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Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
No. Pieces
1
Length
139
Width
99.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN BLANKET MADE FROM RAW FLAX. THE BLANKET IS COMPOSED OF 2 SECTIONS OF THE SAME SIZE OF MATERIAL THAT ARE JOINED TOGETHER WITH A SEAM AT THE CENTER. ON THE FRONT SIDE (WITH NEAT SIDE OF THE STITCHING AND PATCHES), THERE ARE THREE PATCHES ON THE BLANKET MADE FROM LIGHTER, RAW-COLOURED MATERIAL. ONE SECTION OF THE FABRIC HAS TWO OF THE PATCHES ALIGNED VERTICALLY NEAR THE CENTER SEAM. THE AREA SHOWING ON ONE PATCH IS 3 CM X 5 CM AND THE OTHER IS SHOWING 5 CM X 6 CM. ON THE OPPOSITE SECTION THERE IS ONE PATCH THAT IS 16 CM X 8.5 CM SEWN AT THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET. THE BLANKET IS HEMMED ON BOTH SHORT SIDES. ON THE OPPOSING/BACK SIDE OF THE BLANKET, THE FULL PIECES OF THE FABRIC FOR THE PATCHES ARE SHOWING. THE SMALLER PATCH OF THE TWO ON THE ONE HALF-SECTION OF THE BLANKET IS 8CM X 10 CM AND THE OTHER PATCH ON THAT SIDE IS 14CM X 15CM. THE PATCH ON THE OTHER HALF-SECTION IS THE SAME SIZE AS WHEN VIEWED FROM THE FRONT. THERE IS A SEVERELY FADED BLUE STAMP ON THIS PATCH’S FABRIC. FAIR CONDITION. THERE IS RED STAINING THAT CAN BE SEEN FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE BLANKET AT THE CENTER SEAM, NEAR THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET AT THE SIDE WITH 2 PATCHES (CLOSER TO THE LARGER PATCH), AND NEAR THE SMALL PATCH AT THE END FURTHER FROM THE CENTER. THERE IS A HOLE WITH MANY LOOSE THREADS SURROUNDING NEAR THE CENTER OF THE HALF SECTION WITH ONE PATCH. THERE ARE VARIOUS THREADS COMING LOOSE AT MULTIPLE POINTS OF THE BLANKET.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
BEDDING
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. ACCORDING TO A NOTE THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THIS LIGHTWEIGHT BLANKET AT THE TIME OF ACQUISITION THE BLANKET IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN MADE C. 1920S. MORRIS SAYS HER MEMORY OF THE BLANKET DATES AS FAR BACK AS SHE CAN REMEMBER: “RIGHT INTO THE ‘30S, ‘40S AND ‘50S BECAUSE MY MOTHER DID THAT RIGHT UP UNTIL NEAR THE END. I USE THAT EVEN IN LETHBRIDGE WHEN I HAD A GARDEN. [THIS TYPE OF BLANKET] WAS USED FOR TWO PURPOSES. IT WAS EITHER PUT ON THE BED UNDERNEATH THE MATTRESS THE LADIES MADE OUT OF WOOL AND OR ELSE IT WAS USED, A DIFFERENT PIECE OF CLOTH WOULD BE USED FOR FLAILING THINGS. [THE] FLAIL ACTUALLY GOES WITH IT AND THEY BANG ON THE SEEDS AND IT WOULD TAKE THE HULLS OFF… IT’S HAND WOVEN AND IT’S MADE OUT OF POOR QUALITY FLAX… IT’S UNBLEACHED, DEFINITELY… RAW LINEN." THIS SPECIFIC BLANKET WAS USED FOR SEEDS MORRIS RECALLS: “…IT HAD TO BE A WINDY DAY… WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS OR WHATEVER BEET SEEDS AND WE WOULD BEAT AWAY AND THEN WE WOULD STAND UP, HOLD IT UP AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN [ONTO THE BLANKET.” THE SEEDS WOULD THEN BE CARRIED ON THE BLANKET AND THEN PUT INTO A PAIL. OF THE BLANKET’S CLEAN STATE, MORRIS EXPLAINS, “THEY’RE ALWAYS WASHED AFTER THEY’RE FINISHED USING THEM.” WHEN SHE LOOKS AT THIS ARTIFACT, MORRIS SAYS: “I FEEL LIKE I’M OUT ON THE FARM, I SEE FIELDS AND FIELDS OF FLAX, BLUE FLAX. BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT SHE USED IT FOR. SHE DID USE IT IF SHE WANTED A LITTLE BIT OF THE FLAX THEN SHE’D POUND THE FLAX, BUT THAT WASN’T OFTEN. IT WAS MOSTLY BEANS AND PEAS.” IT IS UNKNOWN WHO WOVE THIS BLANKET. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, DYE
Catalogue Number
P20160003006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1929
Materials
WOOL, DYE
No. Pieces
1
Length
182.5
Width
117.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN RUG MADE FROM HAND-DYED, HANDSPUN WOOL. THERE IS A 3-4 CM WIDE BLACK BORDER AROUND ALL LENGTHS OF THE RUG, WITH FRINGE ON THE SHORT ENDS. INSIDE THE BLACK BORDER IS A SINGLE WOVEN BORDER OF LIGHT BLUE WOOL. INSIDE OF THIS BORDER IS A PATTERN SET ON A DARK BURGUNDY-COLOURED BACKGROUND. THERE IS A BLUE FLOWER IN THE CENTER OF THE RUG. ON ONE END THE DATE “1924” IS WOVEN IN RAW-COLOURED WOOL. THE “9” HAS BEEN WOVEN UPSIDE DOWN. ON THE OPPOSITE END OF THE RUG, THE INITIALS “ ” FOR THE NAME LISAVETA PETROVNA WISHLOW, ARE WOVEN IN LIGHT BLUE. THERE ARE 20 HARPS COLOURED EITHER BLUE, ORANGE, PINK, OR YELLOW AROUND ALL LENGTHS OF THE RUG. UNDER THE HARPS IS A GREEN VINE PATTERN AND A RED DECORATIVE BORDER. THE DESIGN ELEMENTS ARE LAID OUT SYMMETRICALLY OVER THE RUG AND CONSIST OF FLOWERS, DUCKS, AND BUTTERFLIES. VERY GOOD TO EXCELLENT CONDITION. SLIGHT WEAR TO THE WOOL FROM USE.
Subjects
FLOOR COVERING
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. THIS RUG WAS HAND-WOVEN BY ELIZABETH KONKIN IN 1924. THE RUG WAS USED AS A WALL COVER IN THE WINTER AND ACTED AS AN INSULATOR. LATER IT WAS USED ON THE FLOOR AT CHRISTMASTIME. IT WAS INHERITED BY MORRIS PRIOR TO THE PASSING OF HER MOTHER: “I CAME INTO POSSESSION [OF IT] FROM MY MOTHER. SHE DIED IN 2003 AND I GOT THE RUG SLIGHTLY BEFORE THEN AND YES THAT WOULD BE ABOUT THE TIME… I HAVE NO OTHER SIBLINGS AND SO OBVIOUSLY EVERYTHING SHE MADE WOULD GO TO ME. MY SON SAID HE WOULD LIKE TO HAVE THE RUG, BUT CHANGED HIS MIND. HIS WIFE WAS NOT KEEN ON HAVING IT, SO I HAD TO DO SOMETHING WITH IT. TO ME IT IS A VERY BEAUTIFUL RUG AND I WANTED IT SOME PLACE WHERE IT WON’T GET TRASHED BY DOGS OR ANIMALS.” AFTER ACQUIRING THE RUG, MORRIS PLACED IT ON THE FLOOR OF HER HOME IN LETHBRIDGE: “THE LINO [ON THE FLOOR] STARTED TO WEAR OUT AND I THOUGHT YOU CAN’T PUT A RUG LIKE THAT ON ANOTHER LINO. IT JUST DOESN’T GO. BUT I DO LIKE HARDWOOD SO WE HAD HARDWOOD PUT THROUGHOUT THE BEDROOMS. THE LAST ROOM IS MY OFFICE, FIRST OF ALL, I HAD THE RUG IN THIS BEDROOM AND THEN IT WASN’T VERY CONVENIENT TO CLEAN BECAUSE THERE WASN’T THAT MUCH SPACE SO I PUT IT IN MY OFFICE WHERE I LOVED IT, BUT I KEPT STUMBLING OVER IT. I THOUGHT I MIGHT BREAK A LEG IF I DO THIS SO I BETTER GET RID OF IT… THE HARDWOOD WAS PUT IN BEFORE THE GST WENT IN. I DIDN’T HAVE THE RUG THEN BUT I THOUGHT THAT I WOULD BE GETTING THE RUG AND SO I WOULD HAVE IT HARDWOOD… WAS IT 1995? ANYWAY BEFORE GST WENT IN.” THE RUG HAD BEEN PRESENT THROUGHOUT MORRIS’ LIFE – FROM TIME SPENT ON THE DOUKHOBOR COLONY IN SHOULDICE, ALBERTA TO LIFE ON A FARM OUTSIDE OF VAUXHALL, ALBERTA: “I CAN REMEMBER WHEN I WAS BORN. THE RUG WAS IN MY PARENT’S HOME. WE LIVED ON A DOUKHOBOR COLONY, WE HAD MUD PLASTERED WALLS AND OUR HOUSE WAS WELL BUILT. MY DAD BUILT IT. SOME OF THE HOUSES ONLY HAD ONE LAYER OF WOOD AND THEY WERE VERY COLD, HOWEVER OUR BEDROOMS HAD WALLS ON THE NORTH SIDE. IN WINTER THEY GOT CHILLY, SO EVERY WINTER THEY WOULD NAIL UP THIS RUG UP AGAINST THE WALL. IT STAYED THERE FOR THE WINTER. FOR SUMMER IT CAME DOWN, I DON’T [KNOW] WHERE SHE STORED IT, I THINK POSSIBLY IN ONE OF THE BIGGER TRUNKS AND THEN TOOK IT OUT… THIS HOME [WHERE THE RUG WAS PLACED], IT’S OUTSIDE OF VAUXHALL. WE LEFT THE COLONY, MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND MOVED THE HOUSE. THE HOUSE WAS EXPANDED AND THEN WE LIVED IN THAT HOUSE. I LEFT HOME AND MY PARENTS HAD A HOUSE IN LETHBRIDGE WHICH DAD BUILT ALSO AND HE SOLD THE FARM. THEY ASKED IF WE WANTED TO GO AND WE DIDN’T. SO THEY SOLD THE FARM AND THERE WAS A BEAUTIFUL POND WHERE WE SWAM AND BOATED AND WE HAD LOTS OF TREES AROUND THE HOUSE. IT WAS ABOUT AN ACREAGE IF NOT MORE AND WHEN HE SOLD IT THE NEW OWNERS, VERY FRUGAL PEOPLE, [THEY] BURNT DOWN THE HOUSE, THE STEAM BATHROOM, THE GARAGE, THE WORKS. NOW MIND THEY WERE OLD STATE BY NOW AND THEY PLOWED [IT ALL INTO] IN THE POND BECAUSE THEY WANTED TO MAKE MONEY FROM THE GRAIN [FIELDS], SO WHEN I WENT THERE A COUPLE OF YEARS LATER, [I WAS] SURPRISED EVERYTHING WAS GONE, SO THAT WAS THAT." THE RUG MAY HAVE BEEN WOVEN BY MORRIS’ MOTHER ON THE DOUKHOBOR COLONY IN SHOULDICE OR DURING THE WINTER SPENT IN COWLEY: “… IT COULD HAVE BEEN WOVEN IN COWLEY BECAUSE THEY STAYED IN COWLEY FOR THE WINTER BUT I CAN’T BE TOO SURE. IT ALSO COULD HAVE BEEN MADE ON THE COLONY… TWENTY MILES EAST OF MOSSLEIGH.” ELIZABETH KONKIN WAS MARRIED IN 1927, SO THE INITIALS WOVEN ON THE RUG ARE OF HER MAIDEN NAME: “THAT’S AN “L” [ ] THAT’S LISAVETA (SIC.) BUT HER NAME IS YALALISAVETA (SIC.) BUT SHE PUT DOWN LISAVETA. PETROVNA THAT’S A “P” [ ] THAT’S DAUGHTER OF PETRO AND WISHLOW [ ] THAT WAS HER MAIDEN NAME. ... [AFTER MAKING THE RUG] THERE WAS SOME WARP LEFT OVER. … WARP IS THE STUFF THAT RUNS DOWN AND WEFT IS WHAT YOU PUT IN BETWEEN WITH A SHUTTLE BUT THIS WASN’T PUT IN WITH A SHUTTLE. EACH INDIVIDUAL THREAD WAS KNOTTED. IT’S LIKE DIFFAGHAN (SIC.) - A SWEDISH METHOD - AND THAT’S HOW IT WAS DONE. IF THERE WAS SOME LEFT OVER AND HER MOM INSISTED THAT SHE DO ANOTHER RUG. WELL SHE DIDN’T WANT TO DO IT. SHE SAYS “YOU MAKE IT FOR YOUR BROTHER.” SHE FELT HIS WIFE SHOULD DO HER OWN HOPE CHEST BUT SHE DID AND THE INTERESTING THING IS THAT HIS RUG THEY USED IT ON THE FLOOR. MY MOTHER DIDN’T USE THIS ONE ON THE FLOOR EXCEPT AT CHRISTMAS TIME SO THE WISHLOW FAMILY WHO HAD THE OTHER RUG, THE MOTHER WASN’T TOO KEENLY INTERESTED IN IT. THEY HAD IT IN THE LIVING ROOM AND THEN IT WENT UP FOR SALE TO A PLACE THAT WAS OWNED BY A MAN NAMED, HIS LAST NAME WAS EWASHEN (SIC.) …THAT’S [THE RUG’S] TWIN, YES.” MORRIS THEN GOES ON TO DESCRIBE SOME OF THE OTHER PATTERNING FOUND ON THE RUG: “OKAY THOSE ARE HARPS. SHE HAD PATTERNS TO GET THEM FROM OTHER WEAVERS AND THEN SHE’D TRACE THEM OUT. I DON’T KNOW WHAT SHE USED TO TRACE THEM ON THE WARP [WITH] AND THEN SHE’D WEAVE AWAY WITH THE THREAD THAT WERE THE WEFT. SHE PUT THE DESIGNS HERSELF ONTO THE RUG” THE RUG WAS BROUGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WHEN ELIZABETH AND WILLIAM KONKIN RETIRED THERE: “I WAS TEACHING SCHOOL IN COALDALE WHEN THEY MOVED AND DAD MADE THE HOUSE IN NORTH LETHBRIDGE… THE HOUSE IS NICELY BUILT AND IT’S WARM, IT’S COMFORTABLE SO THERE’S NO USE PUTTING IT UP ON THE WALL. EVERY CHRISTMAS SHE’D TAKE IT OUT AND WE’D ROLL AROUND ON THIS RUG AND SHE WOULD HANG IT UP AFTER THE NEW YEAR SO I SAID TO HER ‘WHY DON’T YOU PUT IT ON THE FLOOR?’ AND SHE SAID, 'WELL I DON’T WANT TO MESS IT UP.' HOWEVER, I SAID, 'WELL I’M GOING TO PUT IT ON THE FLOOR,' SO THAT’S WHERE IT WAS UNTIL I STARTED STUMBLING OVER IT.” AMONG THE OTHER ARTIFACTS DONATED BY MORRIS THAT WERE OWNED BY HER MOTHER, THE RUG WAS A SIGNIFIER OF THE HARD WORK REQUIRED WITHIN THE DOUKHOBOR LIFESTYLE: “[THE BLANKET AND THE SPINNING WHEEL] MEANT A LOT WELL AFTER THE WAR AND THINGS WERE CHEAP. THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO WEAVE THEIR OWN STUFF. PRIOR TO THAT, NOT IN MY MOTHER’S TIME EVEN BEFORE THAT MY GRANDMOTHER’S TIME, EVERY GIRL HAD TO WEAVE A TROUSSEAU FOR HERSELF TO LAST A LIFETIME BECAUSE SHE STARTED HAVING CHILDREN AND SHE WOULDN’T HAVE THE TIME TO DO IT. THERE WERE THINGS THAT WERE ANCIENT THAT WERE USED AND USED UNTIL THEY DIED HOWEVER, IN MY MOTHER’S DAY THEY KNITTED THEIR OWN SOCKS, THEY MADE THEIR OWN QUILTS. THE MEN DID THE BUILDING AND THEY LIVED OFF THE GARDENS BECAUSE THEY WERE VEGETARIANS SO THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT MEAT. THEY BOUGHT EGGS FROM THE NEIGHBOURS WHO WERE FARMERS. THE INTERESTING THING THERE WAS THAT THEY WEREN’T SUPPOSED TO EAT MEAT AND I ATE MEAT WHEN I WAS CLOSE TO TWENTY. WHEN I TELL MY VEGETARIAN RELATIVES WHAT ABOUT YOUR SHOES AND YOU’VE GOT LEATHER, COWHIDE WHATEVER AND THEY COULDN’T COME UP WITH AN ANSWER SO… THEY REPRESENTED HARD WORK THAT’S, THIS TAKES A LONG TIME WHEN YOU THINK OF EVERY KNOT THAT HAD TO BE TIED AND IT WAS PART OF HER TROUSSEAU. THE SPINNING WHEEL MEANT A LOT BECAUSE YOU HAD TO SPIN THE WOOL SO.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003006
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Length
41
Width
12
Description
WOODEN FLAIL. ONE END HAS A PADDLE WITH A WIDTH THAT TAPERS FROM 12 CM AT THE TOP TO 10 CM AT THE BASE. THE PADDLE IS WELL WORN IN THE CENTER WITH A HEIGHT OF 4 CM AT THE ENDS AND 2 CM IN THE CENTER. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO THE PADDLE AND IS 16 CM LONG WITH A CIRCULAR SHAPE AT THE END OF THE HANDLE. ENGRAVED ON THE CIRCLE THE INITIALS OF DONOR’S MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER, ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, “ . . .” GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SLIGHT SPLITTING OF THE WOOD ON THE PADDLE AND AROUND THE JOINT BETWEEN THE HANDLE AND THE PADDLE. OVERALL WEAR FROM USE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. THIS WOODEN DOUKHOBOR TOOL IS CALLED A “FLAIL.” A NOTE WRITTEN BY ELSIE MORRIS THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THE FLAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION EXPLAINS, “FLAIL USED FOR BEATING OUT SEEDS. BELONGED TO ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, THEN HANDED TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH PETROVNA KONKIN WHO PASSED IT ON TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH W. MORRIS.” ALTERNATELY, IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS REMEMBERED HER GRANDMOTHER’S, “… NAME WAS JUSOULNA AND THE MIDDLE INITIAL IS THE DAUGHTER OF YVONNE. YVONNE WAS HER FATHER’S NAME AND WISHLOW WAS HER LAST NAME.” THE FLAIL AND THE BLANKET, ALSO DONATED BY MORRIS, WERE USED TOGETHER AT HARVEST TIME TO EXTRACT AND COLLECT SEEDS FROM GARDEN CROPS. ELSIE RECALLED THAT ON WINDY DAYS, “WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS, OR WHATEVER, AND WE WOULD [LAY THEM OUT ON THE BLANKET], BEAT AWAY AND THEN HOLD [THE BLANKET] UP, AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN.” THE FLAIL CONTINUED TO BE USED BY ELIZABETH “RIGHT UP TO THE END,” POSSIBLY INTO THE 1990S, AND THEREAFTER BY MORRIS. WHEN ASKED WHY SHE STOPPED USING IT HERSELF, MORRIS SAID, “I DON’T GARDEN ANYMORE. FURTHERMORE, PEAS ARE SO INEXPENSIVE THAT YOU DON’T WANT TO GO TO ALL THAT WORK... I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE HARVEST THEIR SEEDS. I THINK WE JUST GO AND BUY THEM IN PACKETS NOW.” THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. DOUKHOBOURS CAME TO CANADA IN FINAL YEARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO ESCAPE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN RUSSIA. ELIZABETH KONKIN (NEE WISHLOW) WAS BORN IN CANORA, SK ON JANUARY 22, 1907 TO HER PARENTS, PETER AND ELIZABETH WISHLOW. AT THE AGE OF 6 SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT BRILLIANT, BC, AND THEY LATER MOVED TO THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT SHOULDICE. IT WAS HERE THAT SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM KONKIN. THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE MORRIS (NÉE KONKIN), WAS BORN IN SHOULDICE IN 1928. INITIALLY, WILLIAM TRIED TO SUPPORT HIS FAMILY BY GROWING AND PEDDLING VEGETABLES. WHEN THE FAMILY RECOGNIZED THAT GARDENING WOULD NOT PROVIDE THEM WITH THE INCOME THEY NEEDED, WILLIAM VENTURED OUT TO FARM A QUARTER SECTION OF IRRIGATED LAND 120 KM (75 MILES) AWAY IN VAUXHALL. IN 1941, AFTER THREE YEARS OF FARMING REMOTELY, HE AND ELIZABETH DECIDED TO LEAVE THE ALBERTA COLONY AND RELOCATE TO VAUXHALL. MORRIS WAS 12 YEARS OLD AT THE TIME. MORRIS STATED: “… [T]HEY LEFT THE COLONY BECAUSE THERE WERE THINGS GOING ON THAT THEY DID NOT LIKE SO THEY WANTED TO FARM ON THEIR OWN. SO NOW NOBODY HAD MONEY, SO VAUXHALL HAD LAND, YOU KNOW, THAT THEY WANTED TO HAVE THE PEOPLE AND THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO PUT ANY DOWN DEPOSIT THEY JUST WERE GIVEN THE LAND AND THEY HAD TO SIGN A PAPER SAYING THEY WOULD GIVE THEM ONE FOURTH OF THE CROP EVERY YEAR. THAT WAS HOW MY DAD GOT PAID BUT WHAT MY DAD DIDN’T KNOW WAS THAT THE MONEY THAT WENT IN THERE WAS ACTUALLY PAYING OFF THE FARM SO HE WENT TO SEE MR., WHAT WAS HIS LAST NAME, HE WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE. ANYWAY HE SAID TO HIM “HOW LONG WILL IT BE BEFORE I CAN PAY OFF THIS FARM” AND HE SAYS “YOU’VE BEEN PAYING IT RIGHT ALONG YOU OWE ABOUT TWO HUNDRED AND A FEW DOLLARS”. WELL THAT WAS A REAL SURPRISE FOR THEM SO THEY GAVE THEM THE TWO HUNDRED AND WHATEVER IT WAS THAT HE OWED AND HE BECAME THE OWNER OF THE FARM." MORRIS WENT ON, ”THE DOUKHOBORS ARE AGRARIAN, THEY LIKE TO GROW THINGS THAT’S THEIR CULTURE OF OCCUPATION AND SO THE ONES WHO LIKED FRUIT MOVED TO B.C. LIKE MY UNCLE DID AND MY DAD LIKED FARMING SO HE MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THERE WERE LET’S SEE, I THINK THERE WERE FOUR OTHER FAMILIES THAT MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THREE OF THE MEN GOT TOGETHER AND DECIDED THEY WERE GOING TO GET THEIR TOOLS TOGETHER LIKE A TRACTOR AND MACHINERY THEY NEEDED AND THEN THEY WOULD TAKE TURNS…” THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, WOOD, IRON
Catalogue Number
P20150010009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1995
Materials
METAL, WOOD, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.0
Length
24.5
Width
12..7
Description
HAY CROOK OR BALE HOOK. METAL AND WOODEN HANDLE, WITH CAST IRON HOOK. MAIN PORTION OF THE HANDLE IS WOODEN, WITH A MEDIUM AND LIGHT GREY PAINTED FINISH. WHERE THE HANDLE ATTACHES TO THE HOOK IS SILVER COLOURED METAL, WITH A MEDIUM LIGHT BLUE PAINTED FINISH. THE HOOK ITSELF IS CAST IRON, WITH A RED PAINTED FINISH. OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. STRUCTURALLY THE HOOK IS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION, BUT THE PAINTED SURFACES ARE ALL VERY WORN. THE WOODEN HANDLE APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN FINISHED IN A LIGHT GREY FIRST, WITH A LATER ADDITION OF MEDIUM GREY PAINT. BOTH OF THE GREY FINISHES ARE VERY SCUFFED AND SCRATCHED AND THERE IS A LOT OF EXPOSED WOOD. THE MEDIUM BLUE FINISH OF THE METAL PORTION OF THE HANDLE HAS FLAKED OFF IN SEVERAL AREAS. SEVERAL MORE AREAS OF THE FINISH ARE LOOSE. THE RED FINISH ON THE CAST IRON IS VERY WORN, REVEILING BOTH UNFINISHED METAL AND A LIGHT BLUE PAINT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS HAY CROOK OR BALE HOOK WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). ALL FOUR MEN AGREE THAT THE HOOK WAS USED TO HELP FIGHT HAYSTACK FIRES ON LOCAL FARMS. BROWN EXPLAINS THE DIFFICULTY OF DEALING WITH A HAYSTACK FIRE AND WHY THE HOOK WAS SO USEFUL: “WITH A HAYSTACK FIRE, ONCE IT STARTS ON FIRE, THE WHOLE STACK IS WRECKED, EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN’T BURN, BECAUSE THE SMOKE GOES THROUGH IT, THE HAY IS CONTAMINATED AND THE ANIMALS AREN’T GOING TO EAT IT, SO YOU PRETTY WELL HAVE TO KNOCK IT DOWN ANYWAY. AS SOON AS YOU PUT WATER ON IT, IT WILL SMOLDER, AND SMOLDER, AND SMOLDER. PROBABLY ONE OF THE HARDEST FIRES TO PUT OUT IS A HAYSTACK FIRE, BECAUSE YOU CAN’T GET THE WATER TO IT. … YOU PUT YOUR WATER, YOU SOAK ON TOP OF THE BALES AND IT JUST WON’T SOAK IN, SO YOU HAVE TO TAKE EVERY BALE APART, BREAK EVERY PIECE APART, EVERY LITTLE BALE, BREAK IT DOWN, HOSE IT DOWN, NEXT BALE, BREAK IT APART, HOSE IT DOWN, AND CONTINUE.” LAZENBY RECALLED SEEING THE HAY CROOK ON THE TRUCK WHEN HE FIRST STARTED AND EXPLAINED: “I’M NOT A FARM KID AND I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT IT WAS.” HE ASKED WHAT IT WAS, RECEIVING THE REPLY: “’WELL, IT’S A BALE HOOK’ AND I SAID, ‘SO I’M NOT TRYING TO BE A SMART ALECK HERE, BUT WHY DO WE HAVE BALE HOOKS ON THE ENGINE?’ THEY SAID, ‘WELL, IN CASE WE GO TO A HAY BALE FIRE.’ YOU KNOW, ASK A SIMPLE QUESTION, YOU GET A SIMPLE ANSWER, RIGHT? … I NEVER SAW ONE USED AND … THIS IS ONE OF THOSE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT THAT GOT PHASED OUT SHORTLY AFTER THE BEGINNING OF MY CAREER. … THIS WAS ONE OF THOSE PIECES THAT WE FOUND THAT WE JUST DIDN’T HAVE A USE FOR. YOU CAN MOVE HAY BALES WITH OTHER MEANS THAN TO HAVE A SET OF BALE HOOKS ON THE TRUCKS, SO THEY WENT AWAY.” PETIT RECALLED USING THE HOOK AND ADDED: “IT WAS USUALLY ON THE PUMP WHEN THEY RESPONDED TO GRASS FIRES … SOMETIMES WE’D TAKE THAT, NOT USUALLY TO FIGHT THE FIRE, BUT WHEN YOU HAD TO KNOCK [THE BALES] DOWN, YOU HAD TO DRAG THE BALES OUT OF THE WAY. OTHERWISE THEY WOULD START THE FIRE ALL OVER AGAIN. IT WASN’T USED THAT MUCH BUT WE DID GO TO QUITE A FEW FIRES, YOU KNOW, STACKS OF BALES.” DZUREN AGREED: “WELL, IT’S THE BAILING HOOK. AND THAT’S JUST TO MOVE ANY, WHETHER IT’S A BALE OF STRAW OR ANY OTHER ITEM THAT HAD TO BE MOVED AWAY FROM THE FIRE, OR JUST, YOU KNOW, SEGREGATED FROM WHAT WAS ALREADY BURNING.” HE RECALLED THAT IT WAS IN USE WHEN HE STARTED IN 1959 AND ADDED “IT WOULD HAVE BEEN ON ONE OF THE VEHICLES … PARTICULARLY … COUNTY VEHICLES THAT WOULD RESPOND OUT TO THE COUNTY, TO THE FARM FIRE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010009
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HAY KNIFE
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1958
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD.
Catalogue Number
P20080028000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAY KNIFE
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1958
Materials
STEEL, WOOD.
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.2
Length
80
Width
26
Description
HAY KNIFE, RUSTED SERRATED STEEL BLADE. TWO HANDLES ON OPPOSITE SIDE OF BLADE, ONE WITH WOOD HANDLE WHICH IS SPLITTING, OTHER MISSING WOODEN HANDLE. DISCOLORED AND MARKED WITH DROPPINGS.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
MILITARY
History
INFORMATION BELOW GATHERED DURING A FILMED INTERVIEW BETWEEN TECH KEVIN MACLEAN AND DONOR ALFRED WEISS IN WEISS' HOUSEHOLD ON AUGUST 28, 2008 AND, TO A LESSER EXTENT, WHEN THE COPY WAS VETTED BY WEISS ON 8 OCTOBER 2010. DONOR ALFRED WEISS, A FORMER ARMOURED CAR DRIVER IN THE DEUTSCHES AFRIKA KORPS, WAS TAKEN PRISONER BY SCOTTISH SOLDIERS IN NOVEMBER 1941 AT THE BATTLE OF TOBRUK IN NORTH AFRICA. FOLLOWING HIS CAPTURE, HE WAS EVENTUALLY TRANSPORTED TO ALBERTA WHERE HE WAS INTERED AS A PRISONER OF WAR AT CAMP OZADA IN KANANASKIS AND CAMP 133 IN LETHBRIDGE (INCLUDING SATTELITE CAMPS IN IRON SPRINGS, PARK LAKE, ETC.). DURING HIS TIME IN CAMP 133 HE WORKED ON 44 DIFFERENT FARMS. USUALLY PRISONERS COULDN'T WORK MORE THAN THREE DAYS ON A PARTICULAR FARM; HOWEVER, IN 1946 MARTIN ZALESAK ASKED THE PEOPLE IN CHARGE OF THE CAMP IF HE COULD TAKE THE SAME GROUP OF PRISONERS EVERYDAY TO HELP HIM HOE BEETS. WEISS WAS SELECTED FROM AMONGST CAMP INTERNEES TO HELP BECAUSE HE "DID IT AT HOME AS KIDS - IDENTIFYING BEETS FROM WEEDS". IN JULY OF 1946 HE AND A GROUP OF OTHER POW'S ENDED UP LIVING IN ZALESAK'S GRANARY, HOEING BEETS AND STACKING HAY (AT WHICH TIME HE USED THE HAY KNIFE). WEISS ALSO MILKED COWS AT THE ZALESAK FARM. OCCASIONALLY, THE DONOR HELPED FARMER MARTIN SCHMIDT WHO LIVED ACROSS THE ROAD TO THE NORTH, DIGGING DITCHES, ETC.. WEISS WORKED FOR ZALESAK UNTIL OCTOBER WHEN THEY GOT SNOWED IN. FOLLOWING THAT, HE WORKED WITH THE ZMEKO FAMILY TO HARVEST THEIR BEETS. WEISS RETURNED TO GERMANY IN NOVEMBER OF 1946. WHEN WEISS RETURNED TO GERMANY, THERE WAS NOTHING FOR HIM TO COME BACK TO - HIS FAMILY HAD LOST THEIR HOME. HE ASKED SCHMIDT AND ZALESAK (ALONG WITH TWO OTHER FARMERS) TO PROVIDE REFERENCES FOR HIM SO HE COULD RETURN TO CANADA. SHORTLY AFTER COMING BACK TO CANADA IN 1951, WEISS PURCHASED THE SCHMIDT PROPERTY ACROSS FROM THE ZALESAK FARM. WEISS NEEDED TO MAKE HAY STACKS AT HIS FARM AND HE DECIDED TO GO ACROSS THE ROAD AND ASK ZALESAK IF HE COULD HAVE THE HAY KNIFE HE HAD USED WHEN HE WAS A POW. ZALESAK GAVE HIM THE KNIFE ON ACCOUNT THAT HE NO LONGER NEEDED IT – HE USED MODERN MACHINERY TO BALE HAY INSTEAD. WEISS USED THE KNIFE UP UNTIL 1958 WHEN HE, LIKE ZALESAK, BEGAN TO BALE HAY. AFTER HE STOPPED USING THE KNIFE, WEISS STORED IT IN THE GARAGE. IT BEGAN TO RUST DUE TO GETTING DAMP AND A WOODEN HANDLE FELL OFF. WEISS REDISCOVERED THE KNIFE IN HIS GARAGE AND DONATED IT TO THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES FOR THE MUSEUM’S POW EXHIBIT IN 2008. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING TRANSCRIBED INTERVIEW, SEE PERMANENT FILE AND P20040008000. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20080028000
Acquisition Date
2008-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19980037005
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range To
1988
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.3
Length
64.5
Width
18.4
Description
MACHETE, WOOD HANDLE HAND MARKED “…88/12/18…” SHOWS SHANK OF BLADE IN TOP, HANDLE HELD TOGETHER WITH HEAVY BOLTS. STEEL BLADE RUSTED THROUGHOUT, LABELED “… EXHIBIT REPORT # B 0269… CHESTER HEAVY RUNNER…” STEEL GUARD ALSO RUSTING.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
ACCORDING TO THE FRONT PAGE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ISSUED ON DECEMBER 11, 1990, ON DECEMBER 18, 1988 A CAB DRIVER CALLED THE POLICE IN DISTRESS. WHEN THE POLICE ARRIVED ON THE SCENE THEY FOUND CHESTER HEAVY RUNNER BRANDISHING THIS MACHETE. HE THREATENED AN OFFICER WITH THE MACHETE, BUT DROPPED IT AFTER A SECOND OFFICER ARRIVED. THE MACHETE WAS POSSESSED BY THE POLICE ON DEC. 18, 1988. IT WAS NOT THE SAME KNIFE THAT HEAVY RUNNER BRANDISHED WHEN HE WAS SHOT, HOWEVER, THE DEC. 18, 1988 INCIDENT WAS USED AS EVIDENCE OF HEAVY RUNNER'S CONDUCT IN A POLICE INQUIRY REGARDING THE INCIDENT THAT OCCURRED ON APRIL 20, 1989. ON APRIL 20, 1989 CHESTER HEAVY RUNNER WAS SHOT AND KILLED BY CONSTABLE GARY HOLBERTON. HEAVY RUNNER HAD BEEN BRANDISHING TWO MACHETES. HE WAS ASKED REPEATEDLY TO DROP THE KNIVES. HE REFUSED AND WAS SHOT AS A RESULT. HEAVY RUNNER WAS INTOXICATED AT THE TIME OF THE INCIDENT. THE SHOOTING SPARKED A HEATED DEBATE BETWEEN LETHBRIDGE AND AREA CITIZENS. MANY THOUGHT CONST. HOLBERTON'S ACTIONS WERE APPROPRIATE MEASURES TAKEN TO DISARM THE ASSAILANT. MANY OTHERS BELEIVED HOLBERTON SHOULD HAVE AIMED FOR HEAVY RUNNER'S ARM OR LEG THEREBY INCAPACITATING HIM RATHER THAN KILLING HIM. AS A RESULT, SEVERAL PEOPLE CLAIMED THIS INCIDENT OCCURED DUE TO RACISM IN THE POLICE FORCE. AN INQUIRY (THE ROLF COMMISSION) WAS MADE INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE INQUIRY STATED "THE INCIDENT COULD HAVE RESULTED IN TWO SCENARIOS. EITHER HEAVY RUNNER COULD HAVE COME TO HIS SENSES AND CONSENTED TO THE ORDERS OF THE POLICE OR HEAVY RUNNER COULD CONTINUE TO ESCALATE THE DANGER TO A POINT WHERE HE WOULD HAVE TO BE SHOT. HEAVY RUNNER'S CONDUCT, SAID DUBE 'LED DIRECTLY TO THE LATTER RESOLUTION.'" (LETHBRIDGE HERALD, DECEMBER 11, 1990) SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS RELATED TO THE EVENT.
Catalogue Number
P19980037005
Acquisition Date
1998-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
PARAMOUNT THEATRE SALVAGE
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P20070023001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PARAMOUNT THEATRE SALVAGE
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2007
Materials
CLOTH
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.6
Length
146.5
Width
91.2
Description
SWATCH OF CARPET, RED BACKGROUND WITH FILIGREE PATTERN IN BLACK, GREEN, OCHRE, AND TAN COLOURS. SEAM ALONG LENGTH OF CARPET. CARPET HEAVILY WORN IN TWO PLACES. LOOSE THREADS AROUND EDGES AND STAINED THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
FLOOR COVERING
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
SWATCH OF CARPET REMOVED FROM STAIRWELL OF PARAMOUNT THEATRE AFTER ITS CLOSURE IN 2007. CARPET APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN ORIGINAL TO THE BUILDING (SEE 19752201444 AND 19752201445 IN ARCHIVES FOR EARLY IMAGES OF THEATRE. PHOTOS TAKEN AT GRAND OPENING OF THEATRE). THE SAME PATTERN REMAINED IN USE IN THE THEATRE'S LOBBY UNTIL AT LEAST 1968 (SEE199110764140 IN ARCHIVES). NICOLE HEMBROFF, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT, CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH JOEY SHACKLEFORD (GRANDSON OF A.W. SHACKLEFORD) IN 2010 AND HE SAID THE RUG SAW A LOT OF TRAFFIC. THE SEAMS WOULD FALL APART AND GET FIXED UNTIL THEY COULDN'T BE FIXED ANYMORE. WHEN NEW CARPETS WERE PURCHASED THEY TRIED TO PICK OUT DARK PATTERNS THAT WERE SIMILAR TO THE OLD ONES. THEY WANTED THE RUGS TO WEAR WELL. ACCORDING TO SHACKLEFORD, THE LOBBY, BACK OF THE THEATRES AND AISLES WOULD HAVE BEEN CARPETED. IN JANUARY OF 1946, MAJESTIC THEATRES, OWNED BY A. W. SHACKLEFORD AND FAMOUS PLAYERS, PURCHASED A SITE AT THE CORNER OF EIGHTH STREET AND FOURTH AVENUE FOR THE FUTURE PARAMOUNT THEATRE. THE 950-SEAT PARAMOUNT THEATRE COST $250,000 TO CONSTRUCT AND OPENED ITS DOORS ON OCTOBER 9, 1950. DURING IT’S 61 YEAR HISTORY (IT CLOSED IN 2007), SMOKEY AND THE BANDIT AND THE SOUND OF MUSIC WERE THE TWO OF THE TOP SHOWS, GRACING SCREENS FOR 13 AND 11 WEEKS, RESPECTIVELY. EVEN MORE IMPRESSIVELY, IN 1997 AND 1998 "THE TITANIC" RAN FOP 24 WEEKS. ROBERT SHACKLEFORD, CAPITOL’S HOUSE MANAGER AND A. W. SHACKLEFORD’S YOUNGEST SON, SAID, “THE PARAMOUNT BECAME A LANDMARK IN THIS CITY… IT WAS CONSIDERED THE FINEST THEATRE OF ITS TIME, NOT JUST IN LETHBRIDGE, BUT ANYWHERE.” IN ADDITION TO THE THEATRE, THREE OTHER BUSINESSES WERE HOUSED IN THE PARAMOUNT’S BUILDING, ALL OPENING OCTOBER 4TH, 1950: DON’S FLOWER AND GIFT SHOP, MARGOT’S LADIES WEAR, AND BROWN’S MUSIC SUPPLIES. THE PARAMOUNT DINER OPENED ITS DOORS ON OCTOBER 9, 1950, AND CLOSED IN 2005. DOUGLAS SHACKLEFORD, A. W. SHACKLEFORD’S ELDEST SON, MANAGED PARAMOUNT THEATRE FOR ITS FIRST YEAR, WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE NEW PARAMOUNT THEATRE, DOUGLAS SHACKLEFORD RESPONDED, “[IT’S] THE BEST IN THE WEST.” IN 1951, THE PARAMOUNT THEATRE RECEIVED THE LARGE MERIT AWARD, THE HIGHEST HONOUR AWARDED BY THE MOTION PICTURE THEATRE INDUSTRY. AN ACCOMPANYING PLAQUE STATED, “SELECTED BY THE SKILLED TECHNICAL EDITORS OF EXHIBITOR AND THEATRE CATALOG TO RECEIVE THE “LARGE MERIT AWARD” INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION AS ONE OF THE MOST MODERN AND WELL APPOINTED OF ALL CURRENT THEATRES IN 1951.” THE THEATRE BOASTED STATE-OF-THE-ART SOUND AND PROJECTOR EQUIPMENT. THE PROJECTORS WERE THE FIRST OF THEIR KIND TO BE INSTALLED IN WESTERN CANADA. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN OCT 1950, HARRY BOYSE, HEAD PROJECTIONIST, SAID, “THE PARAMOUNT’S PROJECTION SUITE IS ULTRA MODERN. IT IS EQUIPPED WITH THE LATEST PROJECTORS AND HAS SOUND EQUIPMENT THAT LEAVES ABSOLUTELY NOTHING TO BE DESIRED.” ANOTHER MODERN FEATURE OF THE THEATRE WAS THE ONE-WAY GLASS LOCATED BETWEEN THE MANAGER’S OFFICE AND THE AUDITORIUM AND FOYER. MANY DESIGN FEATURES OF THE PARAMOUNT STRESSED COMFORT. KROEHLER SLIDE-BACK CUSHIONED SEATS ALLOWED FOR CUSTOMERS TO REMAIN SEATED WHILE ALLOWING OTHERS TO PASS. LIGHTING SYSTEMS WERE DESIGNED TO GRADUALLY DECREASE AND INCREASE IN BRIGHTNESS SO THAT CUSTOMERS COULD ACCLIMATIZE. ADDITIONAL COMFORTS INCLUDE A WAITING LOUNGE, A WATER FOUNTAIN GUARANTEEING COLD WATER, A PRIVATE VIEWING ROOM FOR THOSE ON CALL, PRIVATE PARTIES, OR SMALL CHILDREN, AND A HEATING SYSTEM THAT EVENLY DISTRIBUTED HEAT. THROUGHOUT ITS OPERATIONS THE PARAMOUNT CINEMA UNDERWENT MANY RENOVATIONS AND FREQUENTLY UPDATED ITS TECHNOLOGY TO MEET MODERN STANDARDS. IN 1968, PARAMOUNT THEATRES ADDED A SECOND THEATRE, WHICH HELD 580 SEATS, MAKING IT THE FIRST MULTI-SCREEN THEATRE COMPLEX IN LETHBRIDGE. HENCEFORTH, IT WAS KNOWN AS PARAMOUNT CINEMA. IN 1985, SEAT WIDTH AND LEG ROOM WAS INCREASED, AND THE “CADILLAC” OF THEATRE SEATS WERE INSTALLED. IN 1988, 18 SURROUND SPEAKERS AND A DOLBY STEREO AMPLIFIER SYSTEM WERE INSTALLED. AT SOME POINT, THE PARAMOUNT RECEIVED A NEW CINEMASCOPE SCREEN. ACCORDING TO ROBERT SHACKLEFORD, THE GENERAL MANAGER OF LETHBRIDGE THEATRES LTD., “YOU RENOVATE OR STAGNATE… THAT’S BEEN MY POLICY ALL MY LIFE.” IN ADDITION TO PROVIDING ENTERTAINMENT, PARAMOUNT THEATRE SERVED THE COMMUNITY BY ALLOWING VARIOUS EVENTS TO TAKE PLACE INSIDE. IN JANUARY OF 1953, THE FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH BURNED DOWN, AND SUNDAY SERVICES WERE HELD AT THE PARAMOUNT THEATRE UNTIL A NEW CHURCH WAS BUILT. THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING HELD ITS GRADUATION CEREMONIES AT THE THEATRE DURING THE 1960S. THE PARAMOUNT HOSTED MANY CONCERTS, INCLUDING THE LETHBRIDGE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA AND THE KIWANIS MUSIC FESTIVAL. AFTER UPDATING SCREEN TECHNOLOGY TO CINEMASCOPE, THE FRONT THREE ROWS WERE REMOVED. SHACKLEFORD SAID, “THAT’S WHEN WE DECIDED THE FRONT ROWS WERE TOO CLOSE FOR THE GIANT SCREEN AND WE EXPANDED THE STAGE TO ACCOMMODATE THE SYMPHONY…” IN 1978, THE SHACKLEFORD FAMILY ALONG WITH PARAMOUNT CINEMA HOSTED A WEEKEND-LONG EVENT TO CELEBRATE 50 YEARS OF FILM. THEY SCREENED OLD CLASSIC FILMS, AND OFFERED TICKETS, POPCORN, ICE CREAM AND DRINKS FOR $0.50 AND $0.10, RESPECTIVELY, REFLECTIVE OF 1928 PRICES. FAMOUS PLAYERS BOUGHT OUT THE SHACKLEFORD FAMILY AROUND 1990. IN THE FOLLOWING YEARS, THE PUBLIC COMPLAINED ABOUT DETERIORATING CONDITIONS OF THE THEATRE. SUCH COMPLAINTS WERE IGNORED BY FAMOUS PLAYERS. A LETTER IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN OCT 2004 ENCOURAGED THE PUBLIC TO WRITE TO THE VICE-PRESIDENT OF CORPORATE AFFAIRS TO VOICE THEIR DISAPPROVAL FOR THE STATE OF THE PARAMOUNT. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE PERMANENT RECORD, DVD WALKTHROUGH AFTER CLOSURE AND ARCHIVES 19752201444, 19752201445, 199110764140. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF ALFRED WILLIAM SHACKLEFORD (P20060025001-GA), OWNER OF THE SHACKLEFORD THEATRES. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF MAYOR SHACKLEFORD WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ARCHIVES CANADA ONLINE AND A LETHBRIDGE HERALD TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM MAY 31, 1992. A.W. SHACKLEFORD WAS BORN IN ESSEX, ENGLAND IN 1899 AND CAME TO CALGARY WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1909. AFTER HIGH SCHOOL HE TRAINED AS A DRAFTSMAN BUT WAS EMPLOYED BY THE FILM EXCHANGE AND FOX FILMS. IN 1921 HE WAS HIRED TO MANAGED THE KING'S THEATRE IN LETHBRIDGE AND BECAME ASSOCIATED WITH MARK ROGERS, A LETHBRIDGE BUSINESSMAN WHO OWNED THREE LOCAL MOVIE THEATRES. SHACKLEFORD ALSO BECAME PARTNER IN THE AMUSEMENT COMPANY THAT OPENED THE HENDERSON LAKE PAVILLION IN 1924. BY 1925 HE WAS PART-OWNER OF THE FORMER EMPRESS THEATRE ON 5TH AVENUE SOUTH, RENAMING IT THE ROXY. HE THEN TEAMED UP WITH THE FAMOUS PLAYERS COMPANY TO REMODEL THE FORMER PALACE THEATRE AND RENAME IT THE CAPITOL. SHACKLEFORD ALSO OPENED THE THEATRE IN THE FORMER COLLEGE MALL, BUILT THE 960-SEAT PARAMOUNT THEATRE ON 4TH AVENUE SOUTH, AND TOOK OVER OPERATION OF THE DIRVE-IN THEATRE AT THE SOUTH CITY LIMITS. SHACKLEFORD WAS HEAVILY INVOLVED IN CIVIC LIFE, ACTIVE IN GROUPS INCLUDING THE CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY, THE GYRO CLUB, UNITED WAY, LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT EXHIBITION BOARD, BOARD OF TRADE, ST. AUGUSTINE'S CHURCH, AND THE ALBERTA THEATRE OPERATORS ASSOCIATION. HE AND HIS WIFE ADA HAD TWO SONS, ROBERT AND DOUGLAS. AFTER SEVERAL TERMS AS ALDERMAN STARTING IN 1939, SHACKLEFORD FIRST SERVED AS MAYOR FROM 1944 - 1947, AND FOR TWO MORE TERMS FROM 1952 - 1955 AND 1957 - 1961. HE WORKED FOR 68 YEARS IN THE MOVIE BUSINESS, RETIRING AT AGE 90. W.A. SHACKLEFORD DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 30, 1992. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20070023001
Acquisition Date
2008-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WATER SPRINKLER
Date Range From
1971
Date Range To
2006
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20060032014
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WATER SPRINKLER
Date Range From
1971
Date Range To
2006
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
16
Length
18
Width
10
Description
SPRINKLER WITH PALE GREEN PAINT THAT IS CHIPPED AWAY IN MOST AREAS. WEAR IS EVIDENT ACROSS BODY. SPRINKLER NOZZLE OPERATES WITHIN HEART SHAPED FRAME. UNDERNEATH BASE IS EMBOSSED "MADE IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA".
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR TREVOR BENNET AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECIEVED THE SPRINKLER IN JUNE OF 1971. APPARENTLY, HE DROVE PAST FLEETWOOD SCHOOL AFTER CLASSES HAD BEEN LET OUT. HE NOTICED THAT MATERIALS WERE BEING REMOVED FROM THE PREMISES. BENNET SAID, "I RECALL WALKING UP TO THE CARETAKER AND ASKING FOR A LAWN SPRINKLER TO REMEMBER MY SCHOOL FROM. I HAD ATTENDED FLEETWOOD FROM 1956-1960, GRADES 3-6. THE SPRINKLER WAS HANDED TO ME AND I WENT ON MY WAY." THE SPRINKLER FORMED PART OF A 100 PIECE COLLECTION. ACCORDING TO BENNET, HIS INTEREST IN COLLECTING SPRINKLERS DEVELOPED WHEN HE "TOOK A PUBLIC SPEAKING COURSE AT UNIVERSITY ONE SUMMER. WE DREW LOTS AND I WAS THE LAST TO SPEAK. I KNEW THAT I NEEDED A UNIQUE TOPIC. FOR INSPIRATION I WENT TO GARAGE SALES ONE SATURDY MORNING. I WAS IMPRESSED BY THE NOVELTY OF METAL SPRINKLERS I SAW - WENT TO THE BANK AND WITHDREW $100. I PURCHASED AS MANY DIFFERENT SPRINKLERS AS I COULD FIND. I RESEARCHED MY TOPIC - 'WATERING YOUR LAWN: PROS AND CONS.' MY TOPIC WENT OVER WELL WITH THE CLASS." SINCE THEN, THE DONOR HAS CONTINUED TO COLLECT SPRINKLERS. HE SAID "THE GLENBOW HAS TWENTY FIVE OF MY SPRINKLERS - WHICH I BELIEVE IS THE LARGEST MUSEUM COLLECTION IN CANADA."
Catalogue Number
P20060032014
Acquisition Date
2006-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20030016001
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.0
Length
149.5
Width
18.9
Description
CONSISTS OF A THICK WOODEN DOWEL THAT IS ATTACHED VIA A BRACKET TO A LARGE FLAT PIECE OF WOOD. FLAT PIECE IS PAINTED OFF-WHITE. THERE IS A STRIP OF METAL SCREWED TO ONE EDGE OF FLAT PIECE. THERE IS ALSO A PAINTED, FLAT PIECE OF METAL BOLTED TO ONE END OF TOP SIDE, AND HAS A LARGE COILED BOLT GOING THROUGH IT. PAINT IS CHIPPING BADLY. BOLTS ARE RUSTED.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
MOWER WAS USED DURING CUTTING HAY; WOULD PUSH THE CUT HAY OVER TO MAKE A GAP BETWEEN THE CUT AND UNCUT. DONOR BELIEVES THEY QUIT USING MOWER ABOUT 50 YEARS AGO. ARTIFACTS CAME FROM FARM OWNED AND OPERATED BY DONOR AND HER HUSBAND, JAKE. JAKE DOGTEROM'S FATHER, JACOB, CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FROM HOLLAND IN 1912. IT WAS JACOB'S AMBITION TO BECOME A FARMER AND HE GAINED EXPERIENCE WORKING AT THE EXPERIMENTAL STATION AS WELL AS OTHER FARMS IN THE AREA. IN 1918 HE BOUGHT HIS FIRST QUARTER SECTION OF LAND, THE SE 1/4-25-8-21. JACOB MET HIS WIFE EMILY WHILE THEY WERE BOTH WORKING AT THE EXPERIMENTAL FARM AND THEY MARRIED IN 1929. TOGETHER THEY FARMED THE ORIGINAL QUARTER OF LAND UNTIL 1929, WHEN THEY PURCHASED A SECOND QUARTER SECTION ADJOINING THE FIRST. THEY GREW VARIOUS CROPS INCLUDING POTATOES, CORN, ONIONS AND WHEAT. JACOB AND EMILY CONTINUED TO LIVE ON THE FARM AFTER RETIRING. JACOB PASSED AWAY IN 1975, AT THE AGE OF 80, AND EMILY IN 1986 AT THE AGE OF 86. JACOB AND EMILY HAD 7 CHILDREN, ONE OF WHOM IS DONOR'S HUSBAND JAKE. JAKE GREW UP ON THE FARM AND AFTER ATTENDING WHITE SCHOOL FOR ONE YEAR HE TOOK UP FARMING WITH HIS FATHER. THEIR MAIN CROP WAS POTATOES, WITH CATTLE, HAY AND GRAIN. JAKE MARRIED IRMA ELLIS (DONOR) OF LETHBRIDGE IN 1950 AND TOGETHER THEY HAD 4 CHILDREN. IN 1967 JAKE'S YOUNGEST BROTHER RAYMOND AND HIMSELF FORMED A PARTNERSHIP, AND THEY CONTINUED TO FARM TOGETHER UNTIL 1994 WHEN JAKE SOLD HIS QUARTER OF THE LAND. JAKE AND IRMA MOVED OFF THE FARM INTO LETHBRIDGE IN 1988 BUT STILL RETAINED QUARTER SECTION AND CONTINUED TO WORK IT UNTIL 1994. JAKE'S BROTHER HAS RECENTLY SOLD THE FARM OUT OF THE DOGTEROM FAMILY, HENCE THE DONATION OF ARTIFACTS FROM THE FARM.
Catalogue Number
P20030016001
Acquisition Date
2003-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BEET KNIFE
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20020087000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BEET KNIFE
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.1
Length
40.5
Width
12.4
Description
UNFINISHED WOOD HANDLE HAS 3 RIVETS SECURING BLADE. BLADE GETS LARGER TOWARD THE TIP. AT TIP A HOOK SHAPE IS MOUNTED PERPENDICULAR TO BLADE, AND IS HELD BY TWO RIVETS. TIP OF BLADE AND HOOK HAVE SEVERE CORROSION. BLADE HAS SCRATCH MARKS ON IT, AS WELL AS WHITE RESIDUE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
NO HISTORY KNOWN BEYOND KNIFE'S ASSOCIATION WITH ARCHIVES DONATION. DONOR STATES MATERIAL WAS AT ONE TIME IN THE POSSESSION OF HANAE IWAASA-ROBBS, WHO OPERATED THE JAPANESE CULTURAL ASSOCIATION FROM AN OFFICE ON THE NORTH SIDE. MATERIAL WAS ENTRUSTED TO HER BY THE LOCAL JAPANESE COMMUNITY. THE LOCAL OFFICE DISBANDED A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED A SERVING DISH AND A JEWELRY BOX DONATED BY THE NIKKEI CULTURAL SOCIETY. AS PART OF THE RESEARCH PROCESS, PUNDYK CONTACTED THE FORMER OPERATOR OF THE JAPANESE CULTURAL ASSOCIATION, HANAE IWASSA. IT WAS DETERMINED THAT INFORMATION ABOUT THE PERSONAL MEMORY OF THE ARTIFACTS BY THE LOCAL JAPANESE COMMUNITY PRIOR TO THE ITEMS BEING DONATED TO THE JAPANESE CULTURAL ASSOCIATION IS UNKNOWN.
Catalogue Number
P20020087000
Acquisition Date
2003-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PIANO BENCH COVER
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHENILLE
Catalogue Number
P20010047012
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PIANO BENCH COVER
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Materials
CHENILLE
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.2
Length
114.0
Width
54.6
Description
EMBROIDERED RUG. FEATURES THE IMAGE OF TWO WHITE KITTENS, ONE WITH A GREEN RIBBON AROUND ITS NECK THE OTHER WITH A RED ONE. BENEATH THE KITTENS IS AN ARTIST'S PALETTE AND PAINT BRUSHES. THERE ARE SPLOTCHES OF COLOUR (PAINT) SURROUNDING KITTENS, INCLUDING WHITE, BLUE, YELLOW AND PINK. ALL OF THIS IS ENCOMPASSED WITHIN A WHITE OVAL WITH A DECORATIVE BORDER. BACKGROUND COLOUR IS BROWN, INDIAN RED, AND CORAL. TWO ENDS OF RUG HAVE CORAL COLOURED TASSELS.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
FLOOR COVERING
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
ITEMS CAME FROM THE HOME OF PEARL AND JACOB LIEBELT, WHO LIVED IN WARNER, FARMED EAST OF WARNER, AND RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1996. PEARL WAS BORN IN WARNER TO GEORGE AND ETTA MAE WOITTE, SEPTEMBER 19, 1918. JACOB WAS BORN IN ANAMOOSE, NORTH DAKOTA AUGUST 1, 1910. JACOB WENT TO WORK AT THE AGE OF 12 OR 13 IN THE MILK RIVER AND WARNER AREA. EVENTUALLY MET AND MARRIED PEARL WOITTE, NOVEMBER 12, 1938, AND BUILT A SUBSTANTIAL FARMING OPERATION. PEARL WAS SECRETARY OF THE WARNER SUNDAY SCHOOL FOR MANY YEARS AND WAS VERY INVOLVED IN THE ALBERTA WOMEN'S INSTITUTE, WOMEN'S INSTITUTE GIRLS CLUB, AND FARM WOMEN'S UNION OF ALBERTA. SHE WAS ALWAYS VERY PROPERLY DRESSED WITH HATS AND GLOVES WHEN SHE ATTENDED LOCAL FUNCTIONS. JACOB WAS VERY INVOLVED IN FARMING, SPORTS, LIONS CLUB, AND ELKS CLUB. SEE P20010047001 FOR LIEBELT FAMILY HISTORY AND P20010047047 FOR DONOR (ELAINE LIEBELT) HISTORY. ___________ AT THE GALT’S REQUEST, DONOR ELAINE LIEBELT PROVIDED MORE DETAILS WITH REGARDS TO HER FAMILY'S AND HER OWN USE OF RESPECTIVE OBJECTS IN THE LIEBELT COLLECTION ON 31 AUGUST 2011. HER ORIGINAL COMMENTS AS TO THIS OBJECT ARE AS FOLLOWS: “THIS PIANO BENCH COVER, FROM OUR BEST RECOLLECTION, BELONGED TO MAE WOITTE, PEARL’S MOTHER. WE HAVE NO RECALL OF IT BEING ON THE LIEBELT PIANO BENCH. (WITH 4 KIDS ON AND OFF THAT BENCH, THERE WAS NO CHANCE THAT THE COVER WOULD HAVE STAYED IN PLACE.)”
Catalogue Number
P20010047012
Acquisition Date
2001-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WADING ROD
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL (STAINLESS STEEL)
Catalogue Number
P20010036008
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WADING ROD
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1990
Materials
METAL (STAINLESS STEEL)
No. Pieces
3
Height
4.2
Length
140.7
Width
8.9
Description
1. ROD IS LONG, NARROW, AND MADE OUT OF A SILVER METAL (STAINLESS STEEL?). ROD IS NOTCHED ALL THE WAY TO THE BOTTOM (MEASURMENT UNITS). AT THE TOP THERE IS A HANDLE, WITH WHAT LOOKS LIKE A PLUNGER THAT IS SPRING OPERATED. AN ELECTRICAL CORD RUNS DOWN THE ROD TO A POINT WHERE IT SPLITS INTO TWO SECTIONS. THE FIRST SECTION ENDS AT A CONNECTED POINT NEAR THE BOTTOM THAT HAS A BLUE CAP. THE OTHER END IS LOOSE. 2. THE SECOND PART OF THIS ARTIFACT PLUGS INTO THE TOP OF THE ROD AT AN INLET ATTACHED TO A WIRE THAT HANGS DOWN. THIS BOX IS AN AUDIBLE BEEP BOX AND WHEN THE LOOSE ELECTRICAL WIRE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE ROD TOUCHES THE RECTANGULAR POST NEXT TO THE ROAD IT WILL EMIT A SOUND. THE BOX IS A LIGHT BATTLESHIP GREY WITH A BLACK SPEAKER, AND A METAL LOOP FOR HANGING. 3. NICKEL PLATED BRASS DISC WITH SMALL CYLINDER WELDED TO CENTRE OF DISC. DISC INSCRIBED "159177" AND STAMPED "66 11".
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY THE ST MARY RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT TO MEASURE THE DEPTH AND FLOW OF WATER. "RAYOVAC" 9 VOLT BATTERY REMOVED FROM ELECTRONIC BOX (#2) IN SEPT 2008 TO AVOID DAMAGE. IN 2008, UNIVERSITY STUDENT AND GALT PROGRAM STAFF MEMBER DYLAN JOHNSON PARTICIPATED IN A UOFL APPLIED STUDIES PROGRAM, CONDUCTING RESEARCH WORK ON ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT (SMRID) OBJECTS DONATED TO THE GALT IN 2001. THE OBJECTS WERE ACQUIRED AS PART OF A GALT IRRIGATION EXHIBIT (STREAMS IN THE DESERT) IN 2000 AND WERE SEVERELY UNDER DOCUMENTED. JOHNSON CONSULTED WITH FORMER AND PRESENT ST. MARY’S IRRIGATION DISTRICT STAFF MEMBERS AS PART OF HIS RESEARCH. THE INFORMATION BELOW IS EXTRACTED FROM INTERVIEW(S) CONDUCTED BY JOHNSON. TO DETERMINE WHICH INTERVIEWS ARE RELEVANT TO THIS ARTIFACT, PLEASE REFER TO THE ARTIFACTS’ PERMANENT FILE (20010036001-11) AND THE RESEARCH PAPER’S REFERENCES. THE WADING ROD WAS AN INSTRUMENT THAT ALSO MEASURED WATER VELOCITY BUT IN AREAS OF SHALLOW WATER (LESS THAN 4 FEET) WHERE A BRIDGE WAS NOT AVAILABLE AND A GAUGING CART WAS NOT PRACTICAL. WATER TECHNICIANS WOULD WADE OUT INTO THE CANAL TO TAKE READINGS OF THE VELOCITY ON A CROSS-SECTION (SEVERAL POINTS ALONG THE CHANGING CANAL BED CONSTITUTE A CROSS-SECTION) TO DETERMINE WATER FLOW ACROSS A SPECIFIC AREA OF THE CANAL. THE ELECTRONIC BOX SENT OUT BEEPS TO INFORM THE TECHNICIAN, WEARING HEADPHONES, OF THE WATER FLOW. HE NOTED THE NUMBER OF BEEPS OVER A SPECIFIC INTERVAL. IT HAD A SMALLER VERSION OF THE FLOW RATE METER TO DETERMINE VELOCITY. THE SYSTEM WAS NOT OVERLY EFFECTIVE BECAUSE IT DID NOT GIVE A TRUE CROSS SECTION OF THE CANAL BECAUSE OF THE OPERATOR’S LIMITED ABILITIES AND BECAUSE IT WAS DANGEROUS FOR THE TECHNICIANS TO WADE OUT IN THE CANAL - THOUGH ENJOYABLE DURING SOME OF THE HOT SUMMER DAYS. THIS METHOD HAS BEEN MOSTLY REPLACED BY DIFFERENT TYPES OF SONAR RECORDERS PLACED ON THE BEDS OF CANALS WHICH GIVE BETTER CROSS-SECTIONS. HOWEVER, VERSIONS OF THIS TYPE OF EQUIPMENT ARE STILL IN USE AS OF 2008.
Catalogue Number
P20010036008
Acquisition Date
2001-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
PRUNING SHEARS
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, RUBBER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20010093009
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PRUNING SHEARS
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
STEEL, RUBBER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.7
Length
20.4
Width
4.9
Description
STEEL SHEARS WITH YELLOW AND BLACK RUBBER HANDLES. IMPRESSED INTO STEEL IS "STANLEY NO.PA12A MADE IN U.S.A.". ATTACHED TO ONE BLADE IS A BRASS PLATE. UNDERNEATH ONE BLADE THERE IS A PIECE OF STEEL PAINTED RED, THAT HAS "LOCK" EMBOSSED ON IT (WHEN PIECE IS IN POSITION IT KEEPS BLADES CLOSED). BLADE HAD DINGS AND DENTS IN IT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
FROM THE BELONGINGS OF DONOR'S FATHER, ROLLIE STEWART. ROLLIE BROUGHT HIS FAMILY TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951, AS HE WAS TRANSFERRED FROM THE CROWSNEST PASS, WHILE WORKING FOR THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. ROLLIE REMAINED WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE FOR 22 YEARS, CHANGING CAREERS IN THE MID 60S.
Catalogue Number
P20010093009
Acquisition Date
2001-09
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
PLASTIC BAG RUG
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20010079003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PLASTIC BAG RUG
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1990
Materials
PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.7
Length
73.4
Width
43.0
Description
A SMALL, MULTICOLORED (RED, WHITE, BLUE, ORANGE ARE MOST FREQUENTLY SEEN) RUG THAT IS MADE OUT OF PLASTIC BAGS WOVEN TOGETHER. THE DESIGN IS ONE OF REPEATING OVALS.
Subjects
FLOOR COVERING
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
MADE BY THE GRANDMOTHER OF THE DONOR, MRS. MYRTLE TIDBALL WHO HOMESTEADED AND LIVED NEAR CARSTAIRS. OFTEN REUSED PLASTIC BAGS IN THIS WAY.
Catalogue Number
P20010079003
Acquisition Date
2001-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, IRON
Catalogue Number
P19750046000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
29.2
Length
66.0
Width
18.1
Description
FUNCTION UNKNOWN. HANDMADE AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENT. WOODEN PADDLES MOUNTED INSIDE DRUM ON A SHAFT MADE FROM AN ENGINE VALVE STEM. HAND CRANK MAY HAVE BEEN ATTACHED TO THREADED END OF VALVE STEM. DRUM IS DOUBLE LAYERED WOOD, & BANDED EACH SIDE WITH IRON REINFORCING STRIPS.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
FOOD PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
MADE BY GEORGE ELLIS. SEE P19750040000-GA FOR HISTORY. MAY HAVE BEEN USED FOR THREASHING GRAIN OR AS A BUTTER CHURN. *UPDATED* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING SEVERAL ITEMS DONATED BY HELEN HANRAHAN, NOW HELEN FRIESEN. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS COMPILED FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED WITH THE DONOR. GEORGE ELLIS AND MARGARET ELLIS (NEE RAMSAY) WERE MARRIED IN 1910 IN TRURO, NS. HELEN EXPLAINED THAT THE COUPLE ELOPED: “SHE WAS A DRESSMAKER AND SHE WAS WORKING WHERE HE LIVED FOR HIS SISTERS AND ONE DAY THEY JUST GOT UP, WENT TO TRURO, AND GOT MARRIED.” THEY HAD TWO CHILDREN, ARDEN IVAN ELLIS, WHO WAS REPORTED MISSING IN ACTION AND PRESUMED DEAD ON AUGUST 11, 1942, AND FLORENCE EDGELEY. FLORENCE WAS HELEN’S MOTHER. GEORGE AND MARGARET MOVED TO NANTON, AB FOR A COUPLE OF REASONS. HELEN EXPLAINED: “THERE WERE TWO PROBLEMS: MY GRANDFATHER HAD DIFFICULTIES WITH HIS SIBLINGS AND, ALSO, THE DOCTOR TOLD HIM THAT HE HAD ASTHMA AND IF HE COULD GET INTO A DRYER CLIMATE HE WOULD BE BETTER.” THEY DID NOT KNOW ANYONE IN ALBERTA BEFORE THEY MOVED TO THE PROVINCE. ASKED ABOUT HER GRANDPARENTS AND THEIR DISPOSITIONS, HELEN SAID THE FOLLOWING: “WELL, I DIDN’T KNOW THEM BEFORE MY UNCLE WAS KILLED IN THE WAR. APPARENTLY, THEY WERE QUITE HAPPY PEOPLE BEFORE THAT. AND THEY BECAME, YEAH, KIND OF STERN AND THEY HAD A LOT OF RULES ABOUT THEIR LIVES AND WE LIVED NEXT DOOR SO THE GRANDPARENTS HELPED RAISE US KIDS AND SOMETIMES IT WAS A LITTLE DIFFICULT.” SHE CONTINUED, EXPLAINING WHAT WAS DIFFICULT: “MY MOM WAS A SINGLE PARENT. NO, IT WAS JUST IF WE WENT TO GRANDMA ABOUT SOMETHING MOM HAD DONE THEY WOULD ALWAYS SIDE WITH HER.” HELEN REMEMBERS HER GRANDFATHER AS THE STRONG, SILENT TYPE: “MY GRANDPA HAD A WOOD-WORKING SHOP WITH A POT-BELLIED STOVE SO HE WOULD GO OUT THERE TO SMOKE HIS PIPE, HE WASN’T ALLOWED TO SMOKE IN THE HOUSE, AND I ALWAYS REMEMBER WHEN I WAS LONESOME I WOULD GO AND STAND IN HIS SHOP, AND HE RARELY SPOKE BUT IT WAS JUST NICE HAVING SOME COMPANY.” GEORGE WORKED FOR A COUPLE OF YEARS AS A DAIRY FARMER IN THE 1930S. HELEN EXPLAINED WHAT HE DID FOR WORK FOLLOWING THAT: “MY GRANDPA WAS ALWAYS A CARPENTER SO HE TOOK ON ODD JOBS ALL AROUND TOWN. AT ONE POINT, HE WAS THE TOWN POLICEMAN AND THEN, AT ANOTHER TIME, HE WAS THE CUSTODIAN OF THE HIGH SCHOOL. SO HE WAS ALWAYS WORKING BUT HE WAS ALWAYS CHANGING JOBS.” ASKED IF HE PREFERRED A PARTICULAR JOB OVER ALL THE OTHERS, HELEN REPLIED: “HE NEVER REALLY SAID. WE KNEW THAT WHEN HE WAS POLICEMAN HIS ONLY WEAPON WAS A LARGE FLASHLIGHT.” SHE ALSO SAID THAT THERE WAS A TELEPHONE IN THE ELLIS HOUSEHOLD, “THAT MADE MY GRANDMA PRETTY NERVOUS TO HAVE ANSWER ALL THESE CALLS AT EVERY TIME OF THE DAY AND NIGHT.” GEORGE ALSO BUILT THREE HOUSES, A GARAGE, AND A SHOP IN NANTON. HELEN EXPLAINED THAT HE HAD PLANNED TO MAKE THE TWO SMALLER HOUSES INTO A MOTEL, BUT ENDED UP RENTING THEM OUT FULL TIME INSTEAD. BOTH GEORGE AND MARGARET PASSED AWAY IN 1968 AND ARE BURIED IN THE NANTON CEMETERY. FOLLOWING THEIR DEATH, FLORENCE TOOK OVER THE HOUSES AND HELEN TOOK THESE PIECES BECAUSE THEY WERE INTERESTING TO HER. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A COPY OF THE INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT, A PHOTOGRAPH OF GEORGE AND MARGARET ON THEIR WEDDING DAY, AND A PHOTOGRAPH OF ARDEN AND FLORENCE IN 1936.
Catalogue Number
P19750046000
Acquisition Date
1975-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SAW CUT
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19640822000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SAW CUT
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
84.8
Width
25.4
Description
TWO WOODEN HANDLES, AND ONE SCRATCHED ON BLADE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
Catalogue Number
P19640822000
Acquisition Date
1964-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
MANITOBA GRAIN SCOOP
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19640913000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MANITOBA GRAIN SCOOP
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
26.0
Length
66.0
Width
29.6
Description
SCOOP END IS BENT. RING-SHAPED METAL HANDLE ON BACK OF SHOVEL. SWIVEL-WOOD HANDLE ON TOP. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
Catalogue Number
P19640913000
Acquisition Date
1964-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CORN, BEAN SEED
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, GALVANIZED TIN, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19694614000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CORN, BEAN SEED
Date
1894
Materials
WOOD, GALVANIZED TIN, STEEL
No. Pieces
2
Length
84.4
Width
29.9
Diameter
10.4
Description
GREEN HOPPER, RED FRAME. WOODEN HANDLE. "MANUFACTURED BY TRADE ACME P.O.? UIMPLEMENT CO. TRAVERSE CITY, MICH. U...". PAINT ON LABEL CRACKING AND FLAKING OFF. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
REFERENCE: MONTOGOMERY WARD CATALOGUE 1894. **UPDATE 20 SEPTEMBER 2013: FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE VAN HORNE FAMILY, PLEASE SEE THE ELECTRONIC AND PERMANENT FILES OF DONATIONS P19672878000 AND P19651981000. REFERENCED FILES INCLUDE A TRANSCRIPTION OF AN ORAL INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY THE VAN HORNE’S GRANDDAUGHTER MIRIAM SMITH IN 2012.
Catalogue Number
P19694614000
Acquisition Date
1969-09
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SAW CUT
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19705859000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SAW CUT
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
98.4
Width
14.0
Description
RED PAINT ON BLADE AND TANG. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED FOR CUTTING STACK HAY.
Catalogue Number
P19705859000
Acquisition Date
1970-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1935
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON
Catalogue Number
P19738874000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1935
Materials
IRON
No. Pieces
1
Length
20.9
Width
12.7
Description
BALE HOOK. HAND FORGED. ROUNDED HANDLE, POINTED HOOK.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
HISTORY RECORDED ON FILE P19738806000.
Catalogue Number
P19738874000
Acquisition Date
1973-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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