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Alexander Johnston fonds

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions6
Date Range
1850-1989
Description Level
Fonds
Physical Description
ca. 3.6 m. of textual records and other material.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of biographical information, diplomas, correspondence, publications, histories, minutes, and research materials of Alexander Johnston pertaining to his activities as a historian and heritage activist. Includes original and photocopied research materials pertaining to irrigation,…
Date Range
1850-1989
Fonds
Alexander Johnston fonds
Description Level
Fonds
Copy Location
Material also found at P19911057000/335.
Creator
Johnston, Alexander, 1920-1989
Physical Description
ca. 3.6 m. of textual records and other material.
Physical Condition
Includes ca. 3.6 m. of textual records, ca. 210 photographs, 11 sound recordings, 2 videorecordings.
History / Biographical
Alexander Johnston was born in Webb, Saskatchewan in 1920. He graduated with a BSA at the University of Saskatchewan in 1941 and received his MS from the University of Montana in 1954. He worked at the Lethbridge Experimental Station from 1946-1961 as the Research Officer before being seconded to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations from 1961-1962. He returned to the Lethbridge Research Station in 1962 to serve as its Research Scientist (Range Management) until his retirement in 1980. He was a member of numerous agricultural associations but also had an abiding interest in the history of Southern Alberta. He was president of the Lethbridge Historical Society, a founding member of the Alberta Museums Association, a member of the Alberta Historical Resources Foundation Board of Governors, and a member of the City of Lethbridge Museum Advisory Committee. He researched and wrote extensively on the history of southern Alberta and, in particular, the City of Lethbridge, including its industries, social life and culture, first nations, ethnic groups, and individual and family life. For his efforts, he received a 1967 Canada Centennial Medal, honourary members and an honourary degree from the University of Lethbridge. He died in 1989.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of biographical information, diplomas, correspondence, publications, histories, minutes, and research materials of Alexander Johnston pertaining to his activities as a historian and heritage activist. Includes original and photocopied research materials pertaining to irrigation, agriculture, natural history, ranching, coal mining, ethnic and religious groups, local medical history, Fort Whoop-Up, as well as Lethbridge individuals, families, events, community organizations and buildings. Also includes oral history interviews with Lethbridge citizens.
Notes
Title based on the contents of the fonds.
Finding Aid
File list available.
Category
Agriculture
Family and personal life
Religions
Exploration, discovery and travel
Name Access
Johnston, Alexander, 1920-1989
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Allied Arts Council of Lethbridge fonds

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions8
Date Range
1952-1988
Description Level
Fonds
Accession No.
19901039000
Physical Description
3.3 m. of textual records. -- 17 photographs.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of minutes of executive and annual general meetings of the Allied Arts Council of Lethbridge, financial records, correspondence, and project files pertaining to activities of the Council and its member groups.
Date Range
1952-1988
Fonds
Allied Arts Council of Lethbridge fonds
Description Level
Fonds
Creator
Allied Arts Council of Lethbridge
Physical Description
3.3 m. of textual records. -- 17 photographs.
History / Biographical
The Allied Arts Council of Lethbridge was established in 1952 to coordinate and support the development of the arts in Lethbridge. The Council operates the Bowman Arts Centre.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of minutes of executive and annual general meetings of the Allied Arts Council of Lethbridge, financial records, correspondence, and project files pertaining to activities of the Council and its member groups.
Notes
Title based on the contents of the fonds.
Accession No.
19901039000
Category
Arts
Collection
Archive
Less detail

Galt Hospital Women's Auxiliary

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions29
Date Range
1931-1944
Description Level
Fonds
Accession No.
19861043001
Physical Description
24 cm of textual records.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of minutes of monthly meetings of the Galt Hospital Women's Auxiliary, annual reports, financial reports, correspondence, and bills and receipts.
Date Range
1931-1944
Fonds
Galt Hospital Women's Auxiliary
Description Level
Fonds
Creator
Galt Hospital Women's Auxiliary
Physical Description
24 cm of textual records.
History / Biographical
Administrative history unavailable.
Scope and Content
The fonds consists of minutes of monthly meetings of the Galt Hospital Women's Auxiliary, annual reports, financial reports, correspondence, and bills and receipts.
Notes
Title based on the contents of the fonds.
Finding Aid
File list available.
Accession No.
19861043001
Category
Women
Health services
Collection
Archive
Less detail

PROJECTOR, MOTION-PICTURE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact13342
Other Name
MOTIOGRAPH AA PROJECTOR
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20120038001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MOTIOGRAPH AA PROJECTOR
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
4
Height
202
Length
57
Description
A. PROJECTOR, FILM. GREY METAL BODY FIXED AT FRONT WITH MOTIOGRAPH AA PROJECTOR MECHANISM. BACK OF THE BODY HAS POWER (“ON/OFF”) AND IGNITE SWITCHES; BACK HAS GAUGES WITH GLASS COVERS MARKING HOURS (“16270”) AND 0-100 MV. BACK HAS SILVER LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “STRONG X-16 TWO-SIDE LAMPHOUSE, D.C. VOLTS 28-32, D.C. AMPS. 60-95, TYPE NO. 76002-3, SERIAL NO. 65196, MFD. BY THE STRONG ELECTRIC CORP., TOLEDO, OHIO, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 76100” AND A BLUE STICKER ON LABEL “CSA SPECIAL TESTING LABORATORIES, S108124, ACCEPTANCE”. BACK HAS THREE BLACK DIALS MARKED “V”, “H”, “F”; FRONT HAS THREE BLACK DIALS MARKED “V”, “H”, “F” ON BLACK METAL PLATE WITH WHITE TEXT “VERT”, “HORTZ”, “FOCUS”. BASE HAS A WHITE SWITCH BENEATH THE MAIN LAMP HOUSE. LAMP HOUSE SIDE HAS HINGED COVER WITH SILVER AND RED PLATE FIXED TO COVER, “CAUTION, USE FACE MASK, OBSERVE SAFETY RULES, ALLOW LAMP TO COOL 10 MIN BEFORE OPENING DOORS”. FRONT HAS REEL MOUNTS FIXED TO TOP AND BOTTOM; TOP REEL MOUNT IS MARKED “A-675” AND HAS SILVER SHIPPING REEL WITH 35MM FILM ATTACHED (B); BOTTOM REEL MOUNT IS MARKED A-676 AND HAS EMPTY SILVER SHIPPING REEL ATTACHED (D). BENEATH REEL MOUNT IS MOUNTED ELECTRIC CHANGEOVER MECHANISM; UNFINISHED STEEL WITH SILVER SCREWS AND INSERTS; SILVER PLATE ON FRONT OF MECHANISM HAS RED TEXT READING “ZIPPER” AND BLACK TEXT READING “ELECTRIC CHANGEOVER, PATENT 1796970, OTHER PATS. PEND., MODEL 14-14, SERIAL 2537, VOLTS 117 A.C., AMPS 2, MFD. BY ESSANNAY ELECTRIC MFG., G.G., 1438 N. CLARK ST., CHICAGO 10, ILL.” MOTIOGRAPH AA PROJECTOR MECHANISM HAS LENS ATTACHED AT FRONT (C); MOTIOGRAPH AA PROJECTOR MECHANISM HAS RED DIAL BESIDE FRONT CHAMBER COVER WITH WHITE TEXT “FRAME”. MOTIOGRAPH AA PROJECTOR MECHANISM HAS HINGED CHAMBER COVER WITH FRONT FIXED SILVER PLATE WITH RED TEXT READING “MOTIOGRAPH” IN RED, AND YELLOW AND BLACK LABEL READING “SHARP’S THEATRE SUPPLIES LIMITED, FILM EXCHANGE BUILDING, PHONE M-4076—CALGARY, ALBERTA.” INSIDE HINGED CHAMBER COVER IS WHITE LABEL “UL, MODEL AA, FRAMING LAMP 120V 25W, MOTIOGRAPH INC., CHICAGO”. BENEATH IS LOWER CHAMBER WITH STEEL AND GLASS HINGED COVER. BASE OF LAMP HOUSE PEDESTAL IS SCRATCHED; INSIDE OF MOTIOGRAPH AA PROJECTOR MECHANISM TOP CHAMBER IS DETACHED BLACK METAL SLIDE WITH CENTER CUT OUT AND RED KNOB AT THE END. OVERALL PROJECTOR AND COMPONENTS IN GOOD CONDITION. B. FILM REEL, 37.2CM DIAMETER X 4.3CM DEEP, INCLUDES 35MM FILM. SHIPPING REEL; UNFINISHED PRESSED STEEL; FIXED WITH UNMARKED WHITE TAPE. REEL IS HANDMARKED WITH RED “T”. C. LENS, PROJECTOR, 41.7CM LONG X 11.5CM DIAMETER. CINEMASCOPE/ANAMORPHIC (LONG LENS) FORMAT. BRASS END COMPONENT IS STAMPED “SUPER SNAPLITE”, “KOLLMORGEN OPTICAL CORP”, “BX 241 F:1.9 3 ¼ IN.” SILVER LENS COMPONENT IS MARKED “MADE IN JAPAN, 19313, PROMINAR ANAMORPHIC”. LENS FRONT IS BLACK; LENS GOES TO 350 FEET. D. FILM REEL, 37CM DIAMETER X 5.3CM DEEP, SHIPPING. UNFINISHED PRESSED STEEL, EMPTY, HANDMARKED IN RED “2” AND ON MASKING TAPE IN BLACK “7”. FIXED TO LOWER REEL MOUNT ON PROJECTOR.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
LEISURE
History
ON APRIL 11, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LARRY AND ANDREA BECKER, OWNERS OF THE FORMER WATERTON THEATRE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WHERE THE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT WAS USED. DURING THE INTERVIEW, THE BECKERS ELABORATED ON HOW THEIR THEATRE CLOSED, HOW THE EQUIPMENT WAS USED IN THEIR THEATRE, AND HOW AL ANCTIL CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE THEATRE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT. LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HOW ANCTIL BECAME THE OWNER AND DONOR OF THE EQUIPMENT, STATING, “THIS EQUIPMENT IS BUILT AND DESIGNED TO EXHIBIT 35 MM MOTION PICTURE FILM. IN 2011, WHEN WE DISPOSED OF THE EQUIPMENT, FILM WAS BECOMING OBSOLETE. IT WAS NO LONGER AVAILABLE TO US AS AN EXHIBITION MEDIUM, SO WE WERE FACED WITH THE CHALLENGE OF CONVERTING TO A DIGITAL PROJECTION, IF WE WANTED TO CONTINUE SHOWING MOTION PICTURES. WE HAD TO GET RID OF THIS, AND AL [ANCTIL] THOUGHT HE HAD A USE FOR IT. AT THE TIME, HE WAS SELLING US COFFEE. WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP IN THE THEATRE, SO WE HAD THAT RELATIONSHIP WITH AL; AND I’M NOT SURE WHY AL WANTED IT…I DON’T KNOW IF HE EVER INTENDED TO USE IT. I THINK, UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, IT MIGHT BE USEFUL, IF SOMEBODY COULD ACCESS SOME 35 MM FILM TO RUN THROUGH IT. WHEN WE HEARD THAT AL WANTED IT, WE SAID “SURE, YOU CAN HAVE IT AL. WE NO LONGER HAVE ANY USE FOR IT.”” “IT WAS THE COST OF THE CONVERSION [THAT INFLUENCED OUR DECISION TO CLOSE]. INITIALLY, WHEN ALL OF THE THEATRES WERE FACED WITH THE CONVERSION, WITHIN A VERY SHORT WINDOW, THE DEMAND FOR THE EQUIPMENT WAS VERY HIGH; COSTS WERE VERY HIGH, AND IT JUST WASN’T FINANCIALLY VIABLE IN A SEASONAL OPERATION, SO WE DECIDED NOT TO PROCEED, AT THAT TIME, WITH THE DIGITAL UPGRADING/CONVERSION. WE WERE WORKING QUITE HARD, BECAUSE WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP, AN ICE CREAM STORE, AND A MOVIE THEATRE. THE MOVIE THEATRE WAS THE FUN PART OF IT.” “WE WERE AT THE END OF OUR LAST SEASON IN 2011, AND WE HAD WORKED OUT AN ARRANGEMENT WITH THE TENANT, TO TAKE IT OVER, TO RUN IT AS A ‘STAGE AND GRILL’ KIND OF OPERATION. THEY WERE GOING TO PUT A KITCHEN IN, AND SERVE MEALS, AND PRESENT MUSIC ACTS ON STAGE.” ON THE PROJECTOR, LARRY BECKER INDICATED, “IT WAS OLD [IN 2011]. IT WAS VERY WELL-DESIGNED, AND BUILT EQUIPMENT, WHEN IT WAS NEW. THE PROJECTOR IS…THE HEART OF THE OPERATION, AND IT’S A MOTIOGRAPH PROJECTOR WITH THE MOTIOGRAPH SOUND HEAD…AND THAT WAS PROBABLY NEW IN THE LATE '40S OR EARLY ‘50S, WHEN THE MOTION PICTURE INDUSTRY WAS IN AN ABSOLUTE HEY-DAY. HUGE INVESTMENTS WERE MADE IN DEVELOPING HIGH QUALITY EQUIPMENT FOR THE MOTION PICTURE EXHIBITIONS. THIS PROJECTOR, EVEN THOUGH IT WAS VERY OLD, BENEFITTED FROM THAT DESIGN PERIOD, AND WAS STILL WORKING REASONABLY WELL.” “WE REPLACED THE LAMP HOUSE [FROM AN OLD CARBON ARC LAMP TO…A ZENON BULB AS A LIGHT SOURCE]. [WE PICKED UP BULBS AND EQUIPMENT] FROM ‘TEN STORIES’. “[THERE WOULD BE A] BELL HERE, BEFORE WE PUT THE PLATTER SYSTEM IN… [THE BELL] WAS ATTACHED TO THE PROJECTOR, AND THIS WAS WHEN THESE SMALL 20 MINUTE REELS WOULD BE LOADED ON TO THIS REEL LINE, AND WHEN THERE WAS ABOUT 2 OR 2 1/2 MINUTES FILM LEFT ON THE PAY-OUT REEL…[THE] BELL WOULD START TO RING; START TO TURN AT A SPEED, AND THAT WAS TO SIGNAL THE PROJECTIONIST TO GET READY, BECAUSE HE WAS GOING TO HAVE TO DO A CHANGE-OVER. WHEN THAT BELL RANG, THE PROJECTIONIST WOULD LOOK THROUGH A PORT IN THE PROJECTION ROOM, AND LOOK FOR A LITTLE DOT UP IN THE RIGHT HAND CORNER OF THE FILM. THERE WOULD BE TWO OF THEM. WHEN YOU HEARD THE BELL, YOU’D STRIKE THE LAMP WITH THE OLD CARBON ARCS; GET THE LAMP HOUSE RUNNING. THEN YOU’D SEE THE FIRST DOT, THAT WAS YOUR SIGNAL TO START THE PROJECTOR, THEN, WHEN YOU SAW THE SECOND DOT, THERE WAS A PEDAL ON THE FLOOR, OR A HAND SWITCH, THAT YOU WOULD ACTIVATE, AND THAT WOULD CLOSE THE SHUTTER ON ONE PROJECTOR, AND OPEN IT ON THE OTHER ONE. IF THE PROJECTIONIST WAS GOOD, IT WAS SEAMLESS. THE AUDIENCE WOULD NEVER KNOW THAT THERE WAS A REEL CHANGE.” “THERE WOULD BE TWO PROJECTORS RUNNING SIDE-BY-SIDE. I DID OPERATE IT FOR A WHILE, WITH THE CHANGE-OVERS, BUT THAT WAS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I REALLY WANTED TO CHANGE ABOUT WATERTON. I WANTED JUST TO MAKE MY JOB A LOT EASIER. [THAT WAS] THE INTRODUCTION OF THE PLATTER SYSTEM, AND THE ZENON LAMP.” LARRY BECKER DISCUSSED THE PURPOSE OF THE LENS IN USE WITH PROJECTOR EQUIPMENT, STATING, “FILM WAS STILL AVAILABLE IN BOTH FORMATS, AND WHEN IT CAME IN, WE HAD TO KNOW WHICH FORMAT IT WAS, BECAUSE THEN WE WOULD USE THE APPROPRIATE LENS. [THE LENS] WAS STILL IN USE. PRODUCTION COSTS WERE PROBABLY…A LITTLE HIGHER IF THEY WERE SHOOTING IN THE CINEMASCOPE. I THINK THE FLAT LENS, THE 185 ASPECT RATIO WAS A BETTER RATIO FOR TELEVISION. I ALWAYS THOUGHT THAT, IF THEY THOUGHT THAT THE MOVIE WAS GOING TO HAVE A SHORT RUN IN THEATRES, AND THEN A BROADER AUDIENCE ON TELEVISION, THEN THAT FORMAT [185 ASPECT RATIO] WAS MORE SUITABLE. WE REPLACED [THE ORIGINAL LENSES].” THE BECKERS SPOKE ABOUT THEIR ARRIVAL IN WATERTON AND THEIR HISTORY WORKING IN THEATRES, WITH LARRY BEGINNING HIS CAREER WORKING IN THE PALACE THEATRE IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. IN 1975, THE BECKERS BECAME INTERESTED IN PURCHASING THE THEATRE IN WATERTON, AND BY 1976 THEY WERE RUNNING THE WATERTON THEATRE. LARRY NOTED HOW THE BECKERS BECAME INVOLVED WITH THE WATERTON THEATRE “I WAS TRAVELING TO WATERTON. I HAD NEVER BEEN TO WATERTON. I HAD AN OCCASION TO GO TO GREAT FALLS. IT WAS ON…A BUSINESS TRIP, AND IT WAS OVER A WEEKEND. I LOOKED AT THE MAP, AND I THOUGHT, “IF WE LEAVE AROUND DINNERTIME ON FRIDAY, WE CAN SPEND A NIGHT IN WATERTON…AND THEN WE CAN CONTINUE TO GREAT FALLS THE NEXT DAY.” GOT INTO WATERTON, AND, BY THIS TIME, THE SUN HAD SET, AND I STILL DIDN’T REALIZE I WAS IN THE MOUNTAINS. I SORT OF LOOKED AROUND. I DIDN’T HAVE A ROOM BOOKED, AND GOT A ROOM IN ALLEN’S LAKESHORE BUNGALOWS, WHICH WERE ON THE SHORE OF WATERTON LAKE, AT THAT TIME, AND WHEN I GOT UP IN THE MORNING, AND LOOKED AROUND, I COULDN’T BELIEVE WHERE I WAS. I MEAN, IT WAS JUST THE MOST BEAUTIFUL THING…IT WAS STUNNINGLY, GORGEOUS! THEN I THOUGHT, “I’LL TAKE A STROLL AROUND TOWN”, AND THERE WAS A MOVIE THEATRE. OF COURSE, BEING IN THE BUSINESS, I’VE GOT TO STOP AND YOU…FIND OUT WHAT’S GOING ON THERE. I CHATTED WITH A YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE LOOKING AFTER THE PLACE FOR LOTTIE BREWERTON. LOTTIE, AND HER HUSBAND, GORDON, HAD BUILT IT BACK IN ’35. LOTTIE WAS GORDON’S WIDOW. SHE WASN’T INVOLVED IN THE OPERATION, BUT SHE HAD SOME YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE HELPING HER OUT, SO, IN THE CONVERSATION, THEY SAID, “YOU KNOW, I THINK LOTTIE WANTS TO SELL.” I WENT BACK TO CALGARY, AND NEVER REALLY THOUGHT TOO MUCH ABOUT IT UNTIL SEVERAL MONTHS LATER, AND IT WAS SORT OF ON MY MIND, AND I THOUGHT, “WELL, I’M GOING TO GET AHOLD OF LOTTIE AND SEE WHAT THE DEAL IS HERE?” “IT NEEDED WORK. IT’S NOT A BIG MONEY-MAKING OPERATION IN WATERTON, SO IT WAS…HARD TO DO THE THINGS THAT NEEDED TO BE DONE. OVER THE YEARS, WE KIND OF KEPT IT GOING…BUT IT WAS ALWAYS…AN EXPERIENTIAL THING. IT WAS KIND OF AN ANTIQUE IN ITSELF. IT WAS NEVER INTENDED TO BE LIKE THE CITY THEATRES – IT’S A MUCH MORE CASUAL ENVIRONMENT.” “I LIKE THE STYLE OF THE BUILDING. IT’S A GORGEOUS OLD BUILDING – TUDOR-REVIVAL. IT’S GOT AN INTERESTING HISTORY. BACK IN THE MID-‘30S, PARKS CANADA WAS ENCOURAGING DEVELOPMENT IN WATERTON, AND WAS GIVING OUT THE COMMERCIAL LEASES, BUT THEY ALSO WANTED SORT OF AN ARCHITECTURAL THEME TO THE TOWNSITE. THEY HAD AN ARCHITECTURAL DIVISION, AND THEY HAD ARCHITECTS ON STAFF, AND IT WAS THAT BRANCH OF PARKS CANADA, THAT DESIGNED THAT BUILDING, AND MANY OF THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN WATERTON. IT’S GOT SOME CHARM. IT’S NICE THAT WAY.” ANDREA BECKER ADDED, “IT’S…A PRIVILEGE TO BE A WATERTON BUSINESS OWNER. IT’S A VERY SMALL COMMUNITY, AND IT’S A LIFESTYLE KIND OF ENVIRONMENT, AS WELL, FOR THE BUSINESS PEOPLE THERE. WE…FEEL THAT IT IS A SPECIAL THING TO DO…” LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HIS TRAINING WORKING IN THEATRES AND HIS EARLY START IN THE WATERTON THEATRE, “WHEN I STARTED DOING PROJECTION WORK, IT WAS A LICENSED TRADE IN THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA, AND, IN THE EARLY DAYS OF MOTION PICTURE EXHIBITION, THE FILM STOCK WAS A SILVER NITRATE FILM STOCK WHICH WAS, LITERALLY, EXPLOSIVE. PROJECTION ROOMS, INCLUDING THE ONE IN WATERTON, WERE BUILT LIKE A BUNKER. THEY WERE CEMENT ROOMS, WITH FIRE SHUTTERS, THAT WOULD SLAM SHUT IF SOMETHING WENT WRONG IN THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM TO BECOME A PROJECTIONIST WAS A 3 YEAR PROGRAM, AND THERE WAS DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF LICENSING. WHEN I STARTED IN [1977] I OWNED THE THEATRE IN FORT MACLEOD AND I HAD TO DO AN APPRENTICESHIP, IN MY OWN THEATRE, BEFORE I WAS ALLOWED TO OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT. I BECAME A CERTIFIED PROJECTIONIST. I MENTION THE EARLY DAYS WITH THE SILVER NITRATE FILM, WHICH WAS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE, AND DANGEROUS. THAT HAD BEEN REPLACED BY ACETATE FILM, LONG BEFORE I BECAME INVOLVED, AND SO THE FILM STOCK WAS NO LONGER…COMBUSTIBLE, AND SO IT WAS A MUCH SAFER ENVIRONMENT. NONETHELESS, SOME OF THE OLD REGULATIONS SORT OF CARRIED FORWARD, AND SLOWLY CHANGED.” I WAS NEVER A PROJECTIONIST IN MEDICINE HAT AND CALGARY. I WAS JUST IN MANAGEMENT, SO I WASN’T THAT FAMILIAR WITH ALL OF THIS [WHEN WE BOUGHT THE WATERTON THEATRE]. IT WAS A BIT OF A LEARNING PROCESS FOR ME. I ENDED UP DOING AN APPRENTICESHIP IN MY OWN THEATRE IN FORT MACLEOD. I HIRED A PROJECTIONIST THE FIRST COUPLE OF YEARS IN WATERTON, AND I HAD TO BRING SOMEBODY DOWN FROM CALGARY TO RUN THE PROJECTOR. WHEN I GOT INTO FORT MACLEOD, I WANTED TO DO MY OWN PROJECTION WORK, AND THAT’S WHEN I DID THE APPRENTICESHIP.” [THE PROJECTIONIST WE BROUGHT TO WATERTON] WAS A FELLOW BY THE NAME OF DOUG COOPER…HE WAS FAMILIAR WITH THIS EQUIPMENT. THE CHANGES HAD STARTED IN THE CITY, BUT HE WAS FAMILIAR WITH DOING THIS KIND OF WORK. HE HAD LEARNED ON IT TOO, SO IT WASN’T A MYSTERY TO HIM. HE WAS ABLE TO MANAGE IT QUITE WELL. [WE HIRED] A DIFFERENT GUY EACH YEAR. DOUG WAS THE FIRST YEAR.” “ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS INTERESTING ABOUT THE THEATRE WHEN I TOOK IT OVER IS THAT, FOR LIGHT SOURCES IN THE PROJECTION ROOM, THE LAMPS THAT ILLUMINATED THE SCREEN WERE BURNING CARBON ARCS. CARBON ARCS CAME IN A BOX; YOU INSTALLED THEM IN THE LAMP HOUSE. WHEN YOU STARTED THE MOVIE, YOU’D STRIKE THEM TOGETHER, AND THEY WOULD CREATE AN ARC AND FLAME BETWEEN THESE CARBON RODS. THAT WAS WHAT PRODUCED THE LIGHT. IT WAS MAGNIFIED BY A MIRROR DOWN THROUGH THE LENS, AND WITH THE SCREEN. WITH THAT KIND OF A LIGHT SOURCE, YOU HAD TO BE IN THE PROJECTION ROOM…ALL THE TIME. YOU COULDN’T LEAVE THE PROJECTION ROOM WHILE THE MOVIE WAS RUNNING. AS A MATTER OF FACT, PROJECTION ROOMS HAD TOILETS IN THEM DURING THAT PERIOD. CHANGING THAT OUT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS THAT I DID, BECAUSE IT MADE IT A LOT EASIER TO GET OUT OF THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE OTHER THING – THE FILM WAS RUN OFF OF 18 20-MINUTE REELS AT THAT TIME, SO THERE WERE 2 PROJECTORS. WE WERE CONSTANTLY CHANGING BACK AND FORTH, FROM ONE PROJECTOR TO THE OTHER. GETTING RID OF THE CARBON ARC LAMP HOUSES, AND INSTALLING A PLATTER SYSTEM, WHICH ALLOWED…THE PROGRAM TO BE SPLICED TOGETHER ON THE SINGLE REELS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND HISTORIES OF THE WATERTON THEATRE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120038001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120038001
Acquisition Date
2012-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“HONOURARY LIEUTENANT COLONEL FRED T. KING”
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SILVER, WOOD, FELT
Catalogue Number
P20130018000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“HONOURARY LIEUTENANT COLONEL FRED T. KING”
Date
1968
Materials
SILVER, WOOD, FELT
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.25
Length
18.5
Width
10
Description
RECTANGULAR BOX WITH HINGED LID, MADE OF SILVER WITH WOOD INTERIOR LINING. SCROLLWORK ON UPPER AND LOWER EDGES, WITH SCALLOPED SHAPE ON LIP OF LID. LID IS ENGRAVED WITH TEXT READING “PRESENTED TO HONOURARY LIEUTENANT COLONEL FRED T. KING ON THE OCCASION OF HIS MARRIAGE JANUARY TWENTY FOURTH NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY EIGHT BY THE COMMANDING OFFICER AND OFFICERS OF THE EIGHTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY (MILITIA)”. BOTTOM OF BOX HAS FOUR CIRCLES OF GREEN FELT GLUED ON AT THE BOX’S CORNERS. A FAINT MAKERS’ STAMP AND SILVER HALLMARK ARE BARELY VISIBLE AT THE CENTER OF THE BOX’S BOTTOM – ONLY THE WORDS “OLD”, “MADE IN CANADA” AND “98” ARE LEGIBILE. BOX’S WOOD INTERIOR HAS SOME AREAS OF WHITE STAINING FROM REMNANTS OF SILVER POLISH. EXTERIOR IS TARNISHED. VERY GOOD CONDITION OVERALL.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
CONTAINER
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
THIS BOX WAS GIVEN TO FRED KING TO COMMEMORATE HIS MARRIAGE TO NANCY TIDMARSH ON JANUARY 24, 1968, FROM THE OFFICERS OF THE 18TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT. AFTER KING’S DEATH IN 1986, NANCY KEPT THE BOX, PASSING IT ALONG TO FAMILY FRIENDS CAROLE AND JACK ROBERTS, THE DONORS. COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE ROBERTS ABOUT THEIR POSSESSION OF THE BOX ON JANUARY 19, 2015. CAROLE SAID: “WE BECAME GOOD FRIENDS [WITH NANCY]. WE HELPED HER MOVE [BECAUSE] SHE WAS ON HER OWN – HER HUSBAND HAD PASSED AWAY YEARS AGO AND SHE WAS A LADY THAT HAD MOVED HERE AS A YOUNG ENGLISH GIRL AFTER THE WAR TO WORK AT ST. MICHAEL’S HOSPITAL… WE CAME INTO POSSESSION [OF THE BOX] BECAUSE SHE THOUGHT WE SHOULD GIVE IT TO THE MUSEUM OR GIVE IT TO THE LEGION. WE WERE DOWNSIZING FOR HER... I POLISHED IT AND PUT IT IN A PLACE OF HONOUR.” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON FRED KING WAS FOUND IN THE CATALOGUE RECORD FOR ARTIFACT P19790097000 - KING’S RCA SERGE UNIFORM. ACCORDING TO FREDERICK “FRED” THOMAS KING’S OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, “KING PASSED AWAY ON SATURDAY MARCH 8TH 1986, AT THE AGE OF 82 YEARS, BELOVED HUSBAND OF MRS. NANCY KING OF 1416, 15TH AVENUE SOUTH, LETHBRIDGE. BORN IN LONDON ENGLAND IN 1904, THE LATE MR. KING IMMIGRATED TO CANADA IN 1919 TO MAPLE CREEK SASKATCHEWAN. HE LATER MOVED TO WINNIPEG, MANITOBA WHERE HE TRAINED AS A MECHANIC FOR THE CPR. FRED LATER MOVED TO ALBERTA WHERE HE BECAME INVOLVED IN THE AUTOMOBILE BUSINESS IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1927, FORMING FRED KING MOTOR CO. LTD., IN 1945, AND OPERATED A SUCCESSFUL AUTOMOBILE DEALERSHIP UNTIL RETIRING IN 1971. MR. KING WAS APPOINTED HONORARY LIEUTENANT COLONEL 18TH FIELD REGIMENT, ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY IN 1965 AND HONORARY COLONEL 1969-1977. HE WAS ALSO APPOINTED TO THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE ARMY CADET LEAGUE OF CANADA FROM 1971-1977 AND SERVED ON THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE ALBERTA ARMY CADET LEAGUE FROM 1971-78 AND WAS PRESIDENT FROM 1975-1976.” ACCORDING TO THE BIOGRAPHY IN THE PERMANENT FILE, “KING ENLISTED AS GUNNER 112TH FIELD BATTERY, ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY IN 1940 AND WAS COMMISSIONED LIEUTENANT 41ST FIELD REGIMENT, ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY IN 1944. KING WAS ALSO AN HONORARY PRESIDENT OF THE GENERAL STEWART BRANCH OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION (AT THE TIME OF DONATION IN 1982).” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19790097000. OTHER COLLECTED ARTIFACTS RELATED TO KING INCLUDE: P19820020000, P19820021000, P19820022001-6, P19820023000, P19820024000, AND P19860039000.
Catalogue Number
P20130018000
Acquisition Date
2013-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BOXED, “B-D YALE, REGULAR POINT”
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, PLASTIC, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140027001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BOXED, “B-D YALE, REGULAR POINT”
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
1980
Materials
CARDBOARD, PLASTIC, METAL
No. Pieces
4
Height
1.25
Length
7
Width
6.25
Description
SQUARE CARDBOARD BOX CONTAINING STAINLESS STEEL HYPODERMIC NEEDLES IN PLASTIC TUBES. VERY GOOD CONDITION OVERALL. .A – BOX LID – BLUE AND WHITE WITH TEXT READING “B-D YALE, ONE DOZEN 25G ½”, REGULAR POINT HYPODERMIC NEEDLES”. TWO LIGHT BLUE PRICE STICKERS IN THE LOWER LEFT CORNER OF THE LID ARE STAMPED WITH TEXT READING “WOODWARD’S” AND TWO DIFFERENT PRICES. 1.1 X 7 X 6.25 .B – BOX BOTTOM – WHITE CARDBOARD WITH A NUMBER STAMPED IN BLUE INK ON BOTTOM: “37863C”. 1 X 6.8 X 6 .C – NEEDLES – SIX STAINLESS STEEL NEEDLES CLIPPED INTO THREE CLEAR PLASTIC TUBES, POINTED ENDS FACING INWARD, THAT ARE HELD TOGETHER WITH BEADS OF PLASTIC ALONG INNER EDGES. 0.75 X 6.5 X 2.75 .D – NEEDLES – TWO STAINLESS STEEL NEEDLES CLIPPED INTO ONE CLEAR PLASTIC TUBE, POINTED ENDS FACING INWARD. 0.75 X 6.5 X 0.75
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS BOX OF HYPODERMIC NEEDLES BELONGED TO THE DONOR, JIM JORDAN, WHO USED THEM AS PART OF HIS TREATMENT FOR TYPE 1 DIABETES FROM THE 1960S THROUGH THE 1980S. ON JULY 14, 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED JORDAN ABOUT HIS PERSONAL HISTORY WITH THE DISEASE AND THE EVOLUTION OF TREATMENT TECHNIQUES OVER THE PAST 50 YEARS. JORDAN SAID: “I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN BELLEVUE IN THE CROWSNEST PASS… THEN I MOVED TO CALGARY [IN 1958]. I WORKED THERE FOR APPROXIMATELY A YEAR AND THEN THE ECONOMY CRASHED AND THERE WAS ACTUALLY NO EMPLOYMENT, SO I JOINED THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY FOR THREE YEARS… BEING RELEASED IN JUNE 1963 I RETURNED TO CALGARY AND WENT TO WORK FOR THE CITY OF CALGARY… I WASN’T FEELING TOO WELL. I HAD A COUPLE OF SORES ON MY FOOT SO I WENT TO THE DOCTOR AND HE DID SOME CHECKS ON ME… HE SAYS TO ME “I WANT YOU TO REPORT TO THE HOLY CROSS HOSPITAL THIS AFTERNOON AND WE’LL START DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT FOR WHAT WE CONTEMPLATE IS TYPE 1 DIABETES.”… I WAS ONLY 20 YEARS OLD. IN THOSE DAYS, THE LIFE EXPECTANCY FOR A PERSON DIAGNOSED WITH DIABETES WAS APPROXIMATELY 20 YEARS, SO, I THOUGHT WELL, I’VE LIVED HALF MY LIFE ALREADY… THINGS IN THE WAY THEY TREATED DIABETES IN THOSE DAYS HAVE REALLY CHANGED SIGNIFICANTLY. SO MUCH SO THAT HERE I AM AT AGE 71. I’VE EXCEEDED WHAT THEY TOLD ME WAS MY LIFE EXPECTANCY, AND THAT’S BECAUSE OF THE IMPROVEMENTS THEY MADE IN SUGAR DIABETES CARE OVER THE YEARS.” JORDAN CONTINUED: “WHEN I WAS IN THE HOLY CROSS HOSPITAL, I BEFRIENDED A YOUNG WOMAN WHO WAS JUST A STUDENT NURSE, AND HER AND I BECAME CLOSE AND DATED FOR A COUPLE OF YEARS AFTER THAT… SHE WAS ON MY CASE EVERY TIME WE WENT ANYWHERE AND DID ANYTHING. IF I FELL OFF THE WAGON AT ALL [WITH DIET OR TREATMENT] SHE WAS ON MY CASE, AND IT EVENTUALLY GOT THROUGH TO ME WHAT SHE WAS SAYING… SOME OF THE PROBABILITIES OF WHAT COULD OCCUR TO YOU… YOUR KIDNEYS FAILING, YOUR EYES FAILING… I DIDN’T LIKE THE SOUNDS OF THINGS LIKE THAT… I BEGAN TO REALIZE THAT IF I WANTED TO LIVE PAST FORTY, I’D BETTER START MAKING SOME OF THESE CHANGES… YOU KNEW THAT IF YOU WENT OUT AT NIGHT AND HAD THAT HAMBURGER AND THAT BEER WITH THE GUYS… YOU SHOULD NOT HAVE DONE THAT… THE TYPES OF INSULIN THEY WERE USING WERE CHANGING, THE AMOUNT OF INSULIN THAT YOU WERE TAKING [AND] THE TIMES YOU WERE TAKING THE INSULINS… THEY WERE REFINING IT SO IT WORKED BETTER… WHEN I FIRST CAME DOWN [TO LETHBRIDGE, IN THE 1980S] I WAS TAKING INSULIN ONCE A DAY. I WOULD WAKE IN THE MORNING, AND I WOULD READ TO MY BEDSIDE TABLE, AND THESE SYRINGES AND HYPODERMIC NEEDLES WERE SITTING THERE… PICK UP THE NEEDLES AND TAKE YOUR SHOT… THE GLASS SYRINGES AND STAINLESS STEEL HYPODERMIC NEEDLES BECAME A THING OF THE PAST [BY THE LATE 1980S]. THANK GOD FOR THAT BECAUSE THE NEW STUFF WAS A LOT EASIER TO USE… THEY ARE ANCIENT HISTORY AND I’M SURE IF THEY TRIED TO TREAT SOMEBODY TODAY WITH THOSE TYPE OF THINGS THEY WOULD SAY ‘WHOA, I DON’T LIKE THE LOOKS OF THOSE THINGS’, BECAUSE THEY’RE ALMOST LIKE PUNCHING YOURSELF WITH A TOOTHPICK RATHER THAN A NEEDLE… YOU HAD TO PROCESS THOSE GLASS SYRINGES… I WOULD TAKE THE APART AND PUT THEM IN A BATH OF WATER AND VINEGAR, AND BOIL THEM FOR ABOUT FIVE MINUTES… IT STERILIZED THEM, BUT IT ALSO KEPT THE SCALE FROM BUILDING UP ON THE PLUNGER OF THE SYRINGE SO THEY WORKED PROPERLY. THE HYPODERMIC NEEDLES… THEY WERE VERY EXPENSIVE… I USED TO USE THEM FOR APPROXIMATELY TWO WEEKS, AND THEY WOULD GET DULL BY THE END OF TWO WEEKS. THEY WERE ‘OUCH’ TO USE…” WHEN ASKED WHY HE SAVED THE SYRINGES AND NEEDLES LONG AFTER THEY HAD BEEN REPLACED BY NEW MEDICAL EQUIPMENT, JORDAN SAID: “I GUESS THEY SORT OF BECAME LIKE A KEEPSAKE. IN THOSE BOXES IS MY LIFE. IF I DIDN’T HAVE THOSE, I WOULDN’T BE HERE TODAY… AFTER I CHANGED FROM THOSE OLD GIMMICKS TO THE NEWER STYLE, I’D TAKE THEM OUT ABOUT ONCE EVERY SIX MONTHS, AND LOOK AT THEM, AND SAY ‘I SHOULD JUST GET RID OF THOSE THINGS’… IT’S LIKE AN OLD POCKET KNIFE… I’M GOING TO HANG ONTO IT EVEN THOUGH IT’S DULL AND NO LONGER ANY USE… THERE IS A RITUAL. YOU GET UP IN THE MORNING, AND YOU WASH, AND YOU TAKE YOUR SHOTS, AND YOU GO DOWN AND EAT, AND THEN YOU START THE CLOCK TICKING… I THINK IT’S IMPORTANT THAT PEOPLE SEE SOME HISTORY OF THE MEDICAL PROGRESS THAT’S BEEN MADE, IN THIS ONE PARTICULAR AREA… [THESE SYRINGES AND NEEDLES] ARE AN INTERESTING [ARTIFACT] OF HISTORY ABOUT DIABETES, AND HOW IT’S BEEN PROGRESSED AND LOOKED AFTER…” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL TRANSCRIPT OF INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P20140027001
Acquisition Date
2014-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CASED, “CAUTION - PRESSURE SENSITIVE LABELS”
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20140027002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CASED, “CAUTION - PRESSURE SENSITIVE LABELS”
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
1980
Materials
GLASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Height
4.25
Length
14.5
Width
7.75
Description
OVAL-SHAPED PLASTIC CASE CONTAINING TWO GLASS SYRINGES, CUSHIONED WITH PIECE OF PINK TISSUE. VERY GOOD CONDITION OVERALL. .A – CASE – CLEAR PLASTIC LID HINGED TO WHITE PLASTIC BOTTOM. WHITE LABEL ON LID IS SLIGHTLY WRINKLED FROM MOISTURE EXPOSURE, WITH BLACK TEXT READING “CAUTION – PERIODICALLY FLUSH PUMP WITH HOT SOAPY WATER TO CLEAN MECHANISM. DO NOT USE ‘CONCENTRATED’ ACIDS IODINE OR SILVER NITRATE – PRESSURE SENSITIVE LABELS – ALCOHOL BORIC SOL. ACETONE TR – METAPHEN M.E.K. TR – MERTHIOLATE – PERCHLOROETHYLENE 5% PHENOL BENZINE MERCUROCHROME CARBON TET TR – MERCRESIN ETHER TR – ZEPHIRAN”. BOTTOM OF CASE HAS RAISED LOGO READING “DUPONT”. 4.25 X 14.5 X 7.75 .B – SYRINGE – CLEAR GLASS SYRINGE WITH PLUNGER. BROWN VOLUME MARKINGS ALONG LENGTH OF BARREL, AND TEXT READING “B-D YALE INSULIN, MADE IN U.S.A., N 3608, FOR USE WITH U-100 INSULIN ONLY”. 1 X 11 X 1.25 .C - SYRINGE – CLEAR GLASS SYRINGE WITH PLUNGER. BROWN VOLUME MARKINGS ALONG LENGTH OF BARREL, AND TEXT READING “B-D YALE INSULIN, MADE IN U.S.A., O 3720, FOR USE WITH U-100 INSULIN ONLY”. 1 X 11 X 1.25
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THESE GLASS SYRINGES BELONGED TO THE DONOR, JIM JORDAN, WHO USED THEM AS PART OF HIS TREATMENT FOR TYPE 1 DIABETES FROM THE 1960S THROUGH THE 1980S. ON JULY 14, 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED JORDAN ABOUT HIS PERSONAL HISTORY WITH THE DISEASE AND THE EVOLUTION OF TREATMENT TECHNIQUES OVER THE PAST 50 YEARS. JORDAN SAID: “I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN BELLEVUE IN THE CROWSNEST PASS… THEN I MOVED TO CALGARY [IN 1958]. I WORKED THERE FOR APPROXIMATELY A YEAR AND THEN THE ECONOMY CRASHED AND THERE WAS ACTUALLY NO EMPLOYMENT, SO I JOINED THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY FOR THREE YEARS… BEING RELEASED IN JUNE 1963 I RETURNED TO CALGARY AND WENT TO WORK FOR THE CITY OF CALGARY… I WASN’T FEELING TOO WELL. I HAD A COUPLE OF SORES ON MY FOOT SO I WENT TO THE DOCTOR AND HE DID SOME CHECKS ON ME… HE SAYS TO ME “I WANT YOU TO REPORT TO THE HOLY CROSS HOSPITAL THIS AFTERNOON AND WE’LL START DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT FOR WHAT WE CONTEMPLATE IS TYPE 1 DIABETES.”… I WAS ONLY 20 YEARS OLD. IN THOSE DAYS, THE LIFE EXPECTANCY FOR A PERSON DIAGNOSED WITH DIABETES WAS APPROXIMATELY 20 YEARS, SO, I THOUGHT WELL, I’VE LIVED HALF MY LIFE ALREADY… THINGS IN THE WAY THEY TREATED DIABETES IN THOSE DAYS HAVE REALLY CHANGED SIGNIFICANTLY. SO MUCH SO THAT HERE I AM AT AGE 71. I’VE EXCEEDED WHAT THEY TOLD ME WAS MY LIFE EXPECTANCY, AND THAT’S BECAUSE OF THE IMPROVEMENTS THEY MADE IN SUGAR DIABETES CARE OVER THE YEARS.” JORDAN CONTINUED: “WHEN I WAS IN THE HOLY CROSS HOSPITAL, I BEFRIENDED A YOUNG WOMAN WHO WAS JUST A STUDENT NURSE, AND HER AND I BECAME CLOSE AND DATED FOR A COUPLE OF YEARS AFTER THAT… SHE WAS ON MY CASE EVERY TIME WE WENT ANYWHERE AND DID ANYTHING. IF I FELL OFF THE WAGON AT ALL [WITH DIET OR TREATMENT] SHE WAS ON MY CASE, AND IT EVENTUALLY GOT THROUGH TO ME WHAT SHE WAS SAYING… SOME OF THE PROBABILITIES OF WHAT COULD OCCUR TO YOU… YOUR KIDNEYS FAILING, YOUR EYES FAILING… I DIDN’T LIKE THE SOUNDS OF THINGS LIKE THAT… I BEGAN TO REALIZE THAT IF I WANTED TO LIVE PAST FORTY, I’D BETTER START MAKING SOME OF THESE CHANGES… YOU KNEW THAT IF YOU WENT OUT AT NIGHT AND HAD THAT HAMBURGER AND THAT BEER WITH THE GUYS… YOU SHOULD NOT HAVE DONE THAT… THE TYPES OF INSULIN THEY WERE USING WERE CHANGING, THE AMOUNT OF INSULIN THAT YOU WERE TAKING [AND] THE TIMES YOU WERE TAKING THE INSULINS… THEY WERE REFINING IT SO IT WORKED BETTER… WHEN I FIRST CAME DOWN [TO LETHBRIDGE, IN THE 1980S] I WAS TAKING INSULIN ONCE A DAY. I WOULD WAKE IN THE MORNING, AND I WOULD READ TO MY BEDSIDE TABLE, AND THESE SYRINGES AND HYPODERMIC NEEDLES WERE SITTING THERE… PICK UP THE NEEDLES AND TAKE YOUR SHOT… THE GLASS SYRINGES AND STAINLESS STEEL HYPODERMIC NEEDLES BECAME A THING OF THE PAST [BY THE LATE 1980S]. THANK GOD FOR THAT BECAUSE THE NEW STUFF WAS A LOT EASIER TO USE… THEY ARE ANCIENT HISTORY AND I’M SURE IF THEY TRIED TO TREAT SOMEBODY TODAY WITH THOSE TYPE OF THINGS THEY WOULD SAY ‘WHOA, I DON’T LIKE THE LOOKS OF THOSE THINGS’, BECAUSE THEY’RE ALMOST LIKE PUNCHING YOURSELF WITH A TOOTHPICK RATHER THAN A NEEDLE… YOU HAD TO PROCESS THOSE GLASS SYRINGES… I WOULD TAKE THE APART AND PUT THEM IN A BATH OF WATER AND VINEGAR, AND BOIL THEM FOR ABOUT FIVE MINUTES… IT STERILIZED THEM, BUT IT ALSO KEPT THE SCALE FROM BUILDING UP ON THE PLUNGER OF THE SYRINGE SO THEY WORKED PROPERLY. THE HYPODERMIC NEEDLES… THEY WERE VERY EXPENSIVE… I USED TO USE THEM FOR APPROXIMATELY TWO WEEKS, AND THEY WOULD GET DULL BY THE END OF TWO WEEKS. THEY WERE ‘OUCH’ TO USE…” WHEN ASKED WHY HE SAVED THE SYRINGES AND NEEDLES LONG AFTER THEY HAD BEEN REPLACED BY NEW MEDICAL EQUIPMENT, JORDAN SAID: “I GUESS THEY SORT OF BECAME LIKE A KEEPSAKE. IN THOSE BOXES IS MY LIFE. IF I DIDN’T HAVE THOSE, I WOULDN’T BE HERE TODAY… AFTER I CHANGED FROM THOSE OLD GIMMICKS TO THE NEWER STYLE, I’D TAKE THEM OUT ABOUT ONCE EVERY SIX MONTHS, AND LOOK AT THEM, AND SAY ‘I SHOULD JUST GET RID OF THOSE THINGS’… IT’S LIKE AN OLD POCKET KNIFE… I’M GOING TO HANG ONTO IT EVEN THOUGH IT’S DULL AND NO LONGER ANY USE… THERE IS A RITUAL. YOU GET UP IN THE MORNING, AND YOU WASH, AND YOU TAKE YOUR SHOTS, AND YOU GO DOWN AND EAT, AND THEN YOU START THE CLOCK TICKING… I THINK IT’S IMPORTANT THAT PEOPLE SEE SOME HISTORY OF THE MEDICAL PROGRESS THAT’S BEEN MADE, IN THIS ONE PARTICULAR AREA… [THESE SYRINGES AND NEEDLES] ARE AN INTERESTING [ARTIFACT] OF HISTORY ABOUT DIABETES, AND HOW IT’S BEEN PROGRESSED AND LOOKED AFTER…” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL TRANSCRIPT OF INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P20140027002
Acquisition Date
2014-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOL BOOK, “BEGINNERS’ BOTANY”
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, CARDBOARD, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20130029001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOL BOOK, “BEGINNERS’ BOTANY”
Date
1916
Materials
PAPER, CARDBOARD, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.75
Length
19.75
Width
13
Description
HARDCOVER BOOK WITH HANDMADE DUST JACKET OF PURPLE COTTON FABRIC WITH WHITE FLOWERS. JACKET IS STITCHED TOGETHER WITH WHITE THREAD. RECTANGULAR PAPER LABEL STUCK TO FRONT COVER HAS HANDWRITTEN TEXT READING “BOTANY – CHRISTINE NELSON – 643 8TH ST. S. – LETHBRIDGE – GRADE IX”. HANDWRITTEN TEXT IS REPEATED ON THE INNER FRONT COVER. TITLE PAGE OF BOOK HAS PRINTED TEXT READING “MACMILLAN’S CANADIAN SCHOOL SERIES – BEGINNERS’ BOTANY – BY L. H. BAILEY…” WITH A BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOGRAPH OF WHEAT REPRODUCED ON THE OPPOSITE PAGE. BODY OF TEXT CONTAINS INFORMATION ABOUT AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF VARIOUS PLANT LIFE. FABRIC DUST JACKET IS FADED, STAINED, AND WORN ALONG EDGES; PAGES OF BOOK ARE YELLOWED. GOOD CONDITION OVERALL.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
THIS BOOK BELONGED TO CHRISTINE NELSON HERRIOT, THE MOTHER-IN-LAW OF THE DONOR, JIM HAWKES. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT HERRIOT AND HER FAMILY’S CONNECTION TO LETHBRIDGE WAS DEVELOPED WITH A GENEALOGY DOCUMENT PROVIDED BY THE DONOR AT TIME OF DONATION, ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND THE W.F. NELSON FONDS AT GLENBOW ARCHIVES. CHRISTINE NELSON WAS BORN IN 1903 IN RUTLAND, VERMONT TO WILLIAM FREDRICK NELSON AND SARAH CROMWELL BRYAN. IN 1911 WILLIAM TOOK THE POSITION OF MANAGER AT THE ALBERTA LOAN AND INVESTMENT CO., AND THE FAMILY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE. BY 1918 THE COMPANY HAD FAILED, AND WILLIAM OPENED A REAL ESTATE OFFICE, W.F. NELSON & CO., BUT DIED SUDDENLY OF HEART FAILURE THE FOLLOWING YEAR. SUSAN AND CHRISTINE WERE MENTIONED IN THE OCTOBER 19, 1920 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AS RELOCATING TO CALGARY, WHERE CHRISTINE WOULD MEET AND MARRY WILLIAM HAROLD HERRIOT IN 1928. THEIR DAUGHTER JOANNE LATER WED THE DONOR, JIM HAWKES. THE HANDWRITTEN LABEL ON THE FRONT COVER OF THIS BOOK READS “BOTANY – CHRISTINE NELSON – 643 8TH ST. S. – LETHBRIDGE – GRADE IX”, DATING IT TO 1917 WHEN CHRISTINE WAS 14 YEARS OLD. L. H. BAILEY’S ‘BEGINNERS’ BOTANY’ WAS FIRST PUBLISHED IN 1909 AND USED IN THE SCHOOL CURRICULUMS OF SEVERAL CANADIAN PROVINCES, BEING REPRINTED BY MACMILLAN COMPANY OF CANADA (TORONTO) IN 1916 AND 1921 AS PART OF THE ‘MACMILLAN CANADIAN SCHOOL SERIES’. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS AND FAMILY HISTORY SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P20130029001
Acquisition Date
2013-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“KITCHEN BOUQUET” CONDIMENT W/ TUBE
Date Range From
1911
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, CARDBOARD, FOIL
Catalogue Number
P20130029002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“KITCHEN BOUQUET” CONDIMENT W/ TUBE
Date Range From
1911
Date Range To
1920
Materials
GLASS, CARDBOARD, FOIL
No. Pieces
4
Height
7
Diameter
3
Description
.A – TUBE – TIN CYLINDRICAL TUBE, LINED WITH CARDBOARD, WITH THREADED TOP RIM AND METAL BASE. A PAPER SHIPPING LABEL IS GLUED AROUND THE OUTSIDE, WITH PRINTED TEXT READING “FROM THE PALISADE MFG. CO. – 247-249 CLINTON AVENUE – WEST HOBOKEN, N. J.” AND TYPEWRITTEN TEXT READING “MRS. C. NELSON – 643 8TH ST., S. – LETHBRIDGE, ATLA.”. A RED STAMP WITH MALE FACE IN PROFILE AND TEXT READING “U.S. POSTAGE – 2 CENTS” IS GLUED ONTO THE LABEL. INSIDE CARDBOARD OF TUBE IS WORN; LABEL IS FADED AND PEELING AT EDGES. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. 7 X 3 X 3 .B – TUBE CAP – TIN CIRCULAR CAP WITH THREADED EDGE. STAMPED TEXT CIRCLES AROUND TOP SIDE AND READS “IMPROVED MAILING CASE CO. – NEW YORK. INSIDE OF CAP IS LINED WITH GREY FELT. SOME WEAR AND DISCOLORATION; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. 0.75 X 3 X 3 .C – BOTTLE – CLEAR GLASS BOTTLE STOPPED WITH CORK AND FILLED WITH DARK BROWN LIQUID. RAISED TEXT ON BOTTOM READS “TOURNADES KITCHEN BOUQUET”. GLUE AND PAPER RESIDUE ON SIDE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 6.5 X 2.2 X 2.2 .D – BOTTLE CAP – FOIL CAP WRAPPER, PRINTED WITH BLUE TEXT ON WHITE BACKGROUND, READING “KITCHEN BOUQUET” ON TOP AND “GUARANTEED GENUINE – J. L. TOURNADE”. BOTTOM EDGE IS IRRIDESCENT PINK. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 1.5 X 1.75 X 1.75
Subjects
FOOD PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
THIS BOTTLE OF “KITCHEN BOUQUET” CONDIMENT SAUCE BELONGED TO CHRISTINE NELSON HERRIOT, THE MOTHER-IN-LAW OF THE DONOR, JIM HAWKES. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT HERRIOT AND HER FAMILY’S CONNECTION TO LETHBRIDGE WAS DEVELOPED WITH A GENEALOGY DOCUMENT PROVIDED BY THE DONOR AT TIME OF DONATION, ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND THE W.F. NELSON FONDS AT GLENBOW ARCHIVES. CHRISTINE NELSON WAS BORN IN 1903 IN RUTLAND, VERMONT TO WILLIAM FREDRICK NELSON AND SARAH CROMWELL BRYAN. IN 1911 WILLIAM TOOK THE POSITION OF MANAGER AT THE ALBERTA LOAN AND INVESTMENT CO., AND THE FAMILY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE. BY 1918 THE COMPANY HAD FAILED, AND WILLIAM OPENED A REAL ESTATE OFFICE, W.F. NELSON & CO., BUT DIED SUDDENLY OF HEART FAILURE THE FOLLOWING YEAR. SUSAN AND CHRISTINE WERE MENTIONED IN THE OCTOBER 19, 1920 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AS RELOCATING TO CALGARY, WHERE CHRISTINE WOULD MEET AND MARRY WILLIAM HAROLD HERRIOT IN 1928. THEIR DAUGHTER JOANNE LATER WED THE DONOR, JIM HAWKES. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF “KITCHEN BOUQUET” WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FOUND ON WWW.COOKSINFO.COM. KITCHEN BOUQUET WAS DEVELOPED TO BE USED AS AN INGREDIENT IN COOKING, RATHER THAN AS A TABLE CONDIMENT. IT IS PRIMARILY USED FOR ITS ABILITY TO ADD A DARK BROWN COLOUR – A “BROWNING AGENT”. THE PRODUCT WAS FIRST DEVELOPED IN THE 1880S BY JULES L. TOURNADE’S PALISADE MANUFACTURING COMPANY IN WEST HOBOKEN, NEW JERSEY. IT WAS ORIGINALLY MARKETED AS “TOURNADE’S KITCHEN BOUQUET”. IN 1923 KITCHEN BOUQUET BECAME A PART OF THE FOULDS COMPANY AS A RESULT OF A MERGER, AND SIX YEARS LATER BECAME ENCOMPASSED IN ANOTHER FOOD CONGLOMERATE, GROCERY STORE PRODUCTS INC. IN 1971 GROCERY STORE PRODUCTS INC. WAS PURCHASED BY THE CLOROX COMPANY, WHICH STILL PRODUCES AND DISTRIBUTES KITCHEN BOUQUET AT THE TIME OF THIS ARTIFACT’S ACQUISITION BY THE GALT MUSEUM. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, FAMILY HISTORY, AND ONLINE SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P20130029002
Acquisition Date
2013-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LETHBRIDGE TRANSIT DIAMOND FARE BOX
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2012
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, BRASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20140018000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LETHBRIDGE TRANSIT DIAMOND FARE BOX
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2012
Materials
STEEL, BRASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
58.5
Length
16
Width
15
Description
CYLINDER WITH STEEL BASE BOLTED TO CLEAR PLASTIC CANISTER, TOPPED WITH ROUNDED ALUMINIUM CAP WITH BEVELED SLOT THAT OPENS INTO PLASTIC CANISTER WITH TWO TOOTHED, METAL, ANGLED FLAPS. BASE HAS TWO IRREGULAR METAL SHAPES EMERGING FROM ONE SIDE, AND A RED, WHITE, AND YELLOW LABEL STUCK TO THE OPPOSITE SIDE THAT READS “CASH FARES – PLEASE OBTAIN A TRANSFER WHEN PAYING FARE… L.A. TRANSIT…”. BASE BOTTOM IS STOPPED WITH BRASS PLUG, STAMPED WITH TEXT READING “DIAMOND MFG. CO. – KANSAS CITY, MO.” AND “47” HANDWRITTEN IN BLACK MARKER. GENERAL WEAR, NICKS IN METAL, CLOUDING OF PLASTIC, SCUFFS AND TEARS ON LABEL, TAPE RESIDUE ALONG BOTTOM EDGE. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
TRANSPORTATION
RETAIL TRADE
History
THIS FARE BOX WAS PRODUCED BY DIAMOND MANUFACTURING IN KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI, AND USED IN LETHBRIDGE TRANSIT BUSES BETWEEN 1970 AND 2012. ON APRIL 23, 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN INTERVIEWED DIANE BOULTON, AN EMPLOYEE WITH LETHBRIDGE TRANSIT FROM 1975 TO 2014. BOULTON SAID: “I WAS A BUS DRIVER AND THEN WENT ON TO BECOME PART OF MANAGEMENT… [THIS TYPE OF FARE BOX] WAS IN SERVICE WHEN I STARTED WITH THE DEPARTMENT IN 1975 AND HAD PROBABLY BEEN IN SERVICE FOR MAYBE FIVE TO 10 YEARS [ALREADY]. IT IS CALLED A DIAMOND FARE BOX… IT WOULD BE MOUNTED ON A STANCHION NEXT TO THE DRIVER’S COMPARTMENT… IT’S A STAINLESS STEEL CYLINDER THAT IS OPEN… AND WE WOULD SLIDE A SOLID BRASS CYLINTER UP INSIDE OF IT THAT WAS A LOCKING MECHANISM FOR THE FARE BOX… THERE WAS A LOCKING MECHANISM ON [THE] FLANGE THAT WOULD LOCK IT IN PLACE AND [IT] REQUIRED A TWO-KEY SYSTEM TO GET IN AND OUT OF… AT THE TOP, IT’S AN OPEN CYLINDER, SO SOMEBODY COULD COME IN WITH A HANDFUL OF CASH AND… YOU ARE GOING TO GET MULTIPLE TYPES OF COINS… IT’S REALLY HARD TO COUNT THE PHYSICAL FARE… SO YOU’RE TAKING THE CUSTOMER ON THEIR HONESTY… THE DRIVERS [ALSO] HAD TO PHYSICALLY COUNT WHEN WE WERE DOING PASSENGER COUNTS TO TRY AND GET SOME SORT OF STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF HOW MANY PEOPLE WERE RIDING, WHAT FARE CATEGORIES WERE RIDING… WITH THE ELECTRONIC FARE BOX [ADOPTED BY LETHBRIDGE TRANSIT IN 2012], IT TELLS EXACTLY WHEN IT’S GOT THE ALLOTTED FARE [AND] AT THE SAME TIME IT’S TAKING YOUR FARE, IT’S COUNTING YOU AS A PASSENGER… THE ELECTRONIC FARE BOX GIVES US A HUGE AMOUNT OF DATA, THAT VERY EASILY IT OBTAINED, WHILE THIS ONE WAS MORE ONEROUS… [ANOTHER REASON] THAT WE STARTED TO SWITCH OUT WAS THAT WE STARTED TO GET DIFFICULTY IN GETTING PARTS BECAUSE THE [DIAMOND] FARE BOX ITSELF WAS FAIRLY OLD.” BOULTON CONTINUED: “BECAUSE IT’S WHAT I USED ALL THE TIME [AS A BUS DRIVER] THERE’S SOME NOSTALGIA THERE… THE SIMPLICITY OF IT… AS THINGS CHANGE AND MOVE FORWARD… IT’S KINDA NEAT… I THINK WHEN I FIRST STARTED IT WAS… $0.65 FOR AN ADULT FARE, AND $0.25 OR $0.35 FOR 17 OR UNDER CHILD FARE, AND SENIORS HAD A PASS THAT THEY RODE FREE… THERE WAS THE ODD TIME WHERE PEOPLE WOULD TRY AND FIGURE OUT A WAY TO GET THE CYLINDER OUT OF A BOTTOM OF IT… AND OCCASIONALLY THE CYLINDERS WOULD FALL OUT IF [YOU] WERE IN A HURRY WHEN YOU WERE PUTTING THEM IN AND YOU DIDN’T QUITE GET THE LOCKING MECHANISM SHUT… YOU’D BE DRIVING DOWN THE ROAD AND ALL OF A SUDDEN, BOOM! THE CYLINDER WOULD DROP OUT OF THE BOTTOM… WE HAD 50-60 OF THE DIAMOND FARE BOXES [AND] THE ACTUAL COIN CYLINDERS THAT WENT UP INSIDE, WE PROBABLY HAD 120-150 OF THOSE BECAUSE, FOR EVERY [FULL] ONE YOU DROPPED OUT, YOU HAD TO PUT ANOTHER UP AND THEY WOULD GET DROPPED OUT AT NIGHT, SO THEY WOULDN’T GET OPENED UNTIL THE NEXT MORNING [FOR FARES TO BE COUNTED].” ACCORDING TO THE ARTICLE “DIAMOND FAREBOXES ARE FOREVER”, PUBLISHED IN FEBRUARY 2013 ON BUSRIDE.COM, DIAMOND MANUFACTURING HAS PRODUCED ROUND FAREBOXES FOR COIN FARES SINCE 1947. DIAMOND-BRAND FAREBOXES ARE USED BY TRANSIT SYSTEMS IN EVERY AMERICAN STATE, THROUGHOUT CANADA, AND IN MEXICO, VENEZUELA, BERMUDA AND GUAM. THE AVERAGE LIFESPAN OF A DIAMOND FAREBOX IS 30 YEARS, WITH LITTLE MAINTENANCE REQUIRED DUE TO THE SIMPLICITY OF THE DESIGN. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND ONLINE SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20140018000
Acquisition Date
2014-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
OVERDUE LIBRARY BOOK FINE CALCULATOR
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PLASTIC, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140025002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OVERDUE LIBRARY BOOK FINE CALCULATOR
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1985
Materials
WOOD, PLASTIC, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.5
Length
17.5
Width
7.5
Description
RECTANGULAR PIECE OF WOOD WITH ANGLED METAL BRACKET FIXED TO BACK AS A STAND, TO PROP UP WOOD AT AN ANGLE. PAPER CARD WITH DESCENDING NUMERICAL VALUES AND TEXT READING “GAYLORD FINE CALCULATOR” IS FIXED TO TOP SIDE OF WOOD WITH A SHEET OF CLEAR PLASTIC AND SIX METAL SLOTTED SCREWS. A STRIP OF METAL HOLDS SQUARE PIECES OF BLACK PLASTIC IN A VERTICAL ROW ALONG THE RIGHT SIDE; EACH PLASTIC PIECE HAS A NUMBER FROM 1 TO 31 STAMPED IN WHITE INK. MINOR WEAR ON BOTTOM EDGE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
THIS FINE CALCULATOR WAS USED BY STAFF AT THE LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC LIBRARY. ON MAY 1, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LINDA MCELRAVY, WHO WORKED AT THE LIBRARY’S MAIN BRANCH STARTING IN 1978, RETIRING FROM HER POSITION AS ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC SERVICES IN 2008. MCELRAVY SAID: “THIS [WOULD HAVE BEEN USED] FOR CALCULATING OVERDUE FINES AND THESE WOULD BE THE NUMBERS OF THE MONTH… IF [THE BOOK] WAS DUE BACK ON THE 30TH THEN THAT’S HOW MUCH YOU OWED… UNTIL ’92 WE ONLY HAD ONE [CIRCULATION] DESK SO… WE’RE ASSUMING THAT WAS USED AT THE MAIN CIRCULATION DESK… IT WOULD HAVE BEEN USED [PRIOR TO THE AUTOMATION OF THE LIBRARY’S SYSTEM] BECAUSE WE HAD NO OTHER WAY TO CALCULATE [FINES] BUT ONCE THE COMPUTER CAME ALONG THE CIRCULATION MODULES ALWAYS CALCULATED FINES SO IT WASN’T [NEEDED ANYMORE] - ANOTHER THING THAT BECAME REDUNDANT AT THAT POINT.” THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC LIBRARY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE LIBRARY’S WEBSITE. IN 1911 A CITY BYLAW WAS PASSED FOR THE PROVISION OF A LOCAL LIBRARY TO BE ESTABLISHED, AND EIGHT YEARS LATER LETHBRIDGE’S FIRST LIBRARY SERVICE WAS OPERATED OUT OF TWO ROOMS IN THE YMCA BUILDING. IN 1922, THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY BUILDING IN GALT GARDENS OPENED, WITH AN EXTENSION ADDED IN 1951. IN 1956 A NORTH BRANCH WAS OPENED, AND A SOUTH BRANCH FOLLOWED IN 1974. THE LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC LIBRARY MAIN BRANCH ON STAFFORD DRIVE SOUTH WAS COMPLETED IN 1974, WITH AN EXTENSION AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHINOOK ARCH REGIONAL LIBRARY SYSTEM IN 1992. IN 1989 THE LIBRARY ADOPTED THE DYNIX AUTOMATED CATALOGUE SYSTEM, AND IN 1997 INTRODUCED PUBLIC INTERNET ACCESS COMPUTERS. IN 2010, THE CROSSINGS BRANCH OPENED IN WEST LETHBRIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND ONLINE SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20140025002
Acquisition Date
2014-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LIBRARY CARD CATALOGUE
Date Range From
1965
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140025001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LIBRARY CARD CATALOGUE
Date Range From
1965
Date Range To
2010
Materials
WOOD, PAPER, METAL
No. Pieces
31
Height
100.75
Length
103.25
Width
46
Description
.1 – WOOD CABINET CONTAINING 30 DRAWERS IN SIX ROWS (.2 - .31). CABINET’S FOUR LEGS AND EDGES ARE SQUARED, WITH THREE METAL ANGLED BRACKETS AND TWO WOODEN CORNER BRACES ATTACHING THE CABINET BODY TO THE LEGS. WOOD IS STAINED BLONDE. STAMPED TEXT IN BLUE INK ON UNDERSIDE OF CABINET READS "MADE IN CANADA". GENERAL WEAR AND SCUFFS OVERALL, ESPECIALLY ALONG TOP FRONT EDGE AND BOTTOM FRONT SKIRTING PANEL. DRIPS OF WHITE PAINT ON EDGES OF BOTH FRONT LEGS AND CABINET BACK EDGES. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. 100.75 X 46 X 103.25 ALL DRAWERS (.2 - .31) ARE WOOD WITH BRASS LABELPLATES AND MEASURE 9.75 X 14.5 X 41. .2 – FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “LYRICS INDEX”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .3 – FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “LYRICS INDEX”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .4 – EMPTY EXCEPT FOR METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. NO LABEL OR DRAWER ROD. .5 – HALF FULL OF LOOSE CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. NO LABEL OR DRAWER ROD; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .6 - EMPTY EXCEPT FOR METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. NO LABEL OR DRAWER ROD. .7 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “LYRICS INDEX”. NO DRAWER ROD; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .8 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “LYRICS INDEX”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. DRAWER ROD BRACKET IS MISSING ONE SCREW AND HANGS LOOSE. .9 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “LYRICS INDEX”. NO DRAWER ROD; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .10 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “LYRICS INDEX”. NO DRAWER ROD; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .11 - EMPTY EXCEPT FOR METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. NO LABEL; DRAWER ROD IN PLACE. .12 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL IS FADED AND ILLEGIBLE. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .13 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. NEWS 1989”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .14 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. NEWS 1989”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .15 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. NEWS 1989”. NO DRAWER ROD; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .16 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. NEWS 1989”. NO DRAWER ROD; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .17 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. NEWS 1990”. NO DRAWER ROD; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .18 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. NEWS 1989”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .19 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. BIOGRAPHY 1989 A-J”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .20 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. BIOGRAPHY 1989 J-S”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .21 – HALF FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. BIOGRAPHY 1989 S-Z”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .22 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. BIOGRAPHY 1990 A-K DONE”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .23 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. NO LABEL. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .24 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. AUTHORITY”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .25 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “L.H. AUTHORITY”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .26 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL IS FADED AND ILLEGIBLE. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .27 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL IS FADED AND ILLEGIBLE. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .28 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL IS FADED AND ILLEGIBLE. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .29 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “CDN… PLAY ANALYTICS”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .30 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “PLAY ANALYTICS”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK. .31 - FULL OF CATALOGUE CARDS WITH TYPED AND HANDWRITTEN NOTES ON BOTH SIDES. HANDWRITTEN DRAWER LABEL READS “PLAY ANALYTICS”. DRAWER ROD IS IN PLACE; METAL FILING CLIP INSIDE DRAWER AT BACK.
Subjects
FURNITURE
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
EDUCATION
FURNISHINGS
History
THIS CARD CATALOGUE WAS PRODUCED AND USED BY STAFF AT THE LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC LIBRARY. ON MAY 1, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LINDA MCELRAVY, WHO WORKED AT THE LIBRARY’S MAIN BRANCH STARTING IN 1978, RETIRING FROM HER POSITION AS ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC SERVICES IN 2008. MCELRAVY EXPLAINED THE CATALOGUING PROCESS AND SUGGESTED THAT IT MAY HAVE BEEN HOUSED IN THE LIBRARY’S SENATOR BUCHANAN ROOM (A REFERENCE RESOURCE OF LOCAL HISTORIES AND GENEALOGIES) AT ONE TIME. MCELRAVY SAID: “WE USED [CARD CATALOGUES] PRIOR TO AUTOMATING OUR CATALOGUE WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN IN THE EARLY ‘80S… THERE ARE AT LEAST THREE INDEXES [INSIDE THIS SPECIFIC CATALOGUE]… WE USED TO CREATE CARD INDEXES FOR COLLECTIONS AND THINGS THAT YOU COULDN’T FIND… THROUGH NORMAL CATALOGUING PROCESSES. SO, THE FIRST ONE IS… THE SONG INDEX AND THAT WAS MADE UP OF ANALYTICS OF SHEET MUSIC MAGAZINE AND COLLECTIONS AND SONGS – ALL MUSIC AS OPPOSED TO JUST THE LYRICS. SO WE WOULD TAKE COLLECTIONS OF SONGS IN OUR LIBRARY COLLECTION, WE DIDN’T USE ANYTHING THAT WAS NOT AVAILABLE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC LIBRARY – SO IT WASN’T A GENERAL THING IT WAS SPECIFIC, A SPECIFIC TOOL TO OUR COLLECTION… IF SOMEONE WANTED A PARTICULAR PIECE OF MUSIC… WE WOULD BE ABLE TO FIND THAT HERE RATHER THAN PEOPLE STANDING AT THE SHELF, LEAFING THROUGH ALL OF THAT… [AT] THE OTHER END OF THE BANK OF CARDS IS THE PLAY INDEX AND THAT’S THE SAME IDEA – THERE WOULD BE ‘AUTHOR’, ‘PLAYWRIGHT’ AND ‘TITLE’ CARDS PUT IN FOR EACH OF THE PLAYS IN COLLECTIONS THAT WE HAD AT LPL. AND THE MIDDLE ONE WAS THE INDEX TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD – I THINK SOME OF IT GOES BACK TO ’99 AND BEFORE AND FOR THAT ONE THE STAFF WOULD CUT OUT ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND THEN THEY WOULD PUT SUBJECT HEADINGS ON THEM AND MAKE A CORRESPONDING CARD FOR THE CATALOGUE SO THAT THAT WOULD GIVE PEOPLE ACCESS TO THAT [FILE]...” MCELRAVY CONTINUED: “I THINK [THE AUTOMATION OF THE LIBRARY CATALOGUE] WAS IN THE MID ‘80S… [AFTER THAT PROCESS] I’M NOT SURE HOW OFTEN THEY USED [THE CARD CATALOGUES] ANYMORE… PERHAPS IT WAS JUST A QUESTION OF HANGING ON TO IT FOR THE SAKE OF HANGING ON TO IT.. I DON’T SUPPOSE REALLY FOR TOO LONG AFTER THAT IT WOULD [HAVE BEEN] USEFUL… [THE CARD CATALOGUE] REPRESENTS A LOT OF WORK… IT WAS EXPENSIVE TIME-WISE, IT WAS EXPENSIVE MATERIALS-WISE AND IT WAS EXPENSIVE SPACE-WISE… EVEN WITH THE DIGITIZED, AUTOMATED CATALOGUE, THOSE GENERIC ENTRIES DIDN’T NECESSARILY HAVE ANALYTICS… SO THAT’S WHY WE CONTINUED WITH THIS FOR A WHILE AND THEN EVENTUALLY IT JUST SEEMED TO BE NOT WORTH THE EFFORT TO DO IT… IT JUST SEEMED SAD TO ME THAT IT WAS ALMOST LIKE IT WASN’T RECOGNIZED BECAUSE IT WAS TOO OLD – IT HAD HAD ITS DAY BUT THERE’S NO PURPOSE FOR IT ANYMORE… I THINK THAT THIS CERTAINLY SERVED ITS PURPOSE FOR ITS TIME AND IT’S PART OF THE CONTEXT OF THE PERIOD… I OFTEN THINK TODAY WITH INTERNET AND WITH ALL THE ONLINE ACCESS THAT PEOPLE HAVE TO INFORMATION… WHEN YOU HAVE A QUESTION WHAT DO PEOPLE DO NOW? THEY PULL OUT THEIR PHONE, AND THEY GOOGLE, AND THEY GET THE ANSWER. WHEREAS, BEFORE ANY OF THIS HAPPENED THAT WAS WHAT THE LIBRARY DID, THAT WAS THE ROLE OF THE REFERENCE DEPARTMENT. THE LIBRARY IS THERE NOT JUST TO PROVIDE RECREATIONAL READING BUT TO PROVIDE INFORMATION. I’M NOT SAYING THEY’RE NOT DOING THAT ANYMORE, THEY ARE, IN A VERY MUCH MORE SOPHISTICATED WAY BUT THIS WAS ONE OF THE WAYS THAT WE HANDLED THE NEED TO PROVIDE INFORMATION TO PEOPLE.” THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC LIBRARY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE LIBRARY’S WEBSITE. IN 1911 A CITY BYLAW WAS PASSED FOR THE PROVISION OF A LOCAL LIBRARY TO BE ESTABLISHED, AND EIGHT YEARS LATER LETHBRIDGE’S FIRST LIBRARY SERVICE WAS OPERATED OUT OF TWO ROOMS IN THE YMCA BUILDING. IN 1922, THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY BUILDING IN GALT GARDENS OPENED, WITH AN EXTENSION ADDED IN 1951. IN 1956 A NORTH BRANCH WAS OPENED, AND A SOUTH BRANCH FOLLOWED IN 1974. THE LETHBRIDGE PUBLIC LIBRARY MAIN BRANCH ON STAFFORD DRIVE SOUTH WAS COMPLETED IN 1974, WITH AN EXTENSION AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHINOOK ARCH REGIONAL LIBRARY SYSTEM IN 1992. IN 1989 THE LIBRARY ADOPTED THE DYNIX AUTOMATED CATALOGUE SYSTEM, AND IN 1997 INTRODUCED PUBLIC INTERNET ACCESS COMPUTERS. IN 2010, THE CROSSINGS BRANCH OPENED IN WEST LETHBRIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND ONLINE SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20140025001
Acquisition Date
2014-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DIAL-LESS, “NORTHERN ELECTRIC”
Date Range From
1936
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BAKELITE, PLASTIC, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20140046001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DIAL-LESS, “NORTHERN ELECTRIC”
Date Range From
1936
Date Range To
1995
Materials
BAKELITE, PLASTIC, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.5
Length
22
Width
15.5
Description
BLACK BAKELITE TELEPHONE WITH HANDSET RECEIVER AND SPIRALED RUBBER CORD. BASE IS RECTANGULAR WITH HANDSET CRADLE AT TOP. A ROUND PLATE OF PAINTED BLACK METAL WITH A HOLLOW MIDDLE IS AT CENTRE FRONT IN PLACE OF A NUMBER DIAL. HOLLOW MIDDLE HOLDS CIRCULAR WHITE PIECE OF PAPER BEHIND TRANSPARENT FILM. BLACK POWER CABLE HAS WHITE PLASTIC END WITH FOUR METAL PRONGS. MAKER’S STAMP ON THE UNDERSIDE OF HANDSET READS “NORTHERN ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED – PATENTED 1922 1923 RD 1936 – FI – MADE IN CANADA”. BOTTOM OF BASE IS METAL PLATE WITH STAMP READING “NO. 1” AND FOUR BROWN FELT FEET. AREAS OF MINOR WEAR AND LOSS OF FINISH THROUGHOUT, WHITE RESIDUE ON POWER CORD. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
FURNISHINGS
History
THIS TELEPHONE WAS TAKEN BY THE DONOR, PHIL EDMUNDSON, OUT OF THE MARQUIS HOTEL UPON ITS CLOSURE IN NOVEMBER 1985. EDMUNDSON WAS THE OWNER/OPERATOR OF MARQUIS FLOWER SHOP, ONE OF THE RETAIL BUSINESSES HOUSED ON THE HOTEL’S MAIN FLOOR. THE HOTEL OPENED IN 1928 ON THE CORNER OF 4TH AVENUE AND 7TH STREET SOUTH, AND WAS DEMOLISHED IN 1988. ON NOVEMBER 18, 2014, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON INTERVIEWED THE DONOR ABOUT THE TELEPHONE AND HIS FAMILY’S HISTORY IN RELATION TO THE MARQUIS HOTEL. PHIL EDMUNDSON SAID: “MY DAD [FRED EDMUNDSON] CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1938 TO TAKE OVER THE MARQUIS FLOWER SHOP… HE PAID $50 FOR THE INVENTORY AND THE STORE FIXTURES, AND AGREED TO TAKE ON THE DEBT… THE FLOWER SHOP HAD [ALREADY] BEEN THERE FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS… THE FLOWER SHOP HAD A MAIN FLOOR ENTRANCE AND DISPLAY AREA AND COOLER… DOWN IN THE BASEMENT IT HAD AN AREA FOR AN OFFICE AND A WORK ROOM… [ALSO] IN THE BASEMENT, THEY HAD SOME ROOMS CALLED ‘SAMPLE ROOMS’… WHERE TRAVELLING SALESMEN COMING TO LETHBRIDGE TO SELL THEIR WARES [COULD] SET UP A SAMPLE ROOM SHOWING ALL THEIR WARES AND THEN THEY WOULD INVITE MERCHANTS TO COME IN TO MAKE SELECTIONS OF WHAT THEY THOUGHT THEY WOULD LIKE TO HAVE… THIS TELEPHONE WAS FROM ONE OF THE SAMPLE ROOMS IN THE BASEMENT. THESE WERE VERY SPARSE ROOMS WITH JUST TABLES AROUND THE WALLS… BECAUSE EACH ROOM HAD A TELEPHONE IN IT, THEY WERE ABLE TO CONNECT WITH DIFFERENT BUSINESSES TO MAKE APPOINTMENTS… AS YOU CAN SEE [THIS TELEPHONE] HAS NO DIAL… IT CONNECTED TO THE SWITCHBOARD WHICH WAS AT THE MAIN DESK OF THE HOTEL. AND EVERY TIME YOU WANTED TO TALK TO SOMEONE, YOU WOULD HAVE TO CALL THE FRONT DESK BY LIFTING THE RECEIVER AND THEN THEY WOULD HAVE TO CONNECT YOU EITHER TO ONE OF THE ROOMS IN THE HOTEL OR BY CALLING OUT TO ANOTHER PHONE WITHIN THE CITY.” EDMUNDSON CONTINUED: “OVER THE YEARS, THE FLOWER SHOP KEPT TAKING OVER MORE AND MORE OF THE BASEMENT AREA… BECAUSE WE NEEDED MORE WORK SPACE, STORAGE SPACE, AND COOLER SPACE… TO KEEP THE FLOWERS FRESH IN… AT HOLIDAY TIMES WE WOULD TAKE OVER ONE OF THE SAMPLE ROOMS AND USE IT AS AN EXTRA STORAGE SPACE… THEN EVENTUALLY WE JUST TOOK OVER THE SAMPLE ROOM AND WE HAD IT ALL THE TIME… WE [USED THIS PHONE] TO HAVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE SAMPLE ROOM THAT WE USED AND THE REST OF THE FLOWER SHOP… [EVENTUALLY] WE GOT A REGULAR DIAL PHONE THAT WE COULD CALL BACK AND FORTH ON AND PUT IT IN PLACE OF THIS PHONE… [SO THEN] WE ACTUALLY USED IT AT OUR HOME. WE HAD AN OUTSIDE TELEPHONE PLUG SO WE COULD PLUG IT IN AND LEAVE IT OUT THERE… IT WAS GREAT FOR GARDENING.” OF THE HOTEL IN GENERAL, EDMUNDSON SAID: “IT WAS A COMMUNITY CONGLOMERATE OF PEOPLE THAT HAD GOTTEN TOGETHER TO HAVE IT ESTABLISHED AND BUILT… THEY WANTED TO BE ABLE TO BRING CONVENTIONS AND MEETINGS TO TOWN, SO IT WAS THE PREMIER HOTEL IN THE CITY… IT WAS QUITE A FANCY BUILDING… IT HAD A BANQUET ROOM THAT WOULD HOLD UP TO 250 PEOPLE… A MEZZANINE WHICH WAS UP BETWEEN THE FIRST FLOOR OF ROOMS ABOVE THE STREET LEVEL BUSINESSES… THEY WOULD SERVE TEA UP THERE IN THE AFTERNOON… SVEN ERICKSEN [RAN] THE MARQUIS COFFEE SHOP AND THE DINING ROOM AND BAKE SHOP… IT WAS THE PLACE TO GO FOR FINE DINING IN THE CITY… THE DRUG STORE WAS RIGHT ON THE CORNER OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE… IT WAS A VERY BUSY LOCATION… THERE WERE A LOT OF DIGNITARIES [WHO STAYED] AT THE HOTEL, LIKE BING CROSBY WHEN HE CAME TO TOWN… AND JOHN DIEFENBAKER… THE MARQUIS WAS THE PLACE TO MEET.” OF THE HOTEL’S DEMISE, EDMUNDSON SAID: “THEY WERE IN RECEIVERSHIP FOR A WHILE IN 1985, AND ROYAL BANK WERE THE RECEIVERS AND THEY WERE RUNNING THE OPERATION. BUT THERE WAS A PROBLEM WITH THE BOILER, AND IN NOVEMBER IT GOT VERY COLD, VERY FAST. THE BOILER WAS UNABLE TO KEEP UP AND FINALLY GAVE IT UP. AND RATHER THAN TRY TO GET IT FIXED… THE ROYAL BANK SAID ‘THAT’S IT, WE’RE DONE, YOU’RE OUT OF HERE’… WE WERE QUITE SHOCKED… AND THE GUESTS OF THE HOTEL – THERE WERE LOTS OF FULL-TIME GUESTS STAYING IN THE ROOMS – THEY WERE GIVEN PRACTICALLY NO TIME TO VACATE. THEY WERE OUT IN THE COLD… [THE BANK] CONCEDED TO LET US STAY FOR AN EXTRA TWO WEEKS WHILE WE MOVED OVER TO A NEW LOCATION [AT 312 6TH STREET SOUTH]. IT WAS QUITE SOMETHING BECAUSE WE HAD ALL OUR CHRISTMAS MERCHANDISE [SO] RATHER THAN MOVE IT, WE DECIDED WE’D PUT IT ALL ON SALE. SO WE HAD A HUGE SALE [AND] WE SOLD PRACTICALLY EVERYTHING… WE TOOK [ALL THE FIXTURES] WITH US; THE PHONES, PHONE BOOKS, EQUIPMENT, DESKS… THE LIGHTS THAT WERE HANGING FROM THE CEILING, [THE] KINDS OF THINGS WE COULD USE IN THE NEW LOCATION… THEY WERE THINGS THAT WE HAD INSTALLED OVER THE YEARS… WE FELT THAT WE HAD TO PUT THEM IN, SO WE WERE GOING TO TAKE THEM OUT… IN THE MEANTIME WE HAD TO HOOK UP A TEMPORARY WATER SUPPLY BECAUSE THEY SHUT OFF ALL THE UTILITIES TO THE BUILDING EXCEPT THE ELECTRICITY. SO WE HAD NO HEAT DURING THAT EXTREMELY COLD WEATHER… IT WAS [THREE YEARS] LATER BEFORE [THE HOTEL] WAS KNOCKED DOWN. IT STOOD DERELICT FOR QUITE A WHILE… IT WAS KIND OF HARD TO SEE THAT… [PEOPLE] WERE REALLY UPSET THAT THIS BEAUTIFUL STRUCTURE … WOULD BE DESTROYED AND BE GONE FROM THE LANDSCAPE AND CHANGING THE LOOK OF THE DOWNTOWN… IT WAS A GREAT LOCATION [AND] WE REALLY ENJOYED OUR TIME THERE. IT’S TOO BAD THINGS HAVE TO CHANGE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND RECORD P20140046002 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140046001
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TELEPHONE BOOK COVER, “MARQUIS HOTEL”
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, LINEN, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140046002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TELEPHONE BOOK COVER, “MARQUIS HOTEL”
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Materials
CARDBOARD, LINEN, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Length
29.75
Width
24.5
Description
BOOK COVER MADE OF RIGID CARDBOARD, BOUND IN WAXED RED LINEN. EMBOSSED GOLD LETTERING ON FRONT READS “THE MARQUIS HOTEL” AND “INNS CANADA – A DIVISION OF MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATES LIMITED”. METAL POST FASTENING MECHANISM ATTACHED TO INNER SPINE WITH TWO METAL GROMMETS. LINEN IS WORN AWAY ALONG EDGES AND CORNERS OF COVER, SPINE IS SEPARATED FROM BOTTOM LEFT CORNER OF FRONT COVER, METAL FASTENING POST IS BENT, GRIME ON INSIDE PANEL OF BACK COVER. OVERALL FAIR CONDITION.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
FURNISHINGS
History
THIS TELEPHONE BOOK COVER WAS TAKEN BY THE DONOR, PHIL EDMUNDSON, OUT OF THE MARQUIS HOTEL UPON ITS CLOSURE IN NOVEMBER 1985. EDMUNDSON WAS THE OWNER/OPERATOR OF MARQUIS FLOWER SHOP, ONE OF THE RETAIL BUSINESSES HOUSED ON THE HOTEL’S MAIN FLOOR. THE HOTEL OPENED IN 1928 ON THE CORNER OF 4TH AVENUE AND 7TH STREET SOUTH, AND WAS DEMOLISHED IN 1988. ON NOVEMBER 18, 2014, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON INTERVIEWED THE DONOR ABOUT THE TELEPHONE BOOK COVER AND HIS FAMILY’S HISTORY IN RELATION TO THE MARQUIS HOTEL. PHIL EDMUNDSON SAID: “MY DAD [FRED EDMUNDSON] CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1938 TO TAKE OVER THE MARQUIS FLOWER SHOP… HE PAID $50 FOR THE INVENTORY AND THE STORE FIXTURES, AND AGREED TO TAKE ON THE DEBT… THE FLOWER SHOP HAD [ALREADY] BEEN THERE FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS… THE FLOWER SHOP HAD A MAIN FLOOR ENTRANCE AND DISPLAY AREA AND COOLER… DOWN IN THE BASEMENT IT HAD AN AREA FOR AN OFFICE AND A WORK ROOM.” EDMUNDSON CONTINUED: “ONE OF THESE [TELEPHONE BOOK COVERS] WOULD HAVE BEEN IN EVERY ONE OF THE GUEST ROOMS AND OTHER PLACES AS WELL. WE HAD THEM IN THE FLOWER SHOP AND IT’S REALLY GOOD BECAUSE IT DOES PROTECT THE REGULAR TELEPHONE BOOK FROM GETTING DESTROYED BECAUSE IT’S A REAL NICE HARD COVER… IT IS EMBOSSED WITH THE MARQUIS LOGO… NOT THE ORIGINAL LOGO… AT ONE POINT THE MARQUIS HOTEL WAS PART OF THE INNS OF CANADA HOTEL CONGLOMERATE… AND SO THEY ALSO HAVE THAT LOGO EMBOSSED ON THE COVER.” OF THE HOTEL IN GENERAL, EDMUNDSON SAID: “IT WAS A COMMUNITY CONGLOMERATE OF PEOPLE THAT HAD GOTTEN TOGETHER TO HAVE IT ESTABLISHED AND BUILT… THEY WANTED TO BE ABLE TO BRING CONVENTIONS AND MEETINGS TO TOWN, SO IT WAS THE PREMIER HOTEL IN THE CITY… IT WAS QUITE A FANCY BUILDING… IT HAD A BANQUET ROOM THAT WOULD HOLD UP TO 250 PEOPLE… A MEZZANINE WHICH WAS UP BETWEEN THE FIRST FLOOR OF ROOMS ABOVE THE STREET LEVEL BUSINESSES… THEY WOULD SERVE TEA UP THERE IN THE AFTERNOON… SVEN ERICKSEN [RAN] THE MARQUIS COFFEE SHOP AND THE DINING ROOM AND BAKE SHOP… IT WAS THE PLACE TO GO FOR FINE DINING IN THE CITY… THE DRUG STORE WAS RIGHT ON THE CORNER OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE… IT WAS A VERY BUSY LOCATION… THERE WERE A LOT OF DIGNITARIES [WHO STAYED] AT THE HOTEL, LIKE BING CROSBY WHEN HE CAME TO TOWN… AND JOHN DIEFENBAKER… THE MARQUIS WAS THE PLACE TO MEET.” OF THE HOTEL’S DEMISE, EDMUNDSON SAID: “THEY WERE IN RECEIVERSHIP FOR A WHILE IN 1985, AND ROYAL BANK WERE THE RECEIVERS AND THEY WERE RUNNING THE OPERATION. BUT THERE WAS A PROBLEM WITH THE BOILER, AND IN NOVEMBER IT GOT VERY COLD, VERY FAST. THE BOILER WAS UNABLE TO KEEP UP AND FINALLY GAVE IT UP. AND RATHER THAN TRY TO GET IT FIXED… THE ROYAL BANK SAID ‘THAT’S IT, WE’RE DONE, YOU’RE OUT OF HERE’… WE WERE QUITE SHOCKED… AND THE GUESTS OF THE HOTEL – THERE WERE LOTS OF FULL-TIME GUESTS STAYING IN THE ROOMS – THEY WERE GIVEN PRACTICALLY NO TIME TO VACATE. THEY WERE OUT IN THE COLD… [THE BANK] CONCEDED TO LET US STAY FOR AN EXTRA TWO WEEKS WHILE WE MOVED OVER TO A NEW LOCATION [AT 312 6TH STREET SOUTH]. IT WAS QUITE SOMETHING BECAUSE WE HAD ALL OUR CHRISTMAS MERCHANDISE [SO] RATHER THAN MOVE IT, WE DECIDED WE’D PUT IT ALL ON SALE. SO WE HAD A HUGE SALE [AND] WE SOLD PRACTICALLY EVERYTHING… WE TOOK [ALL THE FIXTURES] WITH US; THE PHONES, PHONE BOOKS, EQUIPMENT, DESKS… THE LIGHTS THAT WERE HANGING FROM THE CEILING, [THE] KINDS OF THINGS WE COULD USE IN THE NEW LOCATION… THEY WERE THINGS THAT WE HAD INSTALLED OVER THE YEARS… WE FELT THAT WE HAD TO PUT THEM IN, SO WE WERE GOING TO TAKE THEM OUT… IN THE MEANTIME WE HAD TO HOOK UP A TEMPORARY WATER SUPPLY BECAUSE THEY SHUT OFF ALL THE UTILITIES TO THE BUILDING EXCEPT THE ELECTRICITY. SO WE HAD NO HEAT DURING THAT EXTREMELY COLD WEATHER… IT WAS [THREE YEARS] LATER BEFORE [THE HOTEL] WAS KNOCKED DOWN. IT STOOD DERELICT FOR QUITE A WHILE… IT WAS KIND OF HARD TO SEE THAT… [PEOPLE] WERE REALLY UPSET THAT THIS BEAUTIFUL STRUCTURE … WOULD BE DESTROYED AND BE GONE FROM THE LANDSCAPE AND CHANGING THE LOOK OF THE DOWNTOWN… IT WAS A GREAT LOCATION [AND] WE REALLY ENJOYED OUR TIME THERE. IT’S TOO BAD THINGS HAVE TO CHANGE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND RECORD P20140046001 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140046002
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANON “EOS 650” W/ ACCESSORIES
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, GLASS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140041000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANON “EOS 650” W/ ACCESSORIES
Date
1988
Materials
PLASTIC, GLASS, METAL
No. Pieces
17
Height
11
Length
15
Width
6.5
Description
.A – CAMERA BODY (2 PCE) – BLACK PLASTIC AND METAL CAMERA BODY, WITH ROUND PLASTIC LENS CAVITY CAP. HINGED DOOR AT BACK OPENS TO FILM COMPARTMENT. ROUND DIAL WITH SYMBOLS AND LETTERS AT TOP RIGHT, BEHIND TWO BUTTONS WITH TEXT READING “MODE” AND “EXP.COMP”. MAKER’S BRANDING READS “CANON EOS 650”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 11 X 15 X 6.5 .B – CAMERA LENS (3 PCE) – BLACK PLASTIC, METAL AND GLASS LENS, WITH ROUND PLASTIC LENS CAPS ON BOTH ENDS. TEXT ALONG THE PERIMETER READS “CANON ZOOM LENS EF 35-105MM 1 : 3.5-4.5”. OUTER LENS CAP HAS SOME ADHESIVE RESIDUE UNDER MAKER’S BRANDING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 11 X 6.5 .C – CAMERA FLASH (2 PCE) – BLACK PLASTIC AND METAL FLASH, STORED IN BLACK FAUX LEATHER POUCH WITH SNAP CLOSURE. POUCH IS STAMPED WITH MAKER’S BRANDING, “CANON”. FLASH IS HINGED AT CENTRE, WITH SCREEN AND BUTTONS AT BACK, ABOVE CONTACT POINTS AND SCREW FASTENER TO ATTACHED FLASH TO CAMERA BODY. MAKER’S BRANDING READS “SPEEDLITE 420EZ”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 5.5 X 18 X 8 .D – LENS FILTERS (5 PCE) – THREE ROUND GLASS FILTERS WITH BLACK PLASTIC RIMS. STORED IN BLACK FAUX LEATHER CASE WITH RED FELT LINING, ALONG WITH FOLDED PIECE OF PRINTED BLUE PAPER TITLED “EFFECT OF CROWN FILTERS”. FILTERS ARE EACH PRINTED WITH WHITE TEXT ALONG OUTER RIM READING “CROWN CLOSE UP… 58MM”, ONLY DIFFERENTIATED AS “NO.1”, “NO. 2” AND “NO. 4”. OVERALLY VERY GOOD CONDITION. 8 X 7.75 X 4 .E – MANUALS AND PAPERWORK (5 PCE) – TWO SOFTCOVER MANUALS FOR “CANON EOS 620 – 650” AND “CANON SPEEDLITE 420EZ”; TWO LOOSE SHEETS OF PRINTED GREEN CARD, TITLED “IDENTIFICATION OF ARTICLES FOR TEMPORARY EXPORTATION”, STAMPED BY CANADA CUSTOMS AND SIGNED BY THE DONOR; THREE CANON WARRANTY CARDS STAPLED TO A RECEIPT PRINTED “WOODWARD’S – YOUR FAMILY SHOPPING CENTRES”. RECEIPT IS WRINKLED AND DISCOLOURED; CORNERS OF MANUALS ARE DOGEARED. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 1.25 X 16 X 12
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
LEISURE
History
THIS CAMERA AND ASSOCIATED ACCESSORIES WERE OWNED AND USED BY THE DONOR, MARCEL ST. ONGE. ON OCTOBER 14, 2014 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ST. ONGE ABOUT THE CAMERA AND ITS USE IN DOCUMENTING HIS FAMILY’S HISTORY FROM 1988 TO 2006/2007, WHEN HE REPLACED IT WITH HIS FIRST DIGITAL CAMERA. ST. ONGE SAID: “THE CANON WAS USED [FOR] FAMILY PICTURES, AND IT WAS PURCHASED AT WOODWARD’S CAMERA STORE… SNAPSHOTS OF KIDS GROWING UP, MOMENTOS AND FAMILY COMING TO VISIT… THERE WAS ALWAYS FAMILY AT CHRISTMAS, THANKSGIVING, EASTER, AND WE’D ALWAYS MAKE SURE [TO TAKE PHOTOS]… FAMILY WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT… MY MOTHER USED TO TAKE PICTURES WAY BACK WITH AN OLD KODAK CAMERA, BLACK AND WHITE, AND SHE ALWAYS TOOK PICTURES OF THE FAMILY… AND MY BROTHER TOOK PICTURES AS WELL… AND MYSELF, THE SAME… PRETTY WELL THE WHOLE FAMILY TAKES PICTURES… I LIKE TO RECORD… THE TECHNOLOGY OF THE CAMERAS, AS IT EVOLVED, MADE IT EASIER TO BE ABLE TO FRAME YOUR PICTURES AND HAVE A BETTER UNDERSTANDING, THAT YOU COULD TAKE THEM A LITTLE QUICKER… WHEN I GOT THE CANON, IT ALLOWED TAKING PICTURES IN THE DARK; WHILE IT WAS SENSING, IT WOULD TAKE THE PICTURE… AS [MY WIFE AND I] PROGRESSED ALONG THE ROAD, WE BOTH REALIZED THAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO LOOK AT WHERE WE WERE TAKING THE PICTURES… WE’D TRY TO POSITION THE SUBJECT SO THERE WAS EITHER A TREE IN THE BACKGROUND OR AWAY FROM SHADE, SO THE FACE EXPOSURE, WHICH IS WHAT YOU USUALLY WANT, IN VISIBLE AND CLEAR… THE [LONGER] LENSES GAVE YOU A TERRIFIC ADVANTAGE OVER A SHORT SNAP AND SHOOT CAMERA… SOME PLACES YOU COULD USE THE FLASH [THOUGH] THE NATURAL LIGHT WAS ALWAYS BETTER… I WENT TO A FEW SESSIONS TO LEARN THE CONTRAST AND COMPOSITION AND USING A TRIPOD… JUST TO GET A LITTLE MORE FAMILIAR WITH THE QUALITY OF THE CAMERA AND WHAT THE CAMERA COULD ACTUALLY DO… I WANTED [TO BE] BETTER AT PRODUCING QUALITY PHOTOS OF OUR FAMILY… IT WAS A HOBBY.” ST. ONGE CONTINUED: “WE WERE CAREFUL [WHILE SHOOTING FILM] BECAUSE IT WAS EXPENSIVE. WE COULDN’T AFFORD TO JUST GO AND SHOOT ALL OVER THE PLACE… COMPARED TO NOW WITH THE DIGITAL STUFF [WHERE] YOU CAN TAKE A HUNDRED PICTURES AND YOU MIGHT GET FIVE BEAUTIFUL ONES OUT OF THE WORKS… [IN 2006/07] WHEN I GOT THE DIGITAL [CAMERA], I WAS ACTUALLY TAKING MORE PICTURES THAN WHEN I FIRST HAD [THE] CANON… NOW EVERYBODY IN THE FAMILY HAS A CELL PHONE WITH A CAMERA IN IT… THE PICTURES WE TAKE NOW, WE PRINT OUR OWN… JUST PLUG THE LITTLE CARD IN THE COMPUTER, AND THERE’S THE PICTURE… IF WE LOOK BACK ON THE LAST FIVE YEARS… THERE ARE THOUSANDS OF FAMILY PICTURES, INDIVIDUAL PICTURES, SPORTS, EVENTS, GRADUATIONS [ON SOCIAL MEDIA] THAT PEOPLE ARE POSTING… A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE NOT GETTING PICTURES DEVELOPED [AND] PRINTED; IT’S ALL ON [SOCIAL] MEDIA.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND COPIES OF THE SPEC SHEETS FOR THE CANON EOS 650.
Catalogue Number
P20140041000
Acquisition Date
2014-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANON “POWERSHOT A610”
Date Range From
2006
Date Range To
2014
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, GLASS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140044000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANON “POWERSHOT A610”
Date Range From
2006
Date Range To
2014
Materials
PLASTIC, GLASS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.75
Length
11
Width
4.8
Description
SILVER-COLOURED METAL CAMERA WITH RETRACTABLE LENS, HINGED VIEWING SCREEN AT BACK, AND WOVEN CLOTH STRAP CONNECTED TO A METAL LOOP AT TOP LEFT. CIRCULAR DIAL WITH SYMBOLS AND LETTERS AT TOP LEFT BEHIND SHUTTER RELEASE BUTTON. BATTERY COMPARTMENT AT BOTTOM LEFT, BELOW MEMORY CARD SLOT. MAKER’S BRANDING READS “CANON POWERSHOT A610 AIAF”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
PROFESSIONS
LEISURE
History
THIS CAMERA WAS OWNED AND USED BY THE DONOR, CHRIS MORRISON. MORRISON IS AN AUTHOR AND HISTORIAN OF WATERTON-GLACIER INTERNATIONAL PEACE PARK, ABOUT WHICH SHE HAS WRITTEN NUMEROUS BOOKS. MORRISON PROVIDED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT HER USE OF THE CAMERA AT THE TIME OF DONATION: “THIS CAMERA, NO LONGER OPERATIONAL DUE TO MANUFACTURER’S PLANNED OBSOLESCENCE, WAS A TURNING POINT IN MY INTEREST IN PHOTOGRAPHY. I PURCHASED IT IN 2006 FOR $395.99 FROM COSTCO ONLINE, MY FIRST PURCHASE USING THAT METHOD. HAVING DONE A FAIRLY THOROUGH SEARCH OF CONSUMER REVIEWS, I FELT THIS CAMERA MET ALL MY NEEDS. WHAT I DIDN’T KNOW WAS JUST HOW GOOD IT WOULD BE. DURING ITS SEVEN YEARS OF LIFE, I TOOK THOUSANDS OF PHOTOGRAPHS IN A VARIETY OF SETTINGS AND LOCATIONS FROM JASPER, ALBERTA TO GREAT FALLS, MONTANA. OFTEN REFERRED TO AS A ‘POINT AND SHOOT’ THIS CAMERA HAD FEATURES WHICH MADE EXPOSURE AND FOCUS AUTOMATIC OR COULD BE OVERRIDDEN TO SUIT THE SITUATION.” MORRISON CONTINUED: “WITHIN ONE YEAR OF BUYING THE CAMERA, I WAS ABLE TO MORE THAN PAY FOR IT BY SELLING FREELANCE PHOTOS TO A NUMBER OF PUBLICATIONS. SINCE DIGITAL CAMERAS DO NOT USE FILM, RESULTS WERE IMMEDIATE AND COULD BE CORRECTED OR RESHOT AS NEEDED. GETTING THE PHOTOS TO BUYERS WAS VERY FAST BY USE OF THE INTERNET. WITH MORE THAN 30 YEARS EXPERIENCE WITH TWO CAMERAS (A YASHICA D TWIN LENS REFLEX AND A 35MM MINOLTA SINGLE LENS REFLEX) I HAD A THOROUGH UNDERSTANDING OF THE BASICS OF BOTH BLACK AND WHITE, AND COLOUR PHOTOGRAPHY. DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY REQUIRED SOME ADDITIONAL LEARNING TO MAXIMIZE THE MANY FEATURES NOT FOUND ON FILM CAMERAS.” MORRISON CONCLUDED: “I BECAME INTERESTED IN DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ABOUT 2003 WHEN I WAS FORTUNATE ENOUGH TO BORROW A NEIGHBOUR’S CAMERA FOR SEVERAL WEEKS. THIS WAS A CAMERA THAT REQUIRED SQUARE FLOPPY DISKS WHICH DIDN’T HAVE MUCH MEMORY. THE PHOTO RESOLUTION WAS ALSO LIMITED. HOWEVER, WITHIN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME, NOT ONLY DID DIGITAL CAMERAS GET BETTER AND BETTER, THEY BECAME CHEAPER. WHEN I REPLACED THIS $395.99 CAMERA IN 2014, I GOT ADDITIONAL FEATURES AT HALF THE PRICE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140044000
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SHIRT, LONG-SLEEVED, “LETHBRIDGE POLICE”
Date Range From
1996
Date Range To
2004
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
POLYESTER, WOOL
Catalogue Number
P20100048001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SHIRT, LONG-SLEEVED, “LETHBRIDGE POLICE”
Date Range From
1996
Date Range To
2004
Materials
POLYESTER, WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Length
89
Width
49
Description
LONG SLEEVED NAVY POLYESTER SHIRT WITH COLLAR AND BUTTON AND ZIPPER CLOSURE DOWN FRONT. EPAULETS AT SHOULDERS AND BUTTONED POCKETS AT CHEST. EMBROIDERED PATCHES ON BOTH SHOULDERS DEPICT A CROWNED CREST IN YELLOW, GREEN, BLUE AND RED WITH TEXT READING “LETHBRIDGE POLICE” IN WHITE. BRAND TAG AT INNER COLLAR READS “SWAT – R. NICOLLS”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS STYLE OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE UNIFORM SHIRT WAS IN USE BETWEEN 1995 AND 2004. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE IN THE FEBRUARY 22, 1996 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE DEPARTMENT TRANSITIONED FROM LIGHT BLUE TO DARK NAVY SHIRTS THAT YEAR TO REFLECT CHANGING TRENDS AND FURTHER DIFFERENTIATE OFFICERS FROM OTHER UNIFORMED OCCUPATIONS SUCH AS COMMISSIONAIRES AND POSTAL WORKERS. THE SHOULDER PATCHES ON THIS SHIRT READ “LETHBRIDGE POLICE”, DEMONSTRATING THAT THE SHIRT PREDATES THE DECEMBER 2004 UNVEILING OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE CREST, WHEN COALDALE WAS ADDED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE JURISDICTION. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE LRPS UNIFORM AND BADGE DESIGN. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P20100048001
Acquisition Date
2010-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DROP LEG HOLSTER W/ BATON HOLDER, “CAT”
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, PLASTIC, VELCRO
Catalogue Number
P20100048002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DROP LEG HOLSTER W/ BATON HOLDER, “CAT”
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Materials
NYLON, PLASTIC, VELCRO
No. Pieces
1
Height
5.5
Length
50
Width
67.5
Description
PIECE OF BLACK NYLON FOLDED INTO A TRIANGULAR SHAPED POCKET WITH A FLAP CLOSURE AND PLASTIC BUCKLE CLASP. TWO BLACK WOVEN NYLON STRAPS ARE SEWN HORIZONTALLY TO BACK OF POCKET WITH PLASTIC BUCKLES AT THEIR ENDS. TWO BLACK WOVEN NYLON STRAPS ARE SEWN VERTICALLY TO THE UPPER BACK OF POCKET AND CONNECTED TO A RECTANGULAR BLACK NYLON SLEEVE. LOOSE ENDS OF STRAPS ARE TAPED DOWN WITH BLACK DUCT TAPE. PIECE OF BLACK VELCRO GLUED TO BACK OF POCKET, WITH EXCESS GLUE RESIDUE VISIBLE AROUND EDGES. INSIDE OF FLAP IS MARKED WITH LETTER “ C A T” IN WHITE INK. MINOR WEAR ALONG OUTER SEAMS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS DROP LEG HOLSTER WAS USED BY MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT. SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012, DESCRIBED THE USE OF THIS HOLSTER AS SUCH: “THIS IS ONE OF THE HOLSTERS FROM THE TACTICAL TEAM… I CAN SEE BY THE STYLE OF IT THAT IT IS LIKE ONE THAT I HAD… LOOKS LIKE [THE OFFICER] HAD DONE SOME MODIFICATIONS TO THAT, WHICH MAKES TOTAL SENSE, WHERE THEY’VE GOT THE GLUE [AND VELCRO] ON THERE… TO MAKE IT MORE RETENTIVE, SO IT STICKS TO YOU [AND] DOESN’T MOVE AROUND… THE DEXTERITY THAT YOU [NEED], EVEN WITH GLOVES ON, THIS WOULD BE A PRETTY DIFFICULT THING TO TRY TO GET [A WEAPON] OUT OF. YOU [HAVE TO] UNDO THE FLAP, AND THEN YOU GRAB YOUR PISTOL. THE NEW HOLSTERS, YOU JUST [HIT THE SIDE]. THERE’S A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES TO GET THE PISTOL OUT A LITTLE BIT QUICKER, AND IF YOU HAVE GLOVES ON, IT’S WAY EASIER… BUT GENERALLY ALL PISTOLS ARE SECONDARY WEAPONS IN TACTICAL OPERATIONS.” FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT SGT. CARSCADDEN’S SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT, SEE RECORD P20100050001. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20100050001-GA FOR FULL CARSCADDEN INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100048002
Acquisition Date
2010-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SHIRT, “LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE”
Date Range From
2008
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20100050003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SHIRT, “LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE”
Date Range From
2008
Date Range To
2010
Materials
POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
74.5
Width
50
Description
NAVY SHORT-SLEEVED, COLLARED POLYESTER SHIRT WITH BUTTON AND ZIPPER CLOSURE DOWN FRONT. EPAULETS AT SHOULDERS AND BUTTONED POCKETS AT CHEST. EMBROIDERED PATCHES ON BOTH SHOULDERS DEPICT A CROWNED CREST IN YELLOW, GREEN, BLUE AND RED WITH TEXT READING “LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE” IN BLACK AND “POLICE LETHBRIDGE” IN WHITE, ABOVE A CANADIAN FLAG. BRAND TAG AT INNER COLLAR READS “HORACE SMALL APPAREL COMPANY”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS SHIRT WAS WORN BY SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN AS PART OF HIS DAILY SERVICE UNIFORM DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE FORCE. CARSCADDEN JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE IN 1997, AFTER WORKING WITH THE PEEL REGIONAL POLICE SERVICES IN THE GREATER TORONTO AREA FROM 1988 TO 1997. DURING HIS CAREER IN PEEL, CARSCADDEN RECEIVED SPECIAL TRAINING, INCLUDING COMPLETING THE FBI’S OBSERVER/SNIPER COURSE, WHICH INFORMED HIS APPLICATION AND ACCEPTANCE TO THE TACTICAL UNIT IN LETHBRIDGE. REGARDING THIS SHIRT, CARSCADDEN SAID: “THAT [IS FROM] THE PATROL WORLD… THEY HAD JUST SWITCHED A COUPLE OF MONTHS PRIOR [TO HIS JOINING THE FORCE], FROM THE LIGHT BLUE [SHIRTS] TO THE DARK BLUE… THE SHIRTS AVERAGED 2-3 YEARS [OF WEAR].” THIS SHIRT HAS THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SHOULDER PATCH THAT WAS INTRODUCED IN DECEMBER 2004 TO REFLECT THE FORCE’S REGIONALIZATION TO INCLUDE COALDALE, AND IN 2015 CARSCADDEN SAID HE HAD BEEN WEARING IT JUST PRIOR TO STARTING THE DONATION PROCESS IN 2010. ON JULY 28, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED SGT. CARSCADDEN ABOUT HIS SERVICE WITH THE LRPS. CARSCADDEN SAID: ““[I STARTED OUT] IN PATROLS… I WAS VERY INTERESTED IN SOME OF THE THINGS THEY HAD IN THE TACTICAL WORLD, SO I APPLIED, AND WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO GET ON THEIR PART-TIME TACTICAL TEAM WITHIN LETHBRIDGE [FROM 1999 – 2012]… I WAS [ALSO] ASKED IF I COULD GO INTO THE COMMUNITY LIAISON UNIT, AND WHEN I WAS IN THAT UNIT WE HAD A NEW POLICE CHIEF [CHIEF MIDDLETON-HOPE] WHO HAD AN INTEREST IN EXPANDING SOME OF THE ROLES WITHIN THE COMMUNITY RESOURCE UNIT [SO WE FORMED] A DIVERSITY UNIT [IN 2003]… THAT HAD A HAND IN DEVELOPING [RELATIONSHIPS WITH] DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS IN YOUR COMMUNITY, AND HOW YOU CAN APPROACH THEM SO THEY CAN ASSIST YOU, AND VICE-VERSA FOR THEM IF THERE’S A NEED FOR HELP WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. SO I’M VERY PROUD OF THAT, AND THERE’S A COUPLE OF THINGS I WAS INVOLVED WITH IN THAT UNIT THAT WERE ABSOLUTELY AMAZING EXPERIENCES. [WE HOLD] A TEEPEE SERVICE, AND I AM THE OFFICIAL TEEPEE KEEPER, AND VERY HONOURED WITH THE DIFFERENT RESPONSIBILITIES THAT WERE HANDED OVER TO ME BY THE ELDERS WITHIN THIS AREA. SO IT’S REALLY AMAZING DOING THE JOB – REALLY IMPACTFUL, NOT ONLY FOR YOURSELF BUT THE COMMUNITY… THEN AFTER THE DIVERSITY UNIT AND BACK OUT ONTO PATROLS [IN 2006] AND THEN I WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO GET PROMOTED… THEY PUT ME INTO THE TRAINING UNIT AGAIN, BECAUSE OF SOME OF THE EXPERIENCES THAT I HAD… THEN, JUST RECENTLY, I’M BACK ON PATROLS AS PATROL SUPERVISOR, WHICH IS FANTASTIC.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100050003
Acquisition Date
2010-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE, “POLICE CHAPLIN”
Date Range From
1985
Date Range To
1997
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINIUM
Catalogue Number
P20100048003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE, “POLICE CHAPLIN”
Date Range From
1985
Date Range To
1997
Materials
ALUMINIUM
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.2
Length
6.25
Width
6
Description
SILVER COLOURED METAL BADGE IN THE SHAPE OF A CROWNED CREST WITH IMAGE OF A BEAVER AT THE BASE. RIBBON SHAPES AT TOP AND BOTTOM OF CREST HAVE TEXT IN BLUE READING “POLICE CHAPLIN”. BACK OF BADGE HAS VERTICAL STRAIGHT PIN WITH ROTATING CLASP CLOSURE. MAKER’S STAMP ON BACK. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
RELIGION
History
THIS POLICE CHAPLAIN’S CAP BADGE WAS INITIALLY SOLICITED AS A LOAN FOR THE 2008 EXHIBIT ‘BADGE MEETS BIBLE’. AT THAT TIME, RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTO THE HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE’S CHAPLAINCY PROGRAM. MACLEAN SPOKE TO FORMER CHAPLAINS RON BUTCHER AND VERN (TIM) HUNTLEY, AND FORMER POLICE CHIEF TERRY WAUTERS. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS SOURCED FROM THOSE INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM THE 1970S. FOR OVER TWO DECADES, THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE OPERATED A CHAPLAINCY PROGRAM SIMILAR TO THAT OFFERED IN ALBERTA’S CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM. CHAPLAINS APPOINTED TO THE FORCE WERE RECOGNIZED AS HONORARY MEMBERS AND EVENTUALLY WORE THE FORCE’S UNIFORM. ITS FIRST CHAPLAINS, CATHOLIC PRIEST FATHER FRANK MCCARTY AND SALVATION ARMY CAPTAIN RON BUTCHER, WERE CONCURRENTLY APPOINTED IN 1973. FATHER MCCARTY WAS THE LONGEST SERVING CHAPLAIN ON THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE, RECEIVING A 10 YEAR LONG SERVICE MEDAL FROM THE POLICE IN 1983. DESCRIBED AS A “GRUFF, ROUGH OLD BOSTON IRISHMAN” WITH A HEART AS BIG AS THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS, THE CATHOLIC PRIEST PREFERRED HIS CHAPLAINCY ROLE WITH THE POLICE AND THE LETHBRIDGE CORRECTIONAL CENTRE OVER WORKING WITH A CHURCH CONGREGATION. HIS DEATH IN 1985 WAS THE RESULT OF A FALL SUFFERED WHILE PERFORMING HIS DAILY ROUNDS AT THE POLICE STATION AT AGE 76. SALVATION ARMY CAPTAIN RON BUTCHER WAS APPOINTED AS A POLICE CHAPLAIN IN 1973 AND SERVED UNTIL 1979. IN 2008 HE COMMENTED THAT HE “WALKED A FINE LINE AS CHAPLAIN” DUE TO THE NEED TO BE TRUSTED BY BOTH THE POLICE AND PERSONS UNDER ARREST. TO GAIN THE RESPECT OF THE POLICE, BUTCHER STATED THAT HE WENT SO FAR AS TO PARTICIPATE IN POLICE SELF DEFENSE TRAINING IN ORDER THAT THE FORCE’S OFFICERS WOULD COME TO KNOW AND RESPECT HIM AS A PERSON. BUTCHER’S ADVOCACY AND COUNSELING SERVICES WERE AVAILABLE TO BOTH POLICE MEMBERS AND ARRESTED ALIKE. POLICE CHAPLAINS WERE UNPAID, AVAILABLE ON REQUEST 24 HOURS A DAY AND ACCOMPANIED OFFICERS – OFTEN DAILY – WHILE OUT ON PATROL. IN ADDITION TO ATTENDING TO THE SPIRITUAL AND PRACTICAL NEEDS OF PERSONS IN POLICE CELLS, THEY ENGAGED AND COMFORTED PERSONS IN CRISIS, WHETHER IT WAS SOMEONE WHO WANTED TO COMMIT SUICIDE, A VICTIM OF A CRIME OR A FAMILY GIVEN NEWS OF A LOVED ONE’S SUDDEN LOSS. IN 1995, CHAPLAIN TIM HUNTLEY COMMENTED, “I’M (HERE) FOR WHOMEVER THE POLICE FEEL SHOULD HAVE SOMEONE TO TALK WITH, BE IT THEMSELVES, THE VICTIMS OF A CRIME OR THE PEOPLE, OR FAMILIES, OF THOSE UNDER ARREST”. THE CHAPLAINCY PROGRAM WAS DISBANDED IN 1997. ITS LONGEVITY AND SUCCESS WAS OWED TO THE MUTUAL RESPECT THAT EXISTED BETWEEN THE CHAPLAINS AND THE OFFICERS. THE CHAPLAINS APPRECIATED THE “COOPERATION AND UNDERSTANDING” SHOWN BY THE OFFICERS TOWARDS THEIR WORK – WORK WHICH, MANY FELT, CONTRIBUTED TO THE FORCE’S OVERALL ABILITY TO SERVE THE PUBLIC GOOD. THE DISBANDMENT OF THE CHAPLAINCY PROGRAM IN 1997 MAY HAVE BEEN, IN PART, DUE TO THE FOUNDING OF A VICTIMS’ SERVICES UNIT WITH THE POLICE IN 1991. AT THAT TIME, UNITS OF ITS KIND WERE BECOMING FAIRLY COMMON WITH POLICE SERVICES ACROSS THE COUNTRY. OVER A ONE-YEAR PERIOD IN 1994, THE UNIT’S VOLUNTEERS HANDLED 747 FILES WHICH INCLUDED THE PROVISION OF SUPPORT SERVICES FOR THE VICTIMS AND FAMILIES OF ASSAULT, MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS, BREAK-INS, ROBBERIES AND SUICIDE. TODAY’S VICTIM/WITNESS SERVICES PROGRAM PROVIDES, AMONG OTHER THINGS, AN EMPATHETIC EAR, PERSONAL VISITS TO HOMES AND HOSPITALS, REFERRALS, AND COURT PREPARATION INFORMATION. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112116 FOR INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P20100048003
Acquisition Date
2010-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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