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Other Name
FLIGHT BOOTS
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, RUBBER, WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19920057001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLIGHT BOOTS
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1945
Materials
LEATHER, RUBBER, WOOL
No. Pieces
2
Height
25.2
Length
35.8
Width
13.5
Description
LEATHER UPPER SEWN TO RUBBER BOTTOM, WOOL LINED, STEEL ZIPPER ON EACH SIDE. BOOTS ARE MID-CALF LENGTH. RUBBER LABEL ON HEEL: "CANADIAN MADE IN CANADA". WELL WORN, LINING WORN, SOME SURFACE CORROSION ON ZIPPER. "LIGHTENING" ON ZIPPERS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
AT TIME OF DONATION, DONOR SAID THE BOOTS WERE GIVEN TO HIM, BUT HE WAS UNSURE. **** AT THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT’S REQUEST, THE DONOR LLOYD TRONE PROVIDED A LETTER TO THE GALT IN 2009, EXPANDING ON HOW HE CAME TO ACQUIRE THE BCTAP DRONE TARGET, P19920057003 AND THE FLIGHT BOOTS P19920057001 DURING WWII. ADDITIONALLY, HE VISITED THE GALT IN SEPTEMBER 2009, MEETING WITH COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN, IN ORDER TO ANSWER QUESTIONS STILL NOT ANSWERED IN THE LETTER. THE NARRATIVE BELOW IS A COMBINATION OF THE LETTER, ON FILE, AND INFORMATION SOLICITED DURING THE 2009 VISIT. ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, HIS FATHER, LAWRENCE WYOMING TRONE, WAS DISCHARGED FROM THE VETERANS GUARD OF CANADA, HAVING GUARDED GERMAN PRISONERS-OF-WAR AT CAMP SEEBEE IN WHAT IS TODAY KANANASKIS, AB. THEREAFTER, HIS LAWRENCE WAS EMPLOYED AT THE NO. 8 BOMBING & GUNNERY SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE AS A SENTRY AS WELL AS PERFORMING KITCHEN AND BOILER ROOM WORK. WHILE AT THE SCHOOL, “HE [THE SENIOR TRONE] BEFRIENDED A COUPLE OF AIRMEN IN TRAINING (AN AUSTRALIAN AND A NEW ZEALANDER) THROUGH MUSIC”. LAWRENCE, A LETHBRIDGE RESIDENT AFTER 1930, ONCE PLAYED IN AN ORCHESTRA AND WAS KNOWN TO PLAY VIOLIN FOR SCHOOL DANCES AT LOCAL SCHOOLS. THE FOREIGN AIRMEN VISITED THE TRONE HOME (910 7TH AVE. SOUTH) ON THEIR DAYS OFF AND ENJOYED LISTENING TO LAWRENCE PLAY HIS VIOLIN. IN EARLY 1943, THE AUSTRALIAN (DONOR COULD NOT RECALL NAME) GIFTED THE BOOTS AND THE DROGUE CHUTE ON TWO SEPARATE OCCASIONS TO THE DONOR THEN 15 Y/O. THE AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALANDER ADDITIONALLY GAVE THE DONOR’S MOTHER EXTRA FOOD STUFFS AND SHE, IN RETURN, PROVIDED THE AIRMEN WITH A HOME-COOKED MEAL. THE DONOR BELIEVED THE BOOTS WERE GIFTED TO HIM IN ORDER TO IMPROVE HIS COMFORT (OVERSHOES) ON HIS TRAVELS TO AND FROM SCHOOL. THEY WERE NOT, HOWEVER, PRACTICAL FOR THAT PURPOSE, BUT WERE FOUND TO BE OF BENEFIT MANY YEARS LATER WHEN THE DONOR USED THEM FOR ICE FISHING. THEY WERE WORN WITH TWO PAIRS OF SOCKS UNDERNEATH. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY LLOYD TRONE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR WAS FOUND IN HIS OBITUARY, PUBLISHED IN THE JUNE 1, 2010 ISSUE OF THE CROWSNEST PASS HERALD. LLOYD TRONE WAS BORN IN 1928 IN MEDICINE HAT, AND MOVED WITH HIS FAMILY TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1930. HE WORKED FOR CANADA PACKERS FOR 25 YEARS AND RETIRED TO THE CROWSNEST PASS, WHERE HE PASSED AWAY IN MAY 2010. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19990049001-GA FOR HARDCOPY OF DONOR'S OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19920057001
Acquisition Date
1992-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1946
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20080030000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1946
Materials
WOOL, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
46.5
Width
22.0
Description
GREEN WOOL GREAT COAT WITH EPAULETS AND REAR BELT. ROWS OF GOLD METAL BUTTONS ALONG FRONT OF JACKET, EACH BUTTON READS, "CANADA", AND HAS RELIEF IMAGE OF THE CROWN AND MAPLE LEAF. BUTTONS ALSO LOCATED ON SHOULDERS AND ALONG REAR BELT. LABEL ON INSIDE OF JACKET READS, "SIZE 4...COOK CLOTHING CO. LTD. 1943." ADDITIONAL MARKING ON INSIDE OF JACKET READ, "J. W. HURST."
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE FOLLOWING IS AN ACCOUNT WRITTEN BY JOSEPH WILLIAM HURST, DONOR AND OWNER OF THE COAT: "I WAS CONSCRIPTED TO JOIN THE ARMED FORCES. THE DREADED LETTER ARRIVED. MY MOTHER, WHO HAD EXPERIENCED THE FIRST WORLD WAR IN ENGLAND, WORRIED FOR MY SAFETY. LUCKILY, THE WAR ENDED BEFORE I WAS SENT TO EUROPE AND THE FRONT LINES. THE MUMPS DELAYED MY ENLISTMENT UNTIL MARCH OF 1945. MAY 18, 1945, I COMPLETED BASIC TRAINING IN WETASKIWIN, ALBERTA; WE WERE IMMEDIATELY SENT TO CAMP SARCEE AT CALGARY FOR ADVANCED TRAINING. MY EMBARKATION PAPERS ARRIVED, HOWEVER, THE SECOND WORLD WAR HAD ENDED. NEXT ASSIGNMENT WAS A TRANSFER TO POW CAMP 133 AT LETHBRIDGE. A 36 HOUR PASS ONCE A MONTH ALLOWED ME TO TRAVEL BY TRAIN TO MY HOME AT HIGH RIVER, ALBERTA. A P.O.W. CAMP 133, I WAS CHARGED WITH GUARDING THE POW’S ALONG SIDE THE VETERAN GUARD FROM THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IT WAS A DAUNTING TASK FOR A 19 YEAR OLD. BEING I WAS A SHY QUIET LAD, I WAS TRULY THANKFUL WHEN VET, GEORGE NEWHAM, BEFRIENDED ME. THE USUAL SHIFT WAS TWO HOURS ON AND FOUR OFF; HOWEVER, ON TRIPS TO THE FARMS WE STAYED WITH THE 20 MEN ASSIGNED TO US FOR THE ENTIRE DAY. I UNDERSTOOD THERE WERE APPROXIMATELY 12, 000 POW’S IN THE CAMP LOCATED AT THE NORTH END OF THE CITY, VERY SIMILAR TO THE POPULATION OF LETHBRIDGE AT THAT TIME. THESE MEN WERE FROM ALL WALKS OF LIFE. OUR SLEEPING, EATING AND RECREATION QUARTERS, AS WELL AS, PARADE SQUARE WERE OUTSIDE THE POW COMPOUND. ABLE-BODIED POW’S HELPED THE LOCAL AREA FARMERS IN THE FIELDS. THERE WAS A FARM LABOUR SHORTAGE BECAUSE THE YOUNG MEN WERE AWAY AT WAR. GRAIN AND BEET FARMERS TRULY APPRECIATED THE WORK OF THE POW’S. FARM GIRLS WERE EXPECTED TO WORK IN THE FIELDS, ETC. DUE TO THE LABOUR SHORTAGE. DURING THE SUMMER OF 1945, WE LIVED FOUR MILES OUT OF MAGRATH. THE GUARDS AND POW’S EACH HAD THEIR OWN TENT KITCHENS, SLEEPING QUARTERS, ETC. THE ARMY TRUCK CAME EVERY DAY FROM LETHBRIDGE WITH THE FOOD. THE GUARDS WERE HOUSED IN THE LOCAL COUNTRY SCHOOL HOUSE UNTIL SCHOOL RESUMED, THEN WE LIVED IN TENTS AND SLEPT ON THE GROUND, AS DID THE GERMAN MEN. ON ONE VERY COLD NIGHT IN NOVEMBER, WE SLEPT WITH ALL OUR CLOTHES ON INCLUDING OUR “GREAT COATS” AND STILL FROZE. THE FOLLOWING DAY THE ARMY TRUCK ARRIVED AND TOOK US BACK TO LETHBRIDGE. I VIVIDLY REMEMBER SOME OF THESE TRIPS TO THE VARIOUS FARMERS. BOTH THE GUARDS AND THE GERMAN MEN WERE LOADED INTO THE BACK OF THE 2-TON TRUCK, UNAWARE OF THEIR DESTINATION UNTIL THEY ARRIVED. ONE SUCH DAY, I WAS GIVEN 20 POW’S AND TAKEN TO A 60 ACRE FIELD TO STOOK THE WHEAT. WITH MY LE-ENFIELD RIFLE AT MY SIDE, I CONTINUALLY COUNTED MY MEN AND TRUSTED THEY WOULD DILIGENTLY WORK. ANOTHER COUNT, AND MY HEART POUNDED AS FEAR GRIPPED ME, ONLY 18 HEADS. HAD TWO OF MY CHARGES ESCAPED? FORTUNATELY FOR ME, TWO GENTLEMEN HAD TIRED OF THEIR JOB AND DECIDED TO SIT DOWN AGAINST A STOOK. THE SUN WAS SHINING BRIGHTLY AND I FOUND THEM SOUND ASLEEP. WHAT A RELIEF! THEN THERE WERE DAYS SPENT IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS. AGAIN, WE WOULD BE LOADED BOTH MORNING AND LATE AFTERNOON INTO THE BACK OF A 2-TON ARMY TRUCK FOR THE TRIPS TO AND FROM OUR BARRACKS. I WOULD DRIVE THE TRACTOR AND WAGON ALONG WHILE THE POW’S LOADED THE WAGONS. THE BEETS WERE MECHANICALLY DUG, AND THE MEN PICKED, TOPPED AND LOADED THE WAGONS. WHEN THE WAGON WAS FULL THE FARMER WOULD RETURN IT TO THE FARM YARD. THIS PROCEDURE CONTINUED DURING THE ENTIRE DAY. I CANNOT REMEMBER THE WORK WE DID ON OUR TRIPS TO THE LARGE MACINTYRE RANCH LOCATED ON THE BORDER WITH THE USA. THE FARMERS ALWAYS INVITED US INTO THEIR HOMES FOR DINNER. THESE EUROPEAN WOMEN WERE VERY GOOD COOKS AND PROVIDED FULL COURSE MEALS. MY LE-ENFIELD 303 RIFLE WOULD ACCOMPANY ME INTO THE HOUSE. BEING I HAD FULL TRUST IN MY “CHARGES”, I WOULD REMOVE THE CLIP OF BULLETS FROM THE RIFLE AND PUT IT INTO MY POCKET. THE RIFLE WAS THEN REARED IN THE CORNER UNTIL AFTER MEALTIME. OFTEN TIMES THE FARMERS COULD SPEAK GERMAN SO WERE ABLE TO COMMUNICATE WITH THE POW’S. FROM MY POINT OF VIEW, THE GERMAN MEN WERE TREATED WITH RESPECT. THEY HAD NOURISHING FOOD, WARM CLOTHING, A SAFE PLACE TO SLEEP, AND WORK TO DO, AS WELL AS, RECREATION AND STIMULATION. THE POW’S WOULD MARCH IN LARGE GROUPS ON THEIR PARADE SQUARE. WITHIN THE COMPOUND WAS A FIELD WITH BLEACHERS WHERE THEY PLAYED SOCCER, AND WE COULD HEAR THE EXCITEMENT OF THE CROWD DURING THESE GAMES. I WAS NEVER INSIDE THE POW COMPOUND. ONE LARGE COMPOUND BUILDING HOUSED METAL WORKING TOOLS (LATHES, ETC.), WOOD WORKING TOOLS, AND OTHER SUPPLIES. CREATIVITY ABOUNDED. MANY OF THE GERMAN MEN WERE SKILLED CRAFTSMEN. THESE PERFECTIONISTS BUILT BEAUTIFUL WARES TO SELL DURING THEIR TRADE SHOWS. I PURCHASED TWO “TREASURES”. ONE IS A SAILING SHIP INSIDE A LISTERINE BOTTLE. THE SHIP IS IN THE FOREFRONT WITH A LIGHTHOUSE TO THE LEFT, ANOTHER SMALL PLEASURE BOAT, A DOCKING AREA, A CHURCH WITH A SPIRE, HOTEL AND THREE HOUSES BEHIND WITH A MOUNTAIN SCENE BACKGROUND. ON THE FRONT SAIL IS AN INSCRIPTION, INT. CP 133. THE OTHER ARTIFACT IS A SMALL VARNISHED WOODEN INLAYED TRINKET BOX (BASE AND LID) RESTING ON FOUR LITTLE FEET AND LINED WITH BLUE VELVET. ANOTHER ITEM ON DISPLAY WAS A MINIATURE PRECISELY-MACHINED MOTOR RUN BY COMPRESSED AIR. MY EYES GOT BIGGER AS I STARED AT THE MOTOR AND LONGED FOR IT TO BE MINE. BUT THERE WAS A BIG “HOWEVER”… IT WAS MARKED AT $100 AND MY MEAGER SALARY OF $25 PER MONTH MEANT I COULD JUST YEARN! I STILL THINK ABOUT THE MOTOR AND WISH IT WAS MINE. AS WITH EVERY GROUP THERE ARE ALWAYS THE OVER-ZEALOUS INDIVIDUALS WHO LIKE TO PLAY TRICKS. OUR GUARD-GROUP WAS NO EXCEPTION. SOMEONE DECIDED IT WOULD BE FUN TO PAINT LARGE RED “X’S” ONTO THE FIRE ESCAPE DOORS. BECAUSE NO ONE CONFESSED TO BEING THE CULPRIT, THE ENTIRE GUARD-GROUP WAS CONFINED TO BARRACKS DURING THEIR FREE TIME. I DO NOT REMEMBER THE DURATION OF THE CONFINEMENT, HOWEVER, AT THE TIME IT SEEMS AS IF IT WAS FOREVER. FORTUNATELY, I GOT A JOB IN THE BARRACKS CANTEEN WHICH HELPED TO PASS THE TIME. FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF A 19 YEAR OLD, I FEEL MY TIME SPENT AT POW CAMP 133 WAS A MEMORABLE LEARNING EXPERIENCE. EVEN THOUGH PART OF MY UNIFORM WAS TO CARRY RIFLE AND BE IN COMMAND, THERE WAS NEVER ANY ANIMOSITY SHOWN. I NEVER FELT INTIMIDATED, HOWEVER, I WISH I WOULD HAVE SPOKEN AND UNDERSTOOD THE GERMAN LANGUAGE. WHEN THE POW’S WERE TOLD THE WAR WAS OVER, SOME REJOICED, WHEREAS OTHER HAD GROWN TO LOVE THE COUNTRY AND WANTED TO STAY." *UPDATE* THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS PROVIDED BY JOSEPH WILLIAM HURST ON SEPTEMBER 17, 2012. “ALBERTA WEATHER IS KNOWN TO CHANGE UNEXPECTEDLY . . . LATE ONE NOVEMBER AFTERNOON THE TEMPERATURE ABRUPTLY FELL WELL BELOW THE FREEZING POINT, A STRONG NORTH WIND CAUSED BLIZZARD CONDITIONS AS THE BLOWING SNOW SWIRLED AROUND OUR TENTS AND VISIBILITY BECAME NON-EXISTENT. BECAUSE OF THE PHYSICAL WORK WE PERFORMED EACH DAY IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS, WE WERE ALWAYS TIRED AND ABLE TO SLEEP. THAT NOVEMBER DAY WAS NO EXCEPTION. NOW THE TRICK WAS TO KEEP WARM AFTER GOING TO BED. MY WARDROBE WAS VERY LIMITED . . . MY ARMY UNIFORM AND MY “GREAT COAT". BEING WE LIVED IN CANVAS TENTS WITH DIRT FLOORS AND SLEPT IN CANVAS-COVERED SLEEPING BAGS ON THE GROUND WITH A WATERPROOF SHEET UNDERNEATH, IT WAS IMPORTANT TO STAY AS WARM AS POSSIBLE. THE TENT WAS OUR FIRST DEFENSE AGAINST THE SEVERE ELEMENTS. I CRAWLED INTO MY SLEEPING BAG IN FULL UNIFORM. I MADE SURE MY PANTS WERE TUCKED INTO MY LACED-UP BOOTS, PULLED MY CAP DOWN OVER MY EARS, THEN ADDED THE “GREAT COAT” BUTTONED UP TO THE CHIN, COLLAR UP AND BELT TIGHTLY CINCHED. BLIZZARD CONDITIONS CONTINUED TO BLAST US THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT DEPOSITING A GREAT DEAL OF SNOW ON THE GROUND. THE CAMP WAS DISMANTLED THE FOLLOWING MORNING WHEN 2-TON ARMY TRUCKS WITH CANVAS-COVERS OVER THE BOXES ARRIVED TO TAKE THE PRISONERS AND THEIR GUARDS BACK TO THE LETHBRIDGE POW CAMP. THANK GOODNESS FOR THE WARMTH OF MY HEAVY WOOLEN “GREAT COAT” AND MY WOOLEN ARMY UNIFORM, I SURVIVED THE FREEZING NIGHT. LUCKILY, I SUFFERED NO HEALTH PROBLEMS, AND THE “SHIVERING COLD” ORDEAL BECAME A MEMORY. MY THANKS TO THE “GREAT COAT”!” FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20080030000
Acquisition Date
2008-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANADA MILITARY AIR FORCE
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19920045006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANADA MILITARY AIR FORCE
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
162
Width
45.5
Description
COTTON DENIM, DARK BLUE 1 PIECE PAIR OF COVERALLS. TORN IN PLACES, STAINED. 6 OUTER BODY POCKETS; 2 SLASH OPENINGS AT HIPS. SEVERE TEARS BELOW RIGHT KNEE AND BELOW LEFT SIDE WAISTLINE. SEVERAL MINOR TEARS & NIPS THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
CANADIAN AIRFORCE ISSUE WORKING COVERALLS. DONOR TRAINED AT LETHBRIDGE NO. 8 BOMBING & GUNNERY SCHOOL AS PART OF BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN DURING WWII. SEE P19920045006-GA FOR DONOR HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19920045006
Acquisition Date
1992-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
COAT AND BOOTIES
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P20010070022
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COAT AND BOOTIES
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
3
Length
22.7
Width
43.0
Description
1. CLOAK. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. CROCHETED BABY'S SWEATER. OFF WHITE WITH LIGHT BLUE TRIM. BOTTOM EDGE OF COAT HAS A JAGGED EDGE. SLEEVES ARE SORT OF PUFFY AT CUFFS. 2. BOOTIES. 8.5 X 5.3. CROCHETED BABY BOOTIES. OFF WHITE WITH LIGHT BLUE TRIM. TOP OF BOOTIES ARE FOLDED OVER. ONE BOOTEE HAS A BLUE PIECE OF YARN AROUND LEG WITH POM POMS ATTACHED TO THE ENDS. OTHER BOOTEE ALSO A PIECE OF YARN AROUND LEG, BUT POM POMS ARE MISSING. THIS BOOTEE HAS A SMALL ORANGEY STAIN ON ONE SIDE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
MADE BY DONOR'S MOTHER DAGMAR DOYLE SIMPSON. THE GARMENTS WERE NEVER USED. DONOR SUSPECTS HER MOTHER MADE THE ITEMS IN HOPES OF ONE DAY HAVING A BABY BOY, BUT WAS UNABLE TO DO SO. DAGMAR OLSEN WAS BORN DECEMBER 28, 1914, RAISED ON A FAMILY FARM, AND SCHOOLED IN STAVLEY, ALBERTA. HER PARENTS, HILDA AND JOHN OLSEN, WERE IMMIGRANT PIONEERS FROM NORWAY. HER MOTHER HILDA, GOT DAGMAR HER FIRST JOB AS A TELEPHONE OPERATOR WITH THE STAVELY AGENCY AT THE AGE OF 15 YEARS. AFTER LIVING AT HOME WORKING SEVEN YEARS IN STAVELY, DAGMAR MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE AND WORKED FOR AGT UNTIL SHE MARRIED LAWRENCE DOYLE, ALSO FROM STAVELY AND PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND. DAGMAR AND LAWRENCE HAD ONE DAUGHTER, BARBARA. DAGMAR LATER RETURNED TO AGT AS AN OPERATOR UNTIL HER RETIREMENT AT AGE 60, WHEN SHE MARRIED CLARE SIMPSON. CLARE AND DAGMAR LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE, SOCIALIZED, AND TRAVELED EXTENSIVELY UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1985. DAGMAR OLSEN DOYLE SIMPSON DIED MARCH 14, 2001. SHE WAS RUMORED TO BE ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL WOMEN IN LETHBRIDGE. DONOR, BARBARA DOYLE, WAS BORN AND SCHOOLED IN LETHBRIDGE. SHE TRAINED AT ST. MICHAEL'S HOSPITAL AS A LABORATORY TECHNOLOGIST; GRADUATED 1962. SHE WORKED IN THE LAB AT ST. MICHAEL'S FOR 5 YEARS; MARRIED AND HAD 2 SONS. GRADUATED FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY WITH A BACHELOR OF ARTS, THEN A MASTERS OF ARTS IN ENGLISH, IN 1987. SHE TAUGHT AT UNIVERSITYS OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE, THEN MOVED TO MONTREAL FROM 1990-1996. SHE RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE TO RETIRE. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING CLOTHING ITEMS DONATED BY BARBARA DOYLE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. DAGMAR CHRISTINA SIMPSON (NEE OLSEN) PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 14, 2001 AT THE AGE OF 88. SHE MARRIED LAWRENCE PATRICK (LARRY) DOYLE ON DECEMBER 4, 1940. LAWRENCE WAS BORN IN PEI IN 1910. HE MOVED TO VULCAN IN 1920, STAVELY IN 1924, AND TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1937. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 58 ON MARCH 28, 1969. LAWRENCE WAS THE SON OF GEORGE FRANKLIN AND MINNIE MAGDALEN DOYLE. DAGMAR WAS REMARRIED ON MARCH 29, 1975 TO CLARE C. SIMPSON. CLARE WAS BORN AND RAISED IN BELLEVILE, ON AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1930 TO WORK FOR AGT. HE ENLISTED IN 1939 AND WAS A POW FOR 3.5 YEARS FOLLOWING DIEPPE. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 75 ON FEBRUARY 18, 1983. THE DONOR, BARBARA DOYLE, IS THE DAUGHTER OF DAGMAR AND LAWRENCE. IN 1969, BARBARA WAS MARRIED TO PAUL TURNER AND IN 1983, SHE WAS THE WIFE OF MR. B.F. MCFADDEN. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE COLLECTION, INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY BARBARA DOYLE. ON SEPTEMBER 7, 2018, PUNDYK SAT DOWN WITH DOYLE FOR AN INTERVIEW REGARDING THAT DONATION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: DOYLE EXPLAINED THAT HER MOTHER DAGMAR OLSEN – THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THE ARTIFACTS – WAS BORN IN STAVLEY AND WAS THE THIRD OF FOUR SISTERS. GROWING UP IN A HOUSE OF DAUGHTERS PLAYED A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN OLSEN’S LIFE. DOYLE DESCRIBED THE SISTERS BY SAYING, “BESSIE WAS THE OLDEST, AND NORAH WAS THE SECOND OLDEST, AND THEN MY MOTHER, AND THEN VICKI. AUNT VICKI WENT BIG [BY MOVING] TO TORONTO. SHE WANTED TO GET OUT OF TOWN. SHE WAS BORED. SHE WAS BORN IN STAVELY AND THERE WAS NO WAY SHE WAS GOING TO STAY THERE. SHE WAS THE YOUNGEST, SO SHE GOT THINGS THAT THE OTHERS DIDN’T GET IN THEIR LIFE. NORAH TOOK TO CALGARY. SHE WENT UP THERE AND SHE WORKED FOR A WHILE AT PACKING COOKIES OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT. BESSIE WAS [WORKING] WITH MRS. JOURNEK AND THEN IN CALGARY THAT WAY TOO.” MOVING ON TO DESCRIBE HER MOTHER, DOYLE ILLUMINATED, “SHE WORKED [AS A TELEPHONE OPERATOR] FROM WHEN SHE WAS 15 IN STAVELY FOR ABOUT 7 YEARS. SHE WAS THERE FOR THE FIRST TELEPHONES COMING IN. THEN SHE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE. SHE KNEW MY DAD FROM STAVELY, AND THEN HE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL AND THEY LIVED SEPARATELY IN A BOARDING HOUSE UNTIL THEY GOT MARRIED…SHE HAD BREAKS [IN BETWEEN WHEN SHE FIRST STARTED WORKING AND HER RETIREMENT] WHEN SHE COULDN’T WORK BECAUSE OF THE WAR. [ADDITIONALLY,] I WAS BORN IN ’42, AND ONCE YOU HAD A CHILD, YOU COULDN’T GO TO WORK. EVEN WHEN THE WAR WAS OVER, THE WOMEN COULD NOT GO TO WORK BECAUSE THEY WERE MAKING WAY FOR THE PEOPLE COMING BACK FROM THE WAR FOR THE JOBS. THAT WAS REALLY HARD ON MY MOTHER. SHE WAS SO INDEPENDENT AND TO NOT BE ABLE TO HAVE HER OWN MONEY AND EVERYTHING [WAS DIFFICULT].” “[MY MOTHER] KNITTED [THIS BABY SWEATER] BEFORE [LEAVING WORK TO HAVE CHILDREN]. I DON’T KNOW AT THAT TIME IF IT WAS BLUE FOR BOYS STRICTLY, AND GIRLS FOR PINK. AND I DON’T KNOW WHETHER I EVER WORE IT. [THIS IS FROM] MY MOTHER’S HANDIWORK AND SHE WASN’T ONE THAT CROCHETED VERY MUCH. WHEN SHE WAS WORKING [SHE WOULDN’T HAD A LOT OF EXTRA TIME]. AND I GUESS AT THAT TIME AFTER SHE HAD ME, SHE WASN’T WORKING, BUT OUR OLD WASHERS THAT HAD THE RINGERS AND STUFF LIKE THAT [WERE TIME-CONSUMING]. SHE HAD TO WORK HARDER AROUND THE HOUSE AND EVERYTHING TOO,” DOYLE EXPLAINED. “I WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE,” DOYLE CONTINUED, “[I LEFT MY PARENTS’ HOUSE] WHEN I WAS 18 BECAUSE I WAS IN RESIDENCE WHEN I WAS DOING MY LABORATORY STUFF. I WAS A LAB TECHNICIAN FIRST. AFTER I GOT MARRIED IN ’64, WE LIVED FIVE YEARS HERE BEFORE WE STARTED MOVING AROUND. IT WAS ’71 [WHEN] WE LEFT AND WENT TO SASKATCHEWAN, REGINA.” “[I RECEIVED THESE ITEMS FROM MY MOTHER] AFTER SHE PASSED AWAY. [THEY WERE] IN THE HOUSE,” DOYLE STATED, "ALL OF THIS STUFF WAS IN THE HOUSE ON THE SOUTH SIDE. I FEEL LIKE MY MOTHER IS STILL IN THE HOUSE. I HAD REALLY GOOD PARENTS. WE WEREN’T POOR, BUT WE WEREN’T RICH EITHER, YOU KNOW. WE WERE JUST COMFORTABLE, BUT THEY WORKED VERY HARD FOR IT. THEY BOTH WORKED VERY HARD.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20010070001 FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20010070022
Acquisition Date
2001-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PUTTEE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON CANVAS, LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19880022005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PUTTEE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON CANVAS, LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Length
35.0
Width
14.0
Description
MILITARY FIELD PUTTEES. BRASS BUCKLES & LEATHER GUSSETTS. BOTH STAMPED "B.A.C. -1943".
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE P19880022001-GA
Catalogue Number
P19880022005
Acquisition Date
1988-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAVAL UNIFORM
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19990041020
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAVAL UNIFORM
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
CANVAS, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.7
Length
76.2
Width
58.0
Description
WHITE, CANVAS, MAN'S NAVAL JACKET. FOUR BUTTON FRONT CLOSURE. BUTTONS ARE GOLD WITH AN ANCHOR ON THEM, AND "CANADA" ACROSS THE ANCHOR. HAS TWO BREAST POCKETS. SEWN ON EACH SHOULDER IS A WHITE RECTANGLE, WITH "CANADA" EMBROIDERED IN IT IN BLUE. ON THE UPPER PART OF ONE ARM, A WHITE CIRCLE IS SEWN ON WITH AN EMBROIDERED BLUE STAR IN IT. AN UPRIGHT COLLAR CLOSES WITH TWO SILVER HOOKS AND EYES. BEHIND THESE IS AN EXTRA PIECE OF WHITE CANVAS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
NAVAL UNIFORM BELONGED TO WILLIAM T. NUGENT, DONOR'S HUSBAND. WILLIAM WAS IN THE NAVAL RESERVES IN WINNIPEG DURING WWII. RELATED CATALOGUE NUMBERS P19990041019-21-GA. MURIEL NUGENT WAS BORN MARCH 30, 1915 IN WINNIPEG. THERE, SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM T. NUGENT AND IN 1946, WITH THEIR FAMILY, THEY CAME TO LETHBRIDGE. THEY MOVED IN ORDER THAT WILLIAM COULD TAKE UP A JOB WITH WESTERN CANADIAN HARDWARE IN LETHBRIDGE. PRIOR, HE HAD SERVED WITH THE NAVAL RESERVES IN WINNIPEG DURING WORLD WAR II. MURIEL PASSED AWAY OCTOBER 8, 2002 AND WAS PREDECEASED BY HER HUSBAND IN 1989.
Catalogue Number
P19990041020
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAVAL DRILL JUMPER
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073031
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAVAL DRILL JUMPER
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
88.4
Width
162
Description
WHITE COTTON LONG-SLEEVED DRILL JUMPER. RECTANGULAR IN SHAPE, WITH NARROW AND DEEP V-NECK. 20CM COLLAR FOLDS BACK OVER SHOULDERS. WHITE LIGHT COTTON TIE KNOTTED AT BASE OF V IN NECK. STENCILLED IN BLACK AT BACK SHOULDERS "A.D. HERMAN". "H4875" STAMPED IN BLACK IN RIGHT CORNER OF COLLAR. LARGE POCKET STITCHED TO INSIDE LEFT BREAST. DISCOLORED WITH WATER STAINS THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONATED TO LEGION BY UNKNOWN DONOR, THEN TO MUSEUM BY LEGION. PRIOR HISTORY UNKNOWN. SEE P19970073026-36-GA FOR RELATED PIECES. SEE P19970073001-GA FOR HISTORY. WORN WITH BLUE DUNGAREE COLLAR, GUNSHIRT (030), AND WHITE SEAMAN'S CAP (036) AS SUMMER ISSUE, FOR MEDITERRANEAN SERVICE. SEE O32 FOR MATCHING TROUSERS PREVIOUSLY BELONGING TO SAME DONOR. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO DISCOVER NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THE ORIGINAL OWNER. HE LEARNED THE FOLLOWING: ACCORDING TO THE LEGION MAGAZINE ONLINE ALLAN HERMAN SERVED WITH THE NAVY IN WORLD WAR II. HIS SERVICE NUMBER WAS 7747812. HERMAN PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 15, 1997. THE LEGION MAGAZINE ALSO LISTS HIS BRANCH AS: CRESCENT BRANCH, LOCATED IN SURREY, BRITISH COLUMBIA. ALLAN HERMAN IS NOT MENTIONED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. IT IS UNKNOWN HOW THE JACKET CAME INTO THE POSSESSION OF THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION.
Catalogue Number
P19970073031
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAVAL BLUE SERGE JUMPER
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, SATIN, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073026
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAVAL BLUE SERGE JUMPER
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, SATIN, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Length
73.7
Width
44
Description
NAVY BLUE WOOL SERGE JUMPER WITH LONG SLEEVES AND DUNGAREE COLLAR. TWO PLASTIC BUTTONS ON EACH CUFF; ONE BROKEN. BLUE COTTON TIE KNOTTED AT BASE OF V NECK AT FRONT. LEFT SLEEVE HAS GOOD CONDUCT BADGE, WITH "CANADA" FLASH ON SHOULDER. RIGHT SLEEVE HAS NON-SUBSTANTIVE BADGE OF CIRCLE, ARROW, AND ROPE, WOVEN IN GOLD THREAD ON NAVY BLUE BACKING. THREE RED CHEVRONS NEAR CUFF OF SLEEVE DENOTING YEARS OF SERVICE. "CANADA" FLASH AT SHOULDER. TAG INSIDE NECK READS "TAILORED BY JACK DAVIS" WITH VICTORIA ADDRESS. ZIPPER ALONG LEFT SIDE SEAM; BLUE COTTON POCKET STITCHED INSIDE EACH BREAST. JUMPER IS PULL-OVER STYLE. INCLUDES BLACK SATIN RIBBON, 35CM (L) X 3.8CM (W), OF DOUBLE THICKNESS. TIES AROUND LAPELS OF COLLAR.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
BLUE SERGE JUMPER WITH DUNGAREE COLLAR, DICKIE, SILK, AND STANDARD COLD CLIMATE SEAMAN’S CAP. THE ‘SQUARE RIG’ WAS THE BASIC UNIFORM FOR ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY RATINGS (ORDINARY SEAMEN), MODELED AFTER THE ROYAL NAVY OF GREAT BRITAIN. THE LEFT SLEEVE DISPLAYS THE GOOD CONDUCT BADGE, AWARDED TO PETTY OFFICERS 1ST CLASS AND BELOW FOR SERVICE OF THREE TO EIGHT YEARS. ON THE UPPER RIGHT SLEEVE IS A NON-SUBSTANTIVE BRANCH BADGE, WITH A YEARS OF SERVICE BADGE BELOW. AS A WARTIME SECURITY MEASURE, THE CAP TALLY DISPLAYED H.M.C.S. (FOR HIS MAJESTY’S CANADIAN SHIP) BUT DID NOT INCLUDE THE SHIP’S NAME. DONATED TO LEGION BY UNKNOWN DONOR, THEN TO MUSEUM BY LEGION. PRIOR HISTORYUNKNOWN. SEE P19970073026-36-GA FOR RELATED PIECES. SEE P19970073001-GA FORHISTORY. WORN WITH DICKIE, SILK, AND STANDARD COLD CLIMATE SEAMAN'S CAP AS'SQUARE RIG' -- THE BASIC UNIFORM FOR ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY RATINGS (ORDINARYSEAMEN). MODELED AFTER THE ROYAL NAVY OF GREAT-BRITAIN. GOOD CONDUCT BADGE ONLEFT SLEEVE (GOLD SINGLE CHEVRON) AWARDED TO PETTY OFFICERS 1ST CLASS ANDBELOW FOR SERVICE OF THREE TO EIGHT YEARS. SEE 028 FOR MATCHING TROUSERS.
Catalogue Number
P19970073026
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY JACKET
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, ALUMINUM
Catalogue Number
P19950066011
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY JACKET
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, ALUMINUM
No. Pieces
1
Height
131.5
Width
83
Description
DARK GREEN WOOL OVERCOAT IS LONG AND HAS NOTCHED LAPEL WITH TWO BUTTONHOLES. HAS BROAD WELT SIDE POCKETS. IS DOUBLE BREASTED WITH GOLD BUTTONS THAT ARE BUBBLED. HAVE "CANADA HONI-SOIT-DUI-MAL-Y-PENSE" WITH CROWN AND MAPLE LEAF ETCHED ON SIDE. EPAULET REACHES FROM SHOULDER SEAM TO UNDER COLLAR, FASTENS WITH SAME BUTTON. ARE DARTS ABOVE SIDE POCKETS. SLEEVES ARE STRAIGHT AND REGULAR. ON BACK IS OPEN SLIT IN MIDDLE FROM BOTTOM UP TWO METAL BUTTONS. HAS BACK BELT WITH THREE BUTTONS. ON EDGES OF BELT ON INSIDE ARE UN-SEWN PLEATS, ONE ON EACH SIDE. INSIDE TO ABOUT KNEES IS GREEN COTTON LINING. HAS WHITE TAG WHICH READS IN BLACK A VARIETY OF INFORMATION ON PIECE SUCH AS SIZE. TAG IS WORN AND FRAYED. WOOL SHOWS MINOR SIGNS OF WEAR. INTERIOR HAND MARKED BY "PERRY, W.H.", "106357". INTERIOR INK STAMPED "K45218"
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
WORN BY DONOR IN WORLD WAR II, WAS IN THE MOTOR TRANSPORT CORP. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE LEARNED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: ACCORDING TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, “W. H. “BILL” PERRY PASSED AWAY ON FEBRUARY 17, 1998. PERRY WAS BORN ON OCTOBER 28, 1922. UPON RETURNING FROM OVERSEAS AFTER WWII HE MARRIED LUCILLE MCKANNA IN 1945 AND TOGETHER THEY FARMED IN THE CHIN AREA AND RAISED THEIR FAMILY. IN 1948 THEY RETIRED, SETTLING IN COALDALE IN 1991 AND TOGETHER THEY TRAVELED.” ACCORDING TO THE LEGION MAGAZINE ONLINE “WILLIAM PERRY SERVED WITH THE CANADIAN ARMY IN WORLD WAR TWO, AND WAS ISSUED THE SERVICE NUMBER M106357.” FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950066011
Acquisition Date
1995-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1946
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20000036003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1946
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
5.0
Length
110.0
Width
57.0
Description
OLIVE DRAB WOOL. THE FRONT OPENING CLOSES WITH 5 OLIVE PAINTED, STEEL BUTTONS. THE BUTTONS ARE HIDDEN BY AN EXTRA FLAP OF MATERIAL IN FRONT. POCKETS, WAISTBAND AND FLY OF PANTS ARE LINED WITH AN OFF-WHITE MATERIAL. THERE ARE 6 BUTTONS (AS ABOVE) AROUND INSIDE OF WAISTBAND. STAMPED ON INSIDE OF WAISTBAND IS A "C" WITH AN ARROW IN THE MIDDLE, AND "5" FOLLOWED BY ILLEGIBLE PRINT. THERE ARE MEASUREMENTS AND A DATE STAMPED BELOW THIS THAT ARE ALMOST ILLEGIBLE "NOV 194". . .". THERE IS A FLAPPED PATCH POCKET ON RIGHT BACK. THERE ARE MULTIPLE BUTTONS (AS ABOVE) AROUND OUTSIDE OF WAISTBAND. PANTS ARE WORN THROUGH IN VARIOUS SPOTS, ESPECIALLY AT CROTCH AREA.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE DONOR OF THIS ARTIFACT, JOHN LLOYD KNIGHT, SERVED AS A MEMBER OF THE FIRST SPECIAL SERVICE FORCE (ALSO KNOWN AS THE DEVILS BRIGADE) DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. THESE PANTS BELONG WITH UNIFORM P20000036002-5-GA. SEE RECORD P20000036001-GA FOR DONOR BIOGRAPHY AND BRIEF HISTORY OF THE FSSF.
Catalogue Number
P20000036003
Acquisition Date
2000-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY DRESS TROUSERS
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19960061002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY DRESS TROUSERS
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Length
87.5
Width
40
Description
PAIR OF DRAB GREEN WOOL PLEATED PANTS WITH CREASE AND BUTTONFLY. HAS 4 BROWN PLASTIC BUTTONS ON OUTSIDE OF WAISTBAND, AND TWO INSIDE THE BACK TO ATTACH TO SUSPENDERS. HAS TWO FRONT AND 1 REAR POCKETS, BACK CLOSES WITH BROWN PLASTIC BUTTON. ALL BUTTONS ARE MARKED ON THE SURFACE "BURBERRY'S LONDON". HAS NO LABEL ON THE INSIDE. HAS HIGH WAISTBAND IN THE BACK. STILL IN VERY GOOD CONDITION WITH LITTLE EVIDENCE OF WEAR.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
HISTORY OF THIS PARTICULAR UNIFORM IS UNKNOWN, HOWEVER DONOR WAS THE LAST COMMANDER OF THE 18TH FIELD REGIMENT BEFORE IT SWITCHED TO THE 18TH AIR DEFENSE REGIMENT. DONOR WAS LATER COLONEL JACOBSON, COMMANDER OF SOUTH ALBERTA MILITIA DISTRICT, AND FINALLY COLONEL COMMANDANT OF THE ROYAL REGIMENT OF CANADIAN ARTILLERY. SOME UNIFORMS ARE FROM 1967-1970 (WITH MISSING PIECES) OF AN ARTILLERY OFFICER. COLLECTION WAS COMPLETE BUT SOME PIECES WERE LOST WHEN DONATED TO THE 18TH BATTERY, AND THEY WERE LATER RETURNED TO HIM ANONYMOUSLY. ARTIFACTS WERE DAMAGED IN A HOUSE FIRE IN 1981, WHEN DONOR'S HOME BURNED DOWN. DONOR IS NOW JUDGE RONALD JACOBSON. FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE SEE P19960106001-GA, AND THE ARCHIVES FILE P19901044000-GM.
Catalogue Number
P19960061002
Acquisition Date
1996-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
RCAF UNIFORM PANTS
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073013
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RCAF UNIFORM PANTS
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
119.5
Width
39
Description
BLUE WOOL TROUSERS; STRAIGHT-LEG. FOUR-BUTTON CLOSURE UNDER FLAP AT FRONT OF WAIST. INTERIOR POCKETS AND WAISTBAND LINED WITH WHITE COTTON. WRITTEN IN PINK INSIDE WAISTBAND IS "DICKSON 429 NORMANDY RD LETH 329-4452". SIZE AND MANUFACTURER ALSO STAMPED IN BLACK BELOW. HANDWRITTEN ON RIGHT INTERIOR POCKET IS "DICKSON 14964"; "D7414....2 PC....S341 2P".
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SERVICE TUNIC, FLIGHT SERGEANT, ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE, CA. 1942-1945. BELONGED TO HUGH M. DICKSON; BORN IN 1918, AFTER GRADUATING FROM UNIVERSITY IN 1940 HE ENLISTED WITH THE R.C.A.F. IN CALGARY. BECAUSE OF HIS POOR EYESIGHT DICKSON NEVER MADE AIR CREW, SO HE ADMINISTERED APTITUDE AND INTELLIGENCE TESTS TO NEW RECRUITS IN CANADA. HE WAS STATIONED IN BRANDON, ST. THOMAS, AND EDMONTON, BUT NEVER WENT OVERSEAS. DICKSON ALSO SERVED IN THE AIRCRAFT RECOGNITION DEPARTMENT OF LETHBRIDGE’S NO. 8 BOMBING AND GUNNERY SCHOOL, ONE OF MANY AIR STATIONS ESTABLISHED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA UNDER THE WARTIME BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN. ITEM WAS ORIGINALLY DONATED TO THE LEGION, WHO THEN DONATED SEVERAL PIECES TO THE MUSEUM WHEN THEIR COLLECTION GREW TOO LARGE. FOR MORE INFO & PHOTO REFER TO ARCHIVAL DONATION MADE IN 1999. SEE P19970073012-GA FOR MATCHING TUNIC. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE LEARNED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION. SEE ARCHIVAL REFERENCE 19991062003 FOR EXISTING COPIES OF DICKSON’S WWII SERVICE RECORDS. FROM THESE RECORDS WE KNOW THAT DICKSON ATTESTED TO THE ACTIVE MILITIA ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1936 IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA. ON OCTOBER 2ND 1941 HE TRANSFERS TO THE SPECIAL RESERVE R.C.A.F. DICKSON WAS PROMOTED SIX TIMES. HIS LAST PROMOTION WAS TO THE RANK FLIGHT SERGEANT EFFECTIVE MARCH 1, 1943. HIS POSTINGS CHRONOLOGICALLY INCLUDE VALCARTIER, QUEBEC; ST. THOMAS, ONTARIO; LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA; ROCKLIFFE, ONTARIO; BRANDON, MANITOBA; EDMONTON, ALBERTA, VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA; AND CALGARY, ALBERTA. DICKSON WAS DISCHARGED ON DECEMBER 17, 1944. DICKSON WAS AUTHORIZED TO WEAR THE ST. JOHN’S AMBULANCE BADGE ON DECEMBER 20, 1943 AND AWARDED THE CANADIAN VOLUNTEER SERVICE MEDAL ON JANUARY 15, 1944. HE WAS DISCHARGED TO WARNER ALBERTA AT THE END OF THE WAR. HE PASSED AWAY IN WARNER ON JULY 6TH 1975 AT THE AGE OF 87.
Catalogue Number
P19970073013
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAVAL TROUSERS
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970073028
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAVAL TROUSERS
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
113.8
Width
42
Description
PAIR OF NAVY BLUE WOOL NAVAL TROUSERS. LINED WITH LIGHT BLUE COTTON AT WAISTBAND. TWO SIDE PANELS WITH POCKETS AT WAIST, BUTTON TOGETHER AT CENTRE; THIRD PANEL BUTTONS UP FROM BELOW. NO MARKINGS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONATED TO LEGION BY UNKNOWN DONOR, THEN TO MUSEUM BY LEGION. PRIOR HISTORY UNKNOWN. SEE P19970073026-36-GA FOR RELATED PIECES. SEE P19970073001-GA FOR HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970073028
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLISH MILITARY PANTS
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960102002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLISH MILITARY PANTS
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
109
Width
34.3
Description
GREEN WOOL PANTS. BACK LEFT POCKET; TWO SIDE POCKETS. DOUBLE PLEATS AT FRONT. FIVE BROWN PLASTIC BUTTONS AT FRONT CLOSURE; TWO AT TOP WAIST. SIX BUTTONS AT WAISTBAND TO SECURE SUSPENDERS. WHITE COTTON LINING ON POCKETS. GREY BIAS TAPE SEWN TO LOWER HEMS WHERE PANTS ARE FRAYED. SOME BELT LOOPS ALSO FRAYED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
UNIFORM BELONGED TO DONOR'S HUSBAND, ZYGMUNT NEBELSKI; BORN JUNE 20, 1913 IN STANISLAWOW, POLAND. ZYGMUNT WAS CIVILIAN PRIOR TO SECOND WORLD WAR, AND WORKED AS A TOOL MAKER FOR RAILWAYS. AFTER RUSSIAN INVASION DONOR WORKED FOR POLISH UNDERGROUND FOR RESISTANCE PAPER. CAPTURED BY RUSSIANS IN LATE 1939 OR EARLY 1940. IN 1941 FOLLOWING GERMAN INVASION OF RUSSIA, CAPTURED POLISH WERE GIVEN OPTION OF SUPPORTING BRITISH OR RUSSIAN ARMIES. NEBELSKI MADE HIS WAY TO TEL AVIV WHERE POLISH CORP ASSEMBLED. CORP WAS ATTACHED TO BRITISH 8TH ARMY. FOUGHT IN NORTH AFRICA, SICILY, ITALY (MONTE CASSINO). NEBELSKI MET WIFE JOAN IN SEPT. 1946. JOAN WORKED IN SERVICES CANTEEN. MARRIED AUGUST 23, 1947. COUPLE EMIGRATED TO ARGENTINA IN 1948-1951. ZYGMUNT CONTINUED TO WORK AS TOOL AND DYE MAKER. RETURNED TO ENGLAND IN 1951, THEN IMMIGRATED TO CANADA IN 1952. JOAN FOLLOWED IN 1953, SETTLING IN EDMONTON. ZYGMUNT WORKED AS PACKER IN CONSTRUCTION AND AS AIRPLANE BODY REPAIRER (DEPARMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENCE IN MAINTENANCE). RETIRED IN 1978 AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE, WHERE HE PASSED AWAY IN 1988. JACKET AND TROUSERS RECEIVED BY ZYGMUNT AFTER WAR ENDED. FOR MORE INFO & PHOTO REFER TO ARCHIVAL DONATION MADE IN 1999.
Catalogue Number
P19960102002
Acquisition Date
1996-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19651553000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
2
Length
72.0
Width
11.4
Description
GREEN WOOL AND TIES.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
BATTLEDRESS IN USE DURING W.W.II. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO SPEAK WITH KATHERINE HOYT AND NORMA HARLEY, THE DAUGHTERS OF JOHN W. HOYT. SEE BELOW. JOHN WESLEY HOYT WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA IN 1912. HIS FATHER BERTON BEACHER OWNED AND OPERATED HOYT HARDWARE. IN 1941 AT THE AGE OF 28 HE ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN FORCES. HE SERVED WITH THE 6TH FIELD PARK COMPANY ROYAL CANADIAN ENGINEERS. THE UNIT CHANGED THEIR NAME TO THE 6TH FIELD PARK SQUADRON RCE AND SERVED IN THE UNIT FROM MAY 14, 1940 TO FEBRUARY 19, 1946. DURING HIS SERVICE HE ACHIEVED THE RANK OF SERGEANT AND WAS RECOGNIZED WITH THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF’S CERTIFICATE, THE 1939-45 STAR, FRANCE AND GERMANY STAR, THE DEFENSE MEDAL, AND THE CANADIAN VOLUNTEER SERVICE MEDAL. WHILE SERVING WITH THE SQUADRON IN LONDON, AT THE AGE OF 31, HOYT WAS MARRIED TO MARGARET BETTY BROAD ON NOVEMBER 6TH 1943, WHO WAS SERVING IN THE BRITISH ARMY AT THE TIME. MARGARET IMMIGRATED TO CANADA SHORTLY AFTER HOYT RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE FOLLOWING THE END OF THE WWII. AFTER RETURNING TO LETHBRIDGE, HOYT BECAME AWARE OF DOWNSIZING IN THE MILITIA AND BEGAN TO SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVE JOB OPPORTUNITIES. HE GOT A JOB WORKING IN THE HARDWARE DEPARTMENT AT ETON’S AND REMAINED THERE FOR 6-7 YEARS BY WHICH TIME THE DOWNSIZING TENSION HAD PASSED AND HE RESUMED HIS CAREER IN THE FORCES. ON SEPTEMBER 10, 1952 JOHN HOYT JOINED THE MILITIA AND SERVED WITH THE 33RD FIELD SQUADRON UNTIL MARCH 1, 1965 WHERE HE ACHIEVED THE RANK OF SERGEANT. HOYT PASSED AWAY ON FEBRUARY 1ST AND WAS CREMATED ON FEBRUARY 5TH, 1972. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19651553000
Acquisition Date
1965-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY (PR)
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19739472000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY (PR)
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Length
11.1
Description
WOOL WITH COTTON WEBBING TIES.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
REFER TO P19651553000-GA USED DURING W.W.II. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO GET SPEAK WITH KATHERINE HOYT AND NORMA HARLEY, THE DAUGHTERS OF JOHN W. HOYT. SEE BELOW. JOHN WESLEY HOYT WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA IN 1912. HIS FATHER BERTON BEACHER OWNED AND OPERATED HOYT HARDWARE. IN 1941 AT THE AGE OF 28 HE ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN FORCES. HE SERVED WITH THE 6TH FIELD PARK COMPANY ROYAL CANADIAN ENGINEERS. THE UNIT CHANGED THEIR NAME TO THE 6TH FIELD PARK SQUADRON RCE AND SERVED IN THE UNIT FROM MAY 14, 1940 TO FEBRUARY 19, 1946. DURING HIS SERVICE HE ACHIEVED THE RANK OF SERGEANT AND WAS RECOGNIZED WITH THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF’S CERTIFICATE, THE 1939-45 STAR, FRANCE AND GERMANY STAR, THE DEFENSE MEDAL, AND THE CANADIAN VOLUNTEER SERVICE MEDAL. WHILE SERVING WITH THE SQUADRON IN LONDON, AT THE AGE OF 31, HOYT WAS MARRIED TO MARGARET BETTY BROAD ON NOVEMBER 6TH 1943, WHO WAS SERVING IN THE BRITISH ARMY AT THE TIME. MARGARET IMMIGRATED TO CANADA SHORTLY AFTER HOYT RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE FOLLOWING THE END OF THE WWII. AFTER RETURNING TO LETHBRIDGE, HOYT BECAME AWARE OF DOWNSIZING IN THE MILITIA AND BEGAN TO SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVE JOB OPPORTUNITIES. HE GOT A JOB WORKING IN THE HARDWARE DEPARTMENT AT ETON’S AND REMAINED THERE FOR 6-7 YEARS BY WHICH TIME THE DOWNSIZING TENSION HAD PASSED AND HE RESUMED HIS CAREER IN THE FORCES. ON SEPTEMBER 10, 1952 JOHN HOYT JOINED THE MILITIA AND SERVED WITH THE 33RD FIELD SQUADRON UNTIL MARCH 1, 1965 WHERE HE ACHIEVED THE RANK OF SERGEANT. HOYT PASSED AWAY ON FEBRUARY 1ST AND WAS CREMATED ON FEBRUARY 5TH, 1972. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE P19651553000.
Catalogue Number
P19739472000
Acquisition Date
1973-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19930066007
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Length
102
Width
10.9
Description
2 PIECES. GREEN WOOL, WITH COTTON WEBBING TIES. WHERE TIE AND CLOTH MEET, CLOTH TAPERS TO FORM TRIANGULAR STITCH PATTERN. TIES ARE STAINED AND DIRTY AND HAS FRAYING ENDS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE RECORD FOR P19930066001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO DISCOVER NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THE ORIGINAL OWNER. HE LEARNED THE FOLLOWING: ACCORDING TO HIS OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH WAS BORN IN CARDSTON ALBERTA ON JUNE 21, 1918, WAS EDUCATED IN MACLEOD AND PASSED AWAY ON OCTOBER 20, 1993. IN THE WOLFORD AREA HISTORY BOOK TITLED: FROM LUMPY BUTTE, MEMORIES LIVE FOREVER, AINSCOUGH’S WIFE (BUCK CRAIG) WROTE, “AINSCOUGH JOINED THE 93RD BATTERY IN 1940. (ANOTHER ACCOUNT WITHIN THE SAME HISTORY BOOK SUGGESTS THAT AINSCOUGH ENLISTED AT CALGARY IN JANUARY OF 1942.) THE BATTERY INCLUDED A TROOP FROM CARDSTON AND GRANUM. BEN HIGGS AND REED JOINED UP TOGETHER AND WENT TO VICTORIA TO QUALIFY FOR THEIR COMMISSIONS AS LIEUTENANTS IN THE ARTILLERY. AFTER A FEW MONTHS IN BRANDON, HE AND BEN WENT THEIR SEPARATE WAYS. BEN WENT TO ITALY AND REED FIRST SERVED IN BORDEN, ENGLAND AS A GUN POSITION OFFICER AND THEN JOINED THE “E” TROOP OF THE 91ST BATTERY, WHICH SERVED IN NORMANDY AND N.W. EUROPE. HE DID TAKE SOME TIME IN JULY 1942 TO MARRY BUCK CRAIG. REED SERVED AS A FORWARD OBSERVATION OFFICER WITH THE ARTILLERY. HE WAS WOUNDED IN THE NORMANDY REGION. AINSCOUGH’S OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD STATES THAT HE WAS WOUNDED NEAR CAEN, WHILE THE DESCRIPTION WRITTEN BY HIS WIFE IN THE WOLFORD HISTORY BOOK CLAIMS HE WAS WOUNDED NEAR ROUEN. BOTH LOCATIONS ARE IN THE NORMANDY REGION OF FRANCE. AFTER SPENDING TEN MONTHS IN THE HOSPITAL, HE RETURNED TO THE FIELD AND SERVED IN HOLLAND WITH THE 110TH BATTERY, 15TH FIELD REGIMENT JUST BEFORE ARMISTICE. AINSCOUGH RECEIVED SIX MEDALS AND WAS DISCHARGED WITH THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. AFTER RETURNING TO FORT MACLEOD, HE WAS PERSUADED TO COMMAND THE 93RD BATTERY. HE ALSO COMMANDED THE FORT MACLEOD CADET CORPS AND FORMED THREE OTHER CADET CORPS – IN PINCHER CREEK, ST. PAUL’S AND ST. MARY’S CORPS ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. AFTER THE CONCLUSION OF WWII, HE RETURNED HOME TO FORT MACLEOD. HE LATER MOVED TO MEDICINE HAT AND HELD THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL WITH THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE REGIMENT." FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19930066007
Acquisition Date
1993-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY PUTTEE SET
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P20100035006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY PUTTEE SET
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
LEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Height
27.7
Length
11
Width
4.9
Description
LEGGINGS ARE A HOMOLOGOUS PAIR. INSIDE IS UNFINISHED WITH BLACK POLISHED EXTERIOR. BLACK POLISH IS CRACKING. EACH IS MADE FROM TWO PIECES OF LEATHER SEWN TOGETHER. EDGES WRAP AROUND AND FORM A CYLINDRICAL FORM. FOUR EYELETS ON EACH EDGE. ONE SIDE OR EACH LEGGING HAS BLACK LEATHER CORD WHICH RUNS THROUGH EYELETS TO LACE THE LEGGING. BOTTOM EDGES HAVE BEEN DAMAGED FROM USE AND HAVE VARIOUS REPAIRS. TOP EDGE HAS LEATHER STRAP AND BUCKLE. INSIDE OF LEFT LEGGING READS, “J.E.FORTIE CERTIFIED, 636 CRAIG ST. W., MONTREAL, QUE., 15”. INSIDE OF RIGHT LEGGING HAS WORN OFF WRITING BUT STILL READS, “15”.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
LEGGINGS WERE PART OF THE NAVAL UNIFORM WHICH ST. CLAIR BALFOUR WORE DURING HIS SERVICE IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE IN WORLD WAR II. MEDALS WERE AWARDED TO ST. CLAIR BALFOUR USED DURING HIS SERVICE IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE IN WORLD WAR II. ACCORDING TO NAVAL SERVICE RECORDS, “ST. CLAIR BALFOUR ENLISTED IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE ON SEPTEMBER 29, 1939 AND WAS APPOINTED LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER (G), R.C.N.V.R. ON JUNE 16, 1943.” ACCORDING TO THE NAVAL OFFICERS’ ASSOCIATION OF CANADA TORONTO BRANCH NEWSLETTER (BRUMPH) FROM MAY 2002, “DURING THE WAR, [W WII] MR. BALFOUR SERVED WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY, RISING TO THE RANK OF COMMANDER. HE FIRST SERVED IN THE DESTROYER ST. LAURENT, THEN COMMANDED THE CORVETTE LETHBRIDGE (K160) [FROM JUNE 15, 1943 TO DECEMBER 26, 1943], AND IN OCTOBER, 1944, WAS PUT IN COMMAND OF ESCORT GROUP 27. ESCORT GROUP 27 WAS A HUNTER-KILLER SQUADRON OF FRIGATES AND CORVETTES THAT PATROLLED THE WATERS OFF NOVA SCOTIA WHERE LONE GERMAN U-BOATS WOULD LIE IN WAIT TO SINK CONVOYS OF MERCHANT SHIPS BOUND FOR BRITAIN FROM HALIFAX OR SAINT JOHN. NAVAL HISTORIANS SAY IT WAS UNUSUAL FOR A CANADIAN NAVAL OFFICER TO BE GIVEN SUCH A SENIOR ROLE IN THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC. THE COMMAND WAS A TESTAMENT TO COMMANDER BALFOUR’S LEADERSHIP AND HE RECEIVED THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS, AWARDED TO NAVAL OFFICERS FOR ACTS OF EXCEPTIONAL BRAVERY." THE DSC CITATION READS, IN PART: “DURING THIS TIME HE HAS, BY HIS ZEAL, ENERGY, CHEERFULNESS AND WHOLEHEARTED DEVOTION TO DUTY SET AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE TO THOSE WORKING UNDER HIM, WHICH IS IN KEEPING WITH THE HIGHEST TRADITIONS OF THE NAVAL SERVICE.” ACCORDING TO B.R.U.M.P.H., "HIS NICKNAME ABOARD HIS SHIP WAS OLD IRON PANTS, AND HE USED HIS STRONG VOICE TO CARRY COMMANDS IN THE DAYS BEFORE THE BATTER-POWERED MEGAPHONE. WHEN FRANCE SURRENDERED IN 1940 SOME OF THE SHIPS OF THE FRENCH NAVY JOINED THE ALLIES, OTHERS REMAINED LOYAL TO THE VICHY REGIME. ONE OF THE LATTER WAS IN HALIFAX AT THIS TIME. IT WAS INTERNED PENDING POLITICAL DECISIONS AS TO ITS FATE. ONE NIGHT A NUMBER OF ITS OFFICERS AND MEN DECIDED TO OVERPOWER THE SMALL GUARD AND RETURN TO FRANCE. THEY GATHERED IN A PASSAGEWAY UNTIL THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE GUARD, LT ST. CLAIR BALFOUR, RCNVR, POINTED OUT THAT HE WOULD SHOOT THEM IF THEY PERSISTED IN THIS COURSE OF ACTION. LIKE EVERYONE WHO EVER MET CLAIR, THEY KNEW THAT HE MEANT EXACTLY WHAT HE SAID, AND RELUCTANTLY DECIDED THAT DISCRETION WAS THE BETTER PART OF VALOUR. AT THE WAR’S END HE WAS IN CHARGE OF HMCS CORNWALLIS, A NAVAL BASE OF 10,000 MEN AND WOMEN [LOCATED IN HALIFAX]. HE CONSIDERED A CAREER IN THE NAVY BUT DECIDED TO GO BACK TO NEWSPAPERS.” AS WELL AS THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE, BALFOUR WAS ALSO APPOINTED THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF HMCS MEON (RIVER CLASS FRIGATE – K.269) FROM FEBRUARY 2, 1944 TO JANUARY 3, 1945, AND COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE HMCS DUNVER (RIVER CLASS FRIGATE – K.03) FROM MARCH 27, 1945 TO MAY 26, 1945. BALFOUR WAS DISCHARGED ON OCTOBER 6, 1945 AFTER SIX YEARS OF SERVICE. IN 1988, ST. CLAIR BALFOUR WAS BECAME AN OFFICER OF THE ORDER OF CANADA FOR HIS SERVICE TO THE COUNTRY. ACCORDING TO MAJOR CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD, CD IN LETHBRIDGE AT WAR, “ HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS A ‘FLOWER CLASS’ CORVETTE COMMISSIONED ON JUNE 25, 1941. THE VESSEL WAS CANADA’S RESPONSE TO A GROWING THREAT FROM GERMAN U-BOATS OPERATING IN THE ATLANTIC AND CLOSER TO HOME. THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE BEGAN ITS ATLANTIC SERVICE ON OCTOBER 11, 1941 WHEN IT ESCORTED CONVOY SC.49 BETWEEN SYDNEY, NOVA SCOTIA, AND ICELAND. WHILE ON DUTY, THE ROLE OF THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS TO DEPLOY AHEAD OR ASTERN OF A CONVOY, ALONG WITH OTHER ESCORT SHIPS. USING UNDERWATER RADAR, THE ESCORT SHIPS WOULD THEN CONVERGE ON ANY SUSPECTED U-BOAT POSITION AND ATTEMPT TO DESTROY THE SUBMARINE WITH DEPTH CHARGES. IN 1993, THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS ONE OF 74 SHIPS AWARDED HONOURS UNDER THE BRITISH ADMIRALTY’S DIRECTION, FOR SERVICE IN ANTI-SUBMARINE DUTIES IN INTERNAL CANADIAN WATERWAYS. WITH THE WAR AT A CLOSE, THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS SOLD TO MARINE INDUSTRIES LTD. ON JULY 23, 1945. THE SHIP WAS RESOLD IN 1952, CONVERTED INTO A DUTCH WHALER AND RENAMED THE NICOLASS VINKE. THIS NEW ROLE LASTED UNTIL 1966, AFTER WHICH THE SHIP WAS BROKEN DOWN FOR SCRAP IN SANTANDER, SPAIN. ST. CLAIR BALFOUR WAS BORN IN HAMILTON ONTARIO IN 1910. BALFOUR RETURNED TO HAMILTON ONTARIO AFTER WWII WAS OVER. HE PASSED AWAY AT HIS HOME IN TORONTO ON MAY 9, 2002 AT AGE 92. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20100035006
Acquisition Date
2010-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19930066011
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
COTTON, WOOL
No. Pieces
2
Length
257
Width
11
Description
KHAKI BROWN WOOL, WITH COTTON WEBBING TIES. WHERE TIES AND CLOTH MEET CLOTH TAPERS TO FORM TRIANGULAR STITCH PATTERN. ON ENDS OF CLOTH PIECES IS PAINTED WHITE OVAL WITH "MADE IN ENGLAND" ON THE INSIDE. PAINT IS WEARING HEAVILY. BOTH ENDS OF CLOTH PIECES ARE DIRTY AND WORN WITH SOME INSECT DAMAGE. ENDS OF CLOTH ARE FOLDED OVER AND STITCHED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE P19930066001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO DISCOVER NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THE ORIGINAL OWNER. HE LEARNED THE FOLLOWING: ACCORDING TO HIS OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH WAS BORN IN CARDSTON ALBERTA ON JUNE 21, 1918, WAS EDUCATED IN MACLEOD AND PASSED AWAY ON OCTOBER 20, 1993. IN THE WOLFORD AREA HISTORY BOOK TITLED: FROM LUMPY BUTTE, MEMORIES LIVE FOREVER, AINSCOUGH’S WIFE (BUCK CRAIG) WROTE, “AINSCOUGH JOINED THE 93RD BATTERY IN 1940. (ANOTHER ACCOUNT WITHIN THE SAME HISTORY BOOK SUGGESTS THAT AINSCOUGH ENLISTED AT CALGARY IN JANUARY OF 1942.) THE BATTERY INCLUDED A TROOP FROM CARDSTON AND GRANUM. BEN HIGGS AND REED JOINED UP TOGETHER AND WENT TO VICTORIA TO QUALIFY FOR THEIR COMMISSIONS AS LIEUTENANTS IN THE ARTILLERY. AFTER A FEW MONTHS IN BRANDON, HE AND BEN WENT THEIR SEPARATE WAYS. BEN WENT TO ITALY AND REED FIRST SERVED IN BORDEN, ENGLAND AS A GUN POSITION OFFICER AND THEN JOINED THE “E” TROOP OF THE 91ST BATTERY, WHICH SERVED IN NORMANDY AND N.W. EUROPE. HE DID TAKE SOME TIME IN JULY 1942 TO MARRY BUCK CRAIG. REED SERVED AS A FORWARD OBSERVATION OFFICER WITH THE ARTILLERY. HE WAS WOUNDED IN THE NORMANDY REGION. AINSCOUGH’S OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD STATES THAT HE WAS WOUNDED NEAR CAEN, WHILE THE DESCRIPTION WRITTEN BY HIS WIFE IN THE WOLFORD HISTORY BOOK CLAIMS HE WAS WOUNDED NEAR ROUEN. BOTH LOCATIONS ARE IN THE NORMANDY REGION OF FRANCE. AFTER SPENDING TEN MONTHS IN THE HOSPITAL, HE RETURNED TO THE FIELD AND SERVED IN HOLLAND WITH THE 110TH BATTERY, 15TH FIELD REGIMENT JUST BEFORE ARMISTICE. AINSCOUGH RECEIVED SIX MEDALS AND WAS DISCHARGED WITH THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. AFTER RETURNING TO FORT MACLEOD, HE WAS PERSUADED TO COMMAND THE 93RD BATTERY. HE ALSO COMMANDED THE FORT MACLEOD CADET CORPS AND FORMED THREE OTHER CADET CORPS – IN PINCHER CREEK, ST. PAUL’S AND ST. MARY’S CORPS ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. AFTER THE CONCLUSION OF WWII, HE RETURNED HOME TO FORT MACLEOD. HE LATER MOVED TO MEDICINE HAT AND HELD THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL WITH THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE REGIMENT." FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19930066011
Acquisition Date
1995-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19960033011
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL, PAPER
No. Pieces
5
Height
0.3
Length
256
Width
10.6
Description
1. PAIR OF PUTTEES: OLIVE DRAB GREEN PUTTES ROLLED UP AND STILL IN ORIGINAL PACKAGING. SCREENED TO BOTH PUTTEES IS A WHITE OVAL WITH "MADE IN ENGLAND" INSIDE IT. PACKAGING CONSISTS OF CARDBOARD COVER HELD WITH NARROW BLUE COTTON TAPE. CARDBOARD PACKAGING IS BLACK WITH YELLOW BORDER. HAS TWO FOXES ON FRONT ON EITHER SIDE OF "FOX'S F.I.P. PUTTEES". IN TOP LEFT CORNER IS "ANKLE LENGTH" AND IN TOP RIGHT IS SHIELD OUTLINE WITH SKETCH OF FOX AND "FOX" IN WHITE LETTERS. ACROSS BOTTOM OF LABEL IS "FOX'S IMPROVED PUTTEES WOVEN EDGE NON-FRAY"; INSTRUCTIONS ON BACK. LABEL HAS GREASE STAINS ON IT. PUTTEES ARE IN EXCELLENT CONDITION. 2. PAIR OF PUTEES: PUTTEES ARE LONG RECTANGULAR PIECES OF WOOL WITH COTTON TIE SEWN TO END. FADED OLIVE DRAB COLORED PUTTEES HAVE STRAIGHT SEWN END WITH OPPOSITE END HAVING CORNERS FOLDED OVER AND SEWN INTO TRIANGLE SHAPE. 145CM COTTON TIE IS SEWN TO THAT END. BOTH HAVE FRAYED END AND ONE PUTTEE HAS RED STAINS ALONG EDGES FROM USE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
UNUSED PAIR OF PUTTEES WERE FOUND IN STORAGE AT ARMOURIES AND DONATED BY 18TH AIR DEFENSE REGIMENT. THEY ARE WORLD WAR II ERA. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS UNABLE TO DISCOVER NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THE OBJECT BECAUSE IT WAS COLLECTED IN THE INTEREST OF REPRESENTING TYPOLOGY RATHER THAN INDIVIDUAL OWNERSHIP. NO UNIQUE MARKINGS TO HELP IDENTIFY ORIGINAL OWNER.
Catalogue Number
P19960033011
Acquisition Date
1996-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

47 records – page 1 of 3.