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Date Range From
1945
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20000047005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1945
Date Range To
1960
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.6
Length
37.9
Width
18.2
Description
PAIR OF WHITE LEATHER GAUNTLETS. THE CUFF IS STIFFENED PATENT LEATHER. CUFFARE FLARED; SIDE UNDERNEATH THUMB IS STRAIGHT, BUT OTHER SIDE FLARES OUT INTOA ROUNDED POINT. UNDERSIDE OF CUFFS ARE VERY SMOOTH AND ALMOST UNMARKED.UPPER SIDE OF CUFFS ARE ROUGHER AND MORE WEATHERED. INSIDE EACH CUFF, WRITTEIN FELT PEN IS "MEN", IN GOLD, AND "R.C.L. #4 LETH.", IN RED. RED INK HASBLED. INSIDE OF CUFFS ARE LINED WITH WHITE COTTON.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-BODY ARMOR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
STANDARD BEARER’S GAUNTLETS, WORN BY MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION COLOUR PARTY DURING PARADES AND CEREMONIES. SEE P19970073015-GA FOR LEGION HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P20000047005
Acquisition Date
2000-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FLIGHT HELMET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, RUBBER, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19960060002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLIGHT HELMET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
LEATHER, RUBBER, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
16.9
Length
17
Width
21.8
Description
BROWN LEATHER FLIGHT HELMET WITH AN EAR MUFF ON EITHER SIDE OF THE HELMET. MUFFS CONTAIN HARD RUBBER AND EACH HAVE 10.5 CM ZIPPERS ON THE SIDE. LEATHER CHIN STRAP FASTENS WITH A STEEL BUCKLE AND HAS 5 EYELETS. ALSO STRAPS WITH STEEL BUCKLES AT BASE OF NECK AND UP THE CROWN OF THE HEAD. HELMET IS FORM FITTING. EAR MUFFS ARE WORN AND HAVE LIGHTENED IN COLOUR, LEATHER IS SLIGHTLY SOILED AND HAS 4 TEARS ON THE SURFACE. RUBBER INSIDE EAR MUFFS ARE HARD AND FLAKING. MOLD IS PRESENT.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-BODY ARMOR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
HELMET IS ONE PIECE OF FLIGHT SUIT ISSUED TO DONOR AT FLIGHT SCHOOL DURING WORLD WAR LL. ACCORDING TO DONOR THE HELMET WAS HANDMADE TO FIT AN INDIVIDUALS HEAD, AND WAS MADE FOR THE GOSPORT SYSTEM OF COMMUNICATION IN A PLANE. IT HAD TUBES IN EAR PIECES WHICH RAN BETWEEN INSTRUCTOR AND STUDENT, SO THEY COULD SHOUT TO EACHOTHER THROUGH IT. DONOR IS ORIGINALLY FROM BELVILLE ONTARIO. HE ENLISTED AT MANNING DEPOT IN TORONTO AND WAS ONE OF THE FIRST GROUPS PUT THROUGH THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PROGRAM IN WORLD WAR II. HE FIRST WENT TO BEGINNING FLYING SCHOOL IN REGINA AND ON JULY 9 1940 WENT TO ELEMENTARY FLYING SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE #5 AND MOVED AGAIN ON NOVEMBER 11 1940 TO CENTRAL FLYING SCHOOL IN SASKATOON WHERE HE RECEIVED HIS WINGS. NEXT, DONOR MOVE TO CENTRAL FLYING SCHOOL IN TRENTON ONTARIO TO BECOME AN INSTRUCTOR. WAS THEN POSTED IN YORKTON SASK. AND VARIOUS PLACES IN ONTARIO. WAS RELEASED FROM AIRFORCE IN 1946 AND MOVED BACK TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HIS NEW WIFE WAS ORIGINALLY FROM. **FLIGHT SUIT INCLUDES P19960060001-5-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING AN RCAF FLIGHT SUIT DONATED BY CY REDFERN. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. CECIL “CY” WILLIAM REDFERN WAS BORN ON DECEMBER 26, 1917 IN BELLEVILLE, ON. ACCORDING TO HIS OBITUARY, HE WAS A SUCCESSFUL CITY BUSINESSMAN AND RECEIVED THE DISTINGUISHED FLYING CROSS FROM KING GEORGE VI IN 1945. CY MARRIED GLADYS GALT (NEE BAALIM) ON JUNE 4, 1943 IN LETHBRIDGE. GLADYS IS THE DAUGHTER OF MR. AND MRS. A.G. BAALIM. SHE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND ATTENDED SCHOOL IN THE CITY. SHE ALSO STUDIED IN TORONTO AND MINNEAPOLIS AND RECEIVED A DEGREE AS A LABORATORY TECHNICIAN FROM MINNEAPOLIS. CY PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 95 ON FEBRUARY 23, 2013. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW WITH CECIL’S WIFE, GLADYS REDFERN AND THEIR CHILDREN, JON, JOAN, AND CATHY REDFERN. WHEN ASKED HOW IT WAS THAT CECIL AND GLADYS MET, JON, JOAN, AND CATHY PIECED TOGETHER THE STORY: A SOLDIER WAS MEANT TO BE STATIONED IN LETHBRIDGE AND HAD A LETTER OF INTRODUCTION TO MEET THE BAALIM GIRLS. THIS SOLDIER’S ORDERS CHANGED, SO HE GAVE THE LETTER TO CECIL, WHO WAS HEADED TO LETHBRIDGE. CECIL WAS AT THE MARQUIS HOTEL TALKING TO SOMEONE WHO WAS ABLE TO INTRODUCE HIM TO GLADYS BAALIM, WHO WAS GOLFING AT THE TIME. CECIL GOT TO THE GOLF COURSE JUST AS GLADYS WAS COMING OFF THE LINKS. JOAN SAID: “IT WAS LOVE AT FIRST SIGHT. I ASKED DAD HOW LONG DID IT TAKE HIM TO DECIDE TO MARRY MOM AND HE SAID ‘FIFTEEN MINUTES.’” CECIL AND GLADYS WERE MARRIED IN ST. AUGUSTINE’S ANGLICAN CHURCH IN LETHBRIDGE IN JUNE 1943. JON GAVE DETAILS ABOUT HOW HIS FATHER CAME TO BE A FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR: “SO, HE TOOK THE TRAINING COURSE, AND HE BECAME HIGHLY RESPECTED FOR HIS INSTRUCTIONAL ABILITIES AND HIS, SOME OF HIS INNOVATIONS THAT HE DID. FOR EXAMPLE, HE WOULD, WHEN THEY WERE TRAINING OUT NEAR HIGH RIVER, THEY WOULD, HE WOULD HAVE THEM TURN THE PLANES UPSIDE DOWN AS THEY WERE FLYING AND NAVIGATE ENTIRELY THROUGH THE MECHANICS OF THE RADAR.” HE CONTINUED: “AS A RESULT OF THIS, AFTER THE WAR, THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF ALBERTA PRESENTED HIM WITH A MEDAL OF HIGH COMPETENCE AND, I SUPPOSE YOU WOULD CALL IT CONGRATULATIONS. MERIT, A MEDAL OF MERIT.” ASKED IF CECIL HAD LEARNED TO FLY BEFORE THE WAR, JON REPLIED: “I THINK HE LEARNED, HE JOINED THE AIR FORCE TO LEARN HOW TO FLY AND GO OVERSEAS, BUT THEY NEEDED, HERE IN CANADA MEN WHO COULD TRAIN OTHERS AND HE SEEMED TO IMPRESS SOMEBODY SOMEWHERE, I THINK DOWN EAST FIRST OF ALL, WITH HIS APTITUDE FOR TRAINING.” ASKED IF THERE WERE ANY STORIES FROM CECIL’S TRAINING DAYS THAT STOOD OUT, JOAN REPLIED: “THE ONE, THE ONE STORY, OR THE ONE CONVERSATION I HAD WITH DAD WAS, “WHERE WERE YOU WHEN THEY DECLARED VICTORY AND WORLD WAR II WAS OVER?” AND HE SAID, “I WAS IN THE MIDDLE OF FLYING AND TRAINING A STUDENT.” SOMEWHERE OVER ONTARIO … IN TRENTON … AND HE DECIDED TO IMMEDIATELY GO AND FLY OVER A NO FLY ZONE THAT THE AIR FORCE HAD YOU KNOW DESIGNATED AND, I DON’T KNOW WHAT HE DISCOVERED, PROBABLY NOTHING, BUT HE JUST NEEDED TO DO THAT TO FINISH HIS FLIGHT.” JON ADDED: “I ASKED HIM ONCE ABOUT HIS TRAINING, AND I SAID, “WHAT WAS IT LIKE?” AND HE SAID IT WAS VERY, VERY INTENSE AND THAT THE LEARNING CURVE HAD TO START AT ZERO AND GO UP TO 100 AS FAST AS WE COULD MAKE IT. SO THAT WE WERE REALLY WORKING TWELVE HOUR DAYS IN TRAINING AND LEARNING INSTRUMENTS AND LEARNING HOW A PLANE IS TO BE REPAIRED AND THE SPEEDS AND EVERYTHING ELSE. AND HE GAVE ME THE IMPRESSION THAT THEY WERE TRAINED IN A VERY, VERY SHORT PERIOD BECAUSE THEY HAD TO START PROCESSING PILOTS RIGHT AWAY.” CATHY ADDED: “I JUST REMEMBER DAD KIND OF SAYING THAT IT WAS REALLY VERY DANGEROUS, AND THAT A LOT OF THE OTHER YOUNG PILOTS JUST DID NOT KIND OF GET THE FACT THAT, YOU KNOW, YOU HAD TO RELY ON YOUR INSTRUMENTS AND KNOW HOW TO GET OUT OF A TAIL SPIN.” JON SAID: “I REMEMBER HIM TELLING ME OF FLIPPING OVER THE PLANE AND FLYING BY INSTRUMENTS, BECAUSE THEY COULDN’T LOOK OUT, THEY COULD LOOK OUT THE WINDOW, BUT IT WAS UPSIDE DOWN. SO, HE SAID HE WANTED TO MAKE SURE THEY COULD CONCENTRATE ON ALTITUDE AND SPEED AND BALANCE AND EVERYTHING WHILE THEY COULDN’T LOOK OUT THE WINDOW AND HAVE THE HORIZON TELLING THEM THAT.” ASKED IF THEY THOUGHT CECIL WAS HAPPY TO STAY IN CANADA THROUGH THE DURATION OF THE WAR, GLADYS RESPONDED “YES”. CATHY ADDED: “ABSOLUTELY. HE LOVED FLYING.” AND JON: “I THINK HE LIKED BEING THE TEACHER TOO.” CECIL AND GLADYS LIVED IN SEVERAL PLACES THROUGHOUT CANADA WHILE CECIL WAS TRAINING PILOTS. GLADYS SAID: “YES. FORTUNATELY HE WASN’T SENT OVERSEAS. HE WAS SUCH A GOOD INSTRUCTOR THAT THEY KEPT HIM IN TOWN. SO, I WAS ABLE TO MOVE [WITH HIM].” CATHY ADDED: “SO WHAT WE DISCUSSED … A COUPLE DAYS AGO, IT WENT LETHBRIDGE, SASKATOON, YORKTON, MARRIED IN ’43, STAYED IN YORKTON AND THEN DESERONTO, NEAR TRENTON.” FOLLOWING THE WAR, THE COUPLE MOVED BACK TO LETHBRIDGE. ASKED IF THEY WERE HAPPY WITH THAT DECISION, GLADYS RESPONDED: “OH YES. MAINLY BECAUSE WE HAD A PLACE TO LIVE (LAUGHS) … AND, I THINK I WAS PREGNANT AT THE TIME. AND, SO WE NEEDED AN ABODE.” CECIL STARTED WORKING FOR BAALIM MOTORS AFTER THE WAR. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19960060002
Acquisition Date
1996-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
JU-KEN-JITSU EQUIPMENT "DO" (BODY GUARD)
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BAMBOO, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19790282000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
JU-KEN-JITSU EQUIPMENT "DO" (BODY GUARD)
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
LEATHER, BAMBOO, COTTON
No. Pieces
5
Description
.1 61 CM SHOULDER, 51 CM CHEST HT. X 40.6 CM WTH. CHEST, 30.5 CM SKIRT TOP, 36.8 CM SKIRT BOTTOM X 17.8 CM THROUGH CHEST, 2.5 CM PADDING, 0.6 CM SKIRT. LEATHER, BAMBOO, COTTON. THE "DO" HAS A SOLID BAMBOO CHEST PIECE STITCHED TOGETHER WITH RAWHIDE. THE FRONT IS COVERED WITH A SOLID PIECE OF RAWHIDE, CHEST PIECE SHAPED LIKE A THIRD OF A CIRCLE, FOLLOWING BODY CONTOURS. BOTTOM & TOP OF BAMBOO IS EDGED WITH LEATHER, LEFT SIDE - PADDED & DECORATED LEATHER SHOULDER GUARD, COTTON ROPE TIED ON THE LEFT SIDE IS UED TO ATTACHED THE "DO" TO THE BODY. ON THE SHOULDER PIECE AND THE RIGHT SIDE THERE ARE LOOPS TO TIE THE ROPE TO. BELOW THE CHEST PART IS A 3 PANEL, NAVY QUILTED SKIRT. TWO SIDE PANELS FALL BELOW AND BESDIE THE FRONT PANEL, TOP 5.1 CM & EDGES ARE LEATHER, BOTTOM PART IS COVERED BY COTTON. INSIDE IS A 30.1 CM X 45.7 CM QUILTED, COTTON COVERED PAD. BEIGE, LOWER RIGHT CORNER IS STAINED BROWN. PAD FITS THE CONTOUR OF THE "DO". .2 JU-KEN-JITSU EQUIPMENT "MEN" (FACE GUARD) 45.7 CM HT. X 17.8 CM WTH (ACROSS FACE) X 26.7 CM LTH. (FRONT TO BACK). COTTON, LEATHER, IRON, LAQUER. FACE GUARD CONSISTS OF A LONG, OPEN-BACKED HOOD WITH CURVED IRON BARS ACROSS THE FACE PART. BLACK, IS MADE FROM QUILTED, COTTON-COVERED PADDING. INSIDE IS BADLY STAINED WHITE ON LEFT AND WORN THROUGH ON RIGHT. PADDING VISIBLE THROUGH WORN SPOTS (APPEARS TO BE FIBROUS, HEMP-LIKE MATERIAL). ACTUAL FACE GUARD IS LINED WITH AN EXTRA LAYER OF NAVY PADDING AND STITCHED RAWHIDE ON OUTSIDE. CHIN & NECK AREA PROTECTED BY A THICK LEATHER PAD ON OUTSIDE. FACE COVERING MADE OF 14 RED CURVED, HORIZONTAL BARS & 1 HEAVY VERTICAL PIECE WHICH RUNS DOWN THE CENTRE. SOME BARS ARE RUSTY, OFF-WHITE, WOVEN COTTON ROPE ATTACHED TO THE 6TH (FROM TOP) BAR, IS USED TO TIE ON HEAD GUARD. SIDE - PADDED & DECORATED LEATHER SHOULDER. .3 JU-KEN-JITSU EQUIPMENT- (SHOULDER GUARD) KATA. 33 CM HT. X 34.3 CM WTH. X 40.6 CM LTH. LEATHER, COTTON, SHEEP'S WOOL PAD, OTHER PADDING. MADE FROM LEATHER & COTTON COVERED PADDING, SHAPED TO FIT OVER LEFT SHOULDER & TOP OF LEFT ARM. TOP & SIDE COVERED BY HEAVY GRADE BLACK LEATHER, TOP ARM COVER MADE FROM LIGHTER GRADE. QUILTED BLACK LEATHER COVERING NAVY BLUE COTTON COVERED PADDING. ARM PORTION IS LACED AT BOTTOM. UNDER ARM STIFF MIDDLE WEIGHT LEATHER, VERY HEAVILY PADDED. BLACK LEATHER QUILTED CUFF STUFFED WITH SHEEPSKIN AT NECK. INSIDE COVERED WITH FINE & COARSE WEAVE NAVY BLUE COTTON. UNDERARM COVERED BY OFF-WHITE LEATHER, COTTON ROPE ATTACHED TO TOP BACK AT SHOULDER. .4 JU-KEN-JITSU EQUIPMENT: KOTE (GLOVE). 32 CM HT. X 20.3 CM WTH. X 1.3 CM LTH. LEATHER, COTTON, HORSE HAIR, HEMP PADDING. BEIGE, LEATHER COVERED UPPER HAND AND PALM. BELOW IS A 2.5 CM STRIP OF NAVY BLUE COTTON. WRIST LEATHER COVERED; 12.7 CM FOREARM SHIELD BELOW (NAVY BLUE COTTON COVERED PADDING). INSIDE ARM LACED WITH NAVY BLUE COTTON CORD. INSIDE HAND ON TOP OF THUMB LINING WORN THROUGH AND RIPPED. "40" WRITTEN IN BLACK INK BELOW THUMB. LETTERS WRITTEN BESIDE LACING "H A ? ? ? A R I".
Subjects
SPORTS EQUIPMENT
ARMAMENT-BODY ARMOR
Historical Association
SPORTS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
.1 "DO" IS A PROTECTIVE COVER FOR THE LEFT SIDE OF THE BODY. USED FOR SPORTS MILITARY TRAIING FOR BAYONET DRILL. SET WAS USED BETWEEN 1930-37 IN COMPETITIONS WITH LONG, WOODEN FENCING STAFFS (NOT INCLUDED), IN THE RAYMOND BUDDHIST CHURCH. JU-KEN-JITSU IS A MILITARY BAYONET EXERCISE, A MARTIAL ART. .2 THIS "MEN" IS A FACE GUARD USED TO PROTECT THE HEAD. .3 KATA IS A SHOULDER GUARD USED TO PROTECT LEFT SHOULDER. .4 "KOTE" IS A GLOVE WHICH PROTECTS THE LEFT HAND.
Catalogue Number
P19790282000
Acquisition Date
1979-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail