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Other Name
COVER BAG
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, INK
Catalogue Number
P20180016002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COVER BAG
Date
2018
Materials
PLASTIC, INK
No. Pieces
1
Height
58.7
Length
45.7
Description
WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH BLACK TEXT AND BORDER, WITH THE OPENING ACROSS THE BOTTOM. TEXT READS “PAY FOR PARKING AT YELLOW KIOSK” AND “CITY OF LETHBRIDGE” ACCOMPANIED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE SEAL. THE BLACK SQUARE BORDER AROUND THE TEXT MEASURES 1CM WIDE. BAG HAS A HOLE IN THE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER 2CM FROM THE CORNER OF THE BORDER AND GOES THROUGH BOTH SIDES OF THE BAG; THE HOLE IS RIPPED AT THE EDGES AND MEASURES 1.2CM IN DIAMETER. BAG HAS DIRT ACCRETION AND SOILING ON BOTH SIDES AND SURFACE CREASING. THE REVERSE SIDE OF THE BAG HAS TEXT IN THE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER READING “D0218 FRIESEN PLASTIC INC.” THE INSIDE OF THE BAG HAS A BLUE AND WHITE “COVIDIEN” TAB STUCK ON THE REVERSE SIDE. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
TRANSPORTATION
History
BEGINNING APRIL 2018, THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE REMOVED ITS EXISTING COIN-OPERATED PARKING METERS TO BE REPLACED WITH MULTI-STALL KIOSKS THROUGHOUT ITS DOWNTOWN CORE. THE EXISTING COIN-OPERATED PARKING METERS WERE DECOMMISSIONED AND COVERED WITH PLASTIC BAGS TO INDICATE PARKING PAYMENTS WOULD BE PROCESSED AT THE UPDATED KIOSKS. THE COVER BAG DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE WAS USED TO MARK DECOMMISSIONED METERS IN DOWNTOWN LETHBRIDGE, AND WAS DONATED FOLLOWING THE REMOVAL OF ALL COIN-OPERATED PARKING METERS IN JUNE 2018. IN DECEMBER 2015, THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE HOSTED AN INFORMATIONAL SESSION INFORMING LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS ABOUT AN IMPENDING UPGRADE TO THE DOWNTOWN PARKING SYSTEM. VAL FELLGER WAS THE 2015 INITIATIVE’S PARKING COORDINATOR. FELLGER OUTLINED REASONS FOR UPDATING THE EXISTING PARKING SYSTEM IN A 2018 CITY OF LETHBRIDGE MEDIA RELEASE. THE ANNOUNCEMENT SAYS, “THE PRIMARY OBJECTIVE OF PAID AND TIME ZONED PARKING IN DOWNTOWN LETHBRIDGE IS TO ACHIEVE PARKING TURNOVER WHICH RESULTS IN EQUITABLE AVAILABILITY OF PARKING TO SHOPPERS AND VISITORS TO DOWNTOWN…THERE ARE CURRENTLY A LITTLE OVER 1500 PARKING METERS IN THE DOWNTOWN. APPROXIMATELY 95 PERCENT OF THE PARKING METER INFRASTRUCTURE, PARKING METER HOUSINGS AND SUPPORT POLES ARE GREATER THAN 25 YEARS OLD. THESE HOUSINGS AND POLES ARE STARTING TO SHOW SIGNS OF WEAR AND LOOK UNKEMPT. MANY OF THE METERS CANNOT BE REPROGRAMMED TO ACCEPT NEW COINS OR OTHER PAYMENT OPTIONS.” THE CITY PONDERED THREE OPTIONS FOR THE IMPROVED SYSTEM: 100 PERCENT SINGLE-SPACE METERS WITH FOOT PATROL ENFORCEMENT, 100 PERCENT PAY-BY-PLATE MULTI-SPACE SMART MACHINES WITH MOBILE LICENSE PLATE RECOGNITION ENFORCEMENT, AND A HYBRID SYSTEM COMPRISED OF PAY-BY-PLATE MACHINES WITH MOBILE LICENSE PLATE RECOGNITION ENFORCEMENT AND IN ISOLATED LOCATIONS, INCLUDING BARRIER-FREE PARKING STALLS, SINGLE-SPACE SMART METERS WITH FOOT PATROL ENFORCEMENT. IN THE DOWNTOWN PARKING METER REPLACEMENT PROJECT STAKEHOLDER & PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT REPORT, 80 PERCENT OF THE PUBLIC SELECTED THE HYBRID SYSTEM. IN AUGUST 2017, THE CITY CHOSE A VENDOR, AND BY JUNE 2018 THE NEW SYSTEM WAS UP AND RUNNING. AS A RESULT, 1526 COIN-OPERATED PARKING METERS WERE REMOVED FROM DOWNTOWN STREETS AND 170 MULTI-SPACE KIOSKS WERE INSTALLED. IN A CITY OF LETHBRIDGE MEDIA RELEASE FROM MAY 28, 2018, MAYOR CHRIS SPEARMAN SAYS, “THIS IS ANOTHER SIGN OF HOW OUR CITY IS GROWING UP. WE TALK A LOT ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING A “SMART CITY” AND USING TECHNOLOGY TO MAKE US MORE EFFICIENT. THAT’S WHAT THIS NEW SYSTEM DOES.” FELLGER ADDED, “THE KIOSKS ARE SOLAR POWERED MAKING THEM MORE COST EFFECTIVE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY TO OPERATE THAN THE PREVIOUS PARKING METERS THAT USED AA BATTERIES.” ON DECEMBER 12, 2018, KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE’S ACTING PARKING COORDINATOR PHILLIP BERG. BERG ASSISTED FELLGER WITH THE PLANNING OF THE NEW PARKING SYSTEM. CONCERNING THE ROLLOUT OF THE METER REPLACEMENT PROJECT, BERG SAID, “IT WAS PRETTY HECTIC. PEOPLE WERE STILL A LITTLE RESISTANT TO CHANGE. WE HAD CONDITIONED PEOPLE TO A PARKING STYLE FOR THE LAST 50 TO 60 YEARS, AND IN ONE NIGHT WE CHANGED EVERYTHING OVER. SO THERE WAS A LOT OF RESISTANCE.” TO DEAL WITH THE RESISTANCE, BERG KEPT AN OPEN DIALOGUE WITH THE PUBLIC. “THERE WERE TIMES THAT MY PHONE DIDN’T STOP RINGING FOR DAYS, BUT WE’VE MADE A LOT OF CHANGES TO SCREEN DISPLAY AND SIGNAGE. [WE’VE DONE] EVERYTHING WE CAN POSSIBLY DO TO FACILITATE THE BEST PARKING MANAGEMENT STRATEGY WE CAN.” “I DID ALL THE REPAIRS, ALL THE MAINTENANCE AND ANYTHING, ANY PROGRAMMING OR ANYTHING THAT HAPPENED WITH THESE SINGLE SPACE METERS FOR THE LAST EIGHT YEARS. SO ANYTHING FROM RE-BUILDING HOUSINGS, PUTTING THEM TOGETHER FROM DIFFERENT PIECES, TO RE-PROGRAMMING THEM IN 2013 WHEN THE NEW COIN DIMENSIONS CAME OUT. WE HAD TO DO THEM ALL INDIVIDUALLY. AGAIN THESE WERE AT THEIR MAXIMUM CAPABILITIES. THEY HAD BEEN IN PLACE SINCE ABOUT 2000, THE ELECTRONIC PARKING METERS WERE IN PLACE FROM ABOUT 2000 AND WERE WELL PAST THEIR LIFE EXPECTANCY OF ABOUT 5 YEARS. SO, IT WAS TIME TO GO ON AND TRY A NEW TECHNOLOGY. AFTER MANY OPEN HOUSES, THE CITY CITIZENS AND WITH TECHNICAL EXPERTS DECIDED TO TRY IT WITH THE NEW MULTI-SPACE KIOSKS WHICH ALLOWED US A LOT MORE TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS. IT ALLOWED US THE ABILITY TO BE ABLE TO CLEAN UP THE STREETSCAPE, ELIMINATE THE PARKING METER POLES THAT WERE DILAPIDATED AND BREAKING DOWN AND PUT IN A NEW PARKING SYSTEM.” “THE PROJECT STARTED IN 2013…IT WAS SEVERAL YEARS IN THE MAKING AND IT WAS…ABOUT 2015…WHERE THE DECISION WAS MADE AND IT WAS PASSED THROUGH THAT WE WERE GOING TO CHANGE OUT THE PARKING SYSTEM. THERE WERE SEVERAL OTHER OPTIONS. THERE WAS UPDATING IT WITH THE SAME STUFF THAT WE HAVE NOW, UPDATING IT WITH A NEW SINGLE SPACE PARKING TECHNOLOGY OR GOING TO A MULTI-SPACE PARKING KIOSK. WHEN ALL THE FACTORS WERE PUT TOGETHER, THE MULTI-SPACE PARKING KIOSKS WERE THE MOST ECONOMICAL AND ALLOWED FOR THE MOST OPTIONS IN THE FUTURE.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE DECOMMISSIONING OF THE SINGLE-STALL, COIN-OPERATED PARKING METERS, BERG RECALLED, “APRIL THIS YEAR IT STARTED. WE STARTED INSTALLING ALL THE KIOSKS ON THE STREET, NOT HAVING THEM OPERATIONAL BUT JUST ENSURING THAT THEY WERE ALL OUT ON THE STREET WHILE STILL ALLOWING THE SINGLE SPACE METERS TO CONTINUE TO DO WHAT THEY HAD DONE FOR YEARS. AND THEN IN ONE WEEKEND WE CAME IN AND WE COVERED ALL THE SINGLE SPACE METERS. AND THAT WAS THE LAST WEEKEND IN MAY, COVERED ALL THE SINGLE SPACE PARKING METERS [WITH THE PLASTIC COVER BAGS] AND TURNED ON THE BRAND NEW PARKING KIOSKS.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180016001-GA FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, CITY OF LETHBRIDGE MEDIA RELEASES, AND FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20180016002
Acquisition Date
2018-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SPORTS SHIRT "GALT ROYALS"
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1964
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FABRIC, PAINT, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140049005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SPORTS SHIRT "GALT ROYALS"
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1964
Materials
FABRIC, PAINT, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
62
Length
68
Width
48
Description
A GREEN BASKETBALL T-SHIRT WITH WHITE TRIMMING AND WHITE PAINTED NUMBERS AND TEXT. THE FRONT OF THE SHIRT READS “55” AND “GALT ROYALS”. THE BACK READS “55”. THE WHITE TRIMMING FOLLOWS THE BOTTOM EDGE, THE SLEEVE EDGES AND THE COLLAR. THE COLLAR OPENS WITH A METAL ZIPPER, ENDING IN A SMALL SILVER CHAIN. A SMALL WHITE TAG IN THE BACK OF THE COLLAR READS “12” IN RED. EXCELLENT CONDITION: THE COLLAR IS CREASED ON ONE CORNER.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
HEALTH SERVICES
SPORTS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. THIS SHIRT WAS A PART OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING BASKETBALL UNIFORM. WHILE THE SPECIFIC DATE OF THIS ARTIFACT IS UNKNOWN, IT WOULD HAVE MOST LIKELY BEEN IN USE EARLIER THAT 1965, AS THE NURSING SCHOOL HAD GALT ROYAL UNIFORMS IN THAT YEAR THAT WERE DIFFERENT TO THIS ONE. THE UNIFORM WOULD HAVE BEEN USED BY “STUDENTS WHO WERE ON THE TEAM. BETWEEN 1965-68 ST. MICHAEL STUDENTS WERE [ON THE] TEAM ALSO.” ACCORDING TO THE HISTORY ATTACHED TO THIS ARTIFACT, SPORTS ACTIVITIES FOR THE STUDENTS WERE AN IMPORTANT PART OF THEIR LIVES DURING TRAINING. THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED BY THE MUSEUM THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049005
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"A7 RANCHE 100 ANNIVERSARY"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20140032002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"A7 RANCHE 100 ANNIVERSARY"
Date
1986
Materials
WOOD, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Height
19.5
Diameter
5.7
Description
BROWN GLASS BEER BOTTLE WITH A LIP FOR A TWIST-OFF CAP (NO CAP). "85" IS IN RAISED LETTERS OF GLASS AT THE BASE OF THE BOTTLE. THERE IS A SEAM VISIBLE DOWN THE CENTER HALVES OF THE BOTTLE WHERE IT HAS BEEN FUSED TOGETHER. CREAM-COLOURED RECTANGULAR LABEL WITH GOLD TRIM PASTED TO ONE SIDE OF THE BOTTLE. LABEL READS "a7" WITHIN A RED DIAGONAL STRIPE RUNNING UP THE WIDTH OF THE LABEL WITH "BEER" PRINTED BELOW. THE BOTTOM OF THE LABEL READS: "BREWED AND BOTTLED IN CARLING O'KEEFE BREWERIES CALGARY, ALBERTA" IN ALTERNATING BLACK AND RED FONT. THERE IS A STAMP THAT STATES "100 YEAR ANNIVERSARY 1886-1986" IN THE UPPER LEFT SECTION OF THE LABEL. CONDITION: SLIGHT WRINKLE VERTICALLY DOWN THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE LABEL. SLIGHT SCUFFING ON THE GLASS OF BOTTLE.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
MERCHANDISING T&E
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
INDUSTRY
History
A NOTE ABOUT THIS BOTTLE WAS WRITTEN BY THE DONOR, FRANK LIGHTBOUND, AND PROVIDED TO THE MUSEUM AT THE TIME OF DONATION STATES: “THE SPECIAL LABEL ON THIS BOTTLE IS ONE OF A FEW HUNDRED PRINTED TO HELP CELEBRATE THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY (1886-1986) OF THE A7 RANCHE (OLD SPELLING), THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF WHICH BORDERS THE OLDMAN RIVER NORTH OF LUNDBRECK IN THE MAYCROFT AREA. THE RANCH WAS ESTABLISHED BY A. E. CROSS OF BIG 4 STAMPEDE FAME AND THE FORMER CALGARY BREWING/MALTING CO. (HORSESHOE AND BUFFALO LABEL). THE RANCH IS STILL OWNED BY THE CROSS FAMILY. THE BEER WAS SERVED DURING THE CELEBRATION BAR-B-Q AND THIS BOTTLE WAS GIVEN TO ME BY VAL DENNIS, SOUTH RANCH FOREMAN AT THE TIME.” ON 22 MARCH 2017, GALT COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LIGHTBOUND ABOUT HIS DONATION OF THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY COMMEMORATIVE BOTTLE FROM A7 RANCHE BREWERY. THIS BOTTLE COMMEMORATES THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE A7 RANCHE. OF THAT, LIGHTBOUND STATES, “WELL, I MUST HAVE ACQUIRED IT SOON AFTER THAT THEN – IN 1986. IT WASN’T GIVEN TO ME DIRECTLY. I KNEW THE FOREMAN OF THE SOUTHERN BRANCH OF THE A7 RANCHE [VAL DENNIS], AND HE HAD SEVERAL OF THEM, AND HE GAVE ME ONE...THE DENNIS FAMILY HAVE A RANCH ON THE OLD MAN RIVER JUST OUTSIDE THE FOREST RESERVE, WHICH IS ACROSS THE ROAD FROM THE A7 RANCHE.” THE BOTTLE WAS GIVEN TO LIGHTBOUND EMPTY. WHEN ASKED WHY HE WAS COMPELLED TO SAVE IT, LIGHTBOUND REPLIED, “WELL, [IT REPRESENTS] AN INTERESTING PART OF THE COUNTRY. I WAS AT THE GAP RANGER STATION FOR FIVE YEARS AND THE DENNIS FAMILY HAD THE FIRST RANCH EAST OF THE FOREST RESERVE, ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE ROAD, BETWEEN THE ROAD AND THE RIVER. I GOT TO KNOW THE FAMILY BACK AROUND 1965 AND THIS WAS [FROM] 1985. I STILL VISIT WITH THEM AND I HELPED THEM WITH THEIR RANCHING OPERATION...I SAW ALL THE FAMILY GROW UP, ALL THE KIDS GROW UP. VAL WAS ONE. WHEN I FIRST MET HIM, HE WAS A KID IN GRADE SCHOOL, AND NOW I THINK HE’S ABOUT 60 YEARS OLD, AND HE’S NEARING RETIREMENT AS AN RCMP OFFICER. SO A LOT OF YEARS HAVE PASSED. SO, OUT OF THE GOODNESS OF HIS HEART, HE THOUGHT I’D LIKE TO HAVE THAT BOTTLE AND I TOOK IT, AND I HAD IT DISPLAYED—IT WASN’T IN THE LIVING ROOM—BUT IT WAS IN THE CUPBOARD AREA IN THE DINING AREA.” ACCORDING TO THE A7 RANCHE HISTORY PROVIDED ON THEIR WEBSITE (ACCESSED ON 4 MAY 2018), THE RANCH’S FOUNDER – ALFRED ERNEST CROSS – “PICKED THE ‘A7’ BRAND TO SYMBOLIZE HIMSELF AND HIS SIX SIBLINGS. IT IS SAID TO BE THE OLDEST RANCH IN CANADA STILL IN THE HANDS OF THE ORIGINAL OWNERS, RIGHT THROUGH TO PRESENT-DAY OWNER JOHN CROSS.” THE WEBSITE CONTINUES, “A. E. CROSS IS BEST KNOWN FOR BEING ONE OF THE “BIG FOUR” CATTLEMEN WHO FOUNDED THE CALGARY STAMPEDE IN 1912. HOWEVER, HE HAD MANY OTHER BUSINESS, PUBLIC, AND CHARITABLE INTERESTS, LIKE THE CALGARY BREWING AND MALTING COMPANY, OIL AND GAS, AND THE BUDDING MOTION PICTURE INDUSTRY. CROSS ALSO SERVED AS THE MLA FOR EAST CALGARY IN THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF THE NORTH-WEST TERRITORIES...” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, A7 HISTORY AND DONOR’S NOTE.
Catalogue Number
P20140032002
Acquisition Date
2014-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CROWSON CAMPAIGN SIGN
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, INK
Catalogue Number
P20170033002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CROWSON CAMPAIGN SIGN
Date
2017
Materials
PLASTIC, INK
No. Pieces
1
Length
61
Width
40.5
Description
PURPLE DOUBLE-SIDED SIGN PRINTED ON COROPLAST BOARD. SIGN HAS PURPLE PHOTOGRAPH OF BELINDA CROWSON BESIDE LARGE METAL WHEEL WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HIGH LEVEL BRIDGE AND WEST CITYSCAPE IN BACKGROUND; WHITE TEXT ON SIDE READS “BELINDA CROWSON FOR COUNCIL...BELINDA4COUNCIL@GMAIL.COM”. FRONT OF SIGN HAS TWO ROUND DENT ALONG LOWER EDGE FROM SIGN STAKES; BACK OF SIGN IS SCRATCHED ON UPPER AND LOWER LEFT EDGES. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
POLITICS
History
ON NOVEMBER 16, 2017 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BELINDA CROWSON REGARDING HER DONATION OF A MUNICIPAL CAMPAIGN SIGN AND BLACKWORK EMBROIDERY PIECE. CROWSON WAS EMPLOYED WITH THE GALT MUSEUM AS THE MUSEUM EDUCATOR, WITH A REPUTATION AS A RENOWNED LOCAL HISTORIAN, UNTIL HER ELECTION TO CITY OF LETHBRIDGE COUNCIL IN 2017. THE CAMPAIGN SIGN WAS USED BY CROWSON DURING HER 2017 CAMPAIGN FOR CITY OF LETHBRIDGE COUNCIL. ON THE SIGN, CROWSON RECALLED, “I SAT DOWN WITH LISA LAMBERT, JENN SCHMIDT-REMPEL, AND BARB LACEY, A WHOLE BUNCH OF PEOPLE. I GOT ALL KINDS OF INFORMATION. I KNEW ANINE [VONKEMAN] WAS GOING TO BE MY DESIGNER, BECAUSE I COULDN’T THINK OF ANYBODY BETTER TO DO IT. THE DESIGN FOR THIS CAME ABOUT FROM A CONVERSATION WITH LISA AND ANINE, BECAUSE LISA SAID, “THERE’S TWO THINGS EVERYBODY KNOWS ABOUT YOU – YOUR FACE, AND YOUR FIRST NAME.” SHE SAID, “ASK ME TO COMMENT ON ANYTHING YOU DO.” I TYPED THAT TO ANINE, AND SHE SAID THAT’S WHAT SHE HAD IN MIND, TOO. I DON’T THINK THERE WAS ANY DOUBT IN ANYBODY’S MIND THAT IT WOULD BE PURPLE-–NOT NENSHI PURPLE—BELINDA WAS PURPLE BEFORE HE EVER WAS. I ASKED FRIENDS, AND TONYA PLONKA WAS SUGGESTED AS THE PHOTOGRAPHER, AND THEY SAID, “YOU HAVE TO BE BELINDA AT ‘THE GALT’, WITHOUT SAYING ‘THE GALT’.” WE DID THE PICTURES OUT WITH THE WHEELS [AT THE GALT MUSEUM], AND THE TRAIN BRIDGE IN THE BACKGROUND. I GOT MY HAIR DONE…THAT DAY, AND SENT IT OFF TO ANINE. THE DESIGN IS VERY MUCH ANINE’S. SHE HAD AN IMAGE IN HER HEAD, AND YOU HAVE TO HAVE A CELLPHONE NUMBER, AND YOUR E-MAIL ON. THEY DON’T HAVE TO BE THAT LARGE BUT, BY BYLAW, YOU HAVE TO HAVE THEM ON. THE REST IS DEPENDING ON WHAT YOU WANT. WHAT I LOVE ABOUT ANINE’S DESIGN IS [IT’S] EASY TO READ. THEY STOOD OUT AMONGST ALL THE OTHER SIGNS; THEY WERE A VERY DIFFERENT DESIGN THAN ALL [THE OTHERS]. I HAD 100 OF THESE MADE, AND 5 BIG SIGNS. BECAUSE OF THE FULL BLEED, MINE WERE MORE EXPENSIVE [ABOUT TWICE AS MUCH AS THE OTHER SIGNS], SO THEY ARE $10.00 A SIGN TO BUY. BASED ON THE BUDGET, WE ONLY GOT 100 OF THEM. WE HAD WAY LESS THAN OTHER PEOPLE BY NUMBER, BUT BECAUSE OF THE STAND-OUT I HAD PEOPLE TELLING ME THAT THEY THOUGHT WE HAD MORE THAN EVERYBODY ELSE. THE SIGN FOOLED YOU.” “IT TAKES A COMMUNITY TO RUN AN ELECTION. I COULD NEVER SAY ENOUGH ABOUT MY FAMILY AND FRIENDS IN THIS. I HAD THREE SIGN CREWS; TWO MORE WHO WANTED TO BE SIGN CREWS, BUT THEY ALL GOT THEM DONE SO FAST. PEOPLE SUBMITTED NAMES-–PEOPLE E-MAILED ME, AND GAVE ME ADDRESSES WHO WANTED THE SIGNS, AND THEN [THE SIGN CREWS] ALSO TOOK DIFFERENT PARTS. THEY JUST WENT OUT AND PUT THEM UP. THERE ARE LAWS ABOUT WHERE YOU CAN PUT THEM, AND THEN THEY ALL BABYSAT THEIR SIGNS. THEY WATCHED THEM THROUGHOUT, AND, UNKNOWN TO ME, EVEN MY MOTHER WAS DRIVING AROUND. IF A SIGN WAS DOWN, SHE’D CLEAN IT AND PUT IT BACK UP, BECAUSE SHE JUST COULDN’T STAND SEEING THEM [DOWN]. I KNEW FROM TALKING TO SHANNON PHILLIPS, AND A FEW OTHERS, THAT ‘SIGN MANAGEMENT’ IS MUCH BIGGER PART OF IT, AND I MUST ADMIT, EXCEPT FOR PICKING A FEW SIGNS UP AT THE END OF IT, I DID NOTHING WITH MY SIGNS, PERSONALLY. THE VOLUNTEERS DID IT ALL. THEY TOOK THAT TO HEART, AND THEY DID THE SIGN TEAMS.” “THE OTHER THING I HAPPENED TO LEARN FROM PEOPLE LIKE RYAN PARKER AND JEFF CARLSON IS GETTING PEOPLE WITH THE RIGHT ADDRESSES FOR YOUR BIG SIGNS. THEY HAVE THE ‘CORNERS’. I HAD SOME GOOD ONES-–I HAD ONE ON CROWSNEST TRAIL. THE MAYES GAVE ME ONE RIGHT AT 28TH AND CROWSNEST, AND I HAD ONE ON WHOOP-UP DRIVE, AND A FEW FRIENDS WHO OFFERED ONES UP. I HAVE LEARNED A LOT, IN THAT YOU REALLY HAVE TO MAKE FRIENDS WITH PEOPLE WITH THE BEST ‘CORNERS’. THEN SOME PEOPLE ARE LIKE, “ARE SIGNS EVEN WORTH IT? LIKE, ARE THEY ENVIRONMENTAL?” BUT, I WAS TOLD, YOU DO EVERY ONE OF THE THINGS. THE OTHER THING ABOUT SIGNS IS YOU USE THEM WHEN WE DID OUR WAVING CAMPAIGN. SO, MYSELF, I DID 9 HOURS OF WAVING, AND PEOPLE JOINED ME AT DIFFERENT ONES…EVERY DAY OF THE CAMPAIGN, JUST STANDING WITH A SIGN, SOMETIMES THE HUGE ONES, EIGHT OF US, SOMETIMES THE LITTLE ONES, AND WAVING FOR AN HOUR, AT DIFFERENT SPOTS AROUND TOWN. THE SIGNS WERE WONDERFUL FOR THAT, IN THAT, BEFORE THEY EVEN SAW US, THEY RECOGNIZED THE SIGN. I HAVE HAD SO MANY PEOPLE TALK ABOUT THE DESIGN OF THE SIGN, AND THAT’S ANINE. MY GIANT PURPLE FACE ALL OVER TOWN!” CROWSON ELABORATED ON HER DECISION TO RUN FOR CITY OF LETHBRIDGE COUNCIL IN 2017, NOTING, “I’VE BEEN THINKING ABOUT RUNNING FOR COUNCIL FOR THE LAST 2 YEARS. I NEED TO BE GOING TOWARDS SOMETHING, AS MUCH AS I’M LEAVING SOMETHING. I SAT AND TALKED WITH SEVERAL FRIENDS WELL OVER A YEAR AGO ABOUT, “DO YOU THINK I COULD DO IT? WHAT WOULD I HAVE TO DO?” I WENT…THROUGH CAMPAIGN STUFF…IT WAS A YEAR AND A HALF BEFORE, THAT I STARTED MAKING PLANS, THINKING, “HOW MUCH MONEY DO YOU NEED? WHAT DO YOU NEED TO DO?” MY ROAD TRIP LAST SEPTEMBER—WYOMING—PART OF THAT TRIP WAS PREPARING…IT WAS A LOT OF PLANNING IN ADVANCE. WHEN DO YOU START TELLING PEOPLE? HOW DO I START WINDING THINGS DOWN, WITHOUT INDICATING THAT I’M WINDING THINGS DOWN?” “TO ME, THE MAIN PURPOSE OF HISTORY IS A BETTER FUTURE. WE LOOK AT THE CONTEXT; WE LOOK AT THAT, SO WE CAN MAKE BETTER PLANS. AS I LOOK BACK, IT BECAME A NO-BRAINER. YOU CAN’T JUST SAY, “MAN, I WISH I HAD DONE THIS.” AT SOME POINT, YOU’VE GOT TO STEP UP AND GO, “THIS IS WHAT WE HAVE TO DO, AND I NEED BE AROUND THAT TABLE”. I’M ABSOLUTELY LOVING THE BIG DISCUSSION. LIKE ANY JOB, YOU CAN GET STUCK IN THE MINUTIA OF, “WHY ARE YOU SENDING ME AN E-MAIL ABOUT THIS?” THE HUGE DISCUSSIONS THAT WE CAN HAVE ABOUT, “ARE WE GOING TO DENSIFY, OR ARE WE GOING TO DO THIS?”…WHAT I ALSO LOVE IS, SOME OF THE CONVERSATIONS, I CAN GO BACK AND GET A 1910 NEWSPAPER, AND THEY ARE THE SAME THINGS. “HOW DO WE MAKE THIS BETTER? WHAT DO WE DO?” I’M ABSOLUTELY LOVING THE FACT THAT, AS ONE OF MY GRADE FIVE STUDENTS SAID, “NOW, YOU NO LONGER TELL HISTORY; YOU MAKE HISTORY.” IN SOME RESPECTS, THAT’S THE CHANGE, BUT IT’S ALL STILL PART OF IT. I HAD SOME WORRIES, BECAUSE I KNEW SOME PEOPLE I THOUGHT WERE GOING TO RUN, “I DON’T KNOW IF I COULD BEAT THOSE PEOPLE.” BUT, AT SOME POINT IN YOUR LIFE [YOU JUST SAY], “CRAP. I’M JUST GOING TO DO IT-–I’M JUST GOING TO THROW MY NAME IN.”” “[I WAS ELECTED] THE 16TH [FRIDAY]…MY LAST DAY AT WORK…[WAS] THE 20TH OF OCTOBER.” “IT WAS FUNNY, BECAUSE I COULD NOT MAKE ANY DECISIONS AFTER OCTOBER 16TH. I DID NOT KNOW WHICH WAY MY LIFE WOULD GO. TO BE HONEST THOUGH, “WOULD I HAVE COME BACK?” I PROBABLY WOULD NOT HAVE. I WAS SO PREPARED TO MOVE ON, IF I HADN’T GOTTEN ELECTED. I PROBABLY WOULD HAVE PUT MY RESIGNATION IN, ANYWAYS. I HAD A BACK-UP PLAN TO GETTING ON COUNCIL, BECAUSE WHAT I SAID I LOVED ABOUT COUNCIL IS I WANTED TO MOVE FORWARD. THIS IS WHAT I REALLY WANTED TO DO, BUT I ALSO REALIZED I REALLY WAS DONE HERE, AS WELL. IT WASN’T ABOUT QUITTING A JOB, ONLY. IT WAS ABOUT QUITTING A JOB, AND MOVING INTO SOMETHING ELSE. IF YOU’RE NOT SCARED A LITTLE BIT EVERY DAY, IT’S NOT FUN ANYMORE. I’M A SEAT-OF-THE-PANTS-–HAVE TO HAVE FUN—DOING THINGS [PERSON]. I WILL ALWAYS, SOMEHOW, BE TEACHING AND DOING STUFF WITH KIDS. THAT’S JUST PART OF WHO I AM, BUT I NEEDED TO HAVE OTHER THINGS JUST AS LARGE AS THAT IN MY LIFE.” “IT’S VERY WEIRD. I HAVE ALWAYS SEEN MYSELF AS A TEACHER, WORKING IN A MUSEUM. EVEN THOUGH I HAVE DONE HISTORIAN [WORK], I’M A TEACHER. TO GO INTO A POLITICAL WORLD IS QUITE A DIFFERENT THING, BUT SOMEBODY SAID TO ME THAT I’VE ACTUALLY SPENT 20 YEARS GETTING READY FOR IT. I’VE SAT ON A LOT OF COMMITTEES. I DID ALL THAT, AND ACTUALLY SOME OF THE GRADE FIVE KIDS WERE ASKING, “WE DIDN’T KNOW YOU WERE INTO POLITICS.” I SAID, “THAT WAS BECOMING A MUCH BIGGER PART OF MY LIFE THAT YOU GUYS DIDN’T SEE.” WHEN I LOOK BACK [I THINK], “OBVIOUSLY YOU WERE PLANNING FOR THAT, AND PREPPING FOR THAT.” “LEARNING [THIS PART OF MY LIFE] IS LIKE ANYTHING. ALWAYS DO YOUR HOMEWORK, AND BE PREPARED, AND THEN BE FLEXIBLE, BECAUSE IT’S NEVER GOING TO WORK OUT THE WAY YOU THINK, BUT THAT’S MY ENTIRE LIFE. IF I READ EVERYTHING IN ADVANCE, AND TRY TO BE AS MUCH OF AN EXPERT BEFORE I WALK INTO A ROOM, I’M HAPPY KNOWING THAT YOU ALSO CAN’T ALWAYS BE THE EXPERT. THAT’S THE THING WITH THE ELECTION AS WELL. THANK HEAVENS I HAD PEOPLE WHO KNEW A LOT MORE THAN I DID, ABOUT WHAT TO DO. THE OTHER THING THAT’S ‘TAKE AWAY’ IS PEOPLE WERE SO VERY GRACIOUS WITH THEIR TIME, AND THEIR EFFORT, AND THEIR ENERGY. IF YOU ASK FOR HELP, YOU’D BE AMAZED HOW MANY PEOPLE WILL DO IT, WHO WILL GIVE YOU AN HOUR, AN HOUR AND A HALF, AND SIT AND TALK TO YOU, AND SAY, “THIS IS WHAT I LEARNED. THIS IS WHAT I WOULD DO.” THOSE ARE THE PEOPLE I TRY TO EMULATE. TO PASS ALONG TO THE NEXT GENERATION, THE NEXT ONE, AND TO BE LIKE THAT BECAUSE I THINK PEOPLE THOUGHT WE WERE HILARIOUS. WE WERE THE FIRST ELECTION CAMPAIGN WHERE ALL THE CANDIDATES WHO WERE THERE GOT TOGETHER FOR A GROUP PHOTOGRAPH AT THE END. YOU CAN DEBATE IDEAS BUT STILL BE CIVIL. THE CAMPAIGN WAS FUN.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170033001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170033002
Acquisition Date
2017-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"VETS" HOCKEY SWEATER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, WOOL
Catalogue Number
P20180015000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"VETS" HOCKEY SWEATER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
COTTON, WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Length
68.2
Width
48
Description
BLACK TURTLENECK SWEATER WITH OCHRE TRIM AT SLEEVES, NECK, AND WAIST. SWEATER IS WOOL-BLEND KNIT; SWEATER HAS YELLOW FELT LETTERS SEWN ON CHEST “VETS”. BACK OF SWEATER HAS YELLOW OUTLINE FROM MISSING “4” PATCH. SWEATER HAS HOLES ON RIGHT-WEARING SLEEVE BELOW ELBOW AND AT ARMPIT; SWEATER HAS HOLES ON SIDES OF NECK AND AT SIDES OF WAIST; SWEATER HAS HOLES ON LEFT-WEARING SLEEVE BELOW ELBOW, AT CUFF, AND ON FRONT AT SHOULDER. BACK OF SWEATER HAS HOLES OF LEFT-WEARING SLEEVE AND RIGHT-WEARING SLEEVE. SWEATER IS SOILED AND STAINED; FRONT IS FADED ON CHEST. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SPORTS
History
ON JUNE 14, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED HAROLD PALMER REGARDING HIS DONATION OF A LETHBRIDGE VETS TEAM HOCKEY SWEATER. THE SWEATER BELONGED TO HAROLD PALMER’S FATHER, MURRAY YALE PALMER. ON HIS FATHER’S CONNECTION TO THE SWEATER, HAROLD PALMER RECALLED, “IT WAS IN MY DAD’S HOCKEY BAG AND HE DIED IN 1971. I NEVER REALLY WENT THROUGH STUFF UNTIL JUST RECENTLY…I’VE HAD IT SINCE 1971 IN MY POSSESSION BUT I’VE NEVER DONE ANYTHING WITH IT. [MY FATHER’S] DAD WAS A DOCTOR IN WW I, IN THE FIELD, SO HE WOULD BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE WAR EFFORT. HE WOULD BE IN THE HOME AS A YOUNG BOY AND HIS DAD WAS AWAY IN THE SERVICES. HE PLAYED HOCKEY ALL HIS LIFE. HE HAD TOLD ME [ABOUT] VARIOUS TEAMS THAT HE HAD PLAYED FOR AND WHEN HE DIED AT SIXTY-SEVEN YEARS OLD, HE DIED ON THURSDAY AND THEY HAD PLAYED HOCKEY ON MONDAY NIGHT WITH THE OLDTIMERS. WE GREW UP KNOWING THAT DAD PLAYED HOCKEY AND THAT HE ALWAYS HAD A RINK IN THE BACK YARD.” “[MY SON] GOT [THE CONNECTION] THAT THERE WAS A HOCKEY TEAM BY THE NAME OF “VETS” IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1919…THIS IS WHERE THE SWEATER ORIGINATED FROM THEN, BECAUSE THERE WOULDN’T BE MANY HOCKEY CLUBS CALLED “VETS”.” “[MY FATHER] LIVED IN CLARESHOLM AT ONE TIME BECAUSE HIS DAD WAS A MEDICAL DOCTOR AND HE WOULD BE A YOUNG MAN THEN…HE WAS A RURAL DOCTOR, HE WAS A COUNTRY DOCTOR. THEY DEFINITELY LIVED IN THAT AREA AT ONE TIME.” “MY DAD HAD A RINK IN OUR BACK YARD FROM THE POINT THAT HE BOUGHT THREE LOTS IN RED DEER. [THE] FIRST [LOT] WAS THE HOUSE, THE SECOND ONE WAS PLANED OFF FOR A BASEBALL FIELD AND THEN IT WAS HOCKEY RINK IN THE WINTER TIME.” “[MY FATHER] PASSED AWAY IN RED DEER, AND HE’D BEEN IN RED DEER FROM 1939 TIL HIS PASSING.” PHOTOGRAPHS FROM THE PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES OF ALBERTA NOTES THAT THE LETHBRIDGE VETS WAS CONSIDERED A SENIOR TEAM. THE VETS WON THE 1919-1920 ALBERTA SENIOR PLAYOFFS, HOWEVER LOST IN THE 1919-1920 WESTERN CANADA ALLAN CUP PLAYOFFS. THE VETS COMPETED IN THE 1922-23 ALBERTA SENIOR PLAYOFFS AGAIN. LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1923-1924 LIST PALMER AS A PLAYER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE VETS HOCKEY TEAM, AND IN 1926-1927 LIST MURRAY PALMER AS A PLAYER IN CLARESHOLM, ALBERTA. MURRAY YALE PALMER WAS THE SON OF SPRAGUE MURRAY PALMER AND ARLETTE PALMER. SPRAGUE PALMER WAS A DOCTOR IN LETHBRIDGE AND CLARESHOLM FOLLOWING HIS SERVICE IN WW1 AS A DOCTOR WITH THE 22ND CAVALRY FIELD AMBULANCE. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT, COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND COPIES OF PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES OF ALBERTA RECORDS PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180015000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180015000
Acquisition Date
2018-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WOMEN'S MARCH
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FOAMCORE BOARD, MARKER
Catalogue Number
P20170015005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WOMEN'S MARCH
Date
2017
Materials
FOAMCORE BOARD, MARKER
No. Pieces
1
Height
76
Length
51
Width
0.5
Description
WHITE FOAM CORE BOARD SIGN, 51 CM X 76 CM. RED-COLOURED FEMALE GENDER SYMBOL WITH RED-COLOURED HAND GRASPING BLACK AND WHITE FEATHER, DONE IN MARKER. SMALL BEND ON TOP RIGHT CORNER, DAMAGE ON BOTTOM LEFT CORNER; JAGGEDLY CUT EDGES. “© API’SOOMAAHKA 2017” ON BOTTOM LEFT CORNER.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
POLITICS
History
THE WOMEN’S MARCH LETHBRIDGE FIRST OCCURRED ON JANUARY 17, 2017. ORIGINATING IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FOLLOWING THE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, THE WOMEN’S MARCH WAS AN INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT OF PROTESTS AND GATHERINGS IN SUPPORT OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, LGBTQ+ RIGHTS AND STANDING AGAINST INTOLERANCE AND DISCRIMINATION. THE 2017 WOMEN’S MARCH IN LETHBRIDGE SAW A GATHERING OF 500-600 PARTICIPANTS ALONG MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE SOUTH NEAR THE CORNER OF NINTH AVENUE. LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER WERE A PART OF THE WOMEN’S MARCH STANDING FOR WOMEN’S AND INDIGENOUS RIGHTS. ON MARCH 2, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER REGARDING THEIR DONATION AND PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE WOMEN’S MARCH. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE DESIGN ON THE POSTER, BRAVE ROCK EXPLAINED, “THE HAND AND THE FEATHER WERE ACTUALLY A DESIGN THAT WE HAD BEEN UTILIZING FOR THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, FOR THE BLOOD TRIBE CHAPTER OF THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO FOR ALL OF OUR SIGNAGE, FOR ANYTHING THAT WE DID FOR THE IDLE NO MORE BLOOD TRIBE…THE ORIGINAL IDLE NO MORE IMAGE THAT HAD BEEN ADOPTED ACROSS CANADA HAD THE HAIDA ART…WE KIND OF WANTED SOMETHING THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT MORE ‘OURS’, AND REFLECTIVE OF US BEING A PLAINS TRIBE, AND THAT WAS THE DESIGN…WHEN WE WERE THINKING OF A POSTER TO BRING ALONG FOR THE DAY, I JUST THOUGHT THIS KIND OF ENCAPSULATED EVERYTHING THAT WE DID WITH IDLE NO MORE, AND JUST TIED IN WITH THE WOMEN’S SYMBOL. I’M NOT SURE WHAT YOU ACTUALLY CALL THAT SYMBOL, BUT, WITH THE WOMEN’S SYMBOL - PUTTING THE HAND AND FEATHER INSIDE OF THAT—AND JUST KIND OF TYING THOSE TWO THINGS TOGETHER FOR THIS. ONCE IT WAS DONE, WE DIDN’T EVEN NEED WORDS. IT REALLY KIND OF STRUCK PEOPLE THAT DAY. IT WAS SOMETHING THAT A LOT OF PEOPLE WERE STOPPING AND ASKING TO TAKE PICTURES OF IT. TO ME, WE COULDN’T FIGURE OUT ANY OTHER SIGN—IT WAS A LAST MINUTE THING. [WILLIAM] DID IT THE MORNING OF—AND IT REALLY KIND OF STRUCK A CHORD WITH PEOPLE…” “[THE HAIDA DESIGN] WAS MORE NATIONAL, AND I LOVE THE DESIGN AND EVERYTHING, BUT, WITH US BEING PLAINS…I DIDN’T REALLY FEEL THAT [THE NATIONAL DESIGN] REFLECTED OUR RESERVE, AND OUR INVOLVEMENT IN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT. WE JUST WANTED TO MAKE IT A LITTLE BIT MORE PERSONALIZED, AND IT WAS ACTUALLY ADOPTED BY THE PUBLIC SERVICE ALLIANCE OF CANADA FOR THE PRAIRIE REGION. THEY HAD ADOPTED THIS AS A BUTTON DESIGN, AND THEY HAD MADE A WHOLE BUNCH OF BUTTONS FOR EVERY PRAIRIE CHAPTER THAT THEY HAD…THAT DESIGN WAS ACTUALLY UTILIZED IN ALL OF THEIR PRAIRIE REGION OFFICES.” ON THE WOMEN’S MARCH, BRAVE ROCK ELABORATED, “FOR ME, AS A WOMAN, THERE IS NO OTHER PLACE I COULD THINK OF TO BE, ON THAT DAY THAT WAS MORE IMPORTANT. I WAS HAPPY TO SEE THAT THERE WERE OTHER FIRST NATIONS [PEOPLE] THERE…AS A FIRST NATIONS WOMAN, GROWING UP, MY MOTHER WAS IN A VERY ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP. MY GRANDFATHER WENT THROUGH RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND HE WAS VERY ABUSIVE TO MY GRANDMOTHER, AND MY MOTHER, GROWING UP, SO IT WAS A CYCLE. THE OLDER I GOT, I LEARNED THAT ALL OF THIS IS A CYCLE…BEFORE I WAS WITH WILLIAM, I WAS IN AN ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP…LEARNING TO TRY TO BREAK THAT CYCLE…I THINK THAT’S WHY [WILLIAM AND I HAVE] BEEN TOGETHER AS LONG AS WE HAVE. WE’VE BEEN TOGETHER OVER 21 YEARS NOW, [AND IT’S] BECAUSE WE’RE LOOKING AT TRYING TO CHANGE THE NEGATIVITY THAT WE’VE GROWN UP IN. IT’S A WORK IN PROGRESS. IT’S ALWAYS GOING TO BE WORK TO DEAL WITH WHAT WE’VE GONE THROUGH.” “WHEN I WAS 19 YEARS OLD, MY BEST FRIEND WAS KILLED BY HER HUSBAND. HE SERVED APPROXIMATELY TWO YEARS IN JAIL BEFORE HE WAS FREED, AND HE IS FREE ON THE RESERVE, LIVING HIS LIFE, HAVING A FAMILY, ALL OF THAT, WHILE SHE’S BEEN DEAD AND GONE NOW OVER 20 YEARS…WITH THIS BEING THE WOMEN’S MARCH, FOR ME IT IS VERY PERSONAL. THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT DRIVE ME, BECAUSE [MY FRIEND IS] NOT HERE. SHE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE; MY UNCLE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE, AND FOR ALL OF THESE PEOPLE, I LOOK AT MY LIFE, AND I THINK IF I CAN DO SOMETHING TO HONOR THE LEGACY OF THEIR LIFE—THEM NOT BEING HERE ANYMORE, THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT REALLY DRIVE ME, ARE THE PEOPLE THAT ARE IN OUR COMMUNITY THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST.” “WITH LOSING [MY FRIEND] ANGIE WHEN I WAS 19, THE WHOLE THING WITH TRUMP THAT SPARKED THE WHOLE WOMEN’S MARCH, THE WOMEN’S MOVEMENT…WHEN I LOOK AT THINGS LIKE THIS, I THINK WOMEN HAVE HAD A LOT OF CHALLENGES THAT THEY HAVE FACED OVER THE YEARS, JUST TO GET TO BE ON THE SAME LEVEL [AS MEN]. WE WERE JUST LISTENING TO THE CBC AND THEY WERE SAYING CANADA GOT SUCH A POOR GRADE RECENTLY…BECAUSE THERE’S NOT ENOUGH WOMEN IN HIGH POSITIONS IN COMPANIES. THE WOMEN ARE STILL GETTING VERY MUCH UNDER-PAID THAN MEN, AND WHENEVER I LOOK AT THESE ISSUES, I THINK ‘YEAH—AND IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, THAT MEANS [SHE’S PAID] EVEN LESS.’ IN ALL OF THESE INSTANCES, I THINK, IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, I THINK SHE IS EVEN CONSIDERED LESS WORTH THAN SOMEONE WHO IS NON-INDIGENOUS. THE WHOLE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN ISSUE, AGAIN, HAVING BEEN TOUCHED PERSONALLY BY THAT—HAVING THAT FEAR OF LOSING ANYONE ELSE TO THAT—IT’S VERY MUCH ALIVE IN ME. BECAUSE I’VE ALREADY GONE THROUGH IT, I JUST CAN’T STAND TO SEE SOMEONE ELSE TO LOSE SOMEONE ELSE LIKE THIS…I THINK EVEN SHANNAN [LITTLE] HAD COME ACROSS AND SAID, ‘IT’S REALLY IMPORTANT…TO HAVE YOU GUYS THERE.’ AND I SAID, ‘FOR SURE. WE’RE ON BOARD. WE’RE THERE. WE CAN’T KNIT OR DO THOSE HATS, BUT FOR SURE, WE’RE THERE, WE’RE SUPPORTING YOU.’” “TO ME [WOMEN’S RIGHTS ARE] AN ISSUE. IT’S VERY, VERY PERSONAL TO ME…BY THE TIME I WAS A TEENAGER, MY UNCLE WAS GONE, MY GRANDPA WASN’T A PART OF MY LIFE, MY STEP-DAD WAS SO ABUSIVE, WE DIDN’T SPEND AS MUCH TIME WITH HIM…I FEEL LIKE I GREW UP OUT OF A FAMILY OF WOMEN, AND PEOPLE TELL ME ALL THE TIME, ‘YOU’RE SO STRONG.’ IF YOU KNEW MY GRANDMOTHER—TO HAVE GONE THROUGH WHAT SHE HAS GONE THROUGH, TO LOSE HER HOME, TO HAVE KEPT US ALL TOGETHER…TO WHERE SHE NOW HAS ANOTHER HOME HERE ON THE RESERVE, TO HAVE ACCOMPLISHED WHAT SHE HAS DONE. MY MOM…I LOOK AT HER SOMETIMES, AND, ‘YOU’RE THIS OLD, AND YOU ARE STILL IN THAT STRUGGLE, AND YOU’RE STILL TRYING. AND I’M TRYING TO HELP YOU.’ ALL OF US ARE TRYING TO DO WHAT WE CAN TO HELP HER, SO, TO ME, THERE’S STILL SO MANY ISSUES FOR WOMEN, AND TO BE INDIGENOUS IS JUST ANOTHER STRIKE AGAINST THEM. IT’S SO IMPORTANT, I THINK, FOR US TO SEE HOW IMPORTANT OUR WOMEN REALLY ARE TO US, AND WHAT THEY MEAN TO US. THEY ARE OUR FUTURE. THEY ARE THE ONES THAT ARE BRINGING OUR FUTURE TO US…I STILL FEEL STRONGLY ABOUT IT—I’M ON BOARD FOR ANY OTHER ACTIVITIES THEY HAVE PLANNED. I’M VERY MUCH ON BOARD FOR THEM—PROBABLY BOTH OF US, NOW THAT [WILLIAM] HAS A GRANDDAUGHTER. WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE’RE NOT THE DECISION MAKERS, BUT, AT LEAST, IF WE ARE SOME KIND OF INFLUENCE, AT LEAST, IF WE’RE SOME KIND OF INSPIRATION TO ANYBODY, GOING FORWARD, THEN WE DID OUR JOB.” SINGER NOTED, “THE REASON BEING, IT IS PART OF OUR WORK, AND TO SUPPORT MY WIFE, AND EVERYONE THAT’S THERE. FOR MYSELF, AT LEAST ONE OF MY GOALS IS TO MAKE SURE EVERYONE IS SAFE, SO I’M THERE LOOKING AT IT, MAKING SURE NOTHING GOES WRONG, AND IF ANYTHING IS GOING TO HAPPEN, TO ACT. I ALWAYS RECRUIT OTHER MEN BEHIND THE SCENES TO BE SECURITY, SO I’M ALWAYS AT THE READY TO MAKE SURE EVERYBODY IS SAFE…IT’S IMPORTANT [TO BE AT THE MARCH]. WE WORK TOGETHER, AND IN THE BLACKFOOT WORLD, WE WORK TOGETHER AS WELL. COUNCIL HELPS THE WOMEN; WOMEN HELP THE MEN. ANYTIME THERE’S ANY TYPE OF CONFRONTATION, THE MEN ARE THERE TO TAKE CARE OF THE WOMEN AND CHILDREN, AND THE MEN, AS WARRIORS, THEIR MAIN JOB, FOR THEIR EXISTENCE, IS TO TAKE CARE OF THE LAND, AND THE PEOPLE. WELL, THAT’S THE WARRIOR, THAT’S THE ETHIC, SO I GO BY THAT. I WANT TO MAKE SURE NO ONE GETS HURT. THERE’S MYSELF, AND OTHERS ARE, AS WELL.” ON HER ACTIVISM WITHIN HER COMMUNITY, BRAVE ROCK RECALLED, “WE HAD FORMED COMMUNITIES IN UNITY…WITH OUR TRIBE BEING IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE TOWNS OF CARDSTON…AND FORT MACLEOD, AND THEN LETHBRIDGE…WE WERE ALWAYS HAVING INCIDENCES OF RACISM. A GOOD EXAMPLE IS THE BIG FIRE THAT WE HAD, THAT STARTED ON THE RESERVE, AND IT CAME INTO THE LETHBRIDGE COUNTY, AND IT HAD CAUSED QUITE A BIT OF DAMAGE. THERE WAS A LOT OF BACKLASH AT COMMUNITY MEMBERS JUST FOR THAT. COMMUNITIES IN UNITY CAME ABOUT FROM AN ATTACK BY A TRIBAL MEMBER, ON A NON-NATIVE COMMUNITY MEMBER OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THIS ATTACK HAPPENED, RIGHT AWAY, AGAIN, THE BACKLASH STARTED WITH OUR COMMUNITY MEMBERS BEING TARGETED, AND WE SAW THIS AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO BASICALLY TRY TO BRIDGE THE COMMUNITIES, AND FIND A WAY FOR COMMUNITY MEMBERS, FROM BOTH THE RESERVE, AND FROM LETHBRIDGE, TO WORK TOGETHER—TO TRY TO HAVE EVENTS THAT WERE INCLUSIVE, AND INVITING TO EVERYBODY, AND THAT’S WHERE THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IMAGE CAME ABOUT, AND, AGAIN, I THINK WE JUST DESIGNED THAT AT THE MEETING THAT WE HAD. WE HAD OUR ROUND DANCE EVENT, AND WE HAD DESIGNED THAT AT THE MOMENT THAT WE ALL HAD SAT TOGETHER, AND WE ALL CONTRIBUTED TO IT, AND PLANNED FOR THAT. SO WE ARE STILL DOING THINGS UNDER COMMUNITIES IN UNITY, AND THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO WHENEVER THERE IS AN ISSUE, WE ARE PRETTY MUCH INVOLVED WITH IT, BECAUSE ONE WAY OR ANOTHER, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE MOST LIKELY BEING AFFECTED BY THE ISSUE...” “THE THING THAT REALLY DRIVES US SOMETIMES IS THAT—THIS IS OUR LAND! THIS IS OUR HOME! IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN…WE ARE ONE OF THE TRIBES THAT WERE NEVER MOVED. WE WERE ONE OF THE TRIBES WHO HUNG ONTO OUR SUN DANCE, AND IT’S IN THAT SPIRIT THAT…WE NEED TO REMIND OUR PEOPLE WHO WE REALLY ARE, WHAT WE CAME FROM, AND THAT THE WAY THINGS ARE TODAY IS NOT THE WAY THAT IT’S SUPPOSED TO BE…WE HAVE THIS THING IN OUR CULTURE, OUR WAY OF LIFE, WHERE EVEN THE WHOLE SUN DANCE…IS TO HELP PEOPLE. OUR WHOLE CULTURE, WHEN WE PRAY, IT’S TO HELP PEOPLE. AND IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THAT’S WHAT BRINGS ME BACK TO IT…WHEN SOMEONE IS BEING RACIST…IT’S ALMOST THE SAME THING AS IN THE BIBLE. YOU TURN THE OTHER CHEEK. BUT FOR US, ALL WE CAN DO IS PRAY FOR THAT PERSON. AND PRAY THAT THEY WILL FIND THE KNOWLEDGE AND THEY WILL FIND A WAY TO COME TO THIS PLACE WHERE THEY ARE NOT IN THAT FRAME OF MIND ANYMORE. FOR US, I THINK THAT’S ANOTHER THING THAT WE REALLY TAKE TO HEART IS THAT OUR CULTURE HAS ALWAYS TAUGHT US TO HELP PEOPLE…WHAT I AM TRYING TO REMIND PEOPLE IS THAT IT’S NOT THAT WE WERE STUPID, OR WE DIDN’T UNDERSTAND…OUR WHOLE CULTURE IS BASED ON THE FACT THAT WE ARE HERE TO HELP PEOPLE…I COULD FOCUS ON ALL OF THE NEGATIVITY, AND I SEE WHAT THAT DOES TO PEOPLE, AND I SEE HOW HARD IT IS…WE HAVE OUR MOMENTS WHEN THINGS ARE VERY DARK, BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THIS KIND OF WORK, WE FOCUS MORE ON WHAT HAS TO BE DONE, AND WHAT COULD BE DONE, AS OPPOSED TO WHAT’S NOT HAPPENING.” “RIGHT NOW, THE WHOLE THING WITH CARDSTON, I JUST HAD A DISCUSSION WITH ONE OF THE LADIES THAT WAS SUPPORTING OUR ACTIONS, AND SHE WAS SAYING, ‘WELL, WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN NOW?’ AND, I TOLD HER, ‘WELL, AT THIS POINT, THE REASON WHY WE WERE DOING WHAT WE WERE DOING WAS BECAUSE NOBODY WAS DOING ANYTHING ABOUT IT,’ AND I’VE BEEN INVOLVED WITH THE ISSUE OF RACISM FOR SUCH A LONG TIME NOW…I WANTED TO GET IT OUT THERE. I WANTED PEOPLE TO START TALKING ABOUT IT…EVERY TIME THESE THINGS HAPPEN, WE PUT OUT A MESSAGE, BUT IF WE’RE NOT ACTUALLY SHOWING THAT WE CAN COME TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY, I DON’T THINK THE MESSAGE IS REALLY GETTING OUT THERE…MY HOPE IS THAT THINGS GROW FROM THIS…WHEN [IDLE NO MORE] CAME ABOUT, WE LOOKED AT HOW WE COULD LEARN WAYS THAT WE COULD TAKE ACTION…A LOT OF THE NEGATIVITY AND THE BAD THINGS THAT HAPPEN, WE ACKNOWLEDGE IT, AND WE KNOW IT’S GOING TO HAPPEN AGAIN. WE KNOW THERE WILL BE MORE INCIDENCES, BUT I LOOK AT EVERYTHING NOW AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO LEARN FROM THEM…THAT’S WHY WE’VE BEEN SO ACTIVE, BECAUSE WE KNOW WE ARE PROBABLY THE ONLY TWO THAT ARE REALLY WILLING TO JUST GET UP AND ACT ON THESE THINGS, AND AGAIN, WE THINK ABOUT THE FUTURE GENERATIONS…WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE DON’T WANT TO SEE WHAT WE WENT THROUGH TO BE REPEATED. WE WANT TO LEARN FROM WHAT WE HAVE EXPERIENCED, AND GO FORWARD IN A POSITIVE WAY, AND REALLY THIS KIND OF WORK IS THE ONLY THING THAT WE SEE RIGHT NOW TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT IN A POSITIVE MANNER.” “[WILLIAM AND I] WERE BOTH IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I WAS IN THE LATER YEARS, WHERE OUR TRIBE HAD BEEN RUNNING THEM, BUT WHEN HE WAS THERE—MY MOM WAS THERE—THEY WERE STILL UNDER THE NUNS, AND THE PRIESTS…WE BOTH KNOW WHAT THE EFFECT [IS]…THE EFFECT THAT IT’S STILL HAVING ON OUR FAMILY TODAY. WE ALSO COME FROM VERY POOR BACKGROUNDS. WE DON’T COME FROM MONEY. WE DON’T COME FROM FAMILIES THAT HAD PROMINENCE…WE GREW UP IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY WHICH HAS A LOT OF SOCIAL ISSUES. WE KNOW PERSONALLY WHAT IT IS LIKE TO HAVE THE OVER-CROWDING—THE LACK OF WATER…THROUGHOUT OUR LIVES, THOUGH, EDUCATION WAS VERY IMPORTANT. I DID EVERYTHING…I DIDN’T GRADUATE HERE IN CANADA—I ACTUALLY ENDED UP GOING TO A JOB CORPS CENTER IN THE UNITED STATES. WHEN I WENT THERE, I THINK THE RACISM WAS SO BAD IN CARDSTON, I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS INCAPABLE OF LEARNING. I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS STUPID—THAT I WOULD NEVER LEARN MATH…BUT WHEN I WENT TO THIS JOB CORPS—IT WAS AN ALL-NATIVE JOB CORPS…ALL OF THE STUDENTS THERE WOULD COME FROM ALL OF THE STATES IN THE U.S. ALL OF THESE TRIBES, AND THEY WENT TO THIS ONE JOB CORE CENTER OUTSIDE OF RONAN, MONTANA. IT WAS CALLED KICKING HORSE JOB CORPS CENTER…IT WAS ON THE FLATHEAD RESERVATION, SO THEIR KEY GOAL WAS THAT THEY WANTED THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE WORKING THERE TO BE FROM THAT TRIBE. WE HAD PEOPLE THAT WERE NATIVES THAT WERE TEACHING US ALL OF THE COURSES…I EXCELLED WHEN I GOT THERE…SO ONCE I LEFT THAT PLACE, I CAME TO THE REALIZATION THAT I WASN’T STUPID, THAT I COULD DO SOMETHING WITH MY LIFE, THAT I WASN’T GOING TO BE STUCK IN THIS RUT…I THINK WE LOOK NOW AT THE STATE OF THINGS, AND WE ARE LIKE—THIS IS THE TIME THAT THINGS NEED TO START CHANGING. WE SEE THAT A LOT OF THESE ISSUES AND HOW THEY’VE HURT [OUR COMMUNITIES]…[WE SEE] THE PEOPLE THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST IN OUR COMMUNITY—THAT, SO EASILY COULD HAVE BEEN US…A LOT OF MY RELATIVES I EVEN FEEL FOR, BECAUSE I WAS ABLE TO ESCAPE THAT LIFE, WHEN WE WERE KIDS, AND WHAT WE WERE GOING THROUGH, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVEN SOME OF MY RELATIVES HAVE ESCAPED THAT, SO FOR US, A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARE VERY, VERY PERSONAL.” “WE ARE ABLE TO USE OUR TALENTS, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVERYBODY IS GIFTED WITH SUCH TALENTS. WE ARE BOTH ARTISTS, AND I HAVE ALWAYS LOOKED AT IT AS A BLESSING. MY MOM HAS ALWAYS BEEN AN ARTIST, EVEN THOUGH SHE’S STRUGGLED A LOT IN HER LIFE, AND SHE’S STILL STRUGGLING…I THINK IT’S EASY FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE TO DRIVE BY THE RESERVE AND NOT UNDERSTAND WHAT’S REALLY HAPPENING THERE, BUT WE LIVE THERE…WE EVEN HAD A DISCUSSION WITH A GUY WHO JUST COULDN’T BELIEVE WHY WE WOULD EVER WANT TO MOVE BACK TO THE RESERVE, BUT THE WAY I SEE IT IS THAT, FOR THOSE OF US WHO HAVE AN EDUCATION, WE ARE LOSING OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE, WHICH IS OUR PEOPLE IF WE ARE EDUCATING THEM—SENDING THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO GET EDUCATED, BUT THEN WE ALSO HAVE TO SEND THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO FIND EMPLOYMENT. IF WE CAN’T BE BRINGING THOSE PEOPLE BACK, WE ARE NOT GOING TO BE CHANGING OUR SITUATION AT ALL, AND THIS IS ONE OF THE REASONS WHY WE WANTED TO MOVE BACK HOME, AND TRY TO MAKE THESE CHANGES. OUR BIGGEST THING IS EDUCATION AND AWARENESS—NO MATTER WHAT IT IS THAT WE ARE TRYING TO DO, AND WHY WE ARE REALLY OUT THERE IS, BECAUSE, IF PEOPLE ARE TALKING ABOUT THIS, THEN WE HAVE ACCOMPLISHED OUR GOAL. BUT, GOING BACK TO WHAT DRIVES US, IT IS REALLY…OUR PEOPLE; IT IS THE PEOPLE THAT ARE HERE, AND THE PEOPLE THAT WE HAVE ALREADY LOST, THAT REALLY KEEPS US GOING, AND THAT REALLY DO DRIVE US.” “I BELIEVE [ALLIES ARE PART OF THE SUCCESS]. BEING ABLE TO HAVE THAT IMAGE OF US, NOT ONLY ATTENDING THESE EVENTS TOGETHER, BUT PLANNING THEM TOGETHER, WORKING TOGETHER ON THAT SAME GOAL, WE’VE JUST BECOME FRIENDS WITH SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND HER HUSBAND, DAVE, OVER THE YEARS…FOR US, HAVING THOSE ALLIES, IT REALLY…I FEEL THAT IT GIVES US THIS BOOST [TOO]…THESE GUYS REALLY SUPPORT ALL OF OUR ACTIONS. WE VOLUNTEER, AND I THINK THE BEST PRICE THAT WE GET PAID IS THAT PEOPLE SHOW UP, AND THEY SUPPORT US, AND SHANNAN HAS BEEN A GREAT SOURCE OF SUPPORT…WE ARE ALSO INVOLVED IN ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. I THINK THAT’S WHERE I—EVEN AS A TEENAGER—WAS ALWAYS INVOLVED IN THAT AND COMPELLED BY WHAT WAS HAPPENING ENVIRONMENTALLY, JUST BY SEEING WHAT WAS HAPPENING ON THE RESERVE. WHEN I GREW UP WE HAD A LAKE, DOWN IN THE COULEE. WE DID ALL OUR FISHING/SWIMMING/BOATING/ EVERYTHING THERE, AND THAT WATER ISN’T EVEN THERE ANYMORE. I’M TELLING MY MOM, I’M REALLY TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THE DAY WHEN I’M NOT GOING TO SEE ANY WATER COMING THROUGH THIS PLACE ANYMORE, AND IT’S GOING TO BE REALLY HARD, BUT I’M TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THAT, SO WE HAVE OTHER ALLIES ON THAT FRONT. NOW WE’RE SEEING OUR ALLIES COMING FROM DIFFERENT AREAS, WHENEVER WE COME TO THESE ISSUES, AND TO ME IT’S, EVEN THOUGH WE HAVEN’T KNOWN THEM FOR VERY LONG, I JUST FEEL AT HOME WHEN I’M AROUND THEM, BECAUSE TO KNOW THAT THEY CARE AS MUCH AS WE DO ABOUT THESE THINGS REALLY, REALLY INSPIRES US. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT AN EVENT, SHANNAN OR SOMEBODY WILL BE THERE, AND I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IS SOMEBODY GOING TO SHOW UP, OR IS ANYBODY GOING TO SHOW UP. THAT’S HOW THEY HAVE BEEN SUPPORTING US OVER THIS TIME…WE HAVE OUR ALLIES, BUT WE ALSO HAVE OUR OTHER COMMUNITY MEMBERS. I UNDERSTAND WE HAVE A LOT OF SUPPORTERS FROM THE TRIBE, WHO COME UP TO US, AND THEY TALK TO US AND SAY, ‘GEEZ, IF I WASN’T DEALING WITH THIS, I WOULD HAVE BEEN THERE.’...A LOT OF TIMES I TELL PEOPLE ‘I KNOW.’” “I THINK WE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY LITERALLY EVERY ISSUE THAT FACES INDIGENOUS PEOPLE…ONE YEAR, I LOST 4 PEOPLE THAT HAD COMMITTED SUICIDE, AND I KNEW ALL OF THEM. TWO OF THEM WERE [WILLIAM’S] FIRST [COUSINS], MY SECOND COUSIN, WITHIN MONTHS OF EACH OTHER. AND, MY FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. THEN, ANOTHER FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. IN ONE YEAR, I HAD LOST FOUR PEOPLE TO SUICIDE, SO I TELL PEOPLE, THE REASON WHY WE’RE OUT HERE DOING THIS…IT’S BECAUSE WE KNOW OUR PEOPLE ARE SO BUSY…OUR PEOPLE HAVE TO WORK SO MUCH HARDER JUST TO MAKE ENDS MEET—JUST TO GET TO [THEIR] GOALS…I UNDERSTAND THAT, IF WE CAN BE HERE…BUT WE KNOW YOU’RE SUPPORTING US—IF YOU EVEN WANT TO HELP US OUT WITH A DONATION—THESE ARE THE KIND OF THINGS THAT JUST KEEP US GOING. TO HAVE OUR ALLIES, IT REALLY, REALLY HELPS. IT REALLY GIVES US THAT BOOST.” “IT WAS SURPRISING TO ME THAT WE WERE ACTUALLY GETTING CARDSTON COMMUNITY MEMBERS [AT THE PROTESTS], BECAUSE IT WAS OPEN TO EVERYBODY, BUT I WAS REALLY SURPRISED THEY ACTUALLY SHOWED UP…THE MAYOR CAME TO BOTH OF THE EVENTS, SO I WAS REALLY SURPRISED…THERE ARE GOING TO BE SOME VERY OPEN-MINDED PEOPLE [IN LETHBRIDGE], BUT CARDSTON, IT WAS REALLY SURPRISING. IT’S BEEN A PLEASANT SURPRISE, IN THE END, THAT WE’VE HAD SOME POSITIVE REACTION COME OUT OF THAT TOWN. SOMETIMES PEOPLE ASK ME ‘HOW DID IT GO?’ LIKE I SAID, IT WAS A SUCCESS IF ONE PERSON SHOWED UP. I’M JUST BLOWN AWAY IF MORE THAN FIVE PEOPLE SHOW UP.” SINGER SHARED, “FOR ME, [MY ACTIVISM] STARTED EARLY. I WAS A PART OF AN EXPERIMENT WHERE THEY HAD RESERVE CHILDREN THAT WERE LIVING IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS, OR GO TO SCHOOL ON THE RESERVE. THEY WERE FORCED TO GO TO AN OFF-RESERVE SCHOOL. I WAS PART OF THAT GROUP, SO I STARTED OUT AT ST. PAUL’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND THEN I WAS MOVED TO CARDSTON ELEMENTARY…FROM GRADE TWO ON, UNTIL I WENT INTO GRADE SEVEN IN CARDSTON, LIFE WAS PRETTY TOUGH, BECAUSE THAT WAS THE FIRST TIME A LOT OF US SEE NON-NATIVE KIDS…THEY CALLED US ALL KINDS OF NAMES—THAT STARTED FROM GRADE TWO ‘TIL GRADE SEVEN—AND THE THING THAT REALLY USED TO BOTHER ME A LOT WAS THAT THE TEACHERS WOULD SEE THAT AND THEY WOULDN’T DO ANYTHING TO THE NON-NATIVE KIDS, BUT YOU WOULD GET PUNISHED ANYWAY, EVEN THOUGH YOU DID NOTHING. IN GRADE SEVEN, I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE DIFFERENT, BEING IN A HIGH SCHOOL, BUT IT WASN’T. THIS TIME IT WASN’T STUDENTS. THIS TIME AROUND, IT WAS TEACHERS. I WAS SYSTEMATICALLY PICKED ON BY TWO TEACHERS IN CARDSTON, AND THAT’S WHEN I DECIDED ‘I’M TIRED OF THIS. TIRED OF GOING TO SCHOOL. LOOK WHAT IT’S DOING TO MYSELF. I CAN’T BE AROUND THESE PEOPLE.’ IT STARTED MAKING ME MORE NOT WANTING TO BE A PART OF THIS WORLD…I WAS SENT TO ST. MARY’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I FINISHED MY GRADE SEVEN THERE. I WENT BACK TO CARDSTON TO GIVE IT A CHANCE, AND IT WAS STILL THE SAME. SO, I STUCK IT OUT A YEAR, AND GRADE NINE, I WENT BACK AND I GRADUATED. FROM GRADE NINE, WHEN I WAS OUT AT ST. MARY’S, UNTIL I GRADUATED, I FELT A LOT BETTER BEING AROUND MY OWN PEOPLE…IT OPENED UP A LOT MORE AREAS WHERE—THINGS THAT I NEED TO KNOW—THE REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE—WAS THERE. IT WASN’T [THERE] IN CARDSTON.” “[THE SCHOOLS] DIDN’T TEACH YOU ABOUT ANYTHING. IF YOU WANTED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT YOUR HISTORY, YOU’D HAVE TO TELL YOUR GRANDMOTHER OR GRANDFATHER…AT ST. MARY’S ON THE RESERVE, IT WAS ALL BLOODS THERE. I GOT ALONG WITH THEM, AND THAT’S WHEN I STARTED REALIZING, AT THAT TIME, HOW DIFFERENT THINGS ARE, AND HOW THINGS HAVEN’T REALLY CHANGED, FROM THE TIME THAT WE MADE OUR WAY INTO THIS NEW WAY OF LIFE. SO FROM THERE, I DECIDED TO START [TRYING] TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT—TRY TO GET OTHERS INVOLVED. IT WAS AROUND THAT TIME I MET [LORI’S] GRANDFATHER. HE STARTED TALKING ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT, AND I STARTED ASKING HIM, ‘WELL, WHAT’S IT ABOUT?’…ANOTHER GUY, TOO, HE WAS ALL ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT. HE HAD AN OVER-ALL JACKET, HE HAD PATCHES, HE WAS JUST ‘EVERYTHING’. SO, I ASKED HIM, AND HE TOLD ME THE EXACT SAME THING. A LOT OF PEOPLE WOULD REALLY MAKE FUN OF HIM, SO, FOR ME, I DECIDED THAT THAT’S WHAT I WANTED TO DO, SO EVENTUALLY I ENDED UP HAVING TO BE A PART OF A GROUP ON THE RESERVE, CALLED THE KAINAI YOUTH SOCIETY. THEY WERE THE ONES THAT PUT UP THE MAJOR BLOCKADES IN THE ‘80S…I STARTED DOING THAT [ACTIVISM] WORK, AND I KNEW THAT THAT WASN’T JUST THE ONLY ISSUE THERE. THERE WAS A LOT MORE THAN LAND CLAIMS. THERE WAS THE RACISM ISSUE, THAT SORT OF WENT HAND-IN-HAND…FOR MYSELF, I’M IN THIS 100%. EVEN IF THERE’S A SMALL CROWD, STILL THOSE PEOPLE SHOWED UP—THEY MADE THAT EFFORT. LIKE I ALWAYS TELL LORI, IT’S ALWAYS US TWO, IT’S STRANGE…BUT SOMEONE’S GOT TO DO IT. I’VE SPOKE TO ONE OF THE OLDER FELLOWS THAT USED TO DO THIS TYPE OF WORK, LAST WEEK, AND WE’RE JUST CARRYING ON THE WORK THAT HE DID, SO, IT’S IMPORTANT TO STAND UP, TO QUESTION, AND JUST TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON, KNOW WHAT IN YOUR WORLD IS GOING ON. THAT’S WHY WE REALLY DO EVERY EFFORT TO EDUCATE NATIVE AND NON-NATIVE PEOPLE. FOR OURSELVES, THAT’S WHAT IT IS—IT’S EDUCATION. WE’VE GOT TO THE POINT WHERE WE HAVE A PACKAGE THAT WE GIVE OUT…IT’S ALL ABOUT EDUCATING PEOPLE ABOUT BLACKFOOT HISTORY, BECAUSE THE INFORMATION THAT IS OUT THERE IS NOT ACCURATE, AND A LOT OF TIMES IT’S NOT FROM A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER…[EDUCATION IS] THE BIGGEST PART OF IT. IT SORT OF CONTAINS INFORMATION, SOME ARTICLES THAT WE HAND OUT AT OUR INFORMATION TABLES—GIVES PEOPLE SOME UNDERSTANDING OF THE ISSUES THAT WE BOTH FACE.” “MOSES LAKE IS JUST BORDERING ON THE TOWN OF CARDSTON, ON THE NORTH. WE ACTUALLY HAVE A LAND CLAIM FOR THAT PORTION OF LAND THAT THEY’RE ON, BECAUSE, I GUESS, AT ONE POINT, WE HAD TAKEN PITY ON THEM, AND ALLOWED THEM TO STAY THERE, MADE AN AGREEMENT, AND THEY JUST NEVER LEFT…A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARISE AND [IS] ESPECIALLY ONE OF THE REASONS WE WERE SO COMPELLED TO DO THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IS THAT I DID NOT WANT TO SEE OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS GETTING HURT. IN THE TOWN OF CARDSTON WE HAD A RALLY THERE, EVEN BEFORE THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT BEGAN. I THINK THAT WAS 2011, AND, AT THAT TIME, IT WAS BECAUSE ONE OF OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS WAS WALKING ON THE ROAD THERE, HAD GOT BUMPED AND KILLED. THE DRIVER JUST DROVE ON, WENT ON WITH THE REST OF HIS NIGHT. HE SAID THAT HE THOUGHT HE HIT A DOG. AND THERE WAS A THREE YEAR-OLD THAT WAS KILLED, AGAIN, IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY…AGAIN, THE [DRIVER] SAID SHE THOUGHT SHE HIT A DOG. THERE WAS ANOTHER GIRL THAT WAS STRUCK ON A CROSS-WALK, AND THE SAME GUY THAT HIT HER WAS THE GUY THAT BUMPED AND KILLED [THE FIRST MEMBER], AND, IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THE RACISM IN CARDSTON IS COSTING PEOPLE THEIR LIVES. WE SEE THINGS THAT HAPPEN HERE IN LETHBRIDGE, AND WE KNOW THAT THERE ARE SITUATIONS WHERE THINGS LIKE THIS HAVE HAPPENED, WHERE WE HAVE BEEN SUSPICIOUS, AS COMMUNITY MEMBERS, ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS PERSON. WE JUST TRY TO, AT LEAST, HAVE SOME KIND OF OUTLET, BECAUSE, IF WE DON’T DO SOMETHING POSITIVE…THESE THINGS WILL JUST STAY OUT THERE. RECENTLY, WE DID THE WHOLE ISSUE WITH THE CARRIAGE HOUSE THEATER IN CARDSTON DOING THE WHOLE PETER PAN PRODUCTION. A LOT OF PEOPLE WERE SAYING, ‘THIS IS…JUST A PLAY’…I DIDN’T EVEN SEE THE THING, BUT I JUST THOUGHT, THIS IS THE ONE TIME WHERE WE CAN ACTUALLY SAY ‘THIS IS BLATANT RACISM.’ ALL THESE OTHER INSTANCES, WE CAN SAY THAT THIS WAS A FACTOR IN WHATEVER HAPPENED, BUT THERE WAS NO ACTUAL WAY TO PROVE IT, WHERE THIS ACTUALLY HAPPENED…THIS IS SHOWING HOW BLATANT THE RACISM IS, THAT WE ARE DEALING WITH, AND IF WE DON’T CALL THEM ON IT, IT’S NOT GOING TO STOP; IT’S NOT GOING TO END.” “SPEAKING WITH OUR ALLIES, THE WORK THAT WE STARTED, FROM 2012…WHEN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT STARTED, THINGS PICKED UP REALLY QUICK, AND IT WASN’T TOO LONG, WE GOT TO KNOW SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND FROM SHANNAN STARTED GIVING US INFORMATION FOR OTHER AVENUES [WE SHOULD EXPLORE]—WE GO INTO A BUDGET MEETING WITH THE LATE JIM HILLIER…LORI’S A BOARD MEMBER WITH THE OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL. I’M A MEMBER—A VOLUNTEER WITH THEM—AND, WITH THE WORK THAT WE’VE DONE, I’D SAY THE KAINAI ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION AGENCY CAME OUT OF THAT, BECAUSE WE’VE BEEN PRESSING A LOT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ON THE RESERVE. THIS GROUP HAS FORMED—WE’RE A PART OF THAT GROUP. NOW OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL WANTED TO DO A DOCUMENTARY ABOUT OUR WATER…THE HEADWATERS. WE BROUGHT THEM ONTO THE RESERVE, AND THAT REALLY CHANGED EVERYTHING ABOUT WHAT THEY PERCEIVED, OF WHAT OUR RESERVE IS. FROM THAT, A FILM WAS MADE. FROM THAT DAY, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE DOING A SOUND TRACK, SO, FROM THE WORK THAT WE HAVE DONE, YOU SEE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE GETTING INVOLVED IN WHATEVER WAY. IT’S OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS THAT ARE INVOLVED WITH THE WATERSHED COUNCIL NOW. THAT MAKES ME FEEL GOOD, BECAUSE EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN’T SEEM LIKE YOU’VE DONE A LOT, WHEN YOU LOOK AROUND OUTSIDE, ALL THESE DIFFERENT AVENUES WHERE WE’VE CREATED SOMETHING, AND THAT’S THE THING THAT WE’RE PROUD OF—THAT THAT HAPPENED, AND WE’D LIKE TO KEEP DOING THAT, BECAUSE THE ISSUES THAT WE DEAL WITH ARE EVERYTHING—ENVIRONMENT, LANGUAGE. GOING BACK TO THE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN, MY FATHER WAS MURDERED. EVEN THEN, A LOT OF MEN WERE MURDERED, AND NOTHING WAS DONE ABOUT IT…I THINK ABOUT MY DAD—I THINK ABOUT MY UNCLES—MY RELATIVES THAT WERE MURDERED. NOTHING WAS DONE. THAT’S WHY I’M THERE, TOO…WE’VE CREATED SOME IN-ROADS. I KNOW THE TOUGHEST ONE IS WITH RACISM—AND IT’S WITH CARDSTON, THE TOUGHEST PLACE TO DEAL WITH, SO, IT’S A START NOW, SO, HOPEFULLY SOMEONE ELSE CAN TAKE IT ON.” BRAVE ROCK NOTED, “YOU CAN ALWAYS HAVE HOPE, AND THAT’S WHY EDUCATION AND AWARENESS IS SO KEY, BECAUSE IF YOU DON’T BRING THESE THINGS TO THE FOREFRONT, TO HAVE PEOPLE TO OPEN THAT DISCUSSION, HOW CAN CHANGE EVER HAPPEN? I DON’T THINK [SOME ISSUES LIKE RACISM ARE] EVER GOING TO BE GONE IN OUR LIFETIME, OR EVEN IN OUR KID’S LIFETIMES—BUT, AGAIN, YOU CAN SIT AND WALLOW IN THE NEGATIVITY OF THE WHOLE THING, OR YOU CAN GET UP AND DO SOMETHING THAT MAY POSSIBLY INSPIRE SOMEBODY…I LIKED ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WHEN IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT CAME OUT, THERE WERE ALL THESE MEETINGS…IT WAS SAYING THAT A TRUE LEADER DOES NOT CREATE FOLLOWERS. A TRUE LEADER CREATES OTHER LEADERS…I MAY NOT HAVE HOPE THAT WE’RE EVER GOING TO ACHIEVE/GET RID OF SOME OF THE ISSUES THAT WE’RE DEALING WITH, BECAUSE THEY ARE SO HUGE, AND SO ALL-ENCOMPASSING…I WOULD FEEL VINDICATED IN ALL THE THINGS WE DID, IF WE INSPIRED SOMEBODY ELSE TO TAKE THE LEAD ON ANY OF THESE ISSUES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOS FROM THE PROTESTS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170015001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170015005
Acquisition Date
2017-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
GUN OIL
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, CORK, OIL
Catalogue Number
P20190002003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
GUN OIL
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Materials
GLASS, CORK, OIL
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.4
Length
3.5
Width
4.6
Description
GLASS BOTTLE CONTAINING AMBER OIL, WITH CRACKED AND TORN CORK IN TOP OPENING. BOTTLE HAS ROUND NECK, DOMED TOP AND SQUARE BODY; BOTTLE HAS BLUE AND WHITE LABEL ON FRONT. FRONT LABEL BLUE BACKGROUND WITH WHITE CROWN ABOVE WHITE SHIELD WITH RED AND BLUE TEXT; LABEL IS TORN ACROSS SHIELD MAKING RED TEXT INDECIPHERABLE, BLUE TEXT BELOW READS “PURE VANILLA”; SHIELD HAS WHITE DOTS AROUND BASE AND WHITE TEXT BELOW “FLAVORING EXTRACTS, CAMPBELL BROS & WILSON LIMITED, WINNIPEG – CANADA, EST. 1882”. BACK OF BOTTLE HAS EMBOSSED IN GLASS “2 FL. OZ”. BASE OF BOTTLE HAS EMBOSSED IN GLASS “1, 4818, FDJ” WITH “D” IN A DIAMOND. CORK IS TORN OFF AT THE TOP OF THE BOTTLE NECK; LABEL IS WORN AND DISCOLORED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JANUARY 10, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED JEAN BUCHANAN REGARDING HER DONATION OF A REVOLVER AND FIREARM ACCESSORIES. THE FIREARM WAS USED BY BUCHANAN’S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON THE USE OF THE GUN OIL, NOTING, “[DAD HAD A BAG] BECAUSE, IN HIS YOUNGER DAYS, HE OFTEN HAD TO GO OUT ON HORSEBACK. HE’D BE GONE, HUNTING DOWN A MURDERER, AND HE MIGHT HAVE HAD A GUIDE WITH HIM. HE TOOK SOME OF HIS CLEANING EQUIPMENT FOR THE REVOLVER, AND HIS RIFLE, TOO…HE COULD PACK HIS LUNCH…KNIVES, SURVIVAL, AND HIS DIRTY OLD CLEANING CLOTH THAT HE USED, AND AN OLD BOTTLE OF GUN OIL, SO HE COULD CLEAN THE GUN IN CASE HE HAPPENED TO DROP IT IN SOME MUD. YOU NEVER KNOW [WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN] WHEN YOU’RE OUT…YOU HAVE TO KEEP YOUR GUN VERY CLEAN. HE KEPT EVERYTHING VERY CLEAN…YOU HAVE TO KEEP THE GUN CLEAN IF YOU’RE GOING TO USE IT, BECAUSE YOU COULD DAMAGE IT IF YOU HAVE ANY DIRT IN THE BARREL.” ON HER FATHER’S REVOLVER, BUCHANAN RECALLED, “[MY DAD] USED [THE SMITH AND WESSON REVOLVER]…STARTING IN 1932, WITH THE RCMP, MAY BE WHEN HE GOT THAT GUN. HE HAD IT REGISTERED IN 1940, AND GETTING ANOTHER 5 YEARS REGISTRATION IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1935. [THE GUN] WAS HIS SIDEARM…HIS SERVICE WEAPON…HE HAD THAT ALL THE TIME…IT WOULD GO RIGHT ON HIS BELT THERE.” “[DAD KEPT THE GUN] IN [MY PARENTS’] BEDROOM. RIGHT ON THE BEDROOM CLOSET DOOR, RIGHT OPEN. I NEVER TOUCHED IT, BECAUSE HE HAD GIVEN ME MY TRAINING AND LET ME USE IT WHEN I WAS YOUNG. I HAD RESPECT FOR IT, AND I HAD NO SPECIAL CURIOSITY, WHICH IS A GOOD THING. [DAD KNEW I WAS] AN ADVENTUROUS PERSON, BUT I NEVER EVER TOUCHED IT, OUT OF COMPLETE RESPECT FOR DAD AND WHAT HE HAD THERE.” “ALL I CAN REMEMBER [IS HE HAD TWO HANDGUNS OR SIDEARMS]…HE DIDN’T GO OUT PRACTICING VERY MUCH; HE DIDN’T HAVE TO. HE COULD PASS HIS MARKSMANSHIP, AND THEN, EVERY TIME THERE WERE THINGS AT REGINA DEPOT TRAINING COURSES (UPGRADING, REFRESHER COURSES) THEY DID THEIR MARKSMANSHIP THERE, TOO. THEY WERE ALWAYS TESTED ON THEIR MARKSMANSHIP, AT REGINA DEPOT.” “I THINK [THE REVOLVER HAD] QUITE A BIT [OF MEANING TO MY DAD], BECAUSE HE HAD IT IN HIS HOUSE. IT WAS REALLY STRANGE BECAUSE I ASKED HIM WHERE IT WAS, WHEN HE SHOWED ME THE PAPERS, AND HE HAD IT IN A SHOE BOX IN HIS BEDROOM CLOSET. YOU DIDN’T HAVE TO HAVE GREAT [HIDING] PLACES FOR IT IN THOSE DAYS, BUT THAT’S WHERE HE KEPT IT. HE MADE SURE IT WAS THERE, AND HE KNEW WHERE IT WAS.” “[I HAVE NO] KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HIM HAVING TO FIRE THIS WEAPON…AT ANYONE. IF HE WOULD HAVE, HE WOULD HAVE FIRED TO MISS SOMEONE, JUST AS A WARNING SHOT. HE DEFINITELY WENT FOR WARNING SHOTS, BUT HE NEVER SHOT ANYBODY WITH IT." “[HE WOULD HAVE STOPPED CARRYING THE GUN] AT THE VERY END OF 1950, WHEN HE RETIRED FROM THE R.C.M.P.” “[I’VE HAD THE REVOLVER] SINCE 1998—THE PASSING OF MY FATHER, BECAUSE I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTRIX. IT WAS AUTOMATICALLY MY RESPONSIBILITY TO TAKE ALL OF HIS FIREARMS, IN MY POSSESSION.” “I WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR [THE CARE OF] IT, AND IT WAS A REAL KEEPSAKE. [THE GUN WAS] WAS VERY PERSONAL, BECAUSE I’M SURE [MY DAD] OWNED THAT EVEN BY BACK IN 1935, [WHEN] HE WAS IN WESTLOCK, IN CHARGE OF THE DETACHMENT THERE FOR 10 YEARS. IT WAS OF SENTIMENTAL VALUE BECAUSE HE TOOK ME OUT (I’M PRETTY SURE I WAS 8 YEARS OLD, WHEN HE HAD ME IN THE BACKYARD)—WE HAD FARMLAND AND FOREST—AND HE HAD A TARGET PRACTICE OUT THERE. HE HAD ME USE THAT FIREARM. HE SHOWED ME HOW TO USE IT, HOW TO AIM, AND HOW TO HANDLE IT SAFELY. I ALWAYS RESPECTED THAT, AND THAT WAS GOOD. THAT’S THE ORIGINAL HOLSTER FOR THAT GUN, WHICH YOU CAN SEE IS LOOPED, TO PUT ON HIS BELT. HE ALSO CARRIED A .32 COLT SEMI-AUTOMATIC.” “I’VE ALWAYS APPRECIATED REVOLVERS, AND RIFLES. IT’S NEVER BEEN ANYTHING THAT I THOUGHT ANY DANGER OF. YOU LEARN THE SAFETY, AND YOU TAKE YOUR COURSE. I HAVE MY COURSE DONE, AND I PASSED IT WITH FLYING COLORS. I HAD MY PERMIT TO HAVE IT. I HAVE TAKEN IT OUT, ON MY OWN ACREAGE, AND FIRED IT A BIT, BUT IT ISN’T SOMETHING I WANT TO DO. IT’S A SENTIMENTAL THING THAT I CAN NOW FEEL I’D LIKE TO HAVE IT IN YOUR MUSEUM. I KNOW IT’S NOW IN A SAFE PLACE, SO I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT EVER FALLING INTO THE WRONG HANDS. AND, IF I WANT TO COME AND VISIT IT, I CAN COME AND SEE IT.” ON JUNE 8, 2018, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BUCHANAN REGARDING HER FATHER’S CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON HER FATHER’S HISTORY, “[MY DAD WAS EDWARD BUCHANAN, WHO RETIRED AT THE RANK OF] SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT…HE RETIRED IN 1950 FROM THE [R.C.M.P].” “HE JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL. IN ’21, HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON…BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL AND THEN AFTER, HE GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE. HE WAS GOING TO GO TO GRANDE PRAIRIE BUT THEN IN ’22, THEY GOT MARRIED. A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED…THAT’S WHEN THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD.” “EVEN IN THE A.P.P., TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON…BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN AND THEN MAYBE, AT THE VERY FIRST WINTER AS A ROOKIE, HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. IT WASN’T LONG AND HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE OF THE REAL POLICING.” “WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P. [IN 1932] HE WAS THE TOP CLASS OF [THE] A.P.P. THAT AUTOMATICALLY WERE ACCEPTED INTO THE R.C.M.P. HE WAS PUT IN CHARGE, WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P.—FIRST HE STARTED OUT IN CHARGE OF BRAINARD—HORSE LAKE—A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION. THEY CLOSED THAT DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY, A LITTLE VILLAGE, AND HE WAS THE ONLY ONE IN CHARGE, THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. THAT’S WHEN THAT 1932 [CHANGE] CAME ALONG AND HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P. AND WENT FROM THERE.” “IN ’32, IT WAS R.C.M.P. AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. THEN HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. [THERE] WAS NO DETACHMENT IN BARRHEAD. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO COVER.” “[A.P.P. MEMBERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY HAD THREE CATEGORIES THERE, OF THE A.P.P. MEMBERS…[THERE WERE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE, THAT THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P.; THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEY WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE. THEN THERE [WERE THE ONES THAT] COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY. THEN THERE [WERE] ONES THAT COULD GET IN FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY. THEY’D BE ACCEPTED FOR A YEAR. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE AND [THEY] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE.” “A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING. THESE WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” “ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK KNEW DAD REALLY WELL, HE’D EVEN BEEN IN THE A.P.P. HE CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, “BUCK, [DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’, A LOT] I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT…YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE, I THINK, THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?” “[WE CAME DOWN HERE IN] ’44…I NEVER HAD ANY PROBLEM [WITH THE MOVE]. I WAS ALWAYS ADVENTUROUS. I HAD LOTS OF FRIENDS BUT I WAS ALWAYS HAPPY TO GO.” “WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US AND THEN HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE READY, SO WE CAME DOWN AND STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN, HERE. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE, LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS.” “[DAD] HAD TO OVERSEE THE POW CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POW’S IN THIS RESPECT, THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. [THEY] WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY…THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY, THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. HE RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT AND HELPED THEM, [GAVE] THEM ADVICE, “YOU KNOW, YOU GOTTA GO BACK TO GERMANY AND THEN APPLY TO COME BACK.” THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK…‘CAUSE THERE [WAS] A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS AND THEY NEEDED THAT HELP. SOME OF THOSE FARMERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET SOME OF THESE GERMANS, AND SOME OF THE FARMERS’ DAUGHTERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET THAT, TOO. THEN THERE’S SOME LATER MARRIAGES AFTER THAT. IT WOULD BE A SHAME TO CONDEMN ALL THOSE POW’S BECAUSE A LOT OF THEM WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD, MORAL FELLOWS THAT DIDN’T WANT TO BE INVOLVED WITH ANY KILLING.” “HE WAS A PLAIN STAFF SERGEANT, NCO, SECOND IN CHARGE OF THE SUBDIVISION.” “[THEN HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON [TO RETIRE IN 1950], HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS. HE JOINED THE R.C.M. P. VETS BUT WITH HIS RECORD, THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE. THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA WHICH, AT THAT TIME, THERE WERE ONLY TWO: LETHBRIDGE AND FORT SASKATCHEWAN. [THE] ONLY PLACE IN FORT SASKATCHEWAN WAS FOR WOMEN, SO [WOMEN] HAD TO GO ALL THE WAY TO FORT SASKATCHEWAN, EVEN IF [THEY] WAS FROM LETHBRIDGE. THAT WASN’T A VERY GOOD DEAL, SO DAD COULD SEE A REAL NEED [FOR WORK]. IT WAS A REAL MESS WHEN HE LOOKED AT THE PRISONS.” “HE REALIZED, BEING AN R.C.M.P., THAT MANY OF THE YOUNG CITY POLICE, TOWN SHERIFFS, SOME OF THESE MAGISTRATES, THEY MESSED THINGS UP. HE STARTED A TRAINING SCHOOL FOR THESE MUNICIPAL POLICE AND THAT JUST WENT TERRIFICALLY. THEY HAD [THE SCHOOLS] IN CALGARY AND IN EDMONTON TWICE A YEAR. THEY HAD A BIG GROUP FROM MEDICINE HAT COME UP AND [TAKE] THE SCHOOLING, LETHBRIDGE CAME UP, AND SOME OF THE PRISON GUARDS TOOK [THE TRAINING], TOO.” “[HE] WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN/SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, HE WAS SO BUSY THAT THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS BECAUSE…THE FIRST THING HE HAD TO DO WAS TO DEVELOP THE PRISONS FOR ALBERTA. TWO WAS NOT SUFFICIENT.” “[DAD’S] PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, HUMOROUS, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, AND VERY FIRMLY. THE STAFF…ALL LOVED HIM. I [HAVE] LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON…“YOU’RE THE BEST BOSS WE EVER HAD.” ALL HE HAD WAS A VISION OF WHAT NEEDED TO BE DONE…HE COULD GO AND EXPLAIN THE NEED FOR THE JAILS, WHAT IT WOULD COST AND WHAT IT NEEDED TO FIX THE PROBLEM. HE NEVER HAD PROBLEM GETTING EXACTLY WHAT HE NEEDED FROM THEM.” ON THE DONATION OF THE REVOLVER AND AMMUNITION, BUCHANAN NOTED, “MY DAD KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER [HIS BELONGINGS] AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM. [DAD KNEW] THAT I WASN’T ONE TO PUT IT IN MY BASEMENT TO HAVE GOODNESS-KNOWS-WHAT-HAPPEN TO IT. HE HAD LEFT ALL OF THAT IN CHARGE OF ME. I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTOR OF THE ESTATE.” “I AM NOW AT THE YOUNG AGE OF 88; I’M NOT WORRIED ABOUT LIVING ANOTHER 10 YEARS. I DIDN’T WANT THE CHANCE OF ANYBODY STEALING IT, OR GETTING THEIR HANDS ON IT, SO I WANTED TO MAKE SURE YOU GOT IT. AND, I DON’T NEED IT, SO WHY KEEP IT? IF I GET LONESOME, AND WANT TO SEE IT, I’LL COME TO THE MUSEUM AND LOOK AT IT.” “I’LL FEEL HAPPY, TO KNOW IT’S GOT A GOOD HOME. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL TRANSCRIPTIONS FROM INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190002001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190002003
Acquisition Date
2019-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
JACKET, SHIRT AND SKIRT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20180008001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
JACKET, SHIRT AND SKIRT
Date
1965
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, METAL
No. Pieces
3
Length
60
Width
41.5
Description
A. CREAM WOMAN’S SUIT JACKET, 60 CM LONG X 41.5 CM WIDE. JACKET LINED WITH CREAM COTTON FABRIC; JACKET HAS THREE CREAM CLOTH-COVERED BUTTONS DOWN LEFT-WEARING SIDE AND THREE CREAM CLOTH-COVERED BUTTONS DOWN RIGHT-WEARING SIDE, WITH TWO STRAPS WITH SINGLE BUTTON HOLES EXTENDING FROM LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES AT WAIST. JACKET HAS STAIN BELOW BUTTON HOLE ON RIGHT-WEARING WAIST STRAP; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. B. SHIRT, 46.8 CM LONG X 39 CM WIDE. CREAM COTTON-BLEND SHIRT WITH SILVER ZIPPER RUNNING DOWN BACK; ZIPPER HAS CLOTH COVERING. SHIRT IS SLEEVELESS WITH MACHINE STITCHING ALONG HEM, NECK AND ARM HOLES. SHIRT HAS FOLDED STITCHING UP SIDES AND DIAGONALLY FROM HEM TO CENTER OF CHEST. SHIRT HAS STAINING ON FRONT AND UNDER SLEEVE HOLES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. SKIRT, 58 CM LONG X 38 CM WIDE. CREAM COTTON-BLEND FABRIC WITH SILVER ZIPPER RUNNING DOWN SIDE AND TWO SILVER HOOKS INSIDE WAIST WITH TWO SILVER LOOPS ON TAB AT WAIST. SKIRT WIDENS AT HEM; SKIRT HAS CREAM INNER LINING. SEAMS ARE MACHINE STITCHED. PINK STAIN ON LEFT-WEARING SIDE; CREASES DOWN FRONT AND BACK; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON APRIL 24, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BARB CLARKE REGARDING HER DONATION OF A WEDDING DRESS AND GOING-AWAY ENSEMBLE. THE WEDDING GOWN AND GOING-AWAY ENSEMBLE WERE WORN BY CLARKE FOR HER WEDDING IN 1965. ON HER WEDDING AND HER SELECTION OF THE GOING-AWAY ENSEMBLE, CLARKE RECALLED, “IT’S BEEN WORN A FEW TIMES…THE WEDDING WAS AUGUST 21, 1965. IT HAPPENED HERE IN SOUTHMINSTER CHURCH, AND REVEREND JOHN O’NEAL WAS THE MINISTER.” “MY SISTER-IN-LAW [JOAN HUGHSON] AND I HAD GONE TO UNIVERSITY TOGETHER. HER BABY WAS BORN IN JULY, AND DAVE [CLARKE] AND I WERE GETTING MARRIED IN AUGUST. SHE WAS AN EXTREMELY GOOD SEAMSTRESS, SO SHE MADE MY GOING-AWAY OUTFIT FOR ME. I BOUGHT A VOGUE PATTERN, FOUND THE FABRIC, AND SHE MADE THE DRESS, OR THE GOING-AWAY OUTFIT.” ON HER WEDDING, CLARKE ELABORATED, “[I MARRIED] DAVE CLARKE. HE GREW UP AT CASTOR, ALBERTA, WHICH IS 200 MILES NORTH OF TABER, ON HIGHWAY 36. WE MET WHEN WE WERE BOTH TEACHERS. WE MET AT CARSTAIRS. HE WAS TEACHING, AND I STARTED AN INTERNSHIP PROGRAM THERE. WE MET IN THE SPRING, AND THEN I GOT A JOB THERE THAT FALL. WE DATED THROUGHOUT THAT YEAR, AND GOT MARRIED THE FOLLOWING YEAR.” “I GREW UP EAST OF MILK RIVER, IN THE COMMUNITY OF MASINASIN BY WRITING-ON-STONE PARK. I HAD COMPLETED MY HIGH SCHOOL IN MILK RIVER, AND THEN I WENT OFF TO CALGARY TO UNIVERSITY. TWO YEARS OF UNIVERSITY…WAS ALL THAT WAS REQUIRED AT THAT TIME. THERE WAS A TEACHER SHORTAGE, SO YOU COULD GET A JOB AFTER TWO YEARS, WITHOUT YOUR DEGREE, AND THAT’S WHAT I DID. THEN I MET DAVE. WE DECIDED TO GET MARRIED. DAVE WAS HELPING OUT HIS PARENTS AT THEIR FARM IN CASTOR BECAUSE THEY WERE MOVING A HOUSE DURING THAT SUMMER, AND HE WAS HELPING GET THAT HOUSE MOVED FOR HIS PARENTS. I WAS PICKING UP SOME COURSES AT EDMONTON UNIVERSITY. IT JUST HAPPENED THAT I HAD NOT FELT THAT IT WAS IMPORTANT TO HAVE A WEDDING. I JUST THOUGHT WE WOULD JUST GET MARRIED, AND HAVE FAMILY MEMBERS THERE, AND THAT WOULD BE IT. OF COURSE, MY MOM AND DAD SAID, 'NO, WE’RE GOING TO HAVE A WEDDING.' SO, I SAID, 'WELL, I’M GOING.' AFTER MY YEAR OF SCHOOL TEACHING IN CARSTAIRS THAT FINISHED THE END OF JUNE, I WAS DUE IN EDMONTON FOR MY SUMMER SCHOOL CLASSES. SO, I SAID TO MOM AND DAD, 'I GUESS IF YOU WANT A WEDDING, WE’LL TALK BY PHONE, BUT YOU’LL HAVE TO MAKE ALL THE ARRANGEMENTS, AND THE PLANS FOR IT.' SO, THEY DID. WE HAD THE WEDDING.” “[THE WEDDING] WAS ALL THE SAME DAY. THE WEDDING WAS AT ONE O’CLOCK IN THE AFTERNOON [AT SOUTHMINSTER CHURCH]. THEN THE RECEPTION WAS A BIT EARLIER [AT EL RANCHO, WHICH IS NOW THE COAST HOTEL]. THEN WE DROVE DOWN TO THE FARM, AND WE HAD A BIT OF AN ‘OPEN HOUSE’ THERE. THE DANCE WAS AT NINE O’CLOCK [AT THE MASINASIN SCHOOL]. I WAS IN THE [WEDDING] DRESS UNTIL TOWARDS THE END OF THE WEDDING DANCE BECAUSE AT THE WEDDING DANCE YOU HAD TO HAVE YOUR FIRST DANCE WITH YOUR DAD. THEN I WENT BACK TO THE FARM, WHICH WAS ONLY THREE MILES AWAY, AND CHANGED INTO THE GOING AWAY OUTFIT. WE CAME BACK TO THE DANCE, AND SAID GOODBYE TO EVERYBODY THERE, AND THEN WE LEFT FROM THERE.” “IT WOULDN’T HAVE BEEN A COMMUNITY EVENT. I WAS THE YOUNGEST IN MY FAMILY, AND THE ONLY GIRL. MOM AND DAD HAD BEEN VERY ACTIVE IN THE COMMUNITY, AND CERTAINLY HOSTING A WEDDING FOR YOUR DAUGHTER WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO THEM. I GREW UP THINKING, 'HUH, IT DOESN’T MATTER TO ME IF I HAVE A WEDDING OR NOT.' BUT IT CERTAINLY WAS TO THEM, AND TO THE EXTENDED FAMILY IT WAS IMPORTANT. I WAS AMAZED – EVEN WHEN I LOOK THROUGH MY WEDDING BOOK NOW – ALL OF THE AUNTS AND UNCLES THAT CAME. SOME CAME FROM THE UNITED STATES, AND DAVE’S UNCLE, WHO WAS MASTER OF CEREMONIES AT THE RECEPTION, WAS THERE FROM EDMONTON. I WAS AMAZED THAT PEOPLE WOULD COME. I DIDN’T THINK THAT I WAS THAT IMPORTANT THAT ANYBODY WOULD COME, BUT IT TURNED OUT TO BE A VERY, VERY NICE OCCASION, EVERYBODY HAD A VERY GOOD TIME. IT WAS CERTAINLY THE INTRODUCTION OF THE TWO FAMILIES TOGETHER. I RECOGNIZED AFTER-–SOME YEARS LATER-–THAT WEDDINGS ARE HAPPY OCCASIONS, AND THAT IF EXTENDED FAMILIES DON’T GET TOGETHER FOR HAPPY OCCASIONS, THEY OFTEN GET TOGETHER JUST FOR FUNERALS AND MORE SAD OCCASIONS. I CERTAINLY UNDERSTAND NOW HOW IMPORTANT IT WAS TO MY PARENTS, AND THAT IT WAS A GOOD OCCASION FOR THE WHOLE EXTENDED FAMILY.” “THE WAY THE SUMMER PROGRESSED, DAVE WAS VERY BUSY WITH HIS PARENTS…AND I WAS BUSY AT SUMMER SCHOOL. IF YOU KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT SUMMER SCHOOL, YOU KNOW THAT YOU ARE CRAMMING, AND TAKING CLASSES, AND YOU’RE DOING EXAMS. EVERYTHING IS FAST BECAUSE YOU ARE TRYING TO GET IT ALL DONE IN 6 WEEKS, AND YOU’RE TRYING TO MAKE SURE THAT YOU ARE GETTING A FULL CREDIT FOR YOUR COURSE. MY FINAL EXAM WAS ON A TUESDAY, AND I PACKED UP MY THINGS, AND WENT TO CASTOR ON THE WEDNESDAY. [I] PICKED UP DAVE, AND WE CAME TO LETHBRIDGE ON THE THURSDAY. WE MET WITH THE MINISTER ON THE THURSDAY, AND HE SAID THAT HE WAS BEGINNING TO WONDER IF THERE WAS A BRIDE AND GROOM BECAUSE HE HADN’T MET US…WE HAD THE REHEARSAL ON FRIDAY; THE WEDDING ON SATURDAY. FOR OUR HONEYMOON, WE WENT DOWN TO SANDPOINT AND COEUR D’ ALENE ON A LITTLE TRIP DOWN THERE. ONE WEEK LATER WE WERE IN A SMALL TOWN, NEIGHBOURING TO CASTOR, WHERE WE HAD TEACHING JOBS BECAUSE THE SCHOOL YEAR WAS TO START. WE HAD NO TIME TO SET UP A LITTLE TEACHERAGE. THE SCHOOL BOARD THERE RENTED US A HOUSE…THAT WAS HOW WE STARTED. IT WASN’T A VERY GRAND BEGINNING.” “[LETHBRIDGE WAS THE MID-POINT] TO ACCOMMODATE THE FAMILIES. MOM HAD MADE THE ARRANGEMENTS, SO I THINK IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN SOMETHING TO DO WITH WHETHER OR NOT THEY COULD HAVE THE RECEPTION CLOSE [TO SOUTHMINSTER CHURCH]. BECAUSE I WENT TO SUNDAY SCHOOL AND BELONGED TO THE CHURCH IN MILK RIVER – SO DID MY PARENTS –WE WERE AFFILIATED WITH THE UNITED CHURCH. SOUTHMINSTER WAS DEFINITELY NOT OUR HOME CHURCH AT THAT TIME.” CLARKE SPOKE TO HER MOTIVES FOR KEEPING AND DONATING THE WEDDING GOWN AND GOING-AWAY ENSEMBLE, STATING, “IT’S ALWAYS [BEEN] EASY TO KEEP IT. I DON’T THINK I’M A HOARDER, BUT I DO LOVE SENTIMENTAL THINGS, AND I HAVE MY MOTHER’S WEDDING DRESS AND GOING-AWAY OUTFIT. THEY ARE VALUABLE PIECES. THIS DRESS AND THIS OUTFIT, I HAD IT OUT AT OUR 25TH WEDDING ANNIVERSARY. I COULDN’T WEAR IT MYSELF BECAUSE MY ARMS CHANGED, BUT MY NIECE WORE IT, AND WE HAD A BIG PARTY-–FAMILY PARTY–-FOR OUR 25TH. THEN A FEW YEARS AGO SOUTHMINSTER CHURCH HAD A 100TH ANNIVERSARY, SO WE WERE ALL INVITED TO TAKE WHATEVER WE WANTED FROM OUR OWN HISTORY, AND SO [MY WEDDING] DRESS WAS WORN AT THAT OCCASION AS WELL.” “I’VE HUNG ONTO THESE MATERIALS FOR 52 YEARS, AND NOW I’M DOWNSIZING MY HOME SO THAT I CAN LIVE IN A CONDO. MY HUSBAND DIED LAST YEAR, AND, AS I’M DOWNSIZING, I LOOK THROUGH ALL OF THE THINGS THAT WE HAVE ACQUIRED AND PACKED AROUND WITH US FOR ALL OF OUR MARRIED YEARS. I DECIDED THAT THIS DRESS AND THIS OUTFIT WERE NOT GOING ANYWHERE AS LONG AS IT WAS IN MY STUFF, AND THAT PERHAPS THERE WAS SOME VALUE IN IT HAVING IT AS PROPERTY OF THE MUSEUM.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOGRAPHS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180008001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180008001
Acquisition Date
2018-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DRESS, WEDDING
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20180008002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DRESS, WEDDING
Date
1965
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, METAL
No. Pieces
2
Length
134
Width
43
Description
A. WHITE WEDDING DRESS, 134 CM LONG X 43 CM WIDE. DRESS HAS CREAM LACE OVERLAID DOWN FRONT AND AROUND SHOULDERS; FRONT HAS WHITE BOW AT WAIST. SLEEVES ARE POINTED AT CUFFS WITH THREE WHITE CLOTH-COVERED BUTTONS ALONG CUFFS. BACK OF DRESS HAS WHITE METAL ZIPPER RUNNING FROM NECK TO WAIST, AND SILVER FASTENING HOOKS AND LOOPS AT COLLAR AND WAIST. BACK HAS FOUR WHITE SNAP-BUTTONS UNDER LACE AT SHOULDERS FOR FASTENING TRAIN; COLLAR HAS SILVER SNAP BUTTON FOR CLOSING LACE OVERLAY. BACK HEM HAS SLIT UP CENTER. DRESS HAS STAINING AND RIP ON FRONT LEFT SLEEVE; RIGHT SLEEVE HAS STAINING ON BACK; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. B. TRAIN FOR WEDDING DRESS, 210.4 CM WIDE X 174 CM LONG, DETACHABLE. TRAIN HAS FIVE METAL SNAP BUTTONS AT NECK PAINTED WHITE AT BASES; TRAIN HAS A TRIANGULAR SLIT CUT OUT OF BACK AT LOWER EDGE; CUT-OUT IS OVERLAID WITH CREAM LACE, WITH IVORY BOW AT THE PEAK OF THE CUT-OUT. MACHINE-STITCHED AT EDGES; CREASED; STAINED ALONG INSIDE LOWER EDGE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON APRIL 24, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BARB CLARKE REGARDING HER DONATION OF A WEDDING GOWN AND GOING-AWAY ENSEMBLE. THE WEDDING GOWN AND GOING-AWAY ENSEMBLE WERE WORN BY CLARKE FOR HER WEDDING IN 1965. ON HER WEDDING AND HER SELECTION OF THE WEDDING GOWN, CLARKE RECALLED, “I WENT SHOPPING FOR A WEDDING DRESS, AND THIS WAS THE FIRST DRESS I TRIED ON. IT COST ME $75.00. I JUST BOUGHT IT, AND SAID, 'OK, IT FITS. I GUESS WE’LL PUT IT AWAY, AND HANG IT UP IN THE CLOSET, AND IT’LL BE READY WHEN WE GET [IT].' AFTER SUMMER SCHOOL–-I GUESS I HAD WORKED HARD–-BUT I HAD LOST SOME WEIGHT. WHEN I STOOD IN THE DRESS THE HEM HUNG ON THE FLOOR, SO FOR THE PICTURES I HAD TO STAND UP ON MY TIPTOES, SO THAT THE DRESS WAS NOT CRUMPLING IN FRONT OF ME.” “[I BOUGHT IT FROM] ONE OF THE DRESS SHOPS ON FOURTH AVE. THERE’S A NUMBER OF DRESS SHOPS ALONG THAT STREET. IT WAS NOT A BIG SHOP; IT WAS NOT A BIG ‘WEDDING DRESS’ SHOP LIKE THEY HAVE NOW. IT WAS JUST A SHOP THAT SEEMED LIKE THEY HAD SOME WEDDING DRESSES IN ONE SECTION.” “[IT] WAS NOT A BIG POUFY DRESS. I JUST WANTED SOMETHING VERY SIMPLE, BUT SOMETHING VERY STRAIGHT AND EASY TO WEAR. I ALWAYS LIKED THE ‘HEAVY LACE’ KINDS OF THINGS. WHEN I FOUND THIS, AND IT WAS 75 DOLLARS, [IT] SEEMED LIKE A LOT OF MONEY, BUT I WAS TEACHING. I HAD ALSO BORROWED SOME MONEY FROM MY DAD TO BUY A CAR, AND I WASN’T MAKING MUCH MONEY. WHEN I WAS STARTING TEACHING, MY COUSIN WHO WAS WORKING IN A BANK MADE MORE MONEY THAN I DID, BUT I HAD TO PAY OFF THE LOAN TO MY DAD FOR THE CAR. BUT I WAS ABLE TO SQUEEZE OUT ENOUGH MONEY TO BUY THIS DRESS.” “THIS WAS SOMEWHAT OF A DEPARTURE BECAUSE IT WAS JUST A STRAIGHT SHEATHE DRESS. MANY OF THEM WERE—I DON’T WANT TO SAY MORE STRAPLESS, BUT THEY HAD MORE ‘BEADING’, MORE ‘NETTING’, MORE POUFY WITH CRINOLINES, AND WIDER DRESSES. I JUST WAS TRYING TO GO AS SIMPLE AS I COULD. THIS ONE HAD THIS NICE LITTLE TRAIN ON IT, SO THAT MADE IT A LITTLE BIT MORE DRESSY AND ELEGANT. IT WAS NOT OVER-THE-TOP WITH POUFINESS. I WAS BRIDESMAID A FEW TIMES-–SO I THOUGHT I WAS NEVER GOING TO BE A BRIDE. MOST OF THE OTHER GIRLS HAD WIDER DRESSES. THIS ONE HAS THE LONG SLEEVES WITH THE LITTLE POINTY THING ON YOUR WRIST AND HAND, AND NOT MANY OF THEM WERE LIKE THAT. MOST OF THEM WERE SHORTER SLEEVES. I’M NOT SURE THAT THIS ONE WOULD BE TOTALLY REPRESENTATIONAL [OF THE FASHION OF THE TIME], BUT IT ALWAYS ACQUIRED MANY COMPLIMENTS AS BEING A VERY NICE DRESS.” ON HER WEDDING, CLARKE ELABORATED, “[I MARRIED] DAVE CLARKE. HE GREW UP AT CASTOR, ALBERTA, WHICH IS 200 MILES NORTH OF TABER, ON HIGHWAY 36. WE MET WHEN WE WERE BOTH TEACHERS. WE MET AT CARSTAIRS. HE WAS TEACHING, AND I STARTED AN INTERNSHIP PROGRAM THERE. WE MET IN THE SPRING, AND THEN I GOT A JOB THERE THAT FALL. WE DATED THROUGHOUT THAT YEAR, AND GOT MARRIED THE FOLLOWING YEAR.” “I GREW UP EAST OF MILK RIVER, IN THE COMMUNITY OF MASINASIN BY WRITING-ON-STONE PARK. I HAD COMPLETED MY HIGH SCHOOL IN MILK RIVER, AND THEN I WENT OFF TO CALGARY TO UNIVERSITY. TWO YEARS OF UNIVERSITY…WAS ALL THAT WAS REQUIRED AT THAT TIME. THERE WAS A TEACHER SHORTAGE, SO YOU COULD GET A JOB AFTER TWO YEARS, WITHOUT YOUR DEGREE, AND THAT’S WHAT I DID. THEN I MET DAVE. WE DECIDED TO GET MARRIED. DAVE WAS HELPING OUT HIS PARENTS AT THEIR FARM IN CASTOR BECAUSE THEY WERE MOVING A HOUSE DURING THAT SUMMER, AND HE WAS HELPING GET THAT HOUSE MOVED FOR HIS PARENTS. I WAS PICKING UP SOME COURSES AT EDMONTON UNIVERSITY. IT JUST HAPPENED THAT I HAD NOT FELT THAT IT WAS IMPORTANT TO HAVE A WEDDING. I JUST THOUGHT WE WOULD JUST GET MARRIED, AND HAVE FAMILY MEMBERS THERE, AND THAT WOULD BE IT. OF COURSE, MY MOM AND DAD SAID, 'NO, WE’RE GOING TO HAVE A WEDDING.' SO, I SAID, 'WELL, I’M GOING.' AFTER MY YEAR OF SCHOOL TEACHING IN CARSTAIRS THAT FINISHED THE END OF JUNE, I WAS DUE IN EDMONTON FOR MY SUMMER SCHOOL CLASSES. SO, I SAID TO MOM AND DAD, 'I GUESS IF YOU WANT A WEDDING, WE’LL TALK BY PHONE, BUT YOU’LL HAVE TO MAKE ALL THE ARRANGEMENTS, AND THE PLANS FOR IT.' SO, THEY DID. WE HAD THE WEDDING.” “[THE WEDDING] WAS ALL THE SAME DAY. THE WEDDING WAS AT ONE O’CLOCK IN THE AFTERNOON [AT SOUTHMINSTER CHURCH]. THEN THE RECEPTION WAS A BIT EARLIER [AT EL RANCHO, WHICH IS NOW THE COAST HOTEL]. THEN WE DROVE DOWN TO THE FARM, AND WE HAD A BIT OF AN ‘OPEN HOUSE’ THERE. THE DANCE WAS AT NINE O’CLOCK [AT THE MASINASIN SCHOOL]. I WAS IN THE [WEDDING] DRESS UNTIL TOWARDS THE END OF THE WEDDING DANCE BECAUSE AT THE WEDDING DANCE YOU HAD TO HAVE YOUR FIRST DANCE WITH YOUR DAD. THEN I WENT BACK TO THE FARM, WHICH WAS ONLY THREE MILES AWAY, AND CHANGED INTO THE GOING AWAY OUTFIT. WE CAME BACK TO THE DANCE, AND SAID GOODBYE TO EVERYBODY THERE, AND THEN WE LEFT FROM THERE.” “IT WOULDN’T HAVE BEEN A COMMUNITY EVENT. I WAS THE YOUNGEST IN MY FAMILY, AND THE ONLY GIRL. MOM AND DAD HAD BEEN VERY ACTIVE IN THE COMMUNITY, AND CERTAINLY HOSTING A WEDDING FOR YOUR DAUGHTER WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO THEM. I GREW UP THINKING, 'HUH, IT DOESN’T MATTER TO ME IF I HAVE A WEDDING OR NOT.' BUT IT CERTAINLY WAS TO THEM, AND TO THE EXTENDED FAMILY IT WAS IMPORTANT. I WAS AMAZED – EVEN WHEN I LOOK THROUGH MY WEDDING BOOK NOW – ALL OF THE AUNTS AND UNCLES THAT CAME. SOME CAME FROM THE UNITED STATES, AND DAVE’S UNCLE, WHO WAS MASTER OF CEREMONIES AT THE RECEPTION, WAS THERE FROM EDMONTON. I WAS AMAZED THAT PEOPLE WOULD COME. I DIDN’T THINK THAT I WAS THAT IMPORTANT THAT ANYBODY WOULD COME, BUT IT TURNED OUT TO BE A VERY, VERY NICE OCCASION, EVERYBODY HAD A VERY GOOD TIME. IT WAS CERTAINLY THE INTRODUCTION OF THE TWO FAMILIES TOGETHER. I RECOGNIZED AFTER-–SOME YEARS LATER-–THAT WEDDINGS ARE HAPPY OCCASIONS, AND THAT IF EXTENDED FAMILIES DON’T GET TOGETHER FOR HAPPY OCCASIONS, THEY OFTEN GET TOGETHER JUST FOR FUNERALS AND MORE SAD OCCASIONS. I CERTAINLY UNDERSTAND NOW HOW IMPORTANT IT WAS TO MY PARENTS, AND THAT IT WAS A GOOD OCCASION FOR THE WHOLE EXTENDED FAMILY.” “THE WAY THE SUMMER PROGRESSED, DAVE WAS VERY BUSY WITH HIS PARENTS…AND I WAS BUSY AT SUMMER SCHOOL. IF YOU KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT SUMMER SCHOOL, YOU KNOW THAT YOU ARE CRAMMING, AND TAKING CLASSES, AND YOU’RE DOING EXAMS. EVERYTHING IS FAST BECAUSE YOU ARE TRYING TO GET IT ALL DONE IN 6 WEEKS, AND YOU’RE TRYING TO MAKE SURE THAT YOU ARE GETTING A FULL CREDIT FOR YOUR COURSE. MY FINAL EXAM WAS ON A TUESDAY, AND I PACKED UP MY THINGS, AND WENT TO CASTOR ON THE WEDNESDAY. [I] PICKED UP DAVE, AND WE CAME TO LETHBRIDGE ON THE THURSDAY. WE MET WITH THE MINISTER ON THE THURSDAY, AND HE SAID THAT HE WAS BEGINNING TO WONDER IF THERE WAS A BRIDE AND GROOM BECAUSE HE HADN’T MET US…WE HAD THE REHEARSAL ON FRIDAY; THE WEDDING ON SATURDAY. FOR OUR HONEYMOON, WE WENT DOWN TO SANDPOINT AND COEUR D’ ALENE ON A LITTLE TRIP DOWN THERE. ONE WEEK LATER WE WERE IN A SMALL TOWN, NEIGHBOURING TO CASTOR, WHERE WE HAD TEACHING JOBS BECAUSE THE SCHOOL YEAR WAS TO START. WE HAD NO TIME TO SET UP A LITTLE TEACHERAGE. THE SCHOOL BOARD THERE RENTED US A HOUSE…THAT WAS HOW WE STARTED. IT WASN’T A VERY GRAND BEGINNING.” “[LETHBRIDGE WAS THE MID-POINT] TO ACCOMMODATE THE FAMILIES. MOM HAD MADE THE ARRANGEMENTS, SO I THINK IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN SOMETHING TO DO WITH WHETHER OR NOT THEY COULD HAVE THE RECEPTION CLOSE [TO SOUTHMINSTER CHURCH]. BECAUSE I WENT TO SUNDAY SCHOOL AND BELONGED TO THE CHURCH IN MILK RIVER – SO DID MY PARENTS –WE WERE AFFILIATED WITH THE UNITED CHURCH. SOUTHMINSTER WAS DEFINITELY NOT OUR HOME CHURCH AT THAT TIME.” CLARKE SPOKE TO HER MOTIVES FOR KEEPING AND DONATING THE WEDDING GOWN AND GOING-AWAY ENSEMBLE, STATING, “IT’S ALWAYS [BEEN] EASY TO KEEP IT. I DON’T THINK I’M A HOARDER, BUT I DO LOVE SENTIMENTAL THINGS, AND I HAVE MY MOTHER’S WEDDING DRESS AND GOING-AWAY OUTFIT. THEY ARE VALUABLE PIECES. THIS DRESS AND THIS OUTFIT, I HAD IT OUT AT OUR 25TH WEDDING ANNIVERSARY. I COULDN’T WEAR IT MYSELF BECAUSE MY ARMS CHANGED, BUT MY NIECE WORE IT, AND WE HAD A BIG PARTY-–FAMILY PARTY–-FOR OUR 25TH. THEN A FEW YEARS AGO SOUTHMINSTER CHURCH HAD A 100TH ANNIVERSARY, SO WE WERE ALL INVITED TO TAKE WHATEVER WE WANTED FROM OUR OWN HISTORY, AND SO [MY WEDDING] DRESS WAS WORN AT THAT OCCASION AS WELL.” “I’VE HUNG ONTO THESE MATERIALS FOR 52 YEARS, AND NOW I’M DOWNSIZING MY HOME SO THAT I CAN LIVE IN A CONDO. MY HUSBAND DIED LAST YEAR, AND, AS I’M DOWNSIZING, I LOOK THROUGH ALL OF THE THINGS THAT WE HAVE ACQUIRED AND PACKED AROUND WITH US FOR ALL OF OUR MARRIED YEARS. I DECIDED THAT THIS DRESS AND THIS OUTFIT WERE NOT GOING ANYWHERE AS LONG AS IT WAS IN MY STUFF, AND THAT PERHAPS THERE WAS SOME VALUE IN IT HAVING IT AS PROPERTY OF THE MUSEUM.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOGRAPHS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180008001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180008002
Acquisition Date
2018-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, SILK, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20170003000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
COTTON, SILK, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
2
Length
51
Width
25.5
Description
IVORY AND PALE BLUE ROMPER; TWO PIECES, IVORY TOP AND BLUE SHORTS ATTACHED WITH SIX OPAQUE WHITE BUTTONS. TOP HAS FOUR IVORY BUTTONS RUNNING DOWN THE FRONT; SLEEVES HAVE A SINGLE WHITE BUTTON AT CUFFS. TOP HAS ELASTIC WAIST. BOTTOMS LINED WITH WHITE COTTON FABRIC; SEAMS ALONG LEGS AND SHOULDERS MACHINE-STITCHED WITH WHITE THREAD. FRONT HAS STITCHED WAVE-LINE PATTERN AND DOUBLE-LINE BORDERS ON LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES. FRONT IS CREASED AT TOP AND FADED ON BOTTOM; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON JANUARY 31M 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR BENNETT ABOUT HIS DONATION OF A CHILD’S ROMPER. ACCORDING TO BENNETT, THE ROMPER WAS HAND-MADE BY HIS MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER IN ENGLAND AND WAS SENT TO LETHBRIDGE FOR HIS WEAR. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE USE AND HISTORY OF THE ROMPER, BENNETT ELABORATED, “I HAVE SOME PICTURES OF ME WEARING THE SATIN SET. I DON’T REMEMBER WEARING THEM, BUT I HAVE A PICTURE OF ME WEARING THIS, AND BEING HELD, OR PUSHED…BY MY GRANDFATHER...HIS NAME WAS MICHAEL JOHN BENNETT. HE WAS A MAJOR FROM THE FIRST WORLD WAR.” “THEY WOULD HAVE BEEN [MADE] BY MY GRANDMOTHER WHO LIVED IN ENGLAND. SHE LIVED IN A LITTLE VILLAGE CALLED CURBRIDGE THAT WAS NEAR WHITNEY AND I KNOW MY PARENTS, AND MY GRANDPARENTS WERE MARRIED IN ST. MARY’S CHURCH IN WHITNEY.” “I CAN TELL [IT’S HOME-MADE] BY TURNING THE LINING OUT. THERE’S NO STITCHING ON THE BACK THAT INDICATES THAT IT CAME FROM ANY KIND OF STORE. I WOULD SAY IT WAS STITCHED ON A SEWING MACHINE THAT MY GRANDMOTHER HAD, AND I CAN JUST BARELY REMEMBER HER. WE WENT TO ENGLAND IN 1951, AND I STAYED WITH HER. SHE USED TO MAKE PLASTICINE TOYS FOR ME.” “MY GRANDMOTHER USED TO MAKE CLOTHING AND THINGS, AND SELL, AND SHE HAD A FAIR AMOUNT OF MACHINERY. I CAN REMEMBER SITTING AROUND IT, AND BEING TOLD TO KEEP MY HANDS AWAY FROM THINGS, THAT WAY I COULDN’T GET HURT BY THE MACHINERY.” “[I WORE THIS] EASILY FIFTY YEARS AGO. I REMEMBER THE SATIN SET, BECAUSE I USED TO HATE WEARING SATIN, AND I REMEMBER THE OTHER COTTON SET…I COULD WEAR THAT, AND I COULD BE IN THE GARDEN. IT DIDN’T MATTER IF IT GOT DIRTY, BECAUSE IT WAS WASHABLE. THE SATIN WASN’T WASHABLE, AND IF YOU WERE OUT IN THE GARDEN AND YOU GOT IT REALLY DIRTY, IT CAME WITH A PUNISHMENT.” “I PROBABLY WORE THESE ABOUT AGE TWO, AND I PROBABLY HAD OUTGROWN THEM BY THE TIME I WAS THREE AND A HALF.” BENNETT RECALLED HOW HE CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE ROMPER, NOTING, “MY PARENTS DIED ABOUT TWENTY YEARS AGO. THEY HAD A CONDOMINIUM THAT WAS ABSOLUTELY FULL OF STUFF – SOME OF WHICH HAS FOUND ITS WAY DOWN HERE. [I] GOT A LEATHER CASE THAT MY MOTHER HAD PUT HER NAME ON IN A BLACK PAINT, AND I JUST DIDN’T FEEL LIKE OPENING ANY MORE BOXES, SO IT SAT IN THE FURNACE ROOM FOR TWENTY YEARS.” “I JUST HAD HAD ENOUGH OF SORTING THROUGH MY PARENT’S STUFF, AND DEALING WITH ALL SORTS OF THINGS, AND FINDING WHERE SHE HAD LEFT PARTS OF THINGS, AND MEETING WITH HER FRIENDS…THIS WAS LIGHT, AND I THOUGHT I’LL IGNORE IT FOR A WHILE. A WHILE BECAME MUCH LONGER THAN I EXPECTED. MY WIFE AND I HAD THINGS TO SAY ABOUT NOT TIDYING IT UP, SO IT [WAS] TIDIED UP.” “THEY WERE IN [THAT] SUITCASE THAT HASN’T BEEN OPENED FOR DECADES. I COULDN’T GET THE LOCKS OPEN BECAUSE…THEY WERE LOCKED, AND I DON’T HAVE A KEY. I TOOK IT TO A STORE WHERE I KNOW A PERSON…AND WE CUT THE LOCKS OFF THE CASE, AND ALL THAT WAS IN THEM WAS A VERY OLD, AND TIRED PLASTIC BAG, WITH SOME LITTLE BOY’S CLOTHES, THAT WOULD HAVE FITTED ME WHEN I WAS ABOUT TWO.” “I RECOGNIZED THEM BECAUSE THE PANTS ARE BUTTONED TO THE TOPS, AND THAT JUST SORT OF PREVENTS LITTLE BOYS FROM CRAWLING OUT OF THEIR CLOTHES. I KNOW I WAS NOT THE BEST LITTLE KID. I DIDN’T LIKE CLOTHES. I WAS MUCH HAPPIER NOT BOTHERING WITH CLOTHES.” “[WHEN I WORE THE OUTFIT] I WAS LIVING IN THE FIRST HOUSE MY PARENTS HAD – 1818 5TH AVENUE NORTH – A WOODEN HOUSE THAT WAS DISTINGUISHABLE FROM THE NEIGHBORS, BECAUSE IT HAD FOUR, BIG ROUND PILLARS ON THE FRONT VERANDA. IT STILL STANDS. IT WAS BUILT ABOUT 1900…THE BACKYARD, I REMEMBER, WAS ONE GREAT BIG VEGETABLE GARDEN. MY PARENT’S GREW THEIR OWN VEGETABLES, BECAUSE IT WAS THE THING THAT WAS DONE, BUT THEY DIDN’T HAVE A LOT OF MONEY IN THOSE DAYS, SO IF YOU COULD GROW YOUR THINGS, AND PICKLE THEM, YOU HAD MONEY IN THE BANK FOR OTHER THINGS.” “I REMEMBER NOT LIKING WHERE WE LIVED. I DIDN’T LIKE THE NEIGHBOR ON ONE SIDE. SHE SPOKE ONLY GERMAN, AND SHE USED TO HIT ME IF I PUT MY HANDS ON THE FENCE, AND SHE QUITE FREQUENTLY TURNED HER GARDEN HOSE ON ME. IT WAS A HOUSE THAT MY PARENTS COULD AFFORD TO BUY. I THINK THEY PAID $4000.00 FOR IT, AND THEY WERE THERE FOR ’48, ’49 – FOUR YEARS - AND MANAGED TO BUY A REALLY NICE HOUSE IN SOUTH LETHBRIDGE.” “[THE NEW HOUSE WAS] 1509 13TH STREET SOUTH. I CAN REMEMBER WHEN WE MOVED THERE. HALF WAY THROUGH THE LOT NEXT DOOR WAS A SIGN THAT SAID LETHBRIDGE CITY LIMITS. THAT CHANGED RATHER QUICKLY, AND IT BECAME A NEW SUBDIVISION. ONE OF OUR NEIGHBORS WAS A.L.H. SOMERVILLE, CITY MANAGER.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MOTHER’S CHOICE OF CLOTHING FOR HIM AS A CHILD, BENNETT RECALLED, “SHE ALWAYS BOUGHT CLOTHES, AND SHE QUITE FREQUENTLY WOULD BUY CLOTHING FROM A SECOND-HAND STORE. SHE WAS ALL ABOUT MAKING MONEY GO AS FAR AS IT COULD GO.” “HER FAVORITE STORE WAS THE T. EATON COMPANY, AND SHE WENT THERE AS FREQUENTLY AS CONVENIENT, BECAUSE THEY ALWAYS HAD A SALE ON. YOU COULD ALWAYS DIDDLE A LITTLE BIT WITH THE SALESMAN, AND GET IT FOR A LITTLE BIT CHEAPER THAN THE SALES PRICE, IF YOU WERE GOOD AT THAT, AND SHE WAS GOOD AT THAT. SHE WAS VERY GOOD AT GETTING THE PRICE THAT SHE THOUGHT SOMETHING WAS WORTH.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20170003000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170003000
Acquisition Date
2017-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
POLYESTER, WOOL, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170007001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2015
Materials
POLYESTER, WOOL, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
74
Width
50
Description
PURPLE BLAZER JACKET WITH PURPLE LINING; FRONT LAPELS OF JACKET ARE DECORATED WITH PINS. FRONT LEFT AND RIGHT POCKETS LINED WITH GREY PATTERNED FABRIC; FRONT POCKETS HAVE WHITE AND PURPLE “LETHBRIDGE, NO. 32, OORP” AND “BRANDON, NO. 138, OORP” DIAMOND BADGES SEWN ON, WITH WHITE STAG IN CENTER OF TEXT. INSIDE OF BLAZER HAS BLACK TAG WITH WHITE STITCHED TEXT AT BACK OF COLLAR, “MADE IN / FABRIQUE EN CANADA”. TWO POCKETS SEWN INTO BLAZER LINING WITH WHITE CLOTH LINING; INSIDE RIGHT-WEARING INNER POCKET IS WHITE TAG WITH BILINGUAL (FRENCH AND ENGLISH) TEXT “MADE IN CANADA, CA – 00023, 55% POLYESTER, 45% WOOL DRY CLEAN ONLY”. OUTSIDE OF RIGHT-WEARING INNER POCKET HAS TAG SEWN ON; BLACK WITH WHITE TEXT “VETEMENTS, CLOTHES” AND GOLD-STITCHED TEXT BETWEEN WHITE READING “BILTMORE” AND GOLD AND WHITE LOGO IN UPPER LEFT CORNER “LP”. TWO GOLD CHECKERED BUTTONS DOWN FRONT OF BLAZER AND TWO AT EACH CUFF. BLAZER HAS FADING ON INSIDE OF CUFFS, AND STAINING ON FRONT LEFT-WEARING SIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. ON FRONT RIGHT-WEARING LAPEL, PINS INCLUDE: GOLD-FINISHED PIN WITH RED AND WHITE CANADA FLAG AND BLUE AND WHITE CROSS FLAG; GOLD-FINISHED FLYING DOVE PIN; RED AND WHITE CANADA FLAG PIN; WHITE PLASTIC NAME TAG WITH SILVER ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE SEAL AND BLACK TEXT “LETHBRIDGE LODGE NO. 32, DOROTHY TAYLOR”; GOLD-FINISHED PIN GREY, WHITE AND PEACH IMAGE OF WOMAN AND BLACK TEXT ABOVE IMAGE “DEAF DETECTION” AND BLACK TEXT BELOW IMAGE “PHOEBE MCCULLOUGH, 1896-1971”; GOLD-FINISHED PIN OF MAPLE LEAF WITH GOLD ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE STAG ON A PURPLE BACKGROUND SURROUNDED BY GOLD LETTERS “OORP”; GOLD-FINISHED PIN WITH BAR SHAPED LIKE BOW AND HANGING SEAL OF THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE; GOLD-FINISHED PIN WITH GOLD BORDER AROUND PURPLE AND YELLOW FLOWERS ON GREEN BACKGROUND, WITH ENGRAVED TEXT ON BORDER “MANITOBA ROYAL PURPLE ASSOCIATION”. ON LEFT-WEARING LAPEL IS PURPLE RIBBON WITH GOLD-FINISHED ATTACHMENT TO JACKET AND WHITE FRINGE, ON RIBBON GOLD-FINISHED PINS INCLUDE: TWO GOLD BARS ATTACHED WITH CHAIN AND HANGING ORNATE SEAL OF THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE, TEXT ON TOP BAR READS “BRANDON LODGE NO. 138”, LOWER BAR TEXT READS “1998-1999”; BAR PIN WITH PURPLE TEXT “15 YRS” AND ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE SEAL IN CENTER; BAR PIN WITH TWO TEXT BANNERS TO THE UPPER LEFT AND LOWER RIGHT OF ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE SEAL, UPPER BANNER READS “20” AND LOWER BANNER READS “YRS”; OVAL PIN WITH ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE SEAL IN CENTER AND BOTTOM BANNER READING “LIFE MEMBER”; FLOWER PIN WITH ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE SEAL IN CENTER AND SIX HANGING BARS THAT READ “25 YEARS”, “30 YEARS”, “35 YEARS”, “40 YEARS”, “45 YEARS”, “50 YEARS”.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON FEBRUARY 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED WILMA WOOD, DAUGHTER OF DOROTHY TAYLOR, ABOUT HER DONATION OF TAYLOR’S ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE REGALIA. THE REGALIA REPRESENTED TAYLOR’S 50-YEAR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE FROM BRANDON, MANITOBA TO LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HER MOTHER’S BLAZER, WOOD RECALLED, “[MY MOTHER WAS WEARING THIS] WITHIN THE [PAST] TWO OR THREE YEARS, AS YOU CAN SEE, SHE HAD IT ON WHEN SHE RECEIVED HER 50 YEAR PIN. I THINK SHE WENT TO ONE MORE ACTIVITY BEFORE SHE COULDN’T ANYMORE BECAUSE SHE’S BEEN WHEELCHAIR BOUND FOR 15 YEARS. IT GOT MORE AND MORE DIFFICULT FOR HER TO GET OUT.” MACLEAN ADDITIONALLY INTERVIEWED ANN MARIE MCDONALD OF THE LETHBRIDGE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE ON JUNE 6, 2017. ON THE BLAZER, MCDONALD ELABORATED, “WHEN I JOINED IN ’89, THEY WERE MOVING INTO THE NEW JACKETS…WE USED TO PASS DOWN JACKETS. WE USED TO HAVE A CUPBOARD. IF A LADY PASSED AWAY, YOU’D DRY-CLEAN HER JACKET, AND PUT IT INTO THE CUPBOARD…PROBABLY ABOUT 1985 THEY STARTED REPLACING THE JACKETS. I KNOW [THIS WAS DOROTHY’S JACKET] ORIGINALLY, IT HAD PIPING ON IT, AND…IT HAD BRANDON. SHE WORE THE BRANDON [BADGE] ON IT – THEN, SHE OBVIOUSLY GOT THE NEW JACKET MADE, AND THEN PUT THE [PATCH] ON HER POCKETS. IN THOSE DAYS, BEFORE I JOINED ROYAL PURPLE, YOU HAD A PATCH. YOU ALWAYS WORE THE PATCH OF YOUR LODGE ON YOUR JACKET.” “YOU WEAR WHAT ARE CALLED YOUR JEWELS ON YOUR LEFT SIDE. THIS [RIBBON WITH HER YEARS] WOULD BE A JEWEL.” “SHE WAS HONORABLE ROYAL LADY IN BRANDON, IN, POSSIBLY, 1975-76, THAT’S WHEN SHE WOULD HAVE BEEN IN.” MCDONALD ELABORATED ON THE PINS ON TAYLOR’S BLAZER, NOTING, “EACH YEAR THAT YOU STAY IN LODGE, THEY GIVE YOU A BAR. I’M THINKING MAYBE SHE DIDN’T [A BAR PIN] FROM OUR LODGE, BECAUSE SHE WAS ALREADY AN HONORED ROYAL LADY IN BRANDON. SHE JUST TOOK THE BAR, AND HAD THE BAR PUT ON HER OLD PIN – HER BRANDON PIN.” “BARS WERE [GIVEN] IF, FOR EXAMPLE, YOU WERE ON THE DRILL TEAM. YOU WOULD GET A BAR EVERY YEAR THAT YOU’RE ON THE DRILL TEAM. IF YOU WERE OUR PIANIST, YOU GOT A BAR EVERY YEAR THAT YOU STAYED AS PIANIST. SHE WAS OBVIOUSLY ON THE DRILL TEAM FOR 3 YEARS HERE. EVERY YEAR THEY GIVE YOU 1, UP TO 10. EVERY 5 YEARS YOU GOT A BAR.” “[THE CLASP PIN] IS HER 15TH YEAR BAR, SO WHEN SHE WAS IN OUR LODGE 15 YEARS…ALTHOUGH I’M NOT SURE WITH DOROTHY, IF THEY COMBINED HERS OR NOT. I KNOW THEY COMBINED HERS FOR HER 50TH. YOU WOULD WEAR IT ON [THE] RIBBON. ON THE LEFT HAND SIDE. THE LEFT SIDE IS WHAT WE CONSIDER IS OVER YOUR HEART. YOU WEAR ALL YOUR JEWELS OVER YOUR HEART.” “[THE MAPLE LEAF] IS AN INSTALLATION PIN. WHEN YOU JOIN THE LODGE, THEY GIVE YOU AN INSTALLATION PIN. THEY WANT ACKNOWLEDGE [YOUR INSTALLATION], IT’S NOT SOMETHING YOU EARN. IT’S KIND OF “WELCOME TO THE LODGE”. SHE WOULD WEAR THIS…ON HER REGALIA [LEFT] SIDE.” “NOW [THE PINS ON THE RIGHT SIDE] I DON’T KNOW WHAT [THEY ALL] ARE. DEAF DETECTION…ARE PINS, IN OUR ORGANIZATION THEY PUT OUT TONS OF PINS AND THEN SELL THEM. THERE WAS SOME FUND-RAISER FOR DEAF DETECTION, AND SHE BOUGHT A PIN.” “[THE PURPLE FLORAL PIN] IS A MANITOBA ROYAL PURPLE ASSOCIATION. SHE WOULDN’T HAVE [WORN THIS ON HER REGALIA] BECAUSE…THEY SELL THE PINS AND THEY MAKE MONEY. HER PERFECT ATTENDANCE [PIN], 5 YEARS SHE COULD WEAR ON HER REGALIA PIN. THERE IS A KEEPSAKE [PIN] THAT THEY HAD WHEN THEY HAD THEIR YEAR 2000…[YOU] BOUGHT THE PIN TO SUPPORT THE LODGE. THERE IS A BRANDON PIN. SHE WOULDN’T WEAR IT WITH HER REGALIA THOUGH…IT’S PURCHASED FOR BRANDON. [THERE IS] THE 12TH COLLECTION EDITION OF ROYAL PURPLE. THE BIRD [HAS NO SIGNIFICANCE] WITH OUR LODGE. ON DOROTHY TAYLOR’S INVOLVEMENT IN THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE, MCDONALD RECALLED, “SHE WOULD HAVE BEEN IN OUR LODGE BY [1989]. SHE WAS A DUAL MEMBER OF OUR LODGE. SHE PAID HER DUES TO BRANDON, AND SHE PAID TO US FOR MANY YEARS, BECAUSE SHE LOVED BRANDON, AND HER HEART WAS IN BRANDON. SHE HAD FRIENDS, TOO, LADIES IN BRANDON THAT SHE STAYED REALLY GOOD FRIENDS WITH…WHEN SHE WAS HONORABLE ROYAL LADY, [THE BAR PIN] WASN’T THERE. [THE REST] ARE ALL FUND-RAISERS…[THERE IS ONE FOR] FUND FOR CHILDREN, WHICH WAS OUR NATIONAL CHARITY.” WOOD DISCUSSED HER MOTHER’S TIME IN THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE, STATING, “SHE CONSIDERS [THESE OBJECTS IN ACTIVE USE]. SHE IS VERY MUCH A PERSON WHO VALUES THAT SOCIETY. IT HELPED HER A NUMBER OF TIMES. AS YOU GROW OLDER, ALL OF A SUDDEN YOU DISCOVER THAT YOUR BRAIN ISN’T AS ACTIVE AS IT SHOULD BE AND THE MEMORY IS GOING. SHE WOULD PUT HERSELF INTO POSITIONS WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION INCLUDING BEING PRESIDENT, THREE OR FOUR TIMES. SHE HAD TO BE AN ORGANIZER, SHE HAD TO GET HER BRAIN AND KEEP HER BRAIN FUNCTIONING, WHICH I THOUGHT WAS VERY ADMIRABLE FOR A WOMAN HER AGE BECAUSE…SHE WAS IN HER EIGHTIES. SHE RECEIVED HER 50 YEAR PIN, I THINK IT WAS TWO YEARS AGO OR THREE.” “SHE JOINED [THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE] IN BRANDON, MANITOBA WHERE [MY PARENTS] WERE LIVING AT THE TIME, AND MY DAD RETIRED THERE. THEY MOVED HERE TO LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE MY BROTHER LIVED HERE, AND MY UNCLE ART GOOD…HE LIVED HERE AND THEY WANTED TO BE CLOSER TO FAMILY. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE AND MY DAD DIED SHORTLY AFTER THAT.” “[SHE JOINED] BECAUSE OF HER FRIENDS. SHE HAD A FRIENDSHIP GROUP AND THEY BELONGED. THEY RECRUITED HER.” “WHEN SHE WAS VERY ACTIVE, SHE WAS A MAJOR RECRUITER. SHE WENT OUT AND FOUND YOUNG WOMEN BUT THEY FELL BY THE WAYSIDE BECAUSE OF LIFE. SHE WAS CERTAINLY VERY ACTIVE IN THEIR PROJECTS, ONE OF WHICH WAS FINDING FINANCES TO EDUCATE YOUNG PEOPLE. WHATEVER THEY WERE [DOING], SHE WAS INTO IT FULL TILT BECAUSE THAT’S THE KIND OF PERSON SHE IS…WHATEVER SHE DOES IS FULL BLAST, FULL BORE. SHE NEVER TOLD ME ANY DETAILS ABOUT THE SOCIETY BECAUSE IT’S ONE OF THOSE SECRET SISTERHOODS. SHE WAS ALWAYS VERY PROUD TO BE A MEMBER OF IT.” “THIS [CHAPTER] DID A LOT OF EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT…SHE TRAVELED WITH THEM BECAUSE IT WAS A CANADIAN ORGANIZATION, SO THEY HAD THEIR ANNUAL GENERAL MEETINGS ALL OVER CANADA. SHE CAME OUT TO VANCOUVER TO A MEETING AND I WENT OVER TO VANCOUVER TO MEET HER AND SAY “HOWDY”. SHE WENT OUT TO THE PREMIER’S, AT THAT TIME WAS VANDER ZALM, AND HE HAD THE BIG GARDENS OUT NEAR STEVESTON. SHE WENT OUT THERE AND SHE MET HIM.” “A YEAR AGO ABOUT THIS TIME, THAT’S WHEN [THE ORDER WAS] FOLDING. THE ALBERTA CLUBS WERE ALL IMPLODING, AND I THINK THERE’S ONLY ONE LEFT IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. IT WAS THE ISSUE THAT THEY WERE ALL OLD PEOPLE AND YOUNG PEOPLE DID NOT WANT TO JOIN THESE KINDS OF ORGANIZATIONS ANY LONGER…[THIS HAPPENED BECAUSE] I THINK WE HAVE MORE LEGAL SUPPORT. THE GOVERNMENT HAS SET UP HEALTH CARE, COMMUNITIES HAVE SET UP ASSISTANCE FOR WOMEN WHO ARE ABUSED, THERE’S DRUG ASSISTANCE. THERE IS MUCH MORE ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE. IN THE EARLY DAYS ON THE PRAIRIES, IF YOU DIDN’T KNOW YOUR NEXT DOOR NEIGHBOR, WHO MIGHT BE TWENTY MILES AWAY, YOU WERE IN DEEP DOO-DOO IF YOU HAD A BIG PROBLEM. THAT’S WHAT THESE SOCIETIES CAME OUT OF WAS THAT NEED. THE NEED PRETTY WELL HAS BEEN TAKEN CARE OF, I THINK. THERE ARE STILL CLUBS BUT THEY’RE DIFFERENT KINDS OF CLUBS NOW.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HER MOTIVATION FOR DONATING HER MOTHER’S REGALIA TO THE MUSEUM, WOOD NOTED, “MY MOTHER HAS TURNED 99 YEARS OLD IN JANUARY. SHE HAS DEMENTIA AND SO WE’VE HAD TO MOVE HER FROM HER SENIOR’S LODGE ROOM INTO A MORE SECURE ROOM. CONSEQUENTLY THE LAST OF THE THINGS THAT SHE TREASURED OR VALUED MUST BE DISPERSED. MY BROTHER AND I DECIDED THAT, SINCE THE ELKS AND THE ROYAL PURPLE MEANT SO MUCH TO HER, THAT [THESE WERE] THE [OBJECTS] WE WOULD LIKE TO DONATE TO THE MUSEUM. IT DEPICTS A PERIOD OF TIME WHEN THE WOMEN USED THESE ASSOCIATIONS AS A SUPPORT GROUP FOR THEMSELVES. IT WAS ANOTHER ONE OF THESE SECRET SOCIETIES, WHEN IN FACT THEY WERE SISTERHOODS. THEY WERE MEANT MAINLY FOR THEM TO HAVE PEOPLE TO SUPPORT EACH OTHER. SINCE THIS ORGANIZATION HAS BASICALLY COLLAPSED, I THOUGHT IT WAS SOMETHING THAT THE MUSEUM SHOULD HAVE BECAUSE IT DOES SHOW THAT PERIOD OF TIME IN THE SOCIAL HISTORY OF CANADA.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170007001
Acquisition Date
2017-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20170007002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2015
Materials
COTTON, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
67
Width
44
Description
WHITE LINEN BLOUSE WITH SIX WHITE PLASTIC BUTTONS RUNNING DOWN FRONT, AND ONE AT EACH CUFF. BLOUSE HAS FLORAL-PATTERNED EMBROIDERED LINING OVER BUTTON HOLES DOWN FRONT, AND FLORAL-PATTERNED EMBROIDERY AT COLLAR. INSIDE COLLAR OF BLOUSE HAS WHITE TAG WITH YELLOW AND BLACK TEXT “ELITE, INTERNATIONAL, CA – 00034. INSIDE LEFT-WEARING SIDE OF BLOUSE IS WHITE TAG WITH BLACK TEXT “18” AND TWO WHITE PLASTIC BUTTONS. BLOUSE SHOWS LITTLE SIGNS OF WEAR; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON FEBRUARY 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED WILMA WOOD, DAUGHTER OF DOROTHY TAYLOR, ABOUT HER DONATION OF TAYLOR’S ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE REGALIA. THE REGALIA REPRESENTED TAYLOR’S 50-YEAR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE FROM BRANDON, MANITOBA TO LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. WOOD DISCUSSED HER MOTHER’S TIME IN THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE, STATING, “SHE CONSIDERS [THESE OBJECTS IN ACTIVE USE]. SHE IS VERY MUCH A PERSON WHO VALUES THAT SOCIETY. IT HELPED HER A NUMBER OF TIMES. AS YOU GROW OLDER, ALL OF A SUDDEN YOU DISCOVER THAT YOUR BRAIN ISN’T AS ACTIVE AS IT SHOULD BE AND THE MEMORY IS GOING. SHE WOULD PUT HERSELF INTO POSITIONS WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION INCLUDING BEING PRESIDENT, THREE OR FOUR TIMES. SHE HAD TO BE AN ORGANIZER, SHE HAD TO GET HER BRAIN AND KEEP HER BRAIN FUNCTIONING, WHICH I THOUGHT WAS VERY ADMIRABLE FOR A WOMAN HER AGE BECAUSE…SHE WAS IN HER EIGHTIES. SHE RECEIVED HER 50 YEAR PIN, I THINK IT WAS TWO YEARS AGO OR THREE.” “SHE JOINED [THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE] IN BRANDON, MANITOBA WHERE [MY PARENTS] WERE LIVING AT THE TIME, AND MY DAD RETIRED THERE. THEY MOVED HERE TO LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE MY BROTHER LIVED HERE, AND MY UNCLE ART GOOD…HE LIVED HERE AND THEY WANTED TO BE CLOSER TO FAMILY. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE AND MY DAD DIED SHORTLY AFTER THAT.” “[SHE JOINED] BECAUSE OF HER FRIENDS. SHE HAD A FRIENDSHIP GROUP AND THEY BELONGED. THEY RECRUITED HER.” “WHEN SHE WAS VERY ACTIVE, SHE WAS A MAJOR RECRUITER. SHE WENT OUT AND FOUND YOUNG WOMEN BUT THEY FELL BY THE WAYSIDE BECAUSE OF LIFE. SHE WAS CERTAINLY VERY ACTIVE IN THEIR PROJECTS, ONE OF WHICH WAS FINDING FINANCES TO EDUCATE YOUNG PEOPLE. WHATEVER THEY WERE [DOING], SHE WAS INTO IT FULL TILT BECAUSE THAT’S THE KIND OF PERSON SHE IS…WHATEVER SHE DOES IS FULL BLAST, FULL BORE. SHE NEVER TOLD ME ANY DETAILS ABOUT THE SOCIETY BECAUSE IT’S ONE OF THOSE SECRET SISTERHOODS. SHE WAS ALWAYS VERY PROUD TO BE A MEMBER OF IT.” “THIS [CHAPTER] DID A LOT OF EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT…SHE TRAVELED WITH THEM BECAUSE IT WAS A CANADIAN ORGANIZATION, SO THEY HAD THEIR ANNUAL GENERAL MEETINGS ALL OVER CANADA. SHE CAME OUT TO VANCOUVER TO A MEETING AND I WENT OVER TO VANCOUVER TO MEET HER AND SAY “HOWDY”. SHE WENT OUT TO THE PREMIER’S, AT THAT TIME WAS VANDER ZALM, AND HE HAD THE BIG GARDENS OUT NEAR STEVESTON. SHE WENT OUT THERE AND SHE MET HIM.” “A YEAR AGO ABOUT THIS TIME, THAT’S WHEN [THE ORDER WAS] FOLDING. THE ALBERTA CLUBS WERE ALL IMPLODING, AND I THINK THERE’S ONLY ONE LEFT IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. IT WAS THE ISSUE THAT THEY WERE ALL OLD PEOPLE AND YOUNG PEOPLE DID NOT WANT TO JOIN THESE KINDS OF ORGANIZATIONS ANY LONGER…[THIS HAPPENED BECAUSE] I THINK WE HAVE MORE LEGAL SUPPORT. THE GOVERNMENT HAS SET UP HEALTH CARE, COMMUNITIES HAVE SET UP ASSISTANCE FOR WOMEN WHO ARE ABUSED, THERE’S DRUG ASSISTANCE. THERE IS MUCH MORE ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE. IN THE EARLY DAYS ON THE PRAIRIES, IF YOU DIDN’T KNOW YOUR NEXT DOOR NEIGHBOR, WHO MIGHT BE TWENTY MILES AWAY, YOU WERE IN DEEP DOO-DOO IF YOU HAD A BIG PROBLEM. THAT’S WHAT THESE SOCIETIES CAME OUT OF WAS THAT NEED. THE NEED PRETTY WELL HAS BEEN TAKEN CARE OF, I THINK. THERE ARE STILL CLUBS BUT THEY’RE DIFFERENT KINDS OF CLUBS NOW.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HER MOTIVATION FOR DONATING HER MOTHER’S REGALIA TO THE MUSEUM, WOOD NOTED, “MY MOTHER HAS TURNED 99 YEARS OLD IN JANUARY. SHE HAS DEMENTIA AND SO WE’VE HAD TO MOVE HER FROM HER SENIOR’S LODGE ROOM INTO A MORE SECURE ROOM. CONSEQUENTLY THE LAST OF THE THINGS THAT SHE TREASURED OR VALUED MUST BE DISPERSED. MY BROTHER AND I DECIDED THAT, SINCE THE ELKS AND THE ROYAL PURPLE MEANT SO MUCH TO HER, THAT [THESE WERE] THE [OBJECTS] WE WOULD LIKE TO DONATE TO THE MUSEUM. IT DEPICTS A PERIOD OF TIME WHEN THE WOMEN USED THESE ASSOCIATIONS AS A SUPPORT GROUP FOR THEMSELVES. IT WAS ANOTHER ONE OF THESE SECRET SOCIETIES, WHEN IN FACT THEY WERE SISTERHOODS. THEY WERE MEANT MAINLY FOR THEM TO HAVE PEOPLE TO SUPPORT EACH OTHER. SINCE THIS ORGANIZATION HAS BASICALLY COLLAPSED, I THOUGHT IT WAS SOMETHING THAT THE MUSEUM SHOULD HAVE BECAUSE IT DOES SHOW THAT PERIOD OF TIME IN THE SOCIAL HISTORY OF CANADA.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170007002
Acquisition Date
2017-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170007003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2015
Materials
POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
71.5
Width
40
Description
WHITE PLEATED SKIRT WITH ELASTIC WAIST; INSIDE BACK OF SKIRT HAS GREY TAG WITH BLACK TEXT “TRADITION, SEARS”. WHITE TAG UNDERNEATH HAS BLACK AND RED TEXT “100% POLYESTER, CA – 02945, MODELE/STYLE 207902, LOT, 2 ½, TAILLE/SIZE, 16, FABRIQUE AU/MADE IN CANADA, EXCLUSIVE OF TRIM”. FRONT OF SKIRT IS STAINED ON RIGHT-WEARING AND LEFT-WEARING SIDES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON FEBRUARY 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED WILMA WOOD, DAUGHTER OF DOROTHY TAYLOR, ABOUT HER DONATION OF TAYLOR’S ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE REGALIA. THE REGALIA REPRESENTED TAYLOR’S 50-YEAR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE FROM BRANDON, MANITOBA TO LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. WOOD DISCUSSED HER MOTHER’S TIME IN THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE, STATING, “SHE CONSIDERS [THESE OBJECTS IN ACTIVE USE]. SHE IS VERY MUCH A PERSON WHO VALUES THAT SOCIETY. IT HELPED HER A NUMBER OF TIMES. AS YOU GROW OLDER, ALL OF A SUDDEN YOU DISCOVER THAT YOUR BRAIN ISN’T AS ACTIVE AS IT SHOULD BE AND THE MEMORY IS GOING. SHE WOULD PUT HERSELF INTO POSITIONS WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION INCLUDING BEING PRESIDENT, THREE OR FOUR TIMES. SHE HAD TO BE AN ORGANIZER, SHE HAD TO GET HER BRAIN AND KEEP HER BRAIN FUNCTIONING, WHICH I THOUGHT WAS VERY ADMIRABLE FOR A WOMAN HER AGE BECAUSE…SHE WAS IN HER EIGHTIES. SHE RECEIVED HER 50 YEAR PIN, I THINK IT WAS TWO YEARS AGO OR THREE.” “SHE JOINED [THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE] IN BRANDON, MANITOBA WHERE [MY PARENTS] WERE LIVING AT THE TIME, AND MY DAD RETIRED THERE. THEY MOVED HERE TO LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE MY BROTHER LIVED HERE, AND MY UNCLE ART GOOD…HE LIVED HERE AND THEY WANTED TO BE CLOSER TO FAMILY. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE AND MY DAD DIED SHORTLY AFTER THAT.” “[SHE JOINED] BECAUSE OF HER FRIENDS. SHE HAD A FRIENDSHIP GROUP AND THEY BELONGED. THEY RECRUITED HER.” “WHEN SHE WAS VERY ACTIVE, SHE WAS A MAJOR RECRUITER. SHE WENT OUT AND FOUND YOUNG WOMEN BUT THEY FELL BY THE WAYSIDE BECAUSE OF LIFE. SHE WAS CERTAINLY VERY ACTIVE IN THEIR PROJECTS, ONE OF WHICH WAS FINDING FINANCES TO EDUCATE YOUNG PEOPLE. WHATEVER THEY WERE [DOING], SHE WAS INTO IT FULL TILT BECAUSE THAT’S THE KIND OF PERSON SHE IS…WHATEVER SHE DOES IS FULL BLAST, FULL BORE. SHE NEVER TOLD ME ANY DETAILS ABOUT THE SOCIETY BECAUSE IT’S ONE OF THOSE SECRET SISTERHOODS. SHE WAS ALWAYS VERY PROUD TO BE A MEMBER OF IT.” “THIS [CHAPTER] DID A LOT OF EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT…SHE TRAVELED WITH THEM BECAUSE IT WAS A CANADIAN ORGANIZATION, SO THEY HAD THEIR ANNUAL GENERAL MEETINGS ALL OVER CANADA. SHE CAME OUT TO VANCOUVER TO A MEETING AND I WENT OVER TO VANCOUVER TO MEET HER AND SAY “HOWDY”. SHE WENT OUT TO THE PREMIER’S, AT THAT TIME WAS VANDER ZALM, AND HE HAD THE BIG GARDENS OUT NEAR STEVESTON. SHE WENT OUT THERE AND SHE MET HIM.” “A YEAR AGO ABOUT THIS TIME, THAT’S WHEN [THE ORDER WAS] FOLDING. THE ALBERTA CLUBS WERE ALL IMPLODING, AND I THINK THERE’S ONLY ONE LEFT IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. IT WAS THE ISSUE THAT THEY WERE ALL OLD PEOPLE AND YOUNG PEOPLE DID NOT WANT TO JOIN THESE KINDS OF ORGANIZATIONS ANY LONGER…[THIS HAPPENED BECAUSE] I THINK WE HAVE MORE LEGAL SUPPORT. THE GOVERNMENT HAS SET UP HEALTH CARE, COMMUNITIES HAVE SET UP ASSISTANCE FOR WOMEN WHO ARE ABUSED, THERE’S DRUG ASSISTANCE. THERE IS MUCH MORE ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE. IN THE EARLY DAYS ON THE PRAIRIES, IF YOU DIDN’T KNOW YOUR NEXT DOOR NEIGHBOR, WHO MIGHT BE TWENTY MILES AWAY, YOU WERE IN DEEP DOO-DOO IF YOU HAD A BIG PROBLEM. THAT’S WHAT THESE SOCIETIES CAME OUT OF WAS THAT NEED. THE NEED PRETTY WELL HAS BEEN TAKEN CARE OF, I THINK. THERE ARE STILL CLUBS BUT THEY’RE DIFFERENT KINDS OF CLUBS NOW.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HER MOTIVATION FOR DONATING HER MOTHER’S REGALIA TO THE MUSEUM, WOOD NOTED, “MY MOTHER HAS TURNED 99 YEARS OLD IN JANUARY. SHE HAS DEMENTIA AND SO WE’VE HAD TO MOVE HER FROM HER SENIOR’S LODGE ROOM INTO A MORE SECURE ROOM. CONSEQUENTLY THE LAST OF THE THINGS THAT SHE TREASURED OR VALUED MUST BE DISPERSED. MY BROTHER AND I DECIDED THAT, SINCE THE ELKS AND THE ROYAL PURPLE MEANT SO MUCH TO HER, THAT [THESE WERE] THE [OBJECTS] WE WOULD LIKE TO DONATE TO THE MUSEUM. IT DEPICTS A PERIOD OF TIME WHEN THE WOMEN USED THESE ASSOCIATIONS AS A SUPPORT GROUP FOR THEMSELVES. IT WAS ANOTHER ONE OF THESE SECRET SOCIETIES, WHEN IN FACT THEY WERE SISTERHOODS. THEY WERE MEANT MAINLY FOR THEM TO HAVE PEOPLE TO SUPPORT EACH OTHER. SINCE THIS ORGANIZATION HAS BASICALLY COLLAPSED, I THOUGHT IT WAS SOMETHING THAT THE MUSEUM SHOULD HAVE BECAUSE IT DOES SHOW THAT PERIOD OF TIME IN THE SOCIAL HISTORY OF CANADA.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170007003
Acquisition Date
2017-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CARTON, MILK
Date Range From
1957
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, INK
Catalogue Number
P20160019000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CARTON, MILK
Date Range From
1957
Date Range To
1970
Materials
PAPER, INK
No. Pieces
1
Height
24
Length
7.4
Width
7.2
Description
CARDBOARD MILK CARTON. SIDE ONE HAS “HOMOGENIZED MILK” ON TOP FOLD IN GREEN BLOCK LETTERING. FADED, BLACK INK STAMP ON THIS FOLD SAYS “?A 2 -45.” ON THE MAIN SECTION OF THIS SIDE THERE IS THE PURITY LOGO (“PURITY” IN PURPLE CURSIVE FONT), A PURPLE AND GREEN FLOWER, AND THE WORDS “CREAM IN EVERY DROP” IN PURPLE CURSIVE. ON THE BASE OF THIS PANEL IT SAYS “… HEAD OFFICE LETHBRIDGE.” THE OPPOSING SIDE (SIDE 3) IS SIMILAR, BUT WITH THE INDICATION OF “NET CONTENTS ONE QUART” AT THE BASE OF THE PANEL. SIDE 2’S TOP FOLD SAYS, “THE CONTAINER COVERED BY CANADIAN PATENTS 1941 – 395.645 1957 – 542-432… MANUFACTURED UNDER LICENSE FROM EX-CELL-O CORPORATION.” THE MAIN SECTION HAS THE PURITY LOGO AND THE SLOGANS “IT’S PURE. THAT’S SURE” AND “YOURS TO LOVE. OURS TO PROTECT.” ADDITIONALLY THIS SIDE INDICATED THAT THE MILK IS “PASTURIZED” AND IS “NOT LESS THAN 3.25% B.F.” PARALLEL TO THAT IS SIDE 4 WITH A TOP FOLD THAT HAS “SPOUT” MARKED ON IT. ON THE TOP FOLD, IT SAYS “PUREPAK” “YOUR PERSONAL MILK CONTAINER.” THE MAIN SECTION OF THIS HAS A GREEN ILLUSTRATION OF A CHURCH WITH “ATTEND THE CHURCH OF YOUR CHOICE…” ON THE BOTTOM OF THE CARTON, THERE ARE NUMBERS AND/OR LETTERS THAT WERE STAMPED INTO THE BOTTOM. A “W” IS VISIBLE. GOOD CONDITION. COLOUR OF CARDBOARD HAS YELLOWED OVERALL. THERE ARE VARIOUS STAINS ON THE SURFACE. BLACK STAINING AROUND THE CHURCH ILLUSTRATION. THE TOP FLAP OF THE CARTON IS DETERIORATING (BENT/TORN) WITH NOTICEABLE LOSS OF MATERIAL ON ONE SIDE’S CORNER.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
BUSINESS
INDUSTRY
History
THE DONOR, HANK VROOM, FOUND THE MILK CARTON IN LETHBRIDGE APPROXIMATELY A DECADE BEFORE THE DATE OF DONATION (JULY 2016), AS A RESULT OF HIS CITY EMPLOYMENT AS A GARBAGE TRUCK DRIVER. THE LOCATION OF THE FIND IS UNKNOWN. IN THE TIME SINCE HIS POSSESSION, THE CARTON HAS BEEN IN A PLASTIC BAG IN A CUPBOARD. ACCORDING TO ADDITIONAL RESEARCH INTO THE EXISTENCE OF THIS TYPE OF MILK CARTON AND BRAND, IT IS ESTIMATED THAT THIS CARTON ORIGINATED PRIOR TO THE MID-1970S BECAUSE MILK MEASUREMENTS WERE CHANGED FROM QUARTS TO LITERS AROUND THAT TIME AND THIS CARTON’S MEASUREMENT IS INDICATED IN QUARTS. IN THE LATE 1950’S, PURITY DAIRY ADVERTISED BEING 100% PURE-PAK, MEANING THAT ALL MILK PRODUCTS CAME IN CARDBOARD CARTONS. BLOW MOLD PLASTIC CONTAINERS REPLACED CARDBOARD SHORTLY AFTER. WITH THE INDICATION OF THE 1957 PATENT NUMBER ON THE CARTON, THIS PLACES THE DATE OF THE MILK CARTON BETWEEN 1957 AND THE 1970S. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT PURITY DAIRY IS FROM THE RECORD FOR ARTIFACT P20070013001: SIMONIE (SAM) FABBI STARTED FABBI DAIRY IN 1923 IN LETHBRIDGE. HE WAS AN ITALIAN IMMIGRANT WHO BEGAN THE BUSINESS WITH THREE COWS AND SOME LARD BUCKETS. THE DAIRY WAS LOCATED AT 12 STREET B NORTH. AT THAT TIME, MILK WAS TRANSPORTED USING LARD PAILS OR CANS, WHICH, WITH THE HELP OF SAM’S SONS, WOULD BE LADLED INTO CUSTOMER’S CONTAINERS. FABBI DAIRY EXPANDED TO THE SOUTHSIDE DAIRY HILL IN THE EARLY 1930S. SHORTLY AFTERWARDS, FABBI DAIRY BOUGHT CITY DAIRY. SONS STAN AND ROMEO BOUGHT THE BUSINESS FROM THEIR FATHER IN 1936. AT THIS POINT, MILK WAS PACKAGED AND SOLD IN GLASS BOTTLES IN PINT, QUART OR GALLON SIZES. THE DAIRY HAD ITS OWN COWS, WHICH WERE MILKED DAILY AND WOULD PASTURE IN THE COULEES. BY 1936, HOWEVER, MILK AND CREAM WERE BROUGHT IN FROM OFFSITE. BETWEEN 1939 AND 1944, THE FABBI DAIRY BOUGHT PAVAN DAIRY AND THE BELLEVUE DAIRY. AT THAT POINT IN TIME, MANY SMALL DAIRIES WERE SUBJECT TO PASTEURIZATION LAWS, AND CHOSE TO CLOSE DOWN RATHER THAN CONVERT. FABBI DAIRY PURCHASED MAJESTIC THEATRE IN THE LATE 1930S OR EARLY 1940S FOR $10,000 FROM MAYOR SHACKERFORD, CONVERTING IT INTO A MILK BOTTLING PLANT. FABBI DAIRY CHANGED ITS NAME TO PURITY DAIRY, AND EXPANDED THROUGHOUT THE LATE 1940S AND 1950S, OPENING UP BUSINESSES IN MEDICINE HAT (1948), CALGARY (1950), EDMONTON (1950), CRANBROOK (1958), RED DEER AND TABER. ALL THESE LOCATIONS HAD DAIRIES EXCEPT FOR TABER, WHICH HAD A DEPOT. ACCORDING TO KEN FABBI, STAN FABBI’S SON, STAN AND ROMEO ESTABLISHED A DAIRY IN CALGARY WITHOUT A LICENSE. THE ONLY WAY TO OBTAIN A LICENSE FOR A DAIRY AT THAT TIME WAS TO BUY OUT AN EXISTING DAIRY. EXPANSION WAS SEEN AS NECESSARY TO THE FABBI BROTHERS, IF THEY WERE TO REMAIN IN BUSINESS. THE PURITY DAIRY IN CALGARY WAS DEEMED ILLEGAL, AND IN THE EARLY 1960S, STAN AND ROMEO FABBI WERE HANDCUFFED AND ARRESTED. PUBLIC SYMPATHY FOR THE FABBI BROTHERS ENABLED THEM TO PURCHASE A LICENSE AFTER THE INCIDENT. PURITY DAIRY HAD MANY INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS THAT OTHER DAIRIES IN TOWN DID NOT HAVE, LIKELY CONTRIBUTING TO THE DAIRY’S POPULARITY WITH THE PUBLIC. PURITY DAIRY WAS THE FIRST DAIRY IN WESTERN CANADA TO RELY SOLELY ON THE USE OF MILK TANKERS, WHICH VISITED VARIOUS LOCALS TO PICK UP MILK AND BRING IT TO THE DAIRY. PRIOR TO 1957, FARMERS WERE REQUIRED TO DELIVER MILK IN CANS TO THE DAIRY THEMSELVES. PURITY DAIRY HAD A SUBSTANTIAL FLEET OF RETAIL DELIVERY VEHICLES. IN ITS EARLY DAYS, HORSES WERE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE DELIVERY SYSTEM. AT ONE POINT, 17 HORSES WERE BEING USED FOR DELIVERY PURPOSES. IN 1959, PURITY DAIRY REPLACED ITS LAST THREE HORSES WITH DELIVERY TRUCKS. IN THE 1950S, PURITY DIARY BEGAN TO STREAMLINE PRODUCTION. BUTTER WAS PRODUCED IN MEDICINE HAT, WHILE THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH PRODUCED ICE CREAM, NOVELTIES, BUTTER MILK, AND SOUR CREAM, IN ADDITION TO MILK AND COTTAGE CHEESE. THE EDMONTON PLANT SHARED MILK PRODUCTION WITH LETHBRIDGE, AND BECAME THE SOLE PRODUCER OF BLOW MOLD PLASTIC FOR PURITY DAIRY. BUSINESS BEGAN TO FALL IN THE 1960S, AND IN 1971 STAN AND ROMEO FABBI SOLD PURITY DAIRY TO CO-OP DAIRY, WHICH WAS SUBSEQUENTLY KNOWN AS PURITY CO-OP LTD. BEFORE THE SALE, PURITY DAIRY EMPLOYED ABOUT 200 FULL-TIME STAFF AND SUPPLIED MILK PRODUCTS TO THOUSANDS OF ALBERTANS DAILY. THE LETHBRIDGE PLANT EMPLOYED ABOUT 70 PEOPLE, AND MANUFACTURED ICE CREAM CONFECTIONS, COTTAGE CHEESE, BUTTER, YOGURT, BUTTERMILK, SOUR CREAM, AND FRUIT DRINKS. STAN’S WIFE, NETTI, SAID OF THE SALE, “WE LOST EVERYTHING…WE EXPANDED TOO FAST. I TOLD STAN ‘WHO CARES? I’VE GOT YOU AND WE STILL HAVE THREE MEALS A DAY.’” IN 1972, PURITY CO-OP LTD WAS BOUGHT OUT BY PALM DAIRY, WHICH WAS CLOSED DOWN FOLLOWING A DRAMATIC EXPLOSION IN 1978. IT REOPENED AT A DIFFERENT LOCATION ONE YEAR LATER. IN THE INTERIM, PRODUCTS WERE SHIPPED IN FROM THE CALGARY PLANT. STAN AND ROMEO FABBI DIED IN 1992 AND 1991, RESPECTIVELY. THIS INFORMATION WAS GATHERED IN 2008-09 FROM ANTOINETTE AND KEN FABBI, STAN’S WIFE AND SON, RESPECTIVELY, AND FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARCHIVES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR P20070013001. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR P20160019000 FOR ADDITIONAL LETHBRIDGE HERALD CLIPPINGS, PRINT RESEARCH, AND PATENT DOCUMENTS.
Catalogue Number
P20160019000
Acquisition Date
2016-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SHORT SLEEVED, "MARATHON OF HOPE TERRY FOX"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20160024000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SHORT SLEEVED, "MARATHON OF HOPE TERRY FOX"
Date
1981
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
64.5
Width
48.5
Description
T-SHIRT MADE OF WHITE COTTON WITH RED TRIM AND PRINT. THE CAPTION READS, “MARATHON OF HOPE TERRY FOX GIVE FOR CANCER RESEARCH CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY” ; LOGO DEPICTS TERRY FOX RUNNING, IMPOSED ON A MAP OF CANADA AND ENCLOSED BY A MAPLE LEAF. FAIR CONDITION. THE WHITE COTTON IS YELLOWING OVERALL. ON THE FRONT THERE ARE SEVERE BROWN STAINS AT THE RIGHT HIP OF THE SHIRT. SLIGHT RED STAIN AT THE CENTER, BOTTOM OF THE FRONT SIDE. ON THE BACK SIDE, THERE IS SEVERE BROWN STAINING AT THE LEFT HIP AND ON THE UPPER LEFT SHOULDER. SLIGHT DARK BROWN ON THE BOTTOM, LEFT OF CENTER.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
ASSOCIATIONS
SPORTS
History
THIS T-SHIRT IS AN ARTIFACT THAT WAS DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES ARCHIVAL COLLECTION IN NOVEMBER OF 1981 BY PAULINE APPLETON. IN AUGUST 2016, THIS ARTIFACT WAS TRANSFERRED TO COLLECTIONS. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM THE ORIGINAL ACQUISITION RECORD AND FURTHER RESEARCH INTO THE LIFE OF TERRY FOX: THE SHIRT [WAS USED] TO PROMOTE THE CROSS-CANADA RUN OF TERRY FOX, BEGINNING IN NANAIMO, BRITISH COLUMBIA. FOX, A CANCER PATIENT, JOGGED HALF-WAY ACROSS CANADA IN THE SUMMER OF 1980 TO RAISE FUNDS FOR CANCER RESEARCH. HE RAN 5, 373KM BEFORE HE WAS FORCED TO END HIS RUN BECAUSE HIS CANCER HAD APPEARED IN HIS LUNGS. FOX PASSED AWAY ON JUNE 28, 1981. ACCORDING TO HER LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, PAULINE APPLETON (NEE SCHMUNK), PASSED AWAY ON JANUARY 22, 1999. SHE WAS FROM MEDICINE HAT, ALBERTA. SHE WAS BORN IN WINNIPEG, MANITOBA ON NOVEMBER 12, 1915 TO HER PARENTS, DAVID AND ANNA ELIZABETH SCHMUNK. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN LEADER, SASKATCHEWAN. APPLETON MOVED TO CALGARY WITH HER TWO OLDER SISTERS, WHERE SHE MARRIED ERNEST J. “HAPPY” APPLETON IN 1938. DURING WORLD WAR II, SHE LIVED IN NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C. UNTIL HER HUSBAND COMPLETED HIS MILITARY SERVICES IN EUROPE. FOLLOWING THAT, PAULINE AND ERNEST MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA WHERE ERNEST WORKED AT MOLSONS BREWERY UNTIL RETIREMENT. PAULINE WORKED AS A CASHIER AND RECEPTIONIST AT A GOLF COURSE IN LETHBRIDGE FOR SEVERAL YEARS. THE COUPLE MOVED TO MEDICINE HAT YEARS AFTER ERNEST’S RETIREMENT. ERNEST PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 3, 1994. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON INITIAL DONATION AND FULL OBITUARY PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20160024000
Acquisition Date
1981-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA RANCH BOYS UNIFORM PANTS
Date Range From
1937
Date Range To
1962
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SYNTHETIC FABRIC
Catalogue Number
P20150016007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA RANCH BOYS UNIFORM PANTS
Date Range From
1937
Date Range To
1962
Materials
SYNTHETIC FABRIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
104.5
Width
35.5
Description
MEN’S PANTS, COMMERCIALLY MADE. KHAKI-COLOURED, SYNTHETIC FABRIC BODY WITH BLUE FABRIC ACCENTS AT SEAT, THE BELT LOOPS, SCALLOPED POCKET FLAPS AND CENTER LEG STRIPE. INSIDE WAISTBAND AND POCKET LINING DISPLAY MULTIPLE HAND INK MARKINGS, INCLUDING NUMBERS AND “HORHOZER”. ATTACHED TO THE HEM OF THE PANTS ARE ELASTIC STIRRUPS (ONE BLACK AND ONE KHAKI-COLOURED). THERE IS A STRONG CREASE DOWN THE CENTER OF THE PANTS. FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. ON THE RIGHT SIDE THERE IS A STAIN AND SLIGHT TEARING AT THE BOTTOM HEM. THERE IS A STAIN AT THE KNEE, AND TEARING AT THE POCKET. THE BOTTOM BUTTON OF THE FLY HAS BEEN LOST. THERE IS TEARING AT THE CROTCH SEAM. ON THE LEFT SIDE, THERE IS TEARING NEAR THE POCKET. THERE IS SLIGHT STAINING ON THE OVERALL SURFACE OF THE PANTS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
LEISURE
PROFESSIONS
History
EVERAL HORHOZER (NÉE SUPINA) WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE YEAR OF 1927 TO HER PARENTS DONAH (NÉE HILL) AND NICHOLAS SUPINA. SUPINA WAS THE OWNER OF SUPINA’S MERCANTILE ON 13TH STREET NORTH, LETHBRIDGE. THESE PANTS WERE PART OF THE STAGE OUTFIT WORN BY JOE HORHOZER WHEN HE WAS THE ACCORDION PLAYER AND MUSIC ARRANGER FOR A WELL-KNOWN LETHBRIDGE MUSICAL GROUP CALLED THE ALBERTA RANCH BOYS. THE GROUP FORMED IN THE SUMMER OF 1937 WITH MEMBERS LOUIS (LOU) GONZY, MATT (BUCK) WASOWICH, PETER (CURLY) GURLOCK, REMO BACEDA, AND ‘LITTLE JOE’ HORHOZER. COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS (ON APRIL 2, APRIL 16, AND MAY 7, 2015) WITH HORHOZER REGARDING A GROUP OF ARTIFACTS SHE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS COME FROM THESE INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH REGARDING THE HORHOZER FAMILY HISTORY. IN THE INTERVIEW, HORHOZER DESCRIBED HOW SHE MET HER HUSBAND, JOE HORHOZER, WHEN HE CAME TO WORK FOR SUPINA’S MERCANTILE. FOR THE STORY OF HOW THEY MET, PLEASE SEE RECORDS P20150016003 AND P20150016004. JOE HORHOZER WAS THE ACCORDION PLAYER AND MUSIC ARRANGER FOR A WELL-KNOWN LETHBRIDGE MUSICAL GROUP CALLED THE ALBERTA RANCH BOYS. THE GROUP FORMED IN THE SUMMER OF 1937 WITH MEMBERS LOUIS (LOU) GONZY, MATT (BUCK) WASOWICH, PETER (CURLY) GURLOCK, REMO BACEDA, AND ‘LITTLE JOE’ HORHOZER. HORHOZER SAYS OF HER HUSBAND: “I WOULD CALL HIM THE LEAD INSTRUMENT BECAUSE AN ACCORDION IS, EH? AND HE WAS EXCEPTIONALLY GIFTED WITH THE ACCORDION; THAT’S WHAT EVERYBODY SAID, THAT THERE ISN’T ANYONE, AT LEAST AROUND THIS COUNTRY, THAT COULD COMPARE WITH HIM.” DESCRIBED IN THEIR SOUVENIR BOOK PUBLISHED IN 1941 AS “PROFESSIONAL RADIO ENTERTAINERS”, THE ‘ALBERTA RANCH BOYS’ WERE FORMED WHEN THE LOCAL EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE PARADE WAS FOUND WANTING FOR A “COWBOY BAND” AS PART OF ITS LINEUP. ACCOLADES FOR THE PARADE ACT FOLLOWED, INSPIRING THE GROUP “TO EMBARK ON THE LONG ROAD TO FAME AND FORTUNE”. IN A YEAR’S TIME – AND AFTER TOURING THROUGH ALBERTA AND BC – THE BAND ENDED UP IN VANCOUVER. THERE, IT ESTABLISHED ITSELF, ACCORDING TO THE BOOKLET, AS “WESTERN CANADA’S MOST VERSATILE STAGE AND DANCE FAVOURITE,” BROADCASTING ITS COWBOY MELODIES FOR OVER TWO CONTINUOUS YEARS VIA CKWX (VANCOUVER’S LARGEST RADIO STUDIO AT THE TIME). DURING THE WAR, IT DONATED ITS TALENTS TO THE PROMOTION OF WAR SAVINGS CERTIFICATES. ONE VICTORY RALLY SONG FOR STAMPS WAS “WE’VE BOUGHT THEM BEFORE AND WE’LL BUY THEM AGAIN.” BY EARLY JAN-FEB 1943, THE BAND HAD PEAKED. ONE MEMBER IS REPORTED TO HAVE ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY WHILE OTHERS, ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, “GOT SICK”. “THEY DID A LOT IN TORONTO.” RECALLED EVERAL IN AN INTERVIEW. “[IT WAS FROM] TORONTO THEN THEY COULD HAVE GONE [TO NEW YORK] - THAT’S WHERE THEY WERE OFFERED THE BIG JOB OF RECORDING AND BEING ON TV…BUT THEN [JOE] SAYS THAT HE DOESN’T CARE, BECAUSE HE SAYS IF HE WOULD HAVE WENT, HE WOULDN’T HAVE MET ME, SO, I MEAN, THAT WAS A NICE THING TO SAY. HE SAYS LIFE TURNED OUT GOOD FOR HIM.” EVERAL WAS NOT AWARE OF THIS AT THE TIME OF THEIR MEETING. AFTER FINDING OUT, SHE SAID, “WELL, I THOUGHT, GEE WHIZ, HE JUST ISN’T AN EVERYDAY JOE AND EVERYBODY IN TOWN KNEW HIM AND ADMIRED HIM. YEAH, IT MADE ME A LITTLE MORE HAPPY.” OF THE PERFORMANCE COSTUME EVERAL HORHOZER SAID: “THEY WORE [THE SAME UNIFORM] WHEN THEY PLAYED AT THE TRIANON FOR A WHILE AND THEY JUST STARTED TO USE SUITS … WELL HE DIDN’T WANT - SEE, WHEN THEY STARTED PLAYING AT THE TRIANON. THEN I TELL YOU, THEY START WEARING MORE BAND [CLOTHING] - LIKE, THEY HAD DIFFERENT BLAZERS, COLOURED BLAZERS – BLUE ONES AND RED ONES AND ALL WORE BLAZERS THEN. ‘CAUSE THEY WANTED TO BECOME LIKE A DANCE BAND, I GUESS YOU’D SAY.” “HE WOULD NEVER FORGET THAT TIME [WITH THE RANCH BOYS],” HORHOZER SAID OF HER HUSBAND, “HE TALKED ABOUT IT ALL THE TIME. HOW THEY MET SO MANY [PEOPLE], LIKE THEY’D PLAY AT PRIVATE PARTIES FOR WEALTHY PEOPLE. HE ABSOLUTELY LOVED HIS MUSIC. HE LIVED FOR HIS MUSIC.” BACK HERE IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1958, EVERAL’S HUSBAND JOE WENT ON TO PERFORM WITH THE COUNTRY CAPERS, PLAYING ACCORDION FOR A WEEKLY BROADCAST VIA THE LOCAL TV STATION CJLH. IN 1961, THE STATION AND THE BROADCAST WERE PRESENTED WITH A NATIONAL LIBERTY AWARD FOR “TV STATION SHOWMANSHIP” AND “BEST LOCAL PROGRAMMING.” IN HIS TIME, ‘LITTLE JOE’ PLAYED WITH ROY ROGERS, GENE AUTRY, AND TOMMY HUNTER. HE DIED IN 2010 AT AGE 89. EVERAL HORHOZER PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE 6 YEARS LATER ON JUNE 6, 2016 AT THE AGE OF 88 YEARS. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND FURTHER PUBLICATIONS.
Catalogue Number
P20150016007
Acquisition Date
2015-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WEDDING DRESS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHEESECLOTH, SILK
Catalogue Number
P20150016009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WEDDING DRESS
Date
1922
Materials
CHEESECLOTH, SILK
No. Pieces
1
Length
113
Width
48
Description
WEDDING DRESS MADE FROM OFF-WHITE CHEESECLOTH BODY WITH A SILK BAND, TIES AND FLOWERS AT WAIST. EMBROIDERED STRIPS OF LACE FORM MEDIUM-SIZED TRIANGULAR EMBELLISHMENTS AT BASE OF SKIRT AND ON SHORT SLEEVES. ADHESIVE MASKING TAPE MARKED “GRANNY SUPINA’S WEDDING DRESS 1921, MADE BY GRANNY WOODS”. REPORT OF WEDDING IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD FROM 1922 CALLS MATERIAL WHITE SILK VOILE. THE LENGTH IS 113 CM. THE WIDTH ACROSS THE SHOULDERS IS 48 CM AND THE SLEEVES ARE 35.5 CM LONG. FAIR CONDITION. THERE IS A SMALL BROWN STAIN ON THE LEFT SLEEVE. A HOLE ON THE CHEST NEAR THE COLLAR. THERE ARE 2 LARGE, WATERMARK-LIKE STAINS ON THE FRONT OF THE SKIRT. THERE ARE 2 HOLES NEAR THE LACE EMBELLISHMENT AT THE BOTTOM OF THE DRESS (FRONT SIDE). SOME OF THE LACE IS COMING LOOSE AT THE EMBELLISHMENT. ENDS OF THE TIES AT THE WAIST ARE FRAYING. SMALL HOLES AT THE BACK COLLAR. SMALL, DARK BROWN STAIN ON THE BACK OF THE SKIRT. SLIGHT FRAYING AT THE COLLAR AND AT THE HEM. SMALL IODINE STAIN ON THE RIGHT SLEEVE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
COMMEMORATIVE
History
DONOR EVERAL HORHOZER (NÉE SUPINA) WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE YEAR OF 1927 TO HER PARENTS DONAH (NÉE HILL) AND NICHOLAS SUPINA. SUPINA WAS THE OWNER OF SUPINA’S MERCANTILE ON 13TH STREET NORTH, LETHBRIDGE. THIS WEDDING DRESS BELONGED TO HORHOZER'S MOTHER, DONAH SUPINA, WHO WORE IT ON HER JUNE 7, 1922 WEDDING DAY. COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS (ON APRIL 2, APRIL 16, AND MAY 7, 2015) WITH HORHOZER REGARDING A GROUP OF ARTIFACTS SHE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS COME FROM THESE INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH REGARDING THE HORHOZER FAMILY HISTORY. "FIRST OF ALL MY MOTHER HAD SAVED [THE WEDDING DRESS] FOR SO MANY YEARS," HORHOZER BEGAN, "SHE GAVE [IT] TO ME SO [IT WAS] VERY IMPORTANT TO HER, AND MORE IMPORTANT TO ME THEN, BECAUSE HER MOTHER MADE THEM BY HAND, [SO IT MEANT] EVEN THAT MUCH MORE TO HER, OF COURSE…” “SHE WAS VERY FRUGAL... HER MOTHER AND [DONAH, MY MOTHER,] WERE LEFT TO FEND FOR THEMSELVES BECAUSE HER FATHER PASSED AWAY. THEY WERE OUT ON THE LEASE; YOU KNOW HOW GOVERNMENT GAVE THEM LEASE LAND; WELL HER MOTHER AND HER LIVED THERE. SHE DID HAVE TWO BROTHERS, BUT THEY WERE MUCH OLDER AND THEY WERE ALREADY IN THE SERVICE, SO THERE WAS JUST HER AND HER MOTHER THAT LIVED OUT THERE. THEY HAD A COOK CAR AND THEY COOKED FOR ALL THE HELP ON THE FARM [IN DEL BONITA]. THEY AT LEAST MADE A LIVING DOING THAT. THAT’S HOW MY MOTHER LEARNED TO - SHE WAS AN EXCELLENT COOK CAUSE SHE WOULD COOK RIGHT ALONG WITH MY GRANDMA. SHE WAS ABOUT THIRTEEN YEARS OLD WHEN SHE WAS BAKING BREAD, DOING ALL THAT SORT OF THING…” THIS HANDMADE WEDDING DRESS WAS WORN BY DONAH ON THE DAY OF HER WEDDING. THE DRESS WAS LATER KEPT WITH GREAT CARE BY DONAH, AND THEN LATER EVERAL. “MY GRANDMA MADE THE [WEDDING] DRESS FOR MY MOTHER. [S]HE WAS SENTIMENTAL BECAUSE HER MOTHER HAD HAND-STITCHED EVERY ONE OF THOSE THINGS. BESIDES COOKING FOR PEOPLE, SHE SEWED FOR PEOPLE, MADE THEIR WEDDING DRESSES AND THINGS LIKE THAT.” HORHOZER TELLS THE STORY OF HER PARENT’S FIRST MEETING: “MY MOTHER, SHE WENT TO GARBUTT’S BUSINESS COLLEGE AND BECAME A SECRETARY AND SHE GOT A JOB AT - IT WAS CALLED SCOTTS - IT WAS A GROCERY WHOLESALE. IT WAS BY WHERE THE INTERNATIONAL WAS, PLUNKETT AND SAVAGE. [MY FATHER, NICHOLAS 'NICK' SUPINA,] WOULD GO THERE TO BUY HIS THINGS, OF COURSE, AND THAT’S WHERE HE MET HER. AND THEN HE ASKED HER TO GO TO THIS DANCE THAT THE KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS WERE HAVING, AND THAT’S HOW IT STARTED… [THE HILL’S] HAD THIS COOK CAR, AND FUNNY STORY, SHE ALWAYS TELLS ME THAT THEY HAD TO CLEAN OUT THE PIPES ON THE STOVE BECAUSE, THEY GOT FULL OF COAL DUST, SO SHE WAS JUST COVERED IN COAL DUST AND MY DAD DRIVES OUT THERE TO SEE HER, ‘COURSE PAST MAGRATH THERE, AND SHE WAS JUST COVERED AND HE’S ALL DRESSED UP, OF COURSE. BUT, OBVIOUSLY IT DIDN’T MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE. I CAN IMAGINE HOW SHE FELT. BUT, THOSE THINGS HAPPEN. I HAVE NO IDEA HOW LONG THEY COURTED. I DON’T THINK IT WAS A TERRIBLY LONG TIME. PROBABLY, JUST BY GUESSING, I’D SAY 6 MONTHS.” OF THE YOUNG COUPLE’S MARRIAGE, HORHOZER SAID, “WELL, THEY HAD A VERY SMALL WEDDING AND THEY GOT MARRIED IN ST. PAT’S, WHICH OF COURSE WAS JUST A BASEMENT AT THE TIME. THEN THEY HAD WHAT THEY CALL A WEDDING BREAKFAST I THINK, AT HIS MOTHER’S HOUSE. THEY DID NOT HAVE A BIG WEDDING OR ANYTHING, AND THEY JUST HAD ALL THE FAMILY AND A FEW OF THE CLOSE SALE MANAGERS. BUT THEN THEY HAD A BEAUTIFUL HONEYMOON. THEY WENT TO THE STATES AND - IT’S WAY DOWN SOUTH THERE - LOUISIANA AND ALL THROUGH THAT COUNTRY THERE. THEY HAD A BEAUTIFUL HONEYMOON AND THAT’S ABOUT ALL I KNOW ABOUT IT.” HORHOZER SPOKE OF HER GRANDMOTHER’S SKILL AS THE MAKER OF THE WEDDING DRESS: “WELL, SHE HAD SO MANY SKILLS. SHE’S A PAINTER, YOU KNOW, THESE BEAUTIFUL PAINTINGS HERE, SHE PAINTED THOSE. THE MIDDLE ONE (SHE POINTS) IS THEIR HOUSE WITH THEIR GARDEN [IN MAGRATH] AND ALL THAT. SHE JUST WAS TALENTED IN EVERYTHING. SHE MADE LOTS OF MONEY. SHE MADE WEDDING DRESSES FOR PEOPLE THAT REALLY HAD MONEY. AND SO SHE DID WELL ON THAT AND THEY CANNED ALL KINDS OF FOOD. THERE WASN’T REALLY ANYTHING SHE COULDN’T DO; SHE WAS VERY TALENTED… [W]E ALL REALLY LOVED MY GRANDMA; SHE WAS A LOVELY LADY. AND I ALWAYS ENVIED THE FACT THAT I NEVER GOT ANY OF HER TALENT.” THE SUPINA’S REMAINED TOGETHER UNTIL NICHOLAS SUPINA PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON MARCH 27, 1975. DONAH PASSED AWAY 19 YEARS LATER ON MARCH 8, 1994 AT THE AGE OF 91. HORHOZER PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE IN 2016 AT THE AGE OF 88 YEARS OLD. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT SUPINA’S MERCANTILE AND THE LIFE OF EVERAL AND HER FAMILY, WHICH INCLUDES THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20150016009
Acquisition Date
2015-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DYE SAMPLES
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1977
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, FABRIC, INK
Catalogue Number
P20160003004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DYE SAMPLES
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1977
Materials
CARDBOARD, FABRIC, INK
No. Pieces
1
Length
22.6
Width
15
Description
BOOK WITH BLACK HARDCOVER. THE FRONT COVER OF THE BOOK HAS IN GOLD LETTERING “NACCO DYES” WITH A SMALL, GOLD LOGO IN THE CENTER AND “NATIONAL ANILINE & CHEMICAL CO. …” IN GOLD AT THE BOTTOM. THE SPINE OF THE BOOK HAS “NACCO DYES NO. 172” IN GOLD LETTERS. THE INSIDE COVER OF THE BOOK BEGINS WITH “NATIONAL SERVICE” WITH ADDITIONAL TEXT SUCCEEDING. THE PAGES ARE THICK, WHITE BOARD THAT ARE ATTACHED TO ONE ANOTHER WITH PAPER SEAMS. THE BOARDS FOLD OUT ACCORDIAN-STYLE INTO A HORIZONTAL LINE. THERE ARE 6 BOARDS IN TOTAL. THE FIRST FOUR BEGINNING FROM THE LEFT ARE TITLED, “NACCO UNION DYES.” EACH BOARD HAS TWO COLUMNS OF RECTANGULAR DYE SAMPLES. THERE ARE 9 ROWS ON EACH BOARD. THE TWO SAMPLES IN EACH ROW ARE THE SAME COLOUR BUT ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF FABRIC. THE 5TH BOARD IS DIVIDED INTO TWO COLUMNS. THE LEFT IS TITLED, “NACCO NEUTRAL DYES” AND THERE ARE 10 SAMPLES OF VARIOUS DYE COLOURS UNDERNEATH IT. THE RIGHT SIDE IS TITLED, “NACCO WOOL DYES.” GOOD CONDITION. THE BOARDS HAVE YELLOWED. SLIGHT SCUFFING ON THE BLACK COVER. SLIGHT BROWN STAIN ON 5TH AND 6TH BOARDS. ACCRETION ON LOWER SECTION ON THE BACKSIDE OF BOARD TO THE RIGHT OF THE TITLE PAGE (5TH BOARD).
Subjects
MERCHANDISING T&E
Historical Association
INDUSTRY
TRADES
RETAIL TRADE
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. MORRIS’ FATHER SOLD DYE TO LOCALS ON THE DOUKHOBOR COLONY. MORRIS DESCRIBES THE PURPOSE OF THE DYES AND HOW HER FATHER BECAME INVOLVED: “DYEING WAS NECESSARY TO DYE THE WOOL THAT YOU SPUN AND SOMETIMES YOU COULDN’T GET THE NECESSARY DYES IN THE STORE, SO I DON’T KNOW WHERE MY DAD GOT THOSE. THEY MIGHT HAVE SENT HIM SOME OR WHAT AND THEN HE WOULD CHOOSE THE COLOURS THEY WANTED AND HE WOULD ORDER THEM. NOW IT SO HAPPENS THAT THE PEOPLE IN THE COLONY ALL WANTED THESE PARTICULAR DYES BECAUSE THEY WERE BETTER THAN THE KIND THEY GOT IN THE STORE. I DON’T KNOW WHY. SO MY DAD BUILT A SCALE AND I REMEMBER THIS SCALE. IT STOOD ON THE TABLE, IT HAD A CENTRAL PART, THEN THERE WAS A ROD GOING ACROSS AND IT CAME DOWN LIKE THIS AND THREE NAILS ON ONE SIDE BROUGHT IT DOWN AND WHEN YOU WANTED TO SELL THE DYE YOU PUT A PIECE OF PAPER DOWN, PUT IN A SPOONFUL UNTIL WE BALANCED [IT] AND THEN YOU GOT AN EVEN BALANCE AND THAT AMOUNT CAME TO TEN CENTS. IF WANTED LESS THEN YOU PUT TWO NAILS DOWN AND THOSE CAME TO FIVE CENTS SO… I SUPPOSE [HE SOLD THE DYE] BECAUSE HE WANTED TO MAKE SOME MONEY. HE SOLD VEGETABLES IN THE WINTERTIME TO THE LOCALS WHO DIDN’T GROW GARDENS. IN SUMMERTIME IF HE COULD GET A JOB HARVESTING WORKING SOMEWHERE ON FARMS HE DID THAT. [HE WAS] THE MIDDLE MAN [SELLING DYES]… [A]ND NOBODY TOLD ANYONE THE STOREKEEPERS THAT OR HE’D HAVE PROBABLY BEEN TOLD TO STOP IT.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003004
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
KNITTING BAG
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1999
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, FABRIC, THREAD
Catalogue Number
P20160003005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KNITTING BAG
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1999
Materials
CANVAS, FABRIC, THREAD
No. Pieces
1
Length
41
Width
36
Description
HANDMADE BAG MADE OF 3 SECTIONS OF STRIPS OF ABOUT 5 INCHES (APPROX. 13 CM) EACH. IT IS RED WITH BLUE, YELLOW, GREEN, AND RAW MATERIAL ACCENTS. THE TRIM AT THE TOP OF THE BAG IS BLUE WITH A HANDLE OF THE SAME FABRIC ON EITHER SIDE. THERE IS A STRIP OF RAW, NOT PATTERNED FABRIC AT THE BOTTOM OF THE BAG. BOTH SIDES OF THE BAG HAVE THE SAME ARRANGEMENT OF PATTERNED STRIPS. THERE IS ONE SEAM CONNECTING THE FRONT AND THE BACK OF THE BAG ON BOTH SIDES. THE INSIDE IS UNLINED. GOOD TO VERY GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SOME STITCHING COMING LOOSE AT VARIOUS POINTS OF THE PATTERNING.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928 THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. A STATEMENT WRITTEN BY MORRIS ATTACHED TO THE BAG STATES THAT THE MATERIAL OF THE BAG ORIGINATES FROM THE 1870S. THE STATEMENT READS: “THIS BAG WAS HAND WOVEN IN STRIPS [THAT WERE USED] TO SEW ON THE BOTTOM OF PETTICOATS. THE GIRLS AT THAT TIME HAD TO HAVE A TROUSEUA [SIC] TO LAST A LIFETIME BECAUSE AFTER MARRIAGE THERE WOULD BE NO TIME TO MAKE CLOTHES SO WHAT THEY MADE WAS STURDY. THEY STARTED ON THEIR TROUSEUS [SIC] AS SOON AS THEY COULD HOLD A NEEDLE. WHEN IT WAS HAYING TIME THE GIRLS WENT OUT INTO THE FIELD TO RAKE THE HAY. THEY WORE PETTICOATS OF LINEN TO WHICH THESE BANDS WERE SEWN. THE LONG SKIRTS WERE PICKED UP AT THE SIDES AND TUCKED INTO THE WAISTBANDS SO THAT THE BOTTOMS OF THE PETTICOATS WERE ON DISPLAY.” “THESE BANDS WERE ORIGINALLY MY GREAT GRANDMOTHER’S WHO CAME OUT OF RUSSIA WITH THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT IN 1899. THEY WERE PASSED ON TO MY MOTHER, ELIZABETH KONKIN, WHO MADE THEM INTO A BAG IN THE 1940S” THE STRIPS THAT MAKE UP THE BAG SERVED A UTILITARIAN PURPOSE WHEN SEWN TO THE BOTTOM OF THE PETTICOATS. IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS EXPLAINS: “… THESE STRIPS ARE VERY STRONG. THEY’RE LIKE CANVAS. THEY WERE SEWN ONTO THE BOTTOM OF THE LADY’S PETTICOATS AND THEY WORE A SKIRT ON TOP OF THE PETTICOATS. THESE STRIPS LASTED A LIFETIME, IN FACT MORE THAN ONE LIFETIME BECAUSE I’VE GOT THEM NOW. THEY WOULD TUCK THE SKIRTS INTO THEIR WAISTBAND ON THE SIDE SO THEIR PETTICOATS SHOWED AND THEY WERE TRYING TO PRESERVE THEIR SKIRTS NOT TO GET CAUGHT IN THE GRAIN. THE GIRLS LIKED TO WEAR THEM TO SHOW OFF BECAUSE THE BOYS WERE THERE AND THEY ALWAYS WORE THEIR VERY BEST SUNDAY CLOTHES WHEN THEY WENT CUTTING WHEAT OR GRAIN." “[THE FABRIC] CAME FROM RUSSIA. WITH THE AREA WHERE THEY CAME FROM IS NOW GEORGIA AND THEY LIVED ABOUT SEVEN MILES NORTH OF THE TURKISH BORDER, THE PRESENT DAY TURKISH BORDER… [THE DOUKHOBORS] CAME TO CANADA IN 1897 AND 1899.” MORRIS EXPLAINS THAT SURPLUS FABRIC WOULD HAVE BEEN BROUGHT TO CANADA FROM RUSSIA BY HER MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER FOR FUTURE USE AND TO AID THE GIRLS IN MAKING THEIR TROUSSEAUS: “THE TROUSSEAU THE GIRLS MADE HAD TO LAST THEM A LIFETIME BECAUSE THEY WOULDN’T HAVE TIME BUT RAISING CHILDREN TO SEWING THINGS. SEWING MACHINES WERE UNKNOWN THEN.” THE BANDS OF FABRIC THAT MAKE UP THE BAG WOULD HAVE BEEN REMAINS NEVER USED FROM ELIZABETH KONKIN’S TROUSSEAU. SHE HAND WOVE THE BAG WHILE SHE WAS LIVING IN SHOULDICE. THE BAG WAS USED BY MORRIS’ MOTHER TO STORE HER KNITTING SUPPLIES. WHEN MORRIS ACQUIRED THE BAG IN THE 1990S, IT MAINTAINED A SIMILAR PURPOSE: “WELL I USED TO CARRY MY STUFF FOR THE WEAVER’S GUILD BUT NOW I DON’T USE IT FOR ANYTHING. IT’S VERY HANDY YOU KNOW IT DOESN’T WEAR OUT.” THERE WAS ONLY ONE BAG MADE OUT OF THESE REMNANTS BY MORRIS’ MOTHER. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003005
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA RANCH BOYS UNIFORM SHIRT
Date Range From
1937
Date Range To
1962
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SYNTHETIC FABRIC
Catalogue Number
P20150016006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA RANCH BOYS UNIFORM SHIRT
Date Range From
1937
Date Range To
1962
Materials
SYNTHETIC FABRIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
78
Width
38
Description
COLLARED MEN’S SHIRT. TAILOR-MADE WITH LONG-SLEEVED, OFF-WHITE SYNTHETIC SILK BODY AND NAVY BLUE FABRIC ACCENTS EDGING FRONT CLOSURE, ON SHOULDERS, AND BORDERING CUFFS. OPEN CRESCENT POCKETS AT BREASTS. BLUE IRIDESCENT SNAP CLOSURES. 5 SNAPS ON THE CUFFS AND 7 SNAPS DOWN THE FRONT OF THE SHIRT. THE LENGTH IS 78 CM, THE WIDTH ACROSS THE BACK IS 38 CM, AND THE SLEEVES ARE 60 CM LONG. FAIR CONDITION. AT LEAST 11 STAINS ON THE FRONT. DARK BROWN STAIN ON THE BOTTOM OF THE LEFT SLEEVE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
LEISURE
PROFESSIONS
History
EVERAL HORHOZER (NÉE SUPINA) WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE YEAR OF 1927 TO HER PARENTS DONAH (NÉE HILL) AND NICHOLAS SUPINA. SUPINA WAS THE OWNER OF SUPINA’S MERCANTILE ON 13TH STREET NORTH, LETHBRIDGE. THIS DRESS SHIRT WAS PART OF THE STAGE OUTFIT WORN BY JOE HORHOZER WHEN HE WAS THE ACCORDION PLAYER AND MUSIC ARRANGER FOR A WELL-KNOWN LETHBRIDGE MUSICAL GROUP CALLED THE ALBERTA RANCH BOYS. THE GROUP FORMED IN THE SUMMER OF 1937 WITH MEMBERS LOUIS (LOU) GONZY, MATT (BUCK) WASOWICH, PETER (CURLY) GURLOCK, REMO BACEDA, AND ‘LITTLE JOE’ HORHOZER. COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS (ON APRIL 2, APRIL 16, AND MAY 7, 2015) WITH HORHOZER REGARDING A GROUP OF ARTIFACTS SHE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS COME FROM THESE INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH REGARDING THE HORHOZER FAMILY HISTORY. IN THE INTERVIEW, HORHOZER DESCRIBED HOW SHE MET HER HUSBAND, JOE HORHOZER, WHEN HE CAME TO WORK FOR SUPINA’S MERCANTILE. FOR THE STORY OF HOW THEY MET, PLEASE SEE RECORDS P20150016003 AND P20150016004. JOE HORHOZER WAS THE ACCORDION PLAYER AND MUSIC ARRANGER FOR A WELL-KNOWN LETHBRIDGE MUSICAL GROUP CALLED THE ALBERTA RANCH BOYS. THE GROUP FORMED IN THE SUMMER OF 1937 WITH MEMBERS LOUIS (LOU) GONZY, MATT (BUCK) WASOWICH, PETER (CURLY) GURLOCK, REMO BACEDA, AND ‘LITTLE JOE’ HORHOZER. HORHOZER SAYS OF HER HUSBAND: “I WOULD CALL HIM THE LEAD INSTRUMENT BECAUSE AN ACCORDION IS, EH? AND HE WAS EXCEPTIONALLY GIFTED WITH THE ACCORDION; THAT’S WHAT EVERYBODY SAID, THAT THERE ISN’T ANYONE, AT LEAST AROUND THIS COUNTRY, THAT COULD COMPARE WITH HIM.” DESCRIBED IN THEIR SOUVENIR BOOK PUBLISHED IN 1941 AS “PROFESSIONAL RADIO ENTERTAINERS”, THE ‘ALBERTA RANCH BOYS’ WERE FORMED WHEN THE LOCAL EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE PARADE WAS FOUND WANTING FOR A “COWBOY BAND” AS PART OF ITS LINEUP. ACCOLADES FOR THE PARADE ACT FOLLOWED, INSPIRING THE GROUP “TO EMBARK ON THE LONG ROAD TO FAME AND FORTUNE”. IN A YEAR’S TIME – AND AFTER TOURING THROUGH ALBERTA AND BC – THE BAND ENDED UP IN VANCOUVER. THERE, IT ESTABLISHED ITSELF, ACCORDING TO THE BOOKLET, AS “WESTERN CANADA’S MOST VERSATILE STAGE AND DANCE FAVOURITE,” BROADCASTING ITS COWBOY MELODIES FOR OVER TWO CONTINUOUS YEARS VIA CKWX (VANCOUVER’S LARGEST RADIO STUDIO AT THE TIME). DURING THE WAR, IT DONATED ITS TALENTS TO THE PROMOTION OF WAR SAVINGS CERTIFICATES. ONE VICTORY RALLY SONG FOR STAMPS WAS “WE’VE BOUGHT THEM BEFORE AND WE’LL BUY THEM AGAIN.” BY EARLY JAN-FEB 1943, THE BAND HAD PEAKED. ONE MEMBER IS REPORTED TO HAVE ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY WHILE OTHERS, ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, “GOT SICK”. “THEY DID A LOT IN TORONTO.” RECALLED EVERAL IN AN INTERVIEW. “[IT WAS FROM] TORONTO THEN THEY COULD HAVE GONE [TO NEW YORK] - THAT’S WHERE THEY WERE OFFERED THE BIG JOB OF RECORDING AND BEING ON TV…BUT THEN [JOE] SAYS THAT HE DOESN’T CARE, BECAUSE HE SAYS IF HE WOULD HAVE WENT, HE WOULDN’T HAVE MET ME, SO, I MEAN, THAT WAS A NICE THING TO SAY. HE SAYS LIFE TURNED OUT GOOD FOR HIM.” EVERAL WAS NOT AWARE OF THIS AT THE TIME OF THEIR MEETING. AFTER FINDING OUT, SHE SAID, “WELL, I THOUGHT, GEE WHIZ, HE JUST ISN’T AN EVERYDAY JOE AND EVERYBODY IN TOWN KNEW HIM AND ADMIRED HIM. YEAH, IT MADE ME A LITTLE MORE HAPPY.” OF THE PERFORMANCE COSTUME EVERAL HORHOZER SAID: “THEY WORE [THE SAME UNIFORM] WHEN THEY PLAYED AT THE TRIANON FOR A WHILE AND THEY JUST STARTED TO USE SUITS … WELL HE DIDN’T WANT - SEE, WHEN THEY STARTED PLAYING AT THE TRIANON. THEN I TELL YOU, THEY START WEARING MORE BAND [CLOTHING] - LIKE, THEY HAD DIFFERENT BLAZERS, COLOURED BLAZERS – BLUE ONES AND RED ONES AND ALL WORE BLAZERS THEN. ‘CAUSE THEY WANTED TO BECOME LIKE A DANCE BAND, I GUESS YOU’D SAY.” “HE WOULD NEVER FORGET THAT TIME [WITH THE RANCH BOYS],” HORHOZER SAID OF HER HUSBAND, “HE TALKED ABOUT IT ALL THE TIME. HOW THEY MET SO MANY [PEOPLE], LIKE THEY’D PLAY AT PRIVATE PARTIES FOR WEALTHY PEOPLE. HE ABSOLUTELY LOVED HIS MUSIC. HE LIVED FOR HIS MUSIC.” BACK HERE IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1958, EVERAL’S HUSBAND JOE WENT ON TO PERFORM WITH THE COUNTRY CAPERS, PLAYING ACCORDION FOR A WEEKLY BROADCAST VIA THE LOCAL TV STATION CJLH. IN 1961, THE STATION AND THE BROADCAST WERE PRESENTED WITH A NATIONAL LIBERTY AWARD FOR “TV STATION SHOWMANSHIP” AND “BEST LOCAL PROGRAMMING.” IN HIS TIME, ‘LITTLE JOE’ PLAYED WITH ROY ROGERS, GENE AUTRY, AND TOMMY HUNTER. HE DIED IN 2010 AT AGE 89. EVERAL HORHOZER PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE 6 YEARS LATER ON JUNE 6, 2016 AT THE AGE OF 88 YEARS. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND FURTHER PUBLICATIONS.
Catalogue Number
P20150016006
Acquisition Date
2015-05
Collection
Museum
Images
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37 records – page 1 of 2.