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Lethbridge and District Medical Association fonds

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions40
Date Range
1917-1936
Description Level
Fonds
Physical Description
5 cm of textual records.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of minutes of the Lethbridge and District Medical Association and its predecessor, as well as by-laws, membership information.
Date Range
1917-1936
Fonds
Lethbridge and District Medical Association fonds
Description Level
Fonds
Creator
Lethbridge and District Medical Association
Physical Description
5 cm of textual records.
History / Biographical
The Lethbridge Medical Society was formed in 1917 by a group of local physicians. The Society examined a variety of issues of interest to local doctors, such as insurance, fees, and public health legislation. In 1934, it merged with the Galt Hospital Medical Staff and St. Michael's Hospital medical staff to form the Lethbridge and District Medical Association, which carried out a similar mandate.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of minutes of the Lethbridge and District Medical Association and its predecessor, as well as by-laws, membership information.
Notes
Title based on the contents of the fonds.
Category
Health services
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Commutation tickets. New Palace Cafe, Taber, Alberta.

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions97281
Date Range
1900-1950
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20201006
Physical Description
6 cardboard tickets.
Scope and Content
Six identical commutation tickets, issues by the New Palace Cafe, Taber, Alberta. Commutation tickets were issued or sold so that the customer could come in at a future time to purchase a meal, usually from a specific menu for commutation ticket holders.
Date Range
1900-1950
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
6 cardboard tickets.
Scope and Content
Six identical commutation tickets, issues by the New Palace Cafe, Taber, Alberta. Commutation tickets were issued or sold so that the customer could come in at a future time to purchase a meal, usually from a specific menu for commutation ticket holders.
Accession No.
20201006
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Date Range
1900-1930
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20201005
Physical Description
15 cm by 21 cm black and white photographic print.
Scope and Content
Black and white photograph of an unidentified elderly gentleman sitting on a deluxe folding chair, outside. Mounted on a cardboard matte.
Date Range
1900-1930
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
15 cm by 21 cm black and white photographic print.
Custodial History
Pencilled note on the back of the matte: Framed in Lethbridge. The item was found in an old store building in Diamond City, Alberta.
Scope and Content
Black and white photograph of an unidentified elderly gentleman sitting on a deluxe folding chair, outside. Mounted on a cardboard matte.
Accession No.
20201005
Collection
Archive
Less detail

J.F. Dormaar fonds - documents and maps

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions97214
Date Range
1870s-2006
Material Type
Mixed Media
Accession No.
20111068
Physical Description
.34 m of textual records, 17 maps
Scope and Content
2011.1068/1 Correspondence of J. F. Dormaar related to his research on Milk River and Sweet Grass Hills country (1993-2003) 2011.1068/2 Photocopies of 3 topographical maps of the area around Bow Island and the Forks: from Rocky Buttes to Sweet Grass Hills (U.S.A), published by the Burland Lithograp…
Material Type
Mixed Media
Other Title Info
Johan Frederik Dormaar
Date Range
1870s-2006
Fonds No.
Fonds
Physical Description
.34 m of textual records, 17 maps
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Johan Frederick Dormaar was born in Holland in 1930 and immigrated to Canada in 1954. He worked for one year on a farm and then attended the University of Guelph to do his bachelor degree. He later entered the University of Alberta, where he gained his PhD in Organic Chemistry. Starting in 1960s he worked at the Lethbridge Research Station as a soil scientist. Mr. Dormaar had interests in local history, geography and archeology and wrote five books. - The Alberta Stretch of the Milk River (2010) - Alberta's 49th Parallel (2009) - Oil City (2007) - The Lethbridge Research Centre (2006) - Sweetgrass Hills (2003) Johan Dormaar was active in the local Historical Society and Archaeological Society of Alberta, Lethbridge Centre. He died in 2011.
Language
English
Scope and Content
2011.1068/1 Correspondence of J. F. Dormaar related to his research on Milk River and Sweet Grass Hills country (1993-2003) 2011.1068/2 Photocopies of 3 topographical maps of the area around Bow Island and the Forks: from Rocky Buttes to Sweet Grass Hills (U.S.A), published by the Burland Lithographic Co., Montreal [1885-1905] 2011.1068/3 “Navigating from History into the Future: The Water Management Plan for the South Saskatchewan River Basin in Alberta.” By Alan Pentney and Dough Ohrn. Canadian Water Resources Journal. Vol. 33(4), 2008. 2011.1068/4 International St. Mary – Milk Rivers Administrative Measures Task Force: Report to the International Joint Commission (April 2006) 2011.1068/5 Articles on tree species in the Milk River basin, incl. cottonwood vs. Russian olive. 2011.1068/6 “Meandering Channel Response to Altered Flow Regime: Milk River, Alberta and Montana.” By Cheryl Bradley and Derald G. Smith. Water Resouces Research, vol. 20, #12, 1984. 2011.1068/7 Dr. E. Alyn Mitchner. The Development of Western Waters 1885-1930. Department of History, University of Alberta (1973). 2011.1068/8 The Milk River: International Lifeline of the Hi-Line: A Guidebook [1999?] 2011.1068/9 Milk River Canyon Resource Evaluation. By C. Wallis. Alberta Recreation, Parks and Wildlife (1976) 2011.1068/10 Flood/Dam Failure. State of Montana Natural Hazards Mitigation Plan (November 2001) 2011.1068/11 In the Matter of the Measurement and Apportionment of the waters of the St. Mary and Milk Rivers and their Tributaries in the United States and Canada. Order and recommendations of the International Joint Commission. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1923 2011.1068/12 Dr. R. G. Forbis. The Manyberries Cairn. Unpublished archaeological report (1967). 2011.1068/13 Bob Henderson. Mysteries on the Milk (1998) 2011.1068/14 Collection of materials o the Pine Coulee Project, incl. 2 toporgraphic maps of the Claresholm-Stavely area. (1950-1999) 2011.1068/15 Climatic Change in Canada 5: Postglacial Pollen and Paleoclimate in Southwestern Alberta and Southeastern British Columbia (1985) 2011.1068/16 Effects of Agriculture on Forage Production and Soil Quality of Native Grasslands in Southern Alberta. Research Centre, Lethbridge (1999). 2011.1068/17 Materials on the Milk River Aquifer water conservation project (1999) 2011.1068/18 Assorted articles: fragment from “Lakes, Peaks and Prairies” by Thomas O’Neill; “Writing-on-Stone and the Boundary Patrol” from book “Men in Scarlet” by Hugh A. Dempsey; “Water Supply , Southwestern Alberta” by D.B. Dowling; “Final Treaty of Peace” ed. By Hugh A. Dempsey 2011.1068/19 Assorted Images on Milk River and Sweet Grass Hills Country, incl. a photocopy of sketch map of Sweet Grass Hills (1888) and photocopy of map “The Prairies as of 1875” 2011.1068/20 Early Coal Mining in Southern Alberta – articles, survey of mines 2011.1068/21 Materials on the Crowsnest Pass, incl. soil survey [1970s] 2011.1068/22 49th Parallel Project – assorted images 2011.1068/23 Materials on Oil Exploration in Southern Alberta (1906-1937) 2011.1068/24 49th Parallel Project: Canada-US border – issue of precise location (1900-2010) 2011.1068/25 49th Parallel Project: Land Survey (photocopies) (1908-1913) 2011.1068/26 49th Parallel Project: Explorations of George M. Dawson (1875-1999) 2011.1068/27 49th Parallel Project: Whiskey Gap, Del Bonita – Uranium Project (1975-2005) 2011.1068/28 49th Parallel Project: National Register of Historic Places: Upper Missouri River Corridor, and Whoop-Up Trail (1993) 2011.1068/29 Materials on Nicholas Sheran 2011.1068/30 Coal Mines in Lethbridge: newspaper clippings and inventory (1995-2004) 2011.1068/31 Field Trips – Southern Alberta (1991) 2011.1068/32 Early Explorations of Southern Alberta – native tribes, mounted police, etc. (1874-2006) 2011.1068/33 49th Parallel Project: George M. Dawson, Charles S. Noble, Thorbergur Thorvaldson 2011.1068/34 Exploration of Two Passes through the Rocky Mountains by T.W. Blakiston 1858 (photocopy) 2011.1068/35 Blood Tribe Big Claim Inquiry (1994-2007) 2011.1068/36 Castle River Valley: Pilot Study. Oldman River Regional Planning Committee, 1977 2011.1068/37 The Sweetgrass Hills – Cultural Landmarks (1992-1994) 2011.1068/38 Indian Maps Recorded by P. Fidler. By Judith H. Beattie. 1985 2011.1068/39 Alberta Ecological Survey: A Profile [1978] 2011.1068/40 2 maps (photocopies): Southern Alberta, Dept of Interior, 1915; hand-drawn map showing places and routes by Verendrye 1931-53 by M. Kavanagh (1952) 2011.1068/41 Assorted Maps of Southern Alberta (OVER-SIZE STORAGE) - Canada Dept of Mines and Technical Surveys. “Claresholm, Alberta” [map]. Edition 2. 1:50,000. Canada 1:50,000, sheet 821/4 West. Ottawa, 1959. - Canada Dept of Mines and Technical Surveys. “Claresholm, Alberta” [map]. Edition 2. 1:50,000. Canada 1:50,000, sheet 821/4 East. Ottawa, 1959. - Coal Mines of the Lethbridge District (1874 – 1982) - Canada Dept of Lands and Mines. “Province of Alberta” [map]. 1:1,108,000. Canada. Ottawa, 1937. - “Arctic Regions with All the Discoveries to 1853” [facsimile] George Philip & Son, Liverpool [1853]. As reproduced by the Association of Canadian Map Libraries, ACML Facsimile Map Series #111, 1986. SEE ALSO: 20111048 for additional J.F. Dormaar documents and maps
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
20111068
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Coal mines of the Lethbridge district 1874 - 1982

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions97215
Date Range
1874-1982
Material Type
Map
Accession No.
20111068020
Physical Description
1 map : 63 x 32 cm
Scope and Content
Boundaries: R.21-22W.4M. and T.7-10 Shows location of: Cities, towns, reserves and landforms. Also shows possible location of Sheering's Upper Digging. Legend includes: Small Underground Mine, Small Surface Mine, Underground Mine, Mine Number and Location Uncertain
Material Type
Map
Other Title Info
Johan Frederik Dormaar
Date Range
1874-1982
Fonds No.
Fonds
Physical Description
1 map : 63 x 32 cm
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Johan Frederick Dormaar was born in Holland in 1930 and immigrated to Canada in 1954. He worked for one year on a farm and then attended the University of Guelph to do his bachelor degree. He later entered the University of Alberta, where he gained his PhD in Organic Chemistry. Starting in 1960s he worked at the Lethbridge Research Station as a soil scientist. Mr. Dormaar had interests in local history, geography and archeology and wrote five books. - The Alberta Stretch of the Milk River (2010) - Alberta's 49th Parallel (2009) - Oil City (2007) - The Lethbridge Research Centre (2006) - Sweetgrass Hills (2003) Johan Dormaar was active in the local Historical Society and Archaeological Society of Alberta, Lethbridge Centre. He died in 2011.
Language
English
Scope and Content
Boundaries: R.21-22W.4M. and T.7-10 Shows location of: Cities, towns, reserves and landforms. Also shows possible location of Sheering's Upper Digging. Legend includes: Small Underground Mine, Small Surface Mine, Underground Mine, Mine Number and Location Uncertain
Notes
Scale: 1 inch = 1 mile SEE ALSO: 20111048 and 20111068 for additional J.F. Dormaar documents and maps
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
20111068020
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Date Range
1910-1921
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20191049
Physical Description
2 hardcover books
Scope and Content
Key of Heaven, or Manual of Prayer, by the Rt. Rev. J. Milner, D.D. New Edition. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Church Goods, Ltd., 1921. The Alexandra Readers Primer, by W.A. McIntyre, B.A., LL.D. and John C. Saul, M.A. Toronto: Morang Educational Company Limited, 1910.
Date Range
1910-1921
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
2 hardcover books
Custodial History
The books belonged to the donor's mother and grandmother who lived in the Vauxhall, Alberta area.
Scope and Content
Key of Heaven, or Manual of Prayer, by the Rt. Rev. J. Milner, D.D. New Edition. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Church Goods, Ltd., 1921. The Alexandra Readers Primer, by W.A. McIntyre, B.A., LL.D. and John C. Saul, M.A. Toronto: Morang Educational Company Limited, 1910.
Accession No.
20191049
Collection
Archive
Less detail

BRACELET, IDENTIFICATION

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact13469
Other Name
"LIEUT. R. W. BUCHANAN"
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER
Catalogue Number
P20190007001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"LIEUT. R. W. BUCHANAN"
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1918
Materials
SILVER
No. Pieces
1
Length
17.4
Width
2
Description
MILITARY IDENTIFICATION BRACELET COMPRISED OF SILVER DISC ATTACHED SILVER LINK-CHAINS THROUGH HOLES AT EDGES. SILVER DISC HAS TEXT ENGRAVED ON FRONT, “LIEUT. R.W. BUCHANAN, 31ST CANADIANS, B.E.F. FRANCE”. DISC HAS TARNISHING AROUND FRONT EDGES AND ON BACK; CHAINS ARE TARNISHED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
A BIOGRAPHY OF ROY BUCHANAN WAS DEVELOPED USING LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, BUCHANAN’S MILITARY RECORD HELD BY THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES OF CANADA, THE WAR DIARY FOR THE 31ST CANADIAN INFANTRY BATTALION, OCTOBER 1917-AUGUST 1918, HELD BY THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES OF CANADA, AND CANADIAN WAR GRAVES COMMISSION RECORDS. LIEUTENANT ROY WORKMAN BUCHANAN WAS BORN IN NORWOOD, ONTARIO ON NOVEMBER 25, 1890, ACCORDING TO HIS FIRST WORLD WAR ATTESTATION FORM. THE SON OF REVEREND WILLIAM BUCHANAN, AND BROTHER TO W.A. BUCHANAN, M.P., BUCHANAN WORKED FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PRIOR TO ENLISTING IN WORLD WAR 1, AND WAS RECORDED AS PREVIOUSLY SERVING WITH THE 20TH BATTERY LETHBRIDGE ON HIS ATTESTATION FORM. ACCORDING TO HIS MILITARY RECORD HELD BY THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES OF CANADA, ROY BUCHANAN ENLISTED IN THE 137TH OVERSEAS BATTALION ON DECEMBER 1ST, 1915 IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. BUCHANAN WAS TRANSFERRED OVERSEAS IN MAY 1917 TO SERVE WITH THE 31ST CANADIAN INFANTRY BATTALION IN FRANCE. THE 31ST BATTALION SUPPORTED THE OFFENSIVE ON AMIENS IN AUGUST 1918, AND SERVED AT PASSCHENDAELE IN NOVEMBER 1918. ACCORDING TO THE WAR DIARIES FOR THE 31ST CANADIAN BATTALION, OCTOBER 1917-AUGUST 1918, ON AUGUST 25TH, 1918 THE 31ST BATTALION HAD ORDERS NOT TO MOVE FORWARD, AND WERE HEAVILY SHELLED THROUGHOUT THE DAY BY GERMAN FORCES. AT 10:00PM, THE 31ST BATTALION RECEIVED WORD THAT “SCOTTISH RIFLES” WOULD TAKE THE POSITION OF THEIR “A” COMPANY, AND THE “A” COMPANY WOULD MOVE TO THE “OLD FRONT LINE.” ON AUGUST 26, 1918, THE SECOND BATTLE OF ARRAS BEGAN, WITH THE 31ST BATTALION FIRST ACTING IN SUPPORT, THEN TAKING A POSITION ON THE FRONT ON AUGUST 28, 1918. THE SECOND BATTLE OF ARRAS LASTED AUGUST 26-SEPTEMBER 3, 1918 AS PART OF THE HUNDRED DAYS OFFENSIVE AND ADVANCE ON THE GERMAN HINDENBURG LINE. ROY BUCHANAN WAS REPORTED KILLED IN ACTION ON AUGUST 25, 1918, AND WAS BURIED IN WAILLY ORCHARD CEMETERY, PAS DES CALAIS, FRANCE. ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE ROY BUCHANAN IDENTIFICATION BRACELET, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “I THINK DAD AND I FOUND IT TOGETHER.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE.” ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, COPIES OF WAR DIARY ENTRIES MENTIONING ROY WORKMAN BUCHANAN, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND ROY BUCHANAN’S MILITARY SERVICE FILE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007001
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"MACDIARMID" WW1 SET
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1919
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER, COPPER, SILK
Catalogue Number
P20190007010
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"MACDIARMID" WW1 SET
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1919
Materials
SILVER, COPPER, SILK
No. Pieces
1
Length
10.3
Width
7
Description
TWO FIRST WORLD WAR MEDALS MOUNTED TO BLACK FELT-BOARD BACKING. LEFT MEDAL IS THE BRITISH WAR MEDAL AND DISPLAYS THE MEDAL BACK, WITH AN EMBOSSED PROFILE OF KING GEORGE V AND EMBOSSED TEXT AROUND EDGES “GEORGIVS V BRITT: OMN: REX ET IND: IMP:”. MEDAL HAS ENGRAVED TEXT ALONG LOWER RIM, “737170, SJT. J. MACDIARMID. 43-CAN. INF.” RIGHT MEDAL IS THE ALLIED VICTORY MEDAL AND DISPLAYS THE MEDAL FRONT, WITH AN EMBOSSED DEPICTION OF VICTORY AS A WINGED WOMAN; MEDAL HAS ENGRAVED TEXT AROUND LOWER RIM, “737170 SGT. J. MACDIARMID. 43-CAN. INF.” BRITISH WAR MEDAL IS FIXED TO SILK RIBBON WITH SILVER BAR; RIBBON HAS SEVEN BANDS OF COLOUR: BLUE, BLACK, WHITE, ORANGE CENTER, WHITE, BLACK, ORANGE. ALLIED VICTORY MEDAL IS FIXED TO SILK RIBBON WITH BRONZE RING; RIBBON HAS STRIPES IN RAINBOW COLOURS BEGINNING WITH VIOLET AT LEFT EDGE, PROGRESSING TO RED IN CENTER, AND PROGRESSING TO VIOLET AT RIGHT EDGE. BRITISH WAR MEDAL IS SILVER AND HEAVILY TARNISHED; ALLIED VICTORY MEDAL IS COPPER WITH BRONZE LAQUER; VICTORY MEDAL SHOWS WEAR ON FRONT AND AROUND EDGES. VICTORY MEDAL RIBBON HAS WEAR ALONG RIGHT EDGE; FELT BACKING HAS MINOR SOILING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ACCORDING TO HIS CANADIAN MILITARY SERVICE FILE, JOHN MACDIARMID ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) ON AUGUST 22, 1916. MACDIARMID WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH BATTALION ON OCTOBER 8, 1916, AFTER SAILING FROM CANADA OVERSEAS ON SEPTEMBER 25, 1916 WITH HIS UNIT. MACDIARMID WAS TAKEN ON STRENGTH WITH THE 43RD CANADIAN RESERVE BATTALION SERVING IN FRANCE ON OCTOBER 27, 1916. MACDIARMID WAS DISCHARGED FROM SERVICE IN MAY 1919. A MEMO RECEIVED AND INCLUDED WITH HIS SERVICE FILE INDICATES THAT JOHN MACDIARMID PASSED AWAY ON NOVEMBER 26, 1968 AT THE SHAUGHNESSY HOSPITAL IN VANCOUVER, B.C. ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE MEDALS, CAROL CLIFTEN NOTED, “[CHRIS WOULD HAVE THOUGHT THE IMPORTANT OBJECTS WERE] THE THINGS WITH NAMES ATTACHED. HE WOULD LEAVE THE TRAY BECAUSE HE DIDN’T KNOW WHERE THE TRAY CAME FROM; BUT HE WOULD HAVE TAKEN THE MEDAL, BECAUSE IT HAD A NAME ATTACHED TO IT AND IT’S NOT REPLACEABLE. THINGS WITH NAMES ATTACHED LIKE THAT, IT’S NOT LIKE YOU’RE GOING TO FIND THAT GUY’S MEDAL EVER AGAIN.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE.” ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007010
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20190007006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
FELT, COTTON, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Length
91
Width
28
Description
BLUE PENNANT WITH TWO PAIRS OF BURGUNDY TIE STRAPS AT HOIST END; PENNANT HAS BURGUNDY BAND SEWN ONTO HOIST END. PENNANT HAS WHITE, GREEN, AND RED CREST PAINTED ON WITH WHITE SHIELD AND BANNER, RED AND WHITE CROWN AT TOP, GREEN MAPLE LEAF AND THISTLES IN CENTER, AND TEXT AROUND SHIELD, “113 OVERSEAS BATTALION, CANADA, LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS”. PENNANT HAS WHITE TEXT PAINTED ON FRONT, “113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS”. PENNANT HAS DISCOLORATION ON TEXT FROM LIGHT DAMAGE, AND IS FADED ON FRONT; BACK HAS MINOR SOILING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
IN EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MACLEAN AND BRETT CLIFTON, CLIFTON ELABORATED THAT “THE PENNANTS [WERE] A LOT TOGETHER SEPARATE FROM THE HATE BELT AND SPORRAN…[A] DEATH PENNY, [THE] MEDALS, AND [A] SCROLL BELONGED WITH THE PENNANTS BUT THE AUCTION WAS PULLED.” THE SALE REFERENCED WAS FOR A LOT CONNECTED WITH PTE. JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG OF THE 43RD BATTALION. ACCORDING TO HIS CANADIAN MILITARY SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG WAS A PAINTER AND WIDOWER UPON ENLISTMENT. YOUNG ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) ON JUNE 17, 1916 IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. YOUNG’S UNIT SAILED FOR EUROPE IN SEPTEMBER 1916, AND IN OCTOBER 1916 YOUNG WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH OVERSEAS BATTALION. YOUNG SERVED IN FRANCE WITH THE 43RD BATTALION WHERE HE WAS GASSED; YOUNG RETURNED TO CANADA IN JUNE 1918 DUE TO THE GASSING AND WAS HOSPITALIZED IN CALGARY. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG PASSED AWAY ON APRIL 13, 1929. ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE PENNANT, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “THE PENNANTS AND THE TRAY IN PARTICULAR AND THE SPORRAN, ARE JUST THINGS LIKE, THEY’RE REALLY COOL...” “THE PENNANTS [WERE FRUSTRATING] BECAUSE THERE WERE MORE TO THE SET AND WE’D JUST GOT ROBBED BY SOMEONE WHO HAD CONVINCED THE GUY TO END THE AUCTION EARLY, SO WE COULDN’T COMPLETE IT. THAT WAS SOMETHING THAT MY DAD AND I WERE BOTH EXTREMELY FRUSTRATED OVER.” “[IT] WAS SORT OF A RIDICULOUS THING BECAUSE MY DAD HAD TO STAY UP PROBABLY UNTIL LIKE 2 IN THE MORNING BIDDING ON EACH BATCH THAT WENT IN THE LOT.” CAROL CLIFTON ADDED, “AND WE WERE ALL POOLING OUR MONEY. CHRIS WOULD SAY, 'WELL, I CAN PUT THIS MUCH IN.' BRETT WOULD SAY, 'I’LL PUT THIS MUCH IN.' I’M LIKE, 'WELL I HAVE THIS, SO I’LL SELL THIS ARTIFACT AND THAT WAY YOU CAN HAVE THE MONEY.' BECAUSE WE EXPECTED…YOU’D HAVE TO PROBABLY PAY WAY TOO MUCH, BUT YOU NEEDED TO BRING IT ALL HOME TOGETHER AND THEN SUDDENLY THE GUY JUST ENDED IT. “THE GUY TOOK [THE LOT] APART AND WE PAID WAY TOO MUCH FOR EACH PIECE, BECAUSE WE WANTED THEM BECAUSE THEY BELONGED TO THEM, AND IT WOULD BE DISHONEST TO USE A DIFFERENT PIECE THAT WASN’T HIS. SO, FOR AN ARTIFACT THAT YOU MAYBE COULD BUY FOR ABOUT $10.00, WE PAID $40.00 BECAUSE WE KNEW IT BELONGED TO THAT INDIVIDUAL FROM HERE AND, WE NEVER WOULD HAVE THOUGHT, 'WELL, WE COULD JUST SNEAK IN ONE AND NO ONE WILL KNOW.' WE NEVER WOULD HAVE FAKED AN ARTIFACT. WE SAT AND BID FOR HOURS AND OF COURSE OVERPAID FOR EVERY SINGLE PIECE. THEN WHEN YOU BUY ONE, YOU FEEL YOU HAVE TO BUY THEM ALL.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE.” ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996) AND COMPILED BY EDMUNDSON. "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMISE OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SEPTEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007006
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"43RD BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20190007007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"43RD BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
FELT, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
94.7
Width
27
Description
BURGUNDY PENNANT WITH TWO PAIRS OF WHITE AND BURGUNDY TIE STRAPS AT END; PENNANT HAS WHITE BAND SEWN ONTO HOIST END. PENNANT HAS WHITE TEXT SEWN ONTO FRONT, “43RD BATTALION”. BACK OF PENNANT SHOWS WHITE STITCHING FOR LETTERS AND BAND SEWN AT HOIST. PENNANT IS FADED ON FRONT AND HAS SEVERE LIGHT DAMAGE AT END TIP; LETTERS ON FRONT ARE DISCOLOURED FROM LIGHT DAMAGE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
IN EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MACLEAN AND BRETT CLIFTON, CLIFTON ELABORATED THAT “THE PENNANTS [WERE] A LOT TOGETHER SEPARATE FROM THE HATE BELT AND SPORRAN…[A] DEATH PENNY, [THE] MEDALS, AND [A] SCROLL BELONGED WITH THE PENNANTS BUT THE AUCTION WAS PULLED.” THE SALE REFERENCED WAS FOR A LOT CONNECTED WITH PTE. JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG OF THE 43RD BATTALION. ACCORDING TO HIS CANADIAN MILITARY SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG WAS A PAINTER AND WIDOWER UPON ENLISTMENT. YOUNG ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) ON JUNE 17, 1916 IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. YOUNG’S UNIT SAILED FOR EUROPE IN SEPTEMBER 1916, AND IN OCTOBER 1916 YOUNG WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH OVERSEAS BATTALION. YOUNG SERVED IN FRANCE WITH THE 43RD BATTALION WHERE HE WAS GASSED; YOUNG RETURNED TO CANADA IN JUNE 1918 DUE TO THE GASSING AND WAS HOSPITALIZED IN CALGARY. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG PASSED AWAY ON APRIL 13, 1929. ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE PENNANT, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “THE PENNANTS AND THE TRAY IN PARTICULAR AND THE SPORRAN, ARE JUST THINGS LIKE, THEY’RE REALLY COOL...” “THE PENNANTS [WERE FRUSTRATING] BECAUSE THERE WERE MORE TO THE SET AND WE’D JUST GOT ROBBED BY SOMEONE WHO HAD CONVINCED THE GUY TO END THE AUCTION EARLY, SO WE COULDN’T COMPLETE IT. THAT WAS SOMETHING THAT MY DAD AND I WERE BOTH EXTREMELY FRUSTRATED OVER.” “[IT] WAS SORT OF A RIDICULOUS THING BECAUSE MY DAD HAD TO STAY UP PROBABLY UNTIL LIKE 2 IN THE MORNING BIDDING ON EACH BATCH THAT WENT IN THE LOT.” CAROL CLIFTON ADDED, “AND WE WERE ALL POOLING OUR MONEY. CHRIS WOULD SAY, 'WELL, I CAN PUT THIS MUCH IN.' BRETT WOULD SAY, 'I’LL PUT THIS MUCH IN.' I’M LIKE, 'WELL I HAVE THIS, SO I’LL SELL THIS ARTIFACT AND THAT WAY YOU CAN HAVE THE MONEY.' BECAUSE WE EXPECTED…YOU’D HAVE TO PROBABLY PAY WAY TOO MUCH, BUT YOU NEEDED TO BRING IT ALL HOME TOGETHER AND THEN SUDDENLY THE GUY JUST ENDED IT. “THE GUY TOOK [THE LOT] APART AND WE PAID WAY TOO MUCH FOR EACH PIECE, BECAUSE WE WANTED THEM BECAUSE THEY BELONGED TO THEM, AND IT WOULD BE DISHONEST TO USE A DIFFERENT PIECE THAT WASN’T HIS. SO, FOR AN ARTIFACT THAT YOU MAYBE COULD BUY FOR ABOUT $10.00, WE PAID $40.00 BECAUSE WE KNEW IT BELONGED TO THAT INDIVIDUAL FROM HERE AND, WE NEVER WOULD HAVE THOUGHT, 'WELL, WE COULD JUST SNEAK IN ONE AND NO ONE WILL KNOW.' WE NEVER WOULD HAVE FAKED AN ARTIFACT. WE SAT AND BID FOR HOURS AND OF COURSE OVERPAID FOR EVERY SINGLE PIECE. THEN WHEN YOU BUY ONE, YOU FEEL YOU HAVE TO BUY THEM ALL.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE." ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996) AND COMPILED BY EDMUNDSON. "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMISE OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SEPTEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007007
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"43RD BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20190007008
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"43RD BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
FELT, COTTON
No. Pieces
11
Length
98
Width
27
Description
ARMY GREEN PENNANT WITH TWO PAIRS OF ORANGE TIE STRAPS SEWN ONTO END; PENNANT HAS ORANGE BAND SEWN ONTO HOIST END. PENNANT HAS ORANGE TEXT SEWN ONTO FRONT, “43RD BATTALION”. BACK OF PENNANT SHOWS ORANGE STITCHING FROM BAND AT HOIST END AND LETTERS. PENNANT FRONT IS FADED AND HAS LIGHT DAMAGE BELOW TEXT; END TIP IS CREASED WITH LOSS IN CENTER; BACK HAS FADING AND LIGHT DAMAGE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
IN EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MACLEAN AND BRETT CLIFTON, CLIFTON ELABORATED THAT “THE PENNANTS [WERE] A LOT TOGETHER SEPARATE FROM THE HATE BELT AND SPORRAN…[A] DEATH PENNY, [THE] MEDALS, AND [A] SCROLL BELONGED WITH THE PENNANTS BUT THE AUCTION WAS PULLED.” THE SALE REFERENCED WAS FOR A LOT CONNECTED WITH PTE. JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG OF THE 43RD BATTALION. ACCORDING TO HIS CANADIAN MILITARY SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG WAS A PAINTER AND WIDOWER UPON ENLISTMENT. YOUNG ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) ON JUNE 17, 1916 IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. YOUNG’S UNIT SAILED FOR EUROPE IN SEPTEMBER 1916, AND IN OCTOBER 1916 YOUNG WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH OVERSEAS BATTALION. YOUNG SERVED IN FRANCE WITH THE 43RD BATTALION WHERE HE WAS GASSED; YOUNG RETURNED TO CANADA IN JUNE 1918 DUE TO THE GASSING AND WAS HOSPITALIZED IN CALGARY. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG PASSED AWAY ON APRIL 13, 1929. ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE PENNANT, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “THE PENNANTS AND THE TRAY IN PARTICULAR AND THE SPORRAN, ARE JUST THINGS LIKE, THEY’RE REALLY COOL...” “THE PENNANTS [WERE FRUSTRATING] BECAUSE THERE WERE MORE TO THE SET AND WE’D JUST GOT ROBBED BY SOMEONE WHO HAD CONVINCED THE GUY TO END THE AUCTION EARLY, SO WE COULDN’T COMPLETE IT. THAT WAS SOMETHING THAT MY DAD AND I WERE BOTH EXTREMELY FRUSTRATED OVER.” “[IT] WAS SORT OF A RIDICULOUS THING BECAUSE MY DAD HAD TO STAY UP PROBABLY UNTIL LIKE 2 IN THE MORNING BIDDING ON EACH BATCH THAT WENT IN THE LOT.” CAROL CLIFTON ADDED, “AND WE WERE ALL POOLING OUR MONEY. CHRIS WOULD SAY, 'WELL, I CAN PUT THIS MUCH IN.' BRETT WOULD SAY, 'I’LL PUT THIS MUCH IN.' I’M LIKE, 'WELL I HAVE THIS, SO I’LL SELL THIS ARTIFACT AND THAT WAY YOU CAN HAVE THE MONEY.' BECAUSE WE EXPECTED…YOU’D HAVE TO PROBABLY PAY WAY TOO MUCH, BUT YOU NEEDED TO BRING IT ALL HOME TOGETHER AND THEN SUDDENLY THE GUY JUST ENDED IT. “THE GUY TOOK [THE LOT] APART AND WE PAID WAY TOO MUCH FOR EACH PIECE, BECAUSE WE WANTED THEM BECAUSE THEY BELONGED TO THEM, AND IT WOULD BE DISHONEST TO USE A DIFFERENT PIECE THAT WASN’T HIS. SO, FOR AN ARTIFACT THAT YOU MAYBE COULD BUY FOR ABOUT $10.00, WE PAID $40.00 BECAUSE WE KNEW IT BELONGED TO THAT INDIVIDUAL FROM HERE AND, WE NEVER WOULD HAVE THOUGHT, 'WELL, WE COULD JUST SNEAK IN ONE AND NO ONE WILL KNOW.' WE NEVER WOULD HAVE FAKED AN ARTIFACT. WE SAT AND BID FOR HOURS AND OF COURSE OVERPAID FOR EVERY SINGLE PIECE. THEN WHEN YOU BUY ONE, YOU FEEL YOU HAVE TO BUY THEM ALL.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY...’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT...IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE...IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT...[HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE." ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’ DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’ RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN [HIS SON] BRETT DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996) AND COMPILED BY EDMUNDSON. "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMISE OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SEPTEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007008
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

Knights of Pythias Lodge.

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions96874
Date Range
1890-1970s
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20191125
Physical Description
4 sheets textual materials
Scope and Content
2 letterhead sheets - Dramatic Knights of the Order of Khorassan - Omar Khayyam Temple #141, Lethbridge. 2 pages from book "Pythian History" describing the Lethbridge Lodge. (supplies by Collections).
Date Range
1890-1970s
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
4 sheets textual materials
Scope and Content
2 letterhead sheets - Dramatic Knights of the Order of Khorassan - Omar Khayyam Temple #141, Lethbridge. 2 pages from book "Pythian History" describing the Lethbridge Lodge. (supplies by Collections).
Accession No.
20191125
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Howard F. Greenwood's Photo Album

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions96405
Date Range
1885-1913
Description Level
Item
Material Type
Photograph
Accession No.
20191095
Physical Description
Album - 73 photographic prints
Scope and Content
Images of Lethbridge produced by the Galt Company, followed by Greenwood family photographs
Material Type
Photograph
Date Range
1885-1913
Description Level
Item
Creator
Howard Fraser Greenwood (H.F. Greenwood)
Physical Description
Album - 73 photographic prints
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Howard Fraser Greenwood was born in Nova Scotia. Before coming to southern Alberta, Mr. Greenwood was chief accountant for the Hudson's Bay Company at Winnipeg. In 1882 he accepted employment with the North Western Coal & Navigation Company as that firm's assistant general manager and chief accountant, and moved with his family to Fort Macleod. In 1885 they moved to a company-built house in Lethbridge.Mr. Greenwood was elected a member of the first public school board in 1888, first postmaster, and first president of the Rifle Association in 1886. He lived in Lethbridge until 1900, and then moved to Edmonton.
Scope and Content
Images of Lethbridge produced by the Galt Company, followed by Greenwood family photographs
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
20191095
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Studies in duty of water and climatic conditions : 1913

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions94317
Date Range
1914
Material Type
Map
Accession No.
19736217002
Physical Description
1 map : col. ; 52 x 53 cm
Scope and Content
Shows projects in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Montana, North Dakota and Wyoming. Shows location of: Cities, towns, rivers and creeks.
Material Type
Map
Date Range
1914
Creator
Department of the Interior. Irrigation Office
Physical Description
1 map : col. ; 52 x 53 cm
Physical Condition
Good
History / Biographical
Canadian?
Scope and Content
Shows projects in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Montana, North Dakota and Wyoming. Shows location of: Cities, towns, rivers and creeks.
Notes
Bottom, right-hand corner of map indicates: G.D.W., L.E.M.S., Mch 1st This map along with 4 other maps is contained within an envelope entitled: Irrigation Map and Plans to Accompany the Annual Report of the Department of the Interior, 1914, and the Report of the Superintendent of Irrigation, 1914
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
19736217002
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Map showing irrigation schemes in Alberta and Saskatchewan : 1913

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions94318
Date Range
1914
Material Type
Map
Accession No.
19736217003
Physical Description
1 map : col. ; 45 x 69 cm
Scope and Content
Boundaries: Range 14, West of the 1st Meridian to Range 13, West of the 6th Meridian and Township 1 to 75 (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba) Shows location of: Cities, Towns, reserves, waterbodies, mountains (with elevations), passes and railroads Legend includes: Domestic, Municipal, Irrigatio…
Material Type
Map
Date Range
1914
Creator
Department of the Interior Canada. Irrigation Office
Physical Description
1 map : col. ; 45 x 69 cm
Physical Condition
Good
History / Biographical
Canadian?
Scope and Content
Boundaries: Range 14, West of the 1st Meridian to Range 13, West of the 6th Meridian and Township 1 to 75 (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba) Shows location of: Cities, Towns, reserves, waterbodies, mountains (with elevations), passes and railroads Legend includes: Domestic, Municipal, Irrigation and Industrial schemes
Notes
Scale 35 Miles to 1 Inch To Accompany the Report of F. H. Peters (Commissioner of Irrigation) Calgary, Alberta Honourable W. J. Roche, Minister, W. W. Cory, Deputy Minister This map along with 4 other maps is contained within an envelope entitled: Irrigation Map and Plans to Accompany the Annual Report of the Department of the Interior, 1914, and the Report of the Superintendent of Irrigation, 1914
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
19736217003
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Other Name
"JAMES HENRY WALLWORK"
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1929
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GRANITE
Catalogue Number
P20150039000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"JAMES HENRY WALLWORK"
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1929
Materials
GRANITE
No. Pieces
1
Length
38.5
Width
15
Description
GRANITE UPRIGHT GRAVE MARKER, GREY WITH BLACK FLECKS; BASE OF MARKER IS STAINED BROWN AND WHITE. MARKER IS RECTANGULAR WITH ROUNDED TOP AND JAGGED/BROKEN BASE. FRONT OF MARKER HAS ENGRAVED CIRCLE AT TOP WITH CARVED MAPLE LEAF IN CENTER; TEXT ENGRAVED BELOW CIRCLE READS “331862 GUNNER, JAMES H. WALLWORK, C.F.A. C.E.F., 22ND APRIL 1919”; MARKER HAS CROSS ENGRAVED BELOW TEXT. TEXT AND ENGRAVINGS SEVERELY WORN AND ERODED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
FUNERARY OBJECT
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
MILITARY
History
THE GRAVE MARKER FOR GUNNER JAMES H. WALLWORK WAS GRANTED ON TEMPORARY LOAN BY KIND PERMISSION OF THE COMMONWEALTH GRAVES WAR COMMISSION IN JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2016. THE GRAVE MARKER, OWNED BY THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION, WAS PREVIOUSLY LOCATED IN LETHBRIDGE’S MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY AND WAS SCHEDULED FOR REPLACEMENT IN 2015. UPON THE GRAVE MARKER’S REPLACEMENT, IT WAS SUBSEQUENTLY REQUESTED BY THE GALT MUSEUM. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JAMES HENRY WALLWORK WAS BORN IN RADCLIFFE, ENGLAND ON MAY 23, 1881 TO JAMES AND HARRIET WALLWORK. JAMES HENRY WALLWORK IMMIGRATED TO CANADA AND RESIDED IN LETHBRIDGE WITH HIS WIFE, ANNIE, AND DAUGHTER, WINNIFRED, WORKING AS A FURNACE MAN AT THE TIME OF HIS ENLISTMENT. GUNNER JAMES H. WALLWORK ENLISTED WITH THE 61ST BATTERY, 15TH BRIGADE, CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY, C.E.F. ON APRIL 11, 1916. ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1916 DETAILED THE FORMATION OF THE 61ST BATTERY, WITH RECRUITMENT BEGINNING APRIL 3, 1916 IN LETHBRIDGE. THE 61ST BATTERY WAS FORMED UNDER THE 15TH ARTILLERY BRIGADE. UNDER CAPTAIN COLLIN H. COLLINSON, THE 61ST CLOSED RECRUITMENT IN MAY AND REMAINED STATIONED AT BARRACKS AT HENDERSON PARK UNTIL LEAVING LETHBRIDGE MAY 27-29, 1916 FOR TRAINING IN PETAWAWA, ONTARIO. THE 61ST BATTERY WAS THE THIRD COMPLETE BATTERY TO BE RECRUITED AND LEAVE FROM LETHBRIDGE DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR. UPON LEAVING FOR ENGLAND, CAPTAIN COLLINSON WAS COMMANDING OFFICER FOR THE 61ST BATTERY, AND COLONEL OGILVIE WAS COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE 15TH ARTILLERY BRIGADE. THE 61ST BATTERY PROCEEDED FROM PETAWAWA TO WITLEY CAMP, SURREY, ENGLAND IN 1916. ACCORDING TO THE WAR DIARIES OF THE 14TH BRIGADE CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY, AVAILABLE THROUGH THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES OF CANADA, AT WITLEY CAMP THE 15TH BRIGADE OF THE CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY WAS REORGANIZED “…WITH TWO BATTERIES AND HALF THE 14TH COMBINED AND CALLED LEFT GROUP 4TH C.D.A…TWO DAYS AFTER WERE THE 14TH [BRIGADE C.F.A.].” ON AUGUST 22ND, 1917, THE 14TH BRIGADE ARRIVED IN FRANCE. THE 14TH BRIGADE PROCEEDED TO CARENCY, FRANCE IN SEPTEMBER 1917, SETTING UP WAGON LINES ON SEPTEMBER 4-5, 1916. THE 61ST BATTERY OPERATED IN NORTHERN FRANCE IN 1918 UNTIL THE ARMISTICE AND RETURNING TO CANADA. LIEUTENANT ABNER GLADSTONE VIRTUE OF LETHBRIDGE SERVED WITH THE 61ST BATTERY AND REMAINED WITH THE BATTERY THROUGH ITS DEMOBILIZATION. WALLWORK’S MILITARY SERVICE FILE, ACCESSED THROUGH THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES OF CANADA, INDICATES THAT HE RETURNED TO CANADA ON JANUARY 17, 1919 AND WAS DISCHARGED ON FEBRUARY 24, 1919 FOR “DEMOBILIZATION” AND BEING MEDICALLY UNFIT. MEDICAL RECORDS IN HIS SERVICE FILE INDICATE THAT WALLWORK SUFFERED FROM MYALGIA UPON HIS DISCHARGE. WALLWORK RETURNED TO CANADA, AND ON APRIL 22, 1919 DIED “AFTER BEING REMOVED FROM THE AMBULANCE IN WHICH HE WAS CONVEYED TO THE GALT HOSPITAL,” AS STATED IN A LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE FROM APRIL 23, 1919. A PREVIOUS ITERATION OF ITS WEBSITE NOTES THAT THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION [CWGC] WAS CONTRACTED IN 2003 BY VETERANS AFFAIRS CANADA TO “PLAN AND DEVELOP A STRATEGIC APPROACH TO LOCATE GRAVE MARKERS FOR WHICH THE MINISTER OF VETERANS AFFAIRS HAS RESPONSIBILITY…IN 2011, AN M.O.U. [MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING] WAS SIGNED BETWEEN VAC [VETERANS AFFAIRS CANADA] AND THE CWGC TO CONDUCT A TWELVE-YEAR CYCLICAL INSPECTION PROGRAMME OF VETERANS’ MARKERS INSTALLED AT THE EXPENSE OF CANADA.” ON ITS CURRENT WEBSITE, THE CWGC NOTES, “THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION (CWGC) HONOURS THE 1.7 MILLION MEN AND WOMEN WHO DIED IN THE ARMED FORCES OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE DURING THE FIRST AND SECOND WORLD WARS, AND ENSURES THEY WILL NEVER BE FORGOTTEN. OUR WORK BEGAN WITH BUILDING, AND NOW MAINTAINING, CEMETERIES AND MEMORIALS AT 23,000 LOCATIONS IN MORE THAN 150 COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES, AND MANAGING THE OFFICIAL CASUALTY DATABASE ARCHIVES FOR OUR MEMBER NATIONS.” FOR INFORMATION ON THE LOAN STATUS AND TERMS OF ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF THE GRAVE COMMISSION HEADSTONE, COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND WALLWORK’S SERVICE FILE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20150039000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20150039000
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
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Soldiers in the Royal Flying Corps during First Word War

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions95763
Date Range
1917-1918
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20191031030
Physical Description
bw negative
Scope and Content
Cecil Cuell, on the left and 2 unidentified soldiers during training at an unidentified Ontario base.
  1 image  
Date Range
1917-1918
Description Level
Item
Creator
Cecil Cuell
Physical Description
bw negative
History / Biographical
Cecil Thomas Arthur Cuell (1899-1982) born Portsmouth England. Immigrated to Canada with family 1913. Settled first in Calgary where he apprenticed with the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) Ogden Shops as an electrician. Moved to Lethbridge in 1922 and married Violet Ann Beaton on September 2, 1925. They had 8 children including a set of twins. Cuell was an electrician at the Government Elevator in Lethbridge when it was built in 1930 until he retired in 1964. He was an amateur photographer who developed and processed his own film in his home darkroom. Cuell like to experiment with flash powder and various chemicals to produce different colours and special effects on his photos.
Custodial History
Photographed by Cecil Cuell and kept in Cuell family.
Scope and Content
Cecil Cuell, on the left and 2 unidentified soldiers during training at an unidentified Ontario base.
Accession No.
20191031030
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail

Magazines and Newspapers.

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions96518
Date Range
1885-1985
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20191069
Physical Description
3 cm. textual materials.
Scope and Content
2 women's magazines from 1967 ("True Story" and "Modern Romance"). 2 Lethbridge Herald Special Editions, 1985. "The First 50 Years", and "The Second 50 Years".
Date Range
1885-1985
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
3 cm. textual materials.
Scope and Content
2 women's magazines from 1967 ("True Story" and "Modern Romance"). 2 Lethbridge Herald Special Editions, 1985. "The First 50 Years", and "The Second 50 Years".
Notes
The newspaper special editions are stored in the Reading Room File Cabinets in the Newspaper Special Editions drawer.
Accession No.
20191069
Collection
Archive
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Lethbridge Great War Veterans' Hockey Club

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions95943
Date Range
1919-1920
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20191055029
Physical Description
8x10 bw photographic print
Scope and Content
Lethbridge War Veterans' hockey club: a hockey club for those men that served in WWI that returned home to the Lethbridge area. Winners of the City and District League and Provincial Championship for the 1919-1920 Season. Back Row: Sutherland (Goal), F. Henderson (L. Defence), T.J. Davies (Chairman…
  1 image  
Date Range
1919-1920
Description Level
Item
Creator
ENMAX Centre
Physical Description
8x10 bw photographic print
History / Biographical
The ENMAX (formerly Sportsplex) Centre is a multipurpose facility operated by the City of Lethbridge. The complex was built in 1975 in preparation for the Canada Games.
Scope and Content
Lethbridge War Veterans' hockey club: a hockey club for those men that served in WWI that returned home to the Lethbridge area. Winners of the City and District League and Provincial Championship for the 1919-1920 Season. Back Row: Sutherland (Goal), F. Henderson (L. Defence), T.J. Davies (Chairman Sports Com. G.W.V.A.), C. Ramsay (Trainer), G. Reber (L. Wing), L. Turcotte (Centre). Front Row: J. Marion (R. Defence), T. Longworth (President G.W.V.A), W. Henderson (R. Wing)
Accession No.
20191055029
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Date Range
1918
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20191031024
Physical Description
bw negative
Scope and Content
Roll of Honour with the Royal Flying Corp insignia. It was on display in Cuell family home in Calgary, Alberta.
  1 image  
Date Range
1918
Description Level
Item
Creator
Cecil Cuell
Physical Description
bw negative
History / Biographical
Cecil Thomas Arthur Cuell (1899-1982) born Portsmouth England. Immigrated to Canada with family 1913. Settled first in Calgary where he apprenticed with the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) Ogden Shops as an electrician. Moved to Lethbridge in 1922 and married Violet Ann Beaton on September 2, 1925. They had 8 children including a set of twins. Cuell was an electrician at the Government Elevator in Lethbridge when it was built in 1930 until he retired in 1964. He was an amateur photographer who developed and processed his own film in his home darkroom. Cuell like to experiment with flash powder and various chemicals to produce different colours and special effects on his photos.
Custodial History
Photographed by Cecil Cuell and kept in Cuell family.
Scope and Content
Roll of Honour with the Royal Flying Corp insignia. It was on display in Cuell family home in Calgary, Alberta.
Accession No.
20191031024
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail

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