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406 records – page 1 of 21.

Other Name
COOKING OIL BOTTLE
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20200026005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COOKING OIL BOTTLE
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Materials
GLASS, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
27
Length
5.5
Width
5.5
Description
EMPTY RECTANGULAR OLIVE GREEN GLASS BOTTLE. THE LABEL IS ATTACHED TO THREE SIDES, WITH THE FRONT HAVING “CANADA GOLDEN PURE COLD-PRESSED CAMELINA OIL…A SOURCE OF OMEGA-3, 6, 9 AND VITAMIN E PRODUCT OF CANADA 500 ML WWW.CGCOIL.COM”. THE BACKGROUND ON THE FRONT OF THE LABEL SHOWS A ROAD WITH FIELDS AND TREES. THERE IS ALSO A CANADA GOLDEN LOGO AT THE TOP AND A YELLOW ILLUSTRATION OF A DROP OF OIL WITH A PLANT INSIDE. ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE LABEL IT DESCRIBES THE QUALITIES OF THE OIL, SAYING “CAMELINA OIL IS A SOURCE…DOES NOT NEED TO BE REFRIGERATED”. ON THE LEFT SIDE THE LABEL HAS NUTRITION FACTS, INGREDIENTS, HEALTH BENEFITS, THE BEST BEFORE DATE “04-04-2020”, AND “CANADA GOLDEN CAMELINA OIL MOOSE JAW, SK…”. THE TOP OF THE BOTTLE HAS A BLACK CAP WITH PLASTIC WRAP SEAL TORN. THE BOTTOM OF THE BOTTLE HAS “23” AND SEVERAL OTHER LETTERS AND NUMBERS EMBOSSED IN THE GLASS. THE OUTSIDE OF THE BOTTLE IS OILY WITH RESIDUE.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
FOOD T&E
CONTAINER
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
ON THE 26TH OF JUNE 2020, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN MET WITH TRISH LUU, OWNER OF THE LOCAL BUSINESS UMAMI SHOP. ALONG WITH BEING A BOUTIQUE GROCERY STORE AND RESTAURANT, UMAMI SHOP PUTS ON COOKING CLASSES WITH KITS CONTAINING INGREDIENTS AND PRODUCTS FROM THE SHOP. THE CLASSES WERE PROVIDED ONLINE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC, AND HOSTED BY TRISH AND HER HUSBAND, SVEN. TRISH DONATED A COLLECTION OF ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM, INCLUDING A BOTTLE OF CAMELINA OIL. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW. TRISH PROVIDED THE DATE WHEN THE UMAMI SHOP OPENED AND BEGAN THEIR SAUCE PRODUCT LINE: “…[IN] 2013, WE OPENED. 2014 WAS THE OFFICIAL LAUNCH…” TRISH TALKED ABOUT THE DONATED BOTTLE OF OIL: “…THIS [DONATED CAMELINA OIL BOTTLE] IS FROM...SASKATCHEWAN AND THIS IS SOMETHING THAT I ACTUALLY PUSHED ON THE FIRST [COOKING CLASS] SHOW FOR COVID…BECAUSE I BELIEVE IN THIS PRODUCT AND PEOPLE HAVE CAUGHT ON. EVERY SHOW, PEOPLE BUY IT… WE USE IT IN THE COOKING SHOW, EVERY SHOW… THE REASON WHY IS [BECAUSE] IT’S GOT A HIGH SMOKE POINT AND IT…[IS] HEALTHIER… IT’S ACTUALLY GOT HIGH VITAMIN D/E, OMEGA 3 AND OMEGA 6 AND OMEGA 9 IN THERE… IT’S A HIGH SMOKE POINT OIL BECAUSE PEOPLE USE…THOSE TEFLON PANS… ONCE IT STARTS PEELING OFF, IT’S VERY CANCEROUS FOR YOU SO I SHOW THEM A TRICK WITH THIS OIL, HOW TO MAKE THEIR PANS STICK-FREE… IT’S AN AWESOME TRICK SO PEOPLE LOVE IT… IT’S A CANADIAN PRODUCT, IT’S FROM HERE, SO WE LOVE THAT.” PATRICIA SPOKE ABOUT HOW THE COOKING CLASSES WERE INTERACTIVE: “…SVEN HAD STARTED…SOCIABLE [BREAKS DURING THE SHOW] IN…THE SECOND SEASON…[BECAUSE]…I’M THE PERSON ON THE SHOW [AND] I’M STRESSING OUT. [I WORRY]…’WE ONLY HAVE FIFTEEN MINUTES TO COOK SO HURRY UP,’ AND [SVEN SAYS] ‘OKAY, SLOW DOWN, SIMMER DOWN’…[AND SUGGESTS] ‘OKAY, SOCIABLE,’ AND THEN YOU’LL SEE THAT I ACTUALLY HAVE TO STOP SO PEOPLE [PARTICIPATING IN THE COOKING CLASS] AT HOME HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO…CATCH UP IN WHAT WE’RE DOING… THAT REALLY HELPED A LOT… I REALLY ENJOYED THAT PART…” TRISH DESCRIBED THE TOOLS USED BY THE BUSINESS TO KEEP UP WITH THE CHANGES DURING THE PANDEMIC: “…WE’RE A WORLD GROCERY BOUTIQUE STORE, SO WE HAVE SUPPLIERS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD… WE SLOWLY SAW [CHANGES DUE TO THE PANDEMIC] ALREADY IN DECEMBER AND JANUARY [OF 2020]… WE KNEW THAT FROM…A BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE, WE NEEDED TO ADAPT QUICKLY… WE KNEW THAT TECHNOLOGY WAS OUR NUMBER ONE…GAME CHANGER... SO, WE TOOK ADVANTAGE OF OUR TECHNOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND WE WENT INTO GAME-IFYING OUR WHOLE IDEA OF GROCERY SHOPPING AND COOKING AT HOME.” TRISH ELABORATED ON THE CONCEPT OF THE MEAL KIT COOKING CLASSES PROVIDED BY UMAMI SHOP: “…THIS IS OUR SIXTH YEAR DOING [COOKING CLASSES ONLINE]… WE’VE ALWAYS DONE…[A] PICK-UP…[MEAL] KIT [IN IT’S] ENTIRETY IN [A] COMPOSED BAG. ALL THE INGREDIENTS [FOR THE CLASS] WOULD BE IN THERE, THE RECIPE’S IN THERE… THEN [PARTICPANTS]…WATCH US LIVE [ONLINE]. SO, THEY WOULD COOK WITH US… WE’VE ALWAYS BEEN DOING…COOKING CLASSES BUT [DOING IT ONLINE] WAS A MORE ECONOMICAL WAY…[AND] A DIFFERENT WAY FOR US TO SCALE…TO BE IN FIFTY OR A HUNDRED OR FIVE-HUNDRED OR A THOUSAND HOMES COMPARED TO JUST HAVING…TWENTY-THREE PEOPLE MAX IN OUR KITCHEN COOKING WITH US.” TRISH EXPANDED ON THE COOKING CLASSES: “…THE IDEA [OF DOING THE LIVE COOKING CLASSES] CAME FROM MY HUSBAND [SVEN] INITIALLY. HE’S THE ONE WHO SAID, ‘…WE NEED TO SCALE’… HE SAW…THE AMOUNT OF WORK THAT WE DID IN A COOKING CLASS AND THAT WOULD LAST…FOUR TO FIVE HOURS, AND THAT’S SO MUCH WORK… HE SAID, ‘HOW CAN WE USE TECHNOLOGY, UTILIZE THAT AND SCALE AND…BE IN…FIVE HUNDRED, A THOUSAND, TWO THOUSAND [HOMES] AND ALL ACROSS CANADA?’ SO, NOT JUST IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA.” “…WE CONTINUE…SELLING OUR COOKING KIT, SO [WE HAVE BEEN] RE-PREMIERING ALL THOSE [PREVIOUS COOKING] VIDEOS THAT WE’VE MADE SINCE THE BEGINNING AND THEN [WE ALSO DO] THE LIVE SHOWS. THEN…I HOP ON THE CHAT [IN THE COOKING CLASS] AND I’M CHATTING AWAY WITH THE PEOPLE LIVE AS THOUGH IT WAS…[IN PERSON]… SO…WHEN [PARTICIPANTS] HAVE QUESTIONS THERE’S SOMEONE THERE TO ANSWER…RATHER THAN JUST WATCHING A VIDEO ONLINE… PEOPLE NEED THAT INTERACTION, PEOPLE NEED THE GUIDANCE AS YOU’RE COOKING.” “…WE HAD A PRODUCT THAT WE KNEW WOULD WORK BUT…FOOD IS QUITE SUBJECTIVE… BUT EVERYBODY EATS SO PEOPLE WERE ALSO OPEN TO THE IDEA TO TRY DIFFERENT RECIPES. THEY WERE NOT AFRAID BECAUSE THEY…[THINK] ‘…AT HOME I’M EATING THE SAME THING, WHY NOT TRY IT?’ AND IT WAS QUITE ECONOMICAL, TOO… WE HAD SPONSORED [COOKING CLASS] KITS– SO KITS STARTED AT [A BASE PRICE] AND THEN YOU CAN ADD ON EXTRAS [LIKE THE DONATED WINE]…WHICH…MADE THE KIT [COST] A BIT MORE BUT IT WAS WORTH IT… IF YOU WERE TO GO BACK AND LOOK AT…THE [PARTICIPANT] COMMENTS OF ALL THE VIDEOS…[THEY SAY] ‘…I SHOULD HAVE LISTENED TO YOU!’ OR, ‘I SHOULD HAVE ADDED THAT ON’… SO, NOW WE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO REPREMIER THAT AND RESELL THESE KITS… WE REBUILD THE KITS AGAIN AND HOPEFULLY, PEOPLE WILL CONTINUE TO COOK WITH US AGAIN.” “…THE PEOPLE WHO WERE COOKING WITH US BEFORE CONTINUED TO COOK WITH US… THEN…EVERYBODY WAS ONLINE, [BECAUSE] THERE WAS NOTHING ELSE TO DO…SO PEOPLE ARE LOOKING ONLINE, WATCHING…THEY’RE GLUED TO THEIR PHONE, INSTAGRAM, FACEBOOK AND ALL THAT STUFF… NOWADAYS, IT’S ALL ABOUT ONLINE...” “…IT WAS VERY CRITICAL [TO FOCUS ON THE ONLINE SIDE OF THE BUSINESS DURING THE PANDEMIC] BECAUSE WE DECIDED NOT TO LAY OUR STAFF OFF. WE CONTINUED TO KEEP THEM ON, AND WE FOUND THIS TO KEEP THEM BUSY OR ELSE THEY’LL JUST BE SITTING AROUND DOING NOTHING… OUR STAFF ARE NOT LIKE THAT. THEY WERE [SAYING]…’WE NEED TO DO IT…’ …THAT REALLY GAVE US THE PUSH TO CONTINUE TO DO [THE COOKING CLASS]… WE WERE SUPPOSED TO ONLY DO ONE SEASON WHICH WAS SIX SHOWS [OVER] SIX WEEKS. BUT THEN WE WENT BACK-TO-BACK AND…[THE RESPONSE WAS] ‘…CONTINUE,’ SO WE DID ANOTHER SEASON… WE DID THIRTEEN SHOWS IN TOTAL. SO, TWO SEASONS.” TRISH TALKED ABOUT HOSTING THE SHOWS: “…IT’S A LIVE SHOW AND YOU HAVE…A LOT OF PEOPLE WATCHING YOU, BUT IT’S FUN. I THINK IT’S FUN AND I’M NOT THE PERSON THAT...[CARES] ABOUT WHAT PEOPLE THINK, [BECAUSE] THAT’S NONE OF MY BUSINESS. THAT’S THE PHILOSOPHY I’VE ALWAYS LIVED WITH… BUT, AT THE SAME TIME, I’M SHOWING PEOPLE HOW TO COOK AND I HOPE THAT IT BRINGS VALUE TO THEM… I’M BEING MYSELF. I’M NOT DIFFERENT ON CAMERA NOR AM I DIFFERENT IN REAL LIFE…” COVID-19 GREATLY IMPACTED THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY, AND TRISH TALKED ABOUT SOME OF THE CHANGES THE PANDEMIC NECESSITATED: “WE’RE FEELING CONFIDENT. WE’RE FEELING RELIEVED AT THE SAME TIME, BECAUSE [COVID-19] IS NOT AT THE PEAK RIGHT NOW… WHEN WE FIRST STARTED OUT, IT WAS…A SUDDEN CHANGE, A SUDDEN PIVOT…[WE HAD] TO CALIBRATE WHAT WE WERE SUPPOSED TO DO IN TERMS OF OUR BUSINESS, IN TERMS OF HOW OUR STAFF WERE TO WELCOME CUSTOMERS… BUT WE’RE A BIT MORE RELIEVED THAN [EARLIER IN THE PANDEMIC].” “…WE UTILIZE OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM. SO, IT’S ALL LOGISTICS… SO WE USE OUR SOCIAL MEDIA PRESENCE TO ADVERTISE THAT MARKET…TO THE FANS OF UMAMI SHOP… THE MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE WHO TOOK…THESE COOKING CLASSES…DURING THE PANDEMIC WERE PEOPLE WHO WERE ALREADY OUR CUSTOMERS. THAT JUST GREW MORE AND IT…AMPLIFIED BECAUSE THEIR FRIENDS AND FAMILY WERE TOLD ABOUT WHAT WE WERE DOING SO THEY WOULD ORDER THE KITS FOR THEM… THAT JUST CONTINUED ON…[THROUGH] WORD OF MOUTH.” TRISH CONTINUED: “…WE DID TAKE A HIT. I THINK EVERY BUSINESS DID TOO, BECAUSE IT WAS A SHOCK FOR EVERYBODY… WE DIDN’T THINK THAT IT WOULD BE SUCH A BIG SHOCK [BECAUSE] WE THOUGHT, ‘OH, WELL, BUSINESS WILL SLOW DOWN,’ BUT WE NEVER REALIZED. IT WAS SUCH A HUGE SHOCK… WE SAW OTHER PEOPLE CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE WEREN’T SURE BECAUSE WE WERE A GROCER-AUNT. SO, [A] RESTAURANT/GROCERY STORE/CAFÉ/DELI… YOU WOULD SEE ALL THESE RESTAURANTS CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE DECIDED NOT TO. WE CONTINUED TO DO TAKE-OUT. WE UTILIZED OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM TO REALLY PUSH OUT MORE, AND…COMMUNICATING…TO THE PUBLIC THAT WE WERE STILL OPEN, THAT YOU WERE STILL WELCOME TO COME IN BUT CERTAIN MEASURES LIKE WEAR A MASK, SANITIZE YOUR HANDS…DON’T BRING IN YOUR OWN GROCERY BAGS, WE WEREN’T ACCEPTING RETURNS… OUR CUSTOMERS ARE GREAT… THEY UNDERSTOOD…BECAUSE IT’S A NEW NORMAL… IT…WORKED OUT, AND WE’RE JUST HAPPY THAT WE WERE ABLE TO…REALLY CALIBRATE AND…WORK MORE ON OUR TECHNOLOGICAL SIDE, THAT STRUCTURE, UTILIZING THAT TO…GET MORE SALES.” TRISH DISCUSSED THE BREADTH OF UMAMI SHOP’S REACH: “…WE’VE BEEN…ALL ACROSS… TO VANCOUVER, UP TO YUKON, TO NOVA SCOTIA.” “…SVEN’S A LOGISTICS PERSON SO HE KNOWS HOW TO SHIP THINGS ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD OR ANYWHERE IN CANADA AT LEAST.” “[PEOPLE IN OTHER PLACES FIND UMAMI SHOP THROUGH] THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA… OR EVEN FAMILY AND FRIENDS… WE SHIP THEM…[TO] NOVA SCOTIA, P.E.I. …TORONTO, WINNIPEG, SASKATCHEWAN, CALGARY.” TRISH DISCUSSED HER UPBRINGING IN A SIMILAR BUSINESS: “…I GREW UP IN THIS BUSINESS BUT…MY PARENTS WERE NOT [URGING ME TO] ‘DO THIS’…[THEY SAID], ‘THE LAST THING YOU SHOULD DO IS DO WHAT WE’RE DOING [BECAUSE] IT’S A LOT OF WORK,’ AND I UNDERSTOOD THAT…SO WE WENT TO SCHOOL… I WAS SICK AND TIRED OF THE OTHER WORK WHICH MY PARENTS DID…THE…GROCERY BUSINESS. IT’S A HUSTLE JOB. IT’S THE ASIAN SUPERMARKET ON THE NORTH SIDE... I GREW UP WATCHING THAT AND SEEING THEM GO THROUGH WITH IT. SO, I WORKED IN THE CORPORATE WORLD. I WORKED AT BANKS, I WORKED IN A LOT OF…BIG FUND STUFF… I JUST GOT TIRED OF IT. IT WAS SO MUCH STRESS…MORE STRESS THAN YOU WOULD THINK WORKING IN A GROCERY STORE.” “SO I DECIDED I’M DONE WITH [THE CORPORATE WORLD] AND MOVED BACK HERE, AND SVEN AND I OPENED THIS PLACE, UMAMI SHOP.” TRISH EXPLAINED HER PASSION FOR HER WORK: “I’M NOT GOING TO WORK WHEN I COME HERE, IT’S FUN… I’M DOING WHAT I LOVE… I GET TO MAKE SAUCES, I GET TO COOK, I GET TO EAT GREAT FOOD, I GET TO TASTE DIFFERENT THINGS, I GET TO TRAVEL. I THINK THAT’S ONE OF THE GREAT PERKS EVEN THOUGH I TRAVELED A LOT [PREVIOUSLY] IT WAS SO STRESSFUL TRAVELING. WHEREAS HERE, I’M TRAVELING ON TRADE MISSIONS, I’M TRAVELING FOR COOKING CLASSES…BUT I STILL GET THAT ELEMENT OF ME-TIME AND VISITING MY FRIENDS WHEN I'M AT WORK. OR EVEN ON A WORK TRAVEL…PRIOR TO THAT…I WAS IN A DIFFERENT COUNTRY EVERY…TWO OR THREE DAYS, [I WOULD] NEVER SEE MY FRIENDS, I NEVER GOT TO SEE SVEN…FOR WEEKS…” TRISH COMMUNICATED HER APPRECIATION FOR THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY: “…I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE. [I] LEFT FOR…A LONG TIME AND THEN DECIDED TO COME BACK BECAUSE…WE REALLY WANTED TO DO SOMETHING BUT IT DIDN’T MAKE SENSE IF WE WERE IN A BIG CITY LIKE TORONTO… I LIVED THERE, I WAS WORKING IN TORONTO AND I DIDN’T REALLY SEE THE CONNECTION, THE COMMUNITY… I JUST FELT LIKE I WAS JUST ANOTHER PERSON, ANOTHER NAME, ANOTHER NUMBER…THAT WOULD JUST BE WALKING DOWN THE STREET; ANOTHER TAX-PAYER. THERE WAS NO COMMUNITY THERE. EVEN THOUGH IF I LIVED IN A NICE…CONDO, YOU DIDN’T EVEN KNOW YOUR NEIGHBOR… THAT WAS SO DIFFERENT FROM MOVING BACK HOME HERE WHERE WE KNOW OUR NEIGHBOURS AND NOW OUR NEIGHBOURS ARE OUR CUSTOMERS, TOO… PEOPLE COME IN AND…THEY’RE NOT SHOPPING BUT THEY COME AND SAY, ‘HI’… THEY WALK BY AND THEY WAVE… YOU DON’T GET THAT IN TORONTO… I’VE WORKED THERE, I KNOW. AND THAT’S HOW IT IS.” “…WE ENJOY LIVING IN LETHBRIDGE, WE ENJOY THE TREES IN OUR BACKYARD, WE ENJOY OUR HOUSE. IT’S AFFORDABLE, TOO… RAISING A FAMILY, I THINK THAT’S VERY IMPORTANT, THAT’S WHY MY PARENTS DECIDED TO STAY IN LETHBRIDGE AND NOT MOVE TO BIGGER CITIES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION; TO SEE THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION; OR TO VIEW THE RELEVANT APRIL 30TH AND MAY 3RD, 2020 UMAMI SHOP FACEBOOK POSTS, PLEASE SEE THE DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20200026005
Acquisition Date
2020-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"DA LAT" UMAMI SAUCE BOTTLE
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20200026002
  3 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"DA LAT" UMAMI SAUCE BOTTLE
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Materials
GLASS, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.5
Diameter
6
Description
EMPTY GLASS SAUCE BOTTLE WITH A PINK AND BROWN LABEL. THERE IS A WHITE PLASTIC CAP ON THE TOP OF THE BOTTLE. THE FRONT OF THE LABEL READS “DA LAT PEANUT DIPPING SAUCE UMAMI SAUCE 300 G” AND HAS A MAPLE LEAF AND THE UMAMI SHOP LOGO. THE BACK OF THE LABEL SAYS “HANDCRAFTED WITH PEANUTS…UMAMI SAUCE, LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA…UMAMISAUCE.CA”. THE WRITING ON ONE SIDE OF THE LABEL IS VERTICAL, AND SAYS “LOW SODIUM VEGAN LOW SUGAR”. THE OTHER SIDE HAS THE NUTRITION FACTS TABLE. THE BOTTLE IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
FOOD T&E
CONTAINER
Historical Association
BUSINESS
INDUSTRY
History
ON THE 26TH OF JUNE 2020, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN MET WITH TRISH LUU, OWNER OF THE LOCAL BUSINESS UMAMI SHOP. ALONG WITH BEING A BOUTIQUE GROCERY STORE AND RESTAURANT, UMAMI SHOP PUTS ON COOKING CLASSES WITH KITS CONTAINING INGREDIENTS AND PRODUCTS FROM THE SHOP. THE CLASSES WERE PROVIDED ONLINE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC, AND HOSTED BY TRISH AND HER HUSBAND, SVEN. TRISH DONATED A COLLECTION OF ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM, INCLUDING A BOTTLE OF “DA LAT” UMAMI SAUCE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW. TRISH PROVIDED THE DATE WHEN THE UMAMI SHOP OPENED AND BEGAN THEIR SAUCE PRODUCT LINE: “…[IN] 2013, WE OPENED. 2014 WAS THE OFFICIAL LAUNCH… BUT WE’VE ALWAYS BEEN BOTTLING…[UMAMI SAUCE] SINCE THE BEGINNING WHEN WE OPENED. THAT JUST BECAME…A MARKET PRODUCT THAT WE COULD SELL ALL ACROSS CANADA AND THE WORLD…” TRISH DESCRIBED THE USES OF THE SAUCES: “…[THE UMAMI SAUCES ARE] A RECIPE THAT WAS INVENTED…BY MYSELF, PERSONALLY. [IT WAS INSPIRED BY] TRAVELING THE WORLD AND REALLY LOOKING AT REALLY GOOD INGREDIENTS AND UNDERSTANDING THE PALETTE OF THE INDIVIDUAL… THIS IS A VERY VERSATILE SAUCE. YOU CAN USE IT AS A DIPPING, AS A MARINADE, AS A STIR-FRY SAUCE, A SEASONING SAUCE OR SALAD DRESSING… YOU CAN SEE THROUGHOUT THE SHOWS, WE USE IT VERSATILELY—…SALAD DRESSING IN OUR PAD TAI SAUCE…AS A COOKING SAUCE, AND DIPPING SAUCE FOR THE DUMPLINGS.” “…THERE’S A BOTTLE OF MILANO AND A BOTTLE OF DA LAT [UMAMI SAUCE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM]. MILANO SAUCE ACTUALLY WENT INTO OUR BUTTER CHICKEN. WE FIRST FEATURED THAT IN OUR BUTTER CHICKEN KIT, AND THAT’S A DRESSING THAT PEOPLE LOVE AND IT’S ALSO IN OTHER KITS…THAT WE USE IN THE COOKING SHOW.” “THE [DA LAT] PEANUT SAUCE WAS ESPECIALLY USED IN THE MOTHER’S DAY COURSE. THAT WAS A DIPPING SAUCE FOR OUR SALAD ROLL… THE MOTHER’S DAY CLASS [ON SUNDAY MAY 10TH, 2020] WAS A SPECIAL ONE BECAUSE USUALLY MOTHERS…WE GO OUT FOR BRUNCH…IT’S HUGE… RESTAURANTS…MAKE THE MOST SALES OR SOMETHING DURING MOTHER’S DAY BRUNCH… BUT THIS YEAR, WE COULDN’T. FOR COVID 19…MOST RESTAURANTS WERE CLOSED AND DIDN’T OFFER THAT, SO WE DID A THREE-COURSE [MEAL] FOR OUR COOKING SHOW, WHICH WE NEVER DO. WE ALWAYS DO JUST ONE MAIN DISH.” PATRICIA SPOKE ABOUT HOW THE COOKING CLASSES WERE INTERACTIVE: “… SVEN HAD STARTED…SOCIABLE [BREAKS DURING THE CLASS] IN…THE SECOND SEASON… [BECAUSE]…I’M THE PERSON ON THE SHOW [AND] I’M STRESSING OUT. [I WORRY]…'WE ONLY HAVE FIFTEEN MINUTES TO COOK SO HURRY UP,’ AND [SVEN SAYS] ‘OKAY, SLOW DOWN, SIMMER DOWN’…[AND SUGGESTS] ‘OKAY, SOCIABLE,’ AND THEN YOU’LL SEE THAT I ACTUALLY HAVE TO STOP SO PEOPLE [PARTICIPATING IN THE COOKING CLASS] AT HOME HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO…CATCH UP IN WHAT WE’RE DOING… THAT REALLY HELPED A LOT… I REALLY ENJOYED THAT PART…” TRISH DESCRIBED THE TOOLS USED BY THE BUSINESS TO KEEP UP WITH THE CHANGES DURING THE PANDEMIC: “…WE’RE A WORLD GROCERY BOUTIQUE STORE, SO WE HAVE SUPPLIERS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD… WE SLOWLY SAW [CHANGES DUE TO THE PANDEMIC] ALREADY IN DECEMBER AND JANUARY [OF 2020]… WE KNEW THAT FROM…A BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE, WE NEEDED TO ADAPT QUICKLY… WE KNEW THAT TECHNOLOGY WAS OUR NUMBER ONE…GAME CHANGER... SO, WE TOOK ADVANTAGE OF OUR TECHNOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND WE WENT INTO GAME-IFYING OUR WHOLE IDEA OF GROCERY SHOPPING AND COOKING AT HOME.” TRISH ELABORATED ON THE CONCEPT OF THE MEAL KIT COOKING CLASSES PROVIDED BY UMAMI SHOP: “…THIS IS OUR SIXTH YEAR DOING [COOKING CLASSES ONLINE]… WE’VE ALWAYS DONE…[A] PICK-UP…[MEAL] KIT [IN IT’S] ENTIRETY IN [A] COMPOSED BAG. ALL THE INGREDIENTS [FOR THE CLASS] WOULD BE IN THERE, THE RECIPE’S IN THERE… THEN [PARTICPANTS]…WATCH US LIVE [ONLINE]. SO, THEY WOULD COOK WITH US… WE’VE ALWAYS BEEN DOING…COOKING CLASSES BUT [DOING IT ONLINE] WAS A MORE ECONOMICAL WAY…[AND] A DIFFERENT WAY FOR US TO SCALE…TO BE IN FIFTY OR A HUNDRED OR FIVE-HUNDRED OR A THOUSAND HOMES COMPARED TO JUST HAVING…TWENTY-THREE PEOPLE MAX IN OUR KITCHEN COOKING WITH US.” TRISH EXPANDED ON THE COOKING CLASSES: “…THE IDEA [OF DOING THE LIVE COOKING CLASSES] CAME FROM MY HUSBAND [SVEN] INITIALLY. HE’S THE ONE WHO SAID, ‘…WE NEED TO SCALE’… HE SAW…THE AMOUNT OF WORK THAT WE DID IN A COOKING CLASS AND THAT WOULD LAST…FOUR TO FIVE HOURS, AND THAT’S SO MUCH WORK… HE SAID, ‘HOW CAN WE USE TECHNOLOGY, UTILIZE THAT AND SCALE AND…BE IN…FIVE HUNDRED, A THOUSAND, TWO THOUSAND [HOMES] AND ALL ACROSS CANADA?’ SO, NOT JUST IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA.” “…WE CONTINUE…SELLING OUR COOKING KIT, SO [WE HAVE BEEN] RE-PREMIERING ALL THOSE [PREVIOUS COOKING] VIDEOS THAT WE’VE MADE SINCE THE BEGINNING AND THEN [WE ALSO DO] THE LIVE SHOWS. THEN…I HOP ON THE CHAT [IN THE COOKING CLASS] AND I’M CHATTING AWAY WITH THE PEOPLE LIVE AS THOUGH IT WAS…[IN PERSON]… SO…WHEN [PARTICIPANTS] HAVE QUESTIONS THERE’S SOMEONE THERE TO ANSWER…RATHER THAN JUST WATCHING A VIDEO ONLINE… PEOPLE NEED THAT INTERACTION, PEOPLE NEED THE GUIDANCE AS YOU’RE COOKING.” “…WE HAD A PRODUCT THAT WE KNEW WOULD WORK BUT…FOOD IS QUITE SUBJECTIVE… BUT EVERYBODY EATS SO PEOPLE WERE ALSO OPEN TO THE IDEA TO TRY DIFFERENT RECIPES. THEY WERE NOT AFRAID BECAUSE THEY…[THINK] ‘…AT HOME I’M EATING THE SAME THING, WHY NOT TRY IT?’ AND IT WAS QUITE ECONOMICAL, TOO… WE HAD SPONSORED [COOKING CLASS] KITS– SO KITS STARTED AT [A BASE PRICE] AND THEN YOU CAN ADD ON EXTRAS [LIKE THE DONATED WINE]…WHICH…MADE THE KIT [COST] A BIT MORE BUT IT WAS WORTH IT… IF YOU WERE TO GO BACK AND LOOK AT…THE [PARTICIPANT] COMMENTS OF ALL THE VIDEOS…[THEY SAY] ‘…I SHOULD HAVE LISTENED TO YOU!’ OR, ‘I SHOULD HAVE ADDED THAT ON’… SO, NOW WE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO REPREMIER THAT AND RESELL THESE KITS… WE REBUILD THE KITS AGAIN AND HOPEFULLY, PEOPLE WILL CONTINUE TO COOK WITH US AGAIN.” “…THE PEOPLE WHO WERE COOKING WITH US BEFORE CONTINUED TO COOK WITH US… THEN…EVERYBODY WAS ONLINE, [BECAUSE] THERE WAS NOTHING ELSE TO DO…SO PEOPLE ARE LOOKING ONLINE, WATCHING…THEY’RE GLUED TO THEIR PHONE, INSTAGRAM, FACEBOOK AND ALL THAT STUFF… NOWADAYS, IT’S ALL ABOUT ONLINE...” “…IT WAS VERY CRITICAL [TO FOCUS ON THE ONLINE SIDE OF THE BUSINESS DURING THE PANDEMIC] BECAUSE WE DECIDED NOT TO LAY OUR STAFF OFF. WE CONTINUED TO KEEP THEM ON, AND WE FOUND THIS TO KEEP THEM BUSY OR ELSE THEY’LL JUST BE SITTING AROUND DOING NOTHING… OUR STAFF ARE NOT LIKE THAT. THEY WERE [SAYING]…’WE NEED TO DO IT…’ …THAT REALLY GAVE US THE PUSH TO CONTINUE TO DO [THE COOKING CLASS]… WE WERE SUPPOSED TO ONLY DO ONE SEASON WHICH WAS SIX SHOWS [OVER] SIX WEEKS. BUT THEN WE WENT BACK-TO-BACK AND…[THE RESPONSE WAS] ‘…CONTINUE,’ SO WE DID ANOTHER SEASON… WE DID THIRTEEN SHOWS IN TOTAL. SO, TWO SEASONS.” TRISH TALKED ABOUT HOSTING THE SHOWS: “…IT’S A LIVE SHOW AND YOU HAVE…A LOT OF PEOPLE WATCHING YOU, BUT IT’S FUN. I THINK IT’S FUN AND I’M NOT THE PERSON THAT...[CARES] ABOUT WHAT PEOPLE THINK, [BECAUSE] THAT’S NONE OF MY BUSINESS. THAT’S THE PHILOSOPHY I’VE ALWAYS LIVED WITH… BUT, AT THE SAME TIME, I’M SHOWING PEOPLE HOW TO COOK AND I HOPE THAT IT BRINGS VALUE TO THEM… I’M BEING MYSELF. I’M NOT DIFFERENT ON CAMERA NOR AM I DIFFERENT IN REAL LIFE…” COVID-19 GREATLY IMPACTED THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY, AND TRISH TALKED ABOUT SOME OF THE CHANGES THE PANDEMIC NECESSITATED: “WE’RE FEELING CONFIDENT. WE’RE FEELING RELIEVED AT THE SAME TIME, BECAUSE [COVID-19] IS NOT AT THE PEAK RIGHT NOW… WHEN WE FIRST STARTED OUT, IT WAS…A SUDDEN CHANGE, A SUDDEN PIVOT…[WE HAD] TO CALIBRATE WHAT WE WERE SUPPOSED TO DO IN TERMS OF OUR BUSINESS, IN TERMS OF HOW OUR STAFF WERE TO WELCOME CUSTOMERS… BUT WE’RE A BIT MORE RELIEVED THAN [EARLIER IN THE PANDEMIC].” “…WE UTILIZE OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM. SO, IT’S ALL LOGISTICS… SO WE USE OUR SOCIAL MEDIA PRESENCE TO ADVERTISE THAT MARKET…TO THE FANS OF UMAMI SHOP… THE MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE WHO TOOK…THESE COOKING CLASSES…DURING THE PANDEMIC WERE PEOPLE WHO WERE ALREADY OUR CUSTOMERS. THAT JUST GREW MORE AND IT…AMPLIFIED BECAUSE THEIR FRIENDS AND FAMILY WERE TOLD ABOUT WHAT WE WERE DOING SO THEY WOULD ORDER THE KITS FOR THEM… THAT JUST CONTINUED ON…[THROUGH] WORD OF MOUTH.” TRISH CONTINUED: “…WE DID TAKE A HIT. I THINK EVERY BUSINESS DID TOO, BECAUSE IT WAS A SHOCK FOR EVERYBODY… WE DIDN’T THINK THAT IT WOULD BE SUCH A BIG SHOCK [BECAUSE] WE THOUGHT, ‘OH, WELL, BUSINESS WILL SLOW DOWN,’ BUT WE NEVER REALIZED. IT WAS SUCH A HUGE SHOCK… WE SAW OTHER PEOPLE CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE WEREN’T SURE BECAUSE WE WERE A GROCER-AUNT. SO, [A] RESTAURANT/GROCERY STORE/CAFÉ/DELI… YOU WOULD SEE ALL THESE RESTAURANTS CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE DECIDED NOT TO. WE CONTINUED TO DO TAKE-OUT. WE UTILIZED OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM TO REALLY PUSH OUT MORE, AND…COMMUNICATING…TO THE PUBLIC THAT WE WERE STILL OPEN, THAT YOU WERE STILL WELCOME TO COME IN BUT CERTAIN MEASURES LIKE WEAR A MASK, SANITIZE YOUR HANDS…DON’T BRING IN YOUR OWN GROCERY BAGS, WE WEREN’T ACCEPTING RETURNS… OUR CUSTOMERS ARE GREAT… THEY UNDERSTOOD…BECAUSE IT’S A NEW NORMAL… IT…WORKED OUT, AND WE’RE JUST HAPPY THAT WE WERE ABLE TO…REALLY CALIBRATE AND…WORK MORE ON OUR TECHNOLOGICAL SIDE, THAT STRUCTURE, UTILIZING THAT TO…GET MORE SALES.” TRISH DISCUSSED THE BREADTH OF UMAMI SHOP’S REACH: “…WE’VE BEEN…ALL ACROSS… TO VANCOUVER, UP TO YUKON, TO NOVA SCOTIA.” “…SVEN’S A LOGISTICS PERSON SO HE KNOWS HOW TO SHIP THINGS ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD OR ANYWHERE IN CANADA AT LEAST.” “[PEOPLE IN OTHER PLACES FIND UMAMI SHOP THROUGH] THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA… OR EVEN FAMILY AND FRIENDS… WE SHIP THEM…[TO] NOVA SCOTIA, P.E.I. …TORONTO, WINNIPEG, SASKATCHEWAN, CALGARY.” TRISH DISCUSSED HER UPBRINGING IN A SIMILAR BUSINESS: “…I GREW UP IN THIS BUSINESS BUT…MY PARENTS WERE NOT [URGING ME TO] ‘DO THIS’…[THEY SAID], ‘THE LAST THING YOU SHOULD DO IS DO WHAT WE’RE DOING [BECAUSE] IT’S A LOT OF WORK,’ AND I UNDERSTOOD THAT…SO WE WENT TO SCHOOL… I WAS SICK AND TIRED OF THE OTHER WORK WHICH MY PARENTS DID…THE…GROCERY BUSINESS. IT’S A HUSTLE JOB. IT’S THE ASIAN SUPERMARKET ON THE NORTH SIDE... I GREW UP WATCHING THAT AND SEEING THEM GO THROUGH WITH IT. SO, I WORKED IN THE CORPORATE WORLD. I WORKED AT BANKS, I WORKED IN A LOT OF…BIG FUND STUFF… I JUST GOT TIRED OF IT. IT WAS SO MUCH STRESS…MORE STRESS THAN YOU WOULD THINK WORKING IN A GROCERY STORE.” “SO I DECIDED I’M DONE WITH [THE CORPORATE WORLD] AND MOVED BACK HERE, AND SVEN AND I OPENED THIS PLACE, UMAMI SHOP.” TRISH EXPLAINED HER PASSION FOR HER WORK: “I’M NOT GOING TO WORK WHEN I COME HERE, IT’S FUN… I’M DOING WHAT I LOVE… I GET TO MAKE SAUCES, I GET TO COOK, I GET TO EAT GREAT FOOD, I GET TO TASTE DIFFERENT THINGS, I GET TO TRAVEL. I THINK THAT’S ONE OF THE GREAT PERKS EVEN THOUGH I TRAVELED A LOT [PREVIOUSLY] IT WAS SO STRESSFUL TRAVELING. WHEREAS HERE, I’M TRAVELING ON TRADE MISSIONS, I’M TRAVELING FOR COOKING CLASSES…BUT I STILL GET THAT ELEMENT OF ME-TIME AND VISITING MY FRIENDS WHEN I'M AT WORK. OR EVEN ON A WORK TRAVEL…PRIOR TO THAT…I WAS IN A DIFFERENT COUNTRY EVERY…TWO OR THREE DAYS, [I WOULD] NEVER SEE MY FRIENDS, I NEVER GOT TO SEE SVEN…FOR WEEKS…” TRISH COMMUNICATED HER APPRECIATION FOR THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY: “…I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE. [I] LEFT FOR…A LONG TIME AND THEN DECIDED TO COME BACK BECAUSE…WE REALLY WANTED TO DO SOMETHING BUT IT DIDN’T MAKE SENSE IF WE WERE IN A BIG CITY LIKE TORONTO… I LIVED THERE, I WAS WORKING IN TORONTO AND I DIDN’T REALLY SEE THE CONNECTION, THE COMMUNITY… I JUST FELT LIKE I WAS JUST ANOTHER PERSON, ANOTHER NAME, ANOTHER NUMBER…THAT WOULD JUST BE WALKING DOWN THE STREET; ANOTHER TAX-PAYER. THERE WAS NO COMMUNITY THERE. EVEN THOUGH IF I LIVED IN A NICE…CONDO, YOU DIDN’T EVEN KNOW YOUR NEIGHBOR… THAT WAS SO DIFFERENT FROM MOVING BACK HOME HERE WHERE WE KNOW OUR NEIGHBOURS AND NOW OUR NEIGHBOURS ARE OUR CUSTOMERS, TOO… PEOPLE COME IN AND…THEY’RE NOT SHOPPING BUT THEY COME AND SAY, ‘HI’… THEY WALK BY AND THEY WAVE… YOU DON’T GET THAT IN TORONTO… I’VE WORKED THERE, I KNOW. AND THAT’S HOW IT IS.” “…WE ENJOY LIVING IN LETHBRIDGE, WE ENJOY THE TREES IN OUR BACKYARD, WE ENJOY OUR HOUSE. IT’S AFFORDABLE, TOO… RAISING A FAMILY, I THINK THAT’S VERY IMPORTANT, THAT’S WHY MY PARENTS DECIDED TO STAY IN LETHBRIDGE AND NOT MOVE TO BIGGER CITIES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION; TO SEE THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION; OR TO VIEW THE RELEVANT APRIL 30TH AND MAY 3RD, 2020 UMAMI SHOP FACEBOOK POSTS, PLEASE SEE THE DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20200026002
Acquisition Date
2020-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"MILANO" UMAMI SAUCE BOTTLE
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20200026003
  3 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"MILANO" UMAMI SAUCE BOTTLE
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Materials
GLASS, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.5
Diameter
6
Description
EMPTY GLASS BOTTLE WITH RED AND BROWN LABEL. THE FRONT OF THE LABEL READS “MILANO SAVOURY SAUCE UMAMI SAUCE 300 G” AND HAS A MAPLE LEAF AND THE UMAMI SHOP LOGO. THE BACK OF THE LABEL SAYS “COOKED IN AN OPEN KETTLE…INGREDIENTS…UMAMI SAUCE, LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA…UMAMISAUCE.CA”. THE WRITING ON ONE SIDE OF THE LABEL IS VERTICAL, AND SAYS “LOW SODIUM VEGAN LOW SUGAR”. THE OTHER SIDE HAS THE NUTRITION FACTS TABLE. THE BOTTLE IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
FOOD T&E
CONTAINER
Historical Association
BUSINESS
INDUSTRY
History
ON THE 26TH OF JUNE 2020, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN MET WITH TRISH LUU, OWNER OF THE LOCAL BUSINESS UMAMI SHOP. ALONG WITH BEING A BOUTIQUE GROCERY STORE AND RESTAURANT, UMAMI SHOP PUTS ON COOKING CLASSES WITH KITS CONTAINING INGREDIENTS AND PRODUCTS FROM THE SHOP. THE CLASSES WERE PROVIDED ONLINE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC, AND HOSTED BY TRISH AND HER HUSBAND, SVEN. TRISH DONATED A COLLECTION OF ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM, INCLUDING A BOTTLE OF “MILANO” UMAMI SAUCE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW. TRISH PROVIDED THE DATE WHEN THE UMAMI SHOP OPENED AND BEGAN THEIR SAUCE PRODUCT LINE: “…[IN] 2013, WE OPENED. 2014 WAS THE OFFICIAL LAUNCH… BUT WE’VE ALWAYS BEEN BOTTLING…[UMAMI SAUCE] SINCE THE BEGINNING WHEN WE OPENED. THAT JUST BECAME…A MARKET PRODUCT THAT WE COULD SELL ALL ACROSS CANADA AND THE WORLD…” TRISH DESCRIBED THE USES OF THE SAUCES: “…[THE UMAMI SAUCES ARE] A RECIPE THAT WAS INVENTED…BY MYSELF, PERSONALLY. [IT WAS INSPIRED BY] TRAVELING THE WORLD AND REALLY LOOKING AT REALLY GOOD INGREDIENTS AND UNDERSTANDING THE PALETTE OF THE INDIVIDUAL… THIS IS A VERY VERSATILE SAUCE. YOU CAN USE IT AS A DIPPING, AS A MARINADE, AS A STIR-FRY SAUCE, A SEASONING SAUCE OR SALAD DRESSING… YOU CAN SEE THROUGHOUT THE SHOWS, WE USE IT VERSATILELY—…SALAD DRESSING IN OUR PAD TAI SAUCE…AS A COOKING SAUCE, AND DIPPING SAUCE FOR THE DUMPLINGS.” “…THERE’S A BOTTLE OF MILANO AND A BOTTLE OF DA LAT [UMAMI SAUCE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM]. MILANO SAUCE ACTUALLY WENT INTO OUR BUTTER CHICKEN. WE FIRST FEATURED THAT IN OUR BUTTER CHICKEN KIT, AND THAT’S A DRESSING THAT PEOPLE LOVE AND IT’S ALSO IN OTHER KITS…THAT WE USE IN THE COOKING SHOW.” “THE [DA LAT] PEANUT SAUCE WAS ESPECIALLY USED IN THE MOTHER’S DAY COURSE. THAT WAS A DIPPING SAUCE FOR OUR SALAD ROLL… THE MOTHER’S DAY CLASS [ON SUNDAY, MAY 10TH 2020] WAS A SPECIAL ONE BECAUSE USUALLY MOTHERS…WE GO OUT FOR BRUNCH…IT’S HUGE… RESTAURANTS…MAKE THE MOST SALES OR SOMETHING DURING MOTHER’S DAY BRUNCH… BUT THIS YEAR (2020), WE COULDN’T. FOR COVID 19…MOST RESTAURANTS WERE CLOSED AND DIDN’T OFFER THAT, SO WE DID A THREE-COURSE [MEAL] FOR OUR COOKING SHOW, WHICH WE NEVER DO. WE ALWAYS DO JUST ONE MAIN DISH.” TRISH SPOKE ABOUT HOW THE COOKING CLASSES WERE INTERACTIVE: “…SVEN HAD STARTED…SOCIABLE [BREAKS DURING THE CLASS] IN…THE SECOND SEASON…[BECAUSE]…I’M THE PERSON ON THE SHOW [AND] I’M STRESSING OUT. [I WORRY]…’WE ONLY HAVE FIFTEEN MINUTES TO COOK SO HURRY UP,’ AND [SVEN SAYS] ‘OKAY, SLOW DOWN, SIMMER DOWN’…[AND SUGGESTS] ‘OKAY, SOCIABLE,’ AND THEN YOU’LL SEE THAT I ACTUALLY HAVE TO STOP SO PEOPLE [PARTICIPATING IN THE COOKING CLASS] AT HOME HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO…CATCH UP IN WHAT WE’RE DOING… THAT REALLY HELPED A LOT… I REALLY ENJOYED THAT PART…” TRISH DESCRIBED THE TOOLS USED BY THE BUSINESS TO KEEP UP WITH THE CHANGES DURING THE PANDEMIC: “…WE’RE A WORLD GROCERY BOUTIQUE STORE, SO WE HAVE SUPPLIERS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD… WE SLOWLY SAW [CHANGES DUE TO THE PANDEMIC] ALREADY IN DECEMBER AND JANUARY [OF 2020]… WE KNEW THAT FROM…A BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE, WE NEEDED TO ADAPT QUICKLY… WE KNEW THAT TECHNOLOGY WAS OUR NUMBER ONE…GAME CHANGER... SO, WE TOOK ADVANTAGE OF OUR TECHNOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND WE WENT INTO GAME-IFYING OUR WHOLE IDEA OF GROCERY SHOPPING AND COOKING AT HOME.” TRISH ELABORATED ON THE CONCEPT OF THE MEAL KIT COOKING CLASSES PROVIDED BY UMAMI SHOP: “…THIS IS OUR SIXTH YEAR DOING [COOKING CLASSES ONLINE]… WE’VE ALWAYS DONE…[A] PICK-UP…[MEAL] KIT [IN IT’S] ENTIRETY IN [A] COMPOSED BAG. ALL THE INGREDIENTS [FOR THE CLASS] WOULD BE IN THERE, THE RECIPE’S IN THERE… THEN [PARTICPANTS]…WATCH US LIVE [ONLINE]. SO, THEY WOULD COOK WITH US… WE’VE ALWAYS BEEN DOING…COOKING CLASSES BUT [DOING IT ONLINE] WAS A MORE ECONOMICAL WAY…[AND] A DIFFERENT WAY FOR US TO SCALE…TO BE IN FIFTY OR A HUNDRED OR FIVE-HUNDRED OR A THOUSAND HOMES COMPARED TO JUST HAVING…TWENTY-THREE PEOPLE MAX IN OUR KITCHEN COOKING WITH US.” TRISH EXPANDED ON THE COOKING CLASSES: “…THE IDEA [OF DOING THE LIVE COOKING CLASSES] CAME FROM MY HUSBAND [SVEN] INITIALLY. HE’S THE ONE WHO SAID, ‘…WE NEED TO SCALE’… HE SAW…THE AMOUNT OF WORK THAT WE DID IN A COOKING CLASS AND THAT WOULD LAST…FOUR TO FIVE HOURS, AND THAT’S SO MUCH WORK… HE SAID, ‘HOW CAN WE USE TECHNOLOGY, UTILIZE THAT AND SCALE AND…BE IN…FIVE HUNDRED, A THOUSAND, TWO THOUSAND [HOMES] AND ALL ACROSS CANADA?’ SO, NOT JUST IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA.” “…WE CONTINUE…SELLING OUR COOKING KIT, SO [WE HAVE BEEN] RE-PREMIERING ALL THOSE [PREVIOUS COOKING] VIDEOS THAT WE’VE MADE SINCE THE BEGINNING AND THEN [WE ALSO DO] THE LIVE SHOWS. THEN…I HOP ON THE CHAT [IN THE COOKING CLASS] AND I’M CHATTING AWAY WITH THE PEOPLE LIVE AS THOUGH IT WAS…[IN PERSON]… SO…WHEN [PARTICIPANTS] HAVE QUESTIONS THERE’S SOMEONE THERE TO ANSWER…RATHER THAN JUST WATCHING A VIDEO ONLINE… PEOPLE NEED THAT INTERACTION, PEOPLE NEED THE GUIDANCE AS YOU’RE COOKING.” “…WE HAD A PRODUCT THAT WE KNEW WOULD WORK BUT…FOOD IS QUITE SUBJECTIVE… BUT EVERYBODY EATS SO PEOPLE WERE ALSO OPEN TO THE IDEA TO TRY DIFFERENT RECIPES. THEY WERE NOT AFRAID BECAUSE THEY…[THINK] ‘…AT HOME I’M EATING THE SAME THING, WHY NOT TRY IT?’ AND IT WAS QUITE ECONOMICAL, TOO… WE HAD SPONSORED [COOKING CLASS] KITS– SO KITS STARTED AT [A BASE PRICE] AND THEN YOU CAN ADD ON EXTRAS [LIKE THE DONATED WINE]…WHICH…MADE THE KIT [COST] A BIT MORE BUT IT WAS WORTH IT… IF YOU WERE TO GO BACK AND LOOK AT…THE [PARTICIPANT] COMMENTS OF ALL THE VIDEOS…[THEY SAY] ‘…I SHOULD HAVE LISTENED TO YOU!’ OR, ‘I SHOULD HAVE ADDED THAT ON’… SO, NOW WE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO REPREMIER THAT AND RESELL THESE KITS… WE REBUILD THE KITS AGAIN AND HOPEFULLY, PEOPLE WILL CONTINUE TO COOK WITH US AGAIN.” “…THE PEOPLE WHO WERE COOKING WITH US BEFORE CONTINUED TO COOK WITH US… THEN…EVERYBODY WAS ONLINE, [BECAUSE] THERE WAS NOTHING ELSE TO DO…SO PEOPLE ARE LOOKING ONLINE, WATCHING…THEY’RE GLUED TO THEIR PHONE, INSTAGRAM, FACEBOOK AND ALL THAT STUFF… NOWADAYS, IT’S ALL ABOUT ONLINE...” “…IT WAS VERY CRITICAL [TO FOCUS ON THE ONLINE SIDE OF THE BUSINESS DURING THE PANDEMIC] BECAUSE WE DECIDED NOT TO LAY OUR STAFF OFF. WE CONTINUED TO KEEP THEM ON, AND WE FOUND THIS TO KEEP THEM BUSY OR ELSE THEY’LL JUST BE SITTING AROUND DOING NOTHING… OUR STAFF ARE NOT LIKE THAT. THEY WERE [SAYING]…’WE NEED TO DO IT…’ …THAT REALLY GAVE US THE PUSH TO CONTINUE TO DO [THE COOKING CLASS]… WE WERE SUPPOSED TO ONLY DO ONE SEASON WHICH WAS SIX SHOWS [OVER] SIX WEEKS. BUT THEN WE WENT BACK-TO-BACK AND…[THE RESPONSE WAS] ‘…CONTINUE,’ SO WE DID ANOTHER SEASON… WE DID THIRTEEN SHOWS IN TOTAL. SO, TWO SEASONS.” TRISH TALKED ABOUT HOSTING THE SHOWS: “…IT’S A LIVE SHOW AND YOU HAVE…A LOT OF PEOPLE WATCHING YOU, BUT IT’S FUN. I THINK IT’S FUN AND I’M NOT THE PERSON THAT...[CARES] ABOUT WHAT PEOPLE THINK, [BECAUSE] THAT’S NONE OF MY BUSINESS. THAT’S THE PHILOSOPHY I’VE ALWAYS LIVED WITH… BUT, AT THE SAME TIME, I’M SHOWING PEOPLE HOW TO COOK AND I HOPE THAT IT BRINGS VALUE TO THEM… I’M BEING MYSELF. I’M NOT DIFFERENT ON CAMERA NOR AM I DIFFERENT IN REAL LIFE…” COVID-19 GREATLY IMPACTED THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY, AND TRISH TALKED ABOUT SOME OF THE CHANGES THE PANDEMIC NECESSITATED: “WE’RE FEELING CONFIDENT. WE’RE FEELING RELIEVED AT THE SAME TIME, BECAUSE [COVID-19] IS NOT AT THE PEAK RIGHT NOW… WHEN WE FIRST STARTED OUT, IT WAS…A SUDDEN CHANGE, A SUDDEN PIVOT…[WE HAD] TO CALIBRATE WHAT WE WERE SUPPOSED TO DO IN TERMS OF OUR BUSINESS, IN TERMS OF HOW OUR STAFF WERE TO WELCOME CUSTOMERS… BUT WE’RE A BIT MORE RELIEVED THAN [EARLIER IN THE PANDEMIC].” “…WE UTILIZE OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM. SO, IT’S ALL LOGISTICS… SO WE USE OUR SOCIAL MEDIA PRESENCE TO ADVERTISE THAT MARKET…TO THE FANS OF UMAMI SHOP… THE MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE WHO TOOK…THESE COOKING CLASSES…DURING THE PANDEMIC WERE PEOPLE WHO WERE ALREADY OUR CUSTOMERS. THAT JUST GREW MORE AND IT…AMPLIFIED BECAUSE THEIR FRIENDS AND FAMILY WERE TOLD ABOUT WHAT WE WERE DOING SO THEY WOULD ORDER THE KITS FOR THEM… THAT JUST CONTINUED ON…[THROUGH] WORD OF MOUTH.” TRISH CONTINUED: “…WE DID TAKE A HIT. I THINK EVERY BUSINESS DID TOO, BECAUSE IT WAS A SHOCK FOR EVERYBODY… WE DIDN’T THINK THAT IT WOULD BE SUCH A BIG SHOCK [BECAUSE] WE THOUGHT, ‘OH, WELL, BUSINESS WILL SLOW DOWN,’ BUT WE NEVER REALIZED. IT WAS SUCH A HUGE SHOCK… WE SAW OTHER PEOPLE CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE WEREN’T SURE BECAUSE WE WERE A GROCER-AUNT. SO, [A] RESTAURANT/GROCERY STORE/CAFÉ/DELI… YOU WOULD SEE ALL THESE RESTAURANTS CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE DECIDED NOT TO. WE CONTINUED TO DO TAKE-OUT. WE UTILIZED OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM TO REALLY PUSH OUT MORE, AND…COMMUNICATING…TO THE PUBLIC THAT WE WERE STILL OPEN, THAT YOU WERE STILL WELCOME TO COME IN BUT CERTAIN MEASURES LIKE WEAR A MASK, SANITIZE YOUR HANDS…DON’T BRING IN YOUR OWN GROCERY BAGS, WE WEREN’T ACCEPTING RETURNS… OUR CUSTOMERS ARE GREAT… THEY UNDERSTOOD…BECAUSE IT’S A NEW NORMAL… IT…WORKED OUT, AND WE’RE JUST HAPPY THAT WE WERE ABLE TO…REALLY CALIBRATE AND…WORK MORE ON OUR TECHNOLOGICAL SIDE, THAT STRUCTURE, UTILIZING THAT TO…GET MORE SALES.” TRISH DISCUSSED THE BREADTH OF UMAMI SHOP’S REACH: “…WE’VE BEEN…ALL ACROSS… TO VANCOUVER, UP TO YUKON, TO NOVA SCOTIA.” “…SVEN’S A LOGISTICS PERSON SO HE KNOWS HOW TO SHIP THINGS ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD OR ANYWHERE IN CANADA AT LEAST.” “[PEOPLE IN OTHER PLACES FIND UMAMI SHOP THROUGH] THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA… OR EVEN FAMILY AND FRIENDS… WE SHIP THEM…[TO] NOVA SCOTIA, P.E.I. …TORONTO, WINNIPEG, SASKATCHEWAN, CALGARY.” TRISH DISCUSSED HER UPBRINGING IN A SIMILAR BUSINESS: “…I GREW UP IN THIS BUSINESS BUT…MY PARENTS WERE NOT [URGING ME TO] ‘DO THIS’…[THEY SAID], ‘THE LAST THING YOU SHOULD DO IS DO WHAT WE’RE DOING [BECAUSE] IT’S A LOT OF WORK,’ AND I UNDERSTOOD THAT…SO WE WENT TO SCHOOL… I WAS SICK AND TIRED OF THE OTHER WORK WHICH MY PARENTS DID…THE…GROCERY BUSINESS. IT’S A HUSTLE JOB. IT’S THE ASIAN SUPERMARKET ON THE NORTH SIDE... I GREW UP WATCHING THAT AND SEEING THEM GO THROUGH WITH IT. SO, I WORKED IN THE CORPORATE WORLD. I WORKED AT BANKS, I WORKED IN A LOT OF…BIG FUND STUFF… I JUST GOT TIRED OF IT. IT WAS SO MUCH STRESS…MORE STRESS THAN YOU WOULD THINK WORKING IN A GROCERY STORE.” “SO I DECIDED I’M DONE WITH [THE CORPORATE WORLD] AND MOVED BACK HERE, AND SVEN AND I OPENED THIS PLACE, UMAMI SHOP.” TRISH EXPLAINED HER PASSION FOR HER WORK: “I’M NOT GOING TO WORK WHEN I COME HERE, IT’S FUN… I’M DOING WHAT I LOVE… I GET TO MAKE SAUCES, I GET TO COOK, I GET TO EAT GREAT FOOD, I GET TO TASTE DIFFERENT THINGS, I GET TO TRAVEL. I THINK THAT’S ONE OF THE GREAT PERKS EVEN THOUGH I TRAVELED A LOT [PREVIOUSLY] IT WAS SO STRESSFUL TRAVELING. WHEREAS HERE, I’M TRAVELING ON TRADE MISSIONS, I’M TRAVELING FOR COOKING CLASSES…BUT I STILL GET THAT ELEMENT OF ME-TIME AND VISITING MY FRIENDS WHEN I'M AT WORK. OR EVEN ON A WORK TRAVEL…PRIOR TO THAT…I WAS IN A DIFFERENT COUNTRY EVERY…TWO OR THREE DAYS, [I WOULD] NEVER SEE MY FRIENDS, I NEVER GOT TO SEE SVEN…FOR WEEKS…” TRISH COMMUNICATED HER APPRECIATION FOR THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY: “…I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE. [I] LEFT FOR…A LONG TIME AND THEN DECIDED TO COME BACK BECAUSE…WE REALLY WANTED TO DO SOMETHING BUT IT DIDN’T MAKE SENSE IF WE WERE IN A BIG CITY LIKE TORONTO… I LIVED THERE, I WAS WORKING IN TORONTO AND I DIDN’T REALLY SEE THE CONNECTION, THE COMMUNITY… I JUST FELT LIKE I WAS JUST ANOTHER PERSON, ANOTHER NAME, ANOTHER NUMBER…THAT WOULD JUST BE WALKING DOWN THE STREET; ANOTHER TAX-PAYER. THERE WAS NO COMMUNITY THERE. EVEN THOUGH IF I LIVED IN A NICE…CONDO, YOU DIDN’T EVEN KNOW YOUR NEIGHBOR… THAT WAS SO DIFFERENT FROM MOVING BACK HOME HERE WHERE WE KNOW OUR NEIGHBOURS AND NOW OUR NEIGHBOURS ARE OUR CUSTOMERS, TOO… PEOPLE COME IN AND…THEY’RE NOT SHOPPING BUT THEY COME AND SAY, ‘HI’… THEY WALK BY AND THEY WAVE… YOU DON’T GET THAT IN TORONTO… I’VE WORKED THERE, I KNOW. AND THAT’S HOW IT IS.” “…WE ENJOY LIVING IN LETHBRIDGE, WE ENJOY THE TREES IN OUR BACKYARD, WE ENJOY OUR HOUSE. IT’S AFFORDABLE, TOO… RAISING A FAMILY, I THINK THAT’S VERY IMPORTANT, THAT’S WHY MY PARENTS DECIDED TO STAY IN LETHBRIDGE AND NOT MOVE TO BIGGER CITIES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION; TO SEE THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION; OR TO VIEW THE RELEVANT APRIL 30TH AND MAY 3RD, 2020 UMAMI SHOP FACEBOOK POSTS, PLEASE SEE THE DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20200026003
Acquisition Date
2020-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WINE BOTTLE
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20200026001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WINE BOTTLE
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Materials
GLASS, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
30.5
Diameter
8
Description
EMPTY GREEN BROWN GLASS BOTTLE WITH AN ORANGE FRONT PAPER LABEL. THE CAP IS REMOVED FROM THE BOTTLE. THE FRONT LABEL HAS TWO SEGMENTS, ONE THAT READS “LOUIS PICAMELOT MAISON FON DEE EN 1926”. THE LABEL SEGMENT UNDERNEATH READS “CREMANT DE BOURGOGNE LES TERROIRS BLANC BRUT” IN BRONZE, GREY, AND WHITE. EMBOSSED IN THE GLASS UNDERNEATH THE FRONT LABEL IS THE NUMBER “11”. THE WHITE LABEL ON THE BACK SAYS “CREMANT DE BOURGOGNE…750 ML…RULLY–FRANCE” IN BLACK INK WITH A BARCODE. THE BOTTLE IS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
FOOD T&E
CONTAINER
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
ON THE 26TH OF JUNE 2020, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN MET WITH TRISH LUU, OWNER OF THE LOCAL BUSINESS UMAMI SHOP. ALONG WITH BEING A BOUTIQUE GROCERY STORE AND RESTAURANT, UMAMI SHOP PUTS ON COOKING CLASSES WITH KITS CONTAINING INGREDIENTS AND PRODUCTS FROM THE SHOP. THE CLASSES WERE PROVIDED ONLINE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC, AND HOSTED BY TRISH AND HER HUSBAND, SVEN. TRISH DONATED A COLLECTION OF ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM, INCLUDING A WINE BOTTLE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW. TRISH PROVIDED THE DATE WHEN THE UMAMI SHOP OPENED: “…[IN] 2013, WE OPENED. 2014 WAS THE OFFICIAL LAUNCH…” TRISH SPOKE ABOUT SOURCING THIS SPECIFIC WINE FOR THE SUNDAY, MAY 10TH 2020 MOTHER’S DAY COOKING CLASS: “…THE [WINE] BOTTLE HERE IS…CRÉMANT…WHICH IS A FRENCH SPARKLING WINE THAT WAS USED IN THE MOTHER’S DAY [COOKING] CLASS... THIS WAS A SPECIAL BOTTLE THAT WE CURATED IN [BECAUSE] THIS IS NOT ON THE SHELVES OF MOST LIQUOR STORES HERE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA.” “…WE BOUGHT…[THE WINE] THROUGH A [LOCAL] LIQUOR STORE… WE BROUGHT IN…[AROUND] TWENTY CASES…SO THAT WE COULD SELL THEM… NOT EVERYBODY…WOULD ADD IT TO THE [MOTHER’S DAY MEAL] KIT. THAT WAS JUST AN ADD-ON [FOR THE COOKING CLASS].” “ON THE SHOW…WE CRACKED…[THE WINE] OPEN AND…YOU CAN SEE ALL OF THIS ON THE SHOW, WHAT WE USED...” TRISH SPOKE ABOUT HOW THE COOKING CLASSES WERE INTERACTIVE: “…SVEN HAD STARTED…SOCIABLE [BREAKS DURING THE CLASS] IN…THE SECOND SEASON… [BECAUSE]…I’M THE PERSON ON THE SHOW [AND] I’M STRESSING OUT. [I WORRY]…’WE ONLY HAVE FIFTEEN MINUTES TO COOK SO HURRY UP,’ AND [SVEN SAYS] ‘OKAY, SLOW DOWN, SIMMER DOWN’…[AND SUGGESTS] ‘OKAY, SOCIABLE,’ AND THEN YOU’LL SEE THAT I ACTUALLY HAVE TO STOP SO PEOPLE [PARTICIPATING IN THE COOKING CLASS] AT HOME HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO…CATCH UP IN WHAT WE’RE DOING… THAT REALLY HELPED A LOT… I REALLY ENJOYED THAT [SOCIABLE] PART…” “THE MOTHER’S DAY CLASS [ON SUNDAY MAY 10TH, 2020] WAS A SPECIAL ONE, BECAUSE USUALLY MOTHERS…GO OUT FOR BRUNCH…IT’S HUGE… RESTAURANTS…MAKE THE MOST SALES…DURING MOTHER’S DAY BRUNCH… BUT THIS YEAR (2020), WE COULDN’T. FOR COVID 19…MOST RESTAURANTS WERE CLOSED…SO WE DID A THREE-COURSE [MEAL] FOR OUR COOKING SHOW, WHICH WE NEVER DO. WE ALWAYS DO JUST ONE MAIN DISH.” TRISH DESCRIBED THE TOOLS USED BY THE BUSINESS TO KEEP UP WITH THE CHANGES DURING THE PANDEMIC: “…WE’RE A WORLD GROCERY BOUTIQUE STORE, SO WE HAVE SUPPLIERS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD… WE SLOWLY SAW [CHANGES DUE TO THE PANDEMIC] ALREADY IN DECEMBER AND JANUARY [OF 2020]… WE KNEW THAT FROM…A BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE, WE NEEDED TO ADAPT QUICKLY… WE KNEW THAT TECHNOLOGY WAS OUR NUMBER ONE…GAME CHANGER... SO, WE TOOK ADVANTAGE OF OUR TECHNOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND WE WENT INTO GAME-IFYING OUR WHOLE IDEA OF GROCERY SHOPPING AND COOKING AT HOME.” TRISH ELABORATED ON THE CONCEPT OF THE MEAL KIT COOKING CLASSES PROVIDED BY UMAMI SHOP: “…THIS IS OUR SIXTH YEAR DOING [COOKING CLASSES ONLINE]… WE’VE ALWAYS DONE…[A] PICK-UP…[MEAL] KIT [IN IT’S] ENTIRETY IN [A] COMPOSED BAG. ALL THE INGREDIENTS [FOR THE CLASS] WOULD BE IN THERE, THE RECIPE’S IN THERE… THEN [PARTICPANTS]…WATCH US LIVE [ONLINE]. SO, THEY WOULD COOK WITH US… WE’VE ALWAYS BEEN DOING…COOKING CLASSES BUT [DOING IT ONLINE] WAS A MORE ECONOMICAL WAY…[AND] A DIFFERENT WAY FOR US TO SCALE…TO BE IN FIFTY OR A HUNDRED OR FIVE-HUNDRED OR A THOUSAND HOMES COMPARED TO JUST HAVING…TWENTY-THREE PEOPLE MAX IN OUR KITCHEN COOKING WITH US.” TRISH EXPANDED ON THE COOKING CLASSES: “…THE IDEA [OF DOING THE LIVE COOKING CLASSES] CAME FROM MY HUSBAND [SVEN] INITIALLY. HE’S THE ONE WHO SAID, ‘…WE NEED TO SCALE’… HE SAW…THE AMOUNT OF WORK THAT WE DID IN A COOKING CLASS AND THAT WOULD LAST…FOUR TO FIVE HOURS, AND THAT’S SO MUCH WORK… HE SAID, ‘HOW CAN WE USE TECHNOLOGY, UTILIZE THAT AND SCALE AND…BE IN…FIVE HUNDRED, A THOUSAND, TWO THOUSAND [HOMES] AND ALL ACROSS CANADA?’ SO, NOT JUST IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA.” “…WE CONTINUE…SELLING OUR COOKING KIT, SO [WE HAVE BEEN] RE-PREMIERING ALL THOSE [PREVIOUS COOKING] VIDEOS THAT WE’VE MADE SINCE THE BEGINNING AND THEN [WE ALSO DO] THE LIVE SHOWS. THEN…I HOP ON THE CHAT [IN THE COOKING CLASS] AND I’M CHATTING AWAY WITH THE PEOPLE LIVE AS THOUGH IT WAS…[IN PERSON]… SO…WHEN [PARTICIPANTS] HAVE QUESTIONS THERE’S SOMEONE THERE TO ANSWER…RATHER THAN JUST WATCHING A VIDEO ONLINE… PEOPLE NEED THAT INTERACTION, PEOPLE NEED THE GUIDANCE AS YOU’RE COOKING.” “…WE HAD A PRODUCT THAT WE KNEW WOULD WORK BUT…FOOD IS QUITE SUBJECTIVE… BUT EVERYBODY EATS SO PEOPLE WERE ALSO OPEN TO THE IDEA TO TRY DIFFERENT RECIPES. THEY WERE NOT AFRAID BECAUSE THEY…[THINK] ‘…AT HOME I’M EATING THE SAME THING, WHY NOT TRY IT?’ AND IT WAS QUITE ECONOMICAL, TOO… WE HAD SPONSORED [COOKING CLASS] KITS– SO KITS STARTED AT [A BASE PRICE] AND THEN YOU CAN ADD ON EXTRAS [LIKE THE MUSEUM-DONATED WINE]…WHICH…MADE THE KIT [COST] A BIT MORE BUT IT WAS WORTH IT… IF YOU WERE TO GO BACK AND LOOK AT…THE [PARTICIPANT] COMMENTS OF ALL THE VIDEOS…[THEY SAY] ‘…I SHOULD HAVE LISTENED TO YOU!’ OR, ‘I SHOULD HAVE ADDED THAT ON’… SO, NOW WE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO REPREMIER THAT AND RESELL THESE KITS… WE REBUILD THE KITS AGAIN AND HOPEFULLY, PEOPLE WILL CONTINUE TO COOK WITH US AGAIN.” “…THE PEOPLE WHO WERE COOKING WITH US BEFORE CONTINUED TO COOK WITH US… THEN…EVERYBODY WAS ONLINE, [BECAUSE] THERE WAS NOTHING ELSE TO DO…SO PEOPLE ARE LOOKING ONLINE, WATCHING…THEY’RE GLUED TO THEIR PHONE, INSTAGRAM, FACEBOOK AND ALL THAT STUFF… NOWADAYS, IT’S ALL ABOUT ONLINE...” “…IT WAS VERY CRITICAL [TO FOCUS ON THE ONLINE SIDE OF THE BUSINESS DURING THE PANDEMIC] BECAUSE WE DECIDED NOT TO LAY OUR STAFF OFF. WE CONTINUED TO KEEP THEM ON, AND WE FOUND THIS TO KEEP THEM BUSY OR ELSE THEY’LL JUST BE SITTING AROUND DOING NOTHING… OUR STAFF ARE NOT LIKE THAT. THEY WERE [SAYING]…’WE NEED TO DO IT…’ …THAT REALLY GAVE US THE PUSH TO CONTINUE TO DO [THE COOKING CLASS]… WE WERE SUPPOSED TO ONLY DO ONE SEASON WHICH WAS SIX SHOWS [OVER] SIX WEEKS. BUT THEN WE WENT BACK-TO-BACK AND…[THE RESPONSE WAS] ‘…CONTINUE,’ SO WE DID ANOTHER SEASON… WE DID THIRTEEN SHOWS IN TOTAL. SO, TWO SEASONS.” TRISH TALKED ABOUT HOSTING THE SHOWS: “…IT’S A LIVE SHOW AND YOU HAVE…A LOT OF PEOPLE WATCHING YOU, BUT IT’S FUN. I THINK IT’S FUN AND I’M NOT THE PERSON THAT...[CARES] ABOUT WHAT PEOPLE THINK, [BECAUSE] THAT’S NONE OF MY BUSINESS. THAT’S THE PHILOSOPHY I’VE ALWAYS LIVED WITH… BUT, AT THE SAME TIME, I’M SHOWING PEOPLE HOW TO COOK AND I HOPE THAT IT BRINGS VALUE TO THEM… I’M BEING MYSELF. I’M NOT DIFFERENT ON CAMERA NOR AM I DIFFERENT IN REAL LIFE…” COVID-19 GREATLY IMPACTED THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY, AND TRISH TALKED ABOUT SOME OF THE CHANGES THE PANDEMIC NECESSITATED: “WE’RE FEELING CONFIDENT. WE’RE FEELING RELIEVED AT THE SAME TIME, BECAUSE [COVID-19] IS NOT AT THE PEAK RIGHT NOW… WHEN WE FIRST STARTED OUT, IT WAS…A SUDDEN CHANGE, A SUDDEN PIVOT…[WE HAD] TO CALIBRATE WHAT WE WERE SUPPOSED TO DO IN TERMS OF OUR BUSINESS, IN TERMS OF HOW OUR STAFF WERE TO WELCOME CUSTOMERS… BUT WE’RE A BIT MORE RELIEVED THAN [EARLIER IN THE PANDEMIC].” “…WE UTILIZE OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM. SO, IT’S ALL LOGISTICS… SO WE USE OUR SOCIAL MEDIA PRESENCE TO ADVERTISE THAT MARKET…TO THE FANS OF UMAMI SHOP… THE MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE WHO TOOK…THESE COOKING CLASSES…DURING THE PANDEMIC WERE PEOPLE WHO WERE ALREADY OUR CUSTOMERS. THAT JUST GREW MORE AND IT…AMPLIFIED BECAUSE THEIR FRIENDS AND FAMILY WERE TOLD ABOUT WHAT WE WERE DOING SO THEY WOULD ORDER THE KITS FOR THEM… THAT JUST CONTINUED ON…[THROUGH] WORD OF MOUTH.” TRISH CONTINUED: “…WE DID TAKE A HIT. I THINK EVERY BUSINESS DID TOO, BECAUSE IT WAS A SHOCK FOR EVERYBODY… WE DIDN’T THINK THAT IT WOULD BE SUCH A BIG SHOCK [BECAUSE] WE THOUGHT, ‘OH, WELL, BUSINESS WILL SLOW DOWN,’ BUT WE NEVER REALIZED. IT WAS SUCH A HUGE SHOCK… WE SAW OTHER PEOPLE CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE WEREN’T SURE BECAUSE WE WERE A GROCER-AUNT. SO, [A] RESTAURANT/GROCERY STORE/CAFÉ/DELI… YOU WOULD SEE ALL THESE RESTAURANTS CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE DECIDED NOT TO. WE CONTINUED TO DO TAKE-OUT. WE UTILIZED OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM TO REALLY PUSH OUT MORE, AND…COMMUNICATING…TO THE PUBLIC THAT WE WERE STILL OPEN, THAT YOU WERE STILL WELCOME TO COME IN BUT CERTAIN MEASURES LIKE WEAR A MASK, SANITIZE YOUR HANDS…DON’T BRING IN YOUR OWN GROCERY BAGS, WE WEREN’T ACCEPTING RETURNS… OUR CUSTOMERS ARE GREAT… THEY UNDERSTOOD…BECAUSE IT’S A NEW NORMAL… IT…WORKED OUT, AND WE’RE JUST HAPPY THAT WE WERE ABLE TO…REALLY CALIBRATE AND…WORK MORE ON OUR TECHNOLOGICAL SIDE, THAT STRUCTURE, UTILIZING THAT TO…GET MORE SALES.” TRISH DISCUSSED THE BREADTH OF UMAMI SHOP’S REACH: “…WE’VE BEEN…ALL ACROSS… TO VANCOUVER, UP TO YUKON, TO NOVA SCOTIA.” “…SVEN’S A LOGISTICS PERSON SO HE KNOWS HOW TO SHIP THINGS ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD OR ANYWHERE IN CANADA AT LEAST.” “[PEOPLE IN OTHER PLACES FIND UMAMI SHOP THROUGH] THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA… OR EVEN FAMILY AND FRIENDS… WE SHIP THEM…[TO] NOVA SCOTIA, P.E.I. …TORONTO, WINNIPEG, SASKATCHEWAN, CALGARY.” TRISH DISCUSSED HER UPBRINGING IN A SIMILAR BUSINESS: “…I GREW UP IN THIS BUSINESS BUT…MY PARENTS WERE NOT [URGING ME TO] ‘DO THIS’…[THEY SAID], ‘THE LAST THING YOU SHOULD DO IS DO WHAT WE’RE DOING [BECAUSE] IT’S A LOT OF WORK,’ AND I UNDERSTOOD THAT…SO WE WENT TO SCHOOL… I WAS SICK AND TIRED OF THE OTHER WORK WHICH MY PARENTS DID…THE…GROCERY BUSINESS. IT’S A HUSTLE JOB. IT’S THE ASIAN SUPERMARKET ON THE NORTH SIDE... I GREW UP WATCHING THAT AND SEEING THEM GO THROUGH WITH IT. SO, I WORKED IN THE CORPORATE WORLD. I WORKED AT BANKS, I WORKED IN A LOT OF…BIG FUND STUFF… I JUST GOT TIRED OF IT. IT WAS SO MUCH STRESS…MORE STRESS THAN YOU WOULD THINK WORKING IN A GROCERY STORE.” “SO I DECIDED I’M DONE WITH...[THE CORPORATE WORLD] AND MOVED BACK HERE, AND SVEN AND I OPENED THIS PLACE, UMAMI SHOP.” TRISH EXPLAINED HER PASSION FOR HER WORK: “I’M NOT GOING TO WORK WHEN I COME HERE, IT’S FUN… I’M DOING WHAT I LOVE… I GET TO MAKE SAUCES, I GET TO COOK, I GET TO EAT GREAT FOOD, I GET TO TASTE DIFFERENT THINGS, I GET TO TRAVEL. I THINK THAT’S ONE OF THE GREAT PERKS EVEN THOUGH I TRAVELED A LOT [PREVIOUSLY] IT WAS SO STRESSFUL TRAVELING. WHEREAS HERE, I’M TRAVELING ON TRADE MISSIONS, I’M TRAVELING FOR COOKING CLASSES…BUT I STILL GET THAT ELEMENT OF ME-TIME AND VISITING MY FRIENDS WHEN I'M AT WORK. OR EVEN ON A WORK TRAVEL…PRIOR TO THAT…I WAS IN A DIFFERENT COUNTRY EVERY…TWO OR THREE DAYS, [I WOULD] NEVER SEE MY FRIENDS, I NEVER GOT TO SEE SVEN…FOR WEEKS…” PATRICIA COMMUNICATED HER APPRECIATION FOR THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY: “…I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE. [I] LEFT FOR…A LONG TIME AND THEN DECIDED TO COME BACK BECAUSE…WE REALLY WANTED TO DO SOMETHING BUT IT DIDN’T MAKE SENSE IF WE WERE IN A BIG CITY LIKE TORONTO… I LIVED THERE, I WAS WORKING IN TORONTO AND I DIDN’T REALLY SEE THE CONNECTION, THE COMMUNITY… I JUST FELT LIKE I WAS JUST ANOTHER PERSON, ANOTHER NAME, ANOTHER NUMBER…THAT WOULD JUST BE WALKING DOWN THE STREET; ANOTHER TAX-PAYER. THERE WAS NO COMMUNITY THERE. EVEN THOUGH IF I LIVED IN A NICE…CONDO, YOU DIDN’T EVEN KNOW YOUR NEIGHBOR… THAT WAS SO DIFFERENT FROM MOVING BACK HOME HERE WHERE WE KNOW OUR NEIGHBOURS AND NOW OUR NEIGHBOURS ARE OUR CUSTOMERS, TOO… PEOPLE COME IN AND…THEY’RE NOT SHOPPING BUT THEY COME AND SAY, ‘HI’… THEY WALK BY AND THEY WAVE… YOU DON’T GET THAT IN TORONTO… I’VE WORKED THERE, I KNOW. AND THAT’S HOW IT IS.” “…WE ENJOY LIVING IN LETHBRIDGE, WE ENJOY THE TREES IN OUR BACKYARD, WE ENJOY OUR HOUSE. IT’S AFFORDABLE, TOO… RAISING A FAMILY, I THINK THAT’S VERY IMPORTANT, THAT’S WHY MY PARENTS DECIDED TO STAY IN LETHBRIDGE AND NOT MOVE TO BIGGER CITIES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION; TO SEE THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION; OR TO VIEW THE RELEVANT APRIL 30TH AND MAY 3RD, 2020 UMAMI SHOP FACEBOOK POSTS, PLEASE SEE THE DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20200026001
Acquisition Date
2020-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FACE SHIELD
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, ELASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20200026004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FACE SHIELD
Date Range From
2020
Date Range To
2020
Materials
PLASTIC, ELASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
14.5
Width
11
Description
CLEAR AND WHITE PLASTIC FACE SHIELD WITH ADJUSTABLE ELASTIC EAR LOOPS. THE WHITE PIECE OF PLASTIC FORMS THE BOTTOM FRAME OF THE SHIELD WITH A CHIN PIECE. THE CLEAR PLASTIC FORMS THE MOUTH SHIELD. THE WHITE PLASTIC IS ATTACHED TO THE CLEAR PLASTIC WITH A HOLE AND A NOTCH ON EACH SIDE. THE ELASTIC IS STRUNG THROUGH TWO CURVED OVER LOOPS IN THE WHITE PLASTIC. THE ELASTIC IS DISCOLOURED AND THE PLASTIC SHIELD IS SCRATCHED, BUT THE SHIELD IS OVERALL IN VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
BUSINESS
HEALTH SERVICES
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON THE 26TH OF JUNE 2020, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN MET WITH TRISH LUU, OWNER OF THE LOCAL BUSINESS UMAMI SHOP. ALONG WITH BEING A BOUTIQUE GROCERY STORE AND RESTAURANT, UMAMI SHOP PUTS ON COOKING CLASSES WITH KITS CONTAINING INGREDIENTS AND PRODUCTS FROM THE SHOP. THE CLASSES WERE PROVIDED ONLINE DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC, AND HOSTED BY TRISH AND HER HUSBAND, SVEN. TRISH DONATED A COLLECTION OF ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM, INCLUDING A FACE SHIELD. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW. TRISH PROVIDED THE DATE WHEN THE UMAMI SHOP OPENED: “…[IN] 2013, WE OPENED. 2014 WAS THE OFFICIAL LAUNCH…” PATRICIA DESCRIBED USING THE FACE SHIELD: “…THIS…ITEM [DONATED TO THE MUSEUM] IS…[A] SPECIAL MASK…THAT WE USED DURING…PACKING EVERYTHING AND MAKING SURE THAT OUR CUSTOMERS WERE NOT HAVING THAT CONTAMINATION. HOWEVER, AT THE BEGINNING…WE STARTED OFF WITH THESE MASKS AND THEN WE TRANSITIONED INTO…THOSE BLUE MASKS, WHAT WE’RE WEARING RIGHT NOW… THOSE CLOTH ONES…[WERE] NOT HYGIENIC SO WE CONTINUED [TO USE]…DISPOSABLE MASKS…” TRISH TALKED ABOUT HOW SHE FOUND THE FACE SHIELD WHILE ON A BUSINESS TRIP OVERSEAS: “…I CAME BACK FROM SOUTH KOREA LAST YEAR… WE WERE THERE AND I SAW THESE AMAZING, CLEAR MASKS THAT PEOPLE WERE WEARING. I…[THOUGHT] I NEED TO SOURCE THESE, AND THAT WAS SO LUCKY [BECAUSE] WE WERE ON A TRADE MISSION WITH THE GOVERNMENT AND I HAD PERFECT CONTACT WITH THE PEOPLE WHO DISTRIBUTE THESE SO…THEY ONLY GAVE US…[ABOUT] A HUNDRED; THAT WAS THE MAX… YOU CAN’T GET THESE ANYWHERE.” “…THEY GAVE US A FEW [FACE SHIELDS] TO BRING HOME WITH US AND THEN THEY SHIPPED IT OVER TO US. [THEY] PROBABLY IT ARRIVED IN…JANUARY [2020]…” PATRICIA RECEIVED THE MASKS BEFORE THE PANDEMIC OUTBREAK IN CANADA, WHICH WAS: “…SHEER COINCIDENCE. THERE WAS NO…PLANNING TO [HAVE FACE SHIELDS AT THE ONSET OF A GLOBAL PANDEMIC].” “…[IN JANUARY 2020 WE RECEIVED] ABOUT TWO HUNDRED OF THEM… I ASKED FOR A HUNDRED, THEY GAVE TWO HUNDRED AND THEN NOW, A FEW MORE CAME TOO… I’M HAPPY TO HAVE…A GOOD SUPPLY OF THEM FOR US TO USE. IT’S…PEACE OF MIND…FOR BOTH CUSTOMERS COMING IN BUT ALSO TO PROTECT OUR WORKERS AND…GIVE THEM CONFIDENCE TO ACTUALLY BE IN A SPACE THAT WE PROTECT OUR WORKERS, TOO. IT’S NOT A ONE-WAY STREET… AND IT’S EVERYWHERE. IT’S COMING AT US IN EVERY DIRECTION. SO, IF WE COULD FLATTEN THE CURVE BY WEARING MASKS, THEN THAT HELPS.” TRISH DESCRIBED THE TOOLS USED BY THE BUSINESS TO KEEP UP WITH THE CHANGES DURING THE PANDEMIC: “…WE’RE A WORLD GROCERY BOUTIQUE STORE, SO WE HAVE SUPPLIERS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD… WE SLOWLY SAW [CHANGES DUE TO THE PANDEMIC] ALREADY IN DECEMBER AND JANUARY [OF 2020]… WE KNEW THAT FROM…A BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE, WE NEEDED TO ADAPT QUICKLY… WE KNEW THAT TECHNOLOGY WAS OUR NUMBER ONE…GAME CHANGER... SO, WE TOOK ADVANTAGE OF OUR TECHNOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND WE WENT INTO GAME-IFYING OUR WHOLE IDEA OF GROCERY SHOPPING AND COOKING AT HOME.” “…IT WAS VERY CRITICAL [TO FOCUS ON THE ONLINE SIDE OF THE BUSINESS DURING THE PANDEMIC] BECAUSE WE DECIDED NOT TO LAY OUR STAFF OFF. WE CONTINUED TO KEEP THEM ON, AND WE FOUND THIS TO KEEP THEM BUSY OR ELSE THEY’LL JUST BE SITTING AROUND DOING NOTHING… OUR STAFF ARE NOT LIKE THAT. THEY WERE [SAYING]…’WE NEED TO DO IT…’ …THAT REALLY GAVE US THE PUSH TO CONTINUE TO DO [THE COOKING CLASS]… WE WERE SUPPOSED TO ONLY DO ONE SEASON WHICH WAS SIX SHOWS [OVER] SIX WEEKS. BUT THEN WE WENT BACK-TO-BACK AND…[THE RESPONSE WAS] ‘…CONTINUE,’ SO WE DID ANOTHER SEASON… WE DID THIRTEEN SHOWS IN TOTAL. SO, TWO SEASONS.” COVID-19 GREATLY IMPACTED THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY, AND TRISH TALKED ABOUT SOME OF THE CHANGES THE PANDEMIC NECESSITATED: “WE’RE FEELING CONFIDENT. WE’RE FEELING RELIEVED AT THE SAME TIME, BECAUSE [COVID-19] IS NOT AT THE PEAK RIGHT NOW… WHEN WE FIRST STARTED OUT, IT WAS…A SUDDEN CHANGE, A SUDDEN PIVOT…[WE HAD] TO CALIBRATE WHAT WE WERE SUPPOSED TO DO IN TERMS OF OUR BUSINESS, IN TERMS OF HOW OUR STAFF WERE TO WELCOME CUSTOMERS… BUT WE’RE A BIT MORE RELIEVED THAN [EARLIER IN THE PANDEMIC].” “…WE UTILIZE OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM. SO, IT’S ALL LOGISTICS… SO WE USE OUR SOCIAL MEDIA PRESENCE TO ADVERTISE THAT MARKET…TO THE FANS OF UMAMI SHOP… THE MAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE WHO TOOK…THESE COOKING CLASSES…DURING THE PANDEMIC WERE PEOPLE WHO WERE ALREADY OUR CUSTOMERS. THAT JUST GREW MORE AND IT…AMPLIFIED BECAUSE THEIR FRIENDS AND FAMILY WERE TOLD ABOUT WHAT WE WERE DOING SO THEY WOULD ORDER THE KITS FOR THEM… THAT JUST CONTINUED ON…[THROUGH] WORD OF MOUTH.” TRISH CONTINUED: “…WE DID TAKE A HIT. I THINK EVERY BUSINESS DID TOO, BECAUSE IT WAS A SHOCK FOR EVERYBODY… WE DIDN’T THINK THAT IT WOULD BE SUCH A BIG SHOCK [BECAUSE] WE THOUGHT, ‘OH, WELL, BUSINESS WILL SLOW DOWN,’ BUT WE NEVER REALIZED. IT WAS SUCH A HUGE SHOCK… WE SAW OTHER PEOPLE CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE WEREN’T SURE BECAUSE WE WERE A GROCER-AUNT. SO, [A] RESTAURANT/GROCERY STORE/CAFÉ/DELI… YOU WOULD SEE ALL THESE RESTAURANTS CLOSING THEIR DOORS AND WE DECIDED NOT TO. WE CONTINUED TO DO TAKE-OUT. WE UTILIZED OUR ONLINE ORDERING SYSTEM TO REALLY PUSH OUT MORE, AND…COMMUNICATING…TO THE PUBLIC THAT WE WERE STILL OPEN, THAT YOU WERE STILL WELCOME TO COME IN BUT CERTAIN MEASURES LIKE WEAR A MASK, SANITIZE YOUR HANDS…DON’T BRING IN YOUR OWN GROCERY BAGS, WE WEREN’T ACCEPTING RETURNS… OUR CUSTOMERS ARE GREAT… THEY UNDERSTOOD…BECAUSE IT’S A NEW NORMAL… IT…WORKED OUT, AND WE’RE JUST HAPPY THAT WE WERE ABLE TO…REALLY CALIBRATE AND…WORK MORE ON OUR TECHNOLOGICAL SIDE, THAT STRUCTURE, UTILIZING THAT TO…GET MORE SALES.” TRISH DISCUSSED THE BREADTH OF UMAMI SHOP’S REACH: “…WE’VE BEEN…ALL ACROSS… TO VANCOUVER, UP TO YUKON, TO NOVA SCOTIA.” “…SVEN’S A LOGISTICS PERSON SO HE KNOWS HOW TO SHIP THINGS ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD OR ANYWHERE IN CANADA AT LEAST.” “[PEOPLE IN OTHER PLACES FIND UMAMI SHOP THROUGH] THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA… OR EVEN FAMILY AND FRIENDS… WE SHIP THEM…[TO] NOVA SCOTIA, P.E.I. …TORONTO, WINNIPEG, SASKATCHEWAN, CALGARY.” TRISH DISCUSSED HER UPBRINGING IN A SIMILAR BUSINESS: “…I GREW UP IN THIS BUSINESS BUT…MY PARENTS WERE NOT [URGING ME TO] ‘DO THIS’…[THEY SAID], ‘THE LAST THING YOU SHOULD DO IS DO WHAT WE’RE DOING [BECAUSE] IT’S A LOT OF WORK,’ AND I UNDERSTOOD THAT…SO WE WENT TO SCHOOL… I WAS SICK AND TIRED OF THE OTHER WORK WHICH MY PARENTS DID…THE…GROCERY BUSINESS. IT’S A HUSTLE JOB. IT’S THE ASIAN SUPERMARKET ON THE NORTH SIDE... I GREW UP WATCHING THAT AND SEEING THEM GO THROUGH WITH IT. SO, I WORKED IN THE CORPORATE WORLD. I WORKED AT BANKS, I WORKED IN A LOT OF…BIG FUND STUFF… I JUST GOT TIRED OF IT. IT WAS SO MUCH STRESS…MORE STRESS THAN YOU WOULD THINK WORKING IN A GROCERY STORE.” “SO I DECIDED I’M DONE WITH [THE CORPORATE WORLD] AND MOVED BACK HERE, AND SVEN AND I OPENED THIS PLACE, UMAMI SHOP.” TRISH EXPLAINED HER PASSION FOR HER WORK: “I’M NOT GOING TO WORK WHEN I COME HERE, IT’S FUN… I’M DOING WHAT I LOVE… I GET TO MAKE SAUCES, I GET TO COOK, I GET TO EAT GREAT FOOD, I GET TO TASTE DIFFERENT THINGS, I GET TO TRAVEL. I THINK THAT’S ONE OF THE GREAT PERKS EVEN THOUGH I TRAVELED A LOT [PREVIOUSLY] IT WAS SO STRESSFUL TRAVELING. WHEREAS HERE, I’M TRAVELING ON TRADE MISSIONS, I’M TRAVELING FOR COOKING CLASSES…BUT I STILL GET THAT ELEMENT OF ME-TIME AND VISITING MY FRIENDS WHEN I'M AT WORK. OR EVEN ON A WORK TRAVEL…PRIOR TO THAT…I WAS IN A DIFFERENT COUNTRY EVERY…TWO OR THREE DAYS, [I WOULD] NEVER SEE MY FRIENDS, I NEVER GOT TO SEE SVEN…FOR WEEKS…” TRISH COMMUNICATED HER APPRECIATION FOR THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY: “…I WAS BORN AND RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE. [I] LEFT FOR…A LONG TIME AND THEN DECIDED TO COME BACK BECAUSE…WE REALLY WANTED TO DO SOMETHING BUT IT DIDN’T MAKE SENSE IF WE WERE IN A BIG CITY LIKE TORONTO… I LIVED THERE, I WAS WORKING IN TORONTO AND I DIDN’T REALLY SEE THE CONNECTION, THE COMMUNITY… I JUST FELT LIKE I WAS JUST ANOTHER PERSON, ANOTHER NAME, ANOTHER NUMBER…THAT WOULD JUST BE WALKING DOWN THE STREET; ANOTHER TAX-PAYER. THERE WAS NO COMMUNITY THERE. EVEN THOUGH IF I LIVED IN A NICE…CONDO, YOU DIDN’T EVEN KNOW YOUR NEIGHBOR… THAT WAS SO DIFFERENT FROM MOVING BACK HOME HERE WHERE WE KNOW OUR NEIGHBOURS AND NOW OUR NEIGHBOURS ARE OUR CUSTOMERS, TOO… PEOPLE COME IN AND…THEY’RE NOT SHOPPING BUT THEY COME AND SAY, ‘HI’… THEY WALK BY AND THEY WAVE… YOU DON’T GET THAT IN TORONTO… I’VE WORKED THERE, I KNOW. AND THAT’S HOW IT IS.” “…WE ENJOY LIVING IN LETHBRIDGE, WE ENJOY THE TREES IN OUR BACKYARD, WE ENJOY OUR HOUSE. IT’S AFFORDABLE, TOO… RAISING A FAMILY, I THINK THAT’S VERY IMPORTANT, THAT’S WHY MY PARENTS DECIDED TO STAY IN LETHBRIDGE AND NOT MOVE TO BIGGER CITIES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION; TO SEE THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION; OR TO VIEW THE RELEVANT APRIL 30TH AND MAY 3RD, 2020 UMAMI SHOP FACEBOOK POSTS, PLEASE SEE THE DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20200026004
Acquisition Date
2020-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20200001000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1973
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
83.5
Width
67
Description
RED NYLON JACKET WITH YELLOW DETACHABLE QUILTED INNER LINER WITH POLYESTER FILLING. THERE ARE SIX METAL SNAPS ON THE FRONT AND THREE DECORATIVE GOLD AND WHITE EMBROIDERED VERTICAL LINES ACROSS THE RIGHT SIDE. ON THE LEFT SIDE AT THE CHEST THERE IS AN EMBROIDERED “SAFETY AWARD HOUSE OF LETHBRIDGE 1973” IN GOLD AND WHITE WITH A STRUCTURE DESIGN BORDERING THE CENTRE. THE TAG INSIDE READS “MARV HOLLAND EDMONTON SIZE ST… ‘FIBEREFILL’”. THE TAG HAS BEEN SLIGHTLY RIPPED. THERE IS FRAYING AT THE POCKETS, INNER LINER, COLLAR, AND SLEEVES. THE WHITE FABRIC STRIP COVERING THE INNER SEAM HAS HOLES. THERE IS SOME STAINING ACROSS THE JACKET.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
BUSINESS
COMMEMORATIVE
PROFESSIONS
INDUSTRY
History
ON AUGUST 4TH, 2020 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN MET WITH IRENE SNOPEK TO DISCUSS HER LATE HUSBAND JOSEPH’S JACKET SHE DONATED TO THE MUSEUM. JOSEPH RECEIVED THE “SAFETY AWARD” JACKET WHILE WORKING FOR MOLSON’S LETHBRIDGE BREWERY FROM 1973 UNTIL 1984. MOLSON OPERATED THE BREWERY FROM 1958 UNTIL 1990, ENDING WITH THE BUILDING BEING DEMOLISHED IN 1991. ONCE KNOWN AS SICK’S BREWERY PRIOR TO MOLSON’S ACQUISITION, FRITZ SICK STARTED THE BUSINESS IN 1901 AND BREWED A LEGACY IN LETHBRIDGE. SICK’S HOUSE OF LETHBRIDGE BEER FORMULA, ALSO KNOWN AS OLD STYLE PILSNER, IS STILL BEING BREWED AND SOLD BY MOLSON-COORS TODAY. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS DERIVED FROM IRENE’S INTERVIEW. IRENE PROVIDED THE REASONING BEHIND DONATING THE JACKET TO THE MUSEUM: “…[I INITIALLY KEPT THE JACKET] FOR SENTIMENTAL REASONS AND I THOUGHT MAYBE ONE OF MY SONS WOULD WANT IT OR MY DAUGHTER BUT THEY SAID ‘…NO MAYBE YOU SHOULD DONATE IT TO THE MUSEUM… LET THE PUBLIC SEE IT AND ANYBODY THAT WANTS TO GO TO THE MUSEUM CAN SEE IT AND READ UP ON IT. IT WOULD BE OF INTEREST TO A LOT OF PEOPLE.” WHEN ASKED WHAT MADE THE JACKET SPECIAL, IRENE ANSWERED: “I THINK IT’S BECAUSE HE LOVED HIS JOB AND HE WAS PROUD OF THE JACKET FOR BEING ON THE JOB…WITH SAFETY YEARS. I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY SAFETY YEARS THERE WERE BUT…HE STARTED THERE IN FEBRUARY OF 1973 [UNTIL] AUGUST 1984…” IRENE SPOKE ABOUT HOW JOSEPH WORE THE JACKET FREQUENTLY: “THAT’S WHAT HE WAS WEARING…MOST OF THE TIME… IT HAD A LINER SO…WE COULD TAKE THE LINER OUT…AND THEN HE COULD WEAR IT IN THE SUMMER AS WELL OR DAYS WHEN IT WAS COOLER…” IRENE CONTINUED: “…HE DID WEAR IT A LOT AND HE WAS PROUD OF IT, HE WOULD TELL PEOPLE ABOUT IT… I DID GIVE AWAY ALL HIS OTHER CLOTHES. I DON’T HAVE ANYTHING LEFT OF HIS ANYMORE… [THE JACKET] WAS THE LAST THING THAT WENT.” THE JACKET EMBROIDERY READS “SAFETY AWARD”, AND WHEN ASKED HOW JOSEPH CONTRIBUTED TO SUCH AN AWARD, IRENE RESPONDED: “…HE DIDN’T HAVE ANY ACCIDENTS ON THE JOB OF ANY KIND. HE JUST PERFORMED WELL AND SAFE, IT WAS JUST A SAFE JOB THAT HE DID. HE WAS VERY SAFE.” IRENE CONTINUED: “HE WAS JUST A VERY TRUSTFUL PERSON, HE MADE SURE EVERYTHING WAS JUST RIGHT… HE WAS JUST CAREFUL AND CAUTIOUS… IF ANYTHING WENT WRONG HE’D FIX IT RIGHT AWAY.” “…HE ENJOYED THE WORK, ENJOYED THE BEER… HE USED TO WORK…DRIVING [A] TRUCK AND BEFORE THAT HE WAS ON THE FARM.” IRENE TALKED ABOUT THE BREWERY WORKPLACE AT THE TIME: “…IT WAS A GOOD PLACE TO WORK AND…IT EMPLOYED A LOT OF MEN. IT WAS A PRESTIGIOUS JOB…” FINALLY, IRENE EVOKED THE MEMORY OF HER HUSBAND: “…HE WAS KIND, HE WAS GOOD, HE WAS AMBITIOUS…HE LOOKED OUT FOR THE OTHER PERSON AS WELL AND HE LOVED HIS JOB…” ON JANUARY 7TH, 2020 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN MET WITH ZOLTAN SERA TO DISCUSS HIS FORMER COWORKER JOSEPH SNOPEK’S “SAFETY AWARD” JACKET. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THEIR MEETING. ZOLTAN SPOKE ABOUT HIS MEMORY OF THE JACKET: “I CAN’T REMEMBER HOW WE GOT IT IN 1973. I GOT ONE TOO AND IT’S GOT THE SAME THING ON IT…” “I HAVE ONE JUST LIKE IT MAYBE IN A LITTLE BETTER SHAPE.” ZOLTAN COMMENTED ON JOSEPH WEARING THE JACKET: “…HE WAS WEARING IT QUITE A BIT TO WORK TOWARDS THE END.” ZOLTAN SPOKE ABOUT STARTING WORK AT THE BREWERY WITH JOSEPH: “…WE STARTED THE SAME DAY AS A MATTER OF FACT.” “…WE WORKED TOGETHER AT DIFFERENT JOBS BEFORE THEN.” “…WE PUT OUR NAMES IN AHEAD OF TIME AND WHEN…WE HAD A CHANCE TO GET ON AS PEOPLE WERE RETIRING, THE OLDER GUYS, THEY WOULD HIRE NEW PEOPLE TO REPLACE THEM. THAT’S HOW WE GOT ON.” ZOLTAN CONTINUED: “…WE STARTED OUT RELIEVING PEOPLE FOR GOING ON COFFEE BREAKS AND LUNCH BREAKS AND IN BETWEEN THAT WE WOULD DO WHATEVER JOBS THEY ASSIGNED US TO UNTIL WE HAD…SO MUCH TIME IN… THEN YOU GOT A MACHINE TO RUN AS PEOPLE RETIRED OFF THEM AND THEN [THROUGH] SENIORITY YOU GOT ONTO THE DIFFERENT MACHINES.” ZOLTAN DESCRIBED HIS AND JOSEPH’S POSITIONS AT THE BREWERY: “…I RAN A MACHINE THAT THEY CALL THE END FEED WHERE THE DIRTY BOTTLES CAME IN AND WENT INTO THE WASH AND JOE WORKED ON THE MACHINE THAT PUT THE FULL BOTTLES INTO THE CASES…” ZOLTAN DETAILED THE PROCESS OF BOTTLING THE BEER AT THE BREWERY: “…[THE BOTTLES WOULD] COME IN ON PALLETS AND THEY HAD TWO PEOPLE…UNLOADING THE CASES ONTO A CONVEYOR… THE BOTTLES WOULD COME DOWN THE CONVEYOR AND THEY’D GO INTO A SAW THAT WOULD CUT THE BOTTOM OFF THE CARTON AND THE BOTTLES WOULD…COME TO THE END FEED… IT WOULD COME INTO A BIG MACHINE THAT LIFTED THE BOTTLES INTO THE POCKETS AND KEPT GOING… THIS WOULD CARRY THE BOTTLE UPSTAIRS… THEY WENT THROUGH NINE CYCLES OF WASHING, THREE CYCLES OF ACID AND THE REST WOULD BE RINSING THE BOTTLES SO THEY CAME OUT WITHOUT ANY ACID OR DIRT IN THEM… FROM THERE THEY WOULD GO ON A LINE. THEY WOULD GO TO THE FILLER AND THE MACHINE WOULD FILL THE BOTTLES… FROM THERE THEY WOULD GO DOWN THE LINE INTO ANOTHER BIG MACHINE THEY CALLED THE ‘PASTEURIZER’… IT WOULD TAKE ABOUT OH TWENTY MINUTES TO HALF AN HOUR TO GO THROUGH THE ‘PASTEURIZER’, THEN THEY WOULD…GO THROUGH A MACHINE THAT WOULD PUT THE LABELS ON IT… [THEN] IT WOULD CARRY ON CONVEYOR TO ANOTHER PLACE WHERE THE CARTONS CAME AND THESE BOTTLES WERE ON LINE…AND WOULD…PUSH THEM INTO THE CASE… THEN IT WOULD GO TO A GLUING MACHINE… IT WOULD GLUE THE ENDS OF THE CARTONS SHUT, AND THEN IT WOULD GO UPSTAIRS TO WHAT THEY CALLED A PALLETIZER… THIS WOULD PACKAGE THEM OR PUSH THEM INTO…MAYBE…THIRTY OR THIRTY-SIX CASES INTO A SQUARE… IT WOULD PUSH ONTO PALLETS AND THAT’S HOW IT WOULD GET STACKED. EVERY TIME YOU PUSH A ROW ON, THEN THE PALLET WOULD DROP DOWN AND THEY WENT ABOUT…TEN HIGH… THEN A GUY WOULD TAKE IT WITH A FORKLIFT AWAY FROM THERE AND PUT IT IN THE WAREHOUSE… THEY WOULD LOAD THEM ALL OFF OF THERE INTO THE TRUCKS TO BE HAULED AWAY.” ZOLTAN TALKED ABOUT THE BREWERY CLOSING DOWN: “…THE LAST DAY OF [1989] WAS THE LAST DAY WE WORKED.” “…I WAS A LITTLE SAD BECAUSE I WAS ONLY SIXTY-ONE, I WOULD HAVE LOVED TO WORK ANOTHER FOUR YEARS… I KIND OF FELT BAD BUT AT THE SAME TIME I WAS GLAD I WORKED THERE BECAUSE I FELT I WAS TREATED VERY WELL.” ZOLTAN SPOKE ABOUT THE AWARDS AT THE BREWERY: “…THEY USED TO PUT ON A CONTEST BETWEEN THE EAST AND WE WERE CALLED THE WESTERN DIVISION, FROM WINNIPEG WEST. THERE WAS A BREWERY IN WINNIPEG, THERE WAS TWO IN SASKATCHEWAN, TWO IN ALBERTA, ONE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA AND IT WAS LIKE A COMPETITION FOR PRODUCTION WHO GOT THE BEST PRODUCTION… LETHBRIDGE ALWAYS GOT THE BEST PRODUCTION IN ANY OF THE BREWERIES ALL THE TIME THEY WERE OPERATING... SO WE GOT THE PRIZE FOR IT EVERY TIME THEY PUT ON, THEY PUT IT ON ABOUT EVERY FIVE YEARS AND THAT’S HOW THEY GAVE US THESE JACKETS FOR PRODUCTION.” ZOLTAN SPOKE ABOUT HOW WORKERS STILL KEPT IN TOUCH AFTER THE BREWERY CLOSED: “WE USED TO MEET ONCE A MONTH AFTER [THE BREWERY] CLOSED DOWN UNTIL A YEAR OR SO AGO AT POP’S PUB JUST TO GET TOGETHER. [IT WAS] MAYBE FIFTEEN GUYS…IN THERE AND [WE WOULD] HAVE A COUPLE OF BEERS… THEN ONCE A YEAR, JUST BEFORE CHRISTMAS, WE’D HAVE…A BIG DUE... COLD CUTS, BUNS…AND STUFF AND WE WOULD GET ABOUT…TWENTY-FIVE GUYS OUT FOR THAT. THAT WAS SOMETHING WE CARRIED ON JUST ON OUR OWN FOR…A GET TOGETHER FROM WORKING TOGETHER.” “…THIS LAST SUMMER WE HAD NO MEETINGS DURING THE MONTH EXCEPT WE DID MEET THIS CHRISTMAS. WE HAD ABOUT TWENTY GUYS OUT.” WHEN ASKED WHETHER HE STILL RECEIVES BEER FROM MOLSON AFTER WORKING THERE, ZOLTAN REPLIED: “NO. I DID WHEN I RETIRED FOR ABOUT TWENTY-FIVE YEARS, I GOT TWO DOZEN A MONTH AND THEN THEY CUT IT DOWN TO ONE FOR ABOUT THREE YEARS AND THEN THEY CUT IT RIGHT OFF.” “THEY CUT IT OFF ABOUT THREE YEARS AGO I THINK.” ZOLTAN RECALLED THE POSITIVES OF WORKING AT THE BREWERY: “…THE CONDITIONS WERE GOOD, THE PEOPLE TO WORK WITH WERE VERY GOOD… EVERYBODY WAS SO GOOD TO GET ALONG WITH, THEY TREATED YOU GOOD… EVERY CHRISTMAS YOU HAD A CHOICE OF A CHRISTMAS TURKEY OR A HAM. THEN THE LAST DAY THEY SHUT DOWN IN THE MORNING BEFORE CHRISTMAS FOR US AND WE CLEANED UP THE PLACE AND WE HAD A BIG DINNER AT THE BREWERY… THEY HAD THEIR CHRISTMAS DINNER IN FEBRUARY BECAUSE THERE WAS TOO MANY AROUND DECEMBER SO THAT WAS FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY. WE HAD A BIG DINNER…A DANCE AND FREE LIQUOR… I KNOW ONE DAY WE HAD THE BIGGEST PRODUCTION, WE PUT OUT NINETY-THREE THOUSAND DOZEN OF BEER AND TWELVE HUNDRED KEGS IN A TWO SHIFT PERIOD, SO EVERYBODY GOT A CASE OF BEER TO GO HOME… WE HAD GOOD HOLIDAYS, LONG HOLIDAYS. WE STARTED UP…A SOCIAL CLUB AND WHEN THE BREWERY SHUT DOWN WE JUST FINISHED IT THIS LAST YEAR. WE KEPT IT GOING ALL THIS TIME, KEPT THE GUYS GOING. EVERY FEBRUARY WE’D HAVE A GOLF TOURNAMENT AT PICTURE BUTTE AND THEN WE’D HAVE A BBQ AT NIGHT WHEREVER WE’D RENT... WE HAD A LOT OF…[EVENTS] AT COALHURST…" WHEN ASKED WHETHER HE STILL DRINKS MOLSON, ZOLTAN REPLIED: “THAT’S THE ONLY THING I’LL TAKE.” “CANADIAN, THAT’S MY FAVOURITE DRINK.” FOR MORE INFORMATION, OR TO SEE THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, PLEASE SEE THE DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20200001000
Acquisition Date
2020-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
2004
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20190026000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
2004
Date Range To
2015
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
184.1
Width
84
Description
DARK BLUE FLAG WITH WHITE HOIST SEWN ALONG LEFT SIDE; FLAG HAS WOODEN DOWEL AT TOP LEFT CORNER ABOVE HOIST, AND WHITE CORD EXTENDING FROM LOWER LEFT CORNER AT HOIST. FLAG HAS IMAGE PRINTED ON FRONT, WITH REVERSE OF IMAGE PRINTED ON BACK OF FLAG; FRONT IMAGE FEATURES A GOLD, GREEN, AND RED CROWN ATOP GREEN LEAVES AND A GOLD SHIELD; GOLD SHIELD HAS BLACK TEXT AT THE TOP “LETHBRIDGE” WITH A CIRCLE IN THE CENTER DEPICTING BLACK IMAGES OF A TRAIN, WHEAT BUNDLE, AND ARM HOLDING A HAMMER; BOTTOM OF SHIELD HAS A GOLD BANNER WITH BLACK TEXT “REGIONAL POLICE” WITH A GOLD BEAVER BELOW. BACK OF FLAG HAS WHITE TAG SEWN TO HOIST WITH RED PRINTED TEXT “FLAG OUTLET, 1-800-596-0999, VANCOUVER, CALGARY, REGINA, WINNIPEG, TORONTO, HALIFAX”. FLAG HAS MINOR THREAD FRAYING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JANUARY 13, 2021, RETIRED LETHBRIDGE CHIEF OF POLICE JOHN MIDDLETON-HOPE SUBMITTED THE SUBSEQUENT NARRATIVE ON THE HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE FLAG. "IN AUGUST OF 2002, JOHN MIDDLETON-HOPE, AN INSPECTOR WITH THE CALGARY POLICE SERVICE WAS APPOINTED THE 25TH CHIEF OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE. DURING THAT FALL, DISCUSSIONS BEGAN WITH CHIEF DOUG HANCOCK OF THE COALDALE POLICE SERVICE TO EXAMINE AND DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF AMALGAMATING THE TWO POLICE SERVICES. CHIEF HANCOCK WAS CONCERNED THAT THE TOWN OF COALDALE WAS NO LONGER IN A POSITION TO PROVIDE ADEQUATE AND EFFECTIVE SERVICES TO ITS CITIZENS AND AS SUCH SOUGHT TO FORM A POLICING MODEL THAT HAD BEEN UNTESTED IN ALBERTA BUT WOULD PROVIDE POLICING TO BOTH COMMUNITIES FAIRLY AND EQUITABLY. "AS A RESULT, CHIEF MIDDLETON-HOPE AND CHIEF HANCOCK APPROACHED THEIR RESPECTIVE POLICE COMMISSIONS AND CITY COUNCILS TO INITIATE EXPLORATION OF THE AMALGAMATION OF THE TWO POLICE SERVICES TO WHICH ALL FOUR GOVERNING ENTITIES LATER AGREED. A BI-PARTISAN COMMITTEE WAS FORMED CONSISTING OF MEMBERS OF THE POLICE SERVICES, POLICE COMMISSIONS AND CITY COUNCILS AND THE FIRST REGIONAL POLICING MODEL IN CANADA WAS THE RESULT. SOLICITOR GENERAL, HEATHER FORSYTH EMPOWERED THE COMMUNITIES UNDER SECTION 24 OF THE POLICE ACT OF ALBERTA TO CREATE ONE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE THAT WOULD PROVIDE POLICE SERVICE TO THE REGION. "IN ESSENCE BOTH POLICE SERVICES CEASED TO EXIST ON FEBRUARY 1, 2004 AND A NEW REGIONAL MODEL EMERGED. AS PART OF THIS PROCESS, ALL FORMER BRANDING OF THE POLICE SERVICE WOULD HAVE TO BE AMENDED. THERE IS A PROCESS OF HERALDING THAT OCCURS WHEN THERE ARE ANY CHANGES TO THE CREST OR BADGE OF THE POLICE SERVICE THAT MUST BE APPROVED BY THE CANADIAN HERALDIC AUTHORITY, AUTHORIZED BY ‘LETTERS PATENT’ TO EXERCISE THE SOVEREIGN’S POWERS RELATED TO HERALDRY IN CANADA. THE GOVERNOR GENERAL IS THE HEAD OF THE CHA AND APPOINTS ITS OFFICERS (CALLED HERALDS). IT WAS FOR THIS REASON THAT FEW CHANGES WERE PROPOSED TO THE CREST AND BADGE, BUT IT WAS IMPORTANT BOTH COMMUNITIES WERE REFLECTED IN THE CHANGES MADE. "THE SEAL OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE THAT IDENTIFIED THE INCORPORATION OF LETHBRIDGE AS A TOWN AND CITY WAS REMOVED, BUT THE INDUSTRY THAT THE REGION WAS FOUNDED ON, COAL, AGRICULTURE, AND TRANSPORTATION (RAILROAD) WERE RETAINED. THIS REFLECTED THE HISTORY OF BOTH COALDALE AND LETHBRIDGE, A SHARED PAST WITH A BRIGHT AND INDUSTRIOUS FUTURE. "THE FLAG OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE REPRESENTED THE HOPES AND ASPIRATIONS OF THE MEN AND WOMEN WHO POLICED THE COMMUNITIES OF COALDALE AND LETHBRIDGE. THE REGIMENTAL FLAG OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE INCLUDED THE NEW CREST OF THE POLICE SERVICE ON A SKY BLUE BACKGROUND WITH GOLD TASSELS FRINGED ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE FLAG. THE KING’S CROWN IS AT THE HEAD OF THE CREST TO DEMONSTRATE ALLEGIANCE TO HIS MAJESTY KING EDWARD VII WHO WAS SOVEREIGN WHEN THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE WAS FORMED IN 1902. THE LEAVES AROUND THE CREST SIGNIFY THE JURISDICTIONAL BOUNDARIES OF THE POLICE SERVICE (ALBERTA) AND THE BEAVER AT THE BOTTOM IS A NATIONAL SYMBOL AND MAY BE FOUND ON MANY CANADIAN ITEMS WHICH REPRESENTS THE INDUSTRIOUS NATURE OF ITS PEOPLES. "TWO MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE, A/SERGEANT PAUL SMITH (DIED 1913 JUNE 10TH) AND CONSTABLE CALVIN BYAM (DIED 1964 JUNE 10TH) WERE KILLED IN THE LINE OF DUTY. BARS WITH THEIR NAMES WERE ATTACHED TO THE REGIMENTAL FLAG AND THEY ARE HONOURED FOR THE SACRIFICES THEY MADE PROTECTING THE CITIZENS OF LETHBRIDGE. THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE REGIMENTAL FLAG IS RETAINED BY THE CHIEF OF POLICE AND DEMONSTRATES A CONTINUITY OF LEADERSHIP FROM ONE CHIEF TO THE NEXT. THE FLAG OF THE POLICE SERVICE MAY BE SEEN FLYING FROM THE MAST IN FRONT OF THE POLICE HEADQUARTERS BUILDING AND IS A SYMBOL OF THE FEALTY ITS MEMBERS EMBODY TO THE CITIZENS OF LETHBRIDGE AND CANADA."
Catalogue Number
P20190026000
Acquisition Date
2019-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"IDLE NO MORE"
Date Range From
2012
Date Range To
2017
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170015001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"IDLE NO MORE"
Date Range From
2012
Date Range To
2017
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
5.7
Description
BUTTON WITH WHITE FRONT BACKGROUND AND FIRST NATIONS MEDICINE WHEEL IMAGE; MEDICINE WHEEL HAS BLACK OUTLINE AND, MOVING CLOCKWISE, A RED SECTION WITH A BLACK HANDPRINT, A BLACK SECTION WITH A WHITE HANDPRINT, A YELLOW SECTION WITH A BLACK HANDPRINT, AND A WHITE SECTION WITH A BLACK HANDPRINT. BUTTON HAS YELLOW TEXT ON A BLACK CIRCLE IN THE CENTER OF THE WHEEL, “MARCH 21”; BUTTON HAS WHITE TEXT RUNNING HORIZONTALLY ACROSS THE WHEEL, “IDLE NO MORE”, AND WHITE TEXT RUNNING VERTICALLY DOWN THE WHEEL, “STOP RACISM”. BACK OF BUTTON IS SILVER METAL; BACK HAS A SILVER METAL C-CLASP; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
POLITICS
History
THE WOMEN’S MARCH LETHBRIDGE FIRST OCCURRED ON JANUARY 17, 2017. ORIGINATING IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FOLLOWING THE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, THE WOMEN’S MARCH WAS AN INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT OF PROTESTS AND GATHERINGS IN SUPPORT OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, LGBTQ+ RIGHTS AND STANDING AGAINST INTOLERANCE AND DISCRIMINATION. THE 2017 WOMEN’S MARCH IN LETHBRIDGE SAW A GATHERING OF 500-600 PARTICIPANTS ALONG MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE SOUTH NEAR THE CORNER OF NINTH AVENUE. LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER WERE A PART OF THE WOMEN’S MARCH STANDING FOR WOMEN’S AND INDIGENOUS RIGHTS. ON MARCH 2, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER REGARDING THEIR DONATION AND PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE WOMEN’S MARCH. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE ‘IDLE NO MORE’ LOGO DESIGN, BRAVE ROCK EXPLAINED, “THE HAND AND THE FEATHER WERE ACTUALLY A DESIGN THAT WE HAD BEEN UTILIZING FOR THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, FOR THE BLOOD TRIBE CHAPTER OF THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO FOR ALL OF OUR SIGNAGE, FOR ANYTHING THAT WE DID FOR THE IDLE NO MORE BLOOD TRIBE…THE ORIGINAL IDLE NO MORE IMAGE THAT HAD BEEN ADOPTED ACROSS CANADA HAD THE HAIDA ART…WE KIND OF WANTED SOMETHING THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT MORE ‘OURS’, AND REFLECTIVE OF US BEING A PLAINS TRIBE, AND THAT WAS THE DESIGN…[THE HAIDA DESIGN] WAS MORE NATIONAL, AND I LOVE THE DESIGN AND EVERYTHING, BUT, WITH US BEING PLAINS…I DIDN’T REALLY FEEL THAT [THE NATIONAL DESIGN] REFLECTED OUR RESERVE, AND OUR INVOLVEMENT IN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT. WE JUST WANTED TO MAKE IT A LITTLE BIT MORE PERSONALIZED, AND IT WAS ACTUALLY ADOPTED BY THE PUBLIC SERVICE ALLIANCE OF CANADA FOR THE PRAIRIE REGION. THEY HAD ADOPTED THIS AS A BUTTON DESIGN, AND THEY HAD MADE A WHOLE BUNCH OF BUTTONS FOR EVERY PRAIRIE CHAPTER THAT THEY HAD…THAT DESIGN WAS ACTUALLY UTILIZED IN ALL OF THEIR PRAIRIE REGION OFFICES.” “WE DESIGNED [THE STANDING ROCK BUTTON], AS WELL. THE TOP PART WAS THEIRS—THAT’S THEIR FLAGS…WE MADE ALL THESE BUTTONS. WE HAVE A BUTTON-MAKER NOW. AND, WITH [WILLIAM] BEING AN ARTIST, HE CAN PRETTY MUCH DO ALL THE LAYOUT AND DESIGN AND EVERYTHING FOR THEM.” SINGER ADDED, “[THE DESIGN IS OURS] IT’S MEANT TO REPRESENT A TRUE ‘GRASSROOTS’ GROUP, BY DRAWING IT, INSTEAD OF HAVING IT DIGITALLY CREATED—SO, THIS WAY, IT’S ORGANIC.” ON THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, BRAVE ROCK SHARED, “WHEN IDLE NO MORE STARTED, IT WAS LIKE THIS IS A CONTINUATION OF RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS…WHAT STEPHEN HARPER IS DOING WITH BILL C51…ONE OF THE THINGS MY MOM ALWAYS TOLD ME ABOUT “GET YOUR EDUCATION—IT’S SO IMPORTANT BECAUSE ONE DAY IT WON’T BE THERE ANYMORE.” THIS GOVERNMENT IS NOT GOING TO KEEP CARING—THEY’VE BEEN TRYING EVER SINCE THE BEGINNING TO GET RID OF US…THERE WILL COME A DAY WHEN OUR EDUCATION WILL NOT BE PAID FOR ANYMORE, EVEN THOUGH THEY TOOK OUR LAND; EVEN THOUGH THEY ARE PROSPERING OFF OUR RESOURCES…THAT WAS ONE OF MY STATEMENTS IN THE OWCB WAS THAT, WHEN YOU LOOK DOWN IN THAT COULEE WHERE I GREW UP, AND ALL THAT WATER NOW GOES INTO THE IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IT GOES DOWN AS FAR AS TABER AND BEYOND. THAT WATER USED TO BELONG TO US; IT USED TO STAY ON THE RESERVE; IT USED TO FEED A WHOLE ECO-SYSTEM…THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT, I’M TRYING TO SAVE WHAT LITTLE IS LEFT, THAT’S [WHY] THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS THE LANGUAGE, BECAUSE IT IS SO IMPORTANT, BECAUSE WE ARE LOSING SO MANY ELDERS…WITH EVERY ELDER THAT WE LOSE, WE DON’T REALLY UNDERSTAND WHAT WE ARE REALLY LOSING, BECAUSE, FOR US, OUR ELDERS ARE REALLY THE KEY—THEY’RE OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE IN ANY OF THESE THINGS…IF THERE IS NOBODY TO SPEAK TO, OR WE DON’T KNOW, THEN WE WILL GO TO AN ELDER FIRST, AND WE WILL ALWAYS REFER TO AN ELDER FOR THE PROPER WAY TO DO THINGS. WE’RE STILL LEARNING [MORE] OURSELVES...” ON THE WOMEN’S MARCH, BRAVE ROCK ELABORATED, “FOR ME, AS A WOMAN, THERE IS NO OTHER PLACE I COULD THINK OF TO BE, ON THAT DAY THAT WAS MORE IMPORTANT. I WAS HAPPY TO SEE THAT THERE WERE OTHER FIRST NATIONS [PEOPLE] THERE…AS A FIRST NATIONS WOMAN, GROWING UP, MY MOTHER WAS IN A VERY ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP. MY GRANDFATHER WENT THROUGH RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND HE WAS VERY ABUSIVE TO MY GRANDMOTHER, AND MY MOTHER, GROWING UP, SO IT WAS A CYCLE. THE OLDER I GOT, I LEARNED THAT ALL OF THIS IS A CYCLE…BEFORE I WAS WITH WILLIAM, I WAS IN AN ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP…LEARNING TO TRY TO BREAK THAT CYCLE…I THINK THAT’S WHY [WILLIAM AND I HAVE] BEEN TOGETHER AS LONG AS WE HAVE. WE’VE BEEN TOGETHER OVER 21 YEARS NOW, [AND IT’S] BECAUSE WE’RE LOOKING AT TRYING TO CHANGE THE NEGATIVITY THAT WE’VE GROWN UP IN. IT’S A WORK IN PROGRESS. IT’S ALWAYS GOING TO BE WORK TO DEAL WITH WHAT WE’VE GONE THROUGH.” “WHEN I WAS 19 YEARS OLD, MY BEST FRIEND WAS KILLED BY HER HUSBAND. HE SERVED APPROXIMATELY TWO YEARS IN JAIL BEFORE HE WAS FREED, AND HE IS FREE ON THE RESERVE, LIVING HIS LIFE, HAVING A FAMILY, ALL OF THAT, WHILE SHE’S BEEN DEAD AND GONE NOW OVER 20 YEARS…WITH THIS BEING THE WOMEN’S MARCH, FOR ME IT IS VERY PERSONAL. THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT DRIVE ME, BECAUSE [MY FRIEND IS] NOT HERE. SHE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE; MY UNCLE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE, AND FOR ALL OF THESE PEOPLE, I LOOK AT MY LIFE, AND I THINK IF I CAN DO SOMETHING TO HONOR THE LEGACY OF THEIR LIFE—THEM NOT BEING HERE ANYMORE, THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT REALLY DRIVE ME, ARE THE PEOPLE THAT ARE IN OUR COMMUNITY THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST.” “WITH LOSING [MY FRIEND] ANGIE WHEN I WAS 19, THE WHOLE THING WITH TRUMP THAT SPARKED THE WHOLE WOMEN’S MARCH, THE WOMEN’S MOVEMENT…WHEN I LOOK AT THINGS LIKE THIS, I THINK WOMEN HAVE HAD A LOT OF CHALLENGES THAT THEY HAVE FACED OVER THE YEARS, JUST TO GET TO BE ON THE SAME LEVEL [AS MEN]. WE WERE JUST LISTENING TO THE CBC AND THEY WERE SAYING CANADA GOT SUCH A POOR GRADE RECENTLY…BECAUSE THERE’S NOT ENOUGH WOMEN IN HIGH POSITIONS IN COMPANIES. THE WOMEN ARE STILL GETTING VERY MUCH UNDER-PAID THAN MEN, AND WHENEVER I LOOK AT THESE ISSUES, I THINK ‘YEAH—AND IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, THAT MEANS [SHE’S PAID] EVEN LESS.’ IN ALL OF THESE INSTANCES, I THINK, IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, I THINK SHE IS EVEN CONSIDERED LESS WORTH THAN SOMEONE WHO IS NON-INDIGENOUS. THE WHOLE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN ISSUE, AGAIN, HAVING BEEN TOUCHED PERSONALLY BY THAT—HAVING THAT FEAR OF LOSING ANYONE ELSE TO THAT—IT’S VERY MUCH ALIVE IN ME. BECAUSE I’VE ALREADY GONE THROUGH IT, I JUST CAN’T STAND TO SEE SOMEONE ELSE TO LOSE SOMEONE ELSE LIKE THIS…I THINK EVEN SHANNAN [LITTLE] HAD COME ACROSS AND SAID, ‘IT’S REALLY IMPORTANT…TO HAVE YOU GUYS THERE.’ AND I SAID, ‘FOR SURE. WE’RE ON BOARD. WE’RE THERE. WE CAN’T KNIT OR DO THOSE HATS, BUT FOR SURE, WE’RE THERE, WE’RE SUPPORTING YOU.’” “TO ME [WOMEN’S RIGHTS ARE] AN ISSUE. IT’S VERY, VERY PERSONAL TO ME…BY THE TIME I WAS A TEENAGER, MY UNCLE WAS GONE, MY GRANDPA WASN’T A PART OF MY LIFE, MY STEP-DAD WAS SO ABUSIVE, WE DIDN’T SPEND AS MUCH TIME WITH HIM…I FEEL LIKE I GREW UP OUT OF A FAMILY OF WOMEN, AND PEOPLE TELL ME ALL THE TIME, ‘YOU’RE SO STRONG.’ IF YOU KNEW MY GRANDMOTHER—TO HAVE GONE THROUGH WHAT SHE HAS GONE THROUGH, TO LOSE HER HOME, TO HAVE KEPT US ALL TOGETHER…TO WHERE SHE NOW HAS ANOTHER HOME HERE ON THE RESERVE, TO HAVE ACCOMPLISHED WHAT SHE HAS DONE. MY MOM…I LOOK AT HER SOMETIMES, AND, ‘YOU’RE THIS OLD, AND YOU ARE STILL IN THAT STRUGGLE, AND YOU’RE STILL TRYING. AND I’M TRYING TO HELP YOU.’ ALL OF US ARE TRYING TO DO WHAT WE CAN TO HELP HER, SO, TO ME, THERE’S STILL SO MANY ISSUES FOR WOMEN, AND TO BE INDIGENOUS IS JUST ANOTHER STRIKE AGAINST THEM. IT’S SO IMPORTANT, I THINK, FOR US TO SEE HOW IMPORTANT OUR WOMEN REALLY ARE TO US, AND WHAT THEY MEAN TO US. THEY ARE OUR FUTURE. THEY ARE THE ONES THAT ARE BRINGING OUR FUTURE TO US…I STILL FEEL STRONGLY ABOUT IT—I’M ON BOARD FOR ANY OTHER ACTIVITIES THEY HAVE PLANNED. I’M VERY MUCH ON BOARD FOR THEM—PROBABLY BOTH OF US, NOW THAT [WILLIAM] HAS A GRANDDAUGHTER. WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE’RE NOT THE DECISION MAKERS, BUT, AT LEAST, IF WE ARE SOME KIND OF INFLUENCE, AT LEAST, IF WE’RE SOME KIND OF INSPIRATION TO ANYBODY, GOING FORWARD, THEN WE DID OUR JOB.” SINGER NOTED, “THE REASON BEING, IT IS PART OF OUR WORK, AND TO SUPPORT MY WIFE, AND EVERYONE THAT’S THERE. FOR MYSELF, AT LEAST ONE OF MY GOALS IS TO MAKE SURE EVERYONE IS SAFE, SO I’M THERE LOOKING AT IT, MAKING SURE NOTHING GOES WRONG, AND IF ANYTHING IS GOING TO HAPPEN, TO ACT. I ALWAYS RECRUIT OTHER MEN BEHIND THE SCENES TO BE SECURITY, SO I’M ALWAYS AT THE READY TO MAKE SURE EVERYBODY IS SAFE…IT’S IMPORTANT [TO BE AT THE MARCH]. WE WORK TOGETHER, AND IN THE BLACKFOOT WORLD, WE WORK TOGETHER AS WELL. COUNCIL HELPS THE WOMEN; WOMEN HELP THE MEN. ANYTIME THERE’S ANY TYPE OF CONFRONTATION, THE MEN ARE THERE TO TAKE CARE OF THE WOMEN AND CHILDREN, AND THE MEN, AS WARRIORS, THEIR MAIN JOB, FOR THEIR EXISTENCE, IS TO TAKE CARE OF THE LAND, AND THE PEOPLE. WELL, THAT’S THE WARRIOR, THAT’S THE ETHIC, SO I GO BY THAT. I WANT TO MAKE SURE NO ONE GETS HURT. THERE’S MYSELF, AND OTHERS ARE, AS WELL.” ON HER ACTIVISM WITHIN HER COMMUNITY, BRAVE ROCK RECALLED, “WE HAD FORMED COMMUNITIES IN UNITY…WITH OUR TRIBE BEING IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE TOWNS OF CARDSTON…AND FORT MACLEOD, AND THEN LETHBRIDGE…WE WERE ALWAYS HAVING INCIDENCES OF RACISM. A GOOD EXAMPLE IS THE BIG FIRE THAT WE HAD, THAT STARTED ON THE RESERVE, AND IT CAME INTO THE LETHBRIDGE COUNTY, AND IT HAD CAUSED QUITE A BIT OF DAMAGE. THERE WAS A LOT OF BACKLASH AT COMMUNITY MEMBERS JUST FOR THAT. COMMUNITIES IN UNITY CAME ABOUT FROM AN ATTACK BY A TRIBAL MEMBER, ON A NON-NATIVE COMMUNITY MEMBER OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THIS ATTACK HAPPENED, RIGHT AWAY, AGAIN, THE BACKLASH STARTED WITH OUR COMMUNITY MEMBERS BEING TARGETED, AND WE SAW THIS AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO BASICALLY TRY TO BRIDGE THE COMMUNITIES, AND FIND A WAY FOR COMMUNITY MEMBERS, FROM BOTH THE RESERVE, AND FROM LETHBRIDGE, TO WORK TOGETHER—TO TRY TO HAVE EVENTS THAT WERE INCLUSIVE, AND INVITING TO EVERYBODY, AND THAT’S WHERE THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IMAGE CAME ABOUT, AND, AGAIN, I THINK WE JUST DESIGNED THAT AT THE MEETING THAT WE HAD. WE HAD OUR ROUND DANCE EVENT, AND WE HAD DESIGNED THAT AT THE MOMENT THAT WE ALL HAD SAT TOGETHER, AND WE ALL CONTRIBUTED TO IT, AND PLANNED FOR THAT. SO WE ARE STILL DOING THINGS UNDER COMMUNITIES IN UNITY, AND THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO WHENEVER THERE IS AN ISSUE, WE ARE PRETTY MUCH INVOLVED WITH IT, BECAUSE ONE WAY OR ANOTHER, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE MOST LIKELY BEING AFFECTED BY THE ISSUE...” “THE THING THAT REALLY DRIVES US SOMETIMES IS THAT—THIS IS OUR LAND! THIS IS OUR HOME! IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN…WE ARE ONE OF THE TRIBES THAT WERE NEVER MOVED. WE WERE ONE OF THE TRIBES WHO HUNG ONTO OUR SUN DANCE, AND IT’S IN THAT SPIRIT THAT…WE NEED TO REMIND OUR PEOPLE WHO WE REALLY ARE, WHAT WE CAME FROM, AND THAT THE WAY THINGS ARE TODAY IS NOT THE WAY THAT IT’S SUPPOSED TO BE…WE HAVE THIS THING IN OUR CULTURE, OUR WAY OF LIFE, WHERE EVEN THE WHOLE SUN DANCE…IS TO HELP PEOPLE. OUR WHOLE CULTURE, WHEN WE PRAY, IT’S TO HELP PEOPLE. AND IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THAT’S WHAT BRINGS ME BACK TO IT…WHEN SOMEONE IS BEING RACIST…IT’S ALMOST THE SAME THING AS IN THE BIBLE. YOU TURN THE OTHER CHEEK. BUT FOR US, ALL WE CAN DO IS PRAY FOR THAT PERSON. AND PRAY THAT THEY WILL FIND THE KNOWLEDGE AND THEY WILL FIND A WAY TO COME TO THIS PLACE WHERE THEY ARE NOT IN THAT FRAME OF MIND ANYMORE. FOR US, I THINK THAT’S ANOTHER THING THAT WE REALLY TAKE TO HEART IS THAT OUR CULTURE HAS ALWAYS TAUGHT US TO HELP PEOPLE…WHAT I AM TRYING TO REMIND PEOPLE IS THAT IT’S NOT THAT WE WERE STUPID, OR WE DIDN’T UNDERSTAND…OUR WHOLE CULTURE IS BASED ON THE FACT THAT WE ARE HERE TO HELP PEOPLE…I COULD FOCUS ON ALL OF THE NEGATIVITY, AND I SEE WHAT THAT DOES TO PEOPLE, AND I SEE HOW HARD IT IS…WE HAVE OUR MOMENTS WHEN THINGS ARE VERY DARK, BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THIS KIND OF WORK, WE FOCUS MORE ON WHAT HAS TO BE DONE, AND WHAT COULD BE DONE, AS OPPOSED TO WHAT’S NOT HAPPENING.” “RIGHT NOW, THE WHOLE THING WITH CARDSTON, I JUST HAD A DISCUSSION WITH ONE OF THE LADIES THAT WAS SUPPORTING OUR ACTIONS, AND SHE WAS SAYING, ‘WELL, WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN NOW?’ AND, I TOLD HER, ‘WELL, AT THIS POINT, THE REASON WHY WE WERE DOING WHAT WE WERE DOING WAS BECAUSE NOBODY WAS DOING ANYTHING ABOUT IT,’ AND I’VE BEEN INVOLVED WITH THE ISSUE OF RACISM FOR SUCH A LONG TIME NOW…I WANTED TO GET IT OUT THERE. I WANTED PEOPLE TO START TALKING ABOUT IT…EVERY TIME THESE THINGS HAPPEN, WE PUT OUT A MESSAGE, BUT IF WE’RE NOT ACTUALLY SHOWING THAT WE CAN COME TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY, I DON’T THINK THE MESSAGE IS REALLY GETTING OUT THERE…MY HOPE IS THAT THINGS GROW FROM THIS…WHEN [IDLE NO MORE] CAME ABOUT, WE LOOKED AT HOW WE COULD LEARN WAYS THAT WE COULD TAKE ACTION…A LOT OF THE NEGATIVITY AND THE BAD THINGS THAT HAPPEN, WE ACKNOWLEDGE IT, AND WE KNOW IT’S GOING TO HAPPEN AGAIN. WE KNOW THERE WILL BE MORE INCIDENCES, BUT I LOOK AT EVERYTHING NOW AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO LEARN FROM THEM…THAT’S WHY WE’VE BEEN SO ACTIVE, BECAUSE WE KNOW WE ARE PROBABLY THE ONLY TWO THAT ARE REALLY WILLING TO JUST GET UP AND ACT ON THESE THINGS, AND AGAIN, WE THINK ABOUT THE FUTURE GENERATIONS…WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE DON’T WANT TO SEE WHAT WE WENT THROUGH TO BE REPEATED. WE WANT TO LEARN FROM WHAT WE HAVE EXPERIENCED, AND GO FORWARD IN A POSITIVE WAY, AND REALLY THIS KIND OF WORK IS THE ONLY THING THAT WE SEE RIGHT NOW TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT IN A POSITIVE MANNER.” “[WILLIAM AND I] WERE BOTH IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I WAS IN THE LATER YEARS, WHERE OUR TRIBE HAD BEEN RUNNING THEM, BUT WHEN HE WAS THERE—MY MOM WAS THERE—THEY WERE STILL UNDER THE NUNS, AND THE PRIESTS…WE BOTH KNOW WHAT THE EFFECT [IS]…THE EFFECT THAT IT’S STILL HAVING ON OUR FAMILY TODAY. WE ALSO COME FROM VERY POOR BACKGROUNDS. WE DON’T COME FROM MONEY. WE DON’T COME FROM FAMILIES THAT HAD PROMINENCE…WE GREW UP IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY WHICH HAS A LOT OF SOCIAL ISSUES. WE KNOW PERSONALLY WHAT IT IS LIKE TO HAVE THE OVER-CROWDING—THE LACK OF WATER…THROUGHOUT OUR LIVES, THOUGH, EDUCATION WAS VERY IMPORTANT. I DID EVERYTHING…I DIDN’T GRADUATE HERE IN CANADA—I ACTUALLY ENDED UP GOING TO A JOB CORPS CENTER IN THE UNITED STATES. WHEN I WENT THERE, I THINK THE RACISM WAS SO BAD IN CARDSTON, I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS INCAPABLE OF LEARNING. I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS STUPID—THAT I WOULD NEVER LEARN MATH…BUT WHEN I WENT TO THIS JOB CORPS—IT WAS AN ALL-NATIVE JOB CORPS…ALL OF THE STUDENTS THERE WOULD COME FROM ALL OF THE STATES IN THE U.S. ALL OF THESE TRIBES, AND THEY WENT TO THIS ONE JOB CORE CENTER OUTSIDE OF RONAN, MONTANA. IT WAS CALLED KICKING HORSE JOB CORPS CENTER…IT WAS ON THE FLATHEAD RESERVATION, SO THEIR KEY GOAL WAS THAT THEY WANTED THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE WORKING THERE TO BE FROM THAT TRIBE. WE HAD PEOPLE THAT WERE NATIVES THAT WERE TEACHING US ALL OF THE COURSES…I EXCELLED WHEN I GOT THERE…SO ONCE I LEFT THAT PLACE, I CAME TO THE REALIZATION THAT I WASN’T STUPID, THAT I COULD DO SOMETHING WITH MY LIFE, THAT I WASN’T GOING TO BE STUCK IN THIS RUT…I THINK WE LOOK NOW AT THE STATE OF THINGS, AND WE ARE LIKE—THIS IS THE TIME THAT THINGS NEED TO START CHANGING. WE SEE THAT A LOT OF THESE ISSUES AND HOW THEY’VE HURT [OUR COMMUNITIES]…[WE SEE] THE PEOPLE THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST IN OUR COMMUNITY—THAT, SO EASILY COULD HAVE BEEN US…A LOT OF MY RELATIVES I EVEN FEEL FOR, BECAUSE I WAS ABLE TO ESCAPE THAT LIFE, WHEN WE WERE KIDS, AND WHAT WE WERE GOING THROUGH, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVEN SOME OF MY RELATIVES HAVE ESCAPED THAT, SO FOR US, A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARE VERY, VERY PERSONAL.” “WE ARE ABLE TO USE OUR TALENTS, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVERYBODY IS GIFTED WITH SUCH TALENTS. WE ARE BOTH ARTISTS, AND I HAVE ALWAYS LOOKED AT IT AS A BLESSING. MY MOM HAS ALWAYS BEEN AN ARTIST, EVEN THOUGH SHE’S STRUGGLED A LOT IN HER LIFE, AND SHE’S STILL STRUGGLING…I THINK IT’S EASY FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE TO DRIVE BY THE RESERVE AND NOT UNDERSTAND WHAT’S REALLY HAPPENING THERE, BUT WE LIVE THERE…WE EVEN HAD A DISCUSSION WITH A GUY WHO JUST COULDN’T BELIEVE WHY WE WOULD EVER WANT TO MOVE BACK TO THE RESERVE, BUT THE WAY I SEE IT IS THAT, FOR THOSE OF US WHO HAVE AN EDUCATION, WE ARE LOSING OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE, WHICH IS OUR PEOPLE IF WE ARE EDUCATING THEM—SENDING THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO GET EDUCATED, BUT THEN WE ALSO HAVE TO SEND THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO FIND EMPLOYMENT. IF WE CAN’T BE BRINGING THOSE PEOPLE BACK, WE ARE NOT GOING TO BE CHANGING OUR SITUATION AT ALL, AND THIS IS ONE OF THE REASONS WHY WE WANTED TO MOVE BACK HOME, AND TRY TO MAKE THESE CHANGES. OUR BIGGEST THING IS EDUCATION AND AWARENESS—NO MATTER WHAT IT IS THAT WE ARE TRYING TO DO, AND WHY WE ARE REALLY OUT THERE IS, BECAUSE, IF PEOPLE ARE TALKING ABOUT THIS, THEN WE HAVE ACCOMPLISHED OUR GOAL. BUT, GOING BACK TO WHAT DRIVES US, IT IS REALLY…OUR PEOPLE; IT IS THE PEOPLE THAT ARE HERE, AND THE PEOPLE THAT WE HAVE ALREADY LOST, THAT REALLY KEEPS US GOING, AND THAT REALLY DO DRIVE US.” “I BELIEVE [ALLIES ARE PART OF THE SUCCESS]. BEING ABLE TO HAVE THAT IMAGE OF US, NOT ONLY ATTENDING THESE EVENTS TOGETHER, BUT PLANNING THEM TOGETHER, WORKING TOGETHER ON THAT SAME GOAL, WE’VE JUST BECOME FRIENDS WITH SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND HER HUSBAND, DAVE, OVER THE YEARS…FOR US, HAVING THOSE ALLIES, IT REALLY…I FEEL THAT IT GIVES US THIS BOOST [TOO]…THESE GUYS REALLY SUPPORT ALL OF OUR ACTIONS. WE VOLUNTEER, AND I THINK THE BEST PRICE THAT WE GET PAID IS THAT PEOPLE SHOW UP, AND THEY SUPPORT US, AND SHANNAN HAS BEEN A GREAT SOURCE OF SUPPORT…WE ARE ALSO INVOLVED IN ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. I THINK THAT’S WHERE I—EVEN AS A TEENAGER—WAS ALWAYS INVOLVED IN THAT AND COMPELLED BY WHAT WAS HAPPENING ENVIRONMENTALLY, JUST BY SEEING WHAT WAS HAPPENING ON THE RESERVE. WHEN I GREW UP WE HAD A LAKE, DOWN IN THE COULEE. WE DID ALL OUR FISHING/SWIMMING/BOATING/ EVERYTHING THERE, AND THAT WATER ISN’T EVEN THERE ANYMORE. I’M TELLING MY MOM, I’M REALLY TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THE DAY WHEN I’M NOT GOING TO SEE ANY WATER COMING THROUGH THIS PLACE ANYMORE, AND IT’S GOING TO BE REALLY HARD, BUT I’M TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THAT, SO WE HAVE OTHER ALLIES ON THAT FRONT. NOW WE’RE SEEING OUR ALLIES COMING FROM DIFFERENT AREAS, WHENEVER WE COME TO THESE ISSUES, AND TO ME IT’S, EVEN THOUGH WE HAVEN’T KNOWN THEM FOR VERY LONG, I JUST FEEL AT HOME WHEN I’M AROUND THEM, BECAUSE TO KNOW THAT THEY CARE AS MUCH AS WE DO ABOUT THESE THINGS REALLY, REALLY INSPIRES US. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT AN EVENT, SHANNAN OR SOMEBODY WILL BE THERE, AND I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IS SOMEBODY GOING TO SHOW UP, OR IS ANYBODY GOING TO SHOW UP. THAT’S HOW THEY HAVE BEEN SUPPORTING US OVER THIS TIME…WE HAVE OUR ALLIES, BUT WE ALSO HAVE OUR OTHER COMMUNITY MEMBERS. I UNDERSTAND WE HAVE A LOT OF SUPPORTERS FROM THE TRIBE, WHO COME UP TO US, AND THEY TALK TO US AND SAY, ‘GEEZ, IF I WASN’T DEALING WITH THIS, I WOULD HAVE BEEN THERE.’...A LOT OF TIMES I TELL PEOPLE ‘I KNOW.’” “I THINK WE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY LITERALLY EVERY ISSUE THAT FACES INDIGENOUS PEOPLE…ONE YEAR, I LOST 4 PEOPLE THAT HAD COMMITTED SUICIDE, AND I KNEW ALL OF THEM. TWO OF THEM WERE [WILLIAM’S] FIRST [COUSINS], MY SECOND COUSIN, WITHIN MONTHS OF EACH OTHER. AND, MY FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. THEN, ANOTHER FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. IN ONE YEAR, I HAD LOST FOUR PEOPLE TO SUICIDE, SO I TELL PEOPLE, THE REASON WHY WE’RE OUT HERE DOING THIS…IT’S BECAUSE WE KNOW OUR PEOPLE ARE SO BUSY…OUR PEOPLE HAVE TO WORK SO MUCH HARDER JUST TO MAKE ENDS MEET—JUST TO GET TO [THEIR] GOALS…I UNDERSTAND THAT, IF WE CAN BE HERE…BUT WE KNOW YOU’RE SUPPORTING US—IF YOU EVEN WANT TO HELP US OUT WITH A DONATION—THESE ARE THE KIND OF THINGS THAT JUST KEEP US GOING. TO HAVE OUR ALLIES, IT REALLY, REALLY HELPS. IT REALLY GIVES US THAT BOOST.” “IT WAS SURPRISING TO ME THAT WE WERE ACTUALLY GETTING CARDSTON COMMUNITY MEMBERS [AT THE PROTESTS], BECAUSE IT WAS OPEN TO EVERYBODY, BUT I WAS REALLY SURPRISED THEY ACTUALLY SHOWED UP…THE MAYOR CAME TO BOTH OF THE EVENTS, SO I WAS REALLY SURPRISED…THERE ARE GOING TO BE SOME VERY OPEN-MINDED PEOPLE [IN LETHBRIDGE], BUT CARDSTON, IT WAS REALLY SURPRISING. IT’S BEEN A PLEASANT SURPRISE, IN THE END, THAT WE’VE HAD SOME POSITIVE REACTION COME OUT OF THAT TOWN. SOMETIMES PEOPLE ASK ME ‘HOW DID IT GO?’ LIKE I SAID, IT WAS A SUCCESS IF ONE PERSON SHOWED UP. I’M JUST BLOWN AWAY IF MORE THAN FIVE PEOPLE SHOW UP.” SINGER SHARED, “FOR ME, [MY ACTIVISM] STARTED EARLY. I WAS A PART OF AN EXPERIMENT WHERE THEY HAD RESERVE CHILDREN THAT WERE LIVING IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS, OR GO TO SCHOOL ON THE RESERVE. THEY WERE FORCED TO GO TO AN OFF-RESERVE SCHOOL. I WAS PART OF THAT GROUP, SO I STARTED OUT AT ST. PAUL’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND THEN I WAS MOVED TO CARDSTON ELEMENTARY…FROM GRADE TWO ON, UNTIL I WENT INTO GRADE SEVEN IN CARDSTON, LIFE WAS PRETTY TOUGH, BECAUSE THAT WAS THE FIRST TIME A LOT OF US SEE NON-NATIVE KIDS…THEY CALLED US ALL KINDS OF NAMES—THAT STARTED FROM GRADE TWO ‘TIL GRADE SEVEN—AND THE THING THAT REALLY USED TO BOTHER ME A LOT WAS THAT THE TEACHERS WOULD SEE THAT AND THEY WOULDN’T DO ANYTHING TO THE NON-NATIVE KIDS, BUT YOU WOULD GET PUNISHED ANYWAY, EVEN THOUGH YOU DID NOTHING. IN GRADE SEVEN, I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE DIFFERENT, BEING IN A HIGH SCHOOL, BUT IT WASN’T. THIS TIME IT WASN’T STUDENTS. THIS TIME AROUND, IT WAS TEACHERS. I WAS SYSTEMATICALLY PICKED ON BY TWO TEACHERS IN CARDSTON, AND THAT’S WHEN I DECIDED ‘I’M TIRED OF THIS. TIRED OF GOING TO SCHOOL. LOOK WHAT IT’S DOING TO MYSELF. I CAN’T BE AROUND THESE PEOPLE.’ IT STARTED MAKING ME MORE NOT WANTING TO BE A PART OF THIS WORLD…I WAS SENT TO ST. MARY’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I FINISHED MY GRADE SEVEN THERE. I WENT BACK TO CARDSTON TO GIVE IT A CHANCE, AND IT WAS STILL THE SAME. SO, I STUCK IT OUT A YEAR, AND GRADE NINE, I WENT BACK AND I GRADUATED. FROM GRADE NINE, WHEN I WAS OUT AT ST. MARY’S, UNTIL I GRADUATED, I FELT A LOT BETTER BEING AROUND MY OWN PEOPLE…IT OPENED UP A LOT MORE AREAS WHERE—THINGS THAT I NEED TO KNOW—THE REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE—WAS THERE. IT WASN’T [THERE] IN CARDSTON.” “[THE SCHOOLS] DIDN’T TEACH YOU ABOUT ANYTHING. IF YOU WANTED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT YOUR HISTORY, YOU’D HAVE TO TELL YOUR GRANDMOTHER OR GRANDFATHER…AT ST. MARY’S ON THE RESERVE, IT WAS ALL BLOODS THERE. I GOT ALONG WITH THEM, AND THAT’S WHEN I STARTED REALIZING, AT THAT TIME, HOW DIFFERENT THINGS ARE, AND HOW THINGS HAVEN’T REALLY CHANGED, FROM THE TIME THAT WE MADE OUR WAY INTO THIS NEW WAY OF LIFE. SO FROM THERE, I DECIDED TO START [TRYING] TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT—TRY TO GET OTHERS INVOLVED. IT WAS AROUND THAT TIME I MET [LORI’S] GRANDFATHER. HE STARTED TALKING ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT, AND I STARTED ASKING HIM, ‘WELL, WHAT’S IT ABOUT?’…ANOTHER GUY, TOO, HE WAS ALL ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT. HE HAD AN OVER-ALL JACKET, HE HAD PATCHES, HE WAS JUST ‘EVERYTHING’. SO, I ASKED HIM, AND HE TOLD ME THE EXACT SAME THING. A LOT OF PEOPLE WOULD REALLY MAKE FUN OF HIM, SO, FOR ME, I DECIDED THAT THAT’S WHAT I WANTED TO DO, SO EVENTUALLY I ENDED UP HAVING TO BE A PART OF A GROUP ON THE RESERVE, CALLED THE KAINAI YOUTH SOCIETY. THEY WERE THE ONES THAT PUT UP THE MAJOR BLOCKADES IN THE ‘80S…I STARTED DOING THAT [ACTIVISM] WORK, AND I KNEW THAT THAT WASN’T JUST THE ONLY ISSUE THERE. THERE WAS A LOT MORE THAN LAND CLAIMS. THERE WAS THE RACISM ISSUE, THAT SORT OF WENT HAND-IN-HAND…FOR MYSELF, I’M IN THIS 100%. EVEN IF THERE’S A SMALL CROWD, STILL THOSE PEOPLE SHOWED UP—THEY MADE THAT EFFORT. LIKE I ALWAYS TELL LORI, IT’S ALWAYS US TWO, IT’S STRANGE…BUT SOMEONE’S GOT TO DO IT. I’VE SPOKE TO ONE OF THE OLDER FELLOWS THAT USED TO DO THIS TYPE OF WORK, LAST WEEK, AND WE’RE JUST CARRYING ON THE WORK THAT HE DID, SO, IT’S IMPORTANT TO STAND UP, TO QUESTION, AND JUST TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON, KNOW WHAT IN YOUR WORLD IS GOING ON. THAT’S WHY WE REALLY DO EVERY EFFORT TO EDUCATE NATIVE AND NON-NATIVE PEOPLE. FOR OURSELVES, THAT’S WHAT IT IS—IT’S EDUCATION. WE’VE GOT TO THE POINT WHERE WE HAVE A PACKAGE THAT WE GIVE OUT…IT’S ALL ABOUT EDUCATING PEOPLE ABOUT BLACKFOOT HISTORY, BECAUSE THE INFORMATION THAT IS OUT THERE IS NOT ACCURATE, AND A LOT OF TIMES IT’S NOT FROM A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER…[EDUCATION IS] THE BIGGEST PART OF IT. IT SORT OF CONTAINS INFORMATION, SOME ARTICLES THAT WE HAND OUT AT OUR INFORMATION TABLES—GIVES PEOPLE SOME UNDERSTANDING OF THE ISSUES THAT WE BOTH FACE.” “MOSES LAKE IS JUST BORDERING ON THE TOWN OF CARDSTON, ON THE NORTH. WE ACTUALLY HAVE A LAND CLAIM FOR THAT PORTION OF LAND THAT THEY’RE ON, BECAUSE, I GUESS, AT ONE POINT, WE HAD TAKEN PITY ON THEM, AND ALLOWED THEM TO STAY THERE, MADE AN AGREEMENT, AND THEY JUST NEVER LEFT…A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARISE AND [IS] ESPECIALLY ONE OF THE REASONS WE WERE SO COMPELLED TO DO THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IS THAT I DID NOT WANT TO SEE OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS GETTING HURT. IN THE TOWN OF CARDSTON WE HAD A RALLY THERE, EVEN BEFORE THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT BEGAN. I THINK THAT WAS 2011, AND, AT THAT TIME, IT WAS BECAUSE ONE OF OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS WAS WALKING ON THE ROAD THERE, HAD GOT BUMPED AND KILLED. THE DRIVER JUST DROVE ON, WENT ON WITH THE REST OF HIS NIGHT. HE SAID THAT HE THOUGHT HE HIT A DOG. AND THERE WAS A THREE YEAR-OLD THAT WAS KILLED, AGAIN, IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY…AGAIN, THE [DRIVER] SAID SHE THOUGHT SHE HIT A DOG. THERE WAS ANOTHER GIRL THAT WAS STRUCK ON A CROSS-WALK, AND THE SAME GUY THAT HIT HER WAS THE GUY THAT BUMPED AND KILLED [THE FIRST MEMBER], AND, IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THE RACISM IN CARDSTON IS COSTING PEOPLE THEIR LIVES. WE SEE THINGS THAT HAPPEN HERE IN LETHBRIDGE, AND WE KNOW THAT THERE ARE SITUATIONS WHERE THINGS LIKE THIS HAVE HAPPENED, WHERE WE HAVE BEEN SUSPICIOUS, AS COMMUNITY MEMBERS, ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS PERSON. WE JUST TRY TO, AT LEAST, HAVE SOME KIND OF OUTLET, BECAUSE, IF WE DON’T DO SOMETHING POSITIVE…THESE THINGS WILL JUST STAY OUT THERE. RECENTLY, WE DID THE WHOLE ISSUE WITH THE CARRIAGE HOUSE THEATER IN CARDSTON DOING THE WHOLE PETER PAN PRODUCTION. A LOT OF PEOPLE WERE SAYING, ‘THIS IS…JUST A PLAY’…I DIDN’T EVEN SEE THE THING, BUT I JUST THOUGHT, THIS IS THE ONE TIME WHERE WE CAN ACTUALLY SAY ‘THIS IS BLATANT RACISM.’ ALL THESE OTHER INSTANCES, WE CAN SAY THAT THIS WAS A FACTOR IN WHATEVER HAPPENED, BUT THERE WAS NO ACTUAL WAY TO PROVE IT, WHERE THIS ACTUALLY HAPPENED…THIS IS SHOWING HOW BLATANT THE RACISM IS, THAT WE ARE DEALING WITH, AND IF WE DON’T CALL THEM ON IT, IT’S NOT GOING TO STOP; IT’S NOT GOING TO END.” “SPEAKING WITH OUR ALLIES, THE WORK THAT WE STARTED, FROM 2012…WHEN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT STARTED, THINGS PICKED UP REALLY QUICK, AND IT WASN’T TOO LONG, WE GOT TO KNOW SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND FROM SHANNAN STARTED GIVING US INFORMATION FOR OTHER AVENUES [WE SHOULD EXPLORE]—WE GO INTO A BUDGET MEETING WITH THE LATE JIM HILLIER…LORI’S A BOARD MEMBER WITH THE OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL. I’M A MEMBER—A VOLUNTEER WITH THEM—AND, WITH THE WORK THAT WE’VE DONE, I’D SAY THE KAINAI ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION AGENCY CAME OUT OF THAT, BECAUSE WE’VE BEEN PRESSING A LOT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ON THE RESERVE. THIS GROUP HAS FORMED—WE’RE A PART OF THAT GROUP. NOW OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL WANTED TO DO A DOCUMENTARY ABOUT OUR WATER…THE HEADWATERS. WE BROUGHT THEM ONTO THE RESERVE, AND THAT REALLY CHANGED EVERYTHING ABOUT WHAT THEY PERCEIVED, OF WHAT OUR RESERVE IS. FROM THAT, A FILM WAS MADE. FROM THAT DAY, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE DOING A SOUND TRACK, SO, FROM THE WORK THAT WE HAVE DONE, YOU SEE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE GETTING INVOLVED IN WHATEVER WAY. IT’S OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS THAT ARE INVOLVED WITH THE WATERSHED COUNCIL NOW. THAT MAKES ME FEEL GOOD, BECAUSE EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN’T SEEM LIKE YOU’VE DONE A LOT, WHEN YOU LOOK AROUND OUTSIDE, ALL THESE DIFFERENT AVENUES WHERE WE’VE CREATED SOMETHING, AND THAT’S THE THING THAT WE’RE PROUD OF—THAT THAT HAPPENED, AND WE’D LIKE TO KEEP DOING THAT, BECAUSE THE ISSUES THAT WE DEAL WITH ARE EVERYTHING—ENVIRONMENT, LANGUAGE. GOING BACK TO THE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN, MY FATHER WAS MURDERED. EVEN THEN, A LOT OF MEN WERE MURDERED, AND NOTHING WAS DONE ABOUT IT…I THINK ABOUT MY DAD—I THINK ABOUT MY UNCLES—MY RELATIVES THAT WERE MURDERED. NOTHING WAS DONE. THAT’S WHY I’M THERE, TOO…WE’VE CREATED SOME IN-ROADS. I KNOW THE TOUGHEST ONE IS WITH RACISM—AND IT’S WITH CARDSTON, THE TOUGHEST PLACE TO DEAL WITH, SO, IT’S A START NOW, SO, HOPEFULLY SOMEONE ELSE CAN TAKE IT ON.” BRAVE ROCK NOTED, “YOU CAN ALWAYS HAVE HOPE, AND THAT’S WHY EDUCATION AND AWARENESS IS SO KEY, BECAUSE IF YOU DON’T BRING THESE THINGS TO THE FOREFRONT, TO HAVE PEOPLE TO OPEN THAT DISCUSSION, HOW CAN CHANGE EVER HAPPEN? I DON’T THINK [SOME ISSUES LIKE RACISM ARE] EVER GOING TO BE GONE IN OUR LIFETIME, OR EVEN IN OUR KID’S LIFETIMES—BUT, AGAIN, YOU CAN SIT AND WALLOW IN THE NEGATIVITY OF THE WHOLE THING, OR YOU CAN GET UP AND DO SOMETHING THAT MAY POSSIBLY INSPIRE SOMEBODY…I LIKED ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WHEN IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT CAME OUT, THERE WERE ALL THESE MEETINGS…IT WAS SAYING THAT A TRUE LEADER DOES NOT CREATE FOLLOWERS. A TRUE LEADER CREATES OTHER LEADERS…I MAY NOT HAVE HOPE THAT WE’RE EVER GOING TO ACHIEVE/GET RID OF SOME OF THE ISSUES THAT WE’RE DEALING WITH, BECAUSE THEY ARE SO HUGE, AND SO ALL-ENCOMPASSING…I WOULD FEEL VINDICATED IN ALL THE THINGS WE DID, IF WE INSPIRED SOMEBODY ELSE TO TAKE THE LEAD ON ANY OF THESE ISSUES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOS FROM THE PROTESTS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170015001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170015001
Acquisition Date
2017-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"IDLE NO MORE"
Date Range From
2012
Date Range To
2017
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170015002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"IDLE NO MORE"
Date Range From
2012
Date Range To
2017
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
5.7
Description
BUTTON WITH PRINTED IMAGE OF MEDICINE WHEEL ON FRONT; MEDICINE WHEEL HAS BLACK OUTLINE AND, MOVING CLOCKWISE, A RED SECTION WITH BLACK TEXT “UNITY”, A BLACK SECTION WITH WHITE TEXT “IDLE NO MORE”, A YELLOW SECTION WITH BLACK TEXT “SOLIDARITY”, AND A WHITE SECTION WITH TEXT “PEACE”. FRONT HAS A BLACK AND WHITE IMAGE OF A FIST RAISING A WHITE FEATHER WITH A BLACK TIP. BACK OF BUTTON IS SILVER METAL; BACK HAS A SILVER METAL C-CLASP; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
POLITICS
History
THE WOMEN’S MARCH LETHBRIDGE FIRST OCCURRED ON JANUARY 17, 2017. ORIGINATING IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FOLLOWING THE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, THE WOMEN’S MARCH WAS AN INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT OF PROTESTS AND GATHERINGS IN SUPPORT OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, LGBTQ+ RIGHTS AND STANDING AGAINST INTOLERANCE AND DISCRIMINATION. THE 2017 WOMEN’S MARCH IN LETHBRIDGE SAW A GATHERING OF 500-600 PARTICIPANTS ALONG MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE SOUTH NEAR THE CORNER OF NINTH AVENUE. LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER WERE A PART OF THE WOMEN’S MARCH STANDING FOR WOMEN’S AND INDIGENOUS RIGHTS. ON MARCH 2, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER REGARDING THEIR DONATION AND PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE WOMEN’S MARCH. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE ‘IDLE NO MORE’ LOGO DESIGN, BRAVE ROCK EXPLAINED, “THE HAND AND THE FEATHER WERE ACTUALLY A DESIGN THAT WE HAD BEEN UTILIZING FOR THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, FOR THE BLOOD TRIBE CHAPTER OF THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO FOR ALL OF OUR SIGNAGE, FOR ANYTHING THAT WE DID FOR THE IDLE NO MORE BLOOD TRIBE…THE ORIGINAL IDLE NO MORE IMAGE THAT HAD BEEN ADOPTED ACROSS CANADA HAD THE HAIDA ART…WE KIND OF WANTED SOMETHING THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT MORE ‘OURS’, AND REFLECTIVE OF US BEING A PLAINS TRIBE, AND THAT WAS THE DESIGN…[THE HAIDA DESIGN] WAS MORE NATIONAL, AND I LOVE THE DESIGN AND EVERYTHING, BUT, WITH US BEING PLAINS…I DIDN’T REALLY FEEL THAT [THE NATIONAL DESIGN] REFLECTED OUR RESERVE, AND OUR INVOLVEMENT IN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT. WE JUST WANTED TO MAKE IT A LITTLE BIT MORE PERSONALIZED, AND IT WAS ACTUALLY ADOPTED BY THE PUBLIC SERVICE ALLIANCE OF CANADA FOR THE PRAIRIE REGION. THEY HAD ADOPTED THIS AS A BUTTON DESIGN, AND THEY HAD MADE A WHOLE BUNCH OF BUTTONS FOR EVERY PRAIRIE CHAPTER THAT THEY HAD…THAT DESIGN WAS ACTUALLY UTILIZED IN ALL OF THEIR PRAIRIE REGION OFFICES.” “WE DESIGNED [THE STANDING ROCK BUTTON], AS WELL. THE TOP PART WAS THEIRS—THAT’S THEIR FLAGS…WE MADE ALL THESE BUTTONS. WE HAVE A BUTTON-MAKER NOW. AND, WITH [WILLIAM] BEING AN ARTIST, HE CAN PRETTY MUCH DO ALL THE LAYOUT AND DESIGN AND EVERYTHING FOR THEM.” SINGER ADDED, “[THE DESIGN IS OURS] IT’S MEANT TO REPRESENT A TRUE ‘GRASSROOTS’ GROUP, BY DRAWING IT, INSTEAD OF HAVING IT DIGITALLY CREATED—SO, THIS WAY, IT’S ORGANIC.” ON THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, BRAVE ROCK SHARED, “WHEN IDLE NO MORE STARTED, IT WAS LIKE THIS IS A CONTINUATION OF RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS…WHAT STEPHEN HARPER IS DOING WITH BILL C51…ONE OF THE THINGS MY MOM ALWAYS TOLD ME ABOUT “GET YOUR EDUCATION—IT’S SO IMPORTANT BECAUSE ONE DAY IT WON’T BE THERE ANYMORE.” THIS GOVERNMENT IS NOT GOING TO KEEP CARING—THEY’VE BEEN TRYING EVER SINCE THE BEGINNING TO GET RID OF US…THERE WILL COME A DAY WHEN OUR EDUCATION WILL NOT BE PAID FOR ANYMORE, EVEN THOUGH THEY TOOK OUR LAND; EVEN THOUGH THEY ARE PROSPERING OFF OUR RESOURCES…THAT WAS ONE OF MY STATEMENTS IN THE OWCB WAS THAT, WHEN YOU LOOK DOWN IN THAT COULEE WHERE I GREW UP, AND ALL THAT WATER NOW GOES INTO THE IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IT GOES DOWN AS FAR AS TABER AND BEYOND. THAT WATER USED TO BELONG TO US; IT USED TO STAY ON THE RESERVE; IT USED TO FEED A WHOLE ECO-SYSTEM…THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT, I’M TRYING TO SAVE WHAT LITTLE IS LEFT, THAT’S [WHY] THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS THE LANGUAGE, BECAUSE IT IS SO IMPORTANT, BECAUSE WE ARE LOSING SO MANY ELDERS…WITH EVERY ELDER THAT WE LOSE, WE DON’T REALLY UNDERSTAND WHAT WE ARE REALLY LOSING, BECAUSE, FOR US, OUR ELDERS ARE REALLY THE KEY—THEY’RE OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE IN ANY OF THESE THINGS…IF THERE IS NOBODY TO SPEAK TO, OR WE DON’T KNOW, THEN WE WILL GO TO AN ELDER FIRST, AND WE WILL ALWAYS REFER TO AN ELDER FOR THE PROPER WAY TO DO THINGS. WE’RE STILL LEARNING [MORE] OURSELVES...” ON THE WOMEN’S MARCH, BRAVE ROCK ELABORATED, “FOR ME, AS A WOMAN, THERE IS NO OTHER PLACE I COULD THINK OF TO BE, ON THAT DAY THAT WAS MORE IMPORTANT. I WAS HAPPY TO SEE THAT THERE WERE OTHER FIRST NATIONS [PEOPLE] THERE…AS A FIRST NATIONS WOMAN, GROWING UP, MY MOTHER WAS IN A VERY ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP. MY GRANDFATHER WENT THROUGH RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND HE WAS VERY ABUSIVE TO MY GRANDMOTHER, AND MY MOTHER, GROWING UP, SO IT WAS A CYCLE. THE OLDER I GOT, I LEARNED THAT ALL OF THIS IS A CYCLE…BEFORE I WAS WITH WILLIAM, I WAS IN AN ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP…LEARNING TO TRY TO BREAK THAT CYCLE…I THINK THAT’S WHY [WILLIAM AND I HAVE] BEEN TOGETHER AS LONG AS WE HAVE. WE’VE BEEN TOGETHER OVER 21 YEARS NOW, [AND IT’S] BECAUSE WE’RE LOOKING AT TRYING TO CHANGE THE NEGATIVITY THAT WE’VE GROWN UP IN. IT’S A WORK IN PROGRESS. IT’S ALWAYS GOING TO BE WORK TO DEAL WITH WHAT WE’VE GONE THROUGH.” “WHEN I WAS 19 YEARS OLD, MY BEST FRIEND WAS KILLED BY HER HUSBAND. HE SERVED APPROXIMATELY TWO YEARS IN JAIL BEFORE HE WAS FREED, AND HE IS FREE ON THE RESERVE, LIVING HIS LIFE, HAVING A FAMILY, ALL OF THAT, WHILE SHE’S BEEN DEAD AND GONE NOW OVER 20 YEARS…WITH THIS BEING THE WOMEN’S MARCH, FOR ME IT IS VERY PERSONAL. THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT DRIVE ME, BECAUSE [MY FRIEND IS] NOT HERE. SHE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE; MY UNCLE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE, AND FOR ALL OF THESE PEOPLE, I LOOK AT MY LIFE, AND I THINK IF I CAN DO SOMETHING TO HONOR THE LEGACY OF THEIR LIFE—THEM NOT BEING HERE ANYMORE, THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT REALLY DRIVE ME, ARE THE PEOPLE THAT ARE IN OUR COMMUNITY THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST.” “WITH LOSING [MY FRIEND] ANGIE WHEN I WAS 19, THE WHOLE THING WITH TRUMP THAT SPARKED THE WHOLE WOMEN’S MARCH, THE WOMEN’S MOVEMENT…WHEN I LOOK AT THINGS LIKE THIS, I THINK WOMEN HAVE HAD A LOT OF CHALLENGES THAT THEY HAVE FACED OVER THE YEARS, JUST TO GET TO BE ON THE SAME LEVEL [AS MEN]. WE WERE JUST LISTENING TO THE CBC AND THEY WERE SAYING CANADA GOT SUCH A POOR GRADE RECENTLY…BECAUSE THERE’S NOT ENOUGH WOMEN IN HIGH POSITIONS IN COMPANIES. THE WOMEN ARE STILL GETTING VERY MUCH UNDER-PAID THAN MEN, AND WHENEVER I LOOK AT THESE ISSUES, I THINK ‘YEAH—AND IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, THAT MEANS [SHE’S PAID] EVEN LESS.’ IN ALL OF THESE INSTANCES, I THINK, IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, I THINK SHE IS EVEN CONSIDERED LESS WORTH THAN SOMEONE WHO IS NON-INDIGENOUS. THE WHOLE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN ISSUE, AGAIN, HAVING BEEN TOUCHED PERSONALLY BY THAT—HAVING THAT FEAR OF LOSING ANYONE ELSE TO THAT—IT’S VERY MUCH ALIVE IN ME. BECAUSE I’VE ALREADY GONE THROUGH IT, I JUST CAN’T STAND TO SEE SOMEONE ELSE TO LOSE SOMEONE ELSE LIKE THIS…I THINK EVEN SHANNAN [LITTLE] HAD COME ACROSS AND SAID, ‘IT’S REALLY IMPORTANT…TO HAVE YOU GUYS THERE.’ AND I SAID, ‘FOR SURE. WE’RE ON BOARD. WE’RE THERE. WE CAN’T KNIT OR DO THOSE HATS, BUT FOR SURE, WE’RE THERE, WE’RE SUPPORTING YOU.’” “TO ME [WOMEN’S RIGHTS ARE] AN ISSUE. IT’S VERY, VERY PERSONAL TO ME…BY THE TIME I WAS A TEENAGER, MY UNCLE WAS GONE, MY GRANDPA WASN’T A PART OF MY LIFE, MY STEP-DAD WAS SO ABUSIVE, WE DIDN’T SPEND AS MUCH TIME WITH HIM…I FEEL LIKE I GREW UP OUT OF A FAMILY OF WOMEN, AND PEOPLE TELL ME ALL THE TIME, ‘YOU’RE SO STRONG.’ IF YOU KNEW MY GRANDMOTHER—TO HAVE GONE THROUGH WHAT SHE HAS GONE THROUGH, TO LOSE HER HOME, TO HAVE KEPT US ALL TOGETHER…TO WHERE SHE NOW HAS ANOTHER HOME HERE ON THE RESERVE, TO HAVE ACCOMPLISHED WHAT SHE HAS DONE. MY MOM…I LOOK AT HER SOMETIMES, AND, ‘YOU’RE THIS OLD, AND YOU ARE STILL IN THAT STRUGGLE, AND YOU’RE STILL TRYING. AND I’M TRYING TO HELP YOU.’ ALL OF US ARE TRYING TO DO WHAT WE CAN TO HELP HER, SO, TO ME, THERE’S STILL SO MANY ISSUES FOR WOMEN, AND TO BE INDIGENOUS IS JUST ANOTHER STRIKE AGAINST THEM. IT’S SO IMPORTANT, I THINK, FOR US TO SEE HOW IMPORTANT OUR WOMEN REALLY ARE TO US, AND WHAT THEY MEAN TO US. THEY ARE OUR FUTURE. THEY ARE THE ONES THAT ARE BRINGING OUR FUTURE TO US…I STILL FEEL STRONGLY ABOUT IT—I’M ON BOARD FOR ANY OTHER ACTIVITIES THEY HAVE PLANNED. I’M VERY MUCH ON BOARD FOR THEM—PROBABLY BOTH OF US, NOW THAT [WILLIAM] HAS A GRANDDAUGHTER. WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE’RE NOT THE DECISION MAKERS, BUT, AT LEAST, IF WE ARE SOME KIND OF INFLUENCE, AT LEAST, IF WE’RE SOME KIND OF INSPIRATION TO ANYBODY, GOING FORWARD, THEN WE DID OUR JOB.” SINGER NOTED, “THE REASON BEING, IT IS PART OF OUR WORK, AND TO SUPPORT MY WIFE, AND EVERYONE THAT’S THERE. FOR MYSELF, AT LEAST ONE OF MY GOALS IS TO MAKE SURE EVERYONE IS SAFE, SO I’M THERE LOOKING AT IT, MAKING SURE NOTHING GOES WRONG, AND IF ANYTHING IS GOING TO HAPPEN, TO ACT. I ALWAYS RECRUIT OTHER MEN BEHIND THE SCENES TO BE SECURITY, SO I’M ALWAYS AT THE READY TO MAKE SURE EVERYBODY IS SAFE…IT’S IMPORTANT [TO BE AT THE MARCH]. WE WORK TOGETHER, AND IN THE BLACKFOOT WORLD, WE WORK TOGETHER AS WELL. COUNCIL HELPS THE WOMEN; WOMEN HELP THE MEN. ANYTIME THERE’S ANY TYPE OF CONFRONTATION, THE MEN ARE THERE TO TAKE CARE OF THE WOMEN AND CHILDREN, AND THE MEN, AS WARRIORS, THEIR MAIN JOB, FOR THEIR EXISTENCE, IS TO TAKE CARE OF THE LAND, AND THE PEOPLE. WELL, THAT’S THE WARRIOR, THAT’S THE ETHIC, SO I GO BY THAT. I WANT TO MAKE SURE NO ONE GETS HURT. THERE’S MYSELF, AND OTHERS ARE, AS WELL.” ON HER ACTIVISM WITHIN HER COMMUNITY, BRAVE ROCK RECALLED, “WE HAD FORMED COMMUNITIES IN UNITY…WITH OUR TRIBE BEING IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE TOWNS OF CARDSTON…AND FORT MACLEOD, AND THEN LETHBRIDGE…WE WERE ALWAYS HAVING INCIDENCES OF RACISM. A GOOD EXAMPLE IS THE BIG FIRE THAT WE HAD, THAT STARTED ON THE RESERVE, AND IT CAME INTO THE LETHBRIDGE COUNTY, AND IT HAD CAUSED QUITE A BIT OF DAMAGE. THERE WAS A LOT OF BACKLASH AT COMMUNITY MEMBERS JUST FOR THAT. COMMUNITIES IN UNITY CAME ABOUT FROM AN ATTACK BY A TRIBAL MEMBER, ON A NON-NATIVE COMMUNITY MEMBER OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THIS ATTACK HAPPENED, RIGHT AWAY, AGAIN, THE BACKLASH STARTED WITH OUR COMMUNITY MEMBERS BEING TARGETED, AND WE SAW THIS AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO BASICALLY TRY TO BRIDGE THE COMMUNITIES, AND FIND A WAY FOR COMMUNITY MEMBERS, FROM BOTH THE RESERVE, AND FROM LETHBRIDGE, TO WORK TOGETHER—TO TRY TO HAVE EVENTS THAT WERE INCLUSIVE, AND INVITING TO EVERYBODY, AND THAT’S WHERE THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IMAGE CAME ABOUT, AND, AGAIN, I THINK WE JUST DESIGNED THAT AT THE MEETING THAT WE HAD. WE HAD OUR ROUND DANCE EVENT, AND WE HAD DESIGNED THAT AT THE MOMENT THAT WE ALL HAD SAT TOGETHER, AND WE ALL CONTRIBUTED TO IT, AND PLANNED FOR THAT. SO WE ARE STILL DOING THINGS UNDER COMMUNITIES IN UNITY, AND THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO WHENEVER THERE IS AN ISSUE, WE ARE PRETTY MUCH INVOLVED WITH IT, BECAUSE ONE WAY OR ANOTHER, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE MOST LIKELY BEING AFFECTED BY THE ISSUE...” “THE THING THAT REALLY DRIVES US SOMETIMES IS THAT—THIS IS OUR LAND! THIS IS OUR HOME! IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN…WE ARE ONE OF THE TRIBES THAT WERE NEVER MOVED. WE WERE ONE OF THE TRIBES WHO HUNG ONTO OUR SUN DANCE, AND IT’S IN THAT SPIRIT THAT…WE NEED TO REMIND OUR PEOPLE WHO WE REALLY ARE, WHAT WE CAME FROM, AND THAT THE WAY THINGS ARE TODAY IS NOT THE WAY THAT IT’S SUPPOSED TO BE…WE HAVE THIS THING IN OUR CULTURE, OUR WAY OF LIFE, WHERE EVEN THE WHOLE SUN DANCE…IS TO HELP PEOPLE. OUR WHOLE CULTURE, WHEN WE PRAY, IT’S TO HELP PEOPLE. AND IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THAT’S WHAT BRINGS ME BACK TO IT…WHEN SOMEONE IS BEING RACIST…IT’S ALMOST THE SAME THING AS IN THE BIBLE. YOU TURN THE OTHER CHEEK. BUT FOR US, ALL WE CAN DO IS PRAY FOR THAT PERSON. AND PRAY THAT THEY WILL FIND THE KNOWLEDGE AND THEY WILL FIND A WAY TO COME TO THIS PLACE WHERE THEY ARE NOT IN THAT FRAME OF MIND ANYMORE. FOR US, I THINK THAT’S ANOTHER THING THAT WE REALLY TAKE TO HEART IS THAT OUR CULTURE HAS ALWAYS TAUGHT US TO HELP PEOPLE…WHAT I AM TRYING TO REMIND PEOPLE IS THAT IT’S NOT THAT WE WERE STUPID, OR WE DIDN’T UNDERSTAND…OUR WHOLE CULTURE IS BASED ON THE FACT THAT WE ARE HERE TO HELP PEOPLE…I COULD FOCUS ON ALL OF THE NEGATIVITY, AND I SEE WHAT THAT DOES TO PEOPLE, AND I SEE HOW HARD IT IS…WE HAVE OUR MOMENTS WHEN THINGS ARE VERY DARK, BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THIS KIND OF WORK, WE FOCUS MORE ON WHAT HAS TO BE DONE, AND WHAT COULD BE DONE, AS OPPOSED TO WHAT’S NOT HAPPENING.” “RIGHT NOW, THE WHOLE THING WITH CARDSTON, I JUST HAD A DISCUSSION WITH ONE OF THE LADIES THAT WAS SUPPORTING OUR ACTIONS, AND SHE WAS SAYING, ‘WELL, WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN NOW?’ AND, I TOLD HER, ‘WELL, AT THIS POINT, THE REASON WHY WE WERE DOING WHAT WE WERE DOING WAS BECAUSE NOBODY WAS DOING ANYTHING ABOUT IT,’ AND I’VE BEEN INVOLVED WITH THE ISSUE OF RACISM FOR SUCH A LONG TIME NOW…I WANTED TO GET IT OUT THERE. I WANTED PEOPLE TO START TALKING ABOUT IT…EVERY TIME THESE THINGS HAPPEN, WE PUT OUT A MESSAGE, BUT IF WE’RE NOT ACTUALLY SHOWING THAT WE CAN COME TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY, I DON’T THINK THE MESSAGE IS REALLY GETTING OUT THERE…MY HOPE IS THAT THINGS GROW FROM THIS…WHEN [IDLE NO MORE] CAME ABOUT, WE LOOKED AT HOW WE COULD LEARN WAYS THAT WE COULD TAKE ACTION…A LOT OF THE NEGATIVITY AND THE BAD THINGS THAT HAPPEN, WE ACKNOWLEDGE IT, AND WE KNOW IT’S GOING TO HAPPEN AGAIN. WE KNOW THERE WILL BE MORE INCIDENCES, BUT I LOOK AT EVERYTHING NOW AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO LEARN FROM THEM…THAT’S WHY WE’VE BEEN SO ACTIVE, BECAUSE WE KNOW WE ARE PROBABLY THE ONLY TWO THAT ARE REALLY WILLING TO JUST GET UP AND ACT ON THESE THINGS, AND AGAIN, WE THINK ABOUT THE FUTURE GENERATIONS…WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE DON’T WANT TO SEE WHAT WE WENT THROUGH TO BE REPEATED. WE WANT TO LEARN FROM WHAT WE HAVE EXPERIENCED, AND GO FORWARD IN A POSITIVE WAY, AND REALLY THIS KIND OF WORK IS THE ONLY THING THAT WE SEE RIGHT NOW TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT IN A POSITIVE MANNER.” “[WILLIAM AND I] WERE BOTH IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I WAS IN THE LATER YEARS, WHERE OUR TRIBE HAD BEEN RUNNING THEM, BUT WHEN HE WAS THERE—MY MOM WAS THERE—THEY WERE STILL UNDER THE NUNS, AND THE PRIESTS…WE BOTH KNOW WHAT THE EFFECT [IS]…THE EFFECT THAT IT’S STILL HAVING ON OUR FAMILY TODAY. WE ALSO COME FROM VERY POOR BACKGROUNDS. WE DON’T COME FROM MONEY. WE DON’T COME FROM FAMILIES THAT HAD PROMINENCE…WE GREW UP IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY WHICH HAS A LOT OF SOCIAL ISSUES. WE KNOW PERSONALLY WHAT IT IS LIKE TO HAVE THE OVER-CROWDING—THE LACK OF WATER…THROUGHOUT OUR LIVES, THOUGH, EDUCATION WAS VERY IMPORTANT. I DID EVERYTHING…I DIDN’T GRADUATE HERE IN CANADA—I ACTUALLY ENDED UP GOING TO A JOB CORPS CENTER IN THE UNITED STATES. WHEN I WENT THERE, I THINK THE RACISM WAS SO BAD IN CARDSTON, I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS INCAPABLE OF LEARNING. I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS STUPID—THAT I WOULD NEVER LEARN MATH…BUT WHEN I WENT TO THIS JOB CORPS—IT WAS AN ALL-NATIVE JOB CORPS…ALL OF THE STUDENTS THERE WOULD COME FROM ALL OF THE STATES IN THE U.S. ALL OF THESE TRIBES, AND THEY WENT TO THIS ONE JOB CORE CENTER OUTSIDE OF RONAN, MONTANA. IT WAS CALLED KICKING HORSE JOB CORPS CENTER…IT WAS ON THE FLATHEAD RESERVATION, SO THEIR KEY GOAL WAS THAT THEY WANTED THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE WORKING THERE TO BE FROM THAT TRIBE. WE HAD PEOPLE THAT WERE NATIVES THAT WERE TEACHING US ALL OF THE COURSES…I EXCELLED WHEN I GOT THERE…SO ONCE I LEFT THAT PLACE, I CAME TO THE REALIZATION THAT I WASN’T STUPID, THAT I COULD DO SOMETHING WITH MY LIFE, THAT I WASN’T GOING TO BE STUCK IN THIS RUT…I THINK WE LOOK NOW AT THE STATE OF THINGS, AND WE ARE LIKE—THIS IS THE TIME THAT THINGS NEED TO START CHANGING. WE SEE THAT A LOT OF THESE ISSUES AND HOW THEY’VE HURT [OUR COMMUNITIES]…[WE SEE] THE PEOPLE THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST IN OUR COMMUNITY—THAT, SO EASILY COULD HAVE BEEN US…A LOT OF MY RELATIVES I EVEN FEEL FOR, BECAUSE I WAS ABLE TO ESCAPE THAT LIFE, WHEN WE WERE KIDS, AND WHAT WE WERE GOING THROUGH, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVEN SOME OF MY RELATIVES HAVE ESCAPED THAT, SO FOR US, A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARE VERY, VERY PERSONAL.” “WE ARE ABLE TO USE OUR TALENTS, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVERYBODY IS GIFTED WITH SUCH TALENTS. WE ARE BOTH ARTISTS, AND I HAVE ALWAYS LOOKED AT IT AS A BLESSING. MY MOM HAS ALWAYS BEEN AN ARTIST, EVEN THOUGH SHE’S STRUGGLED A LOT IN HER LIFE, AND SHE’S STILL STRUGGLING…I THINK IT’S EASY FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE TO DRIVE BY THE RESERVE AND NOT UNDERSTAND WHAT’S REALLY HAPPENING THERE, BUT WE LIVE THERE…WE EVEN HAD A DISCUSSION WITH A GUY WHO JUST COULDN’T BELIEVE WHY WE WOULD EVER WANT TO MOVE BACK TO THE RESERVE, BUT THE WAY I SEE IT IS THAT, FOR THOSE OF US WHO HAVE AN EDUCATION, WE ARE LOSING OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE, WHICH IS OUR PEOPLE IF WE ARE EDUCATING THEM—SENDING THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO GET EDUCATED, BUT THEN WE ALSO HAVE TO SEND THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO FIND EMPLOYMENT. IF WE CAN’T BE BRINGING THOSE PEOPLE BACK, WE ARE NOT GOING TO BE CHANGING OUR SITUATION AT ALL, AND THIS IS ONE OF THE REASONS WHY WE WANTED TO MOVE BACK HOME, AND TRY TO MAKE THESE CHANGES. OUR BIGGEST THING IS EDUCATION AND AWARENESS—NO MATTER WHAT IT IS THAT WE ARE TRYING TO DO, AND WHY WE ARE REALLY OUT THERE IS, BECAUSE, IF PEOPLE ARE TALKING ABOUT THIS, THEN WE HAVE ACCOMPLISHED OUR GOAL. BUT, GOING BACK TO WHAT DRIVES US, IT IS REALLY…OUR PEOPLE; IT IS THE PEOPLE THAT ARE HERE, AND THE PEOPLE THAT WE HAVE ALREADY LOST, THAT REALLY KEEPS US GOING, AND THAT REALLY DO DRIVE US.” “I BELIEVE [ALLIES ARE PART OF THE SUCCESS]. BEING ABLE TO HAVE THAT IMAGE OF US, NOT ONLY ATTENDING THESE EVENTS TOGETHER, BUT PLANNING THEM TOGETHER, WORKING TOGETHER ON THAT SAME GOAL, WE’VE JUST BECOME FRIENDS WITH SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND HER HUSBAND, DAVE, OVER THE YEARS…FOR US, HAVING THOSE ALLIES, IT REALLY…I FEEL THAT IT GIVES US THIS BOOST [TOO]…THESE GUYS REALLY SUPPORT ALL OF OUR ACTIONS. WE VOLUNTEER, AND I THINK THE BEST PRICE THAT WE GET PAID IS THAT PEOPLE SHOW UP, AND THEY SUPPORT US, AND SHANNAN HAS BEEN A GREAT SOURCE OF SUPPORT…WE ARE ALSO INVOLVED IN ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. I THINK THAT’S WHERE I—EVEN AS A TEENAGER—WAS ALWAYS INVOLVED IN THAT AND COMPELLED BY WHAT WAS HAPPENING ENVIRONMENTALLY, JUST BY SEEING WHAT WAS HAPPENING ON THE RESERVE. WHEN I GREW UP WE HAD A LAKE, DOWN IN THE COULEE. WE DID ALL OUR FISHING/SWIMMING/BOATING/ EVERYTHING THERE, AND THAT WATER ISN’T EVEN THERE ANYMORE. I’M TELLING MY MOM, I’M REALLY TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THE DAY WHEN I’M NOT GOING TO SEE ANY WATER COMING THROUGH THIS PLACE ANYMORE, AND IT’S GOING TO BE REALLY HARD, BUT I’M TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THAT, SO WE HAVE OTHER ALLIES ON THAT FRONT. NOW WE’RE SEEING OUR ALLIES COMING FROM DIFFERENT AREAS, WHENEVER WE COME TO THESE ISSUES, AND TO ME IT’S, EVEN THOUGH WE HAVEN’T KNOWN THEM FOR VERY LONG, I JUST FEEL AT HOME WHEN I’M AROUND THEM, BECAUSE TO KNOW THAT THEY CARE AS MUCH AS WE DO ABOUT THESE THINGS REALLY, REALLY INSPIRES US. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT AN EVENT, SHANNAN OR SOMEBODY WILL BE THERE, AND I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IS SOMEBODY GOING TO SHOW UP, OR IS ANYBODY GOING TO SHOW UP. THAT’S HOW THEY HAVE BEEN SUPPORTING US OVER THIS TIME…WE HAVE OUR ALLIES, BUT WE ALSO HAVE OUR OTHER COMMUNITY MEMBERS. I UNDERSTAND WE HAVE A LOT OF SUPPORTERS FROM THE TRIBE, WHO COME UP TO US, AND THEY TALK TO US AND SAY, ‘GEEZ, IF I WASN’T DEALING WITH THIS, I WOULD HAVE BEEN THERE.’...A LOT OF TIMES I TELL PEOPLE ‘I KNOW.’” “I THINK WE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY LITERALLY EVERY ISSUE THAT FACES INDIGENOUS PEOPLE…ONE YEAR, I LOST 4 PEOPLE THAT HAD COMMITTED SUICIDE, AND I KNEW ALL OF THEM. TWO OF THEM WERE [WILLIAM’S] FIRST [COUSINS], MY SECOND COUSIN, WITHIN MONTHS OF EACH OTHER. AND, MY FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. THEN, ANOTHER FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. IN ONE YEAR, I HAD LOST FOUR PEOPLE TO SUICIDE, SO I TELL PEOPLE, THE REASON WHY WE’RE OUT HERE DOING THIS…IT’S BECAUSE WE KNOW OUR PEOPLE ARE SO BUSY…OUR PEOPLE HAVE TO WORK SO MUCH HARDER JUST TO MAKE ENDS MEET—JUST TO GET TO [THEIR] GOALS…I UNDERSTAND THAT, IF WE CAN BE HERE…BUT WE KNOW YOU’RE SUPPORTING US—IF YOU EVEN WANT TO HELP US OUT WITH A DONATION—THESE ARE THE KIND OF THINGS THAT JUST KEEP US GOING. TO HAVE OUR ALLIES, IT REALLY, REALLY HELPS. IT REALLY GIVES US THAT BOOST.” “IT WAS SURPRISING TO ME THAT WE WERE ACTUALLY GETTING CARDSTON COMMUNITY MEMBERS [AT THE PROTESTS], BECAUSE IT WAS OPEN TO EVERYBODY, BUT I WAS REALLY SURPRISED THEY ACTUALLY SHOWED UP…THE MAYOR CAME TO BOTH OF THE EVENTS, SO I WAS REALLY SURPRISED…THERE ARE GOING TO BE SOME VERY OPEN-MINDED PEOPLE [IN LETHBRIDGE], BUT CARDSTON, IT WAS REALLY SURPRISING. IT’S BEEN A PLEASANT SURPRISE, IN THE END, THAT WE’VE HAD SOME POSITIVE REACTION COME OUT OF THAT TOWN. SOMETIMES PEOPLE ASK ME ‘HOW DID IT GO?’ LIKE I SAID, IT WAS A SUCCESS IF ONE PERSON SHOWED UP. I’M JUST BLOWN AWAY IF MORE THAN FIVE PEOPLE SHOW UP.” SINGER SHARED, “FOR ME, [MY ACTIVISM] STARTED EARLY. I WAS A PART OF AN EXPERIMENT WHERE THEY HAD RESERVE CHILDREN THAT WERE LIVING IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS, OR GO TO SCHOOL ON THE RESERVE. THEY WERE FORCED TO GO TO AN OFF-RESERVE SCHOOL. I WAS PART OF THAT GROUP, SO I STARTED OUT AT ST. PAUL’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND THEN I WAS MOVED TO CARDSTON ELEMENTARY…FROM GRADE TWO ON, UNTIL I WENT INTO GRADE SEVEN IN CARDSTON, LIFE WAS PRETTY TOUGH, BECAUSE THAT WAS THE FIRST TIME A LOT OF US SEE NON-NATIVE KIDS…THEY CALLED US ALL KINDS OF NAMES—THAT STARTED FROM GRADE TWO ‘TIL GRADE SEVEN—AND THE THING THAT REALLY USED TO BOTHER ME A LOT WAS THAT THE TEACHERS WOULD SEE THAT AND THEY WOULDN’T DO ANYTHING TO THE NON-NATIVE KIDS, BUT YOU WOULD GET PUNISHED ANYWAY, EVEN THOUGH YOU DID NOTHING. IN GRADE SEVEN, I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE DIFFERENT, BEING IN A HIGH SCHOOL, BUT IT WASN’T. THIS TIME IT WASN’T STUDENTS. THIS TIME AROUND, IT WAS TEACHERS. I WAS SYSTEMATICALLY PICKED ON BY TWO TEACHERS IN CARDSTON, AND THAT’S WHEN I DECIDED ‘I’M TIRED OF THIS. TIRED OF GOING TO SCHOOL. LOOK WHAT IT’S DOING TO MYSELF. I CAN’T BE AROUND THESE PEOPLE.’ IT STARTED MAKING ME MORE NOT WANTING TO BE A PART OF THIS WORLD…I WAS SENT TO ST. MARY’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I FINISHED MY GRADE SEVEN THERE. I WENT BACK TO CARDSTON TO GIVE IT A CHANCE, AND IT WAS STILL THE SAME. SO, I STUCK IT OUT A YEAR, AND GRADE NINE, I WENT BACK AND I GRADUATED. FROM GRADE NINE, WHEN I WAS OUT AT ST. MARY’S, UNTIL I GRADUATED, I FELT A LOT BETTER BEING AROUND MY OWN PEOPLE…IT OPENED UP A LOT MORE AREAS WHERE—THINGS THAT I NEED TO KNOW—THE REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE—WAS THERE. IT WASN’T [THERE] IN CARDSTON.” “[THE SCHOOLS] DIDN’T TEACH YOU ABOUT ANYTHING. IF YOU WANTED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT YOUR HISTORY, YOU’D HAVE TO TELL YOUR GRANDMOTHER OR GRANDFATHER…AT ST. MARY’S ON THE RESERVE, IT WAS ALL BLOODS THERE. I GOT ALONG WITH THEM, AND THAT’S WHEN I STARTED REALIZING, AT THAT TIME, HOW DIFFERENT THINGS ARE, AND HOW THINGS HAVEN’T REALLY CHANGED, FROM THE TIME THAT WE MADE OUR WAY INTO THIS NEW WAY OF LIFE. SO FROM THERE, I DECIDED TO START [TRYING] TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT—TRY TO GET OTHERS INVOLVED. IT WAS AROUND THAT TIME I MET [LORI’S] GRANDFATHER. HE STARTED TALKING ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT, AND I STARTED ASKING HIM, ‘WELL, WHAT’S IT ABOUT?’…ANOTHER GUY, TOO, HE WAS ALL ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT. HE HAD AN OVER-ALL JACKET, HE HAD PATCHES, HE WAS JUST ‘EVERYTHING’. SO, I ASKED HIM, AND HE TOLD ME THE EXACT SAME THING. A LOT OF PEOPLE WOULD REALLY MAKE FUN OF HIM, SO, FOR ME, I DECIDED THAT THAT’S WHAT I WANTED TO DO, SO EVENTUALLY I ENDED UP HAVING TO BE A PART OF A GROUP ON THE RESERVE, CALLED THE KAINAI YOUTH SOCIETY. THEY WERE THE ONES THAT PUT UP THE MAJOR BLOCKADES IN THE ‘80S…I STARTED DOING THAT [ACTIVISM] WORK, AND I KNEW THAT THAT WASN’T JUST THE ONLY ISSUE THERE. THERE WAS A LOT MORE THAN LAND CLAIMS. THERE WAS THE RACISM ISSUE, THAT SORT OF WENT HAND-IN-HAND…FOR MYSELF, I’M IN THIS 100%. EVEN IF THERE’S A SMALL CROWD, STILL THOSE PEOPLE SHOWED UP—THEY MADE THAT EFFORT. LIKE I ALWAYS TELL LORI, IT’S ALWAYS US TWO, IT’S STRANGE…BUT SOMEONE’S GOT TO DO IT. I’VE SPOKE TO ONE OF THE OLDER FELLOWS THAT USED TO DO THIS TYPE OF WORK, LAST WEEK, AND WE’RE JUST CARRYING ON THE WORK THAT HE DID, SO, IT’S IMPORTANT TO STAND UP, TO QUESTION, AND JUST TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON, KNOW WHAT IN YOUR WORLD IS GOING ON. THAT’S WHY WE REALLY DO EVERY EFFORT TO EDUCATE NATIVE AND NON-NATIVE PEOPLE. FOR OURSELVES, THAT’S WHAT IT IS—IT’S EDUCATION. WE’VE GOT TO THE POINT WHERE WE HAVE A PACKAGE THAT WE GIVE OUT…IT’S ALL ABOUT EDUCATING PEOPLE ABOUT BLACKFOOT HISTORY, BECAUSE THE INFORMATION THAT IS OUT THERE IS NOT ACCURATE, AND A LOT OF TIMES IT’S NOT FROM A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER…[EDUCATION IS] THE BIGGEST PART OF IT. IT SORT OF CONTAINS INFORMATION, SOME ARTICLES THAT WE HAND OUT AT OUR INFORMATION TABLES—GIVES PEOPLE SOME UNDERSTANDING OF THE ISSUES THAT WE BOTH FACE.” “MOSES LAKE IS JUST BORDERING ON THE TOWN OF CARDSTON, ON THE NORTH. WE ACTUALLY HAVE A LAND CLAIM FOR THAT PORTION OF LAND THAT THEY’RE ON, BECAUSE, I GUESS, AT ONE POINT, WE HAD TAKEN PITY ON THEM, AND ALLOWED THEM TO STAY THERE, MADE AN AGREEMENT, AND THEY JUST NEVER LEFT…A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARISE AND [IS] ESPECIALLY ONE OF THE REASONS WE WERE SO COMPELLED TO DO THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IS THAT I DID NOT WANT TO SEE OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS GETTING HURT. IN THE TOWN OF CARDSTON WE HAD A RALLY THERE, EVEN BEFORE THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT BEGAN. I THINK THAT WAS 2011, AND, AT THAT TIME, IT WAS BECAUSE ONE OF OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS WAS WALKING ON THE ROAD THERE, HAD GOT BUMPED AND KILLED. THE DRIVER JUST DROVE ON, WENT ON WITH THE REST OF HIS NIGHT. HE SAID THAT HE THOUGHT HE HIT A DOG. AND THERE WAS A THREE YEAR-OLD THAT WAS KILLED, AGAIN, IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY…AGAIN, THE [DRIVER] SAID SHE THOUGHT SHE HIT A DOG. THERE WAS ANOTHER GIRL THAT WAS STRUCK ON A CROSS-WALK, AND THE SAME GUY THAT HIT HER WAS THE GUY THAT BUMPED AND KILLED [THE FIRST MEMBER], AND, IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THE RACISM IN CARDSTON IS COSTING PEOPLE THEIR LIVES. WE SEE THINGS THAT HAPPEN HERE IN LETHBRIDGE, AND WE KNOW THAT THERE ARE SITUATIONS WHERE THINGS LIKE THIS HAVE HAPPENED, WHERE WE HAVE BEEN SUSPICIOUS, AS COMMUNITY MEMBERS, ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS PERSON. WE JUST TRY TO, AT LEAST, HAVE SOME KIND OF OUTLET, BECAUSE, IF WE DON’T DO SOMETHING POSITIVE…THESE THINGS WILL JUST STAY OUT THERE. RECENTLY, WE DID THE WHOLE ISSUE WITH THE CARRIAGE HOUSE THEATER IN CARDSTON DOING THE WHOLE PETER PAN PRODUCTION. A LOT OF PEOPLE WERE SAYING, ‘THIS IS…JUST A PLAY’…I DIDN’T EVEN SEE THE THING, BUT I JUST THOUGHT, THIS IS THE ONE TIME WHERE WE CAN ACTUALLY SAY ‘THIS IS BLATANT RACISM.’ ALL THESE OTHER INSTANCES, WE CAN SAY THAT THIS WAS A FACTOR IN WHATEVER HAPPENED, BUT THERE WAS NO ACTUAL WAY TO PROVE IT, WHERE THIS ACTUALLY HAPPENED…THIS IS SHOWING HOW BLATANT THE RACISM IS, THAT WE ARE DEALING WITH, AND IF WE DON’T CALL THEM ON IT, IT’S NOT GOING TO STOP; IT’S NOT GOING TO END.” “SPEAKING WITH OUR ALLIES, THE WORK THAT WE STARTED, FROM 2012…WHEN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT STARTED, THINGS PICKED UP REALLY QUICK, AND IT WASN’T TOO LONG, WE GOT TO KNOW SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND FROM SHANNAN STARTED GIVING US INFORMATION FOR OTHER AVENUES [WE SHOULD EXPLORE]—WE GO INTO A BUDGET MEETING WITH THE LATE JIM HILLIER…LORI’S A BOARD MEMBER WITH THE OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL. I’M A MEMBER—A VOLUNTEER WITH THEM—AND, WITH THE WORK THAT WE’VE DONE, I’D SAY THE KAINAI ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION AGENCY CAME OUT OF THAT, BECAUSE WE’VE BEEN PRESSING A LOT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ON THE RESERVE. THIS GROUP HAS FORMED—WE’RE A PART OF THAT GROUP. NOW OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL WANTED TO DO A DOCUMENTARY ABOUT OUR WATER…THE HEADWATERS. WE BROUGHT THEM ONTO THE RESERVE, AND THAT REALLY CHANGED EVERYTHING ABOUT WHAT THEY PERCEIVED, OF WHAT OUR RESERVE IS. FROM THAT, A FILM WAS MADE. FROM THAT DAY, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE DOING A SOUND TRACK, SO, FROM THE WORK THAT WE HAVE DONE, YOU SEE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE GETTING INVOLVED IN WHATEVER WAY. IT’S OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS THAT ARE INVOLVED WITH THE WATERSHED COUNCIL NOW. THAT MAKES ME FEEL GOOD, BECAUSE EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN’T SEEM LIKE YOU’VE DONE A LOT, WHEN YOU LOOK AROUND OUTSIDE, ALL THESE DIFFERENT AVENUES WHERE WE’VE CREATED SOMETHING, AND THAT’S THE THING THAT WE’RE PROUD OF—THAT THAT HAPPENED, AND WE’D LIKE TO KEEP DOING THAT, BECAUSE THE ISSUES THAT WE DEAL WITH ARE EVERYTHING—ENVIRONMENT, LANGUAGE. GOING BACK TO THE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN, MY FATHER WAS MURDERED. EVEN THEN, A LOT OF MEN WERE MURDERED, AND NOTHING WAS DONE ABOUT IT…I THINK ABOUT MY DAD—I THINK ABOUT MY UNCLES—MY RELATIVES THAT WERE MURDERED. NOTHING WAS DONE. THAT’S WHY I’M THERE, TOO…WE’VE CREATED SOME IN-ROADS. I KNOW THE TOUGHEST ONE IS WITH RACISM—AND IT’S WITH CARDSTON, THE TOUGHEST PLACE TO DEAL WITH, SO, IT’S A START NOW, SO, HOPEFULLY SOMEONE ELSE CAN TAKE IT ON.” BRAVE ROCK NOTED, “YOU CAN ALWAYS HAVE HOPE, AND THAT’S WHY EDUCATION AND AWARENESS IS SO KEY, BECAUSE IF YOU DON’T BRING THESE THINGS TO THE FOREFRONT, TO HAVE PEOPLE TO OPEN THAT DISCUSSION, HOW CAN CHANGE EVER HAPPEN? I DON’T THINK [SOME ISSUES LIKE RACISM ARE] EVER GOING TO BE GONE IN OUR LIFETIME, OR EVEN IN OUR KID’S LIFETIMES—BUT, AGAIN, YOU CAN SIT AND WALLOW IN THE NEGATIVITY OF THE WHOLE THING, OR YOU CAN GET UP AND DO SOMETHING THAT MAY POSSIBLY INSPIRE SOMEBODY…I LIKED ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WHEN IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT CAME OUT, THERE WERE ALL THESE MEETINGS…IT WAS SAYING THAT A TRUE LEADER DOES NOT CREATE FOLLOWERS. A TRUE LEADER CREATES OTHER LEADERS…I MAY NOT HAVE HOPE THAT WE’RE EVER GOING TO ACHIEVE/GET RID OF SOME OF THE ISSUES THAT WE’RE DEALING WITH, BECAUSE THEY ARE SO HUGE, AND SO ALL-ENCOMPASSING…I WOULD FEEL VINDICATED IN ALL THE THINGS WE DID, IF WE INSPIRED SOMEBODY ELSE TO TAKE THE LEAD ON ANY OF THESE ISSUES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOS FROM THE PROTESTS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170015001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170015002
Acquisition Date
2019-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"IDLE KNOW MORE"
Date Range From
2012
Date Range To
2017
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170015003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"IDLE KNOW MORE"
Date Range From
2012
Date Range To
2017
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
5.7
Description
BUTTON WITH WHITE BACKGROUND ON FRONT; FRONT HAS TWO IMAGES OF WHITE FEATHERS WITH BLACK TIPS AND RED STEMS CURVED IN AT TOP AND BOTTOM; FRONT HAS RED TEXT “IDLE [K]NO[W] MORE” WITH BLACK “K” AND “W” AROUND “NO”. BACK OF BUTTON IS SILVER METAL; BACK HAS A SILVER METAL C-CLASP; BACK SHOWS MINOR STAINING AND RESIDUE; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
POLITICS
History
THE WOMEN’S MARCH LETHBRIDGE FIRST OCCURRED ON JANUARY 17, 2017. ORIGINATING IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FOLLOWING THE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, THE WOMEN’S MARCH WAS AN INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT OF PROTESTS AND GATHERINGS IN SUPPORT OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, LGBTQ+ RIGHTS AND STANDING AGAINST INTOLERANCE AND DISCRIMINATION. THE 2017 WOMEN’S MARCH IN LETHBRIDGE SAW A GATHERING OF 500-600 PARTICIPANTS ALONG MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE SOUTH NEAR THE CORNER OF NINTH AVENUE. LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER WERE A PART OF THE WOMEN’S MARCH STANDING FOR WOMEN’S AND INDIGENOUS RIGHTS. ON MARCH 2, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER REGARDING THEIR DONATION AND PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE WOMEN’S MARCH. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE ‘IDLE NO MORE’ LOGO DESIGN, BRAVE ROCK EXPLAINED, “THE HAND AND THE FEATHER WERE ACTUALLY A DESIGN THAT WE HAD BEEN UTILIZING FOR THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, FOR THE BLOOD TRIBE CHAPTER OF THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO FOR ALL OF OUR SIGNAGE, FOR ANYTHING THAT WE DID FOR THE IDLE NO MORE BLOOD TRIBE…THE ORIGINAL IDLE NO MORE IMAGE THAT HAD BEEN ADOPTED ACROSS CANADA HAD THE HAIDA ART…WE KIND OF WANTED SOMETHING THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT MORE ‘OURS’, AND REFLECTIVE OF US BEING A PLAINS TRIBE, AND THAT WAS THE DESIGN…[THE HAIDA DESIGN] WAS MORE NATIONAL, AND I LOVE THE DESIGN AND EVERYTHING, BUT, WITH US BEING PLAINS…I DIDN’T REALLY FEEL THAT [THE NATIONAL DESIGN] REFLECTED OUR RESERVE, AND OUR INVOLVEMENT IN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT. WE JUST WANTED TO MAKE IT A LITTLE BIT MORE PERSONALIZED, AND IT WAS ACTUALLY ADOPTED BY THE PUBLIC SERVICE ALLIANCE OF CANADA FOR THE PRAIRIE REGION. THEY HAD ADOPTED THIS AS A BUTTON DESIGN, AND THEY HAD MADE A WHOLE BUNCH OF BUTTONS FOR EVERY PRAIRIE CHAPTER THAT THEY HAD…THAT DESIGN WAS ACTUALLY UTILIZED IN ALL OF THEIR PRAIRIE REGION OFFICES.” “WE DESIGNED [THE STANDING ROCK BUTTON], AS WELL. THE TOP PART WAS THEIRS—THAT’S THEIR FLAGS…WE MADE ALL THESE BUTTONS. WE HAVE A BUTTON-MAKER NOW. AND, WITH [WILLIAM] BEING AN ARTIST, HE CAN PRETTY MUCH DO ALL THE LAYOUT AND DESIGN AND EVERYTHING FOR THEM.” SINGER ADDED, “[THE DESIGN IS OURS] IT’S MEANT TO REPRESENT A TRUE ‘GRASSROOTS’ GROUP, BY DRAWING IT, INSTEAD OF HAVING IT DIGITALLY CREATED—SO, THIS WAY, IT’S ORGANIC.” ON THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, BRAVE ROCK SHARED, “WHEN IDLE NO MORE STARTED, IT WAS LIKE THIS IS A CONTINUATION OF RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS…WHAT STEPHEN HARPER IS DOING WITH BILL C51…ONE OF THE THINGS MY MOM ALWAYS TOLD ME ABOUT “GET YOUR EDUCATION—IT’S SO IMPORTANT BECAUSE ONE DAY IT WON’T BE THERE ANYMORE.” THIS GOVERNMENT IS NOT GOING TO KEEP CARING—THEY’VE BEEN TRYING EVER SINCE THE BEGINNING TO GET RID OF US…THERE WILL COME A DAY WHEN OUR EDUCATION WILL NOT BE PAID FOR ANYMORE, EVEN THOUGH THEY TOOK OUR LAND; EVEN THOUGH THEY ARE PROSPERING OFF OUR RESOURCES…THAT WAS ONE OF MY STATEMENTS IN THE OWCB WAS THAT, WHEN YOU LOOK DOWN IN THAT COULEE WHERE I GREW UP, AND ALL THAT WATER NOW GOES INTO THE IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IT GOES DOWN AS FAR AS TABER AND BEYOND. THAT WATER USED TO BELONG TO US; IT USED TO STAY ON THE RESERVE; IT USED TO FEED A WHOLE ECO-SYSTEM…THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT, I’M TRYING TO SAVE WHAT LITTLE IS LEFT, THAT’S [WHY] THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS THE LANGUAGE, BECAUSE IT IS SO IMPORTANT, BECAUSE WE ARE LOSING SO MANY ELDERS…WITH EVERY ELDER THAT WE LOSE, WE DON’T REALLY UNDERSTAND WHAT WE ARE REALLY LOSING, BECAUSE, FOR US, OUR ELDERS ARE REALLY THE KEY—THEY’RE OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE IN ANY OF THESE THINGS…IF THERE IS NOBODY TO SPEAK TO, OR WE DON’T KNOW, THEN WE WILL GO TO AN ELDER FIRST, AND WE WILL ALWAYS REFER TO AN ELDER FOR THE PROPER WAY TO DO THINGS. WE’RE STILL LEARNING [MORE] OURSELVES...” ON THE WOMEN’S MARCH, BRAVE ROCK ELABORATED, “FOR ME, AS A WOMAN, THERE IS NO OTHER PLACE I COULD THINK OF TO BE, ON THAT DAY THAT WAS MORE IMPORTANT. I WAS HAPPY TO SEE THAT THERE WERE OTHER FIRST NATIONS [PEOPLE] THERE…AS A FIRST NATIONS WOMAN, GROWING UP, MY MOTHER WAS IN A VERY ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP. MY GRANDFATHER WENT THROUGH RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND HE WAS VERY ABUSIVE TO MY GRANDMOTHER, AND MY MOTHER, GROWING UP, SO IT WAS A CYCLE. THE OLDER I GOT, I LEARNED THAT ALL OF THIS IS A CYCLE…BEFORE I WAS WITH WILLIAM, I WAS IN AN ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP…LEARNING TO TRY TO BREAK THAT CYCLE…I THINK THAT’S WHY [WILLIAM AND I HAVE] BEEN TOGETHER AS LONG AS WE HAVE. WE’VE BEEN TOGETHER OVER 21 YEARS NOW, [AND IT’S] BECAUSE WE’RE LOOKING AT TRYING TO CHANGE THE NEGATIVITY THAT WE’VE GROWN UP IN. IT’S A WORK IN PROGRESS. IT’S ALWAYS GOING TO BE WORK TO DEAL WITH WHAT WE’VE GONE THROUGH.” “WHEN I WAS 19 YEARS OLD, MY BEST FRIEND WAS KILLED BY HER HUSBAND. HE SERVED APPROXIMATELY TWO YEARS IN JAIL BEFORE HE WAS FREED, AND HE IS FREE ON THE RESERVE, LIVING HIS LIFE, HAVING A FAMILY, ALL OF THAT, WHILE SHE’S BEEN DEAD AND GONE NOW OVER 20 YEARS…WITH THIS BEING THE WOMEN’S MARCH, FOR ME IT IS VERY PERSONAL. THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT DRIVE ME, BECAUSE [MY FRIEND IS] NOT HERE. SHE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE; MY UNCLE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE, AND FOR ALL OF THESE PEOPLE, I LOOK AT MY LIFE, AND I THINK IF I CAN DO SOMETHING TO HONOR THE LEGACY OF THEIR LIFE—THEM NOT BEING HERE ANYMORE, THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT REALLY DRIVE ME, ARE THE PEOPLE THAT ARE IN OUR COMMUNITY THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST.” “WITH LOSING [MY FRIEND] ANGIE WHEN I WAS 19, THE WHOLE THING WITH TRUMP THAT SPARKED THE WHOLE WOMEN’S MARCH, THE WOMEN’S MOVEMENT…WHEN I LOOK AT THINGS LIKE THIS, I THINK WOMEN HAVE HAD A LOT OF CHALLENGES THAT THEY HAVE FACED OVER THE YEARS, JUST TO GET TO BE ON THE SAME LEVEL [AS MEN]. WE WERE JUST LISTENING TO THE CBC AND THEY WERE SAYING CANADA GOT SUCH A POOR GRADE RECENTLY…BECAUSE THERE’S NOT ENOUGH WOMEN IN HIGH POSITIONS IN COMPANIES. THE WOMEN ARE STILL GETTING VERY MUCH UNDER-PAID THAN MEN, AND WHENEVER I LOOK AT THESE ISSUES, I THINK ‘YEAH—AND IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, THAT MEANS [SHE’S PAID] EVEN LESS.’ IN ALL OF THESE INSTANCES, I THINK, IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, I THINK SHE IS EVEN CONSIDERED LESS WORTH THAN SOMEONE WHO IS NON-INDIGENOUS. THE WHOLE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN ISSUE, AGAIN, HAVING BEEN TOUCHED PERSONALLY BY THAT—HAVING THAT FEAR OF LOSING ANYONE ELSE TO THAT—IT’S VERY MUCH ALIVE IN ME. BECAUSE I’VE ALREADY GONE THROUGH IT, I JUST CAN’T STAND TO SEE SOMEONE ELSE TO LOSE SOMEONE ELSE LIKE THIS…I THINK EVEN SHANNAN [LITTLE] HAD COME ACROSS AND SAID, ‘IT’S REALLY IMPORTANT…TO HAVE YOU GUYS THERE.’ AND I SAID, ‘FOR SURE. WE’RE ON BOARD. WE’RE THERE. WE CAN’T KNIT OR DO THOSE HATS, BUT FOR SURE, WE’RE THERE, WE’RE SUPPORTING YOU.’” “TO ME [WOMEN’S RIGHTS ARE] AN ISSUE. IT’S VERY, VERY PERSONAL TO ME…BY THE TIME I WAS A TEENAGER, MY UNCLE WAS GONE, MY GRANDPA WASN’T A PART OF MY LIFE, MY STEP-DAD WAS SO ABUSIVE, WE DIDN’T SPEND AS MUCH TIME WITH HIM…I FEEL LIKE I GREW UP OUT OF A FAMILY OF WOMEN, AND PEOPLE TELL ME ALL THE TIME, ‘YOU’RE SO STRONG.’ IF YOU KNEW MY GRANDMOTHER—TO HAVE GONE THROUGH WHAT SHE HAS GONE THROUGH, TO LOSE HER HOME, TO HAVE KEPT US ALL TOGETHER…TO WHERE SHE NOW HAS ANOTHER HOME HERE ON THE RESERVE, TO HAVE ACCOMPLISHED WHAT SHE HAS DONE. MY MOM…I LOOK AT HER SOMETIMES, AND, ‘YOU’RE THIS OLD, AND YOU ARE STILL IN THAT STRUGGLE, AND YOU’RE STILL TRYING. AND I’M TRYING TO HELP YOU.’ ALL OF US ARE TRYING TO DO WHAT WE CAN TO HELP HER, SO, TO ME, THERE’S STILL SO MANY ISSUES FOR WOMEN, AND TO BE INDIGENOUS IS JUST ANOTHER STRIKE AGAINST THEM. IT’S SO IMPORTANT, I THINK, FOR US TO SEE HOW IMPORTANT OUR WOMEN REALLY ARE TO US, AND WHAT THEY MEAN TO US. THEY ARE OUR FUTURE. THEY ARE THE ONES THAT ARE BRINGING OUR FUTURE TO US…I STILL FEEL STRONGLY ABOUT IT—I’M ON BOARD FOR ANY OTHER ACTIVITIES THEY HAVE PLANNED. I’M VERY MUCH ON BOARD FOR THEM—PROBABLY BOTH OF US, NOW THAT [WILLIAM] HAS A GRANDDAUGHTER. WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE’RE NOT THE DECISION MAKERS, BUT, AT LEAST, IF WE ARE SOME KIND OF INFLUENCE, AT LEAST, IF WE’RE SOME KIND OF INSPIRATION TO ANYBODY, GOING FORWARD, THEN WE DID OUR JOB.” SINGER NOTED, “THE REASON BEING, IT IS PART OF OUR WORK, AND TO SUPPORT MY WIFE, AND EVERYONE THAT’S THERE. FOR MYSELF, AT LEAST ONE OF MY GOALS IS TO MAKE SURE EVERYONE IS SAFE, SO I’M THERE LOOKING AT IT, MAKING SURE NOTHING GOES WRONG, AND IF ANYTHING IS GOING TO HAPPEN, TO ACT. I ALWAYS RECRUIT OTHER MEN BEHIND THE SCENES TO BE SECURITY, SO I’M ALWAYS AT THE READY TO MAKE SURE EVERYBODY IS SAFE…IT’S IMPORTANT [TO BE AT THE MARCH]. WE WORK TOGETHER, AND IN THE BLACKFOOT WORLD, WE WORK TOGETHER AS WELL. COUNCIL HELPS THE WOMEN; WOMEN HELP THE MEN. ANYTIME THERE’S ANY TYPE OF CONFRONTATION, THE MEN ARE THERE TO TAKE CARE OF THE WOMEN AND CHILDREN, AND THE MEN, AS WARRIORS, THEIR MAIN JOB, FOR THEIR EXISTENCE, IS TO TAKE CARE OF THE LAND, AND THE PEOPLE. WELL, THAT’S THE WARRIOR, THAT’S THE ETHIC, SO I GO BY THAT. I WANT TO MAKE SURE NO ONE GETS HURT. THERE’S MYSELF, AND OTHERS ARE, AS WELL.” ON HER ACTIVISM WITHIN HER COMMUNITY, BRAVE ROCK RECALLED, “WE HAD FORMED COMMUNITIES IN UNITY…WITH OUR TRIBE BEING IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE TOWNS OF CARDSTON…AND FORT MACLEOD, AND THEN LETHBRIDGE…WE WERE ALWAYS HAVING INCIDENCES OF RACISM. A GOOD EXAMPLE IS THE BIG FIRE THAT WE HAD, THAT STARTED ON THE RESERVE, AND IT CAME INTO THE LETHBRIDGE COUNTY, AND IT HAD CAUSED QUITE A BIT OF DAMAGE. THERE WAS A LOT OF BACKLASH AT COMMUNITY MEMBERS JUST FOR THAT. COMMUNITIES IN UNITY CAME ABOUT FROM AN ATTACK BY A TRIBAL MEMBER, ON A NON-NATIVE COMMUNITY MEMBER OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THIS ATTACK HAPPENED, RIGHT AWAY, AGAIN, THE BACKLASH STARTED WITH OUR COMMUNITY MEMBERS BEING TARGETED, AND WE SAW THIS AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO BASICALLY TRY TO BRIDGE THE COMMUNITIES, AND FIND A WAY FOR COMMUNITY MEMBERS, FROM BOTH THE RESERVE, AND FROM LETHBRIDGE, TO WORK TOGETHER—TO TRY TO HAVE EVENTS THAT WERE INCLUSIVE, AND INVITING TO EVERYBODY, AND THAT’S WHERE THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IMAGE CAME ABOUT, AND, AGAIN, I THINK WE JUST DESIGNED THAT AT THE MEETING THAT WE HAD. WE HAD OUR ROUND DANCE EVENT, AND WE HAD DESIGNED THAT AT THE MOMENT THAT WE ALL HAD SAT TOGETHER, AND WE ALL CONTRIBUTED TO IT, AND PLANNED FOR THAT. SO WE ARE STILL DOING THINGS UNDER COMMUNITIES IN UNITY, AND THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO WHENEVER THERE IS AN ISSUE, WE ARE PRETTY MUCH INVOLVED WITH IT, BECAUSE ONE WAY OR ANOTHER, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE MOST LIKELY BEING AFFECTED BY THE ISSUE...” “THE THING THAT REALLY DRIVES US SOMETIMES IS THAT—THIS IS OUR LAND! THIS IS OUR HOME! IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN…WE ARE ONE OF THE TRIBES THAT WERE NEVER MOVED. WE WERE ONE OF THE TRIBES WHO HUNG ONTO OUR SUN DANCE, AND IT’S IN THAT SPIRIT THAT…WE NEED TO REMIND OUR PEOPLE WHO WE REALLY ARE, WHAT WE CAME FROM, AND THAT THE WAY THINGS ARE TODAY IS NOT THE WAY THAT IT’S SUPPOSED TO BE…WE HAVE THIS THING IN OUR CULTURE, OUR WAY OF LIFE, WHERE EVEN THE WHOLE SUN DANCE…IS TO HELP PEOPLE. OUR WHOLE CULTURE, WHEN WE PRAY, IT’S TO HELP PEOPLE. AND IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THAT’S WHAT BRINGS ME BACK TO IT…WHEN SOMEONE IS BEING RACIST…IT’S ALMOST THE SAME THING AS IN THE BIBLE. YOU TURN THE OTHER CHEEK. BUT FOR US, ALL WE CAN DO IS PRAY FOR THAT PERSON. AND PRAY THAT THEY WILL FIND THE KNOWLEDGE AND THEY WILL FIND A WAY TO COME TO THIS PLACE WHERE THEY ARE NOT IN THAT FRAME OF MIND ANYMORE. FOR US, I THINK THAT’S ANOTHER THING THAT WE REALLY TAKE TO HEART IS THAT OUR CULTURE HAS ALWAYS TAUGHT US TO HELP PEOPLE…WHAT I AM TRYING TO REMIND PEOPLE IS THAT IT’S NOT THAT WE WERE STUPID, OR WE DIDN’T UNDERSTAND…OUR WHOLE CULTURE IS BASED ON THE FACT THAT WE ARE HERE TO HELP PEOPLE…I COULD FOCUS ON ALL OF THE NEGATIVITY, AND I SEE WHAT THAT DOES TO PEOPLE, AND I SEE HOW HARD IT IS…WE HAVE OUR MOMENTS WHEN THINGS ARE VERY DARK, BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THIS KIND OF WORK, WE FOCUS MORE ON WHAT HAS TO BE DONE, AND WHAT COULD BE DONE, AS OPPOSED TO WHAT’S NOT HAPPENING.” “RIGHT NOW, THE WHOLE THING WITH CARDSTON, I JUST HAD A DISCUSSION WITH ONE OF THE LADIES THAT WAS SUPPORTING OUR ACTIONS, AND SHE WAS SAYING, ‘WELL, WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN NOW?’ AND, I TOLD HER, ‘WELL, AT THIS POINT, THE REASON WHY WE WERE DOING WHAT WE WERE DOING WAS BECAUSE NOBODY WAS DOING ANYTHING ABOUT IT,’ AND I’VE BEEN INVOLVED WITH THE ISSUE OF RACISM FOR SUCH A LONG TIME NOW…I WANTED TO GET IT OUT THERE. I WANTED PEOPLE TO START TALKING ABOUT IT…EVERY TIME THESE THINGS HAPPEN, WE PUT OUT A MESSAGE, BUT IF WE’RE NOT ACTUALLY SHOWING THAT WE CAN COME TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY, I DON’T THINK THE MESSAGE IS REALLY GETTING OUT THERE…MY HOPE IS THAT THINGS GROW FROM THIS…WHEN [IDLE NO MORE] CAME ABOUT, WE LOOKED AT HOW WE COULD LEARN WAYS THAT WE COULD TAKE ACTION…A LOT OF THE NEGATIVITY AND THE BAD THINGS THAT HAPPEN, WE ACKNOWLEDGE IT, AND WE KNOW IT’S GOING TO HAPPEN AGAIN. WE KNOW THERE WILL BE MORE INCIDENCES, BUT I LOOK AT EVERYTHING NOW AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO LEARN FROM THEM…THAT’S WHY WE’VE BEEN SO ACTIVE, BECAUSE WE KNOW WE ARE PROBABLY THE ONLY TWO THAT ARE REALLY WILLING TO JUST GET UP AND ACT ON THESE THINGS, AND AGAIN, WE THINK ABOUT THE FUTURE GENERATIONS…WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE DON’T WANT TO SEE WHAT WE WENT THROUGH TO BE REPEATED. WE WANT TO LEARN FROM WHAT WE HAVE EXPERIENCED, AND GO FORWARD IN A POSITIVE WAY, AND REALLY THIS KIND OF WORK IS THE ONLY THING THAT WE SEE RIGHT NOW TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT IN A POSITIVE MANNER.” “[WILLIAM AND I] WERE BOTH IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I WAS IN THE LATER YEARS, WHERE OUR TRIBE HAD BEEN RUNNING THEM, BUT WHEN HE WAS THERE—MY MOM WAS THERE—THEY WERE STILL UNDER THE NUNS, AND THE PRIESTS…WE BOTH KNOW WHAT THE EFFECT [IS]…THE EFFECT THAT IT’S STILL HAVING ON OUR FAMILY TODAY. WE ALSO COME FROM VERY POOR BACKGROUNDS. WE DON’T COME FROM MONEY. WE DON’T COME FROM FAMILIES THAT HAD PROMINENCE…WE GREW UP IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY WHICH HAS A LOT OF SOCIAL ISSUES. WE KNOW PERSONALLY WHAT IT IS LIKE TO HAVE THE OVER-CROWDING—THE LACK OF WATER…THROUGHOUT OUR LIVES, THOUGH, EDUCATION WAS VERY IMPORTANT. I DID EVERYTHING…I DIDN’T GRADUATE HERE IN CANADA—I ACTUALLY ENDED UP GOING TO A JOB CORPS CENTER IN THE UNITED STATES. WHEN I WENT THERE, I THINK THE RACISM WAS SO BAD IN CARDSTON, I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS INCAPABLE OF LEARNING. I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS STUPID—THAT I WOULD NEVER LEARN MATH…BUT WHEN I WENT TO THIS JOB CORPS—IT WAS AN ALL-NATIVE JOB CORPS…ALL OF THE STUDENTS THERE WOULD COME FROM ALL OF THE STATES IN THE U.S. ALL OF THESE TRIBES, AND THEY WENT TO THIS ONE JOB CORE CENTER OUTSIDE OF RONAN, MONTANA. IT WAS CALLED KICKING HORSE JOB CORPS CENTER…IT WAS ON THE FLATHEAD RESERVATION, SO THEIR KEY GOAL WAS THAT THEY WANTED THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE WORKING THERE TO BE FROM THAT TRIBE. WE HAD PEOPLE THAT WERE NATIVES THAT WERE TEACHING US ALL OF THE COURSES…I EXCELLED WHEN I GOT THERE…SO ONCE I LEFT THAT PLACE, I CAME TO THE REALIZATION THAT I WASN’T STUPID, THAT I COULD DO SOMETHING WITH MY LIFE, THAT I WASN’T GOING TO BE STUCK IN THIS RUT…I THINK WE LOOK NOW AT THE STATE OF THINGS, AND WE ARE LIKE—THIS IS THE TIME THAT THINGS NEED TO START CHANGING. WE SEE THAT A LOT OF THESE ISSUES AND HOW THEY’VE HURT [OUR COMMUNITIES]…[WE SEE] THE PEOPLE THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST IN OUR COMMUNITY—THAT, SO EASILY COULD HAVE BEEN US…A LOT OF MY RELATIVES I EVEN FEEL FOR, BECAUSE I WAS ABLE TO ESCAPE THAT LIFE, WHEN WE WERE KIDS, AND WHAT WE WERE GOING THROUGH, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVEN SOME OF MY RELATIVES HAVE ESCAPED THAT, SO FOR US, A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARE VERY, VERY PERSONAL.” “WE ARE ABLE TO USE OUR TALENTS, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVERYBODY IS GIFTED WITH SUCH TALENTS. WE ARE BOTH ARTISTS, AND I HAVE ALWAYS LOOKED AT IT AS A BLESSING. MY MOM HAS ALWAYS BEEN AN ARTIST, EVEN THOUGH SHE’S STRUGGLED A LOT IN HER LIFE, AND SHE’S STILL STRUGGLING…I THINK IT’S EASY FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE TO DRIVE BY THE RESERVE AND NOT UNDERSTAND WHAT’S REALLY HAPPENING THERE, BUT WE LIVE THERE…WE EVEN HAD A DISCUSSION WITH A GUY WHO JUST COULDN’T BELIEVE WHY WE WOULD EVER WANT TO MOVE BACK TO THE RESERVE, BUT THE WAY I SEE IT IS THAT, FOR THOSE OF US WHO HAVE AN EDUCATION, WE ARE LOSING OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE, WHICH IS OUR PEOPLE IF WE ARE EDUCATING THEM—SENDING THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO GET EDUCATED, BUT THEN WE ALSO HAVE TO SEND THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO FIND EMPLOYMENT. IF WE CAN’T BE BRINGING THOSE PEOPLE BACK, WE ARE NOT GOING TO BE CHANGING OUR SITUATION AT ALL, AND THIS IS ONE OF THE REASONS WHY WE WANTED TO MOVE BACK HOME, AND TRY TO MAKE THESE CHANGES. OUR BIGGEST THING IS EDUCATION AND AWARENESS—NO MATTER WHAT IT IS THAT WE ARE TRYING TO DO, AND WHY WE ARE REALLY OUT THERE IS, BECAUSE, IF PEOPLE ARE TALKING ABOUT THIS, THEN WE HAVE ACCOMPLISHED OUR GOAL. BUT, GOING BACK TO WHAT DRIVES US, IT IS REALLY…OUR PEOPLE; IT IS THE PEOPLE THAT ARE HERE, AND THE PEOPLE THAT WE HAVE ALREADY LOST, THAT REALLY KEEPS US GOING, AND THAT REALLY DO DRIVE US.” “I BELIEVE [ALLIES ARE PART OF THE SUCCESS]. BEING ABLE TO HAVE THAT IMAGE OF US, NOT ONLY ATTENDING THESE EVENTS TOGETHER, BUT PLANNING THEM TOGETHER, WORKING TOGETHER ON THAT SAME GOAL, WE’VE JUST BECOME FRIENDS WITH SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND HER HUSBAND, DAVE, OVER THE YEARS…FOR US, HAVING THOSE ALLIES, IT REALLY…I FEEL THAT IT GIVES US THIS BOOST [TOO]…THESE GUYS REALLY SUPPORT ALL OF OUR ACTIONS. WE VOLUNTEER, AND I THINK THE BEST PRICE THAT WE GET PAID IS THAT PEOPLE SHOW UP, AND THEY SUPPORT US, AND SHANNAN HAS BEEN A GREAT SOURCE OF SUPPORT…WE ARE ALSO INVOLVED IN ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. I THINK THAT’S WHERE I—EVEN AS A TEENAGER—WAS ALWAYS INVOLVED IN THAT AND COMPELLED BY WHAT WAS HAPPENING ENVIRONMENTALLY, JUST BY SEEING WHAT WAS HAPPENING ON THE RESERVE. WHEN I GREW UP WE HAD A LAKE, DOWN IN THE COULEE. WE DID ALL OUR FISHING/SWIMMING/BOATING/ EVERYTHING THERE, AND THAT WATER ISN’T EVEN THERE ANYMORE. I’M TELLING MY MOM, I’M REALLY TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THE DAY WHEN I’M NOT GOING TO SEE ANY WATER COMING THROUGH THIS PLACE ANYMORE, AND IT’S GOING TO BE REALLY HARD, BUT I’M TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THAT, SO WE HAVE OTHER ALLIES ON THAT FRONT. NOW WE’RE SEEING OUR ALLIES COMING FROM DIFFERENT AREAS, WHENEVER WE COME TO THESE ISSUES, AND TO ME IT’S, EVEN THOUGH WE HAVEN’T KNOWN THEM FOR VERY LONG, I JUST FEEL AT HOME WHEN I’M AROUND THEM, BECAUSE TO KNOW THAT THEY CARE AS MUCH AS WE DO ABOUT THESE THINGS REALLY, REALLY INSPIRES US. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT AN EVENT, SHANNAN OR SOMEBODY WILL BE THERE, AND I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IS SOMEBODY GOING TO SHOW UP, OR IS ANYBODY GOING TO SHOW UP. THAT’S HOW THEY HAVE BEEN SUPPORTING US OVER THIS TIME…WE HAVE OUR ALLIES, BUT WE ALSO HAVE OUR OTHER COMMUNITY MEMBERS. I UNDERSTAND WE HAVE A LOT OF SUPPORTERS FROM THE TRIBE, WHO COME UP TO US, AND THEY TALK TO US AND SAY, ‘GEEZ, IF I WASN’T DEALING WITH THIS, I WOULD HAVE BEEN THERE.’...A LOT OF TIMES I TELL PEOPLE ‘I KNOW.’” “I THINK WE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY LITERALLY EVERY ISSUE THAT FACES INDIGENOUS PEOPLE…ONE YEAR, I LOST 4 PEOPLE THAT HAD COMMITTED SUICIDE, AND I KNEW ALL OF THEM. TWO OF THEM WERE [WILLIAM’S] FIRST [COUSINS], MY SECOND COUSIN, WITHIN MONTHS OF EACH OTHER. AND, MY FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. THEN, ANOTHER FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. IN ONE YEAR, I HAD LOST FOUR PEOPLE TO SUICIDE, SO I TELL PEOPLE, THE REASON WHY WE’RE OUT HERE DOING THIS…IT’S BECAUSE WE KNOW OUR PEOPLE ARE SO BUSY…OUR PEOPLE HAVE TO WORK SO MUCH HARDER JUST TO MAKE ENDS MEET—JUST TO GET TO [THEIR] GOALS…I UNDERSTAND THAT, IF WE CAN BE HERE…BUT WE KNOW YOU’RE SUPPORTING US—IF YOU EVEN WANT TO HELP US OUT WITH A DONATION—THESE ARE THE KIND OF THINGS THAT JUST KEEP US GOING. TO HAVE OUR ALLIES, IT REALLY, REALLY HELPS. IT REALLY GIVES US THAT BOOST.” “IT WAS SURPRISING TO ME THAT WE WERE ACTUALLY GETTING CARDSTON COMMUNITY MEMBERS [AT THE PROTESTS], BECAUSE IT WAS OPEN TO EVERYBODY, BUT I WAS REALLY SURPRISED THEY ACTUALLY SHOWED UP…THE MAYOR CAME TO BOTH OF THE EVENTS, SO I WAS REALLY SURPRISED…THERE ARE GOING TO BE SOME VERY OPEN-MINDED PEOPLE [IN LETHBRIDGE], BUT CARDSTON, IT WAS REALLY SURPRISING. IT’S BEEN A PLEASANT SURPRISE, IN THE END, THAT WE’VE HAD SOME POSITIVE REACTION COME OUT OF THAT TOWN. SOMETIMES PEOPLE ASK ME ‘HOW DID IT GO?’ LIKE I SAID, IT WAS A SUCCESS IF ONE PERSON SHOWED UP. I’M JUST BLOWN AWAY IF MORE THAN FIVE PEOPLE SHOW UP.” SINGER SHARED, “FOR ME, [MY ACTIVISM] STARTED EARLY. I WAS A PART OF AN EXPERIMENT WHERE THEY HAD RESERVE CHILDREN THAT WERE LIVING IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS, OR GO TO SCHOOL ON THE RESERVE. THEY WERE FORCED TO GO TO AN OFF-RESERVE SCHOOL. I WAS PART OF THAT GROUP, SO I STARTED OUT AT ST. PAUL’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND THEN I WAS MOVED TO CARDSTON ELEMENTARY…FROM GRADE TWO ON, UNTIL I WENT INTO GRADE SEVEN IN CARDSTON, LIFE WAS PRETTY TOUGH, BECAUSE THAT WAS THE FIRST TIME A LOT OF US SEE NON-NATIVE KIDS…THEY CALLED US ALL KINDS OF NAMES—THAT STARTED FROM GRADE TWO ‘TIL GRADE SEVEN—AND THE THING THAT REALLY USED TO BOTHER ME A LOT WAS THAT THE TEACHERS WOULD SEE THAT AND THEY WOULDN’T DO ANYTHING TO THE NON-NATIVE KIDS, BUT YOU WOULD GET PUNISHED ANYWAY, EVEN THOUGH YOU DID NOTHING. IN GRADE SEVEN, I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE DIFFERENT, BEING IN A HIGH SCHOOL, BUT IT WASN’T. THIS TIME IT WASN’T STUDENTS. THIS TIME AROUND, IT WAS TEACHERS. I WAS SYSTEMATICALLY PICKED ON BY TWO TEACHERS IN CARDSTON, AND THAT’S WHEN I DECIDED ‘I’M TIRED OF THIS. TIRED OF GOING TO SCHOOL. LOOK WHAT IT’S DOING TO MYSELF. I CAN’T BE AROUND THESE PEOPLE.’ IT STARTED MAKING ME MORE NOT WANTING TO BE A PART OF THIS WORLD…I WAS SENT TO ST. MARY’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I FINISHED MY GRADE SEVEN THERE. I WENT BACK TO CARDSTON TO GIVE IT A CHANCE, AND IT WAS STILL THE SAME. SO, I STUCK IT OUT A YEAR, AND GRADE NINE, I WENT BACK AND I GRADUATED. FROM GRADE NINE, WHEN I WAS OUT AT ST. MARY’S, UNTIL I GRADUATED, I FELT A LOT BETTER BEING AROUND MY OWN PEOPLE…IT OPENED UP A LOT MORE AREAS WHERE—THINGS THAT I NEED TO KNOW—THE REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE—WAS THERE. IT WASN’T [THERE] IN CARDSTON.” “[THE SCHOOLS] DIDN’T TEACH YOU ABOUT ANYTHING. IF YOU WANTED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT YOUR HISTORY, YOU’D HAVE TO TELL YOUR GRANDMOTHER OR GRANDFATHER…AT ST. MARY’S ON THE RESERVE, IT WAS ALL BLOODS THERE. I GOT ALONG WITH THEM, AND THAT’S WHEN I STARTED REALIZING, AT THAT TIME, HOW DIFFERENT THINGS ARE, AND HOW THINGS HAVEN’T REALLY CHANGED, FROM THE TIME THAT WE MADE OUR WAY INTO THIS NEW WAY OF LIFE. SO FROM THERE, I DECIDED TO START [TRYING] TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT—TRY TO GET OTHERS INVOLVED. IT WAS AROUND THAT TIME I MET [LORI’S] GRANDFATHER. HE STARTED TALKING ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT, AND I STARTED ASKING HIM, ‘WELL, WHAT’S IT ABOUT?’…ANOTHER GUY, TOO, HE WAS ALL ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT. HE HAD AN OVER-ALL JACKET, HE HAD PATCHES, HE WAS JUST ‘EVERYTHING’. SO, I ASKED HIM, AND HE TOLD ME THE EXACT SAME THING. A LOT OF PEOPLE WOULD REALLY MAKE FUN OF HIM, SO, FOR ME, I DECIDED THAT THAT’S WHAT I WANTED TO DO, SO EVENTUALLY I ENDED UP HAVING TO BE A PART OF A GROUP ON THE RESERVE, CALLED THE KAINAI YOUTH SOCIETY. THEY WERE THE ONES THAT PUT UP THE MAJOR BLOCKADES IN THE ‘80S…I STARTED DOING THAT [ACTIVISM] WORK, AND I KNEW THAT THAT WASN’T JUST THE ONLY ISSUE THERE. THERE WAS A LOT MORE THAN LAND CLAIMS. THERE WAS THE RACISM ISSUE, THAT SORT OF WENT HAND-IN-HAND…FOR MYSELF, I’M IN THIS 100%. EVEN IF THERE’S A SMALL CROWD, STILL THOSE PEOPLE SHOWED UP—THEY MADE THAT EFFORT. LIKE I ALWAYS TELL LORI, IT’S ALWAYS US TWO, IT’S STRANGE…BUT SOMEONE’S GOT TO DO IT. I’VE SPOKE TO ONE OF THE OLDER FELLOWS THAT USED TO DO THIS TYPE OF WORK, LAST WEEK, AND WE’RE JUST CARRYING ON THE WORK THAT HE DID, SO, IT’S IMPORTANT TO STAND UP, TO QUESTION, AND JUST TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON, KNOW WHAT IN YOUR WORLD IS GOING ON. THAT’S WHY WE REALLY DO EVERY EFFORT TO EDUCATE NATIVE AND NON-NATIVE PEOPLE. FOR OURSELVES, THAT’S WHAT IT IS—IT’S EDUCATION. WE’VE GOT TO THE POINT WHERE WE HAVE A PACKAGE THAT WE GIVE OUT…IT’S ALL ABOUT EDUCATING PEOPLE ABOUT BLACKFOOT HISTORY, BECAUSE THE INFORMATION THAT IS OUT THERE IS NOT ACCURATE, AND A LOT OF TIMES IT’S NOT FROM A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER…[EDUCATION IS] THE BIGGEST PART OF IT. IT SORT OF CONTAINS INFORMATION, SOME ARTICLES THAT WE HAND OUT AT OUR INFORMATION TABLES—GIVES PEOPLE SOME UNDERSTANDING OF THE ISSUES THAT WE BOTH FACE.” “MOSES LAKE IS JUST BORDERING ON THE TOWN OF CARDSTON, ON THE NORTH. WE ACTUALLY HAVE A LAND CLAIM FOR THAT PORTION OF LAND THAT THEY’RE ON, BECAUSE, I GUESS, AT ONE POINT, WE HAD TAKEN PITY ON THEM, AND ALLOWED THEM TO STAY THERE, MADE AN AGREEMENT, AND THEY JUST NEVER LEFT…A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARISE AND [IS] ESPECIALLY ONE OF THE REASONS WE WERE SO COMPELLED TO DO THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IS THAT I DID NOT WANT TO SEE OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS GETTING HURT. IN THE TOWN OF CARDSTON WE HAD A RALLY THERE, EVEN BEFORE THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT BEGAN. I THINK THAT WAS 2011, AND, AT THAT TIME, IT WAS BECAUSE ONE OF OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS WAS WALKING ON THE ROAD THERE, HAD GOT BUMPED AND KILLED. THE DRIVER JUST DROVE ON, WENT ON WITH THE REST OF HIS NIGHT. HE SAID THAT HE THOUGHT HE HIT A DOG. AND THERE WAS A THREE YEAR-OLD THAT WAS KILLED, AGAIN, IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY…AGAIN, THE [DRIVER] SAID SHE THOUGHT SHE HIT A DOG. THERE WAS ANOTHER GIRL THAT WAS STRUCK ON A CROSS-WALK, AND THE SAME GUY THAT HIT HER WAS THE GUY THAT BUMPED AND KILLED [THE FIRST MEMBER], AND, IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THE RACISM IN CARDSTON IS COSTING PEOPLE THEIR LIVES. WE SEE THINGS THAT HAPPEN HERE IN LETHBRIDGE, AND WE KNOW THAT THERE ARE SITUATIONS WHERE THINGS LIKE THIS HAVE HAPPENED, WHERE WE HAVE BEEN SUSPICIOUS, AS COMMUNITY MEMBERS, ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS PERSON. WE JUST TRY TO, AT LEAST, HAVE SOME KIND OF OUTLET, BECAUSE, IF WE DON’T DO SOMETHING POSITIVE…THESE THINGS WILL JUST STAY OUT THERE. RECENTLY, WE DID THE WHOLE ISSUE WITH THE CARRIAGE HOUSE THEATER IN CARDSTON DOING THE WHOLE PETER PAN PRODUCTION. A LOT OF PEOPLE WERE SAYING, ‘THIS IS…JUST A PLAY’…I DIDN’T EVEN SEE THE THING, BUT I JUST THOUGHT, THIS IS THE ONE TIME WHERE WE CAN ACTUALLY SAY ‘THIS IS BLATANT RACISM.’ ALL THESE OTHER INSTANCES, WE CAN SAY THAT THIS WAS A FACTOR IN WHATEVER HAPPENED, BUT THERE WAS NO ACTUAL WAY TO PROVE IT, WHERE THIS ACTUALLY HAPPENED…THIS IS SHOWING HOW BLATANT THE RACISM IS, THAT WE ARE DEALING WITH, AND IF WE DON’T CALL THEM ON IT, IT’S NOT GOING TO STOP; IT’S NOT GOING TO END.” “SPEAKING WITH OUR ALLIES, THE WORK THAT WE STARTED, FROM 2012…WHEN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT STARTED, THINGS PICKED UP REALLY QUICK, AND IT WASN’T TOO LONG, WE GOT TO KNOW SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND FROM SHANNAN STARTED GIVING US INFORMATION FOR OTHER AVENUES [WE SHOULD EXPLORE]—WE GO INTO A BUDGET MEETING WITH THE LATE JIM HILLIER…LORI’S A BOARD MEMBER WITH THE OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL. I’M A MEMBER—A VOLUNTEER WITH THEM—AND, WITH THE WORK THAT WE’VE DONE, I’D SAY THE KAINAI ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION AGENCY CAME OUT OF THAT, BECAUSE WE’VE BEEN PRESSING A LOT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ON THE RESERVE. THIS GROUP HAS FORMED—WE’RE A PART OF THAT GROUP. NOW OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL WANTED TO DO A DOCUMENTARY ABOUT OUR WATER…THE HEADWATERS. WE BROUGHT THEM ONTO THE RESERVE, AND THAT REALLY CHANGED EVERYTHING ABOUT WHAT THEY PERCEIVED, OF WHAT OUR RESERVE IS. FROM THAT, A FILM WAS MADE. FROM THAT DAY, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE DOING A SOUND TRACK, SO, FROM THE WORK THAT WE HAVE DONE, YOU SEE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE GETTING INVOLVED IN WHATEVER WAY. IT’S OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS THAT ARE INVOLVED WITH THE WATERSHED COUNCIL NOW. THAT MAKES ME FEEL GOOD, BECAUSE EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN’T SEEM LIKE YOU’VE DONE A LOT, WHEN YOU LOOK AROUND OUTSIDE, ALL THESE DIFFERENT AVENUES WHERE WE’VE CREATED SOMETHING, AND THAT’S THE THING THAT WE’RE PROUD OF—THAT THAT HAPPENED, AND WE’D LIKE TO KEEP DOING THAT, BECAUSE THE ISSUES THAT WE DEAL WITH ARE EVERYTHING—ENVIRONMENT, LANGUAGE. GOING BACK TO THE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN, MY FATHER WAS MURDERED. EVEN THEN, A LOT OF MEN WERE MURDERED, AND NOTHING WAS DONE ABOUT IT…I THINK ABOUT MY DAD—I THINK ABOUT MY UNCLES—MY RELATIVES THAT WERE MURDERED. NOTHING WAS DONE. THAT’S WHY I’M THERE, TOO…WE’VE CREATED SOME IN-ROADS. I KNOW THE TOUGHEST ONE IS WITH RACISM—AND IT’S WITH CARDSTON, THE TOUGHEST PLACE TO DEAL WITH, SO, IT’S A START NOW, SO, HOPEFULLY SOMEONE ELSE CAN TAKE IT ON.” BRAVE ROCK NOTED, “YOU CAN ALWAYS HAVE HOPE, AND THAT’S WHY EDUCATION AND AWARENESS IS SO KEY, BECAUSE IF YOU DON’T BRING THESE THINGS TO THE FOREFRONT, TO HAVE PEOPLE TO OPEN THAT DISCUSSION, HOW CAN CHANGE EVER HAPPEN? I DON’T THINK [SOME ISSUES LIKE RACISM ARE] EVER GOING TO BE GONE IN OUR LIFETIME, OR EVEN IN OUR KID’S LIFETIMES—BUT, AGAIN, YOU CAN SIT AND WALLOW IN THE NEGATIVITY OF THE WHOLE THING, OR YOU CAN GET UP AND DO SOMETHING THAT MAY POSSIBLY INSPIRE SOMEBODY…I LIKED ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WHEN IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT CAME OUT, THERE WERE ALL THESE MEETINGS…IT WAS SAYING THAT A TRUE LEADER DOES NOT CREATE FOLLOWERS. A TRUE LEADER CREATES OTHER LEADERS…I MAY NOT HAVE HOPE THAT WE’RE EVER GOING TO ACHIEVE/GET RID OF SOME OF THE ISSUES THAT WE’RE DEALING WITH, BECAUSE THEY ARE SO HUGE, AND SO ALL-ENCOMPASSING…I WOULD FEEL VINDICATED IN ALL THE THINGS WE DID, IF WE INSPIRED SOMEBODY ELSE TO TAKE THE LEAD ON ANY OF THESE ISSUES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOS FROM THE PROTESTS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170015001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170015003
Acquisition Date
2017-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"STANDING ROCK"
Date Range From
2016
Date Range To
2017
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20170015004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"STANDING ROCK"
Date Range From
2016
Date Range To
2017
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
5.7
Description
BUTTON WITH WHITE BACKGROUND ON FRONT; FRONT SHOWS A LINE OF BLUE TEEPEES WITH A BLUE TRAIN FRONT IN THE CENTER; BUTTONS HAS RED TEXT ABOVE IMAGE, “WATER IS LIFE”, AND RED TEXT BELOW IMAGE, “DEFEND THE SACRED STAND WITH STANDING ROCK”. FRONT HAS ROUND RED, BLUE, AND YELLOW LOGO BELOW TEXT; FRONT HAS BLACK TEXT ALONG UPPER EDGE, “#WATERIFLIFE #REZPECTOURWATER #STANDWITHSTANDINGROCK #IDLENOMORE”, AND BLACK TEXT ALONG LOWER EDGE, “#NOLNG #NODAPL #NOPIPELINES #NOFRACKING”. BACK OF BUTTON IS SILVER METAL; BACK HAS A SILVER METAL C-CLASP; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
POLITICS
History
THE WOMEN’S MARCH LETHBRIDGE FIRST OCCURRED ON JANUARY 17, 2017. ORIGINATING IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FOLLOWING THE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, THE WOMEN’S MARCH WAS AN INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT OF PROTESTS AND GATHERINGS IN SUPPORT OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, LGBTQ+ RIGHTS AND STANDING AGAINST INTOLERANCE AND DISCRIMINATION. THE 2017 WOMEN’S MARCH IN LETHBRIDGE SAW A GATHERING OF 500-600 PARTICIPANTS ALONG MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE SOUTH NEAR THE CORNER OF NINTH AVENUE. LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER WERE A PART OF THE WOMEN’S MARCH STANDING FOR WOMEN’S AND INDIGENOUS RIGHTS. ON MARCH 2, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LORI BRAVE ROCK AND WILLIAM SINGER REGARDING THEIR DONATION AND PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE WOMEN’S MARCH. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE ‘IDLE NO MORE’ LOGO DESIGN, BRAVE ROCK EXPLAINED, “THE HAND AND THE FEATHER WERE ACTUALLY A DESIGN THAT WE HAD BEEN UTILIZING FOR THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, FOR THE BLOOD TRIBE CHAPTER OF THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO FOR ALL OF OUR SIGNAGE, FOR ANYTHING THAT WE DID FOR THE IDLE NO MORE BLOOD TRIBE…THE ORIGINAL IDLE NO MORE IMAGE THAT HAD BEEN ADOPTED ACROSS CANADA HAD THE HAIDA ART…WE KIND OF WANTED SOMETHING THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT MORE ‘OURS’, AND REFLECTIVE OF US BEING A PLAINS TRIBE, AND THAT WAS THE DESIGN…[THE HAIDA DESIGN] WAS MORE NATIONAL, AND I LOVE THE DESIGN AND EVERYTHING, BUT, WITH US BEING PLAINS…I DIDN’T REALLY FEEL THAT [THE NATIONAL DESIGN] REFLECTED OUR RESERVE, AND OUR INVOLVEMENT IN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT. WE JUST WANTED TO MAKE IT A LITTLE BIT MORE PERSONALIZED, AND IT WAS ACTUALLY ADOPTED BY THE PUBLIC SERVICE ALLIANCE OF CANADA FOR THE PRAIRIE REGION. THEY HAD ADOPTED THIS AS A BUTTON DESIGN, AND THEY HAD MADE A WHOLE BUNCH OF BUTTONS FOR EVERY PRAIRIE CHAPTER THAT THEY HAD…THAT DESIGN WAS ACTUALLY UTILIZED IN ALL OF THEIR PRAIRIE REGION OFFICES.” “WE DESIGNED [THE STANDING ROCK BUTTON], AS WELL. THE TOP PART WAS THEIRS—THAT’S THEIR FLAGS…WE MADE ALL THESE BUTTONS. WE HAVE A BUTTON-MAKER NOW. AND, WITH [WILLIAM] BEING AN ARTIST, HE CAN PRETTY MUCH DO ALL THE LAYOUT AND DESIGN AND EVERYTHING FOR THEM.” SINGER ADDED, “[THE DESIGN IS OURS] IT’S MEANT TO REPRESENT A TRUE ‘GRASSROOTS’ GROUP, BY DRAWING IT, INSTEAD OF HAVING IT DIGITALLY CREATED—SO, THIS WAY, IT’S ORGANIC.” ON THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, BRAVE ROCK SHARED, “WHEN IDLE NO MORE STARTED, IT WAS LIKE THIS IS A CONTINUATION OF RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS…WHAT STEPHEN HARPER IS DOING WITH BILL C51…ONE OF THE THINGS MY MOM ALWAYS TOLD ME ABOUT “GET YOUR EDUCATION—IT’S SO IMPORTANT BECAUSE ONE DAY IT WON’T BE THERE ANYMORE.” THIS GOVERNMENT IS NOT GOING TO KEEP CARING—THEY’VE BEEN TRYING EVER SINCE THE BEGINNING TO GET RID OF US…THERE WILL COME A DAY WHEN OUR EDUCATION WILL NOT BE PAID FOR ANYMORE, EVEN THOUGH THEY TOOK OUR LAND; EVEN THOUGH THEY ARE PROSPERING OFF OUR RESOURCES…THAT WAS ONE OF MY STATEMENTS IN THE OWCB WAS THAT, WHEN YOU LOOK DOWN IN THAT COULEE WHERE I GREW UP, AND ALL THAT WATER NOW GOES INTO THE IRRIGATION DISTRICT. IT GOES DOWN AS FAR AS TABER AND BEYOND. THAT WATER USED TO BELONG TO US; IT USED TO STAY ON THE RESERVE; IT USED TO FEED A WHOLE ECO-SYSTEM…THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT, I’M TRYING TO SAVE WHAT LITTLE IS LEFT, THAT’S [WHY] THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS THE LANGUAGE, BECAUSE IT IS SO IMPORTANT, BECAUSE WE ARE LOSING SO MANY ELDERS…WITH EVERY ELDER THAT WE LOSE, WE DON’T REALLY UNDERSTAND WHAT WE ARE REALLY LOSING, BECAUSE, FOR US, OUR ELDERS ARE REALLY THE KEY—THEY’RE OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE IN ANY OF THESE THINGS…IF THERE IS NOBODY TO SPEAK TO, OR WE DON’T KNOW, THEN WE WILL GO TO AN ELDER FIRST, AND WE WILL ALWAYS REFER TO AN ELDER FOR THE PROPER WAY TO DO THINGS. WE’RE STILL LEARNING [MORE] OURSELVES...” ON THE WOMEN’S MARCH, BRAVE ROCK ELABORATED, “FOR ME, AS A WOMAN, THERE IS NO OTHER PLACE I COULD THINK OF TO BE, ON THAT DAY THAT WAS MORE IMPORTANT. I WAS HAPPY TO SEE THAT THERE WERE OTHER FIRST NATIONS [PEOPLE] THERE…AS A FIRST NATIONS WOMAN, GROWING UP, MY MOTHER WAS IN A VERY ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP. MY GRANDFATHER WENT THROUGH RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND HE WAS VERY ABUSIVE TO MY GRANDMOTHER, AND MY MOTHER, GROWING UP, SO IT WAS A CYCLE. THE OLDER I GOT, I LEARNED THAT ALL OF THIS IS A CYCLE…BEFORE I WAS WITH WILLIAM, I WAS IN AN ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIP…LEARNING TO TRY TO BREAK THAT CYCLE…I THINK THAT’S WHY [WILLIAM AND I HAVE] BEEN TOGETHER AS LONG AS WE HAVE. WE’VE BEEN TOGETHER OVER 21 YEARS NOW, [AND IT’S] BECAUSE WE’RE LOOKING AT TRYING TO CHANGE THE NEGATIVITY THAT WE’VE GROWN UP IN. IT’S A WORK IN PROGRESS. IT’S ALWAYS GOING TO BE WORK TO DEAL WITH WHAT WE’VE GONE THROUGH.” “WHEN I WAS 19 YEARS OLD, MY BEST FRIEND WAS KILLED BY HER HUSBAND. HE SERVED APPROXIMATELY TWO YEARS IN JAIL BEFORE HE WAS FREED, AND HE IS FREE ON THE RESERVE, LIVING HIS LIFE, HAVING A FAMILY, ALL OF THAT, WHILE SHE’S BEEN DEAD AND GONE NOW OVER 20 YEARS…WITH THIS BEING THE WOMEN’S MARCH, FOR ME IT IS VERY PERSONAL. THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT DRIVE ME, BECAUSE [MY FRIEND IS] NOT HERE. SHE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE; MY UNCLE’S NOT HERE ANYMORE, AND FOR ALL OF THESE PEOPLE, I LOOK AT MY LIFE, AND I THINK IF I CAN DO SOMETHING TO HONOR THE LEGACY OF THEIR LIFE—THEM NOT BEING HERE ANYMORE, THESE ARE THE THINGS THAT REALLY DRIVE ME, ARE THE PEOPLE THAT ARE IN OUR COMMUNITY THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST.” “WITH LOSING [MY FRIEND] ANGIE WHEN I WAS 19, THE WHOLE THING WITH TRUMP THAT SPARKED THE WHOLE WOMEN’S MARCH, THE WOMEN’S MOVEMENT…WHEN I LOOK AT THINGS LIKE THIS, I THINK WOMEN HAVE HAD A LOT OF CHALLENGES THAT THEY HAVE FACED OVER THE YEARS, JUST TO GET TO BE ON THE SAME LEVEL [AS MEN]. WE WERE JUST LISTENING TO THE CBC AND THEY WERE SAYING CANADA GOT SUCH A POOR GRADE RECENTLY…BECAUSE THERE’S NOT ENOUGH WOMEN IN HIGH POSITIONS IN COMPANIES. THE WOMEN ARE STILL GETTING VERY MUCH UNDER-PAID THAN MEN, AND WHENEVER I LOOK AT THESE ISSUES, I THINK ‘YEAH—AND IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, THAT MEANS [SHE’S PAID] EVEN LESS.’ IN ALL OF THESE INSTANCES, I THINK, IF SHE IS INDIGENOUS, I THINK SHE IS EVEN CONSIDERED LESS WORTH THAN SOMEONE WHO IS NON-INDIGENOUS. THE WHOLE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN ISSUE, AGAIN, HAVING BEEN TOUCHED PERSONALLY BY THAT—HAVING THAT FEAR OF LOSING ANYONE ELSE TO THAT—IT’S VERY MUCH ALIVE IN ME. BECAUSE I’VE ALREADY GONE THROUGH IT, I JUST CAN’T STAND TO SEE SOMEONE ELSE TO LOSE SOMEONE ELSE LIKE THIS…I THINK EVEN SHANNAN [LITTLE] HAD COME ACROSS AND SAID, ‘IT’S REALLY IMPORTANT…TO HAVE YOU GUYS THERE.’ AND I SAID, ‘FOR SURE. WE’RE ON BOARD. WE’RE THERE. WE CAN’T KNIT OR DO THOSE HATS, BUT FOR SURE, WE’RE THERE, WE’RE SUPPORTING YOU.’” “TO ME [WOMEN’S RIGHTS ARE] AN ISSUE. IT’S VERY, VERY PERSONAL TO ME…BY THE TIME I WAS A TEENAGER, MY UNCLE WAS GONE, MY GRANDPA WASN’T A PART OF MY LIFE, MY STEP-DAD WAS SO ABUSIVE, WE DIDN’T SPEND AS MUCH TIME WITH HIM…I FEEL LIKE I GREW UP OUT OF A FAMILY OF WOMEN, AND PEOPLE TELL ME ALL THE TIME, ‘YOU’RE SO STRONG.’ IF YOU KNEW MY GRANDMOTHER—TO HAVE GONE THROUGH WHAT SHE HAS GONE THROUGH, TO LOSE HER HOME, TO HAVE KEPT US ALL TOGETHER…TO WHERE SHE NOW HAS ANOTHER HOME HERE ON THE RESERVE, TO HAVE ACCOMPLISHED WHAT SHE HAS DONE. MY MOM…I LOOK AT HER SOMETIMES, AND, ‘YOU’RE THIS OLD, AND YOU ARE STILL IN THAT STRUGGLE, AND YOU’RE STILL TRYING. AND I’M TRYING TO HELP YOU.’ ALL OF US ARE TRYING TO DO WHAT WE CAN TO HELP HER, SO, TO ME, THERE’S STILL SO MANY ISSUES FOR WOMEN, AND TO BE INDIGENOUS IS JUST ANOTHER STRIKE AGAINST THEM. IT’S SO IMPORTANT, I THINK, FOR US TO SEE HOW IMPORTANT OUR WOMEN REALLY ARE TO US, AND WHAT THEY MEAN TO US. THEY ARE OUR FUTURE. THEY ARE THE ONES THAT ARE BRINGING OUR FUTURE TO US…I STILL FEEL STRONGLY ABOUT IT—I’M ON BOARD FOR ANY OTHER ACTIVITIES THEY HAVE PLANNED. I’M VERY MUCH ON BOARD FOR THEM—PROBABLY BOTH OF US, NOW THAT [WILLIAM] HAS A GRANDDAUGHTER. WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE’RE NOT THE DECISION MAKERS, BUT, AT LEAST, IF WE ARE SOME KIND OF INFLUENCE, AT LEAST, IF WE’RE SOME KIND OF INSPIRATION TO ANYBODY, GOING FORWARD, THEN WE DID OUR JOB.” SINGER NOTED, “THE REASON BEING, IT IS PART OF OUR WORK, AND TO SUPPORT MY WIFE, AND EVERYONE THAT’S THERE. FOR MYSELF, AT LEAST ONE OF MY GOALS IS TO MAKE SURE EVERYONE IS SAFE, SO I’M THERE LOOKING AT IT, MAKING SURE NOTHING GOES WRONG, AND IF ANYTHING IS GOING TO HAPPEN, TO ACT. I ALWAYS RECRUIT OTHER MEN BEHIND THE SCENES TO BE SECURITY, SO I’M ALWAYS AT THE READY TO MAKE SURE EVERYBODY IS SAFE…IT’S IMPORTANT [TO BE AT THE MARCH]. WE WORK TOGETHER, AND IN THE BLACKFOOT WORLD, WE WORK TOGETHER AS WELL. COUNCIL HELPS THE WOMEN; WOMEN HELP THE MEN. ANYTIME THERE’S ANY TYPE OF CONFRONTATION, THE MEN ARE THERE TO TAKE CARE OF THE WOMEN AND CHILDREN, AND THE MEN, AS WARRIORS, THEIR MAIN JOB, FOR THEIR EXISTENCE, IS TO TAKE CARE OF THE LAND, AND THE PEOPLE. WELL, THAT’S THE WARRIOR, THAT’S THE ETHIC, SO I GO BY THAT. I WANT TO MAKE SURE NO ONE GETS HURT. THERE’S MYSELF, AND OTHERS ARE, AS WELL.” ON HER ACTIVISM WITHIN HER COMMUNITY, BRAVE ROCK RECALLED, “WE HAD FORMED COMMUNITIES IN UNITY…WITH OUR TRIBE BEING IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE TOWNS OF CARDSTON…AND FORT MACLEOD, AND THEN LETHBRIDGE…WE WERE ALWAYS HAVING INCIDENCES OF RACISM. A GOOD EXAMPLE IS THE BIG FIRE THAT WE HAD, THAT STARTED ON THE RESERVE, AND IT CAME INTO THE LETHBRIDGE COUNTY, AND IT HAD CAUSED QUITE A BIT OF DAMAGE. THERE WAS A LOT OF BACKLASH AT COMMUNITY MEMBERS JUST FOR THAT. COMMUNITIES IN UNITY CAME ABOUT FROM AN ATTACK BY A TRIBAL MEMBER, ON A NON-NATIVE COMMUNITY MEMBER OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THIS ATTACK HAPPENED, RIGHT AWAY, AGAIN, THE BACKLASH STARTED WITH OUR COMMUNITY MEMBERS BEING TARGETED, AND WE SAW THIS AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO BASICALLY TRY TO BRIDGE THE COMMUNITIES, AND FIND A WAY FOR COMMUNITY MEMBERS, FROM BOTH THE RESERVE, AND FROM LETHBRIDGE, TO WORK TOGETHER—TO TRY TO HAVE EVENTS THAT WERE INCLUSIVE, AND INVITING TO EVERYBODY, AND THAT’S WHERE THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IMAGE CAME ABOUT, AND, AGAIN, I THINK WE JUST DESIGNED THAT AT THE MEETING THAT WE HAD. WE HAD OUR ROUND DANCE EVENT, AND WE HAD DESIGNED THAT AT THE MOMENT THAT WE ALL HAD SAT TOGETHER, AND WE ALL CONTRIBUTED TO IT, AND PLANNED FOR THAT. SO WE ARE STILL DOING THINGS UNDER COMMUNITIES IN UNITY, AND THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT, SO WHENEVER THERE IS AN ISSUE, WE ARE PRETTY MUCH INVOLVED WITH IT, BECAUSE ONE WAY OR ANOTHER, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE MOST LIKELY BEING AFFECTED BY THE ISSUE...” “THE THING THAT REALLY DRIVES US SOMETIMES IS THAT—THIS IS OUR LAND! THIS IS OUR HOME! IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN…WE ARE ONE OF THE TRIBES THAT WERE NEVER MOVED. WE WERE ONE OF THE TRIBES WHO HUNG ONTO OUR SUN DANCE, AND IT’S IN THAT SPIRIT THAT…WE NEED TO REMIND OUR PEOPLE WHO WE REALLY ARE, WHAT WE CAME FROM, AND THAT THE WAY THINGS ARE TODAY IS NOT THE WAY THAT IT’S SUPPOSED TO BE…WE HAVE THIS THING IN OUR CULTURE, OUR WAY OF LIFE, WHERE EVEN THE WHOLE SUN DANCE…IS TO HELP PEOPLE. OUR WHOLE CULTURE, WHEN WE PRAY, IT’S TO HELP PEOPLE. AND IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THAT’S WHAT BRINGS ME BACK TO IT…WHEN SOMEONE IS BEING RACIST…IT’S ALMOST THE SAME THING AS IN THE BIBLE. YOU TURN THE OTHER CHEEK. BUT FOR US, ALL WE CAN DO IS PRAY FOR THAT PERSON. AND PRAY THAT THEY WILL FIND THE KNOWLEDGE AND THEY WILL FIND A WAY TO COME TO THIS PLACE WHERE THEY ARE NOT IN THAT FRAME OF MIND ANYMORE. FOR US, I THINK THAT’S ANOTHER THING THAT WE REALLY TAKE TO HEART IS THAT OUR CULTURE HAS ALWAYS TAUGHT US TO HELP PEOPLE…WHAT I AM TRYING TO REMIND PEOPLE IS THAT IT’S NOT THAT WE WERE STUPID, OR WE DIDN’T UNDERSTAND…OUR WHOLE CULTURE IS BASED ON THE FACT THAT WE ARE HERE TO HELP PEOPLE…I COULD FOCUS ON ALL OF THE NEGATIVITY, AND I SEE WHAT THAT DOES TO PEOPLE, AND I SEE HOW HARD IT IS…WE HAVE OUR MOMENTS WHEN THINGS ARE VERY DARK, BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THIS KIND OF WORK, WE FOCUS MORE ON WHAT HAS TO BE DONE, AND WHAT COULD BE DONE, AS OPPOSED TO WHAT’S NOT HAPPENING.” “RIGHT NOW, THE WHOLE THING WITH CARDSTON, I JUST HAD A DISCUSSION WITH ONE OF THE LADIES THAT WAS SUPPORTING OUR ACTIONS, AND SHE WAS SAYING, ‘WELL, WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN NOW?’ AND, I TOLD HER, ‘WELL, AT THIS POINT, THE REASON WHY WE WERE DOING WHAT WE WERE DOING WAS BECAUSE NOBODY WAS DOING ANYTHING ABOUT IT,’ AND I’VE BEEN INVOLVED WITH THE ISSUE OF RACISM FOR SUCH A LONG TIME NOW…I WANTED TO GET IT OUT THERE. I WANTED PEOPLE TO START TALKING ABOUT IT…EVERY TIME THESE THINGS HAPPEN, WE PUT OUT A MESSAGE, BUT IF WE’RE NOT ACTUALLY SHOWING THAT WE CAN COME TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY, I DON’T THINK THE MESSAGE IS REALLY GETTING OUT THERE…MY HOPE IS THAT THINGS GROW FROM THIS…WHEN [IDLE NO MORE] CAME ABOUT, WE LOOKED AT HOW WE COULD LEARN WAYS THAT WE COULD TAKE ACTION…A LOT OF THE NEGATIVITY AND THE BAD THINGS THAT HAPPEN, WE ACKNOWLEDGE IT, AND WE KNOW IT’S GOING TO HAPPEN AGAIN. WE KNOW THERE WILL BE MORE INCIDENCES, BUT I LOOK AT EVERYTHING NOW AS AN OPPORTUNITY, TO LEARN FROM THEM…THAT’S WHY WE’VE BEEN SO ACTIVE, BECAUSE WE KNOW WE ARE PROBABLY THE ONLY TWO THAT ARE REALLY WILLING TO JUST GET UP AND ACT ON THESE THINGS, AND AGAIN, WE THINK ABOUT THE FUTURE GENERATIONS…WE WANT TO SEE THINGS CHANGE. WE DON’T WANT TO SEE WHAT WE WENT THROUGH TO BE REPEATED. WE WANT TO LEARN FROM WHAT WE HAVE EXPERIENCED, AND GO FORWARD IN A POSITIVE WAY, AND REALLY THIS KIND OF WORK IS THE ONLY THING THAT WE SEE RIGHT NOW TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT IN A POSITIVE MANNER.” “[WILLIAM AND I] WERE BOTH IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I WAS IN THE LATER YEARS, WHERE OUR TRIBE HAD BEEN RUNNING THEM, BUT WHEN HE WAS THERE—MY MOM WAS THERE—THEY WERE STILL UNDER THE NUNS, AND THE PRIESTS…WE BOTH KNOW WHAT THE EFFECT [IS]…THE EFFECT THAT IT’S STILL HAVING ON OUR FAMILY TODAY. WE ALSO COME FROM VERY POOR BACKGROUNDS. WE DON’T COME FROM MONEY. WE DON’T COME FROM FAMILIES THAT HAD PROMINENCE…WE GREW UP IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY WHICH HAS A LOT OF SOCIAL ISSUES. WE KNOW PERSONALLY WHAT IT IS LIKE TO HAVE THE OVER-CROWDING—THE LACK OF WATER…THROUGHOUT OUR LIVES, THOUGH, EDUCATION WAS VERY IMPORTANT. I DID EVERYTHING…I DIDN’T GRADUATE HERE IN CANADA—I ACTUALLY ENDED UP GOING TO A JOB CORPS CENTER IN THE UNITED STATES. WHEN I WENT THERE, I THINK THE RACISM WAS SO BAD IN CARDSTON, I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS INCAPABLE OF LEARNING. I TRULY BELIEVED THAT I WAS STUPID—THAT I WOULD NEVER LEARN MATH…BUT WHEN I WENT TO THIS JOB CORPS—IT WAS AN ALL-NATIVE JOB CORPS…ALL OF THE STUDENTS THERE WOULD COME FROM ALL OF THE STATES IN THE U.S. ALL OF THESE TRIBES, AND THEY WENT TO THIS ONE JOB CORE CENTER OUTSIDE OF RONAN, MONTANA. IT WAS CALLED KICKING HORSE JOB CORPS CENTER…IT WAS ON THE FLATHEAD RESERVATION, SO THEIR KEY GOAL WAS THAT THEY WANTED THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE WORKING THERE TO BE FROM THAT TRIBE. WE HAD PEOPLE THAT WERE NATIVES THAT WERE TEACHING US ALL OF THE COURSES…I EXCELLED WHEN I GOT THERE…SO ONCE I LEFT THAT PLACE, I CAME TO THE REALIZATION THAT I WASN’T STUPID, THAT I COULD DO SOMETHING WITH MY LIFE, THAT I WASN’T GOING TO BE STUCK IN THIS RUT…I THINK WE LOOK NOW AT THE STATE OF THINGS, AND WE ARE LIKE—THIS IS THE TIME THAT THINGS NEED TO START CHANGING. WE SEE THAT A LOT OF THESE ISSUES AND HOW THEY’VE HURT [OUR COMMUNITIES]…[WE SEE] THE PEOPLE THAT ARE SUFFERING THE MOST IN OUR COMMUNITY—THAT, SO EASILY COULD HAVE BEEN US…A LOT OF MY RELATIVES I EVEN FEEL FOR, BECAUSE I WAS ABLE TO ESCAPE THAT LIFE, WHEN WE WERE KIDS, AND WHAT WE WERE GOING THROUGH, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVEN SOME OF MY RELATIVES HAVE ESCAPED THAT, SO FOR US, A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARE VERY, VERY PERSONAL.” “WE ARE ABLE TO USE OUR TALENTS, AND I KNOW THAT NOT EVERYBODY IS GIFTED WITH SUCH TALENTS. WE ARE BOTH ARTISTS, AND I HAVE ALWAYS LOOKED AT IT AS A BLESSING. MY MOM HAS ALWAYS BEEN AN ARTIST, EVEN THOUGH SHE’S STRUGGLED A LOT IN HER LIFE, AND SHE’S STILL STRUGGLING…I THINK IT’S EASY FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE TO DRIVE BY THE RESERVE AND NOT UNDERSTAND WHAT’S REALLY HAPPENING THERE, BUT WE LIVE THERE…WE EVEN HAD A DISCUSSION WITH A GUY WHO JUST COULDN’T BELIEVE WHY WE WOULD EVER WANT TO MOVE BACK TO THE RESERVE, BUT THE WAY I SEE IT IS THAT, FOR THOSE OF US WHO HAVE AN EDUCATION, WE ARE LOSING OUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE, WHICH IS OUR PEOPLE IF WE ARE EDUCATING THEM—SENDING THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO GET EDUCATED, BUT THEN WE ALSO HAVE TO SEND THEM OFF THE RESERVE TO FIND EMPLOYMENT. IF WE CAN’T BE BRINGING THOSE PEOPLE BACK, WE ARE NOT GOING TO BE CHANGING OUR SITUATION AT ALL, AND THIS IS ONE OF THE REASONS WHY WE WANTED TO MOVE BACK HOME, AND TRY TO MAKE THESE CHANGES. OUR BIGGEST THING IS EDUCATION AND AWARENESS—NO MATTER WHAT IT IS THAT WE ARE TRYING TO DO, AND WHY WE ARE REALLY OUT THERE IS, BECAUSE, IF PEOPLE ARE TALKING ABOUT THIS, THEN WE HAVE ACCOMPLISHED OUR GOAL. BUT, GOING BACK TO WHAT DRIVES US, IT IS REALLY…OUR PEOPLE; IT IS THE PEOPLE THAT ARE HERE, AND THE PEOPLE THAT WE HAVE ALREADY LOST, THAT REALLY KEEPS US GOING, AND THAT REALLY DO DRIVE US.” “I BELIEVE [ALLIES ARE PART OF THE SUCCESS]. BEING ABLE TO HAVE THAT IMAGE OF US, NOT ONLY ATTENDING THESE EVENTS TOGETHER, BUT PLANNING THEM TOGETHER, WORKING TOGETHER ON THAT SAME GOAL, WE’VE JUST BECOME FRIENDS WITH SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND HER HUSBAND, DAVE, OVER THE YEARS…FOR US, HAVING THOSE ALLIES, IT REALLY…I FEEL THAT IT GIVES US THIS BOOST [TOO]…THESE GUYS REALLY SUPPORT ALL OF OUR ACTIONS. WE VOLUNTEER, AND I THINK THE BEST PRICE THAT WE GET PAID IS THAT PEOPLE SHOW UP, AND THEY SUPPORT US, AND SHANNAN HAS BEEN A GREAT SOURCE OF SUPPORT…WE ARE ALSO INVOLVED IN ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. I THINK THAT’S WHERE I—EVEN AS A TEENAGER—WAS ALWAYS INVOLVED IN THAT AND COMPELLED BY WHAT WAS HAPPENING ENVIRONMENTALLY, JUST BY SEEING WHAT WAS HAPPENING ON THE RESERVE. WHEN I GREW UP WE HAD A LAKE, DOWN IN THE COULEE. WE DID ALL OUR FISHING/SWIMMING/BOATING/ EVERYTHING THERE, AND THAT WATER ISN’T EVEN THERE ANYMORE. I’M TELLING MY MOM, I’M REALLY TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THE DAY WHEN I’M NOT GOING TO SEE ANY WATER COMING THROUGH THIS PLACE ANYMORE, AND IT’S GOING TO BE REALLY HARD, BUT I’M TRYING TO PREPARE MYSELF FOR THAT, SO WE HAVE OTHER ALLIES ON THAT FRONT. NOW WE’RE SEEING OUR ALLIES COMING FROM DIFFERENT AREAS, WHENEVER WE COME TO THESE ISSUES, AND TO ME IT’S, EVEN THOUGH WE HAVEN’T KNOWN THEM FOR VERY LONG, I JUST FEEL AT HOME WHEN I’M AROUND THEM, BECAUSE TO KNOW THAT THEY CARE AS MUCH AS WE DO ABOUT THESE THINGS REALLY, REALLY INSPIRES US. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT AN EVENT, SHANNAN OR SOMEBODY WILL BE THERE, AND I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IS SOMEBODY GOING TO SHOW UP, OR IS ANYBODY GOING TO SHOW UP. THAT’S HOW THEY HAVE BEEN SUPPORTING US OVER THIS TIME…WE HAVE OUR ALLIES, BUT WE ALSO HAVE OUR OTHER COMMUNITY MEMBERS. I UNDERSTAND WE HAVE A LOT OF SUPPORTERS FROM THE TRIBE, WHO COME UP TO US, AND THEY TALK TO US AND SAY, ‘GEEZ, IF I WASN’T DEALING WITH THIS, I WOULD HAVE BEEN THERE.’...A LOT OF TIMES I TELL PEOPLE ‘I KNOW.’” “I THINK WE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY LITERALLY EVERY ISSUE THAT FACES INDIGENOUS PEOPLE…ONE YEAR, I LOST 4 PEOPLE THAT HAD COMMITTED SUICIDE, AND I KNEW ALL OF THEM. TWO OF THEM WERE [WILLIAM’S] FIRST [COUSINS], MY SECOND COUSIN, WITHIN MONTHS OF EACH OTHER. AND, MY FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. THEN, ANOTHER FRIEND, ANOTHER FOUR MONTHS AFTER THAT. IN ONE YEAR, I HAD LOST FOUR PEOPLE TO SUICIDE, SO I TELL PEOPLE, THE REASON WHY WE’RE OUT HERE DOING THIS…IT’S BECAUSE WE KNOW OUR PEOPLE ARE SO BUSY…OUR PEOPLE HAVE TO WORK SO MUCH HARDER JUST TO MAKE ENDS MEET—JUST TO GET TO [THEIR] GOALS…I UNDERSTAND THAT, IF WE CAN BE HERE…BUT WE KNOW YOU’RE SUPPORTING US—IF YOU EVEN WANT TO HELP US OUT WITH A DONATION—THESE ARE THE KIND OF THINGS THAT JUST KEEP US GOING. TO HAVE OUR ALLIES, IT REALLY, REALLY HELPS. IT REALLY GIVES US THAT BOOST.” “IT WAS SURPRISING TO ME THAT WE WERE ACTUALLY GETTING CARDSTON COMMUNITY MEMBERS [AT THE PROTESTS], BECAUSE IT WAS OPEN TO EVERYBODY, BUT I WAS REALLY SURPRISED THEY ACTUALLY SHOWED UP…THE MAYOR CAME TO BOTH OF THE EVENTS, SO I WAS REALLY SURPRISED…THERE ARE GOING TO BE SOME VERY OPEN-MINDED PEOPLE [IN LETHBRIDGE], BUT CARDSTON, IT WAS REALLY SURPRISING. IT’S BEEN A PLEASANT SURPRISE, IN THE END, THAT WE’VE HAD SOME POSITIVE REACTION COME OUT OF THAT TOWN. SOMETIMES PEOPLE ASK ME ‘HOW DID IT GO?’ LIKE I SAID, IT WAS A SUCCESS IF ONE PERSON SHOWED UP. I’M JUST BLOWN AWAY IF MORE THAN FIVE PEOPLE SHOW UP.” SINGER SHARED, “FOR ME, [MY ACTIVISM] STARTED EARLY. I WAS A PART OF AN EXPERIMENT WHERE THEY HAD RESERVE CHILDREN THAT WERE LIVING IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS, OR GO TO SCHOOL ON THE RESERVE. THEY WERE FORCED TO GO TO AN OFF-RESERVE SCHOOL. I WAS PART OF THAT GROUP, SO I STARTED OUT AT ST. PAUL’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, AND THEN I WAS MOVED TO CARDSTON ELEMENTARY…FROM GRADE TWO ON, UNTIL I WENT INTO GRADE SEVEN IN CARDSTON, LIFE WAS PRETTY TOUGH, BECAUSE THAT WAS THE FIRST TIME A LOT OF US SEE NON-NATIVE KIDS…THEY CALLED US ALL KINDS OF NAMES—THAT STARTED FROM GRADE TWO ‘TIL GRADE SEVEN—AND THE THING THAT REALLY USED TO BOTHER ME A LOT WAS THAT THE TEACHERS WOULD SEE THAT AND THEY WOULDN’T DO ANYTHING TO THE NON-NATIVE KIDS, BUT YOU WOULD GET PUNISHED ANYWAY, EVEN THOUGH YOU DID NOTHING. IN GRADE SEVEN, I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE DIFFERENT, BEING IN A HIGH SCHOOL, BUT IT WASN’T. THIS TIME IT WASN’T STUDENTS. THIS TIME AROUND, IT WAS TEACHERS. I WAS SYSTEMATICALLY PICKED ON BY TWO TEACHERS IN CARDSTON, AND THAT’S WHEN I DECIDED ‘I’M TIRED OF THIS. TIRED OF GOING TO SCHOOL. LOOK WHAT IT’S DOING TO MYSELF. I CAN’T BE AROUND THESE PEOPLE.’ IT STARTED MAKING ME MORE NOT WANTING TO BE A PART OF THIS WORLD…I WAS SENT TO ST. MARY’S RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL. I FINISHED MY GRADE SEVEN THERE. I WENT BACK TO CARDSTON TO GIVE IT A CHANCE, AND IT WAS STILL THE SAME. SO, I STUCK IT OUT A YEAR, AND GRADE NINE, I WENT BACK AND I GRADUATED. FROM GRADE NINE, WHEN I WAS OUT AT ST. MARY’S, UNTIL I GRADUATED, I FELT A LOT BETTER BEING AROUND MY OWN PEOPLE…IT OPENED UP A LOT MORE AREAS WHERE—THINGS THAT I NEED TO KNOW—THE REQUIRED KNOWLEDGE—WAS THERE. IT WASN’T [THERE] IN CARDSTON.” “[THE SCHOOLS] DIDN’T TEACH YOU ABOUT ANYTHING. IF YOU WANTED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT YOUR HISTORY, YOU’D HAVE TO TELL YOUR GRANDMOTHER OR GRANDFATHER…AT ST. MARY’S ON THE RESERVE, IT WAS ALL BLOODS THERE. I GOT ALONG WITH THEM, AND THAT’S WHEN I STARTED REALIZING, AT THAT TIME, HOW DIFFERENT THINGS ARE, AND HOW THINGS HAVEN’T REALLY CHANGED, FROM THE TIME THAT WE MADE OUR WAY INTO THIS NEW WAY OF LIFE. SO FROM THERE, I DECIDED TO START [TRYING] TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT—TRY TO GET OTHERS INVOLVED. IT WAS AROUND THAT TIME I MET [LORI’S] GRANDFATHER. HE STARTED TALKING ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT, AND I STARTED ASKING HIM, ‘WELL, WHAT’S IT ABOUT?’…ANOTHER GUY, TOO, HE WAS ALL ABOUT THE AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT. HE HAD AN OVER-ALL JACKET, HE HAD PATCHES, HE WAS JUST ‘EVERYTHING’. SO, I ASKED HIM, AND HE TOLD ME THE EXACT SAME THING. A LOT OF PEOPLE WOULD REALLY MAKE FUN OF HIM, SO, FOR ME, I DECIDED THAT THAT’S WHAT I WANTED TO DO, SO EVENTUALLY I ENDED UP HAVING TO BE A PART OF A GROUP ON THE RESERVE, CALLED THE KAINAI YOUTH SOCIETY. THEY WERE THE ONES THAT PUT UP THE MAJOR BLOCKADES IN THE ‘80S…I STARTED DOING THAT [ACTIVISM] WORK, AND I KNEW THAT THAT WASN’T JUST THE ONLY ISSUE THERE. THERE WAS A LOT MORE THAN LAND CLAIMS. THERE WAS THE RACISM ISSUE, THAT SORT OF WENT HAND-IN-HAND…FOR MYSELF, I’M IN THIS 100%. EVEN IF THERE’S A SMALL CROWD, STILL THOSE PEOPLE SHOWED UP—THEY MADE THAT EFFORT. LIKE I ALWAYS TELL LORI, IT’S ALWAYS US TWO, IT’S STRANGE…BUT SOMEONE’S GOT TO DO IT. I’VE SPOKE TO ONE OF THE OLDER FELLOWS THAT USED TO DO THIS TYPE OF WORK, LAST WEEK, AND WE’RE JUST CARRYING ON THE WORK THAT HE DID, SO, IT’S IMPORTANT TO STAND UP, TO QUESTION, AND JUST TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON, KNOW WHAT IN YOUR WORLD IS GOING ON. THAT’S WHY WE REALLY DO EVERY EFFORT TO EDUCATE NATIVE AND NON-NATIVE PEOPLE. FOR OURSELVES, THAT’S WHAT IT IS—IT’S EDUCATION. WE’VE GOT TO THE POINT WHERE WE HAVE A PACKAGE THAT WE GIVE OUT…IT’S ALL ABOUT EDUCATING PEOPLE ABOUT BLACKFOOT HISTORY, BECAUSE THE INFORMATION THAT IS OUT THERE IS NOT ACCURATE, AND A LOT OF TIMES IT’S NOT FROM A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER…[EDUCATION IS] THE BIGGEST PART OF IT. IT SORT OF CONTAINS INFORMATION, SOME ARTICLES THAT WE HAND OUT AT OUR INFORMATION TABLES—GIVES PEOPLE SOME UNDERSTANDING OF THE ISSUES THAT WE BOTH FACE.” “MOSES LAKE IS JUST BORDERING ON THE TOWN OF CARDSTON, ON THE NORTH. WE ACTUALLY HAVE A LAND CLAIM FOR THAT PORTION OF LAND THAT THEY’RE ON, BECAUSE, I GUESS, AT ONE POINT, WE HAD TAKEN PITY ON THEM, AND ALLOWED THEM TO STAY THERE, MADE AN AGREEMENT, AND THEY JUST NEVER LEFT…A LOT OF THESE ISSUES ARISE AND [IS] ESPECIALLY ONE OF THE REASONS WE WERE SO COMPELLED TO DO THE COMMUNITIES IN UNITY IS THAT I DID NOT WANT TO SEE OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS GETTING HURT. IN THE TOWN OF CARDSTON WE HAD A RALLY THERE, EVEN BEFORE THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT BEGAN. I THINK THAT WAS 2011, AND, AT THAT TIME, IT WAS BECAUSE ONE OF OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS WAS WALKING ON THE ROAD THERE, HAD GOT BUMPED AND KILLED. THE DRIVER JUST DROVE ON, WENT ON WITH THE REST OF HIS NIGHT. HE SAID THAT HE THOUGHT HE HIT A DOG. AND THERE WAS A THREE YEAR-OLD THAT WAS KILLED, AGAIN, IN THE MOSES LAKE COMMUNITY…AGAIN, THE [DRIVER] SAID SHE THOUGHT SHE HIT A DOG. THERE WAS ANOTHER GIRL THAT WAS STRUCK ON A CROSS-WALK, AND THE SAME GUY THAT HIT HER WAS THE GUY THAT BUMPED AND KILLED [THE FIRST MEMBER], AND, IN ALL OF THESE SITUATIONS, THE RACISM IN CARDSTON IS COSTING PEOPLE THEIR LIVES. WE SEE THINGS THAT HAPPEN HERE IN LETHBRIDGE, AND WE KNOW THAT THERE ARE SITUATIONS WHERE THINGS LIKE THIS HAVE HAPPENED, WHERE WE HAVE BEEN SUSPICIOUS, AS COMMUNITY MEMBERS, ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS PERSON. WE JUST TRY TO, AT LEAST, HAVE SOME KIND OF OUTLET, BECAUSE, IF WE DON’T DO SOMETHING POSITIVE…THESE THINGS WILL JUST STAY OUT THERE. RECENTLY, WE DID THE WHOLE ISSUE WITH THE CARRIAGE HOUSE THEATER IN CARDSTON DOING THE WHOLE PETER PAN PRODUCTION. A LOT OF PEOPLE WERE SAYING, ‘THIS IS…JUST A PLAY’…I DIDN’T EVEN SEE THE THING, BUT I JUST THOUGHT, THIS IS THE ONE TIME WHERE WE CAN ACTUALLY SAY ‘THIS IS BLATANT RACISM.’ ALL THESE OTHER INSTANCES, WE CAN SAY THAT THIS WAS A FACTOR IN WHATEVER HAPPENED, BUT THERE WAS NO ACTUAL WAY TO PROVE IT, WHERE THIS ACTUALLY HAPPENED…THIS IS SHOWING HOW BLATANT THE RACISM IS, THAT WE ARE DEALING WITH, AND IF WE DON’T CALL THEM ON IT, IT’S NOT GOING TO STOP; IT’S NOT GOING TO END.” “SPEAKING WITH OUR ALLIES, THE WORK THAT WE STARTED, FROM 2012…WHEN THE IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT STARTED, THINGS PICKED UP REALLY QUICK, AND IT WASN’T TOO LONG, WE GOT TO KNOW SHANNAN [LITTLE], AND FROM SHANNAN STARTED GIVING US INFORMATION FOR OTHER AVENUES [WE SHOULD EXPLORE]—WE GO INTO A BUDGET MEETING WITH THE LATE JIM HILLIER…LORI’S A BOARD MEMBER WITH THE OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL. I’M A MEMBER—A VOLUNTEER WITH THEM—AND, WITH THE WORK THAT WE’VE DONE, I’D SAY THE KAINAI ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION AGENCY CAME OUT OF THAT, BECAUSE WE’VE BEEN PRESSING A LOT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ON THE RESERVE. THIS GROUP HAS FORMED—WE’RE A PART OF THAT GROUP. NOW OLDMAN WATERSHED COUNCIL WANTED TO DO A DOCUMENTARY ABOUT OUR WATER…THE HEADWATERS. WE BROUGHT THEM ONTO THE RESERVE, AND THAT REALLY CHANGED EVERYTHING ABOUT WHAT THEY PERCEIVED, OF WHAT OUR RESERVE IS. FROM THAT, A FILM WAS MADE. FROM THAT DAY, OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS ARE DOING A SOUND TRACK, SO, FROM THE WORK THAT WE HAVE DONE, YOU SEE A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE GETTING INVOLVED IN WHATEVER WAY. IT’S OUR TRIBAL MEMBERS THAT ARE INVOLVED WITH THE WATERSHED COUNCIL NOW. THAT MAKES ME FEEL GOOD, BECAUSE EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN’T SEEM LIKE YOU’VE DONE A LOT, WHEN YOU LOOK AROUND OUTSIDE, ALL THESE DIFFERENT AVENUES WHERE WE’VE CREATED SOMETHING, AND THAT’S THE THING THAT WE’RE PROUD OF—THAT THAT HAPPENED, AND WE’D LIKE TO KEEP DOING THAT, BECAUSE THE ISSUES THAT WE DEAL WITH ARE EVERYTHING—ENVIRONMENT, LANGUAGE. GOING BACK TO THE MURDERED AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN, MY FATHER WAS MURDERED. EVEN THEN, A LOT OF MEN WERE MURDERED, AND NOTHING WAS DONE ABOUT IT…I THINK ABOUT MY DAD—I THINK ABOUT MY UNCLES—MY RELATIVES THAT WERE MURDERED. NOTHING WAS DONE. THAT’S WHY I’M THERE, TOO…WE’VE CREATED SOME IN-ROADS. I KNOW THE TOUGHEST ONE IS WITH RACISM—AND IT’S WITH CARDSTON, THE TOUGHEST PLACE TO DEAL WITH, SO, IT’S A START NOW, SO, HOPEFULLY SOMEONE ELSE CAN TAKE IT ON.” BRAVE ROCK NOTED, “YOU CAN ALWAYS HAVE HOPE, AND THAT’S WHY EDUCATION AND AWARENESS IS SO KEY, BECAUSE IF YOU DON’T BRING THESE THINGS TO THE FOREFRONT, TO HAVE PEOPLE TO OPEN THAT DISCUSSION, HOW CAN CHANGE EVER HAPPEN? I DON’T THINK [SOME ISSUES LIKE RACISM ARE] EVER GOING TO BE GONE IN OUR LIFETIME, OR EVEN IN OUR KID’S LIFETIMES—BUT, AGAIN, YOU CAN SIT AND WALLOW IN THE NEGATIVITY OF THE WHOLE THING, OR YOU CAN GET UP AND DO SOMETHING THAT MAY POSSIBLY INSPIRE SOMEBODY…I LIKED ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WHEN IDLE NO MORE MOVEMENT CAME OUT, THERE WERE ALL THESE MEETINGS…IT WAS SAYING THAT A TRUE LEADER DOES NOT CREATE FOLLOWERS. A TRUE LEADER CREATES OTHER LEADERS…I MAY NOT HAVE HOPE THAT WE’RE EVER GOING TO ACHIEVE/GET RID OF SOME OF THE ISSUES THAT WE’RE DEALING WITH, BECAUSE THEY ARE SO HUGE, AND SO ALL-ENCOMPASSING…I WOULD FEEL VINDICATED IN ALL THE THINGS WE DID, IF WE INSPIRED SOMEBODY ELSE TO TAKE THE LEAD ON ANY OF THESE ISSUES.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOS FROM THE PROTESTS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170015001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170015004
Acquisition Date
2017-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
GRAFLEX - SPEED GRAPHIC
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20160046000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
GRAFLEX - SPEED GRAPHIC
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
8
Height
11.5
Length
22
Width
21
Description
A. CAMERA: 22CM LONG X 21CM WIDE X 11.5CM DEEP. BLACK, SIMULATED LEATHER OUTER SHELL WITH CHROME SUPPORTS AND MECHANISMS FOR OPENING AND OPERATING CAMERA; VIEWFINDER AT THE TOP OF CAMERA. CAMERA HAS BELTED STRAP ON LEFT SIDE AND GRAFLEX KALART SYNCHRONIZED RANGE FINDER ATTACHED TO TOP AND RIGHT SIDE WITH PLATE AND INSCRIPTION READING: “FOCUSPOT, MADE IN U.S.A. BY KALART, PATS. #2337463, 2388714, 2397160.” RANGEFINDER HAS WHITE TEXT RUNNING DOWN BODY ON FRONT: “KALART SYNCHRONIZED RANGE FINDER.” BRACE FOR RANGE FINDER HAS A WHITE LABEL PRINTED WITH BLUE INK: “08209.” CAMERA OPENS OUT FRONT; CAMERA IS MISSING LENS. FRONT HAS “GRAFLEX” INSCRIBED ON SILVER PLATE AT TOP EDGE. SERIAL NO. 876128. CAMERA IS WORN ON SIDES AND BACK, AND OUTER SHELL FINISHING IS FLAKING ALONG BOTTOM EDGE. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. BOX IS HEAVILY WORN AND STAINED, AND COLOUR IS RUBBED AND FADED FROM LID AND BOTTOM. OVERALL CONDITION FAIR-POOR. B. BOX: INCLUDES LID (22.5CM LONG X 23.6CM WIDE X 9.5CM DEEP), BOTTOM (22.3CM LONG X 23.4CM WIDE X 13.3CM DEEP), AND THREE INSERTS FOR PACKAGING ALL MADE FROM CARDBOARD. TOP IS BLUE WITH PRINTED LABEL: “SPEED GRAPHIC “45” GRAFLEX, MANUFACTURED BY GRAFLEX INC, ROCHESTER 8, NEW YORK, U.S.A.” AND STAMPED ON BOX “162 OPTAR SYNC” AND WRITTEN IN PENCIL “SE 97”. LID HAS TWO TAPED WHITE LABELS WITH BLUE INK ATTACHED READING: “3270” AND “08209”. LID HAS RIGHT SIDE DETACHED AT CORNER. BOTTOM OF BOX IS GOLD. NARROW INSERTS ARE COLOURED PEACH AND ARE TORN AND PUNCTURED. WIDER INSERT (21.4CM LONG X 22.5CM WIDE) HAS TRIANGLE CUT-OUTS FROM LEFT AND RIGHT EDGES, AND TOP IS PRINTED WITH THE TEXT “REMOVE THIS CARD, FILM HOLDER, UNDERNEATH” IN BLANK INK. WIDER INSERT HAS HANDWRITTEN INSCRIPTION IN RED INK: “VERN DECOUX”. C. SLIDE: 18.6CM LONG X 12.1CM WIDE X 1.3CM DEEP. BLACK PLASTIC WITH TWO SILVER HANDLES TO PULL SLIDE OUT OF HOLDER. SLIDE HAS TWO WHITE SQUARES ALONG TOP EDGE. “RITEWAY 12,” “4 X 5 GRAPHIC FILM HOLDER, NO 1284, U.S. PAT. 2450841. 2497270. 2552905. AND PATS. PEND., MADE IN U.S.A. BY GRAFLEX INC. ROCHESTER, N.Y.” SLIDE FACE HAS LIGHT GRIME, FINGERPRINTS AND DIRT AND MINOR SURFACE SCRATCHES. D. SLIDE: 18.6CM LONG X 12.1CM WIDE X 1.3CM DEEP. BLACK PLASTIC WITH TWO SILVER HANDLES TO PULL SLIDE OUT OF HOLDER. SLIDE HAS TWO WHITE SQUARES ALONG TOP EDGE. “4 X 5 GRAPHIC FILM HOLDER, NO 1284, U.S. PAT. 2450841. 2497270. 2552905. AND PATS. PEND., MADE IN U.S.A. BY GRAFLEX INC. ROCHESTER, N.Y.” BOTTOM CORNERS ARE WORN WITH COVERING PEELING. SLIDE FACE HAS MINOR SURFACE SCRATCHES AND LIGHT DUST. E. SLIDE: 18.6CM LONG X 12.1CM WIDE X 1.3CM DEEP. BLACK PLASTIC WITH TWO SILVER HANDLES TO PULL SLIDE OUT OF HOLDER. SLIDE HAS TWO WHITE SQUARES ALONG TOP EDGE AND RED-ORANGE DOT OVER TEXT: “4 X 5 PRESS FILM HOLDER, NO 1284, U.S. PAT. 2450841. 2497270. AND PATS. PEND., MADE IN U.S.A. BY GRAFLEX INC. ROCHESTER, N.Y.” CREAM TAPE FIXED TO CENTER OF BOTTOM EDGE. SLIDE FACE HAS DUST AND GRIME AND SURFACE SCRATCHES. F. FILM HOLDER: 22CM LONG X 12.3CM WIDE X 2CM DEEP. BLACK PLASTIC AND METAL HOLDER WITH SLIDE INSIDE; BLACK METAL HANDLE AT THE TOP OF HOLDER TO PULL SLIDE OUT. CHROME MECHANISM ALONG TOP EDGE FOR WINDNG FILM. FRONT HAS WHITE LABEL ON SURFACE AND WHITE TEXT ON FRONT PANEL: “GRAFMATIC FILM HOLDER, “45” GRAPHIC, MANUFACTURED BY GRAFLEX INC. ROCHESTER 8, NEW YORK, U.S.A.” BACK HAS TEXT ALONG TOP EDGE READING: “4 X 5 GRAFMATIC U.S.A. PAT. PENDING, MFD. BY GRAFLEX INC. ROCHESTER, N.Y., U.S.A.” G. FILM HOLDER: 18CM LONG X 12CM WIDE X 4.2CM DEEP. BLACK PLASTIC AND METAL. FOR ROLLED FILM WITH A CHAMBER FOR LOADING IN ROLL FILM. RIGHT EDGE HAS SILVER HANDLE FOR PULLING OUT BACK SLIDE FROM HOLDER. TOP HAS CHROME MECHANISM FOR ROLLING FILM. FRONT OF CHAMBER HAS WHITE TEXT “ “23” GRAPHIC” AND INSCRIBED TEXT “GRAFLEX, 120 ROLL HOLDER.” INSIDE CHAMBER HAS WHITE TEXT “GRAFLEX INC., ROCHESTER, N.Y., U.S. PAT. 2,588,054, & PAT. PENDING, MADE IN U.S.A.” BACK HAS INSCRIBED TEXT “4X5 GRAPHIC”. H. FLASH: SILVER FLASH ATTACHMENT FOR CAMERA; 43.5CM LONG X 19CM DIAMETER; CHROME REFLECTOR FIXED TO SILVER HANDLE WITH BLACK FITTINGS AT BASE AND CONNECTING TO REFLECTOR. HANDLE HAS TEXT “GRAFLEX” PRINTED IN BLACK AND HAS TEN SQUARE FITTINGS LABELLED: “EXTENSION,” SHUTTER,” “BATTERY,” REMOTE,” “SOLENOID.” BASE HAS TEXT INSCRIBED: “GRAFLEX SYNCHRONIZED BATTERY CASE, MANUFACTURED BY GRAFLEX INC., ROCHESTER 8, N.Y., U.S.A.” BACK OF FLASH HAS YELLOW TAPE ATTACHED TO BASE OF REFLECTOR, AND HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK INK, “360”.
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
PROFESSIONS
History
IN 2017, BRUCE VERNON DECOUX OFFERED FOR DONATION A GRAFLEX CAMERA AND ACCESSORIES THAT HAD BEEN USED BY HIS FATHER, VERNON DECOUX, A WELL-KNOWN PHOTOGRAPHER FROM CROWSNEST PASS. ON MAY 23, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BRUCE VERNON DECOUX ABOUT HIS FATHER’S GRAFLEX CAMERA AND CAREER AS A PHOTOGRAPHER. DECOUX SPOKE TO HIS FATHER’S ACQUISITION OF THE GRAFLEX CAMERA, STATING, “…THIS WAS THE CAMERA THAT HE USED CONSISTENTLY, OVER MANY DECADES. THIS CAMERA WENT WITH HIM, TO PLACES THAT MOST PEOPLE WOULDN’T WANT TO GO, AND TO PLACES THAT PEOPLE ENJOYED GOING TO.” “I REMEMBER, WHEN HE PURCHASED THIS CAMERA, THIS WAS A VERY BIG ISSUE IN OUR FAMILY. MONEY WAS TIGHT. HE WAS TRYING TO MAKE A LIVING BEING A PHOTOGRAPHER, WORKING FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. TO PURCHASE A CAMERA LIKE THIS WAS LIKE BUYING A BIG TRUCK…WHEN THIS CAMERA ARRIVED, IT WAS JUST A GREAT DAY IN THE FAMILY. HE TOOK THE CAMERA OUT AND HE STUDIED IT. I CAN REMEMBER HIM HAVING IT ON THE KITCHEN TABLE, AND APPROACHING IT VERY CAUTIOUSLY, BECAUSE IT WAS SOMETHING HE HAD NEVER HAD ANYTHING TO DO WITH – THIS WAS A DIFFERENT CONCEPT. THIS WASN’T ROLL FILM; THIS WAS SLIDES – 4 X 5.” “IT CAME FROM TORONTO. HE HAD TO BUY [IT] OUT OF TORONTO…I REMEMBER BEING FASCINATED BY THE QUALITY OF THE BOX THAT IT CAME IN. I HAD NEVER SEEN SUCH A STURDY-LOOKING BOX WITH A CAMERA. I DO REMEMBER WHEN HE TOOK THAT APART, IT WAS ALL WRAPPED UP IN PLASTIC; DIDN’T HAVE THE FOAM INSERT THAT CAMERAS NOWADAYS HAVE THAT YOU SET IT IN SO THEY ARE [STABLE]– IT WAS VERY HEAVILY WRAPPED, AND, AT THE TIME, HE DIDN’T HAVE A FLASH FOR IT. THAT WAS AN ATTACHMENT HE BOUGHT LATER...THEN HE BOUGHT DIFFERENT LENSES FOR IT – WIDE-ANGLE LENS…THE CAMERA WAS RARELY CLOSED. IT WAS ALWAYS LEFT OPEN. ONE OF THE REASONS HE LIKED THE CAMERA…[WAS] BECAUSE IT SIGNIFIED…WHAT HE WAS DOING. WHEN HE WOULD GO PLACES, AND PEOPLE WOULD SEE THAT CAMERA, IT WAS IMPOSING, AND IMPRESSIVE…PEOPLE WOULD SEE THAT AND SAY, 'THAT’S A PHOTOGRAPHER THERE. I WONDER WHAT HE’S TAKING A PICTURE OF?' AND, SOMETIMES THEY WOULD GATHER AROUND, JUST TO SEE WHAT HE WAS GOING TO TAKE A PICTURE OF.” ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, HIS CROWSNEST PASS-BASED FATHER VERNON DEVELOPED AN ENTHUSIASM FOR PHOTOGRAPHY IN THE YEARS AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR. ACCORDING TO SON BRUCE, “I REMEMBER, WHEN MY FATHER DECIDED TO STOP WORKING, BECAUSE HE DID WORK AT THE MINE…BUT, HE HAD THIS OPPORTUNITY, BECAUSE HE COULD WRITE QUITE WELL…THIS OPPORTUNITY CAME TO WORK, WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND IT WAS THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD THAT REALLY GAVE HIM HIS START. HE WORKED WITH THEM, AND HE ALSO ACTED, OVER TIME…AS THE CIRCULATION MANAGER, WHICH MEANT HE MANAGED ALL THE PAPERBOYS IN THE COMMUNITY…HE MADE SURE THE PAPERS WERE DELIVERED. HE DID PRINTING – WENT TO THE LOCAL BUSINESSES IN TOWN, AND SOLICITED PRINTING FROM THEM, FOR THEIR BUSINESSES, SO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD WAS REALLY A THREE-PRONGED THING. THERE WAS THE PRINTING; THERE WAS THE NEWS, AND PHOTOGRAPHY; AND THERE WAS THE CIRCULATION ASPECT…THE PHOTOGRAPHY JUST EVOLVED, AS TIME WENT ON. HE KNEW HE HAD TO EVOLVE THAT…” “HE FIRST STARTED OUT [WHEN] HE BOUGHT A SMALL SECOND-HAND ROLIFLEX, 2 ¼ X 2 ¼. HE TOOK PICTURES WITH THAT, AND THAT WAS A ROLL CAMERA (ROLL FILM). HE’D TAKE IT DOWN TO A LOCAL FELLOW WHO WOULD DEVELOP THEM…HE MOVED TO LEARNING HOW TO DEVELOP HIS OWN, AND HE FOUND THAT AWKWARD, DEVELOPING THOSE SMALL FILMS….HE BUILT HIMSELF, IN THIS NEW HOUSE…A DARK-ROOM. SLOWLY HE PURCHASED THE CHEMICALS, AND LEARNED HOW TO DO THIS, FROM THE FELLOW DOWNTOWN. THEY WERE GREAT FRIENDS. HE ALSO SPOKE TO ANOTHER FAMOUS PHOTOGRAPHER HERE – [THOMAS] GUSHUL. HE JUST LIVED…3 BLOCKS DOWN. HE GOT INFORMATION FROM HIM, AND THEY TALKED BACK AND FORTH.” “HE STARTED HIS PHOTOGRAPHY BUSINESS IN THE EARLY ‘50S…HE STARTED TAKING WEDDING PICTURES, AND HE QUICKLY REALIZED THAT THE FORMAT OF THE 2 ¼ X 2 ¼, RELATIVE TO THE LENGTH OF THE ROOM, DIDN’T WORK FOR LARGE WEDDINGS… ALMOST SIMULTANEOUSLY PEOPLE BEGAN TO REQUEST THAT HE TAKE THEIR WEDDING RECEPTION, COMMUNION, GRADUATION, BABY PICTURES AS WELL AS COMMERCIAL MINING, POLICE AND PASSPORT PICTURES.” “HE STARTED USING THAT [GRAFLEX] CAMERA…FIRST FOR WEDDINGS, BUT HE QUICKLY LEARNED THAT THAT WAS THE CAMERA TO USE FOR TAKING PICTURES OF LOCAL DISASTERS, AND WE HAD MANY OF THEM. THE RCMP AND HIM FORMED A COALITION. WHENEVER THERE WAS AN ACCIDENT, HE’D GET A PHONE CALL, SOMETIMES 3 O’CLOCK IN THE MORNING, BECAUSE, IN THOSE DAYS, THE RCMP AND THE LOCAL POLICE…DIDN’T HAVE THE SKILLS, OR THE EQUIPMENT, TO TAKE PHOTOGRAPHS. SOME OF THEM MAY HAVE HAD A SMALL 35, BUT A SMALL 35 IN THE MIDDLE OF A RAINY NIGHT, AT 3 IN THE MORNING, DOESN’T DO YOU MUCH GOOD FOR EVIDENTIAL PICTURES, SO THEY WOULD CALL HIM. HE WOULD GO WITH THIS CAMERA, BECAUSE IT PACKED THE POWER…ON A 4 X 5 NEGATIVE, [THE IMAGES] WERE ABSOLUTELY SHARP. THOSE PICTURES COULD BE BLOWN UP 10 TIMES, AND THEY WERE CRYSTAL-CLEAR…HE REALLY STROVE TO TAKE PHOTOGRAPHS THAT WERE ABSOLUTELY SHARP.” “HIS INTEREST IN PHOTOGRAPHY WAS SPURRED BY HIS ASSOCIATION WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND THEY NEEDED PICTURES, BECAUSE, AT THAT TIME, THIS WAS A THRIVING, BOOMING AREA, AND THERE WERE MANY PHOTOGRAPHS TO BE TAKEN – TRAIN DERAILMENTS, TRUCK ACCIDENTS, MINE ACCIDENTS, AND THE AREA WAS BOOMING…THERE WAS A LOT OF BUILDING GOING ON…THIS WAS ALL FODDER FOR A WEEKLY COLUMN THAT HE WROTE FOR…ALMOST 30 YEARS, FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, CALLED ‘THE PASS WORDS’, OR THE ‘CROWSNEST PASS BUREAU’, AND HE NEEDED PHOTOGRAPHS TO BACK THAT UP.” “THAT FALLS OFF [IN THE 1970S]. HE NO LONGER WRITES HIS COLUMN, AND HE NO LONGER DOES THE PAPERBOYS. THEY ACTUALLY STATIONED A PERSON RIGHT HERE IN THE PASS TO LOOK AFTER THAT, AND THEN, AFTERWARDS, THEY STOPPED DELIVERING THE PAPER. THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD JUST KIND OF FADED OUT IN THE PASS. HIS COLUMN – A LOT OF PEOPLE DIDN’T READ IT ANYMORE, BECAUSE…THERE WERE 2 PAPERS. YOU COULD READ THE PASS HERALD, WHICH IS STILL RUNNING, OR YOU COULD READ THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD…PEOPLE BOUGHT BOTH, BECAUSE THEY WERE BOTH ABOUT THE SAME PRICE. THEY READ THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD FOR THAT COLUMN ‘THE CROWSNEST PASS BUREAU’ TO FIND OUT WHAT WAS HAPPENING HERE. AS A REPORTER, HIS CONCEPT WAS, 'YOU REPORT WHAT IS NEW.' I REMEMBER HIM ALWAYS TELLING ME, 'YOUR OWN OPINION HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH WHAT YOU ARE REPORTING. YOU REPORT THE FACTS.'” “HE NEVER GOT PAID FOR THE PASS HERALD. HE…REGARDED THAT AS HIS, 'THIS IS OUR LOCAL PAPER'…THEY HAD A LACK OF PHOTOGRAPHERS, TOO, AND A LACK OF PEOPLE TO CONTRIBUTE, SO HE WOULD HELP OUT BY GIVING THEM…A PICTURE A WEEK TO THE PASS HERALD, SOMETHING HE HAD TAKEN A PICTURE OF…IT WAS CALLED ‘PAST MEMORIES’ – JUST PICK OUT AN ODD NEGATIVE; GIVE IT TO THEM; AND THEY’D PRINT IT IN THE PASS HERALD. EVERY WEEK FOR 20 YEARS…HE NEVER RAN OUT OF THINGS TO GIVE THEM.” “THE BUSINESS JUST GREW AND GREW. THE CAMERA WAS AN INTEGRAL PART OF IT BECAUSE, EVEN AT THE FESTIVAL PICTURES, HE WOULD BE THERE WITH THAT BIG CAMERA, AND PEOPLE SAW THE CAMERA, AND THEY IMMEDIATELY WOULD REACT TO IT. “OH, HE’S GOING TO TAKE A PICTURE. LET’S GET OUT OF HERE.” ALL HE’D HAVE TO DO WAS BRING THE PICTURE UP, AND PEOPLE WOULD CLEAR AWAY, WHATEVER HE WANTED TO TAKE THE PICTURE OF. HE OFTEN COMMENTED ON THAT. IT’S A SYMBOL THAT BUSINESS IS BEING DONE HERE – WE’RE TAKING A PHOTOGRAPH FOR POSTERITY HERE. GET OUT OF THE WAY, OR GET IN IT!” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS OWN CONNECTIONS AND MEMORIES OF THE CAMERA, BRUCE DECOUX RECALLED, “THE CAMERA WAS A MILESTONE INSTRUMENT THAT IMPACTED OUR FAMILY. THAT CAMERA MADE A LIVING FOR OUR FAMILY…HE TOOK A BIG CHANCE BUYING IT. IT NEVER BROKE DOWN. HE NEVER HAD A PROBLEM WITH IT…I THINK IT WAS THE QUALITY OF THE CAMERA, AND HE WAS METICULOUS ABOUT HIS [CARE FOT IT]…KEPT EVERYTHING PERFECTLY CLEAN. IT WAS A FINE INSTRUMENT. IT’S OFTEN REFERRED TO AS ‘THE WORKHORSE.’ I STILL THINK BACK, IF I’M WATCHING A NEW MOVIE MADE TO LOOK LIKE AN OLD MOVIE, OR AN OLD MOVIE, IF YOU SEE THE PHOTOGRAPHERS IN IT, WITH THEIR BIG FLASH, I REMEMBER MY DAD DOING THE SAME THING TAKING THOSE PICTURES.” “I WAS WITH HIM AFTER THE MICHEL MINE EXPLOSION, WHEN THOSE MINERS HAD BEEN TRAPPED UNDERGROUND FOR A FEW DAYS…WHEN THEY RESCUED THEM – WHEN THEY CAME OUT OF THERE – HE TOOK A PICTURE WITH THAT CAMERA, AND IT WAS QUITE A WELL-KNOWN PICTURE.” “I WOULD HAVE LIKED TO HAVE KEPT ALL OF HIS CAMERAS, BECAUSE HE CHERISHED THEM ALL; BUT YOU CAN ONLY KEEP SO MUCH…THAT CAMERA RECORDED A SIGNIFICANT TWO OR THREE DECADES OF HISTORY IN THE CROWSNEST PASS, AND THE AREA…HE’S TAKEN PICTURES, WITH THAT CAMERA, OF PIERRE TRUDEAU – TRUDEAU WAS HERE; CAME OVER TO THE HOUSE; HAD SUPPER WITH MY MOM AND DAD. THEY TALKED CAMERAS…LEICA CAMERAS. TRUDEAU LIKED LEICAS. HE’S TAKEN PICTURES OF PETER LOUGHEED, WITH THAT CAMERA. HE’S TAKEN PICTURES OF STOMPIN’ TOM CONNORS, WITH THAT CAMERA. I CAN REMEMBER ONE TIME HE WENT TO THE UKRAINIAN DANCE FESTIVAL, AND, IN COLEMAN, THEY USED TO HAVE THESE DANCE FESTIVALS IN THE POLISH HALL, AND…HE WAS…A REPRESENTATIVE OF THE POLISH GOVERNMENT, AND MY DAD TOOK PICTURES OF HIM, AND HE REALLY WANTED PICTURES OF HIM AND THOSE DANCERS. HE TOOK IT WITH THAT [GRAFLEX] CAMERA, AND I CAN REMEMBER MY DAD WORKING LATE THAT NIGHT; COMING HOME; DEVELOPING THE NEGATIVES, AND MAKING CONTACT PRINTS, AND A COUPLE OF ENLARGED PRINTS FOR THIS FELLOW…MY DAD TOLD HIM, 'PICTURES WILL BE READY FOR YOU TOMORROW AT 10:00,'…THE FELLOW…CAME INTO THE HOUSE, AND MY DAD HAD THE PICTURES READY; HE HAD A CUP OF COFFEE, AND THEN HE LEFT. HE GAVE MY DAD A GIFT WHEN HE LEFT. AFTER MY MOM AND DAD PASSED AWAY, I WAS CLEANING OUT THE BASEMENT, AND HERE’S THIS BOTTLE OF BRANDY THIS FELLOW GAVE HIM – PEACH BRANDY – AND, IT WAS OLD WHEN HE GAVE IT TO HIM…I FIGURED OUT THAT IT MUST BE CLOSE TO 100 YEARS OLD. I STILL HAVE IT DOWNSTAIRS HERE IN THE ORIGINAL BOX THAT HE GAVE IT TO HIM…THE CAMERA WAS THERE WHENEVER.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170046000-GA FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND PHOTOGRAPHS.
Catalogue Number
P20160046000
Acquisition Date
2016-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LAERDAL FAMILY TRAINING KIT
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20160032000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LAERDAL FAMILY TRAINING KIT
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Materials
CARDBOARD, PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
9
Length
61.5
Width
32.7
Diameter
16
Description
A. CARDBOARD AND PLASTIC CPR TRAINING MANNEQUIN: 44CM LONG X 12CM WIDE X 22.5CM DEEP. MANNEQUIN FOR SIMULATING CPR TRAINING; PEACH CARDBOARD BASE WITH PINK PLASTIC MODELED FACE AT ONE END, A WHITE PLASTIC BAG IN THE CENTER BELOW THE “NECK” AND A WHITE PLASTIC ROUND BELLOW WITH A BLACK CIRCLE ON SURFACE AT THE END. PLASTIC FACE IS FIXED TO CARDBOARD WITH OPAQUE WHITE PLASTIC FITTINGS. CARDBOARD NECK HAS PERFORATED ARROWS ON SIDES TO INDICATE RAISING THE CARDBOARD PIECE INTO THE NECK. BOTTOM OF BELLOW HAS GREY PLASTIC DIAL TO TURN TO “ON” AND “OFF” POSITIONS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. CARDBOARD BOX: 61.5CM LONG X 32.7CM WIDE X 16 CM DEEP. PALE WHITE/CREAM CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK AND RED TEXT ALONG SIDES READING “LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER.” BOTTOM EDGE HAS TEXT “OPEN OTHER END” PRINTED IN BLACK; TOP EDGE HAS TEXT “CONTENTS: 1 FAMILY CPR TRAINER AND ACCESS, 1 VIDEO TAPE: “AN INTRODUCTION TO LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER”, 1 INTRODUCTION SHEET, RECOMMENDED FOR USE DURING OR AFTER AN AUTHORIZED CPR TRAINING PROGRAM. LAERDAL MEDICAL CORPORATION, ONE LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, NY 10504, 800-648-1851.” FRONT SIDES HAVE GREYSCALE IMAGES OF A WOMAN LEANING OVER A LAERDAL CPR TRAINING MANNEQUIN. YELLOW AND WHITE TAPE ALONG TOP AND BOTTOM SIDES. FRONT SIDE HAS TEXT WRITTEN ON IN BLUE INK “BONNIE WILLIAMS”. BOX IS OPEN AT ONE END; BOX IS CREASED ALONG BOTTOM EDGE AND IS DISCOLORED AND FADED. BOX IS IN OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. C. MANUAL, “LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER”: 28.2CM LONG X 43CM WIDE. INSTRUCTION SHEET FOR ASSEMBLING “LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER.” WHITE PAPER WITH BLACK AND RED TEXT AND IMAGES FOR INSTRUCTIONS, DOUBLE-SIDED. FRONT HAS “LAERDAL” LOGO IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER. TEXT ALONG BOTTOM EDGE READS, “LCI PART NO. FT2338, REV 12/15/92, [COPYRIGHT SYMBOL] 1992, LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., P.O. BOX 190, ONE LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, NY 10504, CUSTOMER SERVICE: 800-648-1851, LAERDAL MEDICAL CANADA LTD., 50 IRONSIDE CRES. UNIT NO. 1, SCARBOROUGH, ONTARIO, M1X1G4, CUSTOMER SERVICE: 800-265-9987, PATENT PENDING.” INSTRUCTION SHEET IS SEVERELY FOLDED, AND BENT IN AT CORNERS; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. D. PLASTIC BAG: 12.5CM LONG X 12.3CM WIDE X 2.5CM DEEP. WHITE PLASTIC BAG (“LUNG”) CONTAINED IN UNOPENED PLASTIC PACKAGING. PLASTIC PACKAGING HAS BLACK TEXT “LAERDAL, HELPING SAVE LIVES” AND IMAGE OF TWO FIGURES, ONE BEING BANDAGED (“LAERDAL” LOGO). INSIDE PACKAGING ON SURFACE OF BAG INSIDE ARE FIVE SMALL, CIRCULAR WHITE COTTON PADS. PLASTIC PACKAGING IS UNOPENED; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. E. DISINFECTANT WIPES, “RESUSCI”: 16CM WIDE X 8.8CM LONG. WIPES CONTAINED IN PACKETS WITHIN PLASTIC CASING; PLASTIC CASING IS RIPPED AT TOP RIGHT CORNER AND DOWN RIGHT SIDE; FOUR WIPES PACKETS ARE CONTAINED. PACKETS HAVE RED AND BLACK LABELS WITH THE IMAGE OF A WIPE CLEANING A MANNEQUIN MOUTH AND TEXT “RESUSCI MANIKIN WIPE, CONTAINS 1 PAD SOAKED IN 70% ETHYL ALCOHOL, CAT. NO.: 15 24 00, 50 EA., CAT. NO.: 15 24 01, 1200 EA.” BACKS OF PACKETS HAVE 4-STEP DIRECTIONS TO CLEAN MANNEQUIN; LAERDAL LOGO PRINTED IN BLACK IN THE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER OF THE PACKET, TEXT ALONG TOP LEFT EDGE READING “MADE IN NORWAY”. RIGHT PACKETS ARE BENT IN AT TOP RIGHT CORNER WHERE PLASTIC PACKAGING IS OPENED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. G. VIDEO CASSETTE TAPE: 18.8CM LONG X 10.3CM WIDE X 2.5CM DEEP. BLACK PLASTIC VIDEO CASSETTE TAPE; FRONT HAS TWO CLEAR PANELS TO SEE BLACK RIBBON ON WHITE PLASTIC SPOOL; FRONT HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “AN INTRODUCTION TO YOUR LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER, APPROXIMATE RUNNING TIME: 13 MINUTES, COPYRIGHT 1992, LAERDAL MEDICAL CORPORATION, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, PATENT PENDING, ONE LABRIOLA COURT ARMONK, N.Y. 10504, 1 (800) 431-1055” WITH BLACK AND RED “LAERDAL” LOGO IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER. FRONT HAS TEXT INSCRIBED ALONG TOP EDGE OF CASSETTE: “INSERT THIS SIDE INTO RECORDER, DO NOT TOUCH THE TAPE INSIDE, VHS.” BACK HAS TWO WHITE PLASTIC SPOOLS EMBEDDED. TAPE IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION. F. CASE FOR VIDEO CASSETTE TAPE: 19CM LONG X 10.6CM WIDE X 2.7CM DEEP. WHITE CARDBOARD PACKAGING; FRONT HAS BLACK AND RED TEXT READING “AN INTRODUCTION TO YOUR LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER” AND IMAGES OF PEOPLE GATHERED AROUND USING THE CPR TRAINERS; SIDES HAVE BLACK AND WHITE TEXT READING “AN INTRODUCTION TO YOUR LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER” AND A RED AND BLACK LAERDAL COMPANY LOGO WITH MOTTO “HELPING SAVE LIVES”; BACK HAS TEXT IN BLACK “THIS VIDEO CONTAINS COLOR CODED SECTIONS ON THE FOLLOWING:” AND RED, BLUE AND YELLOW BANNERS WITH BLACK TEXT READING: ASSEMBLY, PRACTICING CPR, TAKING CARE OF YOUR LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER”, WITH BLACK TEXT BELOW: “CPR CAN HELP SAVE THE LIFE OF SOMEONE YOU LOVE. FREQUENT PRACTICE OF THESE SKILLS WILL KEEP YOU PREPARED JUST IN CASE. THIS VIDEO IS DESIGNED TO HELP YOU GET THE MOST OUT OF THE LAERDAL FAMILY CPR TRAINER. PRACTICE OFTEN AND ENCOURAGE FAMILY AND FRIENDS TO LEARN CPR TOO. THIS VIDEO DOES NOT TAKE THE PLACE OF A FORMAL CPR TRAINING COURSE.” BACK HAS BLACK TEXT IN BOTTOM LEFT CORNER “[COPYRIGHT SYMBOL] 1992 LAERDAL MEDICAL CORPORATION, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED” WITH RED AND BLACK “LAERDAL” LOGO IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER. CASE IS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION AND SHOWS MINOR WEAR. H. PLASTIC BAG: 59CM LONG X 32CM WIDE. CLEAR PLASTIC BAG WITH OPENING AT ONE END. BAG IS CRINKLED AND CREASED. BAG IN OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. I. CARDBOARD BODY FOR CPR TRAINING MANNEQUIN: 39CM LONG X 32.7CM WIDE X 12.7CM DEEP. PEACH CARDBOARD TORSO; “LAERDAL” LOGO PRINTED IN BLACK INK ON THE FRONT LEFT SIDE; OPAQUE WHITE PLASTIC STRAP ON FRONT LEFT SIDE. FRONT OF THE TORSO HAS OUTLINE OF RIBS AND PRINTED PURPLE CIRCLES FOR NIPPLES, AND PERFORATED EDGE TO FOLD BENEATH OUTLINED RIBCAGE. CARDBOARD TORSO HAS AN OPENING AT THE BASE, OPENING AT THE TOP BETWEEN CARDBOARD TO FORM NECK AND SHOULDERS, AND AN OPENING AT THE BACK. CARDBOARD SHOWS MINOR SIGN OF WEAR; BACK HAS GRIME SPOT LOWER RIGHT OF OPENING; FRONT AND SIDES HAVE GRIME AND INK STAINS ON SURFACE, AND FRONT SHOWS SIGNS OF WORN PAINT ON CARDBOARD AROUND RIBS AND LOWER EDGE. CARDBOARD AT BACK OF THE NECK OPENING IS FOLDED BACK ALONG UPPER EDGE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ON OCTOBER 19, 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIWED BONNIE JAMES ABOUT HER DONATION OF A CPR TRAINING KIT TO THE MUSEUM. JAMES WORKED AS A LIFEGUARD, A FIRST AID INSTRUCTOR WITH ST. JOHN’S AMBULANCE, AND AT LETHBRIDGE EMS. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HOW SHE ACQUIRED THE CRP TRAINER, JAMES RECALLED, “I USED TO TEACH FOR ST. JOHN AMBULANCE. THAT WAS THE BEGINNING OF MY CAREER PATH…WE HAD A CONTEST…OF SOME SORT - AND THIS WAS ONE OF THE ITEMS THAT WAS GIVEN AWAY, AND SO, AS AN INSTRUCTOR, I WAS IN THE CONTEST – SO, THAT WAS MY PRIZE FROM THEM.” “[THE CONTEST] WOULD HAVE BEEN IN THE EARLY ‘90S…SOMEWHERE BETWEEN ‘90 TO ’93-ISH.” “THIS IS ST. JOHN AMBULANCE FROM LETHBRIDGE. THEY USED TO BE UP ON 2ND AVENUE NORTH IN THE HOMESTEAD VILLAGE MALL BUILDING THERE, AND THAT’S WHERE WE FIRST STARTED TAKING CLASSES, AND WHERE I TOOK MY INSTRUCTOR COURSE.” “I USED IT A FEW TIMES…MORE LIKE A RE-CERTIFICATION FOR SOME FRIENDS THAT NEEDED, WHO SAID “I NEED MY CPR REDONE. CAN YOU DO IT?” WE USED IT MORE AS THAT HANDS-ON SIMULATOR. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE USED TO TEACH WAS THAT, PEOPLE, EVEN IN THE TIME THAT WE WERE DOING MOUTH-TO-MOUTH TYPE THING, PEOPLE DIDN’T FEEL COMFORTABLE IN THE CLASS, YOU’D JUST SAY “OH, JUST SIMULATE”. YOU’D JUST LEAN DOWN BESIDE THEM AND SAY “BLOW” INSTEAD OF ACTUALLY BLOWING INTO THE MOUTH OF THE DOLL. THIS ONE WAS USED MORE IN THAT CONTEXT. IT WAS NEVER A FULL-USE DUMMY, I GUESS YOU’D CALL IT.” JAMES SPOKE ABOUT THE CHANGE IN THE RESUSCITATION TRAINING KITS, NOTING, “WE HAD SOME DIFFERENT TOOLS, JUST BECAUSE THIS ONE IS MORE…LIGHT USE. THEY CALLED IT A FAMILY TRAINER. THERE’S…CARDBOARD IN THE FACE DEFINITELY. THEY WERE CALLED ‘RESUSCI-ANNIE’S’ BACK THEN. THE FACE WAS MADE AFTER A GIRL NAMED ‘ANNIE,’ AND THEY ALL LOOKED THE SAME…A LOT OF THEM WERE FULL-BODY DOLLS… THEN THEY WERE COMING OUT WITH, TOWARDS THE END, WHEN I WAS TEACHING, THEY WERE CALLED ACTAR’S, AND THEY WERE THESE PLASTIC, ROBOTIC-LOOKING GENERIC THINGS THAT WEREN’T NEARLY AS REALISTIC-LOOKING. FOR DURABILITY AND COST, THEY FELT THEY GOT THE SAME TRAINING VALUE OUT OF IT, BUT THEY KIND OF GOT AWAY. THE OTHER REASON THAT THEY CHANGED WAS BECAUSE EVERY TIME THEY USED ‘ANNIE’S’ FACE, THEY HAD TO PAY AN HONORARIUM BACK…BECAUSE THEY WERE USING HER LIKENESS.” “THAT BECAME ONE OF THE OTHER THINGS, IN THE DAY AND AGE OF TALKING ABOUT COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, AND WORRIES ABOUT STERILIZATION…BECAUSE THESE DOLLS – THIS HAS A PLASTIC FACE, BUT YOU WOULD HAVE TO HAVE IT ALL CLEANED OFF. WE WERE CHANGING LUNGS…THE ACTAR’S WERE JUST HARD PLASTIC. YOU JUST CHUCKED THEM IN THE BLEACH, AND THEY WERE CLEAN, AND YOU WENT ON…THEY CAME IN WHAT THEY CALLED SQUADRONS. A SQUADRON WAS A BAG OF EIGHT, SO EVERYBODY IN THE CLASS HAD THEIR OWN DOLL, BECAUSE, BACK THEN, WE DID MOUTH-TO-MOUTH, AND THEY HAD TO ACTUALLY BLOW INTO THE DOLL, SO IT WAS CONTAMINATED BY THAT PERSON. AT THE END OF THE CLASS, AT THE END OF THE DAY, US INSTRUCTORS WOULD JUST GO AND CLEAN THEM ALL…IF YOU ARE ACTUALLY GOING TO USE [THIS DOLL]…YOU CAN SIMULATE…BUT IF IT WAS, SAY, A FAMILY, OR SOMEBODY THAT YOU WEREN’T WORRIED ABOUT CONTAMINATION, IT WASN’T AS BIG A DEAL TO HAVE TO GENTLY CLEAN, INSTEAD OF HAVING TO KIND OF DO THE DEEP CLEAN.” MACLEAN ASKED JAMES WHY SHE HAD CHOSEN TO RETAIN AND DONATE THE TRAINING KIT TO THE MUSEUM, AND JAMES ELABORATED, “IT’S SOMEWHAT, WHAT WE CALL ARCHAIC NOW. WE HAVE EVERYTHING THAT IS ELECTRONIC…AND THIS IS A SIMPLE MODEL. CPR HAS BEEN EFFECTIVE FOR YEARS…AND THIS IS JUST A WAY THAT THEY HAD PUT OUT FOR TEACHING CPR, AND PRACTICING CPR, TO THE PUBLIC SO, JUST THINKING OF THE HISTORY OF THE MUSEUM AS THE HOSPITAL, THAT KIND OF TRAINING – THAT IT WOULD BE KIND OF NEAT FOR KIDS TO SEE IT, IN THE ELECTRONIC AGE, THAT’S WHAT WE USED TO DO; THAT’S HOW WE USED TO PRACTICE AND LEARN THINGS,” “I’M TOO MUCH OF A COLLECTOR. SOME OF IT JUST DIDN’T SEEM LIKE IT SHOULD BE JUST THROWN AWAY. IT WAS NEAT; IT WAS PART OF SOMETHING THAT I DID…IT WAS PART OF MY PAST. I GUESS I THOUGHT, MAYBE I’LL USE IT AGAIN. I TAUGHT UNTIL…IT’S PROBABLY BEEN 7 OR 8 YEARS SINCE I’VE TAUGHT, SO UNTIL THAT POINT…THE IDEA [WITH THE LAERDAL TRAINING KITS WAS]…IF PEOPLE HAVE THEM AT HOME, THEN THEY WOULD PRACTICE MORE OFTEN, INSTEAD OF THE JUST ONCE A YEAR THEY COME TO DO THE COURSE.” “I JUST THOUGHT, THIS IS A PART OF HOW THINGS WERE, WHEN I WAS A YOUNG ADULT. THEY ARE SO DIFFERENT NOW, AND THEY WILL BE SO MUCH MORE DIFFERENT IN ANOTHER 15-20-30 YEARS…NOW WE KNOW THAT CPR IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN ANYTHING. CPR IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN THE DRUGS THAT WE GIVE AT WORK, SO WHEN IT COMES TO SAVING SOMEONE’S LIFE, WHO IS IN ARREST, THIS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT THING THAT CAN BE DONE…THE SKILL IS SOMETHING THAT HAS KIND OF STOOD THE TEST OF TIME. IT’S GONE IN AND OUT OF FAVOR, BUT IT’S NICE NOW, WITH ALL THE SCIENCE-BASED STUFF THAT WE HAVE, AND THE COMMUNICATION WORLD-WIDE, AND THE INTERACTION, THAT THEY CAN NOW GO BACK NOW AND SAY “YEAH, WE KNOW THIS WORKS.” THIS IS THE #1 THING THAT WORKS, SO THIS IS STILL REALLY IMPORTANT FOR EVERYONE TO LEARN, OR AS MANY PEOPLE AS WE CAN, TO TRY TO GET TO LEARN HOW TO DO THIS. BECAUSE THIS IS KIND OF THE “BE ALL: END ALL”…ALL OUR FANCY MACHINES AND EVERYTHING HELP, BUT THE SIMPLE ACT OF ONE PERSON PUSHING ON ANOTHER PERSON’S CHEST, TO MOVE SOME BLOOD, IS THE BEST THING.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20160032000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20160032000
Acquisition Date
2016-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20160022000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
73
Width
53
Description
GREEN WINDBREAKER JACKET WITH EMBROIDERED BADGE ON THE CHEST READING “KOREA VETERANS ASSOCIATION CANADA” IN GOLD THREAD, WITH RED MAPLE LEAF DETAILING AND A RED LOGO IN THE CENTER OF THE SHIELD; BADGE ON THE LEFT SHOULDER SHOWS A SHIELD WITH GOLD THREAD EDGING ALONG A FELT SHIELD WITH A BRASS CROWN AND SILVER TEXT “COMMONWEALTH.” RIGHT SHOULDER HAS RED FELT BADGE WITH RED EMBROIDERED EDGING, WITH BRASS-COLOURED LAUREL LEAVES SURROUNDING A MAPLE LEAF INSIDE AND BRASS-COLOURED TEXT “CANADA.” FRONT LEFT BREAST OF JACKET HAS A RED FELT POPPY PINNED WITH A GREEN METAL CENTER. JACKET HAS TWO SILVER SNAPS COVERED IN GREEN PLASTIC AT THE COLLAR. ZIPPER RUNS LENGTH OF JACKET CHEST. SLEEVES AND WAIST ARE ELASTIC. JACKET HAS TWO POCKETS ON LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES AT WAIST LINED WITH WHITE COTTON. INSIDE OF JACKET IS BLACK. JACKET HAS WHITE TAGS INSIDE AT COLLAR IN RED, BLUE AND BLACK TEXT “CORPORATE CLOTHING BY AVON SPORTSWEAR TORONTO, XXL/M,” AND BILINGUAL ENGLISH/FRENCH COLLAR TAG IN BLACK TEXT “#30, OUTER SHELL 100% NYLON, EXCLUSIVE OF TRIMMING, CA 00368, MADE IN CANADA, DRY CLEAN ONLY,” AND TAG ON LOWER LEFT INSIDE WITH BLACK TEXT “C-36.” COLLAR AND INSIDE OF JACKET HAS DIRT STAINING AND SOILING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
ASSOCIATIONS
History
ON OCTOBER 17, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ERIC MORRIS ABOUT HIS ASSOCIATION WITH THE KOREA VETERAN’S ASSOCIATION OF CANADA, PROMPTED BY THE DONATION OF A KOREA VETERAN’S ASSOCIATION MEMBER JACKET TO THE MUSEUM BY DWAYNE GOLDIE. THE JACKET ORIGINALLY BELONGED TO BILL RAMAGE OF LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. MACLEAN ASKED MORRIS ABOUT THE JACKET AND IF HE RECOGNIZED THE GARMENT, AND MORRIS RECALLED, “THIS IS THE GREEN DRESS JACKET THAT WE’RE ALL WEARING IN THE ASSOCIATION…EVERY DAY WEAR SORT OF THING.” “[THE BADGES ARE THE] PHANTOM AND THAT’S CANADA AS WELL. [EVERYONE WOULD HAVE THESE BADGES ON THEIR JACKETS] BASICALLY. BUT NOT THAT COLOUR. [YOU WOULDN’T BUY THE JACKET WITH THE BADGES ON IT] THERE IS A NATIONAL KIT SHOP [TO BUY BADGES]…YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO GET THE BADGES FROM THEM BUT THEY’RE NOT THESE…THAT’S JUST GOT THE CREST. …HE GOT THEM [THE SHOULDER BADGES] IN KOREA. THEY’RE PROBABLY THE FIRST ONES THAT WERE MADE BECAUSE ALL THE REFLECTING IS CANADA.” “[THE] MEDALS ARE STILL AVAILABLE FROM THE KIT SHOP. NOT MUCH ELSE.” “NOT MANY [OF THE LETHBRIDGE GUYS HAD OUTER SHELL JACKETS LIKE THIS]. BASICALLY [JUST] THE BLAZER. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MEMORIES OF BILL RAMAGE, MORRIS SHARED, “I DIDN’T SEE TOO MUCH OF HIM [BILL RAMAGE]…HE WAS A MEMBER OF OUR ORGANIZATION. [HE WAS] ACTIVE. SUPPORTIVE. GOOD GUY. I DIDN’T SEE TOO MUCH OF HIM. HE HAD A SENSE OF HUMOUR.” MORRIS SHARED HIS MEMORIES OF HIS OWN TIME IN THE KOREA VETERAN’S ASSOCIATION IN LETHBRIDGE, NOTING, “I WAS PRESIDENT, VICE-PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY FOR QUITE A FEW YEARS AND I’M A LIFETIME MEMBER OF KVA…THERE’S MANY KOREAN VETERANS IN THIS PART OF ALBERTA…WE HAD A MEDAL PRESENTATION LAST YEAR, THERE [WERE] ONE HUNDRED AND TEN FROM SOUTHERN ALBERTA WE INVITED TO IT. THAT’S ANYWHERE FROM SOUTHERN ALBERTA A LOT OF THEM ARE MEMBERS BUT NOT MEMBERS OF THE UNIT. THEY’RE MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL SAME AS I AM NOW.” “WE WERE A FAIRLY ACTIVE UNIT…WE HAD OUR PARADES AND CEREMONIES. WE ALSO WORKED AT THE LOCAL BINGO HALL ONCE EVERY YEAR AND FROM THAT WE USED TO GET OVER THIRTY THOUSAND DOLLARS A YEAR, WHICH OF COURSE ALL WE GOT OUT OF IT WAS ABOUT FIVE THOUSAND. WE HAD TO DISTRIBUTE THE REMAINDER TO DESERVING ORGANIZATIONS WITHIN OUR IMMEDIATE AREA WHICH WE DID. THE OTHER MEMBERS ARE STILL YOU KNOW, GOING, NOT IN GOOD HEALTH MOST OF THEM BUT THEY’RE STILL GOING. “THE LEGION [IS WHERE WE MET]. EVERYTHING OPERATED OUT OF THERE. THE LEGION DOES SUPPORT THEM [KOREA VETERAN’S ASSOCIATIONS ACROSS CANADA], [AS] MEETING PLACES.” “WE PARADED THERE [CITY HALL] ON REMEMBRANCE DAY. THAT WAS OUR PRIMARY PARADE AND IT WAS SOMETHING SPECIAL TO ALL. [IT WAS] PRETTY HARD TO GET THESE OLD GUYS OUT TO PARADE…A LOT OF THOSE MEMBERS OF THE LOCAL SENIOR CITIZENS ORGANIZATIONS, WHICH WE FUNDED…THE KOREAN COMMUNITY HERE IS A FAIR SIZE, AND THEY SUPPORTED US…AFTER OUR PARADE FOR EXAMPLE, THEY WOULD INVITE US TO THE CHURCH FOR DINNER. OR WHEN WE HAD OUR MEDAL PRESENTATION THEY SET UP THE KITCHEN AND FED EVERYBODY…THEY WERE VERY SUPPORTIVE.” “[THE ORGANIZATION IS] VERY IMPORTANT [TO ME]. IT IS TO ALL THE MEMBERS OF ANY VETERAN’S ORGANIZATION…WHEN YOU SPEAK TO THE LEGION MEMBERS FOR EXAMPLE IT’S IMPORTANT TO THEM THAT YOU BELONG TO A COMRADESHIP…WE WERE STAUNCH MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNITY…BECAUSE WE VOLUNTEERED…OUR ORGANIZATION IS CLOSED DOWN, AND THE NEXT CLOSEST ONE IS IN CALGARY WHICH WE CAN GO TO ANYTIME. WE CAN GO TO ANY LEGION.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20160022000-GA FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING A COPY OF THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20160022000
Acquisition Date
2016-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20120038002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.9
Diameter
38.1
Description
SILVER METAL REEL; 10 METAL RODS CONNECT FROM OUTER METAL RING TO INNER SPOKE; REEL HAS TWO PARALLEL SETS OF RODS CONNECTING TO INNER SPOKE. INNER SPOKE IS SURROUNDED BY METAL CIRCULAR CASING IN FIVE PIECES WITH HOLES CUT OUT OF METAL. INNER SPOKE, CASING, AND METAL RODS ARE RUSTED; CASING PIECE HAS ENGRAVED TEXT “MADE IN U.S.A.” OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
LEISURE
History
ON APRIL 11, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LARRY AND ANDREA BECKER, OWNERS OF THE FORMER WATERTON THEATRE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WHERE THE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT WAS USED. DURING THE INTERVIEW, THE BECKERS ELABORATED ON HOW THEIR THEATRE CLOSED, HOW THE EQUIPMENT WAS USED IN THEIR THEATRE, AND HOW AL ANCTIL CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE THEATRE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT. LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HOW ANCTIL BECAME THE OWNER AND DONOR OF THE EQUIPMENT, STATING, “THIS EQUIPMENT IS BUILT AND DESIGNED TO EXHIBIT 35 MM MOTION PICTURE FILM. IN 2011, WHEN WE DISPOSED OF THE EQUIPMENT, FILM WAS BECOMING OBSOLETE. IT WAS NO LONGER AVAILABLE TO US AS AN EXHIBITION MEDIUM, SO WE WERE FACED WITH THE CHALLENGE OF CONVERTING TO A DIGITAL PROJECTION, IF WE WANTED TO CONTINUE SHOWING MOTION PICTURES. WE HAD TO GET RID OF THIS, AND AL [ANCTIL] THOUGHT HE HAD A USE FOR IT. AT THE TIME, HE WAS SELLING US COFFEE. WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP IN THE THEATRE, SO WE HAD THAT RELATIONSHIP WITH AL; AND I’M NOT SURE WHY AL WANTED IT…I DON’T KNOW IF HE EVER INTENDED TO USE IT. I THINK, UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, IT MIGHT BE USEFUL, IF SOMEBODY COULD ACCESS SOME 35 MM FILM TO RUN THROUGH IT. WHEN WE HEARD THAT AL WANTED IT, WE SAID “SURE, YOU CAN HAVE IT AL. WE NO LONGER HAVE ANY USE FOR IT.”” “IT WAS THE COST OF THE CONVERSION [THAT INFLUENCED OUR DECISION TO CLOSE]. INITIALLY, WHEN ALL OF THE THEATRES WERE FACED WITH THE CONVERSION, WITHIN A VERY SHORT WINDOW, THE DEMAND FOR THE EQUIPMENT WAS VERY HIGH; COSTS WERE VERY HIGH, AND IT JUST WASN’T FINANCIALLY VIABLE IN A SEASONAL OPERATION, SO WE DECIDED NOT TO PROCEED, AT THAT TIME, WITH THE DIGITAL UPGRADING/CONVERSION. WE WERE WORKING QUITE HARD, BECAUSE WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP, AN ICE CREAM STORE, AND A MOVIE THEATRE. THE MOVIE THEATRE WAS THE FUN PART OF IT.” “WE WERE AT THE END OF OUR LAST SEASON IN 2011, AND WE HAD WORKED OUT AN ARRANGEMENT WITH THE TENANT, TO TAKE IT OVER, TO RUN IT AS A ‘STAGE AND GRILL’ KIND OF OPERATION. THEY WERE GOING TO PUT A KITCHEN IN, AND SERVE MEALS, AND PRESENT MUSIC ACTS ON STAGE.” LARRY BECKER DISCUSSED THE PURPOSE OF THE FILM REEL IN THE THEATRE, STATING, “[THIS WIRE REEL] IS A PROJECTION ROOM REEL, AND A GOOD, WELL-EQUIPPED PROJECTION ROOM WOULD HAVE A FULL SET OF THESE, AND WOULD NEVER USE THESE IN A PROJECTOR, BECAUSE THEY ARE USUALLY BENT UP, AND NOT IN VERY GOOD SHAPE. “[WE WOULD TAKE THE SHIPPING REEL, WITH THE FILM ON IT, AND THEN] WIND IT ON TO THE WIRE. IF YOU DIDN’T HAVE THEM…YOU COULD USE THE SHIPPING REELS. A LOT OF THEATRES ENDED UP RUNNING OFF SHIPPING REELS, ULTIMATELY, ESPECIALLY WHEN THEY BECAME PLASTIC, BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T BANG UP SO BAD.” THE BECKERS SPOKE ABOUT THEIR ARRIVAL IN WATERTON AND THEIR HISTORY WORKING IN THEATRES, WITH LARRY BEGINNING HIS CAREER WORKING IN THE PALACE THEATRE IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. IN 1975, THE BECKERS BECAME INTERESTED IN PURCHASING THE THEATRE IN WATERTON, AND BY 1976 THEY WERE RUNNING THE WATERTON THEATRE. LARRY NOTED HOW THE BECKERS BECAME INVOLVED WITH THE WATERTON THEATRE “I WAS TRAVELING TO WATERTON. I HAD NEVER BEEN TO WATERTON. I HAD AN OCCASION TO GO TO GREAT FALLS. IT WAS ON…A BUSINESS TRIP, AND IT WAS OVER A WEEKEND. I LOOKED AT THE MAP, AND I THOUGHT, “IF WE LEAVE AROUND DINNERTIME ON FRIDAY, WE CAN SPEND A NIGHT IN WATERTON…AND THEN WE CAN CONTINUE TO GREAT FALLS THE NEXT DAY.” GOT INTO WATERTON, AND, BY THIS TIME, THE SUN HAD SET, AND I STILL DIDN’T REALIZE I WAS IN THE MOUNTAINS. I SORT OF LOOKED AROUND. I DIDN’T HAVE A ROOM BOOKED, AND GOT A ROOM IN ALLEN’S LAKESHORE BUNGALOWS, WHICH WERE ON THE SHORE OF WATERTON LAKE, AT THAT TIME, AND WHEN I GOT UP IN THE MORNING, AND LOOKED AROUND, I COULDN’T BELIEVE WHERE I WAS. I MEAN, IT WAS JUST THE MOST BEAUTIFUL THING…IT WAS STUNNINGLY, GORGEOUS! THEN I THOUGHT, “I’LL TAKE A STROLL AROUND TOWN”, AND THERE WAS A MOVIE THEATRE. OF COURSE, BEING IN THE BUSINESS, I’VE GOT TO STOP AND YOU…FIND OUT WHAT’S GOING ON THERE. I CHATTED WITH A YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE LOOKING AFTER THE PLACE FOR LOTTIE BREWERTON. LOTTIE, AND HER HUSBAND, GORDON, HAD BUILT IT BACK IN ’35. LOTTIE WAS GORDON’S WIDOW. SHE WASN’T INVOLVED IN THE OPERATION, BUT SHE HAD SOME YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE HELPING HER OUT, SO, IN THE CONVERSATION, THEY SAID, “YOU KNOW, I THINK LOTTIE WANTS TO SELL.” I WENT BACK TO CALGARY, AND NEVER REALLY THOUGHT TOO MUCH ABOUT IT UNTIL SEVERAL MONTHS LATER, AND IT WAS SORT OF ON MY MIND, AND I THOUGHT, “WELL, I’M GOING TO GET AHOLD OF LOTTIE AND SEE WHAT THE DEAL IS HERE?” “IT NEEDED WORK. IT’S NOT A BIG MONEY-MAKING OPERATION IN WATERTON, SO IT WAS…HARD TO DO THE THINGS THAT NEEDED TO BE DONE. OVER THE YEARS, WE KIND OF KEPT IT GOING…BUT IT WAS ALWAYS…AN EXPERIENTIAL THING. IT WAS KIND OF AN ANTIQUE IN ITSELF. IT WAS NEVER INTENDED TO BE LIKE THE CITY THEATRES – IT’S A MUCH MORE CASUAL ENVIRONMENT.” “I LIKE THE STYLE OF THE BUILDING. IT’S A GORGEOUS OLD BUILDING – TUDOR-REVIVAL. IT’S GOT AN INTERESTING HISTORY. BACK IN THE MID-‘30S, PARKS CANADA WAS ENCOURAGING DEVELOPMENT IN WATERTON, AND WAS GIVING OUT THE COMMERCIAL LEASES, BUT THEY ALSO WANTED SORT OF AN ARCHITECTURAL THEME TO THE TOWNSITE. THEY HAD AN ARCHITECTURAL DIVISION, AND THEY HAD ARCHITECTS ON STAFF, AND IT WAS THAT BRANCH OF PARKS CANADA, THAT DESIGNED THAT BUILDING, AND MANY OF THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN WATERTON. IT’S GOT SOME CHARM. IT’S NICE THAT WAY.” ANDREA BECKER ADDED, “IT’S…A PRIVILEGE TO BE A WATERTON BUSINESS OWNER. IT’S A VERY SMALL COMMUNITY, AND IT’S A LIFESTYLE KIND OF ENVIRONMENT, AS WELL, FOR THE BUSINESS PEOPLE THERE. WE…FEEL THAT IT IS A SPECIAL THING TO DO…” LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HIS TRAINING WORKING IN THEATRES AND HIS EARLY START IN THE WATERTON THEATRE, “WHEN I STARTED DOING PROJECTION WORK, IT WAS A LICENSED TRADE IN THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA, AND, IN THE EARLY DAYS OF MOTION PICTURE EXHIBITION, THE FILM STOCK WAS A SILVER NITRATE FILM STOCK WHICH WAS, LITERALLY, EXPLOSIVE. PROJECTION ROOMS, INCLUDING THE ONE IN WATERTON, WERE BUILT LIKE A BUNKER. THEY WERE CEMENT ROOMS, WITH FIRE SHUTTERS, THAT WOULD SLAM SHUT IF SOMETHING WENT WRONG IN THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM TO BECOME A PROJECTIONIST WAS A 3 YEAR PROGRAM, AND THERE WAS DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF LICENSING. WHEN I STARTED IN [1977] I OWNED THE THEATRE IN FORT MACLEOD AND I HAD TO DO AN APPRENTICESHIP, IN MY OWN THEATRE, BEFORE I WAS ALLOWED TO OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT. I BECAME A CERTIFIED PROJECTIONIST. I MENTION THE EARLY DAYS WITH THE SILVER NITRATE FILM, WHICH WAS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE, AND DANGEROUS. THAT HAD BEEN REPLACED BY ACETATE FILM, LONG BEFORE I BECAME INVOLVED, AND SO THE FILM STOCK WAS NO LONGER…COMBUSTIBLE, AND SO IT WAS A MUCH SAFER ENVIRONMENT. NONETHELESS, SOME OF THE OLD REGULATIONS SORT OF CARRIED FORWARD, AND SLOWLY CHANGED.” “ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS INTERESTING ABOUT THE THEATRE WHEN I TOOK IT OVER IS THAT, FOR LIGHT SOURCES IN THE PROJECTION ROOM, THE LAMPS THAT ILLUMINATED THE SCREEN WERE BURNING CARBON ARCS. CARBON ARCS CAME IN A BOX; YOU INSTALLED THEM IN THE LAMP HOUSE. WHEN YOU STARTED THE MOVIE, YOU’D STRIKE THEM TOGETHER, AND THEY WOULD CREATE AN ARC AND FLAME BETWEEN THESE CARBON RODS. THAT WAS WHAT PRODUCED THE LIGHT. IT WAS MAGNIFIED BY A MIRROR DOWN THROUGH THE LENS, AND WITH THE SCREEN. WITH THAT KIND OF A LIGHT SOURCE, YOU HAD TO BE IN THE PROJECTION ROOM…ALL THE TIME. YOU COULDN’T LEAVE THE PROJECTION ROOM WHILE THE MOVIE WAS RUNNING. AS A MATTER OF FACT, PROJECTION ROOMS HAD TOILETS IN THEM DURING THAT PERIOD. CHANGING THAT OUT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS THAT I DID, BECAUSE IT MADE IT A LOT EASIER TO GET OUT OF THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE OTHER THING – THE FILM WAS RUN OFF OF 18 20-MINUTE REELS AT THAT TIME, SO THERE WERE 2 PROJECTORS. WE WERE CONSTANTLY CHANGING BACK AND FORTH, FROM ONE PROJECTOR TO THE OTHER. GETTING RID OF THE CARBON ARC LAMP HOUSES, AND INSTALLING A PLATTER SYSTEM, WHICH ALLOWED…THE PROGRAM TO BE SPLICED TOGETHER ON THE SINGLE REELS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND HISTORIES OF THE WATERTON THEATRE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120038001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120038002
Acquisition Date
2012-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TIN, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20120038003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
TIN, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Diameter
38.3
Description
SILVER METAL REEL WITH BRASS SPOKE IN CENTER; REEL IS COMPRISED OF TWO CIRCULAR METAL PIECES FIXED TO BRASS SPOKE; SURFACES OF METAL SIDES HAVE FOUR LARGE HOLES CUT-OUT, FOUR MEDIUM HOLES CUT-OUT, AND FOUR SMALL HOLES CUT-OUT. CIRCULAR SCRATCHES RING CENTER OF BOTH SIDES OF REEL. BOTH SIDES OF REEL ARE SCRATCHED FROM WEAR. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
LEISURE
History
ON APRIL 11, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LARRY AND ANDREA BECKER, OWNERS OF THE FORMER WATERTON THEATRE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WHERE THE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT WAS USED. DURING THE INTERVIEW, THE BECKERS ELABORATED ON HOW THEIR THEATRE CLOSED, HOW THE EQUIPMENT WAS USED IN THEIR THEATRE, AND HOW AL ANCTIL CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE THEATRE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT. LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HOW ANCTIL BECAME THE OWNER AND DONOR OF THE EQUIPMENT, STATING, “THIS EQUIPMENT IS BUILT AND DESIGNED TO EXHIBIT 35 MM MOTION PICTURE FILM. IN 2011, WHEN WE DISPOSED OF THE EQUIPMENT, FILM WAS BECOMING OBSOLETE. IT WAS NO LONGER AVAILABLE TO US AS AN EXHIBITION MEDIUM, SO WE WERE FACED WITH THE CHALLENGE OF CONVERTING TO A DIGITAL PROJECTION, IF WE WANTED TO CONTINUE SHOWING MOTION PICTURES. WE HAD TO GET RID OF THIS, AND AL [ANCTIL] THOUGHT HE HAD A USE FOR IT. AT THE TIME, HE WAS SELLING US COFFEE. WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP IN THE THEATRE, SO WE HAD THAT RELATIONSHIP WITH AL; AND I’M NOT SURE WHY AL WANTED IT…I DON’T KNOW IF HE EVER INTENDED TO USE IT. I THINK, UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, IT MIGHT BE USEFUL, IF SOMEBODY COULD ACCESS SOME 35 MM FILM TO RUN THROUGH IT. WHEN WE HEARD THAT AL WANTED IT, WE SAID “SURE, YOU CAN HAVE IT AL. WE NO LONGER HAVE ANY USE FOR IT.”” “IT WAS THE COST OF THE CONVERSION [THAT INFLUENCED OUR DECISION TO CLOSE]. INITIALLY, WHEN ALL OF THE THEATRES WERE FACED WITH THE CONVERSION, WITHIN A VERY SHORT WINDOW, THE DEMAND FOR THE EQUIPMENT WAS VERY HIGH; COSTS WERE VERY HIGH, AND IT JUST WASN’T FINANCIALLY VIABLE IN A SEASONAL OPERATION, SO WE DECIDED NOT TO PROCEED, AT THAT TIME, WITH THE DIGITAL UPGRADING/CONVERSION. WE WERE WORKING QUITE HARD, BECAUSE WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP, AN ICE CREAM STORE, AND A MOVIE THEATRE. THE MOVIE THEATRE WAS THE FUN PART OF IT.” “WE WERE AT THE END OF OUR LAST SEASON IN 2011, AND WE HAD WORKED OUT AN ARRANGEMENT WITH THE TENANT, TO TAKE IT OVER, TO RUN IT AS A ‘STAGE AND GRILL’ KIND OF OPERATION. THEY WERE GOING TO PUT A KITCHEN IN, AND SERVE MEALS, AND PRESENT MUSIC ACTS ON STAGE.” LARRY BECKER DISCUSSED THE PURPOSE OF THE FILM REEL IN THE THEATRE, STATING, “[THIS IS A] SHIPPING REEL. WHEN FILMS WERE SHIPPED IN THE FILM BALLS TO THE THEATRES, THIS IS THE KIND OF REEL THEY CAME ON.” “[WE WOULD TAKE THE SHIPPING REEL, WITH THE FILM ON IT, AND THEN] WIND IT ON TO THE [WIRE REEL]. IF YOU DIDN’T HAVE THEM…YOU COULD USE THE SHIPPING REELS. A LOT OF THEATRES ENDED UP RUNNING OFF SHIPPING REELS, ULTIMATELY, ESPECIALLY WHEN THEY BECAME PLASTIC, BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T BANG UP SO BAD.” THE BECKERS SPOKE ABOUT THEIR ARRIVAL IN WATERTON AND THEIR HISTORY WORKING IN THEATRES, WITH LARRY BEGINNING HIS CAREER WORKING IN THE PALACE THEATRE IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. IN 1975, THE BECKERS BECAME INTERESTED IN PURCHASING THE THEATRE IN WATERTON, AND BY 1976 THEY WERE RUNNING THE WATERTON THEATRE. LARRY NOTED HOW THE BECKERS BECAME INVOLVED WITH THE WATERTON THEATRE “I WAS TRAVELING TO WATERTON. I HAD NEVER BEEN TO WATERTON. I HAD AN OCCASION TO GO TO GREAT FALLS. IT WAS ON…A BUSINESS TRIP, AND IT WAS OVER A WEEKEND. I LOOKED AT THE MAP, AND I THOUGHT, “IF WE LEAVE AROUND DINNERTIME ON FRIDAY, WE CAN SPEND A NIGHT IN WATERTON…AND THEN WE CAN CONTINUE TO GREAT FALLS THE NEXT DAY.” GOT INTO WATERTON, AND, BY THIS TIME, THE SUN HAD SET, AND I STILL DIDN’T REALIZE I WAS IN THE MOUNTAINS. I SORT OF LOOKED AROUND. I DIDN’T HAVE A ROOM BOOKED, AND GOT A ROOM IN ALLEN’S LAKESHORE BUNGALOWS, WHICH WERE ON THE SHORE OF WATERTON LAKE, AT THAT TIME, AND WHEN I GOT UP IN THE MORNING, AND LOOKED AROUND, I COULDN’T BELIEVE WHERE I WAS. I MEAN, IT WAS JUST THE MOST BEAUTIFUL THING…IT WAS STUNNINGLY, GORGEOUS! THEN I THOUGHT, “I’LL TAKE A STROLL AROUND TOWN”, AND THERE WAS A MOVIE THEATRE. OF COURSE, BEING IN THE BUSINESS, I’VE GOT TO STOP AND YOU…FIND OUT WHAT’S GOING ON THERE. I CHATTED WITH A YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE LOOKING AFTER THE PLACE FOR LOTTIE BREWERTON. LOTTIE, AND HER HUSBAND, GORDON, HAD BUILT IT BACK IN ’35. LOTTIE WAS GORDON’S WIDOW. SHE WASN’T INVOLVED IN THE OPERATION, BUT SHE HAD SOME YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE HELPING HER OUT, SO, IN THE CONVERSATION, THEY SAID, “YOU KNOW, I THINK LOTTIE WANTS TO SELL.” I WENT BACK TO CALGARY, AND NEVER REALLY THOUGHT TOO MUCH ABOUT IT UNTIL SEVERAL MONTHS LATER, AND IT WAS SORT OF ON MY MIND, AND I THOUGHT, “WELL, I’M GOING TO GET AHOLD OF LOTTIE AND SEE WHAT THE DEAL IS HERE?” “IT NEEDED WORK. IT’S NOT A BIG MONEY-MAKING OPERATION IN WATERTON, SO IT WAS…HARD TO DO THE THINGS THAT NEEDED TO BE DONE. OVER THE YEARS, WE KIND OF KEPT IT GOING…BUT IT WAS ALWAYS…AN EXPERIENTIAL THING. IT WAS KIND OF AN ANTIQUE IN ITSELF. IT WAS NEVER INTENDED TO BE LIKE THE CITY THEATRES – IT’S A MUCH MORE CASUAL ENVIRONMENT.” “I LIKE THE STYLE OF THE BUILDING. IT’S A GORGEOUS OLD BUILDING – TUDOR-REVIVAL. IT’S GOT AN INTERESTING HISTORY. BACK IN THE MID-‘30S, PARKS CANADA WAS ENCOURAGING DEVELOPMENT IN WATERTON, AND WAS GIVING OUT THE COMMERCIAL LEASES, BUT THEY ALSO WANTED SORT OF AN ARCHITECTURAL THEME TO THE TOWNSITE. THEY HAD AN ARCHITECTURAL DIVISION, AND THEY HAD ARCHITECTS ON STAFF, AND IT WAS THAT BRANCH OF PARKS CANADA, THAT DESIGNED THAT BUILDING, AND MANY OF THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN WATERTON. IT’S GOT SOME CHARM. IT’S NICE THAT WAY.” ANDREA BECKER ADDED, “IT’S…A PRIVILEGE TO BE A WATERTON BUSINESS OWNER. IT’S A VERY SMALL COMMUNITY, AND IT’S A LIFESTYLE KIND OF ENVIRONMENT, AS WELL, FOR THE BUSINESS PEOPLE THERE. WE…FEEL THAT IT IS A SPECIAL THING TO DO…” LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HIS TRAINING WORKING IN THEATRES AND HIS EARLY START IN THE WATERTON THEATRE, “WHEN I STARTED DOING PROJECTION WORK, IT WAS A LICENSED TRADE IN THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA, AND, IN THE EARLY DAYS OF MOTION PICTURE EXHIBITION, THE FILM STOCK WAS A SILVER NITRATE FILM STOCK WHICH WAS, LITERALLY, EXPLOSIVE. PROJECTION ROOMS, INCLUDING THE ONE IN WATERTON, WERE BUILT LIKE A BUNKER. THEY WERE CEMENT ROOMS, WITH FIRE SHUTTERS, THAT WOULD SLAM SHUT IF SOMETHING WENT WRONG IN THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM TO BECOME A PROJECTIONIST WAS A 3 YEAR PROGRAM, AND THERE WAS DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF LICENSING. WHEN I STARTED IN [1977] I OWNED THE THEATRE IN FORT MACLEOD AND I HAD TO DO AN APPRENTICESHIP, IN MY OWN THEATRE, BEFORE I WAS ALLOWED TO OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT. I BECAME A CERTIFIED PROJECTIONIST. I MENTION THE EARLY DAYS WITH THE SILVER NITRATE FILM, WHICH WAS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE, AND DANGEROUS. THAT HAD BEEN REPLACED BY ACETATE FILM, LONG BEFORE I BECAME INVOLVED, AND SO THE FILM STOCK WAS NO LONGER…COMBUSTIBLE, AND SO IT WAS A MUCH SAFER ENVIRONMENT. NONETHELESS, SOME OF THE OLD REGULATIONS SORT OF CARRIED FORWARD, AND SLOWLY CHANGED.” “ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS INTERESTING ABOUT THE THEATRE WHEN I TOOK IT OVER IS THAT, FOR LIGHT SOURCES IN THE PROJECTION ROOM, THE LAMPS THAT ILLUMINATED THE SCREEN WERE BURNING CARBON ARCS. CARBON ARCS CAME IN A BOX; YOU INSTALLED THEM IN THE LAMP HOUSE. WHEN YOU STARTED THE MOVIE, YOU’D STRIKE THEM TOGETHER, AND THEY WOULD CREATE AN ARC AND FLAME BETWEEN THESE CARBON RODS. THAT WAS WHAT PRODUCED THE LIGHT. IT WAS MAGNIFIED BY A MIRROR DOWN THROUGH THE LENS, AND WITH THE SCREEN. WITH THAT KIND OF A LIGHT SOURCE, YOU HAD TO BE IN THE PROJECTION ROOM…ALL THE TIME. YOU COULDN’T LEAVE THE PROJECTION ROOM WHILE THE MOVIE WAS RUNNING. AS A MATTER OF FACT, PROJECTION ROOMS HAD TOILETS IN THEM DURING THAT PERIOD. CHANGING THAT OUT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS THAT I DID, BECAUSE IT MADE IT A LOT EASIER TO GET OUT OF THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE OTHER THING – THE FILM WAS RUN OFF OF 18 20-MINUTE REELS AT THAT TIME, SO THERE WERE 2 PROJECTORS. WE WERE CONSTANTLY CHANGING BACK AND FORTH, FROM ONE PROJECTOR TO THE OTHER. GETTING RID OF THE CARBON ARC LAMP HOUSES, AND INSTALLING A PLATTER SYSTEM, WHICH ALLOWED…THE PROGRAM TO BE SPLICED TOGETHER ON THE SINGLE REELS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND HISTORIES OF THE WATERTON THEATRE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120038001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120038003
Acquisition Date
2012-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
Metal
Catalogue Number
P20120038004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
Metal
No. Pieces
1
Height
4
Diameter
25.3
Description
TARNISHED METAL REEL; TWO CIRCULAR METAL SIDES ATTACHED WITH A CENTRAL SPOKE; BOTH CIRCULAR PIECES HAVE FIVE LARGE HOLES CUT-OUT. FIVE HOOKS CONNECT THE CENTRAL SPOKE TO BOTH SIDES. TEXT ENGRAVED ON THE SURFACE OF BOTTOM SIDE READS “WARNER BROS., TAYLOREEL CORP., ROCHESTER, N.Y.” TEXT ENGRAVED ON THE SURFACE OF THE TOP SIDE READS “TAYLOREEL CORP., ROCHESTER, N.Y.” SIDES AND CENTRAL SPOKE ARE RUSTED. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
LEISURE
History
ON APRIL 11, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LARRY AND ANDREA BECKER, OWNERS OF THE FORMER WATERTAN THEATRE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WHERE THE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT WAS USED. DURING THE INTERVIEW, THE BECKERS ELABORATED ON HOW THEIR THEATRE CAME TO A CLOSE, HOW THE EQUIPMENT WAS USED IN THEIR THEATRE, AND HOW AL ANCTIL CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE THEATRE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT. LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HOW ANCTIL BECAME THE OWNER AND DONOR OF THE EQUIPMENT, STATING, “THIS EQUIPMENT IS BUILT AND DESIGNED TO EXHIBIT 35 MM MOTION PICTURE FILM. IN 2011, WHEN WE DISPOSED OF THE EQUIPMENT, FILM WAS BECOMING OBSOLETE. IT WAS NO LONGER AVAILABLE TO US AS AN EXHIBITION MEDIUM, SO WE WERE FACED WITH THE CHALLENGE OF CONVERTING TO A DIGITAL PROJECTION, IF WE WANTED TO CONTINUE SHOWING MOTION PICTURES. WE HAD TO GET RID OF THIS, AND AL [ANCTIL] THOUGHT HE HAD A USE FOR IT. AT THE TIME, HE WAS SELLING US COFFEE. WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP IN THE THEATRE, SO WE HAD THAT RELATIONSHIP WITH AL; AND I’M NOT SURE WHY AL WANTED IT…I DON’T KNOW IF HE EVER INTENDED TO USE IT. I THINK, UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, IT MIGHT BE USEFUL, IF SOMEBODY COULD ACCESS SOME 35 MM FILM TO RUN THROUGH IT. WHEN WE HEARD THAT AL WANTED IT, WE SAID “SURE, YOU CAN HAVE IT AL. WE NO LONGER HAVE ANY USE FOR IT.”” “IT WAS THE COST OF THE CONVERSION [THAT INFLUENCED OUR DECISION TO CLOSE]. INITIALLY, WHEN ALL OF THE THEATRES WERE FACED WITH THE CONVERSION, WITHIN A VERY SHORT WINDOW, THE DEMAND FOR THE EQUIPMENT WAS VERY HIGH; COSTS WERE VERY HIGH, AND IT JUST WASN’T FINANCIALLY VIABLE IN A SEASONAL OPERATION, SO WE DECIDED NOT TO PROCEED, AT THAT TIME, WITH THE DIGITAL UPGRADING/CONVERSION. WE WERE WORKING QUITE HARD, BECAUSE WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP, AN ICE CREAM STORE, AND A MOVIE THEATRE. THE MOVIE THEATRE WAS THE FUN PART OF IT.” “WE WERE AT THE END OF OUR LAST SEASON IN 2011, AND WE HAD WORKED OUT AN ARRANGEMENT WITH THE TENANT, TO TAKE IT OVER, TO RUN IT AS A ‘STAGE AND GRILL’ KIND OF OPERATION. THEY WERE GOING TO PUT A KITCHEN IN, AND SERVE MEALS, AND PRESENT MUSIC ACTS ON STAGE.” LARRY BECKER DISCUSSED THE PURPOSE OF THE FILM REEL IN THE THEATRE, STATING, “[THIS IS A] SHIPPING REEL. WHEN FILMS WERE SHIPPED IN THE FILM BALLS TO THE THEATRES, THIS IS THE KIND OF REEL THEY CAME ON.” “[WE WOULD TAKE THE SHIPPING REEL, WITH THE FILM ON IT, AND THEN] WIND IT ON TO THE [WIRE REEL]. IF YOU DIDN’T HAVE THEM…YOU COULD USE THE SHIPPING REELS. A LOT OF THEATRES ENDED UP RUNNING OFF SHIPPING REELS, ULTIMATELY, ESPECIALLY WHEN THEY BECAME PLASTIC, BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T BANG UP SO BAD.” THE BECKERS SPOKE ABOUT THEIR ARRIVAL IN WATERTON AND THEIR HISTORY WORKING IN THEATRES, WITH LARRY BEGINNING HIS CAREER WORKING IN THE PALACE THEATRE IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. IN 1975, THE BECKERS BECAME INTERESTED IN PURCHASING THE THEATRE IN WATERTON, AND BY 1976 THEY WERE RUNNING THE WATERTON THEATRE. LARRY NOTED HOW THE BECKERS BECAME INVOLVED WITH THE WATERTON THEATRE “I WAS TRAVELING TO WATERTON. I HAD NEVER BEEN TO WATERTON. I HAD AN OCCASION TO GO TO GREAT FALLS. IT WAS ON…A BUSINESS TRIP, AND IT WAS OVER A WEEKEND. I LOOKED AT THE MAP, AND I THOUGHT, “IF WE LEAVE AROUND DINNERTIME ON FRIDAY, WE CAN SPEND A NIGHT IN WATERTON…AND THEN WE CAN CONTINUE TO GREAT FALLS THE NEXT DAY.” GOT INTO WATERTON, AND, BY THIS TIME, THE SUN HAD SET, AND I STILL DIDN’T REALIZE I WAS IN THE MOUNTAINS. I SORT OF LOOKED AROUND. I DIDN’T HAVE A ROOM BOOKED, AND GOT A ROOM IN ALLEN’S LAKESHORE BUNGALOWS, WHICH WERE ON THE SHORE OF WATERTON LAKE, AT THAT TIME, AND WHEN I GOT UP IN THE MORNING, AND LOOKED AROUND, I COULDN’T BELIEVE WHERE I WAS. I MEAN, IT WAS JUST THE MOST BEAUTIFUL THING…IT WAS STUNNINGLY, GORGEOUS! THEN I THOUGHT, “I’LL TAKE A STROLL AROUND TOWN”, AND THERE WAS A MOVIE THEATRE. OF COURSE, BEING IN THE BUSINESS, I’VE GOT TO STOP AND YOU…FIND OUT WHAT’S GOING ON THERE. I CHATTED WITH A YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE LOOKING AFTER THE PLACE FOR LOTTIE BREWERTON. LOTTIE, AND HER HUSBAND, GORDON, HAD BUILT IT BACK IN ’35. LOTTIE WAS GORDON’S WIDOW. SHE WASN’T INVOLVED IN THE OPERATION, BUT SHE HAD SOME YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE HELPING HER OUT, SO, IN THE CONVERSATION, THEY SAID, “YOU KNOW, I THINK LOTTIE WANTS TO SELL.” I WENT BACK TO CALGARY, AND NEVER REALLY THOUGHT TOO MUCH ABOUT IT UNTIL SEVERAL MONTHS LATER, AND IT WAS SORT OF ON MY MIND, AND I THOUGHT, “WELL, I’M GOING TO GET AHOLD OF LOTTIE AND SEE WHAT THE DEAL IS HERE?” “IT NEEDED WORK. IT’S NOT A BIG MONEY-MAKING OPERATION IN WATERTON, SO IT WAS…HARD TO DO THE THINGS THAT NEEDED TO BE DONE. OVER THE YEARS, WE KIND OF KEPT IT GOING…BUT IT WAS ALWAYS…AN EXPERIENTIAL THING. IT WAS KIND OF AN ANTIQUE IN ITSELF. IT WAS NEVER INTENDED TO BE LIKE THE CITY THEATRES – IT’S A MUCH MORE CASUAL ENVIRONMENT.” “I LIKE THE STYLE OF THE BUILDING. IT’S A GORGEOUS OLD BUILDING – TUDOR-REVIVAL. IT’S GOT AN INTERESTING HISTORY. BACK IN THE MID-‘30S, PARKS CANADA WAS ENCOURAGING DEVELOPMENT IN WATERTON, AND WAS GIVING OUT THE COMMERCIAL LEASES, BUT THEY ALSO WANTED SORT OF AN ARCHITECTURAL THEME TO THE TOWNSITE. THEY HAD AN ARCHITECTURAL DIVISION, AND THEY HAD ARCHITECTS ON STAFF, AND IT WAS THAT BRANCH OF PARKS CANADA, THAT DESIGNED THAT BUILDING, AND MANY OF THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN WATERTON. IT’S GOT SOME CHARM. IT’S NICE THAT WAY.” ANDREA BECKER ADDED, “IT’S…A PRIVILEGE TO BE A WATERTON BUSINESS OWNER. IT’S A VERY SMALL COMMUNITY, AND IT’S A LIFESTYLE KIND OF ENVIRONMENT, AS WELL, FOR THE BUSINESS PEOPLE THERE. WE…FEEL THAT IT IS A SPECIAL THING TO DO…” LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HIS TRAINING WORKING IN THEATRES AND HIS EARLY START IN THE WATERTON THEATRE, “WHEN I STARTED DOING PROJECTION WORK, IT WAS A LICENSED TRADE IN THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA, AND, IN THE EARLY DAYS OF MOTION PICTURE EXHIBITION, THE FILM STOCK WAS A SILVER NITRATE FILM STOCK WHICH WAS, LITERALLY, EXPLOSIVE. PROJECTION ROOMS, INCLUDING THE ONE IN WATERTON, WERE BUILT LIKE A BUNKER. THEY WERE CEMENT ROOMS, WITH FIRE SHUTTERS, THAT WOULD SLAM SHUT IF SOMETHING WENT WRONG IN THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM TO BECOME A PROJECTIONIST WAS A 3 YEAR PROGRAM, AND THERE WAS DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF LICENSING. WHEN I STARTED IN [1977] I OWNED THE THEATRE IN FORT MACLEOD AND I HAD TO DO AN APPRENTICESHIP, IN MY OWN THEATRE, BEFORE I WAS ALLOWED TO OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT. I BECAME A CERTIFIED PROJECTIONIST. I MENTION THE EARLY DAYS WITH THE SILVER NITRATE FILM, WHICH WAS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE, AND DANGEROUS. THAT HAD BEEN REPLACED BY ACETATE FILM, LONG BEFORE I BECAME INVOLVED, AND SO THE FILM STOCK WAS NO LONGER…COMBUSTIBLE, AND SO IT WAS A MUCH SAFER ENVIRONMENT. NONETHELESS, SOME OF THE OLD REGULATIONS SORT OF CARRIED FORWARD, AND SLOWLY CHANGED.” “ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS INTERESTING ABOUT THE THEATRE WHEN I TOOK IT OVER IS THAT, FOR LIGHT SOURCES IN THE PROJECTION ROOM, THE LAMPS THAT ILLUMINATED THE SCREEN WERE BURNING CARBON ARCS. CARBON ARCS CAME IN A BOX; YOU INSTALLED THEM IN THE LAMP HOUSE. WHEN YOU STARTED THE MOVIE, YOU’D STRIKE THEM TOGETHER, AND THEY WOULD CREATE AN ARC AND FLAME BETWEEN THESE CARBON RODS. THAT WAS WHAT PRODUCED THE LIGHT. IT WAS MAGNIFIED BY A MIRROR DOWN THROUGH THE LENS, AND WITH THE SCREEN. WITH THAT KIND OF A LIGHT SOURCE, YOU HAD TO BE IN THE PROJECTION ROOM…ALL THE TIME. YOU COULDN’T LEAVE THE PROJECTION ROOM WHILE THE MOVIE WAS RUNNING. AS A MATTER OF FACT, PROJECTION ROOMS HAD TOILETS IN THEM DURING THAT PERIOD. CHANGING THAT OUT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS THAT I DID, BECAUSE IT MADE IT A LOT EASIER TO GET OUT OF THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE OTHER THING – THE FILM WAS RUN OFF OF 18 20-MINUTE REELS AT THAT TIME, SO THERE WERE 2 PROJECTORS. WE WERE CONSTANTLY CHANGING BACK AND FORTH, FROM ONE PROJECTOR TO THE OTHER. GETTING RID OF THE CARBON ARC LAMP HOUSES, AND INSTALLING A PLATTER SYSTEM, WHICH ALLOWED…THE PROGRAM TO BE SPLICED TOGETHER ON THE SINGLE REELS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND HISTORIES OF THE WATERTON THEATRE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120038001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120038004
Acquisition Date
2012-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20120038005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC, STEEL
No. Pieces
2
Height
15.7
Length
18.6
Width
21
Description
A. SILVER FILM SPLICER WITH BLACK HANDLE; HANDLE LOWERS TO PRESS ON TABLE WITH SPLICERS; SILVER AND BLUE LABEL ON HANDLE READS, “GENERAL SOUND AND THEATRE EQUIPMENT LIMITED”. SPLICER HAS TAPE DISPENSER BELOW HANDLE WITH DISCOLOURED/YELLOWED CLEAR TAPE; BLUE TEXT BENEATH TAPE REPEATS “GENERAL SOUND” WITH A BLACK DIAL BESIDE THE TAPE ROLL FOR TURNING TAPE ON DISPENSER. TEXT ON TOP OF SPLICER AT UPPER LEFT CORNER READS “COSTRUZIONE INCOLLATRICI RAPIDE – ROMA”; TEXT ON TOP OF SPLICER AT UPPER RIGHT CORNER READS “M.2 – 35M/M, MADE IN ITALY, PATENTED”. SPLICER HAS A DOUBLE KNIFE ON RIGHT SIDE, WITH ONE STRAIGHT CUT AND ONE DIAGONAL CUT FOR FILM. SILVER LABEL ON INSIDE OF SPLICER READS “RENTED FROM, CANADIAN MOTION PICTURE EQUIPMENT RENTALS LTD., 33 GRANBY ST., TORONTO M5B 1H8, 977-7113”. SILVER LABEL ON BOTTOM OF SPLICER READS “MADE IN ITALY, OFFICINE MECCANICHE, DR. LEO CATOZZO, 00050 SANTA SEVERA (ROMA), TEL 0766 /740008-740181”. TEXT EMBOSSED ON BOTTOM OF SPLICER READS “USA PATENTS N.3075572, N.4002522, COSTRUZIONE INCOLLATRICI RAPIDE ROMA, 2575”. SPLICER HANDLE IS WORN AT EDGES; SPLICER HAS DIRT AND RUST UNDER HANDLE. SPLICER IS IN OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION AND SHOWS MINOR SIGNS OF WEAR. B. ROLL OF YELLOW TAPE, 4.5CM DIAMETER X 3.7CM TALL. YELLOW PLASTIC TAPE WOUND ON WHITE PLASTIC SPOOL; TAPE HAS ORANGE TAB AT END OF ROLL; TAPE HAS GLOSS FINISH. TAPE IS UNUSED; OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
LEISURE
History
ON APRIL 11, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LARRY AND ANDREA BECKER, OWNERS OF THE FORMER WATERTON THEATRE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WHERE THE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT WAS USED. DURING THE INTERVIEW, THE BECKERS ELABORATED ON HOW THEIR THEATRE CLOSED, HOW THE EQUIPMENT WAS USED IN THEIR THEATRE, AND HOW AL ANCTIL CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE THEATRE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT. LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HOW ANCTIL BECAME THE OWNER AND DONOR OF THE EQUIPMENT, STATING, “THIS EQUIPMENT IS BUILT AND DESIGNED TO EXHIBIT 35 MM MOTION PICTURE FILM. IN 2011, WHEN WE DISPOSED OF THE EQUIPMENT, FILM WAS BECOMING OBSOLETE. IT WAS NO LONGER AVAILABLE TO US AS AN EXHIBITION MEDIUM, SO WE WERE FACED WITH THE CHALLENGE OF CONVERTING TO A DIGITAL PROJECTION, IF WE WANTED TO CONTINUE SHOWING MOTION PICTURES. WE HAD TO GET RID OF THIS, AND AL [ANCTIL] THOUGHT HE HAD A USE FOR IT. AT THE TIME, HE WAS SELLING US COFFEE. WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP IN THE THEATRE, SO WE HAD THAT RELATIONSHIP WITH AL; AND I’M NOT SURE WHY AL WANTED IT…I DON’T KNOW IF HE EVER INTENDED TO USE IT. I THINK, UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, IT MIGHT BE USEFUL, IF SOMEBODY COULD ACCESS SOME 35 MM FILM TO RUN THROUGH IT. WHEN WE HEARD THAT AL WANTED IT, WE SAID “SURE, YOU CAN HAVE IT AL. WE NO LONGER HAVE ANY USE FOR IT.”” “IT WAS THE COST OF THE CONVERSION [THAT INFLUENCED OUR DECISION TO CLOSE]. INITIALLY, WHEN ALL OF THE THEATRES WERE FACED WITH THE CONVERSION, WITHIN A VERY SHORT WINDOW, THE DEMAND FOR THE EQUIPMENT WAS VERY HIGH; COSTS WERE VERY HIGH, AND IT JUST WASN’T FINANCIALLY VIABLE IN A SEASONAL OPERATION, SO WE DECIDED NOT TO PROCEED, AT THAT TIME, WITH THE DIGITAL UPGRADING/CONVERSION. WE WERE WORKING QUITE HARD, BECAUSE WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP, AN ICE CREAM STORE, AND A MOVIE THEATRE. THE MOVIE THEATRE WAS THE FUN PART OF IT.” “WE WERE AT THE END OF OUR LAST SEASON IN 2011, AND WE HAD WORKED OUT AN ARRANGEMENT WITH THE TENANT, TO TAKE IT OVER, TO RUN IT AS A ‘STAGE AND GRILL’ KIND OF OPERATION. THEY WERE GOING TO PUT A KITCHEN IN, AND SERVE MEALS, AND PRESENT MUSIC ACTS ON STAGE.” LARRY BECKER DISCUSSED THE PURPOSE OF THE SPLICER IN THE THEATRE, STATING, “WHEN I STARTED WORKING WITH [THE SPLICER], WHEN WE WERE USING THE ACETATE FILM, THIS SPLICER WAS USED PRIMARILY TO SPLICE THE MYLAR FILM STOCKS. THE ACETATE FILM STOCKS THAT I LEARNED TO SPLICE ON, YOU ACTUALLY GLUED THE SPLICES TOGETHER.” “A FILM FRAME HAS 4 PERFORATIONS ON IT SO, TO MAKE A GLUE SPLICE, YOU WOULD CUT A ‘PIE’ PERFORATION PIECE, AND OVERLAP ONE [PERFORATION] AND ACTUALLY PUT IT TOGETHER. THAT WAS A BIT OF AN ART. “I USED THAT SPLICER, SINCE PROBABLY ABOUT 1980. THE…SPLICER WOULD HAVE BEEN OBSOLETE, SHORTLY AFTER I STARTED WORKING, BUT WE USED TO DO ALL THE CURLERS ON IT.” THE BECKERS SPOKE ABOUT THEIR ARRIVAL IN WATERTON AND THEIR HISTORY WORKING IN THEATRES, WITH LARRY BEGINNING HIS CAREER WORKING IN THE PALACE THEATRE IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. IN 1975, THE BECKERS BECAME INTERESTED IN PURCHASING THE THEATRE IN WATERTON, AND BY 1976 THEY WERE RUNNING THE WATERTON THEATRE. LARRY NOTED HOW THE BECKERS BECAME INVOLVED WITH THE WATERTON THEATRE “I WAS TRAVELING TO WATERTON. I HAD NEVER BEEN TO WATERTON. I HAD AN OCCASION TO GO TO GREAT FALLS. IT WAS ON…A BUSINESS TRIP, AND IT WAS OVER A WEEKEND. I LOOKED AT THE MAP, AND I THOUGHT, “IF WE LEAVE AROUND DINNERTIME ON FRIDAY, WE CAN SPEND A NIGHT IN WATERTON…AND THEN WE CAN CONTINUE TO GREAT FALLS THE NEXT DAY.” GOT INTO WATERTON, AND, BY THIS TIME, THE SUN HAD SET, AND I STILL DIDN’T REALIZE I WAS IN THE MOUNTAINS. I SORT OF LOOKED AROUND. I DIDN’T HAVE A ROOM BOOKED, AND GOT A ROOM IN ALLEN’S LAKESHORE BUNGALOWS, WHICH WERE ON THE SHORE OF WATERTON LAKE, AT THAT TIME, AND WHEN I GOT UP IN THE MORNING, AND LOOKED AROUND, I COULDN’T BELIEVE WHERE I WAS. I MEAN, IT WAS JUST THE MOST BEAUTIFUL THING…IT WAS STUNNINGLY, GORGEOUS! THEN I THOUGHT, “I’LL TAKE A STROLL AROUND TOWN”, AND THERE WAS A MOVIE THEATRE. OF COURSE, BEING IN THE BUSINESS, I’VE GOT TO STOP AND YOU…FIND OUT WHAT’S GOING ON THERE. I CHATTED WITH A YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE LOOKING AFTER THE PLACE FOR LOTTIE BREWERTON. LOTTIE, AND HER HUSBAND, GORDON, HAD BUILT IT BACK IN ’35. LOTTIE WAS GORDON’S WIDOW. SHE WASN’T INVOLVED IN THE OPERATION, BUT SHE HAD SOME YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE HELPING HER OUT, SO, IN THE CONVERSATION, THEY SAID, “YOU KNOW, I THINK LOTTIE WANTS TO SELL.” I WENT BACK TO CALGARY, AND NEVER REALLY THOUGHT TOO MUCH ABOUT IT UNTIL SEVERAL MONTHS LATER, AND IT WAS SORT OF ON MY MIND, AND I THOUGHT, “WELL, I’M GOING TO GET AHOLD OF LOTTIE AND SEE WHAT THE DEAL IS HERE?” “IT NEEDED WORK. IT’S NOT A BIG MONEY-MAKING OPERATION IN WATERTON, SO IT WAS…HARD TO DO THE THINGS THAT NEEDED TO BE DONE. OVER THE YEARS, WE KIND OF KEPT IT GOING…BUT IT WAS ALWAYS…AN EXPERIENTIAL THING. IT WAS KIND OF AN ANTIQUE IN ITSELF. IT WAS NEVER INTENDED TO BE LIKE THE CITY THEATRES – IT’S A MUCH MORE CASUAL ENVIRONMENT.” “I LIKE THE STYLE OF THE BUILDING. IT’S A GORGEOUS OLD BUILDING – TUDOR-REVIVAL. IT’S GOT AN INTERESTING HISTORY. BACK IN THE MID-‘30S, PARKS CANADA WAS ENCOURAGING DEVELOPMENT IN WATERTON, AND WAS GIVING OUT THE COMMERCIAL LEASES, BUT THEY ALSO WANTED SORT OF AN ARCHITECTURAL THEME TO THE TOWNSITE. THEY HAD AN ARCHITECTURAL DIVISION, AND THEY HAD ARCHITECTS ON STAFF, AND IT WAS THAT BRANCH OF PARKS CANADA, THAT DESIGNED THAT BUILDING, AND MANY OF THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN WATERTON. IT’S GOT SOME CHARM. IT’S NICE THAT WAY.” ANDREA BECKER ADDED, “IT’S…A PRIVILEGE TO BE A WATERTON BUSINESS OWNER. IT’S A VERY SMALL COMMUNITY, AND IT’S A LIFESTYLE KIND OF ENVIRONMENT, AS WELL, FOR THE BUSINESS PEOPLE THERE. WE…FEEL THAT IT IS A SPECIAL THING TO DO…” LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HIS TRAINING WORKING IN THEATRES AND HIS EARLY START IN THE WATERTON THEATRE, “WHEN I STARTED DOING PROJECTION WORK, IT WAS A LICENSED TRADE IN THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA, AND, IN THE EARLY DAYS OF MOTION PICTURE EXHIBITION, THE FILM STOCK WAS A SILVER NITRATE FILM STOCK WHICH WAS, LITERALLY, EXPLOSIVE. PROJECTION ROOMS, INCLUDING THE ONE IN WATERTON, WERE BUILT LIKE A BUNKER. THEY WERE CEMENT ROOMS, WITH FIRE SHUTTERS, THAT WOULD SLAM SHUT IF SOMETHING WENT WRONG IN THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM TO BECOME A PROJECTIONIST WAS A 3 YEAR PROGRAM, AND THERE WAS DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF LICENSING. WHEN I STARTED IN [1977] I OWNED THE THEATRE IN FORT MACLEOD AND I HAD TO DO AN APPRENTICESHIP, IN MY OWN THEATRE, BEFORE I WAS ALLOWED TO OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT. I BECAME A CERTIFIED PROJECTIONIST. I MENTION THE EARLY DAYS WITH THE SILVER NITRATE FILM, WHICH WAS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE, AND DANGEROUS. THAT HAD BEEN REPLACED BY ACETATE FILM, LONG BEFORE I BECAME INVOLVED, AND SO THE FILM STOCK WAS NO LONGER…COMBUSTIBLE, AND SO IT WAS A MUCH SAFER ENVIRONMENT. NONETHELESS, SOME OF THE OLD REGULATIONS SORT OF CARRIED FORWARD, AND SLOWLY CHANGED.” “ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS INTERESTING ABOUT THE THEATRE WHEN I TOOK IT OVER IS THAT, FOR LIGHT SOURCES IN THE PROJECTION ROOM, THE LAMPS THAT ILLUMINATED THE SCREEN WERE BURNING CARBON ARCS. CARBON ARCS CAME IN A BOX; YOU INSTALLED THEM IN THE LAMP HOUSE. WHEN YOU STARTED THE MOVIE, YOU’D STRIKE THEM TOGETHER, AND THEY WOULD CREATE AN ARC AND FLAME BETWEEN THESE CARBON RODS. THAT WAS WHAT PRODUCED THE LIGHT. IT WAS MAGNIFIED BY A MIRROR DOWN THROUGH THE LENS, AND WITH THE SCREEN. WITH THAT KIND OF A LIGHT SOURCE, YOU HAD TO BE IN THE PROJECTION ROOM…ALL THE TIME. YOU COULDN’T LEAVE THE PROJECTION ROOM WHILE THE MOVIE WAS RUNNING. AS A MATTER OF FACT, PROJECTION ROOMS HAD TOILETS IN THEM DURING THAT PERIOD. CHANGING THAT OUT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS THAT I DID, BECAUSE IT MADE IT A LOT EASIER TO GET OUT OF THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE OTHER THING – THE FILM WAS RUN OFF OF 18 20-MINUTE REELS AT THAT TIME, SO THERE WERE 2 PROJECTORS. WE WERE CONSTANTLY CHANGING BACK AND FORTH, FROM ONE PROJECTOR TO THE OTHER. GETTING RID OF THE CARBON ARC LAMP HOUSES, AND INSTALLING A PLATTER SYSTEM, WHICH ALLOWED…THE PROGRAM TO BE SPLICED TOGETHER ON THE SINGLE REELS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND HISTORIES OF THE WATERTON THEATRE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120038001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120038005
Acquisition Date
2012-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PROJECTOR LENS
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, BRASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20120038006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PROJECTOR LENS
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1980
Materials
GLASS, BRASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
26
Diameter
6.8
Description
PROJECTOR LENS; NARROW BRASS “MIN” LENS WITH INSCRIBED TEXT “KOLLMORGEN OPTICAL CORP. NORTHHAMPTON, MASS., MADE IN U.S.A., BX 241, F: 1.9, 3 ¼ IN., E.F. 65992”; SILVER CENTER RING WITH TWO BRASS-COLOURED ENGRAVED RINGS RUNNING AROUND WIDTH OF LENS AND TEXT “SUPER SNAPLITE”; WIDE “MAG” LENS IS BLACK WITH WHITE PRINTED TEXT “MAG, MAGNA – COM 65, 9122176, ISCO – GOTTINGEN, MADE IN GERMANY, MIN”. LENS BODY HAS SURFACE SCRATCHES AND CHIPPING, LENS GLASS HAS DUST AND DIRT SPOTS, AND BRASS FINISHING ON SILVER CENTER RING IS WORN AWAY. LENSES AND BODY IN OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
LEISURE
History
ON APRIL 11, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LARRY AND ANDREA BECKER, OWNERS OF THE FORMER WATERTON THEATRE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA WHERE THE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT WAS USED. DURING THE INTERVIEW, THE BECKERS ELABORATED ON HOW THEIR THEATRE CLOSED, HOW THE EQUIPMENT WAS USED IN THEIR THEATRE, AND HOW AL ANCTIL CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE THEATRE PROJECTION EQUIPMENT. LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HOW ANCTIL BECAME THE OWNER AND DONOR OF THE EQUIPMENT, STATING, “THIS EQUIPMENT IS BUILT AND DESIGNED TO EXHIBIT 35 MM MOTION PICTURE FILM. IN 2011, WHEN WE DISPOSED OF THE EQUIPMENT, FILM WAS BECOMING OBSOLETE. IT WAS NO LONGER AVAILABLE TO US AS AN EXHIBITION MEDIUM, SO WE WERE FACED WITH THE CHALLENGE OF CONVERTING TO A DIGITAL PROJECTION, IF WE WANTED TO CONTINUE SHOWING MOTION PICTURES. WE HAD TO GET RID OF THIS, AND AL [ANCTIL] THOUGHT HE HAD A USE FOR IT. AT THE TIME, HE WAS SELLING US COFFEE. WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP IN THE THEATRE, SO WE HAD THAT RELATIONSHIP WITH AL; AND I’M NOT SURE WHY AL WANTED IT…I DON’T KNOW IF HE EVER INTENDED TO USE IT. I THINK, UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, IT MIGHT BE USEFUL, IF SOMEBODY COULD ACCESS SOME 35 MM FILM TO RUN THROUGH IT. WHEN WE HEARD THAT AL WANTED IT, WE SAID “SURE, YOU CAN HAVE IT AL. WE NO LONGER HAVE ANY USE FOR IT.”” “IT WAS THE COST OF THE CONVERSION [THAT INFLUENCED OUR DECISION TO CLOSE]. INITIALLY, WHEN ALL OF THE THEATRES WERE FACED WITH THE CONVERSION, WITHIN A VERY SHORT WINDOW, THE DEMAND FOR THE EQUIPMENT WAS VERY HIGH; COSTS WERE VERY HIGH, AND IT JUST WASN’T FINANCIALLY VIABLE IN A SEASONAL OPERATION, SO WE DECIDED NOT TO PROCEED, AT THAT TIME, WITH THE DIGITAL UPGRADING/CONVERSION. WE WERE WORKING QUITE HARD, BECAUSE WE WERE RUNNING A COFFEE SHOP, AN ICE CREAM STORE, AND A MOVIE THEATRE. THE MOVIE THEATRE WAS THE FUN PART OF IT.” “WE WERE AT THE END OF OUR LAST SEASON IN 2011, AND WE HAD WORKED OUT AN ARRANGEMENT WITH THE TENANT, TO TAKE IT OVER, TO RUN IT AS A ‘STAGE AND GRILL’ KIND OF OPERATION. THEY WERE GOING TO PUT A KITCHEN IN, AND SERVE MEALS, AND PRESENT MUSIC ACTS ON STAGE.” LARRY BECKER DISCUSSED THE PURPOSE OF THE LENS IN USE WITH PROJECTOR EQUIPMENT, STATING, “FILM WAS STILL AVAILABLE IN BOTH FORMATS, AND WHEN IT CAME IN, WE HAD TO KNOW WHICH FORMAT IT WAS, BECAUSE THEN WE WOULD USE THE APPROPRIATE LENS. [THE LENS] WAS STILL IN USE. PRODUCTION COSTS WERE PROBABLY…A LITTLE HIGHER IF THEY WERE SHOOTING IN THE CINEMASCOPE. I THINK THE FLAT LENS, THE 185 ASPECT RATIO WAS A BETTER RATIO FOR TELEVISION. I ALWAYS THOUGHT THAT, IF THEY THOUGHT THAT THE MOVIE WAS GOING TO HAVE A SHORT RUN IN THEATRES, AND THEN A BROADER AUDIENCE ON TELEVISION, THEN THAT FORMAT [185 ASPECT RATIO] WAS MORE SUITABLE. WE REPLACED [THE ORIGINAL LENSES]. THE LENSES ARE…A COMPOSITE OF GLASS, AND THE ADHESIVES IN THEM DO BREAK DOWN AFTER A WHILE, ESPECIALLY WITH THE HEAT, SO LENSES HAVE TO BE REPLACED PERIODICALLY. [THE LENS WAS] FROM THE EARLY ‘90S. THE BECKERS SPOKE ABOUT THEIR ARRIVAL IN WATERTON AND THEIR HISTORY WORKING IN THEATRES, WITH LARRY BEGINNING HIS CAREER WORKING IN THE PALACE THEATRE IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. IN 1975, THE BECKERS BECAME INTERESTED IN PURCHASING THE THEATRE IN WATERTON, AND BY 1976 THEY WERE RUNNING THE WATERTON THEATRE. LARRY NOTED HOW THE BECKERS BECAME INVOLVED WITH THE WATERTON THEATRE “I WAS TRAVELING TO WATERTON. I HAD NEVER BEEN TO WATERTON. I HAD AN OCCASION TO GO TO GREAT FALLS. IT WAS ON…A BUSINESS TRIP, AND IT WAS OVER A WEEKEND. I LOOKED AT THE MAP, AND I THOUGHT, “IF WE LEAVE AROUND DINNERTIME ON FRIDAY, WE CAN SPEND A NIGHT IN WATERTON…AND THEN WE CAN CONTINUE TO GREAT FALLS THE NEXT DAY.” GOT INTO WATERTON, AND, BY THIS TIME, THE SUN HAD SET, AND I STILL DIDN’T REALIZE I WAS IN THE MOUNTAINS. I SORT OF LOOKED AROUND. I DIDN’T HAVE A ROOM BOOKED, AND GOT A ROOM IN ALLEN’S LAKESHORE BUNGALOWS, WHICH WERE ON THE SHORE OF WATERTON LAKE, AT THAT TIME, AND WHEN I GOT UP IN THE MORNING, AND LOOKED AROUND, I COULDN’T BELIEVE WHERE I WAS. I MEAN, IT WAS JUST THE MOST BEAUTIFUL THING…IT WAS STUNNINGLY, GORGEOUS! THEN I THOUGHT, “I’LL TAKE A STROLL AROUND TOWN”, AND THERE WAS A MOVIE THEATRE. OF COURSE, BEING IN THE BUSINESS, I’VE GOT TO STOP AND YOU…FIND OUT WHAT’S GOING ON THERE. I CHATTED WITH A YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE LOOKING AFTER THE PLACE FOR LOTTIE BREWERTON. LOTTIE, AND HER HUSBAND, GORDON, HAD BUILT IT BACK IN ’35. LOTTIE WAS GORDON’S WIDOW. SHE WASN’T INVOLVED IN THE OPERATION, BUT SHE HAD SOME YOUNG FAMILY THAT WERE HELPING HER OUT, SO, IN THE CONVERSATION, THEY SAID, “YOU KNOW, I THINK LOTTIE WANTS TO SELL.” I WENT BACK TO CALGARY, AND NEVER REALLY THOUGHT TOO MUCH ABOUT IT UNTIL SEVERAL MONTHS LATER, AND IT WAS SORT OF ON MY MIND, AND I THOUGHT, “WELL, I’M GOING TO GET AHOLD OF LOTTIE AND SEE WHAT THE DEAL IS HERE?” “IT NEEDED WORK. IT’S NOT A BIG MONEY-MAKING OPERATION IN WATERTON, SO IT WAS…HARD TO DO THE THINGS THAT NEEDED TO BE DONE. OVER THE YEARS, WE KIND OF KEPT IT GOING…BUT IT WAS ALWAYS…AN EXPERIENTIAL THING. IT WAS KIND OF AN ANTIQUE IN ITSELF. IT WAS NEVER INTENDED TO BE LIKE THE CITY THEATRES – IT’S A MUCH MORE CASUAL ENVIRONMENT.” “I LIKE THE STYLE OF THE BUILDING. IT’S A GORGEOUS OLD BUILDING – TUDOR-REVIVAL. IT’S GOT AN INTERESTING HISTORY. BACK IN THE MID-‘30S, PARKS CANADA WAS ENCOURAGING DEVELOPMENT IN WATERTON, AND WAS GIVING OUT THE COMMERCIAL LEASES, BUT THEY ALSO WANTED SORT OF AN ARCHITECTURAL THEME TO THE TOWNSITE. THEY HAD AN ARCHITECTURAL DIVISION, AND THEY HAD ARCHITECTS ON STAFF, AND IT WAS THAT BRANCH OF PARKS CANADA, THAT DESIGNED THAT BUILDING, AND MANY OF THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN WATERTON. IT’S GOT SOME CHARM. IT’S NICE THAT WAY.” ANDREA BECKER ADDED, “IT’S…A PRIVILEGE TO BE A WATERTON BUSINESS OWNER. IT’S A VERY SMALL COMMUNITY, AND IT’S A LIFESTYLE KIND OF ENVIRONMENT, AS WELL, FOR THE BUSINESS PEOPLE THERE. WE…FEEL THAT IT IS A SPECIAL THING TO DO…” LARRY BECKER SPOKE TO HIS TRAINING WORKING IN THEATRES AND HIS EARLY START IN THE WATERTON THEATRE, “WHEN I STARTED DOING PROJECTION WORK, IT WAS A LICENSED TRADE IN THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA, AND, IN THE EARLY DAYS OF MOTION PICTURE EXHIBITION, THE FILM STOCK WAS A SILVER NITRATE FILM STOCK WHICH WAS, LITERALLY, EXPLOSIVE. PROJECTION ROOMS, INCLUDING THE ONE IN WATERTON, WERE BUILT LIKE A BUNKER. THEY WERE CEMENT ROOMS, WITH FIRE SHUTTERS, THAT WOULD SLAM SHUT IF SOMETHING WENT WRONG IN THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM TO BECOME A PROJECTIONIST WAS A 3 YEAR PROGRAM, AND THERE WAS DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF LICENSING. WHEN I STARTED IN [1977] I OWNED THE THEATRE IN FORT MACLEOD AND I HAD TO DO AN APPRENTICESHIP, IN MY OWN THEATRE, BEFORE I WAS ALLOWED TO OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT. I BECAME A CERTIFIED PROJECTIONIST. I MENTION THE EARLY DAYS WITH THE SILVER NITRATE FILM, WHICH WAS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE, AND DANGEROUS. THAT HAD BEEN REPLACED BY ACETATE FILM, LONG BEFORE I BECAME INVOLVED, AND SO THE FILM STOCK WAS NO LONGER…COMBUSTIBLE, AND SO IT WAS A MUCH SAFER ENVIRONMENT. NONETHELESS, SOME OF THE OLD REGULATIONS SORT OF CARRIED FORWARD, AND SLOWLY CHANGED.” “ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS INTERESTING ABOUT THE THEATRE WHEN I TOOK IT OVER IS THAT, FOR LIGHT SOURCES IN THE PROJECTION ROOM, THE LAMPS THAT ILLUMINATED THE SCREEN WERE BURNING CARBON ARCS. CARBON ARCS CAME IN A BOX; YOU INSTALLED THEM IN THE LAMP HOUSE. WHEN YOU STARTED THE MOVIE, YOU’D STRIKE THEM TOGETHER, AND THEY WOULD CREATE AN ARC AND FLAME BETWEEN THESE CARBON RODS. THAT WAS WHAT PRODUCED THE LIGHT. IT WAS MAGNIFIED BY A MIRROR DOWN THROUGH THE LENS, AND WITH THE SCREEN. WITH THAT KIND OF A LIGHT SOURCE, YOU HAD TO BE IN THE PROJECTION ROOM…ALL THE TIME. YOU COULDN’T LEAVE THE PROJECTION ROOM WHILE THE MOVIE WAS RUNNING. AS A MATTER OF FACT, PROJECTION ROOMS HAD TOILETS IN THEM DURING THAT PERIOD. CHANGING THAT OUT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS THAT I DID, BECAUSE IT MADE IT A LOT EASIER TO GET OUT OF THE PROJECTION ROOM. THE OTHER THING – THE FILM WAS RUN OFF OF 18 20-MINUTE REELS AT THAT TIME, SO THERE WERE 2 PROJECTORS. WE WERE CONSTANTLY CHANGING BACK AND FORTH, FROM ONE PROJECTOR TO THE OTHER. GETTING RID OF THE CARBON ARC LAMP HOUSES, AND INSTALLING A PLATTER SYSTEM, WHICH ALLOWED…THE PROGRAM TO BE SPLICED TOGETHER ON THE SINGLE REELS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND HISTORIES OF THE WATERTON THEATRE, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120038001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120038006
Acquisition Date
2012-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PROTEST SIGN
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, INK, GLUE
Catalogue Number
P20200028000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PROTEST SIGN
Date
2020
Materials
CARDBOARD, INK, GLUE
No. Pieces
1
Length
32
Width
30.5
Description
PROTEST SIGN MADE OUT OF A FOLDED CARDBOARD BOX. THE QUOTE “THERE COMES A TIME WHEN SILENCE IS BETRAYAL ~MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.” IS WRITTEN IN PINK, BLACK, AND GREEN INK. THE SIGN IS GLUED IN THE CENTRE AND THE GLUE IS COMING APART. THE EDGES ARE FRAYED AND THE BLACK INK IS SMUDGED ON A FEW SPOTS.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
History
ON THE 30TH OF JUNE 2020, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN MET WITH AMY MPOFU, A YOUTH WHO ATTENDED THE DEMONSTRATION IN SUPPORT OF BLACK LIVES MATTER IN LETHBRIDGE. THE EVENT WAS HELD ON THURSDAY, JUNE 4TH AND WAS ORGANIZED THROUGH THE GROUP UNITED AGAINST RACIAL DISCRIMINATION (GUARD). THE RALLY WAS SPURRED BY THE DEATH OF GEORGE FLOYD, A BLACK MAN KILLED BY POLICE DURING AN ARREST IN MINNEAPOLIS IN MAY OF 2020. ACTIONS AGAINST POLICE BRUTALITY AND IN SUPPORT OF BLACK LIVES MATTER WERE WIDESPREAD IN RESPONSE. AMY DONATED THE PROTEST SIGN SHE MADE FOR THE LOCAL RALLY TO THE MUSEUM. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM THEIR INTERVIEW. AMY SPOKE ABOUT WHAT PROVOKED HER TO ATTEND THE ACTION: “…SEEING THE VIDEO OF GEORGE FLOYD BEING MURDERED…WAS REALLY TRAUMATIZING… WATCHING THAT IN GENERAL AND JUST SEEING THE REACTION…REALLY MOVED ME… I’VE ALWAYS KIND OF KNOWN… I’VE ALWAYS BEEN FOR THE BLACK LIVES MATTER MOVEMENT…SO I WANTED TO…GO AND STAND…TO…DO SOMETHING TO…REALLY SUPPORT THE MOVEMENT AND…WORK TOWARD THE CHANGE.” AMY REVEALED THE MESSAGE BEHIND THE DONATED SIGN SHE CREATED FOR THE PROTEST: “THE REASON WHY I DECIDED TO TAKE A SIGN IS BECAUSE…MY SIGN IS…THE MESSAGE THAT I WANTED TO…PUT ACROSS WHEN I…GO TO THE PROTEST… SO I WROTE ON MY SIGN: ‘THERE COMES A TIME WHEN SILENCE IS BETRAYAL’, WHICH IS A QUOTE FROM MARTIN LUTHER KING JUNIOR, AND IT JUST MEANS…THERE IS A TIME WHEN BEING SILENT IS BEING COMPLICIT. SO, IT’S NOT ENOUGH TO JUST SAY ‘I’M NOT RACIST’. YOU HAVE TO…ACTUALLY GO AND STAND AGAINST RACISM… YOU CAN’T JUST SIT THERE [AND CLAIM] "I'M NOT RACIST" ...WHEN YOU SEE MICRO-AGGRESSIONS HAPPENING, POLICE BRUTALITY… NO, YOU ACTUALLY HAVE TO…GET IN THERE AND YOU HAVE TO…[SAY] ‘IT’S NOT OKAY’ AND YOU HAVE TO STAND AGAINST IT. SO THAT’S THE MESSAGE OF MY SIGN.” AMY CONTINUED: “…WHEN I LOOK AT MY SIGN…IT…MAKES ME FEEL PART OF SOMETHING BIGGER THAN MYSELF…BECAUSE…WHERE I TOOK IT AND...THE MEMORIES... I CAN BE LIKE 'LOOK KIDS, I WAS PART OF THE MOVEMENT. I WAS A PART OF THAT. I DID SOMETHING TO HELP…I’M MAKING HISTORY HERE YOU KNOW. IT’S HISTORY.'” AMY SPOKE ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED TO THE SIGN AFTER THE RALLY: “…WE JUST DIDN’T THROW [THE SIGN] AWAY. IT JUST…SAT IN THE CAR THEN…IN THE OFFICE IN OUR HOUSE. WE NEVER HAD ANY INTENT BEHIND SAVING IT.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HOW SHE HEARD ABOUT THE EVENT, AMY REPLIED: “…WHAT HAPPENED IS ACTUALLY I SAW A LOT OF PEOPLE ON SNAPCHAT…POSTING…BRAND NEW THINGS ABOUT PROTESTS… I DON’T ACTUALLY KNOW IF THESE ARE…PLANNED OR IF ANY OF THEM ARE LEGIT, AND THEN I GOT THIS MESSAGE FROM MY FRIEND AND SHE [SAID] ‘MY MOM JUST SAW THIS PROTEST WAS GOING ON…[ON] FACEBOOK’ AND I GO AND TELL MY PARENTS ABOUT IT [TO] SEE IF WE CAN GO… WE FOUND OUT IT WAS THE PROTEST ON JUNE 4TH AND IT WAS LEGIT...AND [I DECIDED] ‘OKAY, LET’S GO.’” “I HAD ACTUALLY NEVER BEEN TO A PROTEST BEFORE…CAUSE…I’M 15…AND LIVE IN LETHBRIDGE. THERE HASN’T REALLY BEEN ANYTHING LIKE THAT…THAT I’VE BEEN AWARE OF BEFORE. SO GOING TO A PROTEST IS NOT A NEW THING I JUST HAVEN’T REALLY GONE ABOUT MY TYPE OF ACTIVISM…SO FAR…” AMY ELABORATED ON SOME OF THE ISSUES ADDRESSED BY THE RALLY: “…I FEEL LIKE, ESPECIALLY BECAUSE IN CERTAIN SPACES WHEN YOU’RE THE ONLY MINORITY, PEOPLE COULD BE…DOING MICRO AGGRESSIONS WHEN IT COMES TO RACISM…AND YOU WOULD BE…SITTING THERE ALONE AND SAYING…’THIS IS NOT OKAY’ BUT YOU WOULD BE THE ONLY ONE THERE… PEOPLE WOULD JUST LOOK AT YOU LIKE YOU’RE OVER REACTING, LIKE YOU’RE CRAZY OR SOMETHING. SO THAT’S WHY IT’S...SO IMPORTANT TO STAND WITH OUR POC BROTHERS AND SISTERS IN THIS CITY, AND WHEN YOU SEE INJUSTICES HAPPENING, BE LIKE "THIS IS NOT OKAY. YOU CAN’T DO THAT AND YOU CAN’T SAY THINGS LIKE THAT.” AMY EXPRESSED HOW THE EVENT IMPACTED HER: “DURING THE SPEECHES AND THE CHANTING…IT FELT REALLY POWERFUL TO BE A PART OF SOMETHING BIGGER THAN MYSELF AND TO BE STANDING UP FOR WHAT I PERSONALLY BELIEVE IN, ESPECIALLY…STANDING…AGAINST AN ISSUE THAT HAS AFFECTED ME PERSONALLY AND PEOPLE THAT I’VE SEEN, WHICH WAS REALLY POWERFUL TO ME.” LETHBIRDGE HAS BEEN CHANGING A LITTLE, ACCORDING TO AMY: “…I REMEMBER WHEN WE CAME HERE TO…LETHBRIDGE, I USED TO LIVE IN THE COALDALE AREA, THERE WAS NOT A LOT OF IMMIGRANTS…IN COMPARISON TO HOW MANY THERE ARE NOW…” “I THINK IT HAS GOTTEN BETTER. I’M JUST SPEAKING IN TERMS OF THE LAST FEW WEEKS, AND I GUESS MONTHS BECAUSE I THINK, FIRST OF ALL EVERYONE BEING AT HOME BECAUSE OF THE PANDEMIC AND THEN SEEING WHAT WENT ON IN THE UNITED STATES, GEORGE FLOYD, BREONNA TAYLOR…SO MANY OF THESE PEOPLE, THEY'VE JUST BECOME AWARE THAT THESE ISSUES EXIST AND THAT THEY’RE PREVALENT… I THINK A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE [REALIZING] ‘OKAY, WE SEE THIS. WE SEE THAT IT’S NOT OKAY NOW' AND THEY WANT TO WORK TOWARD A CHANGE. SO I’VE BEEN SEEING…A POSITIVE CHANGE IN PEOPLE, ESPECIALLY THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA AND SPREADING AWARENESS BECAUSE THAT WASN’T DONE BEFORE… I DIDN’T REALLY SEE ANYONE HAVING CONVERSATIONS LIKE THAT OR TALKING ABOUT IT… ALL THESE RALLIES THAT HAD BEEN GOING ON AND THE PROTESTS, I'VE JUST SEEN PEOPLE BECOME MORE AWARE AND THAT'S A GOOD THING.” “I THINK IT’S JUST AWARENESS IS WHY THEY PROBABLY WEREN’T AS ENGAGED BEFORE AS NOW BECAUSE…I’VE NOTICED, AND THIS IS MY OWN OPINION, THAT IF SOMETHING DOESN’T REALLY AFFECT A PERSON, THEY’RE PROBABLY LESS LIKELY TO LIKE THINK ABOUT IT OR REALLY CARE ABOUT IT OR MAYBE EVEN…THINK THAT IT EXISTS AT ALL.” AMY REFLECTED ON THE ROLE MUSEUMS HAVE TO PLAY IN THESE MOVEMENTS: “I THINK THE PLACE THAT MUSEUMS HAVE IS TO TEACH OUR…HISTORY AS IT REALLY WAS, NOT JUST DECIDE TO TAKE BITS AND PIECES FROM HISTORY THAT THEY WANT TO SHOW… WE CAN’T JUST TEACH ONE SIDE OF HISTORY, WE HAVE TO TEACH IT, ALL OF IT, HOW IT ACTUALLY HAPPENED…” FINALLY, AMY BROUGHT UP SEVERAL ISSUES THAT SHE SEES NEED TO BE ADDRESSED: “…ONE ISSUE THAT I WANTED TO BRING UP IS THAT A LOT OF PEOPLE, I THINK, DON’T NECESSARILY ASSOCIATE CANADA WITH RACISM. WHEN YOU THINK OF RACISM AND POLICE BRUTALITY, THINGS LIKE THAT…THEIR MINDS USUALLY DIVERT TO AMERICA AND THEY THINK IT’S JUST AN AMERICAN PROBLEM. HOWEVER, POLICE BRUTALITY DOES HAPPEN IN CANADA AND RACISM EXISTS AND IS PREVALENT IN CANADA, ESPECIALLY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA…AND…LETHBRIDGE. IT’S NOT SO MUCH…BLATANT RACISM LIKE…SPEWING RACIAL SLURS, WHICH THEY DO [TOO]. THEY DO THINGS LIKE THAT, BUT IT’S MORE…MICROAGGRESSIONS AND…THINGS THAT PEOPLE SAY WHEN THEY SEE A PERSON OF COLOR, LIKE THE FIRST QUESTION THEY ASK IS…’OH, WHERE ARE YOU FROM?’ ‘I’M FROM HERE’. ‘NO. WHERE ARE YOU REALLY FROM?’… ‘…WHAT IS YOUR ETHNICITY?’ …WHY DOES IT MATTER?… FOR ME WHEN THEY ASK A QUESTION LIKE THAT IT’S LIKE THEY’RE SAYING ‘OBVIOUSLY YOU CANNOT BE FROM HERE BECAUSE YOU LOOK DIFFERENT’… OR JUST HOW THEY HANDLE RACISM IN SCHOOLS... WELL, THEY MAY NOT BE LIKE BLATANTLY THERE, BUT IT IS THERE.” “…SOMETIMES…I’D SEE SCHOOL PEACE OFFICERS, IF THEY’RE CALLED TO THE SCHOOL AND THERE’S…A PROBLEM WITH A STUDENT AND ANOTHER STUDENT, USUALLY THE PERSON OF COLOUR GETS DIFFERENT TREATMENT FOR WHAT THEY DID THAN IF THEY WERE NOT A PERSON OF COLOUR… I KNOW THAT NOT ALL POLICE OFFICERS ARE BAD OBVIOUSLY, ESPECIALLY HERE, THEY DO A PRETTY GOOD JOB… [BUT] I’VE HEARD STORIES, ESPECIALLY WITH INDIGENOUS PEOPLE BEING QUESTIONED OR BEING WATCHED…” AMY CONTINUED: “…IN THE [SCHOOL] CURRICULUM WHAT I’VE EXPERIENCED…PERSONALLY I HAVE ONLY REALLY LEARNED WHEN IT COMES TO BLACK PEOPLE AND PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT THE HISTORY OF [COLONIZATION] AND SLAVERY WHICH I THINK REALLY ONLY DICTATES BLACK PEOPLE AS THE VICTIMS THROUGHOUT HISTORY… IN REALITY WE HAVE MADE LOTS…OF CONTRIBUTIONS TO SOCIETY AND I REALLY DON’T THINK THAT THOSE ARE HIGHLIGHTED ON. AND ALSO…THE INJUSTICES THAT PEOPLE HAVE FACED IN CANADA, I DON’T THINK IS TAUGHT ENOUGH BECAUSE REALLY THE ONLY BLACK HISTORY I'VE...LEARNED IS IN REGARDS TO CANADA IS THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD AND THAT WAS GREAT. WHAT HAPPENED WAS GREAT, BUT IT DOESN’T TALK ABOUT HOW SLAVERY ACTUALLY EXISTED IN CANADA, [WHICH] IS NOT TOUCHED ON, AND HOW PEOPLE FROM AFRICA AND INDIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES WERE ACTUALLY NOT ALLOWED TO IMMIGRATE TO CANADA FOR A…VERY LONG TIME AND FOR A LONG TIME… THEY WOULD RACIALLY PROFILE PEOPLE WHO WERE COMING INTO CANADA... THEY DON’T TEACH STUFF LIKE THAT IN SCHOOL… FROM WHAT I LEARNED IS THAT CANADA IS…THIS GREAT COUNTRY LIKE LAND OF THE FREE AND EVERYTHING, BUT ACTUALLY…WHEN BLACK PEOPLE EVEN CAME TO CANADA THEY WEREN’T TREATED THAT WELL AND WEREN’T PROTECTED. WHEN SLAVE TRADERS CAME INTO CANADA TO TAKE THEM BACK, THEY WEREN’T PROTECTED… AND ALSO…ALL OF THIS OTHER STUFF THAT IS JUST NOT TOUCHED ON IN SCHOOL… IF I WANTED TO LEARN ABOUT BLACK HISTORY IN CANADA, I HAD TO GO AND TEACH MYSELF.” “I THINK THAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR PEOPLE TO KNOW THE ACTUAL HISTORY…AND HOW THINGS ACTUALLY HAPPENED BECAUSE…IF A PERSON DOESN’T KNOW THOSE TYPES OF THINGS, THEY’RE GOING TO LOOK AT WHAT’S HAPPENING TODAY AND THEY’RE GOING TO THINK…’WHY ARE THESE PEOPLE SO MAD, WHY ARE THEY SO PASSIONATE ABOUT WHAT IS HAPPENING RIGHT NOW?’ AND IT’S BECAUSE OF ALL THESE THINGS THAT HAVE OCCURRED IN THE PAST. BECAUSE WE'RE NOT JUST MAD FOR NO REASON… THERE’S A REASON, AND THAT’S WHY. AND ALSO…THINGS THAT ARE HAPPENING CURRENTLY, WE NEED REPARATIONS AND CHANGE.” FINALLY, AMY POINTED OUT THAT THE ANTI-RACISM MOVEMENT IS NOT NEW: “…BLACK LIVES MATTER IS NOT A NEW MOVEMENT. WHITE PRIVILEGE AND POLICE BRUTALITY ARE NOT NEW SUBJECTS AND THEY’RE NOT NEW THINGS… THEY HAVE ALWAYS EXISTED, AND BLACK LIVES MATTER WAS A MOVEMENT THAT STARTED…YEARS AGO, BUT I FEEL LIKE A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE JUST REALIZING THAT NOW… SOME PEOPLE ARE TREATING IT AS SOME TYPE OF A TREND OR USING IT…FOR CLOUT…BUT THEY DON’T REALLY MEAN IT… THEY’RE NOT TAKING IT AS SERIOUSLY AS IT REALLY IS… IT’S JUST IMPORTANT TO KNOW THAT IT’S NOT A TREND. THESE ARE REAL PEOPLE’S LIVES AND THESE ARE REAL TERMS, THEY’RE NOT NEW, AND THIS IS WHAT’S HAPPENING NOW. SO…IT’S GOOD AND BAD THAT PEOPLE ARE JUST REALIZING THIS NOW, AND AT THE SAME TIME IT’S ALSO KIND OF DISAPPOINTING THAT [SOME PEOPLE SEE IT AS] ‘OOH, NEW THING,’ LIKE THIS IS SOMETHING COOL WHEN IT’S NOT…” FOR MORE INFORMATION, OR TO SEE THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT, PLEASE SEE THE DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20200028000
Acquisition Date
2020-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

406 records – page 1 of 21.