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Date Range From
1840
Date Range To
1895
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TIN
Catalogue Number
P19738062000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1840
Date Range To
1895
Materials
TIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Diameter
3.8
Description
GREEN PAINTED LID, PRINTED ON LID, "PERCUSSION CAPS, CENTRAL FIRE SHEFFIELD, XL, FOIL LINED, WATERPROOF". BOX IS EMPTY. RUSTED SHUT. RUST HOLES IN BOTTOM. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
LEISURE
Catalogue Number
P19738062000
Acquisition Date
1973-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SNIDER-ENFIELD MARK 1 (1862)
Date Range From
1866
Date Range To
1875
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19640185000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SNIDER-ENFIELD MARK 1 (1862)
Date Range From
1866
Date Range To
1875
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
96.0
Width
12.7
Description
S/N 329E CROWN 6 ON STOCK RING. CALIBRE .577 ENFIELD. "3B17 B CROWN TI" ON BARREL. ROMAN NUMERAL 2 & TWO STARS ON BREECH. "CROWN TI". "14B" TWICE ON BREECH BLOCK. "329", "B.S.A. CO." "E CROWN 28" ON TRIGGER GUARD. "Z CROWN 6", "4"27 "263" ON BUTT PLATE. "DIAMOND OUTLINE WITH DC IN MIDDLE" ON BUTT STOCK. HALF STOCK CARBINE. NO FRONT SIGHT. "ENFIELD 1862" STAMPED ON LOCK PLATE. REFER TO CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ENGLAND. CONVERTED TO A CARBINE & USED BY DOMINION OF CANADA FOR TRAINEES. PURCHASED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE, INVOICES #3874 AND 3519. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, A PORTION OF WHICH WERE DONATED BY BOB FAULDS. A NOTICE FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON APRIL 1, 1991 LISTS THE DONOR AS DECEASED. CONTACT INFORMATION FOR NEXT OF KIN WAS NOT FOUND. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640184000-GA FOR HARDCOPY OF NOTICE. *UPDATE* IN 2019 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY THAT INCLUDED A NUMBER OF BARBER-RELATED INSTRUMENTS DONATED BY BOB FAULDS. HIS FULL NAME WAS ROBERT ERNEST FAULDS. ATTEMPTS MADE TO MAKE CONTACT HIS NEXT-OF-KIN WERE UNSUCCESSFUL. AN OBITUARY FOUND IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD FOR FAULDS STATES, “BORN, RAISED AND EDUCATED IN TABER, ALBERTA, BOB SPENT THE MAJORITY OF HIS LIFE IN LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WORKED AS A BARBER AT WESTBROOKS BARBER SHOP, LATER OWNING HIS OWN BUSINESS CALLED BOB’S BARBER SHOP.” JAMES AND HAROLD WESTBROOK WERE THE ORIGINAL PROPRIETORS OF THE WESTBROOKS BARBER SHOP. IT OPENED IN 1917 IN THE BLENNER-HASSETT BLOCK AT 303 6TH STREET SOUTH (LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD, 21 JULY 1917). FURTHER RESEARCH INTO HIS BARBER CAREER FOUND A RETIREMENT NOTICE PUBLISHED IN THE HERALD WHICH READS “R. E. FAULDS: I WOULD LIKE TO ANNOUNCE THAT AFTER 48 YEARS OF BARBERING, I WILL BE RETIRING, EFFECTIVE AUGUST 1, 1987.” IN ADDITION TO A SEPTEMBER 6, 1939 PUBLICATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD STATES “… SOME TABER YOUNG MEN APPLIED [FOR THE WAR], AMONG THEM ROBT. FAULDS, JR., OLDEST SON OF THE LATE CHIEF FAULDS, WHO WEEKS AGO OPENED A NEW BARBER SHOP IN TOWN.” FAULDS’ OBITUARY STATES HE “MARRIED OLIVE CARDWELL [1916-2005] ON MARCH 4, 1942, AND TOGETHER THEY RESIDED IN LETHBRIDGE UNTIL HIS PASSING.” THEIR CHILDREN WERE ROBERT THOMAS AND PHILLIP RONALD. BOB FAULDS PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 14, 1991 AT THE AGE OF 73 YEARS. REFERENCE TO FAULDS’ DONATIONS TO THE MUSEUM WERE FOUND IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THERE WAS AN IMAGE PUBLISHED OF MUSEUM OFFICIALS ALONG WITH FAULDS TAKING DOWN HIS BARBER POLE FROM ITS 6TH STREET LOCATION (NOVEMBER 29, 1965). A LINE IN THE MARCH 9, 1964 EDITION OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD READS, “FAULDS TURNED UP [AT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE MUSEUM] WITH TWO STRAIGHT RAZORS. THE SHAVERS ARE MORE THAN 100 YEARS OLD.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640121000 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING COPIES OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P19640185000
Acquisition Date
1964-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
INDIGENOUS RIFLE CASE
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, FLANNEL, BEADWORK
Catalogue Number
P19738051000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
INDIGENOUS RIFLE CASE
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BUCKSKIN, FLANNEL, BEADWORK
No. Pieces
1
Length
73.6
Width
15.2
Description
TRIMMED WITH RED FLANNEL. GEOMETRIC BEADWORK DESIGNS IN RED, GREEN, YELLOW, BLACK, BLUE AT TOP & TOE OF CASE. CASE EMBRITTLED. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
DONOR ROBERT “BOB” GARDNER OF SALMON ARM, BC INFORMED MUSEUM TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN OF A FEW RIFLE CASE-RELATED MEMORIES BY PHONE ON 22 JUNE 2011. AT THE TIME OF THE CALL, MR. GARDNER WAS 84 YEARS OLD. MR. GARDNER CLAIMED THE RIFLE CASE WAS A GIFT FROM FAMILY FRIEND MS. JESSIE CONN. CONN WAS GARDNER’S MIDDLE-SCHOOL LCI TYPING TEACHER IN GRADES 9 & 10 (1937). HIS BEST GUESS WAS THAT THE CASE WAS RECEIVED FROM HER IN THE LATE 40S. WHEN ASKED HOW CONN CAME TO POSSESS THE CASE, GARDNER’S REPLY WAS TO SUPPOSE IT WAS FROM A “PIONEER”. AS HIS FAMILY’S FRIEND, CONN WAS AWARE OF HIS OWNERSHIP OF A .22 RIFLE AND GAVE IT TO HIM IN ORDER TO COVER IT. GARDNER NOTED, HOWEVER, THAT THE COVER “NEVER FIT PROPERLY” ON ACCOUNT THAT “THE REAR SIGHT WAS TOO HIGH”. REAL AND POTENTIAL DAMAGE POSED TO THE CASE, THEREFORE, MOVED GARDNER TO DONATE IT TO THE GALT MUSEUM. THE RIFLE WAS GIVEN IN RECENT DECADES (EARLY 90S) TO HIS DAUGHTER DAWN. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19651425000 FOR MORE INFORMATION ON JESSIE CONN.
Catalogue Number
P19738051000
Acquisition Date
1970-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ENGLISH TYPE GUN FLINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHALCEDONY
Catalogue Number
P19738044000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ENGLISH TYPE GUN FLINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1870
Materials
CHALCEDONY
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
3.3
Width
3.0
Description
LARGE SPALL OFF STRIKING EDGE. BUFF COLOURED.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
Catalogue Number
P19738044000
Acquisition Date
1973-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19738189000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.2
Length
21.5
Width
2.7
Description
SIZE: .44 W.C.F.. STAMPED ON HANDLE "44 WCF". USED FOR MOULDING SINGLE .44 CAL. LEAD BULLETS. SWING GATE ON TOP OF MOULD HEAD. SURFACE CORRODED.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
LEISURE
History
REF: MONTGOMERY WARD CATALOG 1894, PERHAPS USED EARLY AS 1866
Catalogue Number
P19738189000
Acquisition Date
1973-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
MATERNITY HALF-SLIP
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1890
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON/LINEN
Catalogue Number
P19920058012
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MATERNITY HALF-SLIP
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1890
Materials
COTTON/LINEN
No. Pieces
1
Length
83.0
Width
110.0
Description
WHITE. TOP, FRONT OF SLIP HAS 2 HORIZONTAL STRIPS, ACROSS STOMACH. BELOW THIS, THE REST OF THE SKIRT IS GATHERED INTO TINY PLEATS. AT THE BOTTOM OF THE SKIRT, IT IS ENCIRCLED BY SEVEN BANDS OF FABRIC. THE BANDS ALTERNATE FROM A PATTERN OF RAISED HORIZONTAL LINES, TO A TRANSLUCENT HONEYCOMB PATTERN. BOTTOM EDGE OF SKIRT IS TRIMMED WITH LACE. BACK OF SKIRT HAS A SMALL SLIT AT WAISTLINE. THERE IS ONE TIE ON BACK (OTHER ONE IS MISSING) FOR CLOSING PETTICOAT. MANY OF THE SEAMS ARE LOOSE; HAS YELLOW STAINS ON IT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-UNDERWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
INTENT TO DONATE IDENTIFIED THIS AS A MATERNITY SLIP, HOWEVER MATERNITY SLIPS GENERALLY HAVE ELASTIC ACROSS STOMACH SO THEY STRETCH; THIS DOES NOT. SEE P19920058006-GA FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED BY MARJORIE WELCH'S MOTHER, NORA EVERSON. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE SHERLOCK/MACLEOD FAMILY, SEE RECORDS P19960108000 AND P19740093000.
Catalogue Number
P19920058012
Acquisition Date
1993-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT
Date Range From
10500
Date Range To
9900BP
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHALCEDONY
Catalogue Number
P19739205000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT
Date Range From
10500
Date Range To
9900BP
Materials
CHALCEDONY
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.5
Length
5.5
Width
1.6
Description
MOTTLED BROWN-GREY CHALCEDONY. OFFSET STRAIGHT BASE; FAIRLY POINTED TIP. ONE LATERAL EDGE CONVEX; ONE IS STRAIGHT. CONVEX CROSS SECTION. BIFACIAL FLAKING. 'LANCEOLATE' OR LEAF-SHAPED POINT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-EDGED
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE. IN 2009, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE PLAINS ARCHAEOLOGY STUDENT FALLON MAHAR SURVEYED THE GALT'S POINT AND STONE TOOL COLLECTION AND, USING A TEMPLATE DEVELOPED IN COORDINATION WITH PROF. BUBEL AND REFERENCE BOOK "ALBERTA IN STONE", PROVIDED FEEDBACK ON THE GALT'S COLLECTION. CONCEQUENTLY, THIS RECORD WAS REVISED TO NO LONGER DEFINE THE ARTIFACT'S 'OTHER NAME' AS ASYMETRICAL BIFACE, BUT AS A AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT. FINALLY, SHE FELT THE PREVIOUS 1850-1900 DATE WAS INCORRECT, PROVIDED A NEW "EARLY PERIOD" DATE.
Catalogue Number
P19739205000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
IRON TRADE POINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON
Catalogue Number
P19683281000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
IRON TRADE POINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1900
Materials
IRON
No. Pieces
1
Length
31.4
Width
6.3
Description
SOFT IRON, HAMMERED & CUT. T-BAR SHANK. HEAVILY CORRODED, SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-EDGED
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
HISTORIC FUR TRADE ITEM, FOUND BY DONOR IN FARROW CREEK, SOUTH OF PINCHER CREEK, AB.
Catalogue Number
P19683281000
Acquisition Date
1968-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT
Date Range From
10500
Date Range To
9000 BP
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHALCEDONY
Catalogue Number
P19739212000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT
Date Range From
10500
Date Range To
9000 BP
Materials
CHALCEDONY
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.4
Length
4.4
Width
1.6
Description
MOTTLED BROWN CHALCEDONY, LANCEOLATE TYPE OF POINT WITH A STRAIGHT BASE WHICH IS BIFACIALLY THINNED. NO BASAL GRINDING. CONVEX CROSS SECTION & LATERAL EDGES. BIFACIALLY FLAKED. LANCEOLATE SHAPE
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-EDGED
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIGENOUS CULTURE. IN 2009, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE PLAINS ARCHAEOLOGY STUDENT FALLON MAHAR SURVEYED THE GALT'S POINT AND STONE TOOL COLLECTION AND, USING A TEMPLATE DEVELOPED IN COORDINATION WITH PROF. BUBEL AND REFERENCE BOOK "ALBERTA IN STONE", PROVIDED FEEDBACK ON THE GALT'S COLLECTION. CONCEQUENTLY, SHE FELT THE POINT MAY BE AN "AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT", BUT NOTED THE POINT IS "A LITTLE SMALLER THEN AVERAGE". ADDITIONALLY, MAHAR QUESTIONED THE RECORD'S ORIGINAL 1700 DATE , PROPOSING IT'S CLOSER TO 10500 - 9900 BP (EARLY PERIOD). IN 2009, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE PLAINS ARCHAEOLOGY STUDENT FALLON MAHAR SURVEYED THE GALT'S POINT AND STONE TOOL COLLECTION AND, USING A TEMPLATE DEVELOPED IN COORDINATION WITH PROF. BUBEL AND REFERENCE BOOK "ALBERTA IN STONE", PROVIDED FEEDBACK ON THE GALT'S COLLECTION. CONCEQUENTLY, THIS RECORD WAS REVISED TO NO LONGER DEFINE THE ARTIFACT'S 'OTHER NAME' AS ASYMETRICAL BIFACE, BUT AS A AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT. FINALLY, SHE FELT THE PREVIOUS 1850-1900 DATE WAS INCORRECT, PROVIDED A NEW "EARLY PERIOD" DATE.
Catalogue Number
P19739212000
Acquisition Date
1973-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1600
Date Range To
1875
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON OR STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19800120000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1600
Date Range To
1875
Materials
IRON OR STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.15
Length
5.3
Width
2.3
Description
STAMPED OR CUT FROM SHEET IRON. CUT MARKS VISIBLE ON STEM. EDGES GROUND TO SHARPNESS. COVERED WITH SURFACE RUST & PATINATION. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-EDGED
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
A TRADE POINT, PROBABLY ORIGINATING FROM THE AMERICAN TRADERS ALONG THE UPPER MISSOURI RIVER. THE CUT-OUT SHEET IRON STYLE WAS COMMON ON THE MISSOURI RIVER. THE H.B. CO. PRODUCED FORGED POINTS IN CANADA, WHICH DIFFER SIGNIFICANTLY IN APPEARANCE TO THE U.S. STYLE BLADE. FOUND BY DONOR IIN HOME LOCATED IN LETHBRIDGE. THE HOME HAD SEVERAL PREVIOUS OWNERS, & DONOR DOES NOT KNOW HOW POINT CAME TO BE IN THE HOUSE OR ITS PROVENANCE. IN 2009, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE PLAINS ARCHAEOLOGY STUDENT FALLON MAHAR SURVEYED THE GALT'S POINT AND STONE TOOL COLLECTION AND, USING A TEMPLATE DEVELOPED IN COORDINATION WITH PROF. BUBEL AND REFERENCE BOOK "ALBERTA IN STONE", PROVIDED FEEDBACK ON THE GALT'S COLLECTION. CONCEQUENTLY, MAHAR QUESTIONED THE RECORD'S ORIGINAL 1830 - 1875 DATE, PROPOSING IT MAY BE AS EARLY AS THE 1600'S (POST EUROPEAN CONTACT).
Catalogue Number
P19800120000
Acquisition Date
1979-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ADAMS CAP & BALL 44 CALIBRE
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19640289000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ADAMS CAP & BALL 44 CALIBRE
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
27.3
Width
12.7
Description
S/N 83746 CALIBRE .44 CAP & BALL. 5 SHOT ADAMS REVOLVER. BUTT, FRAME AND TRIGGER GUARD DECORATED WITH INCISED LINES. OCTAGONAL BARREL. PROBABLY SINGLE ACTION. EQUIPPED WITH SIDE LEVER RAM ROD OR LOADING LEVER. WOODEN GRIPS BOTH SPLIT. TRIGGER CAMS AND SPRINGS MISSING. PART OF LOADING LEVER MECHANISM MISSING. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
MILITARY
SPORTS
History
LIMITED USE IN AMERICAN CIVIL WAR, MOST COMMONLY PRODUCED FOR NON-MILITARY USE. CITY OF LETHBRIDGE INVOICES #3519 & 3874. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, A PORTION OF WHICH WERE DONATED BY BOB FAULDS. A NOTICE FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON APRIL 1, 1991 LISTS THE DONOR AS DECEASED. CONTACT INFORMATION FOR NEXT OF KIN WAS NOT FOUND. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640184000-GA FOR HARDCOPY OF NOTICE. *UPDATE* IN 2019 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY THAT INCLUDED A NUMBER OF BARBER-RELATED INSTRUMENTS DONATED BY BOB FAULDS. HIS FULL NAME WAS ROBERT ERNEST FAULDS. ATTEMPTS MADE TO MAKE CONTACT HIS NEXT-OF-KIN WERE UNSUCCESSFUL. AN OBITUARY FOUND IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD FOR FAULDS STATES, “BORN, RAISED AND EDUCATED IN TABER, ALBERTA, BOB SPENT THE MAJORITY OF HIS LIFE IN LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WORKED AS A BARBER AT WESTBROOKS BARBER SHOP, LATER OWNING HIS OWN BUSINESS CALLED BOB’S BARBER SHOP.” JAMES AND HAROLD WESTBROOK WERE THE ORIGINAL PROPRIETORS OF THE WESTBROOKS BARBER SHOP. IT OPENED IN 1917 IN THE BLENNER-HASSETT BLOCK AT 303 6TH STREET SOUTH (LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD, 21 JULY 1917). FURTHER RESEARCH INTO HIS BARBER CAREER FOUND A RETIREMENT NOTICE PUBLISHED IN THE HERALD WHICH READS “R. E. FAULDS: I WOULD LIKE TO ANNOUNCE THAT AFTER 48 YEARS OF BARBERING, I WILL BE RETIRING, EFFECTIVE AUGUST 1, 1987.” IN ADDITION TO A SEPTEMBER 6, 1939 PUBLICATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD STATES “… SOME TABER YOUNG MEN APPLIED [FOR THE WAR], AMONG THEM ROBT. FAULDS, JR., OLDEST SON OF THE LATE CHIEF FAULDS, WHO WEEKS AGO OPENED A NEW BARBER SHOP IN TOWN.” FAULDS’ OBITUARY STATES HE “MARRIED OLIVE CARDWELL [1916-2005] ON MARCH 4, 1942, AND TOGETHER THEY RESIDED IN LETHBRIDGE UNTIL HIS PASSING.” THEIR CHILDREN WERE ROBERT THOMAS AND PHILLIP RONALD. BOB FAULDS PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 14, 1991 AT THE AGE OF 73 YEARS. REFERENCE TO FAULDS’ DONATIONS TO THE MUSEUM WERE FOUND IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THERE WAS AN IMAGE PUBLISHED OF MUSEUM OFFICIALS ALONG WITH FAULDS TAKING DOWN HIS BARBER POLE FROM ITS 6TH STREET LOCATION (NOVEMBER 29, 1965). A LINE IN THE MARCH 9, 1964 EDITION OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD READS, “FAULDS TURNED UP [AT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE MUSEUM] WITH TWO STRAIGHT RAZORS. THE SHAVERS ARE MORE THAN 100 YEARS OLD.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640121000 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING COPIES OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P19640289000
Acquisition Date
1964-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
KNIFE SHEATH
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAWHIDE, IRON, GLASS BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19790235000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KNIFE SHEATH
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
RAWHIDE, IRON, GLASS BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
21.0 (SHEATH)
Width
6.4
Description
60.3 CM SLING. RAWHIDE SHEATH WITH OUTSIDE FACE COMPLETELY DECORATED WITH GLASS SEED BEADS -GREEN, BLUE, BROWN, PIN, WHITE, LIME (IN GEOMETRIC PATTERNS OF TRIANGLES & CROSSES) SOME BEADS MISSING NEAR THE TIP OF THE SHEATH. A ROW OF IRON TINKLER CONES TRAVERSE THE BEADED FACE. 2 CONES MISSING. BUCKSKIN LACE - SLING IS ATTACHED AT THE PROXIMAL AND DISTAL CORNERS OF THE SHEATH. SLING IS DECORATED WITH WRAPPED STRANDS OF GLASS SEED BEADS IN ALTERNATING BANDS OF BLUE, LIGHT BLUE, GREEN. SEVERAL WRAPPINGS OR BANDS OF BEADS ARE MISSING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PURCHASED, OR RECEIVED AS A GIFT, BY DONOR FROM INDIGENOUS PEOPLE WORKING OR STOPPING AT THE RANCH. POSSIBLY A WOMAN'S KNIFE SHEATH, DUE TO SLING-STYLE OPPOSED TO BELT-STYLE? DONOR CLAIMED THE SHEATH WAS VERY OLD AND WAS FROM THE SIOUX IN THE UNITED STATES. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI NATION, AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THE SHEATH IS MADE FROM ELK OR DEER HIDE. THE GEOMETRIC DESIGN IS APPLIED TO THE SURFACE AND FRINGES WITH CONE-SHAPED TIN “JINGLES” ATTACHED AT THE TOP. THE WHOLE LENGTH OF SHEATH HAS A BEADED RIM EXECUTED IN THE SAME COLOURS. CENTURIES AGO, THE BEADWORK WAS DONE WITH NATURALLY DYED SEEDS; LATER THE SEED BEADS – OBTAINED FROM EUROPEANS THROUGH TRADE – BECAME THE PREVALENT CHOICE OF KAINAI BEADERS. DESPITE THE SWITCH, THE CREATIVE PROCESS CONTINUED TO BE GROUNDED IN TRADITIONAL CULTURE AND SYMBOLS. THIS SHEATH WAS ONCE ATTACHED TO A RAWHIDE BEADED BELT WITH THE SAME DESIGN AND COLOUR SCHEME." *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, INCLUDING A DRUM DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES, ALSO THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR AND HER FAMILY'S RANCH, THE ROCKING P, WAS FOUND IN LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1931 AND 1953, THE BOOK 'COWBOYS, RANCHERS AND THE CATTLE BUSINESS: CROSS-BORDER PERSPECTIVES ON RANCHING HISTORY' BY SIMON M. EVANS, AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON AMERICASHORSEDAILY.COM, AND THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. RODERICK RIDDLE MACLEAY WAS BORN IN 1878 IN DANVILLE, QUEBEC. IN 1898 HE CAME TO ALBERTA AND BEGAN RANCING A SMALL HERD OF CATTLE ON LAND WEST OF HIGH RIVER. IN 1904, MACLEAY PURCHASED THE 40,000 ACRE BROOKS RANCH, AND THE FOLLOWING YEAR MARRIED LAURA STURTEVANT. THEY HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, DOROTHY AND MAXINE. DURING THE SEVERE WINTER OF 1906/07, MACLEAY LOST 90% OF HIS HERD , AND A FLAGGING CATTLE MARKET DEVASTATED HIS PROFITS. ONLY TWO YEARS LATER HOWEVER, MACLEAY ENTERED INTO A PARTNERSHIP WITH ROCKING P RANCH OWNER GEORGE EMERSON, AND IN 1914 MACLEAY BOUGHT OUT EMERSON WITH THE AGREEMENT TO MAINTAIN THE ROCKING P BRAND. OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS MACLEAY EXAPANDED Y ACQUIRING THE ADJACENT WILLOW CREEK, BAR S, AND LIVINGSTONE RANCHES. IN THE 1930S, MACLEAY HIRED ERNEST BLADES AS A COWBOY, AND BLADES MARRIED DOROTHY MACLEAY IN 1940. ROD MACLEAY DIED IN OCTOBER 1953, AND HIS LAND WAS LEFT TO HIS DAUGHTERS. DOROTHY AND ERNEST BLADES ASSUMED OPERATION OF THE ROCKING P, MANAGING IT ALONG WITH THEIR OWN RANCH, THE 3VS. THEIR SON, MAC BLADES, BEGAN WORKING FULL TIME ON THE RANCHES IN 1965 WHEN HE FINISHED HIGH SCHOOL, AND BY 1973 WAS RANCH MANAGER. IN 1996 THE PROPERTY WAS DIVIDED AMONG DOROTHY AND ERNEST'S FIVE CHILDREN, AND AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, MAC BLADES OWNS AND OPERATES THE ROCKING P RANCH. OF PARTICULAR NOTE TO THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES TO THE GALT MUSEUM IS THIS SHORT EXCERPT FROM ROD MACLEAY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY FROM OCTOBER 30, 1953: "[AN] INTEREST WHICH ENGROSSED [MACLEAY] WAS THE CAUSE OF THE STONEY INDIANS LIVING A NOMADIC LIFE AWAY FROM THE MORLEY RESERVATION. HE HAD MUCH TO DO WITH IMPRESSING SUCCESSFULLY ON THE GOVERNMENT THE NEED FOR A SUB-RESERVE." THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAKODA (FORMERLY CALLED STONEY) FIRST NATION AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE WAS SOURCED FROM ROCKYMOUNTAINNAKODA.COM. THE NAKODA "MOUNTAIN PEOPLE" HISTORICALLY TRAVERSED THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND FOOTHILLS IN SMALL, NOMADIC GROUPS, WITH EACH GROUP BEING LED BY A HEAD CHIEF. IN 1877 AT THE SIGNING OF TREATY 7, THE NAKODA WERE REPRESENTED BY THREE HEAD CHIEFS, WHO WERE ASSURED THAT THE NAKODA WOULD RETAIN THREE LARGE TRACTS OF TRADITIONAL HOMELAND, ONE FOR EACH NOMADIC GROUP. HOWEVER, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ALLOTED THE NAKODA ONLY ONE LAND ENTITLEMENT, NOW KNOWN AS THE MORLEY RESERVE, LOCATED WEST OF CALGARY. THE LAND ALLOTMENT WAS FENCED IN BARBED WIRE, PREVENTING THE NAKODA FROM THEIR NOMADIC MOVEMENTS. DURING THE 20TH CENTURY, TWO SMALLER SATELLITE RESERVES WERE ESTABLISHED FOR THE NAKODA FIRST NATION: THE BIG HORN RESERVE (KISKA WAPTADN "BIG HORN RIVER"), 265KM NORTHWEST OF MORLEY, AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE (GA-HNA "ALONG THE FOOTHILLS"), 120KM SOUTH OF MORLEY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19790235000
Acquisition Date
1974-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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