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13th Platoon, 39th Field Battery R.C.A.

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions92453
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20181042002
Physical Description
27"x8"
Scope and Content
Platoon 13 (39th Field Battery) “C” Company 1941, Frederick George Holberton - front row, fifth from left. Names of all the servicemen are listed in the file
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
27"x8"
History / Biographical
Frederick George Holberton was born in Lethbridge May 21, 1920. He attended Tuxis Boys’ Parliament in 1939 as a delegate from the Meteor Tuxis Square of First United Church, Lethbridge. His association with the Tuxis Parliament continued when in 1962 he became the first chairman of the alumni Society, a position he held for 7 years. In later years he served as lieutenant-governor. A graduate of Lethbridge schools, Fred became an Assessor with the National Revenue (Taxation) after service in World War II as a Lieutenant with the Canadian Army.
Scope and Content
Platoon 13 (39th Field Battery) “C” Company 1941, Frederick George Holberton - front row, fifth from left. Names of all the servicemen are listed in the file
Accession No.
20181042002
Collection
Archive
Less detail

13th Platoon, 39th Field Battery R.C.A.

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions92454
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20181042002
Physical Description
27"x8"
Scope and Content
Platoon 13 (39th Field Battery) “C” Company 1941, Frederick George Holberton - front row, fifth from left. Names of all the servicemen are listed in the file
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
27"x8"
History / Biographical
Frederick George Holberton was born in Lethbridge May 21, 1920. He attended Tuxis Boys’ Parliament in 1939 as a delegate from the Meteor Tuxis Square of First United Church, Lethbridge. His association with the Tuxis Parliament continued when in 1962 he became the first chairman of the alumni Society, a position he held for 7 years. In later years he served as lieutenant-governor. A graduate of Lethbridge schools, Fred became an Assessor with the National Revenue (Taxation) after service in World War II as a Lieutenant with the Canadian Army.
Scope and Content
Platoon 13 (39th Field Battery) “C” Company 1941, Frederick George Holberton - front row, fifth from left. Names of all the servicemen are listed in the file
Accession No.
20181042002
Collection
Archive
Less detail

39th Battery Canadian Field Artillery

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions89031
Date Range
1914-1947
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20161080
Physical Description
1 softcover book. One 24.75 x 11 cm black and white matted photograph. One 40.5 x 17.5 cm black and white photograph.
Scope and Content
"The History of the 39th Battery Canadian Field Artillery" by F.G. Holyoak. 1947. Black and white matted photograph of a field artillery battery, with onlookers and automobiles watching. Black and white photograph of the the delegates to the Great War Veterans Association (G.W.V.A.) Convention, Va…
Date Range
1914-1947
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 softcover book. One 24.75 x 11 cm black and white matted photograph. One 40.5 x 17.5 cm black and white photograph.
Scope and Content
"The History of the 39th Battery Canadian Field Artillery" by F.G. Holyoak. 1947. Black and white matted photograph of a field artillery battery, with onlookers and automobiles watching. Black and white photograph of the the delegates to the Great War Veterans Association (G.W.V.A.) Convention, Vancouver, 1923.
Accession No.
20161080
Collection
Archive
Less detail

The 39th. History of the 39th Battery, Canadian Field Artillery. 1914-1918.

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions89972
Date Range
1914-1918
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20171052
Physical Description
1 softcover book. 21.5 x 35 cm. 1 letter.
Scope and Content
1947 reprint of "The 39th: History of the 39th Battery, Canadian Field Artillery. 1914-1918. 1 letter related to the 39th Old Boys' Banquet and Reunion.
Date Range
1914-1918
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 softcover book. 21.5 x 35 cm. 1 letter.
Scope and Content
1947 reprint of "The 39th: History of the 39th Battery, Canadian Field Artillery. 1914-1918. 1 letter related to the 39th Old Boys' Banquet and Reunion.
Accession No.
20171052
Collection
Archive
Less detail

1911 Panorama of Lethbridge; CGIT group photograph, ca. 1923.

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions91993
Date Range
1911-1923
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
201891023
Physical Description
2 black and white photographic prints
Scope and Content
Black and white postcard showing a view of Lethbridge in 1911, looking southeast. Black and white photograph of Lethbridge Canadian Girls in Training members, ca. 1923.
Date Range
1911-1923
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
2 black and white photographic prints
Scope and Content
Black and white postcard showing a view of Lethbridge in 1911, looking southeast. Black and white photograph of Lethbridge Canadian Girls in Training members, ca. 1923.
Notes
CGIT photograph was dated ca 1917, however, since two of the individuals in the photograph were known to have been born in 1911 and 1912 respectively, and since the age of entry into the Canadian Girls in Training is 11, the date has been revised.
Accession No.
201891023
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Advertising Letter. Unidentified Photographs.

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions89028
Date Range
1907-1969
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20161015
Physical Description
1 document. Three 21.5 x 28 cm black and white photographs.
Scope and Content
Photocopy of an advertising letter, dated December 20, 1907, from Mighton & Cavanagh Brokers of Nelson, B.C., recommending purchase of shares in the Royal Collieries Mine in Lethbridge, Alberta. Reproduction prints of an unidentified house with automobiles in front, a group of young men in a mounta…
Date Range
1907-1969
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 document. Three 21.5 x 28 cm black and white photographs.
Scope and Content
Photocopy of an advertising letter, dated December 20, 1907, from Mighton & Cavanagh Brokers of Nelson, B.C., recommending purchase of shares in the Royal Collieries Mine in Lethbridge, Alberta. Reproduction prints of an unidentified house with automobiles in front, a group of young men in a mountain setting, and an aerial view of a small unidentified village.
Accession No.
20161015
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Alberta Railway and Irrigation Company Ledger

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions93080
Date Range
1913-1931
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20181066
Physical Description
1 hardcover book 4 pages textual documents
Scope and Content
Compact Alberta Railway & Irrigation Co. ledger kept by William Brown. Handwritten notes about the ledger from the donor. Photocopies of promissory notes and photographs relating to the Brown family are included.
Date Range
1913-1931
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 hardcover book 4 pages textual documents
Custodial History
Kept by the Brown family.
Scope and Content
Compact Alberta Railway & Irrigation Co. ledger kept by William Brown. Handwritten notes about the ledger from the donor. Photocopies of promissory notes and photographs relating to the Brown family are included.
Accession No.
20181066
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Alexander Johnston fonds

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions6
Date Range
1850-1989
Description Level
Fonds
Physical Description
ca. 3.6 m. of textual records and other material.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of biographical information, diplomas, correspondence, publications, histories, minutes, and research materials of Alexander Johnston pertaining to his activities as a historian and heritage activist. Includes original and photocopied research materials pertaining to irrigation,…
Date Range
1850-1989
Fonds
Alexander Johnston fonds
Description Level
Fonds
Copy Location
Material also found at P19911057000/335.
Creator
Johnston, Alexander, 1920-1989
Physical Description
ca. 3.6 m. of textual records and other material.
Physical Condition
Includes ca. 3.6 m. of textual records, ca. 210 photographs, 11 sound recordings, 2 videorecordings.
History / Biographical
Alexander Johnston was born in Webb, Saskatchewan in 1920. He graduated with a BSA at the University of Saskatchewan in 1941 and received his MS from the University of Montana in 1954. He worked at the Lethbridge Experimental Station from 1946-1961 as the Research Officer before being seconded to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations from 1961-1962. He returned to the Lethbridge Research Station in 1962 to serve as its Research Scientist (Range Management) until his retirement in 1980. He was a member of numerous agricultural associations but also had an abiding interest in the history of Southern Alberta. He was president of the Lethbridge Historical Society, a founding member of the Alberta Museums Association, a member of the Alberta Historical Resources Foundation Board of Governors, and a member of the City of Lethbridge Museum Advisory Committee. He researched and wrote extensively on the history of southern Alberta and, in particular, the City of Lethbridge, including its industries, social life and culture, first nations, ethnic groups, and individual and family life. For his efforts, he received a 1967 Canada Centennial Medal, honourary members and an honourary degree from the University of Lethbridge. He died in 1989.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of biographical information, diplomas, correspondence, publications, histories, minutes, and research materials of Alexander Johnston pertaining to his activities as a historian and heritage activist. Includes original and photocopied research materials pertaining to irrigation, agriculture, natural history, ranching, coal mining, ethnic and religious groups, local medical history, Fort Whoop-Up, as well as Lethbridge individuals, families, events, community organizations and buildings. Also includes oral history interviews with Lethbridge citizens.
Notes
Title based on the contents of the fonds.
Finding Aid
File list available.
Category
Agriculture
Family and personal life
Religions
Exploration, discovery and travel
Name Access
Johnston, Alexander, 1920-1989
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Material Type
Manuscript
Accession No.
20061047
Physical Description
14 files
Scope and Content
001 - School Registers 1898-1899 002 - Paterson School and Mr. White 12 slides 1965 003 - Room pictures, Paterson School 23 slides 004 - Centenial School Parade, Opportunity Class 15 slides 1967 005 - Teachers Contract 1967 006 - Letter to Premier Laurier from Rev. Father Van Tighem on the Halfbree…
Material Type
Manuscript
Creator
Avice Frayne Anderson
Physical Description
14 files
Physical Condition
Fair
History / Biographical
Miss Frayne was a schoolteacher at Westminister School from 1949 to 1965.
Language
English
Scope and Content
001 - School Registers 1898-1899 002 - Paterson School and Mr. White 12 slides 1965 003 - Room pictures, Paterson School 23 slides 004 - Centenial School Parade, Opportunity Class 15 slides 1967 005 - Teachers Contract 1967 006 - Letter to Premier Laurier from Rev. Father Van Tighem on the Halfbreed Commission not keeping the scheduled visit and causing problems for Lethbridge, NWT. (Aug 1900) 007 - Lethbridge on the Map, pamphlet with four maps.1921 008 - Unidentified building with "Alberta Hotel" cart parked in front of it. 009 - "Reflections" book listing all the students in Miss K. Frayne's classes from 1949 to 1965 010 - Four photographs sent by the Lethbridge Herald to Miss Frayne 011 - Class photos for Miss Frayne's classes 1949 to 1963, including staff pictures. 012 - 2 "The Spotlight" yearbooks (1926+1928) marked 'Property of Avice Anderson, 2302-10th Ave. S Lethbridge' and 'Kathleen L. Frayne'. 013 - "The Valedicta" June 1933 Lethbridge Collegiate Institute. Kathleen Frayne is listed on page 27. 014 - "Class Creations" a book of collected short stories written by Miss Frayne's students and dedicated to her in 1965.
Notes
There are several items listed on the Accession form that are not among the Anderson files.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
20061047
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Date Range
1878-1986
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20171111
Physical Description
1 softcover book. 3 photographs. One 23-page manuscript.
Scope and Content
Publication "Reflections of a community: Twin Butte Community Hall Golden Anniversary 1936-1986". 3 photographs of the Allred Family. Manuscript: "Pioneer Ancestors: Frank Allred & Josie Bailey".
Date Range
1878-1986
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 softcover book. 3 photographs. One 23-page manuscript.
Scope and Content
Publication "Reflections of a community: Twin Butte Community Hall Golden Anniversary 1936-1986". 3 photographs of the Allred Family. Manuscript: "Pioneer Ancestors: Frank Allred & Josie Bailey".
Accession No.
20171111
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Date Range
1941
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20161112003011
Physical Description
1 photographic print
Scope and Content
Parents of the Anderson Sisters. Martin and Ida [Johnson] Anderson
  1 image  
Date Range
1941
Description Level
Item
Fonds No.
20161112
Creator
Anderson family
Physical Description
1 photographic print
History / Biographical
The Anderson Sisters Orchestra, which included Alice, Florence, Marie and Ruth, became accomplished musicians under the watchful eye of their parents Martin and Ida. The family moved to Lethbridge and the orchestra quickly became a popular draw for dances in Alberta and neighboring provinces. They played to packed houses throughout their career. In addition to a full year-round touring schedule, they had a weekly radio show on CJOC (broadcast live “from high atop the Marquis Hotel”) and performed during the summer months at dance pavilions across the province. Their five-year engagement at Waterton Lakes National Park Dance Pavilion made them one of the longest running attractions at that venue. During the 1940s they also entertained at World War Two training bases and appeared with dignitaries at events to rally support for the war efforts, including the sale of war bonds.
Scope and Content
Parents of the Anderson Sisters. Martin and Ida [Johnson] Anderson
Accession No.
20161112003011
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Date Range
1910-1985
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20181096
Physical Description
4 cm. textual material.
Scope and Content
Canadian passport issued to Anton Jellenig in 1980. Various business documents including legders, Unemployment Insurance Commission certificate, a time book, resource materials on pricing, business license, etc. Map of Shaughnessy-Lethbridge Coal Reserves produced by Fording Coal Ltd. "Plan of a…
Date Range
1910-1985
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
4 cm. textual material.
History / Biographical
Anton Jellenig was born in Austria and emigrated to the Melville, Saskatchewan area. In 1941 he came to Shaughnessy and worked in the Shaughnessy mine. In 1949, he opened the Shaughnessy Coffee Shop. This grew into Tony's Cash Store, which he operated until his retirement in 1976. Anton Jellenig passed away in 1985. The store is in operation today as "Tickety Boo" in Shaughnessy.
Custodial History
The donor's husband was in possession of these documents as an executor of Anton Jellenig's estate.
Scope and Content
Canadian passport issued to Anton Jellenig in 1980. Various business documents including legders, Unemployment Insurance Commission certificate, a time book, resource materials on pricing, business license, etc. Map of Shaughnessy-Lethbridge Coal Reserves produced by Fording Coal Ltd. "Plan of additions to the Townsite of Wallace". The original name of the town and school district was Wallace. In 1929 the post office was named Shaughnessy (after Lord Shaughnessy, mine owner) as there were other post offices named Wallace.
Accession No.
20181096
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Description Level
Item
Material Type
Photograph
Accession No.
20061045195
Physical Description
1 black and white photograph
Scope and Content
Mounties at the 1912 Stampede.
  1 image  
Material Type
Photograph
Description Level
Item
Creator
Isreal C. Shank
Physical Description
1 black and white photograph
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Compiled by Inspector I.C. Shank. Isreal Shank was born in Athabasca in 1911, the eldest of 15 children born to Eddie Jedeon Shank and Rosana Goulet. He attended the Olds School of Agriculture from 1928-1930 and worked at the Dominion Experimental Sub-station, Beaverlodge. He joined the RCMP in 1934 and retired in 1969 as a Chief-Superintendent. Mr. Shank died in 2006.
Scope and Content
Mounties at the 1912 Stampede.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
20061045195
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Date Range
[1919]
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20151083421
Physical Description
Black and white photograph
Scope and Content
View of a backcountry campsite with two men and horses plus a pony named Nora looking for salt.
  1 image  
Date Range
[1919]
Description Level
Item
Creator
Harwood Family
Physical Description
Black and white photograph
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Arthur "Pop" Harwood came to Waterton Lakes National Park circa 1914 where he was employed in a variety of jobs before becoming the postmaster, a position he held until the 1950s. He had one son, Stephen, who was an avid photographer and outdoorsman who became a mechanic with the park, married and raised one son, Marvin. See fond description for more detail.
Scope and Content
View of a backcountry campsite with two men and horses plus a pony named Nora looking for salt.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
20151083421
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Date Range
[1919]
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20151083422
Physical Description
Black and white photograph
Scope and Content
View of unsaddled horses in an unidentified backcountry location.
  1 image  
Date Range
[1919]
Description Level
Item
Creator
Harwood Family
Physical Description
Black and white photograph
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Arthur "Pop" Harwood came to Waterton Lakes National Park circa 1914 where he was employed in a variety of jobs before becoming the postmaster, a position he held until the 1950s. He had one son, Stephen, who was an avid photographer and outdoorsman who became a mechanic with the park, married and raised one son, Marvin. See fond description for more detail.
Scope and Content
View of unsaddled horses in an unidentified backcountry location.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
20151083422
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Date Range
[1919]
Description Level
Item
Accession No.
20151083423
Physical Description
Black and white photograph
Scope and Content
View of Pop Harwood cooking in a tent.
  1 image  
Date Range
[1919]
Description Level
Item
Creator
Harwood Family
Physical Description
Black and white photograph
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Arthur "Pop" Harwood came to Waterton Lakes National Park circa 1914 where he was employed in a variety of jobs before becoming the postmaster, a position he held until the 1950s. He had one son, Stephen, who was an avid photographer and outdoorsman who became a mechanic with the park, married and raised one son, Marvin. See fond description for more detail.
Scope and Content
View of Pop Harwood cooking in a tent.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
20151083423
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Other Name
A. P. P SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20180014001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
A. P. P SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
6.0
Width
2.6
Description
SILVER SHOULDER TITLE. HAS THE LETTERS "A.P." CENTERED ABOVE THE WORD "POLICE". BACK OF TITLE HAS 2 BRASS LOOPS FOR HOLDING BRASS SPLIT PIN. THERE IS NO PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS BADGE BELONGED TO THE DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. ACCORDING TO THE BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY PROVIDED WITH A BUCHANAN A. P. P.-RELATED DONATION MADE BY JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN 2002 (P20020090). IT STATES, "BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE BUCHANAN BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920." THESE BADGES WERE A PART OF HIS UNIFORM IN THIS ROLE. AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM (P20180014001-2). THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN – THE DONOR’S FATHER – HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW. DESCRIBING HER FATHER’S CAREER, BUCHANAN BEGAN, “[MY DAD] JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL…AS A ROOKIE – RIGHT AT THE START – HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. AND IT WASN’T LONG UNTIL HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE REAL POLICING. WHEN THE CRAZY PROHIBITION WAS BROUGHT IN, THAT WAS A REAL PAIN FOR THE POLICE. IT WAS [A MOVEMENT] PUSHED BY THESE DO-GOODERS, WHO DIDN’T REALIZE WHAT THEY WERE DOING. DAD WAS VERY UPSET TALKING ABOUT THAT. EVEN WHEN HE WAS JUST A YOUNG FELLOW, [HE WAS] FINDING YOUNG, GOOD FARM BOYS BLIND OR DEAD OVER A FENCE, BECAUSE THEY HAD A PROBLEM WITH THE PROHIBITION AND GETTING MOONSHINE THAT WASN’T MATURE OR SOMETHING, [WHICH] WAS POISONOUS.” “IN 1921 HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON,” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL. HE THEN GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE AND HE WAS GOING TO GO THERE, BUT THEN IN 1922 THEY GOT MARRIED [SO HE DID NOT GO TO GRAND PRAIRIE] FORTUNATELY, THE A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. DID, SO HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED. [AFTER MY PARENTS’ MARRIAGE] THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD, WHERE HE WAS ON HIS OWN [AT THE POSTING]. FROM THERE, HE DID A LOT OF WORK GOING BACK AND FORTH.” “BRAINARD [WAS] A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION… THEY BUILT DAD A LOG CABIN DOWN THERE FOR THE HOUSE WITH HIS NEW WIFE AND [SOON AFTER THEY WERE] EXPECTING THEIR FIRST CHILD. [THE CABIN HAD] ONE BIG ROOM WITH CURTAINS HERE AND THERE, AND HE DIDN’T HAVE A PRISON THERE. WHEN HE TOOK IN A PRISONER, THAT’S WHEN HE NEEDED THE OREGON BOOT AND THE BALL AND CHAIN BECAUSE HE HAD A BIG BOLT ON THE FLOOR NEAR HIS OFFICE. THAT’S WHERE THE GUY HAD TO SIT, CHAINED, UNTIL [MY FATHER] COULD TAKE HIM ON INTO EDMONTON…EVEN IN THE A.P.P. TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON. [HE WOULD BE] BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN [TO LETHBRIDGE],” BUCHANAN EXPLAINED EXPANDING ON HOW HER FATHER’S WORK TOOK HIM “BACK AND FORTH.” “THEN THEY CLOSED THAT [BRAINAR POST] DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY – A LITTLE VILLAGE – AND HE WAS THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. [HE WAS THERE] WHEN 1932 CAME ALONG AND THEN HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P… AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. [FROM THERE] HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT, WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO [COVER]. AND THERE AGAIN, WE HAD A NICE, BIG WHITE HOUSE AND A JAIL THIS TIME… THE JAIL OFFICE AND THE COURTROOM AND EVERYTHING WAS CONNECTED [TO THE HOUSE]. YOU JUST GO DOWN THE HALL AND OPEN THE DOOR AND THERE YOU GO, AND THERE’S TWO JAILS IN THERE. [THERE] HE WAS GETTING ROOKIES COMING OUT FROM EDMONTON TO TRAIN UNDER HIM… [I WAS BORN IN] ’30 [AND] NOW IN ’34, I REMEMBER GOING THERE [TO WESTLOCK].” SPEAKING ABOUT THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P. IN 1932 AND THE ABSORPTION OF SOME OF ITS MEMBERS INTO THE R. C. M P., BUCHANAN EXPLAINED, “[A. P. P. OFFICERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY [WERE RANKED] INTO THREE CATEGORIES. [FIRST, THERE WERE THE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE; THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P. THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEN THERE WERE THE ONES THAT COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY [INTO THE FORCE FOR THE TRIAL PERIOD]. THEY COULD [BE ACCEPTED] FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY AGAIN [FOR FULL-TIME]. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE, [WHO] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE…IT IS IMPORTANT [TO REMEMBER], THOSE A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT. THEY WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” WHEN ANSWERING HOW HER FATHER ENDED UP WORKING IN LETHBRIDGE, BUCHANAN SAID, “[AFTER THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P.], ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER [OF THE R. C. M. P.] HANCOCK (WILLIAM FREDERICK WATKINS “BILL” HANCOCK) KNEW DAD REALLY WELL. [PREVIOUSLY, HANCOCK] WAS THE [ACTING COMMISSIONER] FOR THE ALBERTA [PROVINCIAL POLICE]. [HANCOCK] CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, ‘BUCK – DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’A LOT – I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT, BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT. YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?’” AS A RESULT, EDWARD BUCHANAN WAS RELOCATED TO THE R. C. M. P.’S LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT IN 1944. JEAN BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “DAD’S PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, VERY FIRMLY. AND THE STAFF [IN LETHBRIDGE] ENDED UP LOVING HIM. THE SECRETARIES AND EVERYTHING, THEY WERE CRYING WHEN HE LEFT. AND I GOT LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON… BUT [IN TERMS OF] THE SITUATION [WHICH ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK WAS REFERRING TO], NO, HE WAS FINE. HE NEVER HAD ANY TROUBLE. HE JUST FIRMLY, QUIETLY DEALT WITH EVERYTHING AND EVERYTHING WAS FINE. I NEVER SAW HIM STRESSED OUT. ALWAYS COOL, LAID BACK.” “[WHEN WE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE], WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET SOUTH. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. BUT WE HAD [SOME] TROUBLE BECAUSE DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US. HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE [THAT WAS] READY, SO WHEN WE CAME DOWN [WE] STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. AND THEN I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE – LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS. ANYWAY, I GOT THROUGH GRADE TWELVE AND THAT’S ALRIGHT.” “[ANOTHER THING HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR HERE IN LETHBRIDGE] WAS TO OVERSEE THE PRISONER OF WAR (POW) CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POWS IN THE RESPECT THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. THEY WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY, BUT THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY. THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. [MY DAD] RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT… AND THEN THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK ON THE [FARMS], BECAUSE THERE WAS A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS… BUT, OF COURSE, I KNEW ABOUT THE CRUELTY OF SOME OF THE HARD-CORE NAZIS THAT WERE IN THERE. THE TROUBLE WAS THERE WASN’T ENOUGH FORCE POLICE TO GO IN THERE SAFELY. THEY COULDN’T EVEN GET IN THE POW CAMP AND THE CIVIL GUARDS WERE THE ONLY ONES THAT WERE AVAILABLE, BUT THEY DIDN’T EVEN DARE GO IN HALF THE TIME. IT WAS REALLY SOMETHING. THERE WERE SOME GUYS IN THERE THAT WERE REALLY, REALLY MEAN…” “AND OH YES, A FEW [MEN DID TRY TO ESCAPE THE CAMP],” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT THEY DIDN’T GET VERY FAR. THEY NEVER GOT AWAY. I’VE GOT RECORDS OF ONES THAT WERE CAUGHT. THEY STOLE SOMEBODY’S CAR. SOME OF THEM GOT A REGULAR SENTENCE FOR BREAKING ONE OF OUR LAWS.” BUCHANAN CONFIRMS THAT HER FATHER RETIRED FROM THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN 1950 WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE. AFTER RETIREMENT, SHE EXPLAINED, “[HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON, HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS… BUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE WITH HIS RECORD, SO THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA…HE THEN WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN OR SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS…” EDWARD BUCHANAN “SORT OF” RETIRED FROM THAT ROLE IN THE 1970S, HIS DAUGHTER EXPLAINED. HE CONTINUED WORKING IN SOME CAPACITIES UNTIL HIS PASSING IN 1998. “[I RECEIVED MY DAD’S R. C. M. P. POSSESSIONS, BECAUSE HE] KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER IT AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM… HE LIVED TO BE NINETY-EIGHT AND I DON’T THINK HE EVER THREW ANYTHING OUT SINCE HE WAS IN HIS TWENTIES.” ACCORDING TO EDWARD E. “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S OBITUARY, HE PASSED AWAY IN IN EDMONTON IN 1998. HIS WIFE’S NAME WAS CHRISTENE BUCHANAN AND TOGETHER THEY HAD FIVE CHILDREN – EDWARD, ROBERT, JEAN, WILLIAM, AND ROSE-MARIE. THE OBITUARY STATES HE SERVED 31 YEARS IN THE R.C.M.P, AND 15 YEARS AS THE SUPERINTENDENT OF CORRECTIONS FOR ALBERTA. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20180014001
Acquisition Date
2018-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY BADGE
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150035000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY BADGE
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
2
Length
4.5
Width
3
Description
A – B: WORLD WAR I COLLAR BADGE THAT HAS “CANADIAN MEDICAL CORPS” STAMPED BRONZE-COLOURED WITH REMOVABLE PIN. THE BADGE DEPICTS A MAPLE LEAF WREATH WITH A SNAKE AROUND THE SWORD AT THE CENTER. THERE IS A CROWN AT THE TOP OF THE BADGE. GOOD CONDITION. THE METAL HAS DULLED AND DARKENED.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ON NOVEMBER 25, 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED A PHONE INTERVIEW WITH MIKE LEVIN OF OTTAWA, ONTARIO TO DISCUSS A WORLD WAR I COLLAR BADGE THAT HE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM. THE BADGE BELONGED TO HIS GRANDFATHER, DR. JOHN STANLEY WRAY, WHO WAS A MEDICAL PHYSICIAN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND A WORLD WAR I VETERAN. LEVIN HAS BEEN IN POSSESSION OF THE BADGE SINCE 2009-2010 AFTER THE PASSING OF HIS UNCLE, ROBERT G. WRAY, WHO HAD INHERITED IT FROM HIS FATHER, DR. J. S. WRAY. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE BADGE HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT PHONE INTERVIEW: “MY MOTHER’S FAMILY DIDN’T TALK ABOUT THEMSELVES AT ALL… [W]HEN MY GRANDFATHER DIED BEFORE I WAS BORN. I LIVED OUT OF THE COUNTRY FOR A LONG TIME AND WHEN I CAME BACK, I RE-ACQUAINTED MYSELF WITH MY UNCLE BOB. HE’S THE ONE WHO DONATED SOME STUFF TO THE GALT BEFORE..." THE DONOR’S UNCLE BOB (ROBERT G. WRAY) PASSED AWAY IN EDMONTON. ACCORDING TO THE INTERVIEW, THIS MILITARY BADGE IS THE ONLY OBJECT THAT EXISTS WITHIN THE FAMILY FROM DR. JOHN S. WRAY’S MILITARY SERVICE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT DR. JOHN S. WRAY COMES FROM A HISTORY FOUND IN A 1924 PUBLICATION TITLED, ALBERTA PAST AND PRESENT, BY JOHN BLUE: “DR. JOHN STANLEY WRAY, A WORLD WAR VETERAN WHO, SINCE JUNE 1919, HAS ENGAGED IN THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE AT LETHBRIDGE, WAS BORN IN LINWOOD, ONTARIO, OCTOBER 28, 1882, A SON OF GEORGE AND ANN (ALLINGHAM) WRAY, BOTH OF WHOM WERE NATIVES OF IRELAND...” “JOHN STANLEY WRAY IS THE YOUNGEST OF A FAMILY OF SIX CHILDREN. HE WAS EDUCATED IN PUBLIC SCHOOL NO. 21 IN WELLESLEY TOWNSHIP, WATERLOO DISTRICT, ONTARIO, AND LATER HE ATTENDED THE KITCHENER HIGH SCHOOL AND THE EDMONTON HIGH SCHOOL. HE THERE ACQUIRED A LICENSE TO TEACH AND DEVOTED ABOUT THREE YEARS TO THE PROFESSION OF TEACHING IN AND NEAR EDMONTON BUT REGARDED THIS MERELY AS AN INITIAL STEP TO OTHER PROFESSIONAL LABOR. HE THEN ENTERED THE MEDICAL SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO IN TORONTO, CANADA, IN 1905, AND BY REASON OF THE STEADY PROGRESS THAT HE MADE IN HIS STUDIES WAS THERE GRADUATED IN 1909. HE THEN LOCATED FOR PRACTICE AT RAYMOND, ALBERTA, WHERE HE CONTINUED FOR SIX YEARS, WHEN THE NEED FOR AID IN CONNECTION WITH THE WORLD WAR LED HIM TO JOIN THE ARMY AS A MEMBER OF THE CANADIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS, WITH THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. HE SERVED IN CALGARY UNTIL MARCH, 1917, WHEN HE WAS ATTACHED TO THE ONE HUNDRED AND NINETY-FIRST BATTALION IN THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT AND WENT OVERSEAS. HE SERVED IN ENGLAND WITH RESERVE BATTALIONS AND IN HOSPITALS AND WAS FOR A TIME A MEMBER OF A TRAVELING MEDICAL BOARD, THUS CONTINUING IN ACTIVE DUTY UNTIL MAY, 1918, WHEN HE WENT TO FRANCE AND WAS ATTACHED TO THE THIRD CANADIAN AMBULANCE CORPS. LATER HE WAS IDENTIFIED WITH THE FIRST CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY AND WAS IN THE BATTLE OF AMIENS IN AUGUST, 1918. LATER HE RETURNED TO ENGLAND WITH A BROKEN ARM AND WAS DISCHARGED FROM THE CANADIAN ARMY ON THE 27TH OF APRIL, 1919. AT THE BREAKING OF THE HINDENBURG LINE ON THE 1ST AND 2ND OF SEPTEMBER, 1918, HE WAS ON DUTY WITH THE THIRD FIELD AMBULANCE. FOLLOWING HIS RETURN HOME HE LOCATED AT LETHBRIDGE FOR THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE IN JUNE, 1919, AND HAS HERE REMAINED.” ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT DR. WRAY’S SERVICE IN WORLD WAR I COMES FROM HIS SERVICE RECORDS OBTAINED THROUGH THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES OF CANADA’S ONLINE DATABASE. ACCORDING TO THE RECORDS, DR. WRAY ENLISTED ON JUNE 13, 1916 IN THE SARCEE CAMP IN CALGARY. DR. WRAY AND MARION WRAY HAD THREE CHILDREN: MARGARET ALICE LEWIS, PHYLISS NEILSON LEVIN, AND ROBERT G. WRAY. DR. WRAY PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE DURING 1952 AT THE AGE OF 69 YEARS. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, FULL ALBERTA PAST AND PRESENT ARTICLE, AND SERVICE RECORDS.
Catalogue Number
P20150035000
Acquisition Date
2015-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY BADGE
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170001003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY BADGE
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.7
Length
2.8
Width
2.8
Description
THIS IS A COLLAR BADGE THAT ACCORDING TO RESEARCH IS EITHER MADE OF COPPER OR BRASS. THE BADGE IS THE SHAPE OF A MAPLE LEAF WITH A CROWN IN THE CENTER AND “CANADA” ACROSS THE BOTTOM. THERE IS ONE LOOP ATTACHED TO BOTH THE BOTTOM AND THE TOP OF THE BACK OF THE BADGE. CONDITION: THE METAL IS BROWNING. THE TOP POINT OF THE MAPLE LEAF IS BENT INWARDS. THE LOOPS ON THE BACK OF THE BADGE ARE BENT TOWARDS THE TOP OF THE BADGE.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONOR PATRICIA SASSA’S FATHER, OKINAWAN TOMOMI OKUTAKE, WAS ONE OF 222 JAPANESE CANADIANS TO VOLUNTEER FOR THE CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN 1916, SERVING IN THE INFANTRY. LANDING IN CANADA VIA VANCOUVER IN 1907, OKUTAKE WORKED FOR THE CPR BEFORE MIGRATING WEST TO LETHBRIDGE TO WORK AT THE NO. 6 MINE, WHERE HE SETTLED IN HARDIEVILLE IN 1911 – CONNECTING WITH OTHER OKINAWANS ALREADY ESTABLISHED IN THE COMMUNITY. FROM THERE, HE MADE THE DECISION TO SUPPORT HIS NEW COUNTRY, CANADA, IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IN 1919, OKUTAKE RETURNED TO HARDIEVILLE TO CONTINUE HIS WORK IN THE MINES AFTER THE WAR – RIGHT UP UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT. OF THE JAPANESE CANADIANS WHO VOLUNTEERED FOR THE CEF, 55 WERE KILLED DURING WW1. FOR A MORE DETAILED HISTORY, PLEASE SEE P20170001001. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, SERVICE RECORDS, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS, AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20170001003
Acquisition Date
2017-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY BADGE
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170001004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY BADGE
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
2
Height
1.2
Length
3.7
Width
3.7
Description
A: COLLAR BADGE MADE OF EITHER BRASS OR COPPER. BADGE IN SHAPE OF A MAPLE LEAF WITH A CROWN IN THE TOP OF THE LEAF. IN THE CENTER IS THE NUMBER “52” WITH A CIRCULAR BORDER AROUND IT CONTAINING THE WORDS “NEW ONTARIO”. AT THE BASE OF THE LEAF READS, “CANADA”. THERE IS A SHINE TO THE METAL’S VARNISH. ON THE BACK SIDE IS TWO METAL LOOPS, ONE ATTACHED TO EITHER SIDE OF THE BADGE. B: DOUBLE-PRONGED METAL PIN HORIZONTALLY THROUGH THOSE LOOPS. PIN IS 4.2 CM IN LENGTH. CONDITION: MINOR WEAR TO VARNISH.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONOR PATRICIA SASSA’S FATHER, OKINAWAN TOMOMI OKUTAKE, WAS ONE OF 222 JAPANESE CANADIANS TO VOLUNTEER FOR THE CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN 1916, SERVING IN THE INFANTRY. LANDING IN CANADA VIA VANCOUVER IN 1907, OKUTAKE WORKED FOR THE CPR BEFORE MIGRATING WEST TO LETHBRIDGE TO WORK AT THE NO. 6 MINE, WHERE HE SETTLED IN HARDIEVILLE IN 1911 – CONNECTING WITH OTHER OKINAWANS ALREADY ESTABLISHED IN THE COMMUNITY. FROM THERE, HE MADE THE DECISION TO SUPPORT HIS NEW COUNTRY, CANADA, IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IN 1919, OKUTAKE RETURNED TO HARDIEVILLE TO CONTINUE HIS WORK IN THE MINES AFTER THE WAR – RIGHT UP UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT. OF THE JAPANESE CANADIANS WHO VOLUNTEERED FOR THE CEF, 55 WERE KILLED DURING WW1. FOR A MORE DETAILED HISTORY, PLEASE SEE P20170001001. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, SERVICE RECORDS, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS, AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20170001004
Acquisition Date
2017-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

169 records – page 1 of 9.