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1310 records – page 1 of 66.

Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, CANVAS, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P20030056000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, CANVAS, LEATHER
No. Pieces
4
Height
21.1
Length
46.5
Width
39.5
Description
1. CASE. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. MADE OF WOOD. CASE IS CURVED NEAR FRONT TO MOLD TO ACCORDION. EXTERIOR IS COVERED IN SNAKESKIN PATTERNED PAPER. FRONT HAS WOOD HANDLE AND STEEL LOCKING MECHANISM. LID OPENS ON TWO HINGES AT BACK. INSIDE IS LINED WITH LIGHT GREEN PAPER. TWO STAMPS INSIDE LID READ "CANADA CENSORED INT. OP. 47", ALONG WITH THE IMAGE OF A CROWN. OUTER COVERING AND INNER LINING ARE WORN AND MISSING IN MANY AREAS, AS WELL AS EXHIBITING TEARS AND WATER DAMAGE. SIDES OF CASE ARE SEPARATING FROM BOTTOM. 2. ACCORDION. MADE FROM WOOD WITH GLOSSY, BLACK ENAMEL FINISH. BELLOWS ARE MADE FROM STEEL WIRE FRAME WITH CANVAS STRETCHED BETWEEN THEM AND BLUE PAPER COVERING EDGES. ON TOP OF ACCORDION, AT BACK, ARE 4 ROWS OF 8 ROUND, BLACK KEYS. ALSO ON TOP OF ACCORDION, NEAR FRONT, IN IVORY COLOR, IS "MAGISTE". KEYBOARD CONSISTS OF 15 IVORY COLOURED KEYS AND 10 BLACK (ALSO MADE FROM WOOD). THERE IS A LONG BROWN LEATHER STRAP ATTACHED TO SIDES NEAR KEYBOARD. ALSO A TIGHTER BROWN LEATHER STRAP ACROSS BACK OF ACCORDION, AS WELL AS TWO SHORT STRAPS ATTACHED AT SIDES NEAR BACK. BACK OF ACCORDION IS MADE OF NATURAL COLOURED WOOD. A WEAVE OF THIN FIBERS IS VISIBLE THROUGH SLOTS AT FRONT AND BACK OF ACCORDION (MANY FIBERS BROKEN). THERE IS SOME WEAR OF BLUE PAPER EDGING ON BELLOWS AND LEATHER STRAPS. THERE IS A LARGE PIECE OF ENAMEL MISSING DIRECTLY IN FRONT OF KEYBOARD; REST OF ENAMEL IS CRACKING IN SAME AREA. *UPDATE* AS OF 2011 INVENTORY, NUMBER OF PIECES WAS INCREASED FROM 2 TO 4. TWO BROWN LEATHER SHOULDER STRAPS ARE DETACHED FROM THE ACCORDION.
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
LEISURE
History
ACQUIRED BY LAWRENCE COOK, HUSBAND OF EDITH EVANS, THE DONOR, WHEN COOK WAS A CHILD. ACCORDING TO EVANS, THE ACCORDION WAS ACQUIRED BY WALTER A. COOK, LAWRENCE'S FATHER, AND WAS SAID TO HAVE COME FROM THE PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133. LAWRENCE COOK WAS BORN IN 1934 AND IS BELIEVED TO HAVE GROWN UP FOR A TIME ON LETHBRIDGE'S NORTH SIDE, PRIOR TO MOVING TO 523 27TH STREET SOUTH. EVANS BELIEVES THAT HER HUSBAND TOOK ACCORDION LESSONS AS A CHILD. WALTER AND LAWRENCE WERE BOTH LOCAL POSTMASTERS. LAWRENCE PASSED AWAY IN JUNE 1975 AND WALTER IN 1967. EVANS CLAIMS THAT THE STORY SURROUNDING THE ACCORDION INCLUDES THE ASSERTION THAT IT WAS MADE BY A POW INTERNEE. IN OCTOBER 2007, FRANK HOSEK, THE ORIGINAL CONDUCTOR OF THE LETHBRIDGE A.C.T. JUNIOR BAND, WAS CONTACTED TO CLARIFY QUESTIONS REGARDING TWO OTHER INSTRUMENTS IN THE GALT COLLECTIONS THAT WERE SAID TO HAVE USED BEEN BY THE A.C.T. BAND AND INMATES IN POW CAMP 133 BY THEIR DONOR, BOB FINDLAY (P19900049001 AND P19900049002). HOSEK STATED THAT THE INSTRUMENTS WERE GIVEN TO THE ASSOCIATION OF CANADIAN TRAVELERS (A.C.T.) BY FEDERAL AUTHORITIES PRIOR TO CAMP 133'S DISMANTLEMENT AND DEMOLITION. HOSEK RECALLED THAT THE INSTRUMENTS WERE LEFT BEHIND AT THE CAMP WHEN ITS INTERNEES WERE REPATRIATED BACK TO GERMANY. HOSEK STATED THAT THE CAMP INSTRUMENTS WERE ORIGINALLY PROVIDED FOR THE PRISONERS BY THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS KNOWLEDGE OF CAMP 133 ACCORDIONS, HOSEK WAS NOT ABLE TO CONFIRM THAT HE REMEMBERED THIS PARTICULAR ACCORDION AS HAVING BEEN PART OF THE INSTRUMENTS RECOVERED FROM THE CAMP, SAYING ONLY: "I HAD FOR A TIME A LARGE CLASS OF ACCORDION STUDENTS. THIS PARTICULAR INSTRUMENT YOU REFER TO MAY HAVE BEEN MIXED UP WITH ALL THE INSTRUMENTS.” SEE RECORD P19900049001 FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE A.C.T. BAND AND ITS USE OF CAMP INTERNEE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF LAWRENCE COOK'S OBITUARY AND MEMORIAM OF WALTER COOK. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20030056000
Acquisition Date
2004-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
P.O.W. HANDMADE ALBUM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20000044000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P.O.W. HANDMADE ALBUM
Date
1940
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
2
Length
25.2
Width
18.7
Description
HANDMADE ALBUM CONSISTS OF BACK AND FRONT COVERS MADE OF INTERWOVEN PLANT STALKS OR FIBRES. COVERS DISPLAY A DARK COLOURED GEOMETRIC DESIGN. FRONT COVER EMBOSSED "MB" AND "CANADA 1940-41". INSIDE COVERS FEATURE CARDBOARD SURFACE.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
ALBUM BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, JACK EKLUND. DONOR REQUESTS JACK BE NAMED ON ANY FUTURE LABELLING AS DONOR. ALBUM WAS GIVEN TO FATHER BY HIENRICH BIER, AN INMATE OF LETHBRIDGE'S P.O.W. CAMP. DONOR'S FATHER MANAGED THE BENNETT FARM IN COALDALE WHERE P.O.W.'S WORKED. DONOR AND HIS FAMILY TREATED P.O.W.'S WELL AND GAVE THEM GOODS LIKE COFFEE. IN RETURN PRISONERS GAVE ALBUM TO JACK. IN ADDITION TO BIER, LUTHER ZIEMAHAGEL, ANOTHER P.O.W. WAS A CLOSE FAMILY FRIEND. JACK EKLUND'S PARENTS WERE ORIGINALLY FROM UTAH PRIOR TO SETTLEMENT IN RAYMOND/ STIRLING. JACK WAS BORN IN STIRLING. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20000044000
Acquisition Date
2000-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BOOK
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1946
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20080033021
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BOOK
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1946
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
13
Height
3.2
Length
21.4
Width
19.6
Description
1. HARD-COVER ALBUM WITH GREEN-BROWN COVER. TEXT ON FRONT READS, "DAS IST DEUTSCHLAND, (THIS IS GERMANY)." 136 PAGES CONTAINING CUT-OUT PICTURES FROM MAGAZINES AND HANDWRITTEN TEXT. HEIGHT 3.2, LENGTH 21.4, WIDTH 19.6. 2. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "ULYSSES DERIDING POLYPHEMUS, FROM PAINTING BY J. M. W. TURNER., 1775-1851." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 3. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PHOTOGRAPH, TEXT READS, "NAVE, DURHAM CATHEDRAL, ENGLAND." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 4. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "ASSUMPTION OF THE VIRGIN, FROM PAINTING BY TITIAN., 1477-1576." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 5. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "DIDO BUILDING CARTHAGE, FROM PAINTING BY J. M. W. TURNER., 1775-1851." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 6. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "THE FLIGHT OF NIGHT, FROM PAINTING BY W. M. HUNT., 1824-1879." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 7. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "SURRENDER OF BREDA, FROM PAINTING BY VALASQUEZ., 1599-1660." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 8. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "SHEEP, AUTUMN, FROM PAINTING BY MAUVE., 1838-1888." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 9. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "THE TRANSFIGURATION, FROM PAINTING BY RAPHAEL., 1483-1520." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 10. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "SPRING, FROM PAINTING BY COROT., 1796-1875." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 11. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PHOTOGRAPH, TEXT READS, "YORK MINSTER, YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 12. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PHOTOGRAPH, TEXT READS, "ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL, LONDON., COPYRIGHT, 1925, BY EUGENE A. PERRY." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9. 13. BLACK AND WHITE REPRODUCTION OF PAINTING, TEXT READS, "CROSSING THE CHANNEL, PAINTING BY TURNER., 1775-1851." LOOSE PAGE FOUND TUCKED INSIDE ALBUM. LENGTH 20.4, WIDTH 13.9.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
FOR DONATION CONTEXT INFO ON THIS P.O.W. CAMP 133-RELATED OBJECT, SEE P20080033001 AND ITS PERMANENT RECORD. *** NARRATIVE BELOW SOLICITED FROM SOCIOLOGY PROFESSOR BILL RAMP IN EARLY 2010 WHEN THIS ARTIFACT (#1-ALBUM) WAS EXHIBITED AS PART OF THE GALT’S TREASURES & CURIOSITIES DISPLAY. THE NARRATIVE BECAME THE BASIS FOR THE ARTIFACT’S LABEL COPY IN THE EXHIBIT. "WHAT ATTRACTED ME TO THIS ARTIFACT WAS THE COLLECTION OF IMAGES, WHICH TOGETHER EVOKED A WORLD – NOT A WORLD THAT ACTUALLY EXISTED, BUT ONE A PRISONER NEEDED TO BELIEVE IN. THE BOOK IS A SCRAPBOOK OF PICTURES FROM GERMANY, SO I IMAGINE THAT THEY CAME FROM MAGAZINES THE PRISONER RECEIVED FROM FAMILY OR FRIENDS – OR PERHAPS FROM A CHARITABLE ORGANIZATION OR EVEN AN ARM OF THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT? – VIA THE RED CROSS. WHAT STRIKES ME IS HOW PEACEFUL THE PICTURES ARE, AND HOW THEY ADD UP TO AN IDEALIZED AND ROMANTICIZED GERMANY – BEAUTIFUL VISTAS, ANCIENT TOWNS AND FARMSTEADS, THE SWEEP OF A MODERN AUTOBAHN. THESE IMAGES ARE ALSO RESOLUTELY APOLITICAL. THE DEPOLITICIZATION IS UNDERSTANDABLE GIVEN THE CIRCUMSTANCES, BUT I WONDER IF THE PRISONER ALSO WANTED A GERMANY THAT HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH POLITICS OR WAR, THAT WAS SOMEHOW “SIMPLY HOME”? THE TRAGIC IRONY, OF COURSE, IS THAT THE PEACEFUL, ROMANTIC GERMANY OF THESE PAGES WAS AN IDEALIZED FAIRY-TALE – AND THE REAL GERMANY WAS BEING DESTROYED, FIRST BY THE NAZI REGIME, AND BY THE WAR THEY BROUGHT DOWN ON THEIR HEADS, EVEN AS THIS SCRAPBOOK WAS BEING COMPILED. ALTHOUGH THE SCRAPBOOK RELATES SPECIFICALLY TO GERMANY, IT ALSO PARTAKES OF A BROADER AESTHETIC SENSIBILITY, A KIND OF ROMANTIC-NATIONALISTIC VENERATION OF THE PAST AND OF THE PICTURESQUE THAT APPEARED IN THE 1930’S IN MANY EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WITH THE ADVENT OF CHEAP, MASS-PRODUCED PHOTOGRAPHY BOOKS AND MAGAZINES." *** *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20080033021
Acquisition Date
2008-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.75
Length
16
Width
9.5
Description
KHAKI-COLOURED CANVAS ARMBAND WITH BUCKLED STRAP. PRINTED DESIGN ON FRONT IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD HEALTH”. TEXT STAMPED ON BACK READS “FINNIGANS LTD. Y.A. 5.000”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS ARMBAND WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAZI SWAZTIKA
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, SATIN RIBBON
Catalogue Number
P19738868000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAZI SWAZTIKA
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON, SATIN RIBBON
No. Pieces
1
Length
42.5
Width
10.8
Description
BLACK SATIN RIBBON SWASTIKA ON WHITE CIRCLE ON RED BACKGROUND.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONOR'S FATHER'S FAMILY CAME TO AREA IN 1910, MOTHER'S SIDE ABOUT 1918. DONOR'S FATHER SERVED IN W.W. 1 WITH 20TH FIELD BATTERY R.C.A.. OTHER MATERIAL IS FROM HUDSON'S FARM - DATES POST A.D. 1925. MR. HUDSON'S FATHER AND GRANDFATHER SETTLED FIRST IN LETHBRIDGE. FATHER AND GRANDFATHER BOTH WERE TRAVELLING SALESMEN IN EARLY YEARS. HIS FATHER THEN SETTLED IN TABER, AFTER W.W. I. HE STARTED FARMING IN IRON SPRINGS IN 1925. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE LEARNED THE FOLLOWING. ACCORDING TO KENNETH ALLAN HUDSON’S OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, “HUDSON PASSED AWAY ON TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 28, 1993 AT THE AGE OF 71 YEARS, BELOVED HUSBAND OF MRS. FLORENCE HUDSON OF PICTURE BUTTE ALBERTA. BORN IN TABER, ALBERTA ON JANUARY 28, 1922, KEN MARRIED FLORENCE ANGLE ON JANUARY 19, 1949 IN LETHBRIDGE. KEN SERVED OVERSEAS DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WITH R.C.A.S.C.. FOLLOWING THE WAR, HE RETURNED TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. KEN RETIRED IN 1987, AFTER SELLING THE FARM AND HAS RESIDED IN PICTURE BUTTE UNTIL THE TIME OF HIS PASSING. KEN WAS A MEMBER OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION AND ACTIVE WITH THE BOY SCOUTS OF CANADA IN HIS EARLIER YEARS.” ACCORDING TO THE LEGION MAGAZINE ONLINE, HUDSON WAS ISSUED THE SERVICE NUMBER M105776. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19738868000
Acquisition Date
1973-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAZI ARMBAND
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, FELT
Catalogue Number
P19860045001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAZI ARMBAND
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON, FELT
No. Pieces
1
Width
8.9
Diameter
38
Description
GOLD OR YELLOW COTTON BAND SEWN TO FELT BACKING. STAMPED IN BLACK LETTERING: "DEUTFCHE WEHRMACHT". STAMPED IN PURPLE INK ILLEGIBLE LETTERS IN CIRCLE WITH GERMAN EAGLE & SWASTIKA.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
USED BY THE GERMAN ARMED FORCES TO IDENTIFY CIVILIAN & NON-MILITARY UNIFORMED PERSONEL ATTACHED TO OR WORKING CLOSELY WITH ANY BRANCH OF THE MILITARY FORCE. DONOR ACQUIRED WHILE SERVING IN HOLLAND WITH 1ST DIVISION SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS (VANCOUVER) AS A MEDIC. ACQUIRED FROM GERMAN ARMY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY JAMES BURNESS. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR, "JAMES (JIM) NICOL BURNESS OF LETHBRIDGE, PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY ON FEBRUARY 16, 2005 AT THE AGE OF 86. JIM, THE BELOVED HUSBAND OF ANN BURNESS (NEE YANOTA), WAS BORN MAY 11, 1918 IN LETHBRIDGE. A DESCENDANT OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA PIONEERS, JIM GREW UP AND RECEIVED HIS EDUCATION IN BURDETT, ALBERTA AND AT THE AGE OF 24 ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY, WHERE HE SERVED PROUDLY AS A STRETCHER-BEARER WITH THE INFANTRY IN THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN OF WORLD WAR TWO. AFTER THE WAR HE WORKED IN CONSTRUCTION FOR TEN YEARS IN BANFF AND LETHBRIDGE. IN 1949 HE MARRIED ANN YANOTA OF BLAIRMORE AND THEY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE. THEY BUILT THEIR OWN HOME, ONE IN WHICH THEY LIVED FOR OVER 50 YEARS. JIM COMPLETED A 24-YEAR CAREER WITH THE POST OFFICE, HELPING REVITALIZE THE POSTAL EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION... HE WAS A MEMBER OF ROTARY, KINSMEN, SHRINERS, SCOTTISH RITE, AND THE LETHBRIDGE GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB." SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19860042001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19860045001
Acquisition Date
1985-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAZI ARMBAND
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19860045002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAZI ARMBAND
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Width
8.5
Diameter
38
Description
GOLD OR YELLOW COTTON BAND STAMPED IN BLACK LETTERING: "DEUTFCHE WEHRMACHT".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
USED BY THE GERMAN ARMED FORCES TO IDENTIFY CIVILIAN & NON-MILITARY UNIFORMED PERSONEL ATTACHED TO OR WORKING CLOSELY WITH ANY BRANCH OF THE MILITARY FORCE. DONOR ACQUIRED WHILE SERVING IN HOLLAND WITH 1ST DIVISION SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS (VANCOUVER) AS A MEDIC. ACQUIRED FROM GERMAN ARMY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY JAMES BURNESS. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR, "JAMES (JIM) NICOL BURNESS OF LETHBRIDGE, PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY ON FEBRUARY 16, 2005 AT THE AGE OF 86. JIM, THE BELOVED HUSBAND OF ANN BURNESS (NEE YANOTA), WAS BORN MAY 11, 1918 IN LETHBRIDGE. A DESCENDANT OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA PIONEERS, JIM GREW UP AND RECEIVED HIS EDUCATION IN BURDETT, ALBERTA AND AT THE AGE OF 24 ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY, WHERE HE SERVED PROUDLY AS A STRETCHER-BEARER WITH THE INFANTRY IN THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN OF WORLD WAR TWO. AFTER THE WAR HE WORKED IN CONSTRUCTION FOR TEN YEARS IN BANFF AND LETHBRIDGE. IN 1949 HE MARRIED ANN YANOTA OF BLAIRMORE AND THEY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE. THEY BUILT THEIR OWN HOME, ONE IN WHICH THEY LIVED FOR OVER 50 YEARS. JIM COMPLETED A 24-YEAR CAREER WITH THE POST OFFICE, HELPING REVITALIZE THE POSTAL EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION... HE WAS A MEMBER OF ROTARY, KINSMEN, SHRINERS, SCOTTISH RITE, AND THE LETHBRIDGE GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB." SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19860042001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19860045002
Acquisition Date
1985-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1942
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073052
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1942
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.6
Length
18.2
Width
10.2
Description
BLACK COTTON ARMBAND, JOINED AT BACK TO FORM CIRCLE BY TWO ELASTIC BANDS AT TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS. "V.V.R." STENCILLED IN RED PAINT ON FRONT.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONATED BY UNKNOWN DONOR TO LEGION, THEN TO MUSEUM BY LEGION. PRIOR USE AND HISTORY UNKNOWN. COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE VETERANS VOLUNTEER RESERVE DURING WWII WAS DAVID STEVENSON. ORGANIZATION ASSISTED WITH THE AIR RAID PROTECTION PROGRAM IN LETHBRIDGE. FOR HISTORY OF COLLECTION SEE P19970073001-GA. ESTABLISHED BY THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT IN WWII, THE VETERANS VOLUNTEER RESERVE (VVR) WAS CREATED AS A DETERRENT TO “ENEMY ALIEN” ACTIVITIES. A UNIT OF THE VVR WAS RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940 AND ITS MEMBERS, MOSTLY WWI VETERANS, WERE SWORN SPECIAL CONSTABLES. IN 1942, THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD STATED THAT THE UNIT WAS, “FORMED AS AN AUXILIARY TO THE CITY POLICE FORCE”, BUT THAT IT WAS NEAR COLLAPSE ON ACCOUNT THAT “THERE WAS LITTLE FOR IT TO DO”. IRONICALLY, SUPPORT FOR THE VVR WAS ON THE DECLINE AT THE SAME TIME THAT THE POLICE FORCE WAS FACING MANPOWER SHORTAGES WHICH, ACCORDING TO THE HERALD, WERE DUE TO MEMBERS’ ENLISTMENT IN THE ARMED FORCES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19970073052
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073053
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.4
Length
17.1
Width
9.82
Description
BLUE NYLON ARMBAND WITH YELLOW NYLON BAND STITCHED HORIZONTALLY ALONG CENTRE. EMBROIDERED IN YELLOW IS "CANADIAN LEGION WAR SERVICES". CREST FOR "BRITISH EMPIRE SERVICE LEAGUE CANADIAN LEGION" AT CENTRE. WIDE WHITE ELASTIC BAND JOINS TWO ENDS AT BACK TO FORM CIRCULAR BAND. LINED WITH BLACK GLAZED COTTON SLIGHTLY SOILED THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONATED BY UNKNOWN DONOR TO LEGION, THEN TO MUSEUM BY LEGION. PRIOR USE AND HISTORY UNKNOWN. FOR HISTORY OF COLLECTION SEE P19970073001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. SHE WAS UNABLE TO FIND ANY SPECIFIC INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARMBAND.
Catalogue Number
P19970073053
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“AFA AWARD FOR MILITARY ACHIEVEMENT”
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINIUM, TIN
Catalogue Number
P20130004007
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“AFA AWARD FOR MILITARY ACHIEVEMENT”
Date
1952
Materials
ALUMINIUM, TIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
14
Length
26.5
Width
23
Description
TEARDROP-SHAPED BASE SUPPORTING A STYLIZED SCULPTURE OF AN AIRPLANE WITH SIX PROPELLERS AND STAR/STRIPES DECALS ON TAIL AND LEFT WING. BASE HAS A CIRCULAR CAVITY FOR CIGARETTE ASH. RIVETED PLAQUE ON BASE ENGRAVED WITH TEXT READING “A.F.A. AWARD FOR MILITARY ACHIEVEMENT, 1952, JERALD L. MEISSER”. ASH CAVITY EMBOSSED WITH TEXT READING “CONSOLIDATED VULTEE AIRCRAFT CORPORATION, CORVAIR B-36”. DISCOLOURATION/OXIDATION IN ASH CAVITY; ONE PROPELLOR ON LEFT WING IS BROKEN.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
MILITARY
History
THE COLLECTION OF OBJECTS BELONGING TO THE MEISSER FAMILY WAS DONATED BY JUDY WRIGHT, NIECE OF LOWELL MEISSER, WHO OPERATED A FARM OUTSIDE WARNER WITH HIS BROTHER ROME AS THE ‘MEISSER BROS’ FROM 1929 TO 1946. JUDY’S MOTHER WAS THE SISTER OF LOWELL’S WIFE ELINOR, AND SHE SPENT MUCH OF HER CHILDHOOD LIVING WITH THEM AND ROME MEISSER, DUE TO HER MOTHER BEING UNWELL. IN HER LATER ADULT LIFE, JUDY TOOK CARE OF “UNC” ROME AT HIS WATERTON RESIDENCE, AND BECAUSE ROME AND HIS BROTHER LOWELL DID NOT HAVE ANY LIVING DIRECT DESCENDANTS, JUDY WAS LEFT THE FAMILY BELONGINGS WHEN ROME DIED IN 2004. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT WAS EXTRACTED FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED WITH THE DONOR BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON NOVEMBER 14, 2013, AS WELL AS FROM A DOCUMENT WRITTEN BY HER AT THE TIME OF THE DONATION. WRIGHT SAID: “[JERALD, LOWELL AND ELINOR’S SON] WAS JUST COMING TO VISIT ON OCCASION… HE WAS [AT THEIR FARM] ON AND OFF BUT MOST OF THE TIME HE WAS DOWN IN THE STATES... HE WENT TO SCHOOL DOWN THERE WHEN HE WAS A YOUNG BOY… WHEN HE WAS MAYBE 7 OR 8 YEARS OLD… HE LIVED WITH A SISTER OF MY UNCLE [ORMA OR MARIE IN CALIFORNIA]. HE WENT TO COLLEGE DOWN THERE, JOINED THE AIR FORCE. HE HAD HIS OWN THEATRE AND ACTED IN IT… HE REMINDED ME OF MY UNCLE LOWELL, JUST A SOFT, KIND, GENTLE PERSON… HE GOT MARRIED DOWN THERE. THAT DIDN’T WORK OUT AND HE CAME BACK. HE WOULD COME UP LOTS WITH HIS SON TO VISIT THE GRANDPARENTS… HE DID SOME FARMING FOR A WHILE… HIS DAD GIVE HIM SOME LAND… HE WORKED AT THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON ONE SUMMER… HE WAS AMAZING. THERE WAS NOTHING HE DID THAT HE WOULDN’T DO IT ALL OUT AND PERFECT.” THE FOLLOWING BRIEF FAMILY HISTORY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ROME MEISSER’S MANUSCRIPT ‘THE MEISSER’S AND OTHER RAMBLINGS’ AND DONATIONS OF FAMILY PAPERS MADE BY WRIGHT TO THE GALT ARCHIVES. THE MEISSER FAMILY PATRIARCH, MICHAEL MEISSER, WAS BORN IN SWITZERLAND IN 1830 AND IMMIGRATED TO ALMA, WISCONSIN IN 1846. HIS SON, JOHN LUTZI MEISSER MARRIED MARIE KINDSCHI ON APRIL 30, 1898 AND THEY MOVED TO WARNER, ALBERTA TO FARM IN 1910, LOOKING FOR A DRIER CLIMATE FOR MARIE, WHO SUFFERED FROM TUBERCULOSIS. THE COUPLE HAD FIVE CHILDREN: ORMA, LOWELL, JOHN (WHO DIED AT AGE TWO OF PNEUMONIA), ROME, AND MARIE. IN 1912, MOTHER MARIE DIED IN A TUBERCULOSIS CLINIC IN SALT LAKE CITY, AND FIVE YEARS LATER FATHER JOHN DIED FROM HEAD TRAUMA SUSTAINED IN A GRAIN ELEVATOR ACCIDENT. ONE OF THE CHILDREN’S PATERNAL AUNTS, FRENA, CAME TO WARNER TO HELP THEM WITH SCHOOLING AND RUNNING THE FARM. IN 1920, ORMA MARRIED LEE TENNEY AND IN 1926 LOWELL MARRIED ELINOR TENNEY, AND THE TWO COUPLES LOOKED AFTER THE TWO YOUNGER SIBLINGS UNTIL ORMA AND LEE MOVED TO CALIFORNIA IN 1931. THE YOUNGEST SISTER, MARIE, LATER JOINED THEM WITH HER SON JIM. LOWELL AND ROME FARMED TOGETHER FROM THE SEASON FOLLOWING THEIR FATHER’S DEATH (WHEN THEY WERE 17 AND 13 YEARS OLD, RESPECTIVELY) UNTIL 1945 WHEN THEIR LAND WAS DIVIDED FOR TAX BENEFIT. ROME NEVER MARRIED, AND IN 1928 HAD A SHORT STINT IN PILOT’S TRAINING BEFORE RETURNING TO FARMING PERMANENTLY. LOWELL AND ELINOR’S SON JERALD WAS BORN IN 1929. BY 1957 THE MEISSERS RETIRED FROM FARMING AND LEASED OUT THEIR LAND, AND IN 1958 THE FAMILY BOUGHT A CABIN IN WATERTON PARK, WHERE THEY SPENT ALL FOLLOWING SUMMERS. LOWELL AND ELINOR’S SON JERALD SPLIT HIS TIME BETWEEN FARMING IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND VARIOUS PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES. HE ENROLLED IN THE CATHOLIC SEMINARY IN SPOKANE, WASHINGTON, BUT PASSED AWAY IN 1990 BEFORE HE COULD BE ORDAINED. LOWELL DIED IN 1988, ELINOR FOLLOWED IN 1992, AND ROME PASSED AWAY IN 2004. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A FULL TRANSCIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, WRITTEN DOCUMENTATION ON THE MEISSER FAMILY BY JUDY WRIGHT AND ROME MEISSER, OBITUARIES AND PHOTOGRAPHS OF FAMILY MEMBERS, AND FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT EACH ARTIFACT COMPRISING THE DONATION.
Catalogue Number
P20130004007
Acquisition Date
2013-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ASTROGRAPH AND CASE
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, GLASS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20120001000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ASTROGRAPH AND CASE
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1980
Materials
WOOD, GLASS, METAL
No. Pieces
5
Height
16.1
Length
43.7
Width
25.6
Description
1) ASTROGRAPH. TIN PAINTED BLACK WITH GLASS PANEL. UNDER GLASS ARE TWO SPOOLS CONTAINING STAR MAPS PRINTED ON CLEAR PLASTIC. TOP HAS TWO KNOBS WHICH FEED MAPS ON AND OFF SPOOLS. TOP HAS FLIP SWITCH. RIGHT AND BOTTOM HAVE REMOVABLE PLUGS WITH LIGHT BULBS ATTACHED INSIDE. BEHIND PLUG AT BOTTOM IS TIN LABEL THAT IS ENGRAVED, “CANADA, ASTROGRAPH MK.IA, REF. NO 6B/I82, SER. NO 3697/44.” LABEL ALSO HAS GENERAL ELECTRIC SYMBOL. LEFT SIDE HAS TWO FORKS WITH NUTS AND BOLTS FED THROUGH. RIGHT SIDE HAS ONE FORK WITH NUT AND BOLT. BOTTOM HAS RED RUBBER CAP ATTACHED TO BRASS CHAIN. 2) CASE, WOOD PAINTED SLATE BLUE WITH ALUMINUM HARDWARE. WHITE PAINTED LETTERING ON TOP READS, “CANADA, ASTROGRAPH MKIA, REF. NO. 6B/I82, SERIAL NO. 3697/43.” WITH LETTERING IS PAINTED GENERAL ELECTRIC SYMBOL. LEFT HINGE IS BROKEN. FRONT CENTER OF CASE HAS HANDLE WITH LEATHER STRAP. INSIDE HAS WOODEN DIVIDERS WITH THREE COMPARTMENTS ON RIGHT SIDE. WOODEN SPACERS AND MOUNTS ON LEFT SIDE COVERED WITH WHITE FELT IN SOME AREAS. 3) CAN, TIN. ORANGE RESIDUE AROUND LIP AT RIM. WHITE PAPER LABEL ON FRONT READS, “CANADA, R.C.A.F. 6B/98, 60N – 41N, R.A.F. 6B/193, SW157.” WRITTEN IN PINK HIGHLIGHTER AT TOP RIGHT CORNER OF LABEL IS, “8.” 4) SPARE PLASTIC PLUG WITH GLASS LIGHT BULB. 5) ONE ROUND HEAD BOLT WITH FLATHEAD SLOT AT TOP AND ONE HOMOLOGOUS SIX-SIDED NUT.
Subjects
ASTRONOMICAL T&E
TOOLS & EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
EDUCATION
History
DONOR DOUG PATCHING CAME INTO POSSESSION OF ASTROGRAPH AT THE TIME OF HIS FATHER DEL PATCHING’S PASSING ON FEBRUARY 4, 2004. THE ASTROGRAPH WAS LOCATED IN HIS FATHER’S HOME, BUT DONOR DOUG PATCHING RECALLS THE OBJECT, “MOVING AROUND WITH US.” DOUG PATCHING’S EARLIEST RECOLLECTION OF THE ASTROGRAPH’S EXISTENCE WAS WHILE HIS FATHER WAS, “WORKING AT THE LETHBRIDGE AIRPORT, HELPING TO DISMANTLE THE CF-100S. HE WOULD GO OUT DURING THE WINTER AND BRING HOME BUCKETS OF BOLTS.” DEL PATCHING LIVED ON A FARM SOUTH-EAST OF TOWN ON THE NORTH-EAST QUARTER “720 WEST OF THE 4TH NEAR WILSON SIDING.” AT THE TIME OF DONATION, DOUG PATCHING RELATED THAT, “AS A KID, IT WAS KINDA NEAT TO SEE STARS PROJECTED AND EVER SINCE THAT TIME I BOUGHT STAR MAPS. I WAS INSPIRED BY THIS THING.” THE ASTROGRAPH GIVES LONGITUDE, LATITUDE, STAR NAMES AND LOCATION. DOUG PATCHING SAID, “I THINK IT WAS MEMORABILIA, I’VE GOT HIS LOG BOOK WHEN HE WAS IN THE RCAF.” DEL PATCHING SERVED IN 1941/42 TO 1945 IN HALIFAX AS A NAVIGATOR. THE ASTROGRAPH’S LAST KNOWN USE WAS IN THE 1970S/80S AND, “MAY HAVE MADE IT TO WILSON JR. HIGH AS A TEACHER. HE HAD THE FIRST HAND-HELD CALCULATOR OF ANYONE IN SCHOOL.” HE TAUGHT SCIENCE BETWEEN 1970 AND 1980. ACCORDING TO HIS OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, “DEL PATCHING WAS BORN IN ETZIKOM ALBERTA IN 1918. HE GRADUATED FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA WITH A B.SC (AGRICULTURE) IN 1939. FROM 1942 TO 1945 HE SERVED IN THE R.C.A.F. AS A NAVIGATOR WITH THE RANK OF FLIGHT SERGEANT, MAINLY FLYING NIGHTTIME IN HALIFAX BOMBING MISSIONS TO WESTERN EUROPE. FOLLOWING DISCHARGE, DEL PATCHING WORKED AT THE LETHBRIDGE AGRICULTURAL STATION IN 1945. IN 1946 HE MOVED TO THE FAMILY FARM NEAR WILSON SIDING WHERE HE FARMED FOR 26 YEARS. IN 1970, PATCHING COMPLETED A DEGREE IN EDUCATION AND LEFT FARMING TO TAKE UP A CAREER AS A TEACHER AT WILSON JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE UNTIL 1980 WHEN HE RETIRED. DEL PATCHING PASSED AWAY ON FEBRUARY 5, 2004 “ FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20120001000
Acquisition Date
2012-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19672421000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
12.7
Width
2.5
Description
STEEL AWL, BRASS LOCK NUT PIECE, WOODEN HANDLE.
Subjects
LEATHER, HORN, SHELLWORKING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY DAVID KING IN COALDALE HARNESS SHOP.
Catalogue Number
P19672421000
Acquisition Date
1967-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON
Catalogue Number
P19940055000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.5
Length
30.5
Width
12.5
Description
SOLID IRON AX HEAD THAT IS HEAVILY CORRODED. BLADE IS RECTANGULAR IN SHAPE, TIP FLARING OUT TO RIGHT CREATING A BLADE THAT LOOKS LIKE A HALBARD BLADE. ALONG BACK EDGE ARE TWO IRON LOOPS FOR FASTENING AX TO HANDLE. TOP LOOP IS SOLIDLY WELDED ONTO BACK OF BLADE. BOTTOM LOOP IS HELD WITH LOOSE BOLT AND EASILY SPINS AROUND. BLADE HAS NO MARKINGS.
Subjects
WOODWORKING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
AX HEAD WAS FOUND IN DONOR'S HOUSE IN MILK RIVER WHEN HE PURCHASED IT. NO INDIVIDUAL HISTORY IS KNOWN, AX HEAD WOULD MOST LIKELY HAVE BEEN USED TO REMOVE BARK FROM TREES.
Catalogue Number
P19940055000
Acquisition Date
1994-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DAY BADGE RALLY BADGE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19738772000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DAY BADGE RALLY BADGE
Date
1933
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
5.0
Width
2.9
Description
EAGLE CLUTCHING SWASTIKA AT TOP, CROSS IN FOREGROUND. "28.5 1933 DUSSELDORF. SCHLAGETER" ON FRONT.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THIS TYPE OF BADGE WAS MADE FOR A SPECIFIC OCCASION SUCH AS MAYDAY OR LABOUR DAY. THIS BADGE IS OF EARLIEST TYPE MADE IN THE THIRD REICH AS INDICATED BY DATE & EARLY REPRESENTATION OF GERMAN EAGLE. OCCASION UNKNOWN. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. SHE WAS UNABLE TO UNCOVER ANY NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT.
Catalogue Number
P19738772000
Acquisition Date
1973-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DAY BADGE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINIUM
Catalogue Number
P19738774000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DAY BADGE
Date
1935
Materials
ALUMINIUM
No. Pieces
1
Length
4.4
Width
3.2
Description
"TAG DER ARBEIT 1935" AND 3 MEN EMBOSSED ON FRONT AND A SWASTIKA CLUTCHED BY AN EAGLE. "E.F. WIEDMANN FRANKFURT A.M.S." ON BACK.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THIS IS A DAY BADGE MADE TO CELEBRATE A SPECIAL DAY OR OCCASION. THIS BADGE IS LABOUR DAY IN 1935. THIS IS A CIVILIAN BADGE. ALSO KNOWN AS A RALLY BADGE OR A PROPAGANDA DAY BADGE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. SHE WAS UNABLE TO UNCOVER ANY NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT.
Catalogue Number
P19738774000
Acquisition Date
1973-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, COPPER
Catalogue Number
P19990063005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1945
Materials
BRASS, COPPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.6
Length
4.8
Width
4.8
Description
TWO BRASS, MILITARY BADGES. EACH BADGE CONSISTS OF TWO GUN BARRELS, CROSSED AT THEIR CENTRES, PERPENDICULAR TO EACHOTHER. THE BACK OF EACH BADGE HAS FOUR COPPER LOOPS, FOR SECURING BADGE. FRONT SIDE OF BADGES HAVE TINY SCRATCHES AND DENTS, BUT ARE VERY MINOR.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE P19990063001-GA FOR HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19990063005
Acquisition Date
1999-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, COPPER
Catalogue Number
P19990063007
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1945
Materials
BRASS, COPPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.8
Length
5.2
Width
2.1
Description
BRASS BADGE. CONSISTS OF THE IMAGE OF A CANNON. BACK OF BADGE HAS TWO COPPER LOOPS, THROUGH WHICH IS A BRASS SPLIT PIN. THERE IS SOME GREENISH-WHITE RESIDUE ON BACK; CORROSION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE P19990063001-GA FOR HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19990063007
Acquisition Date
1999-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PATCH
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1946
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, THREAD
Catalogue Number
P20000047011
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PATCH
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1946
Materials
FELT, THREAD
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.5
Length
6.3
Width
3.8
Description
RECTANGULAR. BLACK FELT. A STRIP OF FELT FORMED INTO A LOOP WITH TWO NARROW STRIPS OF BLACK, EMBROIDERED MATERIAL JOINING THE LOOP TOGETHER AT THE BACK. ON FRONT OF BADGE "AUXILIARY SERVICES" IS EMBROIDERED IN YELLOW THREAD. INSIDE OF BADGE IS REINFORCED WITH BLACK MATERIAL WHERE EMBROIDERY IS.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE P19970073015-GA FOR LEGION HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. SHE WAS UNABLE TO FIND ANY NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THIS BADGE OR ITS ORIGINAL OWNER.
Catalogue Number
P20000047011
Acquisition Date
2000-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
COLLAR BADGE
Date Range From
1941
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20000079010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COLLAR BADGE
Date Range From
1941
Date Range To
1945
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
1.1
Diameter
2.5
Description
ROUND PIN. GOLD COLOURED. ON FRONT ARE THE RAISED LETTERS "U.S.". BACK HAS A SCREW ON FASTENER; IT IS ROUND WITH SCALLOPED EDGES.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE DONOR OF THIS ARTIFACT, JOHN LLOYD KNIGHT, SERVED AS A MEMBER OF THE FIRST SPECIAL SERVICE FORCE (ALSO KNOWN AS THE DEVILS BRIGADE) DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. THIS COLLAR IS NOT SPECIFIC TO KNIGHT'S ACTIVITIES WITH THE FIRST SPECIAL SERVICE FORCE. RATHER, THE COLLAR WOULD HAVE BEEN WORN BY AN AMERICAN DEVIL’S BRIGADE PEER. KNIGHT BELIEVED HE SOLICITED IT OR WAS GIVEN IT FROM AN AMERICAN MEMBER OF THE UNIT. HE STATED THAT HE WORE COVERALLS WORN IN THE FIELD/COMBAT AND THE COLLAR WOULD HAVE BEEN WORN WITH A SERVICE TUNIC. SEE RECORD P20000036001-GA FOR DONOR BIOGRAPHY AND BRIEF HISTORY OF THE FSSF.
Catalogue Number
P20000079010
Acquisition Date
2001-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAZI, INFANTRY ASSAULT BADGE
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEAD
Catalogue Number
P20000091005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAZI, INFANTRY ASSAULT BADGE
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
LEAD
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
6.0
Width
4.6
Description
CAST LEAD BADGE. FEATURES AN OVAL WREATH OF LEAVES. ACROSS CENTRE OF WREATH IS A RIFLE. AT TOP OF BADGE IS AN EAGLE, WITH OUTSPREAD WINGS, ON TOP OF A SWASTIKA. ETCHED ONTO BACK IS "MADE BY A P.O.W.". THERE IS ALSO A SMALL WHITE STICKER ON BACK THAT HAS "15" WRITTEN ON IT IN BLUE INK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
BADGE IS A REPRODUCTION OF AN ORIGINAL GERMAN ISSUE. BADGE WAS MADE BY A P.O.W. AT CAMP 133 IN LETHBRIDGE DURING WORLD WAR II. INTERNEES AT THE CAMP WOULD SELL LEAD COPIES OF THEIR BADGES FOR CANTEEN MONEY. DONOR LIVED ONLY BLOCKS FROM THE CAMP. DONOR VISITED CAMP 133 WHEN THEY WOULD HAVE SALES TO BUY HAND-MADE ITEMS FROM INTERNEES. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY MIKE PROKOP. INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR WAS RETREIVED FROM HIS FUNERAL PROGRAM: "MIKE PROKOP, BELOVED HUSBAND OF LYDIA PROKOP OF LETHBRIDGE PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY AFTER A LENGTHY ILLNESS ON MONDAY, DECEMBER 13, 2004 AT THE AGE OF 71 YEARS... MIKE WORKED MANY YEARS AT LETHBRIDGE BATTERY PRIOR TO OPERATING HIS OWN BUSINESS, GENERAL TOY & HOBBY CRAFT. MIKE WAS A MEMBER OF THE 32ND TECH SQUADRON R.C.E.M.E. AND THE 18TH INDEPENDENT FIELD BATTERY REGIMENT... HE ALSO DEVOTED MANY YEARS TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN SEA CADET CORP AS COMMANDING OFFICER AND BAND INSTRUCTOR. HE WAS A LIFETIME MEMBER OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION SERVING AS POPPY CHAIRMAN AND FIRST VICE." FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, SEE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20000091005
Acquisition Date
2001-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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