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17 records – page 1 of 2.

Other Name
HAMMERSTONE
Date Range From
1700
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STONE
Catalogue Number
P19990035008
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAMMERSTONE
Date Range From
1700
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STONE
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.0
Length
7.6
Width
6.7
Description
GREY STONE. HAS TWO VERY DISTINCT GROOVES AROUND IT, EACH ABOUT 1.1 CM WIDE. HAS A BLUE PLASTIC TAG STUCK ON IT THAT IS EMBOSSED WITH "1987.467".
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
FIRST NATIONS CULTURE. SEE P19990035001-GA
Catalogue Number
P19990035008
Acquisition Date
2000-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
OBSIDIAN CORE
Date Range From
4000BP
Date Range To
1700
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OBSIDIAN
Catalogue Number
P20150027000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OBSIDIAN CORE
Date Range From
4000BP
Date Range To
1700
Materials
OBSIDIAN
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.5
Length
32.7
Width
24.7
Description
SHINY, BLACK OBSIDIAN ROCK. VARIOUS GROOVES AND FLAKE SCARS ON THE OVERALL SURFACE OF THE ROCK.
Subjects
MASONRY & STONEWORKING T&E
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
THIS OBSIDIAN ROCK WAS DONATED ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2015 BY NANCY BIGGERS IN MEMORY OF HER LATE PARENTS, BOYD AND MARY BIGGERS. IT WAS LOCATED ON THE FAMILY FARM BY BOYD BIGGERS. ACCORDING TO A STATEMENT GIVEN BY NANCY AT THE TIME OF DONATION, "... FARMERS NEED TO CLEAR THEIR LAND OF ... ROCKS IN ORDER TO PLANT AND HARVEST THEIR FIELDS. BOYD WAS DOING THIS ONE DAY (IN THE EARLY 1980S) AND CAME ACROSS A BEAUTIFUL SHINY BLACK ROCK. HE WAS IMPRESSED BY [ITS] COLOURING AND THE VARIOUS GROOVES, SO RATHER THAN THROWING IT ON TO THE PILE WITH THE OTHER ROCKS, HE DECIDED TO TAKE IT HOME. ... MARY, BEING A SCHOOL TEACHER, TOLD HIM THAT IT APPEARED TO BE OBSIDIAN, WHICH THE ABORIGINALS USED TO MAKE ARROWHEADS AND TOOLS. MARY RETIRED FROM TEACHING IN 1986 AND THUS BOYD DECIDED TO SELL THE FARM. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE ... [AND] THE OBSIDIAN CAME WITH THEM ... AS IT WAS A REMINDER OF THEIR FARM LIFE. IT WAS USED AS A DECORATIVE PIECE IN BOTH OF THE HOMES IN WHICH THEY LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE." ON SEPTEMBER 8, 2015, ARCHEOLOGIST, NEIL MIRAU, OF ARROW ARCHAEOLOGY LIMITED STATED VIA EMAIL THAT THE ROCK HAD BEEN BROUGHT TO THE AREA BY HUMANS AND THAT IT WAS RELATIVELY EASY TO DETERMINE THE SOURCE OF THE OBSIDIAN FROM ITS GENERAL APPEARANCE. HE WAS ALMOST CERTAIN THAT THIS PIECE OF OBSIDIAN CAME FROM THE OBSIDIAN CLIFFS IN WHAT IS NOW YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING. HE WROTE, “OBSIDIAN DOES NOT OCCUR NATURALLY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND REALLY THE ONLY WAY FOR IT TO GET HERE, ESPECIALLY THIS TYPE OF ROCK IS TO BE CARRIED BY HUMANS. OBSIDIAN ... WAS PRIZED BY PAST CULTURES AND IT MAKES VERY ATTRACTIVE AND VERY SHARP TOOLS AND PROJECTILE POINTS. THIS PARTICULAR PIECE HAS FLAKE SCARS SHOWING THAT IT WAS WORKED BY HUMANS. IT WAS LIKELY, GIVEN ITS ‘VALUE,’ CARRIED BY ITS OWNER TO FLAKE PIECES OFF EVERY ONCE IN AWHILE TO MAKE A NEW TOOL. OBSIDIAN IS ONE OF THE RARE TYPES OF STONE THAT IS CURATED BY PAST HUMANS, THAT IS, ALTHOUGH HEAVY, THEY WOULD HAVE CARRIED IT WITH THEM TO MAKE TOOLS WITH.” HE ALSO WROTE THAT OBSIDIAN FROM WYOMING THAT HAS BEEN FOUND IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA HAS ARRIVED “EITHER THROUGH TRADE OR BY LONG DISTANCE TRAVEL OF PEOPLE FROM HERE TO THERE AND RETURN," AND THAT THERE IS EVIDENCE OF BOTH METHODS. MIRAU INFERS THAT IT COULD HAVE BEEN DROPPED THERE THREE OR FOUR CENTURIES AGO, OR MANY THOUSANDS OF YEARS AGO. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPY OF THE NANCY BIGGER’S INFORMATION, EMAIL TRANSCRIPTS, MAPS OF THE LOCATION OF THE BIGGERS’ FARM WHERE ARTIFACT WAS FOUND, AND A PHOTOGRAPH OF BOYD AND MARY BIGGERS.
Catalogue Number
P20150027000
Acquisition Date
2015-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ENGLISH TYPE GUN FLINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHALCEDONY
Catalogue Number
P19738044000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ENGLISH TYPE GUN FLINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1870
Materials
CHALCEDONY
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
3.3
Width
3.0
Description
LARGE SPALL OFF STRIKING EDGE. BUFF COLOURED.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
Catalogue Number
P19738044000
Acquisition Date
1973-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BONE, BUCKSKIN
Catalogue Number
P19738499000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BONE, BUCKSKIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.2
Length
34.0
Width
9.8
Description
BUCKSKIN STRAP. KNIFE MARKS ON ONE END. RED-BROWN COLOURATION. SCRAPING EDGE IS WORN.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PLAINS INDIGENOUS CULTURE.
Catalogue Number
P19738499000
Acquisition Date
1973-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1700
Date Range To
1850
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
QUARTZITE, RAWHIDE, WOOD, CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P19641143000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1700
Date Range To
1850
Materials
QUARTZITE, RAWHIDE, WOOD, CLOTH
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.7
Length
33
Width
11.5
Description
WORKING SURFACE OF MAUL IS COVERED WITH RED OCHRE STAINS. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
PLAINS INDIGENOUS CULTURE *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641143000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT
Date Range From
10500
Date Range To
9900BP
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHALCEDONY
Catalogue Number
P19739205000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT
Date Range From
10500
Date Range To
9900BP
Materials
CHALCEDONY
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.5
Length
5.5
Width
1.6
Description
MOTTLED BROWN-GREY CHALCEDONY. OFFSET STRAIGHT BASE; FAIRLY POINTED TIP. ONE LATERAL EDGE CONVEX; ONE IS STRAIGHT. CONVEX CROSS SECTION. BIFACIAL FLAKING. 'LANCEOLATE' OR LEAF-SHAPED POINT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-EDGED
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE. IN 2009, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE PLAINS ARCHAEOLOGY STUDENT FALLON MAHAR SURVEYED THE GALT'S POINT AND STONE TOOL COLLECTION AND, USING A TEMPLATE DEVELOPED IN COORDINATION WITH PROF. BUBEL AND REFERENCE BOOK "ALBERTA IN STONE", PROVIDED FEEDBACK ON THE GALT'S COLLECTION. CONCEQUENTLY, THIS RECORD WAS REVISED TO NO LONGER DEFINE THE ARTIFACT'S 'OTHER NAME' AS ASYMETRICAL BIFACE, BUT AS A AGATE BASIN SPEARPOINT. FINALLY, SHE FELT THE PREVIOUS 1850-1900 DATE WAS INCORRECT, PROVIDED A NEW "EARLY PERIOD" DATE.
Catalogue Number
P19739205000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
IRON TRADE POINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON
Catalogue Number
P19683281000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
IRON TRADE POINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1900
Materials
IRON
No. Pieces
1
Length
31.4
Width
6.3
Description
SOFT IRON, HAMMERED & CUT. T-BAR SHANK. HEAVILY CORRODED, SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-EDGED
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
HISTORIC FUR TRADE ITEM, FOUND BY DONOR IN FARROW CREEK, SOUTH OF PINCHER CREEK, AB.
Catalogue Number
P19683281000
Acquisition Date
1968-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIDENTIFIABLE
Date Range From
1200
Date Range To
1750
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHERT
Catalogue Number
P19738016000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIDENTIFIABLE
Date Range From
1200
Date Range To
1750
Materials
CHERT
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
7.5
Width
2.6
Description
MOTTLED PINK CHERT. SPALL REMOVED FROM ONE LATERAL EDGE OF BLADE, CONTRACTING STEM.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-EDGED
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
NORTHERN PLAINS. IN 2009, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE PLAINS ARCHAEOLOGY STUDENT FALLON MAHAR SURVEYED THE GALT'S POINT AND STONE TOOL COLLECTION AND, USING A TEMPLATE DEVELOPED IN COORDINATION WITH PROF. BUBEL AND REFERENCE BOOK "ALBERTA IN STONE", PROVIDED FEEDBACK ON THE GALT'S COLLECTION. MAHAR PROPOSED THE POINT WAS "UNIDENTIFIABLE" AND QUESTIONED THE 1200 - 1750 DATE, BUT DID NOT PROVIDE A NEW DATE IN ITS PLACE.
Catalogue Number
P19738016000
Acquisition Date
1973-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIDENTIFIABLE
Date Range From
1200
Date Range To
1750
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHERT
Catalogue Number
P19738018000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIDENTIFIABLE
Date Range From
1200
Date Range To
1750
Materials
CHERT
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.1
Length
5.1
Width
3.3
Description
WHITE CHERT. BROKEN STEM.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-EDGED
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
NORTHERN PLAINS. IN 2009, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE PLAINS ARCHAEOLOGY STUDENT FALLON MAHAR SURVEYED THE GALT'S POINT AND STONE TOOL COLLECTION AND, USING A TEMPLATE DEVELOPED IN COORDINATION WITH PROF. BUBEL AND REFERENCE BOOK "ALBERTA IN STONE", PROVIDED FEEDBACK ON THE GALT'S COLLECTION. MAHAR PROPOSED THE POINT WAS "UNIDENTIFIABLE".
Catalogue Number
P19738018000
Acquisition Date
1973-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIDENTIFIABLE
Date Range From
1200
Date Range To
1750
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHERT
Catalogue Number
P19738022000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIDENTIFIABLE
Date Range From
1200
Date Range To
1750
Materials
CHERT
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.5
Length
4.8
Width
2.5
Description
PINK CHERT. BROKEN TIP. BROKEN STEM.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-EDGED
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
NORTHERN PLAINS, SCOTTSBLUFF. IN 2009, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE PLAINS ARCHAEOLOGY STUDENT FALLON MAHAR SURVEYED THE GALT'S POINT AND STONE TOOL COLLECTION AND, USING A TEMPLATE DEVELOPED IN COORDINATION WITH PROF. BUBEL AND REFERENCE BOOK "ALBERTA IN STONE", PROVIDED FEEDBACK ON THE GALT'S COLLECTION. MAHAR PROPOSED THE POINT WAS "UNIDENTIFIABLE" AND QUESTIONED THE RECORDED DATE, BUT DID NOT PROVIDE A DATE TO REPLACE IT WITH.
Catalogue Number
P19738022000
Acquisition Date
1973-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

17 records – page 1 of 2.