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364 records – page 1 of 19.

Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170037000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1945
Materials
SILVER, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
17.4
Width
2.4
Description
STERLING SILVER BRACELET; BRACLET BANDS COMPRISED OF METAL LINKS WITH SPRINGRING CLASP AT END OF ONE CHAIN. CENTER OF BRACELET HAS OVAL STERLING SILVER DISC WITH CREST ON FRONT COMPRISED ON BLUE TEXT “RCAF” SURROUNDED BY LAUREL LEAVES, WITH A CROWN ABOVE AND OUTSTRETCHED WINGS ON SIDES. “RCAF” CREST ABOVE INSCRIPTION “PERLEY-MARTIN T.H., 4309A, J3513”. BACK OF DISC HAS INSCRIPTION “NO.5 E.F.T.S., LETHBRIDGE ALTA., CLASS NO.1, 22.7.40 TO 3.10.40, SIRKS, STRELING”. CHAINS ATTACHED TO THE CENTER DISC WITH METAL LOOPS ON SIDES OF DISC. CHAINS AND DISC TARNISHED; INSCRIPTION TEXT ON FRONT AND BACK IS WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE IDENTIFICATION BRACELET BELONGED TO FLYING OFFICER THOMAS HENRY PERLEY-MARTIN, AND WAS FASHIONED AS AN IDENTIFER FOR THE NO. 5 ELEMENTARY FLYING TRAINING SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. INFORMATION COMPILED ON THE NO. 5 ELEMENTARY FLYING TRAINING SCHOOL AND OTHER FLIGHT TRAINING SCHOOLS WAS SOURCED FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND VETERANS AFFAIRS CANADA’S WEBSITE SECTION ON THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN. AT THE OUTBREAK OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR, THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT, IN PARTNERSHIP WITH CANADA AND ADDITIONAL COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES, CREATED THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN TO ENHANCE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR ROYAL AIR FORCE OFFICERS. THE PLAN ESTABLISHED THAT COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES WOULD BUILD FLIGHT SCHOOLS TO TRAIN OFFICERS FOR THE ROYAL AIR FORCE OR COMMONWEALTH AIR FORCES TO SERVE ALONGSIDE THE ROYAL AIR FORCE, INCLUDING THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE. OFFICERS WOULD TRAVEL FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM TO A COMMONWEALTH COUNTRY, OR ENLISTED FROM THE COMMONWEALTH COUNTRY. CANADA ESTABLISHED 196 TRAINING FACILITIES AND RELIEF FIELDS, AND GRADUATED 72,835 STUDENTS, ACCORDING TO STATISTICS FROM THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA’S WEBSITE ON THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE. IN THE SPRING OF 1940, THE ELEMENTARY FLIGHT TRAINING SCHOOL NO. 5 IN LETHBRIDGE OPENED, SEEING ITS FIRST RECRUITS FOR THE R.C.A.F. ENROLL AND ARRIVE ON JULY 22, 1940 FROM REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN. THE FLIGHT SCHOOL WAS ESTABLISHED AT KENYON FIELDS ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE CITY. STUDENTS WERE TAUGHT TO FLY IN 7 WEEKS, WITH AN ADDITIONAL 5 WEEK EXTENSION COURSE IN MORE ADVANCED FLYING. OF THE FIRST CLASS, GRADUATING OCTOBER 1940, WAS THOMAS HENRY PERLEY-MARTIN. PERLEY-MARTIN WAS BORN ON JANUARY 9, 1921 IN WINNIPEG, MANITOBA. PERLEY-MARTIN SERVED IN THE QUEEN’S OWN HIGHLANDERS OF CANADA CADETS FROM 1935-38, AND ENLISTED IN THE NON-PERMANENT ACTIVE AIR FORCE OF THE R.C.A.F. IN 1938. PERLEY-MARTIN UNDERTOOK INITIAL FLIGHT TRAINING IN TORONTO, ONTARIO, GRADUATING TO ELEMENTARY FLIGHT TRAINING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940. GRADUATES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE E.F.T.S. WERE GIVEN, ACCORDING TO LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, “…AN ENGRAVED IDENTIFICATION DISC BY THE SCHOOL”, AS STATED BY DENNIS YORATH, MANAGER AT NO. 5 E.F.T.S. IT IS ONLY SPECULATION THAT THE DISC DESCRIBED BY THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IS THE ONE AFFIXED TO THE BRACELET. IN DECEMBER 1940-JANUARY 1941, THE NO. 5 E.F.T.S. WAS RELOCATED TO HIGH RIVER, ALBERTA, AND THE NO. 8 BOMBER AND GUNNERY SCHOOL WAS ESTABLISHED AT KENYON FIELD, LETHBRIDGE, OPENING IN OCTOBER 1941. UPON COMPLETING HIS E.F.T.S. TRAINING, PERLEY-MARTIN WENT ON TO COMPLETE HIS INTERMEDIATE AND ADVANCED TRAINING AT THE NO. 1 SERVICE FLYING TRAINING SCHOOL AT CAMP BORDEN, ONTARIO. REPORTS FROM THE SERVICE FILE OF T.H. PERLEY-MARTIN INDICATE THAT IN 1941, FOLLOWING HIS TRAINING IN CANADA, PERLEY-MARTIN WAS STATIONED IN OLD SARUM, ENGLAND. PERLEY-MARTIN WAS NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FLYING OR OTHER DUTIES IN 1941 FOLLOWING FLYING OFFENSES AND OUTSTANDING DEBTS, WITH THE OFFENSES RESULTING IN PERLEY-MARTIN BEING COURT MARTIALED AND TRIED. IN MARCH 1942, PERLEY-MARTIN WAS RETIRED FROM SERVICE, AND IN AUGUST 1942 HE BECAME A PILOT GENERAL WITH THE #122 SQN. ON JANUARY 7, 1945, PERLEY-MARTIN WAS KILLED DURING FLYING OPERATIONS IN JARVIS, ONTARIO WHERE HE WAS AN INSTRUCTOR. PERLEY-MARTIN WAS KILLED AFTER ATTEMPTING TO LAND AN ANSON AIRCRAFT #7013 IN POOR VISIBILITY, ACCORDING TO A MEMORIAL WRITTEN ON PERLEY-MARTIN. PERLEY-MARTIN WAS BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA. WHILE IN ENGLAND IN 1941, PERLEY-MARTIN MARRIED OLIVE CYNTHIA ROBERTS. THE COUPLE HAD ONE SON, BARRY THOMAS PERLEY-MARTIN. OLIVE AND BARRY RETURNED TO ENGLAND FOLLOWING THOMAS HENRY PERLEY-MARTIN’S DEATH, ACCORDING TO AN EMAIL FROM MARY PERLEY-MARTIN, THE WIFE OF THE LATE BARRY THOMAS PERLEY-MARTIN. THE BRACELET WAS PURCHASED BY THE GALT MUSEUM IN DECEMBER 2017 FROM T.M. SAUNDERS. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES ON THE FLIGHT SCHOOLS AND WINNIPEG FREE PRESS ARTICLES ON T.H. PERLEY-MARTIN, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170037000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170037000
Acquisition Date
2017-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150021000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1945
Materials
SILVER, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
17.7
Width
2
Description
STERLING SILVER BRACELET; BRACELET BANDS COMPRISED OF METAL LINKS WITH SNAP LOCK CLASP AT END OF ONE CHAIN. CENTER OF BRACELET HAS OVAL STERLING SILVER DISC WITH CREST ON FRONT OF AN EAGLE WITH OUTSTRETCHED WINGS HOLDING A CIRCLE IN ITS FEET, WITH SWASTIKA IN CENTER OF CIRCLE; FRONT HAS INSCRIPTION ON SIDES CREST “CAMP 133”. BACK OF DISC HAS INSCRIPTION “R.J. BORLAND, M2598, STERLING”. CHAINS ATTACHED TO THE CENTER DISC THROUGH HOLES IN SIDES OF DISC. CHAINS AND DISC ARE TARNISHED; INSCRIPTION TEXT ON FRONT AND BACK ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE BRACELET WAS CREATED AT CAMP 133, THE LETHBRIDGE PRISONER OF WAR CAMP DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. THE CURATOR OF THE ROYAL ALBERTA MUSEUM’S MILITARY AND POLITICAL HISTORY DEPARTMENT NOTED IN AN EMAIL, ON THE BRACELET, THAT THE EAGLE DID NOT APPEAR TO BE AN OFFICIAL MILITARY SYMBOL. THE EAGLE WAS POSSIBLY FASHIONED BY HAND, OR CAST AS A COPY. HISTORIAN ROBERT HENDERSON ELABORATED, “NO DOUBT A PRIVATE PURCHASE BY THE GUARD—PROBABLY [BY] ROBERT BORLAND [WHO] SAW SERVICE AT LETHBRIDGE. THE NAZI SYMBOL REPRESENTS EARLY [1933+ ERA] NAZI STYLE SYMBOL, PROBABLY OBTAINED FROM A POW IN TRADE OR FRIENDSHIP. THE LETTERING ON IT [WAS] NO DOUBT DONE BY A JEWELLER WITH APPROPRIATE EQUIPMENT, NOT BY A POW WITHIN THE CAMP. WRIST BRACELETS WERE POPULAR ITEMS TO BE GIVEN TO THE GUARDS BY FAMILY OR SWEETHEARTS, OR BY FRIENDS WHEN THE GUARD WAS POSTED AWAY FROM HOME.” THE OBITUARY FOR ROBERT BORLAND, OBTAINED ONLINE, STATES THAT ROBERT JAMES BORLAND OF CALGARY, ALBERTA PASSED AWAY IN MARCH 2014. IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING A COPY OF THE OBITUARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES ON LETHBRIDGE CAMP 133, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20150021000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20150021000
Acquisition Date
2015-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, BRASS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20130012001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
CARDBOARD, BRASS, METAL
No. Pieces
23
Height
8.3
Length
13.4
Width
3
Description
A. CARDBOARD BOX, BROWN PRINTED WITH YELLOW BACKGROUND, BLUE BORDERS AND IMAGES, AND BLUE TEXT, 13.4CM LONG X 3CM WIDE X 8.3CM TALL. FRONT OF BOX HAS FRONT HAS TEXT “ “SUPER-CLEAN, SMOKELESS, MADE IN CANADA BY, CANADIAN INDUSTRIES LIMITED, “DOMINION” AMMUNITION DIVISION, MONTREAL, CANADA” PRINTED WITH “C-I-L” LOGO. LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES OF BOX HAS WHITE TEXT PRINTED ON BLUE BACKGROUND “TWENTY “DOMINION” .303 BRITISH COPPER POINT” AND BLUE TEXT PRINTED ON YELLOW BACKGROUND “SMOKELESS, HIGH VELOCITY, 180 GRAIN BULLET, “SUPER-CLEAN””. BACK OF BOX HAS IMAGE OF BULLET WITH TEXT “DOMINION .303 BRITISH COPPER POINT” PRINTED ON IMAGE IN BLUE AND WHITE. FRONT OF BOX HAS TEXT “TWENTY .303 BRITISH, COPPER POINT, HIGH VELOCITY” IN WHITE ON BLUE BACKGROUND AROUND BULLET. BACK HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND “”SUPER-CLEAN”, SMOKELESS, THESE “SUPER-CLEAN” CARTRIDGES ARE GUARANTEED TO BE OF THE HIGHEST QUALITY, POWERFUL, ACCURATE TO EXTREME RANGES AND “ALWAYS DEPENDABLE.” ALL “DOMINION” CARTRIDGES HAVE “SUPER-CLEAN” NON-MERCURIC PRIMING AND NON-FOULING BULLETS, WHICH KEEP THE RIFLE BORE IN PERFECT CONDITION. “MADE IN CANADA””. TOP OF BOX HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND, BESIDE “C-I-L” LOGO, “SUPER-CLEAN, ADAPTED TO, B.S.A., ROSS, LEE-METFORD, GIBBS, GREENER, REMINGTON, LEE-ENFIELD, AND WINCHESTER RIFLES., (WILL NOT INTERCHANGE WITH .303 SAVAGE)”. TOP HAS BLUE TEXT PRINTED ON INSIDE FLAP, “NOTE, BE SURE TO RETURN THIS CARTON WITH SAMPLE CARTRIDGE IF COMMUNICATING WITH US ON THE CONTENTS OF THIS PACKAGE. A SPECIAL TREATMENT OF THE NECK OF THESE CARTRIDGES PROTECTS THEM FROM DETERIORATION, ENSURES UNIFORM CRIMPING, GREATER ACCURACY AND LONGER LIFE.” INSIDE OF TOP FLAP HAS BLACK STAMPED TEXT “A.A.H.H.S., IP 51”. INSIDE OF TOP FLAP HAS BLACK RESIDUE FROM CARTRIDGES IN ROWS OF CIRCLES. INSIDE OF BOX IS BROWN CARDBOARD AND IS STAINED. OUTSIDE OF BOX IS STAINED WITH GREY; EDGES OF BOX ARE WORN AND FRAYED. BASE OF BOX HAS TEARS IN CARDBOARD AND CREASES AT CORNERS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. C. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. D. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. JACKET HAS MINOR DARK STAINING WITH FINGERPRINT IMPRESSIONS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. JACKET IS TARNISHED; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. F. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. G. BULLET, 8CM LONG X 1.3CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS COPPER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS CIRCLE CUT IN BASE THAT HAS RED AROUND EDGES; BASE HAS TEXT ENGRAVED “DOMINION .303 BRITISH”. POINT HAS LINE CUT AROUND TIP, AND POINT HAS GROOVES AROUND BASE ABOVE JACKET. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. H. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. I. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. JACKET SHOWS MINOR CORROSION AND TARNISHING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. J. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. JACKET HAS MINOR DARK STAINING WITH FINGERPRINT IMPRESSIONS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. K. BULLET, 7.8CM LONG X 1.4CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS SILVER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS COPPER CIRCLE IN CENTER WITH ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND “DA, 1941, VII”. JACKET HAS THREE NARROW LINES ENGRAVED BELOW POINT. JACKET SHOWS MINOR TARNISHING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. L. BULLET, 8CM LONG X 1.3CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS COPPER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS CIRCLE CUT IN BASE THAT HAS RED AROUND EDGES; BASE HAS TEXT ENGRAVED “DOMINION .303 BRITISH”. POINT HAS LINE CUT AROUND TIP, AND POINT HAS GROOVES AROUND BASE ABOVE JACKET. JACKET SHOWS MINOR TARNISHING AND CORROSION; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. M. BULLET, 8CM LONG X 1.3CM DIAMETER. BRASS JACKET WITH COPPER POINT; POINT HAS COPPER FINISHING. BASE OF CARTRIDGE HAS CIRCLE CUT IN BASE THAT HAS RED AROUND EDGES; BASE HAS TEXT ENGRAVED “DOMINION .303 BRITISH”. POINT HAS LINE CUT AROUND TIP, AND POINT HAS GROOVES AROUND BASE ABOVE JACKET. JACKET SHOWS MINOR TARNISHING AND CORROSION; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. N. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. O. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. P. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. Q. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. R. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. S. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. T. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. U. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; BASE OF SLIT HAS CREASE THAT RUNS DOWN FRONT OF CARDBOARD. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. V. CARDBOARD INSERT, 4.1CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. CARDBOARD PIECE WITH SLIT DOWN THE CENTER TO THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO ROUNDED POINTS ON EITHER SIDE OF SLIT. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK; EDGES ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. W. CARDBOARD INSERT, 14CM LONG X 7.4CM WIDE. TOP OF INSERT HAS 9 SLITS WITH ROUNDED POINTS BETWEEN SLITS. CARDBOARD IS STAINED BLACK AND GREY ALONG POINTS ON FRONT AND BACK. FRONT HAS CREASE RUNNING FROM SLIT TO LOWER EDGE ON LEFT SIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
LEISURE
History
THE AMMUNITION, COLLECTED DIRECTLY FROM THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE, WAS OWNED AND DONATED BY LEON SALLENBACK OF LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. SALLENBACK MADE HIS CAREER IN THE CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY, BUT IN THE EARLY 1950S HAD DREAMS OF BEING “THE GREAT WHITE HUNTER”. SALLENBACK REALIZED, UPON PURCHASE OF FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION, THAT HE COULD NOT “HIT THE BROAD SIDE OF A BARN”. THE AMMUNITION WAS NOT USED. IN AN EMAIL WITH CATHY FLEXHAUG OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICES, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN LEARNED THAT SALLENBACK AND HIS WIFE WERE DOWNSIZING AT THE TIME OF DONATION. SALLENBACK HAD THE AMMUNITION FOR 40 YEARS AND HAD NOT TOUCHED IT, AND TODAY COULD NOT USE IT EVEN IF HE WANTED TO. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING COPIES OF THE EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20130012001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20130012001
Acquisition Date
2013-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, BRASS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20130012002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
CARDBOARD, BRASS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.6
Length
6.9
Width
3
Description
CARDBOARD AMMUNITION BOX WITH 49 CARTRIDGES INSIDE. BOX IS BROWN CARDBOARD ON THE INSIDE, WITH OUTSIDE PRINTED YELLOW WITH BLUE BORDERS AND TEXT. BOX LID HAS TEXT “.22 LONG, SMOKELESS, DRY LUBRICATED BULLETS” BESIDE IMAGE OF A BULLET WITH “.22 LONG” PRINTED ON IMAGE. TEXT BELOW IMAGE, “SUPER-CLEAN” IN WHITE ON BLUE BACKGROUND BESIDE “C-I-L” LOGO, WITH TEXT BELOW “MADE IN CANADA BY, CANADIAN INDUSTRIES LIMITED, “DOMINION” AMMUNITION DIVISION, MONTREAL, CANADA”. LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES HAVE BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND, “SUPER-CLEAN, .22 LONG, 50 R.F., SMOKELESS” AND “C-I-L” LOGO. FRONT OF BOX HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND “THESE CARTRIDGES ARE PRIMED WITH “SUPER-CLEAN” NON-RUSTING PRIMING. IF THE RIFLE HAS FIRST BEEN THOROUGHLY CLEANED AS “DOMINION” “SUPER-CLEAN” .22’S ARE USED EXCLUSIVELY, THEY WILL NOT RUST OR CORRODE THE BORE.” BACK HAS HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK INK “76, 305” AND BLUE TEXT PRINTED ON YELLOW BACKGROUND “MADE IN CANADA BY, CANADIAN INDUSTRIES LIMITED, “DOMINION” AMMUNITION DIVISION, MONTREAL, CANADA”. TOP FLAP HAS BLUE TEXT PRINTED ON INSIDE “DANGEROUS WITHIN ONE MILE”. BOX IS WORN AT EDGES AND FADED; TOP FLAP HAS TEARS ON RIGHT SIDE, AND HEAVY WEAR AT LOWER EDGE.TOP FLAP IS CREASED ALONG LOWER LEFT CORNER; FRONT OF BOX IS STAINED WITH BLACK. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. CARTRIDGES INSIDE BOX ARE COMPRISED OF BRASS JACKET AND GREY POINT. JACKET HAS ENGRAVED “D” ON BASE; POINT OF CARTRIDGES HAVE THREE RINGS ENGRAVED ABOVE JACKET. CARTRIDGES OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
LEISURE
History
THE AMMUNITION, COLLECTED DIRECTLY FROM THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE, WAS OWNED AND DONATED BY LEON SALLENBACK OF LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. SALLENBACK MADE HIS CAREER IN THE CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY, BUT IN THE EARLY 1950S HAD DREAMS OF BEING “THE GREAT WHITE HUNTER”. SALLENBACK REALIZED, UPON PURCHASE OF FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION, THAT HE COULD NOT “HIT THE BROAD SIDE OF A BARN”. THE AMMUNITION WAS NOT USED. IN AN EMAIL WITH CATHY FLEXHAUG OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICES, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN LEARNED THAT SALLENBACK AND HIS WIFE WERE DOWNSIZING AT THE TIME OF DONATION. SALLENBACK HAD THE AMMUNITION FOR 40 YEARS AND HAD NOT TOUCHED IT, AND TODAY COULD NOT USE IT EVEN IF HE WANTED TO. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING COPIES OF THE EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20130012001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20130012002
Acquisition Date
2013-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, BRASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20130012003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
CARDBOARD, BRASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
13
Height
11.6
Length
10.8
Width
6.6
Description
A. CARDOARD TOP, 10.3CM LONG X 6.3CM WIDE. TOP FLAP OF CARDBOARD BOX; BROWN INSIDE WITH RED, YELLOW, AND BLACK TEXT AND BACKGROUND PRINTED ON TOP. TOP HAS RED BORDER ALONG UPPER EDGE WITH WHITE TEXT “CANUCK HEAVY LOAD” AND BLACK TEXT BELOW “12 GAUGE, 2 5/8 INCH, 25 SHOT SHELLS”. TOP HAS RED “C-I-L” LOGO PRINTED. TEXT BELOW PRINTED IN BOXES WITH BLACK BORDERS, FIRST BOX HAS RED BACKGROUND AND WHITE TEXT “HEAVY LOAD” AND BLACK TEXT INSIDE NEXT THREE BOXES, “OZ SHOT 1 1/8”, “SIZE OF SHOT, 5 HS”, “CODE DN, IA H6XX”. FRONT FLAP HAS BLACK TEXT PRINTED “NOTE, BE SURE TO RETURN THIS BOX WITH SAMPLE CARTRIDGE IS COMMUNICATING WITH US CONCERNING THE CONTENTS OF THIS PACKAGE. 128 P63”. BACK OF CARDBOARD HAS LOSS IN UPPER RIGHT CORNER; FLAP IS CREASED FRONT AND BACK AND WORN AT EDGES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. CARDBOARD AMMUNITION BOX, 10.8CM LONG X 6.6CM WIDE X 11.6CM TALL. FRONT OF BOX PRINTED WITH RED AND BLACK IMAGE OF A SHOTGUN SHELL, AND RED BORDER ALOG TOP EDGE WITH WHITE TEXT “CANUCK HEAVY LOAD”; FRONT HAS BLACK TEXT BESIDE IMAGE “2 5/8 12 GAUGE, “SUPER-CLEAN”, “DOMINION” AMMUNITION” WITH RED “C-I-L- PRINTED; LOWER EDGE OF FRONT HAS RED BORDER WITH WHITE TEXT “WATERPROOFED, FINISHED IN “DUCO””. LEFT SIDE OF BOX HAS RED BORDERS AT TOP AND LOWER EDGE WITH WHITE TEXT PRINTED ON BORDERS, AND BLACK TEXT PRINTED BETWEEN BORDERS, TEXT “”DOMINION”, BACKED BY MORE THAN HALF A CENTURY OF EXPERIENCE IN MANUFACTURING AMMUNITION FOR CANADIAN SPORTSMEN…” WITH COMPANY STATEMENT ON QUALITY. RIGHT SIDE OF BOX HAS RED BORDERS AT TOP AND LOWER EDGE WITH WHITE TEXT PRINTED ON BORDERS, AND BLACK TEXT PRINTED BETWEEN BORDERS; TEXT “”CANUCK”, 12 GAUGE, 2 5/8 INCH, HEAVY LOAD SHOT SHELLS, CHOICE OF SHOT SIZES 2,4,5,6, 7 1/2, BB…” WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SHOT SIZES AND PURPOSES, AND “CAUTION, DO NOT USE THESE SHELLS EXCEPT IN GUNS DESIGNED FOR USE WITH MODERN HEAVY LOAD SMOKELESS POWDER SHOT SHELLS…” AND STORING INSTRUCTIONS. BACK OF BOX HAS BLACK TEXT PRINTED IN BOX WITH RED BORDERS; TEXT “”CANUCK”, CANADA’S MOST POPULAR SHOT SHELL, IDEAL FOR THE SPORTSMAN WHO DESIRES A MODERATELY-PRICED “ALL-PURPOSE” SHOT SHELL, THE “CANUCK” HAS BEEN CANADA’S FAVOURITE FOR MORE THAN TWENTY-FIVE YEARS…” WITH DETAILS ON FEATURES OF THE SHELLS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE WITH FIREARMS. BASE OF BOX HAS RED BORDER ALONG TOP WITH WHITE TEXT PRINTED “CNUCK HEAVY LOAD”; BASE HAS BLACK TEXT PRINTED “12 GAUGE 2 5/8 INCH, 25 SHELL SHOTS, MADE IN CANADA BY, CANADIAN INDUSTRIES LIMITED, AMMUNITION DIVISION, MONTREAL, CANADA”. TOP FLAPS OVER BOX OPENING PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT; LEFT FLAP HAS TEXT “WARNING: IT IS DANGEROUS TO PLACE: 16 GAUGE SHELLS IN 10 GAUGE GUNS, 20 GAUGE SHELLS IN 12 GAUGE GUNS, 28 GAUGE SHELLS IN 16 OR 20 GAUGE GUNS.”; RIGHT FLAP HAS TEXT “BECAUSE: THE SMALLER SHELL WILL PASS THROUGH THE CHAMBER AND LODGE IN THE BARREL. IF, WITH THE BARREL THUS OBSTRUCTED, ANOTHER SHELL IS FIRED IN IT, THE BARREL MAY BURST WITH POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY TO THE SHOOTER AND BY-STANDERS. BEFORE LOADING YOUR GUN MAKE SURE THE BARREL IS NOT OBSTRUCTED.” INSIDE OF BOX IS STAINED BLACK AND GREY; FRONT OF BOX HAS GREY SQUARE PENCIL DRAWINGS; RIGHT SIDE OF BOX HAS HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLUE INK “20347.5, 20230, 117”. BOX IS WORN AT EDGES AND CREASED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; BASE IS SCRATCHED AND TARNISHED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. D. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; BASE HAS MINOR SCRATCHING; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. E. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; BASE IS SCRATCHED AND TARNISHED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. F. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; BASE HAS MINOR SCRATCHING; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. G. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. H. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; BASE IS TARNISHED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. I. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. J. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; BASE HAS MINOR SCRATCHING; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. K. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; BASE HAS MINOR SCRATCHING; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. L. SHOTGUN SHELL, 6CM LONG X 2.2CM DIAMETER. SHELL HAS MARBLED RED CASING WITH BRASS BASE; BASE HAS CIRCLE ENGRAVED IN MIDDLE; BASE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG EDGES “DOMINION NO 12 CANUCK, MADE IN CANADA”. TOP OF SHELL IS OPEN TO SHOW WOODEN COVER; COVER PRINTED WITH BLACK TEXT “HEAVY LOAD, 5, SMOKELESS”. CASING IS WORN; BASE HAS MINOR SCRATCHING; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. M. CARDBOARD FLAP, 3.4CM LONG X 2CM WIDE. FLAP DETACHED FROM BOX; FLAP HAS FLAT EDGE AT BASE AND ROUNDED TOP. EDGES ARE WORN AND FLAP HAS CREASE ACROSS THE MIDDLE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
LEISURE
History
THE AMMUNITION, COLLECTED DIRECTLY FROM THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE, WAS OWNED AND DONATED BY LEON SALLENBACK OF LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. SALLENBACK MADE HIS CAREER IN THE CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY, BUT IN THE EARLY 1950S HAD DREAMS OF BEING “THE GREAT WHITE HUNTER”. SALLENBACK REALIZED, UPON PURCHASE OF FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION, THAT HE COULD NOT “HIT THE BROAD SIDE OF A BARN”. THE AMMUNITION WAS NOT USED. IN AN EMAIL WITH CATHY FLEXHAUG OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICES, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN LEARNED THAT SALLENBACK AND HIS WIFE WERE DOWNSIZING AT THE TIME OF DONATION. SALLENBACK HAD THE AMMUNITION FOR 40 YEARS AND HAD NOT TOUCHED IT, AND TODAY COULD NOT USE IT EVEN IF HE WANTED TO. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING COPIES OF THE EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20130012001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20130012003
Acquisition Date
2013-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1924
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BONE, RHINESTONE
Catalogue Number
P20160042003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1924
Materials
BONE, RHINESTONE
No. Pieces
1
Height
16.3
Length
8.5
Description
FAN-SHAPED HAIR ORNAMENT WITH TWO LARGE PRONGS. CREAM-COLOURED WITH BROWN DAPPLING. 5 WHITE TULIP-SHAPED DESIGNS ON FANNED EDGE OF ORNAMENT WITH GREEN RHINESTONES INLAID IN THE WHITE SECTIONS OF DESIGN. TWO THIN LINES ARE ETCHED ON EITHER SIDE OF EACH WHITE TULIP SECTION. CONDITION: DESIGN FADED WITH ONE GREEN RHINESTONE MISSING ON AN INNER TULIP. SLIGHT LOSS OF FINISH ESPECIALLY AT THE WHITE PORTIONS OF DESIGN. SCUFFED SURFACE OVERALL.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ON 2 DECEMBER 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONORS, MAKIO (MAC) AND REYKO NISHIYAMA, IN THEIR HOME TO DISCUSS ITEMS THEY WERE DONATING TO THE GALT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED THIS HAIR ORNAMENT AND A MATCHING ONE CAME INTO HER CUSTODY AFTER ITS INITIAL OWNERS – HER PARENTS TAKASHI AND CHIAKI KARAKI – MOVED FROM THEIR RAYMOND HOME TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. SHE SAID, “… [AFTER THE] SIXTY YEARS OF FARMING, MY [PARENTS] DID IN RAYMOND… THEY SELL THE WHOLE THING AND MOVE! I’M LEFT BEHIND IN RAYMOND BY MYSELF, MARRIED… WHEN THEY MOVE TO QUESNEL, B.C [IN THE LATE 1950S], THEY HAD TO LEAVE BEHIND THEIR TRUNK AND IT HAD ALL THE TREASURES IN IT.” OTHER TREASURES FOUND IN THE TRUNK WERE HER MOTHER’S COMB AND A VASE ALSO DONATED WITH THE TWO HAIR ORNAMENTS (P20160042001 & 003-004). MRS. NISHIYAMA REMEMBERED, “[MY MOTHER] EXPLAINED TO ME THAT SHE’D KEPT THESE BECAUSE THEY WERE HERS – GIVEN TO HER BY HER PARENTS – AND SHE WANTED ME TO SORT OF TAKE CARE OF THEM… [THEY] CAME WITH HER WHEN SHE GOT MARRIED… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… [THESE] TWO PIECES ARE HER HAIR ORNAMENTS, AND I’M GUESSING THAT THEY ARE BONE… [THEY WERE] NOT ANYTHING TO USE AROUND HERE, ANYWAY, SO WE JUST THOUGHT THEY WERE BEAUTIFUL, AND, ONCE IN A WHILE, WE GET TO SEE IT.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE REMEMBERED HER MOTHER USING THE COMB AND HAIR ACCESSORIES, MRS. NISHIYAMA STATED, “NO. BY THE TIME SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE REALIZED THERE’S NO DRESSING UP OR NOTHING. YOU KNOW THE HAIRDOS – THE FANCY HAIRDOS THAT THEY HAD IN JAPAN - THEY WERE LONG GONE, SO THEY JUST WENT BY. I KNOW SHE BRAIDED HER HAIR AND WORE A BUN ON THE BACK OF HER HEAD, FOR YEARS AND YEARS, BEFORE SHE CUT IT SHORT. SO, I JUST REMEMBERED A LITTLE TREASURE THAT SHE HAD IN THE DRAWER… IT WAS IN A SPECIAL SPOT IN THE DRESSER, AND WE ONLY GOT TO SEE IT ONCE IN A WHILE. IT WAS SPECIAL. IT WAS HER TREASURES THAT SHE KEPT.” SPEAKING OF THE ITEMS’ USE ONCE THEY WERE IN HER POSSESSION, MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID, “[THEY WERE] NOT REALLY [USED]. I THINK I’VE HAD IT OUT WHEN THEY ASKED FOR IT AT JAPANESE GARDENS. I THINK WE HAD SOMETHING ELSE SOMEWHERE, WHERE WE HAD A DISPLAY… I THINK THAT’S THE ONLY TIMES THAT THEY CAME OUT…” THE TRUNK, ALONG WITH ITS CONTENTS, WERE BROUGHT TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA FROM JAPAN BY HER MOTHER, CHIAKI KARAKI (NEE KUMAGAI), FOLLOWING HER MARRIAGE TO TAKASHI KARAKI. MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED HER PARENTS’ MARRIAGE STORY: “… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… NOT QUITE EIGHTEEN… I OFTEN SAID TO MY MOTHER…, ‘HOW IN THE WORLD DID YOUR PARENTS EVER LET YOU GO TO CANADA? YOU DIDN’T KNOW THE LANGUAGE – IT’S A DIFFERENT COUNTRY.’ SHE DIDN’T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT MY DAD, EXCEPT THAT HE WAS A FARMER. HE’S SEVENTEEN YEARS OLDER THAN SHE WAS THEN. IT DOESN’T MAKE SENSE. SHE JUST SAID, ‘MY PARENTS SAID TO GO, SO I CAME’ … IT TOOK A LOT OF COURAGE…” MRS. NISHIYAMA WENT ON, “ALL JAPANESE MARRIAGES WERE DONE [BY] GO-BETWEENS. THERE WERE, I WOULD SAY, HARDLY ANY, IN FACT, I DON’T THINK THERE WAS ANY… FALLING-IN-LOVE KIND OF THING. THAT WAS JUST NOT EVEN THOUGHT ABOUT… MY DAD’S FOLKS WERE IN THE VILLAGE. THEY WERE FARMERS… THEY HAD A LARGE HOUSE AND THEY RAISED SILKWORMS. MY MOTHER’S FOLKS LIVED IN THE TOWN… SHE COMES FROM A VERY MODEST FAMILY, BUT HER DAD WAS A PAWN BROKER…” A FAMILY HISTORY WRITTEN BY MRS. NISHIYAMA AND HER BROTHER, SUSUMU KARAKI, IN THE BOOK TITLED "NISHIKI: NIKKEI TAPESTRY: A HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA JAPANESE CANADIANS" (PUBLISHED 2001), ELABORATES ON THE FAMILY’S STORY. IT STATES THEIR FATHER, TAKASHI KARAKI, WAS BORN ON 1 JULY 1889 IN NAGANO PREFECTURE, JAPAN. THE HISTORY READS, “AFTER GRADUATING FROM HIGH SCHOOL IN 1907… HE LEFT A COMFORTABLE HOME… TO VENTURE OUT FOR A NEW LIFE IN AMERICA.” IT EXPLAINS HE LANDED IN VANCOUVER, AND WAS LURED BY A HIGH SALARY JOB IN SKEENA, BRITISH COLUMBIA. AFTER WORKING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, THE HISTORY SAYS THAT “IN 1909, HE AND SEVERAL HUNDRED OTHER YOUNG JAPANESE MEN WERE RECRUITED BY AN AGENT OF THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY TO WORK IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS IN RAYMOND, [ALBERTA] WITH PROMISES OF GOOD PAY AND EASY WORK...” THE MEN SOON LEARNED THAT THE WORK WAS MUCH MORE DIFFICULT AND THE PAY SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN THEY HAD BEEN INITIALLY BEEN PROMISED, SO MANY RETURNED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA AFTER THEIR CONTRACT YEAR. KARAKI WAS OF THE GROUP THAT DECIDED TO STAY ON WITH THE COMPANY UNTIL ITS CLOSURE IN 1914. AFTER THAT, HE BEGAN A FARMING OPERATION WITH TWO OF THE FRIENDS HE MADE IN THE COMPANY – LEASING LAND FROM FIRST THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY, THEN FROM A LOCAL NAMED ROLLO KINSEY, AND FINALLY FROM THE MCINTYRE RANCH IN MAGRATH. EVEN THOUGH THE PARTNERSHIP DISSOLVED AFTER THE FIRST THREE YEARS, KARAKI PERSISTED UNDER THE TRYING CONDITIONS, AND BY 1918 HE MADE THE DECISION TO MAKE ALBERTA HIS PERMANENT HOME AND TO BECOME A CANADIAN CITIZEN. HE PURCHASED A DRY LAND FARM IN RAYMOND AND FARMED THAT FOR FIVE YEARS BEFORE DECIDING HE WANTED TO GET MARRIED AND RAISE A FAMILY OF HIS OWN. HE RETURNED TO JAPAN IN 1923, WHERE HE MET THROUGH FAMILY AND FRIENDS, CHIAKI KUMAGAI, WHO WAS ALSO FROM THE NAGANO PREFECTURE. THE COUPLE MARRIED IN DECEMBER 1923, AND THE NEWLYWEDS RETURNED TO RAYMOND IN SPRING 1924. IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW, MRS. NISHIYAMA ADDED, “THERE WAS SOMEBODY ELSE. GO-BETWEENS HAD PICKED OUT SOMEONE ELSE FOR HIM, SO SOMEONE ELSE LOOKED AT HIM AND SAID ‘NO, THANK YOU.’ YOU KNOW, SOMETIMES IT WORKS, AND SOMETIMES IT DIDN’T. SO, THEN THEY HAD TO SCROUNGE A LITTLE BIT, AND MY MOTHER’S TOWN WAS NOT SO FAR FROM WHERE DAD’S FAMILY LIVED, SO THEY SAID, ‘WELL, WE’RE NOT THAT FAR APART. WHEN YOU COME HOME FOR A VISIT, YOU WILL BE ABLE TO VISIT.’” WHEN DESCRIBING THE HOME THE COUPLE INTIALLY SETTLED IN, MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED, “WE [WERE] 8 MILES SOUTH OF RAYMOND, IN WHAT WE CALL THE MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT… THERE WERE QUITE A FEW JAPANESE FAMILIES IN AND AROUND THAT MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT, SO WE WERE SORT OF THE MAJORITY.” MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID THAT HER MOTHER SPOKE OFTEN OF HER EARLY DAYS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MRS. NISHIYAMA RECALLED, “IT WAS REALLY VERY LONELY [FOR MY MOTHER]. SHE’S YOUNG; THE CLOSEST NEIGHBOR WAS HALF A MILE AWAY… WHEN SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE SAID, ‘YOU SAID OUR NEIGHBORS ARE TAKAGUCHI’S. IS THAT HOUSE OVER THERE OUR NEIGHBORS?’ DAD SAID, ‘NO, THAT’S A CHICKEN COOP. THE NEIGHBOR’S HOUSE IS AWAY OVER THERE.’ FOR HER, THAT’S JUST APPALLING, COMING FROM A TOWN WHERE NEIGHBORS WERE CLOSE…DAD WOULD GET UP ONTO THE FIELD. NO ONE TO TALK TO EVEN. FORTUNATELY, SHE SAID, HER BROTHER-IN-LAW (DAD HAD A YOUNGER BROTHER HELPING HIM AT THAT TIME) – AND HE SAID, ‘GET ON THE BACK OF MY TRACTOR AND (IT WASN’T TRACTOR THEN – IT WAS HORSE AND BUGGY, BUT ANYWAY -) JUST COME AND RIDE THE FIELD WITH ME.’ AND, SHE DID JUST BECAUSE SHE COULDN’T STAND BEING BY HERSELF IN A LONELY OUTPOST, ON THE PRAIRIES, WITH NOTHING TO LOOK AT…” ACCORDING TO THE KARAKI FAMILY HISTORY IN THE NISHIKI BOOK, THE COUPLE RAISED A FAMILY OF SIX CHILDREN INCLUDING THE DONOR, REYKO NISHIYAMA. BY 1956, THEY SOLD THEIR FARM AND RELOCATED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. TAKASHI PASSED AWAY IN THERE IN 1974 AT THE AGE OF 85 AND CHIAKI PASSED AWAY 14 YEARS LATER IN 1988. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS AND COPIES OF THE FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160042003
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1924
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BONE, RHINESTONES
Catalogue Number
P20160042004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1924
Materials
BONE, RHINESTONES
No. Pieces
1
Length
11
Width
6.5
Description
CROWN-SHAPED HAIR ORNAMENT. SHAPE IS MADE UP OF FOUR TULIP SHAPES. BONE COLOUR IS CREAM WITH BROWN DAPPLING. THE TULIPS ARE WHITE INLAID WITH GREEN RHINESTONES. LEAF-SHAPED DESIGNS ON THE BASE (TWO PER FLOWER) ARE BLACK INLAID WITH PALE BLUE RHINESTONES. FINE LINES ARE ETCHED INTO THE BLACK OF LEAVES AND AROUND THE FLOWER HEADS. CONDITION: DESIGNS ARE SLIGHTLY FADED WITH SLIGHT DIRT ACCUMULATION ON WHITE AREAS OF FLOWERS. TWO GREEN RHINESTONS AND ONE BLUE RHINESTONE MISSING. CLOSING MECHANISM AT BACK IS MISSING. SLIGHT SCUFFS ON OVERALL SURFACE.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ON 2 DECEMBER 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONORS, MAKIO (MAC) AND REYKO NISHIYAMA, IN THEIR HOME TO DISCUSS ITEMS THEY WERE DONATING TO THE GALT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED THIS HAIR ORNAMENT AND A MATCHING ONE CAME INTO HER CUSTODY AFTER ITS INITIAL OWNERS – HER PARENTS TAKASHI AND CHIAKI KARAKI – MOVED FROM THEIR RAYMOND HOME TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. SHE SAID, “… [AFTER THE] SIXTY YEARS OF FARMING, MY [PARENTS] DID IN RAYMOND… THEY SELL THE WHOLE THING AND MOVE! I’M LEFT BEHIND IN RAYMOND BY MYSELF, MARRIED… WHEN THEY MOVE TO QUESNEL, B.C [IN THE LATE 1950S], THEY HAD TO LEAVE BEHIND THEIR TRUNK AND IT HAD ALL THE TREASURES IN IT.” OTHER TREASURES FOUND IN THE TRUNK WERE HER MOTHER’S COMB AND A VASE ALSO DONATED WITH THE HAIR ORNAMENTS (P20160042001 & 003-004). MRS. NISHIYAMA REMEMBERED, “[MY MOTHER] EXPLAINED TO ME THAT SHE’D KEPT THESE BECAUSE THEY WERE HERS – GIVEN TO HER BY HER PARENTS – AND SHE WANTED ME TO SORT OF TAKE CARE OF THEM… [THEY] CAME WITH HER WHEN SHE GOT MARRIED… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… [THESE] TWO PIECES ARE HER HAIR ORNAMENTS, AND I’M GUESSING THAT THEY ARE BONE… [THEY WERE] NOT ANYTHING TO USE AROUND HERE, ANYWAY, SO WE JUST THOUGHT THEY WERE BEAUTIFUL, AND, ONCE IN A WHILE, WE GET TO SEE IT.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE REMEMBERED HER MOTHER USING THE COMB AND HAIR ACCESSORIES, MRS. NISHIYAMA STATED, “NO. BY THE TIME SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE REALIZED THERE’S NO DRESSING UP OR NOTHING. YOU KNOW THE HAIRDOS – THE FANCY HAIRDOS THAT THEY HAD IN JAPAN - THEY WERE LONG GONE, SO THEY JUST WENT BY. I KNOW SHE BRAIDED HER HAIR AND WORE A BUN ON THE BACK OF HER HEAD, FOR YEARS AND YEARS, BEFORE SHE CUT IT SHORT. SO, I JUST REMEMBERED A LITTLE TREASURE THAT SHE HAD IN THE DRAWER… IT WAS IN A SPECIAL SPOT IN THE DRESSER, AND WE ONLY GOT TO SEE IT ONCE IN A WHILE. IT WAS SPECIAL. IT WAS HER TREASURES THAT SHE KEPT.” SPEAKING OF THE ITEMS’ USE ONCE THEY WERE IN HER POSSESSION, MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID, “[THEY WERE] NOT REALLY [USED]. I THINK I’VE HAD IT OUT WHEN THEY ASKED FOR IT AT JAPANESE GARDENS. I THINK WE HAD SOMETHING ELSE SOMEWHERE, WHERE WE HAD A DISPLAY… I THINK THAT’S THE ONLY TIMES THAT THEY CAME OUT…” THE TRUNK, ALONG WITH ITS CONTENTS, WERE BROUGHT TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA FROM JAPAN BY HER MOTHER, CHIAKI KARAKI (NEE KUMAGAI), FOLLOWING HER MARRIAGE TO TAKASHI KARAKI. MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED HER PARENTS’ MARRIAGE STORY: “… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… NOT QUITE EIGHTEEN… I OFTEN SAID TO MY MOTHER…, ‘HOW IN THE WORLD DID YOUR PARENTS EVER LET YOU GO TO CANADA? YOU DIDN’T KNOW THE LANGUAGE – IT’S A DIFFERENT COUNTRY.’ SHE DIDN’T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT MY DAD, EXCEPT THAT HE WAS A FARMER. HE’S SEVENTEEN YEARS OLDER THAN SHE WAS THEN. IT DOESN’T MAKE SENSE. SHE JUST SAID, ‘MY PARENTS SAID TO GO, SO I CAME’ … IT TOOK A LOT OF COURAGE…” MRS. NISHIYAMA WENT ON, “ALL JAPANESE MARRIAGES WERE DONE [BY] GO-BETWEENS. THERE WERE, I WOULD SAY, HARDLY ANY, IN FACT, I DON’T THINK THERE WAS ANY… FALLING-IN-LOVE KIND OF THING. THAT WAS JUST NOT EVEN THOUGHT ABOUT… MY DAD’S FOLKS WERE IN THE VILLAGE. THEY WERE FARMERS… THEY HAD A LARGE HOUSE AND THEY RAISED SILKWORMS. MY MOTHER’S FOLKS LIVED IN THE TOWN… SHE COMES FROM A VERY MODEST FAMILY, BUT HER DAD WAS A PAWN BROKER…” A FAMILY HISTORY WRITTEN BY MRS. NISHIYAMA AND HER BROTHER, SUSUMU KARAKI, IN THE BOOK TITLED "NISHIKI: NIKKEI TAPESTRY: A HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA JAPANESE CANADIANS" (PUBLISHED 2001), ELABORATES ON THE FAMILY’S STORY. IT STATES THEIR FATHER, TAKASHI KARAKI, WAS BORN ON 1 JULY 1889 IN NAGANO PREFECTURE, JAPAN. THE HISTORY READS, “AFTER GRADUATING FROM HIGH SCHOOL IN 1907… HE LEFT A COMFORTABLE HOME… TO VENTURE OUT FOR A NEW LIFE IN AMERICA.” IT EXPLAINS HE LANDED IN VANCOUVER, AND WAS LURED BY A HIGH SALARY JOB IN SKEENA, BRITISH COLUMBIA. AFTER WORKING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, THE HISTORY SAYS THAT “IN 1909, HE AND SEVERAL HUNDRED OTHER YOUNG JAPANESE MEN WERE RECRUITED BY AN AGENT OF THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY TO WORK IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS IN RAYMOND, [ALBERTA] WITH PROMISES OF GOOD PAY AND EASY WORK...” THE MEN SOON LEARNED THAT THE WORK WAS MUCH MORE DIFFICULT AND THE PAY SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN THEY HAD BEEN INITIALLY BEEN PROMISED, SO MANY RETURNED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA AFTER THEIR CONTRACT YEAR. KARAKI WAS OF THE GROUP THAT DECIDED TO STAY ON WITH THE COMPANY UNTIL ITS CLOSURE IN 1914. AFTER THAT, HE BEGAN A FARMING OPERATION WITH TWO OF THE FRIENDS HE MADE IN THE COMPANY – LEASING LAND FROM FIRST THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY, THEN FROM A LOCAL NAMED ROLLO KINSEY, AND FINALLY FROM THE MCINTYRE RANCH IN MAGRATH. EVEN THOUGH THE PARTNERSHIP DISSOLVED AFTER THE FIRST THREE YEARS, KARAKI PERSISTED UNDER THE TRYING CONDITIONS, AND BY 1918 HE MADE THE DECISION TO MAKE ALBERTA HIS PERMANENT HOME AND TO BECOME A CANADIAN CITIZEN. HE PURCHASED A DRY LAND FARM IN RAYMOND AND FARMED THAT FOR FIVE YEARS BEFORE DECIDING HE WANTED TO GET MARRIED AND RAISE A FAMILY OF HIS OWN. HE RETURNED TO JAPAN IN 1923, WHERE HE MET THROUGH FAMILY AND FRIENDS, CHIAKI KUMAGAI, WHO WAS ALSO FROM THE NAGANO PREFECTURE. THE COUPLE MARRIED IN DECEMBER 1923, AND THE NEWLYWEDS RETURNED TO RAYMOND IN SPRING 1924. IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW, MRS. NISHIYAMA ADDED, “THERE WAS SOMEBODY ELSE. GO-BETWEENS HAD PICKED OUT SOMEONE ELSE FOR HIM, SO SOMEONE ELSE LOOKED AT HIM AND SAID ‘NO, THANK YOU.’ YOU KNOW, SOMETIMES IT WORKS, AND SOMETIMES IT DIDN’T. SO, THEN THEY HAD TO SCROUNGE A LITTLE BIT, AND MY MOTHER’S TOWN WAS NOT SO FAR FROM WHERE DAD’S FAMILY LIVED, SO THEY SAID, ‘WELL, WE’RE NOT THAT FAR APART. WHEN YOU COME HOME FOR A VISIT, YOU WILL BE ABLE TO VISIT.’” WHEN DESCRIBING THE HOME THE COUPLE INTIALLY SETTLED IN, MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED, “WE [WERE] 8 MILES SOUTH OF RAYMOND, IN WHAT WE CALL THE MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT… THERE WERE QUITE A FEW JAPANESE FAMILIES IN AND AROUND THAT MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT, SO WE WERE SORT OF THE MAJORITY.” MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID THAT HER MOTHER SPOKE OFTEN OF HER EARLY DAYS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MRS. NISHIYAMA RECALLED, “IT WAS REALLY VERY LONELY [FOR MY MOTHER]. SHE’S YOUNG; THE CLOSEST NEIGHBOR WAS HALF A MILE AWAY… WHEN SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE SAID, ‘YOU SAID OUR NEIGHBORS ARE TAKAGUCHI’S. IS THAT HOUSE OVER THERE OUR NEIGHBORS?’ DAD SAID, ‘NO, THAT’S A CHICKEN COOP. THE NEIGHBOR’S HOUSE IS AWAY OVER THERE.’ FOR HER, THAT’S JUST APPALLING, COMING FROM A TOWN WHERE NEIGHBORS WERE CLOSE…DAD WOULD GET UP ONTO THE FIELD. NO ONE TO TALK TO EVEN. FORTUNATELY, SHE SAID, HER BROTHER-IN-LAW (DAD HAD A YOUNGER BROTHER HELPING HIM AT THAT TIME) – AND HE SAID, ‘GET ON THE BACK OF MY TRACTOR AND (IT WASN’T TRACTOR THEN – IT WAS HORSE AND BUGGY, BUT ANYWAY -) JUST COME AND RIDE THE FIELD WITH ME.’ AND, SHE DID JUST BECAUSE SHE COULDN’T STAND BEING BY HERSELF IN A LONELY OUTPOST, ON THE PRAIRIES, WITH NOTHING TO LOOK AT…” ACCORDING TO THE KARAKI FAMILY HISTORY IN THE NISHIKI BOOK, THE COUPLE RAISED A FAMILY OF SIX CHILDREN INCLUDING THE DONOR, REYKO NISHIYAMA. BY 1956, THEY SOLD THEIR FARM AND RELOCATED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. TAKASHI PASSED AWAY IN THERE IN 1974 AT THE AGE OF 85 AND CHIAKI PASSED AWAY 14 YEARS LATER IN 1988. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS AND COPIES OF THE FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160042004
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1941
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RHINESTONE
Catalogue Number
P20160044005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1941
Date Range To
1985
Materials
METAL, RHINESTONE
No. Pieces
2
Height
2.1
Length
2.5
Width
0.9
Description
A-B: PAIR OF GOLD-COLOURED COSTUME JEWELRY EARRINGS. CRESENT-SHAPED, CURVING OUT TO FRONT. WHITE RHINESTONES SET IN GOLD-COLOURED METAL VERTICALLY DOWN CURVE OF EARRING. SCREW-ON CLASP AT BACK. FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION: BOTTOM RHINESTONE MISSING OFF COMPONENT A AND SECOND FROM THE TOP RHINESTONE MISSING OFF B. METAL MODERATELY WORN/SCUFFED.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
LEISURE
PERSONAL CARE
History
THE LATE ALICE PEARL HUMMEL (13 JUNE 1922 – 7 APRIL 2016) PERFORMED AS PART OF THE “ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA” ALONGSIDE HER SISTERS – FLORENCE JEANNETTE MCINTOSH (MAY 1917 – 18 MARCH 1999), MARIE EVELYN POPSON (C.1921 - 8 MARCH 2008) AND RUTH GINZER (C. 1926 - D. 2016). THE FOUR DAUGHTERS WERE BORN TO PARENTS, MARTIN EDWARD ANDERSON AND IDA JOHANNA ANDERSON (NEE JOHNSON). THE BAND WAS A FAMILY AFFAIR THAT SAW GREAT SUCCESS IN THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA REGION. ALICE’S DAUGHTERS, ELEANOR SMITH AND RUTH HUMMEL, HONOURED THEIR MOTHER’S WISHES TO DONATE A NUMBER OF HER EFFECTS FROM HER TIME WITH LETHBRIDGE BAND TO THE MUSEUM. IN 2016 DECEMBER 16, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DAUGHTERS ABOUT THE DONATION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT EXCHANGE. OF THESE EARRINGS, RUTH RECALLED, “I KNOW THAT THESE WERE WORN WHEN THEY WERE PERFORMING. IF THEY WERE DRESSED ALIKE, THEY USUALLY HAD THE SAME JEWELRY AS WELL.” BOTH RUTH AND ELEANOR RECALLED THE EARRINGS BEING WORN BY THEIR MOTHER UP UNTIL THE 1980S. THE JEWELRY THE SISTERS WORE DURING THE PERFORMANCES “SHOWED A LOT OF USE,” RUTH EXPLAINED. “OTHER ONES REPLACED [OLDER PAIRS AS THEY WORE OUT] AND THEY WERE JUST SET ASIDE.” “ALL [THE SISTERS] LOVED TO DRESS UP. THERE WERE SOME OUTFITS THEY HAD THAT ACTUALLY HAVE GONE DOWN THROUGH FAMILY MEMBERS. HER GRANDDAUGHTER HAS A BEAUTIFUL FORMAL THAT [EACH SISTER] HAD. WHEN THEY DRESSED UP, THEY [REALLY] DRESSED UP. IT WAS WITH BRILLIANT, SHINY, BEAUTIFUL JEWELRY,” RUTH REMEMBERED. THE FOLLOWING IS A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS AS TOLD BY DONORS ELEANOR SMITH AND RUTH HUMMEL IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW: “[THE ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA WAS] THE LONGEST RUNNING GROUP AT WATERTON LAKES PAVILION … [WHERE THEY PLAYED] FOR FIVE YEARS STRAIGHT,” ELEANOR EXPLAINED, “IN ADDITION TO DOING ALL KINDS OF OTHER THINGS, THEY WERE CONSTANTLY TRAVELLING [AND] WE HAVE THE RECORDINGS OF THAT.” RUTH ADDED, “THEY WERE ORIGINALLY FROM MONITOR (SASK). IN THE DIRTY 30S, WHEN THINGS GOT BAD FOR A LOT OF FARMS, THEY FOUND A WAY TO HAVE MUSIC LESSONS AND…PLAY FOR LOCAL DANCES. [ULTIMATELY, THE FAMILY] DECIDED TO LEAVE THE FARM AND HEADED OUT IN THE DIRECTION OF LETHBRIDGE (VIA DRUMHELLER). IT WAS TOUGH TIMES FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE IN THE 30S IN ALBERTA, BUT THE GIRLS, WITH THE TALENT THEY HAD, … HAD A WAY OUT…THEY COULD DO A LOT WHEN THEY STUCK TOGETHER AS A FAMILY. AND THEN THE ORCHESTRA REALLY CAME OUT OF THAT...” THE OBITUARY OF DONORS’ GRANDFATHER, MARTIN ANDERSON, (PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, 1981) STATES THE FAMILY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940. “THEY WERE SERIOUS MUSICIANS - VERY HUMBLE AND VERY QUIET,” RUTH CONTINUED, “[AS FAR AS PROMOTING THE BAND,] THAT WAS MORE GRANDPA’S JOB. WHEN IT CAME TO MUSIC, IT WAS A GIFT THEY PASSED ON - IN THE LATE ‘30S, ‘40S AND INTO THE ‘50S A BIT – [AND] IT WAS SOMETHING THEY FELT REALLY PRIVILEGED TO BE ABLE TO CONTRIBUTE IN THEIR OWN COMMUNITIES. [DURING] THE WAR YEARS, [THEY PLAYED FOR] THE ARMY BASES THAT WERE ALL CLOSE HERE AND [THEY WERE] A PART OF THAT HISTORY.” “[THEY WERE] ON THE ROAD 6 DAYS A WEEK [WITH THEIR CAR AND TRAILER]… PLAYING NOT JUST IN LETHBRIDGE [BUT] FAR REACHING OVER IN B.C., THE NORTHERN STATES, AND QUITE FAR NORTH IN ALBERTA. SO THEY WERE A REAL PART OF THINGS AND WORKED REAL HARD. I THINK IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE MUSIC HISTORY IN ALBERTA. THEY WERE, AFTER THE ANDERSON SISTERS [BAND WAS FINISHED], PROUD TO TAKE [MUSIC] INTO THE COMMUNITIES WHERE THEY WERE TEACHERS AND STILL PERFORMERS EVEN PAST THE FOUR OF THEM BEING TOGETHER.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THEIR PERSONAL MEMORIES OF THE SISTERS PERFORMING TOGETHER, RUTH ANSWERED, “WELL ELEANOR WOULD HAVE BEEN A TODDLER, MYSELF AS WELL, THE LAST FEW TIMES THAT THEY PERFORMED AS THE ANDERSON SISTERS IN THAT ERA. BUT GROWING UP THROUGH THE YEARS, THERE WASN’T A TIME WHEN WE GOT TOGETHER AS A FAMILY WHERE WE DIDN’T HAVE A LOT OF MUSIC. THEY WOULD PLAY FOR US [AND] THEY WERE CALLED BACK SOMETIMES TO PERFORM AT COMMUNITY EVENTS… THE LAST ONE THAT I RECALL WAS SOMETHING IN GRANUM FOR AN ELKS 5OTH ANNIVERSARY IN GRANUM…THAT WAS THE LAST TIME PUBLICLY I REMEMBER.” THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM A HISTORY PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 24 MAY 2003 TITLED, “SISTER ACT: SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S SWINGIN’ ANDERSON SISTERS WERE ALL THE RAGE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR.” “IT WAS THE ERA OF SWUNG, OF MUSIC WITH MEMORABLE LYRICS, AND OF DANCE. IT WAS ALSO THE TIME OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND THE HEYDAY OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS, AND LITERALLY EVERY TOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WAS SWINGING AND SWAYING TO THE SOUNDS OF FLORENCE, MARIE, ALICE, AND RUTH." "DUBBED THE FOUR MAIDS OF MELODY BY CJOC RADIO…" THE ARTICLE CONTINUED, "[THE SISTERS] WERE THE TOAST OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S DANCE HALLS." INTERVIEWED FOR THE ARTICLE WAS ONE OF THE SISTERS, MARIE POPSON. SHE WAS QUOTED, "WE PLAYED THE TRIANON A LOT, THE OLD BUCKET OF BLOOD. THEY CALLED IT THAT BECAUSE IT WAS DURING THE WAR AND THERE WERE A LOT OF FIGHTS. PRIOR TO AND AFTER THE TRIANON WAS OK, BUT IT WAS REAL LIVELY DURING THE WAR… THE CROWDS [THERE] WERE SO LARGE THEY WERE AFRAID THE FLOOR WOULD WEAKEN… THE DANCE FLOOR WAS ON THE SECOND STORY OF THE BUILDING." THE ARTICLE EXPLAINED, "FLORENCE WAS THE ELDEST OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS AND AS SUCH WAS THE BAND’S LEADER. [SHE] PLAYED THE SAXOPHONE AND THE PIANO. MARIE… PLAYED THE PIANO AND ALICE PLAYED THE SAXOPHONE AND CLARINET. RUTH, 'THE BABY,' … PLAYED THE DRUMS, CLARINET AND TRUMPET." THE ARTICLE READS, "'RUTH STARTED PLAYING THE DRUMS AT AGE 11 AND LATER SHE COULD HANDLE THE DRUMMING WITH HER FEET AND PLAY THE TRUMPET AT THE SAME TIME FOR SOME OF OUR NUMBERS,’ SAYS MARIE WITH A TWIRL OF THE HAND. ‘FLO AND ALICE WERE OUR MAIN SINGERS AND I MADE UP THE TRIO SOMETIMES. RUTH DIDN’T SING. WHEN WE SANG AS A TRIO RUTH WOULD PLAY THE PIANO. ALICE WOULD ALSO SING SOLO. WE PLAYED ALL THE POPULAR MUSIC OF THE DAY AND OLD-TIME MUSIC AS WELL… MY SISTERS COULD ALSO PLAY THAT FAST-PACED SQUARE DANCE MUSIC ON THE SAX, AND THAT WAS SOMETHING. WE PLAYED WALTZES, POLKAS AND EVERYTHING… YOU NAME IT, WE PLAYED IT... OUR THEME SONG WAS BREEZING ALONG WITH THE BREEZE BUT MY FAVOURITE HAD TO BE SIDE BY SIDE, WHICH WE WERE AS A GROUP. WE WERE VERY CLOSE.'" THAT ARTICLE STATES THAT MARTIN AND IDA HAD EIGHT DAUGHTERS, IN FACT, BUT ONLY FOUR LIVED TO BECOME TEENAGERS. THE FOUR SURVIVING SISTERS BEGAN THEIR MUSICAL EDUCATION AT AN EARLY AGE, ALL BEGINNING WITH PIANO. THEY BEGAN PLAYING FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF EVENTS NEAR MONITOR, WHERE THEY WERE BORN. WHILE FLORENCE WAS WITH THE ALL GIRLS BAND IN CALGARY, THE THREE YOUNGER SISTERS FORMED THEIR OWN ORCHESTRA, MAKING THEIR DEBUT IN 1937. THE FOLLOWING YEAR, AFTER FLORENCE’S RETURN, THE ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA WAS FORMED. UPON ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940, THEY AUDITIONED FOR THE CJOC RADIO STATION. THE ARTICLE STATES, “FOUR DAYS LATER THEY WERE ON THE AIR, LIVE, ON THE CHRISTMAS SHOPPER PROGRAM HEARD THREE TIMES A WEEK. THEY WERE ALSO ON THE AIR MONDAY NIGHTS FROM 9:15 TO 9:30 PM.” A NOTE THAT CAME WITH THE DONATION SAYS THE WEEKLY SHOW WITH CJOC WAS “BROADCAST LIVE ‘FROM HIGH ATOP THE MARQUIS HOTEL.’” BACK IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW AT THE MUSEUM, ALICE’S DAUGHTER ELEANOR COMMENTS ON THE BAND’S LEGACY. “I VOLUNTEER AT THE HOSPITAL [AND PLAY THE PIANO]. I USUALLY HAVE SENIORS INVOLVED THERE… AND WHEN I MENTION MY MOM’S NAME OR MY AUNT’S NAME, THEY REMEMBER DANCING TO THE ANDERSON SISTERS. SO, YOU KNOW, EVEN IN THIS DAY AND AGE, [PEOPLE] REMEMBER HOW MUCH FUN THEY HAD. [IT SHOWS] HOW RESPECTED THEY WERE AND I FIND THAT [BACKGROUND] JUST THRILLING.” “[MUSIC] WAS THEIR LIVELIHOOD,” RUTH ILLUMINATED, “SO [IT] WAS DRIVING THEM [THROUGH] TOUGH TIMES (SUCH AS THE DEPRESSION IN ALBERTA). THE GIRLS TOGETHER [WITH] THE TALENT THEY HAD, HAD A WAY OUT, WHERE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE HAD SOME BIGGER STRUGGLES. AND IT WAS THE TALENT IN THEM BEING TOGETHER. THEY COULD DO A LOT WHEN THEY STUCK TOGETHER AS A FAMILY.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND CLIPPINGS ABOUT THE ANDERSON SISTERS AND THEIR SHOWS, AND FAMILY OBITUARIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160044005
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1941
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20160044006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1941
Date Range To
1985
Materials
METAL, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.7
Length
5
Width
0.6
Description
SILVER AND BLACK OVAL BROOCH; 3 RAISED SILVER METAL LINES (LIKE A STAFF ON SHEET MUSIC) HORIZONTALLY ACROSS BROOCH WITH A SILVER SIXTEENTH NOTE SET ON TOP OF THE LINES. BACKGROUND IS COATED IN MATTE BLACK VARNISH. GOOD CONDITION: BLACK PAINT PRESENT ON SILVER METAL IN A COUPLE OF SPOTS. SLIGHT LOSS OF VARNISH IN SOME PLACES ON FRONT OF BROOCH.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
LEISURE
PERSONAL CARE
History
THE LATE ALICE PEARL HUMMEL (13 JUNE 1922 – 7 APRIL 2016) PERFORMED AS PART OF THE “ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA” ALONGSIDE HER SISTERS – FLORENCE JEANNETTE MCINTOSH (MAY 1917 – 18 MARCH 1999), MARIE EVELYN POPSON (C.1921 - 8 MARCH 2008) AND RUTH GINZER (C. 1926 - D. 2016). THE FOUR DAUGHTERS WERE BORN TO PARENTS, MARTIN EDWARD ANDERSON AND IDA JOHANNA ANDERSON (NEE JOHNSON). THE BAND WAS A FAMILY AFFAIR THAT SAW GREAT SUCCESS IN THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA REGION. ALICE’S DAUGHTERS, ELEANOR SMITH AND RUTH HUMMEL, HONOURED THEIR MOTHER’S WISHES TO DONATE A NUMBER OF HER EFFECTS FROM HER TIME WITH LETHBRIDGE BAND TO THE MUSEUM. THE ANDERSON SISTERS HAD MATCHING UNIFORMS THEY WOULD OFTEN WEAR FOR PERFORMANCES, WHICH INCLUDED PIECES SUCH AS THIS BROOCH. IN 2016 DECEMBER 16, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DAUGHTERS ABOUT THE DONATION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT EXCHANGE. RUTH EXPLAINED, “IF THEY WERE DRESSED ALIKE, THEY USUALLY HAD THE SAME JEWELRY AS WELL.” BOTH RUTH AND ELEANOR RECALLED THE BROOCH BEING WORN BY THEIR MOTHER UP UNTIL THE 1980S. THE JEWELRY THE SISTERS WORE DURING THE PERFORMANCES “SHOWED A LOT OF USE,” RUTH EXPLAINED. “OTHER ONES REPLACED [OLDER PAIRS AS THEY WORE OUT] AND THEY WERE JUST SET ASIDE.” “ALL [THE SISTERS] LOVED TO DRESS UP. THERE WERE SOME OUTFITS THEY HAD THAT ACTUALLY HAVE GONE DOWN THROUGH FAMILY MEMBERS. HER GRANDDAUGHTER HAS A BEAUTIFUL FORMAL THAT [EACH SISTER] HAD. WHEN THEY DRESSED UP, THEY [REALLY] DRESSED UP. IT WAS WITH BRILLIANT, SHINY, BEAUTIFUL JEWELRY,” RUTH REMEMBERED. THE FOLLOWING IS A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS AS TOLD BY DONORS ELEANOR SMITH AND RUTH HUMMEL IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW: “[THE ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA WAS] THE LONGEST RUNNING GROUP AT WATERTON LAKES PAVILION … [WHERE THEY PLAYED] FOR FIVE YEARS STRAIGHT,” ELEANOR EXPLAINED, “IN ADDITION TO DOING ALL KINDS OF OTHER THINGS, THEY WERE CONSTANTLY TRAVELLING [AND] WE HAVE THE RECORDINGS OF THAT.” RUTH ADDED, “THEY WERE ORIGINALLY FROM MONITOR (SASK). IN THE DIRTY 30S, WHEN THINGS GOT BAD FOR A LOT OF FARMS, THEY FOUND A WAY TO HAVE MUSIC LESSONS AND…PLAY FOR LOCAL DANCES. [ULTIMATELY, THE FAMILY] DECIDED TO LEAVE THE FARM AND HEADED OUT IN THE DIRECTION OF LETHBRIDGE (VIA DRUMHELLER). IT WAS TOUGH TIMES FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE IN THE 30S IN ALBERTA, BUT THE GIRLS, WITH THE TALENT THEY HAD, … HAD A WAY OUT…THEY COULD DO A LOT WHEN THEY STUCK TOGETHER AS A FAMILY. AND THEN THE ORCHESTRA REALLY CAME OUT OF THAT...” THE OBITUARY OF DONORS’ GRANDFATHER, MARTIN ANDERSON, (PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, 1981) STATES THE FAMILY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940. “THEY WERE SERIOUS MUSICIANS - VERY HUMBLE AND VERY QUIET,” RUTH CONTINUED, “[AS FAR AS PROMOTING THE BAND,] THAT WAS MORE GRANDPA’S JOB. WHEN IT CAME TO MUSIC, IT WAS A GIFT THEY PASSED ON - IN THE LATE ‘30S, ‘40S AND INTO THE ‘50S A BIT – [AND] IT WAS SOMETHING THEY FELT REALLY PRIVILEGED TO BE ABLE TO CONTRIBUTE IN THEIR OWN COMMUNITIES. [DURING] THE WAR YEARS, [THEY PLAYED FOR] THE ARMY BASES THAT WERE ALL CLOSE HERE AND [THEY WERE] A PART OF THAT HISTORY.” “[THEY WERE] ON THE ROAD 6 DAYS A WEEK [WITH THEIR CAR AND TRAILER]… PLAYING NOT JUST IN LETHBRIDGE [BUT] FAR REACHING OVER IN B.C., THE NORTHERN STATES, AND QUITE FAR NORTH IN ALBERTA. SO THEY WERE A REAL PART OF THINGS AND WORKED REAL HARD. I THINK IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE MUSIC HISTORY IN ALBERTA. THEY WERE, AFTER THE ANDERSON SISTERS [BAND WAS FINISHED], PROUD TO TAKE [MUSIC] INTO THE COMMUNITIES WHERE THEY WERE TEACHERS AND STILL PERFORMERS EVEN PAST THE FOUR OF THEM BEING TOGETHER.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THEIR PERSONAL MEMORIES OF THE SISTERS PERFORMING TOGETHER, RUTH ANSWERED, “WELL ELEANOR WOULD HAVE BEEN A TODDLER, MYSELF AS WELL, THE LAST FEW TIMES THAT THEY PERFORMED AS THE ANDERSON SISTERS IN THAT ERA. BUT GROWING UP THROUGH THE YEARS, THERE WASN’T A TIME WHEN WE GOT TOGETHER AS A FAMILY WHERE WE DIDN’T HAVE A LOT OF MUSIC. THEY WOULD PLAY FOR US [AND] THEY WERE CALLED BACK SOMETIMES TO PERFORM AT COMMUNITY EVENTS… THE LAST ONE THAT I RECALL WAS SOMETHING IN GRANUM FOR AN ELKS 5OTH ANNIVERSARY IN GRANUM…THAT WAS THE LAST TIME PUBLICLY I REMEMBER.” THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM A HISTORY PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 24 MAY 2003 TITLED, “SISTER ACT: SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S SWINGIN’ ANDERSON SISTERS WERE ALL THE RAGE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR.” “IT WAS THE ERA OF SWUNG, OF MUSIC WITH MEMORABLE LYRICS, AND OF DANCE. IT WAS ALSO THE TIME OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND THE HEYDAY OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS, AND LITERALLY EVERY TOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WAS SWINGING AND SWAYING TO THE SOUNDS OF FLORENCE, MARIE, ALICE, AND RUTH." "DUBBED THE FOUR MAIDS OF MELODY BY CJOC RADIO…" THE ARTICLE CONTINUED, "[THE SISTERS] WERE THE TOAST OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S DANCE HALLS." INTERVIEWED FOR THE ARTICLE WAS ONE OF THE SISTERS, MARIE POPSON. SHE WAS QUOTED, "WE PLAYED THE TRIANON A LOT, THE OLD BUCKET OF BLOOD. THEY CALLED IT THAT BECAUSE IT WAS DURING THE WAR AND THERE WERE A LOT OF FIGHTS. PRIOR TO AND AFTER THE TRIANON WAS OK, BUT IT WAS REAL LIVELY DURING THE WAR… THE CROWDS [THERE] WERE SO LARGE THEY WERE AFRAID THE FLOOR WOULD WEAKEN… THE DANCE FLOOR WAS ON THE SECOND STORY OF THE BUILDING." THE ARTICLE EXPLAINED, "FLORENCE WAS THE ELDEST OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS AND AS SUCH WAS THE BAND’S LEADER. [SHE] PLAYED THE SAXOPHONE AND THE PIANO. MARIE… PLAYED THE PIANO AND ALICE PLAYED THE SAXOPHONE AND CLARINET. RUTH, 'THE BABY,' … PLAYED THE DRUMS, CLARINET AND TRUMPET." THE ARTICLE READS, "'RUTH STARTED PLAYING THE DRUMS AT AGE 11 AND LATER SHE COULD HANDLE THE DRUMMING WITH HER FEET AND PLAY THE TRUMPET AT THE SAME TIME FOR SOME OF OUR NUMBERS,’ SAYS MARIE WITH A TWIRL OF THE HAND. ‘FLO AND ALICE WERE OUR MAIN SINGERS AND I MADE UP THE TRIO SOMETIMES. RUTH DIDN’T SING. WHEN WE SANG AS A TRIO RUTH WOULD PLAY THE PIANO. ALICE WOULD ALSO SING SOLO. WE PLAYED ALL THE POPULAR MUSIC OF THE DAY AND OLD-TIME MUSIC AS WELL… MY SISTERS COULD ALSO PLAY THAT FAST-PACED SQUARE DANCE MUSIC ON THE SAX, AND THAT WAS SOMETHING. WE PLAYED WALTZES, POLKAS AND EVERYTHING… YOU NAME IT, WE PLAYED IT... OUR THEME SONG WAS BREEZING ALONG WITH THE BREEZE BUT MY FAVOURITE HAD TO BE SIDE BY SIDE, WHICH WE WERE AS A GROUP. WE WERE VERY CLOSE.'" THAT ARTICLE STATES THAT MARTIN AND IDA HAD EIGHT DAUGHTERS, IN FACT, BUT ONLY FOUR LIVED TO BECOME TEENAGERS. THE FOUR SURVIVING SISTERS BEGAN THEIR MUSICAL EDUCATION AT AN EARLY AGE, ALL BEGINNING WITH PIANO. THEY BEGAN PLAYING FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF EVENTS NEAR MONITOR, WHERE THEY WERE BORN. WHILE FLORENCE WAS WITH THE ALL GIRLS BAND IN CALGARY, THE THREE YOUNGER SISTERS FORMED THEIR OWN ORCHESTRA, MAKING THEIR DEBUT IN 1937. THE FOLLOWING YEAR, AFTER FLORENCE’S RETURN, THE ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA WAS FORMED. UPON ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940, THEY AUDITIONED FOR THE CJOC RADIO STATION. THE ARTICLE STATES, “FOUR DAYS LATER THEY WERE ON THE AIR, LIVE, ON THE CHRISTMAS SHOPPER PROGRAM HEARD THREE TIMES A WEEK. THEY WERE ALSO ON THE AIR MONDAY NIGHTS FROM 9:15 TO 9:30 PM.” A NOTE THAT CAME WITH THE DONATION SAYS THE WEEKLY SHOW WITH CJOC WAS “BROADCAST LIVE ‘FROM HIGH ATOP THE MARQUIS HOTEL.’” BACK IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW AT THE MUSEUM, ALICE’S DAUGHTER ELEANOR COMMENTS ON THE BAND’S LEGACY. “I VOLUNTEER AT THE HOSPITAL [AND PLAY THE PIANO]. I USUALLY HAVE SENIORS INVOLVED THERE… AND WHEN I MENTION MY MOM’S NAME OR MY AUNT’S NAME, THEY REMEMBER DANCING TO THE ANDERSON SISTERS. SO, YOU KNOW, EVEN IN THIS DAY AND AGE, [PEOPLE] REMEMBER HOW MUCH FUN THEY HAD. [IT SHOWS] HOW RESPECTED THEY WERE AND I FIND THAT [BACKGROUND] JUST THRILLING.” “[MUSIC] WAS THEIR LIVELIHOOD,” RUTH ILLUMINATED, “SO [IT] WAS DRIVING THEM [THROUGH] TOUGH TIMES (SUCH AS THE DEPRESSION IN ALBERTA). THE GIRLS TOGETHER [WITH] THE TALENT THEY HAD, HAD A WAY OUT, WHERE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE HAD SOME BIGGER STRUGGLES. AND IT WAS THE TALENT IN THEM BEING TOGETHER. THEY COULD DO A LOT WHEN THEY STUCK TOGETHER AS A FAMILY.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND CLIPPINGS ABOUT THE ANDERSON SISTERS AND THEIR SHOWS, AND FAMILY OBITUARIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160044006
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20170034002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1920
Materials
IRON, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Diameter
2
Description
IRON RING WITH WIDE BLANK SQUARE FRONT. RING HAS NO MARKING ON FRONT OR INSIDE. RING BAND WIDENS AT SQUARE FRONT AND NARROWS INTO BAND. RING IS TARNISHED ON INSIDE AND OUTSIDE OF BAND; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON NOVEMBER 20, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RITA BERLANDO REGARDING HER DONATION OF A GIFTED RING AND CRUCIFIX. BERLANDO WAS GIFTED THE OBJECTS FROM A PREVIOUS EMPLOYER, GLADSTONE VIRUTE, OF LETHBRIDGE. ON THE RING, BERLANDO RECALLED, “[THEY WERE FASHIONED FROM A BELL IN FRANCE OR BELGIUM] I HAVE NO IDEA…HOW THEY BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION. BUT TO HIM, HE MUST HAVE TREASURED THEM BECAUSE HE KNEW OF THE CHURCH THAT WAS BOMBED AND THE BELL THAT IT CAME FROM…WHEN HE GAVE THEM TO ME, I WAS INTRIGUED TO KNOW MORE ABOUT IT BUT HE DIDN’T HAVE TOO MUCH HISTORY ON THEM. NOT TO ME, ANYWAY.” ON GLADSTONE VIRTUE’S MILITARY SERVICE, BERLANDO NOTED, ““I DON’T THINK HE WANTED TO TALK ABOUT IT. I THINK HE HAD A PAST THAT HE WOULD RATHER NOT DISCUSS. IT WAS ALWAYS STRICTLY BUSINESS. IT WAS NEVER SITTING THERE AND DISCUSSING WHAT HIS LIFE WAS OR ANYTHING OF THAT NATURE.” “I DIDN’T KNOW TOO MUCH ABOUT HIM BUT I KNOW THAT HE WAS A MAN THAT PEOPLE RESPECTED, AND FOR HIM TO RESPECT ME, I THINK THAT WAS AN HONOUR.” “I WOULD LOVE TO KNOW HOW THESE TWO LITTLE ITEMS BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION AND WHERE WAS HE WHEN THEY WERE GIVEN TO HIM AND WAS HE PRESENT AT SOME TIME…I JUST FIND THAT HE MUST HAVE HAD THEM IN HIS POSSESSION FOR SOME TIME.” BERLANDO ELABORATED ON HOW THE RING CAME INTO HER POSSESSION, “[THIS ITEM] MEANS AN AWFUL LOT TO ME BECAUSE IT WAS GIVEN AT THE TIME THAT I WAS EMPLOYED WITH THE LAW FIRM OF VIRTUE AND COMPANY. IT WAS MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, SEMI-RETIRED WHEN I WAS EMPLOYED THERE, THAT HAD ASKED THAT I GO INTO HIS ROOM AND TAKE LETTERS [AND] NOTES FOR LETTERS THAT HE WISHED TO HAVE TYPED. I WAS HIRED AS A RECEPTIONIST, NOT FEELING THAT I WOULD HAVE THE RESPONSIBILITY AS A SECRETARY, SO I INFORMED HIM THAT I COULD NOT DO THIS DUTY. HE ASKED THAT I GET HIS SECRETARY TO TAKE HIS NOTES. AS THE MONTHS WENT BY, HE BECAME VERY – AND I USE THE WORD ‘ATTACHED’ – BECAUSE HE WOULD ALSO ASK ME TO DO SERVICES FOR HIM, WHICH I WOULD HAVE TO GO TO THE ROYAL BANK TO DO HIS BANKING [AND] HIS INVESTMENTS. WHEN HE WAS NO LONGER TO BE WITH THE FIRM, HE HANDED ME A LITTLE GIFT. THAT GIFT CONSIST[ED] OF A RING AND A CROSS THAT WAS MADE FROM A BELL OF A CHURCH THAT WAS BOMBED IN THE FIRST WAR. THAT MEANT AN AWFUL LOT TO ME SO I HAVE TREASURED IT CONTINUALLY AND [THE GIFTING] HAS TO DATE BACK TO [1965].” “[MR GLADSTONE VIRTURE] MUST HAVE KEPT IT AS A REMEMBRANCE FROM SOMEWHERE IN THE PAST THAT HE HAD THAT HE DID NOT [WANT TO] LEAVE IT TO HIS FAMILY, BUT [WITH] ME. THEREFORE, I DEFINITELY FELT THAT [IT] WAS A GIFT THAT I SHOULD TREASURE AND I HAVE TREASURED, AND I HAVE KEPT IT UNDER LOCK AND KEY. EVEN IN THE TRANSITION OF DOWNSIZING, I LIVED IN FEAR THAT FOR SOME REASON, THERE WERE ITEMS THAT I NO LONGER HAVE. I KEPT THINKING, ‘OH, DEAR LORD, I BETTER MAKE SURE I STILL HAVE THAT GIFT FROM MR. VIRTUE.’ WHEN I FOUND IT, THAT’S WHEN I REALLY SERIOUSLY THOUGHT I HAD TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT THEM.” “AT [THE TIME I WAS HIRED], FINANCES WERE DIFFICULT IN THE FAMILY HOME SO I APPLIED FOR THE POSITION OF RECEPTIONIST. THE POSITION REQUIRED NOT ONLY [WORKING] AS A RECEPTIONIST BUT AS A BOOKKEEPER AND AN OFFICE MANAGER. I HESITATED ONCE I WAS INFORMED OF THIS RESPONSIBILITY, BUT I UNDERTOOK THE POSITION AND DID ALL OF THE REQUIREMENTS THAT WAS EXPECTED OF ME. THE LAW FIRM AT THAT TIME CONSISTED OF CHARLES VIRTUE, WILLIAM RUSSELL, MR. GORDON AND THEN LATER ON, THERE WAS VAUGHN HEMBROFF THAT BECAME PARTNER AND GLENN MORRISON. IT’S ALWAYS MEANT A LOT OF THE PAST HISTORY OF MY LIFE. THINKING HOW I WAS HONOURED TO BE WITH THAT FIRM, THESE LITTLE ITEMS THAT WERE GIVEN TO ME JUST EVEN MEANT ALL THE MORE.” “BUT I REMEMBER DISTINCTLY THAT THEY SAID I COULDN’T LEAVE [IN 1964] UNTIL I HIRED SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME. THEY GAVE ME THE RESPONSIBILITY OF FINDING SOMEONE. MY INTENTION AT THAT TIME WAS TO LEAVE AND MOVE TO MONTREAL. I WAS LIMITED IN THE TIME THAT THIS RESPONSIBILITY WAS GIVEN, AND I DID SUGGEST A PARTICULAR PERSON BUT SHE ONLY WORKED THERE FOR A SHORT TIME AND THEY DIDN’T FEEL THAT SHE QUALIFIED AND COULD HANDLE THE WORK THAT I HAD TAKEN ON. THEN I HAD TO CONTINUE TO STAY UNTIL THEY FELT COMFORTABLE THAT THERE WAS SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME AND IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1965 [THAT I LEFT].” “EACH ONE OF THE LAWYERS HAD THEIR OWN PRIVATE SECRETARIES. ONE WOMAN IN PARTICULAR…MARY, WAS EXCELLENT IN TAKING LETTERS AND WAS AN EXCELLENT LAW SECRETARY, BUT COULD NOT DO THE BOOKKEEPING. I UNDERTOOK TO DO THE BOOKKEEPING FOR THE SECRETARIES AND THEREFORE, THERE HAD TO BE, AT LEAST FOUR EXTRA GIRLS AS SECRETARIES THERE. AS THEY INCREASED WITH STAFF, THEY WOULD ALSO HIRE MORE SECRETARIES.” ON MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, BERLANDO STATED, “I ADMIRED HIM BECAUSE HE DEMANDED RESPECT, HE DEMANDED PROFESSIONALISM. HE WAS VERY SERIOUS ABOUT HIS CLIENTS AND THEY HAD TO BE TREATED LIKE IT WAS AN HONOUR TO HAVE HIM AS THEIR LAWYER. HE WAS NOT A TALL MAN IN STATURE BUT HE STOOD OUT AS A SPECIAL PERSON…BUT HIS CLIENTS CAME FIRST. HE WOULD NEVER HESITATE TO MAKE SURE THAT IF HE HAD A CLIENT OR HAD AN APPOINTMENT THAT I HAD TO MAKE SURE THEY WERE TAKEN CARE OF. HE USED TO INVEST THROUGH THE ROYAL BANK AND HE WOULD HAVE ME GO DOWN AND MEET WITH THE MANAGER. [I WOULD] LET THEM KNOW THAT I WAS THERE ON BEHALF OF MR. VIRTUE AND PRESENT THEM WITH WHATEVER INFORMATION HE GAVE ME…THEY WERE TO TAKE CARE OF THAT. SO HE REALLY MADE ME HIS PERSONAL PERSON TO LOOK AFTER ALL OF HIS PRIVATE AFFAIRS, WHICH TO ME WAS AN HONOUR…EVEN THE LAWYERS HAD SO MUCH RESPECT FOR HIM. WHEN HE MADE A STATEMENT OR A COMMAND OR MADE INSTRUCTIONS FOR CHANGES, THEY WERE MADE AND THEY HAD TO BE ABIDED.” BERLANDO SPOKE ABOUT HER SENTIMENTS ON DONATING THE RING TO THE MUSEUM, NOTING, “AT THE AGE OF NINETY-ONE, WHICH I HAVE BEEN VERY FORTUNATE TO LIVE THIS LENGTH OF TIME, I HAVE TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION MANY ITEMS THAT I FEEL SHOULD BE INHERITED BY MY FAMILY…BUT NOT KNOWING THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS GIFT…[I WISH TO] LEAVE IT TO NO ONE OTHER THAN I FEEL THAT DESERVES TO HAVE IT, [WHICH] WOULD BE THE GALT MUSEUM. I DO WISH TO LEAVE IT TO SOMEONE THAT I THINK MAYBE COULD CARRY ON A LITTLE IMPORTANCE OF THE GIFT THAT WAS HANDED TO ME.” “I THINK THAT IT PUTS SUCH A TRUST IN ME, THAT I FEEL NOW, EVEN IN THE YEARS GONE BY, HOW I’VE ALWAYS WANTED SOMEONE, OR ANYONE THAT HAD ANY CONNECTIONS WITH ME, THAT THEY COULD TRUST ME. THAT I WOULD NEVER WANT TO HURT ANYONE AND I WOULD WANT TO CONTINUE TO HELP PEOPLE. WHEN I HEAR PEOPLE IN DISCUSSION OR IN COMMENTS THAT THEY CAN RECALL THINGS THAT I HAVE DONE FOR THEM THAT I CAN’T REMEMBER…I GUESS IT’S JUST MY NATURE TO BE THAT TYPE OF PERSON. [BUT] IF SOMEONE LIKE MR. VIRTUE COULD TRUST ME, AND THEN CLIENTS CAN TRUST ME, I THINK IT INSTILLED [A] TRUST THAT I’LL CARRY TO MY GRAVE.” ABNER GLADSTONE VIRTUE GRADUATED FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA IN 1913 AND BEGAN HIS CAREER IN LAW SHORTLY BEFORE THE START OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IN 1915, VIRTUE ENLISTED IN THE LETHBRIDGE MILITIA UNIT, THE 25TH FIELD ARTILLERY. UPON ITS FORMATION, VIRTUE ENLISTED AS A LIEUTENANT WITH THE LETHBRIDGE 61ST BATTERY THAT JOINED FRONT LINES IN FRANCE IN 1917. IN 1916, THE CARENCY CHURCH’S STEEPLE FELL FROM GERMAN GUN-FIRE. THE BELL FROM THE STEEPLE WAS RELATIVELY UNDAMAGED, AND MOVED TO BE BURIED IN VILLERS A ROIS FOR SAFETY. THE ARTILLERY BRIGADE OF THE 61ST BATTERY ARRIVED IN CARENCY, WHERE AMONGST THE CHURCH DEBRIS FRAGMENTS OF THE BELL WERE RETRIVED BY LETHBRIDGE FORCES. THE BATTERY FARRIER FASHIONED THE FRAGMENTS INTO SOUVENIRS THAT SOLDIERS RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH, INCLUDING GLADSTONE VIRTUE, WHO RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH A RING. AN ARTICLE FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED MARCH 24, 1931 ON THE FRONT PAGE REFERENCED "LIEUT. A.G. VIRTUE, WHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THE 61ST [ALBERTA BATTALION] WHEN IT WAS DEMOBILIZED, HAS ONE OF THE RINGS MADE FROM FRAGMENTS OF THE FAMOUS [CARENCY] BELL, SHOT FROM THE STEEPLE OF THE CHURCH BY GERMAN SHELL FIRE AND SHATTERED." VIRTUE RESUMED HIS LAW PRACTICE IN LETHBRIDGE FOLLOWING HIS RETUN FROM WAR, AND BECAME A SENIOR PARTNER IN THE FIRM OF VIRTUE, RUSSELL, MORGAN AND VIRTUE. THE BELL OF CARENCY CHURCH WAS RETRIEVED BY THE PARIS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL IN 1931, AND RETURNED TO THE CARENCY CHURCH. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES ON THE BELL AND VIRTUE’S INVOLVEMENT FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170034001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170034002
Acquisition Date
2017-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CONTAINER WITH .38 SPECIAL ROUNDS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, NICKEL, LEAD
Catalogue Number
P20130005002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CONTAINER WITH .38 SPECIAL ROUNDS
Date
1982
Materials
PLASTIC, NICKEL, LEAD
No. Pieces
8
Height
8.5
Diameter
4
Description
.A – CLEAR PLASTIC, CYLINDRICAL CONTAINER. HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK MARKER ON OUTSIDE OF CONTAINER READS “REMOVED FROM WEAPON FIRED BY CST BRUNEAU SER.#C-808798 82-07-09 4PM” AND A SIGNATURE. CONTAINER IS SCUFFED AND WRITING IS WORN AND FADED IN SOME AREAS. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. 8.5 X 4 X 4 .B – ROUND WHITE PLASTIC LID WITH TAB ON BOTTOM EDGE. VERY GOOD CONDITION. 1 X 4.1 X 4.1 .C - .F – AMMUNITION ROUNDS, CYLINDRICAL NICKEL CASINGS CAPPED WITH LEAD TIPS. EMBOSSED TEXT ON BOTTOMS READS “W-W SUPER 38 SPL + P”. VERY GOOD CONDITION. 4 X 1.25 X 1.25 .G - .H – CYLINDRICAL METAL CASINGS, HOLLOW. EMBOSSED TEXT ON BOTTOMS READS “W-W SUPER 38 SPL + P”. VERY GOOD CONDITION. 3.25 X 1.25 X 1.25
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
CONTAINER
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE BULLETS ARE FROM THE REVOLVER THAT WAS USED BY THE DONOR, CONSTABLE LEON BRUNEAU, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE (P20130005001). COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BRUNEAU ABOUT HIS POLICE WORK AND THE WEAPON ON OCTOBER 8, 2009 AND APRIL 4, 2013. BRUNEAU SAID: “THERE WAS SOMETHING IN THE PAPER ABOUT [THE LETHBRIDGE AUXILIARY POLICE]. THIS INTERESTED ME BECAUSE… I HAD BEEN WORKING FOR A PRIVATE INVESTIGATION [BUREAU] AS A SECURITY GUARD UP IN CALGARY … [SO] I THOUGHT I’D TRY THIS AUXILIARY POLICE THING AND SEE WHAT COMES OUT OF IT… I DIDN’T KNOW [THE POLICE FORCE] WERE PLANNING TO TAKE RECRUITS OUT OF THE AUXILIARY… I WAS 29 YEARS OLD [WHEN I WAS] SWORN IN… THE FIRST GUN I WAS ISSUED… WAS AN OLD MILITARY 38 THAT HAD BEEN BORED OUT… TO ACCEPT .38 SPECIAL AMMUNITION, BUT THE .38 CALIBER HOLES ARE A LITTLE BIT BIGGER THAN THE .38 SPECIALS… SO IT RATTLED AROUND IN THERE AND IT WAS AN UNSAFE THING… AS SOON AS JIM TUTTLE QUIT [IN 1965/66] I WAS IN [SERGEANT] ALBERT HACKETT’S OFFICE LIKE A SHOT. [HIS] WAS A NEW GUN AND WAS THE ONLY .38 SPECIAL WITH A ROUND BUTT, AND I WANTED IT… [HACKETT] GOT IT FOR ME AND I CARRIED IT UNTIL I RETIRED… [IT’S] THE GUN I HAD IN ’82 WHEN WE HAD THE SHOOTOUT… [THESE ARE] THE CARTRIDGE CASES AND THE FOUR UNFIRED ONES THAT CAME OUT OF MY GUN THAT DAY.” BRUNEAU CONTINUED: “THE REVOLVER ACTUALLY SAVED MY LIFE AT ONE TIME, BECAUSE IF I HADN’T FIRED IT, I MIGHT NOT BE HERE… IN JULY 1982… I WAS IN THE STATION [AT 5TH S AND 5TH AVE SOUTH] AND WE HEARD A COMMOTION, A SHOT, AND A SECOND SHOT… HOW [THE PRISONER] MIKE FRANK GOT A HOLD OF [OFFICER DARCY MURRAY’S] GUN, I DON’T KNOW. HAD WE HAD ANY WARNING ABOUT HOW VIOLENT THIS YOUNG MAN WAS, THERE PROBABLY WOULD HAVE BEEN MORE THAN ONE POLICEMAN DOWN THERE… [MURRAY WAS SHOT] THROUGH HIS ARM… WAYNE JOHNSON WAS ON THE DESK AND HE SAW THE COMMOTION ON THE CLOSED CIRCUIT TV AND WENT RUNNING DOWN THE STAIRS AND TOOK A BULLET RIGHT ABOVE HIS BODY ARMOUR [IN HIS NECK]… FRANK CAME RUNNING UP THE STAIRS… [SERGEANT] BUTCH LEE FIRED AT HIM [AND] HE RAN OUT THE FRONT DOOR… UP 5TH STREET TO 6TH AVENUE, AND WE CHASED HIM… AS HE WAS CROSSING [THE STREET] HE MADE A GRAB FOR A LITTLE OLD LADY… AND THEN HE FIRED A SHOT… BUTCH LEE AND I WERE THE FIRST ONES THERE… I THOUGHT ‘OK, WELL I’LL SHOOT HIS SHOULDER’ BUT I JUST GRAZED HIS SHOULDER, AND BUTCH FIRED FROM A DIFFERENT ANGLE AND MIKE FRANK WENT DOWN… [THEN] HE CAME UP SHOOTING… I FIGURED, ‘HE MISSED ME THIS TIME BUT HE MAY NOT MISS ME NEXT TIME, SO I BETTER SHOOT’. SO I DID. I WENT A COUPLE OF BUTTONS DOWN ON HIS SHIRT AND SQUEEZED OFF A SHOT AND HE WENT DOWN, AND THEN I HEARD A LOT OF GUNFIRE… AFTERWARDS WE FOUND OUT THERE WAS ELEVEN BULLET HOLES IN HIM… IN THAT NEWSPAPER PHOTOGRAPH [PUBLISHED IN THE JULY 10, 1982 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD] I WAS STANDING THERE TALKING ON THE RADIO AFTER IT, AND HE WAS STRETCHED OUT ON THE STREET.” BRUNEAU CONCLUDED: “IT WENT THROUGH MY HEAD, PRIOR TO THIS, ‘IF I WAS CONFRONTED WITH A SITUATION LIKE THIS, COULD I ACTUALLY SHOOT SOMEONE WITH THE INTENTION OF KILLING HIM?’ AND I FOUND OUT I COULD… THAT WAS ONLY THE SECOND TIME THAT I ACTUALLY HAD TO DRAW MY FIREARM… I DON’T THINK [THE INCIDENT] ACTUALLY CHANGED ANYTHING IN TERMS OF MY STATUS AS A POLICEMAN. I JUST KEPT ON DOING MY JOB… I BOUGHT THE GUN FOR $50 WHEN I RETIRED [IN 1990]. THE DEPARTMENT SENT IT AWAY TO VANCOUVER, HAD IT ALL REFURBISHED AND HAD MY ENLISTMENT DATE, MY NAME, EVERYTHING ENGRAVED AND FILLED IN WITH GOLD.” FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, AND COPIES OF RELATED NEWSPAPER ARTICLES AND BRUNEAU’S DEPARTMENTAL COMMENDATION FOR HIS ACTIONS DURING THE SHOOTOUT, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20130005002
Acquisition Date
2013-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BOY SCOUTS, “QUEEN’S SCOUT”
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
1964
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER, ENAMEL
Catalogue Number
P20140034013
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BOY SCOUTS, “QUEEN’S SCOUT”
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
1964
Materials
SILVER, ENAMEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.5
Diameter
2
Description
SILVER RING WITH FACE TAPERED TO A POINT ALONG TOP EDGE. GRAPHIC OF A CROWN ON FACE IN GREEN, YELLOW AND RED ENAMEL, WITH TEXT READING “QUEEN’S SCOUT”. FACE DESIGN IS FLANKED ON BOTH SIDES BY THREE MAPLE LEAVES ALONG THE BAND. BACK OF BAND IS WORN THROUGH AND SPLIT. TARNISHED, SOME LOSS OF ENAMEL; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THIS RING BELONGED TO THE DONOR, DON CHAPMAN. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE CHAPMAN FAMILY WAS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR AT THE TIME OF DONATION. THE CHAPMANS RESIDED IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1958 TO 1963. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM LACOMBE, ALBERTA, AFTER DON’S FATHER STUART ACCEPTED THE POSITION OF ADMINISTRATOR OF THE GALT REHABILITATION CENTRE, LOCATED IN THE OLD GALT HOSPITAL BUILDING. IN 1963 THE FAMILY MOVED TO LANGLEY, B.C. WHERE STUART BECAME THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE LANGLEY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL. WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE, DON WAS ACTIVE IN BOY SCOUTS, ATTAINING QUEEN’S SCOUT STATUS AND BEING CHOSEN AS ONE OF TWO LETHBRIDGE SCOUTS TO TRAVEL TO NEW MEXICO ON AN “ADVENTURE TRIP” IN 1963. ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED DON CHAPMAN ABOUT HIS FAMILY’S TIME IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEMORIES RELATED TO THE SPECIFIC DONATED OBJECTS. CHAPMAN SAID: “I WAS BORN IN 1947 AND WE CAME [TO LETHBRIDGE] BECAUSE MY FATHER GOT A JOB HERE… IT WAS EXCITING. WE HAD NO IDEA WHERE LETHBRIDGE WAS… IT WAS KIND OF LIKE, FINALLY THE FAMILY IS GETTING A FINANCIAL FOOTING AND THERE WAS A CAREER PATH AHEAD… THE MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE WAS KIND OF LIKE A NEW START… CERTAINLY FOR ME, LETHBRIDGE WAS FORMATIVE YEARS… SCOUTING WAS A SIGNIFICANT UNDERTAKING IN MY LIFE, I WAS QUITE COMMITTED TO IT… IT WAS A WAY TO LEARN FUNDAMENTAL LIFE SKILLS AND MEMBERSHIP… YOU WOULD LEARN WHAT IT’S LIKE TO BE IN A GROUP, WHAT IT’S LIKE TO BE ON A TEAM… I BELONGED TO THE 14TH LETHBRIDGE SCOUT TROOP AND IT WAS CENTERED IN THE MCKILLOP UNITED CHURCH… A LOT OF IT WAS CENTERED AROUND AN ANNUAL CAMP. WE WOULD GO OUT FOR AT LEAST A WEEK… INTO THE EASTERN SLOPE OF THE ROCKIES… YOU HAD TO LEARN HOW TO COOK… YOU HAD TO LEARN SURVIVAL SKILLS, YOU HAD TO LEARN HOW TO TIE KNOTS, SINGING AROUND THE CAMPFIRE AT MEETINGS… IT WAS KIND OF A FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION FOR YOUNG PEOPLE.” OF THIS SPECIFIC OBJECT, CHAPMAN SAID: “THIS WAS MY QUEEN’S SCOUT RING… THAT’S SILVER, AND I WORE IT FOREVER UNTIL I WORE IT OUT. I ACTUALLY HAD TO PURCHASE THAT AND I THINK YOU PROBABLY COULDN’T PURCHASE IT UNLESS YOU WERE A QUEEN’S SCOUT... I GOT MY QUEEN'S SCOUT IN VICTORIA ALTHOUGH I ACTUALLY EARNED IT [IN LETHBRIDGE], AND WE MOVED BEFORE I COULD GO TO THE CEREMONY... THE PRESENTATION OF THE QUEEN'S SCOUT [BADGE] WAS DONE BY THE LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA [IN 1964]... IT WAS SIGNIFICANT IN MY LIFE BECAUSE IT REPRESENTED A CERTAIN LEVEL OF ATTAINMENT WITHIN THE BOY SCOUTS OF CANADA. NOT EVERYBODY BECAME A QUEEN'S SCOUT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS REPORTING ON CHAPMAN’S NEW MEXICO TRIP.
Catalogue Number
P20140034013
Acquisition Date
2014-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“GALT HOSPITAL – VIVAMUS SERVO”
Date Range From
1947
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER, ENAMEL
Catalogue Number
P20140006036
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“GALT HOSPITAL – VIVAMUS SERVO”
Date Range From
1947
Date Range To
1950
Materials
SILVER, ENAMEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.5
Diameter
2
Description
SILVER RING WITH FLAT FACE DEPICTING A CROSS IN RED ENAMEL AND TEXT AGAINST A BACKGROUND OF GREEN ENAMEL. TEXT READS “GALT HOSPITAL – VIVAMUS SERVO”. UNDERSIDE OF FACE IS STAMPED WITH MAKER’S MARK. MINOR TARNISHING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
EDUCATION
History
AT THE TIME OF DONATION, GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION PAST ARCHIVIST ELAINE HAMILTON IDENTIFIED THIS OBJECT AS A SCHOOL RING FORMERLY BELONGING TO WENDY THIELMAN, GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING CLASS OF 1950. NO FURTHER INFORMATION ON THIELMAN WAS FOUND. THE LATIN MOTTO ON THE RING, “VIVAMUS SERVO”, IS PRESENT ON OTHER GSN-RELATED OBJECTS IN THE GALT COLLECTION, P20090023008 AND P20090023011, AND ROUGHLY TRANSLATES TO ENGLISH AS “LET US LIVE AND WATCH”. IN SUMMER 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF THE COLLECTED ARTIFACTS. HIGA, THE EARLIEST GSN COLLECTION ARCHIVIST, SAID: “I TRAINED MOSTLY AT THE GALT. THE STUDENTS, WE ALL KNEW EACH OTHER, HELPED EACH OTHER BECAUSE THERE WERE MOSTLY STUDENTS THERE: ONE REGISTERED NURSE FROM 7AM TO 7PM. THE REST WERE ALL US STUDENTS THAT RAN THE HOSPITAL SO, BUT WE WERE REALLY GOOD FRIENDS AND WE HELPED EACH OTHER… WE HAD SUCH GOOD RAPPORT BETWEEN THE STUDENTS IN MY CLASS… I JOINED [THE ALUMNAE] WHEN I GRADUATED IN 1955… I WAS INTERESTED IN HOW EVERYBODY TURNED OUT, AND THE ALUMNAE SORT OF KEPT IN CONTACT WITH THEM, AND IT WAS QUITE IMPORTANT TO ME. I FELT QUITE HAPPY TO HEAR ABOUT ALL THE OTHER [NURSES]… IT’S NICE WHEN THEY CAME FOR THE REUNIONS. YOU SEE ALL THESE GIRLS YOU WORKED WITH, MAYBE ONLY FOR A LITTLE WHILE, BUT YOU REMEMBER THEM… I REALLY DIDN’T WANT TO BE THE ARCHIVIST, BUT WE DON’T HAVE TOO MANY PEOPLE THAT OFFER TO DO THINGS… I WAS INTERESTED IN ALL THE HISTORY AND ALL THE THINGS THAT THE GIRLS THOUGHT ABOUT IT… [THE ARCHIVIST WAS TO] KEEP TRACK OF ALL THE HISTORY AND THE PEOPLE THAT WERE INVOLVED, AND KEEP TRACK OF THE STUFF WE COLLECT[ED]… [THE COLLECTION IS IMPORTANT TO ME BECAUSE] I LIKE EVERYBODY TO KNOW ABOUT THE GALT AND HOW WE TRAINED AND HOW IT PROGRESSED… AS YOU GET OLDER YOU KIND OF HAVE MEMORIES THAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO KEEP, AND YOU KNOW YOU THINK ABOUT THOSE THINGS… [WHEN] YOU LOOK AT [THE OBJECTS] YOU REMEMBER.” ELAINE HAMILTON BECAME THE GSN COLLECTION ARCHIVIST IN THE LATE 1980S AFTER SHIRLEY HIGA STEPPED DOWN. OF THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION, HAMILTON SAID: “I THINK THE RETIRED NURSES DECIDED THAT THEY SHOULD FORM A GROUP TO HELP THE STUDENTS… I WASN’T THERE BUT IT WAS ’45 WHEN THEY FORMED, AND THEY DID THINGS FOR THE NURSES STUDENTS LIKE, THEY BOUGHT FURNITURE [FOR STUDENT RESIDENCES]… THEY DID A WHOLE BUNCH OF BAKE SALES AND CRAFT SALES; THEY WORKED AT THE BULL SALE OUT AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS. THEY DID A LOT OF THINGS LIKE THAT TO RAISE MONEY FOR LITTLE THINGS THAT COULDN’T BE BOUGHT OTHERWISE, LIKE THE PATIENT COMFORT, LIKE PATIENTS WOULD COME IN WITHOUT TOOTHBRUSHES AND COMBS… THEY HAD A BANQUET [FOR NURSING STUDENTS], AND THEY HAD A TEA WITH OUR PARENTS TOO, FOR US IN THE RESIDENCE… FOR ME, THE MOST IMPORTANT THING WAS THE BANQUETS, AND HAVING MY CLASSMATES COME EVERY FIVE YEARS, BECAUSE THEY ARE LIKE SISTERS TO ME… OF COURSE I LIKE HISTORY AND ARCHIVES TOO SO [THE COLLECTION] IS KIND OF IMPORTANT TO ME TOO… WE LIVED TOGETHER, AND ATE TOGETHER, AND CRIED TOGETHER AND DID EVERYTHING TOGETHER FOR THREE YEARS, BECAUSE WE LIVED RIGHT IN A RESIDENCE. SO, WE BECAME VERY CLOSE… AND IF YOU WORK IN THE ALUMNI, YOU BECOME KIND OF LIKE A LITTLE FAMILY TOO BECAUSE THERE’S NOT THAT MANY OF US THAT GO TO OUR MEETINGS, SO WHEN WE GET TOGETHER, IT’S KIND OF NICE TO SHARE WHAT’S BEEN GOING ON… IT’S A FELLOWSHIP.” OF THE GSN COLLECTION, HAMILTON SAID: “IT’S AN ACCUMULATION OF ARTIFACTS FROM THE HOSPITALS AND FROM OUR TRAINING DAYS. AND, IT’S PART OF THE HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE IN A WAY, BECAUSE THE SCHOOL WAS HERE FOR QUITE A WHILE… I’M A CARE GIVER AND I LIKE TO LOOK AFTER STUFF. SO, IT WAS IMPORTANT TO ME THAT IT GOT CARED FOR… I THINK WITH THE CLOSING [OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING, IN 1979] WE GOT ALL THE CHARTS, AND WE ALREADY HAD THINGS FROM THE GALT HOSPITAL IN OUR STUFF THAT PROBABLY SOMEBODY [BEFORE HIGA] ACCEPTED… WHEN WE WENT INTO THE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL [IN 1955] IT WAS ALL BRAND NEW, STAINLESS STEEL, SO THERE WAS NONE OF THE ENAMEL STUFF, AND THEN WHEN THE MUNICIPAL CLOSED [IN 1988], THE OPERATING ROOM GAVE US A LOT OF THINGS. THERE WERE A LOT OF DONATIONS THEN FROM DIFFERENT SPOTS BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T WANT TO MOVE STUFF SINCE IT WAS OLD… WE GOT A PLACE [FOR STORING THE COLLECTION IN THE REGIONAL HOSPITAL], ACTUALLY ABOVE THE WASHERS IN THE LAUNDRY FIRST. BUT IT WAS PRETTY MOIST UP THERE. AND THEN THEY GAVE US A ROOM IN THE SEWING ROOM, WHICH WAS VERY NICE, OUR OWN SEPARATE LITTLE ROOM THERE FOR OUR STORAGE… WE HAD THINGS UP ON A SHELF AND WE HAD A TRUNK IN THERE, AND… WE HAD ALL THE LETTERS FROM THE RESIDENCE… WE HAD A DISPLAY CASE THAT THEY BUILT AT THE REGIONAL [IN THE HOSPITAL ATRIUM] AND WE HAD STUFF IN THERE, AND WE’D MOVE IT AROUND… HAVING THE DISPLAY CASE WAS IMPORTANT TO ME, AND CHANGING THE UNIFORM ON [THE DISPLAY MANNEQUIN] EVERY ONCE IN A WHILE, AND HAVING HER IN DIFFERENT OUTFITS… I ALWAYS HAD IT ALL TIDY FOR A REUNION… I WOULD CHANGE THE UNIFORM FOR THEM, DEPENDING ON WHAT CLASS WAS HAVING THEIR REUNION.” SUE KYLLO BECAME THE GSN COLLECTION ARCHIVIST IN 2010 AFTER ELAINE HAMILTON STEPPED DOWN. OF THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION, KYLLO SAID: “[I ATTENDED THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING] FROM ’66 TO ’69, AND I JOINED IN 1976 AFTER I CAME BACK TO LETHBRIDGE. I HAD TWO LITTLE KIDS AND I WANTED TO GET OUT AND MEET PEOPLE AND THE ALUMNI GAVE ME THAT… I WANTED TO STAY IN TOUCH WITH MY NURSING FRIENDS AND SEE IF I CAN HELP OUT IN SOME WAY… THE ALUMNI IS THE WAY TO GO TO KEEP OUR NURSING MEMORIES ALIVE AND I WANT TO DO THAT. SO NOW IT’S IMPORTANT TO ME WAY MORE THAN WHEN I WAS A YOUNG MOTHER THAT WANTED TO GET OUT… IT MEANS COMPANIONSHIP [AND] TO HELP EACH OTHER.” OF THE GSN COLLECTION, KYLLO SAID: “I DON’T KNOW HOW IT GOT STARTED. I WOULD THINK THAT MRS. BOYCHUCK WOULD HAVE A LOT TO DO WITH IT BECAUSE [SHE] WAS VERY ACTIVE IN THE ALUMNI AT THE BEGINNING, AND I WOULD THINK THAT IF ANYBODY, IT WOULD BE HER THAT STARTED COLLECTING THE ODD LITTLE THING, AND THEN IT WENT TO SHIRLEY. I DON’T KNOW THAT THERE WAS ANYBODY BEFORE SHIRLEY… OUR ALUMNI ONLY STARTED IN [1945], SO THERE WERE THOSE PERIODS WHERE I DON’T THINK ANYBODY CARED ABOUT ANY OF THIS STUFF… TO ME, IT MEANS AN AWFUL LOT. IT MEANS THAT WE EXISTED REALLY… IF WE DIDN’T HAVE ALL THIS STUFF, WELL WHAT WERE WE? A NURSE, WHAT DOES A NURSE DO? WITH THIS WE CAN SHOW THEM THAT WE DIDN’T JUST GIVE BEDPANS. WE DID A LOT OF THINGS, AND I’M REALLY PROUD THAT WE HAVE WHAT WE’VE GOT.” OF THE SITUATION LEADING UP TO THE DONATION OF THE GSN COLLECTION TO THE GALT MUSEUM, KYLLO SAID: “WE HAD A DISPLAY AT THE NORTH END OF THE HOSPITAL [THAT] WAS GOING TO STAY THERE [AND ADDITIONAL COLLECTION STORAGE] AND WE DIDN’T HAVE A PROBLEM... WE WERE ALWAYS UNDER THE IMPRESSION OF ALL THE PAST ADMINISTRATIONS THAT WE ALWAYS HAD A PLACE IN THAT HOSPITAL… NOW THAT ALL THE OLD GUYS HAVE GONE, THEY JUST UP AND MOVED [THE COLLECTION, IN FALL 2012] AND DIDN’T CARE. THEY WERE BUILDING A NEW WING AND ‘TO HECK WITH YOUR GUYS’ STUFF’… NOBODY WANTED TO EVEN TALK TO US ABOUT IT. I FINALLY GOT AHOLD OF THE GUY IN CHARGE OF MAINTENANCE, [HE] SAID, “WELL IT’S UPSTAIRS IN THE PENTHOUSE.” WELL, WE KNEW WHAT THE PENTHOUSE WAS LIKE, BECAUSE IT WAS VERY HOT AND YOU DON’T WANT [THESE ARTIFACTS] IN SOMEPLACE REALLY HOT, SO I WANTED IT OUT OF THERE… SO THAT’S WHEN IT WENT OUT INTO A STORAGE LOCKER. AND IN THE STORAGE LOCKER… IT WAS JUST NOT CLEAN ENOUGH TO BE IN THERE… WE WERE VERY DISAPPOINTED.” HAMILTON ADDED: “WE DIDN’T HAVE ANYWHERE FOR [THE COLLECTION], AND IT’S IN PEOPLE’S GARAGES AND BASEMENTS AND LIVING ROOMS… [THE MUSEUM IS HOUSED IN] THE GALT HOSPITAL. AND A LOT OF OUR MEMBERS TRAINED HERE. SO IT’S PRETTY SPECIAL TO THEM, AND THEY WOULD LIKE TO LEAVE SOMETHING HERE TO BE REMEMBERED BY… IT’S VERY IMPORTANT TO US TO LEAVE SOMETHING BEHIND.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20140006036
Acquisition Date
2014-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SWEETHEART BRACELET
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20110005001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SWEETHEART BRACELET
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
METAL, PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.6
Length
19.9
Width
12.7
Description
RECTANGULAR METAL PLATE WITH ROUNDED CORNERS AND CURVED LONG EDGES. FRONT OF PLATE HAS CREST WITH ROYAL BLUE ENAMEL AND GOLD ANCHOR IN CENTER, CROWN AT TOP, LEAVES ON SIDES, AND WHITE ENAMEL WITH, “R.C.N.V.R.” IN GOLD AT BASE. ENGRAVING AROUND CREST SAYS, “J.B. WATSON, V39229.” BACK IS ENGRAVED, “LOVE VI, DEC, 29.” CHAIN IS CONNECTED TO PLATE BY CHAIN BY TWO RECTANGULAR HOLES AT ENDS OF PLATE. ONE EXTRA LOOP ATTACHED TO CHAIN. DOUBLE HOOK AND EYE CLASP. LIGHTWEIGHT OFFSET PAPER. PREVIOUS FOLDS ALONG THE HORIZONTAL AXIS HAVE LEFT THREE MAJOR CREASES AS WELL AS SIX SMALLER CREASES. TYPED TEXT ON FRONT READS, “THIS “DOING” WAS FOUND IN OUR OFFICE SO IF YOU READ THIS NOTE THEN YOU MUST HAVE THE “DOINGS”, HOPE YOU GET IT OKEY. C.F.M.O.L’DERRY P.S. YOU SHOULD BE MORE CAREFUL, VI WOULD GET MAD IF YOU DID NOT RECOVER IT.”
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE BRACELET WAS PURCHASED BY WIFE VIOLA WATSON NEE ENSIGN AND GIVEN TO HUSBAND J.B. WATSON BEFORE HE WENT OVERSEAS IN WWII. IT IS MARKED WITH HIS SERVICE NUMBER, HER NAME AND THEIR WEDDING ANNIVERSARY. IT WAS LOST DURING HIS SERVICE AND RETURNED TO WATSON AFTER THE WAR WITH THE NOTE. AS STATED IN AN E-MAIL FROM DONOR BRANDI CAMPISI AT THE TIME OF DONATION, “JOSEPH ‘BARTON’ WATSON GREW UP IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WHERE HE LIVED IN FOREMOST AND SHAUGHNESSY AND SETTLED IN PICTURE BUTTE, ALBERTA JUST OUTSIDE OF LETHBRIDGE. BARTON WAS 28-YEARS OLD WHEN HE ENLISTED IN THE NAVY IN 1944. SINCE HE HAD A FEAR OF HEIGHTS THE AIRFORCE WASN’T AN OPTION, AND LIKE MANY PRAIRIE BOYS HE MAY HAVE HEARD THE HORRIBLE STORIES OF LIFE IN THE TRENCHES FROM THE GREAT WAR. HIS FAMILY BELIEVES THE FINAL FACTOR IN HIS DECISION TO JOIN THE NAVY WAS BECAUSE THE NAVY HAD AN EXCELLENT BASEBALL TEAM. BARTON WAS AN EXCELLENT BASEBALL PLAYER. HE ENLISTED IN CALGARY AND WAS SENT FOR TRAINING TO THE HMCS QUEEN IN REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN. THOUGH HE LIKED THE WATER HE NEVER LEARNED HOW TO SWIM. HIS NOTES FROM TRAINING SHOW HOW UNFAMILIAR A BOAT AND ITS PARTS WERE TO HIM. AFTER BASIC TRAINING IN REGINA, BARTON WAS COMMISSIONED TO THE HMCS THORLOCK AS SUPPLY ASSISTANT. THE THORLOCK SERVED ON THE HIGH SEAS IN THE ATLANTIC ZONE. THE HMCS THORLOCK WAS A CORVETTE OF THE FLOWER CLASS NAMED AFTER THOROLD, ONTARIO. ITS MAIN TASK WAS IN ANTI-SUBMARINE CONVOYS. ON THE FINAL LEG OF THE SHIPS FIVE CROSSINGS OF THE ATLANTIC OCEAN, THE THORLOCK WAS DIVERTED ALONG WITH HMCS VICTORIAVILLE TO ACCEPT THE SURRENDER OF THE SUBMARINE U-190 ON MAY 12, 1945. THOUGH CAMERAS WERE OFFICIALLY NOT ALLOWED ON NAVAL VESSELS, BARTON WATSON HAD ONE. HIS PHOTOS DOCUMENT LIFE THROUGH THE EYES OF A SAILOR AND SIGNIFICANTLY, THE CLOSE-KNIT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SHIPMATES. MANY PHOTOS DEPICT THE THORLOCK’S CREW POSING PLAYFULLY IN GERMAN UNIFORMS AND NAZI FLAGS AFTER CAPTURING THE SURRENDERED SUBMARINE. BARTON WATSON WAS DEMOBILIZED ON NOVEMBER 7, 1945 AND RETURNED TO PICTURE BUTTE WHERE HE RAN A SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS AND WAS EXTREMELY INVOLVED IN COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES.” IN WATSON’S OBITUARY PRINTED BY THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, “WATSON PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON SEPTEMBER 16, 1996 AT THE AGE OF 80 YEARS. WATSON’S RECORD OF SERVICE IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL SERVICE REVEALS THAT HE WAS ASSIGNED THE SERVICE NUMBER V-89229. HE ENLISTED ON JUNE 14TH 1944 AT CALGARY ALBERTA. WATSON RECEIVED ONE MONTH DRILL AND SEAMANSHIP TRAINING, ONE MONTH STORE’S ASSISTANT COURSE – ORDERING, STORING, ISSUING, ACCOUNTING FOR NAVAL STORES. WATSON IS DESCRIBED AS HAVING ‘HELD CONSIDERABLE RESPONSIBILITY FOR ORDERING ISSUING AND STORING FOOD SUPPLIES FOR ENTIRE CREW OF A CORVETTE FOR 8 MONTHS – CONSIDERABLE CLERICAL DUTIES INVOLVED.’ WATSON SERVED IN THE H.M.C.S. THORLOCK FROM NOVEMBER 14, 1944 TO JUNE 15, 1945. HE WAS DISCHARGED WHEN HIS UNIT DEMOBILIZED ON NOVEMBER 7, 1945 AT CALGARY ALBERTA. WATSON WAS A RECIPIENT OF THE ATLANTIC STAR, VOLUNTEER SERVICE MEDAL AND CLASP, AND THE 1945 SERVICE MEDAL. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110005001
Acquisition Date
2011-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BROOCH, QUEEN ELIZABETH II PORTRAIT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TIN
Catalogue Number
P20130003001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BROOCH, QUEEN ELIZABETH II PORTRAIT
Date
1952
Materials
TIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.25
Length
3
Width
2.5
Description
BRONZE-COLOURED BROOCH WITH SCALLOPED EDGE AND BLACK AND WHITE PORTRAIT OF A YOUNG QUEEN ELIZABETH II HOLDING A BOQUET OF FLOWERS AT THE CENTRE. PIN ATTACHED TO BACKING WITH A DROP OF SOLDER. IMAGE HAS SMALL SCRATCH ALONG QUEEN’S FACE.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
COMMEMORATIVE
History
THIS BROOCH ORIGINALLY BELONGED TO THE DONOR’S GRANDMOTHER, DOROTHY SHAW, OF REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN. IN CORRESPONDANCE PROVIDED TO GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN IN SEPTEMBER 2013, THE DONOR, DORY ROSSITER, STATED: “MY GRANDMOTHER, ON MY FATHER’S SIDE, WAS BORN IN MAIDENHEAD, ENGLAND AND EVENTUALLY BECAME A NURSE. SHE IMMIGRATED TO CANADA IN 1915 AT THE AGE OF TWENTY. ONE YEAR LATER, SHE MET AND MARRIED MY GRANDFATHER, HENRY DOWLING, WHO WAS AN RCMP OFFICER IN SASKATCHEWAN. THE REST OF HER FAMILY REMAINED IN ENGLAND. HER SISTER, ROSE SHAW, WAS ONE OF THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE WHO LINED THE STREETS SURROUNDING BUCKINGHAM PALACE ON THAT CORONATION DAY IN 1952. A VERY LUCKY FEW, INCLUDING MY GREAT AUNT, WERE GIVEN A SMALL TOKEN TO CELEBRATE THE DAY… A SMALL, TIN BROOCH WITH A BLACK AND WHITE PORTRAIT OF THE NEW QUEEN IN THE CENTRE. SHE PACKED IT UP AND SENT IT TO MY GRANDMOTHER IN CANADA. MY GRANDMOTHER GAVE IT TO ME IN 1961. MY FATHER WAS IN THE MILITARY AND OUR FAMILY WAS STATIONED AT CAMP PETAWAWA, ONTARIO, AND WE TRAVELLED TO REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN TO VISIT MY GRANDPARENTS IN THE SUMMER OF 1961. I REMEMBER HER TELLING ME TO ‘TUCK IT AWAY FOR A MEMORY LATER’, WHICH WAS MY GRANDMOTHER’S WAY OF SAYING IT WOULD MEAN SOMETHING TO ME WHEN I WAS OLDER. IT CERTAINLY HAS. IN NOVEMBER OF 1962, MY FATHER AND HIS ARMY REGIMENT, THE FORT GARRY HORSE, WERE SENT TO GERMANY FOR THREE YEARS OF PEACEKEEPING DUTY. THE COLD WAR WAS ALIVE AND WELL AND CANADA HAD THREE ARMY BASES IN GERMANY. MY MOTHER AND I WENT WITH HIM ON THIS BIG ADVENTURE! A YEAR LATER, THE QUEEN AND PRINCE PHILIP TOURED GERMANY. THERE WAS A SENSE OF EXCITEMENT AS PART OF THE TOUR WOULD BE TO MILITARY BASES. BY THEN, I WAS A BROWNIE AND MY ENTIRE BROWNIE PACK, WAS BUSED TO THE MILITARY CAMPE IN SOEST, GERMANY, TO WATCH THE ROYALS. I HAD BEEN SELECTED, ALONG WITH A GIRL GUIDE FROM ANOTHER MILITARY CAMP, TO PRESENT FLOWERS TO THE QUEEN. ALTHOUGH IT WAS ENTIRELY AGAINST THE BROWNIE UNIFORM RULES, MY MOTHER PINNED THE CORONATION BROOCH ONTO MY UNIFORM JUST BEFORE THE BUS DEPARTED. THE OTHER PRESENTER AND MYSELF WERE TAKEN INTO A SMALL ROOM ON THE MILITARY BASE AND TOLD HOW TO PRESENT THE FLOWERS, WHEN TO PRESENT THE FLOWERS, WHAT TO SAY, AND WHEN TO SAY IT, ETC. I REMEMBER MY KNEES SHAKING; I REMEMBER GIVING HER THE FLOWERS… AND I REMEMBER HER TOUCHING THE LITTLE BROOCH ON MY UNIFORM AND THEN SMILING AT ME. LATER, ON THE RIDE HOME, THE BROWNIE LEADER GAVE ME A TALKING TO ABOUT ADDING ‘UNAUTHORIZED DECORATIONS’ TO MY BROWNIE UNIFORM, BUT BY THEN I DIDN’T REALLY CARE. THE QUEEN OF ENGLAND HAD TOUCHED MY BROOCH AND I COULDN’T WAIT TO TELL MY GRANDMOTHER BACK IN CANADA!... MY FATHER’S FAMILY WERE AND ARE STAUNCH SUPPORTERS OF THE MONARCHY. PERHAPS IT WAS BECAUSE OF THEIR ENGLISH BACKGROUND, BUT I ALSO THINK IT HAS TO DO WITH A REVERENCE THEY FEEL FOR OUR HISTORY AS A PEOPLE. IT IS A REVERANCE THAT I, TOO, FEEL VERY STRONGLY ABOUT. WHEN I MADE THE DECISION TO INQUIRE IF THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES WOULD BE INTERESTED IN HAVING MY TWO, LITTLE, INEXPENSIVE PINS… IT WAS MONTHS PRIOR TO FINDING OUT THAT I WAS TO RECEIVE THE QUEEN ELIZABETH DIAMOND JUBILEE MEDAL. ON JANUARY 24, 2013, I WAS PRESENTED WITH THE MEDAL BY THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF ALBERTA. THE PRESENTATION TOOK PLACE AT THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES. ON THAT DAY, UNKNOWN TO ANYONE, INSIDE MY RED SWEATER, WAS MY LITTLE CORONATION BROOCH [P20130003001]. IT HAD SORT OF COME FULL CIRCLE. MY GRANDMOTHER WOULD HAVE BEEN VERY PROUD.” FOR FURTHER INFORMATION AND DONOR BIOGRAPHY, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20130003001
Acquisition Date
2013-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BROOCH, CORONATION ANNIVERSARY SOUVENIR
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RHINSTONE, PEARL
Catalogue Number
P20130003002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BROOCH, CORONATION ANNIVERSARY SOUVENIR
Date
1962
Materials
METAL, RHINSTONE, PEARL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1
Length
2.25
Width
2
Description
CROWN-SHAPED, GOLD-COLOURED BROOCH, WITH A CENTRAL RED RHINESTONE, FLANKED BY TWO GREEN STONES AND FIVE FAUX PEARLS ALONG EDGE. PIN MECHANISM AT BACK.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
PERSONAL CARE
History
THIS BROOCH ORIGINALLY BELONGED TO THE DONOR’S GRANDMOTHER, DOROTHY SHAW, OF REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN. IN CORRESPONDANCE PROVIDED TO GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN IN SEPTEMBER 2013, THE DONOR, DORY ROSSITER, STATED: “MY GRANDMOTHER, ON MY FATHER’S SIDE, WAS BORN IN MAIDENHEAD, ENGLAND AND EVENTUALLY BECAME A NURSE. SHE IMMIGRATED TO CANADA IN 1915 AT THE AGE OF TWENTY. ONE YEAR LATER, SHE MET AND MARRIED MY GRANDFATHER, HENRY DOWLING, WHO WAS AN RCMP OFFICER IN SASKATCHEWAN. THE REST OF HER FAMILY REMAINED IN ENGLAND. HER SISTER, ROSE SHAW, WAS ONE OF THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE WHO LINED THE STREETS SURROUNDING BUCKINGHAM PALACE ON THAT CORONATION DAY IN 1952... [THIS] BROOCH, THE LITTLE CROWN WITH THE STONES AND PEARLS, WAS A SOUVENIR THAT WAS AVAILABLE, IN LONDON, ON THE OCCASION OF THE QUEEN’S 10TH ANNIVERSARY IN 1962. MY GRANDMOTHER’S SISTER MANAGED TO GET ONE AND SENT IT TO HER [JUST AS SHE HAD WITH THE SOUVENIR BROOCH FROM THE CORONATION, P20130003001]. GRANDMA GAVE THAT PIN TO ME AFTER WE ROTATED BACK TO CANADA, IN DECEMBER OF 1966 WHEN OUR THREE YEARS IN GERMANY WERE COMPLETED [ROSSITER'S FATHER WAS STATIONED IN GERMANY AS A MEMBER OF THE RCAF FROM 1962-1965]. WE LANDED IN TRENTON, ONTARIO AND DROVE ACROSS THE COUNTRY, STOPPING IN REGINA TO SEE MY GRANDPARENTS, ON OUR WAY TO OUR NEW POSTING AT CURRIE BARRACKS, IN CALGARY. SHE SAID THE SECOND PIN WOULD “KEEP THE OTHER PIN COMPANY” [P20130003001]. MY FATHER’S FAMILY WERE AND ARE STAUNCH SUPPORTERS OF THE MONARCHY. PERHAPS IT WAS BECAUSE OF THEIR ENGLISH BACKGROUND, BUT I ALSO THINK IT HAS TO DO WITH A REVERENCE THEY FEEL FOR OUR HISTORY AS A PEOPLE. IT IS A REVERANCE THAT I, TOO, FEEL VERY STRONGLY ABOUT. WHEN I MADE THE DECISION TO INQUIRE IF THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES WOULD BE INTERESTED IN HAVING MY TWO, LITTLE, INEXPENSIVE PINS… IT WAS MONTHS PRIOR TO FINDING OUT THAT I WAS TO RECEIVE THE QUEEN ELIZABETH DIAMOND JUBILEE MEDAL. ON JANUARY 24, 2013, I WAS PRESENTED WITH THE MEDAL BY THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF ALBERTA. THE PRESENTATION TOOK PLACE AT THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES. ON THAT DAY, UNKNOWN TO ANYONE, INSIDE MY RED SWEATER, WAS MY LITTLE CORONATION BROOCH [P20130003001]. IT HAD SORT OF COME FULL CIRCLE. MY GRANDMOTHER WOULD HAVE BEEN VERY PROUD.” FOR FURTHER INFORMATION AND DONOR BIOGRAPHY, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20130003002
Acquisition Date
2013-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"IN CASE OF DEATH OR SICKNESS"
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, SILVER
Catalogue Number
P20110017001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"IN CASE OF DEATH OR SICKNESS"
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
BRASS, SILVER
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.1
Length
1.9
Width
0.3
Description
SILVER PLATED BRASS PENDANT WITH MOST OF SILVER RUBBED OFF. SWIVELS FROM LOOP AT TOP. FRONT HAS SHIELD WITH RAISED DEPICTION OF MOTHER AND CHILD. FAINT RAISED LETTERING AROUND EDGE IS UNREADABLE. INSIDE LEFT IS ROUND CHAMBER. INSIDE RIGHT IS ENGRAVED, ““JE SUIS CATHOLIQUE EN CAS DE MORT OU DE MALADIE JE DESIRE UN PRIÈRE.” REVERSE OF PENDANT HAS ENGRAVED, “EN CAS D’ACCIDENT OU DE MALADIE OUVREZ.”
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
RELIGION
MILITARY
History
IT IS SUSPECTED THAT THIS PENDANT WAS CARRIED WITH LEN ISAACSON DURING HIS SERVICE IN WWII. THERE WAS NO COMMENT MADE BY DONOR (ISAACSON'S SON) REGARDING PENDANT'S SIGNIFICANCE. ISAACSON WAS A MEMBER OF THE LATTER DAY SAINTS CHURCH. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS AND A TRANSCRIBED INTERVIEW, SEE THIS DONATION'S PERMANENT FILE, ASSOCIATED RECORD P20110017002, THE EARLIER DONATIONS OF: ISAACSON’S RCAF SERVICE DRESS UNIFORM - P20100025001, ISAACSON’S FLIGHT HELMET BY GREEN ACRES’ PEMMICAN LODGE - P20090012000, AND THE LATER DONATION OF HIS MEDAL GROUPING - P20100043001.
Catalogue Number
P20110017001
Acquisition Date
2011-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

CARTRIDGE, CENTER-FIRE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact12807
Other Name
LINKED LIVE AMMUNITION 50 CAL. ROUNDS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, COPPER
Catalogue Number
P20110017002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LINKED LIVE AMMUNITION 50 CAL. ROUNDS
Date
1951
Materials
BRASS, COPPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.9
Length
9.1
Width
2.0
Description
THREE .50 CALIBER ROUNDS. BRASS CASINGS WITH COPPER BULLETS HELD TOGETHER WITH STEEL LINKS. STAMPED ON THE SIDES OF THE LINKS ARE, “I5,” “I5,” I1.” ENGRAVED ON THE END OF EACH CASING IS, “TW, 51.” VARIOUS SCRATCHING AND DISCOLOURATION ON CASINGS AND BULLETS.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR LEONARD KENT ISAACSON, “50 CALIBER ROUNDS ARE USED IN HEAVY MACHINE GUNS IN LARGE BOMBERS AND SPITFIRES. THEY HAVE A 2-3 MILE RANGE AND CAUSE MORE DAMAGE THAN THE ROUNDS USED BY LITTLE MACHINE GUNS. THEY ARE STILL USED TODAY AND WERE USED THROUGHOUT WWII IN ENGLAND, U.S.A. AND CANADA.” *UPDATE* COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN SPOKE TO LOCAL AMMUNITION COLLECTOR DUANE KING RELATIVE TO ACCESSION P20110017002, LINKED .50 CAL AMMUNITION; LEARNING ITS, “TW” AND “51” MARKS MEANT TWIN CITIES AMMUNITION PLANT AND THE YEAR 1951 RESPECTIVELY. THE DATE MARK 1951, THEREFORE LEADS MACLEAN TO BELIEVE THAT THE AMMUNITION IS NOT, AS EARLIER BELIEVED, TO BE PART OF HIS SERVICE AS HE WAS DISCHARGED IN 1945. *UPDATE* AT THE TIME OF DONATION, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH MADE CONTACT WITH SERGEANT GOULD AT THE CANADIAN FORCES BASE, ARMORED TRAINING UNIT IN SUFFIELD ALBERTA. SGT. GOULD INFORMED STAFF THAT IN ORDER TO RENDER THE AMMUNITION INERT, IT IS NECESSARY TO FIRE THE ROUNDS, DRILL HOLES IN THEM AND STAMP THEM. HIS RECOMMENDATION WAS TO DISPOSE OF THEM THROUGH JOINT TASK FORCE IN EDMONTON. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS AND A TRANSCRIBED INTERVIEW, SEE THIS DONATION'S PERMANENT FILE, ASSOCIATED RECORD P20110017001, THE EARLIER DONATIONS OF: ISAACSON’S RCAF SERVICE DRESS UNIFORM - P20100025001, ISAACSON’S FLIGHT HELMET BY GREEN ACRES’ PEMMICAN LODGE - P20090012000, AND THE LATER DONATION OF HIS MEDAL GROUPING - P20100043001.
Catalogue Number
P20110017002
Acquisition Date
2011-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BAR & PENDANT, "INTERNATIONAL DRY CONGRESS"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20090021006
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BAR & PENDANT, "INTERNATIONAL DRY CONGRESS"
Date
1912
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.5
Length
6.9
Width
4.4
Description
PIN, BAR AND PENDANT METAL, GOLD COLORED. BANNER SHAPED BAR WITH SCROLL WORK ON SIDES AND BOTTOM OF BORDER, LEAF IMAGE AT TOP CENTER OF BORDER, MARKED “SOUVENIR.” BROWN DISCOLORATION ON RIGHT SIDE OF BAR, MEDALLION HANGS FROM BAR, DEPICTS “EXPOSITION BLDG., 1912,” MARKED, “INTERNATIONAL DRY FARMING CONGRESS… CAN,” WREATH BORDER AT BOTTOM.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
COMMEMORATIVE
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR, CARLA SAMUELS (NEE CURRIE), AT THE TIME OF DONATION, SHE ACQUIRED THE PIN IN 1991 UPON THE PASSING OF HER FATHER WALTER CURRIE. DONOR HAD NO KNOWLEDGE OF THE PIN'S EXISTENCE PRIOR TO HER OWNERSHIP OF IT. SAMUELS WAS UNABLE TO GAIN CONTEXT FROM HER MOTHER WITH REGARD TO HER FATHER'S ACQUISITION AND OWNERSHIP OF THE PIN. SAMUELS' FATHER WAS THE SECRETARY FOR THE KNIGHTS OF PHYTHIAS (KOP) LODGE FROM THE LATE 1960'S TO THE EARLY 1970'S. IT IS PRESUMED HE ACCUMULATED THE MATERIAL AS A RESULT OF HIS MEMBERSHIP WITH THE KOP. ITEM WAS ORIGINALLY OWNED BY C. F. P. CONYBEARE. ON OCTOBER 21-26, 1912, THE 7TH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL DRY FARMING CONGRESS WAS HELD IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. IN 1911, THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE DID NOT HAVE THE INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO WOULD BE ATTENDING THE CONGRESS (8400 LOCALS AND 5000 GUESTS). AS A RESULT, THE FAIR GROUNDS WERE MOVED FROM SOUTH OF THE "LETHBRIDGE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL" (ON THE CORNER OF 9TH AVE. AND 18TH ST. S.) TO THEIR CURRENT LOCATION (3401 PARKSIDE DRIVE SOUTH). THE NEWLY DESIGNED FAIR GROUNDS INCLUDED THE EXHIBITION PAVILLION. IN ADDITION, A STREET CAR SYSTEM WAS DEVELOPED, HENDERSON PARK WAS BUILT AND THE CITY STREETS WERE PAVED. THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD (SEE ARCHIVES NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS) STATED THAT THE ROW OF EXHIBITS WAS OVER ONE MILE LONG. FIFTEEN FOREIGN COUNTRIES WERE REPRESENTED IN THE CONGRESS. GUESTS TO THE CONGRESS STAYED IN HOTELS, TEMPORARY DORMATORIES, TENTS AND HOMES. A TOTAL OF $1.5 MILLION WAS SPENT ON CIVIC IMPROVEMENTS. THE CONGRESS REPRESENTED THE LARGEST GATHERING OF AGRICULTURE EXPERTS IN NORTH AMERICA. SEE P20090021001 AND PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20090021006
Acquisition Date
2009-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail

MISSILE, SURFACE-TO-AIR

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact12475
Other Name
JAVELIN TRAINER SET
Date Range From
1992
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20060013000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
JAVELIN TRAINER SET
Date Range From
1992
Date Range To
2005
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
15
Height
245.0
Length
141.0
Width
128.0
Description
A. TARGET SELECTION UNIT. ARMY GREEN BOX, STENCILED YELLOW TEXT ON SIDE OF BOX READS, “PART OF SET NO. 24 (S15).” HANDLES ON EITHER SIDE OF BOX. BOX OPENS AND LID DETACHES. HEIGHT , LENGTH ,WIDTH . 1. BOX. UPPER FACE OF TARGET SELECTION UNIT HAS NUMEROUS KNOBS AND BUTTONS. LCD SCREEN ON UPPER RIGHT OF FACE WHERE DATA OUTPUTS GIVEN. BLACK METAL PLATE ON UPPER LEFT OF FACE READS, “SHORT, TARGET SELECTION UNIT S/A, N.S.NO. 6920-99-722-2100, SER. NO. 302416, YR 1995, WT 16.3KGS.” 7 METAL CAPPED CONNECTOR BASES ALONG BOTTOM. HEIGHT 33.0, LENGTH 42.7, WIDTH 31.5. 2. LID. TOP INNER SURFACE OF LID IS A FLAP. THREE COLUMNS OF LIVE TERMINALS ON FLAP. TWO WING NUTS ON UPPER SECTION RELEASE LOCKING MECHANISM, AND FLAP OPENS TO REVEAL FIVE STORED CABLE ASSAYS. HEIGHT 15.0, LENGTH 42.7, WIDTH 31.5. 3. CABLE BLACK CABLE WITH ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS ON BOTH ENDS. ONE END CONNECTED TO UNDERSIDE OF AIMING UNIT, WHITE TAG NEAR THIS END READS, “ AIMING UNIT. OTHER END CONNECTED INTO “LAUNCHER” TERMINAL OF TARGET SELECTION UNIT, WHITE TAG NEAR THIS END READS, “TARGET SELECTION UNIT. MIDWAY ALONG CABLE IS ATTACHED CARABINNER AND WHITE TAG READING, “S8-81-948XAA, NSNO 6920-99-742-8839. LENGTH 462, DIAMETER 4.5. 4. CABLE. BLACK SUPPLY CABLE WITH ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS ON EITHER END. PINK TAPE WRAPPED AROUND CABLE NEAR BOTH END. BOTH ENDS HAVE METAL CAP WITH CHAINS THAT ATTACH TO THE CABLE. LENGTH 460.5, DIAMETER 3.7 5. BATTERY CABLE. BLACK CABLE WITH ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR AT ONE END AND THREE BLADE CONNECTORS AT OTHER END. ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAS METAL LID ATTACHED TO CABLE VIA CHAIN, AND TWO YELLOWED WHITE TAGS TAPED NEAR END, ONE READS, “6920-99-630-0640,” AND THE OTHER READS, “SHB 891.” THREE BLADE CONNECTORS AT OTHER END WITH COLOURED TAPE WRAPPED AROUND CORDS, COLOURS BLACK, GREEN, AND RED. ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ATTACHES TO BATTERY LINK CABLE. LENGTH 93, DIAMETER 3.7. 6. BATTERY LINK CABLE. BLACK CABLE WITH ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR AT EACH END. PINK TAPE WRAPPED AROUND CABLE NEAR BOTH ENDS AND IN MIDDLE. TWO METAL CAPS ON CHAINS ATTACHED TO CABLE VIA RINGS, WHICH ARE ALLOWED TO MOVE FREELY ALONG LENGTH OF CABLE. ONE END OF BATTER LINK CONNECTED TO 24V OUTPUT OF TARGET SELECTION UNIT. OTHER END CONNECTED TO BATTERY CABLE. LENGTH 138.2, DIAMETER 2.7. 7. CABLE. BLACK CABLE WITH ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR AT ONE END AND FOUR ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS AT OTHER END. CABLE RUNS FROM TARGET SELECTION UNIT TO SCOPE. WHITE TAG NEAR SINGLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR END READS, “TARGET SELECTION UNIT,” AND TAG FURTHER DOWN CABLE READS, “DSD 0054, 58-81-1110XABXC.” METAL CAP ON CHAIN ATTACHED TO CABLE VIA RING, WHICH IS ALLOWED TO MOVE FREELY ALONG LENGTH OF CABLE. CABLE BRANCHES AT OTHER END INTO TWO ONE-PIN PLUG CONNECTORS, ONE LABELED, “Y INPUT,” AND THE OTHER LABELED, “X INPUT.” TWO PINK WIRES EMERGE FROM BRANCHING POINT, ENDING IN RED AND BLACK ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS LABELED, “BRIGHTNESS,” AND, “GROUND,” RESPECTIVELY. LENGTH 172.5, DIAMETER 2.7. 8. CABLE BLACK, YELLOW AND RED CABLE WITH BLADE CONNECTORS ON EITHER END. UNKNOWN WHERE CABLE WAS USED. WHITE TAG ON MIDDLE OF CABLE READS, “6920-99-630-0641.” LENGTH 37.8, DIAMETER 2.6. 9. ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR CONNECTOR HAS BEEN SEVERED FROM ITS CABLE. BLUE PLASTIC WIRE SHEATH EVIDENT ON ONE END, OTHER END IS FEMALE WITH THREE SLOTS LABELLED A, B, AND C. UNKNOWN HOW THIS ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WAS USED. LENGTH 3.7, DIAMETER 2.4. B. AIMING UNIT. COMPRISED OF TWO MAIN PARTS, THE OPTICAL-HEAD (UPPER COMPONENT) AND CONTROL UNIT (LOWER COMPONENT). BOTH PARTS ARMY GREEN AND ROUGHLY BOX-SHAPED. SEMICIRCULAR CUTAWAY ON CONTROL UNIT WHICH ALLOWS AIMING UNIT TO REST ON MISSILE FIRING TUBE. FRONT SIDE OF AIMING UNIT WITH LENS COVERED WITH RED TAPE. SIDE HAS STENCILED YELLOW AND HANDWRITTEN BLACK TEXT READING, “5, PART OF SET NO. 5.” BACK OF AIMING UNIT HAS MONOCULAR WITH EYE SHIELD, LENS WITH BLACK CAP SET AT 45 DEGREE ANGLE TO UNIT, AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ON UNDERSIDE. BLACK METAL PLATE ADJACENT TO MONOCULAR READS, “N.S.NO 6920-99-775-4291, SERIAL NO. AVL/186, YEAR 1983.WHEN FACING REAR OF CONTROL UNIT, TRIGGER AT BOTTOM RIGHT SIDE. HEIGHT 40.5, LENGTH 31.5, WIDTH 25.5. C. MISSILE FIRING TUBE. TWO ARMY-GREEN TUBES OF DIFFERING DIAMETERS FUSED TOGETHER AT ENDS. ON TUBE WITH SMALLER DIAMETER, END IS CLOSED, WHITE STENCILED TEXT ALONG LENGTH READS, “TRAINER,” AND TWO YELLOW BANDS ALONG CIRCUMFERENCE. ON TUBE WITH LARGER DIAMETER, END HAS FIBERGLASS CAP, BLUE-GREEN STENCIL READS “2,” THREE YELLOW BANDS ALONG CIRCUMFERENCE, AND BLACK METAL PLATE THAT READS, “SHORTS, CANISTER TRAINER (S15), N.S.NO 6920-99-733-2801, SERIAL NO 300109, YR 1991, WEIGHT 2.5 KGS.” ON UNDERSIDE OF TUBE IS PLACE FOR CARABINEER TO ATTACH. LENGTH 140., DIAMETER 19.7. D. WEIGHT DROPPING MECHANISM. ARMY GREEN METAL TUBE WITH YELLOW STENCILED TEXT ALONG LENGTH READING, “WEIGHT DROPPING MECHANISM, NATO STOCKING NO 6920-99-770-9250.” AT BOTTOM OF CANISTER IS SQUARE PLATE BY WHICH IT IS MOUNTED UPRIGHT ON BASE SUB-ASSEMBLY. AT TOP OF CANISTER IS METAL BOX-LIKE APPARATUS WHICH HOUSES PULLEY. ROPE ATTACHED TO PULLEY, EITHER END OF ROPE WITH CARABINEER. ONE CARABINEER ATTACHES TO BASE OF METAL BOX, THE OTHER ATTACHES TO BASE OF MISSILE FIRING TUBE. HOLLOW TUBE ADJACENT TO METAL BOX ALLOWS FOR DAVIT SUB-ASSEMBLY UNIT TO ATTACH. HEIGHT 127.8, LENGTH 22.0, WIDTH 16.8. E. BASE SUB-ASSEMBLY. ARMY-GREEN METAL SUPPORT, SHAPED LIKE LETTER, “A” WITH TWO CROSSBARS. ADJUSTABLE FEET AT THREE CORNERS. YELLOW STENCILED TEXT ON CROSS BAR READS, “BASE SUB-ASSEMBLY, N.S.NO 6920-99-765-8347.” BLACK METAL PLATE ON BOTTOM OF EACH LEG OF “A”. ONE PLATE READS, “SHORTS, LAUNCH EFFECTS UNIT TRAINER N.S.NO 6920-99-661-6058, SER NO 302009, YR 1992, WT 65.5 KGS,” OTHER PLATE READS, “LAUNCH EFFECT UNIT TRAINER JAVELIN S15…DND CANADA MDN.” PAPER ADDRESS LABEL NEAR TOP OF “A.” IN BETWEEN CROSS BARS OF BASE SUB-ASSEMBLY IS PLATE WHERE WEIGHT DROPPING MECHANISM AFFIXES. HEIGHT 30.0, LENGTH 117.0, WIDTH 110.0. F. 1. DAVIT SUB ASSEMBLY. ARMY-GREEN METAL “L” SHAPED ROD. YELLOW STENCILED TEXT ALONG LENGTH OF ROD READS, “DAVIT SUB ASSEMBLY, N.S.NO 6920-9?-765-8346.” LONGER END OF ROD WITH BAND OF RED TAPE, UNPAINTED METAL SECTION INSERTS INTO HOLLOW TUBE OF WEIGHT DROPPING MECHANISM. SHORTER END OF ROD HAS PLACE FOR SPRING TO ATTACH. LENGTH 119.0, WIDTH 64.5. 2. SPRING WITH HOOK AT ONE END, CONNECTED TO ROPE SHEATHED IN PLASTIC AT OTHER END. AT END OF ROPE IS CARABINEER, WHICH ATTACHES TO TOP OF OPTICAL HEAD OF AIMING UNIT TRAINER. LENGTH 84.0, WIDTH 6.5. G. OSCILLOSCOPE. BEIGE BOX, HANDLE AND TORN WHITE LABEL ON TOP, LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT THAT READS, “LET.” MAIN FACE OF BOX WITH NUMEROUS SWITCHES, KNOBS AND BUTTONS. SCREEN IN UPPER LEFT. ABOVE SCREEN TEXT READS, “KIKUSUI 20 MHZ OSCILLOSCOPE COS 5020 TM.” ON LOWER CENTER OF FACE ARE TWO KNOBS WITH YELLOW BUTTONS ON TIPS, BUTTONS READ, “VAR.” SIDE OPPOSITE MAIN FACE WITH SEVERAL ELECTRICAL INPUTS AND THREE LABELS, COLOURS BLUE, WHITE, AND SILVER. SMALL METAL PLATE ON LOWER RIGHT READS, “11017019.” HEIGHT 21.5, LENGTH 42.5, WIDTH 21.5.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ON 28 NOVEMBER 2008, THE DISPOSAL, SALES, ARTIFACTS AND LOANS BRANCH OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE ENTERED INTO AN AGREEMENT WITH THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES TO DONATE ONE JAVELIN TRAINER MISSILE SET (PART TASK TRAINER) AND SUPPORTIVE EQUIPMENT. PHYSICAL POSSESSION OF THE TRAINER, PRE-AGREEMENT, WAS GAINED ON 10 AUGUST 2006. THE REQUEST TO OBTAIN THE LETHBRIDGE-SPECIFIC TRAINER BEGAN WITH A LETTER TO THE 18TH AIR DEFENSE (18AD) REGIMENT’S COMMANDING OFFICER MAJOR LESSARD ON 31 MAY 2005. AT THE TIME, KEVIN MACLEAN, THE GALT’S COLLECTIONS TECH AND FORMER MEMBER OF 18AD, KNEW THAT THE LETHBRIDGE-BASED EQUIPMENT WAS DEEMED OBSOLETE AND WAS LISTED FOR GENERAL STORES’ RETURN AND DISPOSITION. HE, THEREFORE, REQUESTED SOME SAMPLE JAVELIN EQUIPMENT FOR DONATION IN ORDER THAT THE LOCALLY-USED WEAPON WOULD BE AVAILABLE IN LETHBRIDGE IN PERPETUITY. IT TOOK THREE AND A HALF YEARS BEFORE THE TRANSFER WAS GRANTED FINAL APPROVAL BY THE ASSISTANT DEPUTY MINISTER MATERIALS (GOVERNMENT OF CANADA). THE JAVELIN MISSILE SYSTEM WAS ORIGINALLY PURCHASED BY THE CANADIAN FORCES IN 1991 AS PART OF AN IMMEDIATE OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENT TO PROTECT CANADIAN NAVY SHIPS IN THE PERSIAN GULF AGAINST ATTACK FROM IRAQI AIRCRAFT. AT THE SAME TIME, WORLD EVENTS LED THE CF TO SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE ITS REGULAR FORCE MANPOWER. THE ARMY, CONSEQUENTLY, FOUND IT HAD AN OVER ABUNDANCE OF JAVELIN WEAPONS AND A SHORTAGE OF GUNNERS TO USE THEM. ‘TOTAL FORCE’ WAS THE CANADIAN ARMY’S SOLUTION TO THE MANPOWER SHORTAGE. IT PROPOSED THE INTEGRATION OF THE REGULAR FORCE AND RESERVIST SOLDIERS AT RE-ROLLED AIR DEFENCE ARTILLERY UNITS, THUS, PROVIDING ADDITIONAL SOLDIERS (RESERVISTS) TO OPERATE THE JAVELIN. LETHBRIDGE 20TH INDEPENDENT FIELD BATTERY, RCA WAS SELECTED AS ONE OF THREE NATIONAL SITES TO IMPLEMENT THE CONCEPT. CONSEQUENTLY, THE BATTERY’S REGULAR FORCE REPRESENTATION INCREASED FROM 4 TO 42 SOLDIERS AND THE UNIT’S 105 HOWITZERS WERE REPLACED WITH THE JAVELIN ANTI-AIRCRAFT SYSTEM. THE 20TH BATTERY TOOK DELIVERY OF ITS FIRST JAVELIN-RELATED EQUIPMENT, INCLUDING THE TRAINER, IN THE FALL OF 1992 IN ADVANCE OF THE BATTERY’S RE-ROLLING. ON 10 NOVEMBER 1992, THE UNIT WAS RE-NAMED THE 18TH AIR DEFENCE REGIMENT AND TASKED WITH THE JOB OF VERY LOW-LEVEL AIR DEFENSE (VLLAD). ON 15 MAY 1993, THE REGIMENT’S NEW MANDATE WAS OFFICIALLY AND PUBLICLY RECOGNIZED AT A CEREMONY HELD IN THE CITY’S GALT GARDENS. THE LASER-GUIDED S-15 JAVELIN WAS A VERY SHORT-RANGE, AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY MISSILE SYSTEM (VSHORAD) EMPLOYED TO COUNTER HOSTILE AIRCRAFT (HELICOPTERS OR FIXED WING) AT LOW ALTITUDES. IT WAS “MAN-PORTABLE”, FIRED FROM EITHER THE SHOULDER OR FROM A MOUNTED LIGHTWEIGHT MULTIPLE LAUNCHER (LML) WHICH CONTAINED THREE MISSILES, HAD A RANGE OF 5.5KM AND WAS CAPABLE OF SPEEDS OF MACH 1.7 AND AN ALTITUDE OF 1 KM. A JAVELIN DETACHMENT INCLUDED A CREW OF THREE (3) PERSONNEL. THE JAVELIN TRAINER MISSILE SET ALLOWED FOR THE INDIVIDUAL TRAINING OF GUNNERS BEFORE THEY PROCEEDED TO AN ACTUAL LIVE MISSILE FIRING. ANNUAL LIVE FIRINGS (KNOWN AS EXERCISE BLAZING ARCHER) OF THE JAVELIN BY SOLDIERS OF THE 18AD WERE CONDUCTED PRIMARILY AT CANADIAN FORCES BASE SUFFIELD. THE COST OF THE MISSILES WAS EXPENSIVE AND A LIMITED SUPPLY OF MISSILES MEANT THAT THE GUNNERS COULD ONLY FIRE A COUPLE PER YEAR. ACCORDING TO GLEN MILLER, RETIRED WARRANT OFFICER AT THE 18AD, A GUNNER WAS ALLOWED TO FIRE A LIVE MISSILE ONLY AFTER HE/SHE COMPLETED A MINIMUM 1200 SIMULATED ENGAGEMENTS ON THE TRAINER. ADDITIONALLY, THE GUNNERS HAD TO ACHIEVE A MINIMAL SCORE BASED ON 100 SIMULATED DIFFERENT ENGAGEMENTS KNOWN AS THE 10 SET FINAL. FINALLY, AS PART OF THEIR APPROVAL TO FIRE A LIVE MISSILE, GUNNERS WERE REQUIRED TO PASS AN AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION TEST. FOUR TRAINERS WERE IN USE AT THE 18AD AND, ACCORDING TO MILLER, ANY ONE OF THEM COULD BE USED IN A “CLASS SETTING OR IN THE FIELD WITH LIVE AIRCRAFT”. UPON FULFILLMENT OF THE EXERCISE, SOLDIERS RECEIVED THEIR ANNUAL JAVELIN COMPETENCY CERTIFICATION. THE TRAINER, COMMENTED MILLER IN 2008, SAW VERY LITTLE IMPROVEMENT IN TECHNOLOGY OVER ITS LIFE AT 18AD. IT “LACKED THE DYNAMIC INTERFACE OF ANY SENSE OF REALISM. IT ONLY PROVIDED TRAINING TO THE OPERATOR OF THE MISSILE. MOST GUNNERS OF TODAY FOUND MORE COMPLEX GAMES ON THEIR XBOX AT HOME. THIS SYSTEM USED AN OVAL TO REPRESENT A TARGET WITH A SINGLE LINE THROUGH IT TO INDICATE A FIXED WING OR A LINE ON TOP OF THE CIRCLE FOR A HELICOPTER.” FURTHER, HE SAID, “WHENEVER A TRAINER WAS SENT FOR REPAIR, IT WAS SEVERAL MONTHS PLUS, TO GET IT WORKING.” SHORTFALLS IDENTIFIED WITH THE TRAINER LED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CANADIAN-BUILT JAVELIN SIMULATOR. THE SIMULATORS WERE INSTALLED AT FOUR LOCATIONS IN THE LATE 1990S: THE CANADIAN FORCES’ ARTILLERY SCHOOL AT CFB CHATAM, NEW BRUNSWICK; 18AD; QUEBEC CITY; AND PEMBROKE, ONT. THE NEW SIMULATOR ALLOWED FOR THE TESTING OF ALL MEMBERS OF THE DETACHMENT. IT ADDITIONALLY HAD THE CAPACITY TO RECORD DATA AND VIDEO OF THE DETACHMENT FOR PLAY BACK. IN THE EARLY 2000S, A NEW INITIATIVE BEGAN TO MOUNT THE JAVELIN ON RE-ROLLED 6X6 ARMOURED VEHICLES (GRIZZLY) IN ORDER TO PROVIDE CLOSE-IN ANTI-AIRCRAFT SUPPORT WHILE “ON THE FLY”. THIS “WLAV LIFE EXTENSION PROJECT” CALLED FOR 23 JAVELIN-EQUIPPED GRIZZLY CONVERSIONS DUBBED ‘WOLVERINE’. THE PROTOTYPE WAS TRIALED BY 18AD REGIMENT FROM FEBRUARY TO APRIL 2002 AND WAS “HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL”, BUT WAS DERAILED FOR REASONS WHICH MAY HAVE INCLUDED A SHORTAGE OF GRIZZLY VEHICLES. THE CF WITHDREW THE JAVELIN MISSILE FROM ITS INVENTORY IN 2004. NO ALTERNATE MISSILE SYSTEM WAS SECURED TO REPLACE THE S-15 JAVELIN AND THE CF’S VSHORAD ROLE WAS ABANDONED. CONSEQUENTLY, JAVELIN UNITS, SUCH AS 18AD, WERE REASSIGNED TO OTHER TASKS. ON OR AROUND 12 MARCH, 2005 THE 18TH AD REGIMENT ENGAGED IN EXERCISE BLAZING ARCHER AT CFB SUFFIELD FOR THE VERY LAST TIME, FIRING 73 JAVELIN MISSILES. ON 14 APRIL 2005, THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED NEWS OF THE REGIMENT’S CHANGES, RESULTING FROM THE LACK OF A SUCCESSOR TO THE S-15 JAVELIN. CAPTAIN MIKE DUGUAY NOTED IN THE ARTICLE THAT, “(THE REGIMENT) WILL BE LOSING THE AIR DEFENCE ROLE AND MOVING TO SOMETHING MORE RELEVANT.” CONSEQUENTLY, “A LARGE NUMBER OF REGULAR FORCE PEOPLE HERE (NUMBERING 38 ALL RANKS IN LETHBRIDGE) WILL BE DEPARTING ON POSTINGS ALL ACROSS CANADA”. THE MOVE, SAID DUGUAY, WAS DUE TO THERE BEING “NO AIR THREAT ANY LONGER… SO THE NEED FOR AIR DEFENCE IS BEING SEEN AS A LUXURY THAT CAN BE DISCARDED.” THE POST-JAVELIN ERA HERALDED THE REGIMENT’S RETURN TO ITS RESERVIST, FIELD ARTILLERY ORIGINS, FOUNDED BY BRIGADIER GENERAL J.S. STEWART IN 1908. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE PERMANENT FILE AND REFERENCE MATERIAL: PARTS LIST, STARBURST TRAINER SET, GUIDED MISSILE SYSTEM (WHITE BINDER ON BOOKSHELF).
Catalogue Number
P20060013000
Acquisition Date
2007-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail

364 records – page 1 of 19.