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Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, LEATHER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20180001001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, LEATHER, METAL
No. Pieces
2
Height
9
Length
58.5
Width
22
Description
A. BANJOLELE, 53 CM LONG X 19 CM WIDE X 5.5 CM TALL. BODY IS POLISHED BROWN WOOD WITH WHITE LEATHER DRUM/HEAD; BODY HAS SILVER METAL TAIL PIECE AND TONE RING AROUND DRUM/HEAD. NECK AND HEAD-STOCK ARE COVERED IN PEARL/TORTOISE SHELL; FRET ON NECK IS STRUNG WITH ONE SILVER WIRE AND ONE CLOTH STRING; FRETBOARD IS LINED WITH SILVER METAL FRETS. HEAD-STOCK HAS FOUR SILVER METAL TUNING PEGS AND BLACK AND GOLD TEXT LABEL “VALENCIA”. BACK HAS FOUR DISCOLORED WHITE, WOODEN TUNING PEGS AND SILVER METAL SPRING AT JUNCTION OF NECK AND HEAD-STOCK. BACK OF DRUM BODY HAS CUT-OUT SWIRLS IN WOOD. WOOD BODY IS SCRATCHED AND WORN AT EDGES; BACK OF NECK HAS PEELING FINISH ON WOOD; LEATHER OF DRUM/HEAD IS WORN AND STAINED BLACK. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. CASE, 58.5 CM LONG X 9 CM TALL X 22 CM WIDE. CASE IS BROWN CLOTH COVERING A PAPER BOARD IN SHAPE OF BANJOLELE, WITH WIDER BASE. CASE OPENS AT BASE AND HAS BROWN LEATHER HINGE AND SILVER METAL CLASP. BROWN LEATHER HANDLE ON SIDE OF CASE IS BROKEN AND DETACHED AT END. INSIDE OF CASE IS LINED WITH DARK GREEN FABRIC. TOP OF CASE HAS “L W” HANDWRITTEN IN BLACK INK. CASE IS WORN AROUND EDGES AND CLOTH IS FRAYING; BOTTOM OF CASE HAS WATER DAMAGE AND WHITE STAINING; TOP OF CASE HAS WHITE STAINING AND SCRATCHES. LEATHER HINGE AND HANDLE ARE CRACKED AND FADED. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
LEISURE
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
History
ON JANUARY 24, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BEVE SPENGLER AND RUTH HILL REGARDING RUTH’S DONATION OF A BANJOLELE AND GUITAR. THE INSTRUMENTS WERE KEPT AND PLAYED BY THEIR FATHER, SYDNEY JAMES WOMACK, IN THE 1930S AND 1940S. ON THE BANJOLELE, RUTH RECALLED, “I CAN’T REMEMBER [MUCH] ABOUT [IT] AT ALL, BECAUSE HE BOUGHT [THE GUITAR] BUT SOMEHOW HE MUST HAVE SEEN THIS, AND THEN HE THOUGHT FOR LORNE [OUR BROTHER] HE WOULD BUY THAT [BANJOLELE] TO MATCH THE GUITAR.” “MY DAD USED TO PLAY ME TO SLEEP FROM THE TIME…WE WENT OUT TO THE FARM IN ’30. I WAS BORN IN ’27, SO ALL THE ‘30S HE PLAYED ME TO SLEEP EVERY NIGHT…I NEVER SAW MY DAD PLAY [THE BANJOLELE] YET HE BOUGHT IT BECAUSE HE KNEW THERE WAS A MATCHING PAIR. HE COULDN’T AFFORD BOTH OF THEM AT THE SAME TIME. HE BOUGHT HIS GUITAR AND THEN, LATER ON WHEN HE HAD SOME MORE MONEY, HE WENT AND GOT THAT FOR LORNE, BUT I CAN’T REMEMBER HIM PLAYING IT.” “[HE BOUGHT THE BANJOLELE] HERE IN LETHBRIDGE. HE BROUGHT [HIS] VIOLIN FROM THE STATES, BUT THOSE TWO PIECES WERE BOUGHT IN LETHBRIDGE. I DON’T KNOW WHERE AT, BUT I KNOW IT WAS IN THE EARLY ‘20S BECAUSE THEY CAME TO THE FARM WITH US IN ’30. THEY CAME HERE IN ’18…HE WORKED AT THE CPR AS AN OILER AND THEN HE ENDED UP AT THE GALT GARDENS WORKING WITH THE PLANTS. WHEN THAT FIZZLED OUT, HE WANTED A FARM SO WE WENT FARMING.” HILL ELABORATED ON HER FATHER’S MUSICAL BACKGROUND, NOTING, “[MY PARENTS] MOVED FROM ENGLAND TO IOWA. THEY WERE THERE FOR SEVEN YEARS AND DADDY LEARNED TO PLAY THE VIOLIN IN THE TOILET, IN THE OUTHOUSE. THAT’S WHAT HE TOLD US.” “HE LOVED MUSIC AND ACTUALLY HIS BEST WAS HAWAIIAN GUITAR…THAT’S WHY HE GOT [THE GUITAR], BECAUSE HE LOVED HAWAIIAN MUSIC. HE LOVED TO PLAY HAWAIIAN SONGS ON [THE GUITAR] BECAUSE THEY WERE SLOWER. THE VIOLIN HE COULD REALLY GO TO TOWN AND PLAY TWO STEPS.” “[WE] USED TO GO [TO DANCES] EVERY MONTH. I CAN SEE HIM WITH THE OLD MODEL T—HE WOULD HAVE TO PUT A FIRE UNDER IT TO GET IT STARTED AT HOME, THEN WE WOULD GO FOR THE CHRISTMAS CONCERT AND HE WOULD START PLAYING UNTIL TWO IN THE MORNING. THEN HE HAS TO PUT THE FIRE UNDER TO GET THE CAR GOING AGAIN. THEY WERE BAD YEARS BUT THEY WERE WONDERFUL YEARS…FROM [1933] UNTIL I WENT OUT IN GRADE NINE HE USED TO COME, WE USED TO HAVE DANCES, ALL THROUGH THE THIRTIES WE HAD DANCES AT LEAST TWICE A MONTH.” BEVE ADDED, “HE PLAYED WITH OTHER MEN, HE DIDN’T PLAY BY HIMSELF.” RUTH ELABORATED, “THEY HAD A LADY ON THE PIANO, THEY HAD DADDY ON THE VIOLIN, AND THEN THEY HAD ANOTHER CHAP ON THE DRUMS…[OUR FATHER] TOOK THE LEAD. THE VIOLIN WOULD ALWAYS START BEFORE, BECAUSE HE HAD THE MEMORY OF THE PIECES HE WANTED TO PLAY AND NOBODY ELSE KNEW NOTHING UNTIL HE GOT STARTED. THEN THEY’D JOIN IN.” “HE WAS STILL PLAYING THE VIOLIN, HE USED TO LIKE TO PLAY THE VIOLIN. EVEN IN THE ‘40S [HE LIKED TO PLAY THE VIOLIN], I CAN REMEMBER THAT. HE DIDN’T SO MUCH PLAY [THE OTHER INSTRUMENTS] BUT HE PLAYED THE VIOLIN. “ “HE WAS GOOD. THAT DANCE FLOOR IN THE SCHOOL THERE WOULD BE LOADED AS SOON AS HE STARTED PLAYING. AS SOON AS HE STARTED TO PLAY THEY WERE ALL UP, AND AT NIGHT NOBODY LEFT UNTIL TWO IN THE MORNING…HE USED TO TAKE THE GUITAR AND PLAY THE WALTZES ON THAT, BUT THE VIOLIN HE WOULD PLAY THE OTHERS.” “THAT CLASSICAL [MUSIC], HE HAD NO USE FOR [IT]. HE USED TO SAY, “THERE’S NO BEAT THERE.” THEY WERE HIS WORDS. THERE WAS NO BEAT AND HE SAID, “IF THEY CAN’T PLAY THIS, I’M NOT LISTENING.” HE COULDN’T READ MUSIC, BUT IF HE COULD SEE THE [NOTES] AS [THEY] WENT UP OR DOWN…THAT’S WHAT HE’D LOOK AT, AND THEN HE’D LEARN TO PLAY THAT SONG. THAT WAS ON THE GUITAR, THAT WAS FOR THE HAWAIIAN PART.” “[HE HAD THE INSTRUMENTS] ON OUR FARM AT KIPP, ALBERTA AND ON THE FARMHOUSE, I’M IN THE BED. HE [WOULD BE] PLAYING THAT AND THEN I’D GO TO SLEEP TO HIM PLAYING THAT DAY IN, WEEK AFTER WEEK. YEAR AFTER YEAR. HE ALWAYS PLAYED ME TO SLEEP.” “HE [PLAYED] IN THE FRONT ROOM. [THE INSTRUMENTS] STAYED IN THE CORNER, HE BUILT A SHELF FOR THE RADIO AND THEN [THE GUITAR] STOOD UNDERNEATH THAT SHELF. THAT’S WHERE [THEY] STAYED…[THE INSTRUMENTS WERE] WITH MY DAD UNTIL ’93, THEN HE CAME TO LIVE WITH ME AND OF COURSE HE BROUGHT HIS THINGS WITH HIM. I NEVER THOUGHT THEY WERE IN MY CLOSET AND I HADN’T DONE A BIG CLEANING, SO THEY’VE JUST BEEN THERE. NOW I THOUGHT IT’S TIME TO LET SOMEBODY ELSE LOOK AT THEM...[OUR FATHER] DIED IN ’98.” “I DIDN’T WANT THE INSTRUMENTS TO BE GARBAGED. I WANTED THEM TO MEAN SOMETHING, AND I KNEW…THE MUSEUM WOULD ACCEPT THEM…IT WAS ABSOLUTELY WONDERFUL [FOR MY DAD TO PLAY FOR ME] BECAUSE I LOVE MUSIC TOO. THAT WAS REALLY SOMETHING TO HAVE HIM PLAYING TO ME ALL THE TIME [AT BEDTIME].” “LET SOMEBODY ELSE LOOK AT [THE INSTRUMENTS] NOW. I’VE GOT ALL THE MEMORIES…I CAN SEE HIM PLAYING [THEM], I CAN HEAR HIM PLAYING [THEM], I CAN SEE IT AT THE DANCEHALL, I’VE GOT IT RIGHT THERE. SO SOMEBODY ELSE CAN LOOK AT [THEM] NOW.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOGRAPHS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180001001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180001001
Acquisition Date
2018-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, METAL, SHELL
Catalogue Number
P20180001002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, METAL, SHELL
No. Pieces
2
Height
9
Length
94
Width
32.5
Description
A. GUITAR, 94 CM LONG X 32.5 CM WIDE X 9 CM TALL. WOODEN BODY WITH PEARL/TORTOISE SHELL INLAID AS PICK GUARD AND ALONG FRET BOARD; GUITAR IS STRUNG WITH SIX WIRE STRINGS. GUITAR HAS SIX TUNING KNOBS AT HEAD WITH WHITE PLASTIC HANDLES ON METAL SCREWS. GUITAR BODY HAS DECORATIVE BROWN, RED AND GREEN TRIM AROUND EDGE; GUITAR HAS BLACK KNOB AT BASE. “VALENCIA” LABEL AT TOP OF HEAD; GUITAR SHOWS WEAR AND STAINING ON PICK GUARD AND FRET BOARD; GUITAR HAS SOILING INSIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. GUITAR CASE, 100 CM LONG X 37 CM WIDE X 13 CM TALL. BLACK FAUX-LEATHER EXTERIOR WITH LEATHER BUCKLE AT BASE AND LEATHER HANDLE FIXED TO TOP WITH SILVER RINGS; CASE OPENS AT BASE. BASE OF CASE HAS BLACK METAL SNAP AROUND LEATHER BUCKLE STRAP. INSIDE OF CASE LINED WITH BROWN FAUX-FUR. CASE IS HEAVILY WORN ON EDGES AND PEELING; CASE IS SCRATCHED ON SIDES; LEATHER BUCKLE STRAP AT BASE IS CRACKED AND FADED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
LEISURE
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
History
ON JANUARY 24, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BEVE SPENGLER AND RUTH HILL REGARDING RUTH’S DONATION OF A BANJOLELE AND GUITAR. THE INSTRUMENTS WERE KEPT AND PLAYED BY THEIR FAMER, SYDNEY JAMES WOMACK, IN THE 1930S AND 1940S. ON THE GUITAR, RUTH HILL RECALLED, “HE BOUGHT IT AND STARTED STRUMMING ON IT…IT WAS ALWAYS ON HIS LAP…MY DAD USED TO PLAY ME TO SLEEP FROM THE TIME…WE WENT OUT TO THE FARM IN ’30. I WAS BORN IN ’27, SO ALL THE ‘30S HE PLAYED ME TO SLEEP EVERY NIGHT…I NEVER SAW MY DAD PLAY [THE BANJOLELE] YET HE BOUGHT IT BECAUSE HE KNEW THERE WAS A MATCHING PAIR. HE COULDN’T AFFORD BOTH OF THEM AT THE SAME TIME. HE BOUGHT HIS GUITAR AND THEN, LATER ON WHEN HE HAD SOME MORE MONEY, HE WENT AND GOT [THE BANJOLELE] FOR LORNE.” “HE LOVED MUSIC AND ACTUALLY HIS BEST WAS HAWAIIAN GUITAR…THAT’S WHY HE GOT [THE GUITAR], BECAUSE HE LOVED HAWAIIAN MUSIC. HE LOVED TO PLAY HAWAIIAN SONGS ON [THE GUITAR] BECAUSE THEY WERE SLOWER. THE VIOLIN HE COULD REALLY GO TO TOWN AND PLAY TWO STEPS.” “[HE BOUGHT THE GUITAR] HERE IN LETHBRIDGE. HE BROUGHT [HIS] VIOLIN FROM THE STATES, BUT THOSE TWO PIECES WERE BOUGHT IN LETHBRIDGE. I DON’T KNOW WHERE AT, BUT I KNOW IT WAS IN THE EARLY ‘20S BECAUSE THEY CAME TO THE FARM WITH US IN ’30. THEY CAME HERE IN ’18…HE WORKED AT THE CPR AS AN OILER AND THEN HE ENDED UP AT THE GALT GARDENS WORKING WITH THE PLANTS. WHEN THAT FIZZLED OUT, HE WANTED A FARM SO WE WENT FARMING.” HILL ELABORATED ON HER FATHER’S MUSICAL BACKGROUND, NOTING, “[MY PARENTS] MOVED FROM ENGLAND TO IOWA. THEY WERE THERE FOR SEVEN YEARS AND DADDY LEARNED TO PLAY THE VIOLIN IN THE TOILET, IN THE OUTHOUSE. THAT’S WHAT HE TOLD US.” “[WE] USED TO GO [TO DANCES] EVERY MONTH. I CAN SEE HIM WITH THE OLD MODEL T—HE WOULD HAVE TO PUT A FIRE UNDER IT TO GET IT STARTED AT HOME, THEN WE WOULD GO FOR THE CHRISTMAS CONCERT AND HE WOULD START PLAYING UNTIL TWO IN THE MORNING. THEN HE HAS TO PUT THE FIRE UNDER TO GET THE CAR GOING AGAIN. THEY WERE BAD YEARS BUT THEY WERE WONDERFUL YEARS…FROM [1933] UNTIL I WENT OUT IN GRADE NINE HE USED TO COME, WE USED TO HAVE DANCES, ALL THROUGH THE THIRTIES WE HAD DANCES AT LEAST TWICE A MONTH.” BEVE ADDED, “HE PLAYED WITH OTHER MEN, HE DIDN’T PLAY BY HIMSELF.” RUTH ELABORATED, “THEY HAD A LADY ON THE PIANO, THEY HAD DADDY ON THE VIOLIN, AND THEN THEY HAD ANOTHER CHAP ON THE DRUMS…[OUR FATHER] TOOK THE LEAD. THE VIOLIN WOULD ALWAYS START BEFORE, BECAUSE HE HAD THE MEMORY OF THE PIECES HE WANTED TO PLAY AND NOBODY ELSE KNEW NOTHING UNTIL HE GOT STARTED. THEN THEY’D JOIN IN.” “HE WAS STILL PLAYING THE VIOLIN, HE USED TO LIKE TO PLAY THE VIOLIN. EVEN IN THE ‘40S [HE LIKED TO PLAY THE VIOLIN], I CAN REMEMBER THAT. HE DIDN’T SO MUCH PLAY [THE OTHER INSTRUMENTS] BUT HE PLAYED THE VIOLIN. “ “HE WAS GOOD. THAT DANCE FLOOR IN THE SCHOOL THERE WOULD BE LOADED AS SOON AS HE STARTED PLAYING. AS SOON AS HE STARTED TO PLAY THEY WERE ALL UP, AND AT NIGHT NOBODY LEFT UNTIL TWO IN THE MORNING…HE USED TO TAKE THE GUITAR AND PLAY THE WALTZES ON THAT, BUT THE VIOLIN HE WOULD PLAY THE OTHERS.” “THAT CLASSICAL [MUSIC], HE HAD NO USE FOR [IT]. HE USED TO SAY, “THERE’S NO BEAT THERE.” THEY WERE HIS WORDS. THERE WAS NO BEAT AND HE SAID, “IF THEY CAN’T PLAY THIS, I’M NOT LISTENING.” HE COULDN’T READ MUSIC, BUT IF HE COULD SEE THE [NOTES] AS [THEY] WENT UP OR DOWN…THAT’S WHAT HE’D LOOK AT, AND THEN HE’D LEARN TO PLAY THAT SONG. THAT WAS ON THE GUITAR, THAT WAS FOR THE HAWAIIAN PART.” “[HE HAD THE INSTRUMENTS] ON OUR FARM AT KIPP, ALBERTA AND ON THE FARMHOUSE, I’M IN THE BED. HE [WOULD BE] PLAYING THAT AND THEN I’D GO TO SLEEP TO HIM PLAYING THAT DAY IN, WEEK AFTER WEEK. YEAR AFTER YEAR. HE ALWAYS PLAYED ME TO SLEEP.” “HE [PLAYED] IN THE FRONT ROOM. [THE INSTRUMENTS] STAYED IN THE CORNER, HE BUILT A SHELF FOR THE RADIO AND THEN [THE GUITAR] STOOD UNDERNEATH THAT SHELF. THAT’S WHERE [THEY] STAYED…[THE INSTRUMENTS WERE] WITH MY DAD UNTIL ’93, THEN HE CAME TO LIVE WITH ME AND OF COURSE HE BROUGHT HIS THINGS WITH HIM. I NEVER THOUGHT THEY WERE IN MY CLOSET AND I HADN’T DONE A BIG CLEANING, SO THEY’VE JUST BEEN THERE. NOW I THOUGHT IT’S TIME TO LET SOMEBODY ELSE LOOK AT THEM...[OUR FATHER] DIED IN ’98.” “I DIDN’T WANT THE INSTRUMENTS TO BE GARBAGED. I WANTED THEM TO MEAN SOMETHING, AND I KNEW…THE MUSEUM WOULD ACCEPT THEM…IT WAS ABSOLUTELY WONDERFUL [FOR MY DAD TO PLAY FOR ME] BECAUSE I LOVE MUSIC TOO. THAT WAS REALLY SOMETHING TO HAVE HIM PLAYING TO ME ALL THE TIME [AT BEDTIME].” “LET SOMEBODY ELSE LOOK AT [THE INSTRUMENTS] NOW. I’VE GOT ALL THE MEMORIES…I CAN SEE HIM PLAYING [THEM], I CAN HEAR HIM PLAYING [THEM], I CAN SEE IT AT THE DANCEHALL, I’VE GOT IT RIGHT THERE. SO SOMEBODY ELSE CAN LOOK AT [THEM] NOW.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOGRAPHS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180001001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180001002
Acquisition Date
2018-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20170002000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
103.2
Width
5
Description
BEADED BELT WITH A GEOMETRIC PATTERN SET AGAINST A GREEN BEADED BACKGROUND. PATTERN ALTERNATES BETWEEN TWO MIRRORED BLACK, YELLOW, BLUE TRIANGLES WITH THEIR BASES AT EITHER WIDTH END OF THE BELT MEETING IN THE CENTER AT THEIR POINTS AND LARGE RED AND BLUE WITH A GREEN CENTERED TRIANGLES WITH THEIR BASE AT ONE WIDTH END AND THEIR POINTS EXTENDED TO THE OPPOSING END. BEADS ARE SEWN INTO A COTTON, CANVAS FABRIC. TWO ANIMAL HIDE TIES (EACH A DIFFERENT LENGTH FROM 6.2 TO 11.8) ON EACH END AT EACH CORNER OF BELT. BACK SIDE IS RAW FABRIC WITH SEAM AT CENTER CONNECTING THE TWO HALVES. ENDS ARE HEMMED WITH TIES SEWN TO THE OUTSIDE. CONDITION: SEVERE DISCOLOURATION TO FABRIC BACKING AND SEVERE WEAR TO ANIMAL HIDE TIES. MANY LOSS THREADS OVER ENTIRE SURFACE OF BACK. BEADS AND BEADING IN EXCELLENT CONDITION OVERALL.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
UPON THE DONATION OF THIS BELT TO THE GALT MUSEUM, THE DONOR – PATRICIA LYNCH-STAUNTON – EXPLAINED THAT THIS BELT BELONGED TO ALFRED HARDWICH LYNCH-STAUNTON, WHO SERVED IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN FORT MACLEOD. HE RANCHED IN THE LUNDBRECK AREA AND SUPPLIED HORSES TO THE MOUNTIES. THE DONOR SAID THAT SHE HAD “NO KNOWLEDGE OF HOW [ALFRED HARDWICK] CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE BELT. A NOTE ON THE INITIAL DOCUMENTATION ATTRIBUTES THE DATE OF THIS BELT TO CA. 1880-1890. THE ACTING CURATOR OF THE NATIVE NORTH AMERICAN DEPARTMENT OF THE GLENBOW, JOANNE SCHMIDT, AGREED WITH THE DONOR’S BELIEF THAT THE BELT WAS BLACKFOOT. THROUGH THE COMPARISON OF THE BEADED MOCCASINS AND BELTS IN THE GLENBOW’S COLLECTION WITH THIS BELT, SCHMIDT EXPLAINED THAT THE DESIGN ON THE BELT WAS MOSTLY FOUND ON THOSE FROM SIKSIKA, BUT SHE HAS ALSO SEEN THE DESIGN IN PIIKANI AND KAINAI BEADWORK THOUGH THERE ARE NOT MANY EXAMPLES IN THE COLLECTION. ALSO BY USING THE GLENBOW’S COLLECTION AS A POINT OF REFERENCE, THE CURATOR BELIEVES THAT THE BELT IS SIMILAR IN APPEARANCE TO THOSE OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO EARLY 20TH-CENTURY MUSEUM HOLDINGS. SCHMIDT ALSO PROVIDED AN EXPLANATION OF THE DESIGN FROM THE CANADIAN MUSEUM OF HISTORY. IT STATES, “ONE OF THE EARLIEST DESIGNS USED WAS ‘MIISTA-TSIKA-TUKSIIN,’ OR MOUNTAIN DESIGN. OTHER DESIGNS INCLUDED SQUARES, DIAMONDS, BARS, SLOTTED BARS AND STRIPES… TODAY SUCH DESIGNS ARE CALLED ‘MAAH-TOOHM-MOOWA-KA-NA-SKSIN,’ OR FIRST DESIGNS.” IT WAS FURTHER EXPLAINED THAT A COMPLICATING FACTOR IN IDENTIFYING THE BELT’S ORIGINS IS THE FACT THAT THE BLACKFOOT TENDED TO USE WHITE OR BLUE AS THE BACKGROUND COLOUR, NOT GREEN AS IS PRESENTED IN THE LYNCH-STAUNTON DONATION. ON 19 JANUARY 2017, MUSEUM STAFF FURTHER CONSULTED WITH RYAN HEAVY HEAD, FORMER DIRECTOR OF KAINAI STUDIES AT RED CROW COMMUNITY COLLEGE, REGARDING THE BELT’S DESIGN. HE EXPLAINED, “THE GREEN BACKGROUND IS ATYPICAL OF BLACKFOOT BEADWORK, WHICH IS NORMALLY BLUE. THE ‘MOUNTAIN DESIGN’ [DISPLAYED ON THE BELT] IS A COMMON MOTIF IN BLACKFOOT BEADWORK, BUT AGAIN THE COLOURS ARE NOT TYPICAL IN THIS EXAMPLE.” RYAN SPECULATED THAT DURING THE TIME OF DISEASE (WHEN THIS BELT APPEARS TO HAVE ORIGINATED) THERE WAS SOME DISRUPTION IN TRADITIONAL LIFE AND THAT COULD BE REFLECTED IN THE COLOUR CHOICES. ALTERNATIVELY, THE BELT MAY HAVE BEEN MADE BY THE GROS VENTRES FROM NORTHEAST MONTANA. THE DONOR, PATRICIA LYNCH-STAUNTON, IS THE GREAT-GRANDDAUGHTER OF ALFRED HARDWICK LYNCH-STAUNTON. THIS BELT WAS PASSED DOWN THROUGH THE FAMILY, FIRST FROM A. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON, THEN TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, F. C. LYNCH-STAUNTON, THEN TO HER FATHER, A. G. LYNCH-STAUNTON, FINALLY TO THE DONOR WHO BROUGHT IT TO THE MUSEUM. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM THE “A. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON FAMILY HISTORY” WRITTEN FOR THE MUSEUM USING ONLINE SOURCES, THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES, AND THE BOOK TITLED “HISTORY OF THE EARLY DAYS OF PINCHER CREEK AND SOUTHERN MOUNTAINS OF ALBERTA.” “ALFRED HARDWICK LYNCH-STAUNTON (1860-1932) WAS BORN IN HAMILTON, ON AND CAME TO FORT MACLEOD IN 1877 TO JOIN THE NWMP. ACCORDING TO THE PINCHER CREEK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, HE WAS SENT TO ESTABLISH A HORSE BREEDING FARM AT PINCHER CREEK IN 1878. AFTER RETIRING FROM THE NWMP IN 1880, LYNCH-STAUNTON STATED THE FIRST CATTLE RANCH IN THE PINCHER CREEK AREA WITH JAMES BRUNEAU AND ISSAC MAY, AND LATER HOMESTEADED WEST OF TOWN. ALONG WITH HIS RANCH, LYNCH-STAUNTON MARRIED SARAH MARY BLAKE (1864-1933) IN 1890 AND THEY HAVE FIVE CHILDREN: VICTORIA, FRANDA, FRANCIS, JOHN, AND D’ARCY… A.H.’S BROTHER RICHARD LYNCH-STAUNTON (1867-1961) CAME AS FAR WEST AS MEDICINE HAT IN 1883 WITH HIS FATHER, F. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON, WHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THE SURVEY PARTY. RICHARD CAME WEST AGAIN, TO PINCHER CREEK, IN 1885 OR 1886. IN ABOUT 1900, HE ACQUIRED LAND NORTH OF LUNDBRECK, ON TODD CREEEK, WHICH BECAME THE ANTELOPE BUTTE RANCH. RICHARD AND A. H. WERE IN PARTNERSHIP FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS IN CATTLE-RANCHING AND, ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, WITH THE BUTCHER SHOP. IN 1901, RICHARD MARRIED ISABELLE MARY WILSON (1868-1971), AND THEIR SON FRANK LYNCH-STAUNTON (1905-1990), ALBERTA’S 11TH LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR FROM 1979 TO 1985. LYNCH-STAUNTON DESCENDANTS CONTINUE TO RANCH IN THE LUNDBRECK/PINCHER CREEK AREA.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING CORRESPONDENCE WITH DONOR AND PEOPLE CITED IN ABOVE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P20170002000
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SONY CDP-X779ES
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, GLASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20190004000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SONY CDP-X779ES
Date
1992
Materials
METAL, GLASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
12
Height
12.5
Length
46
Width
37
Description
A- CD PLAYER; PALE GOLD METAL CONTROL PANEL ON FRONT INCLUDES THIRTEEN BUTTONS OF VARIOUS SIZES, RECTANGULAR GLASS DISPLAY WINDOW, CD DRAWER AND GOLD HEADPHONE PORT. STICKER ABOVE DRAWER READS, “PULSE / D/A CONVERTER”. TOP RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT PANEL READS, “X779ES / HIGH DENSITY LINEAR CONVERTER / DIRECT DIGITAL SYNC”. TOP PANEL IS GOLD COLOUR WITH SILVER SCREWS IN EVERY CORNER AND MIDDLE EDGE. SIDES ARE REFLECTIVE DARK WOOD PANELS. BACK PANEL IS BLACK, COMPLETE WITH A HORIZONTAL ROW OF FOUR GOLD CABLE PORTS, THREE LARGE PALE GOLD PORTS, AND TWO BLACK BUTTONS. BLUE STICKER ON BACK READS “AUDIO VIDEO EQUIPMENT…NN788413”. WHITE TEXT BELOW READS, “…SERIAL NO. A700039…” MAIN BODY STANDS ON FOUR SHORT CYLINDRICAL LEGS. VERY GOOD CONDITION; MINOR WEAR AND STAINING ON FRONT PANEL BUTTONS, FINGERPRINT MARKS ON TOP PANEL. PLUG-IN CABLE ATTACHED TO THE BACK OF CD PLAYER. THICK BLACK RUBBER PROTECTIVE COVERING. GOLD TEXT ON CABLE READS, “E41381-T VW-1…” HARD PLASTIC HEAD, WITH TWO SILVER METAL PRONGS. VERY GOOD CONDITION; SLIGHT WEAR ON PRONGS. B- REMOTE CONTROL: H: 2. L: 17.4. W: 5.8. DARK BROWN AND BLACK BODY. TOP HAS PALE GOLD PERFORATED METAL PANEL WITH 36 BUTTONS, SOME OF WHICH READ, “PEAK SEARCH”, “FILE RECALL”, “CONTINUE”, “C.INDEX”, “ERASE”. BELOW FIRST PANEL, IS A SECOND SOLID GOLD METAL PANEL WITH 14 ADDITIONAL BUTTONS. WHITE TEXT BELOW READS, “CD PLAYER / RM-D995 / SONY”. BACK HAS BLACK PLASTIC PANEL TO COVER BATTERIES. VERY GOOD CONDITION; SLIGHT DUST. C- INSTRUCTION MANUAL: H: 1CM. L: 28.2CM. W: 21CM. WHITE PAPER MANUAL WITH TWO METAL STAPLES ALONG SPINE FOR BINDING. BLACK TEXT IN MIDDLE RIGHT OF THE PAGE READS “COMPACT DISC PLAYER / OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS”. BLACK TEXT ON BOTTOM OF COVER READS “…CDP-X779ES…” GREEN PAGE MARKER VISIBLE AT THE TOP IS ATTACHED TO PAGE 18, “HOOKING UP THE SYSTEM”. GOOD TO VERY GOOD CONDITION; SLIGHT YELLOWING OF PAPER, MINOR BLACK FINGERPRINT SMUDGE AND SCUFF ON THE BACK. D- CARDBOARD BOX: H: 22.8. L: 45.5. W: 56. BROWN RECTANGULAR CARDBOARD BOX WITH CLEAR STRIPS OF BROKEN TAPE OVER TOP, FRONT AND BACK. TOP OF BOX READS “SONY” IN NAVY BLUE TEXT. TO THE RIGHT IS HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK MARKER THAT READS, “72-YRM”. BELOW IS AN ATTACHED STRIP OF WHITE PLASTIC WITH A SINGLE RED MARK. TEXT ON BOTTOM LEFT CORNER READS, “COMPACT DISC DIGITAL AUDIO” IN NAVY BLUE LETTERING. TEXT ON BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER READS, “CDP-X779ES / COMPACT DISC PLAYER / LECTEUR COMPACT DISC”. ON LEFT SIDE OF BOX, WHITE STICKER READS, “…ORDER: 493553 B/L: 324997…” GOOD CONDITION: CARDBOARD IS RIPPED, DENTED, PEELING AND STAINED FROM TAPE ADHESIVE. E- BAG OF EXTRA SCREWS: H: 2.5. L: 4. W. 7.6. BLACK SCREWS WITH MUSHROOM HEADS AND ‘X’ SHAPED CAVITIES. TEXT ON WHITE STICKER READS, “CAUTION…EXCHANGE LONG SCREWS FOR INCLUDED SHORT ONES…4-943-721-01”. EXCELLENT CONDITION: UNOPENED. F- THIN FOAM SHEET: L: 56.3. W: 130. WHITE STRIPES, WITH WAVED EDGES. DEEP VERTICAL CREASES INDICATE TRIFOLD FOLDING. GOOD CONDITION: HEAVY CREASING, SCUFF MARKS, “U” SHAPED HOLE ON RIGHT HAND EDGE. G- STYROFOAM PACKAGING (TOP REAR): H: 9. L: 54. W: 9.4. WHITE RECTANGULAR STYROFOAM LOG WITH CREVICE TO STORE REMOTE CONTROL. UNDERSIDE IS CUT TO FIT TOP REAR SURFACE OF CD PLAYER. TEXT EMBOSSED ON RIGHT SIDE READS, “TOP REAR”. PACKAGING WAS FOUND ON TOP FRONT. VERY GOOD CONDITION: SMALL AREAS REMOVED FROM ITS UNDERSIDE. H- STYROFOAM PACKAGING (TOP FRONT): H: 9. L: 54. W: 9.4. WHITE RECTANGULAR STYROFOAM LOG, WITH UNDERSIDE CUT TO FIT TOP FRONT SURFACE OF CD PLAYER. TEXT EMBOSSED ON RIGHT SIDE READS, “TOP FRONT”. PACKAGING WAS FOUND ON TOP REAR. EXCELLENT CONDITION. I- STYROFOAM PACKAGING (BOTTOM REAR) H: 8. L: 54. W: 9. WHITE RECTANGULAR STYROFOAM LOG, WITH TOP CUT TO FIT BOTTOM REAR SURFACE OF PLAYER. TEXT EMBOSSED ON MIDDLE TOP READS, “BOTTOM REAR”. FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION: HEAVY CRACKING AND MISSING PIECES OF STYROFOAM. J- STYROFOAM PACKAGING (BOTTOM FRONT) H: 8. L: 54. W: 9. WHITE RECTANGULAR STYROFOAM LOG, WITH TOP CUT TO FIT BOTTOM FRONT SURFACE OF CD PLAYER. TEXT EMBOSSED ON THE MIDDLE TOP READS, “BOTTOM FRONT”. VERY GOOD CONDITION: MINOR CRACKS IN STYROFOAM. K- LEFT STEREO PACKAGING: H: 2. L: 36. W: 11. YELLOW CARDBOARD LINED WITH GREY FOAM. CORNERS ARE HELD TOGETHER BY YELLOW PIECES OF TAPE. BOTH LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES EXHIBIT TWO HOLES, ONE ABOVE THE OTHER, 5CM APART. VERY GOOD CONDITION: SLIGHT WARPING OF CARDBOARD, TWO CIRCULAR INDENTS TO THE LEFT OF LEFT SET OF HOLES. L- RIGHT STEREO PACKAGING: H: 2. L: 36. W: 11. YELLOW CARDBOARD LINED WITH GREY FOAM. CORNERS ARE HELD TOGETHER BY YELLOW PIECES OF TAPE. BOTH LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES EXHIBIT TWO HOLES, ONE ABOVE THE OTHER, 5CM APART. GOOD TO VERY GOOD CONDITION: WARPING OF CARDBOARD ON TOP, BOTTOM AND RIGHT SIDE. TWO MINOR SCRATCHES ON BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF FOAM.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
LEISURE
History
ON JANUARY 29, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROD SCHULTZ REGARDING HIS DONATION OF A MODEL X779ES SONY CD PLAYER. SCHULTZ DISCUSSED HOW HE ACQUIRED THE CD PLAYER, “I PURCHASED THIS IN 1994… SONY HAD A BRAND CALLED ES AND THAT’S THE VERY TOP LINE OF THEIR STEREO SYSTEMS … I HAD HEARD THEM BEFORE – I HEARD THIS ONE PARTICULAR UNIT AND I WANTED TO BUY IT. THEN SONY DECIDED THEY WERE GOING TO NOT BE INVOLVED IN MARKETING THOSE HIGH-END PRODUCTS ANYMORE BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T REALLY SEE… A CONTINUATION OF CD’S COMING BECAUSE EVERYTHING WAS GOING TO DIGITAL STREAMING - PEOPLE WEREN’T GOING TO BE BUYING THESE. I WENT OUT AND LISTENED TO THESE UNITS. I COMPARED THEM AND CAME BACK PROBABLY 10 TIMES BEFORE I HEARD THIS UNIT AND I WAS CERTAIN THIS WAS THE ONE I WANTED TO HAVE. MY WIFE WASN’T THRILLED BUT I WAS PREPARED TO MAKE SOME SACRIFICES FOR THAT. WHAT HAPPENED IS THAT I WAS GOING TO BUY IT AND THEN SONY DECIDED THAT THEY WERE GOING TO SHUT DOWN THE STORES THAT THEY HAD IN CANADA. THEY SHUT DOWN THE LETHBRIDGE ONE FIRST. THIS WAS THE ONLY ONE THAT WAS LEFT IN CANADA AND THERE WAS STILL ONE AVAILABLE IN MEDICINE HAT. I DROVE TO MEDICINE HAT AND I BOUGHT IT THERE BECAUSE THEY WOULDN’T SHIP IT FROM MEDICINE HAT TO THE [LETHBRDIGE] STORE THAT WAS GOING TO BE CLOSING. I TOLD THEM, I SAID, “I TELL YOU, I’M COMING TODAY. DO NOT SELL THAT UNIT ON ME.” “PEOPLE WOULD SAY, ‘YOU SPENT $2400 ON A COMPACT DISC PLAYER. THERE IS NO WAY IT CAN BE WORTH THAT KIND OF MONEY.’ I’D SAY, ‘I’LL TELL YOU WHAT, YOU HAVE COMPACT DISCS. YOU BRING YOUR VERY FAVORITE OVER AND LISTEN TO IT SEVERAL TIMES AT YOUR HOUSE AND YOU COME OVER AND YOU LISTEN TO MINE.’ THEY SAID, ‘I CAN’T BELIEVE THE DIFFERENCE. IF SOMEONE HAD TOLD ME THAT I’D HAVE SAID, “NO, IT’S NOT POSSIBLE FOR THERE TO BE THAT KIND OF DIFFERENCE BUT I UNDERSTAND WHY YOU ARE DEVOTED TO BUYING …I FINALLY HEARD THIS WAS THE CREAM OF THE CROP.”’ AND THAT’S WHY I DECIDED THAT WAS THE ONE I WAS GOING TO OWN…AFTER I FOUND IT I DIDN”T BELIEVE IT COULD BE ANY BETTER AND I JUST…TREATED IT THE BEST I COULD.” “IT WAS A THRILL TO OWN THIS PIECE OF EQUIPMENT. I USED TO SPEND 4 HOURS A DAY LISTENING TO MUSIC. WHEN THE KIDS WENT TO BED, I HAD MY QUIET TIME AND THAT’S WHEN I KIND OF FELL OFF THE FACE OF THE EARTH...” “IT STARTED TO FAIL ABOUT NINE MONTHS AGO... YOU MIGHT HAVE TO SHUT THE ON/OFF BUTTON ON TWICE TO FINALLY GET IT TO RUN, AND THEN IT FINALLY WOULD RUN [BUT] IT WOULD NEVER QUIT PART OF THE WAY THROUGH. IT BECAME SOMETHING THAT WAS PERFECT THAT ALL OF A SUDDEN WAS NO LONGER PERFECT.” “I THOUGHT MAYBE THERE WAS SOMETHING WRONG WITH [THE] OTHER COMPONENTS THAT WERE HOOKED TO IT SO I HAD THE AMPLIFIER CHECKED OUT, THE PRE-AMPLIFIER, EVERYTHING ELSE WAS FINE. THERE’S A GUY…WHO WAS AN ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN THAT OWNED THE SAME PLAYER IN CALGARY… I USED TO GO UP TO CALGARY TO VISIT THIS GUY, AND HE HAD THE SAME ISSUE WITH THE SAME PLAYER, WITH HIS, AND HE WAS NEVER ABLE TO FIX IT…HE TOLD ME IT WAS A DONE DEAL, THERE’S NOTHING I CAN DO ABOUT IT. [I ALMOST HAD TO GO THROUGH A LEVEL OF GRIEVING AND LOTS OF DENIAL] I COULDN’T BELIEVE IT HAPPENED, SO I FINALLY BOUGHT THE REPLACEMENT THROUGH SMITH’S AUDIO.” ON THE ORIGINS OF HIS LOVE FOR MUSIC, SCHULTZ RECALLED, “…I FIRST GOT INTERESTED IN CLASSICAL MUSIC… BECAUSE OF MY FATHER-IN-LAW. HE WAS THE COOLEST GUY IN THE WORLD… WHEN I FINALLY GOT THROUGH SCHOOL AND I STARTED TO PAY ATTENTION TO LISTEN TO MUSIC SERIOUSLY. [I CAME TO LETHBRIDGE] IN 1977 AND I USED TO TAKE OUT 30 LPs AT THE BEGINNING OF THE WEEK AND 30 LPs AT THE END OF THE WEEK AND I WOULD…EXPLORE DIFFERENT COMPOSERS IN LETHBRIDGE – SO I WOULD BORROW THEM FROM THERE AND I WOULD LISTEN TO THEM ON MY PHONOGRAPH… I WAS ABLE TO DETERMINE EXACTLY WHICH COMPOSERS I LIKED AND MUSIC I LIKED, WHICH WERE THE REALLY GOOD ORCHESTRAS. I DEVELOPED THIS REPERTOIRE OF MUSIC THAT… JUST MADE MY SKIN HOT.” “I’M ALMOST POSITIVE THAT [THE FIRST CD I BOUGHT] WAS… A PIECE OF MUSIC BY BACH…IT WAS AN OBOE CONCERTO, IN AN OBOE ENVIRONMENT. IT WAS [AN] ABSOLUTELY GORGEOUS PIECE OF MUSIC... I STILL HAVE IT TODAY AND IT PLAYS BEAUTIFULLY. I LISTEN TO IT ONCE A MONTH.” “I HAVE A LOT OF COMPACT DISCS, PROBABLY 450 THAT ARE PRIMARILY CLASSICAL ONES… I TRY TO PICK MUSIC BY WELL-KNOWN COMPOSERS, BEAUTIFUL THINGS, I CALL IT EAR CANDY AND THAT[‘S] WHAT IT IS TO ME. IT IS SOMETHING THAT CAN BRING ME TO TEARS, THAT I CAN BE EMOTIONALLY ATTACHED TO IT…TO ME IT’S LIKE A SOOTHER FOR AN ADULT. THIS IS MAYBE A STRANGE THING TO SAY, BUT IT GIVES ME GREAT JOY. I WOULD RATHER BE BLIND THAN TO LOSE MY HEARING BECAUSE IF I LISTEN TO MUSIC, I’D BE CRYING RIGHT IN FRONT OF YOU… I REALLY BELIEVE IN MY HEART THAT COMPOSERS ARE A GIFT FROM GOD.” “IT DOES SOMETHING TO ME…I MEAN, I’VE GOT A BEAUTIFUL WIFE, BEST FAMILY, NICE HOME BUT THIS IS STILL A HUGE PART OF MY LIFE AND MY MENTAL HEALTH.” “SOMETIMES I THINK FOR PEOPLE [MUSIC IS] JUST NOISE IN THE BACKGROUND, BUT…IF I SIT ON THE SOFA AND I LISTEN TO MUSIC, IT’S ALMOST LIKE I ELEVATE FROM THE GROUND. I’M NOT A CRAZY PERSON BUT IT JUST TAKES ME TO A DIFFERENT REALM. IT TAKES ME TO A DIFFERENT PLACE THAT HAS JUST ME ENJOYING SOMETHING I LOVE. IT’S SPECIAL TO ME.” ON DONATING THE CD PLAYER TO THE MUSEUM, SCHULTZ EXPLAINED, “IF I COULD HAVE FIXED THIS, IT WOULD STILL BE IN MY SYSTEM…I JUST COULDN’T DO IT. YOU ASKED ME WHY IT’S IMPORTANT FOR ME TO DO SOMETHING WITH IT. I COULD LEAVE THIS [TO] SIT IN A BOX. IT’S IN A BOX AND IT HAS MEMORIES TO ME, BUT THIS IS AN ELECTRONIC PIECE OF ART AND IT’S A VERY, VERY WELL DESIGNED AND BEAUTIFUL SOUNDING PIECE OF EQUIPMENT… IT IS SUCH A UNIQUE THING AND SOMETHING I’VE PRIZED [TOO] MUCH THAT, TO ME, IT WOULD BE A TRAVESTY TO JUST SIT IN A BOX AND DO NOTHING, WHERE IT COULD POSSIBLY ONE DAY BE APPRECIATED BY OTHER PEOPLE FOR THE BEAUTY OF IT AND FOR THE DESIGN OF IT AND THE FACT THAT IT WAS REALLY AT THE TOP OF ITS CLASS AND THE REVIEWS THAT THEY HAVE STATED THAT THIS WAS ONE OF THE BEST CD PLAYERS THAT HAS EVER BEEN MADE IN THE WORLD.” “THERE’S A PLACE I COULD GO DOWN AND RECYCLE [THE CD PLAYER, BUT IT’S THE] MOST DISRESPECTFUL THING I COULD DO…BECAUSE IT DESERVES BETTER THAN THAT FROM WHAT IT GAVE ME. SO I SAVE THEM. I FEEL EMBARRASSED THAT I’M EMOTIONAL ABOUT IT BUT TO ME – I DON’T KNOW IF IT’S A LOVE AFFAIR WITH SOMETHING, BUT IT’S NOT THAT FAR FROM IT. IT JUST GAVE ME SO MUCH INCREDIBLE JOY. [DESTROYING IT] WOULD BE THE MOST DISRESPECTFUL THING I COULD DO TO SOME INANIMATE OBJECT. I COULDN’T DO IT. THAT’S WHY IT SAT IN MY BASEMENT. I THOUGHT TO MYSELF, ‘THERE’S A BETTER HOME FOR IT THAN A CARDBOARD BOX’.” “I HAVE A CONNECTION HERE [TO THE GALT] AND I BELIEVE IN WHAT YOU’RE DOING AND WHAT YOU’RE TRYING TO ACHIEVE. IT MAKES ME FEEL PEACEFUL. I CAN SAY “GOODBYE.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PHOTOGRAPHS AND ADDITIONAL RECEIPTS DATED 1987, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190004000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190004000
Acquisition Date
2019-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"ATROPHY MANUSCRIPT" CD, TITLED "THIS PRESENT DAY CONFUSION"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20170004002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"ATROPHY MANUSCRIPT" CD, TITLED "THIS PRESENT DAY CONFUSION"
Date
2006
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.8
Length
14.2
Width
12.1
Description
COMPACT DISC FOR MUSIC. THE COVER DEPICTS A BLUE-TINTED IMAGE OF A GROCERY STORE AISLE. THE CD IS UNOPENED/WRAPPED IN CELLOPHANE. THERE IS A WHITE LABEL STICKING TO THE FRONT TOP CORNER OF THE CASE THAT SAYS “ATROPHY MANUSCRIPT… BURNABY B.C. 2006”. THE BACK READS, “THIS PRESENT DAY CONFUSION” AND LISTS 11 TRACK TITLES IN BLACK INK AGAINST A BLUE BACKGROUND. THE BACK IMAGE IS ABSTRACTED. EXCELLENT CONDITION. SCRATCHES ON CELLOPHANE.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
LEISURE
History
IN THE EARLY MONTHS OF 2017 THE MUSIC FRANCHISE, HMV CANADA, BEGAN TO THE PROCESS OF CLOSING DOWN ALL 120 OF THEIR STORES ACROSS CANADA. AFTER 30 YEARS OF BUSINESS, THE COMPANY WENT INTO RECEIVERSHIP. PARK PLACE MALL IN DOWNTOWN LETHBRIDGE HAD AN HMV LOCATION OF ITS OWN, WHICH OPENED IN 1994. THIS COMPACT DISC (CD) WAS ON SALE AT HMV AT THE TIME OF CLOSING. THE BAND, ATROPHY MANUSCRIPT, WAS A LETHBRIDGE-BASED ALTERNATIVE/EMO ROCK BAND. THE CD IS TITLED, "THIS PRESENT DAY CONFUSION," AND WAS THE BAND’S SECOND RECORDED ALBUM. ACCORDING TO THE LABEL ATTACHED TO THE FRONT OF THE CD COVER, THE ALBUM WAS RECORDED AT A STUDIO CALLED THE HIVE IN BURNABY, B.C. THE ALBUM WAS EITHER RECORDED IN 2006 (LABEL ON ALBUM COVER) OR 2008 (LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES). ACCORDING TO THE BAND’S MYSPACE PAGE (WWW.MYSPACE.COM/ATROPHYMANUSCRIPT, ACCESSED 15 AUGUST 2017), THE BAND WAS ACTIVE FROM 2003 UNTIL 2009. ON 27 FEBRUARY 2017, IN AN INTERVIEW WITH COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, THE MANAGER OF THE HMV LETHBRIDGE, BRENDAN FRIZZLEY, REFLECTED ON HIS PAST EXPERIENCE AT THE MUSIC STORE, THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MUSIC STORES, AND ON THE RECEIVERSHIP PERIOD. FOR MORE INFORMATION OF THAT PERIOD, AS WELL AS FRIZZLEY’S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE STORE, PLEASE SEE P20170004001. DURING THE INTERVIEW, FRIZZLEY REFLECTED ON THE NATURE OF PEOPLES’ RELATIONSHIPS WITH MUSIC STORES. HE EXPLAINED, “… IT’S THE STRANGEST SORT OF STORE BECAUSE IF YOU WENT INTO A GROCERY STORE AND THEY HAD EXPANDED THEIR ORGANIC SECTION YOU WOULDN’T BE OFFENDED… [BUT] WITH MUSIC STORES, IT DOESN’T MATTER IF YOU’RE A 16-YEAR-OLD LISTENING TO PUNK MUSIC, OR A EARLY-20’S METAL GUY, OR AN OLD PERSON LISTENING TO THE GENRE CLASSICAL... THERE’S THIS FEELING THAT WHENEVER ANYTHING IS ASSAULTED, IN TERMS OF MUSIC, LIKE, 'HEY, THE METAL SECTION WENT FROM LIKE 8 FEET OF SPACE TO 12 FEET OF SPACE." WE DIDN’T ACTUALLY ADD ANY PRODUCT, BUT THE METAL GUYS WILL BE ECSTATIC, BECAUSE CLEARLY WE HAD DONE THIS THING THAT HAD MADE IT BETTER. WE CARED ABOUT THEM… AND SIMILARLY, WHEN THE PUNK GUYS LOST THAT SPACE AND WENT FROM 8 FEET OF SPACE TO 4 FEET OF SPACE, THEY WERE LIKE 'YOU KNOW, YOU GUYS JUST DON’T HAVE THE SAME SORT OF SELECTION YOU USED TO.' BUT IT’S THE PERCEPTION OF [HOW MUCH PEOPLE CARE ABOUT THEIR MUSIC] AND THAT’S ALWAYS SORT OF BEEN IT... YOU KNOW, PEOPLE ARE OFFENDED BY MUSIC THAT THAT THEY DON’T LIKE BEING IN A STORE. THE AMOUNT OF TIMES I CAN REMEMBER A NEW JUSTIN BIEBER COMING OUT, AND GOING UP TO THE FRONT OF THE STORE, AND BEING LIKE 'WELL WHAT’S GOING ON HERE?' AND SOMEONE HAD TAKEN MY ENTIRE IRON MAIDEN SECTION AND PUT IT IN FRONT OF EACH JUSTIN BIEBER CD. I CAN’T FATHOM ANYBODY BEING INVESTED IN ANY SORT OF OTHER PURCHASE WHERE THEY WOULD BE LIKE 'THIS SORT OF THING OFFENDS ME...' I CAN’T IMAGINE FEELING THAT WAY ABOUT A PARTICULAR BRAND OF KETCHUP OR A PARTICULAR CAR, OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT…" SPEAKING ABOUT THE TYPICAL HMV SHOPPER FRIZZLEY SAID, "THERE’S THIS NARRATIVE THAT PEOPLE WANT TO [BE] THE OLD, DYING CD BUYER... THERE’S ALWAYS PEOPLE WHO COME IN, AND SAY THINGS LIKE, 'OH, I JUST DON’T DO THE DIGITAL,' - [BUT ALSO] 'OH, I HAVE A CD PLAYER IN MY TRUCK, SO THAT’S THE ONLY REASON I’M BUYING CD’S TODAY,' AND THAT’S ALWAYS BEEN A SUBSECTION OF WHAT WE SELL TO - BUT, I THINK THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE JUST WANT TO HAVE THAT PHYSICAL CONNECTION WITH THE THING THAT THEY LIKE. AND THAT [TYPE OF] PERSON DIDN’T DIE, BUT THEY ALSO WEREN’T MARKETED TO BY ALL THE MARKETING... SO THAT’S SORT OF WHY THE FOOTPRINT OF CDS SHRUNK. IT WASN’T TO ASSAULT WHAT THEY WANTED, BECAUSE THEY WERE COMING IN [AND] BUYING SPECIFIC THINGS, OR COMING UP AND ORDERING SPECIFIC TITLES THAT THEY’VE ALREADY PUT THEIR RESEARCH INTO. THEY WANT THIS TOKEN OF WHAT THEY LIKE (WHICH IS THE PHYSICAL CD). AND ANYTIME THAT ANY AFFRONT HAPPENED TO CDS, THEY TOOK IT SO PERSONALLY…" AS THE SALE OF CDS DECREASED WITH THE ADVENT OF DIGITAL CONTENT AND STREAMING SERVICES, FRIZZLEY NOTED THAT SOME POSITIVES EMERGED. HE SAID, “THE POSITIVES ARE THAT BARRIERS ARE BROKEN DOWN. YOU KNOW THE FACT THAT BANDCAMP IS HUGE; THAT LITERALLY ANYBODY CAN MAKE MUSIC, AND CAN MAKE IT AVAILABLE IS SO COOL. YOU’VE GOT SHAWN MENDES RIGHT NOW, WHO IS VINE FAMOUS... [MEANING], ‘I MAKE SHORT VIDEO CLIPS OF ME SINGING SONGS AND THAT’S GOING TO LEAD INTO THIS MASSIVE CAREER.' THAT’S SURREAL… [AND] I THINK IT LETS PEOPLE FEEL MORE CONNECTED TO THEIR MUSIC... IT CHANGES THE WAY THAT PEOPLE SORT OF PERCEIVE THEIR CONNECTION TO IT. PEOPLE LOVE THE IDEA OF BEING A PART OF SOMETHING...” FRIZZLEY WENT ON TO DISCUSS THE SHIFT IN THE MUSIC INDUSTRY, “I WOULD LIKE TO SAY THAT THERE’S MORE POSITIVES THAN THAT, BUT I REALLY THINK THE MUSIC INDUSTRY MADE A SYSTEM THAT IS NOT GOING TO BE FINANCIALLY VIABLE FOR A LOT OF MUSICIANS. IF YOU LOOK AT STREAMING, - WHICH IS GREAT - [BUT] I DON'T THINK PEOPLE REALIZE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SPOTIFY AND NETFLIX. WHEN YOU DO NETFLIX, IT’S MOVIES THAT HAVE ALREADY HAD THEIR THEATRE RUN; ALREADY MADE THEIR BILLIONS OF DOLLARS; ALREADY HAD A CHANCE TO BE SOLD, WHETHER DIGITALLY OR PHYSICALLY, AND THEN FINALLY END UP ON NETFLIX. SPOTIFY [IS LIKE], ‘HEY, IT’S $10.00 A MONTH AND HERE’S ALL THE MUSIC FOREVER.’ SPOTIFY ROYALTIES AREN’T ENOUGH. EVERYONE KNOWS THEY’RE NOT ENOUGH, BUT I THINK PEOPLE HAVE IN THEIR HEADS THAT ALL THE MUSIC FOREVER IS WORTH $10.00 A MONTH… MUSIC HAS NO VALUE ANYMORE. LIVE MUSIC DOES AND THE PHYSICAL TOKENS DO, AND THAT’S WHY VINYL IS SEEING THIS RESURGENCE, BUT MUSIC HAS NO VALUE. AND I THINK PART OF THAT [IS] BECAUSE OF THE RADIO, [WHICH IS] SORT OF HOW MUSIC HAPPENED; HOW WE’VE LISTENED TO MUSIC. SO RADIO HAPPENS, AND YOU CAN LISTEN TO RADIO FOR FREE, BUT YOU STILL HAVE TO BUY THE RECORDS. AND IT WORKED. BUT NOW WE STILL HAVE THIS IDEA THAT ‘WELL, THE TECHNOLOGY EXISTS FOR ME TO BE ABLE TO LISTEN TO THE RADIO, AND CHOOSE WHAT I LISTEN TO ON THE RADIO... SO I SHOULD BE ABLE TO CHOOSE WHAT I LISTEN TO, BUT I STILL WANT THAT PREMISE OF FREE MUSIC’… I DON’T KNOW HOW THE WORLD IS ABLE TO FINANCIALLY COMPENSATE YOU FOR MAKING YOUR MUSIC, AND I DON’T KNOW IF IT NECESSARILY NEEDS TO. ART WILL ALWAYS EXIST REGARDLESS WHETHER OR NOT THERE’S PEOPLE PAYING FOR IT. BUT IT DOESN’T CHANGE THE FACT THAT WHEN YOU ARE ABLE TO COMPENSATE PEOPLE, THEY CAN FOCUS ON THEIR ART FULL TIME, [AND] YOU END UP WITH JUST BETTER QUALITY.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT RECORD FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND ARTICLES REGARDING THE RECEIVERSHIP AND LIQUIDATION OF HMV CANADA.
Catalogue Number
P20170004002
Acquisition Date
2017-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"AC/DC", "HIGHWAY TO HELL"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, CARDBOARD
Catalogue Number
P20170004003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"AC/DC", "HIGHWAY TO HELL"
Date
2003
Materials
PLASTIC, CARDBOARD
No. Pieces
1
Length
14
Width
12.6
Description
COMPACT MUSIC DISC. THE CD CASE IS MADE FROM CARDBOARD AND PLASTIC THAT IS UNOPENED, COVERED IN CELLOPHANE WRAPPER. THE COVER INCLUDES A PHOTO OF THE BAND AND SAYS “AC/DC” , “HIGHWAY TO HELL”. ON TOP OF THE CELLOPHANE IN A HMV SALE STICKER THAT READS “HMV 2/20…”. THERE IS A SECOND STICKER ON THE FRONT THAT IS BLACK AND SAYS, “DIGITALLY REMASTERED”. THE BACK COVER HAS A BLACK AND WHITE PICTURE OF THE BAND AND LISTS TEN TRACK TITLES. THE LABEL INCLUDES “1979, 2003…” “9699-80206”. EXCELLENT CONDITION. HOLES IN CELLOPHANE ON THE BACKSIDE AND THE BLACK STICKER IS LIFTING.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
LEISURE
History
IN THE EARLY MONTHS OF 2017 THE MUSIC FRANCHISE, HMV CANADA, BEGAN TO THE PROCESS OF CLOSING DOWN ALL 120 OF THEIR STORES ACROSS CANADA. AFTER 30 YEARS OF BUSINESS, THE COMPANY WENT INTO RECEIVERSHIP. PARK PLACE MALL IN DOWNTOWN LETHBRIDGE HAD AN HMV LOCATION OF ITS OWN, WHICH OPENED IN 1994. THIS AC/DC CD IS INDICATIVE OF A TYPE OF CD SOLD BY HMV. AC/DC IS A POPULAR ROCK BAND THAT FORMED IN THE 1970S IN AUSTRALIA. THE ALBUM, HIGHWAY TO HELL, WAS RELEASED IN 1979 AND WAS THE FIFTH AC/DC ALBUM TO BE RELEASED INTERNATIONALLY. ON 27 FEBRUARY 2017, IN AN INTERVIEW WITH COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, THE MANAGER OF THE HMV LETHBRIDGE, BRENDAN FRIZZLEY, REFLECTED ON HIS PAST EXPERIENCE AT THE MUSIC STORE, THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MUSIC STORES, AND ON THE RECEIVERSHIP PERIOD. FOR MORE INFORMATION OF THAT PERIOD, AS WELL AS FRIZZLEY’S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE STORE, PLEASE SEE P20170004001. DURING THE INTERVIEW, FRIZZLEY REFLECTED ON THE NATURE OF PEOPLES’ RELATIONSHIPS WITH MUSIC STORES. HE EXPLAINED, “… IT’S THE STRANGEST SORT OF STORE BECAUSE IF YOU WENT INTO A GROCERY STORE AND THEY HAD EXPANDED THEIR ORGANIC SECTION YOU WOULDN’T BE OFFENDED… [BUT] WITH MUSIC STORES, IT DOESN’T MATTER IF YOU’RE A 16-YEAR-OLD LISTENING TO PUNK MUSIC, OR A EARLY-20’S METAL GUY, OR AN OLD PERSON LISTENING TO THE GENRE CLASSICAL... THERE’S THIS FEELING THAT WHENEVER ANYTHING IS ASSAULTED, IN TERMS OF MUSIC, LIKE, 'HEY, THE METAL SECTION WENT FROM LIKE 8 FEET OF SPACE TO 12 FEET OF SPACE." WE DIDN’T ACTUALLY ADD ANY PRODUCT, BUT THE METAL GUYS WILL BE ECSTATIC, BECAUSE CLEARLY WE HAD DONE THIS THING THAT HAD MADE IT BETTER. WE CARED ABOUT THEM… AND SIMILARLY, WHEN THE PUNK GUYS LOST THAT SPACE AND WENT FROM 8 FEET OF SPACE TO 4 FEET OF SPACE, THEY WERE LIKE 'YOU KNOW, YOU GUYS JUST DON’T HAVE THE SAME SORT OF SELECTION YOU USED TO.' BUT IT’S THE PERCEPTION OF [HOW MUCH PEOPLE CARE ABOUT THEIR MUSIC] AND THAT’S ALWAYS SORT OF BEEN IT... YOU KNOW, PEOPLE ARE OFFENDED BY MUSIC THAT THAT THEY DON’T LIKE BEING IN A STORE. THE AMOUNT OF TIMES I CAN REMEMBER A NEW JUSTIN BIEBER COMING OUT, AND GOING UP TO THE FRONT OF THE STORE, AND BEING LIKE 'WELL WHAT’S GOING ON HERE?' AND SOMEONE HAD TAKEN MY ENTIRE IRON MAIDEN SECTION AND PUT IT IN FRONT OF EACH JUSTIN BIEBER CD. I CAN’T FATHOM ANYBODY BEING INVESTED IN ANY SORT OF OTHER PURCHASE WHERE THEY WOULD BE LIKE 'THIS SORT OF THING OFFENDS ME...' I CAN’T IMAGINE FEELING THAT WAY ABOUT A PARTICULAR BRAND OF KETCHUP OR A PARTICULAR CAR, OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT…" SPEAKING ABOUT THE TYPICAL HMV SHOPPER FRIZZLEY SAID, "THERE’S THIS NARRATIVE THAT PEOPLE WANT TO [BE] THE OLD, DYING CD BUYER... THERE’S ALWAYS PEOPLE WHO COME IN, AND SAY THINGS LIKE, 'OH, I JUST DON’T DO THE DIGITAL,' - [BUT ALSO] 'OH, I HAVE A CD PLAYER IN MY TRUCK, SO THAT’S THE ONLY REASON I’M BUYING CD’S TODAY,' AND THAT’S ALWAYS BEEN A SUBSECTION OF WHAT WE SELL TO - BUT, I THINK THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE JUST WANT TO HAVE THAT PHYSICAL CONNECTION WITH THE THING THAT THEY LIKE. AND THAT [TYPE OF] PERSON DIDN’T DIE, BUT THEY ALSO WEREN’T MARKETED TO BY ALL THE MARKETING... SO THAT’S SORT OF WHY THE FOOTPRINT OF CDS SHRUNK. IT WASN’T TO ASSAULT WHAT THEY WANTED, BECAUSE THEY WERE COMING IN [AND] BUYING SPECIFIC THINGS, OR COMING UP AND ORDERING SPECIFIC TITLES THAT THEY’VE ALREADY PUT THEIR RESEARCH INTO. THEY WANT THIS TOKEN OF WHAT THEY LIKE (WHICH IS THE PHYSICAL CD). AND ANYTIME THAT ANY AFFRONT HAPPENED TO CDS, THEY TOOK IT SO PERSONALLY…" AS THE SALE OF CDS DECREASED WITH THE ADVENT OF DIGITAL CONTENT AND STREAMING SERVICES, FRIZZLEY NOTED THAT SOME POSITIVES EMERGED. HE SAID, “THE POSITIVES ARE THAT BARRIERS ARE BROKEN DOWN. YOU KNOW THE FACT THAT BANDCAMP IS HUGE; THAT LITERALLY ANYBODY CAN MAKE MUSIC, AND CAN MAKE IT AVAILABLE IS SO COOL. YOU’VE GOT SHAWN MENDES RIGHT NOW, WHO IS VINE FAMOUS... [MEANING], ‘I MAKE SHORT VIDEO CLIPS OF ME SINGING SONGS AND THAT’S GOING TO LEAD INTO THIS MASSIVE CAREER.' THAT’S SURREAL… [AND] I THINK IT LETS PEOPLE FEEL MORE CONNECTED TO THEIR MUSIC... IT CHANGES THE WAY THAT PEOPLE SORT OF PERCEIVE THEIR CONNECTION TO IT. PEOPLE LOVE THE IDEA OF BEING A PART OF SOMETHING...” FRIZZLEY WENT ON TO DISCUSS THE SHIFT IN THE MUSIC INDUSTRY, “I WOULD LIKE TO SAY THAT THERE’S MORE POSITIVES THAN THAT, BUT I REALLY THINK THE MUSIC INDUSTRY MADE A SYSTEM THAT IS NOT GOING TO BE FINANCIALLY VIABLE FOR A LOT OF MUSICIANS. IF YOU LOOK AT STREAMING, - WHICH IS GREAT - [BUT] I DON'T THINK PEOPLE REALIZE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SPOTIFY AND NETFLIX. WHEN YOU DO NETFLIX, IT’S MOVIES THAT HAVE ALREADY HAD THEIR THEATRE RUN; ALREADY MADE THEIR BILLIONS OF DOLLARS; ALREADY HAD A CHANCE TO BE SOLD, WHETHER DIGITALLY OR PHYSICALLY, AND THEN FINALLY END UP ON NETFLIX. SPOTIFY [IS LIKE], ‘HEY, IT’S $10.00 A MONTH AND HERE’S ALL THE MUSIC FOREVER.’ SPOTIFY ROYALTIES AREN’T ENOUGH. EVERYONE KNOWS THEY’RE NOT ENOUGH, BUT I THINK PEOPLE HAVE IN THEIR HEADS THAT ALL THE MUSIC FOREVER IS WORTH $10.00 A MONTH… MUSIC HAS NO VALUE ANYMORE. LIVE MUSIC DOES AND THE PHYSICAL TOKENS DO, AND THAT’S WHY VINYL IS SEEING THIS RESURGENCE, BUT MUSIC HAS NO VALUE. AND I THINK PART OF THAT [IS] BECAUSE OF THE RADIO, [WHICH IS] SORT OF HOW MUSIC HAPPENED; HOW WE’VE LISTENED TO MUSIC. SO RADIO HAPPENS, AND YOU CAN LISTEN TO RADIO FOR FREE, BUT YOU STILL HAVE TO BUY THE RECORDS. AND IT WORKED. BUT NOW WE STILL HAVE THIS IDEA THAT ‘WELL, THE TECHNOLOGY EXISTS FOR ME TO BE ABLE TO LISTEN TO THE RADIO, AND CHOOSE WHAT I LISTEN TO ON THE RADIO... SO I SHOULD BE ABLE TO CHOOSE WHAT I LISTEN TO, BUT I STILL WANT THAT PREMISE OF FREE MUSIC’… I DON’T KNOW HOW THE WORLD IS ABLE TO FINANCIALLY COMPENSATE YOU FOR MAKING YOUR MUSIC, AND I DON’T KNOW IF IT NECESSARILY NEEDS TO. ART WILL ALWAYS EXIST REGARDLESS WHETHER OR NOT THERE’S PEOPLE PAYING FOR IT. BUT IT DOESN’T CHANGE THE FACT THAT WHEN YOU ARE ABLE TO COMPENSATE PEOPLE, THEY CAN FOCUS ON THEIR ART FULL TIME, [AND] YOU END UP WITH JUST BETTER QUALITY.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT RECORD FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND ARTICLES REGARDING THE RECEIVERSHIP AND LIQUIDATION OF HMV CANADA.
Catalogue Number
P20170004003
Acquisition Date
2017-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALL-CANADA TV STATION SHOWMANSHIP AWARD
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1961
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, STONE, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20150016002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALL-CANADA TV STATION SHOWMANSHIP AWARD
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1961
Materials
METAL, STONE, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
32.5
Diameter
12.5
Description
AWARD TROPHY, “ALL-CANADA TV STATION SHOWMANSHIP AWARD BEST LOCAL PROGRAMMING CJLH-TV LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. 1960-61”. CAST METAL PEBBLED, LAUREL LEAF BASE, FINISHED IN GOLD. PEDESTAL CONSTRUCTED OF WOOD AND POLISHED STONE. GREEN FELT BOTTOM. VERY GOOD CONDITION. GOLD FINISH SCUFFED IN SOME AREAS WITH SOME SCRATCHES ON THE BASE AND DUST BUILD UP. MINOR LOSS TO THE BLACK PAINT AROUND THE BASE AND SLIGHT WEAR TO THE FELT BOTTOM.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
PROFESSIONS
History
EVERAL HORHOZER (NÉE SUPINA) WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE YEAR OF 1927 TO HER PARENTS DONAH (NÉE HILL) AND NICHOLAS SUPINA. SUPINA WAS THE OWNER OF SUPINA’S MERCANTILE ON 13TH STREET NORTH, LETHBRIDGE. COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS (ON APRIL 2, APRIL 16, AND MAY 7, 2015) WITH HORHOZER REGARDING A GROUP OF ARTIFACTS SHE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS COME FROM THESE INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH REGARDING THE HORHOZER FAMILY AND THE COUNTRY CAPERS - TO WHOM THE TROPHY WAS AWARDED IN 1961. EVERAL MET JOE HORHOZER WHEN HE CAME TO SUPINA’S TO WORK. SHE REMEMBERS: “I WORKED IN THE LADIESWEAR. I LIKED THAT VERY MUCH. THE MEAT DEPARTMENT WAS RIGHT ACROSS FROM THE LADIESWEAR. THAT’S KIND OF HOW I MET JOE. HE WORKED IN THE BUTCHER DEPARTMENT. I REMEMBER THE DAY HE WALKED IN THE STORE, I’LL NEVER FORGET [IT], HE HAD THIS RED CARDIGAN SWEATER ON AND I JUST FELL, HEAD OVER RIGHT THEN. HE WAS JUST STARTING WORK AND I THOUGHT, ‘WELL, THAT’S THE GUY I’M GOING TO MARRY.” THIS TROPHY IS REPRESENTATIVE OF JOE HORHOZER’S TIME AS PART OF THE MUSICAL GROUP CALLED THE COUNTRY CAPERS. PRIOR TO THAT, HE WAS A PART OF THE MUSICAL GROUP, THE ALBERTA RANCH BOYS. THE GROUP FORMED IN 1937 AND HAD SEEN SUCCESS ON BOTH THE LOCAL AND NATIONAL LEVELS. AROUND 1955, THE GROUP HAD SLOWED DOWN FROM THEIR TOURING SCHEDULE, AS A RESULT HORHOZER AND A FELLOW BAND MEMBER, REMO BACEDA, WERE ABLE TO JOIN A GROUP FORMING IN LETHBRIDGE THAT CAME TO BE THE 'COUNTRY CAPERS.' THIS GROUP CONSISTED OF THE POTTS FAMILY ON VOCALS, EDDIE, BETTY (WAGGONTAIL), AND TWINS SHIRLEY ANN (PETRAK) AND SHARON (SCOVILLE), AS WELL AS DONN PETRAL ON VOCALS AND GUITAR, HERB URANO ON BASS, REMO BACEDA ON FIDDLE, AND HORHOZER WITH HIS ACCORDION. HORHOZER SAYS OF THAT TIME, “WELL, THE POTTS ALWAYS SIGNED TOGETHER. THERE WERE THREE SISTERS AND THEN EDDIE, THE BROTHER, AND THEY WERE VERY GOOD SINGERS, BUT THEY WANTED SOMEBODY THAT WAS PROFESSIONAL TO KIND OF TEACH THEM HOW TO SING IN HARMONY. REMO WAS GOOD AT THAT ‘CAUSE HE WAS THE HEAD OF A CHOIR AND [KNEW] HOW TO DO GROUP MUSIC, ‘CAUSE [THE POTTS] WERE GREEN. THEY DIDN’T KNOW ANYTHING. THEN THEY WOULD PRACTICE AND PRACTICE TOGETHER, AND THEN DONN PETRAK, I GUESS, GOT THE RADIO STATION TO HIRE THEM. THEY’VE GOT TO -THEY’VE GOT TO HEAR YOU PLAY FIRST, SO THEY HAD THIS BAND CALLED THE COUNTRY CAPERS AND THEY ALL PLAYED TOGETHER FOR QUITE A LONG TIME ON THE RADIO. I THINK THEY WERE ON THE RADIO FOR MAYBE TWO YEARS OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT – CJOC.” HORHOZER’S DAUGHTER, MELODEE “MEL” MUTCH, WHO WAS ALSO IN THE ROOM FOR THE INTERVIEWS WITH MACLEAN, ADDED, “… IT WAS A TELEVISION SHOW. THAT’S WHAT THEY WERE KNOWN FOR.” ON MARCH 1, 1998, THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD’S “THE WAY WE WERE” COLUMN FEATURED A HISTORY OF THE COUNTRY CAPERS WRITTEN BY GARRY ALLISON. THIS ARTICLE STATES, “THE COUNTRY CAPERS WERE FEATURED ON CJOC RADIO WITH THEIR OWN SHOW AND ON CJLH-TV FOR FIVE YEARS. THEY ALSO TRAVELED TO CALGARY EACH WEEK FOR A CROSS-CANADA RADIO SHOW ON CBC IN 1958. THEIR LOCALLY-PRODUCED TV SHOW WAS SHOWN EACH TUESDAY NIGHT AT FIRST, THEN LATER ON THURSDAY NIGHT.” CJLH-TV WON SEVEN LIBERTY MAGAZINE AWARDS IN TOTAL DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S. THESE AWARDS INCLUDED THE 1960 – 1961 AWARD FOR BEST LOCAL PROGRAMMING, WHICH THE COUNTRY CAPERS WERE A PART OF, AND IN 1962 THE COUNTRY CAPERS WERE PRESENTED WITH THE AWARD FOR BEST STATION MUSIC SHOW. HORHOZER REMEMBERS: “TO TELL YOU THE TRUTH, I DON’T KNOW MUCH ABOUT [THE TROPHY], EXCEPT THIS IS WHEN THEY PLAYED ON TV, THEY ALWAYS GIVE AN AWARD FOR THE BEST MUSICAL BAND ON TV OR SOMETHING. THAT’S WHEN THEY GOT THAT." FOR AN ARTICLE WRITTEN ABOUT JOE HORHOZER IN 2002 FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, JOE STATED, “[MUSIC’S] MY LIFE – OUTSIDE OF MY FAMILY. [WITHOUT IT], I’D BE LOST.” MUTCH REAFFIRMS HER FATHER’S STATEMENT BY SAYING, “… HIS HANDS WERE ALWAYS TAPPING. HE WAS ALWAYS TAPPING. YOU COULD SEE THAT IN HIS HEAD. PLUS HE HELD DOWN A FULL TIME JOB. AND WHEN THEY NEEDED ENTERTAINMENT – LIKE GARY KIRK. GOSH, IT’S GOT TO BE 50 YEARS AGO, SAID TO MY DAD AND BUCK, 'WOULD YOU COME DOWN TO PLAY AT THIS CABIN?' – LONG LOST RANCH, OR WHEREVER THEY WERE HAVING A FAMILY REUNION – SO THEY WERE THE ENTERTAINMENT. HE WAS … SOUGHT-AFTER, LET’S PUT IT THAT WAY. AND WHEN HE WOULD PLAY MUSIC UNTIL YOU’D WANT TO THROW UP. HE’D COME HOME FROM A DANCE; POUR HIMSELF ANOTHER ONE; AND THEN THE RECORDS WOULD START TO COME OUT. THAT IS HOW THE NIGHT WENT. I’D EVEN COME HOME SOME NIGHTS AND MY MOM AND DAD WOULD BE DANCING. WHEN YOU ARE A TEENAGER, THAT’S HORRIFIC. SO, THERE IS THE HENDERSON LAKE HOTEL, WHATEVER – THE DANCE HALL. THAT WAS VERY MUCH A PART OF THEIR LIVES AS WELL.” JOE HORHOZER PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON OCTOBER 21, 2010 AT THE AGE OF 89 YEARS. HORHOZER WAS THE LAST SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA RANCH BOYS. EVERAL HORHOZER PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE 6 YEARS LATER ON JUNE 6, 2016 AT THE AGE OF 88 YEARS. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE COUNTRY CAPERS, THE ALBERTA RANCH BOYS, AND THE LIFE OF EVERAL AND HER FAMILY, WHICH INCLUDES THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20150016002
Acquisition Date
2015-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CASSETTE TAPE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20180029005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CASSETTE TAPE
Date
1980
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
1.7
Length
11
Width
7
Description
A. CASSETTE TAPE CASE, 11 CM LONG X 7 CM WIDE X 1.7 CM TALL. CLEAR PLASTIC RECTANGULAR CASE WITH TWO PLASTIC PRONGS INSIDE. CASE FRONT HAS EMBOSSED STAMP IN LOWER RIGHT CORNER “TDK, MADE IN JAPAN”. RIGHT SIDE HAS INDENT FOR OPENING; CASE IS HINGED ON LEFT SIDE. CASE IS SCRATCHED AND SCUFFED, WITH BLACK STAINING ON FRONT, BACK, AND LEFT SIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. CASSETTE TAPE, 10 CM LONG X 6.4 CM WIDE X 0.7 CM TALL. TAPE IS BLACK PLASTIC WITH TWO HOLES THROUGH CASSETTE; TAPE HAS CLEAR PLASTIC WINDOW BETWEEN HOLES SHOWING TAPE INSIDE; BOTTOM EDGE OF TAPE HAS FIVE SQUARE OPENINGS SHOWING BROWN TAPE. TAPE HAS WHITE TEXT ON FRONT AND BACK; FRONT TEXT “AC DC * BACK IN BLACK, HELLS BELLS/SHOOT TO THRILL/, WHAT DO YOU DO FOR MONEY HONEY, GIVE THE DOG A BONE/LET ME PUT MY LOVE IN YOU, CP 1, DOLBY SYSTEM, XCS 16018, ATLANTIC”, LOWER LABEL HAS WHITE TEXT BILUNGUAL [ENGLISH AND FRENCH] “MANUFACTURED & DISTRIBUTED BY WEA MUSIC OF CANADA LTD., 810 BIRCHMOUNT RD SCARBOROUGH ONTARIO, A WARNER COMMUNICATIONS COMPANY”. TOP EDGE OF TAPE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “MADE IN CANADA”. BACK OF TAPE HAS WHITE TEXT “AC DC * BACK IN BLACK, BACK IN BLACK/YOU SHOOK ME ALL NIGHT LONG, HAVE A DRINK ON ME, SHAKE A LEG/ROCK AND ROLL AIN’T NOISE POLLUTION, CP 2, DOLBY SYSTEM, XCS 16018, ATLANTIC”, LOWER LABEL HAS WHITE TEXT BILUNGUAL [ENGLISH AND FRENCH] “MANUFACTURED & DISTRIBUTED BY WEA MUSIC OF CANADA LTD., 810 BIRCHMOUNT RD SCARBOROUGH ONTARIO, A WARNER COMMUNICATIONS COMPANY”. TEXT ON TAPE IS WORN AND FADED; LOWER EDGE OF TAPE IS SCUFFED AND STAINED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. PAPER INSERT FOR CASSETTE TAPE, 10.3 CM LONG X 6.6 CM WIDE X 1.4 CM TALL. PAPER BOOKLET WITH BLACK COVER AND WHITE TEXT; FRONT OF COVER HAS TEXT “AC DC, BACK IN BLACK, ATLANTIC, SUPER CASSETTE”; SIDE OF COVER HAS TEXT “AC/DC, BACK IN BLACK, DOLBY SYSTEM, XCS-16018, SUPER CASSETTE”; BACK OF COVER HAS TEXT INCLUDING TRACK LIST FOR “SIDE ONE/SIDE TWO” AND PHOTOGRAPH OF MAN PLAYING GUITAR, TEXT BELOW PHOTOGRAPH “1980 LEIDSPELEIN PRESSE B.V., UNAUTHORIZED REPRODUCTION OF THIS RECORDING IS PROHIBITED BY LAW AND SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION”, TEXT BELOW IS BILUNGUAL [ENGLISH AND FRENCH] “MANUFACTURED & DISTRIBUTED BY, WEA MUSIC OF CANADA LTD., 1810 BIRCHMOUNT RD. SCARBOROUGH, ONTARIO, A WARNER COMMUNICATIONS COMPANY”. INSIDE OF COVER WHITE WITH BLACK TEXT “ALL SONGS WRITTEN BY YOUNG, YOUNG AND JOHNSON, PRODUCED BY ROBERT JOHN “MUTT” LANGE, ENGINEERED BY TONY PLATT, ASSISTANT ENGINEERS: JACK NEWBER, BENJI ARMBRISTER, RECORDED AT COMPASS POINT STUDIOS, APRIL-MAY 1980, MIXING ENGINEER: BRAD SAMUELSON, ART DIRECTION: BOB DEFRIN, PHOTOS: ROBERT ELLIS”, WITH “THANKS” BELOW, TEXT BELOW “FOR MORE INFORMATION ON AC/DC’S FAN CLUB AND MERCHANDISING, PLEASE SEND A SELF-ADDRESSED ENVELOPE TO: AC/DC FAN CLUB, 18 WATSON CLOSE, BURY ST. EDMUNDS, SUFFOLK ENGLAND, ALBERT PRODUCTIONS”. BACK INSIDE INCLUDES TEXT ON “NEW LEVELS OF EXCELLENCE” IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH. BACK OF BOOKLET HAS TWO HOLES PUNCHED THROUGH; COVER IS WORN AND FADED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
LEISURE
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
History
ON DECEMBER 21, 2018, GALT MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT INTERVIWED KEVIN MACLEAN REAGARDING HIS DONATION OF PERSONAL OBJECTS. ON THE CASSETTE TAPE, MACLEAN ELABORATED, “I WOULD THINK IT’S…IN THE WINTER OF GRADE 10 THAT I FOUND AC/DC AND THE SONG WAS, “FOR THOSE ABOUT TO ROCK”. I REMEMBER LISTENING TO IT WITH A BUDDY IN KALISPELL AND PLAYING ARCADE GAMES IN THE HOTEL AND THINKING, “OH, MY GOD, THIS IS THE COOLEST.”” “[BECAUSE] I’M A CATHOLIC KID…WE WERE PRETTY INNOCENT KIDS, AND [LISTENING TO BANDS LIKE AC/DC AND IRON MAIDEN] WOULD BE LIKE, “OH, I’M NOT GONNA GO THERE.” IT’S JUST TOO GRAPHIC…I THOUGHT IT DIDN’T REPRESENT ANYTHING GOOD. AC/DC CAME FIRST [FOR ME].” “THE OTHER THING THAT ATTRACTED ME TO AC/DC…THIS IS 1985, SO PART OF [MY INTEREST] IS THAT THEY’RE QUITE BLUE COLLAR…THE GLAM-ROCK THING…NEVER DID AS MUCH FOR ME. BUT THESE GUYS LOOK LIKE ORDINARY, WORKING-CLASS GUYS WHICH…IN TERMS OF WANTING TO FIT IN AND NOT HAVE A LOOK THAT STANDS OUT THEN, THERE WAS SOME APPEAL TO THESE GUYS, TOO.” “THIS, “BACK IN BLACK”, I’M CARRYING IN MY JEAN JACKET IN THE LEFT BREAST POCKET. WHEN I GO TO PARTIES, EVERY SINGLE WEEKEND, I HAD THIS TAPE BECAUSE IF PEOPLE DIDN’T HAVE “BACK IN BLACK” IN THEIR HOUSE, THEN I HAD IT. THEY COULD PLAY IT WHILE WE WERE PARTYING.” MACLEAN RECALLED HIS INTEREST IN MUSIC IN THE 1980S, NOTING, “[MY] DAD LISTENED TO COUNTRY MUSIC, CHARLEY PRIDE AND WILLIE NELSON, WHICH I WASN’T REALLY GETTING ANYTHING OUT OF. MY MOM, THOUGH, HAS ALWAYS BEEN INTERESTED IN CONTEMPORARY STUFF, WHATEVER THAT WORLD MIGHT BE. SHE IS THE ONE IN THE FAMILY WHO’S PROBABLY BUYING MOST OF THE RECORDS AND WHO IS LISTENING TO MUSIC LOTS, IN THE HOUSEHOLD. SHE DID JAZZERCISE STUFF SO SHE TAUGHT CLASSES. THERE’S LOTS OF VINYL IN THE HOUSE WHEN I’M GROWING UP. AT SOME POINT IN TIME, I DON’T KNOW HOW IT HAPPENED, BUT THERE WAS A RECORD PLAYER THAT WENT INTO MY BEDROOM AND INITIALLY, [BECAUSE] IT’S PROBABLY THE ONLY TIME I LISTENED TO VINYL, IT WAS MOM AND DAD’S KENNY ROGERS RECORD. I THINK I LIKED IT [BECAUSE] I COULD SING TO IT.” “IN ABOUT 1983, I WOULD HAVE AN ALLOWANCE. I START BUYING MUSIC AND THAT’S ALL I WANTED MONEY FOR; TO BUY MUSIC AND TO BUY A TAPE BACK THEN BECAUSE TAPES [WERE] COMPETING WITH VINYL RECORDS. WHERE I HAVE FRIENDS WHO ARE YOUNGER THAN ME OR WHO ARE THE SAME AGE AS ME WHO ARE BUYING VINYL, IT’S GENERALLY, I WOULD SAY, BECAUSE THEY HAVE SIBLINGS WHO ARE ALSO BUYING VINYL. THEY’RE DOING THE RECORD PLAYER THING BUT I WENT RIGHT TO CASSETTE.” “WHEN I FIRST STARTED BUYING MUSIC, THE FIRST RECORD I BOUGHT WAS MICHAEL JACKSON “THRILLER”; THAT WAS THE FIRST ONE. ALMOST AT THE EXACT SAME TIME, I BOUGHT DURAN DURAN “RIO” AND I THINK MY THIRD TAPE WAS EDDY GRANT; IT WAS A SONG CALLED “ELECTRIC AVENUE”. WHEN I’M BUYING MUSIC, I’M COMING INTO LETHBRIDGE. I REMEMBER THERE WAS A MUSIC STORE—THERE [WAS] NO PARK PLACE MALL—IN THE LETHBRIDGE CENTRE MALL.” “MY COUSIN, WHO’S LIVING WITH US—REG—IS SIX YEARS OLDER THAN ME. HE [HAS] A TAPE CASE BEFORE I BUY MY FIRST TAPE CASE. HIS MUSIC IS PREDOMINANTLY CANADIAN ROCK FROM THE EARLY ‘80S. SO, BANDS THAT WERE ALL COMING OUT AT THE SAME TIME LIKE STREETHEART, TORONTO, CHILLIWACK, HEADPINS, PRISM, THE STUFF THAT RON SAKAMOTO, THE PROMOTER, WAS BRINGING INTO THE SPORTSPLEX. BUT I WAS NOT INTERESTED IN ROCK. I WANTED POP MUSIC AND I REMEMBER SHARING MY LOVE OF MY POP MUSIC WITH MY FRIENDS. I REMEMBER WHEN I GOT DURAN DURAN “RIO”, I WOULD CALL UP MY FRIEND ON THE ROTARY DIAL PHONE AND WITH MY VIKING CASSETTE RECORDER/TAPE PLAYER PUSH ‘PLAY’ AND HOLD THE RECEIVER OVER SO THAT HE COULD HEAR THIS MUSIC THAT I WAS SO EXCITED TO SHARE.” “WHEN I BUY, WHEN I TELL MY NEIGHBOUR FRIEND, [I ASK], “IS THIS OKAY? IS THIS A GOOD ONE?” AND THE ONE TIME, I REMEMBER HIM GOING, “YEAH, THAT’S A GOOD CHOICE.” IT WAS A BAND CALLED, THE TUBES. THAT WOULD BE GRADE 8 AND PROBABLY INTO GRADE 9 AND MY TAPE CASE WOULD BE FULL OF STUFF THAT WOULD BE POP, DURAN DURAN AND MICHAEL JACKSON.” “[IN] GRADE 9, RIGHT BEFORE HIGH SCHOOL, I FIND TWISTED SISTER…THIS WOULD BE BY THE SUMMER OF ’84. [THEIR] VIDEO WAS GETTING TO BE A BIG DEAL…THERE WAS, “WE’RE NOT GONNA TAKE IT” WHICH IS REBELLION FROM YOUR PARENTS AND THE DAD IS LIKE A DRILL SERGEANT. THEN [THE KIDS] ALL TURN INTO TWISTED SISTER. I LOVED THIS TAPE. I PLAYED IT OVER AND OVER AGAIN. [IT WAS] MY FIRST ROCK TAPE AND IT WAS LIFE-CHANGING BECAUSE THEN, ALL THIS POP THAT HAD BEEN IN MY TAPE CASE…I SOLD TO JACK PEACOCK BY GRADE 10. I GOT RID OF ALL MY POP, SO WHERE THAT POP HAD BEEN DEFINING…ALL OF A SUDDEN IT’S LIKE, “I’M NOT THAT, ANYMORE.” IT WAS LIKE A LIGHT SWITCH WENT ON…IN GRADE 10.” “I WAS WEARING A JEAN JACKET IN GRADE 11…WHICH IS ABOUT AS MUCH AS, IN TERMS OF ME AND MY DRESS, HOW I’M REFLECTING [MY IDENTITY]. THIS IS A BIG DEAL BECAUSE WHERE MAYBE YOU DON’T WANT, IN YOUR OWN PARTICULAR DRESS, TO BE WEARING CAMOUFLAGE, YOU COULD THEN OPEN UP A TAPE CASE AND, BY PEOPLE SEEING WHAT’S IN YOUR TAPE CASE, THAT IS SPEAKING TO WHO YOU ARE.” “LISTENING TO MUSIC HASN’T NECESSARILY BEEN CONSISTENT BECAUSE THERE WERE YEARS WHEN WE WERE [AT HOME] THAT WE DIDN’T HAVE A STEREO SYSTEM BECAUSE IT JUST DIDN’T FEEL LIKE IT WAS THE RIGHT THING TO DO AT THE TIME. I WOULD HAVE BEEN LISTENING TO [TAPES] MORE IN MY VEHICLE. WHEN WE GOT OUR…SYSTEM BACK, THEN ALL OF A SUDDEN I’M LISTENING TO IT A LOT, AGAIN. BUT, THERE’S NO QUESTION, IT’S BEEN A MAINSTAY.” “MAYBE IT’S BECAUSE MY EYES ARE SO CRAPPY, [I ASK] IF YOU HAD TO CHOOSE BETWEEN YOUR EYESIGHT AND YOUR HEARING, WHAT WOULD YOU CHOOSE? DO I REALLY WANT TO LOSE MY HEARING? I WANT MONEY TO BUY MUSIC. THAT’S ALL I WANT MONEY FOR. NOTHING ELSE…THE FUNNY PART WITH THAT, TOO, THAT I LEARNED WAS THAT YOU NEVER WANTED TO BUY TOO MUCH MUSIC AT THE SAME TIME. IF YOU DID, YOU DIDN’T LISTEN TO A TAPE AS INTENSELY BECAUSE YOU HAD TWO OR THREE TAPES, SO YOU WOULDN’T APPRECIATE THEM EQUALLY. I LEARNED EARLY, YOU SHOULD ONLY BUY ONE RECORD OR ONE TAPE AT A TIME AND LISTEN TO IT OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN.” “I SWITCHED OVER TO CD’S IN THE SUMMER OF ’89. MY TAPE LISTENING WOULD BE A VERY SHORT TIME. TAPES DON’T LAST VERY LONG. CASSETTE TAPES DON’T LAST. WHEN YOU THINK OF CD’S, WHICH YOU CAN STILL GO AND BUY AND THEY WERE BEING SOLD BY, AT LEAST LOCALLY, FOR SURE, BY 1987, AND THEY’RE STILL BEING SOLD, CASSETTE TAPES [DIDN’T LAST LONG]. FOR ME, [I’M BUYING CASSETTE TAPES FROM] ’83 TO ’88. SIX YEARS.” “IT’S FUNNY, BECAUSE [MY TAPE CASE] WOULD HAVE BEEN FULL AND, FOR SOME REASON, I CHOSE TO GET RID OF THE OTHER TAPES. PROBABLY BECAUSE I WASN’T LISTENING TO THEM AND I THOUGHT, ‘OH, I CAN TAKE THEM TO A USED PLACE,’ BUT I SHOULDN’T HAVE DONE THAT. I SHOULD HAVE ACTUALLY KEPT IT FULL. I WISH I HAD [BECAUSE] I HAD ALL THE AC/DC’S. BUT YOU CAN TELL BY WHAT I KEPT, I OBVIOUSLY KNEW THAT THIS WAS A REALLY IMPORTANT TAPE; TWISTED SISTER [AND] “BACK IN BLACK”. THOSE ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT…” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, BRANDON SUN, MEDICINE HAT NEWS, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180029001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180029005
Acquisition Date
2018-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TEA TOWEL, LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140037000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TEA TOWEL, LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS
Date
2014
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
82
Width
39
Description
PLAID, HANDWOVEN TEA TOWEL MADE UP OF VARIOUS PLAID PATTERNS. THE BASE THROUGHOUT THE TOWEL IS A SYMMETRICAL PATTERN OF BANDS (DARK BLUE, LIGHT BLUE, GREEN, YELLOW, ORANGE, RED, PINK, DARK PURPLE, AND LIGHT PURPLE). THERE IS A CARDBOARD TAG ATTACHED THAT READS, “LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT…” PRINTED IN BLACK INK AND “GALT TOWEL… GUILD WEAVERS” HANDWRITTEN IN BLUE INK. THE REVERSE OF THE CARD HAS CARE INSTRUCTIONS. THE TOWEL IS 82 CM BY 39 CM. EXCELLENT CONDITION. CREASED AT THE FOLDS.
Subjects
MAINTENANCE T&E
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
COMMEMORATIVE
DOMESTIC
TRADES
History
AN EXHIBITION AT THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES TITLED WOVEN IN TIME CELEBRATING 65 YEARS WITH LETHBRIDGE WEAVERS WAS ORGANIZED BY GALT CURATOR WENDY AITKENS IN PARTNERSHIP WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS. THIS EXHIBITION RAN FROM JUNE 7 TO SEPTEMBER 1, 2014 AND DISPLAYED THE HISTORY OF THE GUILD WITHIN THE COMMUNITY SINCE ITS RE-ESTABLISHMENT IN 1949. THIS EXHIBITION INCLUDED BOTH HERITAGE AND RECENT WEAVINGS, ARCHIVAL MATERIAL, DEMONSTRATION VIDEOS, AND WEAVERS WHO SAT AT A LOOM IN THE EXHIBIT CREATING 6 COTTON TEA TOWELS. OF THESE TOWELS, ONE WAS CHOSE FOR DONATION TO THE MUSEUM. THIS TEA TOWEL SHOWS SEVERAL DESIGNS CREATED BY THE WEAVERS WHO SAT AT THE LOOM IN THE EXHIBIT. IT WAS CREATED AS A WEAVING DEMONSTRATION WITH AT LEAST SEVEN WEAVERS DESIGNING THE PATTERN AND WORKING ON IT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM TEXTS WRITTEN FOR THE EXHIBITION BY AITKENS: “IN THE PAST, FUNCTIONAL HOUSEHOLD ITEMS SUCH AS CLOTHING, BEDDING AND OTHER NECESSITIES WERE WOVEN BY HAND, ON HOMEMADE LOOMS. WITH THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, MASS PRODUCED WOVEN PRODUCTS EMPLOYED MANY PEOPLE IN FACTORIES MAKING THINGS THAT THEY WOULD HAVE MADE EARLIER AT HOME. AS TIME PASSED THERE WAS A GROWING FEAR THAT THE SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE REQUIRED TO PRODUCE HANDMADE WOVEN ARTICLES WOULD BE LOST. CONSEQUENTLY, FOLLOWED MOVEMENTS IN BRITAIN, SEVERAL WOMEN IN MONTREAL FORMED THE CANADIAN HANDICRAFTS GUILD [CHG] IN 1905 TO PRESERVE THESE TRADITIONAL ART AND CRAFT SKILLS. … BY THE LATE 1800S, MEN AND WOMEN WERE RECOGNIZED FOR THEIR ADVANCED SKILL IN WEAVING, AND GUILDS WERE ESTABLISHED IN COMMUNITIES ACROSS CANADA, INCLUDING EDMONTON, VANCOUVER, AND WINNIPEG. GUILDS ALSO ENCOURAGED PRODUCTION OF FURNITURE, JEWELRY DESIGN, LEATHER AND IRON WORK, AS WELL AS OTHER ARTISTIC ENDEAVOURS. THE NATIONAL GUILD TRANSFERRED ITS ASSETS TO THE QUEBEC PROVINCIAL BRANCH OF THE CHG IN 1936. THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE CHG WAS FOUNDED IN 1935. IT WAS DISCONTINUED DURING WWII BECAUSE RED CROSS PROJECTS, WHICH SUPPORTED SOLDIERS OVERSEAS, WERE THE PRIORITY. AFTER THE WAR IN 1949, ELEVEN LOCAL WOMEN REBUILT THE CHG AND OFFERED COURSES IN NEEDLEWORK, LEATHERWORK, COPPER TOOLING, GLOVE MAKING, POTTERY, ALUMINUM ETCHING, AND OTHER CRAFTS INCLUDING, IN 1951, WEAVING. MEETINGS AND CLASSES WERE HELD IN THE CANADIAN WESTERN NATURAL GAS COMPANY BUILDING [420 – 6 ST. S] AND THE RED CROSS ROOMS [1160 – 7 AVE S] UNTIL 1964 WHEN THE GUILD MOVED TO THE BOWMAN ARTS CENTRE [811 – 5 AVE. S].” “SINCE 1951, WHEN WEAVING BECAME A POPULAR ACTIVITY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD, MEMBERS PRACTICED THEIR ART, TAUGHT OTHERS HOW TO WEAVE, AND SHARED THEIR PIECES WITH THE PUBLIC THROUGH SHOWS AND SALES. INITIALLY, 16 BOX LOOMS WERE PURCHASED FROM EATON’S FOR EVERYONE TO USE. IN 1954, GUILD MEMBERS SAVED LABELS FROM SOUP CANS AND WHEN THEY TURNED THEIR LABELS IN TO THE CAMPBELL COMPANY THEY RECEIVED $165 TO PURCHASE A FLOOR LOOM. TODAY, THE GUILD OWNS MANY LOOMS OF VARYING SIZES. THE LETHBRIDGE GUILD HAS ALWAYS OPERATED AS A CO-OPERATIVE. ALL THE LOOMS ARE OWNED BY THE GUILD AND THEY ARE SET UP WITH A COMMON WARP (THE LONG THREADS ON THE LOOM) FOR ALL MEMBERS TO USE. GUILD MEMBERS WORK TOGETHER TO PLAN GROUP PROJECTS SUCH AS A FRIENDSHIP BED COVERLET, TEA TOWELS AND PLACE MATS. MEMBERS USE TRADITIONAL FIBRES SUCH AS COTTON, LINEN AND WOOL BUT THEY ALSO EXPERIMENT WITH YARNS MADE FROM YAK, DOG AND POSSUM HAIR. THEY ALSO USED RIBBONS, ZIPPERS AND VHS TAPES TO CREATE IMAGINATIVE WORKS OF ART. IN THE EARLY 2000S, GUILD MEMBERS ASKED CITY COUNCIL FOR PERMISSION TO DEVELOP AN OFFICIAL TARTAN FOR LETHBRIDGE. MONTHS OF WEAVING SAMPLES, CHOOSING THE PERFECT PATTERN, AND GETTING COUNCIL APPROVAL RESULTED IN A SPECTACULAR TARTAN WHICH WAS UNIQUE IN THE WORLD. THE TARTAN WAS OFFICIALLY CERTIFIED BY THE SCOTTISH TARTAN SOCIETY. KNOWLEDGEABLE LOCAL WEAVERS TAUGHT ADULTS AND CHILDREN THE ART OF WEAVING, SPINNING, AND DYING. MASTER WEAVERS FROM OUTSIDE LETHBRIDGE HAVE BEEN BROUGHT IN TO EXPAND THE TECHNIQUES AND STYLES OF GUILD MEMBERS. THE GUILD RECEIVED INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION FROM INTERWEAVE PRESS WHEN IT WON THE FIBERHEARTS AWARD IN 2005 FOR ITS UNIQUE MENTORSHIP PROGRAM. THE $500 RECEIVED WITH THE AWARD ALLOWED NOVICE WEAVERS TO LEARN FROM EXPERIENCED WEAVERS.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140037000
Acquisition Date
2014-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1906
Date Range To
1949
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20160040000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1906
Date Range To
1949
Materials
WOOD, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
7
Length
60.5
Width
30.2
Description
WASHBOARD WITH WOODEN FRAME AND A GREEN-TINTED GLASS GRATE. THE FRONT OF THE WASHBOARD HAS A RIDGE AT THE TOP – LIKELY USED FOR SUPPORT – WHICH IS APPROXIMATELY 6.7 CM DEEP. THE UPPER SECTION OF THE WASHBOARD IS WOODEN WITH SEVERELY FADED BLACK LETTERING THAT READS “MANUFACTURED BY…” THERE IS A CURVED STRIP OF WOOD ACROSS THE BOTTOM OF THE UPPER SECTION AND ANOTHER WOODEN PIECE BELOW THAT WITH THREE RIDGES. THE GLASS HAS A HORIZONTAL GRATE AND IS TEXTURED. THERE IS A HORIZONTAL WOODEN PIECE OF WOOD SUPPORTING THE GLASS AT ITS BASE. THE SIDES OF THE WOODEN FRAME EXTEND ABOUT 13.5 CM BEYOND THE GLASS TO ACT AS THE WASHBOARD’S LEGS. ON THE BACK THERE IS A FLAT PIECE OF WOOD NAILED TO THE FRAME ON THE UPPER SECTION. THE BRAND’S STAMP ON THIS BOARD IS FADED. THERE ARE SEVERELY FADED RED LETTERS AT THE UPPER SECTION OF THIS BOARD WITH A WORD SPECULATED TO BEGIN WITH THE LETTER “E”. UNDERNEATH THE RED INK LETTERS IS “MANUFACTURED BY THE CANADIAN WOODENWARE CO. WINNIPEG ST. THOMAS MONTREAL” STAMPED IN BLACK INK. THE NAILS AROUND THE PERIMETER OF THIS UPPER BOARD VARY IN SIZES. THE BACK SIDE OF THE GLASS GRATE IS SMOOTH. GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS REMNANTS OF SOAP ACCUMULATING AT THE SIDES OF THE GLASS OF THE WASHBOARD. THERE IS SOAP SCUM RUNNING ALONG THE GLASS OF THE BACK OF THE GRATE. THE WOOD FRAME IS WORN AND ROUGH OVER THE GENERAL SURFACE, ESPECIALLY ON THE FRONT, UPPER SECTION. THERE IS A PART OF THE WOOD MISSING FROM THE TOP LEFT OF THE RIDGE. THERE IS AN ACCRETION OF BEIGE PAINT ON THE BACK OF THE GLASS GRATE.
Subjects
MAINTENANCE T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
THIS WASHBOARD CAME TO THE MUSEUM FROM DONOR, LOUISE VERES, WHO RECALLED ITS USE BY HER MOTHER, HELEN LUCILLE BORGGARD (NEE SORGARD). IN AN EMAIL SENT IN NOVEMBER 2016 TO COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, LOUISE WROTE OF THE ARTIFACT’S HISTORY AND THE PROCESS OF WASHING CLOTHING BEFORE THE EXISTENCE OF AUTOMATED WASHING MACHINES: “DURING THE FIRST PART OF THE 1900[S], MONDAY WAS ALWAYS CONSIDERED WASH DAY IN OUR FAMILY. WHEN MY GRANDMOTHER CAME TO CANADA IN 1906 AND WHEN MY MOM WAS FIRST MARRIED IN 1934 CLOTHES HAD TO BE WASHED BY HAND. FOR THIS CHORE THEY HAD TWO BIG GALVANIZED TUBS. ONE TUB HAD HOME MADE LYE SOAP ADDED FOR WASHING THE DIRTY CLOTHES AND ONE WITHOUT SOAP FOR RINSING TO GET THE SOAP OUT. THE TUBS WERE SET ON A BENCH IN THE MIDDLE OF THE KITCHEN CLOSE TO THE STOVE WHERE THE WATER WAS HEATED IN BUCKETS. IF THERE WERE DIRTY COLLARS OR SOILED KNEES THEY WERE SCRUBBED ON THIS WASHBOARD AND IF THERE WAS GREASE ON CLOTHES, LARD WAS APPLIED TO THE GREASE AND THEN THAT SOILED AREA WAS VIGOROUSLY RUBBED OVER THE WASHBOARD. THE ARTICLE WAS SWISHED AROUND IN THE SOAPY WATER AND PUT THROUGH THE WRINGER THAT SAT IN THE MIDDLE OF THE STAND. IF YOU DIDN’T HAVE A WRINGER YOU WRUNG AS MUCH WATER AS YOU COULD BY HAND. THE CLOTHES DROPPED INTO THE OTHER TUB THAT HAD CLEAR, COLD RINSE WATER IN IT. THEN YOU PUT THE RINSED CLOTHES THROUGH THE WRINGER, CAUGHT THEM, GAVE THEM A GOOD SHAKE, PUT THEM IN A WICKER BASKET AND CARRIED THE WASHED CLOTHES OUTSIDE AND HUNG THEM ON THE CLOTHES LINES. THE CLOTHES WERE CLIPPED ON THE LINE WITH WOODEN CLOTHES PEGS. SOMETIMES MOM USED A PRODUCT CALLED BLUING THAT WAS PUT INTO THE RINSE WATER, THE BLUING WAS TO MAKE THE WHITES SEEM EXTRA WHITE ALTHOUGH WHEN YOU HUNG THEM OUTSIDE TO DRY BY SUN THEY WOULD GET BLEACHED AND WERE WHITER THAN WHITE. I SUSPECT THEY WERE WHITER THAN MOST WHITE CLOTHES TODAY. IN THE WINTER, OR IF THERE WAS BAD WEATHER, SHE WOULD HANG THE WET CLOTHES AROUND THE HOUSE ON ANYTHING THAT WOULD GIVE THEM AIR AND A CHANCE TO DRY. IF SHE HUNG THEM OUT AND THE WIND CAME UP THEY WOULD SOMETIMES LOOSEN THEMSELVES FROM THE CLOTHES PINS AND FALL INTO THE DIRT OR GRASS THAT LAY UNDERNEATH. THEN THEY WOULD HAVE TO BE REWASHED. YOU HAD TO BE EXTRA CAREFUL IN THE WINTER WHEN HANGING CLOTHES OUTSIDE. SOMETIMES A COLD WIND WOULD BLOW IN AND YOUR FROZEN CLOTHES ON THE LINE WOULD CRACK OR BE SHREDDED, PERHAPS DOWN THE MIDDLE OF SHIRTS OR SHEETS. IF YOU WERE GOING AWAY FOR THE AFTERNOON YOU USUALLY TOOK THE CLOTHES OFF THE LINE FIRST, EVEN IF THEY WEREN’T DRY. THIS WAS ALL VERY TIME CONSUMING, BUT IT WORKED. THE CLOTHES SMELLED INTOXICATINGLY WONDERFUL WHEN THEY CAME IN OFF THE LINE AND IF THEY STILL WEREN’T DRY YOU HUNG THEM ON LINES IN THE HOUSE. THEN MOM GOT HER FIRST WASHING MACHINE. IT HAD AN ELECTRIC MOTOR ATTACHED AND IT WOULD AGITATE THE CLOTHES IN THE WATER, THEN YOU COULD WRING THE CLOTHES OUT WITH WRINGER AND THEY WOULD FALL INTO A TUB OF COLD RISE WATER. YOU WOULD AGITATE THEM AROUND BY HAND TO RINSE THEM AND PUT THEM THROUGH THE WRINGER AGAIN. THAT PROCESS SEEMED LIKE A PIECE OF CAKE AS IT GOT MUCH MORE OF THE WATER OUT. THAT PROGRESSED TO AN AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINE YOU PLUGGED INTO AN ELECTRIC CIRCUIT AND YOU SIMPLY DID IT THE WAY WE ARE USED TO TODAY. YOU WOULD BE SURPRISED AT THE TIME IT TOOK TO WASH AND DRY THE CLOTHES BEFORE THE NEW AUTOMATIC WASHERS WE USE TODAY CAME INTO EXISTENCE.” IN ADDITION TO THE INFORMATION PROVIDED BY VERES IN THE EMAIL REFERRED TO ABOVE, SHE WAS INTERVIEWED BY MACLEAN AT THE TIME OF DONATION (NOVEMBER 2016). THE FOLLOWING EXCERPT HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: “MY FIRST NAME IS MARJORIE… BUT I GO BY MY SECOND NAME, WHICH IS LOUISE… I WAS BORN IN 1938.” “MY MOM’S NAME IS HELEN LUCILLE BORGGARD, AND HER MARRIED NAME WAS SORGARD… SORGARD IS NORWEGIAN, AND BORGGARD IS DANISH… MY MOTHER TOOK [THE WASHBOARD] OVER FROM MY GRANDMOTHER. MY GRANDMOTHER AND MY GRANDFATHER CAME IN 1906. THEY USED THE WASHBOARD AND THEN THEY GAVE IT TO HER. THEY HAD 10 CHILDREN. I’M SURE IT WAS WELL-USED. MY MOTHER MARRIED IN 1935 AND SHE TOOK THE WASHBOARD AND USED IT UNTIL 1949 WHEN WE MOVED FROM THE FARM TO GRASSY LAKE IN TURIN AND IRON SPRINGS. SHE FINALLY HAD ELECTRICITY AND RUNNING WATER, AND UP TO THAT POINT IT WAS 'PACK YOUR OWN WATER IN A BUCKET AND HEAT IT ON THE STOVE.' AND, SOMETIMES, WRING THE CLOTHES OUT. THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY MODERN CONVENIENCE AT ALL. [FOLLOWING THESE MODERN CONVENIENCES,] THE WASHBOARD WAS PUT IN A BACK ROOM, BUT IT WAS KEPT. THEN THEY MOVED TO RIONDEL, B.C., AND THEY GAVE ME THE WASHBOARD…” “[T]HE WASHBOARD HAS A LOT OF MEMORIES FOR ME, I GUESS MAINLY BECAUSE WE USED IT EVERY MONDAY. WE WASHED OUR CLOTHES, AND WHEN THEY WERE DIRTY, WE SCRUBBED THEM ON THIS WASHBOARD… IT REALLY WORKED WELL. I GUESS IT’S BECAUSE MY MOM WORKED REALLY HARD.” “I’VE PROBABLY HAD IT FOR 35 YEARS. MY MOTHER DIED 4 YEARS AGO AT 98 [YEARS]. I’M IN A FAMILY OF 4 CHILDREN, AND 3 OF THEM WERE BOYS, AND THEY WEREN’T TOO INTERESTED IN THE WASHBOARD, BUT IT JUST SEEMED LIKE IT WAS PART OF THE FAMILY AND IT DESERVED A HOME… I KNOW I DON’T WASH CLOTHES LIKE THAT ANYMORE. WHEN YOU LOOK AT IT [YOU CAN] SEE THE MARKS FROM THE LYE SOAP THAT WAS USED WHEN THEY SCRUBBED ON THE BOARD, AND THE USE THAT IT’S GONE THROUGH. YOU CAN TELL THAT IT HAS BEEN MENDED, BUT IT’S STILL IN REALLY GOOD SHAPE. I JUST THOUGHT THAT I WANTED IT QUITE BADLY [AND] I GOT IT.” SHE CONTINUED TO RECOUNT HER MEMORIES OF THE WASHBOARD, “I GUESS MOST WHAT I REMEMBER IS THE STOVE - HAVING THESE BUCKETS OF WATER ON THEM BEING HEATED FOR WASHING THE CLOTHES. THIS WATER HAD TO BE PACKED BY BUCKET FROM THE CISTERN. THEN THERE WERE TWO BIG GALVANIZED TUBS [THAT] SAT ON A BENCH. ON ONE SIDE SHE PUT LYE SOAP IN IT AND SHE SWISHED IT AROUND. WHEN SHE SAW SOME SOILS, SHE WOULD RUN THE CLOTHES OVER THE WASHBOARD AND THEY WOULD COME OUT REALLY CLEAN. THEN SHE WOULD PUT THE CLOTHES INTO THE RINSE WATER AND IT HAD BLUING IN IT. THAT WAS FOR THE WHITE CLOTHES, AT LEAST. THAT WAS COLD WATER, THOUGH. THEN THEY HAD TO PACK ALL THIS WATER OUT ... TO FEED THE PIGS BECAUSE WE DIDN’T HAVE VERY MUCH WATER. NO ONE HAD VERY MUCH WATER. WATER WAS A REALLY VALUABLE COMMODITY. THE WASHBOARD WAS HOW WE KEPT UP WITH CLEAN CLOTHES.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE HAD A ROLE IN THE LAUNDRY PROCESS AS A CHILD, VERES EXPLAINED, “NO. IF [MOM] HAD WATER ON THE STOVE, I WASN’T ALLOWED CLOSE. AT 10, I WAS TOO SMALL TO BE HELPING VERY MUCH, BUT I DO REMEMBER HER DOING THIS. THEN YOU TOOK THE CLOTHES OUT TO THE CLOTHES LINE; HUNG IT ON THE CLOTHES LINE WITH CLIPS OR PINS. SOMETIMES THE WIND WOULD COME UP IN THE SUMMER AND THE CLOTHES WOULD BLOW, AND THEY WOULD FALL ONTO THE GROUND, INTO THE DIRT, OR THE GRASS, AND SHE’D HAVE TO PICK THEM UP, BRING THEM BACK INTO THE HOUSE; SHAKE ALL THE DIRT OFF AND WASH THEM ALL OVER AGAIN. IN THE WINTER, WHEN SHE HUNG THEM ON THE LINE PERHAPS IT WAS A CHINOOK AND A NICE DAY. BUT, IF IT TURNED COLD, THE CLOTHES FROZE BEFORE THEY DRIED ON THE LINE. THEY WOULD BE FLAPPING AWAY, BUT THEY WOULD CRACK AND BREAK. THE SHIRTS WOULD CRACK DOWN THE MIDDLE OF THE BACK AND BE SHREDDED, AND THE SHEETS WOULD BE SHREDDED, AND THERE WASN’T MONEY TO BUY ANYMORE. YOU HAD TO BE VERY CAREFUL. BEFORE YOU WENT TO TOWN. YOU’D TAKE THEM OFF, EVEN IF THEY WERE STILL WET, AND MAYBE DRY THEM IN THE HOUSE ON ANOTHER LINE. IT WASN’T AN EASY CHORE AND THIS HAPPENED EVERY MONDAY. THEN YOU IRONED THEM WITH THESE BIG FLAT IRONS…” VERES THEN BEGAN TO TALK ABOUT HER FAMILY’S EARLIER HISTORY: “MY GRANDMOTHER, AGNES NANCY SORGARD, WAS A MATTHEWS… BORN IN INDIANA. HER MOM AND DAD HAD COME FROM IRELAND [AND] HAD A HOMESTEAD IN NORTH DAKOTA, AND [IT] WAS NEXT TO WHERE MY GRANDFATHER WAS [WHERE] THEY MET. HE WAS FROM NORWAY... THEY MARRIED, HAD 3 CHILDREN THERE, [THEN] CAME TO ALBERTA.” VERES WAS TOLD THAT THE WASHBOARD FIRST BELONGED TO HER GRANDMOTHER. “MY GRANDMOTHER, AFTER MY MOM MARRIED, PROBABLY HAD A WASHING MACHINE THAT WAS RUN BY KEROSENE. SO SHE PROBABLY DIDN’T NEED [THE WASHBOARD] ANYMORE. IF YOU HAD A FAIRLY DECENT WRINGER, YOU COULD WRING THE WATER OUT OF THE CLOTHES AND A LOT OF THE SOILED PART WOULD COME OUT. MY GRANDPA PROBABLY WASN’T FARMING AS MUCH THEN, AND WE ENDED UP WITH [THE WASHBOARD], SO THAT WAS GOOD.” THE DONOR’S MOTHER, LUCILLE (SORGARD) BORGGARD, CONTRIBUTED TO THE FAMILY HISTORY BOOK TITLED, “IT’S A LONG WAY FROM KILLYCOLPY: A HISTORY OF THE MATTHEWS FAMILY”. THIS WRITTEN ACCOUNT OF BORGGARD’S HISTORY ILLUSTRATES HER OWN HARD WORK THAT HER DAUGHTER RECALLED. IN THE HISTORY BORGGARD WROTE, “I WAS BORN ON FEBRUARY 4, 1914 TO GEORGE AND AGNES SORGARD, THE SEVENTH CHILD IN A FAMILY OF TEN. MY FAMILY HAD COME FROM MINOT, NORTH DAKOTA IN 1907 TO HOMESTEAD IN THE TURIN DISTRICT. AFTER FARMING IN TURIN FOR SEVERAL YEARS MY DAD SOLD HIS HOMESTEAD TO THE JOHN KOENEN FAMILY AND MOVED TO A SMALL RANCH ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE LITTLE BOW RIVER WHERE THEY LIVED UNTIL 1916. IN THE SPRING THE RIVER WOULD OVER-RUN ITS BANKS MAKING IT IMPOSSIBLE FOR THE CHILDREN TO GO TO SCHOOL SO MY DAD BUILT A HOUSE ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE RIVER WHERE WE LIVED UNTIL 1927... IN 1928, WE MOVED FROM THE HOME BY OUR BELOVED RIVER TO A FARM TWO MILES NORTH OF IRON SPRINGS.” “I WORKED AT HOME AND MY SISTER CARRIE AND I COOKED ON MY DAD’S COOK-CAR DURING THE HARVEST. THEY WERE LONG DAYS, RISING AT FOUR THIRTY FOR AN EARLY BREAKFAST AND WE DID NOT GET TO BED TILL TEN O’CLOCK. WE HAD TO MAKE BREAD AND DO ALL THE BAKING. WE MOVED FROM FARM TO FARM DOING ALL THE THRESHING IN THE DISTRICT FOR THE FARMERS…” ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, HELEN LUCILLE BORGGARD PASSED AWAY ON JUNE 13, 2012. HER OBITUARY STATES HER HUSBAND CLARENCE PASSED AWAY IN 1994. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, FAMILY HISTORY, AND OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P20160040000
Acquisition Date
2016-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
OBSIDIAN CORE
Date Range From
4000BP
Date Range To
1700
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OBSIDIAN
Catalogue Number
P20150027000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OBSIDIAN CORE
Date Range From
4000BP
Date Range To
1700
Materials
OBSIDIAN
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.5
Length
32.7
Width
24.7
Description
SHINY, BLACK OBSIDIAN ROCK. VARIOUS GROOVES AND FLAKE SCARS ON THE OVERALL SURFACE OF THE ROCK.
Subjects
MASONRY & STONEWORKING T&E
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
THIS OBSIDIAN ROCK WAS DONATED ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2015 BY NANCY BIGGERS IN MEMORY OF HER LATE PARENTS, BOYD AND MARY BIGGERS. IT WAS LOCATED ON THE FAMILY FARM BY BOYD BIGGERS. ACCORDING TO A STATEMENT GIVEN BY NANCY AT THE TIME OF DONATION, "... FARMERS NEED TO CLEAR THEIR LAND OF ... ROCKS IN ORDER TO PLANT AND HARVEST THEIR FIELDS. BOYD WAS DOING THIS ONE DAY (IN THE EARLY 1980S) AND CAME ACROSS A BEAUTIFUL SHINY BLACK ROCK. HE WAS IMPRESSED BY [ITS] COLOURING AND THE VARIOUS GROOVES, SO RATHER THAN THROWING IT ON TO THE PILE WITH THE OTHER ROCKS, HE DECIDED TO TAKE IT HOME. ... MARY, BEING A SCHOOL TEACHER, TOLD HIM THAT IT APPEARED TO BE OBSIDIAN, WHICH THE ABORIGINALS USED TO MAKE ARROWHEADS AND TOOLS. MARY RETIRED FROM TEACHING IN 1986 AND THUS BOYD DECIDED TO SELL THE FARM. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE ... [AND] THE OBSIDIAN CAME WITH THEM ... AS IT WAS A REMINDER OF THEIR FARM LIFE. IT WAS USED AS A DECORATIVE PIECE IN BOTH OF THE HOMES IN WHICH THEY LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE." ON SEPTEMBER 8, 2015, ARCHEOLOGIST, NEIL MIRAU, OF ARROW ARCHAEOLOGY LIMITED STATED VIA EMAIL THAT THE ROCK HAD BEEN BROUGHT TO THE AREA BY HUMANS AND THAT IT WAS RELATIVELY EASY TO DETERMINE THE SOURCE OF THE OBSIDIAN FROM ITS GENERAL APPEARANCE. HE WAS ALMOST CERTAIN THAT THIS PIECE OF OBSIDIAN CAME FROM THE OBSIDIAN CLIFFS IN WHAT IS NOW YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING. HE WROTE, “OBSIDIAN DOES NOT OCCUR NATURALLY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND REALLY THE ONLY WAY FOR IT TO GET HERE, ESPECIALLY THIS TYPE OF ROCK IS TO BE CARRIED BY HUMANS. OBSIDIAN ... WAS PRIZED BY PAST CULTURES AND IT MAKES VERY ATTRACTIVE AND VERY SHARP TOOLS AND PROJECTILE POINTS. THIS PARTICULAR PIECE HAS FLAKE SCARS SHOWING THAT IT WAS WORKED BY HUMANS. IT WAS LIKELY, GIVEN ITS ‘VALUE,’ CARRIED BY ITS OWNER TO FLAKE PIECES OFF EVERY ONCE IN AWHILE TO MAKE A NEW TOOL. OBSIDIAN IS ONE OF THE RARE TYPES OF STONE THAT IS CURATED BY PAST HUMANS, THAT IS, ALTHOUGH HEAVY, THEY WOULD HAVE CARRIED IT WITH THEM TO MAKE TOOLS WITH.” HE ALSO WROTE THAT OBSIDIAN FROM WYOMING THAT HAS BEEN FOUND IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA HAS ARRIVED “EITHER THROUGH TRADE OR BY LONG DISTANCE TRAVEL OF PEOPLE FROM HERE TO THERE AND RETURN," AND THAT THERE IS EVIDENCE OF BOTH METHODS. MIRAU INFERS THAT IT COULD HAVE BEEN DROPPED THERE THREE OR FOUR CENTURIES AGO, OR MANY THOUSANDS OF YEARS AGO. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPY OF THE NANCY BIGGER’S INFORMATION, EMAIL TRANSCRIPTS, MAPS OF THE LOCATION OF THE BIGGERS’ FARM WHERE ARTIFACT WAS FOUND, AND A PHOTOGRAPH OF BOYD AND MARY BIGGERS.
Catalogue Number
P20150027000
Acquisition Date
2015-09
Collection
Museum
Images
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