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Other Name
"HIRSCHE"
Date Range From
1913
Date Range To
1935
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140049011
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"HIRSCHE"
Date Range From
1913
Date Range To
1935
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
44.5
Width
17.2
Description
A WHITE CLOTH, STARCHED NURSING CAP. THE BACK EDGE IS STAMPED WITH BLACK INK, READING “E1040” AND BELOW THAT “HIRSCHE” . THE WHITE STRING TIES AND THE OPENING ATTACHMENT THEY PULL THROUGH IS FRAYING. VERY GOOD CONDITION: THE HEAVILY STARCHED FRONT FOLD IS CREASED WITH FOLD LINES.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. ACCORDING TO THIS NURSING CAP’S HISTORY, IT WOULD HAVE BEEN OF THE FIRST TYPES OF CAPS THAT THE STUDENT NURSES WOULD HAVE WORN. IT WAS WORN “ON THE WARDS” OF THE HOSPITAL FROM 1913 ONWARDS TO AN UNSPECIFIED DATE. THE INSIDE OF THE CAP IS LABELLED “HIRSCHE”. USING THE GSN HISTORY BOOK TITLED “WHITE CAPS AND RED ROSES” RECORDS ONE STUDENT FROM THE CLASS OF 1966 WITH THE MAIDEN NAME HIRSCHE AND THREE STUDENTS FROM CLASSES 1968 TO 1975 MARRIED MEN WITH THE HIRSCHE LAST NAME. THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED BY THE MUSEUM THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. ON 12 JULY 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK MET WITH THREE MEMBERS OF GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNI ASSOCIATION – SHARON DEJONG, DONNA KARL, AND SUE KYLLO – TO ESTABLISH FURTHER DETAILS ABOUT VARIOUS ARTIFACTS IN THIS WAVE OF GSN ACQUISITIONS. WHEN VIEWING THE CAP, KYLLO, KARL, AND DEJONG STATED THAT ALL STUDENTS HAD TO WRITE THEIR NAMES IN THEIR UNIFORMS – LIKE “HIRSCHE” IS LABELLED IN THIS CAP – BECAUSE THE UNIFORMS, INCLUDING CAPS, WOULD BE SENT TO THE LAUNDRY AND RETURNED BACK TO THE STUDENTS. ABOUT NURSING CAPS, THE THREE ALUMNI EXPLAINED THAT THEY ALWAYS WORE WHITE CAPS AS STUDENTS. UPON GRADUATION THEY RECEIVED A VELVET BLACK BAND THEY WOULD PIN ON THE CAPS FOR WORK AS GRADUATED NURSES. THIS WAS ONE OF THE INDICATORS USED TO IDENTIFY THE STUDENT NURSES VERSUS THE GRADUATED NURSES. THEY STATED THAT IN THEIR FIRST TWO YEARS OF SCHOOL, THEY WOULD WERE BLACK SHOES AND STOCKINGS (A PRACTICE THAT ENDED IN 1968) AND AFTER THAT THEY WOULD WEAR WHITE SHOES WITH WHITE STOCKINGS TO INDICATE SENIOR NURSES. THESE VARIANCES IN THE STUDENT UNIFORMS HAD IMPLICATIONS FOR THEIR EXPERIENCES ON THE FLOOR. FOR EXAMPLE, THERE WAS ONE DOCTOR WHO HAD A STRICT RULE AGAINST STUDENT NURSES SCRUBBING IN FOR HIS OPERATIONS. THEY AGREED THAT THIS WAS AN EARLY EXAMPLE OF A NURSE’S CAP, USED FROM ESTIMATE DATES OF 1913 TO 1935. REFERENCING THE GSN HISTORY BOOK, “WHITE CAPS…,” THERE IS NO RECORD OF A STUDENT WITH THIS LAST NAME IN THE SPECULATED TIME PERIOD. AS AN ANSWER TO THIS, KYLLO ADDED TO THE CAP’S WRITTEN NOTES, “THIS HAT COULD HAVE BEEN A GALT HOSPITAL STAFF MEMBER AND MAY BE NOT A GALT HAT.” IT CAN ALSO BE NOTED THAT AN ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION INVOLVED IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS OF THE DONATION OF ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM WAS SHARON HIRSCHE (NEE TREIBER) OF THE CLASS OF 1968. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049011
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"HEARTSIM 2000"
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20180009000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"HEARTSIM 2000"
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2005
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
7
Height
14.7
Length
46.5
Width
35.6
Description
A. BLACK PLASTIC CASE, 46.5 CM LONG X 35.6 CM WIDE X 14.7 CM TALL. CASE FRONT HAS BLACK HANDLE WITH SILVER METAL BASE AND BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT”; FRONT HAS BLACK PLASTIC CLASPS ON BOTH ENDS. INSIDE OF CASE HAS BASE LINED WITH STYROFOAM INSERT, WITH CUT-OUT SECTIONS FOR STORING MONITOR AND ACCESSORIES. INSIDE CASE AT HINGE HAS CLEAR PLASTIC LABEL ATTACHED WITH BLACK TEXT “SPARE FUSE”. INSIDE OF LID HAS ATTACHED GREY INSTRUCTION SHEET WITH BLACK AND GREY LABEL “PROPERTY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT” ABOVE BLACK TEXT ON GREY SHEET “LAERDAL HEARTSIM 2000, TEACHES ECG INTERPRETATION, ARRHYTHMIA MANAGEMENT AND HEMODYNAMIC WAVEFORM RECOGNITION” WITH LISTINGS OF “FUNCTIONS, ECG SIMULATION, ECG MENU” AND DIAGRAMS BELOW; LOWER RIGHT CORNER OF SHEET HAS LOGO SHOWING ONE FIGURE BANDAGING THE ARM OF ANOTHER AND TEXT “LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., 1 LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, N.Y., 10504, FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND SERVICE INFORMATION CALL: 800-431-1055, IN NEW YORK CALL SERVICE DEPARTMENT COLLECT: 914-273-9404”. INSIDE LID UNDER INSTRUCTION SHEET IS BLACK STYROFOAM MOUNT. CASE EXTERIOR IS SCRATCHED, SCUFFED, AND WORN; INSIDE OF CASE IS STAINED AND SOILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. HEARTSIM 2000, 8 CM TALL X 30.1 CM LONG X 27 CM WIDE. CREAM-WHITE PLASTIC MONITOR WITH TRI-COLORED RED, GREY AND BROWN STRIPE RUNNING DOWN UPPER LEFT EDGE. MONITOR IS SQUARE AND TOP TAPERS TO LOWER EDGE; LEFT SIDE HAS BROWN, BLACK AND RED LABEL “HEARTSIM 2000, LAERDAL MEDICAL” WITH BLACK AND WHITE LABEL BELOW “PROPERTY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT”. RIGHT SIDE HAS MONITOR CONTROL DISPLAY WITH WHITE TEXT ABOVE “QRS TYPE, BASIC RHYTHM, PREMATURE COMPLEXES, RATE” AND WHITE TEXT ON RIGHT SIDE “RUNNING, WAITING”. KEYPAD BELOW CONTROL DISPLAY WITH DARK GREY, LIGHT GREY, AND RED BUTTONS WITH BLACK LABELS; BELOW BUTTONS BLACK TEXT “HEARTSIM 2000—KEYBOARD” WITH OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS. KEYBOARD DETACHES; BACK OF KEYBOARD HAS EMBOSSED STAMP “MADE IN GERMANY” ABOVE BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “SAIT”; BACK HAS REMOVABLE SECTION IN BACKING FOR BATTERIES. UNDER KEYBOARD ON MONITOR HAS CLEAR LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “CONDENSED INSTRUCTIONS” WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATING MONITOR. RIGHT SIDE OF MONITOR HAS SILVER LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “B 366536, SPECIAL INSPECTION SERVICE” WITH DETAILS ON SPECIAL INSPECTION. BACK OF MONITOR HAS BLACK “ON/OFF” SWITCH WITH RED CIRCLE ON LEFT SIDE OF SWITCH, AND DARK GREY LABELS ON SIDES; BACK HAS OUTPUT INSERTS FOR “HEMODYNAMIC WAVEFORMS OUTPUT CH. 2/CH. 3, MANIKIN, LAERDAL MONITOR INTERFACE, PULSE OUTPUT”; BACK HAS THREE INPUT AND OUTPUT INSERTS ON LEFT SIDE WITH WHITE, GREEN AND RED INPUTS ABOVE OUTPUTS LABELLED “RA, RL, LL”. RIGHT SIDE HAS DARK GREY LABELS “HEARTSIM 2000, 1A/110V~60 HZ/110W, FUSES: 1A SLOW BLOW, SERIAL NO.” WITH ENGRAVED NUMBERS “011618” ON WHITE SQUARE, AND LABEL “LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., 1 LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, N.Y., 10504”. LEFT SIDE OF MONITOR HAS BLACK DIAL WITH CLEAR LABEL ABOVE WITH BLACK AND WHITE YIN AND YANG SYMBOL. BOTTOM OF MONITOR HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLACK TEXT “THIS EQUIPMENT COMPLIES WITH THE REQUIREMENTS IN PART 15 OF FCC RULES FOR A CLASS A COMPUTING DEVICE. OPERATION OF THIS EQUIPMENT IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA MAY CAUSE UNACCEPTABLE INTERFERENCE TO RADIO AND TV RECEPTION REQUIRING THE OPERATOR TO TAKE WHATEVER STEPS ARE NECESSARY TO CORRECT THE INTERFERENCE. 2407”. WHITE LABEL IN LOWER LEFT CORNER HAS BLACK TEXT “CAUTIONS,” AND THREE STATEMENTS FOR USING THE HEARTSIM 2000. TOP OF MONITOR HAS BLACK MARK ON LEFT SIDE; TOP IS SCUFFED AND WORN; SIDES ARE SCUFFED AND RUBBED; BOTTOM OF MONITOR IS SCUFFED AND RUBBED ON LABELS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. GREY PLASTIC CORD, 168 CM LONG. CORD HAS TRI-PRONG INSERT AT ONE END, AND TRI-PRONG SILVER PLUG AT OTHER END. INSERT END HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “I-SHENG , IS-14, 10A 125V 1250W” AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON BACK “[COPYRIGHT SYMBOL] E55943, LL41230, [CSA SYMBOL], 214”. CORD HAS BLACK TEXT DOWN SIDES; CORD IS HEAVILY BENT AND COILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. D. GREY PLASTIC CORD, 219 CM LONG. CORD HAS ROUND SILVER INSERT AT ONE END WITH SIX SILVER PLUG-RODS INSIDE; CORD SPLITS INTO THREE WIRES AT OTHER END WITH THREE NODES FORMING END. NODES ARE RED, BLACK, AND WHITE LABELLED “LL, LA, RA”. BASE WHERE CORD DIVERGES INTO THREE WIRES HAS SILVER CLIP ON BACK; FRONT OF BASE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “ZOLL, 9500-0229-02, LL, LA, RA”; BASE IS ATTACHED TO CORD WITH INSERTS FOR THREE WIRES TO EXTEND. INPUT END IS RUBBED AND SCUFFED; CORD IS HEAVILY BENT AND COILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. WHITE PLASTIC SQUARE WITH THREE ROWS OF FOUR CUT-OUT HOLES ON TOP, 7.1 CM WIDE X 5.3 CM LONG X 0.8 CM TALL. SQUARE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES AND LOWER EDGE ARE BENT DOWN; HOLES ON TOP ARE LABELLED INTO FOUR COLUMNS WITH GREY TEXT “YES, NO, NEXT, RESTART”. TOP HAS GREY TEXT ALONG LOWER EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000 V. FIB. RECOGNITION MODULE” WITH “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO BELOW. LOWER EDGE IS CRACKED; RIGHT AND LEFT CORNERS ARE CRACKED AND CHIPPED; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK MARK “L” AND BLACK SMEAR IN LOWER RIGHT CORNER; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. F. PLASTIC ECG MODULE IN CARDBOARD BOX, 8 CM LONG X 6.7 CM WIDE X 2.1 CM TALL. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK LABEL ON FRONT WITH WITE TEXT “PROPERTY OF LFD” AND BLUE “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO ON LOWER EDGE OF FRONT AND BACK. UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “262003”, TOP HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “SEQ MODULE”. WHITE PLASTIC MODULE HAS GREY TEXT ON TOP EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000, ECG SEQUENCE MODULE, 2484”; MODULE HAS BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT ON FRONT “PROPERTY OF LFD”; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “L.F.D.” AND BLACK PRINTED TEXT ON LOWER EDGE “42/87 ELCO 20 8477 048 006 025”. CARDBOARD BOX WORN AT EDGES AND TORN AT TOP CORNERS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. G. PLASTIC ECG MODULE IN CARDBOARD BOX, 7.4 CM LONG X 6.6 CM WIDE X 2.1 CM TALL. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK LABEL ON FRONT WITH WHITE TEXT “PROPERTY OF LFD” AND BLUE “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO ON LOWER EDGE OF FRONT AND BACK; TOP HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “V. FIB MODULE”. WHITE PLASTIC MODULE HAS GREY TEXT ON TOP EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000, ECG SEQUENCE MODULE, 2486”; MODULE HAS BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT ON FRONT “PROPERTY OF LFD”; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “L.F.D.” AND BLACK PRINTED TEXT ON LOWER EDGE “42/87 ELCO 20 8477 048 006 025”. CARDBOARD BOX WORN AT EDGES AND TORN AT TOP CORNERS; BOX FRONT CREASED ALONG UPPER EDGE; BOX CREASED ON BACK AND SIDES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ON APRIL 19, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LETHBRIDGE EMS RESOURCE OFFIER WARD EGGLI REGARDING HIS TIME USING A DONATED HEARTSIM 2000. THE HEARTSIM 2000 TRAINING SIMULATOR WAS DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, AND WAS USED FOR TRAINING NEW RECRUITS. ON THE SIMULATOR, EGGLI ELABORATED, “THIS IS A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT THAT TODAY TECHNOLOGY-WISE HAS JUST SURPASSED ITS USE. IT’S NO LONGER USED IN OUR TRAINING DIVISION. IT WAS USED ORIGINALLY WAS IN TRAINING CARDIAC RHYTHMS.” “THIS IS A VERY VALUABLE TOOL FOR STUDENTS IN RELATION TO CARDIAC RHYTHM INTERPRETATION. THE ADVANTAGE THAT THIS TOOL GAVE US WAS THAT IT WOULD PRODUCE A RHYTHM, LIKE A HUMAN BEING ON THE OTHER END OF THE LEADS WOULD PRODUCE ON A CARDIAC MONITOR. SO IT WAS A REAL WORLD APPLICATION FOR US TO INTERPRET WHAT WE WERE SEEING [ON] A VERY SMALL SCREEN AND THE CONNECTION WOULD BE A CONFIRMATION TO WHAT THE GENERATOR WAS ACTUALLY PRODUCING. NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM FOR EXAMPLE SHOULD BE WHAT WE SEE ON THE MONITOR AND THE CONFIRMATION FROM THE EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE WOULD BE FOUND ON THE SIMULATOR.” “IT’S PROBABLY BEEN OUT OF SERVICE, PROBABLY AT LEAST TEN YEARS AGO [2005 TO 2008].” “WE ONLY HAD THIS ONE AND THEN WE HAD TWO HAND HELD VERSIONS THAT WERE MUCH SMALLER. THEY ONLY PRODUCED SORT OF THE MOST CRITICAL RHYTHMS, BUT WE ONLY HAD THIS ONE IN THE TRAINING DIVISION.” “TRAINING CONFIRMATION AND INTERPRETATION OF CARDIAC RHYTHMS [WAS] ITS SOLE PURPOSE.” “IN [THE] CONSTRUCTION OF THE CASE…[IS] STYROFOAM. IT WAS THE ONLY ONE IN ITS SERVICE AND THEN THE ONES THAT CAME AFTER IT WERE SMALLER AND LESS EXPENSIVE AND LESS CAPABLE THAN THAT ONE WAS FOR ITS TIME…I DON’T KNOW THE COST OF IT, I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THAT IT BEING VERY EXPENSIVE. MOST THINGS IN EMS AND FIRE SERVICES ARE.” “I THINK THE INTERNET, SOME OTHER SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS, DEFINITELY FROM AN EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE STARTED SURPASSING ITS ABILITIES. [FOR] EDUCATION THIS WOULD BE A SIMULATOR THAT PRODUCED A RHYTHM FOR ONE INDIVIDUAL. THE ADVANTAGE OF SOME OF THE TECHNOLOGY IN 2005 AND 2008 WAS YOU WOULD BE ABLE TO BRING IN A WHOLE CLASSROOM AND DO AN INTERPRETATION ON A BIG SCREEN, ON A LAPTOP, ON A COMPUTER…SO IT JUST GOT OLD. [IT] STILL [HAS] VALUE BUT IT JUST GOT OLD.” “IT’S BEEN IN THE DEPARTMENT AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER BUT I WASN’T ABLE TO FIND OUT A SERVICE DATE FOR THIS THROUGH THE INTERNET.” ON HIS EXPERIENCE USING THE HEARTSIM 2000, EGGLI RECALLED, “I WAS THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER WHEN THIS WAS IN USE AND EVEN BEFORE THAT AS A NEW RECRUIT, A NEW MEMBER TO THE SERVICE. IN 2000 I BECAME A PARAMEDIC AND IN MY PARAMEDIC TRAINING I WOULD USE THIS DEVICE. I WOULD TAKE IT HOME, MY WIFE ACTUALLY RAN THE REMOTE. SHE DIDN’T KNOW A LOT ABOUT RHYTHMS BUT SHE LEARNED ALONGSIDE ME WITH THIS. [SHE WOULD] BASICALLY PUSH A BUTTON, I WOULD ANALYZE RHYTHM, SHE WOULD TELL ME IF I WAS CORRECT OR NOT FROM THE MACHINE. IT PRODUCES TWENTY-FIVE HUNDRED RHYTHMS SO WE HAD LOTS TO DO.” “AS A STUDENT ON THE OTHER END OF WHAT THE GENERATOR WOULD PRODUCE, IT HONED MY SKILLS. IT REALLY MADE ME QUITE GOOD AT THAT INTERPRETATION BECAUSE I [SAW] A CERTAIN WAVE. I COULD LOOK FROM ALMOST ACROSS THE ROOM AND GO “I KNOW WHAT THAT IS, IT’S THIRD DEGREE HEART BLOCK.” SOME OF THEM ARE TRICKY AND THIS PARTICULAR GENERATION IN ITS DAY GAVE SOME VARIATION TO EACH OF THOSE TYPES OF RHYTHMS, WHICH ALSO MAKES YOU A LITTLE BIT BETTER AT [READING THE RHYTHMS].” “I’M THE EMS RESOURCE OFFICER TODAY BUT I WAS THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER WHEN THIS WAS IN USE…IT’S POSSIBLE [THIS WAS IN USE FROM DAY ONE].” “WE ALSO USED IT IF WE HAD STUDENTS THAT WERE LOOKING FOR SOME EXTRA SUPPORT. WE WOULD THROW A MANNEQUIN ON THE FLOOR, WE WOULD PUT THE HEART 2000 BESIDE THEM, WE WOULD RUN A SCENARIO AND MAYBE END UP WITH A RHYTHM OR TWO THAT THEY WERE INTERPRETING. WE USED IT THAT WAY, BUT MY FONDEST MEMORIES OF USING IT WERE DEFINITELY MY WIFE SITTING IN THE CORNER PUSHING THE BUTTONS FOR HOURS. IT WAS VERY INVALUABLE AND CARDIAC RHYTHM INTERPRETATION WAS ALWAYS SOMETHING I WAS REALLY INTERESTED IN BECAUSE IT’S A UNIQUE ART ALMOST, A SKILL THAT SOME PRACTITIONERS EITHER HAVE OR DON’T. SOME ARE INTERESTED IN IT, SOME AREN’T. I COULD DO IT UNTIL THE COWS CAME HOME.” “TODAY [WITH] A CARDIAC MONITOR YOU CAN SWITCH IT SO THAT IT’S AN AED, IT CAN ACT LIKE AN AED. IT WILL DO MANY THINGS. THE CARDIAC MONITOR THAT WE USE TODAY IN SERVICE DOES BLOOD PRESSURE, IT’LL MEASURE OXYGEN SATURATION, IT’LL MEASURE CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS AS WELL. IT CAN HELP US WITH TRACKING THE DRUGS WE USE AND IT HAS SOME MEMORY. WE HAVE THE ABILITY TO USE WI-FI AND BLUETOOTH AND SEND THE ECGS TO EMERGENCY DEVICES WHEN WE’RE IN HOSPITAL, AND WHEN WE GET BACK TO STATION FOR TRACKING AND AUDIT PURPOSES. WE DO SOME AMAZING STUFF AND THIS HEARTSIM 2000 IS A GREAT GRANDFATHER OF SOME OF WHAT WE’RE USING TODAY.” “DEFINITELY, LEADERS IN FIRE, LEADERS IN EMS, LEADERS IN COMBINED SERVICES, IS LETHBRIDGE. WE WERE THE FIRST ORGANIZATION OF ITS KIND TO BE ACCREDITED, [WITH] ACCREDITATION CANADA. ONE OF OUR MEDICAL DIRECTORS, YEARS AGO, CALLED US THE CROWN JEWEL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA BECAUSE OF THE TYPE OF SERVICE WE WERE, HOW WE TREAT OUR STAFF, HOW WE TRAIN OUR STAFF, THE OUTCOMES THAT WE HAVE IN BOTH FIRE AND EMS AND COMBINED SERVICE. THERE’S NOT MANY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE WORLD THAT HAVE A SERVICE LIKE OURS THAT WOULD RESPOND TO A PATIENT ANYWHERE IN THE CITY IN THE FASHION THAT WE DO, WITH A COUPLE OF UNITS IN HIGH EQUITY CALL WHERE A PUMP AND AN AMBULANCE ARE SUPPORTING GREAT CARE. IT DEFINITELY, APPROPRIATELY I BELIEVE, A CADILLAC SERVICE. OFTEN SOME PEOPLE WOULD SAY “WELL DO WE NEED THE CADILLAC ALL THE TIME?” AND I THINK IN LETHBRIDGE, IF YOU’VE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO BE A PART OF A RESPONSE, YOU’RE THANKFUL FOR WHAT YOU GET HERE.” “I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THE NUMBER OF HANDS THAT HAVE TOUCHED THIS HEART SIM 2000. SOME OF THE POTENTIAL PATIENT OUTCOMES THAT WERE REALLY LIFESAVING, IN MY OPINION, [CAME] FROM A DEVICE LIKE THIS. I THINK IT’S BRILLIANT THAT IT’S GOING TO BE KEPT, [THAT] IT’S NOT JUST SOMETHING WE THREW IN THE DUMPSTER. IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF HISTORY, IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF EMS HISTORY. IT’S A VERY IMPORTANT PART OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES’ HISTORY, EDUCATION AND TRAINING, AND OFTEN WE KIND OF FORGET ABOUT WHY WE’RE HERE. IT’S FOR THE PATIENTS AND PEOPLE THAT WE TOUCH IN THE COMMUNITY.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180009000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180009000
Acquisition Date
2018-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
STREET SIGN; "3RD AVENUE S."
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1952
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PORCELIN, ENAMEL, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20160039002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
STREET SIGN; "3RD AVENUE S."
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1952
Materials
PORCELIN, ENAMEL, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.5
Length
53.5
Description
BLUE SIGN WITH ENAMEL BASE COVERED IN PORCELAIN THAT HAS BEEN BAKED TO THE SURFACE. "3RD AVENUE S. PAINTED IN WHITE BLOCK LETTERS OVER BLUE. 3 HOLES PUNCHED AT EACH THE TOP AND BOTTOM EDGES. EACH HOLE HAS A METAL RIVET. THE SIGN IS CURVED OUTWARDS TO THE FACE. THE BACK SIDE OF SIGN IS UNFINISHED AND LIGHT GREY IN COLOUR WITH THE BLUE GLAZE AROUND THE EDGES WHERE IT HAS RUN OVER FROM THE FRONT SIDE. CONDITION: THERE ARE IMPERFECTIONS IN OVERALL GLAZE ON THE SIGN AND A SIGNIFICANT LOSS OF THAT GLAZE AROUND THE EDGES.SLIGHT CHIPPING ALONG TOP. SURFACE SLIGHTLY SCUFFED OVERALL. GENERAL WEAR AROUND RIVETS.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
TRANSPORTATION
History
IN 2016, THE GALT MUSEUM APPROVED A PURCHASE OF TWO FORMER LETHBRIDGE STREET SIGNS – ONE FROM 5TH STREET SOUTH AND THE OTHER FROM 3RD AVENUE SOUTH. THEY WERE COLLECTED FROM AN ESTATE DISPERSAL AGENT, BRENT CUMMINS, WHO BOUGHT AND DISPERSED THE ESTATE OF THE LATE MR. MICHEAL VARZARI. AS STATED IN HIS OBITUARY, “[VAZARI] WAS A GREAT COLLECTOR OF RELICS FROM DAYS GONE BY…” THE ESTIMATED DATE OF ORIGIN FOR THE SIGNS IS 1910-11. AT THE TIME OF DONATION, THERE ARE IDENTICAL VERSIONS OF THESE SIGNS STILL INSTALLED ON THE CORNERS OF THE RESIDENCES AT 1505 - 4TH AVENUE SOUTH AND 920 – 9TH AVENUE SOUTH. THROUGH LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARCHIVAL RESEARCH IT WAS DETERMINED THAT THE ISSUE OF LETHBRIDGE’S USE OF STREET NAMES OVER STREET NUMBERS WAS RAISED AS EARLY AS 1907. STREETS ASSIGNED WITH NUMBERS OPPOSED TO NAMES WERE SEEN TO BE AN INDICATOR OF A MORE MODERN CITY. AN EDITORIAL IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED ON 11 APRIL 1908 SHEDS LIGHT INTO THE STREET SIGN SENTIMENTS OF THE EARLY DAYS OF THE CITY: “TWO OR THREE YEARS AGO THEY ORDERED STREET SIGNS. THEY CAME AND REPOSED PEACEFULLY IN THE DUSTY CORNERS OF THE FIRE HALL UNTIL IT DAWNED UPON THE MIND OF [AN] ALDERMAN… THAT IT WAS TIME THAT THE CITY STARTED USING THEM. ‘TWAS ORDERED THIS, AND NOW THEY ARE UP. NOW THE ALDERMEN ARE FEELING THE HUNCH THAT SOME PEOPLE HAVE HAD FOR A LONG TIME THAT THE STREETS SHOULD BE NUMBERED AND DIVIDED SYSTEMATICALLY INTO STREETS AND AVENUES… BUT IT WOULD BE A SHAME TO WASTE THE PRICE OF THOSE STREET SIGNS. SO I SUPPOSE THAT THE PRESENT AWKWARD SYSTEM WILL HOLD GOOD UNTIL THE SIGNS WEAR OUT... THE CHANGE SHOULD BE MADE BEFORE THE CITY PUTS IN ITS PERMANENT SIDEWALKS AND THEN THE NAMES COULD BE PUT IN THE CEMENT IN NICE COLORED CEMENT ALMOST AS PRETTY AS THE BEAUTIFUL BLUE AND WHITE SIGNS THAT ARE STUCK UP ALL OVER THE CITY WHERE THERE IS A CORNER BUILDING TO STICK THEM ON.” ON 18 JULY 1908, THE HERALD PUBLISHED AN ARTICLE THAT STATED, “THE WALKS ARE GOING AND ON THEM ARE BEING PLACED IN LARGE LETTERS THE NAMES OF THE STREETS NOT THE NUMBERS… NINETEEN OUT OF EVERY TWENTY PEOPLE IN THE CITY ARE IN FAVOR OF THE CHANGE [TO A NUMBER SYSTEM]… IF ANYONE IS NOT IN FAVOR OF IT LET HIM GO TO CALGARY AND SEE HOW EASY IT IS FOR HIM TO GO ANYWHERE HE WANTS WITHOUT POKING QUESTIONS AT EVERY ONE HE MEETS… IT’S A REGULAR SNAP.” THE DEBATE CONTINUED UNRESOLVED AND WAS REFERENCED AGAIN IN 1909 AS AN OBSTACLE TO THE CITY SECURING STREET MAIL DELIVERY. ON 8 FEBRUARY 1910, THE HERALD SAID: “… IS IT NOT ABOUT TIME THE CITY COUNCIL WERE ADOPTING THE METHOD IN HAVING THE STREETS AND AVENUES NUMBERED SYSTEMATICALLY? THE HERALD HAS ADVOCATED THIS CHANGE IN SEASON AND OUT OF SEASON ALMOST TO WEARINESS. SUPT. ROSS OF THE POSTAL SERVICE NOW ADVOCATES A MORE MODERN SYSTEM AND SAYS IT WOULD AID VERY MATERIALLY IN THE SUCCESSFUL WORKING OF THE SERVICE.” AND ON 4 OCTOBER 1910, IT IS PUBLISHED THAT “THE HERALD HAS SEEN ONE MORE OF THE THINGS IT HAS ADVOCATED BROUGHT TO PASS. THE STREETS AND AVENUES ARE NUMBERED.” BY THE LATE 40S, STREET SIGNS WERE IN THE NEWS ONCE MORE, SPECIFICALLY THE NEED FOR MORE OF THEM, AS THE CITY GRAPPLED WITH ITS EXPANDING URBAN FOOTPRINT. BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTOR COMES FROM HIS OBITUARY, WHICH STATES MICHAEL ARTHUR “COUTTSO” VARZARI WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ON 17 NOVEMBER 1929 AND “WAS RAISED ‘DOWN NUMBER THREE.’” THE OBITUARY GOES ON SAYING, “HE ALWAYS ATTRIBUTED HIS STRONG AND SOLID WORK ETHIC AND HIS APPRECIATION FOR THE SIMPLE THINGS IN LIFE TO HIS UPBRINGING ‘DOWN NUMBER THREE’.” HE WORKED FROM THE GROUND UP IN THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE’S ELECTRIC DEPARTMENT, FIRST AS AN APPRENTICE, THEN AS A “FULL-FLEDGED ELECTRICIAN,” AND HE RETIRED AS SUPERINTENDENT OF CONSTRUCTION. VARZARI’S BROTHER WAS GEORGE VARZARI WHO WAS THE OWNER AND PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL SALVAGE, A BUSINESS HE STARTED AROUND 1951. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING IN-DEPTH LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH REGARDING THE CITY’S STREET SIGNS.
Catalogue Number
P20160039002
Acquisition Date
2016-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
STREET SIGN; "5TH STREET S."
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1952
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ENAMEL, PORCELAIN, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20160039001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
STREET SIGN; "5TH STREET S."
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1952
Materials
ENAMEL, PORCELAIN, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.5
Length
53.5
Description
BLUE SIGN WITH ENAMEL BASE COVERED IN PORCELAIN THAT HAS BEEN BAKED TO THE SURFACE. "5TH STREET S" PAINTED IN WHITE BLOCK LETTERS OVER BLUE. 3 HOLES PUNCHED AT EACH THE TOP AND BOTTOM EDGES. EACH HOLE HAS A METAL RIVET. THE SIGN IS CURVED OUTWARDS TO THE FACE. THE BACK SIDE OF SIGN IS UNFINISHED AND LIGHT GREY IN COLOUR WITH THE BLUE GLAZE AROUND THE EDGES WHERE IT HAS RUN OVER FROM THE FRONT SIDE. CONDITION: TOP CENTER RIVET IS MISSING. AROUND THAT CENTER HOLE THERE IS A LOSS OF THE PORCELAIN INTO THE "TR" OF "STREET". THERE ARE IMPERFECTIONS IN OVERALL GLAZE ON THE SIGN AND A SIGNIFICANT LOSS OF THAT GLAZE AROUND THE EDGES. WHITE PAINT ON TOP OF FINISHED PAINT ON THE UPPER RIGHT SECTION OF SIGN. SLIGHT CHIPPING ALONG TOP. GENERAL WEAR AROUND RIVETS. BACK SIDE HAS LOSS OF THE PORCELAIN OVERALL AND A DUST/ROUGH MATERIAL STUCK TO THE SURFACE.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
TRANSPORTATION
History
IN 2016, THE GALT MUSEUM APPROVED A PURCHASE OF TWO FORMER LETHBRIDGE STREET SIGNS – ONE FROM 5TH STREET SOUTH AND THE OTHER FROM 3RD AVENUE SOUTH. THEY WERE COLLECTED FROM AN ESTATE DISPERSAL AGENT, BRENT CUMMINS, WHO BOUGHT AND DISPERSED THE ESTATE OF THE LATE MR. MICHEAL VARZARI. AS STATED IN HIS OBITUARY, “[VAZARI] WAS A GREAT COLLECTOR OF RELICS FROM DAYS GONE BY…” THE ESTIMATED DATE OF ORIGIN FOR THE SIGNS IS 1910-11. AT THE TIME OF DONATION, THERE ARE IDENTICAL VERSIONS OF THESE SIGNS STILL INSTALLED ON THE CORNERS OF THE RESIDENCES AT 1505 - 4TH AVENUE SOUTH AND 920 – 9TH AVENUE SOUTH. THROUGH LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARCHIVAL RESEARCH IT WAS DETERMINED THAT THE ISSUE OF LETHBRIDGE’S USE OF STREET NAMES OVER STREET NUMBERS WAS RAISED AS EARLY AS 1907. STREETS ASSIGNED WITH NUMBERS OPPOSED TO NAMES WERE SEEN TO BE AN INDICATOR OF A MORE MODERN CITY. AN EDITORIAL IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED ON 11 APRIL 1908 SHEDS LIGHT INTO THE STREET SIGN SENTIMENTS OF THE EARLY DAYS OF THE CITY: “TWO OR THREE YEARS AGO THEY ORDERED STREET SIGNS. THEY CAME AND REPOSED PEACEFULLY IN THE DUSTY CORNERS OF THE FIRE HALL UNTIL IT DAWNED UPON THE MIND OF [AN] ALDERMAN… THAT IT WAS TIME THAT THE CITY STARTED USING THEM. ‘TWAS ORDERED THIS, AND NOW THEY ARE UP. NOW THE ALDERMEN ARE FEELING THE HUNCH THAT SOME PEOPLE HAVE HAD FOR A LONG TIME THAT THE STREETS SHOULD BE NUMBERED AND DIVIDED SYSTEMATICALLY INTO STREETS AND AVENUES… BUT IT WOULD BE A SHAME TO WASTE THE PRICE OF THOSE STREET SIGNS. SO I SUPPOSE THAT THE PRESENT AWKWARD SYSTEM WILL HOLD GOOD UNTIL THE SIGNS WEAR OUT... THE CHANGE SHOULD BE MADE BEFORE THE CITY PUTS IN ITS PERMANENT SIDEWALKS AND THEN THE NAMES COULD BE PUT IN THE CEMENT IN NICE COLORED CEMENT ALMOST AS PRETTY AS THE BEAUTIFUL BLUE AND WHITE SIGNS THAT ARE STUCK UP ALL OVER THE CITY WHERE THERE IS A CORNER BUILDING TO STICK THEM ON.” ON 18 JULY 1908, THE HERALD PUBLISHED AN ARTICLE THAT STATED, “THE WALKS ARE GOING AND ON THEM ARE BEING PLACED IN LARGE LETTERS THE NAMES OF THE STREETS NOT THE NUMBERS… NINETEEN OUT OF EVERY TWENTY PEOPLE IN THE CITY ARE IN FAVOR OF THE CHANGE [TO A NUMBER SYSTEM]… IF ANYONE IS NOT IN FAVOR OF IT LET HIM GO TO CALGARY AND SEE HOW EASY IT IS FOR HIM TO GO ANYWHERE HE WANTS WITHOUT POKING QUESTIONS AT EVERY ONE HE MEETS… IT’S A REGULAR SNAP.” THE DEBATE CONTINUED UNRESOLVED AND WAS REFERENCED AGAIN IN 1909 AS AN OBSTACLE TO THE CITY SECURING STREET MAIL DELIVERY. ON 8 FEBRUARY 1910, THE HERALD SAID: “… IS IT NOT ABOUT TIME THE CITY COUNCIL WERE ADOPTING THE METHOD IN HAVING THE STREETS AND AVENUES NUMBERED SYSTEMATICALLY? THE HERALD HAS ADVOCATED THIS CHANGE IN SEASON AND OUT OF SEASON ALMOST TO WEARINESS. SUPT. ROSS OF THE POSTAL SERVICE NOW ADVOCATES A MORE MODERN SYSTEM AND SAYS IT WOULD AID VERY MATERIALLY IN THE SUCCESSFUL WORKING OF THE SERVICE.” AND ON 4 OCTOBER 1910, IT IS PUBLISHED THAT “THE HERALD HAS SEEN ONE MORE OF THE THINGS IT HAS ADVOCATED BROUGHT TO PASS. THE STREETS AND AVENUES ARE NUMBERED.” BY THE LATE 40S, STREET SIGNS WERE IN THE NEWS ONCE MORE, SPECIFICALLY THE NEED FOR MORE OF THEM, AS THE CITY GRAPPLED WITH ITS EXPANDING URBAN FOOTPRINT. BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTOR COMES FROM HIS OBITUARY, WHICH STATES MICHAEL ARTHUR “COUTTSO” VARZARI WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ON 17 NOVEMBER 1929 AND “WAS RAISED ‘DOWN NUMBER THREE.’” THE OBITUARY GOES ON SAYING, “HE ALWAYS ATTRIBUTED HIS STRONG AND SOLID WORK ETHIC AND HIS APPRECIATION FOR THE SIMPLE THINGS IN LIFE TO HIS UPBRINGING ‘DOWN NUMBER THREE’.” HE WORKED FROM THE GROUND UP IN THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE’S ELECTRIC DEPARTMENT, FIRST AS AN APPRENTICE, THEN AS A “FULL-FLEDGED ELECTRICIAN,” AND HE RETIRED AS SUPERINTENDENT OF CONSTRUCTION. VARZARI’S BROTHER WAS GEORGE VARZARI WHO WAS THE OWNER AND PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL SALVAGE, A BUSINESS HE STARTED AROUND 1951. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING IN-DEPTH LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH REGARDING THE CITY’S STREET SIGNS.
Catalogue Number
P20160039001
Acquisition Date
2016-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, INK
Catalogue Number
P20140032001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2010
Materials
WOOD, INK
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.9
Length
90.7
Width
2.5
Description
RECTANGULAR WOODEN SIGN WITH THE RIGHT EDGE COMING TO A POINT AT END (LIKE AN ARROW). "BELLY RIVER STATION' PAINTED IN BLACK, BLOCK LETTERS. LETTERS ARE SLIGHTLY RAISED FROM SURFACE. THE WOOD IS WEATHERED AND GREY IN COLOUR. APPROX. 8 NAIL HOLES AT CENTER WITH SEVERAL OTHER, SMALLER HOLES AND NOTCHES OVER THE SURFACE OF SIGN. CONDITION: NAIL HOLES ARE RUST-STAINED. DIRT STAINS ON BOTTOM CENTER. SECTION OF WHITE PAINT ON BACK. BLACK PAINTED LETTERS HAVE MODERATE TO SEVERE FADING.
Subjects
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
TRANSPORTATION
History
A NOTE WRITTEN BY THE DONOR, FRANK LIGHTBOUND, AND PROVIDED TO THE MUSEUM AT THE TIME OF DONATION STATES: “[SIGN] DISCOVERED AT THE JUNCTION OF TWO OLD TRAILS IN THE PIKE HAVEN AREA SOUTHWEST OF CARDSTON ADJACENT TO WATERTON PARK. THIS AREA WAS AT ONE TIME PART OF WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. AT THE TIME OF DISCOVERY, EARLY 1980S, I WAS EMPLOYED AS A RANGER WITH THE ALBERTA FOREST SERVICE IN THE CROWSNEST FOREST. HAVING WORKED ON A TRAIL CREW AND A SEASON MANNING THE SOFA MTN. FIRE LOOKOUT IN THE EARLY 1950S, I WAS FAMILIAR WITH THE OLD WARDEN STATION AND THE BELLY RIVER DISTRICT. THE STATION AND THE LOOKOUT NO LONGER EXIST.” ON 22 MARCH 2017, GALT COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LIGHTBOUND ABOUT HIS DONATION OF THE SIGN. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW: LIGHTBOUND EXPLAINED THAT THE ARTIFACT WAS IN HIS POSSESSION FOR “PROBABLY 30 YEARS, [WHERE] IT WAS DISPLAYED IN [MY] LIVING ROOM IN FRONT OF THE FIRE PLACE.” ABOUT HOW HE CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE SIGN, LIGHTBOUND SAID, “WELL, I HAD SPENT SOME TIME WORKING IN WATERTON PARK, AND AT ONE POINT I SPENT A SUMMER ON THE SOFA MOUNTAIN LOOKOUT WHICH IS IN THE BELLY RIVER DISTRICT. AT THE TIME I CAME ACROSS THIS SIGN I WAS WITH THE ALBERTA FOREST SERVICE, DOING SOME WORK IN THE POLL HAVEN REGION SOUTHWEST OF CARDSTON." "AT ONE TIME, I THINK BACK IN THE EARLY 1900S, THAT POLL HAVEN AREA WAS INCLUDED INSIDE OF THE WATERTON PARK BOUNDARIES—IT WAS PART OF THE PARK. I WAS DOING SOME WORK IN THERE, AND I CAME TO AN OLD TRAIL WHERE THERE WAS ALL WINDFALL AND TREES DOWN ALL OVER IT, AND I NOTICED ONE TREE HAD A SIGN ATTACHED TO IT. IT WAS FACING DOWN, I GOT CURIOUS AND I WENT OVER THERE AND PRIED IT OFF THE TREE. HERE IT WAS AN OLD SIGN POINTING THE TRAIL TO THE BELLY RIVER RANGER STATION. AT THAT POINT, THEY WERE MAKING USE OF TRAILS IN THE POLL HAVEN AREA WHICH WAS, AS I SAID, PART OF WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK AND THIS WAS POINTING TO THE NEAREST WARDEN STATION, [WHICH WAS ACTIVE] AT THE TIME… I GOT THE SIGN. [BUT THE TRAIL] WAS OBLITERATED.” LATER IN THE INTERVIEW, LIGHTBOUND STATED HE CAME ACROSS THE SIGN “PROBABLY IN THE EARLY ’80S.” A FOOTNOTE WRITTEN BY THE TRANSCRIBER AND WATERTON HISTORIAN, CHRIS MORRISON, STATES: “POLL HAVEN, A 16-SQUARE MILE PARCEL OF LAND, WAS LOCATED ON THE EXTREME EASTERN EDGE OF THE PARK. IT WAS PART OF THE GOVERNMENT’S 1914 ENLARGEMENT OF WATERTON. IT WAS WITHDRAWN FROM PARK BOUNDARIES IN 1947 BY ACT OF PARLIAMENT TO PERMIT A LAND EXCHANGE WITH THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA TO ALLOW THE EXPANSION [OF] ELK ISLAND NATIONAL PARK TO THE NORTH. THE NAME POLL HAVEN IS STILL IN USE AND IS A COMMUNITY PASTURE FOR LOCAL RANCHERS.” LIGHTBOUND DESCRIBED HIS JOB ACTIVITIES BY SAYING, “[IN THE] FOREST SERVICE, THERE’S NUMEROUS ACTIVITIES GOING ON IN DIFFERENT DISTRICTS AND AT THAT POINT… I WAS... CHECKING THE TIMBER PERMITS AND THE GRAZING ACTIVITY. BUT ALSO, THERE’S FIRE CONTROL OF COURSE, YOU’RE ALWAYS LOOKING FOR SMOKE POPPING OUT SOMEWHERE. WE WERE ASSISTING FISH AND WILDLIFE AND THAT PRETTY WELL COVERS THAT AREA DOWN IN THERE. I WAS POSTED IN BLAIRMORE IN THE CROWSNEST PASS AT THE TIME, SO I DIDN’T GO OUT THERE VERY OFTEN… I DROVE OUT THERE FROM BLAIRMORE OF COURSE AND I PARKED THE TRUCK AND WAS ON FOOT AFTER THAT… " WHEN ASKED IF HE ENJOYED HIS JOB, LIGHTBOUND REPLIED, “OH I SURE DID! ... [I ENJOYED] BEING OUTDOORS MOST OF THE TIME, AND THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND QUITE OFTEN YOU’RE A LONG WAYS FROM THE OFFICE, SO NOBODY WAS TELLING YOU WHAT TO DO… I STARTED BACK IN THE EARLY ’50S, AND I WAS STILL THERE IN 1985.” LIGHTBOUND SPOKE TO WHY HE CHOOSE TO COLLECT THE SIGN FROM THE TREE, “WELL, I KNEW WHY IT WAS THERE, WHY IT HAD BEEN PUT THERE, AND IT MEANT SOMETHING TO ME. I THOUGHT IF I DON’T RESCUE THIS SIGN, IT’LL JUST BE THERE UNTIL IT ROTS, BECAUSE NOBODY ELSE IS GOING TO CLAMBER THROUGH ALL THIS DEADFALL LOOKING FOR IT… IT WAS KIND OF A REMINDER OR SOUVENIR OF MY DAYS OUT THERE.” THINKING ABOUT THE HISTORY WITH THE SIGN, LIGHTBOUND CONTINUED, “WELL, I WONDERED HOW LONG IT HAD BEEN THERE. I KNEW THAT THE POLL HAVEN AREA HAD BEEN INCLUDED IN THE PARK AT ONE TIME ALTHOUGH I WASN’T AWARE OF THE DATES. AND IT CROSSED MY MIND TOO, I WONDERED HOW MANY TRAVELERS HAD COME ALONG ON HORSEBACK OR WITH THEIR PACKHORSES AND WHAT HAVE YOU, HEADING FOR WATERTON LAKES PARK AND WONDERING WHEN THEY’D COME ACROSS A LITTLE BIT OF CIVILIZATION. AND HERE WAS SOMETHING TO ENCOURAGE THEM.” ON THE HISTORY OF BELLY RIVER STATION, MORRISON NOTED, “THE FIRST BELLY RIVER WARDEN STATION WAS BUILT IN 1917 AND WAS CONNECTED TO PARK HEADQUARTERS BY TELEPHONE. A WARDEN STATION CONTINUED TO SERVE THE AREA THROUGH TO THE EARLY 1970 WHEN OUTLYING WARDEN RESIDENCES WERE DISCONTINUED AND WARDENS WERE MOVED INTO THE TOWN SITE. THE DATES OF THE TRAILS TO THIS SITE IS NOT RECORDED IN THE WLNP [WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK] ARCHIVES SPECIFICALLY BUT THE TRAILS WOULD HAVE BEEN BUILT (OR IMPROVED) AROUND 1917 FOR ACCESS TO THE STATION AND TO HAUL SUPPLIES FOR HUMANS AND HORSES. A ROUGH TOTE ROAD HAD BEEN BUILT NORTH TO MOUNTAIN VIEW YEARS BEFORE (NO DATE AVAILABLE) AND WAS USED AS A ROUTE TO GLACIER NATIONAL PARK, MONTANA." PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL, ANNOTATED INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND DONOR’S NOTE.
Catalogue Number
P20140032001
Acquisition Date
2014-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HOOK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1979
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STAINLESS STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20140049016
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HOOK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1979
Materials
STAINLESS STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.6
Length
30.5
Width
1.1
Description
A LONG, STEEL ROD ENDING IN A BLUNT HOOK WITH A SMOOTH RECTANGULAR HANDLE. OVER THE HOOKS ROD IS A SPRING SHEATH ATTACHED TO A SPOOL HANDLE WITH KNURLING TEXTURE. ON THE MAIN HANDLE IS A SMALL, SCREW IN KNOB WITH KNURLING TEXTURE. “STAINLESS” IS STAMPED INTO ONE SIDE OF THE HANDLE, WHILE ON THE OTHER THE HANDWRITTEN LETTERS “OR LRH.” ARE SCRATCHED ON. VERY GOOD CONDITION: NICKS IN VARIOUS PLACES ON THE SURFACE.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. NO INFORMATION WAS PROVIDED ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT. THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049016
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1913
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STAINLESS STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20140049018
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1913
Date Range To
1965
Materials
STAINLESS STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.2
Length
11
Width
4
Description
A STAINLESS STEEL SPOON WITH A SHORTENED HANDLE THAT ENDS BENT OVER IN A HOOK WITH TWO HOLES DRILLED THROUGH. ON THE UNDERSIDE OF THE HANDLE THE WORDS “SILCO STAINLESS STEEL” ARE STAMPED. GOOD CONDITION: THE PATINA IS SCRATCHED, SPOTTED AND STAINED.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. THIS ARTIFACT IS A SPOON THAT WAS USED FOR HEATING, STERILIZING, AND MELTING MORPHINE PILLS, IN ORDER TO MAKE THE STERILE SOLUTION FOR INJECTIONS. ACCORDING TO THE HISTORY, THIS ARTIFACT WOULD HAVE BEEN IN “ALL WARDS WHERE MEDICATIONS [WERE] USED THAT NEEDED STERILIZATION.” THE HISTORY STATES, “THIS METHOD [WAS] USED FROM 1913 TO 1964 OR 1965.” THE ARTIFACT WOULD HAVE BEEN USED BY “NURSES MAINLY.” THE HISTORY ADDED THAT THIS TYPE OF ARTIFACT WAS RECALLED BY DONNA KARL, WHO REMEMBERED USING THIS METHOD THROUGHOUT HER TRAINING. ARTIFACT RECORD P20140006022 STATES, “ACCORDING TO LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1963 AND 2000 AND A 2011 ARTICLE FROM THE LETHBRIDGE COLLEGE WEBSITE, DONNA KARL (NEE LOSEY) GRADUATED FROM THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1963, SERVED AS THE PRESIDENT OF THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION, AND AT THE TIME OF DONATION ACTED AS THE ORGANIZATION’S SPOKESPERSON, WHILE WORKING AT THE COLLEGE’S HEALTH SERVICE OFFICE.” THE ARTIFACT’S HISTORY ALSO STATED, “NARCOTICS WERE DISSOLVED IN [THE SPOONS] AND THEN [WERE] DRAWN UP INTO [A] SYRINGE. INJECTABLES ARE NOW ALL IN SINGLE VIALS, [THEREFORE THERE IS] MUCH LESS [OF A] CHANCE OF CONTAMINATION.” THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049018
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FOOT BATH
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1955
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ENAMEL
Catalogue Number
P20140049021
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FOOT BATH
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1955
Materials
ENAMEL
No. Pieces
2
Height
18.2
Length
59.5
Width
19.2
Description
1: A WHITE ENAMEL FOOTBATH WITH A BLUE RIM. ON THE SIDE OF THE BATH ARE BLACK PAINTED LETTERS “D.R.” AND TWO STICKERS. ONE IS A CIRCULAR STICKER WITH A RED CROSS IN THE CENTER AND A BLUE BORDER, READING “HYGIENIC ENAMELED WARE”, “L.D.C. CO. N. Y.”, AND “MADE IN CZECHO-SLOVAKIA”. THE SECOND STICKER IS MISSING HALF, COLOURED GREEN AND GOLD, READING “TORON…”, “MONTREAL”, AND “PHYSICIANS”. ON THE BOTTOM OF THE BATH IS TEXT, STAMPED IN RED THAT READS “HYGIENIC MADE IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA REG’D”. GOOD CONDITION: THE ENAMEL IS CHIPPED ON THE LIP AND THE BOTTOM EDGE, ON THE INSIDE AND OUTSIDE, REVEALING THE METAL FRAME. THE INSIDE CHIP IS RUSTED. 2: A LID TO THE FOOT BATH. WHITE ENAMEL WITH A BLUE HIGHLIGHTED LIP AND HANDLE. FAIR CONDITION: THE ENAMEL IS CHIPPED AROUND THE HANDLE AND ALL EDGES, EXPOSING THE METAL FRAME.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. THIS IS AN ARM OR A FOOT BATH. IT WAS USED FOR SOAKING AN ARM OR A FOOT BECAUSE OF INFECTION OR IF THERE WAS SWELLING. THIS BATH WAS USED BY NURSES ON THE MEDICAL AND SURGICAL WARDS. IT IS AN EXAMPLE OF AN EARLIER BATH, WITH THE BATHS BECOMING STAINLESS STEEL AFTER 1955. THE HISTORY STATES THAT THE ARTIFACT “WAS CONTAINED FOR INFECTION CONTROL [AND] INDIVIDUALIZED FOR PATIENTS.” THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049021
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PAINT, TAPE
Catalogue Number
P20140049022
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1940
Materials
METAL, PAINT, TAPE
No. Pieces
1
Height
24
Length
57.2
Width
40
Description
A WHITE METAL BED TRAY WITH TWO FOLD IN WIRE LEGS. THE TRAY HAS THREE WALLS, THE TWO ON THE SIDE MERELY A WIRE RAIL. ON THE BOTTOM OF THE TRAY, HANDWRITTEN IN GREEN INK ARE THE WORDS “WARD C 1923.” AND “1923 WAS A VERY GOOD YEAR.” THE TRAY IS 6 CM IN HEIGHT. FAIR CONDITION: MASKING TAPE IS ATTACHED TO THE LEGS AND THE BOTTOM OF THE TRAY, RIPPED APART AND NO LONGER SECURING THE LEGS. THE WHITE PAINT IS SCRATCHED ALL OVER, PARTICULARLY ON THE LEGS AND EDGES.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. THIS IS AN OVER BED TRAY USED FOR SERVING MEALS TO PATIENTS. THE INTENDED USER FOR THIS TYPE OF ARTIFACT WERE THE PATIENTS AND ONE COULD HAVE SEEN A TRAY OF THIS TYPE IN USE IN ANY OF THE HOSPITAL ROOMS. THIS TRAY WOULD HAVE BEEN IN USE FROM 1914 TO 1940. THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049022
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PARKING SIGN
Date Range From
1978
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, VINYL
Catalogue Number
P20160009002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PARKING SIGN
Date Range From
1978
Date Range To
2007
Materials
METAL, VINYL
No. Pieces
1
Length
30.4
Width
15.2
Description
LICENSE PLATE MADE OUT OF THIN SHEET METAL WITH BLACK VINYL LETTERING “LHB 15”. BLACK VINYL BORDERING THE PERIMETER OF THE PLATE. THE CORNERS ARE ROUNDED. THERE ARE 4 SLOTS THAT ARE 2.5 CM IN LENGTH FOR ATTACHING THE LICENSE PLATE TO A SUPPORT (TWO ON THE TOP AND TWO ON THE BOTTOM). GOOD - VERY GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS A HORIZONTAL BEND ACROSS THE CENTER OF THE PLATE. THERE ARE SLIGHT SCRATCHES OVERALL, ESPECIALLY AROUND THE SLOTS WHERE THE PLATE WOULD HAVE BEEN ATTACHED. THERE IS A SMALL LOSS OF VINYL ON THE BOTTOM BORDER. THE BACK HAS SLIGHT STAINS/DIRT AND SCRATCHES.
Subjects
SITE FEATURE
VISUAL COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
THE LETHBRIDGE HANDI-BUS ASSOCIATION WAS A NOT-FOR-PROFIT ORGANIZATION THAT BEGAN IN 1975 WHEN THE KIWANIS CLUB DONATED THE FIRST VAN. ON AUGUST 1, 2007 – AFTER 32 YEARS OF SERVICE TO THE COMMUNITY – THE LETHBRIDGE HANDI-BUS ASSOCIATION WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. AT THAT POINT, THE ASSOCIATION HAD A FLEET OF 20 BUSES – MANY OF WHICH WERE DONATED BY LOCAL SERVICE CLUBS – THAT WERE ALL TRANSFERRED TO THE CITY. THE NAME OF THE SERVICE BECAME ACCESS-A-RIDE UNDER THE CITY’S MANAGEMENT. THESE ARTIFACTS WERE DONATED BY A LETHBRIDGE HANDI-BUS ASSOCIATION BOARD MEMBER, LYNN SPRING. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON APRIL 12, 2016 WITH SPRING. HE EXPLAINS, “I WAS A MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE HANDI BUS BOARD OF DIRECTORS FOR HALF A DOZEN YEARS AT LEAST AND SOME OF THESE ITEMS WERE GIVEN TO ME BY THE DRIVERS. THE LETHBRIDGE HANDI BUS STARTED IN 1975 AND ABOUT SEVEN YEARS AGO, LETHBRIDGE HANDI BUS STOPPED THEIR CHARTER AS A NOT- FOR -PROFIT ORGANIZATION BECAUSE OF THE NATIONAL RULING IN TRANSPORTATION THAT MUNICIPALITIES WOULD BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ACCESSIBILITY RIDES, HANDICAP TRANSPORTATION. SO THE CITY TOOK OVER ALL OF THE BUSES, THEY PURCHASED THEM AND MOST OF THE DRIVERS WENT OVER TO THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE WE HAD, I BELIEVE, TWENTY-SIX AT THAT TIME AND YOU JUST DON’T JUST DON’T FIND TWENTY-SIX DRIVERS. THAT WAS PART OF THE AGREEMENT ON SALE THAT THEY WOULD TAKE THE BUSES. WE TOOK OUR PLATES OFF AND THE NEXT DAY CITY PUT THEIR PLATES ON AND THEIR INSURANCE. THE DRIVERS WENT OVER EVENTUALLY. THEY WERE WEARING THE CITY TRANSIT, LETHBRIDGE CITY TRANSIT UNIFORMS.” OF HIS TIME AS A BOARD MEMBER, SPRING SAID, “I CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN [2005]… THE MANAGER OF THE DAY, MURRAY CAMPBELL, WAS A LONGTIME FRIEND OF MINE AND HE ASKED ME [TO BE ON THE BOARD], AND I THOUGHT WELL IT IS A VERY WORTHWHILE ORGANIZATION. IT WAS A NOT-FOR -PROFIT ORGANIZATION AND DIDN’T INVOLVE A LOT OF HOURS.” SPRING WAS ON THE BOARD UNTIL 2011. SPRING REFERRED TO HIMSELF AS “A COLLECTOR AT HEART” AND AS A RESULT GATHERED THE DONATED ARTIFACTS DURING THE LAST DAYS OF THE LETHBRIDGE HANDI-BUS ASSOCIATION IN 2011. THEY WERE IN HIS POSSESSION FOR 5 TO 7 YEARS. HE EXPLAINS, “WELL I WAS ONE OF THREE THAT CLOSED DOWN AND CLOSED OUT HANDI BUS. WE HAD TO FILE WITH TAX CANADA AND OF COURSE, WORKERS COMP AND ALL THOSE THINGS SO FINALLY WE’RE AT THAT STAGE WHERE WE CAN GET RID OF A LOT OF THE PAPER RECORDS. IT PROMPTED THAT I SHOULD MAYBE DONATE THESE TO THE GALT MUSEUM FOR PROSPERITY… [T]HAT’S JUST MY NATURE, I GUESS, TO RETAIN THINGS AND SAY ‘WELL SOMEBODY WOULD BE INTERESTED IN THIS IN A FUTURE DATE.’” OF THE PLACE MARKERS, SPRING EXPLAINS, “THESE OTHER METAL PIECES ARE NOT LICENSE PLATES, THEY ARE IN FACT THE MARKERS FOR WHERE THE BUSES PARKED… THEY WERE WIRED ONTO THE PAGE WIRE FENCE, THE COMPOUND WHERE ALL THE BUSES PARKED.” THE NUMBERS ON THE PLACE MARKERS MATCHED THE NUMBERS PLACED ON THE BUSES, WHICH WERE SMALLER, BUT SIMILAR DECALS NEAR THE DOOR OF THE BUS. EACH BUS HAD A DIFFERENT LABEL ON IT TO RECOGNIZE THE DIFFERENT SPONSORS: “FRATERNAL ORDER OF EAGLES, THE LEGION, THE MOOSE LODGE, EXAMPLE THE COLOUR OF THE BUSES WERE YELLOW AND WHITE AT THAT TIME. LATER ON THEY WERE BASICALLY WHITE WITH SOME MAROON CORPORATE STRIPE ON THEM.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20160009002
Acquisition Date
2016-04
Collection
Museum
Images
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