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Other Name
TAM-O-SHANTER - W W II
Date Range From
1943
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P20000036005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TAM-O-SHANTER - W W II
Date Range From
1943
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.0
Length
28.0
Width
25.5
Description
OUTSIDE OF HAT IS MAROON WOOL. INSIDE IS LINED WITH BLACK COTTON? EDGE OF HAT HAS A BLACK LEATHER TRIM, THROUGH WHICH A BLACK ELASTIC IS STRUNG AND TIED AT BACK. THERE ARE TWO SMALL HOLES ON RIGHT SIDE OF HAT WITH BLACK METAL GROMMETS ON THEM. ON FRONT OF HAT IS A BRASS BADGE CONSISTING OF TWO ARROWS CROSSING EACHOTHER. INSIDE HAT IS A TAG WITH THE LETTERS "M", "P", "HB", "V"; TAG IS VERY FRAGILE. WOOL IS STARTING TO WEAR THROUGH ON TOP.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE DONOR OF THIS ARTIFACT, JOHN LLOYD KNIGHT, SERVED AS A MEMBER OF THE FIRST SPECIAL SERVICE FORCE (ALSO KNOWN AS THE DEVILS BRIGADE) DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. THIS BERET GOES WITH UNIFORM P20000036002-4-GA. KNIGHT RECEIVED THE MAROON BERET AFTER VISITING THE ALEUTIAN ISLANDS POST SEPT, 1943. IT IS KNIGHT’S ORIGINAL ISSUE BERET. HE STATED IT WAS THROWN INTO A “STANDING” KITBAG AND HE EXPECTED TO GET ACCESS TO THE BAG AND ITS CONTENTS DURING “RESTS”. KNIGHT RETURNED TO CANADA WITH TWO SUCH KITBAGS AND HIS BACKPACK. ULTIMATELY IT WAS ONLY WORN BY KNIGHT IN 1945 WHILE HE WAS AT ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE. IN THE FIELD, KNIGHT WORE EITHER HIS STEEL HELMET OR A STOCKING CAP ALONG WITH HIS COVERALLS. SEE RECORD P20000036001-GA FOR DONOR BIOGRAPHY AND BRIEF HISTORY OF THE FSSF.
Catalogue Number
P20000036005
Acquisition Date
2000-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1961
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20160017006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1961
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
3
Diameter
26.5
Description
BLACK BERET WITH RED PATCH ON FRONT WITH ATTACHED GOLD CANADIAN ARTILLERY BADGE DEPICTING A CROWN ABOVE AN ARTILLERY FIELD GUN, WITH TEXT ON BANNER BELOW CROWN “UBIQUE” AND TEXT ON BANNER BELOW GUN “QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT”. BERET HAS TWO HOLES IN RIGHT SIDE LINED WITH PLASTIC. BERET HAS LEATHER RIM AROUND BASE OPENING; BERET IS LINED WITH BLACK COTTON WITH A PRINTED WHITE STAMP OF A DIAMOND, WITH A SMALL DIAMOND INSIDE AND TEXT, “GENUINE, FLEUR DE LIS, BASQUE BERET, 7 1/8 – 1952, DOROTHEA KNITTING MILLS, LIMITED, TORONTO”. INSIDE FRONT OF BERET HAS BRASS BAR FOR SECURING BADGE, WITH WHITE PAPER TAG WITH RED BORDERS AND BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “107” SLID UNDER BAR. BERET TOP AND FRONT ARE LIGHTLY FADED, WITH MINOR SOILING; OVERALL LEXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CHRIS AINSCOUGH REGARDING HIS DONATION OF A COLLECTION OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE OBJECTS BELONGED TO AISNCOUGH’S GRANDFATHER AND FATHER, WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH (WORLD WAR 1) AND REED WILSON AINSCOUGH (WORLD WAR 2 AND POST-WAR). ON HIS FATHER’S, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH’S, MILITARY SERVICE, CHRIS AINSCOUGH RECALLED, “I THINK THAT THE WAR WAS PROBABLY ONE OF THE BEST THINGS THAT HAPPENED TO MY DAD. HE NEVER SPOKE ABOUT IT MUCH, BUT THE FRIENDSHIPS THAT HE DEVELOPED THROUGH HIS CONTACTS IN THE WAR WENT ON RIGHT UNTIL HIS DEATH…IT’S PROBABLY LIKE BEING ON A TEAM, YOU KNOW, AND I THINK IT’S THAT FELLOWSHIP YOU GET FROM RELYING ON PEOPLE, AND TRAINING WITH PEOPLE, AND GETTING THEIR KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING. I THINK THAT’S SORT OF A BIG PART OF IT.” “THE ONLY STORIES THAT I EVER REMEMBER HIM TELLING ME WAS, THEY WERE IN LONDON, AND THEY CLIMBED UP A CHURCH TOWER—IT WAS TWIN TOWERS ON THIS CHURCH…I WAS LOOKING AT A PICTURE OF IT IN A BOOK, AND HE SAYS, YES, THAT HE AND A COUPLE OF GUYS WERE ON LEAVE, AND THEY CLIMBED UP TO THE TOP OF THIS TOWER—THEY HAD TO SQUIRM THEIR WAY TO THE TOP, AND, ALL OF A SUDDEN, THE AIR RAID SIRENS WENT, AND THEY WERE HUSTLING TO GET DOWN, AND THEY GOT DOWN TO THE STREET, AND THE OTHER SPIRE WAS GONE. THERE’S THAT, AND I DID ASK HIM WHAT HAPPENED TO HIM WHEN HE GOT WOUNDED. HE DIDN’T GO INTO VERY MUCH DETAIL ON IT, BUT JUST SAID THAT THEY WERE OUT ON A SORTIE—HE WAS A FORWARD OBSERVATION OFFICER…THAT’S A WICKED JOB BECAUSE YOU’RE IN FRONT OF EVERYBODY, AND HE SAID, HE HEARD A BURST OF MACHINE-GUN. THEY STARTED RUNNING DOWN THIS ROAD, AND THEY USED TO SKIP THE BULLETS DOWN THIS ROAD, APPARENTLY, AND THOSE GERMAN MACHINE-GUNS WERE 10 SHOTS FOR EVERY BROWNING—AND HE SAID, ALL OF A SUDDEN, HE HAD A BURNING IN HIS LEG AND HE HOPPED ALONG, AND THAT WAS IT. IT DAMAGED HIS LEG SO BADLY THAT HE COULDN’T GO BACK, SO THOSE ARE THE TWO STORIES. OTHER THAN THAT, I THINK HE TALKED ABOUT, ONE [OTHER] DAY, BECAUSE I FOUND THESE PHOTOS. I THINK HE EITHER HID THEM OR GOT RID OF THEM LATER, AND IT WAS BLACK-AND-WHITE PHOTOS OF A CONCENTRATION CAMP, AND I THINK HE SAID IT WAS BERGEN-BELSEN, BECAUSE BERGEN-BELSEN WAS IN LOWER GERMANY…HE SAID THEY HAD TO DON GAS-MASKS WHEN THEY WERE ABOUT 5 MILES AWAY, BECAUSE THEY HAD EXHUMED EVERYTHING, AND THAT WAS IT. I WAS PROBABLY ABOUT 10 OR 12 WHEN HE TOLD ME THAT ONE. I HAD NIGHTMARES FOR A LONG TIME – LOOKING AT THAT.” “I’M SORRY TO SAY THAT I KNOW NOTHING [ABOUT MY FATHER’S MILITARY EXPERIENCES], BECAUSE HE DIDN’T TALK ABOUT IT. I THINK IT WAS JUST SOMETHING THAT HE DID ON HIS OWN, AND CHOSE NOT TO [TALK ABOUT]…AFTER HIS FUNERAL SERVICE, EVERYBODY CAME BACK TO THE HOUSE AND MY UNCLE, HUGHIE CRAIG, [FROM] FORT MACLEOD, WE WERE SITTING IN THE LIVING ROOM, AND HE SAID, “HAS ANYBODY GOT ANY STORIES ABOUT REED?” THIS WAS MY UNCLE, WHO WAS A COLD IRISH-ENGLISH GUY. NOBODY DID, AND HE SAID THAT THEY WERE IN BELGIUM SOMEWHERE, AND HUGHIE WAS AN ELECTRICIAN SO HE WAS WITH…THE CALGARY SIGNAL CORP…HE WAS AT AN INTERSECTION…THERE’S A CONVOY COMING THROUGH, CANADIAN CONVOY. HE’S SITTING IN THE JEEP WITH HIS DRIVER, AND, ALL OF A SUDDEN, HE HEARS THIS “HUGHIE, HUGHIE.” HE LOOKS UP, AND HERE’S MY DAD. HE BROKE OUT; CAME OVER TO HUGHIE AND SAID, “WE’RE IN A HOTEL FIVE MILES UP THE ROAD HERE.” HE SAYS, “WHY DON’T I COME BACK AND GET YOU FOR DINNER?” SO, HE DROVE BACK; PICKED UP HUGHIE; THEY WENT AND HAD DINNER. HUGHIE…WAS A CAPTAIN AT THAT TIME—SO HE HAD FIVE OR SIX GUYS WITH HIS GROUP. CAME BACK. THEY WERE ALL DEAD. SHOT UP BY THE GERMANS…[I] NEVER HEARD THAT ONE FROM MY DAD.” “[I] NEVER EXPERIENCED [MY FATHER HAVING PTSD]; NEVER HEARD ABOUT IT…I NEVER PUT TWO AND TWO TOGETHER UNTIL I REALIZED THAT, WHEN THEY GOT BACK, THEY HAD THE CHOICE OF EITHER, I THINK, $500.00 COMPENSATION, OR EDUCATION, AND I THINK THEY COULD ALSO DO THE VLA HOUSES. HE WENT FOR THE $500.00, AND BOUGHT FURNITURE, SO I’M NOT SURE IF THAT WAS KIND OF IRRATIONAL CHOICE AT THAT TIME…IT’S JUST MY SUSPICION NOW.” “MY ONE UNCLE IN LETHBRIDGE WAS A DOCTOR, AND MY OTHER UNCLE IN VANCOUVER BECAME THE CHIEF FORESTER FOR MACMILLAN AND BLOEDEL, AND DAD WANTED TO BE A DENTIST BUT, WHEN THEY CAME BACK, HE HAD DENTAL TOOLS THAT HE HAD BOUGHT PRIOR. BUT, I THINK SOMETHING HAPPENED—IT MUST BE POST TRAUMATIC STRESS, OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, THAT JUST SORT OF PUT HIM OFF THAT. I THINK HE JUST WANTED TO GET BACK TO A REGULAR LIFE, SO HE NEVER CHASED DOWN THE DENTISTRY, WHICH IS INTERESTING, BECAUSE OF COURSE, THEY WOULD HAVE HAD THEIR SCHOOLING PAID FOR. SO, THAT’S ALWAYS A QUESTION [I HAD]—BUT I NEVER PRIED, BUT I ALWAYS THOUGHT THAT WAS CURIOUS.” “WE MOVED [FROM FORT MACLEOD TO MEDICINE HAT] IN 1959…AND I THINK DAD WAS THE CO [OF THE SALLY HORSE IN MEDICINE HAT] FROM ’64 TO ’68. I’M PRETTY SURE THOSE WERE THE YEARS, SO IT WAS FIVE YEARS, WHERE YOU WAIT YOUR CHANCE/YOU WAIT YOUR OPPORTUNITY; PROVE YOURSELF; AND THEN UP YOU GO.” “[HIS SERVICE] DEFINITELY GOES INTO THE LATE ‘60S. HE WAS STILL SORT OF ACTIVE IN LETHBRIDGE. I’M NOT SURE EXACTLY IN WHAT FUNCTION MILITARILY, BUT HE DID GO TO EVENTS THAT OCCURRED.” “HE SAVED EVERYTHING THOUGH…[THE UNIFORM AND APPEARANCE ASPECT WAS] PROBABLY A BIG PART OF [HIS MILITARY EXPERIENCE].” “[DAD] HAD A PRETTY GOOD LIBRARY. HE WAS FAIRLY WELL-READ. HE KNEW A LOT ABOUT CANADIAN MILITARY HISTORY. I KNOW THAT FOR SURE. ONE THING I KNOW HE WAS PROUD OF WAS THAT TWICE SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE WON THE WORTHINGTON TROPHY, WHICH WAS, I THINK, FOR THE BEST MILITIA IN CANADA….HE WAS THE…AIDE-DE-CAMP FOR [GRANT MACEWAN] FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS. I KNOW PRINCESS ALEXANDRA, WHO WAS THE QUEEN’S COUSIN, PRESENTED THE GUIDON TO THEM UP HERE, ACTUALLY, IT WAS…OVER AT THE CURRIE BARRACKS…IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1967 OR SOMETHING.” “I KNOW WE VERY SELDOM WENT ON FAMILY HOLIDAYS BECAUSE HE USUALLY TOOK THE HOLIDAYS THAT HE GOT, AND HE’D EITHER GO TO SHILO, OR HE’D GO UP HERE, AND THEY SPENT A LOT OF TIME OUT AT SUFFIELD, ON THE RANGE OUT THERE, SO HOLIDAYS WERE TIED INTO THAT. WHEN HE WAS LIEUTENANT-COLONEL, THAT WAS ALMOST LIKE A FULL-TIME JOB…WE NEVER SAW HIM. HE WOULD BE TRAVELING ON THE ROAD, AND THEN HE’D COME HOME, I THINK IT WAS THURSDAY NIGHT. THURSDAY NIGHT WAS…YOUNG SOLDIERS…AND THEN TUESDAY NIGHT WAS WHEN THE OFFICERS AND THE NCO’S WOULD DO SOMETHING, SO THOSE TWO NIGHTS WERE TAKEN UP. SATURDAY, HE’D BE OUT THERE. SUNDAY, HE’D BE OUT THERE…HE PUT IN 40 HOURS A WEEK OR MORE DOING THAT, AS A JOB, AS WELL AS HIS JOB AS AN INSURANCE SALESMAN.” ON HIS GRANDFATHER’S, WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH’S, MILITARY SERVICE, CHRIS AINSCOUGH NOTED, “MY UNDERSTANDING [IS MY GRANDFATHER SERVED IN WORLD WAR 1] ALTHOUGH IT’S INTERESTING…I REMEMBER MY DAD SAID, WHEN THE DEPRESSION HIT, THEY WERE GOING TO LAY OFF MY GRANDFATHER, WHO WAS THE, I THINK IT WAS THE CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT OF ROADS FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND THEY WERE HAVING TROUBLE WITH THE MONEY, AND THE CARS AND ALL THAT STUFF, SO THEY THREATENED TO LAY HIM OFF. HE TOOK THE MILITARY SERVICE SORT OF APPROACH TO “THEY CAN’T DO THIS TO ME,” AND SAVED HIS OWN JOB AND HIS OWN SKIN. SO, ALL THROUGH THE DEPRESSION, THEY HAD A CAR, WHICH WAS RARE. THE CAR THAT WAS PAID FOR BY SOMEBODY ELSE, SO THERE MUST HAVE BEEN SOMETHING. IT SEEMS ALMOST LIKE THE OLD BRITISH EMPIRE STYLE OF INFLUENCE THAT YOU WOULD HAVE, IF YOU WERE AN OFFICER IN THE ARMED FORCES, SO THAT PART I DO KNOW. MY GRANDFATHER DIDN’T TALK ABOUT ANYTHING EITHER. I DO KNOW ONE THING THOUGH. IT WAS INTERESTING THAT THEY WERE MORMONS, AND AFTER MY GRANDFATHER CAME BACK FROM WORLD WAR ONE, HE SORT OF ‘SPLIT THE SHEETS’.” AINSCOUGH ELABORATED ON HIS MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTION, STATING, “WELL, DOWNSIZING. I THINK THE FACT THAT IT HAS SAT IN DRAWERS AND BOXES, AND NOTHING MUCH HAS BEEN DONE WITH IT, AND, I ACTUALLY HAVE PLANNED TO DO A SMALL SORT OF CROSS SECTION OF WHAT I CONSIDERED TO BE MEANINGFUL THINGS THAT COME OUT OF IT, AND I THINK IT IS A BIG PART OF SOUTH ALBERTA’S HISTORY. DAD WAS VERY ACTIVE IN THE MILITARY AND THE MILITIA FOR MANY YEARS. I THINK THAT’S THE BIGGEST PART [OF WANTING TO DONATE THE OBJECTS].” “ACTUALLY, IT’S DIVESTING, BECAUSE AFTER MY DAD DIED [IN 1992], MY MOTHER STAYED IN THE HOUSE FOR ABOUT 5 YEARS, AND THEN SHE MOVED OUT TO THE COAST. IT WAS AT THAT TIME, WHEN WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE STUFF IN THE HOUSE, THAT WE THOUGHT THIS IS A GOOD TIME TO GET IT DOWN TO SOMEPLACE LIKE THE GALT THAT WOULD LOOK AFTER IT…ESPECIALLY MY GRANDFATHER’S STUFF—THE SWORD AND THE BOOTS AND ALL OF THAT—HOW MANY GENERATIONS DO YOU SORT OF KEEP THAT FOR?” “MY BROTHER HAD PART OF [THE COLLECTION], AND THEN HE MOVED FROM THE HOUSE, TO A CONDO. THEN I ENDED UP WITH IT. MY SON IS NOT THAT INTERESTED IN THAT MATERIAL, AND, AS FAR AS ORAL TRADITION, THERE IS NONE, BECAUSE MY DAD NEVER SPOKE ABOUT THE WAR...[I ENDED UP WITH THE ENTIRE COLLECTION] I THINK IT’S BECAUSE I WAS IN A HOUSE, AND HE WAS DOWNSIZING…THEN, WHEN I MOVED OUT HERE AGAIN, WHAT DO I DO WITH ALL THIS STUFF?” THE DONOR’S GREAT GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM THOMAS AINSCOUGH, MARRIED MARGARET A. AINSCOUGH IN 1878 AND EMIGRATED FROM SMITHFIELD, UTAH TO CANADA IN 1898, BRINGING SIX CHILDREN, AGED 1 TO 18, WITH THEM. WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH, THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WAS AMONG THE CHILDREN (BORN 1885). THE AINSCOUGHS INITIALLY SETTLED IN WHISKEY GAP, ALBERTA, BEFORE RELOCATING TO WOOLFORD, ALBERTA. WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH’S OBITUARY REPORTED THAT HE AND HUGH B. BROWN FOUNDED CARDSTON’S CAVALRY MILITIA UNIT, UNDER AN APPEAL FROM THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT TO THE CARDSTON DISTRICT IN 1909. IN 1911, A LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE CONFIRMED WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH’S MEMBERSHIP WITH THE CARDSTON MILITIA, STATING THAT HE WAS A CAPTAIN IN CARDSTON’S “RED COATS”—THE “C” SQUADRON OF THE 23RD ALBERTA RANGERS. IN A 1916 LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE, AND ON WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH’S WORLD WAR 1 ATTESTATION PAPERS, WILLIAM GEORGE IS LISTED AS SERVING WITH THE RANGERS FOR 5 YEARS PRIOR TO ENLISTING WITH THE 13TH CANADIAN MOUNTED RIFLES FOR OVERSEAS SERVICE. WILLIAM GEORGE SERVED OVERSEAS WITH THE LORD STRATHCONA’S HORSES. ACCORDING A RESUME FOR REED W. AINSCOUGH INCLUDED IN THE PERMANENT FILE, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH WAS BORN ON JUNE 21, 1918 IN CARDSTON, ALBERTA. IN 1940, REED AINSCOUGH JOINED THE 93RD BATTERY OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY [RCA] STATIONED AT FORT MACLEOD, ALBERTA, AND WAS PROMOTED TO A SECOND LIEUTENANT. REED AINSCOUGH WAS POSTED OVERSEAS IN 1942 AND SERVED UNTIL HIS DISCHARGE ON JANUARY 8, 1946. LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES REPORTED REED AINSCOUGH AS BEING IN THE THICK OF THE FIGHTING IN FRANCE, NOTABLY AT CAEN. IT WAS REPORTED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1944 THAT REED AINSCOUGH WAS PROMOTED TO CAPTAIN, AND WAS WOUNDED IN HIS LEG IN OCTOBER 1944. REED AINSCOUGH WAS SENT TO BELGIUM FOR SURGERY AND TO BE HOSPITALIZED, AND WAS RETURNED TO CANADA ON THE HOSPITAL SHIP H.M.C.S. LADY NELSON IN 1945. IN 1947, REED AINSCOUGH BECAME THE BATTERY COMMANDER OF THE 93RD BATTERY RCA, AND SERVED AS THE COMMANDER UNTIL 1959, BEING PROMOTED TO MAJOR IN 1951. IN 1959, UPON A TRANSFER WITH HIS EMPLOYMENT AT CANADA LIFE, REED AINSCOUGH MOVED TO MEDICINE HAT, ALBERTA, AND JOINED THE SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE AS A SQUADRON COMMANDER IN 1961. IN 1964, REED AINSCOUGH WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT COLONEL AND COMMANDER OF THE SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE, AND WAS APPOINTED AIDE-DE-CAMP TO LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR GRANT MACEWAN UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT. REED AINSCOUGH WAS PROMOTED TO BRANCH MANAGER OF CANADA LIFE IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, IN 1969 AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE. REED AINSCOUGH WAS A MEMBER OF THE MASONIC LODGE, LODGE OF PERFECTION, ROSE CROIX, CONSISTORY, SHRINE, ORDER OF THE EASTERN STAR, AND SERVED AS THE MASTER OF THE LODGE OF PERFECTION UNTIL 1977. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, REED AINSCOUGH WAS ALSO ACTIVE WITH THE FORT MACLEOD CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, LIONS’ CLUB, HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION, AND FORT MACLEOD MUSEUM DURING HIS TIME LIVING IN FORT MACLEOD. IN MEDICINE HAT, AISNCOUGH SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF THE HEART AND STROKE ASSOCIATION, AND ACTED AS A SENATOR FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE UPON MOVING TO THE CITY. ON OCTOBER 20, 1993, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE MILITARY SERVICE FILES FOR WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH AND FRANK AINSCOUGH, NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS ON WILLIAM GEORGE AND REED AINSCOUGH, A RESUME FOR REED AINSCOUGH, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20160017001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20160017006
Acquisition Date
2016-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
W W II
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073044
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
W W II
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.3
Length
27.4
Width
27.6
Description
ONE-PIECE KHAKI WOOL BERET WITH LEATHER HEAD BAND. LINED WITH BLACK COTTON, STAMPED IN GREEN "DOROTHEA HATS LTD. TORONTO 7 1/8 1944". GREEN DRAWSTRING THROUGH LEATHER BAND; UNTIED AT OPENING. TWO EYELETS ON ONE SIDE; ONE MISSING METAL RING. CAP BADGE INCLUDED: BRASS MALTESE CROSS ON SQUARE-SHAPED BACKING; CROWN AT TOP. CIRCULAR CREST AT CENTRE WITH "SOUTH SASKATCHEWAN REGT." AND DEER AT CENTRE. SEVERAL HOLES IN TOP OF BERET FROM INSECTS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONATED TO LEGION BY ROSS BERTRAND IN THE LATE 1980S WHEN HE MOVED TO A SMALLER RESIDENCE, THEN TO MUSEUM BY LEGION. ROSS HAD RECEIVED BERET BY THE TIME HIS UNIT REACHED EUROPE. SEE P19970073040/41/43-GA FOR RELATED ITEMS. PHOTOS ON FILE WITH HARDCOPY RECORDS. ROSS BERTRAND WAS BORN IN CALGARY ON OCTOBER 10, 1920. WHILE ATTENDING THE HENDERSON BUSINESS COLLEGE IN CALGARY IN 1940, ROSS HEARD THAT TWO TYPIST CLERKS WERE NEEDED AT THE MEWATA ARMORIES, SO HE ENLISTED IN THE CALGARY HIGHLANDERS ON JUNE 18TH, 1940, REGIMENTAL NUMBER M-11890. AS HIS MEDICAL EXAM INDICATED "A" CATEGORY, HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO A UNIT THAT WAS JUST BEING MOBILIZED, THE 10TH FIELD COMPANY, ROYAL CANADIAN ENGINEERS, WHERE HE BECAME AN ORDERLY ROOM CLERK. THE UNIT WAS MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN AUGUST OF 1940, AND WERE BILLETTED IN THE FORMER ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE BARRACKS. IN SEPTEMBER THEY WERE MOVED TO PETAWAWA, ONTARIO, WHERE ROSS WAS PROMOTED TO CORPORAL AND THEN TO LANCE SERGEANT IN CHARGE OF THE ORDERLY ROOM. IN NOVEMBER, 1941 THE UNIT ARRIVED IN LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND. IN 1942, DONOR TOOK OVER THE POSITION OF CHIEF CLERK AT THE CHIEF ENGINEER'S OFFICE AT THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE 5TH ARMORED DIVISION WITH THE RANK OF SERGEANT; IN 1943 BECAME CHIEF CLERK AT THE CHIEF ENGINEER'S OFFICE, 2ND CORPS HEADQUARTERS, AND WAS PROMOTED TO SERGEANT MAJOR. IN LATE 1943 DONOR APPLIED TO OBTAIN AN INFANTRY COMMISSION, AND RECEIVED HIS APPOINTMENT AS LIEUTENANT IN SEPTEMBER 1944. DONOR THEN JOINED THE SOUTH SASKATCHEWAN REGIMENT AS A REINFORCMENT OFFICER, UPON THE SUGGESTION OF TWO FRIENDS IN THE REGIMENT. THERE HE WAS APPOINTED TRANSPORT OFFICER, A POSITION HE HELD FOR THE REST OF THE WAR. HE WAS WITH THE REGIMENT IN GERMANY WHEN THE WAR ENDED IN MAY 1945, AND THEY RETURNED TO CALGARY IN JULY 1945. IN 1946 DONOR RECEIVED A CERTIFICATE AS A TOKEN OF HIS APPRECIATION FROM FIELD MARSHALL B.L. MONTGOMERY, COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, 21ST ARMY GROUP. HE ALSO RECEIVED THE FOLLOWING MEDALS: 1939-45 STAR, FRANCE-GERMANY STAR, DEFENSE MEDAL, VOLUNTEER SERVICE MEDAL AND CLASP, AND THE 1939-45 MEDAL. IN SPRING 1948, DONOR JOINED A RESERVE ARMY UNIT, H.Q. 5TH DIVISION ORDINANCE, BECAME THE ADJUTANT AND WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. HE REMAINED WITH THAT UNIT UNTIL APRIL 1951, WHEN HE AND HIS FAMILY LEFT CALGARY. DONOR FARMED NEAR MILO FROM 1951 TO 1964; WAS AN AGRICULTURAL FIELD MAN AT CLARESHOLM FROM APRIL 1964 TO AUGUST 1973; HELD AN ALBERTA AGRICULTURE POSITION IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1973 TO 1981; RETIRED IN 1981. SEE P19970073001-GA FOR HISTORY OF LEGION.
Catalogue Number
P19970073044
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
W W II
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073055
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
W W II
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.3
Length
27.4
Width
27.6
Description
ONE-PIECE KHAKI WOOL BERET WITH LEATHER HEAD BAND. LINED WITH BLACK COTTON, STAMPED IN GREEN "DOROTHEA HATS LTD. TORONTO 7 1944". GREEN DRAWSTRING THROUGH LEATHER BAND, VISIBLE AT OPENING AT BACK. TWO EYELETS ON ONE SIDE; LEATHER PIECE BELOW MARKED "M3811". BRASS ARTILLERY CAP BADGE OVER LEFT EYE. RED WOOL AND WHITE LINEN BACKING BENEATH. BADGE CONSISTS OF GUN AND CARRIAGE AT CENTRE WITH CROWN AT TOP AND "UBIQUE QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT" IN BANNERS ABOVE AND BELOW. CARDBOARD PIECE INSIDE CAP WHERE PIN ATTACHES. APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN HOLE IN TOP CENTRE OF CAP, NOW SEWN.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONATED TO LEGION BY UNKNOWN DONOR, THEN TO MUSEUM BY LEGION. SEE P19970073001-GA FOR HISTORY OF COLLECTION.
Catalogue Number
P19970073055
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, SATIN
Catalogue Number
P20150013009
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL, SATIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
32.5
Length
15.5
Width
13.5
Description
CREAM KNITTED BABY BONNET. BLUE SCALLOPED CROCHETED TRIM. EMBROIDERED ALONG EDGE WITH BLUE FLORAL AND LEAF PATTERN. BLUE SATIN BOWS AT CHIN WITH SAME BLUE RIBBON TO TIE BELOW CHIN. ENDS OF RIBBON ARE FRAYED, OTHERWISE BONNET IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
THIS BONNET BELONGED TO ROBERT ALLAN SMITH (THE DONOR) AS A CHILD AND WAS SAVED FOR DONATION TO THE MUSEUM BY HIS MOTHER, PHYLLIS SMITH. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE SMITH FAMILY WAS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR AT THE TIME OF DONATION. BEGINNING IN THE 1940S, THE SMITH FAMILY RESIDED AT 1254 7 AVENUE SOUTH. PHYLLIS REMAINED IN THE HOUSE UNTIL HER DEATH AT 104 YEARS OF AGE, ON SEPTEMBER 26, 2009. WHILE CLEANING UP HIS MOTHER’S HOUSE, THE DONOR CAME ACROSS SEVERAL BAGS MARKED ‘FOR MUSEUM’. THE ITEMS WERE USED BY THE DONOR FROM AN INFANT UNTIL THE AGE OF APPROXIMATELY 9 YEARS OLD. IN THE INTERVIEW, KEVIN ASKS IF ROBERT FELT HIS CHILDHOOD WAS IDYLLIC. ROBERT RESPONDS, SAYING: “FOR ME IT WAS. I MEAN, I WAS BORN IN WARTIME STILL AND MAYBE IT WASN’T IDYLLIC FOR MY PARENTS, BUT IT WAS FOR ME. AND THE NEIGHBOURHOODS WERE DIFFERENT THEN. YOU WERE JUST LET OUT THE DOOR AND YOU WENT OUT TO PLAY WITH THE NEIGHBOURHOOD KIDS AND THERE WERE NO CONCERNS THAT THE PARENTS HAVE TODAY. YES, A VERY HAPPY TIME, I WOULD SAY.” ROBERT WAS BORN IN OCTOBER 1940 TO PHYLLIS (NEE GROSS) AND ALLAN F. SMITH, AT ST. MICHAEL’S HOSPITAL. PHYLLIS WAS BORN TO FELIX AND MAGDALENA (NEE FETTIG) GROSS IN HARVEY, ND AND MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A FARM IN THE GRASSY LAKE AREA. SHE MOVED INTO LETHBRIDGE AND ATTENDED ST. BASIL’S SCHOOL IN THE 1910s. ALLAN WAS BORN IN ECHO BAY, ON, TO REV D.B. AND MRS. SMITH. HIS FATHER WAS A UNITED CHURCH MINISTER AND MOVED THE FAMILY TO EDMONTON. ALLAN WAS OFFERED A JOB AT WESTERN GROCERS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MET PHYLLIS WHILE IN THE CITY. THEY WERE MARRIED ON SEPTEMBER 2, 1939. ROBERT IS AN ONLY CHILD AND SUFFERED FROM RHEUMATIC FEVER AS A CHILD. HE BELIEVES THIS MAY BE PART OF THE REASON HIS MOTHER SAVED THESE ITEMS. HE EXPLAINS, SAYING: “I’M AN ONLY CHILD AND THEY WOULD BE MORE MEANINGFUL AND I WENT THROUGH A CHILDHOOD ILLNESS. I HAD RHEUMATIC FEVER. I MIGHT NOT HAVE SURVIVED. SOME OTHER KIDS DIDN’T SURVIVE, BUT I DID.” HE ALSO DESCRIBES HIS MOTHER AS BEING “A SAVER OF THINGS. HAVING GONE THROUGH THE DEPRESSION … THEY SAVED LOTS OF STUFF … ANYTHING THEY THINK THEY MIGHT USE IN THE FUTURE WAS SAVED.” PHYLLIS WAS ALSO A MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY IN THE 1970s AND WORKED AT THE GALT MUSEUM AS PART OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. ACCORDING TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, ROBERT RECEIVED MANY AWARDS WHILE IN HIGH SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY, INCLUDING THE SCHLUMBERGER OF CANADA SCHOLARSHIP FOR PROFICIENCY IN ENGINEERING, A GOLD MEDAL FROM THE ASSOCIATION OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS OF ALBERTA, AND RECEIVED THE HIGHEST GENERAL AVERAGE IN GRADUATION IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA. UPDATE: ON 26 OCTOBER 2017, DONOR ROBERT SMITH RESPONDED BY EMAIL TO AN ENQUIRY BY MUSEUM STAFF ON THIS OBJECT’S MANUFACTURE, SAYING THAT, “MY MOTHER DID KNIT AND SEW, AND HAD A TREADLE-TYPE SINGER SEWING MACHINE [AND] WHILE I CAN'T BE SURE, IT IS LIKELY THAT SHE MADE THE BEAR'S CLOTHES AND THE BABY BONNET.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20150013009
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BABY'S BONNET
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19950073163
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BABY'S BONNET
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
23.5
Width
12.8
Description
WHITE COTTON BABY BONNET WITH EYELET LACE CAP AND TATTED TRIM. TIES (6.2CM W X 33.5CM L) ON EACH SIDE. WHITE RIBBON TIED IN BOW ON LEFT SIDE, SEWN TO TRIM.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
SEE ALSO P1995073161/162-GA FOR RELATED ARTIFACTS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073163
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILK
Catalogue Number
P19970007003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
SILK
No. Pieces
1
Height
15.5
Diameter
12
Description
LIGHT PINK CROCHETED SILK BONNET WITH FANCY WIRE BRIMMED FRONT, WITH RIBBON BOWS NEAR EACH EAR. NEAR CHIN ON EACH SIDE OF THE BONNET IS A BRAIDED STRING TO TIE IT CLOSED. BEHIND BRIM IS A BAND FROM EAR TO EAR WITH TINY DECORATIVE STITCHES EVERY INCH. RIGHT EAR HAS YELLOW STAIN ON BONNET AND RIBBON BOW.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
LEISURE
History
ITEM MAY BE AN INFANTS BONNET, BUT WAS USED FOR DOLLS BY DONOR AND HER SISTER IN THE LATE 1930'S AND 1940'S. SOME CLOTHES WERE HANDMADE BY THEIR MOTHER, BUT OTHER PIECES, LIKE THOSE BELONGING TO AN EATON BEAUTY DOLL WERE PURCHASED. SEE P19970007001-GA FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
*UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE BOXED TEXTILE COLLECTION. ON 8 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED SISTERS SHIRLEY TUCKER AND JEAN SCMITT ABOUT THE ARTIFACTS DONATED BY TUCKER. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COMPLETE INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19970007003
Acquisition Date
1997-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19970007004
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
18.5
Diameter
16
Description
KNITTED CREAM WOOL BONNET WITH FAN DESIGN ON BACK OF HEAD, AND LIGHT PINK KNITTED BRIM AROUND FACE. HAS PINK SATIN BOW ON EDGE OF BONNET NEAR THE RIGHT EAR AREA. HAS NO CHIN STRAP, AND HAS NO DAMAGE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
LEISURE
History
ITEM BELONGED TO DONOR AND HER SISTER DURING THE LATE 1930'S AND 1940'S, AND WERE USED AS DOLL CLOTHING, BUT MAY BE INFANT CLOTHING. ACCORDING TO DONOR HER MOTHER MADE SOME OF THE CLOTHES, SO IT IS POSSIBLE THIS SET WAS MADE BY HER. BONNET IS PART OF A SET. OTHER ITEMS ARE KNIT BOOTIES P1997007005-GA, AND KNIT PANTIES P19970007006-GA. SEE P19970007001-GA FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
*UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE BOXED TEXTILE COLLECTION. ON 8 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED SISTERS SHIRLEY TUCKER AND JEAN SCMITT ABOUT THE ARTIFACTS DONATED BY TUCKER. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COMPLETE INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19970007004
Acquisition Date
1997-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CHILDS BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970007025
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CHILDS BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
23
Diameter
34
Description
CHILDS RED COTTON BONNET WITH LARGE WHITE FLOWERS ALL OVER FABRIC. HAS ELASTIC ACROSS BACK OF NECK AND TWO 52 CM LONG TIE STRAPS ALONG FRONT, ONE ON EACH SIDE OF NECK. HAS VERY LARGE, WIDE BRIM WITH A SOLID RED TRIM. STRAPS ARE WRINKLED, BUT BRIM HAS BEEN HEAVILY STARCHED AND IS VERY STIFF. LIKE NEW.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
LEISURE
History
ITEM BELONGED TO DONOR AND HER SISTER DURING THE LATE 1930'S AND 1940'S, AND WERE USED AS DOLL CLOTHING, BUT MANY OF THE PIECES OF THE COLLECTION COULD BE INFANT OR CHILDRENS CLOTHING. SOME ITEMS WERE HANDMADE BY MARY WAGNESS, BUT OTHERS WERE PURCHASED. FOR MORE HISTORY PLEASE SEE P19970007001-GA.
*UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE BOXED TEXTILE COLLECTION. ON 8 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED SISTERS SHIRLEY TUCKER AND JEAN SCMITT ABOUT THE ARTIFACTS DONATED BY TUCKER. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COMPLETE INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19970007025
Acquisition Date
1997-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970007007
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.2
Diameter
20
Description
SHEER WHITE COTTON BONNET WITH A BRIM MADE OF A DOUBLE LAYER OF FABRIC WITH A RUFFLED TRIM. HAS A WHITE AND BLUE BOW ON EITHER SIDE OF HEAD AND A WHITE SATIN RIBBON AT NECK TO TIE BONNET CLOSED. BACK OF BONNET HAS CIRCULAR DESIGN. COTTON HAS BEEN HEAVILY STARCHED AND RIBBONS ARE FRAYING BADLY.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
LEISURE
History
ITEM MAY BE AN INFANTS BONNET, BUT WAS USED FOR DOLLS BY DONOR AND HER SISTER IN THE LATE 1930'S AND 1940'S. SOME CLOTHES WERE HANDMADE BY THEIR MOTHER, MARY WAGNESS, BUT OTHER PIECES WERE PURCHASED. SEE P19970007001-GA FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
*UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE BOXED TEXTILE COLLECTION. ON 8 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED SISTERS SHIRLEY TUCKER AND JEAN SCMITT ABOUT THE ARTIFACTS DONATED BY TUCKER. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COMPLETE INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19970007007
Acquisition Date
1997-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19970007008
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BABY BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
23
Diameter
18
Description
CREAM KNITTED WOOL BONNET WITH A PLAIN BACK THAT COVERS THE HEAD, BUT HAS A DECORATIVE BAND AROUND FACE. BAND HAS STITCHED BLUE, PINK, AND GREEN DESIGN. HAS KNITTED STRING THROUGH BASE OF NECK AND HANGS ALONG EACH SIDE, WITH A POM-POM ATTACHED TO END. LEFT SIDE HAS A STRAIGHT PIN THROUGH BAND. LIKE NEW.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
LEISURE
History
ITEM MAY BE AN INFANTS BONNET, BUT WAS USED FOR DOLLS BY DONOR AND HER SISTER IN THE LATE 1930'S AND 1940'S. SOME CLOTHES WERE HANDMADE BY THEIR MOTHER, MARY WAGNESS, BUT OTHER PIECES WERE PURCHASED. SEE P19970007001-GA FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
*UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE BOXED TEXTILE COLLECTION. ON 8 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED SISTERS SHIRLEY TUCKER AND JEAN SCMITT ABOUT THE ARTIFACTS DONATED BY TUCKER. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COMPLETE INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19970007008
Acquisition Date
1997-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CHILD'S BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, COTTON, SATIN
Catalogue Number
P19990002001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CHILD'S BONNET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
LINEN, COTTON, SATIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
17.1
Length
15.7
Width
17.5
Description
WHITE STARCHED LINEN BONNET, EMBROIDERED WITH WHITE FLORAL AND LEAF PATTERN. SCALLOPED CROCHETED TRIM, APPROXIMATELY 8CM WIDE, SEWN AROUND FRONT BORDER OF BONNET. PINK SATIN BOW WITH TWO LONG RIBBONS STITCHED TO LOWER BACK. ENDS FRAYED AND SLIGHTLY STAINED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
COSTUME BELONGED TO DONOR WHEN SHE WAS ABOUT SIX YEARS OLD (1949). LIVED IN CZECH REPUBLIC OF MORAVIA, IN TOWN CALLED PREROV. DONOR CAME TO CANADA WITH HUSBAND IN 1970. WENT TO EDMONTON FOR 3 WEEKS, THEN BROOKS FOR 1 1/2 YEARS, THEN SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE FOR 25 YEARS. DONOR'S HUSBAND WORKED AS AN IRRIGATION SPECIALIST. COSTUME WAS HANDMADE BY DONOR'S MOTHER, AND WAS WORN ON SPECIAL OCCASIONS.
Catalogue Number
P19990002001
Acquisition Date
1999-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CURLING TAM
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19990062005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CURLING TAM
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.0
Diameter
26.2
Description
MADE OF A PLAID MATERIAL, INCLUDING THE COLOURS GREEN, BLUE, BLACK, RED, AND WHITE. CROWN IS FLAT AND ROUND. HAS A RED POMPOM ON CENTRE, TOP. BACK OF CAP HAS A SMALL OPENING, WHICH IS LACED UP WITH A BLACK SHOELACE. INSIDE CAP IS LINED WITH A SHINY, LIGHT BLUE MATERIAL. ZIGZAG LINES ARE SEWN ONTO LINING. STAMPED ON LINING, IN PURPLE IS "MCKENZIE". BELOW THIS IS A TAG THAT READS "THIS IS A BRILL CAP". THERE IS ANOTHER TAG ON INSIDE, SIDE OF HAT THAT READS "TAILORED BY BRILL". THERE ARE A FEW LOOSE THREADS INSIDE HAT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
LEISURE
PERSONAL CARE
History
USED BY A.W. SHACKLEFORD, WHO WAS A FREQUENT CURLER UNTIL CIVIC AND POLITICAL DUTIES DEMANDED MUCH OF HIS FREE TIME. DONOR IS A.W. SHACKLEFORD'S SON. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF ALFRED WILLIAM SHACKLEFORD (P20060025001-GA), OWNER OF THE SHACKLEFORD THEATRES. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF MAYOR SHACKLEFORD WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ARCHIVES CANADA ONLINE AND A LETHBRIDGE HERALD TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM MAY 31, 1992. A.W. SHACKLEFORD WAS BORN IN ESSEX, ENGLAND IN 1899 AND CAME TO CALGARY WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1909. AFTER HIGH SCHOOL HE TRAINED AS A DRAFTSMAN BUT WAS EMPLOYED BY THE FILM EXCHANGE AND FOX FILMS. IN 1921 HE WAS HIRED TO MANAGED THE KING'S THEATRE IN LETHBRIDGE AND BECAME ASSOCIATED WITH MARK ROGERS, A LETHBRIDGE BUSINESSMAN WHO OWNED THREE LOCAL MOVIE THEATRES. SHACKLEFORD ALSO BECAME PARTNER IN THE AMUSEMENT COMPANY THAT OPENED THE HENDERSON LAKE PAVILLION IN 1924. BY 1925 HE WAS PART-OWNER OF THE FORMER EMPRESS THEATRE ON 5TH AVENUE SOUTH, RENAMING IT THE ROXY. HE THEN TEAMED UP WITH THE FAMOUS PLAYERS COMPANY TO REMODEL THE FORMER PALACE THEATRE AND RENAME IT THE CAPITOL. SHACKLEFORD ALSO OPENED THE THEATRE IN THE FORMER COLLEGE MALL, BUILT THE 960-SEAT PARAMOUNT THEATRE ON 4TH AVENUE SOUTH, AND TOOK OVER OPERATION OF THE DIRVE-IN THEATRE AT THE SOUTH CITY LIMITS. SHACKLEFORD WAS HEAVILY INVOLVED IN CIVIC LIFE, ACTIVE IN GROUPS INCLUDING THE CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY, THE GYRO CLUB, UNITED WAY, LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT EXHIBITION BOARD, BOARD OF TRADE, ST. AUGUSTINE'S CHURCH, AND THE ALBERTA THEATRE OPERATORS ASSOCIATION. HE AND HIS WIFE ADA HAD TWO SONS, ROBERT AND DOUGLAS. AFTER SEVERAL TERMS AS ALDERMAN STARTING IN 1939, SHACKLEFORD FIRST SERVED AS MAYOR FROM 1944 - 1947, AND FOR TWO MORE TERMS FROM 1952 - 1955 AND 1957 - 1961. HE WORKED FOR 68 YEARS IN THE MOVIE BUSINESS, RETIRING AT AGE 90. W.A. SHACKLEFORD DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 30, 1992. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS INTERN KIRSTAN SCHAMUHN CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF PERSONAL ARTIFACTS. ON 30 OCTOBER 2018, SCHAMUHN INTERVIEWED ALLAN SHACKLEFORD, THE THIRD SON OF ADA AND A.W. SHACKLEFORD, REGARDING HIS FAMILY’S PRIOR DONATIONS. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MEMORIES OF THE HAT, ALLAN SHACKLEFORD RECALLED, “THAT ONE I DO REMEMBER HIM WEARING. HE REALLY ENJOYED CURLING AND I REMEMBER HE WORE THAT HAT ALL THE TIME WHEN HE WAS CURLING. I THINK HE WORE IT WHEN HE WON THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE SENIOR MEN’S CURLING CHAMPIONSHIP ONE YEAR.” “I WAS TOO YOUNG [TO GO CURLING WITH HIM]. I’D JUST GO OVER AND WATCH HIM…WHEN I WAS QUITE YOUNG.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19990062001 FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19990062005
Acquisition Date
1999-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HELMET LINER
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, VINYL, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20010014005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HELMET LINER
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL, VINYL, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Length
22.5
Width
19.0
Description
EXTERIOR IS DARK GREEN WOOL; LINING IS OFF-WHITE. THERE IS A GREEN CHIN STRAP WITH A FAKE BUCKLE; STRAP ACTUALLY SNAPS ONTO OTHER SIDE OF CAP. THERE ARE FOUR WHITE VINYL STRIPS ON EXTERIOR OF CAP, EACH WITH A SNAP AT ONE END. A TAG INSIDE CAP READS "SAFET CLOTHING MADE IN CANADA FROM SAFETY SUPPLY".
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
CAP WOULD HAVE BEEN USED UNDER A FLIGHT HELMET. BELONGED TO DONOR'S BROTHER-IN-LAW TOM WILKINSON, WHO WAS IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE LEARNED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: ACCORDING TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, “MR. THOMAS (TOMMY) WILKINSON PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON TUESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1990 AT THE AGE OF 83 YEARS. BORN IN DURHAM, ENGLAND, ON MAY 18, 190, THE LATE TOMMY WILKINSON WAS RAISED AND EDUCATED IN ENGLAND. DURING WORLD WAR II, HE SERVED IN THE RAF STATIONED AT PENHOLD, ALBERTA. DURING HIS PERIOD OF SERVICE SPENT IN CANADA TOMMY MET MARY KATHLEEN PARFITT (KAY) AND ON OCTOBER 31, 1942 THE TWO WERE MARRIED IN LETHBRIDGE, AB. TOGETHER, THEY MOVED TO ENGLAND IN 1943. IN 1952 TOMMY AND KAY CAME TO CANADA WITH THEIR FAMILY SETTLING IN LETHBRIDGE. HE HAS RESIDED IN LETHBRIDGE UNTIL THE TIME OF PASSING.” ACCORDING TO THE LEGION MAGAZINE ONLINE, “TOM WILKINSON WAS ISSUED THE SERVICE NUMBER 1040638, AND ALSO SERVED WITH THE CANADIAN AIR FORCE.” FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20010014005
Acquisition Date
2001-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CHIOR CAP
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Catalogue Number
P20060021019
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CHIOR CAP
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1980
No. Pieces
1
Length
25
Width
25
Diameter
20
Description
CLERGY HEAD WEAR MADE FROM BLK TAFFETA. CAP FEATURES A SQUARE CROWN (TOP) ON A HEADBAND. INSIDE LABEL HAS TEXT THAT READS "GOWNS. ROBES. AND HOODS BY ", "SAINTHILL LEVINE DIVISION OF SAINLEE INDUSTRIES LIMITED".
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
HEAD WEAR WAS WORN BY FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE CHOIR. THE HEAD WEAR DISAPPEARED BY 1980 AND THIS PARTICULAR INCARNATION OF THE CHOIR DISAPPEARED A FEW YEARS LATER. ST MARY’S ANGLICAN CHURCH BEGAN EARLY IN THE 1900S. THE EARLIEST ARCHIVAL RECORD IS A STATEMENT MADE IN JANUARY, 1906 THAT A GROUP OF PROMINENT MEMBERS OF ST. AUGUSTIN’S PARISHIONERS AGREED TO COVER A DEFICIT IN THE OPERATION OF ST. MARY’S MISSION UP TO $300. APPARENTLY, ST. MARY’S EXISTED BEFORE THIS DECISION, BUT IT IS UNKNOWN FOR HOW LONG. A FORMAL ORGANIZATION MEETING FOR ST. MARY’S MISSION WAS HELD ON APRIL 20. 1908. THE SEPARATE PARISH OF ST. MARY’S WAS ESTABLISHED ON FEBRUARY 1, 1910. THE “NEW” CHURCH WAS BUILT IN 1912, AND USED BY THE PARISH UNTIL IT CLOSED IN 2003. THE NORTH SIDE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP THEN RENTED THE BUILDING UNTIL 2006, WHEN THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD TO A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL. THERE WERE AT LEAST EIGHT RECTORS (PRIESTS) AT ST MARY’S BETWEEN 1910 AND 1944, INCLUDING SOME PERIODS OF TIME WHEN NO PRIEST WAS AVAILABLE (OR AFFORDABLE). IN 1944, ROBERT COWAN ARRIVED AND SERVED ST. MARY’S FOR THE NEXT 37 YEARS UNTIL 1981, A TERM UNPARALLELED IN THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. IT WAS DURING THIS TIME THAT ST. MARY’S BECAME KNOWN HAS ST. MARY THE VIRGIN. CANON COWAN RETURNED TO ST MARY’S AS A PARISHIONER FOR A FEW YEARS LATER, AND REMAINED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1999. MICHAEL EBSWORTH SERVED AS RECTOR FROM 1981 UNTIL 1994, WHEN HE RESIGNED DUE TO HEALTH REASONS. FATHER EBSWORTH REMAINED A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE, OFTEN SERVING AS A “VISITING” PRIEST, AND HE TOOK PART IN THE FINAL SERVICE AT ST. MARY’S HELD ON AUGUST 14, 2003. IN THE FINAL DECADE OF ST MARY’S EXISTENCE, FIVE OTHER PRIESTS SERVED THE PARISH, INCLUDING TWO FEMALE PRIESTS WHICH SOME FOUND SURPRISING DUE TO ST. MARY’S TRADITIONAL LITURGICAL PRACTICES. THE CHURCH CLOSED AND AMALGAMATED WITH THE ANGLICAN PARISH OF ST. AUGUSTINE. OTHER OBJECTS AND ARCHIVAL MATERIALS ASSOCIATED WITH ST. MARY'S OPERATION WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE, ST MARY'S WAS THE LONGEST OPERATING OF ANY LETHBRIDGE CHURCH IN THE CURRENT PREMISES. FOR COMPLETE HISTORY SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060021001.
Catalogue Number
P20060021019
Acquisition Date
2006-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WEDGE CAP, "ANDERSON SISTERS"
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, THREAD, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20160044001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WEDGE CAP, "ANDERSON SISTERS"
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Materials
FELT, THREAD, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
11
Length
30
Width
1.7
Description
BLACK FELT WEDGE CAP WITH RED ACCENTS STITCHING. TWO RED AND GOLD PLASTIC BEADS ON THE FRONT EDGE. CURSIVE “ANDERSON SISTERS” EMBROIDERED IN RED ON ONE SIDE AND “ALICE” ON THE OTHER. VERY GOOD CONDITION: MAKEUP STAINS PRESENT OF THE INSIDE BRIM OF THE HAT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
LEISURE
PERSONAL CARE
History
THE LATE ALICE PEARL HUMMEL (13 JUNE 1922 – 7 APRIL 2016) PERFORMED AS PART OF THE “ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA” ALONGSIDE HER SISTERS – FLORENCE JEANNETTE MCINTOSH (MAY 1917 – 18 MARCH 1999), MARIE EVELYN POPSON (C.1921 - 8 MARCH 2008) AND RUTH GINZER (C. 1926 - D. 2016). THE FOUR DAUGHTERS WERE BORN TO PARENTS, MARTIN EDWARD ANDERSON AND IDA JOHANNA ANDERSON (NEE JOHNSON). THE BAND WAS A FAMILY AFFAIR THAT SAW GREAT SUCCESS IN THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA REGION. ALICE’S DAUGHTERS, ELEANOR SMITH AND RUTH HUMMEL, HONOURED THEIR MOTHER’S WISHES TO DONATE A NUMBER OF HER EFFECTS FROM HER TIME WITH LETHBRIDGE BAND TO THE MUSEUM. THIS WEDGE CAP WAS A COMPONENT OF THE UNIFORM THE SISTERS WORE WHEN THEY PERFORMED AT PLACES SUCH AS ARMY BASES AND DANCE HALLS. THIS CAP BELONGED TO ALICE, THE SECOND YOUNGEST OF THE SISTERS. IN 16 DECEMBER 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DAUGHTERS ABOUT THE DONATION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT EXCHANGE: RUTH STATES, “THE HAT WOULD BE AT LEAST FROM 1940 - ’41… ALL OF THE SISTERS HAD [A CAP AND] THEY WERE SPECIAL MADE FOR THEM. ‘ANDERSON SISTERS’ WAS EMBROIDERED ON ONE SIDE AND THEN THEIR NAMES ON THE OTHER. THEY WERE MADE TO GO WITH THESE MILITARY LOOKING DRESSES THAT THEY HAD. THEY TYPICALLY ALWAYS DRESSED ALIKE FOR THE PERFORMANCES. THE HATS WERE MADE TO GO ALONG WITH THEM WHEN THEY WERE DOING PERFORMANCES AT THE MILITARY BASES.” “[THE SISTERS] USUALLY CAME UP WITH [THE UNIFORM] COLLECTIVELY,” RUTH EXPLAINED, “AND THEY WORKED WITH A TAILOR IN TOWN WHO ACTUALLY DID SOME OF THEIR SUITS. THERE MIGHT BE A LABEL THAT I COULD FIND WITH REGARDS TO WHAT THAT COMPANY WAS….THERE WERE USUALLY ALWAYS TAILORS INVOLVED, AND WHEN THEY CAME UP WITH AN IDEA OR CONCEPT, THEY’D HAVE IT DONE AT THE SAME PLACE, BUT I DON’T HAVE THE DETAILS ON THAT.” MANY OF THE ARTIFACTS DONATED TO THE MUSEUM, INCLUDING THIS CAP, WERE KEPT TOGETHER IN ONE OF ALICE’S TRUNKS. WHEN RUTH AND ELEANOR WERE HELPING THEIR MOTHER SORT HER THINGS, SHE EXPLAINED THE ITEMS IN THE TRUNK TO THEM. THE WEDGE CAP CAME TO THE MUSEUM ENCLOSED IN A SHADOW BOX COMPLETE WITH ARTICLE CLIPPINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS, WHICH WAS ASSEMBLED FOR A COMMUNITY DISPLAY. PERMISSION WAS GRANTED BY THE DONOR TO REMOVE THE CAP FROM THE BOX. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR PHOTOGRAPH OF THE BOX. THE FOLLOWING IS A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS AS TOLD BY DONORS ELEANOR SMITH AND RUTH HUMMEL IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW: “[THE ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA WAS] THE LONGEST RUNNING GROUP AT WATERTON LAKES PAVILION … [WHERE THEY PLAYED] FOR FIVE YEARS STRAIGHT,” ELEANOR EXPLAINED, “IN ADDITION TO DOING ALL KINDS OF OTHER THINGS, THEY WERE CONSTANTLY TRAVELLING [AND] WE HAVE THE RECORDINGS OF THAT.” RUTH ADDED, “THEY WERE ORIGINALLY FROM MONITOR (SASK). IN THE DIRTY 30S, WHEN THINGS GOT BAD FOR A LOT OF FARMS, THEY FOUND A WAY TO HAVE MUSIC LESSONS AND…PLAY FOR LOCAL DANCES. [ULTIMATELY, THE FAMILY] DECIDED TO LEAVE THE FARM AND HEADED OUT IN THE DIRECTION OF LETHBRIDGE (VIA DRUMHELLER). IT WAS TOUGH TIMES FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE IN THE 30S IN ALBERTA, BUT THE GIRLS, WITH THE TALENT THEY HAD, … HAD A WAY OUT…THEY COULD DO A LOT WHEN THEY STUCK TOGETHER AS A FAMILY. AND THEN THE ORCHESTRA REALLY CAME OUT OF THAT...” THE OBITUARY OF DONORS’ GRANDFATHER, MARTIN ANDERSON, (PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, 1981) STATES THE FAMILY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940. “THEY WERE SERIOUS MUSICIANS - VERY HUMBLE AND VERY QUIET,” RUTH CONTINUED, “[AS FAR AS PROMOTING THE BAND,] THAT WAS MORE GRANDPA’S JOB. WHEN IT CAME TO MUSIC, IT WAS A GIFT THEY PASSED ON - IN THE LATE ‘30S, ‘40S AND INTO THE ‘50S A BIT – [AND] IT WAS SOMETHING THEY FELT REALLY PRIVILEGED TO BE ABLE TO CONTRIBUTE IN THEIR OWN COMMUNITIES. [DURING] THE WAR YEARS, [THEY PLAYED FOR] THE ARMY BASES THAT WERE ALL CLOSE HERE AND [THEY WERE] A PART OF THAT HISTORY.” “[THEY WERE] ON THE ROAD 6 DAYS A WEEK [WITH THEIR CAR AND TRAILER]… PLAYING NOT JUST IN LETHBRIDGE [BUT] FAR REACHING OVER IN B.C., THE NORTHERN STATES, AND QUITE FAR NORTH IN ALBERTA. SO THEY WERE A REAL PART OF THINGS AND WORKED REAL HARD. I THINK IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE MUSIC HISTORY IN ALBERTA. THEY WERE, AFTER THE ANDERSON SISTERS [BAND WAS FINISHED], PROUD TO TAKE [MUSIC] INTO THE COMMUNITIES WHERE THEY WERE TEACHERS AND STILL PERFORMERS EVEN PAST THE FOUR OF THEM BEING TOGETHER.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THEIR PERSONAL MEMORIES OF THE SISTERS PERFORMING TOGETHER, RUTH ANSWERED, “WELL ELEANOR WOULD HAVE BEEN A TODDLER, MYSELF AS WELL, THE LAST FEW TIMES THAT THEY PERFORMED AS THE ANDERSON SISTERS IN THAT ERA. BUT GROWING UP THROUGH THE YEARS, THERE WASN’T A TIME WHEN WE GOT TOGETHER AS A FAMILY WHERE WE DIDN’T HAVE A LOT OF MUSIC. THEY WOULD PLAY FOR US [AND] THEY WERE CALLED BACK SOMETIMES TO PERFORM AT COMMUNITY EVENTS… THE LAST ONE THAT I RECALL WAS SOMETHING IN GRANUM FOR AN ELKS 5OTH ANNIVERSARY IN GRANUM…THAT WAS THE LAST TIME PUBLICLY I REMEMBER.” THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM A HISTORY PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 24 MAY 2003 TITLED, “SISTER ACT: SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S SWINGIN’ ANDERSON SISTERS WERE ALL THE RAGE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR.” “IT WAS THE ERA OF SWUNG, OF MUSIC WITH MEMORABLE LYRICS, AND OF DANCE. IT WAS ALSO THE TIME OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND THE HEYDAY OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS, AND LITERALLY EVERY TOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WAS SWINGING AND SWAYING TO THE SOUNDS OF FLORENCE, MARIE, ALICE, AND RUTH." "DUBBED THE FOUR MAIDS OF MELODY BY CJOC RADIO…" THE ARTICLE CONTINUED, "[THE SISTERS] WERE THE TOAST OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S DANCE HALLS." INTERVIEWED FOR THE ARTICLE WAS ONE OF THE SISTERS, MARIE POPSON. SHE WAS QUOTED, "WE PLAYED THE TRIANON A LOT, THE OLD BUCKET OF BLOOD. THEY CALLED IT THAT BECAUSE IT WAS DURING THE WAR AND THERE WERE A LOT OF FIGHTS. PRIOR TO AND AFTER THE TRIANON WAS OK, BUT IT WAS REAL LIVELY DURING THE WAR… THE CROWDS [THERE] WERE SO LARGE THEY WERE AFRAID THE FLOOR WOULD WEAKEN… THE DANCE FLOOR WAS ON THE SECOND STORY OF THE BUILDING." THE ARTICLE EXPLAINED, "FLORENCE WAS THE ELDEST OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS AND AS SUCH WAS THE BAND’S LEADER. [SHE] PLAYED THE SAXOPHONE AND THE PIANO. MARIE… PLAYED THE PIANO AND ALICE PLAYED THE SAXOPHONE AND CLARINET. RUTH, 'THE BABY,' … PLAYED THE DRUMS, CLARINET AND TRUMPET." THE ARTICLE READS, "'RUTH STARTED PLAYING THE DRUMS AT AGE 11 AND LATER SHE COULD HANDLE THE DRUMMING WITH HER FEET AND PLAY THE TRUMPET AT THE SAME TIME FOR SOME OF OUR NUMBERS,’ SAYS MARIE WITH A TWIRL OF THE HAND. ‘FLO AND ALICE WERE OUR MAIN SINGERS AND I MADE UP THE TRIO SOMETIMES. RUTH DIDN’T SING. WHEN WE SANG AS A TRIO RUTH WOULD PLAY THE PIANO. ALICE WOULD ALSO SING SOLO. WE PLAYED ALL THE POPULAR MUSIC OF THE DAY AND OLD-TIME MUSIC AS WELL… MY SISTERS COULD ALSO PLAY THAT FAST-PACED SQUARE DANCE MUSIC ON THE SAX, AND THAT WAS SOMETHING. WE PLAYED WALTZES, POLKAS AND EVERYTHING… YOU NAME IT, WE PLAYED IT... OUR THEME SONG WAS BREEZING ALONG WITH THE BREEZE BUT MY FAVOURITE HAD TO BE SIDE BY SIDE, WHICH WE WERE AS A GROUP. WE WERE VERY CLOSE.'" THAT ARTICLE STATES THAT MARTIN AND IDA HAD EIGHT DAUGHTERS, IN FACT, BUT ONLY FOUR LIVED TO BECOME TEENAGERS. THE FOUR SURVIVING SISTERS BEGAN THEIR MUSICAL EDUCATION AT AN EARLY AGE, ALL BEGINNING WITH PIANO. THEY BEGAN PLAYING FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF EVENTS NEAR MONITOR, WHERE THEY WERE BORN. WHILE FLORENCE WAS WITH THE ALL GIRLS BAND IN CALGARY, THE THREE YOUNGER SISTERS FORMED THEIR OWN ORCHESTRA, MAKING THEIR DEBUT IN 1937. THE FOLLOWING YEAR, AFTER FLORENCE’S RETURN, THE ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA WAS FORMED. UPON ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940, THEY AUDITIONED FOR THE CJOC RADIO STATION. THE ARTICLE STATES, “FOUR DAYS LATER THEY WERE ON THE AIR, LIVE, ON THE CHRISTMAS SHOPPER PROGRAM HEARD THREE TIMES A WEEK. THEY WERE ALSO ON THE AIR MONDAY NIGHTS FROM 9:15 TO 9:30 PM.” A NOTE THAT CAME WITH THE DONATION SAYS THE WEEKLY SHOW WITH CJOC WAS “BROADCAST LIVE ‘FROM HIGH ATOP THE MARQUIS HOTEL.’” BACK IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW AT THE MUSEUM, ALICE’S DAUGHTER ELEANOR COMMENTS ON THE BAND’S LEGACY. “I VOLUNTEER AT THE HOSPITAL [AND PLAY THE PIANO]. I USUALLY HAVE SENIORS INVOLVED THERE… AND WHEN I MENTION MY MOM’S NAME OR MY AUNT’S NAME, THEY REMEMBER DANCING TO THE ANDERSON SISTERS. SO, YOU KNOW, EVEN IN THIS DAY AND AGE, [PEOPLE] REMEMBER HOW MUCH FUN THEY HAD. [IT SHOWS] HOW RESPECTED THEY WERE AND I FIND THAT [BACKGROUND] JUST THRILLING.” “[MUSIC] WAS THEIR LIVELIHOOD,” RUTH ILLUMINATED, “SO [IT] WAS DRIVING THEM [THROUGH] TOUGH TIMES (SUCH AS THE DEPRESSION IN ALBERTA). THE GIRLS TOGETHER [WITH] THE TALENT THEY HAD, HAD A WAY OUT, WHERE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE HAD SOME BIGGER STRUGGLES. AND IT WAS THE TALENT IN THEM BEING TOGETHER. THEY COULD DO A LOT WHEN THEY STUCK TOGETHER AS A FAMILY.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND CLIPPINGS ABOUT THE ANDERSON SISTERS AND THEIR SHOWS, AND FAMILY OBITUARIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160044001
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON/RAYON BLEND
Catalogue Number
P19950038018
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
COTTON/RAYON BLEND
No. Pieces
1
Length
33
Width
25.5
Description
COTTON/RAYON BLEND (? - IS A SYNTHETIC FABRIC) CAP HAS SAME MATERIAL BLACK TASSEL AT TOP. CAP IS SIMILAR IN SHAPE TO A TOQUE WITH THE TOP OF HAT BEING GATHERED. CROWN IS GOLD, BELOW IS STRIP OF PURPLE, THEN BLACK AND WHITE STRIPES, A BLACK RIBBON, AND VERY BOTTOM BAND/SKIRT IS BLACK. LINING IS PINKISH-PURPLE AND THE SAME MATERIAL. KNIT HAT HAS SOME MINOR STAINS. ARE FEW SMALL HOLES IN GOLD BAND. TASSEL IS BADLY FRAYED. SEAM AROUND SKIRT OF CAP IS FRAYING. RIBBON IS LIFTING. LOOSE THREADS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SPORTS
History
*UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. DURING THAT INTERVIEW, IT WAS DETERMINED THAT THIS ARTIFACT WAS NOT RECOGNIZED BY THE DONOR. PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001 FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950038018
Acquisition Date
1995-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON ?
Catalogue Number
P19990035143
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Materials
COTTON ?
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.0
Length
28.5
Width
18.4
Description
OFF-WHITE, CROCHETED. LOOSE, OPEN STITCH. THE ENTIRE HAT IS VERY ROUND AND SYMMETRICAL. AT THE CROWN IS A SEVEN PETAL FLOWER, IN A TIGHTER STITCH. IN THE CENTER OF THE FLOWER IS A ROUND, STITCHED HOLE. THE BOTTOM IS STAINED AND IS SLIGHTLY DARKER THAN THE REST OF THE HAT. THE INSIDE HAS A FEW SMALL, DARK YELLOW SPOTS ON IT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
IDENTIFIED IN PEMMICAN CLUB INVENTORY AS A BEANIE. SEE P19990035001-GA FOR HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19990035143
Acquisition Date
2000-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, RIBBON
Catalogue Number
P20150013023
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, RIBBON
No. Pieces
1
Height
25.5
Diameter
17
Description
NAVY BLUE WOOL CHILD'S SAILOR CAP. 3CM WIDE NAVY BLUE RIBBON AROUND HAT, WITH "H.M.S. MINOTAUR" EMBROIDERED IN GOLD THREAD. ON EITHER SIDE OF "H.M.S. MINOTAUR" THERE ARE TWO EMBROIDERED FLAGS ON GOLD COLOURED POLES: ONE IS A WHITE FLAG, RED RECTANGLE, WITH A GOLD CROWN IN THE CENTRE; SECOND IS A RED STRIPE ON THE BOTTOM, WHITE STRIPE ON THE TOP, WITH AN ANCHOR POSITIONED HORIZONTALLY BETWEEN THE TWO STRIPES. HAT IS LINED WITH NAVY BLUE COTTON. RIBBON HANGS DOWN LEFT SIDE OF HAT, FORMING TWO TAILS: ONE IS 16.1CM LONG, THE OTHER IS 14.2CM LONG. (MEASUREMENT OF THE HEIGHT OF HAT ACCOUNTS FOR THESE TAILS) SLIGHT DISCOLOURATION (SLIGHTLY BROWN/RED) ON LEFT SIDE BETWEEN "MINOTAUR" AND THE FLAGS. DIAMETER MEASUREMENT REFERS TO THE HEADBAND PORTION. THE TOP OF THE HAT HAS A DIAMETER OF 21.5CM.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
THIS CAP BELONGED TO ROBERT ALLAN SMITH (THE DONOR) AS A CHILD AND WAS SAVED FOR DONATION TO THE MUSEUM BY HIS MOTHER, PHYLLIS SMITH. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE SMITH FAMILY WAS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR AT THE TIME OF DONATION. BEGINNING IN THE 1940S, THE SMITH FAMILY RESIDED AT 1254 7 AVENUE SOUTH. PHYLLIS REMAINED IN THE HOUSE UNTIL HER DEATH AT 104 YEARS OF AGE, ON SEPTEMBER 26, 2009. WHILE CLEANING UP HIS MOTHER’S HOUSE, THE DONOR CAME ACROSS SEVERAL BAGS MARKED ‘FOR MUSEUM’. THE ITEMS WERE USED BY THE DONOR FROM AN INFANT UNTIL THE AGE OF APPROXIMATELY 9 YEARS OLD. IN THE INTERVIEW, KEVIN ASKS IF ROBERT FELT HIS CHILDHOOD WAS IDYLLIC. ROBERT RESPONDS, SAYING: “FOR ME IT WAS. I MEAN, I WAS BORN IN WARTIME STILL AND MAYBE IT WASN’T IDYLLIC FOR MY PARENTS, BUT IT WAS FOR ME. AND THE NEIGHBOURHOODS WERE DIFFERENT THEN. YOU WERE JUST LET OUT THE DOOR AND YOU WENT OUT TO PLAY WITH THE NEIGHBOURHOOD KIDS AND THERE WERE NO CONCERNS THAT THE PARENTS HAVE TODAY. YES, A VERY HAPPY TIME, I WOULD SAY.” ROBERT WAS BORN IN OCTOBER 1940 TO PHYLLIS (NEE GROSS) AND ALLAN F. SMITH, AT ST. MICHAEL’S HOSPITAL. PHYLLIS WAS BORN TO FELIX AND MAGDALENA (NEE FETTIG) GROSS IN HARVEY, ND AND MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A FARM IN THE GRASSY LAKE AREA. SHE MOVED INTO LETHBRIDGE AND ATTENDED ST. BASIL’S SCHOOL IN THE 1910s. ALLAN WAS BORN IN ECHO BAY, ON, TO REV D.B. AND MRS. SMITH. HIS FATHER WAS A UNITED CHURCH MINISTER AND MOVED THE FAMILY TO EDMONTON. ALLAN WAS OFFERED A JOB AT WESTERN GROCERS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MET PHYLLIS WHILE IN THE CITY. THEY WERE MARRIED ON SEPTEMBER 2, 1939. ROBERT IS AN ONLY CHILD AND SUFFERED FROM RHEUMATIC FEVER AS A CHILD. HE BELIEVES THIS MAY BE PART OF THE REASON HIS MOTHER SAVED THESE ITEMS. HE EXPLAINS, SAYING: “I’M AN ONLY CHILD AND THEY WOULD BE MORE MEANINGFUL AND I WENT THROUGH A CHILDHOOD ILLNESS. I HAD RHEUMATIC FEVER. I MIGHT NOT HAVE SURVIVED. SOME OTHER KIDS DIDN’T SURVIVE, BUT I DID.” HE ALSO DESCRIBES HIS MOTHER AS BEING “A SAVER OF THINGS. HAVING GONE THROUGH THE DEPRESSION … THEY SAVED LOTS OF STUFF … ANYTHING THEY THINK THEY MIGHT USE IN THE FUTURE WAS SAVED.” PHYLLIS WAS ALSO A MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY IN THE 1970s AND WORKED AT THE GALT MUSEUM AS PART OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. ACCORDING TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, ROBERT RECEIVED MANY AWARDS WHILE IN HIGH SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY, INCLUDING THE SCHLUMBERGER OF CANADA SCHOLARSHIP FOR PROFICIENCY IN ENGINEERING, A GOLD MEDAL FROM THE ASSOCIATION OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS OF ALBERTA, AND RECEIVED THE HIGHEST GENERAL AVERAGE IN GRADUATION IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20150013023
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
OFFICER'S VISOR CAP, RCN COMMANDER, "7.8"
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P20100035005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OFFICER'S VISOR CAP, RCN COMMANDER, "7.8"
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.8
Length
28.3
Width
27.5
Description
BLACK NAVAL OFFICER'S CAP, FELT. BRIM EMBROIDERED WITH GOLD THREAD IN DECORATIVE PATTERN WITH LEAVES. BAND IS BLACK MOHAIR. BRIM IS TRIMMED WITH BLACK LEATHER FOLDED OVER AND SEWED DOWN. BADGE ON FRONT IS REMOVABLE AND SEWN ON WITH BLACK THREAD. BADGE FEATURES LEAVES AND CROWN EMBROIDERED WITH GOLDEN THREAD. ANCHOR ON THREAD IS COPPER WITH GREEN OXIDIZATION. UNDERSIDE OF BRIM IS GREEN WITH LEATHER BAND AROUND CIRCUMFERENCE OF HEADBAND. NAVY BLUE FABRIC INSIDE WITH GOLD LETTERING THAT SAYS, "BY APPOINTMENT, GLEVES, LTD." CREST ABOVE ALSO IN GOLD. TWO TAGS PINNED INSIDE WITH GOLD PIN. PINK TAG SAYS, "SPECIAL ATTN CLEANING SPOTTING, CHECK". WHITE TAG SAYS, "COUNIER, 29 THU, CC 07-201183.1 OF 02001150, BALFOUR, HELEN, NAVY HAT BLACK WITH".
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
CAP WAS PART OF THE NAVAL UNIFORM WHICH ST. CLAIR BALFOUR USED DURING HIS SERVICE IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE IN WORLD WAR II. ACCORDING TO NAVAL SERVICE RECORDS, “ST. CLAIR BALFOUR ENLISTED IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE ON SEPTEMBER 29, 1939 AND WAS APPOINTED LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER (G), R.C.N.V.R. ON JUNE 16, 1943.” ACCORDING TO THE NAVAL OFFICERS’ ASSOCIATION OF CANADA TORONTO BRANCH NEWSLETTER (BRUMPH) FROM MAY 2002, “DURING THE WAR, [W WII] MR. BALFOUR SERVED WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY, RISING TO THE RANK OF COMMANDER. HE FIRST SERVED IN THE DESTROYER ST. LAURENT, THEN COMMANDED THE CORVETTE LETHBRIDGE (K160) [FROM JUNE 15, 1943 TO DECEMBER 26, 1943], AND IN OCTOBER, 1944, WAS PUT IN COMMAND OF ESCORT GROUP 27. ESCORT GROUP 27 WAS A HUNTER-KILLER SQUADRON OF FRIGATES AND CORVETTES THAT PATROLLED THE WATERS OFF NOVA SCOTIA WHERE LONE GERMAN U-BOATS WOULD LIE IN WAIT TO SINK CONVOYS OF MERCHANT SHIPS BOUND FOR BRITAIN FROM HALIFAX OR SAINT JOHN. NAVAL HISTORIANS SAY IT WAS UNUSUAL FOR A CANADIAN NAVAL OFFICER TO BE GIVEN SUCH A SENIOR ROLE IN THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC. THE COMMAND WAS A TESTAMENT TO COMMANDER BALFOUR’S LEADERSHIP AND HE RECEIVED THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS, AWARDED TO NAVAL OFFICERS FOR ACTS OF EXCEPTIONAL BRAVERY." THE DSC CITATION READS, IN PART: “DURING THIS TIME HE HAS, BY HIS ZEAL, ENERGY, CHEERFULNESS AND WHOLEHEARTED DEVOTION TO DUTY SET AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE TO THOSE WORKING UNDER HIM, WHICH IS IN KEEPING WITH THE HIGHEST TRADITIONS OF THE NAVAL SERVICE.” ACCORDING TO B.R.U.M.P.H., "HIS NICKNAME ABOARD HIS SHIP WAS OLD IRON PANTS, AND HE USED HIS STRONG VOICE TO CARRY COMMANDS IN THE DAYS BEFORE THE BATTER-POWERED MEGAPHONE. WHEN FRANCE SURRENDERED IN 1940 SOME OF THE SHIPS OF THE FRENCH NAVY JOINED THE ALLIES, OTHERS REMAINED LOYAL TO THE VICHY REGIME. ONE OF THE LATTER WAS IN HALIFAX AT THIS TIME. IT WAS INTERNED PENDING POLITICAL DECISIONS AS TO ITS FATE. ONE NIGHT A NUMBER OF ITS OFFICERS AND MEN DECIDED TO OVERPOWER THE SMALL GUARD AND RETURN TO FRANCE. THEY GATHERED IN A PASSAGEWAY UNTIL THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE GUARD, LT ST. CLAIR BALFOUR, RCNVR, POINTED OUT THAT HE WOULD SHOOT THEM IF THEY PERSISTED IN THIS COURSE OF ACTION. LIKE EVERYONE WHO EVER MET CLAIR, THEY KNEW THAT HE MEANT EXACTLY WHAT HE SAID, AND RELUCTANTLY DECIDED THAT DISCRETION WAS THE BETTER PART OF VALOUR. AT THE WAR’S END HE WAS IN CHARGE OF HMCS CORNWALLIS, A NAVAL BASE OF 10,000 MEN AND WOMEN [LOCATED IN HALIFAX]. HE CONSIDERED A CAREER IN THE NAVY BUT DECIDED TO GO BACK TO NEWSPAPERS.” AS WELL AS THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE, BALFOUR WAS ALSO APPOINTED THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF HMCS MEON (RIVER CLASS FRIGATE – K.269) FROM FEBRUARY 2, 1944 TO JANUARY 3, 1945, AND COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE HMCS DUNVER (RIVER CLASS FRIGATE – K.03) FROM MARCH 27, 1945 TO MAY 26, 1945. BALFOUR WAS DISCHARGED ON OCTOBER 6, 1945 AFTER SIX YEARS OF SERVICE. IN 1988, ST. CLAIR BALFOUR WAS BECAME AN OFFICER OF THE ORDER OF CANADA FOR HIS SERVICE TO THE COUNTRY. ACCORDING TO MAJOR CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD, CD IN LETHBRIDGE AT WAR, “ HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS A ‘FLOWER CLASS’ CORVETTE COMMISSIONED ON JUNE 25, 1941. THE VESSEL WAS CANADA’S RESPONSE TO A GROWING THREAT FROM GERMAN U-BOATS OPERATING IN THE ATLANTIC AND CLOSER TO HOME. THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE BEGAN ITS ATLANTIC SERVICE ON OCTOBER 11, 1941 WHEN IT ESCORTED CONVOY SC.49 BETWEEN SYDNEY, NOVA SCOTIA, AND ICELAND. WHILE ON DUTY, THE ROLE OF THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS TO DEPLOY AHEAD OR ASTERN OF A CONVOY, ALONG WITH OTHER ESCORT SHIPS. USING UNDERWATER RADAR, THE ESCORT SHIPS WOULD THEN CONVERGE ON ANY SUSPECTED U-BOAT POSITION AND ATTEMPT TO DESTROY THE SUBMARINE WITH DEPTH CHARGES. IN 1993, THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS ONE OF 74 SHIPS AWARDED HONOURS UNDER THE BRITISH ADMIRALTY’S DIRECTION, FOR SERVICE IN ANTI-SUBMARINE DUTIES IN INTERNAL CANADIAN WATERWAYS. WITH THE WAR AT A CLOSE, THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS SOLD TO MARINE INDUSTRIES LTD. ON JULY 23, 1945. THE SHIP WAS RESOLD IN 1952, CONVERTED INTO A DUTCH WHALER AND RENAMED THE NICOLASS VINKE. THIS NEW ROLE LASTED UNTIL 1966, AFTER WHICH THE SHIP WAS BROKEN DOWN FOR SCRAP IN SANTANDER, SPAIN. ST. CLAIR BALFOUR WAS BORN IN HAMILTON ONTARIO IN 1910. BALFOUR RETURNED TO HAMILTON ONTARIO AFTER WWII WAS OVER. HE PASSED AWAY AT HIS HOME IN TORONTO ON MAY 9, 2002 AT AGE 92. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20100035005
Acquisition Date
2010-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

72 records – page 1 of 4.