO MUCH LIKED CLOTHES,,, AND SHE HAD BEAUTIFUL CLOTHES, [BUT] SHE DIDN’T HAVE A LOT… SHE HAD ONE PAIR OF SHOES, WHICH SHE KEPT REPAIRING AND REPAIRING… [HER CLOTHING] BRINGS BACK A SADNESS FOR MY MOTHER, BECAUSE HER LIFE WAS SO HARD… TO GO FROM WHAT THEY HAD IN VANCOUVER, ALL THE DREAMS THAT THEY HAD THERE, INTO SOUTHERN ALBERTA, WHERE IT WAS SO HARSH… THAT WAS NOT A WAY TO BE TREATED IN THAT STAGE OF LIFE… MY MOTHER WAS A VERY SILENT WOMAN AND DID NOT COMPLAIN… I THINK SHE GAVE UP ON BEING PART OF THE WORLD, AND RETREATED FROM IT. AS LONG AS SHE HAD KIDS, SHE HAD TO BE IN THE WORLD, BUT I THINK THAT, BY INCLINATION, SHE WOULD HAVE JUST LEFT IT – IT WAS JUST TOO HARD FOR HER… I JUST WISH SO MUCH THAT I HAD KNOWN HER THEN THE WAY I KNOW HER NOW… I WOULD HAVE LOVED TO HAVE MADE HER HAPPY, BECAUSE SHE NEVER WAS… BUT IN SOME WAYS I THINK HER LIFE ENDED HAPPILY. I CERTAINLY DID THE BEST I COULD FOR [HER]; I TRIED REALLY HARD.” SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041451
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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