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368 records – page 1 of 19.

Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970041325
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.3
Length
38.5
Width
6.7
Description
RECTANGULAR WOOD FRAME WITH 28 ROWS OF 6 WOOD BEADS, FIVE ON ONE SIDE OF WHITE DIVIDER THAT RUNS DOWN LENGTH AND HAS BLACK DOTS AT REGULAR INTERVALS. SHAFTS WHICH HOLD BEADS ARE WOOD. WOOD HAS DARK FINISH.
Subjects
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
ABACUS WAS USED OCCASIONALLY BY DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA WHO WAS AN ANGLICAN PRIEST SERVING IN COALDALE. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WERE ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE RELOCATED TO SLOCAN CITY(1942) BY THE CANADIAN GOV'T. DONOR'S FATHER, REV. G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041325
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
"PIONEER"
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20060019001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"PIONEER"
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.9
Length
9.4
Width
8.5
Description
ALTIMETER, GAUGE, METAL AND GLASS. BLACK FACE WITH BROWNISH RED NUMBERS AND BROWNISH RED AND BLACK NEEDLE, NUMBERS MARKED “0…18” AROUND EDGES, FACE MARKED “ALTITUDE… PIONEER…A743B-1137.” CASE SURROUNDING FACE IS BLACK PAINTED METAL, PAINT LOSS ON FRONT, FOUR HOLES IN FOUR CORNERS AND METAL ROD ON BOTTOM FRONT OF FACE. PAPER LABEL COMING OFF OF BACK OF GAUGE MARKED “UNDER, PATEN(?),” REDDISH BROWN AND PUCE SPLATTERS ON SIDE OF GAUGE.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE ALTIMETER FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON. CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN LARSON AND "STEPHENS" (NICKNAMED STEVIE) FROM FEBRUARY 23 - MARCH 3, 1937 SHOWS THAT THEY WERE TRYING TO FIND AN ALTIMETER TO SUIT THEIR NEEDS. IT IS POSSIBLE THIS ARTIFACT IS THE "PIONEER ALTIMETER IN A SECOND HAND STORE FOR WHICH THE YID WANTED BUCKS TWO AND A HALF," STEPHENS WAS REFERRING TO. "LARSON SPENT HIS EARLY DAYS IN LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE COMPLETED HIGH SCHOOL. HIS FATHER WAS A CARPENTER AND MASTER CRAFTSMEN. LARSON BECAME INTERESTED IN AVIATION AFTER LINDBERG FLEW THE ATLANTIC. HE AND HIS FRIENDS, IVAN THOMSON AND JIM FINDLAY, BEGAN BUILDING GLIDERS IN 1929. FOR THE NEXT 10 YEARS LARSON WAS THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THE LETHBRIDGE GLIDING CLUB. DURING THIS TIME HE MADE WELL OVER 300 GLIDER FLIGHTS. IN 1939 HE SET ONE OF THE FIRST UNOFFICIAL GLIDING RECORDS IN CANADA. LARSON SPENT THE WAR YEARS IN CALGARY AS AN AIRFRAME INSTRUCTOR FOR THE WAR EMERGENCY TRAINING PROGRAM. IN 1947 HE RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WAS EMPLOYED AS AN ASSESSOR FOR THE CITY UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1978." UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20060019001
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19880012003
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
ALUMINUM, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
20.3
Length
39.4
Width
16.5
Description
SER. # "N9187045". REMOTE BROADCAST AMPLIFIER OR MIXER. 4 CHANNEL (MICROPHONE) UNIT. ONE OF THE FIRST TRANSISTOR UNITS. "AUDIO CONSOLE R5461C". UNIT IS PINK, BLUE, AND WHITE IN COLOR. 5 LARGE DIALS AT FRONT (FOUR MIC'S AND ON MASTER). METER RANGING FROM -20 TO +3. "NE" STAMPED ON FRONT OF UNIT.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
THIS AMPLIFIER WAS DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM BY LETHBRIDGE BROADCASTING LTD., THE ASSOCIATION THAT AT ONE TIME OWNED LETHBRIDGE'S FIRST RADIO STATION, CJOC. IT WAS USED FOR REMOTE OR ON-SITE BROADCASTING, AND WAS CONNECTED TO THE STUDIO AND RADIO TRANSMITTER VIA TELEPHONES. IT USED RECHARGEABLE BATTERY WHEN A.C. POWER WAS NOT AVAILABLE. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF CJOC RADIO WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES RECORD 20081033000. CJOC WAS THE FIRST RADIO STATION TO BROADCAST FROM LETHBRIDGE, AND ONE OF THE EARLIEST IN CANADA. THE STATION BEGAN OFFICIAL BROADCASTS ON JANUARY 9, 1924. A RADIO BROADCASTING LICENSE WAS GRANTED IN APRIL 1926 & ISSUED WITH THE CALL LETTERS CJOC. THE LICENSE OFFICE ASSIGNED "CJ", WHILE THE STATION CO-FOUNDER, JOHN ENDER "JOCK" PALMER, CHOSE THE "OC" IN REFERENCE TO HIS NICKNAME. THE STATION BEGAN BROADCASTING SPORADICALLY FROM PALMER'S MOTHER'S HOUSE. PALMER TOOK TWO PARTNERS, HAROLD ROBERSTON CARSON AND WILLIAM WALTER GRANT, INTO HIS BROADCASTING VENTURE, AND GRANT BUILT A 50 WATT RADIO TRANSMITTER. SOON THE STATION EXPANDED, MOVING TO THE BASEMENT OF THE HULL BLOCK, AND IN 1928 TO THE PENTHOUSE OF THE NEWLY CONSTRUCTED MARQUIS HOTEL. ON AUGUST 13, 1928 JOCK PALMER AND WILLIAM GRANT SOLD THEIR INTERESTS IN CJOC TO CARSON FOR $100 AND $150 RESPECTIVELY. GRANT AND PALMER MOVED TO CALGARY, WHERE GRANT FOUNDED THE CFCN STATION AND BUILT RADIO EQUIPMENT, AND PALMER CONTINUED TO PURSUE HIS AVIATION INTERESTS. ON NOVEMBER 26, 1928 HAROLD R. CARSON, W.J. MILLICAN AND G.H. MILLICAN SIGNED A MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION CREATING LETHBRIDGE BROADCASTING LIMITED. IN 1933, CJOC ANNOUNCER HENRY VINEY AND TECHNICIAN BOB BUSS DID ONE OF THE FIRST REMOTE HOCKEY BROADCASTS IN CANADA. MR. VINEY DESCRIBED THE PLAY-BY-PLAY OVER A ONE-WAY TELEPHONE LINE FROM VEGREVILLE WHILE MR. BUSS REMAINED IN THE STUDIO AT LETHBRIDGE. IN THE FALL OF 1936 CJOC BEGAN “THE RADIO SCHOOL OF THE AIR”, THE FIRST SUCH PROGRAM OF ITS KIND IN CANADA. CREATED AS AN AID FOR TEACHERS IN CLASSROOMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA, THE PROGRAM FEATURED ‘PORTS OF CALL’ ON MONDAYS, “HEALTH HINTS AND HISTORY OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE HELPED MANKIND’ ON TUESDAYS, ‘MOTHER GOOSE’ STORIES ON WEDNESDAYS, ‘DRAMA’ PRODUCED BY AGNES DAVIDSON ON THURSDAYS, AND SING-SONG SESSIONS ON FRIDAYS. IN 1948 CJOC MOVED OUT OF THE MARQUIS HOTEL TO 1015 3 AVE. SOUTH. THE STATION WON THE CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF BROADCASTERS ‘AM STATION OF THE YEAR’ AWARD TWICE: FIRST IN 1952 AS CJOC LED A CAMPAIGN TO RAISE MONEY FOR A BOY SCOUT HALL IN LETHBRIDGE, AND AGAIN IN 1967 FOR THE STATIONS’ EXTRAORDINARY PUBLIC SERVICE DURING AN INTENSE WINTER BLIZZARD. CJOC BECAME THE COMMUNICATION HUB OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA DURING THE CRISIS, RELAYING MESSAGES BY RADIO AND KEEPING THE PUBLIC INFORMED OF DEVELOPMENTS. ON JANUARY 19, 2000 THE CANADIAN RADIO-TELEVISION TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CRTC) APPROVED AN APPLICATION BY ROGERS BROADCASTING LIMITED TO REPLACE CJOC WITH A NEW ENGLISH-LANGUAGE FM STATION. THE NEW STATION WOULD REPLACE CJOC'S COUNTRY MUSIC FORMAT WITH AN ADULT CONTEMPORARY MUSIC FORMAT. CONDITIONS OF CRTC APPROVAL WERE THAT CJOC AND THE NEW STATION COULD BROADCAST SIMULTANEOUSLY FOR UP TO THREE MONTHS, AT WHICH TIME ROGERS WOULD SURRENDER THE BROADCAST LICENSE OF CJOC. CFRV 107.7 FM (THE RIVER) WAS LAUNCHED, AND LATER IN 2000 CJOC WENT OFF THE AIR. IN 2007 THE CALL LETTERS CJOC WERE ASSIGNED TO A NEW RADIO STATION IN LETHBRIDGE, 102.1 FM.
Catalogue Number
P19880012003
Acquisition Date
1988-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19880012008
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
ALUMINUM, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
15.5
Length
38.4
Width
34.8
Description
REMOTE AMPLIFIER IN ALUMINUM CARRYING CASE. 3 CHANNEL. 4 MICROPHONE INPUTS. MASTER CONTROL & VU METER. SWITCHABLE MICROPHONES. ALUMINUM CASE WITH BEIGE FINISH. PAINT CHIPPING & SCRATCHED. LID HINGED AT BACK AND NEAR FRONT DIAL TO LOCK LID DOWN. HANDLE PUSHES BACK INTO CASE. LID HAS SCRATCHES NEAR TOP RIGHT CORNER WHICH RESEMBLES A PORTRAIT. CORD COMES OUT OF BACK & STORED IN CASE. AMPLIFIER IS BOLTED TO BACK OF CASE. MICROPHONE INPUTS ARE BLUE. 3 GREY CHANNEL DIALS AND MASTER DIAL BLACK. RED TIP OUTPUT SWITCH. BLACK TIP MONITOR SWITCH. TOGGLE SWITCH BACK RIGHT CORNER. ALL DIALS, SWITCHES & PLUGS LABELED. PLUG OUT & LIGHT ON TOP LEFT SIDE OF AMP. TOP SPACE CONNECTS EACH SIDE OF AMPLIFIER THROUGH A CORD & WIRE. BROWN INDICATOR WINDOW WITH NEEDLE. "CJOC" WRITTEN IN BLACK FELT.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
THIS REMOTE AMPLIFIER WAS DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM BY LETHBRIDGE BROADCASTING LTD., THE ASSOCIATION THAT AT ONE TIME OWNED LETHBRIDGE'S FIRST RADIO STATION, CJOC. IT WAS BUILT BY CJOC STATION EMPLOYEE DOUG CARD. THE ALUMINUM CASE WAS MADE BY WESTERN METAL FABRICATORS OF LETHBRIDGE, AND THE CIRCUITRY WAS DESIGNED BY STATION EMPLOYEE GENE HUNT. IT WAS USED TO DO REMOTE BROADCAST FROM ON-LOCATION SETTINGS AROUND THE COMMUNITY. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF CJOC RADIO WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES RECORD 20081033000. CJOC WAS THE FIRST RADIO STATION TO BROADCAST FROM LETHBRIDGE, AND ONE OF THE EARLIEST IN CANADA. THE STATION BEGAN OFFICIAL BROADCASTS ON JANUARY 9, 1924. A RADIO BROADCASTING LICENSE WAS GRANTED IN APRIL 1926 & ISSUED WITH THE CALL LETTERS CJOC. THE LICENSE OFFICE ASSIGNED "CJ", WHILE THE STATION CO-FOUNDER, JOHN ENDER "JOCK" PALMER, CHOSE THE "OC" IN REFERENCE TO HIS NICKNAME. THE STATION BEGAN BROADCASTING SPORADICALLY FROM PALMER'S MOTHER'S HOUSE. PALMER TOOK TWO PARTNERS, HAROLD ROBERSTON CARSON AND WILLIAM WALTER GRANT, INTO HIS BROADCASTING VENTURE, AND GRANT BUILT A 50 WATT RADIO TRANSMITTER. SOON THE STATION EXPANDED, MOVING TO THE BASEMENT OF THE HULL BLOCK, AND IN 1928 TO THE PENTHOUSE OF THE NEWLY CONSTRUCTED MARQUIS HOTEL. ON AUGUST 13, 1928 JOCK PALMER AND WILLIAM GRANT SOLD THEIR INTERESTS IN CJOC TO CARSON FOR $100 AND $150 RESPECTIVELY. GRANT AND PALMER MOVED TO CALGARY, WHERE GRANT FOUNDED THE CFCN STATION AND BUILT RADIO EQUIPMENT, AND PALMER CONTINUED TO PURSUE HIS AVIATION INTERESTS. ON NOVEMBER 26, 1928 HAROLD R. CARSON, W.J. MILLICAN AND G.H. MILLICAN SIGNED A MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION CREATING LETHBRIDGE BROADCASTING LIMITED. IN 1933, CJOC ANNOUNCER HENRY VINEY AND TECHNICIAN BOB BUSS DID ONE OF THE FIRST REMOTE HOCKEY BROADCASTS IN CANADA. MR. VINEY DESCRIBED THE PLAY-BY-PLAY OVER A ONE-WAY TELEPHONE LINE FROM VEGREVILLE WHILE MR. BUSS REMAINED IN THE STUDIO AT LETHBRIDGE. IN THE FALL OF 1936 CJOC BEGAN “THE RADIO SCHOOL OF THE AIR”, THE FIRST SUCH PROGRAM OF ITS KIND IN CANADA. CREATED AS AN AID FOR TEACHERS IN CLASSROOMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA, THE PROGRAM FEATURED ‘PORTS OF CALL’ ON MONDAYS, “HEALTH HINTS AND HISTORY OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE HELPED MANKIND’ ON TUESDAYS, ‘MOTHER GOOSE’ STORIES ON WEDNESDAYS, ‘DRAMA’ PRODUCED BY AGNES DAVIDSON ON THURSDAYS, AND SING-SONG SESSIONS ON FRIDAYS. IN 1948 CJOC MOVED OUT OF THE MARQUIS HOTEL TO 1015 3 AVE. SOUTH. THE STATION WON THE CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF BROADCASTERS ‘AM STATION OF THE YEAR’ AWARD TWICE: FIRST IN 1952 AS CJOC LED A CAMPAIGN TO RAISE MONEY FOR A BOY SCOUT HALL IN LETHBRIDGE, AND AGAIN IN 1967 FOR THE STATIONS’ EXTRAORDINARY PUBLIC SERVICE DURING AN INTENSE WINTER BLIZZARD. CJOC BECAME THE COMMUNICATION HUB OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA DURING THE CRISIS, RELAYING MESSAGES BY RADIO AND KEEPING THE PUBLIC INFORMED OF DEVELOPMENTS. ON JANUARY 19, 2000 THE CANADIAN RADIO-TELEVISION TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CRTC) APPROVED AN APPLICATION BY ROGERS BROADCASTING LIMITED TO REPLACE CJOC WITH A NEW ENGLISH-LANGUAGE FM STATION. THE NEW STATION WOULD REPLACE CJOC'S COUNTRY MUSIC FORMAT WITH AN ADULT CONTEMPORARY MUSIC FORMAT. CONDITIONS OF CRTC APPROVAL WERE THAT CJOC AND THE NEW STATION COULD BROADCAST SIMULTANEOUSLY FOR UP TO THREE MONTHS, AT WHICH TIME ROGERS WOULD SURRENDER THE BROADCAST LICENSE OF CJOC. CFRV 107.7 FM (THE RIVER) WAS LAUNCHED, AND LATER IN 2000 CJOC WENT OFF THE AIR. IN 2007 THE CALL LETTERS CJOC WERE ASSIGNED TO A NEW RADIO STATION IN LETHBRIDGE, 102.1 FM.
Catalogue Number
P19880012008
Acquisition Date
1988-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ORANGE LODGE APRON C/W CASE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RIBBON, LEATHER, METAL, CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P19790065000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ORANGE LODGE APRON C/W CASE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
RIBBON, LEATHER, METAL, CLOTH
No. Pieces
2
Length
35.0
Width
40.0
Description
.1 APRON. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. RIBBON, LEATHER, METAL, CLOTH. 2 PIECES. WHITE LEATHER WITH BLUE RIBBON TRIM. BLUE RIBBON ALONG EDGE OF LEATHER. TRIANGLE FLAP ON FRONT TOP. BLUE CLOTH BELT WITH GOLD HOOK AT END 52.1 CM LTH. X 3.2 CM WTH. MATERIAL IS DISCOLOURED ON BACK. "THE DOMINION REGALIA CO., LIMITED, TORONTO, ONT." STAMPED UNDER TRIANGULAR FLAP ON WHITE LEATHER. BACK STAINED & FADED. .2 CARRYING CASE. 21.6 CM WTH. X 16.5 CM LTH. SILVER SNAP, SNAPS CASE CLOSED.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
REFER TO P19790054000-GA FOR DONOR'S BIO AND MILITARY SERVICE RECORD. SEE P19990009001-GA FOR DUFF FAMILY HISTORY. DONOR WAS A MEMBER OF THE ORANGE LODGE. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY ARTHUR AND LOIS DUFF. CONTACT MADE WITH THE DONOR’S SON DID NOT YIELD FURTHER INFORMATION. ARCHIVAL RESEARCH INCLUDED LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARIES FOR BOTH ARTHUR AND LOIS. ARTHUR DUFF WAS BORN AND RAISED IN STORMONT COUNTY, ONTARIO. HE MOVED WEST TO CRANBROOK IN 1907 BEFORE GOING OVERSEAS TO SERVE IN WORLD WAR I. UPON HIS RETURN, HE FARMED IN SANGUDO, ALBERTA BEFORE MOVING BACK TO CRANBROOK IN 1921. IN 1928, HE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE, WHERE HE WAS EMPLOYED BY BECKER LUMBER COMPANY. HE WAS MARRIED TO LOIS JUNE DUFF (NEE CORNWALL). ACCORDING TO LOIS DUFF’S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, SHE WAS BORN IN MOINES, IOWA ON JUNE 26, 1904. THE FAMILY MOVED TO A FARM EAST OF MILK RIVER, ALBERTA IN 1908, THEN MOVING TO LETHBRIDGE 1919. SHE LIVED IN THE CITY FOR THE REST OF HER LIFE. THE CORNWALL FAMILY HISTORY SHE CONTRIBUTED IN THE PIONEER PEMMICAN CLUB ROUNDUP HISTORY BOOK (PUBLISHED IN 1984) STATES, “MY PARENTS, HERBERT AND ELLA CORNWALL AND THEIR FIVE CHILDREN – BERNICE, BEATRICE, BARTLEY, GERTRUDE, AND I (LOIS JUNE) CAME FROM DES MOINES TO WARNER IN NOVEMBER 1908. DAD AND BARTLEY FILED ON HOMESTEADS TEN MILES EAST OF MILK RIVER. THE FAMILY MOVED TO THE FARM IN THE SPRING OF 1910. I CAN REMEMBER SEEING BUFFALO BONES AND THOSE RANGE CATTLE SCATTERED OVER THE PRAIRIE.” THE NARRATIVE CONTINUED, “ON THE FARM WE HAD A LARGE TWO AND A HALF STOREY HOUSE WHICH SERVED AS A STOPPING PLACE FOR PEOPLE LIVING IN THE LUCKY STRIKE AND KIPPENVILLE AREAS BEFORE THE RAILROAD WAS BUILT TO FOREMOST AND MANYBERRIES. IT TOOK MEN FROM THOSE AREAS A DAY TO REACH OUR PLACE WITH A TEAM OF HORSES. THEY WOULD GO TO MILK RIVER AND BACK TO OUR PLACE THE SECOND DAY, THEN LEAVE FOR HOME THE THIRD DAY. WHAT A RELIEF IT WAS FOR THEM WHEN THE RAILROAD WAS BUILT!” “SLEEPY HOLLOW SCHOOL WAS BUILT IN 1912 AND, LIKE ALL SUCH STRUCTURES SERVED ALSO CHURCH SERVICES, MEETINGS AND ENTERTAINMENT. GRADES ONE TO TEN WERE TAUGHT IN THIS SCHOOL. IN THE FALL OF 1919 DAD, MOTHER AND I MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE SO THAT I COULD CONTINUE MY HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION AND ATTEND GARBUTT BUSINESS COLLEGE. I WORKED IN THE OFFICES OF RYLAND’S LADIES WEAR AND THE BECKER LUMBER COMPANY… I MARRIED ARTHUR DUFF IN 1934. OUR SON GRANT WAS BORN IN 1936.” ARTHUR DUFF PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON SEPTEMBER 15, 1976 AT THE AGE OF 85 YEARS. LOIS DUFF PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 18, 2004 AT THE AGE OF 99 YEARS. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19738475000 FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE COPIES OF ARCHIVAL RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P19790065000
Acquisition Date
1978-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE VETERAN'S ASSOCIATION
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, DENIM
Catalogue Number
P19990088003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE VETERAN'S ASSOCIATION
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Materials
FELT, DENIM
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.4
Length
46.4
Width
10.1
Description
RECTANGULAR. FRONT OF ARMBAND IS MADE OF RED FELT, WITH A STRIP OF YELLOW FELT SEWN ACROSS TOP AND BOTTOM. IN THE CENTER THE LETTERS "RNWMP VA" ARE SEWN ON IN NAVY BLUE FELT. ARMBAND IS STIFFENED WITH INTERFACING, AND BACKED WITH A PIECE OF BLACK DENIM TYPE MATERIAL.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
ITEM BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD BUCHANAN. EDWARD WAS A MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FROM 1919 TO 1932, WHEN HE TRANSFERRED TO ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. HE WAS A SENIOR STAFF SARGEANT, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE FROM MAY 1944 TO NOV. 1950. HE RETIRED IN 1950, THEN BECAME DIRECTOR OF CORRECTIONS FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA. FOLLOWING RETIREMENT, EDWARD BECAME A MEMBER OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE VETERAN'S ASSOCIATION IN EDMONTON IN 1950/51, AND REMAINED A MEMBER UNTIL HIS PASSING; HE ALSO SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF THIS ASSOCIATION. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN.
Catalogue Number
P19990088003
Acquisition Date
2000-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20010078008
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Materials
GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.3
Length
10.8
Width
10.8
Description
CLEAR GLASS; SQUARE. SIDES AND CORNERS ARE SLIGHTLY ROUNDED. EXTERIOR SIDES AND UNDERSIDE OF RIM HAVE ROUNDED VERTICAL RIDGES ON THEM. TOP SIDE OF RIM AND INSIDE ASHTRAY ARE SMOOTH. UNDERSIDE OF RIM HAS A FEW SMALL CHIPS IN IT.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
Historical Association
BUSINESS
DOMESTIC
History
FROM THE CECIL CAFE, LOCATED AT 308 1ST AVENUE SOUTH IN LETHBRIDGE. THE CECIL HOTEL AND CAFE WERE FREQUENTED BY RETIREES AND TRANSIENTS, AS IT WAS LOCATED ACROSS FROM THE TRAIN TRACKS ON 1ST AVENUE SOUTH. THE FIRST MENTION OF THE 'FONG' NAME IN THE HENDERSON DIRECTORIES IS IN 1912, AND HAS JOE FONG LISTED UNDER CAFES & RESTAURANTS (NAME OF BUSINESS NOT INDICATED). JOE FONG WAS THE GRANDFATHER OF DONOR (LORNE FONG'S FATHER). THIS IS PERHAPS THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CECIL CAFE. THE JOE FONG CAFE IS LISTED IN 1913 AND FONG, JOE & CO UNDER RESTAURANTS IN 1914. IN 1917 IS THE FIRST APPEARANCE OF THE NAME CECIL CAFE. FROM 1917 TO 1934, THE CECIL CAFE WAS LISTED WITH DIFFERENT PROPRIETORS, INCLUDING JOE FONG, HUE LUNG (UNKNOWN RELATIONSHIP TO DONOR), TOO FONG AND MRS J HOW FONG - ASSUMEDLY ALL THE SAME FAMILY. IN 1934 THERE IS NO MENTION OF THE CECIL CAFE, BUT THE CANADIAN CAFE IS IN ITS PLACE, WITH THE PROPRIETOR ELIZABETH LEE (DAUGHTER OF JOE FONG). THE CECIL CAFE REAPPEARS IN 1936, AGAIN LISTED WITH DIFFERENT PROPRIETORS, ALL BELONGING TO THE FONG FAMILY, INCLUDING LEE WAH FONG, WHO WAS THE WIFE OF JOE FONG. IN 1950, DONOR LORNE FONG BECOMES PROPRIETOR OF THE CAFE. THE LAST MENTION OF THE CECIL CAFE IS IN 1956; A NEW ADDITION WAS ADDED TO THE CAFE AND ITS EXISTING ROOMS, CREATING THE CECIL HOTEL WHICH WAS OPENED IN 1953 BY LORNE FONG. THE HOTEL IS LISTED IN THE DIRECTORIES UNTIL 1980, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF 1975-77. IN 1979 AND 1980, LORNE FONG IS NO LONGER LISTED AS PROPRIETOR OF THE HOTEL, BUT INSTEAD GEO ANDRICHUCK AND NICK HUSKA/FRED BAKER ARE MENTIONED INSTEAD. IT IS ASSUMED THAT THE HOTEL CLOSED IN 1980, BUT THE BUILDING REMAINED UNDER THE OWNERSHIP OF THE FONG FAMILY. IN 2001/2 THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE PURCHASED THE LAND ON WHICH THE HOTEL SITS, AND THE FONG FAMILY OFFERED OBJECTS IN THE BUILDING FOR DONATION AT THIS TIME. AFTER THE HOTEL CLOSED LORNE FONG CONTINUED ON WITH HIS SUCCESSFUL CAREER AS A SALESMAN (GRANDMASTER SALESMAN STATUS) FOR GM (ENERSON MOTORS).
Catalogue Number
P20010078008
Acquisition Date
2001-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
"MARQUIS HOTEL"
Date Range From
1928
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CERAMIC, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20150037000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"MARQUIS HOTEL"
Date Range From
1928
Date Range To
2015
Materials
CERAMIC, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Height
5.08
Width
12.4
Description
BLACK, CERAMIC ASHTRAY. THE INSIDE OPENING OF THE ASHTRAY IS 6.4 CM. THE LETTERING ON THE TOP SAYS “THE MARQUIS HOTEL, LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, CANADA.” THERE IS AN ABSTRACTED FLORAL DESIGN ON EITHER SIDE OF THIS LETTERING. THE FLOWERS ARE PAINTED RED AND THEIR STEMS PAINTED GREEN. THIS WORDING AND DESIGN REPEATS ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE. THE LETTERING ON THE BOTTOM SAYS, “MADE IN JAPAN 29.” VERY GOOD CONDITION. USED WITH SOME WEAR APPARENT. BLACK PAINT IS WEARING OFF ON SOME PARTS OF THE SURFACE. SIGNIFICANT WEAR TO THE RED AND GREEN PAINT OF THE DECALS.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
BUSINESS
History
ON DECEMBER 16, 2015, DONOR CHRIS MORRISON INFORMED COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN THAT SHE CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE ASHTRAY WHEN SHE AND HER HUSBAND BECAME STEWARDS OF A WATERTON CABIN IN 1976. THE CABIN, LOCATED AT 103 CAMERON FALLS, WAS OWNED BY HER MOTHER-IN-LAW DOROTHY MORRISON (D. 1995). IT WAS AMONG ASSORTED FURNISHINGS LEFT BEHIND WHEN DOROTHY MOVED OUT AND CHRIS MOVED IN. THE DONOR’S RECOLLECTION OF THE ASHTRAY’S USE IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO IT BECOMING HER PROPERTY WAS AS A CONTAINER. MORRISON SAID, “IT WAS IN A [CABIN] WASHSTAND AND USED TO HOLD LITTLE OBJECTS LIKE ROLLED UP KEROSENE LANTERN TAPE WICKS”. ACCORDING TO MORRISON, IT WAS ALSO KNOWN AS “GRANDPA’S ASHTRAY”. GRANDPA REFERS TO JAMES J. MORRISON OF LETHBRIDGE. “HE ONLY SMOKED CIGARS” SAID THE DONOR, WHEREAS HER MOTHER-IN-LAW DOROTHY DID NOT SMOKE AT ALL. THE ASHTRAY’S USE AS A CONTAINER FOR LANTERN WICKS AND SMALL ITEMS CONTINUED RIGHT UP TO THE DAY THAT IT WAS OFFERED TO THE GALT IN 2015. ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, DOROTHY MORRISON, PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON NOVEMBER 26, 1995 AT THE AGE OF 83 YEARS. JAMES JACOB MORRISON, DOROTHY’S FATHER-IN-LAW, PASSED ON FEBRUARY 18TH, 1975 AT AGE 93. THE ASHTRAY IS MARKED WITH “MARQUIS HOTEL,” WHICH COULD REFER TO THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL THAT OPENED IN JUNE 1928. REALIZING A NEED FOR A FIRST-CLASS HOTEL IN LETHBRIDGE, ESPECIALLY ONE WITH A BANQUET HALL, THE BUSINESSMEN OF THE BOARD OF TRADE COMMITTED THEMSELVES TO THE HOTEL IN 1927. AFTER ITS OPENING, THE BOARD OF TRADE WOULD HOLD THEIR REGULAR, NOON-HOUR MEETINGS AT THE HOTEL FOR MANY YEARS TO COME. THE HOTEL CLOSED ITS DOORS IN 1985 AND THE BUILDING WAS DEMOLISHED IN 1988. THIS INFORMATION COMES FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND A WRITE-UP ABOUT THE HOTEL IN THE PUBLICATION TITLED "WHERE WAS IT? A GUIDE TO EARLY LETHBRIDGE BUILDINGS," BY IRMA DOGTEROM. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND A COPY OF THE INFORMATION FROM THE PUBLICATION CITED ABOVE.
Catalogue Number
P20150037000
Acquisition Date
2015-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BOY SCOUTS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, RAYON
Catalogue Number
P19950073145
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BOY SCOUTS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
COTTON, RAYON
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
7.9
Description
CIRCULAR GREEN PATCH WITH WHITE SERGED BORDER. MACHINE-EMBROIDERED IN CENTRE IS A GREEN FLEUR-DE-LIS, SUPERIMPOSED WITH YELLOW CENTENNIAL SYMBOL (MAPLE LEAF FORMED WITH 11 TRIANGLES). CIRCUMFERENCE READS "CANADA'S CENTENNIAL SCOUTING'S JUBILEE 1967".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
BELONGED TO DONOR. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073145
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BOY SCOUTS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, RAYON
Catalogue Number
P19950073146
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BOY SCOUTS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
COTTON, RAYON
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
7.9
Description
CIRCULAR GREEN PATCH WITH YELLOW SERGED BORDER. MACHINE-EMBROIDERED IN CENTRE IS A YELLOW FLEUR-DE-LIS, WITH "BE PREPARED" IN SCROLL BELOW. ACROSS TOP AND BOTTOM IS EMBROIDERED "BOY SCOUTS CANADA".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
BELONGED TO DONOR. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073146
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT
Catalogue Number
P19950073147
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
FELT
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
7.9
Description
BLUE FELT CREST AND SCROLL GLUED TO YELLOW FELT BACKING. CREST IS MACHINE-EMBROIDERED WITH BLUE CROSS AND ANCHOR, WITH TEXTURED BLUE HEART IN THE CENTRE. "PVS" AT BOTTOM OF CREST. SCROLL HAS EMBROIDERED IN RED "FIDES CARITAS SPES". WHITE BACKING.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
BELONGED TO DONOR. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073147
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
LEGION EMBLEM
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073025
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LEGION EMBLEM
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
8.21
Width
8
Description
BLACK WOOL CREST WITH "BRITISH EMPIRE SERVICE LEAGUE CANADIAN LEGION" EMBROIDERED IN WHITE. GREEN MAPLE LEAF AT CENTRE WITH RED BANDS RADIATING OUT YELLOW AND RED CROWN AT TOP. BLACK COTTON BACKING STITCHED TO CREST.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
SEE P19970073001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19970073025
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BOY SCOUTS UNIFORM CAP BADGE, “BE PREPARED”
Date Range From
1958
Date Range To
1963
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20140034011
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BOY SCOUTS UNIFORM CAP BADGE, “BE PREPARED”
Date Range From
1958
Date Range To
1963
Materials
NICKEL, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
6
Length
4.25
Width
1
Description
.A – BADGE - SILVER-COLOURED BADGE WITH FLEUR-DE-LIS RENDERED IN LOW RELIEF. TEXT ON CURVING RIBBON SHAPES READS “BOY SCOUTS – BE PREPARED”. TWO BRASS LOOPS ARE SOLDERED TO BADGE BACK. SOME SLIGHT DISCOLOURATION; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. .B – PIN – THIN BRASS WIRE BENT IN HALF TO PRODUCE A STRAIGHT PIN THAT THREADS THROUGH THE TWO BRASS LOOPS ON P20140034011.A. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THIS CAP BADGE BELONGED TO THE DONOR, DON CHAPMAN. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE CHAPMAN FAMILY WAS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR AT THE TIME OF DONATION. THE CHAPMANS RESIDED IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1958 TO 1963. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM LACOMBE, ALBERTA, AFTER DON’S FATHER STUART ACCEPTED THE POSITION OF ADMINISTRATOR OF THE GALT REHABILITATION CENTRE, LOCATED IN THE OLD GALT HOSPITAL BUILDING. IN 1963 THE FAMILY MOVED TO LANGLEY, B.C. WHERE STUART BECAME THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE LANGLEY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL. WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE, DON WAS ACTIVE IN BOY SCOUTS, ATTAINING QUEEN’S SCOUT STATUS AND BEING CHOSEN AS ONE OF TWO LETHBRIDGE SCOUTS TO TRAVEL TO NEW MEXICO ON AN “ADVENTURE TRIP” IN 1963. ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED DON CHAPMAN ABOUT HIS FAMILY’S TIME IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEMORIES RELATED TO THE SPECIFIC DONATED OBJECTS. CHAPMAN SAID: “I WAS BORN IN 1947 AND WE CAME [TO LETHBRIDGE] BECAUSE MY FATHER GOT A JOB HERE… IT WAS EXCITING. WE HAD NO IDEA WHERE LETHBRIDGE WAS… IT WAS KIND OF LIKE, FINALLY THE FAMILY IS GETTING A FINANCIAL FOOTING AND THERE WAS A CAREER PATH AHEAD… THE MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE WAS KIND OF LIKE A NEW START… CERTAINLY FOR ME, LETHBRIDGE WAS FORMATIVE YEARS… SCOUTING WAS A SIGNIFICANT UNDERTAKING IN MY LIFE, I WAS QUITE COMMITTED TO IT… IT WAS A WAY TO LEARN FUNDAMENTAL LIFE SKILLS AND MEMBERSHIP… YOU WOULD LEARN WHAT IT’S LIKE TO BE IN A GROUP, WHAT IT’S LIKE TO BE ON A TEAM… I BELONGED TO THE 14TH LETHBRIDGE SCOUT TROOP AND IT WAS CENTERED IN THE MCKILLOP UNITED CHURCH… A LOT OF IT WAS CENTERED AROUND AN ANNUAL CAMP. WE WOULD GO OUT FOR AT LEAST A WEEK… INTO THE EASTERN SLOPE OF THE ROCKIES… YOU HAD TO LEARN HOW TO COOK… YOU HAD TO LEARN SURVIVAL SKILLS, YOU HAD TO LEARN HOW TO TIE KNOTS, SINGING AROUND THE CAMPFIRE AT MEETINGS… IT WAS KIND OF A FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION FOR YOUNG PEOPLE.” OF THIS SPECIFIC OBJECT, CHAPMAN SAID: “THE CAP BADGES… INDICATED THAT YOU WERE A PATROL LEADER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS REPORTING ON CHAPMAN’S NEW MEXICO TRIP.
Catalogue Number
P20140034011
Acquisition Date
2014-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
KIT BAG, “DON CHAPMAN… CANADA #50”
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
1963
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, ROPE, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140034005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KIT BAG, “DON CHAPMAN… CANADA #50”
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
1963
Materials
CANVAS, ROPE, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
25
Length
77
Width
25
Description
CYLINDRICAL BAG MADE OF GREY CANVAS, FITTED WITH A METAL ZIPPER RUNNING LENGTHWISE AND ONE END THREADED CLOSED WITH A DRAWSTRING RUN THROUGH BRASS GROMMETS. CANVAS HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO SIDE OF BAG OPPOSITE ZIPPER, WITH METAL RIVETS AND LEATHER PADS THAT ARE BOTH MARKED “50” IN RED AND BLUE INK. TEXT WRITTEN ABOVE THE ZIPPER IN RED, BLUE AND BLACK INK READS “2103 – 15 AVE. S. LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA DON CHAPMAN CANADA #50”. GENERAL WEAR AND STAINING THROUGHOUT; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THIS KIT BAG BELONGED TO THE DONOR, DON CHAPMAN. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE CHAPMAN FAMILY WAS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR AT THE TIME OF DONATION. THE CHAPMANS RESIDED IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1958 TO 1963. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM LACOMBE, ALBERTA, AFTER DON’S FATHER STUART ACCEPTED THE POSITION OF ADMINISTRATOR OF THE GALT REHABILITATION CENTRE, LOCATED IN THE OLD GALT HOSPITAL BUILDING. IN 1963 THE FAMILY MOVED TO LANGLEY, B.C. WHERE STUART BECAME THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE LANGLEY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL. WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE, DON WAS ACTIVE IN BOY SCOUTS, ATTAINING QUEEN’S SCOUT STATUS AND BEING CHOSEN AS ONE OF TWO LETHBRIDGE SCOUTS TO TRAVEL TO NEW MEXICO ON AN “ADVENTURE TRIP” IN 1963. ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED DON CHAPMAN ABOUT HIS FAMILY’S TIME IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEMORIES RELATED TO THE SPECIFIC DONATED OBJECTS. CHAPMAN SAID: “I WAS BORN IN 1947 AND WE CAME [TO LETHBRIDGE] BECAUSE MY FATHER GOT A JOB HERE… IT WAS EXCITING. WE HAD NO IDEA WHERE LETHBRIDGE WAS… IT WAS KIND OF LIKE, FINALLY THE FAMILY IS GETTING A FINANCIAL FOOTING AND THERE WAS A CAREER PATH AHEAD… THE MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE WAS KIND OF LIKE A NEW START… CERTAINLY FOR ME, LETHBRIDGE WAS FORMATIVE YEARS… SCOUTING WAS A SIGNIFICANT UNDERTAKING IN MY LIFE, I WAS QUITE COMMITTED TO IT… IT WAS A WAY TO LEARN FUNDAMENTAL LIFE SKILLS AND MEMBERSHIP… YOU WOULD LEARN WHAT IT’S LIKE TO BE IN A GROUP, WHAT IT’S LIKE TO BE ON A TEAM… I BELONGED TO THE 14TH LETHBRIDGE SCOUT TROOP AND IT WAS CENTERED IN THE MCKILLOP UNITED CHURCH… A LOT OF IT WAS CENTERED AROUND AN ANNUAL CAMP. WE WOULD GO OUT FOR AT LEAST A WEEK… INTO THE EASTERN SLOPE OF THE ROCKIES… YOU HAD TO LEARN HOW TO COOK… YOU HAD TO LEARN SURVIVAL SKILLS, YOU HAD TO LEARN HOW TO TIE KNOTS, SINGING AROUND THE CAMPFIRE AT MEETINGS… IT WAS KIND OF A FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION FOR YOUNG PEOPLE.” OF HIS SCOUTING TRIP TO NEW MEXICO, CHAPMAN SAID: “[THESE OBJECTS] REALLY CENTER AROUND… [THE] ADVENTURE TRIP IN 1963 THAT WE TOOK DOWN TO NEW MEXICO… I ATTAINED QUEEN’S SCOUT STATUS [THAT YEAR]… I THINK THIS WAS THE FIRST TIME ANY GROUP OF PEOPLE HAD GONE FROM ALBERTA… THE ENDPOINT IS THE PHILMONT SCOUTING RANCH… WHICH IS A HUGE RANCH, STILL IN EXISTENCE, AND HUNDREDS AND THOUSANDS OF SCOUTS GO THERE FROM THE UNITED STATES… THERE WERE 50 OF US, AND SO THAT’S WHY, WHEN YOU LOOK AT THESE ARTIFACTS, I’M “DON CHAPMAN – 50” BECAUSE I WAS NUMBER 50… THE VAST MAJORITY OF SCOUTS IN THE STATES HAD NOT SEEN CANADIAN SCOUTS BEFORE… THE WAY THE PHILMONT SCOUT RANCH WORKS IS YOU GO INTO A MAIN AREA WHERE THERE ARE ABOUT 500 TWO-MAN TENTS, AND THEN YOU GO OFF ON THE CAMPING JOURNEY THROUGH THE RANCH.” OF THIS SPECIFIC OBJECT, CHAPMAN SAID: “THIS WAS THE DUFFLE BAG THAT WAS MY LUGGAGE FOR THAT TRIP. THEY TOLD YOU TO DO THIS, TO PUT THE ZIPPER IN, SO THAT YOU GET IN AND OUT… IT SAYS LETHBRIDGE AND IT’S BOTH MY ADDRESS, AND IT’S GOT THE NUMBER ON IT HERE, THE FACT THAT I WAS NUMBER 50.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS REPORTING ON CHAPMAN’S NEW MEXICO TRIP.
Catalogue Number
P20140034005
Acquisition Date
2014-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PENNY JAR
Date Range From
1922
Date Range To
2002
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TIN
Catalogue Number
P20060010003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PENNY JAR
Date Range From
1922
Date Range To
2002
Materials
TIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
12
Diameter
13
Description
HOMEMADE PIGGY BANK MADE FROM JAM CAN. BLK TIN PENNY JAR. HAND PAINTED GRN TEXT READS "PENNY JAR". TOP OF JAR HAS SLOT OPENING TO DROP COINS.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
BANK WAS USED BY MEMBERS TO COLLECT PENNIES FOR MEMBER'S BIRTHDAY AND USED FOR OTHER LIKE DONATIONS. DONOR CAME INTO POSSION OF THE ARTIFACT(S) AS THE LAST PRESIDENT OF THE CPR LADIES LODGE. SINCE THERE WERE NO NEW MEMBERS AND FIVE MEMBERS WERE NEEDED TO HAVE A MEETING, THE LODGE AMALGAMATED WITH MEDICINE HAT. THE PAST SECRETARY MOVED TO A NURSING HOME AND THE DONOR BECAME BOTH PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY. SEE P20060010001 FOR COMPLETE HISTORY ON THE CPR LADIES LODGE.
Catalogue Number
P20060010003
Acquisition Date
2006-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
HANGING, CHINESE AND ENGLISH TEXT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, INK
Catalogue Number
P20110031014
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HANGING, CHINESE AND ENGLISH TEXT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2000
Materials
NYLON, INK
No. Pieces
1
Height
105
Length
156
Description
RECTANGULAR PIECE OF RED NYLON. VERTICAL EDGES ARE FACTORY FINISHED; HORIZONTAL EDGES ARE CUT AND FRAYING. FABRIC IS SIGNED WITH NAMES IN BLACK PERMANENT MARKER IN CHINESE CHARACTERS AND ENGLISH TEXT. FABRIC IS CREASED. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT COMES FROM INTERVIEWS HELD WITH MAY LEE AND JUDY CHAN, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND JANICE WONG. PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE FOUND BELOW THE ARTIFACT DETAILS AND BELOW THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY BUILDING. RICHARD THINKS THAT THIS BANNER WAS IN THE PEKING RESTAURANT AND THAT MEMBERS PROBABLY SIGNED IT, “OR THE GUESTS. I THINK THIS HAPPENED AT THE PEKING, I THINK. PEKING RESTAURANT.” A SERIES OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD GIVE BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY AND ITS BUILDING: THE BUILDING THAT HOUSED THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY WAS BUILT IN 1909-1910 IN THE 300 BLOCK OF 2 AVENUE SOUTH AND IT WAS ORIGINALLY A RESTAURANT. BY 1915 IT HAD BECOME THE HEADQUARTERS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE KAO MIN TANG (ALTERNATIVE SPELLINGS INCLUDE KUOMINTANG, KUO MIN TANG, GUOMINDANG, AND GUO MIN DANG). THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNATED AS A PROVINCIAL HERITAGE RESOURCE IN 1995 BECAUSE OF ITS VALUE AS A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CHINESE COMMUNITY. THE BUILDING WAS USED IN A VARIETY OF WAYS BY THE SOCIETY AND INCLUDED, AT VARIOUS TIMES, A RESTAURANT, A SCHOOL, AND LIVING ACCOMODATIONS. IN FEBRUARY 2011 A SECTION OF THE BRICK FAÇADE FELL OFF THE BUILDING AND CITY INSPECTORS DETERMINED THAT THE TIMBER AND RED BRICK STRUCTURE WAS POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE. THE BUILDING WAS TORN DOWN A SHORT TIME LATER. LETHBRIDGE'S CHINATOWN EMERGED IN 1901, A RESULT OF THE CHINESE POPULATION BEING RELEGATED TO A SECTION OF THE CITY BETWEEN GALT GARDENS AND THE COULEES. IN A JANUARY 7, 2002 ARTICLE ALBERT LEONG EXPLAINS THAT NO ONE REALLY WANTED CHINESE PEOPLE AROUND AND THAT “’ THEY WERE TOLD THAT THE ONLY PLACE THEY COULD START BUSINESSES WAS BETWEEN THE COULEES AT THE PARK, BECAUSE THE CITY DIDN’T WANT ANY COMPETITION FOR THE WHITE BUSINESSMEN … BUT ‘GHETTO-IZED’ OR NOT, THE CHINESE WHO CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FORMED AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE BACKBONE OF THIS CITY, [AND MADE] NOTEWORTHY [CONTRIBUTIONS] TO THE HISTORY OF THIS PLACE.’” BUSINESSES SUCH AS LAUNDRIES, MARKET GARDENS, AND RESTAURANTS WERE OPENED IN CHINATOWN, WITH THE RESIDENTS LIVING IN ROOMS ABOVE THE BUSINESSES. IN 1912 THERE WERE ABOUT 100 PEOPLE LIVING IN CHINATOWN AND BY THE 1930S, IT WAS A BUSTLING COMMUNITY. THE POPULATION OF CHINATOWN DWINDLED FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. JANICE WONG, PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY IN 2015, GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOCIETY IN AN INTERVIEW: AS OF 2015, THE SOCIETY EXISTS MORE AS A SOCIAL CLUB AND THE SOCIETY HOLDS THREE CELEBRATORY DINNERS EACH YEAR, USUALLY HELD AT THE NEW DYNASTY RESTAURANT. THE SOCIETY ALSO VISITS THE CEMETERY ON A YEARLY BASIS “TO HONOUR THE ANCESTORS, CLEAN THE TOMBS, BRING FOOD, DO THE USUAL THINGS THAT WE USED TO DO – EAT ON GRAVES, BURN THE INCENSE. WE DO THAT EVERY YEAR STILL TO HONOUR OUR ANCESTORS. IT IS USUALLY IN THE SPRING … IN APRIL.” JANICE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED THE FUTURE OF THE SOCIETY, INDICATING THAT THERE IS SOME TALK ABOUT RE-BUILDING “BUT THAT INVOLVES A LOT OF PLANNING, AND MONEY, AND FUNDRAISING” AND SHE QUESTIONS WHETHER OR NOT THERE IS ENOUGH OF A MEMBERSHIP BASE TO GO FORWARD WITH RE-BUILDING. SHE ALSO EXPLAINED THAT PREVIOUS CHINESE IMMIGRANTS HAD TENDED TO COME FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC REGION, BUT THAT PRESENTLY IMMIGRANTS ARE COMING FROM ALL OVER CHINA: “THERE’S A LOT OF INFLUX OF PEOPLE FROM CHINA THAT AREN’T FROM THE SAME AREA, BECAUSE TRADITIONALLY, THE PEOPLE WERE ALL FROM THE SAME AREA AND SPOKE THE SAME DIALECT AND HAD THAT SORT OF THING KEEPING THEM TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY OVERSEAS FROM CHINA.” PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE BELOW: MAY LEE: MAY WAS ACTUALLY BORN IN CANADA AND IS KNOWN AS A GOLD MOUNTAIN GIRL, BECAUSE SHE IS A CANADIAN-BORN CHINESE WOMAN. MAY EXPLAINS: “I WAS BORN IN CANADA. I WAS BORN IN NANOOSE BAY. WHEN I WAS 4 YEARS OLD, WE MOVED TO VICTORIA. WHEN I WAS 9 YEARS OLD AND THE WHOLE FAMILY, IN 1930, GO BACK TO CHINA.” DURING THE WAR, THE JAPANESE BOMBED THE GIRLS’ HIGH SCHOOL IN TOCSIN CITY AND MAY’S MOTHER DECIDED TO SEND MAY AND HER BROTHER TO HONG KONG TO START THE PROCESS OF COMING TO CANADA. MAY STARTED ENGLISH SCHOOL IN HONG KONG, BUT OFTEN MISSED CLASSES BECAUSE SHE WAS SICK FROM THE HEAT. SHE SAYS THAT SHE’S LEARNED MOST OF HER ENGLISH FROM HER HUSBAND, HER CHILDREN, GRANDCHILDREN, AND EVEN GREAT-GRANDCHILDREN. SHE WAS MARRIED TO HOM MEN LEE, AKA JIMMY LEE, ON NOVEMBER 16, 1938 IN VICTORIA, BC. JIMMY WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AT THE GALT HOSPITAL, BUT WAS SENT BACK TO CHINA AS A CHILD FOR HIS EDUCATION. JIMMY’S FAMILY HAD COME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1914 AND OWNED LEE-DUC CLEANERS. THE LEE FAMILY LIVED ABOVE THE SHOP, WHICH WAS ON 13TH STREET NORTH, NEAR HIGA’S JEWELERS. MAY’S MAIN MEMORY OF CHINATOWN: “ALL I REMEMBER IN CHINATOWN, IN SUMMERTIME, LOTS OF OLD GUYS SITTING IN FRONT OF GUOMINDANG. AUNTIE HELEN GREW UP IN CHINATOWN. I THINK SHE KNOWS MORE ABOUT CHINATOWN. IN THE OLDEN DAYS, I HARDLY GO OUT, JUST TO BUY GROCERIES.” JUDY ADDED THAT MAY HAD 8 CHILDREN AND WAS KEPT BUSY AT HOME RAISING THEM. RICHARD LOO: RICHARD ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1953, HAVING LEFT THE MAINLAND OF CHINA IN 1949. RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD MOVED TO CANADA IN EITHER LATE 1800S OR THE EARLY 1900S AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE HEAD TAX. HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED AS A COOK IN RESTAURANTS, EITHER IN LETHBRIDGE OR IN TABER (ACCORDING TO RICHARD, HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED THROUGH THE WAR YEARS IN TABER). RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD PLANNED ON MOVING BACK TO CHINA WHEN HE RETIRED, BUT THEN THE COMMUNISTS TOOK OVER, AND HE ELECTED TO STAY. AT THAT TIME, HE INVITED RICHARD TO MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL. RICHARD LEFT HONG KONG, AFTER LIVING THERE FOR 8 MONTHS, ON A FRIDAY AFTERNOON AT 2PM LOCAL TIME. HE FINALLY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SUNDAY AFTERNOON. HE WAS LUCKY IN THAT HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FLIGHTS ON SALE. NORMALLY A TICKET FROM HONG KONG TO VANCOUVER WOULD HAVE COST $700, BUT RICHARD WAS ABLE TO SECURE A FLIGHT FOR ONLY $500. HE ALSO INDICATED THAT HIS FLIGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WAS ONLY $39.95. ON RECALLING HIS FIRST TIME IN LETHBRIDGE, RICHARD RECOUNTED THE FOLLOWING STORY: “SO, BY THE TIME I GOT TO THE AIRPORT, I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO SAY NOTHING. DIDN’T KNOW – MAYBE COULD SAY ‘GOOD MORNING’ – THAT’S ALL YOU COULD SAY, JUST ANYWAYS HOW TO SAY ‘HELLO’ – SO, ANYWAY, SO IN THE MEANTIME, THE FELLOW AT THE AIRPORT MUST HAVE KNOWN ZEKE, YOU KNOW ZEKE QUAN [OWNER OF] THE LOTUS INN [RESTAURANT], AND HE PHONED HIM UP. HE SAYS, ‘ZEKE.’ I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT HE WAS TALKING ABOUT – NOTHING. AND THEN HE SAYS, ‘HEY, THIS IS A CHINA BOY HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH HIM?’ SO, ZEKE SAYS, ‘OH, JUST TAKE HIM TO CHINATOWN AND DUMP HIM.’ NOW, I DIDN’T KNOW THOSE, NOT UNTIL LATER ON. ZEKE’S SON GO TO SAME SCHOOL I DID – CENTRAL SCHOOL.” RICHARD INITIALLY LIVED IN THE SOCIETY BUILDING FOR SEVERAL YEARS, OCCUPYING A ROOM THAT HAD BEEN RECENTLY VACATED BY ANOTHER MAN NAMED LOO WHO HAD GONE TO WORK IN PICTURE BUTTE. RICHARD RECALLED THAT THE SOCIETY WAS A GOOD PLACE TO FEEL A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND THAT IT WAS A WELCOMING PLACE FOR NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS, A PLACE WHERE THEY WEREN’T DISCRIMINATED AGAINST. HONG WONG: HONG ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AND WAS INVITED TO THE CITY BY HIS UNCLE SHUEY WONG, WHO WAS ALREADY LIVING HERE. UNCLE SHUEY HAD COME TO CANADA SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE $500 HEAD TAX. HONG TRAVELED WITH HIS BROTHER FROM MAINLAND CHINA TO HONG KONG, IN ORDER TO GO TO THE CANADIAN EMBASSY. ON HIS FERRY RIDE TO HONG KONG, HE WAS SHOT BY BANDITS AND WAS REQUIRED TO STAY IN THE HOSPITAL FOR QUITE SOME TIME TO RECOVER. HIS BROTHER ELECTED TO REMAIN IN HONG KONG, AS HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW LIVED IN THE CITY AND GOT HONG’S BROTHER WORK IN A THEATRE. TO GET TO CANADA, HONG FLEW FROM JAPAN TO GUAM, TO VANCOUVER, AND THEN FINALLY TO LETHBRIDGE. HIS FIRST IMPRESSION OF LETHBRIDGE: COLD. HONG SAID: “’WELL, IN HONG KONG IT WAS AROUND MAYBE 20 SOME 30 ABOVE. AND HERE, AT THAT TIME, MAYBE 20 BELOW, OR 20 SOME BELOW. I DIDN’T HAVE THE EAR MUFFS. I SAID, ‘GEE, I’M NOT SO HAPPY HERE, IT SEEMS SO COLD.’” UNCLE SHUEY TOLD HONG THAT IT WAS ONE OF THE COLDEST WINTERS HE COULD REMEMBER. HONG WORKED FOR HIS UNCLE IN HIS SHOP ON 9TH AVENUE, DOING CHORES AROUND THE STORE, UNTIL HIS ENGLISH HAD IMPROVED ENOUGH SO THAT HE COULD SERVE CUSTOMERS. HE JOINED THE CHINESE NATIONALIST LEAGUE SOCIETY ALMOST AS SOON AS HE ARRIVED: “WHEN I CAME HERE, I JOINED IN THE SAME YEAR BECAUSE MY UNCLE WAS A MEMBER. SO THAT’S WHY HE GOT ME IN TO BE A MEMBER. OH, AT THAT TIME, I BET, 95% OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE THEY BELONG TO THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, I BELIEVE.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING THAT YOU COULDN’T BE A MEMBER OF BOTH THE SOCIETY AND THE MASONS, AND HE BELIEVES ABOUT 5% OF THE CITY’S CHINESE POPULATION WOULD HAVE BELONGED TO THE MASONS. HE ADDED: “BUT WE ARE STILL FRIENDS, STILL FRIENDS. WE’RE NOT ENEMY OR ANYTHING BUT, IT’S JUST THAT THE ORGANIZATIONS ARE DIFFERENT. THAT’S ALL.” HONG ENJOYED THE CAMARADERIE OF THE SOCIETY. HE SAID: “I REMEMBER, I LIKE IT BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE PARTY AND SO MANY PEOPLE. AND THEN YOU MEET ALL THE CHINESE PEOPLE THERE IN THE ONE GROUP. WELL, ANYWAY, WHEN YOU SEE SO MANY PEOPLE IN ONE PARTY, AND THEN WHEN THEY COME OUT MOSTLY THE PEOPLE THAT PARTY AND IT FEELS LIKE A LOTS OF FRIENDS OR EVEN LIKE THE FAMILY. SO YOU FEEL GOOD, YOU FEEL BETTER, AND THEN, WELL, MY UNCLE BELONGS THERE TOO AND THEN THE OTHERS BELONG THERE TOO, YEAH, EVERYBODY LIKE IN THE BIG FAMILY. YES, NICE, OTHERWISE YOU DON’T HAVE ANY FRIENDS, YOU DON’T MEET ANYBODY, IF YOU NOT BELONG THERE, I THINK NOT SO FRIENDLY TO YOU.” HONG INDICATED THAT WHEN A SPECIAL MEAL WAS HELD AT THE SOCIETY, IT WAS THE MEN WHO DID THE COOKING: “AT THAT TIME JUST ABOUT EVERYBODY KNOWS HOW TO COOK BECAUSE MOSTLY WE WORK IN THE KITCHEN WHEN THEY CAME HERE.” HE SAID THAT DINERS WOULD PAY A SMALL FEE TO EAT AT THE LEAGUE WHEN SPECIAL MEALS WERE PUT ON. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND FOR INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20110031014
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER
Catalogue Number
P20120045009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER
No. Pieces
1
Length
92
Width
42
Description
BLUE BANNER WITH RED TRIM DOWN SIDES AND RED FRINGE AT BOTTOM; RED STITCHING ABOVE FRINGE, MACHINE STITCHED. TOP OF BANNER HAS MACHINE-STITCHED POCKET FOR HANGING BANNER ON STANDS. FRONT OF BANNER HAS WHITE STITCHED FELT “O”; “O” HAS SOILING AT BASE CURVE. BANNER HAS FOLDS DOWN CENTER AND IN FOUR PLACES ACROSS BANNER; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
ON AUGUST 21, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN INTERVIEWED LLOYD CAREFOOT REGARDING HIS DONATION OF MEMORABILIA RELATED TO COURT WINDY WEST (#562) LETHBRIDGE CHAPTER OF THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF FORESTERS. CAREFOOT WAS ACTIVELY INVOLVED WITH THE FORESTERS WHILE HE LIVED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, AND CONTINUED HIS INVOLVEMENT FOLLOWING HIS MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1963. ON THE PURPOSE AND HISTORY OF THE BANNER, CAREFOOT NOTED, “THIS IS A BANNER THAT OUR GROUP MADE…THAT WE COULD TAKE HOME AND HANG UP. WE COULD USE IT…IF WE WERE AT DISPLAYS…WE HAD THOSE TO HANG UP.” “[IT WAS MADE] PROBABLY…1970…WE USED THOSE RIGHT THROUGH.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS TIME SPENT IN THE FORESTERS, CAREFOOT RECALLED, “WE [WIFE RUTH AND LLOYD] WERE INVITED TO [AN] ACTIVITY. [IN THOSE] DAYS THERE [WERE] SOCIAL PARTIES…SOMEBODY THAT I KNEW INVITED ME TO COME AND I HEARD WHAT THEY WERE DOING. IT WAS SOMETHING THAT RUTH AND I THOUGHT…WOULD BE SOMETHING WE’D LIKE TO BE INVOLVED IN…MY FATHER WAS A MEMBER OF THE CANADIAN ORDER OF FORESTERS WHICH WAS A STAGE BEFORE THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF FORESTERS.” “I BECAME A MEMBER IN EDMONTON… I WAS ONLY AS ASSOCIATE AT THAT TIME. WHEN WE MOVED DOWN HERE, WE BECAME MEMBERS HERE…MY FIRST WORKDAY WAS THE SECOND OF JANUARY, 1963 [IN LETHBRIDGE]. I WAS A FULL-BLOWN MEMBER IN 1966.” “[I JOINED BECAUSE OF] THE SATISFACTION THAT IT’S A STRONG CHARITABLE WAY OF DOING THINGS TO GIVE BACK. THAT’S PART OF MY PHILOSOPHY; JUST GIVE A LITTLE BACK FOR THE GOOD LIFE I’VE HAD.” “I WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE LEAGUE…OF [THE] LETHBRIDGE CHAPTER. AND [I] WOUND UP WITH [THE TRUNK] AND IN IT [WERE] THESE THINGS. IT PRE-DATES ME.” “MOST OF THOSE THINGS WERE FOR MY PERSONAL USE…EITHER IN EVENTS OR A POSITION I HELD IN THE FORESTERS. I LOOK AT [THE OBJECTS] AND I SMILE.” REGARDING HIS DONATION, CAREFOOT ELABPRATED, “THE FORESTERS IN THE COMMUNITY DID A LOT OF CHARITY WORK AND I THOUGHT IT WAS A WAY OF COVERING FOR THE FUTURE [ABOUT] THE THINGS THAT WE DID, OR STILL DO. THAT WAS, MORE THAN ANYTHING ELSE, MY REASON FOR [DONATING IT] – A WAY OF PASSING IT ALONG SO IT JUST DIDN’T GET SHOVED IN THE JUNK…TO SOMEBODY IN THE FUTURE, IT INDICATES SOMETHING OF WHAT WE DID AND SOME ILLUSTRATION OF THINGS THAT WE DID. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120045001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120045009
Acquisition Date
2012-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, ENAMEL
Catalogue Number
P20010078024
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Materials
STEEL, ENAMEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.1
Diameter
37.0
Description
LARGE METAL BOWL WITH LIGHT YELLOW ENAMEL COVERING IT. EDGE OF RIM IS PAINTED RED. THERE IS A HOLE ON ONE SIDE OF RIM. ENAMEL HAS WORN AWAY FROM BOWL IN A NUMBER OF PLACES. THERE IS A BUILD UP OF CRUD ON BOTTOM OF BOWL IN ONE SPOT.
Subjects
TOILET ARTICLE
Historical Association
BUSINESS
DOMESTIC
History
FROM THE CECIL CAFE, LOCATED AT 308 1ST AVENUE SOUTH IN LETHBRIDGE. THE CECIL HOTEL AND CAFE WERE FREQUENTED BY RETIREES AND TRANSIENTS, AS IT WAS LOCATED ACROSS FROM THE TRAIN TRACKS ON 1ST AVENUE SOUTH. THE FIRST MENTION OF THE 'FONG' NAME IN THE HENDERSON DIRECTORIES IS IN 1912, AND HAS JOE FONG LISTED UNDER CAFES & RESTAURANTS (NAME OF BUSINESS NOT INDICATED). JOE FONG WAS THE GRANDFATHER OF DONOR (LORNE FONG'S FATHER). THIS IS PERHAPS THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CECIL CAFE. THE JOE FONG CAFE IS LISTED IN 1913 AND FONG, JOE & CO UNDER RESTAURANTS IN 1914. IN 1917 IS THE FIRST APPEARANCE OF THE NAME CECIL CAFE. FROM 1917 TO 1934, THE CECIL CAFE WAS LISTED WITH DIFFERENT PROPRIETORS, INCLUDING JOE FONG, HUE LUNG (UNKNOWN RELATIONSHIP TO DONOR), TOO FONG AND MRS J HOW FONG - ASSUMEDLY ALL THE SAME FAMILY. IN 1934 THERE IS NO MENTION OF THE CECIL CAFE, BUT THE CANADIAN CAFE IS IN ITS PLACE, WITH THE PROPRIETOR ELIZABETH LEE (DAUGHTER OF JOE FONG). THE CECIL CAFE REAPPEARS IN 1936, AGAIN LISTED WITH DIFFERENT PROPRIETORS, ALL BELONGING TO THE FONG FAMILY, INCLUDING LEE WAH FONG, WHO WAS THE WIFE OF JOE FONG. IN 1950, DONOR LORNE FONG BECOMES PROPRIETOR OF THE CAFE. THE LAST MENTION OF THE CECIL CAFE IS IN 1956; A NEW ADDITION WAS ADDED TO THE CAFE AND ITS EXISTING ROOMS, CREATING THE CECIL HOTEL WHICH WAS OPENED IN 1953 BY LORNE FONG. THE HOTEL IS LISTED IN THE DIRECTORIES UNTIL 1980, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF 1975-77. IN 1979 AND 1980, LORNE FONG IS NO LONGER LISTED AS PROPRIETOR OF THE HOTEL, BUT INSTEAD GEO ANDRICHUCK AND NICK HUSKA/FRED BAKER ARE MENTIONED INSTEAD. IT IS ASSUMED THAT THE HOTEL CLOSED IN 1980, BUT THE BUILDING REMAINED UNDER THE OWNERSHIP OF THE FONG FAMILY. IN 2001/2 THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE PURCHASED THE LAND ON WHICH THE HOTEL SITS, AND THE FONG FAMILY OFFERED OBJECTS IN THE BUILDING FOR DONATION AT THIS TIME. AFTER THE HOTEL CLOSED LORNE FONG CONTINUED ON WITH HIS SUCCESSFUL CAREER AS A SALESMAN (GRANDMASTER SALESMAN STATUS) FOR GM (ENERSON MOTORS).
Catalogue Number
P20010078024
Acquisition Date
2001-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BASKET OF TEA CUPS AND SAUCERS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WICKER, PORCELAIN
Catalogue Number
P20110031019
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BASKET OF TEA CUPS AND SAUCERS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
2000
Materials
WICKER, PORCELAIN
No. Pieces
100
Height
38.5
Length
36
Width
39
Description
WOVEN WICKER BASKET WITH ROUNDED OPENING AT TOP AND SQUARED BOTTOM. TWO LOOPED HANDLES AT TOP ON OPPOSITE SIDES. INSIDE BASKET ARE AN UNKNOWN QUANTITY OF WHITE PORCELAIN TEA CUPS AND SAUCERS, NESTLED AND STACKED TOGETHER. SOME CUPS HAVE GREEN BORDERS, OTHERS HAVE GEOMETRIC PATTERNS AND CHINESE CHARACTERS IN ORANGE AND GREEN. BASKET IS HALF FULL WITH DISHES. CUPS AND SAUCERS ARE DUSTY WITH PARTICULATE DIRT. OUTSIDE OF BASKET IS DUSTY, WITH SLATS OF WICKER COMING LOOSE IN SOME AREAS. OVERALL FAIR CONDITION. *NOTE* CUPS AND SAUCERS HAVE BEEN LEFT UNDISTURBED TO MAINTAIN INTEGRITY OF THE OBJECT. CUPS AND SAUCERS HAVE NOT BEEN INDIVIDUALLY COUNTED OR NUMBERED.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
CONTAINER
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT COMES FROM INTERVIEWS HELD WITH MAY LEE AND JUDY CHAN, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND JANICE WONG. PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE FOUND BELOW THE ARTIFACT DETAILS AND BELOW THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY BUILDING. RICHARD INDICATES THAT "THIS BASKET IS JUST FOR GENERAL USE, FOR EVERYTHING.” JUDY SAID THAT SHE COULD "REMEMBER THIS BASKET WITH ALL THE CUPS IN IT. THEY USED TO USE THESE BASKETS FOR CARRYING THINGS. THEY’D ADD A STRING, AND THEY’D CARRY THEM ON THEIR BACK.” HONG DIDN'T REMEMBER THIS BASKET: “I DON’T REMEMBER, BUT WE KEEP ALL THOSE CUPS UNDER THE STAIRS. WE HAVE A LITTLE SPACE THERE, WE PUT IT ALL UNDER THERE.” A SERIES OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD GIVE BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY AND ITS BUILDING: THE BUILDING THAT HOUSED THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY WAS BUILT IN 1909-1910 IN THE 300 BLOCK OF 2 AVENUE SOUTH AND IT WAS ORIGINALLY A RESTAURANT. BY 1915 IT HAD BECOME THE HEADQUARTERS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE KAO MIN TANG (ALTERNATIVE SPELLINGS INCLUDE KUOMINTANG, KUO MIN TANG, GUOMINDANG, AND GUO MIN DANG). THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNATED AS A PROVINCIAL HERITAGE RESOURCE IN 1995 BECAUSE OF ITS VALUE AS A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CHINESE COMMUNITY. THE BUILDING WAS USED IN A VARIETY OF WAYS BY THE SOCIETY AND INCLUDED, AT VARIOUS TIMES, A RESTAURANT, A SCHOOL, AND LIVING ACCOMODATIONS. IN FEBRUARY 2011 A SECTION OF THE BRICK FAÇADE FELL OFF THE BUILDING AND CITY INSPECTORS DETERMINED THAT THE TIMBER AND RED BRICK STRUCTURE WAS POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE. THE BUILDING WAS TORN DOWN A SHORT TIME LATER. LETHBRIDGE'S CHINATOWN EMERGED IN 1901, A RESULT OF THE CHINESE POPULATION BEING RELEGATED TO A SECTION OF THE CITY BETWEEN GALT GARDENS AND THE COULEES. IN A JANUARY 7, 2002 ARTICLE ALBERT LEONG EXPLAINS THAT NO ONE REALLY WANTED CHINESE PEOPLE AROUND AND THAT “’ THEY WERE TOLD THAT THE ONLY PLACE THEY COULD START BUSINESSES WAS BETWEEN THE COULEES AT THE PARK, BECAUSE THE CITY DIDN’T WANT ANY COMPETITION FOR THE WHITE BUSINESSMEN … BUT ‘GHETTO-IZED’ OR NOT, THE CHINESE WHO CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FORMED AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE BACKBONE OF THIS CITY, [AND MADE] NOTEWORTHY [CONTRIBUTIONS] TO THE HISTORY OF THIS PLACE.’” BUSINESSES SUCH AS LAUNDRIES, MARKET GARDENS, AND RESTAURANTS WERE OPENED IN CHINATOWN, WITH THE RESIDENTS LIVING IN ROOMS ABOVE THE BUSINESSES. IN 1912 THERE WERE ABOUT 100 PEOPLE LIVING IN CHINATOWN AND BY THE 1930S, IT WAS A BUSTLING COMMUNITY. THE POPULATION OF CHINATOWN DWINDLED FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. JANICE WONG, PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY IN 2015, GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOCIETY IN AN INTERVIEW: AS OF 2015, THE SOCIETY EXISTS MORE AS A SOCIAL CLUB AND THE SOCIETY HOLDS THREE CELEBRATORY DINNERS EACH YEAR, USUALLY HELD AT THE NEW DYNASTY RESTAURANT. THE SOCIETY ALSO VISITS THE CEMETERY ON A YEARLY BASIS “TO HONOUR THE ANCESTORS, CLEAN THE TOMBS, BRING FOOD, DO THE USUAL THINGS THAT WE USED TO DO – EAT ON GRAVES, BURN THE INCENSE. WE DO THAT EVERY YEAR STILL TO HONOUR OUR ANCESTORS. IT IS USUALLY IN THE SPRING … IN APRIL.” JANICE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED THE FUTURE OF THE SOCIETY, INDICATING THAT THERE IS SOME TALK ABOUT RE-BUILDING “BUT THAT INVOLVES A LOT OF PLANNING, AND MONEY, AND FUNDRAISING” AND SHE QUESTIONS WHETHER OR NOT THERE IS ENOUGH OF A MEMBERSHIP BASE TO GO FORWARD WITH RE-BUILDING. SHE ALSO EXPLAINED THAT PREVIOUS CHINESE IMMIGRANTS HAD TENDED TO COME FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC REGION, BUT THAT PRESENTLY IMMIGRANTS ARE COMING FROM ALL OVER CHINA: “THERE’S A LOT OF INFLUX OF PEOPLE FROM CHINA THAT AREN’T FROM THE SAME AREA, BECAUSE TRADITIONALLY, THE PEOPLE WERE ALL FROM THE SAME AREA AND SPOKE THE SAME DIALECT AND HAD THAT SORT OF THING KEEPING THEM TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY OVERSEAS FROM CHINA.” PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE BELOW: MAY LEE: MAY WAS ACTUALLY BORN IN CANADA AND IS KNOWN AS A GOLD MOUNTAIN GIRL, BECAUSE SHE IS A CANADIAN-BORN CHINESE WOMAN. MAY EXPLAINS: “I WAS BORN IN CANADA. I WAS BORN IN NANOOSE BAY. WHEN I WAS 4 YEARS OLD, WE MOVED TO VICTORIA. WHEN I WAS 9 YEARS OLD AND THE WHOLE FAMILY, IN 1930, GO BACK TO CHINA.” DURING THE WAR, THE JAPANESE BOMBED THE GIRLS’ HIGH SCHOOL IN TOCSIN CITY AND MAY’S MOTHER DECIDED TO SEND MAY AND HER BROTHER TO HONG KONG TO START THE PROCESS OF COMING TO CANADA. MAY STARTED ENGLISH SCHOOL IN HONG KONG, BUT OFTEN MISSED CLASSES BECAUSE SHE WAS SICK FROM THE HEAT. SHE SAYS THAT SHE’S LEARNED MOST OF HER ENGLISH FROM HER HUSBAND, HER CHILDREN, GRANDCHILDREN, AND EVEN GREAT-GRANDCHILDREN. SHE WAS MARRIED TO HOM MEN LEE, AKA JIMMY LEE, ON NOVEMBER 16, 1938 IN VICTORIA, BC. JIMMY WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AT THE GALT HOSPITAL, BUT WAS SENT BACK TO CHINA AS A CHILD FOR HIS EDUCATION. JIMMY’S FAMILY HAD COME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1914 AND OWNED LEE-DUC CLEANERS. THE LEE FAMILY LIVED ABOVE THE SHOP, WHICH WAS ON 13TH STREET NORTH, NEAR HIGA’S JEWELERS. MAY’S MAIN MEMORY OF CHINATOWN: “ALL I REMEMBER IN CHINATOWN, IN SUMMERTIME, LOTS OF OLD GUYS SITTING IN FRONT OF GUOMINDANG. AUNTIE HELEN GREW UP IN CHINATOWN. I THINK SHE KNOWS MORE ABOUT CHINATOWN. IN THE OLDEN DAYS, I HARDLY GO OUT, JUST TO BUY GROCERIES.” JUDY ADDED THAT MAY HAD 8 CHILDREN AND WAS KEPT BUSY AT HOME RAISING THEM. RICHARD LOO: RICHARD ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1953, HAVING LEFT THE MAINLAND OF CHINA IN 1949. RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD MOVED TO CANADA IN EITHER LATE 1800S OR THE EARLY 1900S AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE HEAD TAX. HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED AS A COOK IN RESTAURANTS, EITHER IN LETHBRIDGE OR IN TABER (ACCORDING TO RICHARD, HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED THROUGH THE WAR YEARS IN TABER). RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD PLANNED ON MOVING BACK TO CHINA WHEN HE RETIRED, BUT THEN THE COMMUNISTS TOOK OVER, AND HE ELECTED TO STAY. AT THAT TIME, HE INVITED RICHARD TO MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL. RICHARD LEFT HONG KONG, AFTER LIVING THERE FOR 8 MONTHS, ON A FRIDAY AFTERNOON AT 2PM LOCAL TIME. HE FINALLY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SUNDAY AFTERNOON. HE WAS LUCKY IN THAT HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FLIGHTS ON SALE. NORMALLY A TICKET FROM HONG KONG TO VANCOUVER WOULD HAVE COST $700, BUT RICHARD WAS ABLE TO SECURE A FLIGHT FOR ONLY $500. HE ALSO INDICATED THAT HIS FLIGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WAS ONLY $39.95. ON RECALLING HIS FIRST TIME IN LETHBRIDGE, RICHARD RECOUNTED THE FOLLOWING STORY: “SO, BY THE TIME I GOT TO THE AIRPORT, I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO SAY NOTHING. DIDN’T KNOW – MAYBE COULD SAY ‘GOOD MORNING’ – THAT’S ALL YOU COULD SAY, JUST ANYWAYS HOW TO SAY ‘HELLO’ – SO, ANYWAY, SO IN THE MEANTIME, THE FELLOW AT THE AIRPORT MUST HAVE KNOWN ZEKE, YOU KNOW ZEKE QUAN [OWNER OF] THE LOTUS INN [RESTAURANT], AND HE PHONED HIM UP. HE SAYS, ‘ZEKE.’ I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT HE WAS TALKING ABOUT – NOTHING. AND THEN HE SAYS, ‘HEY, THIS IS A CHINA BOY HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH HIM?’ SO, ZEKE SAYS, ‘OH, JUST TAKE HIM TO CHINATOWN AND DUMP HIM.’ NOW, I DIDN’T KNOW THOSE, NOT UNTIL LATER ON. ZEKE’S SON GO TO SAME SCHOOL I DID – CENTRAL SCHOOL.” RICHARD INITIALLY LIVED IN THE SOCIETY BUILDING FOR SEVERAL YEARS, OCCUPYING A ROOM THAT HAD BEEN RECENTLY VACATED BY ANOTHER MAN NAMED LOO WHO HAD GONE TO WORK IN PICTURE BUTTE. RICHARD RECALLED THAT THE SOCIETY WAS A GOOD PLACE TO FEEL A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND THAT IT WAS A WELCOMING PLACE FOR NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS, A PLACE WHERE THEY WEREN’T DISCRIMINATED AGAINST. HONG WONG: HONG ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AND WAS INVITED TO THE CITY BY HIS UNCLE SHUEY WONG, WHO WAS ALREADY LIVING HERE. UNCLE SHUEY HAD COME TO CANADA SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE $500 HEAD TAX. HONG TRAVELED WITH HIS BROTHER FROM MAINLAND CHINA TO HONG KONG, IN ORDER TO GO TO THE CANADIAN EMBASSY. ON HIS FERRY RIDE TO HONG KONG, HE WAS SHOT BY BANDITS AND WAS REQUIRED TO STAY IN THE HOSPITAL FOR QUITE SOME TIME TO RECOVER. HIS BROTHER ELECTED TO REMAIN IN HONG KONG, AS HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW LIVED IN THE CITY AND GOT HONG’S BROTHER WORK IN A THEATRE. TO GET TO CANADA, HONG FLEW FROM JAPAN TO GUAM, TO VANCOUVER, AND THEN FINALLY TO LETHBRIDGE. HIS FIRST IMPRESSION OF LETHBRIDGE: COLD. HONG SAID: “’WELL, IN HONG KONG IT WAS AROUND MAYBE 20 SOME 30 ABOVE. AND HERE, AT THAT TIME, MAYBE 20 BELOW, OR 20 SOME BELOW. I DIDN’T HAVE THE EAR MUFFS. I SAID, ‘GEE, I’M NOT SO HAPPY HERE, IT SEEMS SO COLD.’” UNCLE SHUEY TOLD HONG THAT IT WAS ONE OF THE COLDEST WINTERS HE COULD REMEMBER. HONG WORKED FOR HIS UNCLE IN HIS SHOP ON 9TH AVENUE, DOING CHORES AROUND THE STORE, UNTIL HIS ENGLISH HAD IMPROVED ENOUGH SO THAT HE COULD SERVE CUSTOMERS. HE JOINED THE CHINESE NATIONALIST LEAGUE SOCIETY ALMOST AS SOON AS HE ARRIVED: “WHEN I CAME HERE, I JOINED IN THE SAME YEAR BECAUSE MY UNCLE WAS A MEMBER. SO THAT’S WHY HE GOT ME IN TO BE A MEMBER. OH, AT THAT TIME, I BET, 95% OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE THEY BELONG TO THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, I BELIEVE.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING THAT YOU COULDN’T BE A MEMBER OF BOTH THE SOCIETY AND THE MASONS, AND HE BELIEVES ABOUT 5% OF THE CITY’S CHINESE POPULATION WOULD HAVE BELONGED TO THE MASONS. HE ADDED: “BUT WE ARE STILL FRIENDS, STILL FRIENDS. WE’RE NOT ENEMY OR ANYTHING BUT, IT’S JUST THAT THE ORGANIZATIONS ARE DIFFERENT. THAT’S ALL.” HONG ENJOYED THE CAMARADERIE OF THE SOCIETY. HE SAID: “I REMEMBER, I LIKE IT BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE PARTY AND SO MANY PEOPLE. AND THEN YOU MEET ALL THE CHINESE PEOPLE THERE IN THE ONE GROUP. WELL, ANYWAY, WHEN YOU SEE SO MANY PEOPLE IN ONE PARTY, AND THEN WHEN THEY COME OUT MOSTLY THE PEOPLE THAT PARTY AND IT FEELS LIKE A LOTS OF FRIENDS OR EVEN LIKE THE FAMILY. SO YOU FEEL GOOD, YOU FEEL BETTER, AND THEN, WELL, MY UNCLE BELONGS THERE TOO AND THEN THE OTHERS BELONG THERE TOO, YEAH, EVERYBODY LIKE IN THE BIG FAMILY. YES, NICE, OTHERWISE YOU DON’T HAVE ANY FRIENDS, YOU DON’T MEET ANYBODY, IF YOU NOT BELONG THERE, I THINK NOT SO FRIENDLY TO YOU.” HONG INDICATED THAT WHEN A SPECIAL MEAL WAS HELD AT THE SOCIETY, IT WAS THE MEN WHO DID THE COOKING: “AT THAT TIME JUST ABOUT EVERYBODY KNOWS HOW TO COOK BECAUSE MOSTLY WE WORK IN THE KITCHEN WHEN THEY CAME HERE.” HE SAID THAT DINERS WOULD PAY A SMALL FEE TO EAT AT THE LEAGUE WHEN SPECIAL MEALS WERE PUT ON. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND FOR INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20110031019
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PAPER BASKET
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19950060001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PAPER BASKET
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.5
Length
37
Width
26.3
Description
RECTANGULAR STEEL MESH BASKET. BASKET IS FORMED OF SQUARE WIRE MESH FASTENED TO WIRE FRAME. FRONT END OF FRAME HAS LOWERED CURVED PORTION. BACK RIGHT CORNER HAS VERTICAL LENGTH OF FRAME WITH LOOPED END. STEEL HAS SLIGHT AMOUNTS OF CORROSION AND OXIDIZATION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
BASKET WAS USED IN THE OFFICES OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE AND THEN STORED AWAY WHEN PASSING FROM USE. IT WAS THEN DONATED TO THE MUSEUM. NO OTHER INDIVIDUAL HISTORY AVAILABLE.
Catalogue Number
P19950060001
Acquisition Date
1995-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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