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26 records – page 1 of 2.

Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1924
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BONE, RHINESTONE
Catalogue Number
P20160042003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1924
Materials
BONE, RHINESTONE
No. Pieces
1
Height
16.3
Length
8.5
Description
FAN-SHAPED HAIR ORNAMENT WITH TWO LARGE PRONGS. CREAM-COLOURED WITH BROWN DAPPLING. 5 WHITE TULIP-SHAPED DESIGNS ON FANNED EDGE OF ORNAMENT WITH GREEN RHINESTONES INLAID IN THE WHITE SECTIONS OF DESIGN. TWO THIN LINES ARE ETCHED ON EITHER SIDE OF EACH WHITE TULIP SECTION. CONDITION: DESIGN FADED WITH ONE GREEN RHINESTONE MISSING ON AN INNER TULIP. SLIGHT LOSS OF FINISH ESPECIALLY AT THE WHITE PORTIONS OF DESIGN. SCUFFED SURFACE OVERALL.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ON 2 DECEMBER 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONORS, MAKIO (MAC) AND REYKO NISHIYAMA, IN THEIR HOME TO DISCUSS ITEMS THEY WERE DONATING TO THE GALT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED THIS HAIR ORNAMENT AND A MATCHING ONE CAME INTO HER CUSTODY AFTER ITS INITIAL OWNERS – HER PARENTS TAKASHI AND CHIAKI KARAKI – MOVED FROM THEIR RAYMOND HOME TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. SHE SAID, “… [AFTER THE] SIXTY YEARS OF FARMING, MY [PARENTS] DID IN RAYMOND… THEY SELL THE WHOLE THING AND MOVE! I’M LEFT BEHIND IN RAYMOND BY MYSELF, MARRIED… WHEN THEY MOVE TO QUESNEL, B.C [IN THE LATE 1950S], THEY HAD TO LEAVE BEHIND THEIR TRUNK AND IT HAD ALL THE TREASURES IN IT.” OTHER TREASURES FOUND IN THE TRUNK WERE HER MOTHER’S COMB AND A VASE ALSO DONATED WITH THE TWO HAIR ORNAMENTS (P20160042001 & 003-004). MRS. NISHIYAMA REMEMBERED, “[MY MOTHER] EXPLAINED TO ME THAT SHE’D KEPT THESE BECAUSE THEY WERE HERS – GIVEN TO HER BY HER PARENTS – AND SHE WANTED ME TO SORT OF TAKE CARE OF THEM… [THEY] CAME WITH HER WHEN SHE GOT MARRIED… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… [THESE] TWO PIECES ARE HER HAIR ORNAMENTS, AND I’M GUESSING THAT THEY ARE BONE… [THEY WERE] NOT ANYTHING TO USE AROUND HERE, ANYWAY, SO WE JUST THOUGHT THEY WERE BEAUTIFUL, AND, ONCE IN A WHILE, WE GET TO SEE IT.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE REMEMBERED HER MOTHER USING THE COMB AND HAIR ACCESSORIES, MRS. NISHIYAMA STATED, “NO. BY THE TIME SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE REALIZED THERE’S NO DRESSING UP OR NOTHING. YOU KNOW THE HAIRDOS – THE FANCY HAIRDOS THAT THEY HAD IN JAPAN - THEY WERE LONG GONE, SO THEY JUST WENT BY. I KNOW SHE BRAIDED HER HAIR AND WORE A BUN ON THE BACK OF HER HEAD, FOR YEARS AND YEARS, BEFORE SHE CUT IT SHORT. SO, I JUST REMEMBERED A LITTLE TREASURE THAT SHE HAD IN THE DRAWER… IT WAS IN A SPECIAL SPOT IN THE DRESSER, AND WE ONLY GOT TO SEE IT ONCE IN A WHILE. IT WAS SPECIAL. IT WAS HER TREASURES THAT SHE KEPT.” SPEAKING OF THE ITEMS’ USE ONCE THEY WERE IN HER POSSESSION, MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID, “[THEY WERE] NOT REALLY [USED]. I THINK I’VE HAD IT OUT WHEN THEY ASKED FOR IT AT JAPANESE GARDENS. I THINK WE HAD SOMETHING ELSE SOMEWHERE, WHERE WE HAD A DISPLAY… I THINK THAT’S THE ONLY TIMES THAT THEY CAME OUT…” THE TRUNK, ALONG WITH ITS CONTENTS, WERE BROUGHT TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA FROM JAPAN BY HER MOTHER, CHIAKI KARAKI (NEE KUMAGAI), FOLLOWING HER MARRIAGE TO TAKASHI KARAKI. MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED HER PARENTS’ MARRIAGE STORY: “… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… NOT QUITE EIGHTEEN… I OFTEN SAID TO MY MOTHER…, ‘HOW IN THE WORLD DID YOUR PARENTS EVER LET YOU GO TO CANADA? YOU DIDN’T KNOW THE LANGUAGE – IT’S A DIFFERENT COUNTRY.’ SHE DIDN’T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT MY DAD, EXCEPT THAT HE WAS A FARMER. HE’S SEVENTEEN YEARS OLDER THAN SHE WAS THEN. IT DOESN’T MAKE SENSE. SHE JUST SAID, ‘MY PARENTS SAID TO GO, SO I CAME’ … IT TOOK A LOT OF COURAGE…” MRS. NISHIYAMA WENT ON, “ALL JAPANESE MARRIAGES WERE DONE [BY] GO-BETWEENS. THERE WERE, I WOULD SAY, HARDLY ANY, IN FACT, I DON’T THINK THERE WAS ANY… FALLING-IN-LOVE KIND OF THING. THAT WAS JUST NOT EVEN THOUGHT ABOUT… MY DAD’S FOLKS WERE IN THE VILLAGE. THEY WERE FARMERS… THEY HAD A LARGE HOUSE AND THEY RAISED SILKWORMS. MY MOTHER’S FOLKS LIVED IN THE TOWN… SHE COMES FROM A VERY MODEST FAMILY, BUT HER DAD WAS A PAWN BROKER…” A FAMILY HISTORY WRITTEN BY MRS. NISHIYAMA AND HER BROTHER, SUSUMU KARAKI, IN THE BOOK TITLED "NISHIKI: NIKKEI TAPESTRY: A HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA JAPANESE CANADIANS" (PUBLISHED 2001), ELABORATES ON THE FAMILY’S STORY. IT STATES THEIR FATHER, TAKASHI KARAKI, WAS BORN ON 1 JULY 1889 IN NAGANO PREFECTURE, JAPAN. THE HISTORY READS, “AFTER GRADUATING FROM HIGH SCHOOL IN 1907… HE LEFT A COMFORTABLE HOME… TO VENTURE OUT FOR A NEW LIFE IN AMERICA.” IT EXPLAINS HE LANDED IN VANCOUVER, AND WAS LURED BY A HIGH SALARY JOB IN SKEENA, BRITISH COLUMBIA. AFTER WORKING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, THE HISTORY SAYS THAT “IN 1909, HE AND SEVERAL HUNDRED OTHER YOUNG JAPANESE MEN WERE RECRUITED BY AN AGENT OF THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY TO WORK IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS IN RAYMOND, [ALBERTA] WITH PROMISES OF GOOD PAY AND EASY WORK...” THE MEN SOON LEARNED THAT THE WORK WAS MUCH MORE DIFFICULT AND THE PAY SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN THEY HAD BEEN INITIALLY BEEN PROMISED, SO MANY RETURNED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA AFTER THEIR CONTRACT YEAR. KARAKI WAS OF THE GROUP THAT DECIDED TO STAY ON WITH THE COMPANY UNTIL ITS CLOSURE IN 1914. AFTER THAT, HE BEGAN A FARMING OPERATION WITH TWO OF THE FRIENDS HE MADE IN THE COMPANY – LEASING LAND FROM FIRST THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY, THEN FROM A LOCAL NAMED ROLLO KINSEY, AND FINALLY FROM THE MCINTYRE RANCH IN MAGRATH. EVEN THOUGH THE PARTNERSHIP DISSOLVED AFTER THE FIRST THREE YEARS, KARAKI PERSISTED UNDER THE TRYING CONDITIONS, AND BY 1918 HE MADE THE DECISION TO MAKE ALBERTA HIS PERMANENT HOME AND TO BECOME A CANADIAN CITIZEN. HE PURCHASED A DRY LAND FARM IN RAYMOND AND FARMED THAT FOR FIVE YEARS BEFORE DECIDING HE WANTED TO GET MARRIED AND RAISE A FAMILY OF HIS OWN. HE RETURNED TO JAPAN IN 1923, WHERE HE MET THROUGH FAMILY AND FRIENDS, CHIAKI KUMAGAI, WHO WAS ALSO FROM THE NAGANO PREFECTURE. THE COUPLE MARRIED IN DECEMBER 1923, AND THE NEWLYWEDS RETURNED TO RAYMOND IN SPRING 1924. IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW, MRS. NISHIYAMA ADDED, “THERE WAS SOMEBODY ELSE. GO-BETWEENS HAD PICKED OUT SOMEONE ELSE FOR HIM, SO SOMEONE ELSE LOOKED AT HIM AND SAID ‘NO, THANK YOU.’ YOU KNOW, SOMETIMES IT WORKS, AND SOMETIMES IT DIDN’T. SO, THEN THEY HAD TO SCROUNGE A LITTLE BIT, AND MY MOTHER’S TOWN WAS NOT SO FAR FROM WHERE DAD’S FAMILY LIVED, SO THEY SAID, ‘WELL, WE’RE NOT THAT FAR APART. WHEN YOU COME HOME FOR A VISIT, YOU WILL BE ABLE TO VISIT.’” WHEN DESCRIBING THE HOME THE COUPLE INTIALLY SETTLED IN, MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED, “WE [WERE] 8 MILES SOUTH OF RAYMOND, IN WHAT WE CALL THE MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT… THERE WERE QUITE A FEW JAPANESE FAMILIES IN AND AROUND THAT MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT, SO WE WERE SORT OF THE MAJORITY.” MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID THAT HER MOTHER SPOKE OFTEN OF HER EARLY DAYS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MRS. NISHIYAMA RECALLED, “IT WAS REALLY VERY LONELY [FOR MY MOTHER]. SHE’S YOUNG; THE CLOSEST NEIGHBOR WAS HALF A MILE AWAY… WHEN SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE SAID, ‘YOU SAID OUR NEIGHBORS ARE TAKAGUCHI’S. IS THAT HOUSE OVER THERE OUR NEIGHBORS?’ DAD SAID, ‘NO, THAT’S A CHICKEN COOP. THE NEIGHBOR’S HOUSE IS AWAY OVER THERE.’ FOR HER, THAT’S JUST APPALLING, COMING FROM A TOWN WHERE NEIGHBORS WERE CLOSE…DAD WOULD GET UP ONTO THE FIELD. NO ONE TO TALK TO EVEN. FORTUNATELY, SHE SAID, HER BROTHER-IN-LAW (DAD HAD A YOUNGER BROTHER HELPING HIM AT THAT TIME) – AND HE SAID, ‘GET ON THE BACK OF MY TRACTOR AND (IT WASN’T TRACTOR THEN – IT WAS HORSE AND BUGGY, BUT ANYWAY -) JUST COME AND RIDE THE FIELD WITH ME.’ AND, SHE DID JUST BECAUSE SHE COULDN’T STAND BEING BY HERSELF IN A LONELY OUTPOST, ON THE PRAIRIES, WITH NOTHING TO LOOK AT…” ACCORDING TO THE KARAKI FAMILY HISTORY IN THE NISHIKI BOOK, THE COUPLE RAISED A FAMILY OF SIX CHILDREN INCLUDING THE DONOR, REYKO NISHIYAMA. BY 1956, THEY SOLD THEIR FARM AND RELOCATED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. TAKASHI PASSED AWAY IN THERE IN 1974 AT THE AGE OF 85 AND CHIAKI PASSED AWAY 14 YEARS LATER IN 1988. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS AND COPIES OF THE FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160042003
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1924
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BONE, RHINESTONES
Catalogue Number
P20160042004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1924
Materials
BONE, RHINESTONES
No. Pieces
1
Length
11
Width
6.5
Description
CROWN-SHAPED HAIR ORNAMENT. SHAPE IS MADE UP OF FOUR TULIP SHAPES. BONE COLOUR IS CREAM WITH BROWN DAPPLING. THE TULIPS ARE WHITE INLAID WITH GREEN RHINESTONES. LEAF-SHAPED DESIGNS ON THE BASE (TWO PER FLOWER) ARE BLACK INLAID WITH PALE BLUE RHINESTONES. FINE LINES ARE ETCHED INTO THE BLACK OF LEAVES AND AROUND THE FLOWER HEADS. CONDITION: DESIGNS ARE SLIGHTLY FADED WITH SLIGHT DIRT ACCUMULATION ON WHITE AREAS OF FLOWERS. TWO GREEN RHINESTONS AND ONE BLUE RHINESTONE MISSING. CLOSING MECHANISM AT BACK IS MISSING. SLIGHT SCUFFS ON OVERALL SURFACE.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ON 2 DECEMBER 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONORS, MAKIO (MAC) AND REYKO NISHIYAMA, IN THEIR HOME TO DISCUSS ITEMS THEY WERE DONATING TO THE GALT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED THIS HAIR ORNAMENT AND A MATCHING ONE CAME INTO HER CUSTODY AFTER ITS INITIAL OWNERS – HER PARENTS TAKASHI AND CHIAKI KARAKI – MOVED FROM THEIR RAYMOND HOME TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. SHE SAID, “… [AFTER THE] SIXTY YEARS OF FARMING, MY [PARENTS] DID IN RAYMOND… THEY SELL THE WHOLE THING AND MOVE! I’M LEFT BEHIND IN RAYMOND BY MYSELF, MARRIED… WHEN THEY MOVE TO QUESNEL, B.C [IN THE LATE 1950S], THEY HAD TO LEAVE BEHIND THEIR TRUNK AND IT HAD ALL THE TREASURES IN IT.” OTHER TREASURES FOUND IN THE TRUNK WERE HER MOTHER’S COMB AND A VASE ALSO DONATED WITH THE HAIR ORNAMENTS (P20160042001 & 003-004). MRS. NISHIYAMA REMEMBERED, “[MY MOTHER] EXPLAINED TO ME THAT SHE’D KEPT THESE BECAUSE THEY WERE HERS – GIVEN TO HER BY HER PARENTS – AND SHE WANTED ME TO SORT OF TAKE CARE OF THEM… [THEY] CAME WITH HER WHEN SHE GOT MARRIED… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… [THESE] TWO PIECES ARE HER HAIR ORNAMENTS, AND I’M GUESSING THAT THEY ARE BONE… [THEY WERE] NOT ANYTHING TO USE AROUND HERE, ANYWAY, SO WE JUST THOUGHT THEY WERE BEAUTIFUL, AND, ONCE IN A WHILE, WE GET TO SEE IT.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE REMEMBERED HER MOTHER USING THE COMB AND HAIR ACCESSORIES, MRS. NISHIYAMA STATED, “NO. BY THE TIME SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE REALIZED THERE’S NO DRESSING UP OR NOTHING. YOU KNOW THE HAIRDOS – THE FANCY HAIRDOS THAT THEY HAD IN JAPAN - THEY WERE LONG GONE, SO THEY JUST WENT BY. I KNOW SHE BRAIDED HER HAIR AND WORE A BUN ON THE BACK OF HER HEAD, FOR YEARS AND YEARS, BEFORE SHE CUT IT SHORT. SO, I JUST REMEMBERED A LITTLE TREASURE THAT SHE HAD IN THE DRAWER… IT WAS IN A SPECIAL SPOT IN THE DRESSER, AND WE ONLY GOT TO SEE IT ONCE IN A WHILE. IT WAS SPECIAL. IT WAS HER TREASURES THAT SHE KEPT.” SPEAKING OF THE ITEMS’ USE ONCE THEY WERE IN HER POSSESSION, MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID, “[THEY WERE] NOT REALLY [USED]. I THINK I’VE HAD IT OUT WHEN THEY ASKED FOR IT AT JAPANESE GARDENS. I THINK WE HAD SOMETHING ELSE SOMEWHERE, WHERE WE HAD A DISPLAY… I THINK THAT’S THE ONLY TIMES THAT THEY CAME OUT…” THE TRUNK, ALONG WITH ITS CONTENTS, WERE BROUGHT TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA FROM JAPAN BY HER MOTHER, CHIAKI KARAKI (NEE KUMAGAI), FOLLOWING HER MARRIAGE TO TAKASHI KARAKI. MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED HER PARENTS’ MARRIAGE STORY: “… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… NOT QUITE EIGHTEEN… I OFTEN SAID TO MY MOTHER…, ‘HOW IN THE WORLD DID YOUR PARENTS EVER LET YOU GO TO CANADA? YOU DIDN’T KNOW THE LANGUAGE – IT’S A DIFFERENT COUNTRY.’ SHE DIDN’T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT MY DAD, EXCEPT THAT HE WAS A FARMER. HE’S SEVENTEEN YEARS OLDER THAN SHE WAS THEN. IT DOESN’T MAKE SENSE. SHE JUST SAID, ‘MY PARENTS SAID TO GO, SO I CAME’ … IT TOOK A LOT OF COURAGE…” MRS. NISHIYAMA WENT ON, “ALL JAPANESE MARRIAGES WERE DONE [BY] GO-BETWEENS. THERE WERE, I WOULD SAY, HARDLY ANY, IN FACT, I DON’T THINK THERE WAS ANY… FALLING-IN-LOVE KIND OF THING. THAT WAS JUST NOT EVEN THOUGHT ABOUT… MY DAD’S FOLKS WERE IN THE VILLAGE. THEY WERE FARMERS… THEY HAD A LARGE HOUSE AND THEY RAISED SILKWORMS. MY MOTHER’S FOLKS LIVED IN THE TOWN… SHE COMES FROM A VERY MODEST FAMILY, BUT HER DAD WAS A PAWN BROKER…” A FAMILY HISTORY WRITTEN BY MRS. NISHIYAMA AND HER BROTHER, SUSUMU KARAKI, IN THE BOOK TITLED "NISHIKI: NIKKEI TAPESTRY: A HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA JAPANESE CANADIANS" (PUBLISHED 2001), ELABORATES ON THE FAMILY’S STORY. IT STATES THEIR FATHER, TAKASHI KARAKI, WAS BORN ON 1 JULY 1889 IN NAGANO PREFECTURE, JAPAN. THE HISTORY READS, “AFTER GRADUATING FROM HIGH SCHOOL IN 1907… HE LEFT A COMFORTABLE HOME… TO VENTURE OUT FOR A NEW LIFE IN AMERICA.” IT EXPLAINS HE LANDED IN VANCOUVER, AND WAS LURED BY A HIGH SALARY JOB IN SKEENA, BRITISH COLUMBIA. AFTER WORKING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, THE HISTORY SAYS THAT “IN 1909, HE AND SEVERAL HUNDRED OTHER YOUNG JAPANESE MEN WERE RECRUITED BY AN AGENT OF THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY TO WORK IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS IN RAYMOND, [ALBERTA] WITH PROMISES OF GOOD PAY AND EASY WORK...” THE MEN SOON LEARNED THAT THE WORK WAS MUCH MORE DIFFICULT AND THE PAY SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN THEY HAD BEEN INITIALLY BEEN PROMISED, SO MANY RETURNED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA AFTER THEIR CONTRACT YEAR. KARAKI WAS OF THE GROUP THAT DECIDED TO STAY ON WITH THE COMPANY UNTIL ITS CLOSURE IN 1914. AFTER THAT, HE BEGAN A FARMING OPERATION WITH TWO OF THE FRIENDS HE MADE IN THE COMPANY – LEASING LAND FROM FIRST THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY, THEN FROM A LOCAL NAMED ROLLO KINSEY, AND FINALLY FROM THE MCINTYRE RANCH IN MAGRATH. EVEN THOUGH THE PARTNERSHIP DISSOLVED AFTER THE FIRST THREE YEARS, KARAKI PERSISTED UNDER THE TRYING CONDITIONS, AND BY 1918 HE MADE THE DECISION TO MAKE ALBERTA HIS PERMANENT HOME AND TO BECOME A CANADIAN CITIZEN. HE PURCHASED A DRY LAND FARM IN RAYMOND AND FARMED THAT FOR FIVE YEARS BEFORE DECIDING HE WANTED TO GET MARRIED AND RAISE A FAMILY OF HIS OWN. HE RETURNED TO JAPAN IN 1923, WHERE HE MET THROUGH FAMILY AND FRIENDS, CHIAKI KUMAGAI, WHO WAS ALSO FROM THE NAGANO PREFECTURE. THE COUPLE MARRIED IN DECEMBER 1923, AND THE NEWLYWEDS RETURNED TO RAYMOND IN SPRING 1924. IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW, MRS. NISHIYAMA ADDED, “THERE WAS SOMEBODY ELSE. GO-BETWEENS HAD PICKED OUT SOMEONE ELSE FOR HIM, SO SOMEONE ELSE LOOKED AT HIM AND SAID ‘NO, THANK YOU.’ YOU KNOW, SOMETIMES IT WORKS, AND SOMETIMES IT DIDN’T. SO, THEN THEY HAD TO SCROUNGE A LITTLE BIT, AND MY MOTHER’S TOWN WAS NOT SO FAR FROM WHERE DAD’S FAMILY LIVED, SO THEY SAID, ‘WELL, WE’RE NOT THAT FAR APART. WHEN YOU COME HOME FOR A VISIT, YOU WILL BE ABLE TO VISIT.’” WHEN DESCRIBING THE HOME THE COUPLE INTIALLY SETTLED IN, MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED, “WE [WERE] 8 MILES SOUTH OF RAYMOND, IN WHAT WE CALL THE MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT… THERE WERE QUITE A FEW JAPANESE FAMILIES IN AND AROUND THAT MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT, SO WE WERE SORT OF THE MAJORITY.” MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID THAT HER MOTHER SPOKE OFTEN OF HER EARLY DAYS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MRS. NISHIYAMA RECALLED, “IT WAS REALLY VERY LONELY [FOR MY MOTHER]. SHE’S YOUNG; THE CLOSEST NEIGHBOR WAS HALF A MILE AWAY… WHEN SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE SAID, ‘YOU SAID OUR NEIGHBORS ARE TAKAGUCHI’S. IS THAT HOUSE OVER THERE OUR NEIGHBORS?’ DAD SAID, ‘NO, THAT’S A CHICKEN COOP. THE NEIGHBOR’S HOUSE IS AWAY OVER THERE.’ FOR HER, THAT’S JUST APPALLING, COMING FROM A TOWN WHERE NEIGHBORS WERE CLOSE…DAD WOULD GET UP ONTO THE FIELD. NO ONE TO TALK TO EVEN. FORTUNATELY, SHE SAID, HER BROTHER-IN-LAW (DAD HAD A YOUNGER BROTHER HELPING HIM AT THAT TIME) – AND HE SAID, ‘GET ON THE BACK OF MY TRACTOR AND (IT WASN’T TRACTOR THEN – IT WAS HORSE AND BUGGY, BUT ANYWAY -) JUST COME AND RIDE THE FIELD WITH ME.’ AND, SHE DID JUST BECAUSE SHE COULDN’T STAND BEING BY HERSELF IN A LONELY OUTPOST, ON THE PRAIRIES, WITH NOTHING TO LOOK AT…” ACCORDING TO THE KARAKI FAMILY HISTORY IN THE NISHIKI BOOK, THE COUPLE RAISED A FAMILY OF SIX CHILDREN INCLUDING THE DONOR, REYKO NISHIYAMA. BY 1956, THEY SOLD THEIR FARM AND RELOCATED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. TAKASHI PASSED AWAY IN THERE IN 1974 AT THE AGE OF 85 AND CHIAKI PASSED AWAY 14 YEARS LATER IN 1988. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS AND COPIES OF THE FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160042004
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20170034002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1920
Materials
IRON, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Diameter
2
Description
IRON RING WITH WIDE BLANK SQUARE FRONT. RING HAS NO MARKING ON FRONT OR INSIDE. RING BAND WIDENS AT SQUARE FRONT AND NARROWS INTO BAND. RING IS TARNISHED ON INSIDE AND OUTSIDE OF BAND; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON NOVEMBER 20, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RITA BERLANDO REGARDING HER DONATION OF A GIFTED RING AND CRUCIFIX. BERLANDO WAS GIFTED THE OBJECTS FROM A PREVIOUS EMPLOYER, GLADSTONE VIRUTE, OF LETHBRIDGE. ON THE RING, BERLANDO RECALLED, “[THEY WERE FASHIONED FROM A BELL IN FRANCE OR BELGIUM] I HAVE NO IDEA…HOW THEY BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION. BUT TO HIM, HE MUST HAVE TREASURED THEM BECAUSE HE KNEW OF THE CHURCH THAT WAS BOMBED AND THE BELL THAT IT CAME FROM…WHEN HE GAVE THEM TO ME, I WAS INTRIGUED TO KNOW MORE ABOUT IT BUT HE DIDN’T HAVE TOO MUCH HISTORY ON THEM. NOT TO ME, ANYWAY.” ON GLADSTONE VIRTUE’S MILITARY SERVICE, BERLANDO NOTED, ““I DON’T THINK HE WANTED TO TALK ABOUT IT. I THINK HE HAD A PAST THAT HE WOULD RATHER NOT DISCUSS. IT WAS ALWAYS STRICTLY BUSINESS. IT WAS NEVER SITTING THERE AND DISCUSSING WHAT HIS LIFE WAS OR ANYTHING OF THAT NATURE.” “I DIDN’T KNOW TOO MUCH ABOUT HIM BUT I KNOW THAT HE WAS A MAN THAT PEOPLE RESPECTED, AND FOR HIM TO RESPECT ME, I THINK THAT WAS AN HONOUR.” “I WOULD LOVE TO KNOW HOW THESE TWO LITTLE ITEMS BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION AND WHERE WAS HE WHEN THEY WERE GIVEN TO HIM AND WAS HE PRESENT AT SOME TIME…I JUST FIND THAT HE MUST HAVE HAD THEM IN HIS POSSESSION FOR SOME TIME.” BERLANDO ELABORATED ON HOW THE RING CAME INTO HER POSSESSION, “[THIS ITEM] MEANS AN AWFUL LOT TO ME BECAUSE IT WAS GIVEN AT THE TIME THAT I WAS EMPLOYED WITH THE LAW FIRM OF VIRTUE AND COMPANY. IT WAS MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, SEMI-RETIRED WHEN I WAS EMPLOYED THERE, THAT HAD ASKED THAT I GO INTO HIS ROOM AND TAKE LETTERS [AND] NOTES FOR LETTERS THAT HE WISHED TO HAVE TYPED. I WAS HIRED AS A RECEPTIONIST, NOT FEELING THAT I WOULD HAVE THE RESPONSIBILITY AS A SECRETARY, SO I INFORMED HIM THAT I COULD NOT DO THIS DUTY. HE ASKED THAT I GET HIS SECRETARY TO TAKE HIS NOTES. AS THE MONTHS WENT BY, HE BECAME VERY – AND I USE THE WORD ‘ATTACHED’ – BECAUSE HE WOULD ALSO ASK ME TO DO SERVICES FOR HIM, WHICH I WOULD HAVE TO GO TO THE ROYAL BANK TO DO HIS BANKING [AND] HIS INVESTMENTS. WHEN HE WAS NO LONGER TO BE WITH THE FIRM, HE HANDED ME A LITTLE GIFT. THAT GIFT CONSIST[ED] OF A RING AND A CROSS THAT WAS MADE FROM A BELL OF A CHURCH THAT WAS BOMBED IN THE FIRST WAR. THAT MEANT AN AWFUL LOT TO ME SO I HAVE TREASURED IT CONTINUALLY AND [THE GIFTING] HAS TO DATE BACK TO [1965].” “[MR GLADSTONE VIRTURE] MUST HAVE KEPT IT AS A REMEMBRANCE FROM SOMEWHERE IN THE PAST THAT HE HAD THAT HE DID NOT [WANT TO] LEAVE IT TO HIS FAMILY, BUT [WITH] ME. THEREFORE, I DEFINITELY FELT THAT [IT] WAS A GIFT THAT I SHOULD TREASURE AND I HAVE TREASURED, AND I HAVE KEPT IT UNDER LOCK AND KEY. EVEN IN THE TRANSITION OF DOWNSIZING, I LIVED IN FEAR THAT FOR SOME REASON, THERE WERE ITEMS THAT I NO LONGER HAVE. I KEPT THINKING, ‘OH, DEAR LORD, I BETTER MAKE SURE I STILL HAVE THAT GIFT FROM MR. VIRTUE.’ WHEN I FOUND IT, THAT’S WHEN I REALLY SERIOUSLY THOUGHT I HAD TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT THEM.” “AT [THE TIME I WAS HIRED], FINANCES WERE DIFFICULT IN THE FAMILY HOME SO I APPLIED FOR THE POSITION OF RECEPTIONIST. THE POSITION REQUIRED NOT ONLY [WORKING] AS A RECEPTIONIST BUT AS A BOOKKEEPER AND AN OFFICE MANAGER. I HESITATED ONCE I WAS INFORMED OF THIS RESPONSIBILITY, BUT I UNDERTOOK THE POSITION AND DID ALL OF THE REQUIREMENTS THAT WAS EXPECTED OF ME. THE LAW FIRM AT THAT TIME CONSISTED OF CHARLES VIRTUE, WILLIAM RUSSELL, MR. GORDON AND THEN LATER ON, THERE WAS VAUGHN HEMBROFF THAT BECAME PARTNER AND GLENN MORRISON. IT’S ALWAYS MEANT A LOT OF THE PAST HISTORY OF MY LIFE. THINKING HOW I WAS HONOURED TO BE WITH THAT FIRM, THESE LITTLE ITEMS THAT WERE GIVEN TO ME JUST EVEN MEANT ALL THE MORE.” “BUT I REMEMBER DISTINCTLY THAT THEY SAID I COULDN’T LEAVE [IN 1964] UNTIL I HIRED SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME. THEY GAVE ME THE RESPONSIBILITY OF FINDING SOMEONE. MY INTENTION AT THAT TIME WAS TO LEAVE AND MOVE TO MONTREAL. I WAS LIMITED IN THE TIME THAT THIS RESPONSIBILITY WAS GIVEN, AND I DID SUGGEST A PARTICULAR PERSON BUT SHE ONLY WORKED THERE FOR A SHORT TIME AND THEY DIDN’T FEEL THAT SHE QUALIFIED AND COULD HANDLE THE WORK THAT I HAD TAKEN ON. THEN I HAD TO CONTINUE TO STAY UNTIL THEY FELT COMFORTABLE THAT THERE WAS SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME AND IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1965 [THAT I LEFT].” “EACH ONE OF THE LAWYERS HAD THEIR OWN PRIVATE SECRETARIES. ONE WOMAN IN PARTICULAR…MARY, WAS EXCELLENT IN TAKING LETTERS AND WAS AN EXCELLENT LAW SECRETARY, BUT COULD NOT DO THE BOOKKEEPING. I UNDERTOOK TO DO THE BOOKKEEPING FOR THE SECRETARIES AND THEREFORE, THERE HAD TO BE, AT LEAST FOUR EXTRA GIRLS AS SECRETARIES THERE. AS THEY INCREASED WITH STAFF, THEY WOULD ALSO HIRE MORE SECRETARIES.” ON MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, BERLANDO STATED, “I ADMIRED HIM BECAUSE HE DEMANDED RESPECT, HE DEMANDED PROFESSIONALISM. HE WAS VERY SERIOUS ABOUT HIS CLIENTS AND THEY HAD TO BE TREATED LIKE IT WAS AN HONOUR TO HAVE HIM AS THEIR LAWYER. HE WAS NOT A TALL MAN IN STATURE BUT HE STOOD OUT AS A SPECIAL PERSON…BUT HIS CLIENTS CAME FIRST. HE WOULD NEVER HESITATE TO MAKE SURE THAT IF HE HAD A CLIENT OR HAD AN APPOINTMENT THAT I HAD TO MAKE SURE THEY WERE TAKEN CARE OF. HE USED TO INVEST THROUGH THE ROYAL BANK AND HE WOULD HAVE ME GO DOWN AND MEET WITH THE MANAGER. [I WOULD] LET THEM KNOW THAT I WAS THERE ON BEHALF OF MR. VIRTUE AND PRESENT THEM WITH WHATEVER INFORMATION HE GAVE ME…THEY WERE TO TAKE CARE OF THAT. SO HE REALLY MADE ME HIS PERSONAL PERSON TO LOOK AFTER ALL OF HIS PRIVATE AFFAIRS, WHICH TO ME WAS AN HONOUR…EVEN THE LAWYERS HAD SO MUCH RESPECT FOR HIM. WHEN HE MADE A STATEMENT OR A COMMAND OR MADE INSTRUCTIONS FOR CHANGES, THEY WERE MADE AND THEY HAD TO BE ABIDED.” BERLANDO SPOKE ABOUT HER SENTIMENTS ON DONATING THE RING TO THE MUSEUM, NOTING, “AT THE AGE OF NINETY-ONE, WHICH I HAVE BEEN VERY FORTUNATE TO LIVE THIS LENGTH OF TIME, I HAVE TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION MANY ITEMS THAT I FEEL SHOULD BE INHERITED BY MY FAMILY…BUT NOT KNOWING THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS GIFT…[I WISH TO] LEAVE IT TO NO ONE OTHER THAN I FEEL THAT DESERVES TO HAVE IT, [WHICH] WOULD BE THE GALT MUSEUM. I DO WISH TO LEAVE IT TO SOMEONE THAT I THINK MAYBE COULD CARRY ON A LITTLE IMPORTANCE OF THE GIFT THAT WAS HANDED TO ME.” “I THINK THAT IT PUTS SUCH A TRUST IN ME, THAT I FEEL NOW, EVEN IN THE YEARS GONE BY, HOW I’VE ALWAYS WANTED SOMEONE, OR ANYONE THAT HAD ANY CONNECTIONS WITH ME, THAT THEY COULD TRUST ME. THAT I WOULD NEVER WANT TO HURT ANYONE AND I WOULD WANT TO CONTINUE TO HELP PEOPLE. WHEN I HEAR PEOPLE IN DISCUSSION OR IN COMMENTS THAT THEY CAN RECALL THINGS THAT I HAVE DONE FOR THEM THAT I CAN’T REMEMBER…I GUESS IT’S JUST MY NATURE TO BE THAT TYPE OF PERSON. [BUT] IF SOMEONE LIKE MR. VIRTUE COULD TRUST ME, AND THEN CLIENTS CAN TRUST ME, I THINK IT INSTILLED [A] TRUST THAT I’LL CARRY TO MY GRAVE.” ABNER GLADSTONE VIRTUE GRADUATED FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA IN 1913 AND BEGAN HIS CAREER IN LAW SHORTLY BEFORE THE START OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IN 1915, VIRTUE ENLISTED IN THE LETHBRIDGE MILITIA UNIT, THE 25TH FIELD ARTILLERY. UPON ITS FORMATION, VIRTUE ENLISTED AS A LIEUTENANT WITH THE LETHBRIDGE 61ST BATTERY THAT JOINED FRONT LINES IN FRANCE IN 1917. IN 1916, THE CARENCY CHURCH’S STEEPLE FELL FROM GERMAN GUN-FIRE. THE BELL FROM THE STEEPLE WAS RELATIVELY UNDAMAGED, AND MOVED TO BE BURIED IN VILLERS A ROIS FOR SAFETY. THE ARTILLERY BRIGADE OF THE 61ST BATTERY ARRIVED IN CARENCY, WHERE AMONGST THE CHURCH DEBRIS FRAGMENTS OF THE BELL WERE RETRIVED BY LETHBRIDGE FORCES. THE BATTERY FARRIER FASHIONED THE FRAGMENTS INTO SOUVENIRS THAT SOLDIERS RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH, INCLUDING GLADSTONE VIRTUE, WHO RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH A RING. AN ARTICLE FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED MARCH 24, 1931 ON THE FRONT PAGE REFERENCED "LIEUT. A.G. VIRTUE, WHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THE 61ST [ALBERTA BATTALION] WHEN IT WAS DEMOBILIZED, HAS ONE OF THE RINGS MADE FROM FRAGMENTS OF THE FAMOUS [CARENCY] BELL, SHOT FROM THE STEEPLE OF THE CHURCH BY GERMAN SHELL FIRE AND SHATTERED." VIRTUE RESUMED HIS LAW PRACTICE IN LETHBRIDGE FOLLOWING HIS RETUN FROM WAR, AND BECAME A SENIOR PARTNER IN THE FIRM OF VIRTUE, RUSSELL, MORGAN AND VIRTUE. THE BELL OF CARENCY CHURCH WAS RETRIEVED BY THE PARIS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL IN 1931, AND RETURNED TO THE CARENCY CHURCH. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES ON THE BELL AND VIRTUE’S INVOLVEMENT FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170034001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170034002
Acquisition Date
2017-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
AVON COSTUME JEWELRY
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20080015000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AVON COSTUME JEWELRY
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1980
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.8
Diameter
2.4
Description
SILVER-COLOURED METAL RING, FAKE PEARL BORDERED BY LEAF DESIGN, LEAVES SET WITH SEQUINS. "AVON" STAMP ON INSIDE OF RING. RING DEFORMED AND HEAVILY SOILED.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
KRIS BUTLER FOUND THE RING ON MAY 8TH, 2008, WHILE METAL DETECTING IN HIS BACKYARD (322 COLUMBIA BLVD. W.), IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. THE RING WAS BURIED UNDER THREE INCHES OF SOIL. BUTLER HAD JUST MOVED TO THE NEW LOCATION, AND MAKES A HABIT OF DETECTING EACH NEW HOME HE MOVES TO. THROUGH METAL DETECTING FORUMS AND HIS OWN RESEARCH, BUTLER CONCLUDED THAT THE RING IS AN AVON'S COSTUME JEWELRY RING, AND WOULD HAVE BEEN USED AS EARLY AS THE 1920S. BUTLER HAS BEEN METAL DETECTING SINCE 2006. HIS INTEREST IN DETECTING IS THE DISCOVERY OF LOST ITEMS OF HISTORICAL AND MONETARY VALUE. BUTLER'S DECISION TO DONATE THE RING WAS RELATED TO HIS DESIRE TO REINVIGORATE INTEREST IN LOCAL HISTORY. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE PERMANENT RECORD.
Catalogue Number
P20080015000
Acquisition Date
2008-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PIN
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER
Catalogue Number
P19900032004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PIN
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
SILVER
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.1
Width
1.7
Description
PIN OR BROOCH WITH 2 PURPLE CUT GEMS RESTING INSIDE 2 NARROW LOOPS. TWISTED LOOPS APPEAR TO BE TARNISHED SILVER, GEMS ARE PROBABLY BIRTHSTONES. GEMS RESEMBLE THISTLE FLOWERS. STAMPINGS ON REVERSE. NICKEL PIN & CATCH.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ACQUIRED BY DONOR FROM ESTATE OF MRS. J. SWITZER OF LETHBRIDGE (SPRUCE TOWERS). NO OTHER HISTORY KNOWN. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A COLLECTION SURVEY, INCLUDING THIS BROOCH DONATED BY BETH FAIRFIELD. RESEARCH CONDUCTED REGARDING NEXT-OF-KIN CONTACT INFORMATION FOR FAIRFIELD AND MRS. J. SWITZER WAS UNSUCCESSFUL. FURTHER RESEARCH REVEALED THAT ELIZABETH FAIRFIELD WAS ONE OF THE TWO DAUGHTERS OF DR. WILLIAM HARMON FAIRFIELD, OBE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES REGARDING THE LIFE AND WORK OF DR. FAIRFIELD. DR. FAIRFIELD WAS BORN IN PENNSYLVANIA IN 1874. THE FAMILY RELOCATED TO DENVER, COLORADO AS DR. FAIRFIELD’S FATHER ENTERED INTO FARMING AND RANCHING IN THE AREA AFTER WORKING IN THE OIL BUSINESS. IT WAS IN COLORADO THAT DR. FAIRFIELD ENROLLED IN AT THE STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AT FORT COLLINS. IRRIGATION WAS GETTING A GOOD START IN THAT AREA AT THAT TIME. HE RECEIVED HIS BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN 1894 AND WAS AWARDED HIS MASTER’S DEGREE FOUR YEARS LATER. HE WORKED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING AS AN ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF AGRICULTURE FROM 1985 TO 1901. IN ADDITION, HE WAS THE HEAD OF A SMALL EXPERIMENTAL FARM IN LARAMIE, WYOMING. AFTER HEARING ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENTS IN AGRONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES BEING MADE IN CANADA’S WEST, HE MADE HIS MOVE TO THE REGION AND LANDED IN LETHBRIDGE IN APRIL 1901. IN THE SOUTHERN OUTSKIRTS OF THE CITY, DR. FAIRFIELD AND HIS BROTHER – HARRY FAIRFIELD – BOUGHT AND BEGAN SUCCESSFUL OPERATION OF A FARM, WHICH DR. FAIRFIELD OWNED UNTIL HIS DEATH. A STORY ABOUT DR. FAIRFIELD’S CONTRIBUTION TO AGRICULTURE IN THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA REGION IS RECOUNTED IN HIS OBITUARY (PUBLISHED BY THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON MARCH 24, 1961). IT IS AS FOLLOWS: “CHARLES ORA CARD, THE MORMON FOUNDER OF CARDSTON, HAD TOLD DR. FAIRFIELD THAT FOR SOME STRANGE REASON ALFALFA WOULDN’T GROW SUCCESSFULLY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, EVEN THOUGH HE HAD GROWN IT SUCCESSFULLY BACK IN UTAH. THE MORMONS WERE EVEN THINKING ABOUT LEAVING THIS LAND. YOUNG FAIRFIELD… RECALLED THAT SOMEWHERE IN HIS TEXT BOOKS HE HAD READ THAT ALFALFA SEED HAD TO BE INOCULATED VIA WYOMING FOR A BAG OF SOIL IN WHICH ALFALFA HAD BEEN SUCCESSFULLY GROWN. THE ALBERTA SEED, INOCULATED VIA WYOMING, GREW A LUSH CROP THE FOLLOWING YEAR AND SOUTHERN ALBERTA BECAME A GREAT LIVESTOCK CENTRE, AS A FOLLOW-UP TO THE GREAT DAYS OF OPEN RANCHING." MEANWHILE THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND IRRIGATION COMPANY WAS HELPING TO SETTLE THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA REGION AND THEY SET UP DEMONSTRATION STATION WITH DR. FAIRFIELD IN CHARGE TO SHOW WHAT COULD BE DONE ON THE LAND. IN 1906, THE ORGANIZATION FOR THE DOMINION EXPERIMENTAL FARM BEGAN AS THE ALBERTA RAILWAY IRRIGATION COMPANY DONATED FOUR HUNDRED ACRES OF LAND TO THE GOVERNMENT. AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON JULY 29, 1908 EXPLAINED THAT THE EXPERIMENTAL FARM WAS “IN A UNIQUE POSITION IN SO FAR THAT ON IT ARE CONDUCTED EXPERIMENTS IN TWO DISTINCT SYSTEMS OF FARM. HERE THE LAND IS CULTIVATED UNDER THE SYSTEM OF IRRIGATION AND ALSO BY THE SYSTEM KNOWN AS NON-IRRIGATION OR ‘DRY-FARMING.’ NO OTHER STATION CONDUCTS EXPERIMENTS UNDER THE FORMER SYSTEM…” AFTER HEARING ABOUT DR. FAIRFIELD’S SUCCESS, THE DIRECTOR OF THE EXPERIMENTAL SERVICES FOR CANADA WAS PROMPTED TO ESTABLISH THE LETHBRIDGE EXPERIMENTAL FARM WITH DR. FAIRFIELD AT THE HELM. HE RETIRED FROM THAT POSITION IN 1945 AFTER 39 YEARS OF SERVICE. DR. FAIRFIELD MARRIED IDA PATTERSON IN FORT COLLINS, COLORADO, WHERE HE WAS STUDYING AND SHE WAS WORKING AS A REGISTERED NURSE. HER LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, PUBLISHED ON DECEMBER 20, 1954, STATES THAT HER HUSBAND MOVED TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA “AT THE REQUEST OF THE GALT INTERESTS WHO HAD JUST BUILT THE MAIN CANAL FROM KIMBALL TO LETHBRIDGE TO CARRY THE WATER OF ALBERTA’S FIRST LARGE SCALE IRRIGATION PROJECT. THE COUPLE HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, THE DONOR ELIZABETH FAIRFIELD OF LETHBRIDGE (D. 1989) AND MRS. E. H. STRICKLAND OF VICTORIA. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING HARD COPIES OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND OBITUARIES.
Catalogue Number
P19900032004
Acquisition Date
1983-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PIN
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER, AMBER
Catalogue Number
P19900032005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PIN
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
SILVER, AMBER
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
2.0
Description
PIN CONTAINS SINGLE GEM MOUNTED IN ACORN, BETWEEN 2 OAK LEAVES, STEM OF LEAVES & ACORN FORM RING AROUND GEM. LEAVES & RING TARNISHED SILVER, GEM PROBABLY AMBER. MISSING PIN OR CLASP OR OTHER DEVICE FOR FASTENING TO COSTUME.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ACQUIRED BY DONOR FROM ESTATE OF MRS. J. SWITZER OF LETHBRIDGE (SPRUCE TOWERS). NO OTHER HISTORY KNOWN. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A COLLECTION SURVEY, INCLUDING THIS BROOCH DONATED BY BETH FAIRFIELD. RESEARCH CONDUCTED REGARDING NEXT-OF-KIN CONTACT INFORMATION FOR FAIRFIELD AND MRS. J. SWITZER WAS UNSUCCESSFUL. FURTHER RESEARCH REVEALED THAT ELIZABETH FAIRFIELD WAS ONE OF THE TWO DAUGHTERS OF DR. WILLIAM HARMON FAIRFIELD, OBE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES REGARDING THE LIFE AND WORK OF DR. FAIRFIELD. DR. FAIRFIELD WAS BORN IN PENNSYLVANIA IN 1874. THE FAMILY RELOCATED TO DENVER, COLORADO AS DR. FAIRFIELD’S FATHER ENTERED INTO FARMING AND RANCHING IN THE AREA AFTER WORKING IN THE OIL BUSINESS. IT WAS IN COLORADO THAT DR. FAIRFIELD ENROLLED IN AT THE STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AT FORT COLLINS. IRRIGATION WAS GETTING A GOOD START IN THAT AREA AT THAT TIME. HE RECEIVED HIS BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN 1894 AND WAS AWARDED HIS MASTER’S DEGREE FOUR YEARS LATER. HE WORKED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING AS AN ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF AGRICULTURE FROM 1985 TO 1901. IN ADDITION, HE WAS THE HEAD OF A SMALL EXPERIMENTAL FARM IN LARAMIE, WYOMING. AFTER HEARING ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENTS IN AGRONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES BEING MADE IN CANADA’S WEST, HE MADE HIS MOVE TO THE REGION AND LANDED IN LETHBRIDGE IN APRIL 1901. IN THE SOUTHERN OUTSKIRTS OF THE CITY, DR. FAIRFIELD AND HIS BROTHER – HARRY FAIRFIELD – BOUGHT AND BEGAN SUCCESSFUL OPERATION OF A FARM, WHICH DR. FAIRFIELD OWNED UNTIL HIS DEATH. A STORY ABOUT DR. FAIRFIELD’S CONTRIBUTION TO AGRICULTURE IN THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA REGION IS RECOUNTED IN HIS OBITUARY (PUBLISHED BY THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON MARCH 24, 1961). IT IS AS FOLLOWS: “CHARLES ORA CARD, THE MORMON FOUNDER OF CARDSTON, HAD TOLD DR. FAIRFIELD THAT FOR SOME STRANGE REASON ALFALFA WOULDN’T GROW SUCCESSFULLY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, EVEN THOUGH HE HAD GROWN IT SUCCESSFULLY BACK IN UTAH. THE MORMONS WERE EVEN THINKING ABOUT LEAVING THIS LAND. YOUNG FAIRFIELD… RECALLED THAT SOMEWHERE IN HIS TEXT BOOKS HE HAD READ THAT ALFALFA SEED HAD TO BE INOCULATED VIA WYOMING FOR A BAG OF SOIL IN WHICH ALFALFA HAD BEEN SUCCESSFULLY GROWN. THE ALBERTA SEED, INOCULATED VIA WYOMING, GREW A LUSH CROP THE FOLLOWING YEAR AND SOUTHERN ALBERTA BECAME A GREAT LIVESTOCK CENTRE, AS A FOLLOW-UP TO THE GREAT DAYS OF OPEN RANCHING." MEANWHILE THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND IRRIGATION COMPANY WAS HELPING TO SETTLE THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA REGION AND THEY SET UP DEMONSTRATION STATION WITH DR. FAIRFIELD IN CHARGE TO SHOW WHAT COULD BE DONE ON THE LAND. IN 1906, THE ORGANIZATION FOR THE DOMINION EXPERIMENTAL FARM BEGAN AS THE ALBERTA RAILWAY IRRIGATION COMPANY DONATED FOUR HUNDRED ACRES OF LAND TO THE GOVERNMENT. AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON JULY 29, 1908 EXPLAINED THAT THE EXPERIMENTAL FARM WAS “IN A UNIQUE POSITION IN SO FAR THAT ON IT ARE CONDUCTED EXPERIMENTS IN TWO DISTINCT SYSTEMS OF FARM. HERE THE LAND IS CULTIVATED UNDER THE SYSTEM OF IRRIGATION AND ALSO BY THE SYSTEM KNOWN AS NON-IRRIGATION OR ‘DRY-FARMING.’ NO OTHER STATION CONDUCTS EXPERIMENTS UNDER THE FORMER SYSTEM…” AFTER HEARING ABOUT DR. FAIRFIELD’S SUCCESS, THE DIRECTOR OF THE EXPERIMENTAL SERVICES FOR CANADA WAS PROMPTED TO ESTABLISH THE LETHBRIDGE EXPERIMENTAL FARM WITH DR. FAIRFIELD AT THE HELM. HE RETIRED FROM THAT POSITION IN 1945 AFTER 39 YEARS OF SERVICE. DR. FAIRFIELD MARRIED IDA PATTERSON IN FORT COLLINS, COLORADO, WHERE HE WAS STUDYING AND SHE WAS WORKING AS A REGISTERED NURSE. HER LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, PUBLISHED ON DECEMBER 20, 1954, STATES THAT HER HUSBAND MOVED TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA “AT THE REQUEST OF THE GALT INTERESTS WHO HAD JUST BUILT THE MAIN CANAL FROM KIMBALL TO LETHBRIDGE TO CARRY THE WATER OF ALBERTA’S FIRST LARGE SCALE IRRIGATION PROJECT. THE COUPLE HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, THE DONOR ELIZABETH FAIRFIELD OF LETHBRIDGE (D. 1989) AND MRS. E. H. STRICKLAND OF VICTORIA. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING HARD COPIES OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND OBITUARIES.
Catalogue Number
P19900032005
Acquisition Date
1983-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PEACOCK FEATHERS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19750142000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PEACOCK FEATHERS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
FEATHER
No. Pieces
15
Description
38.1 TO 66.0 CM. (VARIOUS SIZES) .1 - .15 VARIOUS SIZES OF PEACOCK FEATHERS.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
REFER TO FILE P19750139000-GA.
*UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE BOXED TEXTILE COLLECTION. ON 8 FEBRUARY 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED IKE LANIER ABOUT ARTIFACTS DONATED BY VARIOUS MEMBERS OF HIS FAMILY.
PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR THE FULL INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19750142000
Acquisition Date
1975-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BIRD OF PARADISE FEATHERS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19750143000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BIRD OF PARADISE FEATHERS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
FEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Description
38.0 & 44.4 CM. .1 FIVE FEATHERS, GLUED & WIRED TOGETHER AT BASE. .2 FIVE FEATHERS, ONE.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
REFER TO P19750139000GA.
*UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE BOXED TEXTILE COLLECTION. ON 8 FEBRUARY 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED IKE LANIER ABOUT ARTIFACTS DONATED BY VARIOUS MEMBERS OF HIS FAMILY.
PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR THE FULL INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19750143000
Acquisition Date
1975-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, SILVER, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P19738174000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS, SILVER, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
4.8
Width
1.8
Description
WHITE RHINESTONE IN DRAPED PATTERN. BRASS SETTING WITH TRACES OF SILVERPLATE ON OBVERSE AND REVERSE. 5 STONE MOUNTINGS; 3 WHITE RHINESTONES INTACT. (2 MISSING). DECORATIVE GROOVED AND PEBBLED PATTERN ON OBVERSE. HEAVY WEAR.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
Catalogue Number
P19738174000
Acquisition Date
1973
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HOLY WOMAN (TRADITIONAL)
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, LACE, GLASS BEADS, SINEW, DENTALIUM SHELL,RAWHIDE, HUMAN HAIR
Catalogue Number
P19641192000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HOLY WOMAN (TRADITIONAL)
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BUCKSKIN, LACE, GLASS BEADS, SINEW, DENTALIUM SHELL,RAWHIDE, HUMAN HAIR
No. Pieces
1
Description
4.5 CM CIRCUMFERENCE. BLACK GLASS BEADS & DENTALIUM SHELL BEADS STRUNG ON BUCKSKIN THONG. HUMAN HAIR PENDANT WRAPPED WITH RAWHIDE & SINEW ATTACHED TO NECK THONG. 7 BLACK BEADS. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
PERSONAL SYMBOL
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE - BLACKFOOT ORIGIN. WORN BY BLACKFOOT HOLY WOMAN DURING SUN DANCE CEREMONY. NECKLACE IS 1 OF THE TRADITIONAL PIECES OFHOLY WOMAN'S REGALIA. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641192000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BONE & SHELL (SET)
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS BEADS, SHELLS, BONE, BUCKSKIN
Catalogue Number
P19738052000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BONE & SHELL (SET)
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Materials
GLASS BEADS, SHELLS, BONE, BUCKSKIN
No. Pieces
2
Diameter
20.3
Description
MADE OF WHITE GLASS BEADS (CYLINDRICAL TYPE), FLAT BONE BEADS, COWERY SHELLS STRUNG ON BUCKSKIN. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE. SHELLS PROBABLY TRADED FROM WEST COAST. TRADE NETWORKS FROM THE COAST TO THE INTERIOR ALREADY WELL ESTABLISHED BY TIME OF WHITE CONTACT. DENTALIUM & COWRY SHELLS WERE HIGHLY PRIZED TRADE ITEMS & WERE CONSIDERED BY SOME RESEARCHERS TO HAVE BEEN A FORM OF CURRENCY.
Catalogue Number
P19738052000
Acquisition Date
1973-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SUNDAY SCHOOL
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COPPER
Catalogue Number
P19739389000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SUNDAY SCHOOL
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
COPPER
No. Pieces
1
Description
"PRESBYTERIAN SS" WITH A CROSS OVERLAPPED BY A CROWN ON FRONT. "LITTLE'S CROSS AND CROWN SYSTEM WITH A CROSS OVERLAPPED BY A CROWN" ON BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
REFER TO P19710219000-GA. PRESBYTERIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL PIN.
Catalogue Number
P19739389000
Acquisition Date
1971-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
LIFE MEMBER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ENAMEL, GILT METAL
Catalogue Number
P19739391000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LIFE MEMBER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
ENAMEL, GILT METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
2.5
Width
2.5
Description
"LIFE CR CROSS CS MEMBER" ON FRONT WITH GOLD LETTERING AND RED AND WHITE ENAMEL. "? STERLING" ON BACK.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
PRESENTED TO JEAN CAMPBELL. SEE ALSO P19710219000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19739391000
Acquisition Date
1971-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BEADED
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS
Catalogue Number
P19738258000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BEADED
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Materials
GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
14.6
Width
5.1
Description
GLASS BEADS. SOLID BEADWORK SHOWING A RAMPANT LION WITH CROWN. BLUE, RED, YELLOW, BLACK, WHITE, GREEN BEADS.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, INCLUDING THREE DONATED BY THE UKRAINIAN ASSOCIATION OF LETHBRIDGE. THOUGH THE ASSOCIATION HAS DISBANDED, SHE WAS ABLE TO DETERMINE THAT IT IS LIKELY THAT THIS OBJECT AND 81 OTHERS DONATED BY THE ASSOCIATION IN 1973 WERE ORIGINALLY PART OF THE GALT MUSEUM'S 'UKRAINIAN ROOM' EXHIBIT. ACCORDING TO LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1969 AND 1976, AND PHOTOGRAPHS IN THE GALT ARCHIVES (199110764419, 1991107612370, 199110764421, AND 199110764422) THE UKRAINIAN ROOM WAS INSTALLED IN 1966, WHEN THE MUSEUM WAS MOVED FROM THE BOWMAN CENTRE TO THE GALT HOSPITAL BUILDING. THE ROOM WAS FURNISHED WITH OBJECTS DONATED BY THE UKRAINIAN ASSOCIATION, AND THE GROUP HELD ANNUAL TEAS THERE. THOUGH THE CATALOGUE NUMBERS OF THE UKRAINIAN ASSOCIATION DONATION REFLECT A 1973 DONATION DATE, THE INITIAL ACQUISITION YEAR LISTED IN HARDCOPY FILES IS 1966, WHICH ALIGNS WITH THE OPENING DATE OF THE UKRAINIAN ROOM. IN ADDITION, ARCHIVAL PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE ROOM DEPICT OBJECTS THAT ARE NOW HELD IN COLLECTIONS (P19738277001-GA, P19738277002-GA, AND P19738277003-GA CAN BE CLEARLY IDENTIFIED, WITH OTHER OBJECTS IDENTIFIED SPECULATIVELY). IN 1984 THE MUSEUM DISMANTLED ALL ITS DISPLAYS IN PREPARATION FOR THE BUILDING'S RENOVATION AND EXPANSION, AND ACCORDING TO BRAD BROWN, GALT EXHIBIT DESIGNER, WHEN THE FACILITY REOPENED TO THE PUBLIC IN 1985 ALL THE EXHIBITS HAD BEEN REWORKED, AND THE UKRAINIAN ROOM NO LONGER EXISTED. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P19738258000
Acquisition Date
1973-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
C/W COSTUME
Date Range From
1894
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, METAL, SATIN
Catalogue Number
P19738325000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
C/W COSTUME
Date Range From
1894
Date Range To
1930
Materials
GLASS, METAL, SATIN
No. Pieces
18
Height
7.6
Length
7.6
Width
7.6
Description
.1 CASE CUT GLASS FACES, PINK QUILTED SATIN BASE, GILT METAL LEGS, FITTINGS & EDGES; STEEL BASE. LID HAS HINGE & CLASP CLOSURE. .2 GILT METAL BAR BROOCH 7.0 CM LTH. ENGRAVED FLORAL DESIGN. "TW" CARVED ON FRONT. .3 BROOCH. GILT METAL, RHINESTONES. 6.3 CM LTH. BEAD & GEOMETRIC DESIGN. 2 GREEN, 1 WHITE RHINESTONE INSET ..4 EMBLEM PIN. BRASS. 5.1 CM LTH. BRASS LEAF WITH "NZ" ON IT. MILITARY BADGE. .5 BROOCH. GOLD METAL.GOLD FLEUR-DE-LIS BROOCH WITH "R.A. WRIGHT, 7.10 KA" ON BACK. PIN ON BACK IS BROKEN OFF, HAS CLIP ON BACK, INSET WITH 3 PEARLS, 2 ARE MISSING. .6 EMBLEM PIN. BRASS. 6.7 CM LTH. PRE-1901 MILITARY CAP BADGE. BRASS MAPLE LEAF WITH QUEEN'S CROWN EMBOSSED ON IT "CANADA" .6 IS MISSING AS INDICATED BY 1995 INVENTORY. .7 SAME AS .6. .8 BUTTON. 2.5 CM DIA. BRASS BUTTON. "DIEU ET MON DROIT" & "HONI SOIT UI MAL Y PENSE" & BRITISH COATS OF ARMS EMBOSSED ON FRONT; "PLAYER BROS., BIRMINGHAM" STAMPED ON BACK. QUEEN'S CROWN; MILITARY. .9 BUTTON. BRASS. 2.5 CM DIA. PRE-1901 MILITARY BUTTON. QUEEN'S CROWN & MAPLE LEAF PATTERN EMBOSSED ON FRONT, "CANADA MILITIA" STAMPED ON BACK ISRLYLE, ENGLAND ASTON, BIRMINGHAM". .10 DISK. ALUMINUM 2.2 CM DIA.ALUMINUM DISK, BEAD PATTERN ON OUTER EDGE & CENTRE HOLE. "TAX ON PURCHASE CH. 180 LAWS 1935 10 CENTS OR LESS" ON REVERSE: TAX COMMISION TAX TOKEN STATE OF WASHINGTON". .11, .12, .13 AND 14 - SAME AS .10. .15 SPOOL. 1.3 CM HT. MINIATURE RUBBER SPOOL. .16, .17 AND .18 SAME AS .15
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
Catalogue Number
P19738325000
Acquisition Date
1973-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FOB CHAIN, SEAL & MATCHSAFE
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PEWTER, GOLD, AMBER AGATE
Catalogue Number
P19860015000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FOB CHAIN, SEAL & MATCHSAFE
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1870
Materials
PEWTER, GOLD, AMBER AGATE
No. Pieces
3
Description
.1 MATCHSAFE. 5.8 CM HT. X 3.2 CM WTH. PEWTER. HINGED LID WITH RING ON TOP TO WHICH FOB CHAIN IS ATTACHED, MATCH STRIKER ON BOTTOM. KNURLED FRONT AND BACK, SMOOTH FINISHED 1.5 CM CIRCLE ON FRONT. .2 SEAL. 4.2 CM HT. X 2.5 CM DIA. (WTH) X 3.1 CM DIA. (LTH). GOLD, AMBER AGATE. OVAL BASE MOUNTED ON GOLD FLUTED STEM, AMBER AGATE IN OVAL BASE, INLAID IS A UNICORN HEAD FORMING THE CREST, ON SHIELD ARE SIX FLEUR DE LIS WITH A CRESCENT IN CENTRE. .3 CHAIN. 44 CM LTH.GOLD? 4 CHAINS ATTACHED AT EACH END TO RINGS TO WHICH ARE ATTACHED SWIVEL HOOKS ONE END HOOKED ONTO MATCHSAFE, OTHER END TO SEAL.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
MR. THOMAS PERRY WAS THE GODSON AND NEPHEW OF MRS. WILLIAM LETHBRIDGE & INHERITED THESE ARTICLES. DONOR BELIEVES HER FATHER WORE THESE ITEMS UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1957. MR. PERRY KEPT THE MATCHSAFE ON THE WATCH CHAIN SO THAT IT WOULD BE HANDY TO LIGHT HIS PIPE. IMMIGRATED TO CANADA FROM TAVISTOCK, DEVON, ENGLAND (HOMETOWN OF WILLIAM LETHBRIDGE) IN 1897, HE MARRIED ANNIE MAY GIBSON IN 1911. THEY HOMESTEADED NORTH OF CALGARY. DONOR WAS BORN IN 1912. *UPDATE* IN 2017, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILE ARTIFACTS INCLUDING OBJECTS WITH RELATED LOCATION CODES, WHICH INCLUDED THIS FOB. DURING THE RESEARCH, FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE FOB WAS FOUND IN THE PERMANENT FILES. ONE DOCUMENT STATES MR. THOMAS PERRY, THE DONOR'S FATHER, "HAD RECEIVED THE SEAL (THE FOB WITH THE LETHBRIDGE FAMILY SEAL) AFTER MARGARET LETHBRIDGE'S DEATH, AT SOME TIME PRIOR TO 1935... MRS. LETHRBIDGE WAS THOMAS PERRY'S MOTHER'S SISTER, AND HIS GODMOTHER." A BRIEF FAMILY HISTORY SUBMITTED BY KERFOOT AT THE TIME OF THE ARTIFACT'S DONATION IS ALSO INCLUDED IN THE PERMANENT FILE. THIS DOCUMENT EXPLAINS THAT THE DONOR'S FATHER EMIGRATED TO CANADA AROUND 1897 AT THE AGE OF 21 WHERE HE BEGAN FARMING NORTH OF CALGARY. THIS DOCUMENT ALSO STATES THE DONOR'S MOTHER, ANNIE MAY GIBSON, "TRAINED AS A NURSE AT THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL, 1905-1907, GRADUATING AS A REGISTERED NURSE IN 1907. SHE WORKED AS HEAD NIGHT NURSE AT THE GENERAL FOR A TIME, AND LATER WORKED AT A TB SANATARIUM IN CALIFORNIA... BEFORE HER MARRIAGE." THE FAMILY HISTORY ALSO STATES THAT THE DONOR, JESSIE KERFOOT, WAS BORN IN 1912 AND ATTENDED ST. HILDA'S IN CALGARY FROM 1920-1929. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19860014000-GA FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19860015000
Acquisition Date
1985-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PIN
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAYON, STEEL, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P19940024006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PIN
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Materials
RAYON, STEEL, PAINT
No. Pieces
2
Length
10.8
Width
2.5
Description
RAYON RIBBON WITH A SATIN WEAVE, HAS BLUE, WHITE, AND THEN A RED STRIPE. IS TIED IN A BOW, AND IN THE CENTRE KNOT IS A BUTTON WITH A PIN. THE PIN IS ATTACHED BUT BEING BENT AROUND THE UNDERSIDE OF THE BUTTON AND SECURED UNDER THE LIP. THE TOP IS PAINTED RED AND IN WHITE LETTERING IT READS "JESUS SAVES". RIBBON IS FRAYED ON ENDS, HAS SOME MINOR RUNS IN THE FABRIC.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
BUTTONS AND OTHER ARTIFACTS FOUND IN BOX IN BARRACK BAY AT LOCATION OF STREETS ALIVE DURING RENOVATIONS. OWNER NOT KNOWN.
Catalogue Number
P19940024006
Acquisition Date
1994-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1924
Date Range To
1926
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS?
Catalogue Number
P19910041023
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1924
Date Range To
1926
Materials
GLASS?
No. Pieces
1
Length
100.5
Width
1.1
Description
GLASS? BEADS JOINED IN A LONG STRIP & STRIP DOUBLED & JOINED TO FORM LOOP. FINISHED AT END WITH LOOP TASSELS OF BEADS. BEADS ARE CLEAR. HANDMADE.
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
DONOR STATES NECKLACE MADE BY RUTH BOOSE HOBBS ABOUT 1924 OR 1926, DONOR'S SISTER. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING THIS NECKLACE DONATED BY MARY EDITH BOOSE IN 1991. INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR COMES FROM HER OBITUARY PUBLISHED ON THE VULCAN FUNERAL HOME WEBSITE. IT STATES BOOSE WAS BORN ON 24 JANUARY 1900 IN LIMA, OHIO. SHE “CAME TO NANTON WITH HER SISTER RUTH AND THEIR PARENTS, HENRY "DICK" FRANKLIN AND MARY ESTHER (NEE RINEHART) BOOSE IN THE SPRING OF 1909. THEY SETTLED ON A FARM 27 MILES SOUTHEAST OF NANTON.” AFTER ATTENDING CALGARY NORMAL SCHOOL DURING 1923 – 1924, SHE BECAME A TEACHER. SHE TAUGHT SCHOOL AT EASTWAY. VULCAN, AND TURNER VALLEY. SHE RETIRED IN 1963 AFTER OVER THIRTY-NINE YEARS OF TEACHING. AFTER RETIREMENT, SHE RESIDED IN VULCAN AND PASSED AWAY THERE ON 15 FEBRUARY 1994 AT THE AGE OF 94 YEARS. THE RESEARCH CONDUCTED TO LOCATE THE DONOR’S NEXT-OF-KIN WAS UNSUCCESSFUL. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE FULL OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19910041023
Acquisition Date
1991-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DUMMY PARADE ROUND
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1925
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEAD
Catalogue Number
P19950048004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DUMMY PARADE ROUND
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1925
Materials
LEAD
No. Pieces
10
Height
7.7
Diameter
1.3
Description
TEN 303. CAL. DUMMY CARTRIDGES. CASINGS ARE LEAD WITH BRASS FINISH WHICH IS ALL MOST COMPLETELY WORN OFF ON ALL CARTRIDGES. BULLET IS MADE OF LEAD AND JACKET AND NOSE ARE ONE PIECE. EACH CASING HAS THREE LENGTHWISE INDENTATIONS IN IT AND EACH INDENT IS PAINTED RED. EACH CASING ALSO HAS FOUR SMALL HOLES DRILLED IN VARIOUS PLACES REVEALING WOOD INSIDE INSTEAD OF POWDER. PRIMER OF EACH IS SET DEEPLY WITHIN CARTRIDGE CUP. AROUND BOTTTOM OF CUP EACH HAS A DATE AND OTHER INSCRIPTIONS WHICH ARE AS FOLLOWS: 1. HAS "1917", "GP-B", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH A "W" INSIDE IT. 2. HAS "1918", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" 3. HAS "1919", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" 4. HAS "1920", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" 5. HAS "1921", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" 6. HAS "1921", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" 7. HAS "1921", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" 8. HAS "1921", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" 9. HAS "1923", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" 10. HAS "1923", "VII", "D", "A" AND "C" WITH "W" EACH ROUND CASING HAS NUMEROUS TINY SCRATCHES AND IS WORN.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE P19950048001-GA *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE SPOKE WITH DONNA JACOBSON (WHO WAS A CLOSE FRIEND OF THE LATE DONOR). JACOBSON CONFIRMED BY PHONE THAT ALLEN GERTH WAS BORN IN BARRHEAD ALBERTA AND MOVED TO BASHAW AFTER WWII ENDED AND HIS FAMILY MOVED TO THE COAST. HE PASSED AWAY IN BASHAW. ALLEN GERTH HAD GIVEN THE UNIFORM TO HIS NEPHEW WILLIAM GERTH (DONOR’S BROTHER) TO KEEP WARM WHILE USING THE OPEN FRONT TRACTOR. WILLIAM GERTH NEVER USED IT AND SUBSEQUENTLY GAVE IT TO LYDIA GERTH WHO HAD THE UNIFORM AND ITEMS IN HER POSSESSION WHICH SHE STORED IN A CLOSET FOR UPWARDS OF TWENTY YEARS. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950048004
Acquisition Date
1995-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1925
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER
Catalogue Number
P19970073051
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1925
Materials
SILVER
No. Pieces
2
Height
1.2
Length
2.2
Width
1.7
Description
STERLING SILVER LAPEL PIN WITH THREADED BACKING. CREST SHAPED, WITH CROWN AT TOP. AT CENTRE IS WHITE ENAMELED MAPLE-LEAF SHAPE WITH LETTERS "G.W.V." PRINTED. BLUE AND RED ENAMELED STRIPES RADIATE FROM CENTRE. BACK OF PIN ENGRAVED WITH "STERLING 78205". REVERSE OF BACKING ENGRAVED "THE VICTORY PATENTED".
Subjects
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONATED TO LEGION BY UNKNOWN DONOR, THEN TO MUSEUM BY LEGION. HISTORY AND USE UNKNOWN. SEE P19970073001-GA FOR HISTORY OF COLLECTION. THE GREAT WAR VETERANS ASSOCIATION WAS THE LARGEST AND MOST VOCAL OF SEVERAL VETERANS GROUPS TO EMERGE FROM THE FIRST WORLD WAR. TO HELP REINTEGRATE SERVICE PERSONNEL INTO CIVILIAN LIFE, A LOCAL BRANCH WAS ORGANIZED IN MARCH 1917. THE CLUB WAS HOUSED IN THE FORMER LAND TITLES BUILDING, FURNISHED WITH A BILLIARD TABLE, READING ROOM, DINING ROOM, AND OTHER FACILITIES. IN ADDITION TO LOBBYING FOR VETERANS’ INTERESTS, THE GWVA HELD CONCERTS, ORGANIZED REMEMBRANCE PARADES, AND PROVIDED RELIEF TO RETURNED MEN AND THEIR FAMILIES. IN 1925 THE GWVA AMALGAMATED WITH OTHER VETERANS’ GROUPS TO FORM THE CANADIAN LEGION, BRITISH EMPIRE SERVICE LEAGUE. LETHBRIDGE’S GWVA BRANCH WAS GRANTED THE LEGION CHARTER IN 1926 AND BECAME KNOWN AS BRANCH NO. 4.
Catalogue Number
P19970073051
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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