Skip header and navigation

24 records – page 1 of 2.

Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
No. Pieces
1
Length
139
Width
99.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN BLANKET MADE FROM RAW FLAX. THE BLANKET IS COMPOSED OF 2 SECTIONS OF THE SAME SIZE OF MATERIAL THAT ARE JOINED TOGETHER WITH A SEAM AT THE CENTER. ON THE FRONT SIDE (WITH NEAT SIDE OF THE STITCHING AND PATCHES), THERE ARE THREE PATCHES ON THE BLANKET MADE FROM LIGHTER, RAW-COLOURED MATERIAL. ONE SECTION OF THE FABRIC HAS TWO OF THE PATCHES ALIGNED VERTICALLY NEAR THE CENTER SEAM. THE AREA SHOWING ON ONE PATCH IS 3 CM X 5 CM AND THE OTHER IS SHOWING 5 CM X 6 CM. ON THE OPPOSITE SECTION THERE IS ONE PATCH THAT IS 16 CM X 8.5 CM SEWN AT THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET. THE BLANKET IS HEMMED ON BOTH SHORT SIDES. ON THE OPPOSING/BACK SIDE OF THE BLANKET, THE FULL PIECES OF THE FABRIC FOR THE PATCHES ARE SHOWING. THE SMALLER PATCH OF THE TWO ON THE ONE HALF-SECTION OF THE BLANKET IS 8CM X 10 CM AND THE OTHER PATCH ON THAT SIDE IS 14CM X 15CM. THE PATCH ON THE OTHER HALF-SECTION IS THE SAME SIZE AS WHEN VIEWED FROM THE FRONT. THERE IS A SEVERELY FADED BLUE STAMP ON THIS PATCH’S FABRIC. FAIR CONDITION. THERE IS RED STAINING THAT CAN BE SEEN FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE BLANKET AT THE CENTER SEAM, NEAR THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET AT THE SIDE WITH 2 PATCHES (CLOSER TO THE LARGER PATCH), AND NEAR THE SMALL PATCH AT THE END FURTHER FROM THE CENTER. THERE IS A HOLE WITH MANY LOOSE THREADS SURROUNDING NEAR THE CENTER OF THE HALF SECTION WITH ONE PATCH. THERE ARE VARIOUS THREADS COMING LOOSE AT MULTIPLE POINTS OF THE BLANKET.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
BEDDING
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. ACCORDING TO A NOTE THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THIS LIGHTWEIGHT BLANKET AT THE TIME OF ACQUISITION THE BLANKET IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN MADE C. 1920S. MORRIS SAYS HER MEMORY OF THE BLANKET DATES AS FAR BACK AS SHE CAN REMEMBER: “RIGHT INTO THE ‘30S, ‘40S AND ‘50S BECAUSE MY MOTHER DID THAT RIGHT UP UNTIL NEAR THE END. I USE THAT EVEN IN LETHBRIDGE WHEN I HAD A GARDEN. [THIS TYPE OF BLANKET] WAS USED FOR TWO PURPOSES. IT WAS EITHER PUT ON THE BED UNDERNEATH THE MATTRESS THE LADIES MADE OUT OF WOOL AND OR ELSE IT WAS USED, A DIFFERENT PIECE OF CLOTH WOULD BE USED FOR FLAILING THINGS. [THE] FLAIL ACTUALLY GOES WITH IT AND THEY BANG ON THE SEEDS AND IT WOULD TAKE THE HULLS OFF… IT’S HAND WOVEN AND IT’S MADE OUT OF POOR QUALITY FLAX… IT’S UNBLEACHED, DEFINITELY… RAW LINEN." THIS SPECIFIC BLANKET WAS USED FOR SEEDS MORRIS RECALLS: “…IT HAD TO BE A WINDY DAY… WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS OR WHATEVER BEET SEEDS AND WE WOULD BEAT AWAY AND THEN WE WOULD STAND UP, HOLD IT UP AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN [ONTO THE BLANKET.” THE SEEDS WOULD THEN BE CARRIED ON THE BLANKET AND THEN PUT INTO A PAIL. OF THE BLANKET’S CLEAN STATE, MORRIS EXPLAINS, “THEY’RE ALWAYS WASHED AFTER THEY’RE FINISHED USING THEM.” WHEN SHE LOOKS AT THIS ARTIFACT, MORRIS SAYS: “I FEEL LIKE I’M OUT ON THE FARM, I SEE FIELDS AND FIELDS OF FLAX, BLUE FLAX. BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT SHE USED IT FOR. SHE DID USE IT IF SHE WANTED A LITTLE BIT OF THE FLAX THEN SHE’D POUND THE FLAX, BUT THAT WASN’T OFTEN. IT WAS MOSTLY BEANS AND PEAS.” IT IS UNKNOWN WHO WOVE THIS BLANKET. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19990079001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1940
Materials
IRON, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.6
Length
25.4
Width
12.0
Description
HORIZONTAL, ROUND WOODEN HANDLE. HANDLE IS QUITE WORN. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO A ROD OF IRON ON ONE SIDE. THE ROD IS BENT SO THAT SHAFT AND HOOK ARE OPPOSITE CENTRE OF HANDLE. THERE IS AN IRON CAP ON ONE SIDE OF HANDLE. SURFACE CORROSION THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
ARTIFACT USED TO EASE THE HANDLING OF STRAW OR HAY BALES. DONOR BEGAN A COLLECTION VIA GARAGE SALES, FINDING PIECES, ETCETERA, OVER THE PAST 10 YEARS. HE KEPT TWO OTHER HOOKS AND DONATED FOUR TO MUSEUM (P19990079001-4-GA). DONOR HAS LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SINCE 1958. HE OWNED THE BUSINESS, GASOLINE ALLEY, IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1976 TO 1991. RELATED CATALOGUE NUMBERS P19990079002-4-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19990079001
Acquisition Date
1999-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON
Catalogue Number
P19990079003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Materials
IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.7
Length
26.2
Width
12.0
Description
A SINGLE ROD OF IRON, SHAPED INTO AN ELLIPTICAL HANDLE (HANDLE DOES NOT QUITE FORM AN ELLIPSE; THERE IS A GAP), OPPOSITE A SHANK AND POINTED HOOK. HAS MINOR CORROSION; SURFACE IS STILL QUITE SMOOTH.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
ARTIFACT USED TO EASE HANDLING OF HAY OR STRAW BALES. SEE P19990079001-GA FOR HISTORY. RELATED CATALOGUE NUMBERS P19990079001-4-GA
Catalogue Number
P19990079003
Acquisition Date
1999-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON
Catalogue Number
P19990079004
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Materials
IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.1
Length
21.0
Width
12.2
Description
A SINGLE ROD OF IRON, SHAPED INTO AN ELLIPTICAL HANDLE OPPOSITE A SHANK AND POINTED HOOK. HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN, SO IT ONLY FORMS ABOUT 3/4 OF AN OVAL. SURFACE IS STILL QUITE SMOOTH, HOWEVER HOOK IS RUST COLOURED.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
ARTIFACT USED TO EASE HANDLING OF HAY OR STRAW BALES. SEE P19990079001-GA FOR HISTORY. RELATED CATALOGUE NUMBERS P19990079001-4-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19990079004
Acquisition Date
1999-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, WOOD, IRON
Catalogue Number
P20150010009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALE OR HAY HOOK
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
METAL, WOOD, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.0
Length
24.5
Width
12..7
Description
HAY CROOK OR BALE HOOK. METAL AND WOODEN HANDLE, WITH CAST IRON HOOK. MAIN PORTION OF THE HANDLE IS WOODEN, WITH A MEDIUM AND LIGHT GREY PAINTED FINISH. WHERE THE HANDLE ATTACHES TO THE HOOK IS SILVER COLOURED METAL, WITH A MEDIUM LIGHT BLUE PAINTED FINISH. THE HOOK ITSELF IS CAST IRON, WITH A RED PAINTED FINISH. OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. STRUCTURALLY THE HOOK IS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION, BUT THE PAINTED SURFACES ARE ALL VERY WORN. THE WOODEN HANDLE APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN FINISHED IN A LIGHT GREY FIRST, WITH A LATER ADDITION OF MEDIUM GREY PAINT. BOTH OF THE GREY FINISHS ARE VERY SCUFFED AND SCRATCHED AND THERE IS A LOT OF EXPOSED WOOD. THE MEDIUM BLUE FINISH OF THE METAL PORTION OF THE HANDLE HAS FLAKED OFF IN SEVERAL AREAS. SEVERAL MORE AREAS OF THE FINISH ARE LOOSE. THE RED FINISH ON THE CAST IRON IS VERY WORN, REVEILING BOTH UNFINISHED METAL AND A LIGHT BLUE PAINT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS HAY CROOK OR BALE HOOK WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). ALL FOUR MEN AGREE THAT THE HOOK WAS USED TO HELP FIGHT HAYSTACK FIRES ON LOCAL FARMS. BROWN EXPLAINS THE DIFFICULTY OF DEALING WITH A HAYSTACK FIRE AND WHY THE HOOK WAS SO USEFUL: “WITH A HAYSTACK FIRE, ONCE IT STARTS ON FIRE, THE WHOLE STACK IS WRECKED, EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN’T BURN, BECAUSE THE SMOKE GOES THROUGH IT, THE HAY IS CONTAMINATED AND THE ANIMALS AREN’T GOING TO EAT IT, SO YOU PRETTY WELL HAVE TO KNOCK IT DOWN ANYWAY. AS SOON AS YOU PUT WATER ON IT, IT WILL SMOLDER, AND SMOLDER, AND SMOLDER. PROBABLY ONE OF THE HARDEST FIRES TO PUT OUT IS A HAYSTACK FIRE, BECAUSE YOU CAN’T GET THE WATER TO IT. … YOU PUT YOUR WATER, YOU SOAK ON TOP OF THE BALES AND IT JUST WON’T SOAK IN, SO YOU HAVE TO TAKE EVERY BALE APART, BREAK EVERY PIECE APART, EVERY LITTLE BALE, BREAK IT DOWN, HOSE IT DOWN, NEXT BALE, BREAK IT APART, HOSE IT DOWN, AND CONTINUE.” LAZENBY RECALLED SEEING THE HAY CROOK ON THE TRUCK WHEN HE FIRST STARTED AND EXPLAINED: “I’M NOT A FARM KID AND I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT IT WAS.” HE ASKED WHAT IT WAS, RECEIVING THE REPLY: “’WELL, IT’S A BALE HOOK’ AND I SAID, ‘SO I’M NOT TRYING TO BE A SMART ALECK HERE, BUT WHY DO WE HAVE BALE HOOKS ON THE ENGINE?’ THEY SAID, ‘WELL, IN CASE WE GO TO A HAY BALE FIRE.’ YOU KNOW, ASK A SIMPLE QUESTION, YOU GET A SIMPLE ANSWER, RIGHT? … I NEVER SAW ONE USED AND … THIS IS ONE OF THOSE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT THAT GOT PHASED OUT SHORTLY AFTER THE BEGINNING OF MY CAREER. … THIS WAS ONE OF THOSE PIECES THAT WE FOUND THAT WE JUST DIDN’T HAVE A USE FOR. YOU CAN MOVE HAY BALES WITH OTHER MEANS THAN TO HAVE A SET OF BALE HOOKS ON THE TRUCKS, SO THEY WENT AWAY.” PETIT RECALLED USING THE HOOK AND ADDED: “IT WAS USUALLY ON THE PUMP WHEN THEY RESPONDED TO GRASS FIRES … SOMETIMES WE’D TAKE THAT, NOT USUALLY TO FIGHT THE FIRE, BUT WHEN YOU HAD TO KNOCK [THE BALES] DOWN, YOU HAD TO DRAG THE BALES OUT OF THE WAY. OTHERWISE THEY WOULD START THE FIRE ALL OVER AGAIN. IT WASN’T USED THAT MUCH BUT WE DID GO TO QUITE A FEW FIRES, YOU KNOW, STACKS OF BALES.” DZUREN AGREED: “WELL, IT’S THE BAILING HOOK. AND THAT’S JUST TO MOVE ANY, WHETHER IT’S A BALE OF STRAW OR ANY OTHER ITEM THAT HAD TO BE MOVED AWAY FROM THE FIRE, OR JUST, YOU KNOW, SEGREGATED FROM WHAT WAS ALREADY BURNING.” HE RECALLED THAT IT WAS IN USE WHEN HE STARTED IN 1959 AND ADDED “IT WOULD HAVE BEEN ON ONE OF THE VEHICLES … PARTICULARLY … COUNTY VEHICLES THAT WOULD RESPOND OUT TO THE COUNTY, TO THE FARM FIRE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010009
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON
Catalogue Number
P19960010010
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
9.4
Length
25
Width
13.7
Description
IRON ROD SHAPED INTO ELLIPTICAL HANDLE AT ONE END, WITH SHANK AND POINTED HOOK OPPOSITE. SURFACE CORROSION THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
COAL MINING
History
FOUND BY DONOR IN MINE ON HIS SUMMER PROPERTY IN THE BEAVER MINES AREA. MINE WAS ABANDONED AFTER WWII DUE TO LOW GRADE OF COAL. DONOR SALVAGED ITEMS PRIOR TO HIS RETIREMENT FROM THE U OF L (PSYCHOLOGY PROFESSOR) TO THE WEST COAST IN 1996.
Catalogue Number
P19960010010
Acquisition Date
1993-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SICKLE
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970041550
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SICKLE
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.5
Length
57.5
Width
19.5
Description
CURVED STEEL BLADE MOUNTED AT RIGHT ANGLE ON CYLINDRICAL WOOD HANDLE. BLADE IS FASTENED TO HANDLE WITH COILED STEEL WIRE AND NAILS. BLADE IS HEAVILY CORRODED AND TIP IS WORN DOWN.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
TRADES
AGRICULTURE
History
SICKLE WAS POSSIBLY REBUILT BY DONOR'S FATHER, REV. G.G. NAKAYAMA, WHO USED IT TO WORK IN BEET FIELDS AND LATER TO DO YARD WORK WHILE THE FAMILY LIVED AT COALDALE. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. FROM AUGUST 29 TO 31, 2011 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONOR, JOY KOGAWA, ABOUT HER MEMORIES ASSOCIATED WITH SPECIFIC OBJECTS THAT SHE DONATED IN 1997. OF THIS ARTIFACT, KOGAWA SAID: “THIS ONE I CAN REMEMBER SEEING AROUND A LOT AND IT WAS USED TO CUT WEEDS, AND GRASS, AND HARVEST THINGS… I DOUBT THAT THIS WOULD BE USED IN THE BEET FIELDS, NO, I THINK IT WAS USED AROUND THE GARDEN, AND IN THE YARD… IN VANCOUVER, WE HAD FRUIT TREES, INITIALLY, [AND] WE HAD CHICKENS… THEN IN SLOCAN… I CAN REMEMBER VEGETABLES, RADISHES AND SPINACH [PLANTED] ALONGSIDE THE HOUSE. AND IN THE BACK THERE WAS A CHICKEN COOP… WE WOULD GO IN AND PICK THE EGGS OUT… [THEN] WE HAD A BIG YARD [IN COALDALE AND] IT WAS FULL OF VEGETABLES… [MY FATHER] DROVE AROUND [TO] HELP OUT IN THE FIELDS A BIT. AND TIM USED TO WORK IN THE SUMMER FOR TAMAGI’S BRIDGE BRAND PRODUCE… DIG POTATOES, THAT KIND OF THING… I REMEMBER DOING A LOT OF PICKING BEANS AND HELPING MY FRIENDS HOEING… DURING THE GROWING SEASON. I DIDN’T DO THE HARVESTING WHICH IS REALLY HEAVY HARD WORK… WHEN WE WOULD GO TO VAUXHALL, WE WOULD BE DOING ALL THE SORTING [AND] ALL THE POTATOES AS THEY CAME TUMBLING DOWN… SO I DIDN’T LIVE ON THE FARMS AND WORK IN THAT KIND OF WAY, BUT I KNEW WHAT IT WAS LIKE.” THE FOLLOWING MEMORIES WERE PROVIDED BY REVEREND TIM NAKAYAMA IN A LETTER TO THE GALT ON 16 AUGUST, 2007. HE WROTE: “HE LIKED TO DO GARDENING. HE SHOWED ME HOW TO HANDLE A PICK, SHOVE, AND HOE, TURNING THE SOD, AND BREAKING UP AND SEPARATING CLODS OF EARTH FROM CRAB GRASS AND WEEDS LIKE DANDELIONS, PREPARING VIRGIN LAND SO THAT POTATOES, FOR EXAMPLE, COULD BE PLANTED AS THE CROP TO PREPARE THE SOIL FOR OTHER USES. THE PLACES WE MOVED TO: SLOCAN CITY, AND COALDALE, HAD RICH SOILS THAT HAD BEEN EITHER LEFT FALLOW FOR A LONG PERIOD OF TIME, OR WERE VIRGIN AREAS. IN THE MOUNTAINOUS AREA OF SLOCAN, POTENTIAL AREAS FOR GARDENING WERE VERY ROCKY. COALDALE HAD SMOOTH GUMBO SOIL (WHICH TURNED INTO A STICKY CLAY-LIKE CONDITION WHEN IT RAINED, OR IRRIGATION WATER WAS ALLOWED TO POUR OVER THE LAND. I REMEMBER SEEING MY FATHER USING A SICKLE ON THE PROPERTY HE HAD IN THE MOUNTAINOUS WILDERNESS ON CAPILANO CREEK IN WEST VANCOUVER, BUT I AM SOMEWHAT MYSTIFIED AS TO HOW SUCH TOOLS CAME TO BE IN COALDALE, UNLESS HE BOUGHT MORE SUCH TOOLS, SAY, IN LETHBRIDGE. HE USED SUCH TOOLS TO CLEAR THE WILD GRASS ON THE ACREAGE IN PRE-WAR YEARS.” SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041550
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
GARDEN DUSTER INSECT DUSTER
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19900048003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
GARDEN DUSTER INSECT DUSTER
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
45.4
Diameter
10.4
Description
RAWLEIGH INSECT DUSTER CONSISTS OF TANK & PLUNGER WITH DIAPHRAGM. "ESPECIALLY FOR USE WITH RAWLEIGH'S INSECT POWDER, LOUSE POWDER, LOUSE KILLER". SOME CORROSION. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
RAWLEIGH PRODUCTS COMMONLY SOLD DOOR TO DOOR OR FARM TO FARM. CHRISTENSENS LIVED IN CARSELAND FROM 1930-35 AFTER IMMIGRATING FROM JAVA, THEN TO SKIFF. MR CHRISTENSEN WAS ELEVATOR AGENT UNTIL 1947. MOVED TO WARNER & RAN IMPERIAL OIL BULK DEALERSHIP & TRUCKING BUSINESS.
Catalogue Number
P19900048003
Acquisition Date
1990-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Length
41
Width
12
Description
WOODEN FLAIL. ONE END HAS A PADDLE WITH A WIDTH THAT TAPERS FROM 12 CM AT THE TOP TO 10 CM AT THE BASE. THE PADDLE IS WELL WORN IN THE CENTER WITH A HEIGHT OF 4 CM AT THE ENDS AND 2 CM IN THE CENTER. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO THE PADDLE AND IS 16 CM LONG WITH A CIRCULAR SHAPE AT THE END OF THE HANDLE. ENGRAVED ON THE CIRCLE THE INITIALS OF DONOR’S MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER, ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, “ . . .” GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SLIGHT SPLITTING OF THE WOOD ON THE PADDLE AND AROUND THE JOINT BETWEEN THE HANDLE AND THE PADDLE. OVERALL WEAR FROM USE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. THIS WOODEN DOUKHOBOR TOOL IS CALLED A “FLAIL.” A NOTE WRITTEN BY ELSIE MORRIS THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THE FLAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION EXPLAINS, “FLAIL USED FOR BEATING OUT SEEDS. BELONGED TO ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, THEN HANDED TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH PETROVNA KONKIN WHO PASSED IT ON TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH W. MORRIS.” ALTERNATELY, IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS REMEMBERED HER GRANDMOTHER’S, “… NAME WAS JUSOULNA AND THE MIDDLE INITIAL IS THE DAUGHTER OF YVONNE. YVONNE WAS HER FATHER’S NAME AND WISHLOW WAS HER LAST NAME.” THE FLAIL AND THE BLANKET, ALSO DONATED BY MORRIS, WERE USED TOGETHER AT HARVEST TIME TO EXTRACT AND COLLECT SEEDS FROM GARDEN CROPS. ELSIE RECALLED THAT ON WINDY DAYS, “WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS, OR WHATEVER, AND WE WOULD [LAY THEM OUT ON THE BLANKET], BEAT AWAY AND THEN HOLD [THE BLANKET] UP, AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN.” THE FLAIL CONTINUED TO BE USED BY ELIZABETH “RIGHT UP TO THE END,” POSSIBLY INTO THE 1990S, AND THEREAFTER BY MORRIS. WHEN ASKED WHY SHE STOPPED USING IT HERSELF, MORRIS SAID, “I DON’T GARDEN ANYMORE. FURTHERMORE, PEAS ARE SO INEXPENSIVE THAT YOU DON’T WANT TO GO TO ALL THAT WORK... I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE HARVEST THEIR SEEDS. I THINK WE JUST GO AND BUY THEM IN PACKETS NOW.” THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. DOUKHOBOURS CAME TO CANADA IN FINAL YEARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO ESCAPE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN RUSSIA. ELIZABETH KONKIN (NEE WISHLOW) WAS BORN IN CANORA, SK ON JANUARY 22, 1907 TO HER PARENTS, PETER AND ELIZABETH WISHLOW. AT THE AGE OF 6 SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT BRILLIANT, BC, AND THEY LATER MOVED TO THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT SHOULDICE. IT WAS HERE THAT SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM KONKIN. THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE MORRIS (NÉE KONKIN), WAS BORN IN SHOULDICE IN 1928. INITIALLY, WILLIAM TRIED TO SUPPORT HIS FAMILY BY GROWING AND PEDDLING VEGETABLES. WHEN THE FAMILY RECOGNIZED THAT GARDENING WOULD NOT PROVIDE THEM WITH THE INCOME THEY NEEDED, WILLIAM VENTURED OUT TO FARM A QUARTER SECTION OF IRRIGATED LAND 120 KM (75 MILES) AWAY IN VAUXHALL. IN 1941, AFTER THREE YEARS OF FARMING REMOTELY, HE AND ELIZABETH DECIDED TO LEAVE THE ALBERTA COLONY AND RELOCATE TO VAUXHALL. MORRIS WAS 12 YEARS OLD AT THE TIME. MORRIS STATED: “… [T]HEY LEFT THE COLONY BECAUSE THERE WERE THINGS GOING ON THAT THEY DID NOT LIKE SO THEY WANTED TO FARM ON THEIR OWN. SO NOW NOBODY HAD MONEY, SO VAUXHALL HAD LAND, YOU KNOW, THAT THEY WANTED TO HAVE THE PEOPLE AND THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO PUT ANY DOWN DEPOSIT THEY JUST WERE GIVEN THE LAND AND THEY HAD TO SIGN A PAPER SAYING THEY WOULD GIVE THEM ONE FOURTH OF THE CROP EVERY YEAR. THAT WAS HOW MY DAD GOT PAID BUT WHAT MY DAD DIDN’T KNOW WAS THAT THE MONEY THAT WENT IN THERE WAS ACTUALLY PAYING OFF THE FARM SO HE WENT TO SEE MR., WHAT WAS HIS LAST NAME, HE WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE. ANYWAY HE SAID TO HIM “HOW LONG WILL IT BE BEFORE I CAN PAY OFF THIS FARM” AND HE SAYS “YOU’VE BEEN PAYING IT RIGHT ALONG YOU OWE ABOUT TWO HUNDRED AND A FEW DOLLARS”. WELL THAT WAS A REAL SURPRISE FOR THEM SO THEY GAVE THEM THE TWO HUNDRED AND WHATEVER IT WAS THAT HE OWED AND HE BECAME THE OWNER OF THE FARM." MORRIS WENT ON, ”THE DOUKHOBORS ARE AGRARIAN, THEY LIKE TO GROW THINGS THAT’S THEIR CULTURE OF OCCUPATION AND SO THE ONES WHO LIKED FRUIT MOVED TO B.C. LIKE MY UNCLE DID AND MY DAD LIKED FARMING SO HE MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THERE WERE LET’S SEE, I THINK THERE WERE FOUR OTHER FAMILIES THAT MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THREE OF THE MEN GOT TOGETHER AND DECIDED THEY WERE GOING TO GET THEIR TOOLS TOGETHER LIKE A TRACTOR AND MACHINERY THEY NEEDED AND THEN THEY WOULD TAKE TURNS…” THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HAY HARPOON
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20000077000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAY HARPOON
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
9.8
Length
106.0
Width
44.6
Description
STEEL; PAINTED GREEN. CONSISTS OF TWO LONG PRONGS, EACH WITH A PIVOTING CLAW ON THE END. CLAWS ARE MOVED BY LEVER AT TOP OF FORK. LEVER HAS A CURVED HANDLE THAT ALSO PIVOTS. THERE IS A LOCKING MECHANISM FOR LEVER THAT PREVENTS IT FROM MOVING. EMBOSSED AT TOP OF FORD IS "MADE IN CANADA", AND ON OPPOSITE SIDE IS "BEATTY F 14". EMBOSSED ON ONE OF THE CLAWS IS "F 18".
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY J.F. DOGTEROM (DONOR'S HUSBAND) ON IRRIGATED FARM EAST OF LETHBRIDGE. PURCHASED LOCALLY, IN 1940S. IT WAS USED TO TAKE UNBALED HAY FROM A HAYSTACK. HARPOON WAS PUSHED DOWN INTO STACK WITH CLAWS STRAIGHT, THEN LEVER WAS USED TO BEND THE CLAWS. PULL OUT HARPOON. TRIP ROPE WOULD RELEASE HAY. *** INFORMATION BELOW PROVIDED BY DONOR AT THE REQUEST OF THE GALT IN 2010. “NO FURTHER INFORMATION.” ***
Catalogue Number
P20000077000
Acquisition Date
2001-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
LONG HANDLE
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19880035061
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LONG HANDLE
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
IRON, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
165.0
Width
19.3
Description
3 TINE HAY FORK. WOOD IS GREEN, AND METAL ALSO GREEN AND RUSTY. END OF TINES POINTED, NO HANDLE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
USED BY ED. BOGUSKY IN CITY BARNS FOR FEEDING HORSES. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED A BIOGRAPHY OF AB CHERVINSKI, THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT, WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1982, 1989, AND 2011. ADAM ABRAHAM 'AB" CHERVINSKI WAS BORN ON FEBRUARY 24, 1920 IN LETHBRIDGE. AS A TEENAGER HE WORKED AS A MESSENGER BOY FOR THE CPR TELEGRAPH OFFICE. CHERVINSKI BRIEFLY LIVED IN ONTARIO DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE AIR FORCE, BUT RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WORKED FOR ALBERTA GOVERNMENT TELEPHONES FOR 37 YEARS. HE WAS A LIFELONG COLLECTOR OF ANTIQUES, AVID LOCAL HISTORIAN, AND HEAVILY INVOLVED IN MUSICAL THEATRE. AB CHERVINSKI DIED ON JUNE 2, 2011. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19970107001-GA FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ABOUT CHERVINSKI. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY ADAM ABRAHAM CHERVINSKI. EXTENSIVE RESEARCH CONDUCTED TO LOCATE THE DONOR'S LIVING NEXT-OF-KIN WAS UNSUCCESSFUL.
Catalogue Number
P19880035061
Acquisition Date
1988-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON
Catalogue Number
P19960010011
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
12.2
Length
28.7
Width
25
Description
IRON FIVE-TONG FORK WITH SHORT NECK (8.3CM L). NO HANDLE. TONGS ARE HOOKED, AND SLIGTHLY BENT OUT OF SHAPE. FLATTENED AT ENDS. CONSIDERABLE CORROSION THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
COAL MINING
History
FOUND BY DONOR IN MINE ON HIS SUMMER PROPERTY IN THE BEAVER MINES AREA. MINE ABANDONED AFTER WWII DUE TO LOW GRADE OF COAL. ITEM SALVAGED BY DONOR PRIOR TO HIS RETIREMENT FROM THE U OF L (PSYCHOLOGY PROFESSOR) TO THE WEST COAST IN 1996.
Catalogue Number
P19960010011
Acquisition Date
1996-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BEET KNIFE
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20020087000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BEET KNIFE
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.1
Length
40.5
Width
12.4
Description
UNFINISHED WOOD HANDLE HAS 3 RIVETS SECURING BLADE. BLADE GETS LARGER TOWARD THE TIP. AT TIP A HOOK SHAPE IS MOUNTED PERPENDICULAR TO BLADE, AND IS HELD BY TWO RIVETS. TIP OF BLADE AND HOOK HAVE SEVERE CORROSION. BLADE HAS SCRATCH MARKS ON IT, AS WELL AS WHITE RESIDUE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
NO HISTORY KNOWN BEYOND KNIFE'S ASSOCIATION WITH ARCHIVES DONATION. DONOR STATES MATERIAL WAS AT ONE TIME IN THE POSSESSION OF HANAE IWAASA-ROBBS, WHO OPERATED THE JAPANESE CULTURAL ASSOCIATION FROM AN OFFICE ON THE NORTH SIDE. MATERIAL WAS ENTRUSTED TO HER BY THE LOCAL JAPANESE COMMUNITY. THE LOCAL OFFICE DISBANDED A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED A SERVING DISH AND A JEWELRY BOX DONATED BY THE NIKKEI CULTURAL SOCIETY. AS PART OF THE RESEARCH PROCESS, PUNDYK CONTACTED THE FORMER OPERATOR OF THE JAPANESE CULTURAL ASSOCIATION, HANAE IWASSA. IT WAS DETERMINED THAT INFORMATION ABOUT THE PERSONAL MEMORY OF THE ARTIFACTS BY THE LOCAL JAPANESE COMMUNITY PRIOR TO THE ITEMS BEING DONATED TO THE JAPANESE CULTURAL ASSOCIATION IS UNKNOWN.
Catalogue Number
P20020087000
Acquisition Date
2003-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HAY KNIFE
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1958
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD.
Catalogue Number
P20080028000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAY KNIFE
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1958
Materials
STEEL, WOOD.
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.2
Length
80
Width
26
Description
HAY KNIFE, RUSTED SERRATED STEEL BLADE. TWO HANDLES ON OPPOSITE SIDE OF BLADE, ONE WITH WOOD HANDLE WHICH IS SPLITTING, OTHER MISSING WOODEN HANDLE. DISCOLORED AND MARKED WITH DROPPINGS.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
MILITARY
History
INFORMATION BELOW GATHERED DURING A FILMED INTERVIEW BETWEEN TECH KEVIN MACLEAN AND DONOR ALFRED WEISS IN WEISS' HOUSEHOLD ON AUGUST 28, 2008 AND, TO A LESSER EXTENT, WHEN THE COPY WAS VETTED BY WEISS ON 8 OCTOBER 2010. DONOR ALFRED WEISS, A FORMER ARMOURED CAR DRIVER IN THE DEUTSCHES AFRIKA KORPS, WAS TAKEN PRISONER BY SCOTTISH SOLDIERS IN NOVEMBER 1941 AT THE BATTLE OF TOBRUK IN NORTH AFRICA. FOLLOWING HIS CAPTURE, HE WAS EVENTUALLY TRANSPORTED TO ALBERTA WHERE HE WAS INTERED AS A PRISONER OF WAR AT CAMP OZADA IN KANANASKIS AND CAMP 133 IN LETHBRIDGE (INCLUDING SATTELITE CAMPS IN IRON SPRINGS, PARK LAKE, ETC.). DURING HIS TIME IN CAMP 133 HE WORKED ON 44 DIFFERENT FARMS. USUALLY PRISONERS COULDN'T WORK MORE THAN THREE DAYS ON A PARTICULAR FARM; HOWEVER, IN 1946 MARTIN ZALESAK ASKED THE PEOPLE IN CHARGE OF THE CAMP IF HE COULD TAKE THE SAME GROUP OF PRISONERS EVERYDAY TO HELP HIM HOE BEETS. WEISS WAS SELECTED FROM AMONGST CAMP INTERNEES TO HELP BECAUSE HE "DID IT AT HOME AS KIDS - IDENTIFYING BEETS FROM WEEDS". IN JULY OF 1946 HE AND A GROUP OF OTHER POW'S ENDED UP LIVING IN ZALESAK'S GRANARY, HOEING BEETS AND STACKING HAY (AT WHICH TIME HE USED THE HAY KNIFE). WEISS ALSO MILKED COWS AT THE ZALESAK FARM. OCCASIONALLY, THE DONOR HELPED FARMER MARTIN SCHMIDT WHO LIVED ACROSS THE ROAD TO THE NORTH, DIGGING DITCHES, ETC.. WEISS WORKED FOR ZALESAK UNTIL OCTOBER WHEN THEY GOT SNOWED IN. FOLLOWING THAT, HE WORKED WITH THE ZMEKO FAMILY TO HARVEST THEIR BEETS. WEISS RETURNED TO GERMANY IN NOVEMBER OF 1946. WHEN WEISS RETURNED TO GERMANY, THERE WAS NOTHING FOR HIM TO COME BACK TO - HIS FAMILY HAD LOST THEIR HOME. HE ASKED SCHMIDT AND ZALESAK (ALONG WITH TWO OTHER FARMERS) TO PROVIDE REFERENCES FOR HIM SO HE COULD RETURN TO CANADA. SHORTLY AFTER COMING BACK TO CANADA IN 1951, WEISS PURCHASED THE SCHMIDT PROPERTY ACROSS FROM THE ZALESAK FARM. WEISS NEEDED TO MAKE HAY STACKS AT HIS FARM AND HE DECIDED TO GO ACROSS THE ROAD AND ASK ZALESAK IF HE COULD HAVE THE HAY KNIFE HE HAD USED WHEN HE WAS A POW. ZALESAK GAVE HIM THE KNIFE ON ACCOUNT THAT HE NO LONGER NEEDED IT – HE USED MODERN MACHINERY TO BALE HAY INSTEAD. WEISS USED THE KNIFE UP UNTIL 1958 WHEN HE, LIKE ZALESAK, BEGAN TO BALE HAY. AFTER HE STOPPED USING THE KNIFE, WEISS STORED IT IN THE GARAGE. IT BEGAN TO RUST DUE TO GETTING DAMP AND A WOODEN HANDLE FELL OFF. WEISS REDISCOVERED THE KNIFE IN HIS GARAGE AND DONATED IT TO THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES FOR THE MUSEUM’S POW EXHIBIT IN 2008. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING TRANSCRIBED INTERVIEW, SEE PERMANENT FILE AND P20040008000. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20080028000
Acquisition Date
2008-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, BAKELITE, LEATHER.
Catalogue Number
P19950027001
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
STEEL, BAKELITE, LEATHER.
No. Pieces
2
Height
2.5
Length
64
Width
6.2
Description
1. MACHETE: 14CM LONG BLACK BAKELITE HANDLE WITH 50CM LONG CURVED BLADE. HANDLE IS FORMED BY TWO HALVES OF BAKELITE RIVETED TO BLADE SHANK. HANDLE HAS FOUR RIVETS HOLDING IT TOGETHER. BLADE IS CURVED LIKE A SABE BLADE WITH ROUGH EDGE THAT HAS BEEN SHARPENED ON A GRINDER. ON ONE SIDE OF BLADE, NEAR HANDLE, IS BLACK PAPER LABEL WITH WHITE WRITING THAT IS PORTUGUESE OR SPANISH WITH SKETCH OF WARRIOR WEARING BIRD HEADDRESS. PART OF LABEL HAS BEEN TORN AWAY. WHAT CAN BE READ AND TRANSLATED READS "LOOK FOR THE BRAND", "CONQUEROR" "WHICH GUARANTEES AN ARTICLE OF THE FIRST QUALITY", "THE GENUINE LABELS HAVE THE LETTERS" AND "REGISTERED TRADEMARK". ON REVERSE OF BLADE IS WORN LOGO ETCHED INTO BLADE. HAS WARRIOR WITH HEADDRESS AND THE WORD "VENCEDOR" WITH "NO. 127" UNDERNEATH. BLADE IS SLIGHTLY TARNISHED. 2. SHEATH: RED LEATHER SHEATH IS 64.5CM (L) X 10.5CM (W) WITH COLORFUL TASSELS AND FLOWER AND LEAF PATTERN WORKED INTO LEATHER. TOP END IS FOLDED OVER AND STITCHED INTO LOOP WHICH CAN HANG ON BELT. LOOP IS STITCHED TO BACK OF SHEATH WHICH IS SINGLE PIECE OF MOLDED LEATHER FOLED AND STITCHED AT BACK. FASTENED TO FRONT WITH STEEL RIVETS ARE TWO DECORATIVE PIECES, ONE VERTICAL PIECE WITH POINTED ENDS AND A BROADER HORIZONTAL PIECE OVER TOP. AT RIVET POINTS ON SIDE ARE GREY LEATHER TASSELS. THREE MORE WOVEN TASSELS ARE LOOPED THROUGH HOLES IN DECORATIVE PIECES. ONE RED AND WHITE WITH GREEN FRINGE, ONE BROWN AND WHITE WITH RED FRINGE AND ONE GREEN AND WHITE WITH GREEN FRINGE. THE RED AND GREEN WOVEN TASSELS HAVE CIRCULAR STEEL BUCKLE. AT POINT OF SHEATH IS RED, GREEN AND WHITE WOVEN LEATHER WRAP WITH BLACK FRINGE. ALL LEATHER HAS LEAF AND FLOWER SCROLL WORK ROUTERED FROM FINISH.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
ARTIFACT BELONGED TO DONOR'S BROTHER, HAROLD ELVES, WHO WHILE EMPLOYED BY THE BRITTISH RHODESIAN CO. WAS SENT TO AFRICA IN 1930 TO WORK WITH NATIVES. HE SPENT THREE YEARS IN AFRICA AND IT IS THOUGHT ARTIFACTS WERE ACQUIRED THERE. RETIRED IN LETHBRIDGE. FOR MORE HISTORY ON MR. ELVES SEE PERMANENT RECORD.
Catalogue Number
P19950027001
Acquisition Date
1995-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19980023001
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.5
Length
41.2
Width
16.1
Description
WOODEN MALLET WITH A CYLINDRICAL HEAD ATTACHED TO A NARROW HANDLE. SURFACE IS WORN & SOILED WITH PAINT SPLATTERS AS WELL. WOOD IS CRACKED THROUGH END. SURFACE APPEARS TO BE MOIST WITH OIL, OR SEALANT.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
FOUND BY DONOR ON HIS FARM THAT WAS BUILT IN 1917 AND PREVIOUSLY OWNED BY PERRY BARTON & HIS FATHER WHO WERE SUGAR BEET FARMERS. USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE STAMP (P19980023002-GA) TO MARK DAMAGED SUGAR BEETS.
Catalogue Number
P19980023001
Acquisition Date
1997-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, IRON
Catalogue Number
P19750046000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
29.2
Length
66.0
Width
18.1
Description
FUNCTION UNKNOWN. HANDMADE AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENT. WOODEN PADDLES MOUNTED INSIDE DRUM ON A SHAFT MADE FROM AN ENGINE VALVE STEM. HAND CRANK MAY HAVE BEEN ATTACHED TO THREADED END OF VALVE STEM. DRUM IS DOUBLE LAYERED WOOD, & BANDED EACH SIDE WITH IRON REINFORCING STRIPS.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
FOOD PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
MADE BY GEORGE ELLIS. SEE P19750040000-GA FOR HISTORY. MAY HAVE BEEN USED FOR THREASHING GRAIN OR AS A BUTTER CHURN. *UPDATED* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING SEVERAL ITEMS DONATED BY HELEN HANRAHAN, NOW HELEN FRIESEN. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS COMPILED FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED WITH THE DONOR. GEORGE ELLIS AND MARGARET ELLIS (NEE RAMSAY) WERE MARRIED IN 1910 IN TRURO, NS. HELEN EXPLAINED THAT THE COUPLE ELOPED: “SHE WAS A DRESSMAKER AND SHE WAS WORKING WHERE HE LIVED FOR HIS SISTERS AND ONE DAY THEY JUST GOT UP, WENT TO TRURO, AND GOT MARRIED.” THEY HAD TWO CHILDREN, ARDEN IVAN ELLIS, WHO WAS REPORTED MISSING IN ACTION AND PRESUMED DEAD ON AUGUST 11, 1942, AND FLORENCE EDGELEY. FLORENCE WAS HELEN’S MOTHER. GEORGE AND MARGARET MOVED TO NANTON, AB FOR A COUPLE OF REASONS. HELEN EXPLAINED: “THERE WERE TWO PROBLEMS: MY GRANDFATHER HAD DIFFICULTIES WITH HIS SIBLINGS AND, ALSO, THE DOCTOR TOLD HIM THAT HE HAD ASTHMA AND IF HE COULD GET INTO A DRYER CLIMATE HE WOULD BE BETTER.” THEY DID NOT KNOW ANYONE IN ALBERTA BEFORE THEY MOVED TO THE PROVINCE. ASKED ABOUT HER GRANDPARENTS AND THEIR DISPOSITIONS, HELEN SAID THE FOLLOWING: “WELL, I DIDN’T KNOW THEM BEFORE MY UNCLE WAS KILLED IN THE WAR. APPARENTLY, THEY WERE QUITE HAPPY PEOPLE BEFORE THAT. AND THEY BECAME, YEAH, KIND OF STERN AND THEY HAD A LOT OF RULES ABOUT THEIR LIVES AND WE LIVED NEXT DOOR SO THE GRANDPARENTS HELPED RAISE US KIDS AND SOMETIMES IT WAS A LITTLE DIFFICULT.” SHE CONTINUED, EXPLAINING WHAT WAS DIFFICULT: “MY MOM WAS A SINGLE PARENT. NO, IT WAS JUST IF WE WENT TO GRANDMA ABOUT SOMETHING MOM HAD DONE THEY WOULD ALWAYS SIDE WITH HER.” HELEN REMEMBERS HER GRANDFATHER AS THE STRONG, SILENT TYPE: “MY GRANDPA HAD A WOOD-WORKING SHOP WITH A POT-BELLIED STOVE SO HE WOULD GO OUT THERE TO SMOKE HIS PIPE, HE WASN’T ALLOWED TO SMOKE IN THE HOUSE, AND I ALWAYS REMEMBER WHEN I WAS LONESOME I WOULD GO AND STAND IN HIS SHOP, AND HE RARELY SPOKE BUT IT WAS JUST NICE HAVING SOME COMPANY.” GEORGE WORKED FOR A COUPLE OF YEARS AS A DAIRY FARMER IN THE 1930S. HELEN EXPLAINED WHAT HE DID FOR WORK FOLLOWING THAT: “MY GRANDPA WAS ALWAYS A CARPENTER SO HE TOOK ON ODD JOBS ALL AROUND TOWN. AT ONE POINT, HE WAS THE TOWN POLICEMAN AND THEN, AT ANOTHER TIME, HE WAS THE CUSTODIAN OF THE HIGH SCHOOL. SO HE WAS ALWAYS WORKING BUT HE WAS ALWAYS CHANGING JOBS.” ASKED IF HE PREFERRED A PARTICULAR JOB OVER ALL THE OTHERS, HELEN REPLIED: “HE NEVER REALLY SAID. WE KNEW THAT WHEN HE WAS POLICEMAN HIS ONLY WEAPON WAS A LARGE FLASHLIGHT.” SHE ALSO SAID THAT THERE WAS A TELEPHONE IN THE ELLIS HOUSEHOLD, “THAT MADE MY GRANDMA PRETTY NERVOUS TO HAVE ANSWER ALL THESE CALLS AT EVERY TIME OF THE DAY AND NIGHT.” GEORGE ALSO BUILT THREE HOUSES, A GARAGE, AND A SHOP IN NANTON. HELEN EXPLAINED THAT HE HAD PLANNED TO MAKE THE TWO SMALLER HOUSES INTO A MOTEL, BUT ENDED UP RENTING THEM OUT FULL TIME INSTEAD. BOTH GEORGE AND MARGARET PASSED AWAY IN 1968 AND ARE BURIED IN THE NANTON CEMETERY. FOLLOWING THEIR DEATH, FLORENCE TOOK OVER THE HOUSES AND HELEN TOOK THESE PIECES BECAUSE THEY WERE INTERESTING TO HER. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A COPY OF THE INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT, A PHOTOGRAPH OF GEORGE AND MARGARET ON THEIR WEDDING DAY, AND A PHOTOGRAPH OF ARDEN AND FLORENCE IN 1936.
Catalogue Number
P19750046000
Acquisition Date
1975-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20030016001
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.0
Length
149.5
Width
18.9
Description
CONSISTS OF A THICK WOODEN DOWEL THAT IS ATTACHED VIA A BRACKET TO A LARGE FLAT PIECE OF WOOD. FLAT PIECE IS PAINTED OFF-WHITE. THERE IS A STRIP OF METAL SCREWED TO ONE EDGE OF FLAT PIECE. THERE IS ALSO A PAINTED, FLAT PIECE OF METAL BOLTED TO ONE END OF TOP SIDE, AND HAS A LARGE COILED BOLT GOING THROUGH IT. PAINT IS CHIPPING BADLY. BOLTS ARE RUSTED.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
MOWER WAS USED DURING CUTTING HAY; WOULD PUSH THE CUT HAY OVER TO MAKE A GAP BETWEEN THE CUT AND UNCUT. DONOR BELIEVES THEY QUIT USING MOWER ABOUT 50 YEARS AGO. ARTIFACTS CAME FROM FARM OWNED AND OPERATED BY DONOR AND HER HUSBAND, JAKE. JAKE DOGTEROM'S FATHER, JACOB, CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FROM HOLLAND IN 1912. IT WAS JACOB'S AMBITION TO BECOME A FARMER AND HE GAINED EXPERIENCE WORKING AT THE EXPERIMENTAL STATION AS WELL AS OTHER FARMS IN THE AREA. IN 1918 HE BOUGHT HIS FIRST QUARTER SECTION OF LAND, THE SE 1/4-25-8-21. JACOB MET HIS WIFE EMILY WHILE THEY WERE BOTH WORKING AT THE EXPERIMENTAL FARM AND THEY MARRIED IN 1929. TOGETHER THEY FARMED THE ORIGINAL QUARTER OF LAND UNTIL 1929, WHEN THEY PURCHASED A SECOND QUARTER SECTION ADJOINING THE FIRST. THEY GREW VARIOUS CROPS INCLUDING POTATOES, CORN, ONIONS AND WHEAT. JACOB AND EMILY CONTINUED TO LIVE ON THE FARM AFTER RETIRING. JACOB PASSED AWAY IN 1975, AT THE AGE OF 80, AND EMILY IN 1986 AT THE AGE OF 86. JACOB AND EMILY HAD 7 CHILDREN, ONE OF WHOM IS DONOR'S HUSBAND JAKE. JAKE GREW UP ON THE FARM AND AFTER ATTENDING WHITE SCHOOL FOR ONE YEAR HE TOOK UP FARMING WITH HIS FATHER. THEIR MAIN CROP WAS POTATOES, WITH CATTLE, HAY AND GRAIN. JAKE MARRIED IRMA ELLIS (DONOR) OF LETHBRIDGE IN 1950 AND TOGETHER THEY HAD 4 CHILDREN. IN 1967 JAKE'S YOUNGEST BROTHER RAYMOND AND HIMSELF FORMED A PARTNERSHIP, AND THEY CONTINUED TO FARM TOGETHER UNTIL 1994 WHEN JAKE SOLD HIS QUARTER OF THE LAND. JAKE AND IRMA MOVED OFF THE FARM INTO LETHBRIDGE IN 1988 BUT STILL RETAINED QUARTER SECTION AND CONTINUED TO WORK IT UNTIL 1994. JAKE'S BROTHER HAS RECENTLY SOLD THE FARM OUT OF THE DOGTEROM FAMILY, HENCE THE DONATION OF ARTIFACTS FROM THE FARM.
Catalogue Number
P20030016001
Acquisition Date
2003-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, METAL
Catalogue Number
P19860055000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
24.5 (HANDLE)
Length
87.5
Width
7.7 (CORN HOLDER)
Description
RED, GREEN, NATURAL. 22 CM LTH. GREEN PAINTED TIN CORN HOLDER SCREWED ONTO RED PAINTED (BADLY WORN) BOARD. 2 NATURAL WOOD HANDLES BOLTED TO UPPER ENDS OF BOARDS. BOARDS ARE ATTACHED AT BOTTOM BY FUNNEL SHAPED SEED PLANTER.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
PURCHASED AT A LOCAL SALE IN 1970'S. USED SPECIFICALLY FOR PLANTING SEEDS IN HILLS, PREDOMINANTLY CORN.
Catalogue Number
P19860055000
Acquisition Date
1985-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, IRON
Catalogue Number
P19739111000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Length
161.3
Width
64.8
Description
Y BRANCH HANDLE, TINES ARE LARGE NAILS. HANDMADE. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE. "Y" BRANCH IS INTERSECTED AT END WITH A PIECE OF WOOD, INTO WHICH THE NAILS HAVE BEEN PLACED TO FORM THE RAKE. THIS PIECE IS FIXED TO THE HANDLE BY MEANS OF AN IRON CORD. ONLY 2 TINES REMAIN. WOOD IS UNFINISHED.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
History
PROVENANCE UNKNOWN, PRESUMED MADE LOCALLY DURING DEPRESSION ERA.
Catalogue Number
P19739111000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Less detail

24 records – page 1 of 2.