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Other Name
RUBBER STAMP SET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, RUBBER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170032000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RUBBER STAMP SET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, RUBBER, METAL
No. Pieces
327
Height
9.5
Length
35.5
Width
27.5
Description
AA – BOX. H: 9.5 CM. L: 35.5 CM. W: 27.5 CM. FINISHED WOOD BOX, WITH TWO HINGES AND A FRONT CLASP. FR. FRONT CLASP IS BROKEN AND TARNISHED. RIGHT HINGE MISSING LEFTMOST SCREW. LID IS MISSING WOOD FROM THE LEFT HINGE. MISSING VARNISH, SCRATCHES, AND DINGS ON ALL SURFACES. AB – TOP TRAY. H: 2.4 CM. L: 33.5 CM. W: 25.2 CM. WOODEN TRAY WITH EIGHT DIVIDERS; SEVEN ROWS AND ONE SQUARE. FABRIC LOOP ON INNER LEFT WALL. FR. MISSING THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE TRAY, WITH THE BACK WALL AND MIDDLEMOST DIVIDERS LIFTING FROM THE FLOOR OF THE TRAY. STAINED WITH BLACK, GREEN, AND RED INK. FROM AC – DM, ALL ENTRIES ARE WOODEN STAMPS WITH RED RUBBER PADS. AC – “HOUSE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.7 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A TWO-STORY HOUSE. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AD – “DOG” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LABELED DOG IN SCRATCHED-IN BLUE PEN, STAMP IMAGE OF A HORSE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AE – “CIRCUS” H: 2.5 CM. L: 5.8 CM. W: 3.7 CM. IMAGE OF A TENT WITH THE WORDS “THE BIG SHOW”. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. AF – “XMAS-TREE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.7 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A PINE TREE WITH CANDLES. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AG – “FARMER” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN WITH A PITCHFORK. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AH – “INDIAN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN IN A FEATHER HEADPIECE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. AI – “SQUIRREL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A SQUIRREL. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AJ – “SANTA” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF SANTA WITH A BAG OF TOYS. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AK – “APPLE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF AN APPLE. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. AL – “ENGINE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.5 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A TRAIN ENGINE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. AM – “SIR JOHN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN’S PORTRAIT. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. AN – “TREE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.8 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A TREE. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AO – “WIGWAM” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.7 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A TEEPEE. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AP – “BARN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 4.2 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A BARN. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AQ – “BOAT” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.7 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A SAIL BOAT. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. AR – “ESKIMO” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN IN A FUR OUTFIT WITH A SPEAR. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. AS – “MONKEY” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MONKEY. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AT – “WHEAT” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A WHEAT GRAIN. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. AU – “BOOK” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF AN OPEN BOOK. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. AV – “CORN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.3 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A HEAD OF CORN. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. AW – “DOLL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A DOLL IN DRESS AND BONNET. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AX – “GEORGE V” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.7 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A BEARDED MAN. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. AY – “SEAL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A SEAL. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. AZ – “OWL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF AN OWL. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BA – “FLAG” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A CANADIAN RED ENSIGN. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED; MISSING VARNISH. BB – “CLOWN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A CLOWN. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BC – “CIRCLE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A CIRCLE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. BD – “IGLOO” H: 2.5 CM. L: 4.2 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF AN IGLOO, WITH A MAN SITTING NEXT TO IT. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, RED, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BE – “POINTING HAND” H: 3.5 CM. L: 3.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. IMAGE OF A POINTING HAND. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BF – “BOY” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A BOY WITH A KITE. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BG – “SOLDIER” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN WITH A GUN. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BH – “FENCE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A FENCE. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLUE, GREEN, RED. BI – “PRINCE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN’S PORTRAIT. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BJ – “RADIO” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A DIAL RADIO. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BK – “BALL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A STRIPPED BALL. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BL – “1” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.3 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 1. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED BACK TOGETHER. BM – “2” H: 3.6 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. NUMBER 2. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED TOGETHER. BN – “3” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 3. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED TOGETHER. BO – “4” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 4. FR. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED TOGETHER. BP – “5” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 5. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED TOGETHER. BQ – “6” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 6. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BR – “7” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 7. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BS – “8” H: 3.6 CM. L: 1.9 CM. W: 2.6 CM. NUMBER 8. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BT – “9” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 9. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE CRACKED. BU – “O” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.4 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE O. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BV – “A” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.7 CM. CAPITAL A. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BW – “A” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE A. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BX – “B” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL B. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BY – “B” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.3 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE B. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BZ – “C” H: 3.9 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL C. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CA – “C” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.4 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE C. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CB – “D” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL D. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. CC – “D” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE D. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED; MISSING VARNISH. CD – “E” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL E. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CE – “E” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.3 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE E. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CF – “F” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL F. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CG – “F” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE F. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CH – “G” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.9 CM. CAPITAL G. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CI – “G” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE G. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CJ – “H” H: 3.9 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL H. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CK – “H” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE H. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CL – “I” H: 3.8 CM. L: 0.8 CM. W: 2.9 CM. CAPITAL I. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CM – “I” H: 3.8 CM. L: 0.8 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE I. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CN – “J” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.4 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL J. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CO – “J” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE J. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CP – “K” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL K. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CQ – “K” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE K. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CR – “L” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.9 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL L. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CS – “-” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.4 CM. W: 1.8 CM. DASH. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CT – “M” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2.4 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL M. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. CU – “N” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL N. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. CV – “N” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE N. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CW – “O” H: 3.9 CM. L: 1.9 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL O. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CX – “0” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. NUMBER 0. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. CY – “P” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL P. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CZ – “P” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE P. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DA – “Q” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL Q. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DB – “Q” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE Q. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DC – “R” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL R. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DD – “R” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE R. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DE – “S” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.7 CM. CAPITAL S. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DF – “T” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL T. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DG – “U” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL U. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DH – “V” H: 3.4 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL V. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DI – “W” H: 3.7 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL W. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DJ – “X” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL X. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DK – “Z” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.7 CM. CAPITAL Z. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DL – “X” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 1.8 CM. LOWERCASE X. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DM – “Y” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL Y. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. DN – BOTTOM TRAY. H: 2.2 CM. L: 33.5 CM. W: 25.3 CM. WOODEN TRAY WITH SIXTEEN DIVIDERS; FIFTEEN ROWS AND ONE RECTANGLE. FABRIC LOOP ON INNER LEFT WALL. GD. MISSING THE RIGHT SIDE FABRIC LOOP. STAINED WITH BLACK, GREEN, AND BLUE INK. FROM DO – MO, ALL ENTRIES ARE WOODEN STAMPS WITH RED RUBBER PADS. DO – “A” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE A. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. DP – “A” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE A. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. DQ – “A” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE A. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. DR – “B” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE B. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. DS – “B” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE B. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. DT – “C” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE C. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. DU – “C” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE C. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED. DV – “D” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE D. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; PAD GLUED DOWN WITH GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE, RED. DW – “D” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE D. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. DX – “E” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE E. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. DY – “E” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE E. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED. DZ – “F” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE F. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. EA – “G” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE G. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED RED. EB – “G” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE G. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. EC – “H” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE H. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. ED – “H” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE H. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. EE – “K” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE K. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. EF – “K” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE K. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. EG – “M” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE M. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED GREEN. EH – “M” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE M. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED. EI – “N” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE N. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. EJ – “O” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE O. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. EK – “O” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE O. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. EL – “P” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE P. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. EM – “R” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE R. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. EN – “S” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE S. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. EO – “S” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE S. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. EP – “T” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE T. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. EQ – “T” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE T. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, RED STAINING. ER – “U” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE U. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. ES – “U” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE U. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. ET – “V” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE V. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. EU – “W” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE W. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE UNSTAINED. EV – “W” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE W. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. EW – “X” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE X. VG. PAD PARTIALLY BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. EX – “A” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL A. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. EY – “C” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL C. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. EZ – “D” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL D. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. FA – “E” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL E. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. FB – “H” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL H. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. FC – “I” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL I. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. FD – “J” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL J. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. FE – “L” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL L. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. FF – “M” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.7 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL M. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FG – “N” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL N. GD. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING. FH – “O” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL O. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING. FI – “P” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL P. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLUE, RED. FJ – “Q” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL Q. VG. PAD LOOKS UNUSED; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE UNSTAINED. FK – “R” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL R. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. FL – “ONE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ONE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH FM – “TWO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TWO. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FN – “THREE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD THREE. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FO – “FOUR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FOUR. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FP – “SIX” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SIX. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FQ – “SEVEN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SEVEN. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE, RED STAINING. FR – “EIGHT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD EIGHT. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING FS – “NINE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD NINE. GD. PAD LOOKS UNUSED; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. FT – “TEN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TEN. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. FU – “S” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL S. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, RED. FV – “T” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL T. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. FW – “U” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL U. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE UNSTAINED. FX – “W” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL W. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. FY – “V” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL V. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. FZ – “X” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL X. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, RED. GA – “Y” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.7 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL Y. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GB – “1” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 1. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GC – “1” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 1. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, RED STAINING. GD – “1” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 1. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE. GE – “3” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 3. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GF – “4” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.7 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 4. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. GG – “5” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 5. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING. GH – “7” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 7. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GI – “8” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 8. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GJ – “HAD” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HAD. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH GK – “HAVE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HAVE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. GL – “AWAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AWAY. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH GM – “GOOD” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GOOD. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. GN – “DOWN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DOWN. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. GO – “NAME” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD NAME. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. GP – “COLOUR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD COLOUR. GD. PAD HAS BEEN CUT, WITH THE “U” REMOVED AND THE “R” GLUED BACK ON; MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. GQ – “BROWN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BROWN. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. GR – “GREEN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GREEN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. GS – “RED” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RED. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. GT – “ORANGE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ORANGE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. GU – “YELLOW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD YELLOW. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. GV – “BLUE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BLUE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. GW – “BLACK” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BLACK. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. GX – “LITTLE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LITTLE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. GY – “BIG” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BIG. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. GZ – “CORN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CORN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. HA – “APPLE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD APPLE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HB – “WHEAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WHEAT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. HC – “GRASS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GRASS. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HD – “FLAG” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FLAG. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. HE – “PAPER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD PAPER. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. HF – “CAR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CAR. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. HG – “FLOWER” H: 1.9 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FLOWER. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, RED STAINING. HH – “STAR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD STAR. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HI – “CIRCLE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TREE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. HJ – “TREE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TREE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. HK – “SAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SAY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. HL – “SAID” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SAID. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. HM – “BALL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BALL. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HN – “CIRCUS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CIRCUS. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. HO – “CLOWN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CLOWN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. HP – “IGLOO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD IGLOO. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HQ – “WIGWAM” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WIGWAM. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. HR – “SCHOOL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SCHOOL. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. HS – “SOME” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SOME. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HT – “WAS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WAS. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. HU – “MET” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MET. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. HV – “CAME” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CAME. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. HW – “RAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RAN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HX – “COME” H: 1.9 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD COME. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. HY – “DID” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DID. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HZ – “MADE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MADE. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. IA – “SEE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SEE. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. IB – “WENT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WENT. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED IC – “SAW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SAW. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. ID – “JUMP” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD JUMP. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. IE – “PLAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD PLAY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN. IF – “LOOK” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LOOK. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING A CORNER. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. IG – “LONG” H: 1.9 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LONG. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE UNSTAINED. IH – “THEM” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD THEM. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE UNSTAINED. II – “AFTER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AFTER. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. IJ – “WANT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WANT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. IK – “WILL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WILL. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. IL – “MAKE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MAKE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. IM – “CAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CAN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. IN – “ARE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ARE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. IO – “WERE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WERE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. IP – “LIKE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LIKE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED IQ – “READ” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD READ. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. IR – “RADIO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RADIO. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING. IS – “AEROPLANE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 4.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AEROPLANE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. IT – “FLY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FLY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. IU – “BOAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BOAT. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. IV – “RIDE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RIDE. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. IW – “FENCE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FENCE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED RED; MISSING VARNISH. IX – “TURKEY” H: 1.9 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TURKEY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE, RED STAINING. IY – “WITH” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WITH. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. IZ – “LIVE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LIVE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY BLACK, GREEN. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. JA – “MORNING” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MORNING. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, PURPLE. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, PURPLE. JB – “OLD” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD OLD. GD. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE UNSTAINED JC – “MAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MAY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JD – “TOO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TOO. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. JE – “ALL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ALL. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. JF – “FARM” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FARM. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. JG – “HEN” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HEN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JH – “CAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CAT. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE. JI – “RABBIT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RABBIT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. JJ – “COW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD COW. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. JK – “DONKEY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DONKEY. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JL – “HORSE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HORSE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. JM – “SHEEP” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SHEEP. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JN – “GOAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GOAT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JO – “ROOSTER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ROOSTER. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JP – “TIGER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TIGER. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JQ – “BEAR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BEAR. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JR – “BIRD” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BIRD. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JS – “MONKEY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MONKEY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. JT – “SEAL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SEAL. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JU – “GOOSE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GOOSE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED; MISSING VARNISH. JV – “DOG” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DOG. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE. JW – “SQUIRREL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 4.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SQUIRREL. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. JX – “PIG” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD PIG. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. JY – “BARN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BARN. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, PURPLE. JZ – “SISTER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SISTER. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. KA – “BROTHER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BROTHER. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. KB – “BABY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BABY. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. KC – “CHILDREN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 4.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CHILDREN. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KD – “MOTHER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MOTHER. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. KE – “FATHER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FATHER. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. KF – “GIRL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GIRL. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. KG – “BOY” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BOY. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED. KH – “MAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MAN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. KI – “HE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD HE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KJ – “HE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HE. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. KK – “SHE” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD SHE. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KL – “SHE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SHE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KM – “HIS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD HIS. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KN – “HIS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HIS. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KO – “HER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD HER. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. KP – “HER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HER. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. KQ – “THEY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD THEY. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. KR – “ME” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ME. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. KS – “YOU” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD YOU. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KT – “YOU” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD YOU. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KU – “YOUR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD YOUR. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KV – “IT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD IT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KW – “WE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. KX – “TELL” H: 1.9 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD TELL. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE, RED STAINING. KY – “CUT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD CUT. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE, RED STAINING. KZ – “DRAW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD DRAW. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, BLUE. LA – “MAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE NAME MAY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. LB – “BILLY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE NAME BILLY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. LC – “FIND” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD FIND. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN. LD – “MOLLY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE NAME MOLLY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE, RED, PURPLE STAINING. LE – “THIS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD THIS. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. LF – “SANTA CLAUS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 5.3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE NAME SANTA CLAUS. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, RED STAINING. LG – “WHEN” H: 1.9 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD WHEN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. LH – “COUNT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD COUNT. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. LI – “WHY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD WHY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. LJ – “THEY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD THEY. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE, RED STAINING. LK – “YES” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD YES. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED GREEN. LL – “PASTE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD PASTE. GD. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE UNSTAINED. LM – “CAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD CAN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. LN – “INDIAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD INDIAN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE. LO – “DO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD DO. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. LP – “THE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD THE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. LQ – “HOW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD HOW. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. LR – “WHAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD WHAT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE, RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. LS – “GIVE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD GIVE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. LT – “?” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. QUESTION MARK. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. LU – “.” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. PERIOD. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. LV – “+” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. PLUS SIGN. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED RED. LW – “-” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. MINUS SIGN. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. LX – “AND” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AND. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, BLUE. LY – “MY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MY. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, BLUE. LZ – “ING” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE LETTERS ING. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. MA – “ED” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE LETTERS ED. GD. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE UNSTAINED. MB – “THE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD THE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. MC – “IT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD IT. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. MD – “AM” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AM. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. ME – “HAS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HAS. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. MF – “NO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD NO. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. MG – “TO” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TO. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. MH – “ON” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ON. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT THE CORNERS. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. MI – “AN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. MJ – “GO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GO. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. MK – “IN” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD IN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. ML – “PRETTY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD PRETTY. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. MM – “BROWNIE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD BROWNIE. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. MN – “DOLL” H: 0.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DOLL. PR. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MISSING. MO – “H” H: 0.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL H. PR. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE MISSING.
Subjects
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
DONOR RITA MEDVE RETIRED FROM TEACHING IN 2010 AFTER SERVING 35 YEARS WITH SCHOOL DISTRICT 51. THIS STAMP BOX WAS USED IN HER CLASSROOMS FOR THE ENTIRE PERIOD. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS STAMP BOX COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW WITH MEDVE THAT WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON OCTOBER 18, 2017: MEDVE BEGAN AT WESTMINSTER SCHOOL IN 1973 AND, AFTER MOVING THROUGH ANOTHER SIX SCHOOLS, RETURNED THERE FOR THE FINAL 21 YEARS OF HER CAREER. SHE WAS INTRODUCED TO WESTMINSTER SCHOOL AS A RESULT OF HER STUDIES IN EDUCATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE, INTERNING AT WESTMINSTER WITH GRADE 6 TEACHER FUMI TAMAGI. FOLLOWING THE COMPLETION OF HER STUDIES, SHE WAS INVITED TO APPLY FOR THE POSITION VACATED BY TAMAGI WHO WAS TRANSFERRING TO A DIFFERENT SCHOOL. THIS STAMP BOX WAS A PRESENT FROM TAMAGI TO MEDVE UPON THE AWARDING OF MEDVE'S NEW TEACHING POSITION. MEDVE RECALLED TAMAGI USING IT HERSELF AS ONE OF HER TEACHING TOOLS. TALKING ABOUT TAMAGI IN THE CLASSROOM MEDVE STATES, “THE CHILDREN ALL LOVED HER. SHE HAD CONTROL OVER THE CLASSROOM AND I LEARNED A LOT FROM HER… SHE HELPED ME WORK WITH CHILDREN WHO HAD CHALLENGES. THAT’S WHEN I KNEW THAT I ACTUALLY NEEDED TO BE IN SPECIAL EDUCATION, BESIDES MY PHYSICAL EDUCATION THAT I WAS MAJORING IN. THERE WERE CHILDREN IN HER CLASSROOM THAT HAD CHALLENGES, BUT NOT AGGRESSIVENESS, SO SHE SHOWED ME DIFFERENT WAYS OF HANDLING DIFFERENT CHALLENGES AND SHE TAUGHT ME TO TEACH TO THE CHILDREN, NOT TO THE CURRICULUM; AND THAT’S HOW I TAUGHT MY 35 YEARS OF TEACHING.” THE STAMPS WERE USED IN THE CLASSROOM TO ASSIST IN THE TEACHING OF KIDS WITH LEARNING CHALLENGES AND THOSE LEARNING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE. MEDVE STATES, “I REMEMBER [TAMAGI] GIVING IT TO ME TO USE WITH THE SPECIAL NEEDS STUDENTS, BECAUSE IT WAS HELPING THEM WITH THEIR SPELLING, THEIR READING. ESL STUDENTS WOULD - WE WOULD GIVE THEM A PICTURE, AND THEN WE’D USE THE STAMP TO SHOW WHAT THAT WORD WAS, THAT RELATED TO THE PICTURE. … IT WAS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS IN THAT CLASSROOM TO THEM, BECAUSE IT WAS PHYSICAL, USING ALL YOUR KINESTHETICS - FEELING, TOUCHING.” ON TEACHING SPECIAL NEEDS CHILDREN THROUGHOUT HER CAREER SHE STATES, “FOR 15 YEARS, I TAUGHT SPECIAL EDUCATION IN A CONFINED ROOM – A NORMAL CLASSROOM SETTING – AND I WOULD HAVE, ON AVERAGE, ABOUT 12 STUDENTS WORKING WITH ME. I ALSO TAUGHT PHYSED TO THE REGULAR CHILDREN, AT DIFFERENT TIMES OF THE DAY. … AFTER 15 YEARS, I WENT INTO A REGULAR CLASSROOM, BUT, BECAUSE I HAD SPECIAL ED BACKGROUND, AND NOT A LOT OF PEOPLE DID, AT THAT TIME, I WOULD BE GIFTED WITH MANY CHALLENGED STUDENTS, MANY. LIKE, FOR EXAMPLE, OUT OF 28 CHILDREN, I MIGHT HAVE 12 CHALLENGED STUDENTS…” FUMIKO “FUMI” TAMAGI PASSED AWAY DECEMBER 15TH, 2015 AT 93 YEARS. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING REFERENCED INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20170032000
Acquisition Date
2017-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, DYE
Catalogue Number
P20160003006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1929
Materials
WOOL, DYE
No. Pieces
1
Length
182.5
Width
117.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN RUG MADE FROM HAND-DYED, HANDSPUN WOOL. THERE IS A 3-4 CM WIDE BLACK BORDER AROUND ALL LENGTHS OF THE RUG, WITH FRINGE ON THE SHORT ENDS. INSIDE THE BLACK BORDER IS A SINGLE WOVEN BORDER OF LIGHT BLUE WOOL. INSIDE OF THIS BORDER IS A PATTERN SET ON A DARK BURGUNDY-COLOURED BACKGROUND. THERE IS A BLUE FLOWER IN THE CENTER OF THE RUG. ON ONE END THE DATE “1924” IS WOVEN IN RAW-COLOURED WOOL. THE “9” HAS BEEN WOVEN UPSIDE DOWN. ON THE OPPOSITE END OF THE RUG, THE INITIALS “ ” FOR THE NAME LISAVETA PETROVNA WISHLOW, ARE WOVEN IN LIGHT BLUE. THERE ARE 20 HARPS COLOURED EITHER BLUE, ORANGE, PINK, OR YELLOW AROUND ALL LENGTHS OF THE RUG. UNDER THE HARPS IS A GREEN VINE PATTERN AND A RED DECORATIVE BORDER. THE DESIGN ELEMENTS ARE LAID OUT SYMMETRICALLY OVER THE RUG AND CONSIST OF FLOWERS, DUCKS, AND BUTTERFLIES. VERY GOOD TO EXCELLENT CONDITION. SLIGHT WEAR TO THE WOOL FROM USE.
Subjects
FLOOR COVERING
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. THIS RUG WAS HAND-WOVEN BY ELIZABETH KONKIN IN 1924. THE RUG WAS USED AS A WALL COVER IN THE WINTER AND ACTED AS AN INSULATOR. LATER IT WAS USED ON THE FLOOR AT CHRISTMASTIME. IT WAS INHERITED BY MORRIS PRIOR TO THE PASSING OF HER MOTHER: “I CAME INTO POSSESSION [OF IT] FROM MY MOTHER. SHE DIED IN 2003 AND I GOT THE RUG SLIGHTLY BEFORE THEN AND YES THAT WOULD BE ABOUT THE TIME… I HAVE NO OTHER SIBLINGS AND SO OBVIOUSLY EVERYTHING SHE MADE WOULD GO TO ME. MY SON SAID HE WOULD LIKE TO HAVE THE RUG, BUT CHANGED HIS MIND. HIS WIFE WAS NOT KEEN ON HAVING IT, SO I HAD TO DO SOMETHING WITH IT. TO ME IT IS A VERY BEAUTIFUL RUG AND I WANTED IT SOME PLACE WHERE IT WON’T GET TRASHED BY DOGS OR ANIMALS.” AFTER ACQUIRING THE RUG, MORRIS PLACED IT ON THE FLOOR OF HER HOME IN LETHBRIDGE: “THE LINO [ON THE FLOOR] STARTED TO WEAR OUT AND I THOUGHT YOU CAN’T PUT A RUG LIKE THAT ON ANOTHER LINO. IT JUST DOESN’T GO. BUT I DO LIKE HARDWOOD SO WE HAD HARDWOOD PUT THROUGHOUT THE BEDROOMS. THE LAST ROOM IS MY OFFICE, FIRST OF ALL, I HAD THE RUG IN THIS BEDROOM AND THEN IT WASN’T VERY CONVENIENT TO CLEAN BECAUSE THERE WASN’T THAT MUCH SPACE SO I PUT IT IN MY OFFICE WHERE I LOVED IT, BUT I KEPT STUMBLING OVER IT. I THOUGHT I MIGHT BREAK A LEG IF I DO THIS SO I BETTER GET RID OF IT… THE HARDWOOD WAS PUT IN BEFORE THE GST WENT IN. I DIDN’T HAVE THE RUG THEN BUT I THOUGHT THAT I WOULD BE GETTING THE RUG AND SO I WOULD HAVE IT HARDWOOD… WAS IT 1995? ANYWAY BEFORE GST WENT IN.” THE RUG HAD BEEN PRESENT THROUGHOUT MORRIS’ LIFE – FROM TIME SPENT ON THE DOUKHOBOR COLONY IN SHOULDICE, ALBERTA TO LIFE ON A FARM OUTSIDE OF VAUXHALL, ALBERTA: “I CAN REMEMBER WHEN I WAS BORN. THE RUG WAS IN MY PARENT’S HOME. WE LIVED ON A DOUKHOBOR COLONY, WE HAD MUD PLASTERED WALLS AND OUR HOUSE WAS WELL BUILT. MY DAD BUILT IT. SOME OF THE HOUSES ONLY HAD ONE LAYER OF WOOD AND THEY WERE VERY COLD, HOWEVER OUR BEDROOMS HAD WALLS ON THE NORTH SIDE. IN WINTER THEY GOT CHILLY, SO EVERY WINTER THEY WOULD NAIL UP THIS RUG UP AGAINST THE WALL. IT STAYED THERE FOR THE WINTER. FOR SUMMER IT CAME DOWN, I DON’T [KNOW] WHERE SHE STORED IT, I THINK POSSIBLY IN ONE OF THE BIGGER TRUNKS AND THEN TOOK IT OUT… THIS HOME [WHERE THE RUG WAS PLACED], IT’S OUTSIDE OF VAUXHALL. WE LEFT THE COLONY, MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND MOVED THE HOUSE. THE HOUSE WAS EXPANDED AND THEN WE LIVED IN THAT HOUSE. I LEFT HOME AND MY PARENTS HAD A HOUSE IN LETHBRIDGE WHICH DAD BUILT ALSO AND HE SOLD THE FARM. THEY ASKED IF WE WANTED TO GO AND WE DIDN’T. SO THEY SOLD THE FARM AND THERE WAS A BEAUTIFUL POND WHERE WE SWAM AND BOATED AND WE HAD LOTS OF TREES AROUND THE HOUSE. IT WAS ABOUT AN ACREAGE IF NOT MORE AND WHEN HE SOLD IT THE NEW OWNERS, VERY FRUGAL PEOPLE, [THEY] BURNT DOWN THE HOUSE, THE STEAM BATHROOM, THE GARAGE, THE WORKS. NOW MIND THEY WERE OLD STATE BY NOW AND THEY PLOWED [IT ALL INTO] IN THE POND BECAUSE THEY WANTED TO MAKE MONEY FROM THE GRAIN [FIELDS], SO WHEN I WENT THERE A COUPLE OF YEARS LATER, [I WAS] SURPRISED EVERYTHING WAS GONE, SO THAT WAS THAT." THE RUG MAY HAVE BEEN WOVEN BY MORRIS’ MOTHER ON THE DOUKHOBOR COLONY IN SHOULDICE OR DURING THE WINTER SPENT IN COWLEY: “… IT COULD HAVE BEEN WOVEN IN COWLEY BECAUSE THEY STAYED IN COWLEY FOR THE WINTER BUT I CAN’T BE TOO SURE. IT ALSO COULD HAVE BEEN MADE ON THE COLONY… TWENTY MILES EAST OF MOSSLEIGH.” ELIZABETH KONKIN WAS MARRIED IN 1927, SO THE INITIALS WOVEN ON THE RUG ARE OF HER MAIDEN NAME: “THAT’S AN “L” [ ] THAT’S LISAVETA (SIC.) BUT HER NAME IS YALALISAVETA (SIC.) BUT SHE PUT DOWN LISAVETA. PETROVNA THAT’S A “P” [ ] THAT’S DAUGHTER OF PETRO AND WISHLOW [ ] THAT WAS HER MAIDEN NAME. ... [AFTER MAKING THE RUG] THERE WAS SOME WARP LEFT OVER. … WARP IS THE STUFF THAT RUNS DOWN AND WEFT IS WHAT YOU PUT IN BETWEEN WITH A SHUTTLE BUT THIS WASN’T PUT IN WITH A SHUTTLE. EACH INDIVIDUAL THREAD WAS KNOTTED. IT’S LIKE DIFFAGHAN (SIC.) - A SWEDISH METHOD - AND THAT’S HOW IT WAS DONE. IF THERE WAS SOME LEFT OVER AND HER MOM INSISTED THAT SHE DO ANOTHER RUG. WELL SHE DIDN’T WANT TO DO IT. SHE SAYS “YOU MAKE IT FOR YOUR BROTHER.” SHE FELT HIS WIFE SHOULD DO HER OWN HOPE CHEST BUT SHE DID AND THE INTERESTING THING IS THAT HIS RUG THEY USED IT ON THE FLOOR. MY MOTHER DIDN’T USE THIS ONE ON THE FLOOR EXCEPT AT CHRISTMAS TIME SO THE WISHLOW FAMILY WHO HAD THE OTHER RUG, THE MOTHER WASN’T TOO KEENLY INTERESTED IN IT. THEY HAD IT IN THE LIVING ROOM AND THEN IT WENT UP FOR SALE TO A PLACE THAT WAS OWNED BY A MAN NAMED, HIS LAST NAME WAS EWASHEN (SIC.) …THAT’S [THE RUG’S] TWIN, YES.” MORRIS THEN GOES ON TO DESCRIBE SOME OF THE OTHER PATTERNING FOUND ON THE RUG: “OKAY THOSE ARE HARPS. SHE HAD PATTERNS TO GET THEM FROM OTHER WEAVERS AND THEN SHE’D TRACE THEM OUT. I DON’T KNOW WHAT SHE USED TO TRACE THEM ON THE WARP [WITH] AND THEN SHE’D WEAVE AWAY WITH THE THREAD THAT WERE THE WEFT. SHE PUT THE DESIGNS HERSELF ONTO THE RUG” THE RUG WAS BROUGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WHEN ELIZABETH AND WILLIAM KONKIN RETIRED THERE: “I WAS TEACHING SCHOOL IN COALDALE WHEN THEY MOVED AND DAD MADE THE HOUSE IN NORTH LETHBRIDGE… THE HOUSE IS NICELY BUILT AND IT’S WARM, IT’S COMFORTABLE SO THERE’S NO USE PUTTING IT UP ON THE WALL. EVERY CHRISTMAS SHE’D TAKE IT OUT AND WE’D ROLL AROUND ON THIS RUG AND SHE WOULD HANG IT UP AFTER THE NEW YEAR SO I SAID TO HER ‘WHY DON’T YOU PUT IT ON THE FLOOR?’ AND SHE SAID, 'WELL I DON’T WANT TO MESS IT UP.' HOWEVER, I SAID, 'WELL I’M GOING TO PUT IT ON THE FLOOR,' SO THAT’S WHERE IT WAS UNTIL I STARTED STUMBLING OVER IT.” AMONG THE OTHER ARTIFACTS DONATED BY MORRIS THAT WERE OWNED BY HER MOTHER, THE RUG WAS A SIGNIFIER OF THE HARD WORK REQUIRED WITHIN THE DOUKHOBOR LIFESTYLE: “[THE BLANKET AND THE SPINNING WHEEL] MEANT A LOT WELL AFTER THE WAR AND THINGS WERE CHEAP. THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO WEAVE THEIR OWN STUFF. PRIOR TO THAT, NOT IN MY MOTHER’S TIME EVEN BEFORE THAT MY GRANDMOTHER’S TIME, EVERY GIRL HAD TO WEAVE A TROUSSEAU FOR HERSELF TO LAST A LIFETIME BECAUSE SHE STARTED HAVING CHILDREN AND SHE WOULDN’T HAVE THE TIME TO DO IT. THERE WERE THINGS THAT WERE ANCIENT THAT WERE USED AND USED UNTIL THEY DIED HOWEVER, IN MY MOTHER’S DAY THEY KNITTED THEIR OWN SOCKS, THEY MADE THEIR OWN QUILTS. THE MEN DID THE BUILDING AND THEY LIVED OFF THE GARDENS BECAUSE THEY WERE VEGETARIANS SO THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT MEAT. THEY BOUGHT EGGS FROM THE NEIGHBOURS WHO WERE FARMERS. THE INTERESTING THING THERE WAS THAT THEY WEREN’T SUPPOSED TO EAT MEAT AND I ATE MEAT WHEN I WAS CLOSE TO TWENTY. WHEN I TELL MY VEGETARIAN RELATIVES WHAT ABOUT YOUR SHOES AND YOU’VE GOT LEATHER, COWHIDE WHATEVER AND THEY COULDN’T COME UP WITH AN ANSWER SO… THEY REPRESENTED HARD WORK THAT’S, THIS TAKES A LONG TIME WHEN YOU THINK OF EVERY KNOT THAT HAD TO BE TIED AND IT WAS PART OF HER TROUSSEAU. THE SPINNING WHEEL MEANT A LOT BECAUSE YOU HAD TO SPIN THE WOOL SO.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003006
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WINDSHIELD COVER
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, INK
Catalogue Number
P20180021005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WINDSHIELD COVER
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, INK
No. Pieces
1
Length
174
Width
82
Description
YELLOW COTTON-BLEND COVER WITH MACHINE-STITCHED EDGES; FRONT OF COVER HAS LOGO IN UPPER LEFT CORNER OF WHITE SHIELD WITH RED BORDER, A WHITE ROSE WITH GREEN LEAVES ON YELOW CIRCLE ON SHIELD, AND RED TEXT “WHITE ROSE”. FRONT OF COVER HAS STENCILED GREEN TEXT AT TOP “DRIVE IN-“ AND RED STENCILED TEXT BELOW “LET US CLEAN YOUR WINDSHIELD!” BACK OF COVER IS WHITE COTTON-NYLON FABRIC. FRONT IS STAINED WITH TWO LARGE HOLES ON LEFT AND RIGHT WITH RIPS EXTENDING FROM HOLES; BACK IS STAINED; RIGHT EDGE FRAYED; COVER IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FOLDED. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
INDUSTRY
TRANSPORTATION
History
ON AUGUST 22, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED MARG OBERG REGARDING HER DONATION OF AN AUTOMOBILE WINDSHIELD COVER. THE COVER WAS USED BY HER FATHER IN LETHBRIDGE. ON HER FATHER’S USE OF THE COVER, OBERG ELABORATED, “[I REMEMBER] HOW EMBARRASSING IT WAS THAT ALL THE OTHER DADS IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD WOULD JUST GET OUT IN THE MORNING, AND SCRAPE THEIR WINDSHIELD OFF, BUT OUR DAD [JACK GRANT KEYS] HAD THIS BRIGHT YELLOW THING STRAPPED ONTO HIS WINDSHIELD TO KEEP THE SNOW OFF. AS CHILDREN, THE PEER PRESSURE WAS PRETTY INTENSE, AND WE WERE THE ONLY ONES ON THE STREET THAT HAD THIS GREAT BIG CANVAS THING ON THE FRONT OF OUR DAD’S CAR. WHEN WE MOVED TO EDMONTON, WE DIDN’T HAVE A GARAGE AT THAT POINT. AGAIN, THERE GOES THIS (EVEN THOUGH WHITE ROSE GASOLINE HAD BECOME OBSOLETE). MY DAD DIDN’T THROW TOO MANY THINGS OUT IF THEY STILL HAD A USEFUL PURPOSE, AND SO, THERE IT WAS, FRONT AND CENTER AGAIN–-THE ONLY GUY ON THE BLOCK. I DON’T KNOW WHY SOMEBODY DIDN’T COME UP WITH SOMETHING NOT QUITE SO OBVIOUS. IT WAS JUST AN EMBARRASSMENT THAT MY FATHER ALWAYS HAD TO COVER UP HIS WINDSHIELD.” “HE WAS THE MANAGER OF THE [WHITE ROSE OIL COMPANY] PLANT. WELL, HE CALLED IT ‘THE PLANT’, BUT THEY DIDN’T MANUFACTURE ANY PRODUCTS THERE. THERE WERE BIG TANKS. I BELIEVE THEY WERE UP ON THIRD AVENUE SOUTH–-I WANT TO SAY IN THE AREA OF HARLEY-DAVIDSON. WE LIVED ON 18TH STREET, AND I KNOW THAT IT WAS STRAIGHT NORTH ON 18TH STREET, AND EITHER LEFT OR RIGHT. IT WAS IN THAT GENERAL AREA. IT WAS WITHIN WALKING DISTANCE, [AND] HE WAS THE MANAGER OF THE PLANT. I THINK HE WAS EVEN THE ONLY EMPLOYEE, BUT HE USED TO GO AROUND IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA TO ALL OF THE GAS STATIONS THAT WERE DEALING IN WHITE ROSE OIL, AND GET THEIR ORDERS…THEN, THERE MUST HAVE BEEN A DRIVER THAT WOULD COME AND FILL UP THEIR TANKER TRUCKS FROM WHERE HE WAS–-THE BULK STATION–-AND GO AND DELIVER IT. I KNOW THAT [DAD] WAS ON THE ROAD AN AWFUL LOT, BUT I DON’T RECALL, AS A CHILD, THAT THERE WERE OTHER EMPLOYEES, OTHER THAN THE TRUCK DRIVER.” “I DON’T RECALL THAT HE WAS THAT FOND OF HIS JOB. IN THE WINTER-TIME, IT WAS REALLY TOUGH. HE USED TO FREEZE HIS FINGERS, ON OCCASION, BECAUSE HE WAS THE ONE THAT HAD TO CLIMB UP THE STAIRCASE THAT WENT AROUND THESE BIG TANKS IN THE COLD OF WINTER, AND DO A DIP STICK TO MEASURE HOW MUCH FUEL WAS IN THE TANKS. WE DIDN’T HAVE SNOW BLOWERS…IT WAS TOUGH BECAUSE HE DID SPEND SOME TIME OUTSIDE, WITH HIS JOB, AND THEN [HAD] AN AWFUL LOT OF TIME ON THE ROADS. THERE WERE MANY TIMES THAT HE WOULD…BE STRANDED IN SMALL COMMUNITIES, BECAUSE OF BAD ROADS. OF COURSE HE WOULD HAVE PREFERRED TO BE HOME WITH HIS FAMILY. I DON’T RECALL THAT HE WAS REALLY ‘GUNG-HO’. I KNOW THAT SHELL TRIED TO GET HIM TO MOVE TO EDMONTON ON A FEW OCCASIONS, AND HE FLATLY REFUSED…WE MOVED IN ’63, SO IT WOULD HAVE BEEN MY GRANDMOTHER WAS ILL, AND DEALING WITH CANCER, AND IT WAS JUST A VERY INAPPROPRIATE TIME FOR US TO LEAVE. MY MOTHER WAS AN ONLY CHILD, SO THERE WERE NO OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS TO STAY AND LOOK AFTER HER. THEN, FINALLY SHELL SAID, “THIS IS YOUR FINAL CHOICE, AND THERE IS NO OPTION.” I GUESS IT WASN’T A CHOICE–-IT WAS EITHER MOVE, OR LOSE YOUR JOB. IT WAS A MATTER OF PUTTING IN TIME UNTIL HE RETIRED.” “MY DAD PASSED AWAY, AND WE ACQUIRED IT FROM HIS WIDOW…IT’S A SMALL PART OF MY DAD. I DIDN’T HAVE A LOT OF THINGS [FROM HIM]. THIS WAS MY DAD’S THIRD MARRIAGE, WHEN HE PASSED, AND HIS FAMILY/HIS WIFE DISPOSED OF A LOT OF THINGS THAT WE [THE CHILDREN] POSSIBLY WOULD HAVE KEPT. THEY MEANT NOTHING TO HER, BUT THEY WERE LIVING OUT ON SALT SPRING ISLAND AT THE TIME. I WAS LIVING IN REGINA. MY BROTHER LIVED IN CHICAGO, AND MY SISTER LIVED IN CALIFORNIA. NONE OF US REALLY WANTED ‘THINGS’, LIKE FURNITURE, SO IT WAS JUST A LITTLE TRINKET THAT BROUGHT BACK SO MANY MEMORIES, AND IT WENT BACK AS FAR AS LETHBRIDGE.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180021001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180021005
Acquisition Date
2018-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TEA TOWEL, LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140037000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TEA TOWEL, LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS
Date
2014
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
82
Width
39
Description
PLAID, HANDWOVEN TEA TOWEL MADE UP OF VARIOUS PLAID PATTERNS. THE BASE THROUGHOUT THE TOWEL IS A SYMMETRICAL PATTERN OF BANDS (DARK BLUE, LIGHT BLUE, GREEN, YELLOW, ORANGE, RED, PINK, DARK PURPLE, AND LIGHT PURPLE). THERE IS A CARDBOARD TAG ATTACHED THAT READS, “LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT…” PRINTED IN BLACK INK AND “GALT TOWEL… GUILD WEAVERS” HANDWRITTEN IN BLUE INK. THE REVERSE OF THE CARD HAS CARE INSTRUCTIONS. THE TOWEL IS 82 CM BY 39 CM. EXCELLENT CONDITION. CREASED AT THE FOLDS.
Subjects
MAINTENANCE T&E
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
COMMEMORATIVE
DOMESTIC
TRADES
History
AN EXHIBITION AT THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES TITLED "WOVEN IN TIME: CELEBRATING 65 YEARS WITH LETHBRIDGE WEAVERS" WAS ORGANIZED BY GALT CURATOR WENDY AITKENS IN PARTNERSHIP WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS. THE EXHIBITION RAN FROM JUNE 7 TO SEPTEMBER 1, 2014 AND DISPLAYED THE HISTORY OF THE GUILD WITHIN THE COMMUNITY SINCE ITS RE-ESTABLISHMENT IN 1949. THE EXHIBITION INCLUDED BOTH HERITAGE AND RECENT WEAVINGS, ARCHIVAL MATERIAL, DEMONSTRATION VIDEOS, AND WEAVERS WHO SAT AT A LOOM IN THE EXHIBIT CREATING 6 COTTON TEA TOWELS. OF THESE TOWELS, ONE WAS CHOSE FOR DONATION TO THE MUSEUM. THIS TEA TOWEL SHOWS SEVERAL DESIGNS CREATED BY THE WEAVERS WHO SAT AT THE LOOM IN THE EXHIBIT. IT WAS CREATED AS A WEAVING DEMONSTRATION WITH AT LEAST SEVEN WEAVERS DESIGNING THE PATTERN AND WORKING ON IT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM TEXTS WRITTEN FOR THE EXHIBITION BY AITKENS: “IN THE PAST, FUNCTIONAL HOUSEHOLD ITEMS SUCH AS CLOTHING, BEDDING AND OTHER NECESSITIES WERE WOVEN BY HAND, ON HOMEMADE LOOMS. WITH THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, MASS PRODUCED WOVEN PRODUCTS EMPLOYED MANY PEOPLE IN FACTORIES MAKING THINGS THAT THEY WOULD HAVE MADE EARLIER AT HOME. AS TIME PASSED THERE WAS A GROWING FEAR THAT THE SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE REQUIRED TO PRODUCE HANDMADE WOVEN ARTICLES WOULD BE LOST. CONSEQUENTLY, FOLLOWED MOVEMENTS IN BRITAIN, SEVERAL WOMEN IN MONTREAL FORMED THE CANADIAN HANDICRAFTS GUILD [CHG] IN 1905 TO PRESERVE THESE TRADITIONAL ART AND CRAFT SKILLS. … BY THE LATE 1800S, MEN AND WOMEN WERE RECOGNIZED FOR THEIR ADVANCED SKILL IN WEAVING, AND GUILDS WERE ESTABLISHED IN COMMUNITIES ACROSS CANADA, INCLUDING EDMONTON, VANCOUVER, AND WINNIPEG. GUILDS ALSO ENCOURAGED PRODUCTION OF FURNITURE, JEWELRY DESIGN, LEATHER AND IRON WORK, AS WELL AS OTHER ARTISTIC ENDEAVOURS. THE NATIONAL GUILD TRANSFERRED ITS ASSETS TO THE QUEBEC PROVINCIAL BRANCH OF THE CHG IN 1936. "THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE CHG WAS FOUNDED IN 1935. IT WAS DISCONTINUED DURING WWII BECAUSE RED CROSS PROJECTS, WHICH SUPPORTED SOLDIERS OVERSEAS, WERE THE PRIORITY. AFTER THE WAR IN 1949, ELEVEN LOCAL WOMEN REBUILT THE CHG AND OFFERED COURSES IN NEEDLEWORK, LEATHERWORK, COPPER TOOLING, GLOVE MAKING, POTTERY, ALUMINUM ETCHING, AND OTHER CRAFTS INCLUDING, IN 1951, WEAVING. MEETINGS AND CLASSES WERE HELD IN THE CANADIAN WESTERN NATURAL GAS COMPANY BUILDING [420 – 6 ST. S] AND THE RED CROSS ROOMS [1160 – 7 AVE S] UNTIL 1964 WHEN THE GUILD MOVED TO THE BOWMAN ARTS CENTRE [811 – 5 AVE. S]. “SINCE 1951, WHEN WEAVING BECAME A POPULAR ACTIVITY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD, MEMBERS PRACTICED THEIR ART, TAUGHT OTHERS HOW TO WEAVE, AND SHARED THEIR PIECES WITH THE PUBLIC THROUGH SHOWS AND SALES. INITIALLY, 16 BOX LOOMS WERE PURCHASED FROM EATON’S FOR EVERYONE TO USE. IN 1954, GUILD MEMBERS SAVED LABELS FROM SOUP CANS AND WHEN THEY TURNED THEIR LABELS IN TO THE CAMPBELL COMPANY THEY RECEIVED $165 TO PURCHASE A FLOOR LOOM. TODAY, THE GUILD OWNS MANY LOOMS OF VARYING SIZES. "THE LETHBRIDGE GUILD HAS ALWAYS OPERATED AS A CO-OPERATIVE. ALL THE LOOMS ARE OWNED BY THE GUILD AND THEY ARE SET UP WITH A COMMON WARP (THE LONG THREADS ON THE LOOM) FOR ALL MEMBERS TO USE. GUILD MEMBERS WORK TOGETHER TO PLAN GROUP PROJECTS SUCH AS A FRIENDSHIP BED COVERLET, TEA TOWELS AND PLACE MATS. MEMBERS USE TRADITIONAL FIBRES SUCH AS COTTON, LINEN AND WOOL BUT THEY ALSO EXPERIMENT WITH YARNS MADE FROM YAK, DOG AND POSSUM HAIR. THEY ALSO USED RIBBONS, ZIPPERS AND VHS TAPES TO CREATE IMAGINATIVE WORKS OF ART. "IN THE EARLY 2000S, GUILD MEMBERS ASKED CITY COUNCIL FOR PERMISSION TO DEVELOP AN OFFICIAL TARTAN FOR LETHBRIDGE. MONTHS OF WEAVING SAMPLES, CHOOSING THE PERFECT PATTERN, AND GETTING COUNCIL APPROVAL RESULTED IN A SPECTACULAR TARTAN WHICH WAS UNIQUE IN THE WORLD. THE TARTAN WAS OFFICIALLY CERTIFIED BY THE SCOTTISH TARTAN SOCIETY. "KNOWLEDGEABLE LOCAL WEAVERS TAUGHT ADULTS AND CHILDREN THE ART OF WEAVING, SPINNING, AND DYING. MASTER WEAVERS FROM OUTSIDE LETHBRIDGE HAVE BEEN BROUGHT IN TO EXPAND THE TECHNIQUES AND STYLES OF GUILD MEMBERS. THE GUILD RECEIVED INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION FROM INTERWEAVE PRESS WHEN IT WON THE FIBERHEARTS AWARD IN 2005 FOR ITS UNIQUE MENTORSHIP PROGRAM. THE $500 RECEIVED WITH THE AWARD ALLOWED NOVICE WEAVERS TO LEARN FROM EXPERIENCED WEAVERS.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140037000
Acquisition Date
2014-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1906
Date Range To
1949
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20160040000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1906
Date Range To
1949
Materials
WOOD, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
7
Length
60.5
Width
30.2
Description
WASHBOARD WITH WOODEN FRAME AND A GREEN-TINTED GLASS GRATE. THE FRONT OF THE WASHBOARD HAS A RIDGE AT THE TOP – LIKELY USED FOR SUPPORT – WHICH IS APPROXIMATELY 6.7 CM DEEP. THE UPPER SECTION OF THE WASHBOARD IS WOODEN WITH SEVERELY FADED BLACK LETTERING THAT READS “MANUFACTURED BY…” THERE IS A CURVED STRIP OF WOOD ACROSS THE BOTTOM OF THE UPPER SECTION AND ANOTHER WOODEN PIECE BELOW THAT WITH THREE RIDGES. THE GLASS HAS A HORIZONTAL GRATE AND IS TEXTURED. THERE IS A HORIZONTAL WOODEN PIECE OF WOOD SUPPORTING THE GLASS AT ITS BASE. THE SIDES OF THE WOODEN FRAME EXTEND ABOUT 13.5 CM BEYOND THE GLASS TO ACT AS THE WASHBOARD’S LEGS. ON THE BACK THERE IS A FLAT PIECE OF WOOD NAILED TO THE FRAME ON THE UPPER SECTION. THE BRAND’S STAMP ON THIS BOARD IS FADED. THERE ARE SEVERELY FADED RED LETTERS AT THE UPPER SECTION OF THIS BOARD WITH A WORD SPECULATED TO BEGIN WITH THE LETTER “E”. UNDERNEATH THE RED INK LETTERS IS “MANUFACTURED BY THE CANADIAN WOODENWARE CO. WINNIPEG ST. THOMAS MONTREAL” STAMPED IN BLACK INK. THE NAILS AROUND THE PERIMETER OF THIS UPPER BOARD VARY IN SIZES. THE BACK SIDE OF THE GLASS GRATE IS SMOOTH. GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS REMNANTS OF SOAP ACCUMULATING AT THE SIDES OF THE GLASS OF THE WASHBOARD. THERE IS SOAP SCUM RUNNING ALONG THE GLASS OF THE BACK OF THE GRATE. THE WOOD FRAME IS WORN AND ROUGH OVER THE GENERAL SURFACE, ESPECIALLY ON THE FRONT, UPPER SECTION. THERE IS A PART OF THE WOOD MISSING FROM THE TOP LEFT OF THE RIDGE. THERE IS AN ACCRETION OF BEIGE PAINT ON THE BACK OF THE GLASS GRATE.
Subjects
MAINTENANCE T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
THIS WASHBOARD CAME TO THE MUSEUM FROM DONOR, LOUISE VERES, WHO RECALLED ITS USE BY HER MOTHER, HELEN LUCILLE BORGGARD (NEE SORGARD). IN AN EMAIL SENT IN NOVEMBER 2016 TO COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, LOUISE WROTE OF THE ARTIFACT’S HISTORY AND THE PROCESS OF WASHING CLOTHING BEFORE THE EXISTENCE OF AUTOMATED WASHING MACHINES: “DURING THE FIRST PART OF THE 1900[S], MONDAY WAS ALWAYS CONSIDERED WASH DAY IN OUR FAMILY. WHEN MY GRANDMOTHER CAME TO CANADA IN 1906 AND WHEN MY MOM WAS FIRST MARRIED IN 1934 CLOTHES HAD TO BE WASHED BY HAND. FOR THIS CHORE THEY HAD TWO BIG GALVANIZED TUBS. ONE TUB HAD HOME MADE LYE SOAP ADDED FOR WASHING THE DIRTY CLOTHES AND ONE WITHOUT SOAP FOR RINSING TO GET THE SOAP OUT. THE TUBS WERE SET ON A BENCH IN THE MIDDLE OF THE KITCHEN CLOSE TO THE STOVE WHERE THE WATER WAS HEATED IN BUCKETS. IF THERE WERE DIRTY COLLARS OR SOILED KNEES THEY WERE SCRUBBED ON THIS WASHBOARD AND IF THERE WAS GREASE ON CLOTHES, LARD WAS APPLIED TO THE GREASE AND THEN THAT SOILED AREA WAS VIGOROUSLY RUBBED OVER THE WASHBOARD. THE ARTICLE WAS SWISHED AROUND IN THE SOAPY WATER AND PUT THROUGH THE WRINGER THAT SAT IN THE MIDDLE OF THE STAND. IF YOU DIDN’T HAVE A WRINGER YOU WRUNG AS MUCH WATER AS YOU COULD BY HAND. THE CLOTHES DROPPED INTO THE OTHER TUB THAT HAD CLEAR, COLD RINSE WATER IN IT. THEN YOU PUT THE RINSED CLOTHES THROUGH THE WRINGER, CAUGHT THEM, GAVE THEM A GOOD SHAKE, PUT THEM IN A WICKER BASKET AND CARRIED THE WASHED CLOTHES OUTSIDE AND HUNG THEM ON THE CLOTHES LINES. THE CLOTHES WERE CLIPPED ON THE LINE WITH WOODEN CLOTHES PEGS. SOMETIMES MOM USED A PRODUCT CALLED BLUING THAT WAS PUT INTO THE RINSE WATER, THE BLUING WAS TO MAKE THE WHITES SEEM EXTRA WHITE ALTHOUGH WHEN YOU HUNG THEM OUTSIDE TO DRY BY SUN THEY WOULD GET BLEACHED AND WERE WHITER THAN WHITE. I SUSPECT THEY WERE WHITER THAN MOST WHITE CLOTHES TODAY. IN THE WINTER, OR IF THERE WAS BAD WEATHER, SHE WOULD HANG THE WET CLOTHES AROUND THE HOUSE ON ANYTHING THAT WOULD GIVE THEM AIR AND A CHANCE TO DRY. IF SHE HUNG THEM OUT AND THE WIND CAME UP THEY WOULD SOMETIMES LOOSEN THEMSELVES FROM THE CLOTHES PINS AND FALL INTO THE DIRT OR GRASS THAT LAY UNDERNEATH. THEN THEY WOULD HAVE TO BE REWASHED. YOU HAD TO BE EXTRA CAREFUL IN THE WINTER WHEN HANGING CLOTHES OUTSIDE. SOMETIMES A COLD WIND WOULD BLOW IN AND YOUR FROZEN CLOTHES ON THE LINE WOULD CRACK OR BE SHREDDED, PERHAPS DOWN THE MIDDLE OF SHIRTS OR SHEETS. IF YOU WERE GOING AWAY FOR THE AFTERNOON YOU USUALLY TOOK THE CLOTHES OFF THE LINE FIRST, EVEN IF THEY WEREN’T DRY. THIS WAS ALL VERY TIME CONSUMING, BUT IT WORKED. THE CLOTHES SMELLED INTOXICATINGLY WONDERFUL WHEN THEY CAME IN OFF THE LINE AND IF THEY STILL WEREN’T DRY YOU HUNG THEM ON LINES IN THE HOUSE. THEN MOM GOT HER FIRST WASHING MACHINE. IT HAD AN ELECTRIC MOTOR ATTACHED AND IT WOULD AGITATE THE CLOTHES IN THE WATER, THEN YOU COULD WRING THE CLOTHES OUT WITH WRINGER AND THEY WOULD FALL INTO A TUB OF COLD RISE WATER. YOU WOULD AGITATE THEM AROUND BY HAND TO RINSE THEM AND PUT THEM THROUGH THE WRINGER AGAIN. THAT PROCESS SEEMED LIKE A PIECE OF CAKE AS IT GOT MUCH MORE OF THE WATER OUT. THAT PROGRESSED TO AN AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINE YOU PLUGGED INTO AN ELECTRIC CIRCUIT AND YOU SIMPLY DID IT THE WAY WE ARE USED TO TODAY. YOU WOULD BE SURPRISED AT THE TIME IT TOOK TO WASH AND DRY THE CLOTHES BEFORE THE NEW AUTOMATIC WASHERS WE USE TODAY CAME INTO EXISTENCE.” IN ADDITION TO THE INFORMATION PROVIDED BY VERES IN THE EMAIL REFERRED TO ABOVE, SHE WAS INTERVIEWED BY MACLEAN AT THE TIME OF DONATION (NOVEMBER 2016). THE FOLLOWING EXCERPT HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: “MY FIRST NAME IS MARJORIE… BUT I GO BY MY SECOND NAME, WHICH IS LOUISE… I WAS BORN IN 1938.” “MY MOM’S NAME IS HELEN LUCILLE BORGGARD, AND HER MARRIED NAME WAS SORGARD… SORGARD IS NORWEGIAN, AND BORGGARD IS DANISH… MY MOTHER TOOK [THE WASHBOARD] OVER FROM MY GRANDMOTHER. MY GRANDMOTHER AND MY GRANDFATHER CAME IN 1906. THEY USED THE WASHBOARD AND THEN THEY GAVE IT TO HER. THEY HAD 10 CHILDREN. I’M SURE IT WAS WELL-USED. MY MOTHER MARRIED IN 1935 AND SHE TOOK THE WASHBOARD AND USED IT UNTIL 1949 WHEN WE MOVED FROM THE FARM TO GRASSY LAKE IN TURIN AND IRON SPRINGS. SHE FINALLY HAD ELECTRICITY AND RUNNING WATER, AND UP TO THAT POINT IT WAS 'PACK YOUR OWN WATER IN A BUCKET AND HEAT IT ON THE STOVE.' AND, SOMETIMES, WRING THE CLOTHES OUT. THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY MODERN CONVENIENCE AT ALL. [FOLLOWING THESE MODERN CONVENIENCES,] THE WASHBOARD WAS PUT IN A BACK ROOM, BUT IT WAS KEPT. THEN THEY MOVED TO RIONDEL, B.C., AND THEY GAVE ME THE WASHBOARD…” “[T]HE WASHBOARD HAS A LOT OF MEMORIES FOR ME, I GUESS MAINLY BECAUSE WE USED IT EVERY MONDAY. WE WASHED OUR CLOTHES, AND WHEN THEY WERE DIRTY, WE SCRUBBED THEM ON THIS WASHBOARD… IT REALLY WORKED WELL. I GUESS IT’S BECAUSE MY MOM WORKED REALLY HARD.” “I’VE PROBABLY HAD IT FOR 35 YEARS. MY MOTHER DIED 4 YEARS AGO AT 98 [YEARS]. I’M IN A FAMILY OF 4 CHILDREN, AND 3 OF THEM WERE BOYS, AND THEY WEREN’T TOO INTERESTED IN THE WASHBOARD, BUT IT JUST SEEMED LIKE IT WAS PART OF THE FAMILY AND IT DESERVED A HOME… I KNOW I DON’T WASH CLOTHES LIKE THAT ANYMORE. WHEN YOU LOOK AT IT [YOU CAN] SEE THE MARKS FROM THE LYE SOAP THAT WAS USED WHEN THEY SCRUBBED ON THE BOARD, AND THE USE THAT IT’S GONE THROUGH. YOU CAN TELL THAT IT HAS BEEN MENDED, BUT IT’S STILL IN REALLY GOOD SHAPE. I JUST THOUGHT THAT I WANTED IT QUITE BADLY [AND] I GOT IT.” SHE CONTINUED TO RECOUNT HER MEMORIES OF THE WASHBOARD, “I GUESS MOST WHAT I REMEMBER IS THE STOVE - HAVING THESE BUCKETS OF WATER ON THEM BEING HEATED FOR WASHING THE CLOTHES. THIS WATER HAD TO BE PACKED BY BUCKET FROM THE CISTERN. THEN THERE WERE TWO BIG GALVANIZED TUBS [THAT] SAT ON A BENCH. ON ONE SIDE SHE PUT LYE SOAP IN IT AND SHE SWISHED IT AROUND. WHEN SHE SAW SOME SOILS, SHE WOULD RUN THE CLOTHES OVER THE WASHBOARD AND THEY WOULD COME OUT REALLY CLEAN. THEN SHE WOULD PUT THE CLOTHES INTO THE RINSE WATER AND IT HAD BLUING IN IT. THAT WAS FOR THE WHITE CLOTHES, AT LEAST. THAT WAS COLD WATER, THOUGH. THEN THEY HAD TO PACK ALL THIS WATER OUT ... TO FEED THE PIGS BECAUSE WE DIDN’T HAVE VERY MUCH WATER. NO ONE HAD VERY MUCH WATER. WATER WAS A REALLY VALUABLE COMMODITY. THE WASHBOARD WAS HOW WE KEPT UP WITH CLEAN CLOTHES.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE HAD A ROLE IN THE LAUNDRY PROCESS AS A CHILD, VERES EXPLAINED, “NO. IF [MOM] HAD WATER ON THE STOVE, I WASN’T ALLOWED CLOSE. AT 10, I WAS TOO SMALL TO BE HELPING VERY MUCH, BUT I DO REMEMBER HER DOING THIS. THEN YOU TOOK THE CLOTHES OUT TO THE CLOTHES LINE; HUNG IT ON THE CLOTHES LINE WITH CLIPS OR PINS. SOMETIMES THE WIND WOULD COME UP IN THE SUMMER AND THE CLOTHES WOULD BLOW, AND THEY WOULD FALL ONTO THE GROUND, INTO THE DIRT, OR THE GRASS, AND SHE’D HAVE TO PICK THEM UP, BRING THEM BACK INTO THE HOUSE; SHAKE ALL THE DIRT OFF AND WASH THEM ALL OVER AGAIN. IN THE WINTER, WHEN SHE HUNG THEM ON THE LINE PERHAPS IT WAS A CHINOOK AND A NICE DAY. BUT, IF IT TURNED COLD, THE CLOTHES FROZE BEFORE THEY DRIED ON THE LINE. THEY WOULD BE FLAPPING AWAY, BUT THEY WOULD CRACK AND BREAK. THE SHIRTS WOULD CRACK DOWN THE MIDDLE OF THE BACK AND BE SHREDDED, AND THE SHEETS WOULD BE SHREDDED, AND THERE WASN’T MONEY TO BUY ANYMORE. YOU HAD TO BE VERY CAREFUL. BEFORE YOU WENT TO TOWN. YOU’D TAKE THEM OFF, EVEN IF THEY WERE STILL WET, AND MAYBE DRY THEM IN THE HOUSE ON ANOTHER LINE. IT WASN’T AN EASY CHORE AND THIS HAPPENED EVERY MONDAY. THEN YOU IRONED THEM WITH THESE BIG FLAT IRONS…” VERES THEN BEGAN TO TALK ABOUT HER FAMILY’S EARLIER HISTORY: “MY GRANDMOTHER, AGNES NANCY SORGARD, WAS A MATTHEWS… BORN IN INDIANA. HER MOM AND DAD HAD COME FROM IRELAND [AND] HAD A HOMESTEAD IN NORTH DAKOTA, AND [IT] WAS NEXT TO WHERE MY GRANDFATHER WAS [WHERE] THEY MET. HE WAS FROM NORWAY... THEY MARRIED, HAD 3 CHILDREN THERE, [THEN] CAME TO ALBERTA.” VERES WAS TOLD THAT THE WASHBOARD FIRST BELONGED TO HER GRANDMOTHER. “MY GRANDMOTHER, AFTER MY MOM MARRIED, PROBABLY HAD A WASHING MACHINE THAT WAS RUN BY KEROSENE. SO SHE PROBABLY DIDN’T NEED [THE WASHBOARD] ANYMORE. IF YOU HAD A FAIRLY DECENT WRINGER, YOU COULD WRING THE WATER OUT OF THE CLOTHES AND A LOT OF THE SOILED PART WOULD COME OUT. MY GRANDPA PROBABLY WASN’T FARMING AS MUCH THEN, AND WE ENDED UP WITH [THE WASHBOARD], SO THAT WAS GOOD.” THE DONOR’S MOTHER, LUCILLE (SORGARD) BORGGARD, CONTRIBUTED TO THE FAMILY HISTORY BOOK TITLED, “IT’S A LONG WAY FROM KILLYCOLPY: A HISTORY OF THE MATTHEWS FAMILY”. THIS WRITTEN ACCOUNT OF BORGGARD’S HISTORY ILLUSTRATES HER OWN HARD WORK THAT HER DAUGHTER RECALLED. IN THE HISTORY BORGGARD WROTE, “I WAS BORN ON FEBRUARY 4, 1914 TO GEORGE AND AGNES SORGARD, THE SEVENTH CHILD IN A FAMILY OF TEN. MY FAMILY HAD COME FROM MINOT, NORTH DAKOTA IN 1907 TO HOMESTEAD IN THE TURIN DISTRICT. AFTER FARMING IN TURIN FOR SEVERAL YEARS MY DAD SOLD HIS HOMESTEAD TO THE JOHN KOENEN FAMILY AND MOVED TO A SMALL RANCH ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE LITTLE BOW RIVER WHERE THEY LIVED UNTIL 1916. IN THE SPRING THE RIVER WOULD OVER-RUN ITS BANKS MAKING IT IMPOSSIBLE FOR THE CHILDREN TO GO TO SCHOOL SO MY DAD BUILT A HOUSE ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE RIVER WHERE WE LIVED UNTIL 1927... IN 1928, WE MOVED FROM THE HOME BY OUR BELOVED RIVER TO A FARM TWO MILES NORTH OF IRON SPRINGS.” “I WORKED AT HOME AND MY SISTER CARRIE AND I COOKED ON MY DAD’S COOK-CAR DURING THE HARVEST. THEY WERE LONG DAYS, RISING AT FOUR THIRTY FOR AN EARLY BREAKFAST AND WE DID NOT GET TO BED TILL TEN O’CLOCK. WE HAD TO MAKE BREAD AND DO ALL THE BAKING. WE MOVED FROM FARM TO FARM DOING ALL THE THRESHING IN THE DISTRICT FOR THE FARMERS…” ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, HELEN LUCILLE BORGGARD PASSED AWAY ON JUNE 13, 2012. HER OBITUARY STATES HER HUSBAND CLARENCE PASSED AWAY IN 1994. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, FAMILY HISTORY, AND OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P20160040000
Acquisition Date
2016-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
OBSIDIAN CORE
Date Range From
4000BP
Date Range To
1700
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OBSIDIAN
Catalogue Number
P20150027000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OBSIDIAN CORE
Date Range From
4000BP
Date Range To
1700
Materials
OBSIDIAN
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.5
Length
32.7
Width
24.7
Description
SHINY, BLACK OBSIDIAN ROCK. VARIOUS GROOVES AND FLAKE SCARS ON THE OVERALL SURFACE OF THE ROCK.
Subjects
MASONRY & STONEWORKING T&E
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
THIS OBSIDIAN ROCK WAS DONATED ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2015 BY NANCY BIGGERS IN MEMORY OF HER LATE PARENTS, BOYD AND MARY BIGGERS. IT WAS LOCATED ON THE FAMILY FARM BY BOYD BIGGERS. ACCORDING TO A STATEMENT GIVEN BY NANCY AT THE TIME OF DONATION, "... FARMERS NEED TO CLEAR THEIR LAND OF ... ROCKS IN ORDER TO PLANT AND HARVEST THEIR FIELDS. BOYD WAS DOING THIS ONE DAY (IN THE EARLY 1980S) AND CAME ACROSS A BEAUTIFUL SHINY BLACK ROCK. HE WAS IMPRESSED BY [ITS] COLOURING AND THE VARIOUS GROOVES, SO RATHER THAN THROWING IT ON TO THE PILE WITH THE OTHER ROCKS, HE DECIDED TO TAKE IT HOME. ... MARY, BEING A SCHOOL TEACHER, TOLD HIM THAT IT APPEARED TO BE OBSIDIAN, WHICH THE ABORIGINALS USED TO MAKE ARROWHEADS AND TOOLS. MARY RETIRED FROM TEACHING IN 1986 AND THUS BOYD DECIDED TO SELL THE FARM. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE ... [AND] THE OBSIDIAN CAME WITH THEM ... AS IT WAS A REMINDER OF THEIR FARM LIFE. IT WAS USED AS A DECORATIVE PIECE IN BOTH OF THE HOMES IN WHICH THEY LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE." ON SEPTEMBER 8, 2015, ARCHEOLOGIST, NEIL MIRAU, OF ARROW ARCHAEOLOGY LIMITED STATED VIA EMAIL THAT THE ROCK HAD BEEN BROUGHT TO THE AREA BY HUMANS AND THAT IT WAS RELATIVELY EASY TO DETERMINE THE SOURCE OF THE OBSIDIAN FROM ITS GENERAL APPEARANCE. HE WAS ALMOST CERTAIN THAT THIS PIECE OF OBSIDIAN CAME FROM THE OBSIDIAN CLIFFS IN WHAT IS NOW YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING. HE WROTE, “OBSIDIAN DOES NOT OCCUR NATURALLY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND REALLY THE ONLY WAY FOR IT TO GET HERE, ESPECIALLY THIS TYPE OF ROCK IS TO BE CARRIED BY HUMANS. OBSIDIAN ... WAS PRIZED BY PAST CULTURES AND IT MAKES VERY ATTRACTIVE AND VERY SHARP TOOLS AND PROJECTILE POINTS. THIS PARTICULAR PIECE HAS FLAKE SCARS SHOWING THAT IT WAS WORKED BY HUMANS. IT WAS LIKELY, GIVEN ITS ‘VALUE,’ CARRIED BY ITS OWNER TO FLAKE PIECES OFF EVERY ONCE IN AWHILE TO MAKE A NEW TOOL. OBSIDIAN IS ONE OF THE RARE TYPES OF STONE THAT IS CURATED BY PAST HUMANS, THAT IS, ALTHOUGH HEAVY, THEY WOULD HAVE CARRIED IT WITH THEM TO MAKE TOOLS WITH.” HE ALSO WROTE THAT OBSIDIAN FROM WYOMING THAT HAS BEEN FOUND IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA HAS ARRIVED “EITHER THROUGH TRADE OR BY LONG DISTANCE TRAVEL OF PEOPLE FROM HERE TO THERE AND RETURN," AND THAT THERE IS EVIDENCE OF BOTH METHODS. MIRAU INFERS THAT IT COULD HAVE BEEN DROPPED THERE THREE OR FOUR CENTURIES AGO, OR MANY THOUSANDS OF YEARS AGO. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPY OF THE NANCY BIGGER’S INFORMATION, EMAIL TRANSCRIPTS, MAPS OF THE LOCATION OF THE BIGGERS’ FARM WHERE ARTIFACT WAS FOUND, AND A PHOTOGRAPH OF BOYD AND MARY BIGGERS.
Catalogue Number
P20150027000
Acquisition Date
2015-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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