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Other Name
SET, 2 BRACE ATTACHMENTS
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19970106009
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SET, 2 BRACE ATTACHMENTS
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
1.7
Length
23.9
Width
3.4
Description
SET OF TWO BRACES ATTACHMENTS. ATTACH TO BELT BY 6.5CM BRASS GATE SLIDES, THE BRACE CONNECTING TO A 2.5CM DOUBLE BRASS BUCKLE FIXED TO GATE BY 2.5CM WEB STRAP. METAL SURFACE OF ONE BUCKLE SCRATCHED, WITH SOME CORROSION. OLIVE GREEN WEBBING SOILED ON BOTH BRACES.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, HERBERT T. HACKER. BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1910; MARRIED LINDA (NIEMAN) IN 1940. LIVED IN NEW WESTMINSTER WHEN SECOND WORLD WAR BROKE OUT. ENLISTED IN WEST COAST WESTMINSTER MOBILE REGIMENT AS AIR RAID WARDEN, THEN IN SEAFORTH REGIMENT. SENT OVERSEAS AND SERVED IN THE NETHERLANDS. WAS INJURED AND TRANSFERRED TO CALGARY HIGHLANDERS REGIMENT, 2ND DIVISION. LATER RECLASSIFIED AS ARMY OF OCCUPATION IN GERMANY 3RD DIVISION (1945). RETURNED HOME IN 1945 AND DISCHARGED IN 1946 AFTER RECOVERING FROM JAUNDIS. WORKED AT LETHBRIDGE IRONWORKS UNTIL RETIRING IN 1978. PASSED AWAY IN 1992 AT AGE 82. HAD FOUR CHILDREN: DONNA, THOMAS, JANICE, AND HEATHER. BRACE ATTACHMENT USED BY TROOPS WHO WERE ARMED ONLY WITH PISTOLS, OR NOT AT ALL, AND THUS DID NOT REQUIRE LARGE AMMUNITION POUCHES OR CARTRIDGE CARRIERS. ATTACHED BRACES TO FRONT OF BELT; INTERCHANGEABLE. SHOULDER SACK COULD ALSO BE CONNECTED TO THIS ATTACHMENT TO ACCOMMODATE THE HAVERSACK OR LARGE PACK.
Catalogue Number
P19970106009
Acquisition Date
1998-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DENTURE BRUSH
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19970041500
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DENTURE BRUSH
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.4
Length
12.9
Width
3
Description
YELLOWED PLASTIC BRUSH WITH DOUBLE SIDED BLACK BRISTLE BRUSHES. RAISED ON HANDLE IS "FULLER".
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
PERSONAL CARE
History
THIS BRUSH WAS USED BY DONOR'S MOTHER, LOIS, WHO NOT ONLY USED IT TO CLEAN HER DENTURES BUT ALSO TO CLEAN MANY OTHER HOUSEHOLD OBJECTS. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041500
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CRUMB BRUSH
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, BRISTLE
Catalogue Number
P19930031010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CRUMB BRUSH
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, BRISTLE
No. Pieces
1
Length
33.7
Width
1.8
Description
WOOD & BRISTLE BRUSH. HANDLE APPEARS HANDMADE, WHITTLED DOWN FROM A STICK TO CONFORM TO ROUNDED BRISTLE MOUNT. REAR PORTION OF BRISTLE MOUNT HAS BEEN ALTERED TO MATCH HANDLE. POSSIBLY A REPLACEMENT HANDLE. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
DONOR IS DAUGHTER OF CHRIS GIBSON. MAKER UNKNOWN - POSSIBLY CHRIS GIBSON. PROBABLY USED AS A CRUMB BRUSH, TO SWEEP CRUMBS FROM A TABLECLOTH. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A STOLE DONATED BY DORIS BALCOVSKE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. DORIS BALCOVSKE (NEE GIBSON) IS THE DAUGHTER OF CHRISTIAN GIBSON AND LINDA VICTORIA GIBSON (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). LINDA VICTORIA GIBSON (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN) WAS BORN IN SOMERSETSHIRE, ENGLAND ON SEPTEMBER 5, 1886 AND WAS MARRIED IN EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND ON JUNE 29, 1918 TO CHRISTIAN GIBSON. SHE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN SEPTEMBER 1919. ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY, LINDA WAS INVOLVED IN NUMEROUS ORGANIZATIONS THROUGHOUT LETHBRIDGE INCLUDING: “THE MAJOR JACK ROSS CHAPTER OF THE IODE, PAST REGENT OF THE MUNICIPAL CHAPTER OF THE IODE, A FORMER MEMBER OF THE EASTERN STAR, A FORMER MEMBER OF LOBA, AN HONOURARY MEMBER OF THE BETA SIGMA PHI SOCIETY, A MEMBER OF THE LOCAL COUNCIL OF GIRL GUIDES, CANADIAN RED CROSS, AND ST. AUGUSTINE’S WA.” LINDA PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 IN AUGUST 1965. CHRISTIAN “CHRIS” GIBSON WAS BORN IN BELFAST, IRELAND IN 1887, WAS RAISED AND EDUCATED IN THE LONDON, ENGLAND AREA, AND ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE, AB IN JUNE 1908. HE HELD A NUMBER OF POSITIONS AFTER HIS ARRIVAL IN THE CITY, INCLUDING: DISTRICT CLERK FOR ALBERTA RAILWAYS AND IRRIGATION COMPANY; MANAGER OF FAIR GROUNDS FOR THE WORLD DRY FARMING CONGRESS IN 1912; OPERATOR OF THE CITY ZOO; A POSITION WITH THE WEIGHTS AND MEASURES OFFICE, WHICH INVOLVED TESTING SCALES AND GASOLINE PUMPS THROUGHOUT THE SOUTH. UPON HIS ARRIVAL IN THE CITY, CHRIS ALSO JOINED THE MILITIA AND IN 1914 ENLISTED WITH THE 20TH BATTERY, CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY. HE SERVED FOR 5 YEARS AS PAYMASTER, EVENTUALLY REACHING THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. IN 1930, CHRIS RECEIVED THE VICTORIA DECORATION, FOR LONG SERVICE AS AN OFFICER. CHRIS AND LINDA WERE BOTH HEAVILY INVOLVED IN THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE RED CROSS. CHRIS PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 83 ON MARCH 26, 1971. HE WAS SURVIVED BY HIS SISTER, MAMIE GRACE ELLEN GIBSON. MAMIE GRACE ELLEN GIBSON WAS BORN IN THE COUNTY OF SURREY, ENGLAND ON JULY 29, 1892, THE ONLY DAUGHTER OF JOHN ANDREW AITKEN GIBSON AND LOUISA MARIA GIBSON (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). IN 1910, SHE MOVED WITH HER PARENTS AND HER BROTHER FRED TO JOIN HER OTHER BROTHER CHRISTIAN. HER FATHER PASSED AWAY IN 1912 AND HER MOTHER IN 1943. MAMIE PASSED AT THE AGE OF 102 ON NOVEMBER 11, 1994. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING A PURSE AND HAIR ORNAMENTS DONATED BY DORIS BALCOVSKE. CONNECTIONS MADE WITH THE NEXT-OF-KIN TO ACQUIRE FURTHER ARTIFACT-SPECIFIC INFORMATION WERE UNSUCCESSFUL. DORIS BALCOVSKE'S OBITUARY WAS FOUND ON THE CORNERSTONE FUNERAL HOME'S WEBPAGE. IT STATES THAT SHE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1923. SHE WORKED FOR THE BANK OF MONTREAL FOLLOWING HIGH SCHOOL. SHE THEN WENT ON TO BECOME THE PROPRIETOR OF MARGO LADIES WEAR THROUGH THE 1950'S. SHE MARRIED HERB BALCOVSKE AND TOGETHER THEY HAD SANDRA BALCOVSKE AND MARCIA TAYLOR. DORIS PASSED AWAY ON 14 SEPTEMBER 2016 AT THE AGE OF 92 YEARS. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19980051003 FOR FULL OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19930031010
Acquisition Date
1993-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BRISTLE HAIR BRUSH
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970107021
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BRISTLE HAIR BRUSH
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
14
Height
3.3
Length
10
Width
5.2
Description
OVAL WOODEN BASED BRISTLE HAIR BRUSH. BASE IS SHELLACED AND HAS DARK SWIRLED MARK ON THE SURFACE. ITEM HAS BRISTLES BUT IT IS DIFFICULT TO DETERMINE IF THEY ARE NATURAL OR SYNTHETIC. SHELLAC IS CRACKING IN VARIOUS LOCATIONS ON THE SURFACE.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR ITEM WAS MADE BY A POW AT THE PRISONER OF WAR CAMP IN LETHBRIDGE DURING WORLD WAR II. ITEM WAS GIVEN TO DONOR'S BROTHER-IN-LAW WHILE DOING CONSTRUCTION WORK AT THE CAMP. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED A BIOGRAPHY OF AB CHERVINSKI, THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT, WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1982, 1989, AND 2011. ADAM ABRAHAM 'AB" CHERVINSKI WAS BORN ON FEBRUARY 24, 1920 IN LETHBRIDGE. AS A TEENAGER HE WORKED AS A MESSENGER BOY FOR THE CPR TELEGRAPH OFFICE. CHERVINSKI BRIEFLY LIVED IN ONTARIO DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE AIR FORCE, BUT RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WORKED FOR ALBERTA GOVERNMENT TELEPHONES FOR 37 YEARS. HE WAS A LIFELONG COLLECTOR OF ANTIQUES, AVID LOCAL HISTORIAN, AND HEAVILY INVOLVED IN MUSICAL THEATRE. AB CHERVINSKI DIED ON JUNE 2, 2011. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19970107001-GA FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ABOUT CHERVINSKI. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY ADAM ABRAHAM CHERVINSKI. EXTENSIVE RESEARCH CONDUCTED TO LOCATE THE DONOR'S LIVING NEXT-OF-KIN WAS UNSUCCESSFUL.
Catalogue Number
P19970107021
Acquisition Date
1997-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CRUMB SWEEPER
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19990035121
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CRUMB SWEEPER
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Materials
BRASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
2
Description
1.TRAY-1.4CM(H)X20.9CM(L)X12.4CM(W). BRASS. POLYGON SHAPE - THE FRONT IS WIDER THAN THE BACK. HAS THREE RAISED SIDES WITH DECORATIVE RIMS. THE FRONT EDGE DIPS DOWN SLIGHTLY. "21" IS WRITTEN ON BOTTOM IN BLACK FELT MARKER. 2.TRAY W/HANDLE-1.5CM(H)X28.2CM(L)X7.3CM(W). BRASS AND BLACK. THE TRAY IS RECTANGULAR BUT ONE CORNER IS STRETCHED OUT SLIGHTLY. HAS THREE RAISED SIDES WITH DECORATIVE RIMS. THE FRONT EDGE DIPS DOWN SLIGHTLY. A BLACK PLASTIC HANDLE IS ATTACHED TO ONE SIDE. "21" IS WRITTEN ON BOTTOM IN BLACK FELT MARKER.
Subjects
MAINTENANCE T&E
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
IDENTIFIED IN INVENTORY DONE BY PEMMICAN CLUB AS A CRUMB SCRAPER AND TRAY. CAME WITH A PIECE OF PAPER THAT SAID IT WAS USED TO SWEEP CRUMBS OFF TABLE. SEE P19990035001-GA FOR ADDITIONAL HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19990035121
Acquisition Date
2000-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HAMMERSTONE
Date Range From
1700
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STONE
Catalogue Number
P19990035008
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAMMERSTONE
Date Range From
1700
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STONE
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.0
Length
7.6
Width
6.7
Description
GREY STONE. HAS TWO VERY DISTINCT GROOVES AROUND IT, EACH ABOUT 1.1 CM WIDE. HAS A BLUE PLASTIC TAG STUCK ON IT THAT IS EMBOSSED WITH "1987.467".
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
FIRST NATIONS CULTURE. SEE P19990035001-GA
Catalogue Number
P19990035008
Acquisition Date
2000-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WING-NUT TOOL
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19970106012
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WING-NUT TOOL
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.5
Length
5
Width
3.6
Description
UNIDENTIFIED STEEL TOOL. INCLUDES WING-NUT STYLE HEAD STAMPED "GBD MADE IN ENGLAND" ON ONE SIDE; "GBD PAT. NO 2241.-D8" ON REVERSE. HOLLOW SHAFT EXTENDS BELOW HEAD, WITH TRIANGULAR PERFORATIONS, BENT OUTWARD AS SHORT SPIKES THROUGHOUT. TOOL MANUFACTURED OF TWO IDENTICAL PIECES, ATTACHED TOGETHER BY SMALL TABS AT SIDES OF HEAD AND BASE OF SHAFT. UPDATE 22 NOVEMBER 2012: THIS OBJECT WAS FOUND TO BE NEGATIVELY IMPACTED BY ITS PROXIMITY TO CELLULOSE NITRATE TOOTHBRUSH (P19970073050) IN THE LATE SUMMER OF 2012. IT AND A HANDFUL OF OTHER OBJECTS SUFFERED CORROSION AS THE RESULT OF THE TOOTHBRUSH’S OFF GASSING OF NITRIC ACID. THE DETERMINATION OF A CAUSE OF THE CORROSION AND THE SUBSEQUENT TREATMENT OF AFFECTED OBJECTS WAS ASSISTED BY AN AUTHORITY AT THE CANADIAN CONSERVATION INSTITUTE IN OTTAWA. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE OBJECTS’ TREATMENT, THE OBJECTS AFFECTED AND PRE & POST-TREATMENT PHOTOS, PLEASE SEE THIS OBJECT’S PERMANENT FILE.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY?
History
ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, HERBERT T. HACKER. BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1910; MARRIED LINDA (NIEMAN) IN 1940. LIVED IN NEW WESTMINSTER WHEN SECOND WORLD WAR BROKE OUT. ENLISTED IN WEST COAST WESTMINSTER MOBILE REGIMENT AS AIR RAID WARDEN, THEN IN SEAFORTH REGIMENT. SENT OVERSEAS AND SERVED IN THE NETHERLANDS. WAS INJURED AND TRANSFERRED TO CALGARY HIGHLANDERS REGIMENT, 2ND DIVISION. LATER RECLASSIFIED AS ARMY OF OCCUPATION IN GERMANY 3RD DIVISION (1945). RETURNED HOME IN 1945 AND DISCHARGED IN 1946 AFTER RECOVERING FROM JAUNDIS. WORKED AT LETHBRIDGE IRONWORKS UNTIL RETIRING IN 1978. PASSED AWAY IN 1992 AT AGE 82. HAD FOUR CHILDREN: DONNA, THOMAS, JANICE, AND HEATHER.
Catalogue Number
P19970106012
Acquisition Date
1998-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOOSE, HANGING
Date Range From
1945
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ROPE, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19990088001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOOSE, HANGING
Date Range From
1945
Date Range To
1950
Materials
ROPE, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Height
6.6
Length
30.9
Width
18.3
Description
A LENGTH OF STRAW COLOURED ROPE. ROPE IS MADE UP OF 4 THICK STRANDS OF TWISTED FIBER, TWISTED TOGETHER AGAIN. THE ROPE IS TIED INTO A LOOP WITH A PIECE OF COTTON STRING. THE ENDS OF THE ROPE ARE VERY FRAYED. JUST BELOW EACH FRAYED END OF THE ROPE, IT IS TIED WITH ANOTHER PIECE OF COTTON STRING. PIECES OF STRING ARE DIRTY; NO LONGER WHITE.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ITEM ORIGINALLY BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD BUCHANAN. EDWARD WAS A STAND-IN FOR THE EXECUTIONER AT THE LETHBRIDGE JAIL. EDWARD WAS PRESENT AT THE EXECUTION IN WHICH THIS ROPE WAS USED, IN THE LATE 1940S. THE EXECUTIONER SHOWED UP SO EDWARD DID NOT HAVE TO PERFORM THE EXECUTION HIMSELF, BUT KEPT PART OF THE ROPE THAT WAS USED. EDWARD WAS A MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FROM 1919 UNTIL 1932 WHEN HE TRANSFERRED TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. HE WAS A SENIOR STAFF SARGEANT, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE FROM MAY 1944 TO NOV. 1950. HE RETIRED IN 1950, THEN BECAME DIRECTOR OF CORRECTIONS FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA. FOLLOWING RETIREMENT EDWARD BECAME A MEMBER OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE VETERAN'S ASSOCIATION IN EDMONTON IN 1950/51, AND REMAINED A MEMBER UNTIL HIS PASSING; HE ALSO SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF THIS ASSOCIATION. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. *** NOOSE LABEL COPY BELOW SUBMITTED TO LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE ON 11 FEBRUARY 2013 AS PART OF MAGAZINE’S WHAT’S IT FEATURE. COPY WAS AUTHORED BY COLLECTION VOLUNTEER KIRSTEN CHRISTOPHERSON AND DEVELOPED WITH ASSISTANCE FROM NOOSE DONOR TED BUCHANAN WHO PARTICIPATED IN A GALT INTERVIEW ON 18 JANUARY 2013. TO READ OR VIEW ENTIRE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE. IN NOVEMBER 1948 CHIEF JUSTICE W.R. HOWSON DELIVERED THE SENTENCE THAT CONVICTED MURDERER STANLEY DONALD MCLAREN WAS WAITING FOR; “YOU WILL BE TAKEN FROM HERE TO THE PROVINCIAL JAIL AT LETHBRIDGE AND CONFINED TILL MARCH 30, 1949, AND ON THAT DATE YOU WILL BE TAKEN TO THE PLACE OF YOUR EXECUTION AND HANGED BY THE NECK UNTIL YOU ARE DEAD. AND MAY THE LORD HAVE MERCY ON YOUR SOUL.” THREE YEARS PRIOR TO HIS SENTENCING MCLAREN WAS ROBBING A STORE IN CALGARY WHEN HE GOT INTO A STRUGGLE WITH GROCER LUM YUM WING, FATALLY STRIKING HIM WITH A REVOLVER. A YEAR OF INJUSTICE PASSED UNTIL MCLAREN WAS ARRESTED IN TORONTO FOR A SEPARATE, UNRELATED INCIDENT. UPON ARREST, HIS WIFE PROVIDED INFORMATION TO AUTHORITIES ON HIS PREVIOUS CRIME, LEADING HIM TO CONFESS TO MURDER. NOOSE DONOR AND EXECUTION WITNESS TED BUCHANAN IS THE SON OF THE LATE MR. EDWARD BUCHANAN, A FORMER LETHBRIDGE RCMP STAFF SERGEANT. IN 2013, THE JUNIOR BUCHANAN TOLD THE MUSEUM THAT A LOCAL SHERIFF WAS ASSIGNED RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE 1949 LETHBRIDGE HANGING. “THIS SHERIFF”, SAID TED, “WAS VERY UNEASY THAT IF THE HANGMAN COULDN’T DO HIS JOB THEN HE WAS GOING TO HAVE TO [DO IT]. HE ASKED IF DAD WOULD STEP IN FOR HIM AND DAD AGREED. DAD (THEREFORE) HAD SOME AUTHORITY AND HE WAS …RESPONSIBLE FOR WHO WAS THERE. HE ASKED ME ONE NIGHT… ‘WOULD YOU LIKE TO COME UP TO THE JAIL AND WITNESS A HANGING?’ AND I THOUGHT ABOUT IT FOR A MINUTE AND I SAID, ‘SURE.’” IT WASN’T UNTIL ABOUT A DECADE LATER WHEN EDWARD UNLOCKED A TRUNK FULL OF MEMORABILIA FROM HIS TIME WITH THE RCMP THAT TED LEARNED THAT HIS FATHER HAD TAKEN THE NOOSE HOME WITH HIM. SAID TED IN 2013, “THE REASON HE BROUGHT IT OUT WAS BECAUSE I WAS A WITNESS TO THIS HANGING AT THE JAIL. AND THIS WAS THE ROPE THAT WAS AROUND THE NECK OF THE FELLOW.” TED RECALLED “[DAD] THOUGHT THESE THINGS WOULD BE INTERESTING TO PUT INTO A MUSEUM SOMETIME. …HE SAID THESE THINGS CAME FROM LETHBRIDGE, FIND OUT IF [THE GALT MUSEUM & ARCHIVES] WOULD BE INTERESTED IN THEM.” AS PER EDWARD’S REQUEST, TED DONATED THIS PIECE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE HISTORY AND OTHER RELATED ARTIFACTS TO THE MUSEUM IN 1999.
Catalogue Number
P19990088001
Acquisition Date
2000-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1946
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19990020007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1946
Materials
LEATHER, STEEL
No. Pieces
2
Description
TWO BROWN LEATHER STRAPS. ONE STRAP IS 0.3CM(H) X 100.5CM(L) X 1.9CM(W). IT IS A LONG NARROW LEATHER STRAP. ONE END HAS 13 HOLES IN IT AT EQUAL INTERVALS THE OTHER END HAS A SINGLE HOLE IN IT WITH A SLOT EXTENDING FROM ONE SIDE OF HOLE. BOTH ENDS OF STRAP ARE POINTED. SECOND STRAP IS 1.0CM(H) X 45.3CM(L) X 2.8CM(W). THIS STRAP HAS A STEEL BUCKLE ON ONE END. IMPRESSED INTO UNDERSIDE OF BUCKLE IS "TAIWAN". OTHER END OF STRAP IS POINTED AND HAS A HOLE IN IT, WITH A SLOT EXTENDING FROM ONE SIDE OF HOLE. ON BACK OF STRAP IS "SHORT" WRITTEN IN BLACK FELT PEN.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE P19990020001-GA FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A PAIR OF BOXER SHORTS DONATED BY THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION, BRANCH #4. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. ALLAN MCKAGUE WAS BORN IN WEYBURN, SK ON JANUARY 4, 1919, THE SON OF LAWSON AND BEATRICE MCKAGUE (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). ON MAY 10, 1942, HE WAS MARRIED TO HIS CHILDHOOD SWEETHEART NORMA DAHL AND THE COUPLE CELEBRATED THEIR 63RD ANNIVERSARY IN 2005. ACCORDING TO ALLAN’S OBITUARY, HE “TRAINED AS AN AIRCRAFT MECHANIC IN BURBANK, CA MOVING TO VANCOUVER TO WORK FOR BOEING AIRCRAFT. HE LATER SERVED IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY AT BOTH PETAWAWA AND KINGSTON, ON PRIOR TO BEING DEPLOYED TO LONDON, ENGLAND. AFTER THE WAR ALLAN WORKED IN MCKAGUE’S GENERAL STORE IN VICEROY, SK AND LATER FOR CONFEDERATION LINE.” ALLAN AND NORMA MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1972, WHERE ALLAN WORKED AT BENY’S CHEV OLDS UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1984. ALLAN PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 87 ON MARCH 6, 2006. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19990020007
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

9 records – page 1 of 1.