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Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
No. Pieces
1
Length
139
Width
99.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN BLANKET MADE FROM RAW FLAX. THE BLANKET IS COMPOSED OF 2 SECTIONS OF THE SAME SIZE OF MATERIAL THAT ARE JOINED TOGETHER WITH A SEAM AT THE CENTER. ON THE FRONT SIDE (WITH NEAT SIDE OF THE STITCHING AND PATCHES), THERE ARE THREE PATCHES ON THE BLANKET MADE FROM LIGHTER, RAW-COLOURED MATERIAL. ONE SECTION OF THE FABRIC HAS TWO OF THE PATCHES ALIGNED VERTICALLY NEAR THE CENTER SEAM. THE AREA SHOWING ON ONE PATCH IS 3 CM X 5 CM AND THE OTHER IS SHOWING 5 CM X 6 CM. ON THE OPPOSITE SECTION THERE IS ONE PATCH THAT IS 16 CM X 8.5 CM SEWN AT THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET. THE BLANKET IS HEMMED ON BOTH SHORT SIDES. ON THE OPPOSING/BACK SIDE OF THE BLANKET, THE FULL PIECES OF THE FABRIC FOR THE PATCHES ARE SHOWING. THE SMALLER PATCH OF THE TWO ON THE ONE HALF-SECTION OF THE BLANKET IS 8CM X 10 CM AND THE OTHER PATCH ON THAT SIDE IS 14CM X 15CM. THE PATCH ON THE OTHER HALF-SECTION IS THE SAME SIZE AS WHEN VIEWED FROM THE FRONT. THERE IS A SEVERELY FADED BLUE STAMP ON THIS PATCH’S FABRIC. FAIR CONDITION. THERE IS RED STAINING THAT CAN BE SEEN FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE BLANKET AT THE CENTER SEAM, NEAR THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET AT THE SIDE WITH 2 PATCHES (CLOSER TO THE LARGER PATCH), AND NEAR THE SMALL PATCH AT THE END FURTHER FROM THE CENTER. THERE IS A HOLE WITH MANY LOOSE THREADS SURROUNDING NEAR THE CENTER OF THE HALF SECTION WITH ONE PATCH. THERE ARE VARIOUS THREADS COMING LOOSE AT MULTIPLE POINTS OF THE BLANKET.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
BEDDING
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. ACCORDING TO A NOTE THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THIS LIGHTWEIGHT BLANKET AT THE TIME OF ACQUISITION THE BLANKET IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN MADE C. 1920S. MORRIS SAYS HER MEMORY OF THE BLANKET DATES AS FAR BACK AS SHE CAN REMEMBER: “RIGHT INTO THE ‘30S, ‘40S AND ‘50S BECAUSE MY MOTHER DID THAT RIGHT UP UNTIL NEAR THE END. I USE THAT EVEN IN LETHBRIDGE WHEN I HAD A GARDEN. [THIS TYPE OF BLANKET] WAS USED FOR TWO PURPOSES. IT WAS EITHER PUT ON THE BED UNDERNEATH THE MATTRESS THE LADIES MADE OUT OF WOOL AND OR ELSE IT WAS USED, A DIFFERENT PIECE OF CLOTH WOULD BE USED FOR FLAILING THINGS. [THE] FLAIL ACTUALLY GOES WITH IT AND THEY BANG ON THE SEEDS AND IT WOULD TAKE THE HULLS OFF… IT’S HAND WOVEN AND IT’S MADE OUT OF POOR QUALITY FLAX… IT’S UNBLEACHED, DEFINITELY… RAW LINEN." THIS SPECIFIC BLANKET WAS USED FOR SEEDS MORRIS RECALLS: “…IT HAD TO BE A WINDY DAY… WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS OR WHATEVER BEET SEEDS AND WE WOULD BEAT AWAY AND THEN WE WOULD STAND UP, HOLD IT UP AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN [ONTO THE BLANKET.” THE SEEDS WOULD THEN BE CARRIED ON THE BLANKET AND THEN PUT INTO A PAIL. OF THE BLANKET’S CLEAN STATE, MORRIS EXPLAINS, “THEY’RE ALWAYS WASHED AFTER THEY’RE FINISHED USING THEM.” WHEN SHE LOOKS AT THIS ARTIFACT, MORRIS SAYS: “I FEEL LIKE I’M OUT ON THE FARM, I SEE FIELDS AND FIELDS OF FLAX, BLUE FLAX. BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT SHE USED IT FOR. SHE DID USE IT IF SHE WANTED A LITTLE BIT OF THE FLAX THEN SHE’D POUND THE FLAX, BUT THAT WASN’T OFTEN. IT WAS MOSTLY BEANS AND PEAS.” IT IS UNKNOWN WHO WOVE THIS BLANKET. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BALL CAP, “AGRICORE”
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20130004006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALL CAP, “AGRICORE”
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
13
Length
19
Width
24
Description
TAN-COLOURED CANVAS BALL CAP WITH BLUE BRIM. EMBROIDERED WITH “AGRICORE” LOGO IN BLUE AND YELLOW THREAD AT CENTRE PEAK. SIX BLUE STITCHED VENTILATION HOLES AROUND BLUE TOP BUTTON. TAN CANVAS SIZING STRAP AT BACK WITH BRONZE-COLOURED CLIP. VERY GOOD CONDITION – NO VISIBLE STAINING OR WEAR.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
AGRICULTURE
History
THE COLLECTION OF OBJECTS BELONGING TO THE MEISSER FAMILY WAS DONATED BY JUDY WRIGHT, NIECE OF LOWELL MEISSER, WHO OPERATED A FARM OUTSIDE WARNER WITH HIS BROTHER ROME AS THE ‘MEISSER BROS’ FROM 1929 TO 1946. JUDY’S MOTHER WAS THE SISTER OF LOWELL’S WIFE ELINOR, AND SHE SPENT MUCH OF HER CHILDHOOD LIVING WITH THEM AND ROME MEISSER, DUE TO HER MOTHER BEING UNWELL. IN HER LATER ADULT LIFE, JUDY TOOK CARE OF “UNC” ROME AT HIS WATERTON RESIDENCE, AND BECAUSE ROME AND HIS BROTHER LOWELL DID NOT HAVE ANY LIVING DIRECT DESCENDANTS, JUDY WAS LEFT THE FAMILY BELONGINGS WHEN ROME DIED IN 2004. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT WAS EXTRACTED FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED WITH THE DONOR BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON NOVEMBER 14, 2013, AS WELL AS FROM A DOCUMENT WRITTEN BY HER AT THE TIME OF THE DONATION. WRIGHT SAID: “UNC NEVER WENT ANYWHERE WITHOUT A CAP ON, AND A CAP THAT REPRESENTED FARMING WAS HIS PREFERENCE… HE STILL OWNED THE LAND, HE RENTED IT OUT, HE HAD FARMING INCOME AND FARMING EXPENSES… WE’D STILL DRIVE OUT AND LOOK AT THE CROPS THAT WERE ON HIS LAND THAT WAS RENTED OUT.” THE FOLLOWING BRIEF FAMILY HISTORY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ROME MEISSER’S MANUSCRIPT ‘THE MEISSER’S AND OTHER RAMBLINGS’ AND DONATIONS OF FAMILY PAPERS MADE BY WRIGHT TO THE GALT ARCHIVES. THE MEISSER FAMILY PATRIARCH, MICHAEL MEISSER, WAS BORN IN SWITZERLAND IN 1830 AND IMMIGRATED TO ALMA, WISCONSIN IN 1846. HIS SON, JOHN LUTZI MEISSER MARRIED MARIE KINDSCHI ON APRIL 30, 1898 AND THEY MOVED TO WARNER, ALBERTA TO FARM IN 1910, LOOKING FOR A DRIER CLIMATE FOR MARIE, WHO SUFFERED FROM TUBERCULOSIS. THE COUPLE HAD FIVE CHILDREN: ORMA, LOWELL, JOHN (WHO DIED AT AGE TWO OF PNEUMONIA), ROME, AND MARIE. IN 1912, MOTHER MARIE DIED IN A TUBERCULOSIS CLINIC IN SALT LAKE CITY, AND FIVE YEARS LATER FATHER JOHN DIED FROM HEAD TRAUMA SUSTAINED IN A GRAIN ELEVATOR ACCIDENT. ONE OF THE CHILDREN’S PATERNAL AUNTS, FRENA, CAME TO WARNER TO HELP THEM WITH SCHOOLING AND RUNNING THE FARM. IN 1920, ORMA MARRIED LEE TENNEY AND IN 1926 LOWELL MARRIED ELINOR TENNEY, AND THE TWO COUPLES LOOKED AFTER THE TWO YOUNGER SIBLINGS UNTIL ORMA AND LEE MOVED TO CALIFORNIA IN 1931. THE YOUNGEST SISTER, MARIE, LATER JOINED THEM WITH HER SON JIM. LOWELL AND ROME FARMED TOGETHER FROM THE SEASON FOLLOWING THEIR FATHER’S DEATH (WHEN THEY WERE 17 AND 13 YEARS OLD, RESPECTIVELY) UNTIL 1945 WHEN THEIR LAND WAS DIVIDED FOR TAX BENEFIT. ROME NEVER MARRIED, AND IN 1928 HAD A SHORT STINT IN PILOT’S TRAINING BEFORE RETURNING TO FARMING PERMANENTLY. LOWELL AND ELINOR’S SON JERALD WAS BORN IN 1929. BY 1957 THE MEISSERS RETIRED FROM FARMING AND LEASED OUT THEIR LAND, AND IN 1958 THE FAMILY BOUGHT A CABIN IN WATERTON PARK, WHERE THEY SPENT ALL FOLLOWING SUMMERS. LOWELL AND ELINOR’S SON JERALD SPLIT HIS TIME BETWEEN FARMING IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND VARIOUS PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES. HE ENROLLED IN THE CATHOLIC SEMINARY IN SPOKANE, WASHINGTON, BUT PASSED AWAY IN 1990 BEFORE HE COULD BE ORDAINED. LOWELL DIED IN 1988, ELINOR FOLLOWED IN 1992, AND ROME PASSED AWAY IN 2004. THE FOLLOWING REMEMBRANCES OF ROME ‘UNC’ MEISSER WERE EXCERPTED FROM THE NOVEMBER 14, 2013 INTERVIEW. WRIGHT SAID: “I LIVED WITH THEM AND WENT OUT TO THE FARM ALL SUMMER LONG EVERY YEAR FROM THE TIME I WAS FIVE OR SIX YEARS OLD… I JUST HONESTLY THINK THAT I AM WHO I AM TODAY BECAUSE OF MY UNCLE ROME. MY DAD WAS A STAUNCH OLD ENGLISHMAN AND HE COULDN’T RELATE TO ME. HE WAS 45 YEARS OLD WHEN I WAS BORN BUT HE COULDN’T RELATE TO ME. SO, MY UNCLE COULD… HE SHOULD HAVE BEEN MARRIED WITH AT LEAST A DOZEN CHILDREN. IN HIS EARLY NINETIES, WHEN I FIRST GOT THERE [TO WATERTON] WE’D GO GROCERY SHOPPING. I’D HAVE TO WAIT WHILE HE STOPPED AND CHATTED WITH ALL THE CHILDREN HE’D COME ACROSS. HE SHOULD HAVE HAD LOTS OF KIDS. HE JUST LOVED KIDS AND I WAS A LITTLE KID… I WAS THERE FROM PRACTICALLY BIRTH AND LIVED MONTHS AT A TIME WITH HIM… HE COULD AFFORD TO LOOK AFTER THE COMMUNITY AS WELL… HE GAVE GENEROUSLY TO [COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS]. HE GAVE TO THE MILK RIVER HOSPITAL. HE DONATED $200,000 FOR THE HOCKEY GIRLS’ RESIDENCE. THEY HAD NO MONEY AND THAT’S WHY WE NOW HAVE A HOCKEY GIRLS’ RESIDENCE THAT HAS A HUGE KITCHEN AND HOUSES UP TO 25 GIRLS, AND KEEPS OUR WARNER SCHOOL OPEN. SO THAT IS A VERY BIG GIFT, HIS DONATIONS. THEY ALSO STARTED A MEISSER SCHOLARSHIP IN 1967 AND TWO WEEKS AGO I WENT OUT AND GAVE THE TROPHY AND THE MONEY TO THE LAST GIRL THAT WON IT. AND IT WILL GO ON INDEFINITELY AS LONG AS THERE’S A SCHOOL…HE WAS VERY SUPPORTIVE OF CHILDREN AND EDUCATION. THE SCHOLARSHIP, THE HOCKEY GIRLS, KEEPING THE WARNER SCHOOL OPEN - BIG FOCUS FOR HIM – WAS EDUCATION AND CHILDREN… HE WAS ONE OF THOSE KIND OF PRACTICALLY ANONYMOUS DONORS IN THE PAST. HOWEVER, AS HE GOT A LITTLE OLDER, I THINK HE ENJOYED THE ATTENTION. THEY MADE A BIG DEAL ABOUT THE HOCKEY SCHOOL. THE RESIDENCE HAS GOT, HUGE, IT HAS HIS NAME ON IT BUT I DON’T THINK HE SAW THAT. AND THEY HAD HIM RIDE IN THE PARADE ONE YEAR, THE COMMUNITY RECOGNIZED HIM AS MUCH AS HE’D LET THEM RECOGNIZE HIM.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A FULL TRANSCIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, WRITTEN DOCUMENTATION ON THE MEISSER FAMILY BY JUDY WRIGHT AND ROME MEISSER, OBITUARIES AND PHOTOGRAPHS OF FAMILY MEMBERS, AND FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT EACH ARTIFACT COMPRISING THE DONATION.
Catalogue Number
P20130004006
Acquisition Date
2013-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950041006
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
1
Length
21.5
Width
17.9
Description
ONE BOOKLET OF BANK CHEQUES WITH DUPLICATE BACKS AND CARBON PAPER. CHEQUES ARE GREEN PAPER WITH BLACK PRINTING. THE BOOK CONTAINS CHEQUES FROM 5930 TO 6000. ACROSS TOP OF EACH CHEQUE IN BLACK LETTERING IS "SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS LIMITED". IN TOP LEFT CORNER IS "TO THE BANK OF MONTREAL MAIN OFFICE 522 - 3RD AVENUE SOUTH LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA". IN TOP RIGHT CORNER IS CHECK NUMBER STAMPED IN RED INK. BOTTOM HALF HAS CHECK FORMAT WITH PLACES FOR SIGNATURES IN BOTTOM RIGHT. ACROSS BOTTOM IS BANK AND ACCOUNT NUMBERS. BENEATH IS BLACK CARBON PAPER WITH WHITE PAPER DUPLICATE COPIES BENEATH THAT.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
BUSINESS
AGRICULTURE
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF OBJECTS THAT INCLUDED THOSE DONATED BY THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDER'S ASSOCIATION. THE FOLLOWING HISTORY OF THE GROUP WAS EXCERPTED FROM A DOCUMENT IN THE PERMANENT FILE THAT IS CREDITED TO THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES (NO AUTHOR IS LISTED) AND WAS LIKELY DRAFTED TO ACCOMPANY THE ASSOCIATIONS' FONDS AT THE TIME OF THEIR ACQUISITION BY THE GLENBOW (1985 - 2007). "IN ORDER TO GET BETTER PRICES FOR THEIR PRODUCT, SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP MEN BEGAN ORGANIZING AS EARLY AS 1912. IN 1914, THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA WOOL GROWERS ASSOCIATION WAS ORGANIZED, WITH ITS HEAD OFFICE IN LETHBRIDGE. ITS PURPOSE WAS TO COOPERATIVELY MARKET THE WOOL OF ITS MEMBERS. THE ASSOCIATION... SOON PUSHED FOR THE FORMATION OF A NATION-WIDE MARKETING ORGANIZATION. IT WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE FORMATION, IN 1918, OF THE CANADIAN COOPERATIVE WOOL GROWERS LTD., THE CENTRAL SELLING AGENT FOR CANADIAN WOOL PRODUCERS... IN 1923 THE ASSOCIATION WAS INCORPORATED... AND CHANGED ITS NAME TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS LTD... EVERY MEMBER OF THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA WOOL GROWERS RECEIVED ONE SHARE IN THE NEW COMPANY, WHOSE STATED OBJECT WAS 'TO TRY AND HANDLE ANY MATTERS LOOKING TOWARDS THE BETTERMENT OF THE SHEEP INDUSTRY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA.' DURING WORLD WAR I THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SET UP THE CANADIAN WOOL BOARD TO FIX WOOL PRICES AND CONTROL MARKETING. THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS LTD. WAS LICENSED BY THE BOARD AS THE RECEIVER FOR THE DISTRICT. AT THE END OF THE WAR A NEW WAREHOUSE WAS BUILT IN LETHBRIDGE [AT 918 1ST AVENUE SOUTH] TO FACILITATE THE HANDLING AND GRADING OF WOOL." AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, THE ASSOCIATION WAS STILL OPERATING UNDER THE ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS ASSOCIATION AND IS AFFILIATED WITH THE ALBERTA LAMB PRODUCERS ORGANIZATION.
Catalogue Number
P19950041006
Acquisition Date
1995-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SMRID CLIPBOARD
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, METAL, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20010036006
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SMRID CLIPBOARD
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD, METAL, PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Height
2.9
Length
27.2
Width
35.9
Description
CLIPBOARD IS A LIGHT BROWN WITH TWO SILVER METAL HINGES. THERE IS A SQUARE PATTERN ON THE FRONT SURFACE. ON THE INSIDE OF THE TOP, THERE IS A CHART WITH NUMBERS IN SOME SORT OF A RELATIONAL PATTERN. ATTACHED TO CLIPS INSIDE THE BOARD, THERE IS AN "ENVIRONMENT CANADA - NATIONAL CALIBRATION SERVICE" CHART WITH THE DATE "MAY 21, 1992" BESIDE THE WORDS "CALIBRATION DATE". BEHIND THIS CHART THERE IS A PAD OF SCRAP PAPER. ON THE SECOND CLIP (TO THE RIGHT OF THE FIRST), THERE IS A FORM WITH BLUE AND BLACK LINES WITH BLACK WRITING. ACROSS THE TOP, "ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT" "FORM S.M.R.I.D.32 ROBINS".
Subjects
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. ARTIFACT FEATURES A FLOWCHART ON A HOMEMADE CLIPBOARD. CHARTS SUCH AS THESE WERE USED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE IRRIGATION INDUSTRY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AS THE SOLE MEANS OF RECORDING WATER FLOWS AND LEVELS UNTIL A MORE SOPHISTICATED TECHNOLOGY WAS DEVELOPED. THIS CLIPBOARD WAS PERSONALLY USED BY DELOYD ELL OF LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA WHO USED IT THROUGHOUT HIS EMPLOYMENT (1963-1998) AS A TECHNICIAN. THE MANUAL METHOD OF RECORDING REMAINED UNTIL 2004 AS A BACKUP SHOULD ANY EQUIPMENT FAIL. WATER SUPERVISORS, TECHNOLOGISTS, AND ENGINEERS WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RECORD KEEPING AND THE USE OF THE FLOW CHARTS. THE FLOW CHARTS GAVE THE SMRID ADMINISTRATORS QUANTITIES AND NUMBERS TO WORK WITH WHICH, THEY REPORTED TO THE GOVERNMENT. THE STEVEN’S RECORDER, ON THE OTHER HAND, ONLY PROVIDED A GRAPH WHICH IS ANOTHER REASON THEY HAD TO BE COUPLED TOGETHER TO GIVE A HOLISTIC RECORD OF THE WATER FLOW AND LEVEL. THE CHARTS MEASURED THE DEPTH OF THE CANAL, CONDUCTED VIA THE WINCH, THE CABLE AND THE FISH WEIGHT - P20010036007), AND COMPARED IT TO A CONVERSION CHART (THE CHART LOCATED ON THE TOP FLAP OF THE CLIPBOARD) WHICH EXPLAINED THE VOLUME OF WATER IN THAT PART OF THE CANAL. THE DATA WAS COMPARED TO THE NATIONAL CALIBRATION CHART (THE LAMINATED CHART ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE CLIPBOARD) FROM THE RESULTS OF THE VOLUME CALIBRATION AND ENTERED INTO THE CALIBRATION CHART. THIS PROVIDED THE WATER VELOCITIES AT REQUIRED LOCATIONS. THE FLOW CHART, LABELED ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT ON THE RIGHT HAND SIDE OF THE CLIPBOARD, WAS WHERE THAT THE RESULTS FROM THE FLOW RATE METER’S (P20010036012) MEASUREMENTS WOULD BE RECORDED BY THE TECHNOLOGIST OR TECHNICIAN. THIS TYPE OF RECORDING PROCESS WAS USED REGARDLESS THE QUANTITY OR PURPOSE (BE IT IRRIGATION OF POTABLE WATER CONSUMPTION OF A SMALL TOWN). BETTER TECHNOLOGY REPLACED THE NEED FOR THIS TYPE OF RECORD KEEPING AROUND 1998. COMPUTER DATA SYSTEMS HAVE REPLACED MOST HARD COPY RECORDS ON ACCOUNT THAT THE CALCULATIONS ARE DONE AUTOMATICALLY. ULTRASONIC SONAR METHODS HAVE SHORTENED THE TIME AND THE MANPOWER REQUIRED TO ACCURATELY RECORD WATER FLOW AND LEVEL FROM A 3-MAN CREW, TAKING 2-3 HOURS, TO A ONE MAN CREW, TAKING 5-10 MINUTES. THE CLIPBOARD WAS GIVEN TO DELOYD AT THE START OF HIS EMPLOYMENT AND WAS, THEREFORE, MADE DURING THE PERIOD OF PROVINCIAL OWNERSHIP OF THE IRRIGATION DISTRICT WHEN IT WAS CALLED THE ST. MARY AND MILK RIVERS DEVELOPMENT (SMRID).
Catalogue Number
P20010036006
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SILVER COUNTERWEIGHT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20010036003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SILVER COUNTERWEIGHT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.5
Length
15.4
Width
14.5
Description
SILVER METAL WEIGHT ABOUT THE SIZE OF AN INDEX FINGER. THIS WEIGHT HAS A SMALL METAL LOOP AT THE TOP WHICH IS ATTACHED TO A LONG THIN METAL WIRE THAT HAS EQUALLY INTERSPERSED SMALL BALLS. AT THE END OF THIS WIRE, THERE IS A HOOK. THE WIRE IS TAPED TOGETHER WITH DUCT TAPE AT TWO PLACES TO KEEP IT IN A LOOP.
Subjects
BUILDING COMPONENT
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. THIS WAS LIKELY GIVEN BY THE GOVERNMENT TO THE SMRD (THE CROWN OPERATED IRRIGATION DISTRICT) FOR USE RECORDING WATER LEVELS. THE STEVENS COMPANY BEGAN AROUND 1911 AND THEIR RECORDERS BEGAN TO BE USED A BIT LATER BY THE SMRD IN THE 1930S. THE RECORDER HAD SEVERAL COMPONENTS TO IT, INCLUDING P20010036005, P20010036002 AND P20010036004 WHICH, REPRESENTS THE CLOCK WEIGHT, THE FLOAT AND THE STEVENS' RECORDER. THE FLOAT SAT IN A RECORDING WELL (AKA CULVERT) THAT WAS JUST OFF THE CANAL STREAM AND WOULD RISE AND FALL WITH THE WATER LEVEL. THE INFORMATION THE FLOAT RECEIVED ABOUT WATER LEVELS WAS TRANSMITTED THROUGH THE SILVER COUNTERWEIGHT TO THE RECORDER BOX. THIS WAS DONE BY THE COUNTERWEIGHT BEING WRAPPED AROUND THE WHEEL SYSTEM ON THE FRONT OF THE BOX (THE BEADS ON THE COUNTERWEIGHT PREVENTED THE LINE FROM SLIPPING DUE TO AN INCREASE IN WATER KEEPING IT ON THE WHEEL AS THEY WOULD FIT INTO HOLES INSIDE OF IT), AS THE FLOAT ROSE AND FELL THE WHEEL WOULD BE PULLED ONE DIRECTION OR ANOTHER AND WOULD BE RECORDED BY THE PEN AND GRAPH. THE FUNCTION OF THE CLOCK WEIGHT WAS TO OPERATE THE TIME/WATER VELOCITY RATIO ON THE GRAPH WHICH WAS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FLOW OF THE WHOLE CANAL. IT WOULD PULL THE GRAPH ALONG (WEIGHED ABOUT 8-10 LBS) TO PROJECT THE TIME SEGMENT OF THE RATIO. EACH OF THESE COMPONENTS WOULD HAVE COME INTO USE AT DIFFERENT TIMES BUT THE ENTIRE SYSTEM AS WE SEE IT TODAY WOULD NOT HAVE EXISTED BEFORE THE 1960S. THE GRAPH, THEREFORE, RECORDED WATER LEVELS AND CAN BE READ IN THIS MANNER: EACH SOLID LINE VERTICALLY REPRESENTED ½ FOOT IN THE WATER LEVEL WHILE EACH INDIVIDUAL LATERAL LINE REPRESENT 1 HOUR (USUALLY THE GRAPH RECORDED AT 24 HOUR INTERVALS). THESE WOULD BE RECORDED AND BACKED UP BY CALCULATIONS THAT THE WATER SUPERVISORS WOULD MAKE AND THE WATER LEVEL-TIME RATION WOULD BE USED TO CALCULATE WATER VELOCITY. THE WHOLE SYSTEM WAS LOCATED AT “MIDDLE COULEE” (AS LABELED ON THE BOX) WHICH IS A SITE LOCATED NEAR DEVIL’S COULEE. IT IS NORTH OF RAYMOND, WEST OF WARNER IN AN AREA CALLED THE RIDGE RESERVOIR.
Catalogue Number
P20010036003
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
LANGEMANN IRRIGATION GATE
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20010036010
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LANGEMANN IRRIGATION GATE
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
270
Length
85
Width
140
Description
TALL WHITE STRUCTURE THAT HAS A METAL DOOR (GATE) THAT CAN BE RAISED OR LOWERED TO HOLD BACK OR RELEASE WATER. THERE ARE TWO CHAINS ON THE INSIDE OF THE SUPPORTS THAT FULLFILL THIS ROLE. CALIBRATED DEPTH MARKINGS ARE SEEN ON THE INSIDE OF THE SUPPORT AS WELL. TWO LARGE PLANES ARE USED TO DIRECT THE FLOW OF WATER WHILE IT IS BEING RELEASED. A METAL BEAM HANGS DOWN FROM BEHIND A HAND OPERATED WHEEL THAT IS ON THE SIDE OF THE STRUCTURE. THERE IS A LITTLE EVIDENCE OF CORROSION.
Subjects
OTHER STRUCTURE
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. *UPDATE* IN 2015 GALT CURATOR WENDY AITKENS RESEARCHED THIS IRRIGATION GATE FOR POSSIBLE INCLUSION IN AN EXHIBIT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE GATE'S INVENTOR, PETER LANGEMANN, AND ITS USE IN THE ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT WAS COMPILED USING BACK ISSUES OF THE WATER HAULER'S BULLETIN, PATENT NO. 08135892, AND LANGEMANN'S OBITUARY. PETER LANGEMANN WAS BORN IN COALDALE IN 1927 AND LIVED MOST OF HIS LIFE ON THE FARM ORIGINALLY OWNED BY HIS PARENTS, JOHN AND ANNA LANGEMANN. HE MARRIED EDNA SALAHOR IN 1969 AND THE COUPLE FARMED GRAIN AND SUGAR BEETS. LANGEMANN WAS INVOLVED WITH AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS INCLUDING THE FORBES LATERAL WATER USERS ASSOCIATION, SUGAR BEET GROWERS OF ALBERTA, AND THE BOARD OF THE ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE SMRID BOARD, LANGEMANN WORKED ON THE LOPAC GATE, WHICH WAS USED IN THE DISTRICT TO CONTROL THE FLOW OF IRRIGATION WATER. HE DEVELOPED IMPROVEMENTS TO THAT DESIGN, AND IN 1994 PATENTED THE LANGEMANN IRRIGATION GATE, WHICH IS ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED. NO MATTER WHAT VOLUME OF WATER FLOWS THROUGH A CANAL, THE LANGEMANN GATE DIVERTS A SET AMOUNT THROUGH THE TURNOUT. THE GATE IMITATES THE VARIATIONS IN WATER LEVEL ON THE UPSTREAM SIDE, SO THAT IF THE WATER LEVEL GOES UP, THE GATE RISES THE CORRESPONDING AMOUNT, FACILITATING A CONSTANT HEAD OVER THE GATE AND THEREFORE A CONSTANT FLOW OVER IT. THE GATE IS BUILT AS A SINGLE UNIT AND BOLTED TO THE EXISTING WALLS AND FLOOR OF A CONCRETE IRRIGATION TURNOUT. A PROBE ATTACHED ON THE UPSTREAM SIDE SENSES CHANGES IN WATER LEVEL AS SLIGHT AS 3MM. THE POWER TO OPERATE THE GATE IS PROVIDED BY A STANDARD CAR BATTERY, AND IT IS CONTROLLED BY TWO ELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND TRANSISTORS. THE MANUFACTURING COST OF THE LANGEMANN GATE AT THE TIME OF ITS PATENTING WAS $1000, AND LANGEMANN GAVE THE INVENTION AND HIS PATENT RIGHTS OVER TO THE ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IN 1995 THE LANGEMANN GATE WAS COMMERCIALIZED BY AQUA SYSTEMS 2000 INC., AND THE DESIGN IS STILL USED IN IRRIGATION DISTRICTS THROUGHOUT CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES. PETER LANGEMANN CONTINUED TO WORK WITH THE SMRID UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1997; HE DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 26, 2012. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20010036010
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Length
41
Width
12
Description
WOODEN FLAIL. ONE END HAS A PADDLE WITH A WIDTH THAT TAPERS FROM 12 CM AT THE TOP TO 10 CM AT THE BASE. THE PADDLE IS WELL WORN IN THE CENTER WITH A HEIGHT OF 4 CM AT THE ENDS AND 2 CM IN THE CENTER. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO THE PADDLE AND IS 16 CM LONG WITH A CIRCULAR SHAPE AT THE END OF THE HANDLE. ENGRAVED ON THE CIRCLE THE INITIALS OF DONOR’S MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER, ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, “ . . .” GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SLIGHT SPLITTING OF THE WOOD ON THE PADDLE AND AROUND THE JOINT BETWEEN THE HANDLE AND THE PADDLE. OVERALL WEAR FROM USE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. THIS WOODEN DOUKHOBOR TOOL IS CALLED A “FLAIL.” A NOTE WRITTEN BY ELSIE MORRIS THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THE FLAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION EXPLAINS, “FLAIL USED FOR BEATING OUT SEEDS. BELONGED TO ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, THEN HANDED TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH PETROVNA KONKIN WHO PASSED IT ON TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH W. MORRIS.” ALTERNATELY, IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS REMEMBERED HER GRANDMOTHER’S, “… NAME WAS JUSOULNA AND THE MIDDLE INITIAL IS THE DAUGHTER OF YVONNE. YVONNE WAS HER FATHER’S NAME AND WISHLOW WAS HER LAST NAME.” THE FLAIL AND THE BLANKET, ALSO DONATED BY MORRIS, WERE USED TOGETHER AT HARVEST TIME TO EXTRACT AND COLLECT SEEDS FROM GARDEN CROPS. ELSIE RECALLED THAT ON WINDY DAYS, “WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS, OR WHATEVER, AND WE WOULD [LAY THEM OUT ON THE BLANKET], BEAT AWAY AND THEN HOLD [THE BLANKET] UP, AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN.” THE FLAIL CONTINUED TO BE USED BY ELIZABETH “RIGHT UP TO THE END,” POSSIBLY INTO THE 1990S, AND THEREAFTER BY MORRIS. WHEN ASKED WHY SHE STOPPED USING IT HERSELF, MORRIS SAID, “I DON’T GARDEN ANYMORE. FURTHERMORE, PEAS ARE SO INEXPENSIVE THAT YOU DON’T WANT TO GO TO ALL THAT WORK... I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE HARVEST THEIR SEEDS. I THINK WE JUST GO AND BUY THEM IN PACKETS NOW.” THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. DOUKHOBOURS CAME TO CANADA IN FINAL YEARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO ESCAPE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN RUSSIA. ELIZABETH KONKIN (NEE WISHLOW) WAS BORN IN CANORA, SK ON JANUARY 22, 1907 TO HER PARENTS, PETER AND ELIZABETH WISHLOW. AT THE AGE OF 6 SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT BRILLIANT, BC, AND THEY LATER MOVED TO THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT SHOULDICE. IT WAS HERE THAT SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM KONKIN. THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE MORRIS (NÉE KONKIN), WAS BORN IN SHOULDICE IN 1928. INITIALLY, WILLIAM TRIED TO SUPPORT HIS FAMILY BY GROWING AND PEDDLING VEGETABLES. WHEN THE FAMILY RECOGNIZED THAT GARDENING WOULD NOT PROVIDE THEM WITH THE INCOME THEY NEEDED, WILLIAM VENTURED OUT TO FARM A QUARTER SECTION OF IRRIGATED LAND 120 KM (75 MILES) AWAY IN VAUXHALL. IN 1941, AFTER THREE YEARS OF FARMING REMOTELY, HE AND ELIZABETH DECIDED TO LEAVE THE ALBERTA COLONY AND RELOCATE TO VAUXHALL. MORRIS WAS 12 YEARS OLD AT THE TIME. MORRIS STATED: “… [T]HEY LEFT THE COLONY BECAUSE THERE WERE THINGS GOING ON THAT THEY DID NOT LIKE SO THEY WANTED TO FARM ON THEIR OWN. SO NOW NOBODY HAD MONEY, SO VAUXHALL HAD LAND, YOU KNOW, THAT THEY WANTED TO HAVE THE PEOPLE AND THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO PUT ANY DOWN DEPOSIT THEY JUST WERE GIVEN THE LAND AND THEY HAD TO SIGN A PAPER SAYING THEY WOULD GIVE THEM ONE FOURTH OF THE CROP EVERY YEAR. THAT WAS HOW MY DAD GOT PAID BUT WHAT MY DAD DIDN’T KNOW WAS THAT THE MONEY THAT WENT IN THERE WAS ACTUALLY PAYING OFF THE FARM SO HE WENT TO SEE MR., WHAT WAS HIS LAST NAME, HE WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE. ANYWAY HE SAID TO HIM “HOW LONG WILL IT BE BEFORE I CAN PAY OFF THIS FARM” AND HE SAYS “YOU’VE BEEN PAYING IT RIGHT ALONG YOU OWE ABOUT TWO HUNDRED AND A FEW DOLLARS”. WELL THAT WAS A REAL SURPRISE FOR THEM SO THEY GAVE THEM THE TWO HUNDRED AND WHATEVER IT WAS THAT HE OWED AND HE BECAME THE OWNER OF THE FARM." MORRIS WENT ON, ”THE DOUKHOBORS ARE AGRARIAN, THEY LIKE TO GROW THINGS THAT’S THEIR CULTURE OF OCCUPATION AND SO THE ONES WHO LIKED FRUIT MOVED TO B.C. LIKE MY UNCLE DID AND MY DAD LIKED FARMING SO HE MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THERE WERE LET’S SEE, I THINK THERE WERE FOUR OTHER FAMILIES THAT MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THREE OF THE MEN GOT TOGETHER AND DECIDED THEY WERE GOING TO GET THEIR TOOLS TOGETHER LIKE A TRACTOR AND MACHINERY THEY NEEDED AND THEN THEY WOULD TAKE TURNS…” THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
STEEL IRRIGATION FLOAT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20010036002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
STEEL IRRIGATION FLOAT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.5
Diameter
28.5
Description
STEEL FLOAT LOOKS LIKE A HOLLOW METAL DRUM WITH A SMALL METAL LOOP AT THE TOP. ACROSS THE TOP OF THE FLOAT, THERE IS WRITTEN IN RED FELT PEN "CHIN BUTTE". THE BOTTOM OF THE FLOAT SHOWS SERIOUS SIGNS OF CORROSION.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST MARY'S RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. THIS WAS LIKELY GIVEN BY THE GOVERNMENT TO THE SMRD (THE CROWN OPERATED IRRIGATION DISTRICT) FOR USE RECORDING WATER LEVELS. THE STEVENS COMPANY BEGAN AROUND 1911 AND THEIR RECORDERS BEGAN TO BE USED A BIT LATER BY THE SMRD IN THE 1930S. THE RECORDER HAD SEVERAL COMPONENTS TO IT, INCLUDING P20010036005, P20010036004 AND P20010036003 WHICH, REPRESENT THE CLOCK WEIGHT, THE STEVENS' RECORDER AND THE COUNTERWEIGHT. THE FLOAT SAT IN A RECORDING WELL (AKA CULVERT) THAT WAS JUST OFF THE CANAL STREAM AND WOULD RISE AND FALL WITH THE WATER LEVEL. THE INFORMATION THE FLOAT RECEIVED ABOUT WATER LEVELS WAS TRANSMITTED THROUGH THE SILVER COUNTERWEIGHT TO THE RECORDER BOX. THIS WAS DONE BY THE COUNTERWEIGHT BEING WRAPPED AROUND THE WHEEL SYSTEM ON THE FRONT OF THE BOX (THE BEADS ON THE COUNTERWEIGHT PREVENTED THE LINE FROM SLIPPING DUE TO AN INCREASE IN WATER KEEPING IT ON THE WHEEL AS THEY WOULD FIT INTO HOLES INSIDE OF IT), AS THE FLOAT ROSE AND FELL THE WHEEL WOULD BE PULLED ONE DIRECTION OR ANOTHER AND WOULD BE RECORDED BY THE PEN AND GRAPH. THE FUNCTION OF THE CLOCK WEIGHT WAS TO OPERATE THE TIME/WATER VELOCITY RATIO ON THE GRAPH WHICH WAS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FLOW OF THE WHOLE CANAL. IT WOULD PULL THE GRAPH ALONG (WEIGHED ABOUT 8-10 LBS) TO PROJECT THE TIME SEGMENT OF THE RATIO. EACH OF THESE COMPONENTS WOULD HAVE COME INTO USE AT DIFFERENT TIMES BUT THE ENTIRE SYSTEM AS WE SEE IT TODAY WOULD NOT HAVE EXISTED BEFORE THE 1960S. THE GRAPH, THEREFORE, RECORDED WATER LEVELS AND CAN BE READ IN THIS MANNER: EACH SOLID LINE VERTICALLY REPRESENTED ½ FOOT IN THE WATER LEVEL WHILE EACH INDIVIDUAL LATERAL LINE REPRESENT 1 HOUR (USUALLY THE GRAPH RECORDED AT 24 HOUR INTERVALS). THESE WOULD BE RECORDED AND BACKED UP BY CALCULATIONS THAT THE WATER SUPERVISORS WOULD MAKE AND THE WATER LEVEL-TIME RATION WOULD BE USED TO CALCULATE WATER VELOCITY. THE WHOLE SYSTEM WAS LOCATED AT “MIDDLE COULEE” (AS LABELED ON THE BOX) WHICH IS A SITE LOCATED NEAR DEVIL’S COULEE. IT IS NORTH OF RAYMOND, WEST OF WARNER IN AN AREA CALLED THE RIDGE RESERVOIR.
Catalogue Number
P20010036002
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CURRENT METER
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL (STAINLESS STEEL?)
Catalogue Number
P20010036012
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CURRENT METER
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
METAL (STAINLESS STEEL?)
No. Pieces
2
Height
11.0
Length
40.4
Width
11.0
Description
METER IS MADE OF POLISHED METAL (STAINLESS STEEL). AT THE FRONT END, THERE ARE 6 CONICAL CUPS WHICH ROTATE ON A WHEEL. AT THE OTHER END, STABILIZING FINS ARE FOUND EACH OF THE 4 PLANES AT A RIGHT ANGLE TO THE OTHER. ON THE TOP VERTICAL PLANE, THE NUMBER "530 263" IS STAMPED. THERE IS A KNOB ATTACHED TO THE END WITH THE WHEEL MECHANISM. ON THIS KNOB IS WRITTEN "W & L.E GURLEY TROY N.Y., U.S.A. 530283".
Subjects
MECHANICAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST. MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. MEASURED FLOW RATE OF WATER. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. FLOW RATE METERS, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS A CURRENT METERS, WERE USED FROM THE 1930S UNTIL THE 1990S AND COULD BE HOOKED UP TO EITHER THE WADING ROD OR THE WINCH-CABLE. THE WATER METER ACTED LIKE A WATER WHEEL WHICH WAS TURNED BY THE WATER FLOW. IT PROVIDED A MECHANICAL MEANS OF MEASURE THE WATER VELOCITY, SENDING AN ELECTRIC AUDIBLE SIGNAL TO EITHER THE WINCH-CABLE OR THE WADING ROD. THE SIGNAL WAS HEARD AS A SERIES OF BEEPS BY THE OPERATOR, WHO WORE HEADPHONES. THE METER’S ARMS WERE PUSHED IN A CYCLICAL MOTION BY THE CURRENT, MOVING A TINY WIRE INSIDE THE CENTER CASE (METAL CYLINDER IN THE CENTER OF WATER WHEEL) WHICH, COMPLETED A CIRCUIT PERIODICALLY (HOWEVER FAST THE WATER MOVED WAS HOW OFTEN THIS CIRCUIT WOULD BE COMPLETED) SENDING AN ELECTRICAL PULSE TO A PART OF THE WINCH AND CABLE SYSTEM WHICH WOULD EMIT A BEEP (THE ONE MENTIONED BEING RECORDED BY THE WADING ROD AND WINCH CABLE). THERE WERE MANY ISSUES WITH THIS PIECE OF EQUIPMENT BUT THE MOST OBVIOUS WAS THE CONSTRAINTS OF WATER DEPTH REQUIRED IN ORDER FOR IT TO WORK. ADDITIONALLY, THE METER HAD TO BE SENT IN EVERY YEAR TO A MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN FOR CALIBRATION OR TO CONFIRM THAT NOTHING HAD CHANGED SINCE THE LAST INSPECTION. THOUGH IT WAS FAIRLY ACCURATE, THE METER WAS RATHER TIME CONSUMING TO OPERATE.
Catalogue Number
P20010036012
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19950041002
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.2
Length
9.5
Width
7.6
Description
GREEN POLYESTER PATCH WITH GOLD AND WHITE EMBROIDERING. PATCH IS RECTANGULAR IN SHAPE WITH ROUNDED CORNERS AND GOLD EMBROIDERED EDGING. EMBROIDERED IN GOLD ACROSS TOP ID "GRASS TURNS TO GOLD". AT CENTER EMBROIDERED IN SILVER IS THE LETHBRIDGE BRIDGE WITH SHEEPS HEAD OVER TOP. ACROSS BOTTOM EMBROIDERED IN SILVER IS "SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
BUSINESS
AGRICULTURE
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF OBJECTS THAT INCLUDED THOSE DONATED BY THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDER'S ASSOCIATION. THE FOLLOWING HISTORY OF THE GROUP WAS EXCERPTED FROM A DOCUMENT IN THE PERMANENT FILE THAT IS CREDITED TO THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES (NO AUTHOR IS LISTED) AND WAS LIKELY DRAFTED TO ACCOMPANY THE ASSOCIATIONS' FONDS AT THE TIME OF THEIR ACQUISITION BY THE GLENBOW (1985 - 2007). "IN ORDER TO GET BETTER PRICES FOR THEIR PRODUCT, SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP MEN BEGAN ORGANIZING AS EARLY AS 1912. IN 1914, THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA WOOL GROWERS ASSOCIATION WAS ORGANIZED, WITH ITS HEAD OFFICE IN LETHBRIDGE. ITS PURPOSE WAS TO COOPERATIVELY MARKET THE WOOL OF ITS MEMBERS. THE ASSOCIATION... SOON PUSHED FOR THE FORMATION OF A NATION-WIDE MARKETING ORGANIZATION. IT WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE FORMATION, IN 1918, OF THE CANADIAN COOPERATIVE WOOL GROWERS LTD., THE CENTRAL SELLING AGENT FOR CANADIAN WOOL PRODUCERS... IN 1923 THE ASSOCIATION WAS INCORPORATED... AND CHANGED ITS NAME TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS LTD... EVERY MEMBER OF THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA WOOL GROWERS RECEIVED ONE SHARE IN THE NEW COMPANY, WHOSE STATED OBJECT WAS 'TO TRY AND HANDLE ANY MATTERS LOOKING TOWARDS THE BETTERMENT OF THE SHEEP INDUSTRY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA.' DURING WORLD WAR I THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SET UP THE CANADIAN WOOL BOARD TO FIX WOOL PRICES AND CONTROL MARKETING. THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS LTD. WAS LICENSED BY THE BOARD AS THE RECEIVER FOR THE DISTRICT. AT THE END OF THE WAR A NEW WAREHOUSE WAS BUILT IN LETHBRIDGE [AT 918 1ST AVENUE SOUTH] TO FACILITATE THE HANDLING AND GRADING OF WOOL." AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, THE ASSOCIATION WAS STILL OPERATING UNDER THE ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS ASSOCIATION AND IS AFFILIATED WITH THE ALBERTA LAMB PRODUCERS ORGANIZATION.
Catalogue Number
P19950041002
Acquisition Date
1995-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19950041003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
1
Length
2.5
Width
2
Diameter
1.1
Description
RECTANGULAR ALUMINUM PIN WITH GOLD AND GREEN COLORING. PIN HAS GOLD BORDERED EDGING. PRINTED ACROSS TOP IN GOLD IS "GRASS TUENS TO GOLD". IN MIDDLE OF PIN IS GOLD COLORED LETHBRIDGE BRIDGE WITH WHITE MOUNTAINS IN BACKGROUND. SET ON TOP OF BRIDGE IS WHITE WHEEP WITH GOLD EARS AND GREY MUZZLE. ACROSS BOTTOM IN GOLD IS "SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS". BACK OF PIN IS PAINTED GOLD AND HAS CHECKED PATTERN LAID INTO METAL. IN AREA OF LOW RELIEF IS HALF A MAPLE LEAF AND "C.I.E (306-933-4880) MADE IN TAIWAN". MOUNTED AT MIDDLE OF BACK IS PIN WITH CIRCULAR BRASS BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
ADVERTISING MEDIUM
Historical Association
BUSINESS
AGRICULTURE
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF OBJECTS THAT INCLUDED THOSE DONATED BY THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDER'S ASSOCIATION. THE FOLLOWING HISTORY OF THE GROUP WAS EXCERPTED FROM A DOCUMENT IN THE PERMANENT FILE THAT IS CREDITED TO THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES (NO AUTHOR IS LISTED) AND WAS LIKELY DRAFTED TO ACCOMPANY THE ASSOCIATIONS' FONDS AT THE TIME OF THEIR ACQUISITION BY THE GLENBOW (1985 - 2007). "IN ORDER TO GET BETTER PRICES FOR THEIR PRODUCT, SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP MEN BEGAN ORGANIZING AS EARLY AS 1912. IN 1914, THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA WOOL GROWERS ASSOCIATION WAS ORGANIZED, WITH ITS HEAD OFFICE IN LETHBRIDGE. ITS PURPOSE WAS TO COOPERATIVELY MARKET THE WOOL OF ITS MEMBERS. THE ASSOCIATION... SOON PUSHED FOR THE FORMATION OF A NATION-WIDE MARKETING ORGANIZATION. IT WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE FORMATION, IN 1918, OF THE CANADIAN COOPERATIVE WOOL GROWERS LTD., THE CENTRAL SELLING AGENT FOR CANADIAN WOOL PRODUCERS... IN 1923 THE ASSOCIATION WAS INCORPORATED... AND CHANGED ITS NAME TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS LTD... EVERY MEMBER OF THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA WOOL GROWERS RECEIVED ONE SHARE IN THE NEW COMPANY, WHOSE STATED OBJECT WAS 'TO TRY AND HANDLE ANY MATTERS LOOKING TOWARDS THE BETTERMENT OF THE SHEEP INDUSTRY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA.' DURING WORLD WAR I THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SET UP THE CANADIAN WOOL BOARD TO FIX WOOL PRICES AND CONTROL MARKETING. THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS LTD. WAS LICENSED BY THE BOARD AS THE RECEIVER FOR THE DISTRICT. AT THE END OF THE WAR A NEW WAREHOUSE WAS BUILT IN LETHBRIDGE [AT 918 1ST AVENUE SOUTH] TO FACILITATE THE HANDLING AND GRADING OF WOOL." AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, THE ASSOCIATION WAS STILL OPERATING UNDER THE ALBERTA SHEEP BREEDERS ASSOCIATION AND IS AFFILIATED WITH THE ALBERTA LAMB PRODUCERS ORGANIZATION.
Catalogue Number
P19950041003
Acquisition Date
1995-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WADING ROD
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL (STAINLESS STEEL)
Catalogue Number
P20010036008
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WADING ROD
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
METAL (STAINLESS STEEL)
No. Pieces
3
Height
4.2
Length
140.7
Width
8.9
Description
1. ROD IS LONG, NARROW, AND MADE OUT OF A SILVER METAL (STAINLESS STEEL?). ROD IS NOTCHED ALL THE WAY TO THE BOTTOM (MEASURMENT UNITS). AT THE TOP THERE IS A HANDLE, WITH WHAT LOOKS LIKE A PLUNGER THAT IS SPRING OPERATED. AN ELECTRICAL CORD RUNS DOWN THE ROD TO A POINT WHERE IT SPLITS INTO TWO SECTIONS. THE FIRST SECTION ENDS AT A CONNECTED POINT NEAR THE BOTTOM THAT HAS A BLUE CAP. THE OTHER END IS LOOSE. 2. THE SECOND PART OF THIS ARTIFACT PLUGS INTO THE TOP OF THE ROD AT AN INLET ATTACHED TO A WIRE THAT HANGS DOWN. THIS BOX IS AN AUDIBLE BEEP BOX AND WHEN THE LOOSE ELECTRICAL WIRE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE ROD TOUCHES THE RECTANGULAR POST NEXT TO THE ROAD IT WILL EMIT A SOUND. THE BOX IS A LIGHT BATTLESHIP GREY WITH A BLACK SPEAKER, AND A METAL LOOP FOR HANGING. 3. NICKEL PLATED BRASS DISC WITH SMALL CYLINDER WELDED TO CENTRE OF DISC. DISC INSCRIBED "159177" AND STAMPED "66 11".
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT TO MEASURE THE DEPTH AND FLOW OF WATER. "RAYOVAC" 9 VOLT BATTERY REMOVED FROM ELECTRONIC BOX (#2) IN SEPT 2008 TO AVOID DAMAGE. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. THE WADING ROD WAS AN INSTRUMENT THAT ALSO MEASURED WATER VELOCITY BUT IN AREAS OF SHALLOW WATER (LESS THAN 4 FEET) WHERE A BRIDGE WAS NOT AVAILABLE AND A GAUGING CART WAS NOT PRACTICAL. WATER TECHNICIANS WOULD WADE OUT INTO THE CANAL TO TAKE READINGS OF THE VELOCITY ON A CROSS-SECTION (SEVERAL POINTS ALONG THE CHANGING CANAL BED CONSTITUTE A CROSS-SECTION) TO DETERMINE WATER FLOW ACROSS A SPECIFIC AREA OF THE CANAL. THE ELECTRONIC BOX SENT OUT BEEPS TO INFORM THE TECHNICIAN, WEARING HEADPHONES, OF THE WATER FLOW. HE NOTED THE NUMBER OF BEEPS OVER A SPECIFIC INTERVAL. IT HAD A SMALLER VERSION OF THE FLOW RATE METER TO DETERMINE VELOCITY. THE SYSTEM WAS NOT OVERLY EFFECTIVE BECAUSE IT DID NOT GIVE A TRUE CROSS SECTION OF THE CANAL BECAUSE OF THE OPERATOR’S LIMITED ABILITIES AND BECAUSE IT WAS DANGEROUS FOR THE TECHNICIANS TO WADE OUT IN THE CANAL - THOUGH ENJOYABLE DURING SOME OF THE HOT SUMMER DAYS. THIS METHOD HAS BEEN MOSTLY REPLACED BY DIFFERENT TYPES OF SONAR RECORDERS PLACED ON THE BEDS OF CANALS WHICH GIVE BETTER CROSS-SECTIONS. HOWEVER, VERSIONS OF THIS TYPE OF EQUIPMENT ARE STILL IN USE AS OF 2008.
Catalogue Number
P20010036008
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WATER SPRINKLER
Date Range From
1971
Date Range To
2006
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20060032014
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WATER SPRINKLER
Date Range From
1971
Date Range To
2006
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
16
Length
18
Width
10
Description
SPRINKLER WITH PALE GREEN PAINT THAT IS CHIPPED AWAY IN MOST AREAS. WEAR IS EVIDENT ACROSS BODY. SPRINKLER NOZZLE OPERATES WITHIN HEART SHAPED FRAME. UNDERNEATH BASE IS EMBOSSED "MADE IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA".
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR TREVOR BENNET AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECIEVED THE SPRINKLER IN JUNE OF 1971. APPARENTLY, HE DROVE PAST FLEETWOOD SCHOOL AFTER CLASSES HAD BEEN LET OUT. HE NOTICED THAT MATERIALS WERE BEING REMOVED FROM THE PREMISES. BENNET SAID, "I RECALL WALKING UP TO THE CARETAKER AND ASKING FOR A LAWN SPRINKLER TO REMEMBER MY SCHOOL FROM. I HAD ATTENDED FLEETWOOD FROM 1956-1960, GRADES 3-6. THE SPRINKLER WAS HANDED TO ME AND I WENT ON MY WAY." THE SPRINKLER FORMED PART OF A 100 PIECE COLLECTION. ACCORDING TO BENNET, HIS INTEREST IN COLLECTING SPRINKLERS DEVELOPED WHEN HE "TOOK A PUBLIC SPEAKING COURSE AT UNIVERSITY ONE SUMMER. WE DREW LOTS AND I WAS THE LAST TO SPEAK. I KNEW THAT I NEEDED A UNIQUE TOPIC. FOR INSPIRATION I WENT TO GARAGE SALES ONE SATURDY MORNING. I WAS IMPRESSED BY THE NOVELTY OF METAL SPRINKLERS I SAW - WENT TO THE BANK AND WITHDREW $100. I PURCHASED AS MANY DIFFERENT SPRINKLERS AS I COULD FIND. I RESEARCHED MY TOPIC - 'WATERING YOUR LAWN: PROS AND CONS.' MY TOPIC WENT OVER WELL WITH THE CLASS." SINCE THEN, THE DONOR HAS CONTINUED TO COLLECT SPRINKLERS. HE SAID "THE GLENBOW HAS TWENTY FIVE OF MY SPRINKLERS - WHICH I BELIEVE IS THE LARGEST MUSEUM COLLECTION IN CANADA."
Catalogue Number
P20060032014
Acquisition Date
2006-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CLOCK WEIGHT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20010036005
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CLOCK WEIGHT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
16.5
Diameter
7.5
Description
LARGE BLACK CYLINDER WITH A SMALL LOOP AT THE TOP WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN USED TO SUSPEND THE WEIGHT. IT HAS A PITTED SURFACE WITH A COMPARABLY SMOOTH BOTTOM. THERE ARE NO OTHER MARKS ON THE ARTIFACT.
Subjects
TIMEKEEPING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. THIS WAS LIKELY GIVEN BY THE GOVERNMENT TO THE SMRD (THE CROWN OPERATED IRRIGATION DISTRICT) FOR USE RECORDING WATER LEVELS. THE STEVENS COMPANY BEGAN AROUND 1911 AND THEIR RECORDERS BEGAN TO BE USED A BIT LATER BY THE SMRD IN THE 1930S. THE RECORDER HAD SEVERAL COMPONENTS TO IT, INCLUDING P20010036004, P20010036002 AND P20010036003 WHICH, REPRESENTS THE STEVENS' RECORDER, THE FLOAT AND THE SILVER COUNTERWEIGHT. THE FLOAT SAT IN A RECORDING WELL (AKA CULVERT) THAT WAS JUST OFF THE CANAL STREAM AND WOULD RISE AND FALL WITH THE WATER LEVEL. THE INFORMATION THE FLOAT RECEIVED ABOUT WATER LEVELS WAS TRANSMITTED THROUGH THE SILVER COUNTERWEIGHT TO THE RECORDER BOX. THIS WAS DONE BY THE COUNTERWEIGHT BEING WRAPPED AROUND THE WHEEL SYSTEM ON THE FRONT OF THE BOX (THE BEADS ON THE COUNTERWEIGHT PREVENTED THE LINE FROM SLIPPING DUE TO AN INCREASE IN WATER KEEPING IT ON THE WHEEL AS THEY WOULD FIT INTO HOLES INSIDE OF IT), AS THE FLOAT ROSE AND FELL THE WHEEL WOULD BE PULLED ONE DIRECTION OR ANOTHER AND WOULD BE RECORDED BY THE PEN AND GRAPH. THE FUNCTION OF THE CLOCK WEIGHT WAS TO OPERATE THE TIME/WATER VELOCITY RATIO ON THE GRAPH WHICH WAS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FLOW OF THE WHOLE CANAL. IT WOULD PULL THE GRAPH ALONG (WEIGHED ABOUT 8-10 LBS) TO PROJECT THE TIME SEGMENT OF THE RATIO. EACH OF THESE COMPONENTS WOULD HAVE COME INTO USE AT DIFFERENT TIMES BUT THE ENTIRE SYSTEM AS WE SEE IT TODAY WOULD NOT HAVE EXISTED BEFORE THE 1960S. THE GRAPH, THEREFORE, RECORDED WATER LEVELS AND CAN BE READ IN THIS MANNER: EACH SOLID LINE VERTICALLY REPRESENTED ½ FOOT IN THE WATER LEVEL WHILE EACH INDIVIDUAL LATERAL LINE REPRESENT 1 HOUR (USUALLY THE GRAPH RECORDED AT 24 HOUR INTERVALS). THESE WOULD BE RECORDED AND BACKED UP BY CALCULATIONS THAT THE WATER SUPERVISORS WOULD MAKE AND THE WATER LEVEL-TIME RATION WOULD BE USED TO CALCULATE WATER VELOCITY. THE WHOLE SYSTEM WAS LOCATED AT “MIDDLE COULEE” (AS LABELED ON THE BOX) WHICH IS A SITE LOCATED NEAR DEVIL’S COULEE. IT IS NORTH OF RAYMOND, WEST OF WARNER IN AN AREA CALLED THE RIDGE RESERVOIR.
Catalogue Number
P20010036005
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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