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Other Name
STOCK WHIP
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19970107057
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
STOCK WHIP
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
165.5
Diameter
2.1
Description
RUSTY-BROWN COLOURED PLASTIC WHIP, WITH AN IMITATION BRAIDED DESIGN ON HANDLE AND SHAFT OF WHIP. BRAIDING ON END OF WHIP IS SEPERATING AND BREAKING. TIED TO END OF BRAIDING ARE BLACK AND WHITE NYLON HAIR. BELOW HANDLE IS THE REMNANT OF A SILVER PAPER LABEL, WRITING ILLEGIBLE. SURFACE SOILED AND DAMAGED.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR ITEM BELONGED TO A RANCHER BY THE NAME OF DAVE GARTNER, WHO USED IT TO BRING CATTLE ACROSS THE OLDMAN RIVER. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED A BIOGRAPHY OF AB CHERVINSKI, THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT, WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1982, 1989, AND 2011. ADAM ABRAHAM 'AB" CHERVINSKI WAS BORN ON FEBRUARY 24, 1920 IN LETHBRIDGE. AS A TEENAGER HE WORKED AS A MESSENGER BOY FOR THE CPR TELEGRAPH OFFICE. CHERVINSKI BRIEFLY LIVED IN ONTARIO DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE AIR FORCE, BUT RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WORKED FOR ALBERTA GOVERNMENT TELEPHONES FOR 37 YEARS. HE WAS A LIFELONG COLLECTOR OF ANTIQUES, AVID LOCAL HISTORIAN, AND HEAVILY INVOLVED IN MUSICAL THEATRE. AB CHERVINSKI DIED ON JUNE 2, 2011. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19970107001-GA FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ABOUT CHERVINSKI. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY ADAM ABRAHAM CHERVINSKI. EXTENSIVE RESEARCH CONDUCTED TO LOCATE THE DONOR'S LIVING NEXT-OF-KIN WAS UNSUCCESSFUL.
Catalogue Number
P19970107057
Acquisition Date
1997-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
INSECTICIDE SPRAYER
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TIN, GLASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19990041003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
INSECTICIDE SPRAYER
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Materials
TIN, GLASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
2
Height
10.7
Length
27.8
Width
7.6
Description
A METAL CYLINDER, WITH PUMP, SCREWED ONTO A GLASS JAR. IS RED, BLUE, AND SILVER. HAS "UNIVERSAL" HORIZONTALLY ACROSS THE TOP, AND VERTICALLY DOWN THE MIDDLE. ON EACH SIDE OF THE VERTICAL, IS "SPRAYER EFFICIENT-DURABLE". A SILVER BAND, HORIZONTALLY, AROUND THE BOTTOM READS "UNIVERSAL METAL PRODUCTS CO. P.O. BOX 95 LOWELL, MICH. U.S.A. FACTORY SARANAC, MICH.". AT ONE END OF CYLINDER IS A WOODEN HANDLE ATTACHED TO A METAL SHAFT, WHICH GOES INSIDE CYLINDER, AND IS MOVABLE. ON THE OTHER END OF CYLINDER, IT IS ATTACHED TO A LID WHICH IS SCREWED ON TO A SHORT, ROUND JAR. JAR HAS HORIZONTAL RIDGES ON IT, AND "145" IS EMBOSSED ON BOTTOM. A SMALL, HOLLOW, METAL TUBE GOES FROM FRONT OF SPRAYER INTO JAR.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
MURIEL NUGENT WAS BORN MARCH 30, 1915 IN WINNIPEG. THERE, SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM T. NUGENT AND IN 1946, WITH THEIR FAMILY, THEY CAME TO LETHBRIDGE. THEY MOVED IN ORDER THAT WILLIAM COULD TAKE UP A JOB WITH WESTERN CANADIAN HARDWARE IN LETHBRIDGE. PRIOR, HE HAD SERVED WITH THE NAVAL RESERVES IN WINNIPEG DURING WORLD WAR II. MURIEL PASSED AWAY OCTOBER 8, 2002 AND WAS PREDECEASED BY HER HUSBAND IN 1989.
Catalogue Number
P19990041003
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
PITCHFORK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970041849
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PITCHFORK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.0
Length
109.3
Width
18
Description
GARDEN FORK HAS STRAIGHT WOODEN HANDLE WITH STEEL TEETH AND GRIP. FORK HAS FOUR TRIANGULAR TEETH WITH NECK AND HAND GRIP PAINTED GREEN. ALL METAL PARTS ARE HEAVILY CORRODED.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
SPADING FORK WAS USED BY DONOR'S FATHER WHO WAS AN AVID GARDENER IN HIS SPARE TIME. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY. THE FOLLOWING MEMORIES WERE PROVIDED BY REVEREND TIM NAKAYAMA IN A LETTER TO THE GALT ON 16 AUGUST, 2007. HE WROTE: "I PERCEIVED THAT HE HAD SOME SKILLS WITH VARIOUS TOOLS, ESPECIALLY JAPANESE ONES, SUCH AS AN AUGER-LIKE DRILL WHICH HE TWIRLED BETWEEN HIS PALMS. HE LIKED TO DO GARDENING. HE SHOWED ME HOW TO HANDLE A PICK, SHOVEL, AND HOE, TURNING THE SOD, AND BREAKING UP AND SEPARATING CLODS OF EARTH FROM CRAB GRASS AND WEEDS LIKE DANDELIONS, PREPARING VIRGIN LAND SO THAT POTATOES, FOR EXAMPLE, COULD BE PLANTED AS THE CROP TO PREPARE THE SOIL FOR OTHER USES. THE PLACES WE MOVED TO: SLOCAN CITY, AND COALDALE, HAD RICH SOILS THAT HAD BEEN EITHER LEFT FALLOW FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME, OR WERE VIRGIN AREAS. IN THE MOUNTAINOUS AREA OF SLOCAN, POTENTIAL AREAS FOR GARDENING WERE VERY ROCKY. COALDALE HAD SMOOTH GUMBO SOIL WHICH TURNED INTO A STICKY CLAY-LIKE CONDITION WHEN IT RAINED, OR IRRIGATION WATER WAS ALLOWED TO POUR OVER THE LAND.”
Catalogue Number
P19970041849
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970041850
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.5
Length
139
Width
8.6
Description
HAND CULTIVATOR HAS STRAIGHT WOODEN HANDLE WITH NARROWER NECK. HOOKED END HAS THREE CURVED TEETH WITH FLAT ROUNDED TIPS. STAMPED IN GREEN NEAR NECK IS AN UNREADABLE LOGO AND "MADE IN CANADA" WHICH IS ALSO HEAVILY WORN. METAL TEETH AND BOLSTER ARE HEAVILY CORRODED.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
CULTIVATOR WAS USED BY DONOR'S FATHER WHO WAS AN AVID GARDENER IN HIS SPARE TIME. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041850
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970041851
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
19.5
Length
145.5
Width
13.5
Description
HAND CULTIVATOR HAS STRAIGHT WOODEN HANDLE WITH NARROWER NECK. AT END OF TIP OF HANDLE IS CYLINRDICAL BOLSTER WITH FLAT TABLE WHICH HAS FIVE CURVED TEETH ON IT. ONE SHORT ONE IS AT CENTER, TWO LONGER ON EITHER SIDE AND TWO LONGEST ON OUTSIDE. EACH TOOTH HAS FLAT SPEAR HEAD TIP. METAL TEETH AND BOLSTER ARE HEAVILY CORRODED.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
CULTIVATOR WAS USED BY DONOR'S FATHER WHO WAS AN AVID GARDENER IN HIS SPARE TIME. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041851
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
STEEL IRRIGATION FLOAT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20010036002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
STEEL IRRIGATION FLOAT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.5
Diameter
28.5
Description
STEEL FLOAT LOOKS LIKE A HOLLOW METAL DRUM WITH A SMALL METAL LOOP AT THE TOP. ACROSS THE TOP OF THE FLOAT, THERE IS WRITTEN IN RED FELT PEN "CHIN BUTTE". THE BOTTOM OF THE FLOAT SHOWS SERIOUS SIGNS OF CORROSION.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST MARY'S RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. THIS WAS LIKELY GIVEN BY THE GOVERNMENT TO THE SMRD (THE CROWN OPERATED IRRIGATION DISTRICT) FOR USE RECORDING WATER LEVELS. THE STEVENS COMPANY BEGAN AROUND 1911 AND THEIR RECORDERS BEGAN TO BE USED A BIT LATER BY THE SMRD IN THE 1930S. THE RECORDER HAD SEVERAL COMPONENTS TO IT, INCLUDING P20010036005, P20010036004 AND P20010036003 WHICH, REPRESENT THE CLOCK WEIGHT, THE STEVENS' RECORDER AND THE COUNTERWEIGHT. THE FLOAT SAT IN A RECORDING WELL (AKA CULVERT) THAT WAS JUST OFF THE CANAL STREAM AND WOULD RISE AND FALL WITH THE WATER LEVEL. THE INFORMATION THE FLOAT RECEIVED ABOUT WATER LEVELS WAS TRANSMITTED THROUGH THE SILVER COUNTERWEIGHT TO THE RECORDER BOX. THIS WAS DONE BY THE COUNTERWEIGHT BEING WRAPPED AROUND THE WHEEL SYSTEM ON THE FRONT OF THE BOX (THE BEADS ON THE COUNTERWEIGHT PREVENTED THE LINE FROM SLIPPING DUE TO AN INCREASE IN WATER KEEPING IT ON THE WHEEL AS THEY WOULD FIT INTO HOLES INSIDE OF IT), AS THE FLOAT ROSE AND FELL THE WHEEL WOULD BE PULLED ONE DIRECTION OR ANOTHER AND WOULD BE RECORDED BY THE PEN AND GRAPH. THE FUNCTION OF THE CLOCK WEIGHT WAS TO OPERATE THE TIME/WATER VELOCITY RATIO ON THE GRAPH WHICH WAS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTANDING THE GENERAL FLOW OF THE WHOLE CANAL. IT WOULD PULL THE GRAPH ALONG (WEIGHED ABOUT 8-10 LBS) TO PROJECT THE TIME SEGMENT OF THE RATIO. EACH OF THESE COMPONENTS WOULD HAVE COME INTO USE AT DIFFERENT TIMES BUT THE ENTIRE SYSTEM AS WE SEE IT TODAY WOULD NOT HAVE EXISTED BEFORE THE 1960S. THE GRAPH, THEREFORE, RECORDED WATER LEVELS AND CAN BE READ IN THIS MANNER: EACH SOLID LINE VERTICALLY REPRESENTED ½ FOOT IN THE WATER LEVEL WHILE EACH INDIVIDUAL LATERAL LINE REPRESENT 1 HOUR (USUALLY THE GRAPH RECORDED AT 24 HOUR INTERVALS). THESE WOULD BE RECORDED AND BACKED UP BY CALCULATIONS THAT THE WATER SUPERVISORS WOULD MAKE AND THE WATER LEVEL-TIME RATION WOULD BE USED TO CALCULATE WATER VELOCITY. THE WHOLE SYSTEM WAS LOCATED AT “MIDDLE COULEE” (AS LABELED ON THE BOX) WHICH IS A SITE LOCATED NEAR DEVIL’S COULEE. IT IS NORTH OF RAYMOND, WEST OF WARNER IN AN AREA CALLED THE RIDGE RESERVOIR.
Catalogue Number
P20010036002
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WADING ROD
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL (STAINLESS STEEL)
Catalogue Number
P20010036008
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WADING ROD
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
METAL (STAINLESS STEEL)
No. Pieces
3
Height
4.2
Length
140.7
Width
8.9
Description
1. ROD IS LONG, NARROW, AND MADE OUT OF A SILVER METAL (STAINLESS STEEL?). ROD IS NOTCHED ALL THE WAY TO THE BOTTOM (MEASURMENT UNITS). AT THE TOP THERE IS A HANDLE, WITH WHAT LOOKS LIKE A PLUNGER THAT IS SPRING OPERATED. AN ELECTRICAL CORD RUNS DOWN THE ROD TO A POINT WHERE IT SPLITS INTO TWO SECTIONS. THE FIRST SECTION ENDS AT A CONNECTED POINT NEAR THE BOTTOM THAT HAS A BLUE CAP. THE OTHER END IS LOOSE. 2. THE SECOND PART OF THIS ARTIFACT PLUGS INTO THE TOP OF THE ROD AT AN INLET ATTACHED TO A WIRE THAT HANGS DOWN. THIS BOX IS AN AUDIBLE BEEP BOX AND WHEN THE LOOSE ELECTRICAL WIRE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE ROD TOUCHES THE RECTANGULAR POST NEXT TO THE ROAD IT WILL EMIT A SOUND. THE BOX IS A LIGHT BATTLESHIP GREY WITH A BLACK SPEAKER, AND A METAL LOOP FOR HANGING. 3. NICKEL PLATED BRASS DISC WITH SMALL CYLINDER WELDED TO CENTRE OF DISC. DISC INSCRIBED "159177" AND STAMPED "66 11".
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT TO MEASURE THE DEPTH AND FLOW OF WATER. "RAYOVAC" 9 VOLT BATTERY REMOVED FROM ELECTRONIC BOX (#2) IN SEPT 2008 TO AVOID DAMAGE. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. THE WADING ROD WAS AN INSTRUMENT THAT ALSO MEASURED WATER VELOCITY BUT IN AREAS OF SHALLOW WATER (LESS THAN 4 FEET) WHERE A BRIDGE WAS NOT AVAILABLE AND A GAUGING CART WAS NOT PRACTICAL. WATER TECHNICIANS WOULD WADE OUT INTO THE CANAL TO TAKE READINGS OF THE VELOCITY ON A CROSS-SECTION (SEVERAL POINTS ALONG THE CHANGING CANAL BED CONSTITUTE A CROSS-SECTION) TO DETERMINE WATER FLOW ACROSS A SPECIFIC AREA OF THE CANAL. THE ELECTRONIC BOX SENT OUT BEEPS TO INFORM THE TECHNICIAN, WEARING HEADPHONES, OF THE WATER FLOW. HE NOTED THE NUMBER OF BEEPS OVER A SPECIFIC INTERVAL. IT HAD A SMALLER VERSION OF THE FLOW RATE METER TO DETERMINE VELOCITY. THE SYSTEM WAS NOT OVERLY EFFECTIVE BECAUSE IT DID NOT GIVE A TRUE CROSS SECTION OF THE CANAL BECAUSE OF THE OPERATOR’S LIMITED ABILITIES AND BECAUSE IT WAS DANGEROUS FOR THE TECHNICIANS TO WADE OUT IN THE CANAL - THOUGH ENJOYABLE DURING SOME OF THE HOT SUMMER DAYS. THIS METHOD HAS BEEN MOSTLY REPLACED BY DIFFERENT TYPES OF SONAR RECORDERS PLACED ON THE BEDS OF CANALS WHICH GIVE BETTER CROSS-SECTIONS. HOWEVER, VERSIONS OF THIS TYPE OF EQUIPMENT ARE STILL IN USE AS OF 2008.
Catalogue Number
P20010036008
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WATER SPRINKLER
Date Range From
1945
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20020005003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WATER SPRINKLER
Date Range From
1945
Date Range To
1960
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
16.5
Length
17
Width
17
Description
SPRINKLER APPEARS TO HAVE ONCE BEEN SILVER AND GOLD COLOURED. WEAR AND RUST ARE EVIDENT ACROSS BODY. SPRINKLER NOZZLE OPERATES WITHIN HEART SHAPED FRAME. SPRINKLER EMBOSSED "ALLEN CHICAGO USA".
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
SPRINKLER DISCOVERED IN DONOR'S CURRENT RESIDENCE IN 1957. HOME WAS FORMERLY OWNED BY HAL DANES. DONOR USED SPRINKLER FOR A SHORT TIME. DONOR MOVED INTO CITY IN 1934 FROM PARK LAKE AREA. MARRIED IN 1946. SEE OTHER DONATIONS FOR INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20020005003
Acquisition Date
2002-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, WOOD, IRON
Catalogue Number
P20150010009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1995
Materials
METAL, WOOD, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.0
Length
24.5
Width
12..7
Description
HAY CROOK OR BALE HOOK. METAL AND WOODEN HANDLE, WITH CAST IRON HOOK. MAIN PORTION OF THE HANDLE IS WOODEN, WITH A MEDIUM AND LIGHT GREY PAINTED FINISH. WHERE THE HANDLE ATTACHES TO THE HOOK IS SILVER COLOURED METAL, WITH A MEDIUM LIGHT BLUE PAINTED FINISH. THE HOOK ITSELF IS CAST IRON, WITH A RED PAINTED FINISH. OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. STRUCTURALLY THE HOOK IS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION, BUT THE PAINTED SURFACES ARE ALL VERY WORN. THE WOODEN HANDLE APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN FINISHED IN A LIGHT GREY FIRST, WITH A LATER ADDITION OF MEDIUM GREY PAINT. BOTH OF THE GREY FINISHES ARE VERY SCUFFED AND SCRATCHED AND THERE IS A LOT OF EXPOSED WOOD. THE MEDIUM BLUE FINISH OF THE METAL PORTION OF THE HANDLE HAS FLAKED OFF IN SEVERAL AREAS. SEVERAL MORE AREAS OF THE FINISH ARE LOOSE. THE RED FINISH ON THE CAST IRON IS VERY WORN, REVEILING BOTH UNFINISHED METAL AND A LIGHT BLUE PAINT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS HAY CROOK OR BALE HOOK WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). ALL FOUR MEN AGREE THAT THE HOOK WAS USED TO HELP FIGHT HAYSTACK FIRES ON LOCAL FARMS. BROWN EXPLAINS THE DIFFICULTY OF DEALING WITH A HAYSTACK FIRE AND WHY THE HOOK WAS SO USEFUL: “WITH A HAYSTACK FIRE, ONCE IT STARTS ON FIRE, THE WHOLE STACK IS WRECKED, EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN’T BURN, BECAUSE THE SMOKE GOES THROUGH IT, THE HAY IS CONTAMINATED AND THE ANIMALS AREN’T GOING TO EAT IT, SO YOU PRETTY WELL HAVE TO KNOCK IT DOWN ANYWAY. AS SOON AS YOU PUT WATER ON IT, IT WILL SMOLDER, AND SMOLDER, AND SMOLDER. PROBABLY ONE OF THE HARDEST FIRES TO PUT OUT IS A HAYSTACK FIRE, BECAUSE YOU CAN’T GET THE WATER TO IT. … YOU PUT YOUR WATER, YOU SOAK ON TOP OF THE BALES AND IT JUST WON’T SOAK IN, SO YOU HAVE TO TAKE EVERY BALE APART, BREAK EVERY PIECE APART, EVERY LITTLE BALE, BREAK IT DOWN, HOSE IT DOWN, NEXT BALE, BREAK IT APART, HOSE IT DOWN, AND CONTINUE.” LAZENBY RECALLED SEEING THE HAY CROOK ON THE TRUCK WHEN HE FIRST STARTED AND EXPLAINED: “I’M NOT A FARM KID AND I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT IT WAS.” HE ASKED WHAT IT WAS, RECEIVING THE REPLY: “’WELL, IT’S A BALE HOOK’ AND I SAID, ‘SO I’M NOT TRYING TO BE A SMART ALECK HERE, BUT WHY DO WE HAVE BALE HOOKS ON THE ENGINE?’ THEY SAID, ‘WELL, IN CASE WE GO TO A HAY BALE FIRE.’ YOU KNOW, ASK A SIMPLE QUESTION, YOU GET A SIMPLE ANSWER, RIGHT? … I NEVER SAW ONE USED AND … THIS IS ONE OF THOSE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT THAT GOT PHASED OUT SHORTLY AFTER THE BEGINNING OF MY CAREER. … THIS WAS ONE OF THOSE PIECES THAT WE FOUND THAT WE JUST DIDN’T HAVE A USE FOR. YOU CAN MOVE HAY BALES WITH OTHER MEANS THAN TO HAVE A SET OF BALE HOOKS ON THE TRUCKS, SO THEY WENT AWAY.” PETIT RECALLED USING THE HOOK AND ADDED: “IT WAS USUALLY ON THE PUMP WHEN THEY RESPONDED TO GRASS FIRES … SOMETIMES WE’D TAKE THAT, NOT USUALLY TO FIGHT THE FIRE, BUT WHEN YOU HAD TO KNOCK [THE BALES] DOWN, YOU HAD TO DRAG THE BALES OUT OF THE WAY. OTHERWISE THEY WOULD START THE FIRE ALL OVER AGAIN. IT WASN’T USED THAT MUCH BUT WE DID GO TO QUITE A FEW FIRES, YOU KNOW, STACKS OF BALES.” DZUREN AGREED: “WELL, IT’S THE BAILING HOOK. AND THAT’S JUST TO MOVE ANY, WHETHER IT’S A BALE OF STRAW OR ANY OTHER ITEM THAT HAD TO BE MOVED AWAY FROM THE FIRE, OR JUST, YOU KNOW, SEGREGATED FROM WHAT WAS ALREADY BURNING.” HE RECALLED THAT IT WAS IN USE WHEN HE STARTED IN 1959 AND ADDED “IT WOULD HAVE BEEN ON ONE OF THE VEHICLES … PARTICULARLY … COUNTY VEHICLES THAT WOULD RESPOND OUT TO THE COUNTY, TO THE FARM FIRE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010009
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Length
41
Width
12
Description
WOODEN FLAIL. ONE END HAS A PADDLE WITH A WIDTH THAT TAPERS FROM 12 CM AT THE TOP TO 10 CM AT THE BASE. THE PADDLE IS WELL WORN IN THE CENTER WITH A HEIGHT OF 4 CM AT THE ENDS AND 2 CM IN THE CENTER. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO THE PADDLE AND IS 16 CM LONG WITH A CIRCULAR SHAPE AT THE END OF THE HANDLE. ENGRAVED ON THE CIRCLE THE INITIALS OF DONOR’S MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER, ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, “ . . .” GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SLIGHT SPLITTING OF THE WOOD ON THE PADDLE AND AROUND THE JOINT BETWEEN THE HANDLE AND THE PADDLE. OVERALL WEAR FROM USE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. THIS WOODEN DOUKHOBOR TOOL IS CALLED A “FLAIL.” A NOTE WRITTEN BY ELSIE MORRIS THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THE FLAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION EXPLAINS, “FLAIL USED FOR BEATING OUT SEEDS. BELONGED TO ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, THEN HANDED TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH PETROVNA KONKIN WHO PASSED IT ON TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH W. MORRIS.” ALTERNATELY, IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS REMEMBERED HER GRANDMOTHER’S, “… NAME WAS JUSOULNA AND THE MIDDLE INITIAL IS THE DAUGHTER OF YVONNE. YVONNE WAS HER FATHER’S NAME AND WISHLOW WAS HER LAST NAME.” THE FLAIL AND THE BLANKET, ALSO DONATED BY MORRIS, WERE USED TOGETHER AT HARVEST TIME TO EXTRACT AND COLLECT SEEDS FROM GARDEN CROPS. ELSIE RECALLED THAT ON WINDY DAYS, “WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS, OR WHATEVER, AND WE WOULD [LAY THEM OUT ON THE BLANKET], BEAT AWAY AND THEN HOLD [THE BLANKET] UP, AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN.” THE FLAIL CONTINUED TO BE USED BY ELIZABETH “RIGHT UP TO THE END,” POSSIBLY INTO THE 1990S, AND THEREAFTER BY MORRIS. WHEN ASKED WHY SHE STOPPED USING IT HERSELF, MORRIS SAID, “I DON’T GARDEN ANYMORE. FURTHERMORE, PEAS ARE SO INEXPENSIVE THAT YOU DON’T WANT TO GO TO ALL THAT WORK... I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE HARVEST THEIR SEEDS. I THINK WE JUST GO AND BUY THEM IN PACKETS NOW.” THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. DOUKHOBOURS CAME TO CANADA IN FINAL YEARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO ESCAPE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN RUSSIA. ELIZABETH KONKIN (NEE WISHLOW) WAS BORN IN CANORA, SK ON JANUARY 22, 1907 TO HER PARENTS, PETER AND ELIZABETH WISHLOW. AT THE AGE OF 6 SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT BRILLIANT, BC, AND THEY LATER MOVED TO THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT SHOULDICE. IT WAS HERE THAT SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM KONKIN. THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE MORRIS (NÉE KONKIN), WAS BORN IN SHOULDICE IN 1928. INITIALLY, WILLIAM TRIED TO SUPPORT HIS FAMILY BY GROWING AND PEDDLING VEGETABLES. WHEN THE FAMILY RECOGNIZED THAT GARDENING WOULD NOT PROVIDE THEM WITH THE INCOME THEY NEEDED, WILLIAM VENTURED OUT TO FARM A QUARTER SECTION OF IRRIGATED LAND 120 KM (75 MILES) AWAY IN VAUXHALL. IN 1941, AFTER THREE YEARS OF FARMING REMOTELY, HE AND ELIZABETH DECIDED TO LEAVE THE ALBERTA COLONY AND RELOCATE TO VAUXHALL. MORRIS WAS 12 YEARS OLD AT THE TIME. MORRIS STATED: “… [T]HEY LEFT THE COLONY BECAUSE THERE WERE THINGS GOING ON THAT THEY DID NOT LIKE SO THEY WANTED TO FARM ON THEIR OWN. SO NOW NOBODY HAD MONEY, SO VAUXHALL HAD LAND, YOU KNOW, THAT THEY WANTED TO HAVE THE PEOPLE AND THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO PUT ANY DOWN DEPOSIT THEY JUST WERE GIVEN THE LAND AND THEY HAD TO SIGN A PAPER SAYING THEY WOULD GIVE THEM ONE FOURTH OF THE CROP EVERY YEAR. THAT WAS HOW MY DAD GOT PAID BUT WHAT MY DAD DIDN’T KNOW WAS THAT THE MONEY THAT WENT IN THERE WAS ACTUALLY PAYING OFF THE FARM SO HE WENT TO SEE MR., WHAT WAS HIS LAST NAME, HE WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE. ANYWAY HE SAID TO HIM “HOW LONG WILL IT BE BEFORE I CAN PAY OFF THIS FARM” AND HE SAYS “YOU’VE BEEN PAYING IT RIGHT ALONG YOU OWE ABOUT TWO HUNDRED AND A FEW DOLLARS”. WELL THAT WAS A REAL SURPRISE FOR THEM SO THEY GAVE THEM THE TWO HUNDRED AND WHATEVER IT WAS THAT HE OWED AND HE BECAME THE OWNER OF THE FARM." MORRIS WENT ON, ”THE DOUKHOBORS ARE AGRARIAN, THEY LIKE TO GROW THINGS THAT’S THEIR CULTURE OF OCCUPATION AND SO THE ONES WHO LIKED FRUIT MOVED TO B.C. LIKE MY UNCLE DID AND MY DAD LIKED FARMING SO HE MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THERE WERE LET’S SEE, I THINK THERE WERE FOUR OTHER FAMILIES THAT MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THREE OF THE MEN GOT TOGETHER AND DECIDED THEY WERE GOING TO GET THEIR TOOLS TOGETHER LIKE A TRACTOR AND MACHINERY THEY NEEDED AND THEN THEY WOULD TAKE TURNS…” THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
No. Pieces
1
Length
139
Width
99.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN BLANKET MADE FROM RAW FLAX. THE BLANKET IS COMPOSED OF 2 SECTIONS OF THE SAME SIZE OF MATERIAL THAT ARE JOINED TOGETHER WITH A SEAM AT THE CENTER. ON THE FRONT SIDE (WITH NEAT SIDE OF THE STITCHING AND PATCHES), THERE ARE THREE PATCHES ON THE BLANKET MADE FROM LIGHTER, RAW-COLOURED MATERIAL. ONE SECTION OF THE FABRIC HAS TWO OF THE PATCHES ALIGNED VERTICALLY NEAR THE CENTER SEAM. THE AREA SHOWING ON ONE PATCH IS 3 CM X 5 CM AND THE OTHER IS SHOWING 5 CM X 6 CM. ON THE OPPOSITE SECTION THERE IS ONE PATCH THAT IS 16 CM X 8.5 CM SEWN AT THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET. THE BLANKET IS HEMMED ON BOTH SHORT SIDES. ON THE OPPOSING/BACK SIDE OF THE BLANKET, THE FULL PIECES OF THE FABRIC FOR THE PATCHES ARE SHOWING. THE SMALLER PATCH OF THE TWO ON THE ONE HALF-SECTION OF THE BLANKET IS 8CM X 10 CM AND THE OTHER PATCH ON THAT SIDE IS 14CM X 15CM. THE PATCH ON THE OTHER HALF-SECTION IS THE SAME SIZE AS WHEN VIEWED FROM THE FRONT. THERE IS A SEVERELY FADED BLUE STAMP ON THIS PATCH’S FABRIC. FAIR CONDITION. THERE IS RED STAINING THAT CAN BE SEEN FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE BLANKET AT THE CENTER SEAM, NEAR THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET AT THE SIDE WITH 2 PATCHES (CLOSER TO THE LARGER PATCH), AND NEAR THE SMALL PATCH AT THE END FURTHER FROM THE CENTER. THERE IS A HOLE WITH MANY LOOSE THREADS SURROUNDING NEAR THE CENTER OF THE HALF SECTION WITH ONE PATCH. THERE ARE VARIOUS THREADS COMING LOOSE AT MULTIPLE POINTS OF THE BLANKET.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
BEDDING
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. ACCORDING TO A NOTE THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THIS LIGHTWEIGHT BLANKET AT THE TIME OF ACQUISITION THE BLANKET IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN MADE C. 1920S. MORRIS SAYS HER MEMORY OF THE BLANKET DATES AS FAR BACK AS SHE CAN REMEMBER: “RIGHT INTO THE ‘30S, ‘40S AND ‘50S BECAUSE MY MOTHER DID THAT RIGHT UP UNTIL NEAR THE END. I USE THAT EVEN IN LETHBRIDGE WHEN I HAD A GARDEN. [THIS TYPE OF BLANKET] WAS USED FOR TWO PURPOSES. IT WAS EITHER PUT ON THE BED UNDERNEATH THE MATTRESS THE LADIES MADE OUT OF WOOL AND OR ELSE IT WAS USED, A DIFFERENT PIECE OF CLOTH WOULD BE USED FOR FLAILING THINGS. [THE] FLAIL ACTUALLY GOES WITH IT AND THEY BANG ON THE SEEDS AND IT WOULD TAKE THE HULLS OFF… IT’S HAND WOVEN AND IT’S MADE OUT OF POOR QUALITY FLAX… IT’S UNBLEACHED, DEFINITELY… RAW LINEN." THIS SPECIFIC BLANKET WAS USED FOR SEEDS MORRIS RECALLS: “…IT HAD TO BE A WINDY DAY… WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS OR WHATEVER BEET SEEDS AND WE WOULD BEAT AWAY AND THEN WE WOULD STAND UP, HOLD IT UP AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN [ONTO THE BLANKET.” THE SEEDS WOULD THEN BE CARRIED ON THE BLANKET AND THEN PUT INTO A PAIL. OF THE BLANKET’S CLEAN STATE, MORRIS EXPLAINS, “THEY’RE ALWAYS WASHED AFTER THEY’RE FINISHED USING THEM.” WHEN SHE LOOKS AT THIS ARTIFACT, MORRIS SAYS: “I FEEL LIKE I’M OUT ON THE FARM, I SEE FIELDS AND FIELDS OF FLAX, BLUE FLAX. BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT SHE USED IT FOR. SHE DID USE IT IF SHE WANTED A LITTLE BIT OF THE FLAX THEN SHE’D POUND THE FLAX, BUT THAT WASN’T OFTEN. IT WAS MOSTLY BEANS AND PEAS.” IT IS UNKNOWN WHO WOVE THIS BLANKET. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P19880057013
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, CLOTH
No. Pieces
2
Length
95.2
Width
7.9
Description
.1- "WATKINS DUSTER" CANNISTER WITH PLUNGER & WAND FOR REACHING AMONG PLANTS. MARKED "PAT. NO. 2086696" ON BASE OF CANNISTER. WOOD HANDLE, CLOTH HAND HOLD STRAP. LABEL AND INSTRUCTIONS REMAIN INTACT. WAND HAS BEEN REPAIRED, SOLDERED AT CONNECTION POINT WITH CANNISTER. .2- LID TO CANNISTER-SCREWS ON. CANNISTER & WAND ARE PAINTED BLUE. PAINT IS SCRATCHED.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
"THE J.R. WATKINS COMPANY MONTREAL VANCOUVER" DONOR PURCHASED FOR DOMESTIC YARD USE DURING 1950'S FROM VISITING WATKINS SALESMAN. DONOR PURCHASED DIAMOND CITY GENERAL STORE, FURNISHINGS AND EQUIPMENT JULY 01 1949 AND SOLD IT IN 1988. BUSINESS IS OLDEST CONTINUOUSLY OPERATED BUSINESS IN THE COMMUNITY & ONE OF THE OLDEST IN THE REGION. FOUNDER OF BUSINESS IMMIGRATED FROM ENGLAND ABOUT 1905-1906.
Catalogue Number
P19880057013
Acquisition Date
1988-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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