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Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BLANKET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
RAW FLAX YARN
No. Pieces
1
Length
139
Width
99.5
Description
HAND-WOVEN BLANKET MADE FROM RAW FLAX. THE BLANKET IS COMPOSED OF 2 SECTIONS OF THE SAME SIZE OF MATERIAL THAT ARE JOINED TOGETHER WITH A SEAM AT THE CENTER. ON THE FRONT SIDE (WITH NEAT SIDE OF THE STITCHING AND PATCHES), THERE ARE THREE PATCHES ON THE BLANKET MADE FROM LIGHTER, RAW-COLOURED MATERIAL. ONE SECTION OF THE FABRIC HAS TWO OF THE PATCHES ALIGNED VERTICALLY NEAR THE CENTER SEAM. THE AREA SHOWING ON ONE PATCH IS 3 CM X 5 CM AND THE OTHER IS SHOWING 5 CM X 6 CM. ON THE OPPOSITE SECTION THERE IS ONE PATCH THAT IS 16 CM X 8.5 CM SEWN AT THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET. THE BLANKET IS HEMMED ON BOTH SHORT SIDES. ON THE OPPOSING/BACK SIDE OF THE BLANKET, THE FULL PIECES OF THE FABRIC FOR THE PATCHES ARE SHOWING. THE SMALLER PATCH OF THE TWO ON THE ONE HALF-SECTION OF THE BLANKET IS 8CM X 10 CM AND THE OTHER PATCH ON THAT SIDE IS 14CM X 15CM. THE PATCH ON THE OTHER HALF-SECTION IS THE SAME SIZE AS WHEN VIEWED FROM THE FRONT. THERE IS A SEVERELY FADED BLUE STAMP ON THIS PATCH’S FABRIC. FAIR CONDITION. THERE IS RED STAINING THAT CAN BE SEEN FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE BLANKET AT THE CENTER SEAM, NEAR THE EDGE OF THE BLANKET AT THE SIDE WITH 2 PATCHES (CLOSER TO THE LARGER PATCH), AND NEAR THE SMALL PATCH AT THE END FURTHER FROM THE CENTER. THERE IS A HOLE WITH MANY LOOSE THREADS SURROUNDING NEAR THE CENTER OF THE HALF SECTION WITH ONE PATCH. THERE ARE VARIOUS THREADS COMING LOOSE AT MULTIPLE POINTS OF THE BLANKET.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
BEDDING
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928, THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. ACCORDING TO A NOTE THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THIS LIGHTWEIGHT BLANKET AT THE TIME OF ACQUISITION THE BLANKET IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN MADE C. 1920S. MORRIS SAYS HER MEMORY OF THE BLANKET DATES AS FAR BACK AS SHE CAN REMEMBER: “RIGHT INTO THE ‘30S, ‘40S AND ‘50S BECAUSE MY MOTHER DID THAT RIGHT UP UNTIL NEAR THE END. I USE THAT EVEN IN LETHBRIDGE WHEN I HAD A GARDEN. [THIS TYPE OF BLANKET] WAS USED FOR TWO PURPOSES. IT WAS EITHER PUT ON THE BED UNDERNEATH THE MATTRESS THE LADIES MADE OUT OF WOOL AND OR ELSE IT WAS USED, A DIFFERENT PIECE OF CLOTH WOULD BE USED FOR FLAILING THINGS. [THE] FLAIL ACTUALLY GOES WITH IT AND THEY BANG ON THE SEEDS AND IT WOULD TAKE THE HULLS OFF… IT’S HAND WOVEN AND IT’S MADE OUT OF POOR QUALITY FLAX… IT’S UNBLEACHED, DEFINITELY… RAW LINEN." THIS SPECIFIC BLANKET WAS USED FOR SEEDS MORRIS RECALLS: “…IT HAD TO BE A WINDY DAY… WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS OR WHATEVER BEET SEEDS AND WE WOULD BEAT AWAY AND THEN WE WOULD STAND UP, HOLD IT UP AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN [ONTO THE BLANKET.” THE SEEDS WOULD THEN BE CARRIED ON THE BLANKET AND THEN PUT INTO A PAIL. OF THE BLANKET’S CLEAN STATE, MORRIS EXPLAINS, “THEY’RE ALWAYS WASHED AFTER THEY’RE FINISHED USING THEM.” WHEN SHE LOOKS AT THIS ARTIFACT, MORRIS SAYS: “I FEEL LIKE I’M OUT ON THE FARM, I SEE FIELDS AND FIELDS OF FLAX, BLUE FLAX. BUT THAT’S NOT WHAT SHE USED IT FOR. SHE DID USE IT IF SHE WANTED A LITTLE BIT OF THE FLAX THEN SHE’D POUND THE FLAX, BUT THAT WASN’T OFTEN. IT WAS MOSTLY BEANS AND PEAS.” IT IS UNKNOWN WHO WOVE THIS BLANKET. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003007
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"HEARTSIM 2000"
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20180009000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"HEARTSIM 2000"
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2005
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
7
Height
14.7
Length
46.5
Width
35.6
Description
A. BLACK PLASTIC CASE, 46.5 CM LONG X 35.6 CM WIDE X 14.7 CM TALL. CASE FRONT HAS BLACK HANDLE WITH SILVER METAL BASE AND BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT”; FRONT HAS BLACK PLASTIC CLASPS ON BOTH ENDS. INSIDE OF CASE HAS BASE LINED WITH STYROFOAM INSERT, WITH CUT-OUT SECTIONS FOR STORING MONITOR AND ACCESSORIES. INSIDE CASE AT HINGE HAS CLEAR PLASTIC LABEL ATTACHED WITH BLACK TEXT “SPARE FUSE”. INSIDE OF LID HAS ATTACHED GREY INSTRUCTION SHEET WITH BLACK AND GREY LABEL “PROPERTY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT” ABOVE BLACK TEXT ON GREY SHEET “LAERDAL HEARTSIM 2000, TEACHES ECG INTERPRETATION, ARRHYTHMIA MANAGEMENT AND HEMODYNAMIC WAVEFORM RECOGNITION” WITH LISTINGS OF “FUNCTIONS, ECG SIMULATION, ECG MENU” AND DIAGRAMS BELOW; LOWER RIGHT CORNER OF SHEET HAS LOGO SHOWING ONE FIGURE BANDAGING THE ARM OF ANOTHER AND TEXT “LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., 1 LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, N.Y., 10504, FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND SERVICE INFORMATION CALL: 800-431-1055, IN NEW YORK CALL SERVICE DEPARTMENT COLLECT: 914-273-9404”. INSIDE LID UNDER INSTRUCTION SHEET IS BLACK STYROFOAM MOUNT. CASE EXTERIOR IS SCRATCHED, SCUFFED, AND WORN; INSIDE OF CASE IS STAINED AND SOILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. HEARTSIM 2000, 8 CM TALL X 30.1 CM LONG X 27 CM WIDE. CREAM-WHITE PLASTIC MONITOR WITH TRI-COLORED RED, GREY AND BROWN STRIPE RUNNING DOWN UPPER LEFT EDGE. MONITOR IS SQUARE AND TOP TAPERS TO LOWER EDGE; LEFT SIDE HAS BROWN, BLACK AND RED LABEL “HEARTSIM 2000, LAERDAL MEDICAL” WITH BLACK AND WHITE LABEL BELOW “PROPERTY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT”. RIGHT SIDE HAS MONITOR CONTROL DISPLAY WITH WHITE TEXT ABOVE “QRS TYPE, BASIC RHYTHM, PREMATURE COMPLEXES, RATE” AND WHITE TEXT ON RIGHT SIDE “RUNNING, WAITING”. KEYPAD BELOW CONTROL DISPLAY WITH DARK GREY, LIGHT GREY, AND RED BUTTONS WITH BLACK LABELS; BELOW BUTTONS BLACK TEXT “HEARTSIM 2000—KEYBOARD” WITH OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS. KEYBOARD DETACHES; BACK OF KEYBOARD HAS EMBOSSED STAMP “MADE IN GERMANY” ABOVE BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “SAIT”; BACK HAS REMOVABLE SECTION IN BACKING FOR BATTERIES. UNDER KEYBOARD ON MONITOR HAS CLEAR LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “CONDENSED INSTRUCTIONS” WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATING MONITOR. RIGHT SIDE OF MONITOR HAS SILVER LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “B 366536, SPECIAL INSPECTION SERVICE” WITH DETAILS ON SPECIAL INSPECTION. BACK OF MONITOR HAS BLACK “ON/OFF” SWITCH WITH RED CIRCLE ON LEFT SIDE OF SWITCH, AND DARK GREY LABELS ON SIDES; BACK HAS OUTPUT INSERTS FOR “HEMODYNAMIC WAVEFORMS OUTPUT CH. 2/CH. 3, MANIKIN, LAERDAL MONITOR INTERFACE, PULSE OUTPUT”; BACK HAS THREE INPUT AND OUTPUT INSERTS ON LEFT SIDE WITH WHITE, GREEN AND RED INPUTS ABOVE OUTPUTS LABELLED “RA, RL, LL”. RIGHT SIDE HAS DARK GREY LABELS “HEARTSIM 2000, 1A/110V~60 HZ/110W, FUSES: 1A SLOW BLOW, SERIAL NO.” WITH ENGRAVED NUMBERS “011618” ON WHITE SQUARE, AND LABEL “LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., 1 LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, N.Y., 10504”. LEFT SIDE OF MONITOR HAS BLACK DIAL WITH CLEAR LABEL ABOVE WITH BLACK AND WHITE YIN AND YANG SYMBOL. BOTTOM OF MONITOR HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLACK TEXT “THIS EQUIPMENT COMPLIES WITH THE REQUIREMENTS IN PART 15 OF FCC RULES FOR A CLASS A COMPUTING DEVICE. OPERATION OF THIS EQUIPMENT IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA MAY CAUSE UNACCEPTABLE INTERFERENCE TO RADIO AND TV RECEPTION REQUIRING THE OPERATOR TO TAKE WHATEVER STEPS ARE NECESSARY TO CORRECT THE INTERFERENCE. 2407”. WHITE LABEL IN LOWER LEFT CORNER HAS BLACK TEXT “CAUTIONS,” AND THREE STATEMENTS FOR USING THE HEARTSIM 2000. TOP OF MONITOR HAS BLACK MARK ON LEFT SIDE; TOP IS SCUFFED AND WORN; SIDES ARE SCUFFED AND RUBBED; BOTTOM OF MONITOR IS SCUFFED AND RUBBED ON LABELS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. GREY PLASTIC CORD, 168 CM LONG. CORD HAS TRI-PRONG INSERT AT ONE END, AND TRI-PRONG SILVER PLUG AT OTHER END. INSERT END HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “I-SHENG , IS-14, 10A 125V 1250W” AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON BACK “[COPYRIGHT SYMBOL] E55943, LL41230, [CSA SYMBOL], 214”. CORD HAS BLACK TEXT DOWN SIDES; CORD IS HEAVILY BENT AND COILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. D. GREY PLASTIC CORD, 219 CM LONG. CORD HAS ROUND SILVER INSERT AT ONE END WITH SIX SILVER PLUG-RODS INSIDE; CORD SPLITS INTO THREE WIRES AT OTHER END WITH THREE NODES FORMING END. NODES ARE RED, BLACK, AND WHITE LABELLED “LL, LA, RA”. BASE WHERE CORD DIVERGES INTO THREE WIRES HAS SILVER CLIP ON BACK; FRONT OF BASE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “ZOLL, 9500-0229-02, LL, LA, RA”; BASE IS ATTACHED TO CORD WITH INSERTS FOR THREE WIRES TO EXTEND. INPUT END IS RUBBED AND SCUFFED; CORD IS HEAVILY BENT AND COILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. WHITE PLASTIC SQUARE WITH THREE ROWS OF FOUR CUT-OUT HOLES ON TOP, 7.1 CM WIDE X 5.3 CM LONG X 0.8 CM TALL. SQUARE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES AND LOWER EDGE ARE BENT DOWN; HOLES ON TOP ARE LABELLED INTO FOUR COLUMNS WITH GREY TEXT “YES, NO, NEXT, RESTART”. TOP HAS GREY TEXT ALONG LOWER EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000 V. FIB. RECOGNITION MODULE” WITH “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO BELOW. LOWER EDGE IS CRACKED; RIGHT AND LEFT CORNERS ARE CRACKED AND CHIPPED; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK MARK “L” AND BLACK SMEAR IN LOWER RIGHT CORNER; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. F. PLASTIC ECG MODULE IN CARDBOARD BOX, 8 CM LONG X 6.7 CM WIDE X 2.1 CM TALL. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK LABEL ON FRONT WITH WITE TEXT “PROPERTY OF LFD” AND BLUE “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO ON LOWER EDGE OF FRONT AND BACK. UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “262003”, TOP HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “SEQ MODULE”. WHITE PLASTIC MODULE HAS GREY TEXT ON TOP EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000, ECG SEQUENCE MODULE, 2484”; MODULE HAS BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT ON FRONT “PROPERTY OF LFD”; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “L.F.D.” AND BLACK PRINTED TEXT ON LOWER EDGE “42/87 ELCO 20 8477 048 006 025”. CARDBOARD BOX WORN AT EDGES AND TORN AT TOP CORNERS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. G. PLASTIC ECG MODULE IN CARDBOARD BOX, 7.4 CM LONG X 6.6 CM WIDE X 2.1 CM TALL. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK LABEL ON FRONT WITH WHITE TEXT “PROPERTY OF LFD” AND BLUE “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO ON LOWER EDGE OF FRONT AND BACK; TOP HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “V. FIB MODULE”. WHITE PLASTIC MODULE HAS GREY TEXT ON TOP EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000, ECG SEQUENCE MODULE, 2486”; MODULE HAS BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT ON FRONT “PROPERTY OF LFD”; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “L.F.D.” AND BLACK PRINTED TEXT ON LOWER EDGE “42/87 ELCO 20 8477 048 006 025”. CARDBOARD BOX WORN AT EDGES AND TORN AT TOP CORNERS; BOX FRONT CREASED ALONG UPPER EDGE; BOX CREASED ON BACK AND SIDES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ON APRIL 19, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LETHBRIDGE EMS RESOURCE OFFIER WARD EGGLI REGARDING HIS TIME USING A DONATED HEARTSIM 2000. THE HEARTSIM 2000 TRAINING SIMULATOR WAS DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, AND WAS USED FOR TRAINING NEW RECRUITS. ON THE SIMULATOR, EGGLI ELABORATED, “THIS IS A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT THAT TODAY TECHNOLOGY-WISE HAS JUST SURPASSED ITS USE. IT’S NO LONGER USED IN OUR TRAINING DIVISION. IT WAS USED ORIGINALLY WAS IN TRAINING CARDIAC RHYTHMS.” “THIS IS A VERY VALUABLE TOOL FOR STUDENTS IN RELATION TO CARDIAC RHYTHM INTERPRETATION. THE ADVANTAGE THAT THIS TOOL GAVE US WAS THAT IT WOULD PRODUCE A RHYTHM, LIKE A HUMAN BEING ON THE OTHER END OF THE LEADS WOULD PRODUCE ON A CARDIAC MONITOR. SO IT WAS A REAL WORLD APPLICATION FOR US TO INTERPRET WHAT WE WERE SEEING [ON] A VERY SMALL SCREEN AND THE CONNECTION WOULD BE A CONFIRMATION TO WHAT THE GENERATOR WAS ACTUALLY PRODUCING. NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM FOR EXAMPLE SHOULD BE WHAT WE SEE ON THE MONITOR AND THE CONFIRMATION FROM THE EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE WOULD BE FOUND ON THE SIMULATOR.” “IT’S PROBABLY BEEN OUT OF SERVICE, PROBABLY AT LEAST TEN YEARS AGO [2005 TO 2008].” “WE ONLY HAD THIS ONE AND THEN WE HAD TWO HAND HELD VERSIONS THAT WERE MUCH SMALLER. THEY ONLY PRODUCED SORT OF THE MOST CRITICAL RHYTHMS, BUT WE ONLY HAD THIS ONE IN THE TRAINING DIVISION.” “TRAINING CONFIRMATION AND INTERPRETATION OF CARDIAC RHYTHMS [WAS] ITS SOLE PURPOSE.” “IN [THE] CONSTRUCTION OF THE CASE…[IS] STYROFOAM. IT WAS THE ONLY ONE IN ITS SERVICE AND THEN THE ONES THAT CAME AFTER IT WERE SMALLER AND LESS EXPENSIVE AND LESS CAPABLE THAN THAT ONE WAS FOR ITS TIME…I DON’T KNOW THE COST OF IT, I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THAT IT BEING VERY EXPENSIVE. MOST THINGS IN EMS AND FIRE SERVICES ARE.” “I THINK THE INTERNET, SOME OTHER SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS, DEFINITELY FROM AN EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE STARTED SURPASSING ITS ABILITIES. [FOR] EDUCATION THIS WOULD BE A SIMULATOR THAT PRODUCED A RHYTHM FOR ONE INDIVIDUAL. THE ADVANTAGE OF SOME OF THE TECHNOLOGY IN 2005 AND 2008 WAS YOU WOULD BE ABLE TO BRING IN A WHOLE CLASSROOM AND DO AN INTERPRETATION ON A BIG SCREEN, ON A LAPTOP, ON A COMPUTER…SO IT JUST GOT OLD. [IT] STILL [HAS] VALUE BUT IT JUST GOT OLD.” “IT’S BEEN IN THE DEPARTMENT AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER BUT I WASN’T ABLE TO FIND OUT A SERVICE DATE FOR THIS THROUGH THE INTERNET.” ON HIS EXPERIENCE USING THE HEARTSIM 2000, EGGLI RECALLED, “I WAS THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER WHEN THIS WAS IN USE AND EVEN BEFORE THAT AS A NEW RECRUIT, A NEW MEMBER TO THE SERVICE. IN 2000 I BECAME A PARAMEDIC AND IN MY PARAMEDIC TRAINING I WOULD USE THIS DEVICE. I WOULD TAKE IT HOME, MY WIFE ACTUALLY RAN THE REMOTE. SHE DIDN’T KNOW A LOT ABOUT RHYTHMS BUT SHE LEARNED ALONGSIDE ME WITH THIS. [SHE WOULD] BASICALLY PUSH A BUTTON, I WOULD ANALYZE RHYTHM, SHE WOULD TELL ME IF I WAS CORRECT OR NOT FROM THE MACHINE. IT PRODUCES TWENTY-FIVE HUNDRED RHYTHMS SO WE HAD LOTS TO DO.” “AS A STUDENT ON THE OTHER END OF WHAT THE GENERATOR WOULD PRODUCE, IT HONED MY SKILLS. IT REALLY MADE ME QUITE GOOD AT THAT INTERPRETATION BECAUSE I [SAW] A CERTAIN WAVE. I COULD LOOK FROM ALMOST ACROSS THE ROOM AND GO “I KNOW WHAT THAT IS, IT’S THIRD DEGREE HEART BLOCK.” SOME OF THEM ARE TRICKY AND THIS PARTICULAR GENERATION IN ITS DAY GAVE SOME VARIATION TO EACH OF THOSE TYPES OF RHYTHMS, WHICH ALSO MAKES YOU A LITTLE BIT BETTER AT [READING THE RHYTHMS].” “I’M THE EMS RESOURCE OFFICER TODAY BUT I WAS THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER WHEN THIS WAS IN USE…IT’S POSSIBLE [THIS WAS IN USE FROM DAY ONE].” “WE ALSO USED IT IF WE HAD STUDENTS THAT WERE LOOKING FOR SOME EXTRA SUPPORT. WE WOULD THROW A MANNEQUIN ON THE FLOOR, WE WOULD PUT THE HEART 2000 BESIDE THEM, WE WOULD RUN A SCENARIO AND MAYBE END UP WITH A RHYTHM OR TWO THAT THEY WERE INTERPRETING. WE USED IT THAT WAY, BUT MY FONDEST MEMORIES OF USING IT WERE DEFINITELY MY WIFE SITTING IN THE CORNER PUSHING THE BUTTONS FOR HOURS. IT WAS VERY INVALUABLE AND CARDIAC RHYTHM INTERPRETATION WAS ALWAYS SOMETHING I WAS REALLY INTERESTED IN BECAUSE IT’S A UNIQUE ART ALMOST, A SKILL THAT SOME PRACTITIONERS EITHER HAVE OR DON’T. SOME ARE INTERESTED IN IT, SOME AREN’T. I COULD DO IT UNTIL THE COWS CAME HOME.” “TODAY [WITH] A CARDIAC MONITOR YOU CAN SWITCH IT SO THAT IT’S AN AED, IT CAN ACT LIKE AN AED. IT WILL DO MANY THINGS. THE CARDIAC MONITOR THAT WE USE TODAY IN SERVICE DOES BLOOD PRESSURE, IT’LL MEASURE OXYGEN SATURATION, IT’LL MEASURE CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS AS WELL. IT CAN HELP US WITH TRACKING THE DRUGS WE USE AND IT HAS SOME MEMORY. WE HAVE THE ABILITY TO USE WI-FI AND BLUETOOTH AND SEND THE ECGS TO EMERGENCY DEVICES WHEN WE’RE IN HOSPITAL, AND WHEN WE GET BACK TO STATION FOR TRACKING AND AUDIT PURPOSES. WE DO SOME AMAZING STUFF AND THIS HEARTSIM 2000 IS A GREAT GRANDFATHER OF SOME OF WHAT WE’RE USING TODAY.” “DEFINITELY, LEADERS IN FIRE, LEADERS IN EMS, LEADERS IN COMBINED SERVICES, IS LETHBRIDGE. WE WERE THE FIRST ORGANIZATION OF ITS KIND TO BE ACCREDITED, [WITH] ACCREDITATION CANADA. ONE OF OUR MEDICAL DIRECTORS, YEARS AGO, CALLED US THE CROWN JEWEL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA BECAUSE OF THE TYPE OF SERVICE WE WERE, HOW WE TREAT OUR STAFF, HOW WE TRAIN OUR STAFF, THE OUTCOMES THAT WE HAVE IN BOTH FIRE AND EMS AND COMBINED SERVICE. THERE’S NOT MANY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE WORLD THAT HAVE A SERVICE LIKE OURS THAT WOULD RESPOND TO A PATIENT ANYWHERE IN THE CITY IN THE FASHION THAT WE DO, WITH A COUPLE OF UNITS IN HIGH EQUITY CALL WHERE A PUMP AND AN AMBULANCE ARE SUPPORTING GREAT CARE. IT DEFINITELY, APPROPRIATELY I BELIEVE, A CADILLAC SERVICE. OFTEN SOME PEOPLE WOULD SAY “WELL DO WE NEED THE CADILLAC ALL THE TIME?” AND I THINK IN LETHBRIDGE, IF YOU’VE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO BE A PART OF A RESPONSE, YOU’RE THANKFUL FOR WHAT YOU GET HERE.” “I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THE NUMBER OF HANDS THAT HAVE TOUCHED THIS HEART SIM 2000. SOME OF THE POTENTIAL PATIENT OUTCOMES THAT WERE REALLY LIFESAVING, IN MY OPINION, [CAME] FROM A DEVICE LIKE THIS. I THINK IT’S BRILLIANT THAT IT’S GOING TO BE KEPT, [THAT] IT’S NOT JUST SOMETHING WE THREW IN THE DUMPSTER. IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF HISTORY, IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF EMS HISTORY. IT’S A VERY IMPORTANT PART OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES’ HISTORY, EDUCATION AND TRAINING, AND OFTEN WE KIND OF FORGET ABOUT WHY WE’RE HERE. IT’S FOR THE PATIENTS AND PEOPLE THAT WE TOUCH IN THE COMMUNITY.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180009000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180009000
Acquisition Date
2018-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLAIL PADDLE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Length
41
Width
12
Description
WOODEN FLAIL. ONE END HAS A PADDLE WITH A WIDTH THAT TAPERS FROM 12 CM AT THE TOP TO 10 CM AT THE BASE. THE PADDLE IS WELL WORN IN THE CENTER WITH A HEIGHT OF 4 CM AT THE ENDS AND 2 CM IN THE CENTER. HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO THE PADDLE AND IS 16 CM LONG WITH A CIRCULAR SHAPE AT THE END OF THE HANDLE. ENGRAVED ON THE CIRCLE THE INITIALS OF DONOR’S MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER, ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, “ . . .” GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SLIGHT SPLITTING OF THE WOOD ON THE PADDLE AND AROUND THE JOINT BETWEEN THE HANDLE AND THE PADDLE. OVERALL WEAR FROM USE.
Subjects
AGRICULTURAL T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. THIS WOODEN DOUKHOBOR TOOL IS CALLED A “FLAIL.” A NOTE WRITTEN BY ELSIE MORRIS THAT WAS ATTACHED TO THE FLAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION EXPLAINS, “FLAIL USED FOR BEATING OUT SEEDS. BELONGED TO ELIZABETH EVANAVNA WISHLOW, THEN HANDED TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH PETROVNA KONKIN WHO PASSED IT ON TO HER DAUGHTER ELIZABETH W. MORRIS.” ALTERNATELY, IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS REMEMBERED HER GRANDMOTHER’S, “… NAME WAS JUSOULNA AND THE MIDDLE INITIAL IS THE DAUGHTER OF YVONNE. YVONNE WAS HER FATHER’S NAME AND WISHLOW WAS HER LAST NAME.” THE FLAIL AND THE BLANKET, ALSO DONATED BY MORRIS, WERE USED TOGETHER AT HARVEST TIME TO EXTRACT AND COLLECT SEEDS FROM GARDEN CROPS. ELSIE RECALLED THAT ON WINDY DAYS, “WE WOULD PICK DRIED PEAS OR BEANS, OR WHATEVER, AND WE WOULD [LAY THEM OUT ON THE BLANKET], BEAT AWAY AND THEN HOLD [THE BLANKET] UP, AND THE BREEZE WOULD BLOW THE HULLS OFF AND THE SEEDS WOULD GO STRAIGHT DOWN.” THE FLAIL CONTINUED TO BE USED BY ELIZABETH “RIGHT UP TO THE END,” POSSIBLY INTO THE 1990S, AND THEREAFTER BY MORRIS. WHEN ASKED WHY SHE STOPPED USING IT HERSELF, MORRIS SAID, “I DON’T GARDEN ANYMORE. FURTHERMORE, PEAS ARE SO INEXPENSIVE THAT YOU DON’T WANT TO GO TO ALL THAT WORK... I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE HARVEST THEIR SEEDS. I THINK WE JUST GO AND BUY THEM IN PACKETS NOW.” THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. DOUKHOBOURS CAME TO CANADA IN FINAL YEARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO ESCAPE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN RUSSIA. ELIZABETH KONKIN (NEE WISHLOW) WAS BORN IN CANORA, SK ON JANUARY 22, 1907 TO HER PARENTS, PETER AND ELIZABETH WISHLOW. AT THE AGE OF 6 SHE MOVED WITH HER FAMILY TO A DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT BRILLIANT, BC, AND THEY LATER MOVED TO THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT AT SHOULDICE. IT WAS HERE THAT SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM KONKIN. THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE MORRIS (NÉE KONKIN), WAS BORN IN SHOULDICE IN 1928. INITIALLY, WILLIAM TRIED TO SUPPORT HIS FAMILY BY GROWING AND PEDDLING VEGETABLES. WHEN THE FAMILY RECOGNIZED THAT GARDENING WOULD NOT PROVIDE THEM WITH THE INCOME THEY NEEDED, WILLIAM VENTURED OUT TO FARM A QUARTER SECTION OF IRRIGATED LAND 120 KM (75 MILES) AWAY IN VAUXHALL. IN 1941, AFTER THREE YEARS OF FARMING REMOTELY, HE AND ELIZABETH DECIDED TO LEAVE THE ALBERTA COLONY AND RELOCATE TO VAUXHALL. MORRIS WAS 12 YEARS OLD AT THE TIME. MORRIS STATED: “… [T]HEY LEFT THE COLONY BECAUSE THERE WERE THINGS GOING ON THAT THEY DID NOT LIKE SO THEY WANTED TO FARM ON THEIR OWN. SO NOW NOBODY HAD MONEY, SO VAUXHALL HAD LAND, YOU KNOW, THAT THEY WANTED TO HAVE THE PEOPLE AND THEY DIDN’T HAVE TO PUT ANY DOWN DEPOSIT THEY JUST WERE GIVEN THE LAND AND THEY HAD TO SIGN A PAPER SAYING THEY WOULD GIVE THEM ONE FOURTH OF THE CROP EVERY YEAR. THAT WAS HOW MY DAD GOT PAID BUT WHAT MY DAD DIDN’T KNOW WAS THAT THE MONEY THAT WENT IN THERE WAS ACTUALLY PAYING OFF THE FARM SO HE WENT TO SEE MR., WHAT WAS HIS LAST NAME, HE WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE. ANYWAY HE SAID TO HIM “HOW LONG WILL IT BE BEFORE I CAN PAY OFF THIS FARM” AND HE SAYS “YOU’VE BEEN PAYING IT RIGHT ALONG YOU OWE ABOUT TWO HUNDRED AND A FEW DOLLARS”. WELL THAT WAS A REAL SURPRISE FOR THEM SO THEY GAVE THEM THE TWO HUNDRED AND WHATEVER IT WAS THAT HE OWED AND HE BECAME THE OWNER OF THE FARM." MORRIS WENT ON, ”THE DOUKHOBORS ARE AGRARIAN, THEY LIKE TO GROW THINGS THAT’S THEIR CULTURE OF OCCUPATION AND SO THE ONES WHO LIKED FRUIT MOVED TO B.C. LIKE MY UNCLE DID AND MY DAD LIKED FARMING SO HE MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THERE WERE LET’S SEE, I THINK THERE WERE FOUR OTHER FAMILIES THAT MOVED TO VAUXHALL AND THREE OF THE MEN GOT TOGETHER AND DECIDED THEY WERE GOING TO GET THEIR TOOLS TOGETHER LIKE A TRACTOR AND MACHINERY THEY NEEDED AND THEN THEY WOULD TAKE TURNS…” THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. THE KONKINS RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE FROM VAUXHALL IN 1968. MORRIS, BY THEN A SCHOOL TEACHER, RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HER OWN FAMILY. WILLIAM KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON MARCH 3, 1977 AT THE AGE OF 72 AND 23 YEARS LATER, ON APRIL 8, 2000, ELIZABETH KONKIN PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO THE FAMILY EXIST IN THE GALT COLLECTION. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003001
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TURNOUT PANTS / BUNKER PANTS
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, COTTON, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20150010020
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TURNOUT PANTS / BUNKER PANTS
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2000
Materials
CANVAS, COTTON, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Length
170.5
Width
61.0
Description
FIREMAN'S TURNOUT PANTS OR BUNKER PANTS. OUTER SHELL, SUSPENDERS, INNER LINER. DIMENSIONS ARE FROM TIP OF SUSPENDERS TO HEM AND WIDTH IS AT WAISTBAND. .A: OUTER SHELL. TAN CANVAS. HEM IS A PLASTICIZED FABRIC. FLORSCENT YELLOW AND SILVER REFLECTIVE STRIPE AT ANKLE. LINER KEPT IN PLACE AT HEM WITH TWO SNAPS: POSTS ON LINER, WITH THE CAPS ON SHORT PIECES OF BLACK NYLON STRAPPING, SEWN TO THE INSIDE OF THE SHELL'S LEG. REINFORCED KNEES AND TWO LARGE POCKETS ON OUTER THIGH AREA, EACH WITH A FLAP THAT CLOSES WITH VELCRO. PANTS CLOSE WITH A VELCRO CLOSURE, A SINGLE SILVER COLOURED SNAP, AND LARGE HOOK AND EYE, WITH THE HOOK AT THE WEARER'S RIGHT HIP AND A D-SHAPED EYE ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE FLY. HOOK IS AFFIXED TO PANTS WITH THREE SILVER COLOURED METAL RIVETS GOING THROUGH A PIECE OF BLACK LEATHER THAT THE HOOK IS SEWN ONTO. BLACK NYLON STRAPS ON THE WEARER'S HIP ALLOW PANTS TO BE ADJUSTED ONCE ON. BACK OF PANTS CONTINUES UP WEARER'S BACK FOR 14.5CM HIGHER THAN THE FRONT. INSIDE OF WAISTBAND IS NAVY BLUE AND THERE ARE NINE CAPS FOR THE SNAPS THAT ATTACH THE INNER LINER. INSIDE OF FLY LINED WITH BLACK PLASTICIZED MATERIAL. WHITE RECTANGULAR LABEL, WITH NAVY BLUE WRITING: "FIRE SERVICE MANAGEMENT. TEL: (403) 279-5095." BELOW IN RED: "C 5519". ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE PANTS, SIX SILVER COLOURED BUTTONS, WITH STAMPED "GLOBE" IN THE CENTRE ALLOW SUSPENDERS TO BE ATTACHED - FOUR ARE IN THE FRONT, WITH TWO IN THE BACK. .B: SUSPENDERS. RED WOVEN STRAPPING. VERY ENDS OF SUSPENDERS ARE FINISHED IN BLACK LEATHER, WITH EACH OF THE SIX ENDS HAVING A BUTTON HOLE. THE LEATHER PORTION IS SEWN ONTO ELASTICIZED RED STRAPPING. ON THE FRONT, THIS ELASTICIZED PORTION GOES THROUGH A BLACK PLASTIC D-RING, WHICH HAS NON-ELASTICIZED WOVEN STRAPPING ON THE OTHER SIDE. EACH FRONT STRAP HAS A SECOND D-RING TO ALLOW ADJUSTMENT IN LENGTH. IN THE BACK, THE ELASTICIZED PORTION IS SEWN DIRECTLY ONTO THE WOVEN PORTION. STRAPS FORMA ROUGH 'H' SHAPE, WITH THE ELASTICIZED CROSS PIECE GOING ACROSS THE WEARER'S BACK AT THE SHOULDER AREA. SMALL LABEL NEAR THIS CROSS PIECE: "ASSEMBLED IN MEXICO". .C: INNER LINER. LIGHT BLUE/GREY COTTON FABRIC ON ONE SIDE, WITH A PLASTIC/COTTON OFF-WHITE FABRIC ON THE OTHER SIDE. THE STUDS OF NINE SNAPS GO AROUND THE WAISTBAND. LINER KEPT IN PLACE AT HEM WITH TWO SNAPS: POSTS ON LINER, WITH THE CAPS ON SHORT PIECES OF BLACK NYLON STRAPPING, SEWN TO THE INSIDE OF THE SHELL'S LEG. TWO LABELS, INSIDE WAIST AREA. INSIDE LEFT IS AN OFF-WHITE LABEL WITH RED WRITING, DETAILING PROPER USE OF GARMENT, TO ENSURE SAFETY. BEGINS: "DANGER. DO NOT USE THIS GARMENT IF YOU HAVE NOT READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE ENTIRE FEMSA OFFICIAL USER INFORMATION GUIDE AND ALL LABELS FOR STRUCTURAL FIRE FIGHTING PROTECTIVE GARMENT!" LABEL DETAILS PROPER USE AND ENDS: "COPYRIGHT 1996. FIRE AND EMERGENCY MANUFACTURES AND SERVICES ASSOCIATION, INC. DO NOT REMOVE LABEL." HANDWRITTEN IN BLACK INK, OVERTOP OF THE INITIAL WARNING: "2445617 LETHBRIDGE". ON THE INSIDE RIGHT SIDE IS A WHITE LABEL WITH RED WRITING, DETAILING THE TYPE OF PROTECTION THESE PANTS CAN PROVIDE, AS WELL AS WHAT THEY ARE MADE OUT OF. BEGINS: "GLOBE FIREFITERS SUITS. 37 LOUDON ROAD, PITTSFIELD, NEW HAMPSHIRE, U.S.A. 03263 TEL. 603-435-8323 * FAX: 603-435-6388. THIS GARMENT MEETS THE GARMENT REQUIREMENTS OF NFPA 1971, STANDARD ON PROTECTIVE ENSEMBLE FOR STRUCTURAL FIRE FIGHTING, 2000 EDITION. DO NOT REMOVE THIS LABEL." THIS LABEL ALSO HAS A BLANK SPACES TO FILL IN FOR THE SIZE, LENGTH, CUT, SERIAL #, DATE, AND MODEL NUMBER. THE LABEL ENDS WITH: "IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION STANDARD ON PROTECTIVE ENSEMBLE FOR STRUCTURAL FIRE FIGHTING. NFPA 1971-2000." OVERALL IN GOOD CONDITION. PANTS ARE VERY WELL USED, WITH MANY BLACK STAINS, WHICH ARE ESPECIALLY BAD AT HEM AND KNEES, PARTICULARLY ON THE FRONT OF THE PANTS. RED SUSPENDERS HAVE SOME TEARS, ESPECIALLY IN THE WOVEN STRAPPING. ELASTICIZED STRAPS HAVE LOST SOME OF THEIR ELASTICITY.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE TURNOUT PANTS OR BUNKER PANTS WERE USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THIS COAT WOULD BE “WORN BY ALL FIREFIGHTERS WHEN FIGHTING STRUCTURE FIRES. MADE OF FIRE RESISTANT MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURED ACCORDING TO NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION AGENCY (NFPA) AND CSA STANDARDS. STANDARDS CHANGE EVERY FIVE YEARS.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN SAID: “THESE ARE HIGH CLASS. THESE ARE NICE TURNOUTS. WHAT I HAD IN ’66 WAS JUST AN OLD BLACK CANVAS PANTS AND COAT – LITTLE BIT OF RUBBER LINING INSIDE, ORDINARY HOOKS LIKE THIS. THIS HERE’S GOT VELCRO ON IT; IT’S GOT HOOKS, IT’S GOT ZIPPERS, SORT OF A LINER IN IT FOR HEAT PROTECTION. THIS IS VERY MODERN COMPARED TO WHAT I HAD WHEN I STARTED.” LAZENBY ADDED: “THIS WAS AT LEAST ONE GENERATION AHEAD OF THE JACKET AND PANTS THAT I WAS ISSUED WHEN I WAS NEW. WHEN I WAS NEW, I GOT SECOND HAND TURNOUTS. I GOT STUFF THAT HAD BEEN USED FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS BEFOREHAND … MONEY WAS TIGHT IN THE MID-‘90S WITH COUNCIL AND THE GOVERNMENT PROVINCIALLY, BEING WHAT IT WAS, THERE WAS NOT A LOT TO GO AROUND. … THE HEALTH AND SAFETY MOVEMENT WASN’T AS STRONG THEN AS IT IS NOW. NOW THE HEALTH AND SAFETY MOVEMENT IS VERY POWERFUL AND CAN AFFECT CHANGE IN A HURRY, TO A POINT WHERE WE NOW KNOW THAT SEVEN YEARS OR WHATEVER IT IS AFTER I GET THIS SET OF TURNOUTS, I’M GOING TO GET A NEW SET OF TURNOUTS NO MATTER WHAT. BECAUSE THEY HAVE A SHELF LIFE OF SO MANY YEARS AND ONCE THAT’S UP, YOU’RE NOT ADHERING TO THE STANDARD ANYMORE AND SO IT’S TIME TO CHANGE THEM OUT. WE DIDN’T REALLY GO BY THOSE STANDARDS WHEN I FIRST GOT ON THE JOB, SO I GOT ISSUED STUFF FROM A GUY THAT HAD JUST RECENTLY RETIRED AND I DON’T EVEN THINK THEY GOT SENT TO THE CLEANERS FIRST.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING “THE COMPANIES THAT MAKE THIS GEAR FOR THE FIRST SERVICE … ARE CONSTANTLY SPENDING MILLIONS OF DOLLARS ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR THE LATEST, GREATEST FIREPROOF FABRIC. THAT GOES DOWN TO WATER VAPOUR BARRIERS, HEAT LINERS, AND THE OUTER SHELL. … YOU KNOW, IT’S A DOUBLE-EDGED SWORD … BECAUSE THE MORE PROTECTED YOU ARE, THE MORE ENCAPSULATED YOU ARE, AND THE LESS YOU FEEL THE AMBIENT TEMPERATURE AROUND YOU, THE MORE TROUBLE YOU CAN REALLY GET YOURSELF IN, RIGHT? THE FURTHER YOU GET INTO A STRUCTURE, THE FURTHER IT IS YOU HAVE TO GET OUT. AND THAT’S ONE OF THE KNOCKS ABOUT, UP UNTIL RECENTLY, OF GETTING THAT MUCH MORE PROTECTION IN YOUR PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT IS THAT IT WAS LEADING TO PEOPLE MAYBE GOING TO PLACES WHERE 20 YEARS EARLIER THEY COULDN’T HAVE GONE BECAUSE IT WOULD HAVE BEEN TOO HOT.” HE ELABORATED FURTHER: “BUT THE SCIENCE OF FIRE IS BEING BETTER UNDERSTOOD NOW, AS IS OUR TRAINING AND OUR TACTICS. … I THINK I’VE BEEN ISSUED THREE SETS OF TURNOUTS NOW SINCE I GOT MY ORIGINALS … THIS WAS SIMILAR TO MY SECOND SET … I THINK THE ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY IN THIS FIELD HAVE BEEN LEAPS AND BOUNDS. THEY’RE JUST SO MUCH BETTER THAN THEY USED TO BE.” IN COMPARING THIS STYLE OF TURNOUT TO WHAT HE CURRENTLY WEARS, LAZENBY SAID: “IT HAS A SHORT BACK ON THE BACK OF THE TURNOUT COAT AND NOW WE HAVE FLAPS THAT COME DOWN. IF YOU WERE TO WEAR THIS JACKET AND YOU DIDN’T HAVE A HIGH BACK ON YOUR TURNOUT PANTS, IF YOU WERE TO BEND OVER, THERE WOULD BE A GAP BETWEEN WHAT YOUR JACKET COVERED AND WHAT YOUR PANTS COVERED. ANY TIME YOU HAVE A GAP, YOU’RE EXPOSING YOURSELF TO EXCESSIVE HEAT … THE FABRICS ARE DIFFERENT NOW, AS IS THE REFLECTIVE STRIPING. … THESE SET WERE NOT AS WELL MADE … THE MATERIAL WASN’T AS HEAT-RESISTANT AND THESE ACTUALLY AREN’T AS REFLECTIVE AS OUR NEW STUFF. THE CUFFS ARE A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT. I LIKE THE CUFFS THAT THERE’S A THUMBHOLE THAT YOU CAN PUT YOUR THUMB THROUGH THE CUFF SO THAT IT DOESN’T END UP CREEPING UP THE INSIDE OF YOUR JACKET WHEN YOU’RE WORKING. THE CUFF IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF KEEPING DEBRIS AND THINGS OUT OF YOUR COAT AND IF YOU HAVE A COAT THAT TENDS TO RIDE UP YOUR ARM, IT’S NOT IDEAL, SO. JUST LITTLE THINGS THAT ADD UP TO MAKE A BIG DIFFERENCE AFTER/AT THE END OF THE DAY. SO, YEAH, THESE WOULD BE ’95 TO 2000, I THINK.” PETIT ADDED: “THE TURNOUT GEAR IS SO MUCH BETTER, IT’S GONE THROUGH ALL KINDS OF TESTS, DIFFERENT MATERIALS, LIGHTER … ACTUALLY, WE STARTED GETTING BETTER TURNOUTS, AND WHAT THEY WERE DOING WITH THE OLD TURNOUTS THAT WERE NOT GOOD TO US, THEY WERE GIVING THEM TO SMALLER DEPARTMENTS THAT DIDN’T HAVE ANY.” DZUREN DISCUSSED THE TYPE OF TURNOUT GEAR HE WORE WHEN HE FIRST STARTED IN 1959: “THEY WERE JUST STRICTLY KIND OF A CANVAS. THERE WAS NO FIRE-PROOFING TO THEM … I DON’T EVEN BELIEVE THERE WAS ANY FIRE RETARDANT TO THEM. BUT THEN EVENTUALL, WELL THE UNIONS, THEY WERE QUITE ADAMANT, AND THE DEPARTMENTS THEMSELVES WERE QUITE ADAMANT IN TRYING TO KIND OF IMPROVE THAT … WHERE THEY DEVELOPED KEVLAR TYPE STUFF THERE, LIGHTWEIGHT, VERY HEAT RESISTANT, SAVED MANY LIVES WITH THE FACT THAT THEY WERE THAT GOOD.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING: “ONCE THEY CAME IN EVERYBODY WAS QUITE ELATED, THAT THEY DID COME IN, CAUSE’ BEFORE IT WAS ALL JUST STRICTLY BLACK, AND WITH YOUR NAME ON THE BACK, I DON’T EVEN BELIEVE… WELL THEY HAD “L-F-D” ON THE BACK IF I RECALL, AND YOUR NAME, AND THEN THEY WERE HEAVY, AND CUMBERSOME, AND THEY HAD A LINER THERE FOR THE WINTER MONTHS AND A WOOL LINER WAS VERY HEAVY. SO WHEN YOU GOT IN THERE AND YOU START SWEATING, IT WAS NOT IDEAL WORKING GEAR THAT YOU HAD ON WHEN YOU WERE WORKING.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010020
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail