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Other Name
"113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20190007006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
FELT, COTTON, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Length
91
Width
28
Description
BLUE PENNANT WITH TWO PAIRS OF BURGUNDY TIE STRAPS AT HOIST END; PENNANT HAS BURGUNDY BAND SEWN ONTO HOIST END. PENNANT HAS WHITE, GREEN, AND RED CREST PAINTED ON WITH WHITE SHIELD AND BANNER, RED AND WHITE CROWN AT TOP, GREEN MAPLE LEAF AND THISTLES IN CENTER, AND TEXT AROUND SHIELD, “113 OVERSEAS BATTALION, CANADA, LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS”. PENNANT HAS WHITE TEXT PAINTED ON FRONT, “113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS”. PENNANT HAS DISCOLORATION ON TEXT FROM LIGHT DAMAGE, AND IS FADED ON FRONT; BACK HAS MINOR SOILING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
IN EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MACLEAN AND BRETT CLIFTON, CLIFTON ELABORATED THAT “THE PENNANTS [WERE] A LOT TOGETHER SEPARATE FROM THE HATE BELT AND SPORRAN…[A] DEATH PENNY, [THE] MEDALS, AND [A] SCROLL BELONGED WITH THE PENNANTS BUT THE AUCTION WAS PULLED.” THE SALE REFERENCED WAS FOR A LOT CONNECTED WITH PTE. JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG OF THE 43RD BATTALION. ACCORDING TO HIS CANADIAN MILITARY SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG WAS A PAINTER AND WIDOWER UPON ENLISTMENT. YOUNG ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) ON JUNE 17, 1916 IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. YOUNG’S UNIT SAILED FOR EUROPE IN SEPTEMBER 1916, AND IN OCTOBER 1916 YOUNG WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH OVERSEAS BATTALION. YOUNG SERVED IN FRANCE WITH THE 43RD BATTALION WHERE HE WAS GASSED; YOUNG RETURNED TO CANADA IN JUNE 1918 DUE TO THE GASSING AND WAS HOSPITALIZED IN CALGARY. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG PASSED AWAY ON APRIL 13, 1929. ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE PENNANT, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “THE PENNANTS AND THE TRAY IN PARTICULAR AND THE SPORRAN, ARE JUST THINGS LIKE, THEY’RE REALLY COOL...” “THE PENNANTS [WERE FRUSTRATING] BECAUSE THERE WERE MORE TO THE SET AND WE’D JUST GOT ROBBED BY SOMEONE WHO HAD CONVINCED THE GUY TO END THE AUCTION EARLY, SO WE COULDN’T COMPLETE IT. THAT WAS SOMETHING THAT MY DAD AND I WERE BOTH EXTREMELY FRUSTRATED OVER.” “[IT] WAS SORT OF A RIDICULOUS THING BECAUSE MY DAD HAD TO STAY UP PROBABLY UNTIL LIKE 2 IN THE MORNING BIDDING ON EACH BATCH THAT WENT IN THE LOT.” CAROL CLIFTON ADDED, “AND WE WERE ALL POOLING OUR MONEY. CHRIS WOULD SAY, 'WELL, I CAN PUT THIS MUCH IN.' BRETT WOULD SAY, 'I’LL PUT THIS MUCH IN.' I’M LIKE, 'WELL I HAVE THIS, SO I’LL SELL THIS ARTIFACT AND THAT WAY YOU CAN HAVE THE MONEY.' BECAUSE WE EXPECTED…YOU’D HAVE TO PROBABLY PAY WAY TOO MUCH, BUT YOU NEEDED TO BRING IT ALL HOME TOGETHER AND THEN SUDDENLY THE GUY JUST ENDED IT. “THE GUY TOOK [THE LOT] APART AND WE PAID WAY TOO MUCH FOR EACH PIECE, BECAUSE WE WANTED THEM BECAUSE THEY BELONGED TO THEM, AND IT WOULD BE DISHONEST TO USE A DIFFERENT PIECE THAT WASN’T HIS. SO, FOR AN ARTIFACT THAT YOU MAYBE COULD BUY FOR ABOUT $10.00, WE PAID $40.00 BECAUSE WE KNEW IT BELONGED TO THAT INDIVIDUAL FROM HERE AND, WE NEVER WOULD HAVE THOUGHT, 'WELL, WE COULD JUST SNEAK IN ONE AND NO ONE WILL KNOW.' WE NEVER WOULD HAVE FAKED AN ARTIFACT. WE SAT AND BID FOR HOURS AND OF COURSE OVERPAID FOR EVERY SINGLE PIECE. THEN WHEN YOU BUY ONE, YOU FEEL YOU HAVE TO BUY THEM ALL.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE.” ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996) AND COMPILED BY EDMUNDSON. "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMISE OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SEPTEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007006
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"43RD BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20190007007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"43RD BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
FELT, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
94.7
Width
27
Description
BURGUNDY PENNANT WITH TWO PAIRS OF WHITE AND BURGUNDY TIE STRAPS AT END; PENNANT HAS WHITE BAND SEWN ONTO HOIST END. PENNANT HAS WHITE TEXT SEWN ONTO FRONT, “43RD BATTALION”. BACK OF PENNANT SHOWS WHITE STITCHING FOR LETTERS AND BAND SEWN AT HOIST. PENNANT IS FADED ON FRONT AND HAS SEVERE LIGHT DAMAGE AT END TIP; LETTERS ON FRONT ARE DISCOLOURED FROM LIGHT DAMAGE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
IN EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MACLEAN AND BRETT CLIFTON, CLIFTON ELABORATED THAT “THE PENNANTS [WERE] A LOT TOGETHER SEPARATE FROM THE HATE BELT AND SPORRAN…[A] DEATH PENNY, [THE] MEDALS, AND [A] SCROLL BELONGED WITH THE PENNANTS BUT THE AUCTION WAS PULLED.” THE SALE REFERENCED WAS FOR A LOT CONNECTED WITH PTE. JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG OF THE 43RD BATTALION. ACCORDING TO HIS CANADIAN MILITARY SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG WAS A PAINTER AND WIDOWER UPON ENLISTMENT. YOUNG ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) ON JUNE 17, 1916 IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. YOUNG’S UNIT SAILED FOR EUROPE IN SEPTEMBER 1916, AND IN OCTOBER 1916 YOUNG WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH OVERSEAS BATTALION. YOUNG SERVED IN FRANCE WITH THE 43RD BATTALION WHERE HE WAS GASSED; YOUNG RETURNED TO CANADA IN JUNE 1918 DUE TO THE GASSING AND WAS HOSPITALIZED IN CALGARY. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG PASSED AWAY ON APRIL 13, 1929. ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE PENNANT, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “THE PENNANTS AND THE TRAY IN PARTICULAR AND THE SPORRAN, ARE JUST THINGS LIKE, THEY’RE REALLY COOL...” “THE PENNANTS [WERE FRUSTRATING] BECAUSE THERE WERE MORE TO THE SET AND WE’D JUST GOT ROBBED BY SOMEONE WHO HAD CONVINCED THE GUY TO END THE AUCTION EARLY, SO WE COULDN’T COMPLETE IT. THAT WAS SOMETHING THAT MY DAD AND I WERE BOTH EXTREMELY FRUSTRATED OVER.” “[IT] WAS SORT OF A RIDICULOUS THING BECAUSE MY DAD HAD TO STAY UP PROBABLY UNTIL LIKE 2 IN THE MORNING BIDDING ON EACH BATCH THAT WENT IN THE LOT.” CAROL CLIFTON ADDED, “AND WE WERE ALL POOLING OUR MONEY. CHRIS WOULD SAY, 'WELL, I CAN PUT THIS MUCH IN.' BRETT WOULD SAY, 'I’LL PUT THIS MUCH IN.' I’M LIKE, 'WELL I HAVE THIS, SO I’LL SELL THIS ARTIFACT AND THAT WAY YOU CAN HAVE THE MONEY.' BECAUSE WE EXPECTED…YOU’D HAVE TO PROBABLY PAY WAY TOO MUCH, BUT YOU NEEDED TO BRING IT ALL HOME TOGETHER AND THEN SUDDENLY THE GUY JUST ENDED IT. “THE GUY TOOK [THE LOT] APART AND WE PAID WAY TOO MUCH FOR EACH PIECE, BECAUSE WE WANTED THEM BECAUSE THEY BELONGED TO THEM, AND IT WOULD BE DISHONEST TO USE A DIFFERENT PIECE THAT WASN’T HIS. SO, FOR AN ARTIFACT THAT YOU MAYBE COULD BUY FOR ABOUT $10.00, WE PAID $40.00 BECAUSE WE KNEW IT BELONGED TO THAT INDIVIDUAL FROM HERE AND, WE NEVER WOULD HAVE THOUGHT, 'WELL, WE COULD JUST SNEAK IN ONE AND NO ONE WILL KNOW.' WE NEVER WOULD HAVE FAKED AN ARTIFACT. WE SAT AND BID FOR HOURS AND OF COURSE OVERPAID FOR EVERY SINGLE PIECE. THEN WHEN YOU BUY ONE, YOU FEEL YOU HAVE TO BUY THEM ALL.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE." ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996) AND COMPILED BY EDMUNDSON. "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMISE OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SEPTEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007007
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"43RD BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20190007008
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"43RD BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
FELT, COTTON
No. Pieces
11
Length
98
Width
27
Description
ARMY GREEN PENNANT WITH TWO PAIRS OF ORANGE TIE STRAPS SEWN ONTO END; PENNANT HAS ORANGE BAND SEWN ONTO HOIST END. PENNANT HAS ORANGE TEXT SEWN ONTO FRONT, “43RD BATTALION”. BACK OF PENNANT SHOWS ORANGE STITCHING FROM BAND AT HOIST END AND LETTERS. PENNANT FRONT IS FADED AND HAS LIGHT DAMAGE BELOW TEXT; END TIP IS CREASED WITH LOSS IN CENTER; BACK HAS FADING AND LIGHT DAMAGE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
IN EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MACLEAN AND BRETT CLIFTON, CLIFTON ELABORATED THAT “THE PENNANTS [WERE] A LOT TOGETHER SEPARATE FROM THE HATE BELT AND SPORRAN…[A] DEATH PENNY, [THE] MEDALS, AND [A] SCROLL BELONGED WITH THE PENNANTS BUT THE AUCTION WAS PULLED.” THE SALE REFERENCED WAS FOR A LOT CONNECTED WITH PTE. JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG OF THE 43RD BATTALION. ACCORDING TO HIS CANADIAN MILITARY SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG WAS A PAINTER AND WIDOWER UPON ENLISTMENT. YOUNG ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) ON JUNE 17, 1916 IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. YOUNG’S UNIT SAILED FOR EUROPE IN SEPTEMBER 1916, AND IN OCTOBER 1916 YOUNG WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH OVERSEAS BATTALION. YOUNG SERVED IN FRANCE WITH THE 43RD BATTALION WHERE HE WAS GASSED; YOUNG RETURNED TO CANADA IN JUNE 1918 DUE TO THE GASSING AND WAS HOSPITALIZED IN CALGARY. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG PASSED AWAY ON APRIL 13, 1929. ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE PENNANT, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “THE PENNANTS AND THE TRAY IN PARTICULAR AND THE SPORRAN, ARE JUST THINGS LIKE, THEY’RE REALLY COOL...” “THE PENNANTS [WERE FRUSTRATING] BECAUSE THERE WERE MORE TO THE SET AND WE’D JUST GOT ROBBED BY SOMEONE WHO HAD CONVINCED THE GUY TO END THE AUCTION EARLY, SO WE COULDN’T COMPLETE IT. THAT WAS SOMETHING THAT MY DAD AND I WERE BOTH EXTREMELY FRUSTRATED OVER.” “[IT] WAS SORT OF A RIDICULOUS THING BECAUSE MY DAD HAD TO STAY UP PROBABLY UNTIL LIKE 2 IN THE MORNING BIDDING ON EACH BATCH THAT WENT IN THE LOT.” CAROL CLIFTON ADDED, “AND WE WERE ALL POOLING OUR MONEY. CHRIS WOULD SAY, 'WELL, I CAN PUT THIS MUCH IN.' BRETT WOULD SAY, 'I’LL PUT THIS MUCH IN.' I’M LIKE, 'WELL I HAVE THIS, SO I’LL SELL THIS ARTIFACT AND THAT WAY YOU CAN HAVE THE MONEY.' BECAUSE WE EXPECTED…YOU’D HAVE TO PROBABLY PAY WAY TOO MUCH, BUT YOU NEEDED TO BRING IT ALL HOME TOGETHER AND THEN SUDDENLY THE GUY JUST ENDED IT. “THE GUY TOOK [THE LOT] APART AND WE PAID WAY TOO MUCH FOR EACH PIECE, BECAUSE WE WANTED THEM BECAUSE THEY BELONGED TO THEM, AND IT WOULD BE DISHONEST TO USE A DIFFERENT PIECE THAT WASN’T HIS. SO, FOR AN ARTIFACT THAT YOU MAYBE COULD BUY FOR ABOUT $10.00, WE PAID $40.00 BECAUSE WE KNEW IT BELONGED TO THAT INDIVIDUAL FROM HERE AND, WE NEVER WOULD HAVE THOUGHT, 'WELL, WE COULD JUST SNEAK IN ONE AND NO ONE WILL KNOW.' WE NEVER WOULD HAVE FAKED AN ARTIFACT. WE SAT AND BID FOR HOURS AND OF COURSE OVERPAID FOR EVERY SINGLE PIECE. THEN WHEN YOU BUY ONE, YOU FEEL YOU HAVE TO BUY THEM ALL.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE." ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996) AND COMPILED BY EDMUNDSON. "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMISE OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SEPTEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007008
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"JAMES HENRY WALLWORK"
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1929
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GRANITE
Catalogue Number
P20150039000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"JAMES HENRY WALLWORK"
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1929
Materials
GRANITE
No. Pieces
1
Length
38.5
Width
15
Description
GRANITE UPRIGHT GRAVE MARKER, GREY WITH BLACK FLECKS; BASE OF MARKER IS STAINED BROWN AND WHITE. MARKER IS RECTANGULAR WITH ROUNDED TOP AND JAGGED/BROKEN BASE. FRONT OF MARKER HAS ENGRAVED CIRCLE AT TOP WITH CARVED MAPLE LEAF IN CENTER; TEXT ENGRAVED BELOW CIRCLE READS “331862 GUNNER, JAMES H. WALLWORK, C.F.A. C.E.F., 22ND APRIL 1919”; MARKER HAS CROSS ENGRAVED BELOW TEXT. TEXT AND ENGRAVINGS SEVERELY WORN AND ERODED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
FUNERARY OBJECT
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
MILITARY
History
THE GRAVE MARKER FOR GUNNER JAMES H. WALLWORK WAS GRANTED ON TEMPORARY LOAN BY KIND PERMISSION OF THE COMMONWEALTH GRAVES WAR COMMISSION IN JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2016. THE GRAVE MARKER, OWNED BY THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION, WAS PREVIOUSLY LOCATED IN LETHBRIDGE’S MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY AND WAS SCHEDULED FOR REPLACEMENT IN 2015. UPON THE GRAVE MARKER’S REPLACEMENT, IT WAS SUBSEQUENTLY REQUESTED BY THE GALT MUSEUM. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JAMES HENRY WALLWORK WAS BORN IN RADCLIFFE, ENGLAND ON MAY 23, 1881 TO JAMES AND HARRIET WALLWORK. JAMES HENRY WALLWORK IMMIGRATED TO CANADA AND RESIDED IN LETHBRIDGE WITH HIS WIFE, ANNIE, AND DAUGHTER, WINNIFRED, WORKING AS A FURNACE MAN AT THE TIME OF HIS ENLISTMENT. GUNNER JAMES H. WALLWORK ENLISTED WITH THE 61ST BATTERY, 15TH BRIGADE, CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY, C.E.F. ON APRIL 11, 1916. ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1916 DETAILED THE FORMATION OF THE 61ST BATTERY, WITH RECRUITMENT BEGINNING APRIL 3, 1916 IN LETHBRIDGE. THE 61ST BATTERY WAS FORMED UNDER THE 15TH ARTILLERY BRIGADE. UNDER CAPTAIN COLLIN H. COLLINSON, THE 61ST CLOSED RECRUITMENT IN MAY AND REMAINED STATIONED AT BARRACKS AT HENDERSON PARK UNTIL LEAVING LETHBRIDGE MAY 27-29, 1916 FOR TRAINING IN PETAWAWA, ONTARIO. THE 61ST BATTERY WAS THE THIRD COMPLETE BATTERY TO BE RECRUITED AND LEAVE FROM LETHBRIDGE DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR. UPON LEAVING FOR ENGLAND, CAPTAIN COLLINSON WAS COMMANDING OFFICER FOR THE 61ST BATTERY, AND COLONEL OGILVIE WAS COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE 15TH ARTILLERY BRIGADE. THE 61ST BATTERY PROCEEDED FROM PETAWAWA TO WITLEY CAMP, SURREY, ENGLAND IN 1916. ACCORDING TO THE WAR DIARIES OF THE 14TH BRIGADE CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY, AVAILABLE THROUGH THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES OF CANADA, AT WITLEY CAMP THE 15TH BRIGADE OF THE CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY WAS REORGANIZED “…WITH TWO BATTERIES AND HALF THE 14TH COMBINED AND CALLED LEFT GROUP 4TH C.D.A…TWO DAYS AFTER WERE THE 14TH [BRIGADE C.F.A.].” ON AUGUST 22ND, 1917, THE 14TH BRIGADE ARRIVED IN FRANCE. THE 14TH BRIGADE PROCEEDED TO CARENCY, FRANCE IN SEPTEMBER 1917, SETTING UP WAGON LINES ON SEPTEMBER 4-5, 1916. THE 61ST BATTERY OPERATED IN NORTHERN FRANCE IN 1918 UNTIL THE ARMISTICE AND RETURNING TO CANADA. LIEUTENANT ABNER GLADSTONE VIRTUE OF LETHBRIDGE SERVED WITH THE 61ST BATTERY AND REMAINED WITH THE BATTERY THROUGH ITS DEMOBILIZATION. WALLWORK’S MILITARY SERVICE FILE, ACCESSED THROUGH THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES OF CANADA, INDICATES THAT HE RETURNED TO CANADA ON JANUARY 17, 1919 AND WAS DISCHARGED ON FEBRUARY 24, 1919 FOR “DEMOBILIZATION” AND BEING MEDICALLY UNFIT. MEDICAL RECORDS IN HIS SERVICE FILE INDICATE THAT WALLWORK SUFFERED FROM MYALGIA UPON HIS DISCHARGE. WALLWORK RETURNED TO CANADA, AND ON APRIL 22, 1919 DIED “AFTER BEING REMOVED FROM THE AMBULANCE IN WHICH HE WAS CONVEYED TO THE GALT HOSPITAL,” AS STATED IN A LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE FROM APRIL 23, 1919. A PREVIOUS ITERATION OF ITS WEBSITE NOTES THAT THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION [CWGC] WAS CONTRACTED IN 2003 BY VETERANS AFFAIRS CANADA TO “PLAN AND DEVELOP A STRATEGIC APPROACH TO LOCATE GRAVE MARKERS FOR WHICH THE MINISTER OF VETERANS AFFAIRS HAS RESPONSIBILITY…IN 2011, AN M.O.U. [MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING] WAS SIGNED BETWEEN VAC [VETERANS AFFAIRS CANADA] AND THE CWGC TO CONDUCT A TWELVE-YEAR CYCLICAL INSPECTION PROGRAMME OF VETERANS’ MARKERS INSTALLED AT THE EXPENSE OF CANADA.” ON ITS CURRENT WEBSITE, THE CWGC NOTES, “THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION (CWGC) HONOURS THE 1.7 MILLION MEN AND WOMEN WHO DIED IN THE ARMED FORCES OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE DURING THE FIRST AND SECOND WORLD WARS, AND ENSURES THEY WILL NEVER BE FORGOTTEN. OUR WORK BEGAN WITH BUILDING, AND NOW MAINTAINING, CEMETERIES AND MEMORIALS AT 23,000 LOCATIONS IN MORE THAN 150 COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES, AND MANAGING THE OFFICIAL CASUALTY DATABASE ARCHIVES FOR OUR MEMBER NATIONS.” FOR INFORMATION ON THE LOAN STATUS AND TERMS OF ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF THE GRAVE COMMISSION HEADSTONE, COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND WALLWORK’S SERVICE FILE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20150039000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20150039000
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1899
Date Range To
1968
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, WOOD, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170010000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1899
Date Range To
1968
Materials
LEATHER, WOOD, METAL
No. Pieces
12
Height
55.5
Length
28.5
Width
10
Description
A: RIGHT BROWN LEATHER BOOT. THE LEATHER IS ABOUT 2CM THICK, MEASURED FROM THE TOP. WORN BLACK LEATHER SOLE, HEEL AFFIXED WITH WORN METAL NAILS. TWO LACE LINES ARE ON THE BOOT, ONE MEASURES SEVEN HOLES LONG ABOVE THE TOP OF THE FOOT, THE OTHER MEASURING FIVE HOLES LONG ON THE TOP OUTSIDE EDGE OF THE BOOT. THE LACE HOLES ARE RIMMED WITH RED METAL FRAMES. THE SOLE IS WORN, STAINED, AND FRAYED RED. TEXT STAMPED ON THE SOLE READS “A.E. N…ON CO. SYRACCUSE N.Y. U.S.A.” THE BOOTS LEATHER IS WORN ON THE TOE AND SCRATCHED ALL OVER. A CUT IN THE LEATHER SITS ABOVE THE TOE. THE STITCHING AT THE BACK OF THE BOOT HAS TORN OPEN AND AT THE TOP OF THE BOOT, NEXT TO THE LEATHER PULL, THE BOOT IS SPLIT NEXT TO THE SEAM. THE LEATHER INSIDE THE BOOT IS FLAKING OFF IN THE HEEL AND THE INSIDE EDGE. WHITE FABRIC PULL LOOPS SIT ON THE LEFT AND RIGHT INSIDE OF THE BOOT. DIMENSIONS: H: 46 CM, L: 28.5CM, W: 10 CM. CONDITION: GOOD. B: THE TOE-SHAPED PIECE OF THE RIGHT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT. MADE OUT OF THE FOOT-SHAPED PIECE AND A HANDLE PIECE TO FIT INTO THE FRONT LEG INSERT PIECE, ATTACHED TO EACH OTHER WITH TWO LARGE SCREWS. WRITTEN ON TOP OF THE INSERT IN BLACK INK IS THE LETTER “R”. THE VARNISH IS CHIPPED AND DENTED. DIMENSIONS: H: 10 CM, L: 21 CM, W: 8 CM. CONDITION: VERY GOOD. C: THE FRONT PIECE OF THE RIGHT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT. ENDS IN TWO PRONGS TO SLOT OVER THE TOE INSERT OF THE BOOT, A TRACK RUNS ON THE BACK SIDE FOR THE INSERTION OF THE HANDLED INSERT PIECE. STAMPED ONTO THE TOP OF THE WOOD INSERT ARE THE WORDS “ROBINBROS. MONTREAL” AND “MADE IN CANADA”. ON THE LEFT SIDE IS A STAMPED “6” AND ON THE RIGHT SIDE IS A STAMPED “R”. WRITTEN ON THE UNVARNISHED BACK OF THE INSERT IN BLACK INK IS “R” AND “6 R…”. THE VARNISH IS SCRATCHED AND DENTED, JUST AT THE TOP FRONT EDGE. H: 43 CM, L: 5 CM, W: 8.4 CM. CONDITION: VERY GOOD. D: THE BACK PIECE OF THE RIGHT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT. SHAPED LIKE THE BACK OF THE LEG, ENDING IN THE HEEL. THE FLAT FRONT HAS WRITTEN ON IT IN BLACK INK “R”. THE VARNISH IS SCRATCHED AND DIMPLED. STAMPED ONTO THE TOP OF THE WOOD INSERT ARE THE WORDS “ROBINBROS. MONTREAL” AND “MADE IN CANADA”. ON THE TOP LEFT SIDE IS A STAMPED “6” AND ON THE TOP RIGHT SIDE IS A STAMPED “R”. DIMENSIONS: H: 42.5 CM, L: 5.5 CM, W: 9 CM. CONDITION: VERY GOOD. E: THE MIDDLE PIECE OF THE RIGHT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT. THIN, THE INSERT TAPERS FROM THE TOP TO THE HEEL. THE VARNISH IS DARK, MINIMALLY SCRATCHED BUT DENTED AND DIMPLED. DIMENSIONS: H: 44.2 CM, L: 2.2 CM, W: 9 CM. CONDITION: VERY GOOD. F: THE HANDLED PIECE OF THE RIGHT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT, MEANT TO FIT BETWEEN THE FRONT AND MIDDLE INSERT PIECE. THE FRONT OF THE PIECE FITS INTO THE FRONT WOOD INSERT’S TRACK. THE VARNISH IS MOSTLY WORN AWAY, SURVIVING ON THE HANDLE. THE WOOD IS SCRATCHED AND DIMPLED. ON THE BACK OF THE INSERT IN BLACK INK IS THE LETTER “L”. STAMPED ON THE TOP LEFT SIDE IS A STAMPED “6” AND ON THE TOP RIGHT SIDE IS A STAMPED “R”. DIMENSIONS: H: 55 CM, L: 1.6 CM, W: 8.5 CM. CONDITION: GOOD. G: THE LEFT BROWN LEATHER BOOT. THE LEATHER IS ABOUT 2CM THICK, MEASURED FROM THE TOP. WORN BLACK LEATHER SOLE, HEEL AFFIXED WITH WORN SILVER NAILS. TWO LACE LINES ARE ON THE BOOT, ONE MEASURES SEVEN HOLES LONG ABOVE THE TOP OF THE FOOT, THE OTHER MEASURING FIVE HOLES LONG ON THE TOP OUTSIDE EDGE OF THE BOOT. THE LACE HOLES ARE RIMMED WITH RED METAL FRAMES. THE SOLE IS WORN, STAINED, AND FRAYED RED. TEXT STAMPED ON THE SOLE READS “A.E. NETTLET… CO. S…SE N.Y. ...S.A.” THE BOOTS LEATHER IS WORN OVER THE TOP OF THE FOOT, THE SIDE OF THE HEEL, AND SCRATCHED ALL OVER. THE LEATHER INSIDE THE BOOT IS FLAKING OFF IN THE HEEL AND THE INSIDE EDGE. WHITE FABRIC PULL LOOPS SIT ON THE LEFT AND RIGHT INSIDE OF THE BOOT. DIMENSIONS: H: 46 CM, L: 28.8 CM, W: 9.7 CM. CONDITION: GOOD. H: THE TOE SHAPED PIECE OF THE LEFT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT. MADE OUT OF THE FOOT SHAPED PIECE AND A HANDLE PIECE TO FIT INTO THE FRONT LEG INSERT PIECE, ATTACHED TO EACH OTHER WITH TWO LARGE SCREWS. WRITTEN ON TOP OF THE INSERT IN BLACK INK IS THE LETTER “L”. THE VARNISH IS MINIMALLY DENTED. DIMENSIONS: H: 10 CM, L: 21 CM, W: 8 CM. CONDITION: VERY GOOD. I: THE FRONT PIECE OF THE LEFT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT. ENDS IN TWO PRONGS TO SLOT OVER THE TOE INSERT OF THE BOOT, A TRACK RUNS ON THE BACK SIDE FOR THE INSERTION OF THE HANDLED INSERT PIECE. STAMPED ONTO THE TOP OF THE WOOD INSERT ARE THE WORDS “ROBINBROS. MONTREAL” AND “MADE IN CANADA”. ON THE LEFT SIDE IS A STAMPED “6” AND ON THE RIGHT SIDE IS A STAMPED “L”. WRITTEN ON THE UNVARNISHED BACK OF THE INSERT IN BLACK INK IS “L” AND “6 LEFT”. THE VARNISH IS SCRATCHED AND DENTED, MOSTLY AT THE TOP FRONT EDGE. DIMENSIONS: H: 43 CM, L: 5 CM, W: 8.4 CM. CONDITION: GOOD. J: THE BACK PIECE OF THE LEFT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT. SHAPED LIKE THE BACK OF THE LEG, ENDING IN THE HEEL. THE FLAT FRONT HAS WRITTEN ON IT IN BLACK INK “L”. THE VARNISH IS MINIMALLY SCRATCHED AND DIMPLED. STAMPED ONTO THE TOP OF THE WOOD INSERT ARE THE WORDS “ROBINBROS. MONTREAL” AND “MADE IN CANADA”. ON THE TOP LEFT SIDE IS A STAMPED “6” AND ON THE TOP RIGHT SIDE IS A STAMPED “L”. DIMENSIONS: H: 42.5 CM, L: 5.5 CM, W: 9 CM. CONDITION: VERY GOOD. K: THE MIDDLE PIECE OF THE LEFT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT. THIN, THE INSERT TAPERS FROM THE TOP TO THE HEEL. THE VARNISH IS DARK, SCRATCHED AND WORN IN PLACES. A KNOT IN THE WOOD HAS FALLEN OUT AND LEFT A HOLE IN THE TOP OF THE INSERT. DIMENSIONS: H: 44.3 CM, L: 2.5 CM, W: 9 CM. CONDITION: VERY GOOD. L: THE HANDLED PIECE OF THE RIGHT BOOT’S WOOD INSERT, MEANT TO FIT BETWEEN THE FRONT AND MIDDLE INSERT PIECE. THE FRONT OF THE PIECE FITS INTO THE FRONT WOOD INSERT’S TRACK. THE VARNISH IS MOSTLY WORN AWAY, SURVIVING ON THE HANDLE. THE WOOD IS SCRATCHED AND DIMPLED. ON THE BACK OF THE INSERT IN BLACK INK IS THE LETTER “R” WITH TWO LINES DRAWN OVER IT. STAMPED ON THE TOP LEFT SIDE IS A STAMPED “6” AND ON THE TOP RIGHT SIDE IS A STAMPED “L”. ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE INSERT IS A NAIL, THE TOP GRINDED DOWN. DIMENSIONS: H: 55.5 CM, L: 1.9 CM, W: 8.6 CM. CONDITION: GOOD.
Subjects
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
MILITARY
PROFESSIONS
LEISURE
History
THIS PAIR OF RIDING BOOTS BELONGED TO MURRAY NELSON, THE BROTHER DONOR KATHRYN HINMAN. TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE HISTORY OF THESE BOOTS AND THEIR OWNER, GALT COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED HINMAN AT THE MUSEUM ON MARCH 20, 2017. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: “THE PREVIOUS OWNER OF THESE BOOTS WAS MY BROTHER, MURRAY [NELSON],” HINMAN BEGAN, “HE PASSED AWAY AT THE END OF NOVEMBER 2015… HE WAS A LOCAL MUSICIAN. HE CAME INTO THE POSSESSION OF THESE BOOTS FROM MY GRANDFATHER, GEORGE S. BROWN, WHO WAS LIEUTENANT COLONEL GEORGE S. BROWN. MY GRANDDAD WAS A GREAT FRIEND OF BRIGADIER GENERAL STEWART. GRANDDAD CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THESE BOOTS AT SOME POINT FROM DR. STEWART AND WHEN MY BROTHER WAS ABOUT EIGHTEEN, MY GRANDFATHER PASSED THEM ON TO HIM.” “[MURRAY DID] TELL ME THAT HE WAS IN THE GARAGE OUT AT THE FARM, WHICH IS ACTUALLY BROWN ROAD JUST OFF THE COUTTS’ HIGHWAY AND THAT WAS WHERE MY GRANDFATHER’S ACREAGE WAS. ON THAT ACREAGE, THERE WAS A GARAGE [AMONG] MANY BUILDINGS. MURRAY HAD SAID GRANDDAD HAD TAKEN HIM INTO THE GARAGE AND WHEN MURRAY EXPRESSED AN INTEREST IN [THE BOOTS THERE] GRANDDAD SAID, ‘YUP, YOU CAN HAVE THEM. THEY WERE GENERAL STEWART’S FROM THE BOER WAR. TAKE GOOD CARE OF THEM.’” “[MY BROTHER] USED TO WEAR THEM PLAYING IN BANDS WHEN HE WAS EIGHTEEN AND UP,” HINMAN CONTINUED, “[THEY WERE] PART OF HIS DRESS CODE… THEY’RE LOVELY BOOTS. THE STORY WAS THAT THEY WERE FROM THE BOER WAR, WHICH PUTS THEM OVER ONE HUNDRED YEARS OLD… [MY BROTHER] PROBABLY ACQUIRED [THESE BOOTS WHEN] MY GRANDFATHER PASSED AWAY IN 1968. MURRAY WOULD HAVE BEEN EIGHTEEN [THAT YEAR]. HE WAS IN HIS ELEMENT PLAYING WITH THE BANDS, EXPERIMENTING WITH ALL DIFFERENT KINDS OF MUSIC [AT THAT TIME]. I REMEMBER HIM LOOKING VERY COOL WEARING THEM. ALTHOUGH THESE ARE A VERY SMALL SIZE, RIGHT? SO I’M SURE THEY WERE A LITTLE PINCHEY.” “[MY BROTHER HAD] LONG HAIR – WELL EVERYBODY HAD LONG HAIR IN THE 60’S AND 70’S. [HE WAS] VERY COOL AND AT THAT POINT TOO MY DAD (BILL NELSON) HAD ACQUIRED A SMALL MGA, BURGUNDY-COLOURED, AND [MY BROTHER] USED TO BOMB AROUND AND GO TO BAND PRACTICE IN THAT. OH YEAH, HE WAS NOTORIOUS,” HINMAN LAUGHED, REMEMBERING. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HER BROTHER, HINMAN REPLIED, “MY BROTHER WAS BORN IN 1950. HE WAS JUST A LITTLE OVER SIXTY-FIVE WHEN HE PASSED AWAY. HE WAS AN ACTIVE MUSIC TEACHER AND LOCAL GUITAR TEACHER IN TOWN. YOU COULD SEE HIM BUSKING ON THE STREETS IN FRONT OF THE PENNY COFFEE HOUSE AND IN FRONT OF ESQUIRE’S COFFEE HOUSE. EVERYBODY KNEW HIM. HE USED TO BUSK AT THE FARMER’S MARKET ON FIFTH STREET ON FIRST FRIDAYS. HE PLAYED IN BANDS FOREVER.” “[HE WAS IN A] ROCK’N ROLL BAND. HE WAS IN SO MANY BANDS OVER THE YEARS AND I DON’T KNOW THE NAMES OF THE EARLY BANDS. ONE OF [THE BANDS HE PLAYED WITH] WAS KRANDEL’S KLOUD MACHINE, ONE OF THEM WAS THE SHAMAN, AND THEN HE MOVED TO VANCOUVER FOR A COUPLE OF YEARS AND PLAYED IN VANCOUVER – UP AND DOWN THE WEST COAST. WHEN HE CAME BACK FROM THE COAST, HE JUST PLAYED EVERYWHERE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WITH VARIOUS PEOPLE… ANYWAY HE WAS VERY WELL KNOWN IN THE BAND SCENE AND HE HAD A RECORDING STUDIO. THAT WAS A PASSION. HE CALLED HIS RECORDING STUDIO, AARDVARK RECORDINGS. HE HAD HIS FIRST RECORDING STUDIO IN THE BASEMENT OF KRUEGER’S MUSIC, WHERE HE TAUGHT MUSIC FOR BILL KRUEGER. THEN HE MOVED ALL HIS STUFF OVER AND HE WAS IN THE BASEMENT OF THE TRIANON FOR YEARS TEACHING RECORDING AND THEN HE GOT INVOLVED IN TECHNOLOGY, SO HE STARTED FIXING COMPUTERS AND DID COMPUTER PROGRAMMING. HE KIND OF USED TECHNOLOGY IN THE RECORDING STUDIO. HE HAD THIS HUGE SOUND BOARD WITH ALL THE SWITCHES AND WHATEVER AND HE HAD TONS OF LIKE STACKS OF MACHINES [FOR RECORDING],” HINMAN REMEMBERED. “[MY BROTHER] HAD A REPUTATION,” HINMAN WENT ON, “[PEOPLE WOULD SAY TO ME], ‘OH YOUR MURRAY’S SISTER.’ IT WAS GREAT AND ACTUALLY MY HUSBAND WAS BORN IN CARDSTON AND HE HAD A BAND THAT HE USED TO PLAY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WITH. WE HAVE AN ACTUAL RECORDING FROM THE BASEMENT RECORDING STUDIO AT KRUEGER’S, WHEN [MY BROTHER] RECORDED WITH MY HUSBAND’S BAND. IT WAS GREAT.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE MUSICAL INFLUENCE WITHIN HER FAMILY, HINMAN EXPLAINED, “MY MOM (MARGARET NELSON) WAS A LOCAL MUSIC TEACHER. SHE WAS A PIANO TEACHER. MY DAD’S MOTHER WAS KATE MARQUIS NELSON, WHO WAS A LOCAL PIANO TEACHER SO [WE HAD INFLUENCE] FROM BOTH ENDS. WE ALL GREW UP IN OUR HOUSEHOLD WITH MUSIC. I HAVE A DEGREE IN MUSIC AND I’M A MUSIC TEACHER AND MY YOUNGER BROTHER, MARK, PLAYS CLASSICAL GUITAR. WE HAD MUSIC EVERYWHERE. I HAVE SOME PICTURES AT HOME OF THE THREE KIDS WITH A DRUM SET AND I’M ON THE KEYBOARD AND MURRAY IS PLAYING GUITAR AND, EVEN A PICTURE OF MY MOM SITTING AT THE DRUMS TAKING PART IN THE MERRIMENT IN OUR BASEMENT.” “MY DAD PLAYED IN THE SYMPHONY. IN FACT, MY MOM AND DAD REVIVED THE SYMPHONY IN THE EARLY ‘60S. SO IT WAS JUST NATURAL FOR MURRAY TO [BE MUSICAL]. HE PLAYED EVERYTHING. HE PLAYED BANJO WITH MUSICAL THEATRE ONE YEAR, AND TAUGHT BANJO. HE THOUGHT THAT HE WAS THE ‘ONLY’ BANJO TEACHER IN LETHBRIDGE. HE [ALSO] THOUGHT THAT HE WAS THE ONLY REAL GOOD GUITARIST TEACHER IN LETHBRIDGE TOO,” HINMAN LAUGHED. “SO ANYWAY,” SHE CONTINUED, “IT WAS A STRUGGLE FINANCIALLY. MUSIC IS NOT AN EASY, AN EASY PROFESSION TO BE IN, A PERFORMING MUSICIAN. HE QUIT HIGH SCHOOL WHEN HE WAS PROBABLY SIXTEEN, BUT IN HIS MID TO LATE TWENTIES, HE FINISHED HIS DIPLOMA AND HE STARTED NURSING AT THE COLLEGE. HE DID PRETTY WELL [THERE], BUT HE DIDN’T DEAL WELL WITH AUTHORITY, SO HE DIDN’T FINISH IT. BUT [THROUGH THAT HE] GOT A LOT OF GOOD PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE. [AFTERWARDS] PROCEEDED TO PURSUE HIS PASSION, WHICH WAS MUSIC. IN THE LAST FEW YEARS OF HIS LIFE HE FIXED THOSE COMPUTER SIGNS THAT SIT ON THE SIDE OF THE ROAD. HE WOULD FIX THE MOTHER BOARD… HE JUST DID WHAT HE WANTED. HE LIVED IS LIFE HIS WAY.” TO THE QUESTION OF WHY HER GRANDFATHER, GEORGE S. BROWN, RECEIVED THE BOOTS FROM GENERAL JOHN SMITH STEWART, HINMAN ANSWERED, “THE ONLY REASON I CAN THINK OF IS THAT BECAUSE THEY WERE GREAT FRIENDS… [IF GENERAL STEWART PASSED AWAY IN THE 1970S], THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN AFTER MY GRANDFATHER [DIED]. I KNOW THAT THEY WERE INVOLVED IN THE MILITARY STUFF LOCALLY. ELLA STEWART AND MY GRANDMOTHER WERE GREAT FRIENDS. SOMEHOW [THESE BOOTS WERE] JUST PASSED ALONG TO GRANDDAD.” “WHEN MURRAY WAS DIAGNOSED WITH THE CANCER IN JUNE OF 2015, I KNEW THAT THERE WAS SOME ITEMS THAT HE HAD THAT I NEEDED TO RETRIEVE BECAUSE THEY WERE FAMILY HISTORY,” HINMAN REMEMBERED, “[AMONG THOSE TREASURED THINGS WERE] GENERAL STEWART’S BOOTS, SO I RETRIEVED THEM IN JULY… [MURRAY SAID], ‘TAKE THEM. DO WHAT YOU NEED TO DO WITH THEM.’” “[ONE REASON MY BROTHER HELD ON TO THE BOOTS WAS] HE WAS VERY CLOSE TO MY GRANDPARENTS, BECAUSE HE USED TO SPEND A LOT OF TIME OUT AT THE FARM,” HINMAN EXPLAINED, “I THINK THAT HE JUST COULDN’T BRING HIMSELF TO PART WITH THEM, BECAUSE THEY WERE PART OF HIS FAMILY HISTORY. IT WAS A SPECIAL KIND OF THING BECAUSE GRANDDAD HAD ACTUALLY PASSED THEM TO HIM.” MURRAY NELSON’S OBITUARY WAS PUBLISHED ON THE MARTIN BROTHERS FUNERAL CHAPELS WEBSITE. IT STATES, “WILLIAM MURRAY NELSON, AGE 65, PASSED AWAY PEACEFULLY AT THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL HOSPITAL ON SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 2015, AFTER A VALIANT BATTLE WITH CANCER. MUSICIAN, PERFORMER, TEACHER, MENTOR, SOUND GUY, RECORDING GUY, VIDEO GUY, COMPUTER GUY, SIGN GUY; HE WAS A MAN WHO LIVED LIFE HIS WAY, ON HIS TERMS, DOING WHAT HE LOVED.” AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON DECEMBER 9, 2015, SHORTLY AFTER THE MUSICIAN’S DEATH STATES THAT AT A LOCAL MUSIC SHOW, PROMINENT LEHTBRIDGE SONGWRITER, LEEROY STAGGER, BEGAN THE SHOW WITH A TRIBUTE TO NELSON. TO FURTHER UNDERSCORE NELSON’S REPUTATION IN THE CITY, A DECEMBER 23, 2015 ARTICLE TITLED, “2015 WAS A MEMORABLE YEAR FOR CITY MUSIC SCENE,” WRITTEN FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD BY RICHARD AMERY STATED, “LETHBRIDGE SAID GOODBYE TO MURRAY NELSON, WHO PASSED AWAY FROM CANCER THIS YEAR. NELSON WAS ONE OF THE SCENE’S MORE PROMINENT PERFORMERS ON STAGE PERFORMING SOLO AND WITH A VARIETY OF BANDS AS WELL AS BUSKING ON THE STREETS ALL OVER LETHBRIDGE…HIS MEMORY WILL LIVE ON IN THE STUDENTS HE TAUGHT AND THE SOULS HE TOUCHED ON STAGE OR JUST CHATTING AT VARIOUS WATER HOLES.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND THE COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES REFERENCED.
Catalogue Number
P20170010000
Acquisition Date
2017-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, IRON
Catalogue Number
P20170034001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
STEEL, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Length
5
Width
4
Description
SILVER HOMEMADE CROSS SOLDERED TOGETHER AT CENTER; CROSS HAS WIDENED, SQUARE NAIL ENDS WITH HEAD AND ARM POINTS ENGRAVED WITH “W” SHAPE. FRONT OF CROSS HAS ADDITIONAL NAIL BENT OUT IN SHAPE OF BODY ON CROSS; SOLDERED UNDER NAIL HEAD AT CROSS CENTER AND AT END OF NAIL AT BASE OF CROSS. BACK OF CROSS HAS LOOP BENT AND SOLDERED AT ENDS TO TOP AND CENTER OF CROSS. CROSS IS RUSTED AND TARNISHED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON NOVEMBER 20, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RITA BERLANDO REGARDING HER DONATION OF A GIFTED RING AND CRUCIFIX. BERLANDO WAS GIFTED THE OBJECTS FROM A PREVIOUS EMPLOYER, GLADSTONE VIRUTE, OF LETHBRIDGE. THE CRUCIFIX WAS HANDMADE, FASHIONED FROM MASS-PRODUCED HORSESHOE NAILS. ON THE CRUCIFIX, BERLANDO RECALLED, “I HAVE NO IDEA…HOW [IT] BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION…WHEN HE GAVE [IT] TO ME, I WAS INTRIGUED TO KNOW MORE ABOUT IT BUT HE DIDN’T HAVE TOO MUCH HISTORY ON THEM. NOT TO ME, ANYWAY.” ON GLADSTONE VIRTUE’S MILITARY SERVICE, BERLANDO NOTED, ““I DON’T THINK HE WANTED TO TALK ABOUT IT. I THINK HE HAD A PAST THAT HE WOULD RATHER NOT DISCUSS. IT WAS ALWAYS STRICTLY BUSINESS. IT WAS NEVER SITTING THERE AND DISCUSSING WHAT HIS LIFE WAS OR ANYTHING OF THAT NATURE.” “I DIDN’T KNOW TOO MUCH ABOUT HIM BUT I KNOW THAT HE WAS A MAN THAT PEOPLE RESPECTED, AND FOR HIM TO RESPECT ME, I THINK THAT WAS AN HONOUR.” “I WOULD LOVE TO KNOW HOW THESE TWO LITTLE ITEMS BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION AND WHERE WAS HE WHEN THEY WERE GIVEN TO HIM AND WAS HE PRESENT AT SOME TIME…I JUST FIND THAT HE MUST HAVE HAD THEM IN HIS POSSESSION FOR SOME TIME.” BERLANDO ELABORATED ON HOW THE CRUCIFIX CAME INTO HER POSSESSION, “[THIS ITEM] MEANS AN AWFUL LOT TO ME BECAUSE IT WAS GIVEN AT THE TIME THAT I WAS EMPLOYED WITH THE LAW FIRM OF VIRTUE AND COMPANY. IT WAS MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, SEMI-RETIRED WHEN I WAS EMPLOYED THERE, THAT HAD ASKED THAT I GO INTO HIS ROOM AND TAKE LETTERS [AND] NOTES FOR LETTERS THAT HE WISHED TO HAVE TYPED. I WAS HIRED AS A RECEPTIONIST, NOT FEELING THAT I WOULD HAVE THE RESPONSIBILITY AS A SECRETARY, SO I INFORMED HIM THAT I COULD NOT DO THIS DUTY. HE ASKED THAT I GET HIS SECRETARY TO TAKE HIS NOTES. AS THE MONTHS WENT BY, HE BECAME VERY – AND I USE THE WORD ‘ATTACHED’ – BECAUSE HE WOULD ALSO ASK ME TO DO SERVICES FOR HIM, WHICH I WOULD HAVE TO GO TO THE ROYAL BANK TO DO HIS BANKING [AND] HIS INVESTMENTS. WHEN HE WAS NO LONGER TO BE WITH THE FIRM, HE HANDED ME A LITTLE GIFT. THAT GIFT CONSIST[ED] OF A RING AND A CROSS THAT WAS MADE FROM A BELL OF A CHURCH THAT WAS BOMBED IN THE FIRST WAR. THAT MEANT AN AWFUL LOT TO ME SO I HAVE TREASURED IT CONTINUALLY AND [THE GIFTING] HAS TO DATE BACK TO [1965].” “[MR GLADSTONE VIRTURE] MUST HAVE KEPT IT AS A REMEMBRANCE FROM SOMEWHERE IN THE PAST THAT HE HAD THAT HE DID NOT [WANT TO] LEAVE IT TO HIS FAMILY, BUT [WITH] ME. THEREFORE, I DEFINITELY FELT THAT [IT] WAS A GIFT THAT I SHOULD TREASURE AND I HAVE TREASURED, AND I HAVE KEPT IT UNDER LOCK AND KEY. EVEN IN THE TRANSITION OF DOWNSIZING, I LIVED IN FEAR THAT FOR SOME REASON, THERE WERE ITEMS THAT I NO LONGER HAVE. I KEPT THINKING, ‘OH, DEAR LORD, I BETTER MAKE SURE I STILL HAVE THAT GIFT FROM MR. VIRTUE.’ WHEN I FOUND IT, THAT’S WHEN I REALLY SERIOUSLY THOUGHT I HAD TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT THEM.” “AT [THE TIME I WAS HIRED], FINANCES WERE DIFFICULT IN THE FAMILY HOME SO I APPLIED FOR THE POSITION OF RECEPTIONIST. THE POSITION REQUIRED NOT ONLY [WORKING] AS A RECEPTIONIST BUT AS A BOOKKEEPER AND AN OFFICE MANAGER. I HESITATED ONCE I WAS INFORMED OF THIS RESPONSIBILITY, BUT I UNDERTOOK THE POSITION AND DID ALL OF THE REQUIREMENTS THAT WAS EXPECTED OF ME. THE LAW FIRM AT THAT TIME CONSISTED OF CHARLES VIRTUE, WILLIAM RUSSELL, MR. GORDON AND THEN LATER ON, THERE WAS VAUGHN HEMBROFF THAT BECAME PARTNER AND GLENN MORRISON. IT’S ALWAYS MEANT A LOT OF THE PAST HISTORY OF MY LIFE. THINKING HOW I WAS HONOURED TO BE WITH THAT FIRM, THESE LITTLE ITEMS THAT WERE GIVEN TO ME JUST EVEN MEANT ALL THE MORE.” “BUT I REMEMBER DISTINCTLY THAT THEY SAID I COULDN’T LEAVE [IN 1964] UNTIL I HIRED SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME. THEY GAVE ME THE RESPONSIBILITY OF FINDING SOMEONE. MY INTENTION AT THAT TIME WAS TO LEAVE AND MOVE TO MONTREAL. I WAS LIMITED IN THE TIME THAT THIS RESPONSIBILITY WAS GIVEN, AND I DID SUGGEST A PARTICULAR PERSON BUT SHE ONLY WORKED THERE FOR A SHORT TIME AND THEY DIDN’T FEEL THAT SHE QUALIFIED AND COULD HANDLE THE WORK THAT I HAD TAKEN ON. THEN I HAD TO CONTINUE TO STAY UNTIL THEY FELT COMFORTABLE THAT THERE WAS SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME AND IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1965 [THAT I LEFT].” “EACH ONE OF THE LAWYERS HAD THEIR OWN PRIVATE SECRETARIES. ONE WOMAN IN PARTICULAR…MARY, WAS EXCELLENT IN TAKING LETTERS AND WAS AN EXCELLENT LAW SECRETARY, BUT COULD NOT DO THE BOOKKEEPING. I UNDERTOOK TO DO THE BOOKKEEPING FOR THE SECRETARIES AND THEREFORE, THERE HAD TO BE, AT LEAST FOUR EXTRA GIRLS AS SECRETARIES THERE. AS THEY INCREASED WITH STAFF, THEY WOULD ALSO HIRE MORE SECRETARIES.” ON MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, BERLANDO STATED, “I ADMIRED HIM BECAUSE HE DEMANDED RESPECT, HE DEMANDED PROFESSIONALISM. HE WAS VERY SERIOUS ABOUT HIS CLIENTS AND THEY HAD TO BE TREATED LIKE IT WAS AN HONOUR TO HAVE HIM AS THEIR LAWYER. HE WAS NOT A TALL MAN IN STATURE BUT HE STOOD OUT AS A SPECIAL PERSON…BUT HIS CLIENTS CAME FIRST. HE WOULD NEVER HESITATE TO MAKE SURE THAT IF HE HAD A CLIENT OR HAD AN APPOINTMENT THAT I HAD TO MAKE SURE THEY WERE TAKEN CARE OF. HE USED TO INVEST THROUGH THE ROYAL BANK AND HE WOULD HAVE ME GO DOWN AND MEET WITH THE MANAGER. [I WOULD] LET THEM KNOW THAT I WAS THERE ON BEHALF OF MR. VIRTUE AND PRESENT THEM WITH WHATEVER INFORMATION HE GAVE ME…THEY WERE TO TAKE CARE OF THAT. SO HE REALLY MADE ME HIS PERSONAL PERSON TO LOOK AFTER ALL OF HIS PRIVATE AFFAIRS, WHICH TO ME WAS AN HONOUR…EVEN THE LAWYERS HAD SO MUCH RESPECT FOR HIM. WHEN HE MADE A STATEMENT OR A COMMAND OR MADE INSTRUCTIONS FOR CHANGES, THEY WERE MADE AND THEY HAD TO BE ABIDED.” BERLANDO SPOKE ABOUT HER SENTIMENTS ON DONATING THE CRUCIFIX TO THE MUSEUM, NOTING, “AT THE AGE OF NINETY-ONE, WHICH I HAVE BEEN VERY FORTUNATE TO LIVE THIS LENGTH OF TIME, I HAVE TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION MANY ITEMS THAT I FEEL SHOULD BE INHERITED BY MY FAMILY…BUT NOT KNOWING THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS GIFT…[I WISH TO] LEAVE IT TO NO ONE OTHER THAN I FEEL THAT DESERVES TO HAVE IT, [WHICH] WOULD BE THE GALT MUSEUM. I DO WISH TO LEAVE IT TO SOMEONE THAT I THINK MAYBE COULD CARRY ON A LITTLE IMPORTANCE OF THE GIFT THAT WAS HANDED TO ME.” “I THINK THAT IT PUTS SUCH A TRUST IN ME, THAT I FEEL NOW, EVEN IN THE YEARS GONE BY, HOW I’VE ALWAYS WANTED SOMEONE, OR ANYONE THAT HAD ANY CONNECTIONS WITH ME, THAT THEY COULD TRUST ME. THAT I WOULD NEVER WANT TO HURT ANYONE AND I WOULD WANT TO CONTINUE TO HELP PEOPLE. WHEN I HEAR PEOPLE IN DISCUSSION OR IN COMMENTS THAT THEY CAN RECALL THINGS THAT I HAVE DONE FOR THEM THAT I CAN’T REMEMBER…I GUESS IT’S JUST MY NATURE TO BE THAT TYPE OF PERSON. [BUT] IF SOMEONE LIKE MR. VIRTUE COULD TRUST ME, AND THEN CLIENTS CAN TRUST ME, I THINK IT INSTILLED [A] TRUST THAT I’LL CARRY TO MY GRAVE.” ABNER GLADSTONE VIRTUE GRADUATED FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA IN 1913 AND BEGAN HIS CAREER IN LAW SHORTLY BEFORE THE START OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IN 1915, VIRTUE ENLISTED IN THE LETHBRIDGE MILITIA UNIT, THE 25TH FIELD ARTILLERY. UPON ITS FORMATION, VIRTUE ENLISTED AS A LIEUTENANT WITH THE LETHBRIDGE 61ST BATTERY THAT JOINED FRONT LINES IN FRANCE IN 1917. VIRTUE RESUMED HIS LAW PRACTICE IN LETHBRIDGE FOLLOWING HIS RETUN FROM THE WAR, AND BECAME A SENIOR PARTNER IN THE FIRM OF VIRTUE, RUSSELL, MORGAN AND VIRTUE. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES ON THE BELL AND VIRTUE’S INVOLVEMENT FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170034001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170034001
Acquisition Date
2017-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20170034002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1920
Materials
IRON, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Diameter
2
Description
IRON RING WITH WIDE BLANK SQUARE FRONT. RING HAS NO MARKING ON FRONT OR INSIDE. RING BAND WIDENS AT SQUARE FRONT AND NARROWS INTO BAND. RING IS TARNISHED ON INSIDE AND OUTSIDE OF BAND; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON NOVEMBER 20, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RITA BERLANDO REGARDING HER DONATION OF A GIFTED RING AND CRUCIFIX. BERLANDO WAS GIFTED THE OBJECTS FROM A PREVIOUS EMPLOYER, GLADSTONE VIRUTE, OF LETHBRIDGE. ON THE RING, BERLANDO RECALLED, “[THEY WERE FASHIONED FROM A BELL IN FRANCE OR BELGIUM] I HAVE NO IDEA…HOW THEY BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION. BUT TO HIM, HE MUST HAVE TREASURED THEM BECAUSE HE KNEW OF THE CHURCH THAT WAS BOMBED AND THE BELL THAT IT CAME FROM…WHEN HE GAVE THEM TO ME, I WAS INTRIGUED TO KNOW MORE ABOUT IT BUT HE DIDN’T HAVE TOO MUCH HISTORY ON THEM. NOT TO ME, ANYWAY.” ON GLADSTONE VIRTUE’S MILITARY SERVICE, BERLANDO NOTED, ““I DON’T THINK HE WANTED TO TALK ABOUT IT. I THINK HE HAD A PAST THAT HE WOULD RATHER NOT DISCUSS. IT WAS ALWAYS STRICTLY BUSINESS. IT WAS NEVER SITTING THERE AND DISCUSSING WHAT HIS LIFE WAS OR ANYTHING OF THAT NATURE.” “I DIDN’T KNOW TOO MUCH ABOUT HIM BUT I KNOW THAT HE WAS A MAN THAT PEOPLE RESPECTED, AND FOR HIM TO RESPECT ME, I THINK THAT WAS AN HONOUR.” “I WOULD LOVE TO KNOW HOW THESE TWO LITTLE ITEMS BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION AND WHERE WAS HE WHEN THEY WERE GIVEN TO HIM AND WAS HE PRESENT AT SOME TIME…I JUST FIND THAT HE MUST HAVE HAD THEM IN HIS POSSESSION FOR SOME TIME.” BERLANDO ELABORATED ON HOW THE RING CAME INTO HER POSSESSION, “[THIS ITEM] MEANS AN AWFUL LOT TO ME BECAUSE IT WAS GIVEN AT THE TIME THAT I WAS EMPLOYED WITH THE LAW FIRM OF VIRTUE AND COMPANY. IT WAS MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, SEMI-RETIRED WHEN I WAS EMPLOYED THERE, THAT HAD ASKED THAT I GO INTO HIS ROOM AND TAKE LETTERS [AND] NOTES FOR LETTERS THAT HE WISHED TO HAVE TYPED. I WAS HIRED AS A RECEPTIONIST, NOT FEELING THAT I WOULD HAVE THE RESPONSIBILITY AS A SECRETARY, SO I INFORMED HIM THAT I COULD NOT DO THIS DUTY. HE ASKED THAT I GET HIS SECRETARY TO TAKE HIS NOTES. AS THE MONTHS WENT BY, HE BECAME VERY – AND I USE THE WORD ‘ATTACHED’ – BECAUSE HE WOULD ALSO ASK ME TO DO SERVICES FOR HIM, WHICH I WOULD HAVE TO GO TO THE ROYAL BANK TO DO HIS BANKING [AND] HIS INVESTMENTS. WHEN HE WAS NO LONGER TO BE WITH THE FIRM, HE HANDED ME A LITTLE GIFT. THAT GIFT CONSIST[ED] OF A RING AND A CROSS THAT WAS MADE FROM A BELL OF A CHURCH THAT WAS BOMBED IN THE FIRST WAR. THAT MEANT AN AWFUL LOT TO ME SO I HAVE TREASURED IT CONTINUALLY AND [THE GIFTING] HAS TO DATE BACK TO [1965].” “[MR GLADSTONE VIRTURE] MUST HAVE KEPT IT AS A REMEMBRANCE FROM SOMEWHERE IN THE PAST THAT HE HAD THAT HE DID NOT [WANT TO] LEAVE IT TO HIS FAMILY, BUT [WITH] ME. THEREFORE, I DEFINITELY FELT THAT [IT] WAS A GIFT THAT I SHOULD TREASURE AND I HAVE TREASURED, AND I HAVE KEPT IT UNDER LOCK AND KEY. EVEN IN THE TRANSITION OF DOWNSIZING, I LIVED IN FEAR THAT FOR SOME REASON, THERE WERE ITEMS THAT I NO LONGER HAVE. I KEPT THINKING, ‘OH, DEAR LORD, I BETTER MAKE SURE I STILL HAVE THAT GIFT FROM MR. VIRTUE.’ WHEN I FOUND IT, THAT’S WHEN I REALLY SERIOUSLY THOUGHT I HAD TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT THEM.” “AT [THE TIME I WAS HIRED], FINANCES WERE DIFFICULT IN THE FAMILY HOME SO I APPLIED FOR THE POSITION OF RECEPTIONIST. THE POSITION REQUIRED NOT ONLY [WORKING] AS A RECEPTIONIST BUT AS A BOOKKEEPER AND AN OFFICE MANAGER. I HESITATED ONCE I WAS INFORMED OF THIS RESPONSIBILITY, BUT I UNDERTOOK THE POSITION AND DID ALL OF THE REQUIREMENTS THAT WAS EXPECTED OF ME. THE LAW FIRM AT THAT TIME CONSISTED OF CHARLES VIRTUE, WILLIAM RUSSELL, MR. GORDON AND THEN LATER ON, THERE WAS VAUGHN HEMBROFF THAT BECAME PARTNER AND GLENN MORRISON. IT’S ALWAYS MEANT A LOT OF THE PAST HISTORY OF MY LIFE. THINKING HOW I WAS HONOURED TO BE WITH THAT FIRM, THESE LITTLE ITEMS THAT WERE GIVEN TO ME JUST EVEN MEANT ALL THE MORE.” “BUT I REMEMBER DISTINCTLY THAT THEY SAID I COULDN’T LEAVE [IN 1964] UNTIL I HIRED SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME. THEY GAVE ME THE RESPONSIBILITY OF FINDING SOMEONE. MY INTENTION AT THAT TIME WAS TO LEAVE AND MOVE TO MONTREAL. I WAS LIMITED IN THE TIME THAT THIS RESPONSIBILITY WAS GIVEN, AND I DID SUGGEST A PARTICULAR PERSON BUT SHE ONLY WORKED THERE FOR A SHORT TIME AND THEY DIDN’T FEEL THAT SHE QUALIFIED AND COULD HANDLE THE WORK THAT I HAD TAKEN ON. THEN I HAD TO CONTINUE TO STAY UNTIL THEY FELT COMFORTABLE THAT THERE WAS SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME AND IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1965 [THAT I LEFT].” “EACH ONE OF THE LAWYERS HAD THEIR OWN PRIVATE SECRETARIES. ONE WOMAN IN PARTICULAR…MARY, WAS EXCELLENT IN TAKING LETTERS AND WAS AN EXCELLENT LAW SECRETARY, BUT COULD NOT DO THE BOOKKEEPING. I UNDERTOOK TO DO THE BOOKKEEPING FOR THE SECRETARIES AND THEREFORE, THERE HAD TO BE, AT LEAST FOUR EXTRA GIRLS AS SECRETARIES THERE. AS THEY INCREASED WITH STAFF, THEY WOULD ALSO HIRE MORE SECRETARIES.” ON MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, BERLANDO STATED, “I ADMIRED HIM BECAUSE HE DEMANDED RESPECT, HE DEMANDED PROFESSIONALISM. HE WAS VERY SERIOUS ABOUT HIS CLIENTS AND THEY HAD TO BE TREATED LIKE IT WAS AN HONOUR TO HAVE HIM AS THEIR LAWYER. HE WAS NOT A TALL MAN IN STATURE BUT HE STOOD OUT AS A SPECIAL PERSON…BUT HIS CLIENTS CAME FIRST. HE WOULD NEVER HESITATE TO MAKE SURE THAT IF HE HAD A CLIENT OR HAD AN APPOINTMENT THAT I HAD TO MAKE SURE THEY WERE TAKEN CARE OF. HE USED TO INVEST THROUGH THE ROYAL BANK AND HE WOULD HAVE ME GO DOWN AND MEET WITH THE MANAGER. [I WOULD] LET THEM KNOW THAT I WAS THERE ON BEHALF OF MR. VIRTUE AND PRESENT THEM WITH WHATEVER INFORMATION HE GAVE ME…THEY WERE TO TAKE CARE OF THAT. SO HE REALLY MADE ME HIS PERSONAL PERSON TO LOOK AFTER ALL OF HIS PRIVATE AFFAIRS, WHICH TO ME WAS AN HONOUR…EVEN THE LAWYERS HAD SO MUCH RESPECT FOR HIM. WHEN HE MADE A STATEMENT OR A COMMAND OR MADE INSTRUCTIONS FOR CHANGES, THEY WERE MADE AND THEY HAD TO BE ABIDED.” BERLANDO SPOKE ABOUT HER SENTIMENTS ON DONATING THE RING TO THE MUSEUM, NOTING, “AT THE AGE OF NINETY-ONE, WHICH I HAVE BEEN VERY FORTUNATE TO LIVE THIS LENGTH OF TIME, I HAVE TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION MANY ITEMS THAT I FEEL SHOULD BE INHERITED BY MY FAMILY…BUT NOT KNOWING THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS GIFT…[I WISH TO] LEAVE IT TO NO ONE OTHER THAN I FEEL THAT DESERVES TO HAVE IT, [WHICH] WOULD BE THE GALT MUSEUM. I DO WISH TO LEAVE IT TO SOMEONE THAT I THINK MAYBE COULD CARRY ON A LITTLE IMPORTANCE OF THE GIFT THAT WAS HANDED TO ME.” “I THINK THAT IT PUTS SUCH A TRUST IN ME, THAT I FEEL NOW, EVEN IN THE YEARS GONE BY, HOW I’VE ALWAYS WANTED SOMEONE, OR ANYONE THAT HAD ANY CONNECTIONS WITH ME, THAT THEY COULD TRUST ME. THAT I WOULD NEVER WANT TO HURT ANYONE AND I WOULD WANT TO CONTINUE TO HELP PEOPLE. WHEN I HEAR PEOPLE IN DISCUSSION OR IN COMMENTS THAT THEY CAN RECALL THINGS THAT I HAVE DONE FOR THEM THAT I CAN’T REMEMBER…I GUESS IT’S JUST MY NATURE TO BE THAT TYPE OF PERSON. [BUT] IF SOMEONE LIKE MR. VIRTUE COULD TRUST ME, AND THEN CLIENTS CAN TRUST ME, I THINK IT INSTILLED [A] TRUST THAT I’LL CARRY TO MY GRAVE.” ABNER GLADSTONE VIRTUE GRADUATED FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA IN 1913 AND BEGAN HIS CAREER IN LAW SHORTLY BEFORE THE START OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IN 1915, VIRTUE ENLISTED IN THE LETHBRIDGE MILITIA UNIT, THE 25TH FIELD ARTILLERY. UPON ITS FORMATION, VIRTUE ENLISTED AS A LIEUTENANT WITH THE LETHBRIDGE 61ST BATTERY THAT JOINED FRONT LINES IN FRANCE IN 1917. IN 1916, THE CARENCY CHURCH’S STEEPLE FELL FROM GERMAN GUN-FIRE. THE BELL FROM THE STEEPLE WAS RELATIVELY UNDAMAGED, AND MOVED TO BE BURIED IN VILLERS A ROIS FOR SAFETY. THE ARTILLERY BRIGADE OF THE 61ST BATTERY ARRIVED IN CARENCY, WHERE AMONGST THE CHURCH DEBRIS FRAGMENTS OF THE BELL WERE RETRIVED BY LETHBRIDGE FORCES. THE BATTERY FARRIER FASHIONED THE FRAGMENTS INTO SOUVENIRS THAT SOLDIERS RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH, INCLUDING GLADSTONE VIRTUE, WHO RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH A RING. AN ARTICLE FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED MARCH 24, 1931 ON THE FRONT PAGE REFERENCED "LIEUT. A.G. VIRTUE, WHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THE 61ST [ALBERTA BATTALION] WHEN IT WAS DEMOBILIZED, HAS ONE OF THE RINGS MADE FROM FRAGMENTS OF THE FAMOUS [CARENCY] BELL, SHOT FROM THE STEEPLE OF THE CHURCH BY GERMAN SHELL FIRE AND SHATTERED." VIRTUE RESUMED HIS LAW PRACTICE IN LETHBRIDGE FOLLOWING HIS RETUN FROM WAR, AND BECAME A SENIOR PARTNER IN THE FIRM OF VIRTUE, RUSSELL, MORGAN AND VIRTUE. THE BELL OF CARENCY CHURCH WAS RETRIEVED BY THE PARIS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL IN 1931, AND RETURNED TO THE CARENCY CHURCH. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES ON THE BELL AND VIRTUE’S INVOLVEMENT FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170034001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170034002
Acquisition Date
2017-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
No. Pieces
1
Length
139
Width
99.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN BLANKET MADE FROM RAW FLAX. THE BLANKET IS COMPOSED OF 2 SECTIONS OF THE SAME SIZE OF MATERIAL THAT ARE JOINED TOGETHER WITH A SEAM AT THE CENTER. ON THE FRONT SIDE (WITH NEAT SIDE OF THE STITCHING AND PATCHES), THERE ARE THREE PATCHES ON THE BLANKET MADE FROM LIGHTER, RAW-COLOURED MATERIAL. ONE SECTION OF THE FABRIC HAS TWO OF THE PATCHES ALIGNED VERTICALLY NEAR THE CENTER SEAM. THE AREA SHOWING ON ONE PATCH IS 3 CM X 5 CM AND THE OTHER IS SHOWING 5 CM X 6 CM. ON THE OPPOSITE SECTION THERE IS ONE PATCH THAT IS 16 CM X 8.5 CM SEWN AT THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET. THE BLANKET IS HEMMED ON BOTH SHORT SIDES. ON THE OPPOSING/BACK SIDE OF THE BLANKET, THE FULL PIECES OF THE FABRIC FOR THE PATCHES ARE SHOWING. THE SMALLER PATCH OF THE TWO ON THE ONE HALF-SECTION OF THE BLANKET IS 8CM X 10 CM AND THE OTHER PATCH ON THAT SIDE IS 14CM X 15CM. THE PATCH ON THE OTHER HALF-SECTION IS THE SAME SIZE AS WHEN VIEWED FROM THE FRONT. THERE IS A SEVERELY FADED BLUE STAMP ON THIS PATCH’S FABRIC. FAIR CONDITION. THERE IS RED STAINING THAT CAN BE SEEN FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE BLANKET AT THE CENTER SEAM, NEAR THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET AT THE SIDE WITH 2 PATCHES (CLOSER TO THE LARGER PATCH), AND NEAR THE SMALL PATCH AT THE END FURTHER FROM THE CENTER. THERE IS A HOLE WITH MANY LOOSE THREADS SURROUNDING NEAR THE CENTER OF THE HALF SECTION WITH ONE PATCH. THERE ARE VARIOUS THREADS COMING LOOSE AT MULTIPLE POINTS OF THE BLANKET.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
BEDDING
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. ACCORDING TO A NOTE THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THIS LIGHTWEIGHT BLANKET AT THE TIME OF ACQUISITION THE BLANKET IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN MADE C. 1920S. MORRIS SAYS HER MEMORY OF THE BLANKET DATES AS FAR BACK AS SHE CAN REMEMBER: “RIGHT INTO THE ‘30S, ‘40S AND ‘50S BECAUSE MY MOTHER DID THAT RIGHT UP UNTIL NEAR THE END. I USE THAT EVEN IN LETHBRIDGE WHEN I HAD A GARDEN. [THIS TYPE OF BLANKET] WAS USED FOR TWO PURPOSES. IT WAS EITHER PUT ON THE BED UNDERNEATH THE MATTRESS THE LADIES MADE OUT OF WOOL AND OR ELSE IT WAS USED, A DIFFERENT PIECE OF CLOTH WOULD BE USED FOR FLAILING THINGS. [THE] FLAIL ACTUALLY GOES WITH IT AND THEY BANG ON THE SEEDS AND IT WOULD TAKE THE HULLS OFF… IT’S HAND WOVEN AND IT’S MADE OUT OF POOR QUALITY FLAX… IT’S UNBLEACHED, DEFINITELY… RAW LINEN." THIS SPECIFIC BLANKET WAS USED FOR SEEDS MORRIS RECALLS: “…IT HAD TO BE A WINDY DAY… WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS OR WHATEVER BEET SEEDS AND WE WOULD BEAT AWAY AND THEN WE WOULD STAND UP, HOLD IT UP AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN [ONTO THE BLANKET.” THE SEEDS WOULD THEN BE CARRIED ON THE BLANKET AND THEN PUT INTO A PAIL. OF THE BLANKET’S CLEAN STATE, MORRIS EXPLAINS, “THEY’RE ALWAYS WASHED AFTER THEY’RE FINISHED USING THEM.” WHEN SHE LOOKS AT THIS ARTIFACT, MORRIS SAYS: “I FEEL LIKE I’M OUT ON THE FARM, I SEE FIELDS AND FIELDS OF FLAX, BLUE FLAX. BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT SHE USED IT FOR. SHE DID USE IT IF SHE WANTED A LITTLE BIT OF THE FLAX THEN SHE’D POUND THE FLAX, BUT THAT WASN’T OFTEN. IT WAS MOSTLY BEANS AND PEAS.” IT IS UNKNOWN WHO WOVE THIS BLANKET. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"113TH BATTALION...LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, WICKER, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20190007005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"113TH BATTALION...LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1930
Materials
WOOD, WICKER, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.5
Length
52.6
Width
41.5
Description
BROWN WOOD TRAY WITH WICKER SIDES AND HANDLES; INSIDE OF TRAY HAS LARGE STENCILLED AND PAINTED CREST COMPRISED OF AN OVAL WITH BLACK OUTLINE, A BLACK, YELLOW, AND RED CROWN AT THE TOP, A GREEN MAPLE LEAF IN THE CENTER OF THE OVAL WITH “113” IN YELLOW, A BLACK BANNER ACROSS THE BASE OF THE OVAL WITH “CANADA” IN YELLOW, GREEN THISTLES AROUND THE BANNER, AND YELLOW TEXT ON BROWN BACKGROUND AROUND THE EDGES OF THE OVAL, “OVERSEAS BATTALION, LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS”. WICKER SIDES ARE DISCOLOURED AND WORN; BASE IS SCRATCHED AND HAS BROKEN AND FRAYED WICKER ENDS AROUND EDGES; INSIDE OF TRAY HAS CRACKLING OF FINISH, IS SCRATCHED, AND PAINT IS FADED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE TRAY, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “THE ONES [I FIND IMPORTANT], AFTER MY BREAK- IN, THERE WERE SOME OTHER THINGS THAT WERE TOTALLY IRREPLACEABLE TO ME, NOT NECESSARILY THE HIGHEST MONETARY VALUE, BUT SOMETHING WHERE I’D BE LIKE, “OH, DARN WHERE AM I EVER GOING TO FIND ANOTHER LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS TRAY AGAIN?...SOME OF THE THINGS TOO THAT I CHOSE, THE PENNANTS AND THE TRAY IN PARTICULAR AND THE SPORRAN, ARE JUST THINGS LIKE, THEY’RE REALLY COOL FOR ME TO HAVE AND THEY’RE AWESOME TO SIT IN MY BASEMENT AND I CAN GO LOOK AT THEM ANY TIME I WANT, BUT NO ONE ELSE GETS TO SEE THEM. THERE’S A BROADER STORY TO BE TOLD IN A MORE, COMMUNITY APPRECIATION, I THINK, THAN JUST SITTING IN MY BASEMENT, IN MY MAN CAVE, LOOKING AT IT.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE.” ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996) AND COMPILED BY EDMUNDSON. "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMISE OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SEPTEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007005
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Length
41
Width
12
Description
WOODEN FLAIL. ONE END HAS A PADDLE WITH A WIDTH THAT TAPERS FROM 12 CM AT THE TOP TO 10 CM AT THE BASE. THE PADDLE IS WELL WORN IN THE CENTER WITH A HEIGHT OF 4 CM AT THE ENDS AND 2 CM IN THE CENTER. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO THE PADDLE AND IS 16 CM LONG WITH A CIRCULAR SHAPE AT THE END OF THE HANDLE. ENGRAVED ON THE CIRCLE THE INITIALS OF DONOR’S MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER, ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, “ . . .” GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SLIGHT SPLITTING OF THE WOOD ON THE PADDLE AND AROUND THE JOINT BETWEEN THE HANDLE AND THE PADDLE. OVERALL WEAR FROM USE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. THIS WOODEN DOUKHOBOR TOOL IS CALLED A “FLAIL.” A NOTE WRITTEN BY ELSIE MORRIS THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THE FLAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION EXPLAINS, “FLAIL USED FOR BEATING OUT SEEDS. BELONGED TO ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, THEN HANDED TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH PETROVNA KONKIN WHO PASSED IT ON TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH W. MORRIS.” ALTERNATELY, IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS REMEMBERED HER GRANDMOTHER’S, “… NAME WAS JUSOULNA AND THE MIDDLE INITIAL IS THE DAUGHTER OF YVONNE. YVONNE WAS HER FATHER’S NAME AND WISHLOW WAS HER LAST NAME.” THE FLAIL AND THE BLANKET, ALSO DONATED BY MORRIS, WERE USED TOGETHER AT HARVEST TIME TO EXTRACT AND COLLECT SEEDS FROM GARDEN CROPS. ELSIE RECALLED THAT ON WINDY DAYS, “WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS, OR WHATEVER, AND WE WOULD [LAY THEM OUT ON THE BLANKET], BEAT AWAY AND THEN HOLD [THE BLANKET] UP, AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN.” THE FLAIL CONTINUED TO BE USED BY ELIZABETH “RIGHT UP TO THE END,” POSSIBLY INTO THE 1990S, AND THEREAFTER BY MORRIS. WHEN ASKED WHY SHE STOPPED USING IT HERSELF, MORRIS SAID, “I DON’T GARDEN ANYMORE. FURTHERMORE, PEAS ARE SO INEXPENSIVE THAT YOU DON’T WANT TO GO TO ALL THAT WORK... I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE HARVEST THEIR SEEDS. I THINK WE JUST GO AND BUY THEM IN PACKETS NOW.” THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. DOUKHOBOURS CAME TO CANADA IN FINAL YEARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO ESCAPE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN RUSSIA. ELIZABETH KONKIN (NEE WISHLOW) WAS BORN IN CANORA, SK ON JANUARY 22, 1907 TO HER PARENTS, PETER AND ELIZABETH WISHLOW. AT THE AGE OF 6 SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT BRILLIANT, BC, AND THEY LATER MOVED TO THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT SHOULDICE. IT WAS HERE THAT SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM KONKIN. THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE MORRIS (NÉE KONKIN), WAS BORN IN SHOULDICE IN 1928. INITIALLY, WILLIAM TRIED TO SUPPORT HIS FAMILY BY GROWING AND PEDDLING VEGETABLES. WHEN THE FAMILY RECOGNIZED THAT GARDENING WOULD NOT PROVIDE THEM WITH THE INCOME THEY NEEDED, WILLIAM VENTURED OUT TO FARM A QUARTER SECTION OF IRRIGATED LAND 120 KM (75 MILES) AWAY IN VAUXHALL. IN 1941, AFTER THREE YEARS OF FARMING REMOTELY, HE AND ELIZABETH DECIDED TO LEAVE THE ALBERTA COLONY AND RELOCATE TO VAUXHALL. MORRIS WAS 12 YEARS OLD AT THE TIME. MORRIS STATED: “… [T]HEY LEFT THE COLONY BECAUSE THERE WERE THINGS GOING ON THAT THEY DID NOT LIKE SO THEY WANTED TO FARM ON THEIR OWN. SO NOW NOBODY HAD MONEY, SO VAUXHALL HAD LAND, YOU KNOW, THAT THEY WANTED TO HAVE THE PEOPLE AND THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO PUT ANY DOWN DEPOSIT THEY JUST WERE GIVEN THE LAND AND THEY HAD TO SIGN A PAPER SAYING THEY WOULD GIVE THEM ONE FOURTH OF THE CROP EVERY YEAR. THAT WAS HOW MY DAD GOT PAID BUT WHAT MY DAD DIDN’T KNOW WAS THAT THE MONEY THAT WENT IN THERE WAS ACTUALLY PAYING OFF THE FARM SO HE WENT TO SEE MR., WHAT WAS HIS LAST NAME, HE WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE. ANYWAY HE SAID TO HIM “HOW LONG WILL IT BE BEFORE I CAN PAY OFF THIS FARM” AND HE SAYS “YOU’VE BEEN PAYING IT RIGHT ALONG YOU OWE ABOUT TWO HUNDRED AND A FEW DOLLARS”. WELL THAT WAS A REAL SURPRISE FOR THEM SO THEY GAVE THEM THE TWO HUNDRED AND WHATEVER IT WAS THAT HE OWED AND HE BECAME THE OWNER OF THE FARM." MORRIS WENT ON, ”THE DOUKHOBORS ARE AGRARIAN, THEY LIKE TO GROW THINGS THAT’S THEIR CULTURE OF OCCUPATION AND SO THE ONES WHO LIKED FRUIT MOVED TO B.C. LIKE MY UNCLE DID AND MY DAD LIKED FARMING SO HE MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THERE WERE LET’S SEE, I THINK THERE WERE FOUR OTHER FAMILIES THAT MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THREE OF THE MEN GOT TOGETHER AND DECIDED THEY WERE GOING TO GET THEIR TOOLS TOGETHER LIKE A TRACTOR AND MACHINERY THEY NEEDED AND THEN THEY WOULD TAKE TURNS…” THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“2 C. H. B. OLD BOYS” WWI VETERANS ASSOCIATION
Date Range From
1918
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, COPPER PLATE, ENAMEL
Catalogue Number
P20150003004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“2 C. H. B. OLD BOYS” WWI VETERANS ASSOCIATION
Date Range From
1918
Date Range To
1930
Materials
BRASS, COPPER PLATE, ENAMEL
No. Pieces
2
Height
1
Length
1.5
Width
1.25
Description
SHIELD-SHAPED COPPER-PLATED BRASS PIN WITH ROUND, SCREW-ON BACK. FACE HAS CENTRAL THREE CHEVRON DESIGN IN RED AND BLUE ENAMEL AND IS EMBOSSED WITH TEXT READING “2 C. H. B. OLD BOYS”. METAL IS TARNISHED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THIS WWI VETERAN’S PIN BELONGED TO LIEUTENANT D.A. MCKILLOP. ACCORDING TO HIS DEMOBILIZATION PAPERS, MCKILLOP SERVED WITH THE 2ND CANADIAN HEAVY BATTERY, AS REPRESENTED ON THE PIN BY THE INITIALS “2 C. H. B.” THIS PIN AND THE FOUR OTHER MEDALS COMPRISING THIS DONATION (P20150003001-005) WERE RECEIVED BY GALT COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN THROUGH THE MAIL IN JANUARY 2015, IN A PACKAGE THAT INCLUDED A LETTER FROM THE DONOR, JUNE MCKILLOP, THE WIFE OF D.A. MCKILLOP’S SON DONALD. JUNE WROTE: “I HAVE HAD IN MY POSSESSION FOR MANY YEARS THE ENCLOSED ARTICLES GIVEN TO DON’S FATHER FOR HIS SERVICE DURING THE 1ST WORLD WAR… I HAVE LONG THOUGHT THEY BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE RATHER THAN IN A CUPBOARD IN TORONTO…” ON JANUARY 29, 2015, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONOR VIA PHONE CALL ABOUT THE MEDALS. SHE SAID: “[MY HUSBAND AND I] FOUND THEM IN HIS MOTHER’S HOUSE AFTER SHE WENT TO A NURSING HOME IN CALGARY, WHERE SHE DIED [IN 1986]… WE WENT OUT TO SEE IF THERE WAS ANYTHING WE WANTED TO BRING BACK HERE IN MEMORY OF HER… [THE MEDALS] WERE GIVEN TO HER HUSBAND WHO WAS IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR… HE WAS VERY SLIGHTLY GASSED [IN COMBAT] AND TAKEN TO A HOSPITAL IN ENGLAND… [THEN] HE WAS HOME FOR QUITE A NUMBER OF YEARS BEFORE HE DIED, BUT THEY FIGURED IT WAS A RESULT OF THE GASSING, BECAUSE HE WAS NEVER REALLY 100% HEALTHY AFTER THAT… [THE MEDALS] MUST HAVE HAD MEANING TO [MY HUSBAND] BECAUSE HE DIDN’T WANT THEM TO BE SOLD WITH THE REST OF THE THINGS IN THE HOUSEHOLD… [D.A. MCKILLOP] HAD DIED WHEN MY HUSBAND [WAS FIVE], SO DON DIDN’T KNOW MUCH ABOUT HIM AT ALL… MAYBE [HIS MOTHER] SHOWED THE MEDALS TO DON WHEN HE WAS A CHILD [BUT] HE HAD NO MEMORY OF THEM.” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF DONALD ALEXANDER MCKILLOP WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM A TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM THE NOVEMBER 18, 1930 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, MCKILLOP’S ATTESTATION PAPERS AND GALT ARCHIVES RECORD 19981061004. D.A. MCKILLOP WAS BORN IN ADMASTON, ONTARIO IN 1882 TO REVEREND CHARLES AND ELIZABETH MCKILLOP. THE FAMILY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1886 WHEN REV. MCKILLOP ASSUMED THE POSITION OF PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER IN THE CITY. DONALD WAS EMPLOYED WITH THE CPR BEFORE ENLISTING IN THE CANADIAN OVERSEAS EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN NOVEMBER 1914. HE FOUGHT OVERSEAS WITH THE 20TH BATTERY AS A GUNNER AND SAW ACTION AT YPRES AND THE SOMME. ON HIS CERTIFICATE OF MILITARY SERVICE, MCKILLOP IS LISTED AS BEING WOUNDED ON OCTOBER 27, 1916, BUT HE RECOVERED TO BE PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT AND GIVEN A SPECIAL COURSE OF INSTRUCTION IN ENGLAND. HE RETURNED TO THE FRONT FOR THE TAKING OF MONS, AND WAS AGAIN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF CAPTAIN, BECOMING SECOND IN COMMAND OF THE BATTERY FOR THEIR ADVANCE INTO GERMANY. AFTER THE WAR, MCKILLOP WAS APPOINTED THE POSTMASTER OF LETHBRIDGE TO FILL THE VACANCY LEFT BY THE DEATH OF MAJOR ALVIN RIPLEY, WHO MCKILLOP SERVED UNDER IN THE 20TH BATTERY. MCKILLOP MARRIED CORINNE ROY IN 1924, AND THEY HAD TWO SONS, DONALD AND JOHN. D.A. MCKILLOP DIED ON NOVEMBER 18, 1930 AFTER A PROLONGED ILLNESS LINKED TO WARTIME EXPOSURE TO POISON GAS. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL, MCKILLOP’S ATTESTATION PAPERS, DONOR CORRESPONDENCE, AND FULL TRANSCRIPT OF DONOR INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P20150003004
Acquisition Date
2015-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NEGLIGEE SET
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1935
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SATIN, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20110012005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NEGLIGEE SET
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1935
Materials
SATIN, COTTON
No. Pieces
3
Description
1) H-118.5, L-90.5, W-2.4 IVORY DELUSTERED SATIN ROBE. COTTON BOBBINET LACE TRIM IN FOUR LAYERS AT CUFFS. LACE AROUND NECK AND FRONT EDGES. STACKED PINK AND GREEN RIBBON SEWED DOWN TO CREATE CIRCULAR MOTIFS AT THE WAIT. ON EACH SIDE ARE FABRIC TIES ATTACHED AT MOTIF. VARIOUS CREASING THROUGHOUT. 2) H-43.5, L-61, W-2.5 IVORY DELUSTERED SATIN BODICE. BOBBINET LACE AT SHOULDERS AND ALONG EDGES OF V-NECKLINE. STACKED RIBBON CIRCULAR MOTIF AT BOTTOM OF NECKLINE. SHAPING UNDER BUST AND AT SHOULDERS. REVERSE SHOULDER LACE HAS COME AWAY FROM FABRIC. RUST COLOURED STAINING ON REVERSE. VARIOUS CREASING THROUGHOUT. 3) H-105.5, L-83.5, W-1.3 IVORY DELUSTERED SATIN PANTS. WIDE LEG KIMONO CUT. COTTON BOBBINET LACE TRIM AT BOTTOM CUFFS. ELASTIC WAIST. REVERSE LEFT HAS SPLIT SEAM WITH EXPOSED ELASTIC. REVERSE RIGHT SEAM HAS STRETCHED AND FABRIC IS FRAYED. VARIOUS CREASING THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-UNDERWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ROBE WAS OWNED AND WORN BY DONOR’S MOTHER MARY ELIZABETH TAYLOR. FOR DETAILED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION RELATING TO DONOR'S FAMILY HISTORY, PLEASE SEE TO P20110012001.
Catalogue Number
P20110012005
Acquisition Date
2011-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANADIAN MEMORIAL CROSS
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1921
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER, SILK, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20110006005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANADIAN MEMORIAL CROSS
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1921
Materials
SILVER, SILK, PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Height
0.3
Length
41.2
Width
3.2
Description
1) MEDAL - SILVER CROSS WITH MAPLE LEAVES AT SIDES AND BOTTOM. THE TOP OF THE VERTICAL ARM HAS ST. EDWARD'S CROWN AND AT THE END OF THE OTHER ARMS A MAPLE LEAF. AT THE CENTRE, WITHIN A LAUREL WREATH, IS THE REIGNING MONARCH'S ROYAL CYPHER. INITIALS "GR" IN CENTRE. ENGRAVED ON BACK OF CROSS "736746, PTE E.E.BETTS". "STERLING" TRADEMARK STAMPED ON BACK. PURPLE SILK RIBBON IS WRAPPED AROUND THE LOOP ON TOP OF THE CROSS. (H: 0.3, L: 41.2, W: 3.2) 2) CASE - BLACK LEATHERETTE MEDAL CASE WITH A GOLD CROWN ON TOP OF LID. INSIDE OF LID IS LINED WITH CREAM COLOURED SATIN. MOUNT BOARD INSERT FITS INTO THE BOTTOM OF THE CASE. HAS CREAM COLOURED VELVET ON FRONT AND BLACK OR INSERT. CREAM COLOURED RIBBON EXTENDS FROM TOP OF INSERT AND HANGS ONTO VELVET. (H: 2.9, L: 8.6, W: 6.5) 3) LETTER – AGED PAPER WITH ENGLISH COAT OF ARMS, TEXT READS, “I AM DIRECTED, BY THE HONOURABLE THE MINISTER OF MILITIA AND DEFENCE, TO CONVEY TO YOU THE ENCLOSED MEDAL FOR THE DECEASED OFFICER OR SOLDIER WHOSE NAME IS ENGRAVED THEREON, AND TO EXPRESS TO YOU THE REGRETS OF THE MILITIA COUNCIL THAT HE DID NOT LIVE TO WEAR THIS AWARD.” IT IS SIGNED WITH A SIGNATURE THAT RESEMBLES, “J. N. HEUOLEG”, UNDERNEATH SAYS, “MAJOR-GENERAL, ADJUTANT-GENERAL, CANADIAN MILITIA.” (H: 0.02, L: 12.7, W: 8.5) 4) CERTIFICATE – CANADIAN SHIELD AT TOP. WRITING UNDER SHIELD SAYS, “THIS CROSS IS PRESENTED TO YOU IN MEMORY OF ONE WHO IN THE GREAT WAR DIED FOR KING AND COUNTRY”. IT IS SIGNED, “H. GUTHRIE, MINISTER OF MILITIA & DEFENCE”. BACK OF CARD HAS DARK SMEAR RESIDUE. (H: 0.03, L: 5.7, W: 8.8)
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
AT THE TIME OF DONATION, DONOR JIM BETTS SAID THE ITEMS CAME INTO HIS POSSESSION WHEN HIS BROTHER ED “SOLD OUT” ON NOVEMBER 3RD, 2010. THE DONATED MATERIALS WERE PREVIOUSLY ON ED’S FARM SITE. THE FARM WAS LOCATED ON SECTION 21 - 114 AND DONOR’S FATHER CLARENCE BETTS “MOVED THERE IN 1929-30, BUT KEPT ORIGINAL HOMESTEAD.” EAST QUARTER SECTION 4 – 214. DONOR’S FATHER CLARENCE HAD 12 BROTHERS AND SISTERS. EARL’S EFFECTS HAD BEEN SENT TO CLARENCE AND EARL’S MOTHER (JULIA BETTS) BUT HOW THEY ENDED UP WITH CLARENCE IS UNKNOWN BECAUSE JULIA’S PLACE BURNT DOWN. ED BROUGHT THE TRUNK OVER AROUND NOVEMBER 3RD, 2010 AND SAID, “TAKE IT” BECAUSE THERE WAS NO PLACE FOR IT IN LETHBRIDGE. PRIVATE EARNEST EARL BETTS WAS BORN IN BENJAMIN, UTAH ON MARCH 10, 1890 TO PARENTS RICHARD AND JULIA BETTS. HE GREW UP IN A HUGE FAMILY WHICH INCLUDED SIBLINGS ELIZA, PETER, SARAH, RICHARD, ALMA, LAURA, DAVID, REBECCA, GEORGE, CLARENCE, REED, ROLLA, MYRTLE, GRACE, INEZ, RUTH, ELIJAH AND PEARL. THE FAMILY IMMIGRATED TO CANADA WITH THE INFLUX OF MORMON PIONEERS AT THE TURN OF THE 20TH CENTURY. THEY MADE THEIR HOME NEAR RAYMOND, ALBERTA. AS A YOUNG MAN, EARL BETTS WORKED A RANCH NEAR COUTTS. ON MARCH 27, 1916, EARL BETTS ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH BATTALION CEF LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS. HE WAS ISSUED THE SERVICE NUMBER 736746. HE ARRIVED IN ENGLAND ON OCTOBER 6, 1916 ON THE SS TUSCANIA. HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 16TH BATTALION CEF ON NOVEMBER 22, 1916 AND EMBARKED FOR FRANCE SHORTLY THEREAFTER. PRIVATE BETTS REMAINED AT THE FRONT LINES WITH THE 16TH BATTALION FOR FIVE MONTHS AND SAW ACTION AT VIMY RIDGE. ON APRIL 9, 1917 PRIVATE BETTS WAS ONE OF 3,598 CANADIAN SOLDIERS WHO FELL AT VIMY RIDGE. HIS I.D. TAG BEARS THE SCARS OF THE TRAUMA THAT WAS INFLICTED UPON HIM THAT DAY. ACCORDING TO THE BETTS FAMILY, CLARENCE WAS WITH EARL AT THE TIME THAT HE WAS KILLED. SADLY, THE ONCE-KNOWN LOCATION OF EARL’S REMAINS—AND 43 OTHERS—WERE LOST IN THE YEARS FOLLOWING THE WAR. THE STORY OF THE LOST 44 MEMBERS OF THE 16TH CANADIAN SCOTTISH BATTALION IS A RESEARCH FOCUS OF CANADIAN HISTORIAN NORM CHRISTIE. HIS EFFORTS TO LOCATE THEM IS FEATURED AS PART OF THE HISTORY CHANNEL’S 2017 DOCUMENTARY “SEARCHING FOR VIMY’S LOST SOLDIERS.” PTE. EARL BETTS IS REMEMBERED AT THE VIMY RIDGE MEMORIAL. HE WAS AWARDED THE VICTORY MEDAL AND THE BRITISH WAR MEDAL. HIS MOTHER, JULIA RECEIVED THE MEMORIAL CROSS AND DEATH PLAQUE IN HONOUR OF HER SON'S SACRIFICE. FOR MORE DETAILED INFORMATION ON THE BETTS’ BROTHERS’ MILITARY SERVICE IN ADDITION TO BACKGROUND FAMILY INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE THIS DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110006005
Acquisition Date
2011-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
RIBBON BAR
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1935
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CLOTH, RIBBON, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20090010001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RIBBON BAR
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1935
Materials
CLOTH, RIBBON, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.0
Length
10.5
Width
1.1
Description
RIBBON BAR CONTAINING THREE RIBBONS. RIBBONS SEWN AROUND METAL PLATE WITH PIN BACKING. RIBBONS INCLUDE: A. RIBBON WITH YELLOW CENTRE VERTICAL BAND, BANDS OF WHITE, BLACK AND BLUE ON EITHER SIDE (WW1 WAR MEDAL RIBBON) B. MIDDLE RIBBON DECORATED WITH VERTICAL RAINBOW BANDS (WW1 VICTORY MEDAL) C. RIBBON WITH RED CENTRE VERTICAL BAND, BANDS OF NAVY BLUE, WHITE, AND NAVY BLUE ON EITHER SIDE (1935 JUBILEE MEDAL)
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
MEDALS, RIBBON BAR, TRENCH ART AND 1936 VIMY BOOKLET ARE PART OF A GROUPING, INCLUDING A WWI CANADIAN NURSING SISTER’S UNIFORM ORIGINALLY OWNED BY HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE). THE UNIFORM WAS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 1992 BY BETTY FLETCHER. THE BALANCE OF THE MATERIAL WAS DONATED IN 2009 BY BILL AND BETTY FLETCHER. BETTY FLETCHER (NEE BURWELL) WAS GIFTED THE GROUPING IN APPROXIMATELY 1957/58 BY HELEN HALL (KNOWN BY SHE AND HER HUSBAND BILL AS “AUNTIE MAE”). BETTY FLETCHER WAS INTRODUCED TO HALL VIA A FRIEND AND FELLOW NURSING STUDENT ELAINE TASKEY. TASKEY AND BURWELL/FLETCHER STUDIED NURSING TOGETHER IN MEDICINE HAT IN 1953/1954. ON THE OCCASIONS THAT THE TWO RN STUDENTS WERE NOT WORKING OR STUDYING FOR THEIR NURSING PROGRAM, THEY VISITED HALL IN TABER, STAYING AT HER HOME. AT THE TIME, HALL LIVED WITH HER BROTHER-IN-LAW JOHN ROBERT FLETCHER. JOHN ROBERT FLETCHER’S WIFE AMELIA (NEE NOBLE) WAS HALL’S SISTER. AMELIA PASSED AWAY IN 1950. JOHN ROBERT AND AMELIA FLETCHER ARE BILL FLETCHER’S (BETTY’S HUSBAND) GRANDPARENTS. HELEN HALL IS HIS GREAT AUNT. TASKEY AND BETTY BURWELL/FLETCHER SELECTED HALL’S TABER HOME AS A REFUGE AWAY FROM THEIR NURSING STUDIES ON ACCOUNT THAT THE LOCATION WAS CLOSE TO MEDICINE HAT AND BECAUSE HALL WAS FAMILY FOR TASKEY (HALL WAS HER GREAT NIECE). BILL FLETCHER AND TASKEY ARE 1ST COUSINS. TASKEY WAS FROM SASKATCHEWAN WHILE BETTY BURWELL/FLETCHER WAS FROM COWLEY, AB. AS A RESULT OF THE VISITS, BETTY FLETCHER AND HALL BECAME FRIENDS. AT SOME POINT DURING THE STUDENTS’ VISITS, BETTY WAS INTRODUCED TO HALL’S GREAT NEPHEW BILL FLETCHER AND, BY 1956, THE TWO WERE MARRIED. IN APPROXIMATELY 1957/58, HALL SELECTED HER GREAT NIECE-IN-LAW TO BECOME THE UNIFORM LOT’S RECIPIENT/STEWARD - A CONSEQUENCE, IT WAS STATED IN 2009, OF THE TWO NURSES SHARED PROFESSION AND THE FACT THAT FLETCHER (LIKE HALL) RESIDED IN TABER. BETTY FLETCHER INFORMED GALT STAFF IN 2009 THAT HALL SHARED STORIES WITH HER RELATED TO HER WWI SERVICE; HOWEVER, SHE COULD RECALL NO DETAILS FIFTY YEARS ON. HALL MADE NO REQUEST OF FLETCHER TO EVER SEE HER UNIFORM LOT AGAIN AFTER 1957/58. HALL PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON 29 DECEMBER 1974 (B. BOWMANVILLE, ONTARIO; 14 MARCH 1887). FOLLOWING HER DEATH, BETTY FLETCHER STATED THAT THE UNIFORM WAS LOANED OUT FOR A TABER-BASED PARADE AND A PARTY; HOWEVER, SHE FEARED FOR ITS SAFE RETURN AND, CONSEQUENTLY, OFFERED IT TO THE GALT IN 1992. NOBLE JOINED THE CANADIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS (C.A.M.C.) AT AGE 28 IN 1916. FOR MUCH OF HER SERVICE, SHE WAS POSTED TO NO. 7 CANADIAN GENERAL HOSPITAL WHICH WAS SITUATED AT ESTAPLES ALONG THE FRENCH COAST. NOBLE WAS ONE OF 816 CANADIAN SISTERS IN FRANCE IN EARLY 1918. IN MAY OF 1918, HER HOSPITAL AND OTHERS IN ESTAPLES WERE BOMBED BY GERMAN AIRCRAFT. ONE RAID LASTED FOR THREE HOURS. SIX CANADIAN SISTERS WERE KILLED AND SIX MORE WERE WOUNDED IN THE MONTH’S RAIDS. NOBLE WAS DIAGNOSED THE FOLLOWING MONTH WITH “NERVOUS DEBILITY”. SHE LATER TOLD THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD THAT THE BOMBARDMENTS WERE A “TERRIFYING AND NERVE WRACKING EXPERIENCE”. NOBLE MET AND NURSED HER FUTURE HUSBAND AND FELLOW SERVICEMEN ROBERT HALL. SHE MARRIED HIM ON 28 JUNE 1918. AFTER THE WAR, HE WORKED AS A YARDSMAN FOR THE CPR IN MCADAM, NEW BRUNSWICK. THE TWO SEPARATED IN (UNKNOWN DATE/REASON?) AND, CONSEQUENTLY, HELEN MOVED TO GREAT FALLS, MONTANA WHERE HER BROTHER HAD PROPERTY. THERE, SHE TENDED TO HER MOTHER WHO WAS SICK AT THE TIME. HER MOTHER PASSED AWAY IN 1921 AND, THEREAFTER, HELEN RELOCATED TO SKIFF, AB TO KEEP STORE. IN 1949, SHE RETIRED BACK TO TABER TO LOOK AFTER HER AILING SISTER AMELIA FLETCHER. NOBLE WAS AWARDED THE KING GEORGE V SILVER JUBILEE MEDAL IN 1935 AND PASSED AWAY IN TABER IN 1974. RIBBON BAR IS VERY LIKELY VISIBLE IN POST-1935 IMAGE OF HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) IN ARCHIVES - REF ARCHIVES PHOTO P19920008002. INFORMATION SUGGESTS THAT HALL'S FULL-SIZED VICTORY MEDAL IS PRESERVED AT THE TABER MUSEUM. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING MILITARY SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE, BETTY FLETCHER’S EARLIER DONATION (P19920008001-8) AND ARCHIVAL DONATION P20091058000.
Catalogue Number
P20090010001
Acquisition Date
2009-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BOILER, BEEKEEPING
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1942
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COPPER
Catalogue Number
P20060005002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BOILER, BEEKEEPING
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1942
Materials
COPPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
34.5
Diameter
25.5
Description
CURLING ROCK SHAPED BOILER WITH TWO COPPER TUBE HANDLES. CYLINDRICAL CONDENSER ATTACHMENT EXTENDS VIA TUBING FROM STILL, FEATURING GLD EMBOSSED LABEL, “SIEBEL’S ALCOHOL DETERMINATOR SIEBEL’S INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY”.
Subjects
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
THIS HANDMADE BOILER WAS MADE FOR USE IN ASSOCIATION WITH AN UNCAPPING KNIFE BY AN UNKNOWN BEEKEEPER. BEEKEEPERS USED SPECIALIZED, HEATED KNIVES SUCH AS P20060005003 TO MANUALLY REMOVE “CAPPINGS” FROM FRAMES WITHIN A BEE HIVE. CAPPINGS ARE THIN WAX SEALS WHICH THE BEES CREATE TO SEAL THEIR HONEY IN INDIVIDUAL STORAGE CELLS. THE UNCAPPING OPERATION IS THE FIRST STEP IN THE HONEY EXTRACTION PROCESS AND IS CARRIED OUT WITH GREATER EASE WITH A HEATED KNIFE. TODAY, BEEKEEPERS HAVE THE OPTION OF USING ELECTRIC KNIVES AS A SOURCE OF CONTINUOUS HEAT, BUT IN THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY, A SMALL BOILER AND CONDENSER, SUCH AS THIS ONE WERE USED FOR THE JOB. STEAM FROM THE BOILER WAS CHANNELED THROUGH A TUBE AND INTO THE KNIFE, HEATING THE KNIFE AS IT ENTERED AND EXITED. THIS KNIFE AND BOILER WERE LOCATED BY DONOR EMANUEL COHEN IN A LINE RIDERS’ SHACK DEEP IN THE LITTLE BOW RIVER VALLEY APPROXIMATELY TWENTY MILES EAST OF CARMANGAY. COHEN LOCATED THE ITEMS IN THE SHACK'S CRAWL SPACE VIA A SMALL HIDDEN TRAP DOOR. THE SHACK WAS ORIGINALLY CONSTRUCTED AS PART OF THE HISTORIC “O” CIRCLE RANCH. COHEN’S FATHER HYMAN COHEN BOUGHT SIXTEEN SECTIONS OF THE FORMER RANCH’S GRAZING LAND FROM THE ESTATE OF NELS SOKVITNEY IN 1941/42. TODAY, THE SITE OF THE SHACK IS UNDERWATER, LOCATED AT THE FOOT OF AN IRRIGATION DAM EAST OF LITTLE BOW PROVINCIAL PARK. OVER THE YEARS, COHEN TREATED THE OBJECTS AS THOUGH THEY WERE ASSOCIATED WITH AN ILLEGAL BOOTLEGGING/ MOONSHINE RELEVANCE, “SQUIRRELLING THE STILL AWAY SO IT WOULD NOT BE SEEN BY OTHER FOLKS”. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON DONOR AND ITEM, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20060005002
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
UNCAPPING KNIFE, BEEKEEPING
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1942
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, COPPER
Catalogue Number
P20060005003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNCAPPING KNIFE, BEEKEEPING
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1942
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, COPPER
No. Pieces
2
Length
39
Width
6.5
Description
HAND CONSTRUCTED UNCAPPING KNIFE WITH WOOD SHEATH. MASH TOOL HAS WOODEN OFFSET HANDLE, UNTAPPERED BLADE AND POINTED, TRIANGULAR END. TWO COPPER TUBES PROTRUDE FROM SWOLLEN, CENTRE AREA OF BLADE. A CRUDE WOOD SHEATH HOUSES THE KNIFE’S BLADE, ACCOMIDATING ITS COPPER TUBES. SHEATH IS CRACKED IN TWO, BUT IS STILL HELD TOGETHER BY NAILS.
Subjects
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
THIS HANDMADE UNCAPPING KNIFE AND SHEATH WERE MADE FOR USE BY AN UNKNOWN BEEKEEPER. BEEKEEPERS USED SPECIALIZED, HEATED KNIVES SUCH AS THESE TO MANUALLY REMOVE “CAPPINGS” FROM FRAMES WITHIN A BEE HIVE. CAPPINGS ARE THIN WAX SEALS WHICH THE BEES CREATE TO SEAL THEIR HONEY IN INDIVIDUAL STORAGE CELLS. THE UNCAPPING OPERATION IS THE FIRST STEP IN THE HONEY EXTRACTION PROCESS AND IS CARRIED OUT WITH GREATER EASE WITH A HEATED KNIFE. TODAY, BEEKEEPERS HAVE THE OPTION OF USING ELECTRIC KNIVES AS A SOURCE OF CONTINUOUS HEAT, BUT IN THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY, A SMALL BOILER AND CONDENSER, SUCH AS P20060005002, WERE USED FOR THE JOB. STEAM FROM THE BOILER WAS CHANNELED THROUGH A TUBE AND INTO THE KNIFE, HEATING THE KNIFE AS IT ENTERED AND EXITED. THIS KNIFE AND BOILER WERE LOCATED BY DONOR EMANUEL COHEN IN A LINE RIDERS’ SHACK DEEP IN THE LITTLE BOW RIVER VALLEY APPROXIMATELY TWENTY MILES EAST OF CARMANGAY. COHEN LOCATED THE ITEMS IN THE SHACK'S CRAWL SPACE VIA A SMALL HIDDEN TRAP DOOR. THE SHACK WAS ORIGINALLY CONSTRUCTED AS PART OF THE HISTORIC “O” (CIRCLE) RANCH. COHEN’S FATHER HYMAN COHEN BOUGHT SIXTEEN SECTIONS OF THE FORMER RANCH’S GRAZING LAND FROM THE ESTATE OF NELS SOKVITNEY IN 1941/42. TODAY, THE SITE OF THE SHACK IS UNDERWATER, LOCATED AT THE FOOT OF AN IRRIGATION DAM EAST OF LITTLE BOW PROVINCIAL PARK. OVER THE YEARS, COHEN TREATED THE OBJECTS AS THOUGH THEY WERE ASSOCIATED WITH AN ILLEGAL BOOTLEGGING/ MOONSHINE RELEVANCE, “SQUIRRELLING THE STILL AWAY SO IT WOULD NOT BE SEEN BY OTHER FOLKS”. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON DONOR AND ITEM, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20060005003
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON .32
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20030017000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON .32
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.5
Length
29.5
Width
3.5
Description
32 CAL. STEEL REVOLVER HAS 80% BLUED FINISH. FRONT AND REAR IRON SIGHTS. STAMPED SIDE BARREL "32 WINCHESTER CTG" AND ON TOP "SMITH & WESSON SPRINGFIELD, MASS, U.S.A. PATENTED MAR. 27 94.... FEB.6.06." BASE OF PISTOL GRIP AND CYLINDER SN# STAMPED "42090". STAMPED ON ONE SIDE OF REVOLVER BODY CIRCULAR LOGO WITH "TRADE" AT TOP, "MARK" AT BOTTOM AND STYLIZED "W" OVER TOP "S". PISTOL GRIP IS MADE OF FINISHED WOOD. ONE SIDE BODY DISPLAYS MODERATE PITTING AND GOUGING. HOUSING SCREW MISSING SAME SIDE AS S&W LOGO.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
REVOLVER ORIGINALY OWNED BY DONOR'S GRANDFATHER LEODAS DESIRE BOURASSA. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE DONOR STATES: "LEODAS BOURASSA WAS BORN ON APRIL 18, 1897... IN BUCKINGHAM, QUEBEC. LEO CAME WEST IN 1917, HOMESTEADING IN THE LUNDBRECK DISTRICT NEAR CHAPEL ROCK. HE JOINED THE RNWMP IN FORT MACLEOD [AND] WAS MOBILIZED INTO THE RNWMP CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE AT REGINA AND SERVED IN ENGLAND. UPON DEMOBILIZATION OF THE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN MAY 1918, HE WENT BACK TO THE RNWMP UNTIL HIS DISCHARGE IN JANUARY 1919 IN MONTREAL. THE WEST MUST HAVE MADE AN IMPRESSION ON HIM, AS HE THEN RETURNED TO THE LUNDBRECK HOMESTEAD... LEO MARRIED JEANNETTE ALIDA LEMIRE ON JULY 31, 1922 IN FORT MACLEOD... [THEY] HAD NINE CHILDREN.... LEO WAS AN HONORARY MEMBER OF THE FORT MACLEOD GOLF AND CURLING CLUBS, LIFE MEMBER OF KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS, AND VERY ACTIVE IN ALL ASPECTS OF SPORT IN THIS AREA... LEO DIED AT THE AGE OF 80 ON DECEMBER 25, 1977, WHILE JEANNETTE HAD PASSED AWAY ON JANUARY 28, 1977." SEE HARD COPY FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON BOURASSA FAMILY. WEAPON DONATED IN MEMORY OF LEO DESIRE BOURASSA.
Catalogue Number
P20030017000
Acquisition Date
2003-09
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
COLD STONE SHARPENER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, STONE, TIN
Catalogue Number
P20010069001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COLD STONE SHARPENER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
STEEL, STONE, TIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
91.5
Length
78.8
Width
35.6
Description
STEEL FRAME WITH A ROUND STONE WHEEL MOUNTED VERTICALLY. FRAME IS PAINTED RED, WITH A BLACK SEAT AND PEDALS. PEDALS ARE SHAPED LIKE FEET AND HAVE EMBOSSED GRIPS ON THEM. PEDALS ACTIVATE WHEEL. EXTENDING DOWN FROM TOP OF FRAME IS A BLACK PAINTED ROD WITH A TIN CAN AT THE END THAT HAS ONE END CUT OUT. STONE WHEEL IS A LIGHT BEIGE COLOR, AND HAS CIRCULAR GROOVES IN THE SIDES.
Subjects
METALWORKING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
ITEM REFINISHED BY DONOR BEFORE DONATION TO MUSEUM. DONOR'S FAMILY RECEIVED SHARPENER IN 1928 IN A TRADE WITH ORIGINAL OWNER JOHN CZERNY. DONOR USED ITEM AS A FARMER TO SHARPEN BEET HOES, KNIVES, SICKLES, ETC. DONOR FIRST ARRIVED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, WHEN HIS FAMILY MOVED TO RAYMOND, IN 1927, FROM EUROPE. DONOR TOOK ITEM WITH HIM WHEN HE MOVED TO FARM IN PICTURE BUTTE IN 1934. DONOR THEN FARMED DRY LAND AT THE CAMERON RANCH NEAR CHIN; ORIGINALLY OWNED BY CHARLES S. NOBLE. DONOR REMAINED THERE UNTIL 1965 AND THEN MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE.
Catalogue Number
P20010069001
Acquisition Date
2001-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
POST HOLE DRILL PRESS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20010069002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POST HOLE DRILL PRESS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
IRON, WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
44.0
Length
89.3
Width
36.8
Description
PRESS IS MOUNTED ON A BASE MADE OF THREE 2X4S (WOOD IS WORN). THERE IS A SQUARE HOLE AT ONE END OF BASE AND A SMALLER OVAL ONE AT OPPOSITE END. THERE IS A HANDLE ON ONE SIDE OF PRESS, THAT WHEN TURNED ACTIVATES LARGE WHEEL ON OPPOSITE SIDE; THIS MAKES DRILL BIT ROTATE. HANDLE IS WRAPPED WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE. THERE IS ANOTHER HANDLE MOUNTED ON A WHEEL AT BACK OF PRESS; THIS HANDLE PUSHES DRILL BIT FORWARD OR DRAWS IT BACK. THERE IS A SMALL LATCH AT BACK OF PRESS THAT LOCKS BACK WHEEL INTO PLACE. DRILL BIT IS POLISHED STEEL. EMBOSSED ON SIDE OF PRESS IS "NO. 00" AND "816".
Subjects
METALWORKING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
DONOR USED ITEM AS A FARMER. DONOR FIRST ARRIVED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, WHEN HIS FAMILY MOVED TO RAYMOND, IN 1927, FROM EUROPE. DONOR TOOK ITEM WITH HIM WHEN HE MOVED TO FARM IN PICTURE BUTTE IN 1934. DONOR THEN FARMED DRY LAND AT THE CAMERON RANCH NEAR CHIN; ORIGINALLY OWNED BY CHARLES S. NOBLE. DONOR REMAINED THERE UNTIL 1965 AND THEN MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE.
Catalogue Number
P20010069002
Acquisition Date
2001-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20020063001
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1930
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.8
Length
42.1
Width
11.9
Description
HAS A NARROW STEEL BLADE THAT COMES TO A POINT AT END. BLADE HAS SOME DISCOLORATION. THERE IS WOOD RESIDUE IN TEETH. HANDLE IS WOOD. MOST OF THE FINISH HAS WORN OFF HANDLE. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO BLADE WITH TWO SCREWS AND SQUARE NUTS. HANDLE HAS MULTIPLE CHIPS OUT OF IT.
Subjects
WOODWORKING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
ALL TOOLS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, HENRY ROSS, WHO USED TOOLS TO BUILD FENCES, HOUSE, BARN AND CHICKEN COUP ON THE RAW PRAIRIE (SOME TOOLS MAY HAVE COME WITH HIM FROM THE U.S.A.). HENRY ROSS WAS BORN IN SCOTLAND IN 1881. HE MOVED TO THE U.S.A.; MARRIED AND FARMED IN DEER CREEK, AND LATER CAME TO CANADA TO FARM, AT PROPERTY THAT IS NOW LOCATED UNDER PARK LAKE - AREA WAS REFERRED TO AS ROLLING HILLS. IN 1921, WHEN IRRIGATION CAME THROUGH IT WAS NOT ADDED TO DONOR'S FARM. THE FAMILY THEN MOVED TO RENTED FARMS; IN 1927 MOVED TO WHITNEY FARMS, AND IN 1946 MOVED TO MCLEAN DISTRICT EAST OF LETHBRIDGE. THIS ACREAGE WAS SOLD IN 1950 AND THEY BOUGHT PROPERTY AT ROLLOG SUBDIVISION. HENRY GREW WHEAT AND ALSO RAISED CATTLE AND SOME SHEEP. DONOR WAS BORN IN MINNESOTA IN 1910.
Catalogue Number
P20020063001
Acquisition Date
2002-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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