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Other Name
WEDGE CAP, "ANDERSON SISTERS"
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, THREAD, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20160044001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WEDGE CAP, "ANDERSON SISTERS"
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Materials
FELT, THREAD, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
11
Length
30
Width
1.7
Description
BLACK FELT WEDGE CAP WITH RED ACCENTS STITCHING. TWO RED AND GOLD PLASTIC BEADS ON THE FRONT EDGE. CURSIVE “ANDERSON SISTERS” EMBROIDERED IN RED ON ONE SIDE AND “ALICE” ON THE OTHER. VERY GOOD CONDITION: MAKEUP STAINS PRESENT OF THE INSIDE BRIM OF THE HAT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
LEISURE
PERSONAL CARE
History
THE LATE ALICE PEARL HUMMEL (13 JUNE 1922 – 7 APRIL 2016) PERFORMED AS PART OF THE “ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA” ALONGSIDE HER SISTERS – FLORENCE JEANNETTE MCINTOSH (MAY 1917 – 18 MARCH 1999), MARIE EVELYN POPSON (C.1921 - 8 MARCH 2008) AND RUTH GINZER (C. 1926 - D. 2016). THE FOUR DAUGHTERS WERE BORN TO PARENTS, MARTIN EDWARD ANDERSON AND IDA JOHANNA ANDERSON (NEE JOHNSON). THE BAND WAS A FAMILY AFFAIR THAT SAW GREAT SUCCESS IN THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA REGION. ALICE’S DAUGHTERS, ELEANOR SMITH AND RUTH HUMMEL, HONOURED THEIR MOTHER’S WISHES TO DONATE A NUMBER OF HER EFFECTS FROM HER TIME WITH LETHBRIDGE BAND TO THE MUSEUM. THIS WEDGE CAP WAS A COMPONENT OF THE UNIFORM THE SISTERS WORE WHEN THEY PERFORMED AT PLACES SUCH AS ARMY BASES AND DANCE HALLS. THIS CAP BELONGED TO ALICE, THE SECOND YOUNGEST OF THE SISTERS. IN 16 DECEMBER 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DAUGHTERS ABOUT THE DONATION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT EXCHANGE: RUTH STATES, “THE HAT WOULD BE AT LEAST FROM 1940 - ’41… ALL OF THE SISTERS HAD [A CAP AND] THEY WERE SPECIAL MADE FOR THEM. ‘ANDERSON SISTERS’ WAS EMBROIDERED ON ONE SIDE AND THEN THEIR NAMES ON THE OTHER. THEY WERE MADE TO GO WITH THESE MILITARY LOOKING DRESSES THAT THEY HAD. THEY TYPICALLY ALWAYS DRESSED ALIKE FOR THE PERFORMANCES. THE HATS WERE MADE TO GO ALONG WITH THEM WHEN THEY WERE DOING PERFORMANCES AT THE MILITARY BASES.” “[THE SISTERS] USUALLY CAME UP WITH [THE UNIFORM] COLLECTIVELY,” RUTH EXPLAINED, “AND THEY WORKED WITH A TAILOR IN TOWN WHO ACTUALLY DID SOME OF THEIR SUITS. THERE MIGHT BE A LABEL THAT I COULD FIND WITH REGARDS TO WHAT THAT COMPANY WAS….THERE WERE USUALLY ALWAYS TAILORS INVOLVED, AND WHEN THEY CAME UP WITH AN IDEA OR CONCEPT, THEY’D HAVE IT DONE AT THE SAME PLACE, BUT I DON’T HAVE THE DETAILS ON THAT.” MANY OF THE ARTIFACTS DONATED TO THE MUSEUM, INCLUDING THIS CAP, WERE KEPT TOGETHER IN ONE OF ALICE’S TRUNKS. WHEN RUTH AND ELEANOR WERE HELPING THEIR MOTHER SORT HER THINGS, SHE EXPLAINED THE ITEMS IN THE TRUNK TO THEM. THE WEDGE CAP CAME TO THE MUSEUM ENCLOSED IN A SHADOW BOX COMPLETE WITH ARTICLE CLIPPINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS, WHICH WAS ASSEMBLED FOR A COMMUNITY DISPLAY. PERMISSION WAS GRANTED BY THE DONOR TO REMOVE THE CAP FROM THE BOX. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR PHOTOGRAPH OF THE BOX. THE FOLLOWING IS A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS AS TOLD BY DONORS ELEANOR SMITH AND RUTH HUMMEL IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW: “[THE ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA WAS] THE LONGEST RUNNING GROUP AT WATERTON LAKES PAVILION … [WHERE THEY PLAYED] FOR FIVE YEARS STRAIGHT,” ELEANOR EXPLAINED, “IN ADDITION TO DOING ALL KINDS OF OTHER THINGS, THEY WERE CONSTANTLY TRAVELLING [AND] WE HAVE THE RECORDINGS OF THAT.” RUTH ADDED, “THEY WERE ORIGINALLY FROM MONITOR (SASK). IN THE DIRTY 30S, WHEN THINGS GOT BAD FOR A LOT OF FARMS, THEY FOUND A WAY TO HAVE MUSIC LESSONS AND…PLAY FOR LOCAL DANCES. [ULTIMATELY, THE FAMILY] DECIDED TO LEAVE THE FARM AND HEADED OUT IN THE DIRECTION OF LETHBRIDGE (VIA DRUMHELLER). IT WAS TOUGH TIMES FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE IN THE 30S IN ALBERTA, BUT THE GIRLS, WITH THE TALENT THEY HAD, … HAD A WAY OUT…THEY COULD DO A LOT WHEN THEY STUCK TOGETHER AS A FAMILY. AND THEN THE ORCHESTRA REALLY CAME OUT OF THAT...” THE OBITUARY OF DONORS’ GRANDFATHER, MARTIN ANDERSON, (PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, 1981) STATES THE FAMILY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940. “THEY WERE SERIOUS MUSICIANS - VERY HUMBLE AND VERY QUIET,” RUTH CONTINUED, “[AS FAR AS PROMOTING THE BAND,] THAT WAS MORE GRANDPA’S JOB. WHEN IT CAME TO MUSIC, IT WAS A GIFT THEY PASSED ON - IN THE LATE ‘30S, ‘40S AND INTO THE ‘50S A BIT – [AND] IT WAS SOMETHING THEY FELT REALLY PRIVILEGED TO BE ABLE TO CONTRIBUTE IN THEIR OWN COMMUNITIES. [DURING] THE WAR YEARS, [THEY PLAYED FOR] THE ARMY BASES THAT WERE ALL CLOSE HERE AND [THEY WERE] A PART OF THAT HISTORY.” “[THEY WERE] ON THE ROAD 6 DAYS A WEEK [WITH THEIR CAR AND TRAILER]… PLAYING NOT JUST IN LETHBRIDGE [BUT] FAR REACHING OVER IN B.C., THE NORTHERN STATES, AND QUITE FAR NORTH IN ALBERTA. SO THEY WERE A REAL PART OF THINGS AND WORKED REAL HARD. I THINK IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE MUSIC HISTORY IN ALBERTA. THEY WERE, AFTER THE ANDERSON SISTERS [BAND WAS FINISHED], PROUD TO TAKE [MUSIC] INTO THE COMMUNITIES WHERE THEY WERE TEACHERS AND STILL PERFORMERS EVEN PAST THE FOUR OF THEM BEING TOGETHER.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THEIR PERSONAL MEMORIES OF THE SISTERS PERFORMING TOGETHER, RUTH ANSWERED, “WELL ELEANOR WOULD HAVE BEEN A TODDLER, MYSELF AS WELL, THE LAST FEW TIMES THAT THEY PERFORMED AS THE ANDERSON SISTERS IN THAT ERA. BUT GROWING UP THROUGH THE YEARS, THERE WASN’T A TIME WHEN WE GOT TOGETHER AS A FAMILY WHERE WE DIDN’T HAVE A LOT OF MUSIC. THEY WOULD PLAY FOR US [AND] THEY WERE CALLED BACK SOMETIMES TO PERFORM AT COMMUNITY EVENTS… THE LAST ONE THAT I RECALL WAS SOMETHING IN GRANUM FOR AN ELKS 5OTH ANNIVERSARY IN GRANUM…THAT WAS THE LAST TIME PUBLICLY I REMEMBER.” THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM A HISTORY PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 24 MAY 2003 TITLED, “SISTER ACT: SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S SWINGIN’ ANDERSON SISTERS WERE ALL THE RAGE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR.” “IT WAS THE ERA OF SWUNG, OF MUSIC WITH MEMORABLE LYRICS, AND OF DANCE. IT WAS ALSO THE TIME OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND THE HEYDAY OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS, AND LITERALLY EVERY TOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WAS SWINGING AND SWAYING TO THE SOUNDS OF FLORENCE, MARIE, ALICE, AND RUTH." "DUBBED THE FOUR MAIDS OF MELODY BY CJOC RADIO…" THE ARTICLE CONTINUED, "[THE SISTERS] WERE THE TOAST OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S DANCE HALLS." INTERVIEWED FOR THE ARTICLE WAS ONE OF THE SISTERS, MARIE POPSON. SHE WAS QUOTED, "WE PLAYED THE TRIANON A LOT, THE OLD BUCKET OF BLOOD. THEY CALLED IT THAT BECAUSE IT WAS DURING THE WAR AND THERE WERE A LOT OF FIGHTS. PRIOR TO AND AFTER THE TRIANON WAS OK, BUT IT WAS REAL LIVELY DURING THE WAR… THE CROWDS [THERE] WERE SO LARGE THEY WERE AFRAID THE FLOOR WOULD WEAKEN… THE DANCE FLOOR WAS ON THE SECOND STORY OF THE BUILDING." THE ARTICLE EXPLAINED, "FLORENCE WAS THE ELDEST OF THE ANDERSON SISTERS AND AS SUCH WAS THE BAND’S LEADER. [SHE] PLAYED THE SAXOPHONE AND THE PIANO. MARIE… PLAYED THE PIANO AND ALICE PLAYED THE SAXOPHONE AND CLARINET. RUTH, 'THE BABY,' … PLAYED THE DRUMS, CLARINET AND TRUMPET." THE ARTICLE READS, "'RUTH STARTED PLAYING THE DRUMS AT AGE 11 AND LATER SHE COULD HANDLE THE DRUMMING WITH HER FEET AND PLAY THE TRUMPET AT THE SAME TIME FOR SOME OF OUR NUMBERS,’ SAYS MARIE WITH A TWIRL OF THE HAND. ‘FLO AND ALICE WERE OUR MAIN SINGERS AND I MADE UP THE TRIO SOMETIMES. RUTH DIDN’T SING. WHEN WE SANG AS A TRIO RUTH WOULD PLAY THE PIANO. ALICE WOULD ALSO SING SOLO. WE PLAYED ALL THE POPULAR MUSIC OF THE DAY AND OLD-TIME MUSIC AS WELL… MY SISTERS COULD ALSO PLAY THAT FAST-PACED SQUARE DANCE MUSIC ON THE SAX, AND THAT WAS SOMETHING. WE PLAYED WALTZES, POLKAS AND EVERYTHING… YOU NAME IT, WE PLAYED IT... OUR THEME SONG WAS BREEZING ALONG WITH THE BREEZE BUT MY FAVOURITE HAD TO BE SIDE BY SIDE, WHICH WE WERE AS A GROUP. WE WERE VERY CLOSE.'" THAT ARTICLE STATES THAT MARTIN AND IDA HAD EIGHT DAUGHTERS, IN FACT, BUT ONLY FOUR LIVED TO BECOME TEENAGERS. THE FOUR SURVIVING SISTERS BEGAN THEIR MUSICAL EDUCATION AT AN EARLY AGE, ALL BEGINNING WITH PIANO. THEY BEGAN PLAYING FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF EVENTS NEAR MONITOR, WHERE THEY WERE BORN. WHILE FLORENCE WAS WITH THE ALL GIRLS BAND IN CALGARY, THE THREE YOUNGER SISTERS FORMED THEIR OWN ORCHESTRA, MAKING THEIR DEBUT IN 1937. THE FOLLOWING YEAR, AFTER FLORENCE’S RETURN, THE ANDERSON SISTERS ORCHESTRA WAS FORMED. UPON ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1940, THEY AUDITIONED FOR THE CJOC RADIO STATION. THE ARTICLE STATES, “FOUR DAYS LATER THEY WERE ON THE AIR, LIVE, ON THE CHRISTMAS SHOPPER PROGRAM HEARD THREE TIMES A WEEK. THEY WERE ALSO ON THE AIR MONDAY NIGHTS FROM 9:15 TO 9:30 PM.” A NOTE THAT CAME WITH THE DONATION SAYS THE WEEKLY SHOW WITH CJOC WAS “BROADCAST LIVE ‘FROM HIGH ATOP THE MARQUIS HOTEL.’” BACK IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW AT THE MUSEUM, ALICE’S DAUGHTER ELEANOR COMMENTS ON THE BAND’S LEGACY. “I VOLUNTEER AT THE HOSPITAL [AND PLAY THE PIANO]. I USUALLY HAVE SENIORS INVOLVED THERE… AND WHEN I MENTION MY MOM’S NAME OR MY AUNT’S NAME, THEY REMEMBER DANCING TO THE ANDERSON SISTERS. SO, YOU KNOW, EVEN IN THIS DAY AND AGE, [PEOPLE] REMEMBER HOW MUCH FUN THEY HAD. [IT SHOWS] HOW RESPECTED THEY WERE AND I FIND THAT [BACKGROUND] JUST THRILLING.” “[MUSIC] WAS THEIR LIVELIHOOD,” RUTH ILLUMINATED, “SO [IT] WAS DRIVING THEM [THROUGH] TOUGH TIMES (SUCH AS THE DEPRESSION IN ALBERTA). THE GIRLS TOGETHER [WITH] THE TALENT THEY HAD, HAD A WAY OUT, WHERE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE HAD SOME BIGGER STRUGGLES. AND IT WAS THE TALENT IN THEM BEING TOGETHER. THEY COULD DO A LOT WHEN THEY STUCK TOGETHER AS A FAMILY.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND CLIPPINGS ABOUT THE ANDERSON SISTERS AND THEIR SHOWS, AND FAMILY OBITUARIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160044001
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
RUBBER STAMP SET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, RUBBER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170032000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RUBBER STAMP SET
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, RUBBER, METAL
No. Pieces
327
Height
9.5
Length
35.5
Width
27.5
Description
AA – BOX. H: 9.5 CM. L: 35.5 CM. W: 27.5 CM. FINISHED WOOD BOX, WITH TWO HINGES AND A FRONT CLASP. FR. FRONT CLASP IS BROKEN AND TARNISHED. RIGHT HINGE MISSING LEFTMOST SCREW. LID IS MISSING WOOD FROM THE LEFT HINGE. MISSING VARNISH, SCRATCHES, AND DINGS ON ALL SURFACES. AB – TOP TRAY. H: 2.4 CM. L: 33.5 CM. W: 25.2 CM. WOODEN TRAY WITH EIGHT DIVIDERS; SEVEN ROWS AND ONE SQUARE. FABRIC LOOP ON INNER LEFT WALL. FR. MISSING THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE TRAY, WITH THE BACK WALL AND MIDDLEMOST DIVIDERS LIFTING FROM THE FLOOR OF THE TRAY. STAINED WITH BLACK, GREEN, AND RED INK. FROM AC – DM, ALL ENTRIES ARE WOODEN STAMPS WITH RED RUBBER PADS. AC – “HOUSE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.7 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A TWO-STORY HOUSE. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AD – “DOG” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LABELED DOG IN SCRATCHED-IN BLUE PEN, STAMP IMAGE OF A HORSE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AE – “CIRCUS” H: 2.5 CM. L: 5.8 CM. W: 3.7 CM. IMAGE OF A TENT WITH THE WORDS “THE BIG SHOW”. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. AF – “XMAS-TREE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.7 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A PINE TREE WITH CANDLES. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AG – “FARMER” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN WITH A PITCHFORK. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AH – “INDIAN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN IN A FEATHER HEADPIECE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. AI – “SQUIRREL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A SQUIRREL. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AJ – “SANTA” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF SANTA WITH A BAG OF TOYS. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AK – “APPLE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF AN APPLE. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. AL – “ENGINE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.5 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A TRAIN ENGINE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. AM – “SIR JOHN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN’S PORTRAIT. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. AN – “TREE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.8 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A TREE. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AO – “WIGWAM” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.7 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A TEEPEE. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AP – “BARN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 4.2 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A BARN. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AQ – “BOAT” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.7 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A SAIL BOAT. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. AR – “ESKIMO” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN IN A FUR OUTFIT WITH A SPEAR. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. AS – “MONKEY” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MONKEY. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AT – “WHEAT” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A WHEAT GRAIN. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. AU – “BOOK” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF AN OPEN BOOK. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. AV – “CORN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.3 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A HEAD OF CORN. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. AW – “DOLL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A DOLL IN DRESS AND BONNET. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. AX – “GEORGE V” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.7 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A BEARDED MAN. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. AY – “SEAL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A SEAL. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. AZ – “OWL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF AN OWL. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BA – “FLAG” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A CANADIAN RED ENSIGN. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED; MISSING VARNISH. BB – “CLOWN” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A CLOWN. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BC – “CIRCLE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3.2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A CIRCLE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. BD – “IGLOO” H: 2.5 CM. L: 4.2 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF AN IGLOO, WITH A MAN SITTING NEXT TO IT. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, RED, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BE – “POINTING HAND” H: 3.5 CM. L: 3.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. IMAGE OF A POINTING HAND. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BF – “BOY” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A BOY WITH A KITE. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BG – “SOLDIER” H: 2.5 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN WITH A GUN. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BH – “FENCE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 3.1 CM. IMAGE OF A FENCE. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLUE, GREEN, RED. BI – “PRINCE” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.2 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A MAN’S PORTRAIT. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BJ – “RADIO” H: 2.5 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A DIAL RADIO. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BK – “BALL” H: 2.5 CM. L: 2.9 CM. W: 3 CM. IMAGE OF A STRIPPED BALL. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BL – “1” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.3 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 1. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED BACK TOGETHER. BM – “2” H: 3.6 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. NUMBER 2. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED TOGETHER. BN – “3” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 3. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED TOGETHER. BO – “4” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 4. FR. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED TOGETHER. BP – “5” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 5. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE HAS BEEN BROKEN AND GLUED TOGETHER. BQ – “6” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 6. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BR – “7” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 7. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BS – “8” H: 3.6 CM. L: 1.9 CM. W: 2.6 CM. NUMBER 8. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BT – “9” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.7 CM. NUMBER 9. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH; HANDLE CRACKED. BU – “O” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.4 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE O. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BV – “A” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.7 CM. CAPITAL A. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. BW – “A” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE A. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BX – “B” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL B. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. BY – “B” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.3 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE B. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. BZ – “C” H: 3.9 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL C. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CA – “C” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.4 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE C. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CB – “D” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL D. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. CC – “D” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE D. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED; MISSING VARNISH. CD – “E” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL E. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CE – “E” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.3 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE E. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CF – “F” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL F. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CG – “F” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE F. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CH – “G” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.9 CM. CAPITAL G. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CI – “G” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE G. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CJ – “H” H: 3.9 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL H. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CK – “H” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE H. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CL – “I” H: 3.8 CM. L: 0.8 CM. W: 2.9 CM. CAPITAL I. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CM – “I” H: 3.8 CM. L: 0.8 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE I. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CN – “J” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.4 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL J. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CO – “J” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE J. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CP – “K” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL K. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CQ – “K” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE K. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. CR – “L” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.9 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL L. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CS – “-” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.4 CM. W: 1.8 CM. DASH. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CT – “M” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2.4 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL M. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. CU – “N” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL N. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. CV – “N” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE N. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CW – “O” H: 3.9 CM. L: 1.9 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL O. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CX – “0” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. NUMBER 0. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. CY – “P” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL P. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. CZ – “P” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE P. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DA – “Q” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL Q. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DB – “Q” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.9 CM. LOWERCASE Q. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DC – “R” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL R. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DD – “R” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. LOWERCASE R. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DE – “S” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.7 CM. CAPITAL S. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DF – “T” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.8 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL T. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DG – “U” H: 3.7 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL U. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DH – “V” H: 3.4 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL V. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DI – “W” H: 3.7 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL W. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DJ – “X” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL X. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DK – “Z” H: 3.8 CM. L: 1.7 CM. W: 2.7 CM. CAPITAL Z. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. DL – “X” H: 3.7 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 1.8 CM. LOWERCASE X. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. DM – “Y” H: 3.8 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 2.8 CM. CAPITAL Y. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. DN – BOTTOM TRAY. H: 2.2 CM. L: 33.5 CM. W: 25.3 CM. WOODEN TRAY WITH SIXTEEN DIVIDERS; FIFTEEN ROWS AND ONE RECTANGLE. FABRIC LOOP ON INNER LEFT WALL. GD. MISSING THE RIGHT SIDE FABRIC LOOP. STAINED WITH BLACK, GREEN, AND BLUE INK. FROM DO – MO, ALL ENTRIES ARE WOODEN STAMPS WITH RED RUBBER PADS. DO – “A” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE A. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. DP – “A” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE A. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. DQ – “A” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE A. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. DR – “B” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE B. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. DS – “B” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE B. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. DT – “C” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE C. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. DU – “C” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE C. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED. DV – “D” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE D. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; PAD GLUED DOWN WITH GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE, RED. DW – “D” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE D. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. DX – “E” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE E. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. DY – “E” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE E. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED. DZ – “F” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE F. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. EA – “G” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE G. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED RED. EB – “G” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE G. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. EC – “H” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE H. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. ED – “H” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE H. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. EE – “K” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE K. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. EF – “K” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE K. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. EG – “M” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE M. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED GREEN. EH – “M” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE M. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED. EI – “N” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE N. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. EJ – “O” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE O. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. EK – “O” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE O. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. EL – “P” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE P. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. EM – “R” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE R. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. EN – “S” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE S. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. EO – “S” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE S. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. EP – “T” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE T. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. EQ – “T” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE T. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, RED STAINING. ER – “U” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE U. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. ES – “U” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE U. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. ET – “V” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE V. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. EU – “W” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE W. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE UNSTAINED. EV – “W” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE W. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. EW – “X” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. LOWERCASE X. VG. PAD PARTIALLY BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. EX – “A” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL A. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. EY – “C” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL C. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. EZ – “D” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL D. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. FA – “E” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL E. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. FB – “H” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL H. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. FC – “I” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL I. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. FD – “J” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL J. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. FE – “L” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL L. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. FF – “M” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.7 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL M. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FG – “N” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL N. GD. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING. FH – “O” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL O. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING. FI – “P” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL P. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLUE, RED. FJ – “Q” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL Q. VG. PAD LOOKS UNUSED; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE UNSTAINED. FK – “R” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL R. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. FL – “ONE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ONE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH FM – “TWO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TWO. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FN – “THREE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD THREE. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FO – “FOUR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FOUR. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FP – “SIX” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SIX. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. FQ – “SEVEN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SEVEN. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE, RED STAINING. FR – “EIGHT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD EIGHT. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING FS – “NINE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD NINE. GD. PAD LOOKS UNUSED; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. FT – “TEN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TEN. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. FU – “S” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL S. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, RED. FV – “T” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL T. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. FW – “U” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL U. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE UNSTAINED. FX – “W” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL W. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. FY – “V” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL V. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. FZ – “X” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL X. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, RED. GA – “Y” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.7 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL Y. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GB – “1” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 1. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GC – “1” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 1. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, RED STAINING. GD – “1” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 1. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE. GE – “3” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 3. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GF – “4” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.7 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 4. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. GG – “5” H: 1.9 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 5. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING. GH – “7” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 7. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GI – “8” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. NUMBER 8. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. GJ – “HAD” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HAD. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH GK – “HAVE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HAVE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. GL – “AWAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AWAY. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH GM – “GOOD” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GOOD. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. GN – “DOWN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DOWN. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. GO – “NAME” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD NAME. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. GP – “COLOUR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD COLOUR. GD. PAD HAS BEEN CUT, WITH THE “U” REMOVED AND THE “R” GLUED BACK ON; MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. GQ – “BROWN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BROWN. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. GR – “GREEN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GREEN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. GS – “RED” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RED. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. GT – “ORANGE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ORANGE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. GU – “YELLOW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD YELLOW. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. GV – “BLUE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BLUE. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. GW – “BLACK” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BLACK. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. GX – “LITTLE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LITTLE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. GY – “BIG” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BIG. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN. GZ – “CORN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CORN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. HA – “APPLE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD APPLE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HB – “WHEAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WHEAT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. HC – “GRASS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GRASS. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HD – “FLAG” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FLAG. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. HE – “PAPER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD PAPER. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. HF – “CAR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CAR. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. HG – “FLOWER” H: 1.9 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FLOWER. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, RED STAINING. HH – “STAR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD STAR. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HI – “CIRCLE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TREE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. HJ – “TREE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TREE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. HK – “SAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SAY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. HL – “SAID” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SAID. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. HM – “BALL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BALL. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HN – “CIRCUS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CIRCUS. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. HO – “CLOWN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CLOWN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. HP – “IGLOO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD IGLOO. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HQ – “WIGWAM” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WIGWAM. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, RED. HR – “SCHOOL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SCHOOL. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. HS – “SOME” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SOME. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HT – “WAS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WAS. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. HU – “MET” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MET. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. HV – “CAME” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CAME. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. HW – “RAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RAN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. HX – “COME” H: 1.9 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD COME. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. HY – “DID” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DID. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HZ – “MADE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MADE. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. IA – “SEE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SEE. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. IB – “WENT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WENT. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED IC – “SAW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SAW. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. ID – “JUMP” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD JUMP. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. IE – “PLAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD PLAY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN. IF – “LOOK” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LOOK. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING A CORNER. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. IG – “LONG” H: 1.9 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LONG. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE UNSTAINED. IH – “THEM” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD THEM. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE UNSTAINED. II – “AFTER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AFTER. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. IJ – “WANT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WANT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, RED. IK – “WILL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WILL. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. IL – “MAKE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MAKE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. IM – “CAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CAN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. IN – “ARE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ARE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. IO – “WERE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WERE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. IP – “LIKE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LIKE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED IQ – “READ” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD READ. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. IR – “RADIO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RADIO. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING. IS – “AEROPLANE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 4.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AEROPLANE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. IT – “FLY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FLY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. IU – “BOAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BOAT. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. IV – “RIDE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RIDE. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. IW – “FENCE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FENCE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED RED; MISSING VARNISH. IX – “TURKEY” H: 1.9 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TURKEY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE, RED STAINING. IY – “WITH” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WITH. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. IZ – “LIVE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD LIVE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY BLACK, GREEN. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING. JA – “MORNING” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MORNING. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, PURPLE. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, PURPLE. JB – “OLD” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD OLD. GD. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE UNSTAINED JC – “MAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MAY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JD – “TOO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TOO. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. JE – “ALL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ALL. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. JF – “FARM” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FARM. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, RED; MISSING VARNISH. JG – “HEN” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HEN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JH – “CAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CAT. GD. PAD STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE. JI – “RABBIT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD RABBIT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. JJ – “COW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD COW. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. JK – “DONKEY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DONKEY. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JL – “HORSE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HORSE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. JM – “SHEEP” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SHEEP. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JN – “GOAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GOAT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JO – “ROOSTER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ROOSTER. GD. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT CORNERS. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JP – “TIGER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TIGER. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JQ – “BEAR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BEAR. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. JR – “BIRD” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BIRD. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JS – “MONKEY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MONKEY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. JT – “SEAL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SEAL. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. JU – “GOOSE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GOOSE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED; MISSING VARNISH. JV – “DOG” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DOG. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE. JW – “SQUIRREL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 4.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SQUIRREL. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. JX – “PIG” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD PIG. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK. JY – “BARN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BARN. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, BLUE, PURPLE. JZ – “SISTER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SISTER. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. KA – “BROTHER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BROTHER. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. KB – “BABY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BABY. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK, GREEN. KC – “CHILDREN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 4.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD CHILDREN. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KD – “MOTHER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MOTHER. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. KE – “FATHER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD FATHER. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. KF – “GIRL” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GIRL. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK; MISSING VARNISH. KG – “BOY” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD BOY. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, RED. KH – “MAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MAN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. KI – “HE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD HE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KJ – “HE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HE. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. KK – “SHE” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD SHE. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KL – “SHE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD SHE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KM – “HIS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD HIS. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KN – “HIS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HIS. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. KO – “HER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD HER. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. KP – “HER” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HER. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. KQ – “THEY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD THEY. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. KR – “ME” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ME. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. KS – “YOU” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD YOU. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KT – “YOU” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD YOU. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KU – “YOUR” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD YOUR. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KV – “IT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD IT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. KW – “WE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD WE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, BLUE; MISSING VARNISH. KX – “TELL” H: 1.9 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD TELL. EX. PAD LOOKS UNUSED. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE, RED STAINING. KY – “CUT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD CUT. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE, RED STAINING. KZ – “DRAW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD DRAW. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, BLUE. LA – “MAY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE NAME MAY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED. LB – “BILLY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE NAME BILLY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. LC – “FIND” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD FIND. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN. LD – “MOLLY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE NAME MOLLY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE, RED, PURPLE STAINING. LE – “THIS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD THIS. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. LF – “SANTA CLAUS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 5.3 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE NAME SANTA CLAUS. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, RED STAINING. LG – “WHEN” H: 1.9 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD WHEN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. LH – “COUNT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD COUNT. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. LI – “WHY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD WHY. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. LJ – “THEY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD THEY. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE, RED STAINING. LK – “YES” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD YES. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE PARTIALLY STAINED GREEN. LL – “PASTE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD PASTE. GD. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE UNSTAINED. LM – “CAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD CAN. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. LN – “INDIAN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD INDIAN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN, BLUE. LO – “DO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD DO. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN, BLUE STAINING. LP – “THE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD THE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN. LQ – “HOW” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD HOW. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. LR – “WHAT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD WHAT. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE, RED STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. LS – “GIVE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 2.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD GIVE. VG. PAD MINIMALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. LT – “?” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. QUESTION MARK. VG. PAD STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. LU – “.” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. PERIOD. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, RED STAINING. LV – “+” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. PLUS SIGN. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED RED. LW – “-” H: 2.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. MINUS SIGN. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. LX – “AND” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AND. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, BLUE. LY – “MY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD MY. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED GREEN, BLUE. LZ – “ING” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE LETTERS ING. VG. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. MA – “ED” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE LETTERS ED. GD. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT ONTO HANDLE. HANDLE UNSTAINED. MB – “THE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD THE. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN, BLUE. MC – “IT” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD IT. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MINIMALLY STAINED GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. MD – “AM” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AM. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. ME – “HAS” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD HAS. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. MF – “NO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD NO. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, GREEN STAINING; MISSING VARNISH. MG – “TO” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD TO. GD. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK; GLUED DOWN WITH HARD GLUE LEAKING OUT. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. MH – “ON” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD ON. GD. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK; LIFTING AT THE CORNERS. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK, BLUE STAINING. MI – “AN” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD AN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT GREEN STAINING. MJ – “GO” H: 2.2 CM. L: 1.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD GO. VG. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE STAINED BLACK, GREEN; MISSING VARNISH. MK – “IN” H: 1.9 CM. L: 1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD IN. VG. PAD ALMOST COMPLETELY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE UNSTAINED; MISSING VARNISH. ML – “PRETTY” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.1 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD PRETTY. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE UNSTAINED. MM – “BROWNIE” H: 2.2 CM. L: 3.5 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE CAPITALIZED WORD BROWNIE. PR. PAD MISSING. HANDLE HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLUE STAINING. MN – “DOLL” H: 0.2 CM. L: 2 CM. W: 0.9 CM. THE WORD DOLL. PR. PAD PARTIALLY STAINED BLACK. HANDLE MISSING. MO – “H” H: 0.2 CM. L: 0.6 CM. W: 0.9 CM. CAPITAL H. PR. PAD HAS ALMOST NONEXISTENT BLACK STAINING. HANDLE MISSING.
Subjects
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
DONOR RITA MEDVE RETIRED FROM TEACHING IN 2010 AFTER SERVING 35 YEARS WITH SCHOOL DISTRICT 51. THIS STAMP BOX WAS USED IN HER CLASSROOMS FOR THE ENTIRE PERIOD. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS STAMP BOX COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW WITH MEDVE THAT WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON OCTOBER 18, 2017: MEDVE BEGAN AT WESTMINSTER SCHOOL IN 1973 AND, AFTER MOVING THROUGH ANOTHER SIX SCHOOLS, RETURNED THERE FOR THE FINAL 21 YEARS OF HER CAREER. SHE WAS INTRODUCED TO WESTMINSTER SCHOOL AS A RESULT OF HER STUDIES IN EDUCATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE, INTERNING AT WESTMINSTER WITH GRADE 6 TEACHER FUMI TAMAGI. FOLLOWING THE COMPLETION OF HER STUDIES, SHE WAS INVITED TO APPLY FOR THE POSITION VACATED BY TAMAGI WHO WAS TRANSFERRING TO A DIFFERENT SCHOOL. THIS STAMP BOX WAS A PRESENT FROM TAMAGI TO MEDVE UPON THE AWARDING OF MEDVE'S NEW TEACHING POSITION. MEDVE RECALLED TAMAGI USING IT HERSELF AS ONE OF HER TEACHING TOOLS. TALKING ABOUT TAMAGI IN THE CLASSROOM MEDVE STATES, “THE CHILDREN ALL LOVED HER. SHE HAD CONTROL OVER THE CLASSROOM AND I LEARNED A LOT FROM HER… SHE HELPED ME WORK WITH CHILDREN WHO HAD CHALLENGES. THAT’S WHEN I KNEW THAT I ACTUALLY NEEDED TO BE IN SPECIAL EDUCATION, BESIDES MY PHYSICAL EDUCATION THAT I WAS MAJORING IN. THERE WERE CHILDREN IN HER CLASSROOM THAT HAD CHALLENGES, BUT NOT AGGRESSIVENESS, SO SHE SHOWED ME DIFFERENT WAYS OF HANDLING DIFFERENT CHALLENGES AND SHE TAUGHT ME TO TEACH TO THE CHILDREN, NOT TO THE CURRICULUM; AND THAT’S HOW I TAUGHT MY 35 YEARS OF TEACHING.” THE STAMPS WERE USED IN THE CLASSROOM TO ASSIST IN THE TEACHING OF KIDS WITH LEARNING CHALLENGES AND THOSE LEARNING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE. MEDVE STATES, “I REMEMBER [TAMAGI] GIVING IT TO ME TO USE WITH THE SPECIAL NEEDS STUDENTS, BECAUSE IT WAS HELPING THEM WITH THEIR SPELLING, THEIR READING. ESL STUDENTS WOULD - WE WOULD GIVE THEM A PICTURE, AND THEN WE’D USE THE STAMP TO SHOW WHAT THAT WORD WAS, THAT RELATED TO THE PICTURE. … IT WAS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS IN THAT CLASSROOM TO THEM, BECAUSE IT WAS PHYSICAL, USING ALL YOUR KINESTHETICS - FEELING, TOUCHING.” ON TEACHING SPECIAL NEEDS CHILDREN THROUGHOUT HER CAREER SHE STATES, “FOR 15 YEARS, I TAUGHT SPECIAL EDUCATION IN A CONFINED ROOM – A NORMAL CLASSROOM SETTING – AND I WOULD HAVE, ON AVERAGE, ABOUT 12 STUDENTS WORKING WITH ME. I ALSO TAUGHT PHYSED TO THE REGULAR CHILDREN, AT DIFFERENT TIMES OF THE DAY. … AFTER 15 YEARS, I WENT INTO A REGULAR CLASSROOM, BUT, BECAUSE I HAD SPECIAL ED BACKGROUND, AND NOT A LOT OF PEOPLE DID, AT THAT TIME, I WOULD BE GIFTED WITH MANY CHALLENGED STUDENTS, MANY. LIKE, FOR EXAMPLE, OUT OF 28 CHILDREN, I MIGHT HAVE 12 CHALLENGED STUDENTS…” FUMIKO “FUMI” TAMAGI PASSED AWAY DECEMBER 15TH, 2015 AT 93 YEARS. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING REFERENCED INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20170032000
Acquisition Date
2017-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20170007007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2015
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
2
Height
5.5
Diameter
19
Description
A. PURPLE ROUND CAP WITH PURPLE AND WHITE TASSEL ATTACHED TO CENTER BUTTON. INSIDE OF CAP HAS BLACK VELCRO STRIP STAPLED TO BROWN LEATHER LINING, AND BLACK DOUBLE-ELASTIC STRAP ATTACHED. WHITE TAG INSIDE CAP READS “LOT. MEDIUM” WITH HANDWRITTEN INSCRIPTION IN BLUE INK “D. TAYLOR”. HAT HAS TWO PINS ON FRONT, ONE DIAMOND-SHAPED WITH RHINESTONE EDGING AND A STAG WITH PURPLE EYES IN THE CENTER, OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION; SECOND PIN COMPRISED OF FOURTEEN RHINESTONES ATTACHED WITH METAL CASINGS WITH TWO PIN ENDS AND PIN BACKINGS ATTACHED, OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. BOTH PINS HAS SILVER-COLOURED FINISHING; RHINESTONE-CHAIN PIN HAS TARNISHING ON PIN ENDS. INSIDE OF CAP HAS STAINS ALONG BACK EDGE AND ON INSIDE LINING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. HAT BAG, 33CM LONG X 22.5CM WIDE X 6.4CM DEEP, GREY EXTERIOR WITH BLACK, VINYL INTERIOR; HANDLE STITCHED TO TOP OF BAG. TOP FLAP ON BAG SECURES WITH BLACK AND SILVER SNAP BUTTON. INSIDE OF BAG HAS PAPER CARD INSERTED IN PLASTIC SLEEVE THAT READS “NAME DOROTHY TAYLOR, STREET 403 515-6 ST. S, TOWN LETHBRIDGE, PROV. ALTA, PHONE 8-9867, O.O.R.P. LODGE NO. 32”. RIGHT SIDE OF BAG INSIDE HAS GOLD “O.O.R.P.” DIAMOND SEAL WITH ELK IN CENTER. BAG HAS ROUNDED BASE; UPPER FLAP IS CURLED OUT AND BENT, AND TORN AT LOWER RIGHT AND LEFT CORNERS WHERE ATTACHED TO THE BAG; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON FEBRUARY 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED WILMA WOOD, DAUGHTER OF DOROTHY TAYLOR, ABOUT HER DONATION OF TAYLOR’S ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE REGALIA. THE REGALIA REPRESENTED TAYLOR’S 50-YEAR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE FROM BRANDON, MANITOBA TO LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. MACLEAN ADDITIONALLY INTERVIEWED ANN MARIE MCDONALD OF THE LETHBRIDGE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE ON JUNE 6, 2017. ON THE HAT AND HAT BAG, MCDONALD ELABORATED, “WHEN YOU JOIN THE LODGE, THIS IS THE HAT YOU GET. THIS IS STANDARD. ALL THE LADIES GET THIS. WHEN YOU JOIN THE LODGE, YOUR TASSEL IS JUST PURPLE. WHEN YOU ARE HONORABLE ROYAL LADY, YOU TAKE YOUR TASSEL OFF, AND YOU PUT THIS [PURPLE AND CREAM] TASSEL ON.” “[THE BAG] MUST BE FROM BRANDON. OUR HAT BOXES ARE WHITE, AND THEY ARE HARD, AND YOU PUT YOUR HAT IN. [THEN] YOU TIP YOUR HAT UP, AND YOU PUT YOUR GLOVES AND ANYTHING THAT YOU WANT TO STORE IN THE HAT BOX. THE HAT BOXES ARE QUITE A BIT BIGGER…THEY HAVE A HANDLE ON THEM SO YOU CAN…CARRY THEM. EVERYBODY USED TO KEEP THEIR GLOVES IN THEIR HAT BOX.” WOOD DISCUSSED HER MOTHER’S TIME IN THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE, STATING, “SHE CONSIDERS [THESE OBJECTS IN ACTIVE USE]. SHE IS VERY MUCH A PERSON WHO VALUES THAT SOCIETY. IT HELPED HER A NUMBER OF TIMES. AS YOU GROW OLDER, ALL OF A SUDDEN YOU DISCOVER THAT YOUR BRAIN ISN’T AS ACTIVE AS IT SHOULD BE AND THE MEMORY IS GOING. SHE WOULD PUT HERSELF INTO POSITIONS WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION INCLUDING BEING PRESIDENT, THREE OR FOUR TIMES. SHE HAD TO BE AN ORGANIZER, SHE HAD TO GET HER BRAIN AND KEEP HER BRAIN FUNCTIONING, WHICH I THOUGHT WAS VERY ADMIRABLE FOR A WOMAN HER AGE BECAUSE…SHE WAS IN HER EIGHTIES. SHE RECEIVED HER 50 YEAR PIN, I THINK IT WAS TWO YEARS AGO OR THREE.” “SHE JOINED [THE ORDER OF ROYAL PURPLE] IN BRANDON, MANITOBA WHERE [MY PARENTS] WERE LIVING AT THE TIME, AND MY DAD RETIRED THERE. THEY MOVED HERE TO LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE MY BROTHER LIVED HERE, AND MY UNCLE ART GOOD…HE LIVED HERE AND THEY WANTED TO BE CLOSER TO FAMILY. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE AND MY DAD DIED SHORTLY AFTER THAT.” “[SHE JOINED] BECAUSE OF HER FRIENDS. SHE HAD A FRIENDSHIP GROUP AND THEY BELONGED. THEY RECRUITED HER.” “WHEN SHE WAS VERY ACTIVE, SHE WAS A MAJOR RECRUITER. SHE WENT OUT AND FOUND YOUNG WOMEN BUT THEY FELL BY THE WAYSIDE BECAUSE OF LIFE. SHE WAS CERTAINLY VERY ACTIVE IN THEIR PROJECTS, ONE OF WHICH WAS FINDING FINANCES TO EDUCATE YOUNG PEOPLE. WHATEVER THEY WERE [DOING], SHE WAS INTO IT FULL TILT BECAUSE THAT’S THE KIND OF PERSON SHE IS…WHATEVER SHE DOES IS FULL BLAST, FULL BORE. SHE NEVER TOLD ME ANY DETAILS ABOUT THE SOCIETY BECAUSE IT’S ONE OF THOSE SECRET SISTERHOODS. SHE WAS ALWAYS VERY PROUD TO BE A MEMBER OF IT.” “THIS [CHAPTER] DID A LOT OF EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT…SHE TRAVELED WITH THEM BECAUSE IT WAS A CANADIAN ORGANIZATION, SO THEY HAD THEIR ANNUAL GENERAL MEETINGS ALL OVER CANADA. SHE CAME OUT TO VANCOUVER TO A MEETING AND I WENT OVER TO VANCOUVER TO MEET HER AND SAY “HOWDY”. SHE WENT OUT TO THE PREMIER’S, AT THAT TIME WAS VANDER ZALM, AND HE HAD THE BIG GARDENS OUT NEAR STEVESTON. SHE WENT OUT THERE AND SHE MET HIM.” “A YEAR AGO ABOUT THIS TIME, THAT’S WHEN [THE ORDER WAS] FOLDING. THE ALBERTA CLUBS WERE ALL IMPLODING, AND I THINK THERE’S ONLY ONE LEFT IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. IT WAS THE ISSUE THAT THEY WERE ALL OLD PEOPLE AND YOUNG PEOPLE DID NOT WANT TO JOIN THESE KINDS OF ORGANIZATIONS ANY LONGER…[THIS HAPPENED BECAUSE] I THINK WE HAVE MORE LEGAL SUPPORT. THE GOVERNMENT HAS SET UP HEALTH CARE, COMMUNITIES HAVE SET UP ASSISTANCE FOR WOMEN WHO ARE ABUSED, THERE’S DRUG ASSISTANCE. THERE IS MUCH MORE ASSISTANCE AVAILABLE. IN THE EARLY DAYS ON THE PRAIRIES, IF YOU DIDN’T KNOW YOUR NEXT DOOR NEIGHBOR, WHO MIGHT BE TWENTY MILES AWAY, YOU WERE IN DEEP DOO-DOO IF YOU HAD A BIG PROBLEM. THAT’S WHAT THESE SOCIETIES CAME OUT OF WAS THAT NEED. THE NEED PRETTY WELL HAS BEEN TAKEN CARE OF, I THINK. THERE ARE STILL CLUBS BUT THEY’RE DIFFERENT KINDS OF CLUBS NOW.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HER MOTIVATION FOR DONATING HER MOTHER’S REGALIA TO THE MUSEUM, WOOD NOTED, “MY MOTHER HAS TURNED 99 YEARS OLD IN JANUARY. SHE HAS DEMENTIA AND SO WE’VE HAD TO MOVE HER FROM HER SENIOR’S LODGE ROOM INTO A MORE SECURE ROOM. CONSEQUENTLY THE LAST OF THE THINGS THAT SHE TREASURED OR VALUED MUST BE DISPERSED. MY BROTHER AND I DECIDED THAT, SINCE THE ELKS AND THE ROYAL PURPLE MEANT SO MUCH TO HER, THAT [THESE WERE] THE [OBJECTS] WE WOULD LIKE TO DONATE TO THE MUSEUM. IT DEPICTS A PERIOD OF TIME WHEN THE WOMEN USED THESE ASSOCIATIONS AS A SUPPORT GROUP FOR THEMSELVES. IT WAS ANOTHER ONE OF THESE SECRET SOCIETIES, WHEN IN FACT THEY WERE SISTERHOODS. THEY WERE MEANT MAINLY FOR THEM TO HAVE PEOPLE TO SUPPORT EACH OTHER. SINCE THIS ORGANIZATION HAS BASICALLY COLLAPSED, I THOUGHT IT WAS SOMETHING THAT THE MUSEUM SHOULD HAVE BECAUSE IT DOES SHOW THAT PERIOD OF TIME IN THE SOCIAL HISTORY OF CANADA.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170007007
Acquisition Date
2017-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BYCOCKET
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20120045005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BYCOCKET
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
FELT, COTTON, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
17
Length
29
Description
GREEN FELT BYCOCKET (ARCHER’S CAP) WITH RED FELT TRIM ALONG BOTTOM AND FOLD BETWEEN RED TRIM AND GREEN CAP; FRONT SIDE OF CAP HAS THREE SYNTHETIC FEATHERS TUCKED INTO FOLD, ONE YELLOW, ONE RED, AND ONE GREEN. FRONT SIDE OF CAP HAS GOLDEN GLITTER-GLUE HANDWRITTEN TEXT “LETHBRIDGE 562”; BACK SIDE OF CAP HAS GOLDEN GLITTER-GLUE HANDWRITTEN TEXT SEWN ONTO GREEN PATCH ON CAP “GINNY”. GLITTER-GLUE IS PEELING IN SPOTS ON FRONT AND BACK TEXT; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON AUGUST 21, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN INTERVIEWED LLOYD CAREFOOT REGARDING HIS DONATION OF MEMORABILIA RELATED TO COURT WINDY WEST (#562) LETHBRIDGE CHAPTER OF THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF FORESTERS. CAREFOOT WAS ACTIVELY INVOLVED WITH THE FORESTERS WHILE HE LIVED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, AND CONTINUED HIS INVOLVEMENT FOLLOWING HIS MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1963. “THAT ONE WAS ALMOST AHEAD OF ME IN THE FORESTERS BECAUSE IT WASN’T REALLY SOMETHING THAT WE USED. IN EARLY DAYS, WHEN THEY HAD SOMETHING OFFICIAL, THEY WORE THE CAP, AND THEY WORE A GOWN. IT ALL GOES BACK TO ROBIN HOOD DAYS BECAUSE THE FORESTERS WERE DEVELOPED IN THAT TIME SPAN OF YEARS.” “[MEMBERS STOPPED USING IT BECAUSE] SOCIETY HAD CHANGED ENOUGH THAT THEY DIDN’T WANT TO BOTHER WITH THAT RITUAL. I SUSPECT THAT’S WHY. [THE RITUALS WERE] KIND OF STRANGE TO ME. BUT I ACCEPTED IT BECAUSE THAT IS PART OF WHAT YOU DID. IF YOU HAD AN OPEN PARTY BEFORE ‘70 AND YOU WERE WEARING ONE OF THOSE…PEOPLE RECOGNIZED YOU AS BEING ONE OF THE WORKERS…OTHER THAN THAT IT WASN’T SOMETHING THAT I REALLY WANTED TO WEAR, PARTICULARLY…THE RITUAL…I’D SAY IT HAS DISAPPEARED. “MY WIFE [RUTH] AND A NEIGHBOUR WHO WAS ALSO A MEMBER [MADE THE HATS]. THEY MADE A GROUP OF THEM FOR US. THIS ONE WAS GINNY; SHE WAS PAST-PRESIDENT…IT’S NOT MINE.” “[THE RITUAL WAS] A SPILL-OVER FROM WHAT WAS HAPPENING IN ENGLAND. THE FORESTERS WERE SUCCESSFUL, [SO] THEY CARRIED ON WITH SOME OF THE ORIGINAL RITUALS. IT’S SOMETHING THAT HAD MADE THEM STRONG OR HELPED TO MAKE THEM STRONG. [THE RITUAL AND REGALIA] ALSO MADE THEM NOTABLE, NOTED.” “THE RITUAL WAS…FROM ENGLAND...IF YOU TALK TO THE PRESIDENT THEN IT WAS ‘THE CHIEF RANGER’ AND THE LANGUAGE THAT WENT WITH THE RITUAL IN THOSE YEARS GONE BY – AND WE USE SOME OF THAT LANGUAGE…AS A PREFERENCE IN STARTING OUR MEETINGS. ESPECIALLY IF IT WAS…A SPECIAL MEETING WHERE WE WERE GOING TO GIVE FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS TO THIS OR TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS TO THAT. [THE RITUAL WAS PERFORMED IN ADVANCE OF] SOMETHING A LITTLE BIT NOTABLE WITHIN OUR GROUP.” “THE CLOTHES WERE…GIVEN TO US BY THE PREVIOUS MEMBERSHIP. THAT’S HOW WE WOUND UP WITH A HAT AND ONE OF THE CLOAKS THAT WE WORE.” “[THIS HAT] WOULD HAVE BEEN [MADE] ABOUT THE ‘80S…THOSE ARE THE LAST OF THE HATS THAT WE MADE. [WE STOPPED PERFORMING THE RITUAL] BEFORE 1990.” “WE USED THE IOOF HALL [ODD FELLOWS HALL], UPSTAIRS…WE USED THE GYM AT OUR SCHOOL, AT LAKEVIEW SCHOOL. WE RENTED PLACES…FOR OUR MEETINGS AND FOR OUR RITUALS. THE LEGION, WHEN IT WAS OVER FACING THE RAILROAD TRACK IS THE FIRST ONES I REMEMBER.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS TIME SPENT IN THE FORESTERS, CAREFOOT RECALLED, “WE [WIFE RUTH AND LLOYD] WERE INVITED TO [AN] ACTIVITY. [IN THOSE] DAYS THERE [WERE] SOCIAL PARTIES…SOMEBODY THAT I KNEW INVITED ME TO COME AND I HEARD WHAT THEY WERE DOING. IT WAS SOMETHING THAT RUTH AND I THOUGHT…WOULD BE SOMETHING WE’D LIKE TO BE INVOLVED IN…MY FATHER WAS A MEMBER OF THE CANADIAN ORDER OF FORESTERS WHICH WAS A STAGE BEFORE THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF FORESTERS.” “I BECAME A MEMBER IN EDMONTON… I WAS ONLY AS ASSOCIATE AT THAT TIME. WHEN WE MOVED DOWN HERE, WE BECAME MEMBERS HERE…MY FIRST WORKDAY WAS THE SECOND OF JANUARY, 1963 [IN LETHBRIDGE]. I WAS A FULL-BLOWN MEMBER IN 1966.” “[I JOINED BECAUSE OF] THE SATISFACTION THAT IT’S A STRONG CHARITABLE WAY OF DOING THINGS TO GIVE BACK. THAT’S PART OF MY PHILOSOPHY; JUST GIVE A LITTLE BACK FOR THE GOOD LIFE I’VE HAD.” “I WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE LEAGUE…OF [THE] LETHBRIDGE CHAPTER. AND [I] WOUND UP WITH [THE TRUNK] AND IN IT [WERE] THESE THINGS. IT PRE-DATES ME.” “MOST OF THOSE THINGS WERE FOR MY PERSONAL USE…EITHER IN EVENTS OR A POSITION I HELD IN THE FORESTERS. I LOOK AT [THE OBJECTS] AND I SMILE.” REGARDING HIS DONATION, CAREFOOT ELABPRATED, “THE FORESTERS IN THE COMMUNITY DID A LOT OF CHARITY WORK AND I THOUGHT IT WAS A WAY OF COVERING FOR THE FUTURE [ABOUT] THE THINGS THAT WE DID, OR STILL DO. THAT WAS, MORE THAN ANYTHING ELSE, MY REASON FOR [DONATING IT] – A WAY OF PASSING IT ALONG SO IT JUST DIDN’T GET SHOVED IN THE JUNK…TO SOMEBODY IN THE FUTURE, IT INDICATES SOMETHING OF WHAT WE DID AND SOME ILLUSTRATION OF THINGS THAT WE DID. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120045001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120045005
Acquisition Date
2012-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20170002000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
103.2
Width
5
Description
BEADED BELT WITH A GEOMETRIC PATTERN SET AGAINST A GREEN BEADED BACKGROUND. PATTERN ALTERNATES BETWEEN TWO MIRRORED BLACK, YELLOW, BLUE TRIANGLES WITH THEIR BASES AT EITHER WIDTH END OF THE BELT MEETING IN THE CENTER AT THEIR POINTS AND LARGE RED AND BLUE WITH A GREEN CENTERED TRIANGLES WITH THEIR BASE AT ONE WIDTH END AND THEIR POINTS EXTENDED TO THE OPPOSING END. BEADS ARE SEWN INTO A COTTON, CANVAS FABRIC. TWO ANIMAL HIDE TIES (EACH A DIFFERENT LENGTH FROM 6.2 TO 11.8) ON EACH END AT EACH CORNER OF BELT. BACK SIDE IS RAW FABRIC WITH SEAM AT CENTER CONNECTING THE TWO HALVES. ENDS ARE HEMMED WITH TIES SEWN TO THE OUTSIDE. CONDITION: SEVERE DISCOLOURATION TO FABRIC BACKING AND SEVERE WEAR TO ANIMAL HIDE TIES. MANY LOSS THREADS OVER ENTIRE SURFACE OF BACK. BEADS AND BEADING IN EXCELLENT CONDITION OVERALL.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
UPON THE DONATION OF THIS BELT TO THE GALT MUSEUM, THE DONOR – PATRICIA LYNCH-STAUNTON – EXPLAINED THAT THIS BELT BELONGED TO ALFRED HARDWICH LYNCH-STAUNTON, WHO SERVED IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN FORT MACLEOD. HE RANCHED IN THE LUNDBRECK AREA AND SUPPLIED HORSES TO THE MOUNTIES. THE DONOR SAID THAT SHE HAD “NO KNOWLEDGE OF HOW [ALFRED HARDWICK] CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE BELT. A NOTE ON THE INITIAL DOCUMENTATION ATTRIBUTES THE DATE OF THIS BELT TO CA. 1880-1890. THE ACTING CURATOR OF THE NATIVE NORTH AMERICAN DEPARTMENT OF THE GLENBOW, JOANNE SCHMIDT, AGREED WITH THE DONOR’S BELIEF THAT THE BELT WAS BLACKFOOT. THROUGH THE COMPARISON OF THE BEADED MOCCASINS AND BELTS IN THE GLENBOW’S COLLECTION WITH THIS BELT, SCHMIDT EXPLAINED THAT THE DESIGN ON THE BELT WAS MOSTLY FOUND ON THOSE FROM SIKSIKA, BUT SHE HAS ALSO SEEN THE DESIGN IN PIIKANI AND KAINAI BEADWORK THOUGH THERE ARE NOT MANY EXAMPLES IN THE COLLECTION. ALSO BY USING THE GLENBOW’S COLLECTION AS A POINT OF REFERENCE, THE CURATOR BELIEVES THAT THE BELT IS SIMILAR IN APPEARANCE TO THOSE OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO EARLY 20TH-CENTURY MUSEUM HOLDINGS. SCHMIDT ALSO PROVIDED AN EXPLANATION OF THE DESIGN FROM THE CANADIAN MUSEUM OF HISTORY. IT STATES, “ONE OF THE EARLIEST DESIGNS USED WAS ‘MIISTA-TSIKA-TUKSIIN,’ OR MOUNTAIN DESIGN. OTHER DESIGNS INCLUDED SQUARES, DIAMONDS, BARS, SLOTTED BARS AND STRIPES… TODAY SUCH DESIGNS ARE CALLED ‘MAAH-TOOHM-MOOWA-KA-NA-SKSIN,’ OR FIRST DESIGNS.” IT WAS FURTHER EXPLAINED THAT A COMPLICATING FACTOR IN IDENTIFYING THE BELT’S ORIGINS IS THE FACT THAT THE BLACKFOOT TENDED TO USE WHITE OR BLUE AS THE BACKGROUND COLOUR, NOT GREEN AS IS PRESENTED IN THE LYNCH-STAUNTON DONATION. ON 19 JANUARY 2017, MUSEUM STAFF FURTHER CONSULTED WITH RYAN HEAVY HEAD, FORMER DIRECTOR OF KAINAI STUDIES AT RED CROW COMMUNITY COLLEGE, REGARDING THE BELT’S DESIGN. HE EXPLAINED, “THE GREEN BACKGROUND IS ATYPICAL OF BLACKFOOT BEADWORK, WHICH IS NORMALLY BLUE. THE ‘MOUNTAIN DESIGN’ [DISPLAYED ON THE BELT] IS A COMMON MOTIF IN BLACKFOOT BEADWORK, BUT AGAIN THE COLOURS ARE NOT TYPICAL IN THIS EXAMPLE.” RYAN SPECULATED THAT DURING THE TIME OF DISEASE (WHEN THIS BELT APPEARS TO HAVE ORIGINATED) THERE WAS SOME DISRUPTION IN TRADITIONAL LIFE AND THAT COULD BE REFLECTED IN THE COLOUR CHOICES. ALTERNATIVELY, THE BELT MAY HAVE BEEN MADE BY THE GROS VENTRES FROM NORTHEAST MONTANA. THE DONOR, PATRICIA LYNCH-STAUNTON, IS THE GREAT-GRANDDAUGHTER OF ALFRED HARDWICK LYNCH-STAUNTON. THIS BELT WAS PASSED DOWN THROUGH THE FAMILY, FIRST FROM A. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON, THEN TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, F. C. LYNCH-STAUNTON, THEN TO HER FATHER, A. G. LYNCH-STAUNTON, FINALLY TO THE DONOR WHO BROUGHT IT TO THE MUSEUM. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM THE “A. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON FAMILY HISTORY” WRITTEN FOR THE MUSEUM USING ONLINE SOURCES, THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES, AND THE BOOK TITLED “HISTORY OF THE EARLY DAYS OF PINCHER CREEK AND SOUTHERN MOUNTAINS OF ALBERTA.” “ALFRED HARDWICK LYNCH-STAUNTON (1860-1932) WAS BORN IN HAMILTON, ON AND CAME TO FORT MACLEOD IN 1877 TO JOIN THE NWMP. ACCORDING TO THE PINCHER CREEK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, HE WAS SENT TO ESTABLISH A HORSE BREEDING FARM AT PINCHER CREEK IN 1878. AFTER RETIRING FROM THE NWMP IN 1880, LYNCH-STAUNTON STATED THE FIRST CATTLE RANCH IN THE PINCHER CREEK AREA WITH JAMES BRUNEAU AND ISSAC MAY, AND LATER HOMESTEADED WEST OF TOWN. ALONG WITH HIS RANCH, LYNCH-STAUNTON MARRIED SARAH MARY BLAKE (1864-1933) IN 1890 AND THEY HAVE FIVE CHILDREN: VICTORIA, FRANDA, FRANCIS, JOHN, AND D’ARCY… A.H.’S BROTHER RICHARD LYNCH-STAUNTON (1867-1961) CAME AS FAR WEST AS MEDICINE HAT IN 1883 WITH HIS FATHER, F. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON, WHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THE SURVEY PARTY. RICHARD CAME WEST AGAIN, TO PINCHER CREEK, IN 1885 OR 1886. IN ABOUT 1900, HE ACQUIRED LAND NORTH OF LUNDBRECK, ON TODD CREEEK, WHICH BECAME THE ANTELOPE BUTTE RANCH. RICHARD AND A. H. WERE IN PARTNERSHIP FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS IN CATTLE-RANCHING AND, ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, WITH THE BUTCHER SHOP. IN 1901, RICHARD MARRIED ISABELLE MARY WILSON (1868-1971), AND THEIR SON FRANK LYNCH-STAUNTON (1905-1990), ALBERTA’S 11TH LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR FROM 1979 TO 1985. LYNCH-STAUNTON DESCENDANTS CONTINUE TO RANCH IN THE LUNDBRECK/PINCHER CREEK AREA.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING CORRESPONDENCE WITH DONOR AND PEOPLE CITED IN ABOVE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P20170002000
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MAHJONG SET
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20150028000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MAHJONG SET
Date
1987
Materials
PLASTIC
No. Pieces
159
Height
9.6
Length
23
Width
23
Description
A – G: 7 STANDARD 6-SIDED DICE. 6 OF THE DICE HAVE BLACK DOTS ON A WHITE BACKGROUND, EXCEPT RED DOTS FOR THE ONE AND THE FOUR ON ALL DICE. THE SEVENTH DIE IS THE SAME AS THE FIRST SIX BUT WITH BROWN DOTS INSTEAD OF BLACK. THE DICE ARE 1.4 CM CUBED WITH ROUNDED EDGES. GOOD CONDITION: NORMAL WEAR FROM USE. H-I: A DIRECTIONAL PIECE CUBE (LIKE A DIE) AND A HOLDER. THERE ARE RED CHINESE CHARACTERS ON 4 OF THE 6 SIDES OF THE WHITE CUBE. THE DIE IS 1.2 CM CUBED. THE PIECE’S CIRCULAR HOLDER HAS A RED TOP AND A WHITE BASE WITH A CUBE INSERT IN THE CENTER OF THE TOP THAT FITS THE DIRECTIONAL PIECE. THE HOLDER IS IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. IT IS WELL WORN AND THE EDGES ARE YELLOWING. FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION WITH SOME WEAR TO THE CHARACTERS AND THE CORNERS OF THE DIE. J-BBBBBBB: MAHJONG GAME SET. 144 TILES PLUS 4 BLANK SPARES (148 TILES TOTAL). THERE ARE 108 SIMPLE TILES (OF THE 3 SUITS: DOTS, BAMBOO, AND CHARACTERS), THERE ARE 28 HONOURS TILES (16 WINDS AND 16 DRAGONS), AND THERE ARE TWO SETS OF BONUS TILES (FLOWERS AND SEASONS) EACH WITH 4 TILES IN THE SET. EACH TILE IS 3.5 X 2.8 X 2.1 CM. VERY GOOD TO EXCELLENT CONDITION WITH SLIGHT SCUFFING ON THE TILES. CCCCCCC – DDDDDDD: GREEN RUBBERMAID PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH A WHITE PLASTIC LID FOR THE MAHJONG SET’S CASE. THE BOTTOM OF THE CONTAINER READS “RUBBERMAID 4 QUARTS” “J-3204”. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE CONTAINER ARE 23 X 23 X 9.6 CM. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE LID ARE 23 X 24.5 X 1.5 CM. GOOD CONDITION. THE OVERALL SURFACE OF BOTH THE CONTAINER AND THE LID ARE SCRATCHED. ON THE LID, THE TOP COATING OF PLASTIC IS PEELING OFF. THERE IS ADHESIVE TAPE RESIDUE IN ONE CORNER.
Subjects
GAME
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
LEISURE
History
ON NOVEMBER 10, 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RICHARD LOO AT THE GALT MUSEUM REGARDING A MAHJONG SET HE WAS DONATING TO THE MUSEUM. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: MAHJONG IS A TILE-BASED GAME THAT ORIGINATED IN CHINA. LOO RECALLS ACQUIRING THE SET APPROXIMATELY 30 OR 40 YEARS AGO. HE SAID HE GOT THEM, “WHEN I WENT BACK TO HONG KONG. LET’S SEE – ’87. I WENT TO HONG KONG IN ’87. I BOUGHT SEVERAL [MAHJONG] SETS… TO GIVE TO THE KIDS IF THEY WERE INTERESTED. HERE, THEY ARE NOT AVAILABLE – NOT IN THIS CITY. YOU CAN GET IT IN CALGARY, BUT, IF I BROUGHT IT BACK FROM CHINA, IT’S A BETTER DEAL FOR ME… I STILL HAVE A COUPLE OF SETS AT HOME. I GIVE SOME TO MY FRIENDS; SOME TO THE KIDS.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS USE OF GAME SET, LOO EXPLAINED, “I USE IT NOT TOO MANY TIMES… THEY COME IN A CASE – LIKE A BRIEFCASE - JUST FLIMSY STUFF. IF IT WAS USED SO LONG, IT WOULD JUST GO IN PIECES. SO I PUT IT INTO CONTAINERS – KEEPS A BETTER SHAPE, THAT’S ALL.” HE EXPLAINS THAT THE GAME IS PLAYED, “MOSTLY AT HOME. TO FOOL AROUND; JUST TO KILL TIME,” AND THAT THE SET DONATED WAS A PERSONAL SET THAT HAS ALWAYS BEEN AT LOO’S HOUSE. “THERE ARE SO MANY DIFFERENT STYLES OF PLAY. WHEN I CAME, IN THOSE DAYS, WE PLAYED A DIFFERENT WAY, AND AFTER YOU STAYED FOR A LITTLE WHILE, THEY PLAYED A DIFFERENT WAY… YOU PLAY THIS GAME MORE GENERALLY FOR ENTERTAINMENT, KILLING TIME; THE PURPOSE IS NOT TO MAKE MONEY… SEE, I REMEMBER THOSE DAYS, WHEN I WAS YOUNG – JUST A KID THOSE DAYS, IN THE OLD COUNTRY, OLD DAYS. IN THE NEW YEAR, I SAW FOUR OLDER GENTLEMEN PLAY THESE GAMES, BUT I DON’T UNDERSTAND…. WE CALL IT OLD STYLE. NOBODY IS INTERESTED IN PLAYING OLD STYLE ANYMORE. [IT IS] QUITE COMPLICATED... THEY PLAY THIS ONE, JUST LIKE YOU PLAY RUMMY, BUT YOU HAVE TO USE YOUR HEAD A LITTLE BIT. SOMETIMES YOU’VE GOT LUCK TOO." LOO SAYS HE DOES NOT MISS PLAYING THE GAME, “FOR MY AGE, NO. RIGHT NOW, NOT INTERESTED - [I'VE] GOT OTHER THINGS TO DO. YOU PLAY FOR SO LONG, AND THEN, [YOU ARE] NOT INTERESTED ANYMORE. WE USED TO PLAY THIS ON NEW YEAR’S EVE, TILL THE NEXT MORNING. [WE WOULD] START ON NEW YEAR’S EVE TILL TOMORROW MORNING, 6 OR 7 O’CLOCK. NOT ANYMORE. WE PLAYED AT ALBERT’S PLACE, BOW ON TONG…” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ABOUT RICHARD LOO HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM THE ARTIFACT RECORDS P20110031*: LOO ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1953, HAVING LEFT THE MAINLAND OF CHINA IN 1949. LOO'S GRANDFATHER HAD MOVED TO CANADA IN EITHER LATE 1800S OR THE EARLY 1900S AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE HEAD TAX. HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED AS A COOK IN RESTAURANTS, EITHER IN LETHBRIDGE OR IN TABER (ACCORDING TO LOO, HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED THROUGH THE WAR YEARS IN TABER). LOO’S GRANDFATHER HAD PLANNED ON MOVING BACK TO CHINA WHEN HE RETIRED, BUT THEN THE COMMUNISTS TOOK OVER, AND HE ELECTED TO STAY. AT THAT TIME, HE INVITED LOO TO MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL. LOO LEFT HONG KONG, AFTER LIVING THERE FOR 8 MONTHS, ON A FRIDAY AFTERNOON AT 2PM LOCAL TIME. HE ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SUNDAY AFTERNOON. HE WAS LUCKY IN THAT HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FLIGHTS ON SALE. NORMALLY A TICKET FROM HONG KONG TO VANCOUVER WOULD HAVE COST $700, BUT LOO WAS ABLE TO SECURE A FLIGHT FOR ONLY $500. HE ALSO INDICATED THAT HIS FLIGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WAS ONLY $39.95. ON RECALLING HIS FIRST TIME IN LETHBRIDGE, LOO RECOUNTED THE FOLLOWING STORY: “SO, BY THE TIME I GOT TO THE AIRPORT, I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO SAY [ANYTHING]. DIDN’T KNOW – MAYBE COULD SAY ‘GOOD MORNING’ – THAT’S ALL I COULD SAY, JUST HOW TO SAY ‘HELLO.' IN THE MEANTIME, THE FELLOW AT THE AIRPORT MUST HAVE KNOWN ZEKE, YOU KNOW ZEKE QUAN [OWNER OF] THE LOTUS INN [RESTAURANT], AND HE PHONED HIM UP. HE SAYS, ‘ZEKE.’ I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT HE WAS TALKING ABOUT – NOTHING. AND THEN HE SAYS, ‘HEY, THIS IS A CHINA BOY HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH HIM?’ SO, ZEKE SAYS, ‘OH, JUST TAKE HIM TO CHINATOWN AND DUMP HIM.’ NOW, I DIDN’T KNOW THOSE, NOT UNTIL LATER ON. ZEKE’S SON GO TO SAME SCHOOL I DID – CENTRAL SCHOOL.” LOO INITIALLY LIVED IN THE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY BUILDING FOR SEVERAL YEARS, OCCUPYING A ROOM THAT HAD BEEN RECENTLY VACATED BY ANOTHER MAN NAMED LOO WHO HAD GONE TO WORK IN PICTURE BUTTE. LOO RECALLED THAT THE SOCIETY WAS A GOOD PLACE TO FEEL A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND THAT IT WAS A WELCOMING PLACE FOR NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS, A PLACE WHERE THEY WEREN’T DISCRIMINATED AGAINST. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION
Catalogue Number
P20150028000
Acquisition Date
2015-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
No. Pieces
1
Length
139
Width
99.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN BLANKET MADE FROM RAW FLAX. THE BLANKET IS COMPOSED OF 2 SECTIONS OF THE SAME SIZE OF MATERIAL THAT ARE JOINED TOGETHER WITH A SEAM AT THE CENTER. ON THE FRONT SIDE (WITH NEAT SIDE OF THE STITCHING AND PATCHES), THERE ARE THREE PATCHES ON THE BLANKET MADE FROM LIGHTER, RAW-COLOURED MATERIAL. ONE SECTION OF THE FABRIC HAS TWO OF THE PATCHES ALIGNED VERTICALLY NEAR THE CENTER SEAM. THE AREA SHOWING ON ONE PATCH IS 3 CM X 5 CM AND THE OTHER IS SHOWING 5 CM X 6 CM. ON THE OPPOSITE SECTION THERE IS ONE PATCH THAT IS 16 CM X 8.5 CM SEWN AT THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET. THE BLANKET IS HEMMED ON BOTH SHORT SIDES. ON THE OPPOSING/BACK SIDE OF THE BLANKET, THE FULL PIECES OF THE FABRIC FOR THE PATCHES ARE SHOWING. THE SMALLER PATCH OF THE TWO ON THE ONE HALF-SECTION OF THE BLANKET IS 8CM X 10 CM AND THE OTHER PATCH ON THAT SIDE IS 14CM X 15CM. THE PATCH ON THE OTHER HALF-SECTION IS THE SAME SIZE AS WHEN VIEWED FROM THE FRONT. THERE IS A SEVERELY FADED BLUE STAMP ON THIS PATCH’S FABRIC. FAIR CONDITION. THERE IS RED STAINING THAT CAN BE SEEN FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE BLANKET AT THE CENTER SEAM, NEAR THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET AT THE SIDE WITH 2 PATCHES (CLOSER TO THE LARGER PATCH), AND NEAR THE SMALL PATCH AT THE END FURTHER FROM THE CENTER. THERE IS A HOLE WITH MANY LOOSE THREADS SURROUNDING NEAR THE CENTER OF THE HALF SECTION WITH ONE PATCH. THERE ARE VARIOUS THREADS COMING LOOSE AT MULTIPLE POINTS OF THE BLANKET.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
BEDDING
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. ACCORDING TO A NOTE THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THIS LIGHTWEIGHT BLANKET AT THE TIME OF ACQUISITION THE BLANKET IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN MADE C. 1920S. MORRIS SAYS HER MEMORY OF THE BLANKET DATES AS FAR BACK AS SHE CAN REMEMBER: “RIGHT INTO THE ‘30S, ‘40S AND ‘50S BECAUSE MY MOTHER DID THAT RIGHT UP UNTIL NEAR THE END. I USE THAT EVEN IN LETHBRIDGE WHEN I HAD A GARDEN. [THIS TYPE OF BLANKET] WAS USED FOR TWO PURPOSES. IT WAS EITHER PUT ON THE BED UNDERNEATH THE MATTRESS THE LADIES MADE OUT OF WOOL AND OR ELSE IT WAS USED, A DIFFERENT PIECE OF CLOTH WOULD BE USED FOR FLAILING THINGS. [THE] FLAIL ACTUALLY GOES WITH IT AND THEY BANG ON THE SEEDS AND IT WOULD TAKE THE HULLS OFF… IT’S HAND WOVEN AND IT’S MADE OUT OF POOR QUALITY FLAX… IT’S UNBLEACHED, DEFINITELY… RAW LINEN." THIS SPECIFIC BLANKET WAS USED FOR SEEDS MORRIS RECALLS: “…IT HAD TO BE A WINDY DAY… WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS OR WHATEVER BEET SEEDS AND WE WOULD BEAT AWAY AND THEN WE WOULD STAND UP, HOLD IT UP AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN [ONTO THE BLANKET.” THE SEEDS WOULD THEN BE CARRIED ON THE BLANKET AND THEN PUT INTO A PAIL. OF THE BLANKET’S CLEAN STATE, MORRIS EXPLAINS, “THEY’RE ALWAYS WASHED AFTER THEY’RE FINISHED USING THEM.” WHEN SHE LOOKS AT THIS ARTIFACT, MORRIS SAYS: “I FEEL LIKE I’M OUT ON THE FARM, I SEE FIELDS AND FIELDS OF FLAX, BLUE FLAX. BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT SHE USED IT FOR. SHE DID USE IT IF SHE WANTED A LITTLE BIT OF THE FLAX THEN SHE’D POUND THE FLAX, BUT THAT WASN’T OFTEN. IT WAS MOSTLY BEANS AND PEAS.” IT IS UNKNOWN WHO WOVE THIS BLANKET. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1907
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, METAL, VARNISH
Catalogue Number
P20160003008
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1907
Date Range To
1995
Materials
WOOD, METAL, VARNISH
No. Pieces
1
Height
107
Diameter
54.5
Description
WOODEN SPINNING WHEEL COATED WITH RED WOOD VARNISH. THE BOBBIN IS APPROX. 11.5CM IN LENGTH AND APPROX. 9CM IN DIAMETER. THERE IS SOME HANDSPUN, WHITE YARN REMAINING ON THE BOBBIN, IN ADDITION TO A SMALL AMOUNT OF GREEN YARN. THE SPINNING WHEEL IS FULLY ASSEMBLED. ON EITHER SIDE OF THE FLYER THERE ARE 10 METAL HOOKS. ON THE LEFT SIDE ONE OF THE 10 HOOKS IS PARTIALLY BROKEN OFF. ON THE FRONT MAIDEN, A WHITE STRING IS TIED AROUND A FRONT KNOB WITH A METAL WIRE BENT LIKE A HOOK (POSSIBLY TO PULL YARN THROUGH THE METAL ORIFICE ATTACHED TO FLYER). LONG SECTION OF RED YARN LOOPED AROUND THE SPINNING WHEEL (MAY BE DRIVE BAND). TREADLE IS TIED TO THE FOOTMAN WITH A DARK GREY, FLAT STRING THAT IS 5MM IN WIDTH. GOOD CONDITION. TREADLE IS WELL WORN WITH VARNISH WORN OFF AND METAL NAIL HEADS EXPOSED.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. MORRIS ACQUIRED THIS SPINNING WHEEL FROM HER MOTHER AT THE SAME TIME SHE ACQUIRED THE RUG (P20160003006-GA). SHE EXPLAINS: “I ASKED HER IF I COULD USE THE SPINNING WHEEL – SHE TAUGHT ME HOW TO SPIN. AND SHE ALSO TAUGHT ME HOW TO WEAVE, ACTUALLY MY GRANDMOTHER DID THAT MORE SO THAN MY MOTHER. AND I BELONG TO THE WEAVERS’ GUILD, SO I THOUGHT THAT I BETTER DO SOME SPINNING. AND I DID SOME, SO THAT’S WHY I’VE GOT IT HERE AND MOTHER SAID NOT TO BOTHER BRINGING IT BECAUSE SHE WASN’T GOING TO DO ANYMORE SPINNING. SHE HAD LOTS AND LOTS OF YARN THAT SHE DID. SO IT’S BEEN SITTING HERE; IT WAS IN THE BASEMENT.” THE WHEEL WAS MADE FOR ELIZABETH KONKIN WHEN SHE WAS A CHILD IN BRITISH COLUMBIA. MORRIS EXPLAINED THAT: “… [THE SPINNING WHEEL] WAS MADE ESPECIALLY FOR HER. SHE WAS VERY YOUNG. AND THAT IS THE CADILLAC OF SPINNING WHEELS… BECAUSE SHE KNEW WHO THE SPINNERS WERE, WHO THE SPINNING WHEEL CARPENTERS WERE. AND THERE WAS ONE PARTICULAR MAN AND HER MOTHER SAID, ‘WE’LL GO TO THAT ONE.’ AND THEN IN TURN, IN PAYMENT, SHE WOVE HIM ENOUGH MATERIAL TO MAKE A SUIT – A LINEN ONE… [T]HEY DIDN’T LIVE IN CASTELLAR, THEY LIVED IN ANOTHER PLACE. IT’S CALLED - IN RUSSIAN IT IS CALLED OOTISCHENIA. IT’S WHERE THE BIG – ONE OF THE BIG DAMS IS. IF YOU EVER GO ON THAT ROAD, THERE’LL BE DAMS – I THINK ABOUT 3 HUGE ONES… NEAR CASTELLAR, YEAH.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE TIME THE WHEEL WAS BUILT FOR HER MOTHER, MORRIS ANSWERED: “… [S]HE GOT IT LONG BEFORE [HER MARRIAGE].” SHE EXPLAINED THAT PRIOR TO MARRYING, GIRLS WOULD PUT TOGETHER TROUSSEAUS “AND THEY MAKE ALL KINDS OF FANCY THINGS WHICH THEY NEVER USE.” MORRIS RECALLS THE SPINNING WHEEL BEING USED WITHIN HER FAMILY’S HOME IN SHOULDICE AND IN THE LEAN-TO AREA IN THEIR HOME AT VAUXHALL: ‘WELL I THINK [THE SKILL IS] IN THE GENES ACTUALLY. BECAUSE MOST FAMILIES WOVE, AND THEY CERTAINLY SPUN, AS FAR AS I REMEMBER. I KNOW EVERY FALL THE LOOM WOULD COME OUT AND WE WERE LIVING WITH MY GRANDPARENTS ON MY DAD’S [SIDE]. WE LIVED UPSTAIRS, AND EVERY WINTER THEY’D HAUL THAT HUGE LOOM INTO THE BATHHOUSE – THE STEAM BATHHOUSE – BECAUSE THERE WAS NO ROOM ANYWHERE ELSE. AND THEY – THE LADIES SET IT UP AND IN THE SUMMERTIME. THEY TORE THE RAGS FOR THE RUGS, OR SPUN THEM. [FOR] WHATEVER THEY WERE GOING TO MAKE. MY MOM WAS SPINNING WHEN I WAS OLD. [S]HE USED MAKE MITTENS AND SOCKS FOR THE KIDS FOR MY CHILDREN AND SO WHEN SHE DIED THERE WAS A WHOLE STACK OF THESE MITTENS AND SOCKS AND I’VE BEEN GIVING IT TO MY GRAND[KIDS AND] MY GREAT GRANDKIDS” MORRIS ALSO USED THIS SPINNING WHEEL MANY TIMES HERSELF. SHE SAID, “IT WAS VERY EASY TO SPIN AND WHEN YOU TRY SOMEBODY ELSE’S SPINNING WHEEL YOU KNOW THE DIFFERENCE RIGHT AWAY. IT’S LIKE DRIVING A CADILLAC AND THEN DRIVING AN OLD FORD. IT’S JUST, IT’S SMOOTH. OUR SON, I TOLD YOU HE WAS VERY CLEVER, HE TRIED SPINNING AND HE SAID IT WAS JUST A VERY, VERY GOOD SPINNING WHEEL. WHEN I WAS IN THE GUILD I TRIED DOING [WHAT] MY MOTHER TAUGHT ME HOW TO SPIN FINE THREAD AND I WANTED HEAVY THREAD BECAUSE NOW [THEY'RE] MAKING THESE WALL HANGINGS. THEY USE THREAD AS THICK AS TWO FINGERS SO I DID THAT AND I DYED IT. I WENT OUT AND CREATED MY OWN DYES. THAT WAS FUN AND THEN I HAVE A SAMPLER OF ALL THE DYES I MADE… I STOPPED SPINNING SHORTLY BEFORE I STOPPED WEAVING… I LOVED WEAVING. FIRST OF ALL I LEARNED HOW TO EMBROIDER. I LIKED THAT THEN I LEARNED HOW CROCHET, I LIKED THAT. THEN I LEARNED HOW TO KNIT AND THAT WAS TOPS. THEN ONE DAY I WAS VISITING MY FRIEND, FRANCES, AND SHE WAS GOING TO THE BOWMAN AND I SAID, 'WHERE ARE YOU GOING?' SHE SAID 'I’M GOING THERE TO WEAVE.' I SAID, 'I DIDN’T KNOW YOU COULD WEAVE?' SHE SAID, 'OH YES,' AND I SAID ‘IS IT HARD?' SHE SAID, ‘NO,” SO I WENT THERE AND I SAW THE THINGS SHE WOVE. THEY WERE BEAUTIFUL AND SO I JOINED THE GROUP AND THEN OF COURSE I WANTED TO HAVE SOME OF THE STUFF I HAD SPUN MYSELF AND DYED MYSELF AND NOBODY ELSE WANTED. THEN I DECIDED, ‘ALRIGHT, I’VE WOVEN ALL THESE THINGS, WOVE MYSELF A SUIT, LONG SKIRT YOU NAME IT. PLACE MATS GALORE. THIS LITTLE RUNNER,’ AND I THOUGHT, ‘WELL, WHAT AM I GOING TO DO WITH THE REST BECAUSE NOBODY WANTS HOMESPUN STUFF. THEY WANT TO GO TO WALMART OR SOME PLACE AND BUY SOMETHING READYMADE,’ SO I GAVE UP SPINNING AND WEAVING… I STOPPED AFTER I MADE MY SUIT. THAT MUST HAVE BEEN ABOUT TWENTY YEARS AGO, EASILY.” MORRIS’ MOTHER WOULD WEAVE IN SHOULDICE, BUT “[I]N VAUXHALL, NO, SHE WASN’T [WEAVING]. SHE DIDN’T HAVE A LOOM.” MORRIS SAID IN SHOULDICE, “I LEARNED HOW TO THROW THE SHUTTLE BACK AND FORTH TO WEAVE RUGS BECAUSE I USED TO SIT THERE WATCHING MY GRANDMOTHER AND SHE LET ME DO THAT, AND THEN YOU SEE WHEN I GOT SO INTERESTED IN WEAVING THAT I BOUGHT A LOOM, SITTING DOWN IN THE BASEMENT. I’VE BEEN TRYING TO SELL IT EVER SINCE AND NOBODY WANTS IT. I OFFERED TO GIVE IT FOR FREE AND NOBODY WANTS IT BECAUSE THEY DON’T HAVE SPACE FOR IT.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003008
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1949
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20160003003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1949
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
26
Width
7.8
Description
HANDMADE, WOODEN SOUP LADLE. FINISHED WITH WOOD VARNISH. IT HAS A SKINNY HANDLE THAT IS APPROX. 1 CM IN WIDTH. A HOLE HAS BEEN DRILLED AT THE END OF THE HANDLE. GOOD CONDITION. SEVERE STAINING/DARKENING AT THE BOWL OF THE SPOON. WOOD VARNISH IS CHIPPING ON OVERALL SURFACE OF THE SPOON.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
DOMESTIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. A NOTE WRITTEN BY ELSIE MORRIS WAS ATTACHED TO THIS ARTIFACT AT THE TIME OF DONATION. IT EXPLAINED THAT THIS LADLE WAS HAND CARVED BY WILLIAM KONKIN C.1940. IN THE INTERVIEW MORRIS EXPLAINS: “OKAY THE LADLES ARE ALWAYS USED FOR LIFTING UP SOUP AND ANYTHING ELSE THAT HAPPENS TO BE A LIQUID. IT’S EASIER. THIS IS A SMALL ONE SO THEY WERE SMALLER HELPINGS OR WHATEVER IT WAS THAT YOU WERE DOING... THAT’S THE LAST ONE HE MADE.” OF THIS LADLE, MORRIS REMEMBERS: “OH JUST THAT WE ATE SOUP AND BORSCH WITH IT.” WILLIAM KONKIN MADE MANY ITEMS USED BY THE FAMILY AND CONSTRUCTED THE FAMILY HOMES OF VAUXHALL AND LETHBRIDGE. MORRIS STATES, ”SEE MY DAD WAS VERY GIFTED, I ONLY NOW APPRECIATING HIM.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003003
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
KNITTING BAG
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1999
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, FABRIC, THREAD
Catalogue Number
P20160003005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KNITTING BAG
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1999
Materials
CANVAS, FABRIC, THREAD
No. Pieces
1
Length
41
Width
36
Description
HANDMADE BAG MADE OF 3 SECTIONS OF STRIPS OF ABOUT 5 INCHES (APPROX. 13 CM) EACH. IT IS RED WITH BLUE, YELLOW, GREEN, AND RAW MATERIAL ACCENTS. THE TRIM AT THE TOP OF THE BAG IS BLUE WITH A HANDLE OF THE SAME FABRIC ON EITHER SIDE. THERE IS A STRIP OF RAW, NOT PATTERNED FABRIC AT THE BOTTOM OF THE BAG. BOTH SIDES OF THE BAG HAVE THE SAME ARRANGEMENT OF PATTERNED STRIPS. THERE IS ONE SEAM CONNECTING THE FRONT AND THE BACK OF THE BAG ON BOTH SIDES. THE INSIDE IS UNLINED. GOOD TO VERY GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SOME STITCHING COMING LOOSE AT VARIOUS POINTS OF THE PATTERNING.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928 THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. A STATEMENT WRITTEN BY MORRIS ATTACHED TO THE BAG STATES THAT THE MATERIAL OF THE BAG ORIGINATES FROM THE 1870S. THE STATEMENT READS: “THIS BAG WAS HAND WOVEN IN STRIPS [THAT WERE USED] TO SEW ON THE BOTTOM OF PETTICOATS. THE GIRLS AT THAT TIME HAD TO HAVE A TROUSEUA [SIC] TO LAST A LIFETIME BECAUSE AFTER MARRIAGE THERE WOULD BE NO TIME TO MAKE CLOTHES SO WHAT THEY MADE WAS STURDY. THEY STARTED ON THEIR TROUSEUS [SIC] AS SOON AS THEY COULD HOLD A NEEDLE. WHEN IT WAS HAYING TIME THE GIRLS WENT OUT INTO THE FIELD TO RAKE THE HAY. THEY WORE PETTICOATS OF LINEN TO WHICH THESE BANDS WERE SEWN. THE LONG SKIRTS WERE PICKED UP AT THE SIDES AND TUCKED INTO THE WAISTBANDS SO THAT THE BOTTOMS OF THE PETTICOATS WERE ON DISPLAY.” “THESE BANDS WERE ORIGINALLY MY GREAT GRANDMOTHER’S WHO CAME OUT OF RUSSIA WITH THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT IN 1899. THEY WERE PASSED ON TO MY MOTHER, ELIZABETH KONKIN, WHO MADE THEM INTO A BAG IN THE 1940S” THE STRIPS THAT MAKE UP THE BAG SERVED A UTILITARIAN PURPOSE WHEN SEWN TO THE BOTTOM OF THE PETTICOATS. IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS EXPLAINS: “… THESE STRIPS ARE VERY STRONG. THEY’RE LIKE CANVAS. THEY WERE SEWN ONTO THE BOTTOM OF THE LADY’S PETTICOATS AND THEY WORE A SKIRT ON TOP OF THE PETTICOATS. THESE STRIPS LASTED A LIFETIME, IN FACT MORE THAN ONE LIFETIME BECAUSE I’VE GOT THEM NOW. THEY WOULD TUCK THE SKIRTS INTO THEIR WAISTBAND ON THE SIDE SO THEIR PETTICOATS SHOWED AND THEY WERE TRYING TO PRESERVE THEIR SKIRTS NOT TO GET CAUGHT IN THE GRAIN. THE GIRLS LIKED TO WEAR THEM TO SHOW OFF BECAUSE THE BOYS WERE THERE AND THEY ALWAYS WORE THEIR VERY BEST SUNDAY CLOTHES WHEN THEY WENT CUTTING WHEAT OR GRAIN." “[THE FABRIC] CAME FROM RUSSIA. WITH THE AREA WHERE THEY CAME FROM IS NOW GEORGIA AND THEY LIVED ABOUT SEVEN MILES NORTH OF THE TURKISH BORDER, THE PRESENT DAY TURKISH BORDER… [THE DOUKHOBORS] CAME TO CANADA IN 1897 AND 1899.” MORRIS EXPLAINS THAT SURPLUS FABRIC WOULD HAVE BEEN BROUGHT TO CANADA FROM RUSSIA BY HER MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER FOR FUTURE USE AND TO AID THE GIRLS IN MAKING THEIR TROUSSEAUS: “THE TROUSSEAU THE GIRLS MADE HAD TO LAST THEM A LIFETIME BECAUSE THEY WOULDN’T HAVE TIME BUT RAISING CHILDREN TO SEWING THINGS. SEWING MACHINES WERE UNKNOWN THEN.” THE BANDS OF FABRIC THAT MAKE UP THE BAG WOULD HAVE BEEN REMAINS NEVER USED FROM ELIZABETH KONKIN’S TROUSSEAU. SHE HAND WOVE THE BAG WHILE SHE WAS LIVING IN SHOULDICE. THE BAG WAS USED BY MORRIS’ MOTHER TO STORE HER KNITTING SUPPLIES. WHEN MORRIS ACQUIRED THE BAG IN THE 1990S, IT MAINTAINED A SIMILAR PURPOSE: “WELL I USED TO CARRY MY STUFF FOR THE WEAVER’S GUILD BUT NOW I DON’T USE IT FOR ANYTHING. IT’S VERY HANDY YOU KNOW IT DOESN’T WEAR OUT.” THERE WAS ONLY ONE BAG MADE OUT OF THESE REMNANTS BY MORRIS’ MOTHER. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003005
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, DYE
Catalogue Number
P20160003006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1929
Materials
WOOL, DYE
No. Pieces
1
Length
182.5
Width
117.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN RUG MADE FROM HAND-DYED, HANDSPUN WOOL. THERE IS A 3-4 CM WIDE BLACK BORDER AROUND ALL LENGTHS OF THE RUG, WITH FRINGE ON THE SHORT ENDS. INSIDE THE BLACK BORDER IS A SINGLE WOVEN BORDER OF LIGHT BLUE WOOL. INSIDE OF THIS BORDER IS A PATTERN SET ON A DARK BURGUNDY-COLOURED BACKGROUND. THERE IS A BLUE FLOWER IN THE CENTER OF THE RUG. ON ONE END THE DATE “1924” IS WOVEN IN RAW-COLOURED WOOL. THE “9” HAS BEEN WOVEN UPSIDE DOWN. ON THE OPPOSITE END OF THE RUG, THE INITIALS “ ” FOR THE NAME LISAVETA PETROVNA WISHLOW, ARE WOVEN IN LIGHT BLUE. THERE ARE 20 HARPS COLOURED EITHER BLUE, ORANGE, PINK, OR YELLOW AROUND ALL LENGTHS OF THE RUG. UNDER THE HARPS IS A GREEN VINE PATTERN AND A RED DECORATIVE BORDER. THE DESIGN ELEMENTS ARE LAID OUT SYMMETRICALLY OVER THE RUG AND CONSIST OF FLOWERS, DUCKS, AND BUTTERFLIES. VERY GOOD TO EXCELLENT CONDITION. SLIGHT WEAR TO THE WOOL FROM USE.
Subjects
FLOOR COVERING
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. THIS RUG WAS HAND-WOVEN BY ELIZABETH KONKIN IN 1924. THE RUG WAS USED AS A WALL COVER IN THE WINTER AND ACTED AS AN INSULATOR. LATER IT WAS USED ON THE FLOOR AT CHRISTMASTIME. IT WAS INHERITED BY MORRIS PRIOR TO THE PASSING OF HER MOTHER: “I CAME INTO POSSESSION [OF IT] FROM MY MOTHER. SHE DIED IN 2003 AND I GOT THE RUG SLIGHTLY BEFORE THEN AND YES THAT WOULD BE ABOUT THE TIME… I HAVE NO OTHER SIBLINGS AND SO OBVIOUSLY EVERYTHING SHE MADE WOULD GO TO ME. MY SON SAID HE WOULD LIKE TO HAVE THE RUG, BUT CHANGED HIS MIND. HIS WIFE WAS NOT KEEN ON HAVING IT, SO I HAD TO DO SOMETHING WITH IT. TO ME IT IS A VERY BEAUTIFUL RUG AND I WANTED IT SOME PLACE WHERE IT WON’T GET TRASHED BY DOGS OR ANIMALS.” AFTER ACQUIRING THE RUG, MORRIS PLACED IT ON THE FLOOR OF HER HOME IN LETHBRIDGE: “THE LINO [ON THE FLOOR] STARTED TO WEAR OUT AND I THOUGHT YOU CAN’T PUT A RUG LIKE THAT ON ANOTHER LINO. IT JUST DOESN’T GO. BUT I DO LIKE HARDWOOD SO WE HAD HARDWOOD PUT THROUGHOUT THE BEDROOMS. THE LAST ROOM IS MY OFFICE, FIRST OF ALL, I HAD THE RUG IN THIS BEDROOM AND THEN IT WASN’T VERY CONVENIENT TO CLEAN BECAUSE THERE WASN’T THAT MUCH SPACE SO I PUT IT IN MY OFFICE WHERE I LOVED IT, BUT I KEPT STUMBLING OVER IT. I THOUGHT I MIGHT BREAK A LEG IF I DO THIS SO I BETTER GET RID OF IT… THE HARDWOOD WAS PUT IN BEFORE THE GST WENT IN. I DIDN’T HAVE THE RUG THEN BUT I THOUGHT THAT I WOULD BE GETTING THE RUG AND SO I WOULD HAVE IT HARDWOOD… WAS IT 1995? ANYWAY BEFORE GST WENT IN.” THE RUG HAD BEEN PRESENT THROUGHOUT MORRIS’ LIFE – FROM TIME SPENT ON THE DOUKHOBOR COLONY IN SHOULDICE, ALBERTA TO LIFE ON A FARM OUTSIDE OF VAUXHALL, ALBERTA: “I CAN REMEMBER WHEN I WAS BORN. THE RUG WAS IN MY PARENT’S HOME. WE LIVED ON A DOUKHOBOR COLONY, WE HAD MUD PLASTERED WALLS AND OUR HOUSE WAS WELL BUILT. MY DAD BUILT IT. SOME OF THE HOUSES ONLY HAD ONE LAYER OF WOOD AND THEY WERE VERY COLD, HOWEVER OUR BEDROOMS HAD WALLS ON THE NORTH SIDE. IN WINTER THEY GOT CHILLY, SO EVERY WINTER THEY WOULD NAIL UP THIS RUG UP AGAINST THE WALL. IT STAYED THERE FOR THE WINTER. FOR SUMMER IT CAME DOWN, I DON’T [KNOW] WHERE SHE STORED IT, I THINK POSSIBLY IN ONE OF THE BIGGER TRUNKS AND THEN TOOK IT OUT… THIS HOME [WHERE THE RUG WAS PLACED], IT’S OUTSIDE OF VAUXHALL. WE LEFT THE COLONY, MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND MOVED THE HOUSE. THE HOUSE WAS EXPANDED AND THEN WE LIVED IN THAT HOUSE. I LEFT HOME AND MY PARENTS HAD A HOUSE IN LETHBRIDGE WHICH DAD BUILT ALSO AND HE SOLD THE FARM. THEY ASKED IF WE WANTED TO GO AND WE DIDN’T. SO THEY SOLD THE FARM AND THERE WAS A BEAUTIFUL POND WHERE WE SWAM AND BOATED AND WE HAD LOTS OF TREES AROUND THE HOUSE. IT WAS ABOUT AN ACREAGE IF NOT MORE AND WHEN HE SOLD IT THE NEW OWNERS, VERY FRUGAL PEOPLE, [THEY] BURNT DOWN THE HOUSE, THE STEAM BATHROOM, THE GARAGE, THE WORKS. NOW MIND THEY WERE OLD STATE BY NOW AND THEY PLOWED [IT ALL INTO] IN THE POND BECAUSE THEY WANTED TO MAKE MONEY FROM THE GRAIN [FIELDS], SO WHEN I WENT THERE A COUPLE OF YEARS LATER, [I WAS] SURPRISED EVERYTHING WAS GONE, SO THAT WAS THAT." THE RUG MAY HAVE BEEN WOVEN BY MORRIS’ MOTHER ON THE DOUKHOBOR COLONY IN SHOULDICE OR DURING THE WINTER SPENT IN COWLEY: “… IT COULD HAVE BEEN WOVEN IN COWLEY BECAUSE THEY STAYED IN COWLEY FOR THE WINTER BUT I CAN’T BE TOO SURE. IT ALSO COULD HAVE BEEN MADE ON THE COLONY… TWENTY MILES EAST OF MOSSLEIGH.” ELIZABETH KONKIN WAS MARRIED IN 1927, SO THE INITIALS WOVEN ON THE RUG ARE OF HER MAIDEN NAME: “THAT’S AN “L” [ ] THAT’S LISAVETA (SIC.) BUT HER NAME IS YALALISAVETA (SIC.) BUT SHE PUT DOWN LISAVETA. PETROVNA THAT’S A “P” [ ] THAT’S DAUGHTER OF PETRO AND WISHLOW [ ] THAT WAS HER MAIDEN NAME. ... [AFTER MAKING THE RUG] THERE WAS SOME WARP LEFT OVER. … WARP IS THE STUFF THAT RUNS DOWN AND WEFT IS WHAT YOU PUT IN BETWEEN WITH A SHUTTLE BUT THIS WASN’T PUT IN WITH A SHUTTLE. EACH INDIVIDUAL THREAD WAS KNOTTED. IT’S LIKE DIFFAGHAN (SIC.) - A SWEDISH METHOD - AND THAT’S HOW IT WAS DONE. IF THERE WAS SOME LEFT OVER AND HER MOM INSISTED THAT SHE DO ANOTHER RUG. WELL SHE DIDN’T WANT TO DO IT. SHE SAYS “YOU MAKE IT FOR YOUR BROTHER.” SHE FELT HIS WIFE SHOULD DO HER OWN HOPE CHEST BUT SHE DID AND THE INTERESTING THING IS THAT HIS RUG THEY USED IT ON THE FLOOR. MY MOTHER DIDN’T USE THIS ONE ON THE FLOOR EXCEPT AT CHRISTMAS TIME SO THE WISHLOW FAMILY WHO HAD THE OTHER RUG, THE MOTHER WASN’T TOO KEENLY INTERESTED IN IT. THEY HAD IT IN THE LIVING ROOM AND THEN IT WENT UP FOR SALE TO A PLACE THAT WAS OWNED BY A MAN NAMED, HIS LAST NAME WAS EWASHEN (SIC.) …THAT’S [THE RUG’S] TWIN, YES.” MORRIS THEN GOES ON TO DESCRIBE SOME OF THE OTHER PATTERNING FOUND ON THE RUG: “OKAY THOSE ARE HARPS. SHE HAD PATTERNS TO GET THEM FROM OTHER WEAVERS AND THEN SHE’D TRACE THEM OUT. I DON’T KNOW WHAT SHE USED TO TRACE THEM ON THE WARP [WITH] AND THEN SHE’D WEAVE AWAY WITH THE THREAD THAT WERE THE WEFT. SHE PUT THE DESIGNS HERSELF ONTO THE RUG” THE RUG WAS BROUGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WHEN ELIZABETH AND WILLIAM KONKIN RETIRED THERE: “I WAS TEACHING SCHOOL IN COALDALE WHEN THEY MOVED AND DAD MADE THE HOUSE IN NORTH LETHBRIDGE… THE HOUSE IS NICELY BUILT AND IT’S WARM, IT’S COMFORTABLE SO THERE’S NO USE PUTTING IT UP ON THE WALL. EVERY CHRISTMAS SHE’D TAKE IT OUT AND WE’D ROLL AROUND ON THIS RUG AND SHE WOULD HANG IT UP AFTER THE NEW YEAR SO I SAID TO HER ‘WHY DON’T YOU PUT IT ON THE FLOOR?’ AND SHE SAID, 'WELL I DON’T WANT TO MESS IT UP.' HOWEVER, I SAID, 'WELL I’M GOING TO PUT IT ON THE FLOOR,' SO THAT’S WHERE IT WAS UNTIL I STARTED STUMBLING OVER IT.” AMONG THE OTHER ARTIFACTS DONATED BY MORRIS THAT WERE OWNED BY HER MOTHER, THE RUG WAS A SIGNIFIER OF THE HARD WORK REQUIRED WITHIN THE DOUKHOBOR LIFESTYLE: “[THE BLANKET AND THE SPINNING WHEEL] MEANT A LOT WELL AFTER THE WAR AND THINGS WERE CHEAP. THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO WEAVE THEIR OWN STUFF. PRIOR TO THAT, NOT IN MY MOTHER’S TIME EVEN BEFORE THAT MY GRANDMOTHER’S TIME, EVERY GIRL HAD TO WEAVE A TROUSSEAU FOR HERSELF TO LAST A LIFETIME BECAUSE SHE STARTED HAVING CHILDREN AND SHE WOULDN’T HAVE THE TIME TO DO IT. THERE WERE THINGS THAT WERE ANCIENT THAT WERE USED AND USED UNTIL THEY DIED HOWEVER, IN MY MOTHER’S DAY THEY KNITTED THEIR OWN SOCKS, THEY MADE THEIR OWN QUILTS. THE MEN DID THE BUILDING AND THEY LIVED OFF THE GARDENS BECAUSE THEY WERE VEGETARIANS SO THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT MEAT. THEY BOUGHT EGGS FROM THE NEIGHBOURS WHO WERE FARMERS. THE INTERESTING THING THERE WAS THAT THEY WEREN’T SUPPOSED TO EAT MEAT AND I ATE MEAT WHEN I WAS CLOSE TO TWENTY. WHEN I TELL MY VEGETARIAN RELATIVES WHAT ABOUT YOUR SHOES AND YOU’VE GOT LEATHER, COWHIDE WHATEVER AND THEY COULDN’T COME UP WITH AN ANSWER SO… THEY REPRESENTED HARD WORK THAT’S, THIS TAKES A LONG TIME WHEN YOU THINK OF EVERY KNOT THAT HAD TO BE TIED AND IT WAS PART OF HER TROUSSEAU. THE SPINNING WHEEL MEANT A LOT BECAUSE YOU HAD TO SPIN THE WOOL SO.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003006
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WEDDING HEADPIECE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TULLE, METAL, SYNTHETIC FABRIC
Catalogue Number
P20150016004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WEDDING HEADPIECE
Date
1949
Materials
TULLE, METAL, SYNTHETIC FABRIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
47.5
Width
20
Description
LAVENDER-COLOURED HEADPIECE AND VEIL WITH LACE. THE METAL FRAMED HEADPIECE INCLUDES SYNTHETIC BOW AND FAUX MINIATURE FLOWERS. PURPLE BAND TRIMS TULLE VEIL (ALSO LAVENDER IN COLOUR). FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE TULLE IS SLIGHTLY BRITTLE. THE HEADBAND AND THE BOW ON IT ARE MISSHAPEN. THE VEIL IS WRINKLED. THERE IS A RED STAIN ON THE BACK HEM OF THE VEIL. THERE IS SLIGHT FRAYING ALONG THE BOTTOM AND MINOR LOSS OF THREAD AT THE HEM.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
EVERAL HORHOZER (NÉE SUPINA) WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE YEAR OF 1927 TO HER PARENTS DONAH (NÉE HILL) AND NICHOLAS SUPINA. SUPINA WAS THE OWNER OF SUPINA’S MERCANTILE ON 13TH STREET NORTH, LETHBRIDGE. COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS (ON APRIL 2, APRIL 16, AND MAY 7, 2015) WITH HORHOZER REGARDING A GROUP OF ARTIFACTS SHE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS COME FROM THESE INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH REGARDING THE HORHOZER FAMILY HISTORY. THIS HEADPIECE WAS PART OF THE OUTFIT EVERAL HORHOZER WORE ON THE DAY OF HER MARRIAGE TO JOE HORHOZER. EVERAL MET JOE WHEN HE CAME TO SUPINA’S TO WORK. SHE REMEMBERS: “HE WAS HIRED BY MY DAD TO WORK IN THE BUTCHER SHOP [AFTER] HE CAME OFF TOUR. I WORKED IN THE LADIESWEAR. I LIKED THAT VERY MUCH. THE MEAT DEPARTMENT WAS RIGHT ACROSS FROM THE LADIESWEAR. THAT’S KIND OF HOW I MET JOE. HE WORKED IN THE BUTCHER DEPARTMENT. I REMEMBER THE DAY HE WALKED IN THE STORE, I’LL NEVER FORGET [IT], HE HAD THIS RED CARDIGAN SWEATER ON AND I JUST FELL, HEAD OVER RIGHT THEN. HE WAS JUST STARTING WORK AND I THOUGHT, ‘WELL, THAT’S THE GUY I’M GOING TO MARRY.' AND, MY AUNT HAPPENED TO BE VISITING, AND WHEN I WENT HOME FOR LUNCH SHE SAID, ‘OH, HAVE YOU GOT A STEADY BOYFRIEND?’ AND I SAID, ‘NO, BUT I’M GONNA HAVE ONE SOON.’ THAT’S HOW IT ALL HAPPENED. HE DIDN’T HAVE A CAR AT THE TIME AND HE SAYS, ‘I CAN’T TAKE YOU TO THE SHOW OR ANYTHING BECAUSE I DON’T HAVE A CAR,’ BUT, HE SAYS, ‘I’M SAVING FOR ONE, AND AS SOON AS I GET ONE…’ AND HE CAME OVER AND CALLED ON ME. MY DAD WAS THERE, BUT I DON’T THINK MY DAD THOUGHT IT WOULD DEVELOP INTO ANYTHING. MY MOTHER WAS QUITE HAPPY ABOUT HIM AND MY GRANDMA TOO, SHE WAS STAYING WITH US AT THE TIME. SO, ANYWAY THAT’S HOW IT STARTED.” WHEN THEY FIRST ENCOUNTERED EACH OTHER, EVERAL DID NOT KNOW ABOUT JOE’S MUSICAL CAREER: “I THINK IT WAS THAT SAYING, 'LOVE AT FIRST SIGHT,' THAT HAPPENED TO BE IT FOR ME, AND HE SAID IT WAS FOR HIM TOO. THERE MUST HAVE BEEN SOME CHEMISTRY THERE, BUT IT HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH HIM BEING POPULAR OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT. IT TURNED OUT JUST FINE.” HORHOZER GOES ON, “[W]E WENT TOGETHER - WELL IT WAS ABOUT A YEAR BEFORE [GETTING MARRIED]. WE DID BREAK UP FOR A WHILE AND THAT’S WHEN MY [LAUGHS] - THAT WAS KIND OF A CROOKED THING, BUT [MY DAD] WANTED US, OF COURSE, TO BREAK UP, SO IT WAS AROUND VALENTINE’S DAY WE BROKE UP. THEN [MY DAD] TOOK ME TO [MONTREAL]. I SAID, ‘YOU KNOW I’VE ALWAYS WANTED TO GO TO MONTREAL,’ CAUSE THAT’S WHERE HE DID HIS BUYING, SO HE TOOK ME TO MONTREAL. AND WHILE WE’RE IN MONTREAL, JOE’S WRITING TO ME ABOUT EVERY DAY. OTHERWISE I WOULD HAVE NEVER GOT TO GO THERE. SO THEN, I GOT BACK [AND] WE GOT TOGETHER AND THEN THAT’S WHEN WE MARRIED. YES, IT WAS WITHIN THE SAME YEAR, YES.” THE COUPLE MARRIED IN 1949. AS MENTIONED ABOVE THIS HEADPIECE, AS WELL AS A VEIL ALSO DONATED, WAS WORN BY HORHOZER ON THEIR WEDDING DAY. HORHOZER EXPLAINS, “THIS IS WHEN I GOT MARRIED. WE ELOPED, SO I JUST HAD THIS HEADDRESS AND A NICE WHITE SUIT AND THIS VEIL BEHIND IT… I HAD A NICE WHITE SUIT MADE FOR MYSELF; IT WAS VERY NICE. JOE BOUGHT ME AN ORCHID AND IT WAS VERY NICE, BUT NO SUCH THING AS A DRESS OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT… WELL, FOR ONE THING, MY DAD, OF COURSE, WAS TOTALLY AGAINST THE MARRIAGE. I [STILL] WORKED FOR [MY DAD] AND EVERYTHING, BUT HE NEVER SPOKE TO ME FOR FIVE YEARS. HE WAS JUST AGAINST THE MARRIAGE AND SO WE THOUGHT WELL WE’LL SAVE AN AWFUL LOT OF TROUBLE [BY ELOPING]. MY DAD WASN’T ONE YOU COULD TALK TO. PROBABLY IF I WOULD HAVE TALKED TO HIM, I THINK HE WOULD HAVE HAD SOMETHING [LIKE A WEDDING CEREMONY] FOR ME, BUT, I JUST WAS SO KIND OF NERVOUS ABOUT IT. WE JUST THOUGHT THAT WOULD BE THE BEST THING TO DO, WOULD BE TO ELOPE THE THING THAT I FEEL SO BAD ABOUT IS THAT OUR PARENTS WEREN’T THERE. I ALWAYS FELT BAD ABOUT MY MOTHER NOT BEING THERE. JOE AND I WENT TO ST. PATS, AND THAT WAS IN THE BASEMENT, AND WE GOT MARRIED THERE… I HAD TO WAIT. WE WANTED TO GET MARRIED WHEN I WAS 20, BUT THE PRIEST COULDN’T MARRY TILL YOU WERE 21. OF COURSE MY DAD MADE THE PRIEST STICK TO THAT BECAUSE HE WAS FRIENDS WITH FATHER CHRISTIAN, SO WE HAD TO WAIT TILL I WAS 21. [LAUGHS]… THEN ALL WE DID WAS GO TO GREAT FALLS AND THAT WAS THAT. WE DIDN’T HAVE MONEY BECAUSE I DIDN’T GET ANY MONEY AT ALL FROM MY DAD, WE WERE ON OUR OWN SO WE HAD TO BE VERY CAREFUL AT THAT TIME OF WHAT WE SPENT SO WE JUST WENT THERE, AND COME BACK AND STARTED, STARTED OUR LIFE. RENTED A LITTLE PLACE OVER ON THE 3RD AVE. NORTH THERE, AN APARTMENT, SO THAT WAS ABOUT IT.” AFTER THE MARRIAGE, EVERAL’S FATHER DID NOT SPEAK TO NEITHER EVERAL NOR JOE FOR FIVE YEARS. WHEN ASKED WHY HER FATHER WAS AGAINST THE MARRIAGE, HORHOZER REPLIED, “WELL, IT KIND OF SURPRISES ME, BECAUSE HE USED TO HAVE COFFEE WITH JOE ALL THE TIME; THEY WERE GOOD FRIENDS. I GUESS IT’S WAS BECAUSE HIS SISTER MARRIED SOMEBODY THAT WORKED IN THE STORE AND IT TURNED OUT TO BE A COMPLETE DISASTER. HE HAD TO PAY TO GET HER OUT OF THE BIG MESS HE THOUGHT, WELL, THE SAME THING WOULD HAPPEN TO ME. WHEN WE GOT MARRIED THEN [JOE LEFT SUPINA'S], AND HE THEN WORKED FOR EMERSON MOTORS, PLAYING JUST ABOUT EVERY NIGHT. THAT’S WHAT WE BOUGHT OUR HOUSE WITH. HE SAVED US MONEY AND AS SOON AS THE FIRST HOUSES THAT CAME AVAILABLE, THAT YOU COULD PUT A DOWN PAYMENT ON, WE BOUGHT ONE. [MY DAD] CAME TO SEE THE HOUSE, AND THE MINUTE HE SAW THE HOUSE THEN HE WAS HAPPY… HE DID COME ON HIS OWN TO LOOK AT IT. THEN WE INVITED HIM OVER FOR DINNER AND HE CAME. AND THEN MY MOTHER WOULD COME EVERY WEDNESDAY BECAUSE I STARTED WORKING, AND SO SHE’D COME EVERY WEDNESDAY AND MAKE SUPPER AND THAT, AND SO MY DAD WOULD COME. SO FROM THEN ON HE CAME EVERY WEDNESDAY. OH, AT CHRISTMAS OR WHENEVER WE WOULD INVITE HIM… AND HE WAS FINE EVER AFTER THAT.” JOE AND EVERAL HAD TWO CHILDREN TOGETHER: MELODEE MUTCH AND RAE FLANAGAN. JOE HORHOZER PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON OCTOBER 21, 2010 AT THE AGE OF 89 YEARS. HORHOZER WAS THE LAST SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA RANCH BOYS. EVERAL HORHOZER PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE 6 YEARS LATER ON JUNE 6, 2016 AT THE AGE OF 88 YEARS. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND FURTHER PUBLICATIONS.
Catalogue Number
P20150016004
Acquisition Date
2015-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
JAPANESE CERAMIC VASE
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1956
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CERAMIC
Catalogue Number
P20160042001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
JAPANESE CERAMIC VASE
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1956
Materials
CERAMIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
32.5
Length
17.5
Diameter
17.5
Description
BLACK AND SILVER GLAZED, CERAMIC VASE WITH RED AND GOLD DESIGNS PAINTED ON OPPOSITE SIDES OF THE VASE. ONE DESIGN SHOWCASES A CRANE FLYING TOWARDS A TREE BRANCH, WHILE THE OTHER SHOWCASES TWO CRANES PERCHED ON A LARGE TREE BRANCH BENEATH A RED DISC/MOON. “MADE IN JAPAN” IS STAMPED INTO BASE OF VASE. CONDITION: THE LIP OF THE VASE HAS A 4.3 CM CHIP AND IS MISSING 7.6 CM ALONG TOP EDGE. LOOSE OF PAINT AND OVERALL FINISH OF DESIGN. SLIGHT CHIPPING AROUND BASE.
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
FURNISHINGS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ON 2 DECEMBER 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONORS, MAKIO (MAC) AND REYKO NISHIYAMA, IN THEIR HOME TO DISCUSS ITEMS THEY WERE DONATING TO THE GALT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED THAT THIS VASE CAME INTO HER CUSTODY AFTER ITS INITIAL OWNERS – HER PARENTS TAKASHI AND CHIAKI KARAKI – MOVED FROM THEIR RAYMOND HOME TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. SHE SAID, “… [AFTER THE] SIXTY YEARS OF FARMING, MY [PARENTS] DID IN RAYMOND… THEY SELL THE WHOLE THING AND MOVE! I’M LEFT BEHIND IN RAYMOND BY MYSELF, MARRIED… WHEN THEY MOVE TO QUESNEL, B.C [IN THE LATE 1950S], THEY HAD TO LEAVE BEHIND THEIR TRUNK AND IT HAD ALL THE TREASURES IN IT.” THIS VASE WAS VISIBLE THROUGHOUT MRS. NISHIYAMA’S CHILDHOOD. SHE EXPLAINED, “[THE VASE] WAS MORE AN EVERYDAY THING.” IT WAS PLACED BY THE DOOR OF THE FARM HOUSE. AND “[THE] ONLY THING THAT WAS IN THERE WAS [MY MOTHER’S] UMBRELLA.” OTHER TREASURES FOUND IN THE TRUNK WERE HER MOTHER’S HAIR ORNAMENTS AND COMB ALSO DONATED WITH THE VASE (P20160042002-004). THE TRUNK, ALONG WITH ITS CONTENTS, WERE BROUGHT TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA FROM JAPAN BY HER MOTHER, CHIAKI KARAKI (NEE KUMAGAI), FOLLOWING HER MARRIAGE TO TAKASHI KARAKI. MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED HER PARENTS’ MARRIAGE STORY: “… SHE CAME OVER AS A VERY YOUNG BRIDE… NOT QUITE EIGHTEEN… I OFTEN SAID TO MY MOTHER…, ‘HOW IN THE WORLD DID YOUR PARENTS EVER LET YOU GO TO CANADA? YOU DIDN’T KNOW THE LANGUAGE – IT’S A DIFFERENT COUNTRY.’ SHE DIDN’T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT MY DAD, EXCEPT THAT HE WAS A FARMER. HE’S SEVENTEEN YEARS OLDER THAN SHE WAS THEN. IT DOESN’T MAKE SENSE. SHE JUST SAID, ‘MY PARENTS SAID TO GO, SO I CAME’ … IT TOOK A LOT OF COURAGE…” MRS. NISHIYAMA WENT ON, “ALL JAPANESE MARRIAGES WERE DONE [BY] GO-BETWEENS. THERE WERE, I WOULD SAY, HARDLY ANY, IN FACT, I DON’T THINK THERE WAS ANY… FALLING-IN-LOVE KIND OF THING. THAT WAS JUST NOT EVEN THOUGHT ABOUT… MY DAD’S FOLKS WERE IN THE VILLAGE. THEY WERE FARMERS… THEY HAD A LARGE HOUSE AND THEY RAISED SILKWORMS. MY MOTHER’S FOLKS LIVED IN THE TOWN… SHE COMES FROM A VERY MODEST FAMILY, BUT HER DAD WAS A PAWN BROKER…” A FAMILY HISTORY WRITTEN BY MRS. NISHIYAMA AND HER BROTHER, SUSUMU KARAKI, IN THE BOOK TITLED "NISHIKI: NIKKEI TAPESTRY: A HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA JAPANESE CANADIANS" (PUBLISHED 2001), ELABORATES ON THE FAMILY’S STORY. IT STATES THEIR FATHER, TAKASHI KARAKI, WAS BORN ON 1 JULY 1889 IN NAGANO PREFECTURE, JAPAN. THE HISTORY READS, “AFTER GRADUATING FROM HIGH SCHOOL IN 1907… HE LEFT A COMFORTABLE HOME… TO VENTURE OUT FOR A NEW LIFE IN AMERICA.” IT EXPLAINS HE LANDED IN VANCOUVER, AND WAS LURED BY A HIGH SALARY JOB IN SKEENA, BRITISH COLUMBIA. AFTER WORKING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, THE HISTORY SAYS THAT “IN 1909, HE AND SEVERAL HUNDRED OTHER YOUNG JAPANESE MEN WERE RECRUITED BY AN AGENT OF THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY TO WORK IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS IN RAYMOND, [ALBERTA] WITH PROMISES OF GOOD PAY AND EASY WORK...” THE MEN SOON LEARNED THAT THE WORK WAS MUCH MORE DIFFICULT AND THE PAY SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN THEY HAD BEEN INITIALLY BEEN PROMISED, SO MANY RETURNED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA AFTER THEIR CONTRACT YEAR. KARAKI WAS OF THE GROUP THAT DECIDED TO STAY ON WITH THE COMPANY UNTIL ITS CLOSURE IN 1914. AFTER THAT, HE BEGAN A FARMING OPERATION WITH TWO OF THE FRIENDS HE MADE IN THE COMPANY – LEASING LAND FROM FIRST THE KNIGHT SUGAR COMPANY, THEN FROM A LOCAL NAMED ROLLO KINSEY, AND FINALLY FROM THE MCINTYRE RANCH IN MAGRATH. EVEN THOUGH THE PARTNERSHIP DISSOLVED AFTER THE FIRST THREE YEARS, KARAKI PERSISTED UNDER THE TRYING CONDITIONS, AND BY 1918 HE MADE THE DECISION TO MAKE ALBERTA HIS PERMANENT HOME AND TO BECOME A CANADIAN CITIZEN. HE PURCHASED A DRY LAND FARM IN RAYMOND AND FARMED THAT FOR FIVE YEARS BEFORE DECIDING HE WANTED TO GET MARRIED AND RAISE A FAMILY OF HIS OWN. HE RETURNED TO JAPAN IN 1923, WHERE HE MET THROUGH FAMILY AND FRIENDS, CHIAKI KUMAGAI, WHO WAS ALSO FROM THE NAGANO PREFECTURE. THE COUPLE MARRIED IN DECEMBER 1923, AND THE NEWLYWEDS RETURNED TO RAYMOND IN SPRING 1924. IN THE 2016 INTERVIEW, MRS. NISHIYAMA ADDED, “THERE WAS SOMEBODY ELSE. GO-BETWEENS HAD PICKED OUT SOMEONE ELSE FOR HIM, SO SOMEONE ELSE LOOKED AT HIM AND SAID ‘NO, THANK YOU.’ YOU KNOW, SOMETIMES IT WORKS, AND SOMETIMES IT DIDN’T. SO, THEN THEY HAD TO SCROUNGE A LITTLE BIT, AND MY MOTHER’S TOWN WAS NOT SO FAR FROM WHERE DAD’S FAMILY LIVED, SO THEY SAID, ‘WELL, WE’RE NOT THAT FAR APART. WHEN YOU COME HOME FOR A VISIT, YOU WILL BE ABLE TO VISIT.’” WHEN DESCRIBING THE HOME THE COUPLE INTIALLY SETTLED IN, MRS. NISHIYAMA EXPLAINED, “WE [WERE] 8 MILES SOUTH OF RAYMOND, IN WHAT WE CALL THE MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT… THERE WERE QUITE A FEW JAPANESE FAMILIES IN AND AROUND THAT MAMMOTH SCHOOL DISTRICT, SO WE WERE SORT OF THE MAJORITY.” MRS. NISHIYAMA SAID THAT HER MOTHER SPOKE OFTEN OF HER EARLY DAYS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MRS. NISHIYAMA RECALLED, “IT WAS REALLY VERY LONELY [FOR MY MOTHER]. SHE’S YOUNG; THE CLOSEST NEIGHBOR WAS HALF A MILE AWAY… WHEN SHE GOT TO THE FARM, SHE SAID, ‘YOU SAID OUR NEIGHBORS ARE TAKAGUCHI’S. IS THAT HOUSE OVER THERE OUR NEIGHBORS?’ DAD SAID, ‘NO, THAT’S A CHICKEN COOP. THE NEIGHBOR’S HOUSE IS AWAY OVER THERE.’ FOR HER, THAT’S JUST APPALLING, COMING FROM A TOWN WHERE NEIGHBORS WERE CLOSE…DAD WOULD GET UP ONTO THE FIELD. NO ONE TO TALK TO EVEN. FORTUNATELY, SHE SAID, HER BROTHER-IN-LAW (DAD HAD A YOUNGER BROTHER HELPING HIM AT THAT TIME) – AND HE SAID, ‘GET ON THE BACK OF MY TRACTOR AND (IT WASN’T TRACTOR THEN – IT WAS HORSE AND BUGGY, BUT ANYWAY -) JUST COME AND RIDE THE FIELD WITH ME.’ AND, SHE DID JUST BECAUSE SHE COULDN’T STAND BEING BY HERSELF IN A LONELY OUTPOST, ON THE PRAIRIES, WITH NOTHING TO LOOK AT…” ACCORDING TO THE KARAKI FAMILY HISTORY IN THE NISHIKI BOOK, THE COUPLE RAISED A FAMILY OF SIX CHILDREN INCLUDING THE DONOR, REYKO NISHIYAMA. BY 1956, THEY SOLD THEIR FARM AND RELOCATED TO BRITISH COLUMBIA. TAKASHI PASSED AWAY IN THERE IN 1974 AT THE AGE OF 85 AND CHIAKI PASSED AWAY 14 YEARS LATER IN 1988. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS AND COPIES OF THE FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160042001
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20160017006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1952
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
3
Diameter
26.5
Description
BLACK BERET WITH RED PATCH ON FRONT WITH ATTACHED GOLD CANADIAN ARTILLERY BADGE DEPICTING A CROWN ABOVE AN ARTILLERY FIELD GUN, WITH TEXT ON BANNER BELOW CROWN “UBIQUE” AND TEXT ON BANNER BELOW GUN “QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT”. BERET HAS TWO HOLES IN RIGHT SIDE LINED WITH PLASTIC. BERET HAS LEATHER RIM AROUND BASE OPENING; BERET IS LINED WITH BLACK COTTON WITH A PRINTED WHITE STAMP OF A DIAMOND, WITH A SMALL DIAMOND INSIDE AND TEXT, “GENUINE, FLEUR DE LIS, BASQUE BERET, 7 1/8 – 1952, DOROTHEA KNITTING MILLS, LIMITED, TORONTO”. INSIDE FRONT OF BERET HAS BRASS BAR FOR SECURING BADGE, WITH WHITE PAPER TAG WITH RED BORDERS AND BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “107” SLID UNDER BAR. BERET TOP AND FRONT ARE LIGHTLY FADED, WITH MINOR SOILING; OVERALL LEXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CHRIS AINSCOUGH REGARDING HIS DONATION OF A COLLECTION OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE OBJECTS BELONGED TO AISNCOUGH’S GRANDFATHER AND FATHER, WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH (FIRST WORLD WAR) AND REED WILSON AINSCOUGH (SECOND WORLD WAR AND POST-WAR). THE DONOR’S GREAT GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM THOMAS AINSCOUGH, MARRIED MARGARET A. AINSCOUGH IN 1878 AND EMIGRATED FROM SMITHFIELD, UTAH TO CANADA IN 1898, BRINGING SIX CHILDREN, AGED 1 TO 18, WITH THEM. WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH, THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WAS AMONG THE CHILDREN (BORN 1885). THE AINSCOUGHS INITIALLY SETTLED IN WHISKEY GAP, ALBERTA, BEFORE RELOCATING TO WOOLFORD, ALBERTA. ACCORDING A RESUME FOR REED W. AINSCOUGH INCLUDED IN THE PERMANENT FILE, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH WAS BORN ON JUNE 21, 1918 IN CARDSTON, ALBERTA. IN 1940, REED AINSCOUGH JOINED THE 93RD BATTERY OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY [RCA] STATIONED AT FORT MACLEOD, ALBERTA, AND WAS PROMOTED TO A SECOND LIEUTENANT. REED AINSCOUGH WAS POSTED OVERSEAS IN 1942 AND SERVED UNTIL HIS DISCHARGE ON JANUARY 8, 1946. LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES REPORTED REED AINSCOUGH AS BEING IN THE THICK OF THE FIGHTING IN FRANCE, NOTABLY AT CAEN. IT WAS REPORTED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1944 THAT REED AINSCOUGH WAS PROMOTED TO CAPTAIN, AND WAS WOUNDED IN HIS LEG IN OCTOBER 1944. REED AINSCOUGH WAS SENT TO BELGIUM FOR SURGERY AND TO BE HOSPITALIZED, AND WAS RETURNED TO CANADA ON THE HOSPITAL SHIP H.M.C.S. LADY NELSON IN 1945. IN 1947, REED AINSCOUGH BECAME THE BATTERY COMMANDER OF THE 93RD BATTERY RCA, AND SERVED AS THE COMMANDER UNTIL 1959, BEING PROMOTED TO MAJOR IN 1951. IN 1959, UPON A TRANSFER WITH HIS EMPLOYMENT AT CANADA LIFE, HE MOVED TO MEDICINE HAT, ALBERTA, AND JOINED THE SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE AS A SQUADRON COMMANDER IN 1961. IN 1964, HE WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT COLONEL AND COMMANDER OF THE SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE, AND WAS APPOINTED AIDE-DE-CAMP TO LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR GRANT MACEWAN UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT. ON HIS FATHER’S, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH’S, MILITARY SERVICE, CHRIS AINSCOUGH RECALLED, “I THINK THAT THE WAR WAS PROBABLY ONE OF THE BEST THINGS THAT HAPPENED TO MY DAD. HE NEVER SPOKE ABOUT IT MUCH, BUT THE FRIENDSHIPS THAT HE DEVELOPED THROUGH HIS CONTACTS IN THE WAR WENT ON RIGHT UNTIL HIS DEATH…IT’S PROBABLY LIKE BEING ON A TEAM, YOU KNOW, AND I THINK IT’S THAT FELLOWSHIP YOU GET FROM RELYING ON PEOPLE, AND TRAINING WITH PEOPLE, AND GETTING THEIR KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING. I THINK THAT’S SORT OF A BIG PART OF IT.” AINSCOUGH ELABORATED ON HIS MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTION, STATING, “I THINK [THE OBJECTS ARE] A BIG PART OF SOUTH ALBERTA’S HISTORY. DAD WAS VERY ACTIVE IN THE MILITARY AND THE MILITIA FOR MANY YEARS. I THINK THAT’S THE BIGGEST PART [OF WANTING TO DONATE THE OBJECTS]…IT’S DIVESTING, BECAUSE AFTER MY DAD DIED [IN 1992], MY MOTHER STAYED IN THE HOUSE FOR ABOUT 5 YEARS, AND THEN SHE MOVED OUT TO THE COAST. IT WAS AT THAT TIME, WHEN WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE STUFF IN THE HOUSE, THAT WE THOUGHT THIS IS A GOOD TIME TO GET IT DOWN TO SOMEPLACE LIKE THE GALT THAT WOULD LOOK AFTER IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FAMILY MILITARY SERVICE FILES, NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS ON WILLIAM GEORGE AND REED AINSCOUGH, A RESUME FOR REED AINSCOUGH, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20160017001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20160017006
Acquisition Date
2016-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CLOTH, FELT, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20160003002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
2000
Materials
CLOTH, FELT, PAINT
No. Pieces
2
Height
29.5
Width
15
Description
A: HANDMADE DOLL. THE “ESKIMO” DOLL IS MADE WITH LIGHT BLUE, FELT-LIKE FABRIC WITH WHITE FABRIC ACCENTS. THE FACE IS MADE OUT OF A LIGHTER FABRIC THAT IS PEACH-COLOURED. THE FACIAL DETAILS ARE HAND PAINTED. THE DOLL HAS BLUE EYES, EYEBROWS, NOSTRILS, RED LIPS, AND ROSY CHEEKS. THE LIGHT BLUE FABRIC THAT MAKES UP THE MAJORITY OF THE DOLL’S BODY IS ENCOMPASSING THE DOLL’S FACE LIKE A HOOD. THE DOLL’S TORSO IS COVERED IN THE LIGHT BLUE FELT. TWO HEART-SHAPED ARMS, MADE OF THE SAME MATERIAL, ARE ATTACHED TO EITHER SIDE OF THE BODY. THE DOLLS UPPER LEG AND FEET ARE COVERED IN THE LIGHT BLUE FELT. FROM THE KNEES TO THE ANKLES, A LIGHTER, WHITE FABRIC IS COVERING THE LEGS. B: DOLL SKIRT. AROUND THE DOLL’S WAIST IS A DETACHABLE SKIRT MADE OF THE SAME FABRIC AND A WHITE WAISTBAND. POOR CONDITION. ALL FABRIC IS WELL-WORN AND THREADBARE IN MULTIPLE PLACES. THE DOLL’S RED STUFFING IS VISIBLE THROUGH PARTS OF THE FABRIC. THERE IS DISCOLORATION (YELLOWING) OVERALL. THE STUFFING IS NOT EVENLY DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT THE DOLL. THE SEAMS AT THE ARMS ARE FRAGILE. THE PAINT FOR THE DOLL’S FACE IS SEVERELY FADED.
Subjects
TOY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
LEISURE
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928 THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THE FAMILY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. THIS DOLL BELONGED TO MORRIS AS A CHILD. SHE EXPLAINS, “THIS CAME FROM A GREAT AUNT WHO CAME TO VISIT US AND SHE ALWAYS BROUGHT GIFTS AND THIS ONE WAS MINE AND I LOVED THIS DOLL… I REMEMBER PLAYING WITH IT, IT WAS SOFT AND CUDDLY WHEN I HAD IT… MY DAUGHTER WENT THROUGH IT AND MY GRANDDAUGHTER AND THEN I PUT A STOP TO IT BEFORE THEY ATE IT UP OR DID SOMETHING… THEY LOVED IT AND THEY, YOU KNOW LITTLE KIDS, THEY’RE CARELESS SO I’LL KEEP IT...” IN A PHONE CALL WITH COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK ON OCTOBER 24, 2017, MORRIS SAID SHE RECIEVED THE DOLL FROM HER GREAT AUNT WHO HAD BROUGHT IT FROM VISITING BRITISH COLUMBIA. MORRIS PLAYED WITH THE DOLL AS A CHILD, AS DID MORRIS' CHILDREN. THE DOLL WAS LOVED BY MULTIPLE GENERATIONS IN MORRIS' FAMILY AS HER GRANDCHILDREN AND GREAT GRANDCHILDREN WOULD ALSO PLAY WITH THE DOLL WHEN THEY CAME TO VISIT. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003002
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"BOY SCOUTS"
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20180028001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"BOY SCOUTS"
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
FELT, COTTON, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
20
Width
21.5
Description
GREEN FELT CAP WITH BRIM ON FRONT. CAP HAS GOLD CORD TRIM AROUND EDGE AND ABOVE BRIM, WITH GOLD CORD TRIM STITCHED UP SIDES OF CAP FROM EDGE TO TOP, FORMING SIX SECTIONS. TOP OF CAP HAS GREEN BEAD IN THE CENTER. FRONT OF THE CAP HAS RED EMBROIDERY OF A WOLF FACE WITH BLACK DETAILING ON THE EYES, NOSE, AND CENTERS OF EARS, AND RED EMBROIDERED TEXT “BOY SCOUTS”. FRONT HAS TWO METAL SIX-POINT STARS FIXED ON BOTH SIDES OF EMBROIDERED TEXT. INSIDE OF CAP HAS GREEN COTTON LINING, WITH STITCHED GREEN CIRCLE IN THE CENTER AND WHITE COTTON STRIPE ACROSS STITCHED CIRCLE. INSIDE OF CAP HAS TWO METAL BARS TO FIX STARS TO THE FRONT. LINING FABRIC AROUND METAL BARS IS STAINED BROWN AND RED, AND METAL BARS ARE RUSTED. LINING INSIDE IS DISCOLORED AND FADED; CAP IS FOLDED AT BACK. CAP EXTERIOR IS SOILED AND STAINED BROWN ON BRIM AND SIDES. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
ON DECEMBER 13, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BILL LINGARD REGARDING HIS DONATION OF BOY SCOUTS AND WOLF CUBS REGALIA. LINGARD WAS A MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE WOLF CUB AND BOY SCOUT TROUPES AS A YOUTH. ON THE BOY SCOUTS CAP, LINGARD ELABORATED, “THIS WAS INHERITED FROM WHEN MY MOTHER PASSED AWAY [IN 2007]. THAT’S PROBABLY WHERE IT WAS FIRST SO THAT’S ALL I CAN REMEMBER…[THE] LAST TIME I SAW IT…WAS PROBABLY A NUMBER OF YEARS [AGO].” LINGARD RECALLED HIS TIME IN THE BOY SCOUTS AND WOLF CUBS, “YOU HAD TO BE EIGHT YEARS OLD [TO ENROLL IN WOLF CUBS]. THERE MIGHT HAVE BEEN ONE OR TWO OTHER KIDS THAT I KNEW FROM SCHOOL THAT HAD GOTTEN INTERESTED IN IT. I CAN’T REALLY SAY THERE WAS ONE DEFINING MOMENT THAT I [WANTED TO JOIN]-–I OBVIOUSLY TRIED IT OUT AND LIKED IT BECAUSE I WAS IN IT FOR ABOUT 3 YEARS. [I WAS] ABOUT 10 OR 11 WHEN THEY BOOSTED [ME] UP TO BOY SCOUTS BECAUSE I WENT TO SCOUTS AFTER THAT. WHEN I STARTED OUT, I GOT TO BE A SIXER AND THEN I GOT TO BE WHAT WAS CALLED A SENIOR SIXER, THAT’S LIKE A SERGEANT [WHERE] YOU GET THREE STRIPES. I DID [THE] THINGS YOU DID IN CUBS.” “[I REMEMBER] GOING TO MEETINGS, I JUST WALKED. IT WOULD HAVE BEEN [AT] 14TH STREET AND ST. AUGUSTINE’S CHURCH, ON 11TH AND 4TH AVENUE. IT’S A MATTER OF 6 BLOCKS. YOU WALKED EVERYWHERE THEN. I THINK WE HAD A TRUCK [THEN]. THAT’S ABOUT THE FIRST THING I REMEMBER [ABOUT] JOINING, AND I ENJOYED IT. I KNEW VERA SHIRLEY UP UNTIL THE TIME SHE PASSED AWAY, A NICE LADY.” “[WE MET] TUESDAY OR THURSDAY EVENINGS. IT WAS ABOUT 6:30 OR 7, PROBABLY 6:30 TILL ABOUT 7:30. I REMEMBER IN THE SUMMER TIME WE GENERALLY MET OUTSIDE A LOT ON THE FRONT LAWN OF THE MANSE AT ST. AUGUSTINE’S CHURCH WHICH IS WHERE THE NEW CHURCH SITS. THAT WAS FRONT LAWN THEN AND WE USED TO MEET OUTSIDE A LOT. IN THE WINTER IT WAS DOWN IN THE BASEMENT IN THE CHURCH AND WE USED TO DO [A] CERTAIN AMOUNT OF ACTIVITIES OVER IN THE RCMP GROUNDS.” “WE PROBABLY PLAYED GAMES. IT SEEMS AT A CUBS' MEETING WE HAD AN OPENING AND THEN WE DID…TYING KNOTS. I THINK THERE WERE A CERTAIN NUMBER OF CUB-LIKE ACTIVITIES, TEACHING YOU HOW TO FOLLOW DIRECTIONS AND STUFF LIKE THAT. THERE WAS USUALLY TIME TO BURN OFF A BIT OF ENERGY AND A CLOSING THING. I CAN IMAGINE THAT CUB MEETINGS WERE ABOUT AN HOUR AT THAT AGE. IT SEEMED LIKE A LONG TIME THEN BUT THAT’S PROBABLY [ALL] IT WAS.” “[WE NEVER LEFT THE CITY] WITH CUBS. IN SCOUTS, I WENT TO CAMP ONCE BUT CUBS WAS IN TOWN…IN SCOUTS, THEY HAD A FATHER AND SON BANQUET ONCE A YEAR…IT WAS JUST RIGHT AFTER THE WAR AND THERE WEREN’T A WHOLE LOT OF THINGS THAT WE DID, THAT WERE EXTRACURRICULAR…THAT REQUIRED TRANSPORTATION AND MOVING AROUND A LOT. WE HAD BADGES.” “I’M SURE THERE WERE TROUPES ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE CITY. PROBABLY AT THE CATHOLIC CHURCH AND PROBABLY AT THE MORMON CHURCH. WHEN I WENT TO SCOUTS, THE SCOUT TROUPE WAS AT SOUTHMINSTER CHURCH BUT I DON’T THINK THEY HAD CUBS AT SOUTHMINSTER. IT WAS AT ST. AUGUSTINE’S. I DON’T THINK THERE WERE THAT MANY CUB TROUPES BECAUSE THERE WERE ONLY ABOUT 15,000 PEOPLE IN LETHBRIDGE RIGHT AFTER THE WAR SO IT WASN’T THAT BIG OF A PLACE…WE WERE NUMBER 4 SO MAYBE THERE WERE 4 OR 5.” “SCOUTS WAS [THE] ADOLESCENT—PRETTY SOON [I WAS] LESS INTERESTED IN SCOUTS AND MORE INTERESTED IN GIRLS. I ENJOYED CUBS VERY MUCH AND VERA SHIRLEY WAS CERTAINLY A VERY POSITIVE PERSON. I WOULD SAY THAT THE OVERALL EFFECT, WHICH I DIDN’T REALLY REALIZE AT THE TIME, SINCE THEN THROUGHOUT MY LIFE, I HAVE BELONGED TO A LOT OF THINGS AND HAVE ENJOYED THEM. I THINK THAT [IT] PROBABLY HELPED TO [INFLUENCE] THAT FROM KIND OF A SHY KID TO BEING ABLE TO DO OTHER THINGS. I FEEL THAT THE CUB EXPERIENCE THERE WITH THAT GROUP OF PEOPLE…WAS POSITIVE.” “ONCE I GOT INTO JUNIOR HIGH AND THEN EVEN TOWARD HIGH SCHOOL THEN IT WAS CURLING AND THINGS LIKE THAT I WAS GETTING INTERESTED IN…I’M NOT SURE THAT I EVEN GOT ANY BADGES IN SCOUTS.” LINGARD EXPRESSED HIS MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE CAP AND JACKET, STATING, “WE’RE DOWNSIZING. I DON’T THINK WE EVEN KNEW THIS EXISTED TWO YEARS AGO, IT WAS PUT AWAY SOMEWHERE. IT WAS [TIME TO DECIDE] WHAT TO DO WITH THIS. WE DIDN’T REQUIRE IT ANYMORE SO I THOUGHT I WOULD CHECK WITH [THE MUSEUM] BEFORE IT WENT ELSEWHERE.” “I’D SAY IT’S VALUED BUT IT WAS A MATTER [OF] ONE DAY THIS IS GOING TO GO. IF IT HAS SOME VALUE [I’D LIKE TO SEE] THAT IT GOES SOMEWHERE WHERE IT CAN BE APPRECIATED, WHERE IT BRINGS BACK SOME MEMORIES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180028001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180028001
Acquisition Date
2018-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1982
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20180029002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1982
Date Range To
1985
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Height
16
Length
24
Diameter
17.3
Description
GREEN AND BROWN CAMOFLAGUE PATTERN CAP WITH BRIM ON FRONT. CAP HAS STITCHED BAND ALONG FRONT EDGE AND ABOVE BRIM; BRIM HAS STITCHING IN SEMI-CIRCLE PATTERN WITH GREEN THREAD. INSIDE OF CAP HAS GREEN LINING; CAP HAS FLAPS ALONG EDGE THAT FOLD UP INTO CAP OR FOLD DOWN TO EXTEND CAP. CAP HAS FADED GREEN TAG ON INSIDE WITH BLACK PRINTED TEXT “CAP, COMBAT, WOODLAND CAMOUFLAGE PATTERN, DLA100-32-C-2002, 8415-01-084-1686, 65% COTTON, 35% NYLON, PROPPER INTERNATIONAL INC., SIZE: 7 ¼”. CAP HAS FADED GREEN TAG BELOW WITH PRINTED BLACK TEXT “CAP, COMBAT, WOODLAND CAMOUFLAGE PATTERN, 1.DO NOT WEAR CAP IN COLD WEATHER ENVIRONMENTS. USE CAP IN COLD WEATHER, INSULATING HELMET LINER. 2.IF CAP IS WORN UNDER HELMET, HELMET HEAD BAND MAY REQUIRE READJUSTMENT FOR PROPER FIT AND COMFORT. 3.MACHINE WASH. USE PERMANENT PRESS CYCLE. WAS IN WARM WATER WITH MILD DETERGENT. 4.HAND WASH. HAND WASH IN WARM WATER USING MILD DETERGENT. DO NOT WRING OR TWIST. RINSE IN CLEAN WARM WATER. 5.DO NOT USE CHLORINE BLEACH OR STARCH. 6.DRY AT LOW HEAT (DO NOT EXCEED 130 [DEGREE SYMBOL]F). DO NOT REMOVE THIS LABEL”. TAGS ARE STITCHED ONTO CAP LINING. CAP IS CREASED AT FRONT; BRIM IS FADED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON DECEMBER 21, 2018, GALT MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT INTERVIeWED KEVIN MACLEAN REAGARDING HIS DONATION OF PERSONAL OBJECTS. THE OBJECTS DONATED BY MACLEAN REFLECTED HIS LIFE AND IDENTITY THROUGH HIS TIME IN LETHBRIDGE. ON THE CAMOFLAGUE CAP, MACLEAN ELABORATED, “THE HAT…WOULD FIT ME. [IT] WOULD BE AN ADULT’S HAT.” “FOR REASONS I DON’T KNOW OR UNDERSTAND, I’VE HAD, TO VARYING DEGREES OVER MY LIFE, AN INTEREST IN MILITARY STUFF. MY EARLIEST MEMORIES OF THAT INTEREST WOULD BE HANGING OUT WITH MY COUSIN BRYAN IN LETHBRIDGE, AND HIS DAD [HE DIDN’T SERVE IN KOREA]…[WHO WAS] ENLISTING RIGHT ABOUT THE TIME IN KOREA. MY COUSIN HAD HIS DAD’S DOG TAGS AND I REMEMBER RUNNING AROUND THE PARK, AND WE WOULD TELL EVERYONE WE WERE IN THE ARMY AND I THOUGHT THAT WAS PRETTY COOL. THAT WOULD BE PROBABLY BE IN THE LATE 1970S—’78, ’79, ’80—THERE’S A BUNCH OF OTHER STUFF THAT’S GOING ON AT THE SAME TIME, WITH ROCKETS. FOR SOME REASON, I HAD A THING ABOUT ROCKETS. THE SPACE SHUTTLE IS STARTING TO LAUNCH IN 1981…EVEN MY BEDROOM WAS ROCKET-BASED STUFF. IN THE EARLY ‘80S—’81, ’82—I WAS TWELVE. MY COUSIN, WHOSE NAME IS REG, MY MOM’S NEPHEW...BY 1982 HE COMES TO LIVE WITH US AND HE’S ABOUT SIX YEARS OLDER THAN I AM. HE WOULD BE THE CLOSEST THING THAT I WOULD HAVE TO A BROTHER, DEFINITELY, AT THE TIME. TO HAVE A BROTHER WHO’S [A HANDSOME GUY] AND [WHO HAS] THIS BACKGROUND OF HAVING LIVED IN HAWAII AND ARIZONA…YOU CAN IMAGINE IN YOUR HOUSE, WHEN YOU’RE TWELVE YEARS OLD, HAVING THIS FAMILY MEMBER.” “[IT] WAS REALLY COOL AND HE’S AN INTERESTING GUY AND SUPER FUNNY. AT SOME POINT, HE DECIDES TO LEAVE LETHBRIDGE AFTER HE’S BEEN LIVING HERE, IN THE CITY AND IN OUR HOME, FOR A COUPLE OF YEARS. HE JOINS THE U.S. ARMY BECAUSE HE’S GOT AMERICAN PERMANENT RESIDENCY. I THINK HE HAD PERMANENT RESIDENCY ANYWAYS ‘CAUSE HE GREW UP THERE. HE GOES BACK AND HE JOINS.” “HE JUST MADE A LIFE CHOICE TO JOIN THE MILITARY…AND THIS [CAMOUFLAGE] PATTERN WAS DEVELOPED IN 1981 SO IT’S RELATIVELY NEW. BEFORE THAT, THEY WERE IN GREEN STUFF WHICH—WHEN YOU THINK OF M.A.S.H.—[WAS] THAT LOOK, THROUGH VIETNAM.” “[IT WAS DEVELOPED] BY THE U.S. MILITARY. SOMETIMES…I LIKE CERTAIN, SPECIFIC THINGS AND I’M NOT HAPPY WITH ANYTHING ELSE. I IDENTIFY THIS AS BEING SPECIAL BECAUSE IT’S JUST THE SOLDIERS THAT ARE WEARING IT. SO, I WANT IT. I DON’T KNOW IF HE IS IN [THE ARMY], BY THEN. POTENTIALLY, HE IS. I REMEMBER TELLING MY PARENTS I WANTED CAMOUFLAGE AND I LITERALLY REMEMBER GOING INTO A DEPARTMENT STORE AT THE TIME AND THERE WAS [NOTHING] THERE...THROUGH THE ‘70S AND EARLY ‘80S YOU COULDN’T FIND IT. AT THE SAME TIME, [DEPARTMENT STORES] WERE STARTING TO DEVELOP HUNTING CAMOUFLAGE, WHICH I’VE NEVER CONNECTED WITH.” “SO, I SAID, “NO, I DON’T WANT HUNTING CAMO—THIS [ARMY CAMO] IS WHAT I WANT.” NEEDLESS TO SAY, REG IS IN THE MILITARY AND, IN 1983, HE’S SENDING ME LETTERS BACK, HE COMES BACK FOR A VISIT. IT COULD BE WITHIN SIX MONTHS OF HIS JOINING…HE BRINGS THIS [CAP] BACK FOR ME WHICH HE BOUGHT DOWN THERE. HE COULD HAVE BEEN IN THE CAROLINAS AND HE GAVE ME THIS CAP, WHICH HAPPENS TO BE HIS OWN, PERSONAL [MILITARY ISSUE] CAP. AS PRESENTS GO, IT WOULDN’T HAVE COST HIM A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF MONEY. BUT, IT WOULD HAVE BEEN ABSOLUTELY IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND IN CANADA, LET ALONE IN LETHBRIDGE AND THIS IS AT A TIME THAT THERE IS NO INTERNET. ANYTIME YOU WANT SOMETHING, YOU HAVE TO DO IT BY MAIL AND THIS IS RECENTLY DEVELOPED TECHNOLOGY. IT WOULD BE TWO YEARS OLD.” ON HIS TIME WEARING THE CAP, MACLEAN RECALLED, “I WOULD GUESS I’M THIRTEEN [WHEN I’M GIVEN THE UNIFORM]. I WOULD HAVE BEEN IN APPROXIMATELY GRADE 8.” “IN TERMS OF THE WEAR OF THIS…IF YOU LOOK AT THE LABEL IT’S BEEN WORN. I DID WEAR IT. I WOULD BE SO PROUD TO WEAR A HAT THAT MY COUSIN, WHO IS IN THE U.S. ARMY, WAS WEARING…SO TREMENDOUSLY PROUD. I PROBABLY WORE THE HAT MORE BECAUSE I WAS VERY SELF-CONSCIOUS OF STICKING OUT. IF YOU ARE IN THE EARLY ‘80S, WEARING CAMOUFLAGE, THEN IT’S JUST…NUMBER ONE, IT WASN’T A TIME THAT YOU WANTED TO STICK OUT. THIS WOULD [HAVE SEEN] SOME WEAR BECAUSE HE HAD WORN IT HIMSELF [IN THE ARMY] DOWN IN THE STATES BEFORE HE GAVE IT TO ME.” “[AT THE TIME] I STILL HAVE SOME SMALL INTEREST IN THIS SUBJECT MATTER. TO THE POINT WHERE [I WAS INTERESTED IN] WHAT THE CANADIANS WERE WEARING OVERSEAS IN AFGHANISTAN.” MACLEAN ELABORATED ON HIS INTEREST IN THE JACKET AND MILITARY HISTORY, NOTING, “WHILE ALL THIS IS GOING ON—THE 1980S—AS A KID, AND I DON’T KNOW IF IT WAS JUST ME ‘CAUSE I WAS A NEWS JUNKIE, THE COLD WAR WAS A BIG DEAL IN THE EARLY ‘80S. THERE WERE SHOWS ON TV THAT WERE SCARING THE CRAP OUT OF ME…TO SAY THE LEAST, I WAS KIND OF SEMI-OBSESSED WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER. “ “I WOULD BE CONFIDENT THAT BY GRADE 10, I WAS NOT WEARING IT…MY INTEREST MOVED INTO THE SECOND WORLD WAR.” “AGAIN, [REG IS] LIKE AN OLDER BROTHER TO ME. I GOT SOME PRETTY NICE GIFTS WHEN I WAS A KID. BUT, SOMEBODY BRINGING THIS BACK, ALL THE WAY FROM THE CAROLINAS, OR WHERE HE WAS POSTED—AND THE FACT THAT PROBABLY, EVEN BY ’85, IT WOULD BE NEAR IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND, ALTHOUGH YOU MIGHT BE ABLE TO GET IT AT A SURPLUS STORE BY THEN—IT HAD A LOT OF MEANING TO ME. SO I’VE HUNG ONTO IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, BRANDON SUN, MEDICINE HAT NEWS, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180029001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180029002
Acquisition Date
2018-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Length
41
Width
12
Description
WOODEN FLAIL. ONE END HAS A PADDLE WITH A WIDTH THAT TAPERS FROM 12 CM AT THE TOP TO 10 CM AT THE BASE. THE PADDLE IS WELL WORN IN THE CENTER WITH A HEIGHT OF 4 CM AT THE ENDS AND 2 CM IN THE CENTER. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO THE PADDLE AND IS 16 CM LONG WITH A CIRCULAR SHAPE AT THE END OF THE HANDLE. ENGRAVED ON THE CIRCLE THE INITIALS OF DONOR’S MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER, ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, “ . . .” GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SLIGHT SPLITTING OF THE WOOD ON THE PADDLE AND AROUND THE JOINT BETWEEN THE HANDLE AND THE PADDLE. OVERALL WEAR FROM USE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. THIS WOODEN DOUKHOBOR TOOL IS CALLED A “FLAIL.” A NOTE WRITTEN BY ELSIE MORRIS THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THE FLAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION EXPLAINS, “FLAIL USED FOR BEATING OUT SEEDS. BELONGED TO ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, THEN HANDED TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH PETROVNA KONKIN WHO PASSED IT ON TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH W. MORRIS.” ALTERNATELY, IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS REMEMBERED HER GRANDMOTHER’S, “… NAME WAS JUSOULNA AND THE MIDDLE INITIAL IS THE DAUGHTER OF YVONNE. YVONNE WAS HER FATHER’S NAME AND WISHLOW WAS HER LAST NAME.” THE FLAIL AND THE BLANKET, ALSO DONATED BY MORRIS, WERE USED TOGETHER AT HARVEST TIME TO EXTRACT AND COLLECT SEEDS FROM GARDEN CROPS. ELSIE RECALLED THAT ON WINDY DAYS, “WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS, OR WHATEVER, AND WE WOULD [LAY THEM OUT ON THE BLANKET], BEAT AWAY AND THEN HOLD [THE BLANKET] UP, AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN.” THE FLAIL CONTINUED TO BE USED BY ELIZABETH “RIGHT UP TO THE END,” POSSIBLY INTO THE 1990S, AND THEREAFTER BY MORRIS. WHEN ASKED WHY SHE STOPPED USING IT HERSELF, MORRIS SAID, “I DON’T GARDEN ANYMORE. FURTHERMORE, PEAS ARE SO INEXPENSIVE THAT YOU DON’T WANT TO GO TO ALL THAT WORK... I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE HARVEST THEIR SEEDS. I THINK WE JUST GO AND BUY THEM IN PACKETS NOW.” THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. DOUKHOBOURS CAME TO CANADA IN FINAL YEARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO ESCAPE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN RUSSIA. ELIZABETH KONKIN (NEE WISHLOW) WAS BORN IN CANORA, SK ON JANUARY 22, 1907 TO HER PARENTS, PETER AND ELIZABETH WISHLOW. AT THE AGE OF 6 SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT BRILLIANT, BC, AND THEY LATER MOVED TO THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT SHOULDICE. IT WAS HERE THAT SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM KONKIN. THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE MORRIS (NÉE KONKIN), WAS BORN IN SHOULDICE IN 1928. INITIALLY, WILLIAM TRIED TO SUPPORT HIS FAMILY BY GROWING AND PEDDLING VEGETABLES. WHEN THE FAMILY RECOGNIZED THAT GARDENING WOULD NOT PROVIDE THEM WITH THE INCOME THEY NEEDED, WILLIAM VENTURED OUT TO FARM A QUARTER SECTION OF IRRIGATED LAND 120 KM (75 MILES) AWAY IN VAUXHALL. IN 1941, AFTER THREE YEARS OF FARMING REMOTELY, HE AND ELIZABETH DECIDED TO LEAVE THE ALBERTA COLONY AND RELOCATE TO VAUXHALL. MORRIS WAS 12 YEARS OLD AT THE TIME. MORRIS STATED: “… [T]HEY LEFT THE COLONY BECAUSE THERE WERE THINGS GOING ON THAT THEY DID NOT LIKE SO THEY WANTED TO FARM ON THEIR OWN. SO NOW NOBODY HAD MONEY, SO VAUXHALL HAD LAND, YOU KNOW, THAT THEY WANTED TO HAVE THE PEOPLE AND THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO PUT ANY DOWN DEPOSIT THEY JUST WERE GIVEN THE LAND AND THEY HAD TO SIGN A PAPER SAYING THEY WOULD GIVE THEM ONE FOURTH OF THE CROP EVERY YEAR. THAT WAS HOW MY DAD GOT PAID BUT WHAT MY DAD DIDN’T KNOW WAS THAT THE MONEY THAT WENT IN THERE WAS ACTUALLY PAYING OFF THE FARM SO HE WENT TO SEE MR., WHAT WAS HIS LAST NAME, HE WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE. ANYWAY HE SAID TO HIM “HOW LONG WILL IT BE BEFORE I CAN PAY OFF THIS FARM” AND HE SAYS “YOU’VE BEEN PAYING IT RIGHT ALONG YOU OWE ABOUT TWO HUNDRED AND A FEW DOLLARS”. WELL THAT WAS A REAL SURPRISE FOR THEM SO THEY GAVE THEM THE TWO HUNDRED AND WHATEVER IT WAS THAT HE OWED AND HE BECAME THE OWNER OF THE FARM." MORRIS WENT ON, ”THE DOUKHOBORS ARE AGRARIAN, THEY LIKE TO GROW THINGS THAT’S THEIR CULTURE OF OCCUPATION AND SO THE ONES WHO LIKED FRUIT MOVED TO B.C. LIKE MY UNCLE DID AND MY DAD LIKED FARMING SO HE MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THERE WERE LET’S SEE, I THINK THERE WERE FOUR OTHER FAMILIES THAT MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THREE OF THE MEN GOT TOGETHER AND DECIDED THEY WERE GOING TO GET THEIR TOOLS TOGETHER LIKE A TRACTOR AND MACHINERY THEY NEEDED AND THEN THEY WOULD TAKE TURNS…” THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1957
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FABRIC, VINYL, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170005002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1957
Materials
FABRIC, VINYL, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.5
Length
25.5
Diameter
19.5
Description
BLACK CONDUCTOR’S HAT WITH GOLD ACCENTS; BLACK VINYL BRIM WITH GREEN COLOURED FABRIC ON BOTTOM; TWO PARALLEL GOLD-COLOURED BANDS STITCHED ONTO HAT; “CPR CONDUCTOR” IS STITCHED ONTO FRONT OF HAT IN A BRONZE-COLOURED THREAD; TWO BLACK EYELETS LOCATED ON BOTH SIDES OF THE HAT. INSIDE IS LINED WITH GREY FABRIC. INSIDE TAG READS "4 - SCULLY 7 1/8 MONTREAL" PRINTED IN BLACK INK. THE "4" HAS BEEN CROSSED OUT AND "5" HAS BEEN WRITTEN BY HAND BOTH IN BLUE INK. TAN LEATHER RIM AROUND THE INSIDE CIRCUMFERENCE OF HAT. GOOD CONDITION: WHITE BAND INSIDE OF HAT BRIM IS STAINED GREY; PIECES OF YELLOWED PAPER ARE STUCK INTO BOTH SIDES OF THE HAT; CIRCULAR-SHAPED INDENT IS PRESENT IN THE MIDDLE OF THE TOP OF THE HAT. SEVERE WEAR/STAIN IN CENTER OF THE INSIDE OF HAT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
TRANSPORTATION
History
THIS CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY (CPR) CONDUCTOR CAP BELONGED TO JAMES (JIM) FRANCES LOGAN, WHO WORKED FOR THE CPR IN LETHBRIDGE FOR FORTY-FOUR YEARS FOLLOWING WORLD WAR I. IN A PHONE CALL THAT TOOK PLACE ON JULY 16, 2018 BETWEEN LOGAN'S GRANDSON, CALVIN LOGAN AND GALT COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CALVIN LOGAN STATED HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED FOR CPR FROM 1913 TO 1957. ON MARCH 9, 2017 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CALVIN LOGAN, WHO HAD POSSESSION OF THE CAP AT THE TIME OF DONATION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: “MY FATHER (DENZIL LOGAN) GAVE ME THIS HAT PROBABLY FIFTEEN YEARS AGO. IT CAME FROM HIS FATHER, JAMES FRANCES LOGAN… MY DAD FELT IT WAS REALLY IMPORTANT THAT I HAVE SOMETHING, A KEEPSAKE, OF MY GRANDFATHER’S AND WITH THAT, I’VE ALWAYS ADMIRED [THE CAP]. I REMEMBER IT IN MY FATHER’S POSSESSION, IN HIS HOUSE. [THE CAP WAS] ON A SHELF IN HIS STUDY." "MY GRANDFATHER LIVED HERE SINCE THE EARLY 1900’S AND MY DAD WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1926, SO THIS HAT KIND OF HAS A REAL SIGNIFICANCE FOR ME IN LETHBRIDGE," LOGAN EXPLAINED, "MY GRANDFATHER WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE WORKED FOR THE CPR FOR WELL OVER FORTY YEARS AND WAS VERY PROUD OF HIS POSITION AND ROLE IN THE CPR." “I WOULD BE OVER AT [MY GRANDPARENTS] HOME; GRANDMA WOULD THERE AND [GRANDPA] WOULD BE ON THE ROAD,” LOGAN SAID AS HE RECALLED HIS EARLIEST MEMORIES OF HIS GRANDFATHER AND THE CPR, “HE ALSO WOULD ALWAYS BE WEARING OVERALLS AND I AM STILL A PERSON THAT LOVES TO WEAR OVERALLS TOO. THE FIRST PAIR OF OVERALLS [I HAD] WHEN I GOT TO BE OLDER WERE FROM MY GRANDFATHER. THEY WERE BLUE AND WHITE STRIPED OVERALLS. HE HAD LOTS OF PAIRS OF THEM FROM HIS DAYS AT THE CPR. I HAVE INHERITED THAT KIND OF TRADITION FROM MY GRANDFATHER, I GUESS.” “MY OTHER MEMORY [WOULD BE] WHEN I GOT TO BE PROBABLY SEVEN OR EIGHT WHEN [CPR] OFFERED OUR FAMILY TO RIDE THE LAST ACTUAL PASSENGER TRAIN THAT RAN FROM LETHBRIDGE TO CALGARY. THE IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF MY GRANDFATHER WERE INVITED TO JOIN HIM ON THE TRAIN. WE GOT TO RIDE FROM LETHBRIDGE, OVER THE HIGH LEVEL BRIDGE, TO CALGARY AND BACK AGAIN… THAT IS THE ONLY TRIP AS A KID THAT I DO REMEMBER." "ANOTHER ONE OF MY MEMORIES," LOGAN CONTINUED, "IS OF THE TRAIN THAT THEY HAD AT GALT GARDENS. I WOULD IMAGINE MYSELF AS A CONDUCTOR AND BACK THEN YOU COULD GO RIGHT INSIDE THE TRAIN. ONE MINUTE I WAS THE ENGINEER AND THE NEXT MINUTE I WAS THE CONDUCTOR. I WAS TRYING TO IMAGINE MYSELF AS A TRAIN PERSON AND WORKING WITH THE ENGINES SO LARGE AND JUST HOW COOL IT WOULD BE AS A KID GROWING UP THINKING OF MYSELF WORKING ON THESE BIG HUGE STEAM ENGINE TRAINS." "[WHEN I WAS YOUNG], I WANTED TO SEE WHERE [MY GRANDFATHER] WAS WORKING AND WHAT HE DID, BUT OFTEN TIMES IT WAS VERY DIFFICULT TO DO THAT BECAUSE OF THE TYPE OF JOB HE HAD. MY LAST MEMORIES OF THE RUN THAT HE HAD WERE FROM WHEN HE WORKED AS A CONDUCTOR IN THE REGULAR RUN FROM LETHBRIDGE TO YAK AND THEN IT WAS A RETURN TRIP FROM YAK TO LETHBRIDGE. THAT WAS THE LAST ROUTE HE WAS RUNNING BEFORE HE RETIRED,” LOGAN RECALLED. “I’D ALWAYS FELT A CONNECTION [TO TRAINS],” LOGAN CONTINUED, “NOT ONLY THROUGH MY GRANDFATHER, BUT ALSO THROUGH MY FATHER. A GREAT DEAL OF LIVESTOCK WAS HAULED IN THOSE DAYS THROUGH TRAIN AND FOR MANY OF THE PUBLIC YARDS ACROSS CANADA, TRAINS WERE THEIR WAY OF SHIPPING CATTLE TO DIFFERENT AREAS FOR PROCESSING. EVERY DAY OF [MY DAD’S] WORK WAS LOADING BOXCARS WITH CATTLE. I WAS AROUND THE YARDS PROBABLY MORE THAN MOST KIDS, BECAUSE MY DAD ON A SATURDAY OR SUNDAY WOULD HAVE TO STOP IN AT THE YARDS. I WOULD ALWAYS BE THE FIRST ONE IN THE CAR TO COME WITH HIM, I SAW MANY A CATTLE LOADED UP INTO THE BOXCARS. MY CLEARER MEMORIES [OF THE RAILWAY YARDS] WERE MORE SO OF MY FATHER’S CONNECTION WITH THE RAILWAY. [I ALSO REMEMBER] THERE WERE TIMES WHEN THERE WERE TRAIN ACCIDENTS [MY FATHER WOULD BE] CALLED OUT.” LOGAN WENT ON TO DESCRIBE HIS GRANDFATHER’S HISTORY, “MY GRANDFATHER WAS BORN IN POTSDAM, NEW YORK. [AROUND THAT TIME] THERE WAS A LOT OF OPPORTUNITY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. I THINK THE REASON MY GRANDFATHER ENDED UP IN LETHBRIDGE WAS BECAUSE HIS FATHER HAD ACQUIRED LAND HERE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA… [MY GREAT-GRANDFATHER] OWNED QUITE A NUMBER OF ACRES IN THAT AREA OF LETHBRIDGE. SO AS FAR AS THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF HOW THEY ENDED UP IN LETHBRIDGE, I DON’T REALLY KNOW THAT PART OF IT, BUT I DO KNOW THAT MY GREAT-GRANDFATHER DID OWN A FARM AND IT WAS A PART OF THE FAIRWAY PLAZA AREA TODAY.” AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED IN THE APRIL 6TH, 1944 EDITION OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD LISTED JAMES LOGAN JR. AS ONE OF THE EIGHT REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE CRANBROOK SECTION OF C.P.R. EMPLOYEES (FROM THE TERRITORY COVERING CROW’S NEST TO CRESTON) TO ATTEND A PROVINCIAL C. P. R. MEETING ABOUT VICTORY BOND SALE METHODS IN VANCOUVER. JAMES FRANCIS LOGAN’S OBITUARY WAS PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1983. IT READS: “LOGAN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 8TH, 1983 AT THE AGE OF 90 YEARS, BELOVED HUSBAND OF MRS. DOROTHY LOGAN… MR. LOGAN WAS BORN MAY 9TH, 1892 AT OGDENSBURG, NEW YORK AND CAME TO CANADA AND LETHBRIDGE IN 1910, WHERE HE FIRST WORKED IN THE MINES. HE SERVED OVERSEAS WITH THE 20TH BATTERY FROM 1914 TO 1918 AND WAS THE LAST SURVIVING MEMBER OF 25TH CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY. HE WORKED FOR THE C. P. R. FOR 44 YEARS AND AT THE TIME OF HIS RETIREMENT WAS A CONDUCTOR.” FOR INFORMATION ABOUT J. F. LOGAN’S EXPERIENCE DURING WORLD WAR I, PLEASE SEE ARCHIVES ACCESSION NUMBER 19861018001. PLEASE REFERENCE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD CLIPPINGS.
Catalogue Number
P20170005002
Acquisition Date
2017-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
APPLE COSTUME HEADPIECE
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1976
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FABRIC, BATTING
Catalogue Number
P20160005000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
APPLE COSTUME HEADPIECE
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1976
Materials
FABRIC, BATTING
No. Pieces
1
Height
37
Width
16.5
Description
COSTUME HEAD COVER MIMICKING AN APPLE STEM. HEAD COVER MADE OUT OF YELLOW, RIBBED FABRIC IN A BALACLAVA-STYLE WITH CIRCULAR FACE HOLE WITH STRETCH ELASTIC AROUND DIAMETER. BOTTOM EDGE IS UNHEMMED, EXCEPT FOR BACK CENTER PANEL. GREEN FELT ATTACHMENTS AS LEAVES AND BROWN STRETCHY MATERIAL COVERING STEM SHAPED OBJECT ATOP HEAD PIECE. "ANINE' STITCHED IN RED THREAD ON THE INSIDE BACK HEM. CONDITION: YELLOW FABRIC DULLED IN COLOUR. SLIGHT FRAYING NEAR HEAD PIECE'S EDGES. HOLE IN BACK SEAM.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
LEISURE
POLITICS
History
THIS ARTIFACT IS AN APPLE COSTUME HEAR COVER. ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE DONOR, ANINE VONKEMAN, UPON DONATION IT WAS “WORN BY THE DONOR ON A PARADE FLOAT IN BENTHUIZEN, THE NETHERLANDS, WHERE SHE LIVED AT THE TIME. [IT WAS] MADE BY THE DONOR’S MOTHER, TRUDY VONKEMAN, AND PART OF A COSTUME DEPICTING THE DONOR AS AN APPLE. THE DONOR’S CHEEKS PAINTED RED. THE PARADE TOOK PLACE AROUND 1975-1976. THE DONOR MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO CANADA ON 6 NOVEMBER 1981. MANY OF THE FAMILY’S POSSESSIONS WERE PACKED IN A HURRY FOR THE MOVE, INCLUDING THE COSTUME HEAD COVER.” THIS ARTIFACT WAS DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM & ARCHIVES AFTER BEING FEATURED IN THE GALT’S EXHIBITION CURATED BY WENDY AITKENS TITLED, "CHANGING PLACES: IMMIGRATION & DIVERSITY," WHICH RAN FROM 31 OCTOBER 2015 TO 17 JANUARY 2016. INFORMATION ON THE TEXT PANEL IN THAT EXHIBIT STATED THAT THE PARADE THAT IT WAS WORN FOR WAS CELEBRATING THE DUTCH QUEEN’S BIRTHDAY. IT ALSO STATES, “THE HAT MADE IT INTO THE SHIPPING CONTAINER, WHICH BROUGHT THE VONKEMAN FAMILY’S BELONGINGS FROM HOLLAND TO CANADA… THE REST OF THE COSTUME DIDN’T MAKE IT INTO THE CONTAINER.” A TEXT PANEL IN THE “CHANGING PLACES” EXHIBIT EXPLAINED: “AVAILABLE FARMLAND WAS LIMITED IN HOLLAND AFTER THE END OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR, SO [THE PARENTS OF] WIM VONKEMAN (THE DONOR’S FATHER) AND THEIR LARGE FAMILY IMMIGRATED TO SOUTHWESTERN ALBERTA IN THE EARLY 1950S, WHERE THE FAMILY WORKED IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS BEFORE BRANCHING OUT. EVENTUALLY WIM’S PARENTS STARTED MORNINGSTAR DAIRY. WIM REMAINED IN THE NETHERLANDS WHERE HE WORKED WITH THE NAVY [AND] MARRIED TRUDY… THEY HAD THREE CHILDREN: ANINE, ALWIN AND HERWIN. IN 1979, WIM AND TRUDY BROUGHT THEIR CHILDREN TO VISIT FAMILY HERE AND WHEN THEY RETURNED HOME THE TWO BOYS TALKED OF MOVING TO CANADA WHEN THEY FINISHED SCHOOL… DETERMINED THAT HER FAMILY WOULDN’T BE SEPARATED, TRUDY SUGGESTED THEY ALL GO TOGETHER. WIM’S BROTHER JOHN AGREED TO SPONSOR THE FAMILY AND WHEN THE LETTER OF ACCEPTANCE ARRIVED THEY QUICKLY PACKED UP THEIR BELONGINGS IN A SHIPPING CONTAINER… IN NOVEMBER 1981, WIM’S FAMILY – ALONG WITH AN AIREDALE TERRIER, A CAT, AND A GUINEA PIG – MOVED INTO THE VONKEMAN DAIRY FARM HOUSE IN IRON SPRINGS. UNFORTUNATELY, BOTH CANADA AND THE NETHERLANDS WERE EXPERIENCING A RECESSION SO SELLING THE HOUSE IN HOLLAND TOOK TIME AND JOBS HERE WERE DIFFICULT TO FIND. WIM WORKED ON THE MORNINGSTAR DAIRY FARM WITH HIS BROTHER JOHN… THE CHILDREN STARTED SCHOOL RIGHT AWAY AND THE TWO OLDER KIDS EXPANDED THE ENGLISH THEY HAD LEARNED IN THEIR DUTCH SCHOOLS. HERWIN HAD NOT LEARNED ANY ENGLISH AS HE HAD NOT STARTED HIS SCHOOLING BUT HE VERY QUICKLY CAUGHT UP. WIM AND TRUDY KNEW DUTCH, GERMAN, AND ENGLISH, BUT TRUDY CARRIED A DICTIONARY WITH HER AND READ THE KIDS’ SCHOOL BOOKS TO IMPROVE HER ENGLISH. WIM STARTED A HOUSE-PAINTING BUSINESS [AND WORKED AS A] MANAGER FOR A COMPANY… THE FAMILY MOVED INTO PICTURE BUTTE. HE AND OTHER DUTCH NEWCOMERS STARTED THE DUTCH CANADIAN CLUB AND THE KIDS JOINED THE 4H CLUB.” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED ABOUT THE FAMILY IN THE RECORD P20150005000, THE DONOR’S FATHER – WIM VONKEMAN – WAS BORN IN THE NETHERLANDS IN 1929. AFTER IMMIGRATING TO CANADA WITH HIS FAMILY IN 1981, THEY SETTLED IN THE PICTURE BUTTE AREA. VONKEMAN WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE DUTCH CANADIAN CLUB, AND WAS ACTIVE WITH THE GROUP UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 2004. ON JANUARY 21, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONOR’S MOTHER, TRUDY VONKEMAN, ABOUT A COSTUME SHE DONATED IN 2015 (P20150005000). SHE EXPLAINED: “MY HUSBAND’S FAMILY WENT [TO CANADA] IN 1952 – HE WAS THE ELDEST SON AND HAD A NICE JOB IN HOLLAND, SO HE STAYED BEHIND. THEN WE MET AND MARRIED AND HAD KIDS, AND IN 1979 WE WENT ON HOLIDAYS [IN CANADA] WITH THE KIDS FOR FOUR WEEKS… THEY ENJOYED IT VERY MUCH AND WHEN WE WERE BACK IN HOLLAND I HEARD MY TWO SONS [SAYING] ‘AFTER SCHOOL WE GO TO CANADA’… I SAID TO MY HUSBAND, ‘LET’S GO THEN AS A FAMILY, I DON’T WANT TO SPLIT THE FAMILY LATER’… THERE WAS A BIG FAMILY WAITING [IN CANADA] AND MY PARENTS DIED [IN 1979 AND 1980] SO THERE WAS NO REASON NOT TO DO IT [WHILE] WE WERE STILL YOUNG ENOUGH. I WAS 47 AND MY HUSBAND WAS 51, BUT STILL WE MADE IT. THE WHOLE FAMILY LOOKED AFTER US [AND] THERE WAS A JOB ON THE FARM [OUTSIDE PICTURE BUTTE]... WE DIDN’T NEED TO IMMIGRATE BECAUSE IT WAS EVEN BETTER IN HOLLAND THAN WHEN WE CAME HERE. STILL, ONE OF THE LAST THINGS MY HUSBAND SAID TO ME [WAS] ‘WE HAD LESS MONEY HERE IN CANADA, BUT I’M GLAD WE WENT.’” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED FOR THE ARTIFACT P20150022003, THE DONOR ANINE VONKEMAN WAS BORN IN HOLLAND IN 1967. ABOUT HER IMMIGRATION TO CANADA SHE STATED, “IN 1979 WE CAME HERE AND WE HAD A FANTASTIC TIME AND WE TRAVELLED AROUND IN CAMPERS AND WENT INTO B.C. AND SAW THE MOUNTAINS. IT WAS AWESOME… WE KNEW THAT WE LIKED CANADA AND WE LIKED OUR COUSINS AND IT WAS A NEW ADVENTURE, BUT IT’S PRETTY PERMANENT YOU KNOW.” COMING TO CANADA WAS, ACCORDING TO VONKEMAN, A “HUGE CULTURE SHOCK” AS SHE WAS USED TO BEING ABLE TO BIKE EVERYWHERE IN HOLLAND. SHE EXPLAINS THAT LIVING ON AN ISOLATED FARM WAS CHALLENGING AND “WITH GRAVEL ROADS … [I] COULD NOT REALLY CYCLE ANYWHERE. I TRIED … I HAD GROWN UP ON MY BIKE REALLY, AND LIVED IN A SMALL COMMUNITY … AND THEN HAVING TO TAKE THE SCHOOL BUS AND LEARN THE LANGUAGE [WAS ALSO A CULTURE SHOCK].” VONKEMAN MAINTAINS A STRONG CONNECTION TO HER DUTCH HERITAGE AND EXPLAINS THAT WHEN SHE WAS YOUNGER SHE “REMEMBER[S] … CONSCIOUSLY NOT GETTING MY CANADIAN CITIZENSHIP BECAUSE I WANTED TO GO BACK TO HOLLAND AND LIVE THERE FOR A WHILE AND WORK THERE AND THAT STAYED WITH ME THROUGH THE U OF L.” SHE CONTINUED: “I HAVE NOT GOTTEN MY CANADIAN CITIZENSHIP YET BECAUSE IT’S VERY EXPENSIVE AT THIS POINT … AND THAT WAS THE OTHER THING THAT THE RULES CHANGED, I CAN’T REMEMBER WHEN, BUT NOW THAT I MARRIED A CANADIAN, I CAN HAVE DUAL CITIZENSHIP … THE RULES WERE CHANGED SO THAT IF YOU WERE 18 WITHIN FIVE YEARS OF IMMIGRATING YOU ARE ALLOWED TO MAINTAIN YOUR DUTCH CITIZENSHIP IF YOU APPLY FOR CANADIAN CITIZENSHIP.” VONKEMAN CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1986 TO ATTEND THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE (U OF L) AND STARTED WORKING AT THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA ART GALLERY (SAAG) IN 1992, TWO WEEKS AFTER GRADUATING FROM THE U OF L. SHE BEGAN AS THE PUBLIC PROGRAMS COORDINATOR AND “WAS DOING MEDIA STUFF, VOLUNTEER COORDINATION, SPECIAL EVENTS COORDINATION AND STARTED THE ART AUCTION.” BY 2004, VONKEMAN WAS WORKING AT THE GALT AS MARKETING/COMMUNICATIONS OFFICER. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING EXHIBIT TEXT PANEL INFORMATION. SEE PERMANENT FILES FOR P20150005000 AND P20150022000 FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THE VONKEMAN FAMILY.
Catalogue Number
P20160005000
Acquisition Date
2015-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

31 records – page 1 of 2.