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Other Name
PLATFORM STONE PIPE
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STONE, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19641174000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PLATFORM STONE PIPE
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Materials
STONE, WOOD
No. Pieces
2
Height
7.0
Length
50.2
Diameter
1.6
Description
CROSS INCISED ON ALL 3 FACES OF PIPE PLATFORM. WILLOW STEM, BLACK PIPE STONE. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
PERSONAL GEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE. BLACKFOOT ORIGIN. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000. 22 OCTOBER 2021 UPDATE: THE LABEL TEXT QUOTED BELOW WAS DEVELOPED WITH KAINAI ELDERS FOR A SUB-THEME WITHIN THE EXHIBIT ‘MADE IN’, TITLED ‘NIITSITAPISSKSAHKOYI’ AND INSTALLED WITHIN THE GALT IN 2021. ELDERS WHO PROVIDED MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT WITH DIRECTION ON SUBTHEME’S CONTENT INCLUDED: AAGOHH GISS STSISTIIGIIAAKII (MANY OFFERINGS WOMAN, GRETA MANY BEARS), GUUYII STAA BAAMUUGHKAA (WALKING ON TOP, RAYMOND MANY BEARS), NIINAA PIIKSII (CHIEF BIRD, MIKE BRUISED HEAD), MO’TOKAANII’PO (WALKING WITH A SCALP, HARRISON RED CROW) AND MIINIIPOKA (SACRED BERRY CHILD, PETER WEASEL MOCCASIN). THE GALT APPRECIATED THE GENEROSITY OF THE ELDERS WHO SHARED THEIR KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS EXHIBIT PROJECT. “AAHKOINNIMAAN (PIPE BOWL AND STEM): THIS STONE HERE, YOU GET IT DOWN IN THE COULEES… YOU COULD TAKE YOUR KNIFE AND CARVE IT. YOU CAN PROBABLY GET IT ALL THE WAY FROM ST. MARY DAM, ALL THE WAY THROUGH THE COULEES. YOU CAN GET THIS ANYWHERE ALONG HERE, BUT YOU HAVE TO DIG FOR IT. PEOPLE HAD TO DO A LOT OF EXPERIMENTING BEFORE THEY GOT THE CORRECT STONE THAT WORKED THE WAY IT WAS SUPPOSED TO WORK, FOR CEREMONIES OR FOR PERSONAL USE.’ – MIINIIPOKA ‘I MAKE THESE BOWLS AND PIPES. THERE’S HIDDEN CRACKS WITHIN THE STONE ITSELF. WHEN YOU CHIP AWAY AT IT, ONCE IT STOPS YOU TAKE THAT PIECE AND START SHAPING IT INTO THE BOWL. IT DEPENDS ON THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE STYLE WHAT THEY WOULD SHAPE THE STONE INTO; BUT A LOT OF THE BLACK STONE WAS SHAPED INTO OUR IDENTITY OF WHO WE ARE AS WELL AS THE LAND. THE SURROUNDING TRIBES THROUGHOUT THE CONTINENT, THEY WOULD SEE THE KIND OF DESIGN AND THE STONE ITSELF AND THEY WOULD AUTOMATICALLY KNOW THIS STONE IS FROM APAITSITAPI—THE WEASEL TRIBE, OR THE KAINAI.’ – GUUYII STAA BAAMUUGHKAA ‘THEY WOULD HAVE USED BUCK BRUSH TO BLACKEN IT. YOU SET IT ON FIRE, AND THE HEAVY SMOKE STICKS TO THE STONE. AND THEN YOU OIL IT WITH NATURAL OIL, TO GET IT NICE AND SHINY.’ – MO’TOKAANII’PO ‘THE STEM IS MADE FROM WOLF WILLOW. IT’S KIND OF A SILVER PLANT WITH SILVERY-LOOKING BERRIES, AND WHEN YOU OPEN THEM IT’S VERY POWDERY INSIDE. FOR SOME WOOD TO MAKE PIPES, THEY WOULD TRAVEL TO THE CROW TERRITORY TO OBTAIN THIS VERY SPECIFIC GRAIN—KAAPOKSI (ASH).’ – MO’TOKAANII’PO”
Catalogue Number
P19641174000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
INDIGENOUS RIFLE CASE
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, FLANNEL, BEADWORK
Catalogue Number
P19738051000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
INDIGENOUS RIFLE CASE
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BUCKSKIN, FLANNEL, BEADWORK
No. Pieces
1
Length
73.6
Width
15.2
Description
TRIMMED WITH RED FLANNEL. GEOMETRIC BEADWORK DESIGNS IN RED, GREEN, YELLOW, BLACK, BLUE AT TOP & TOE OF CASE. CASE EMBRITTLED. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
DONOR ROBERT “BOB” GARDNER OF SALMON ARM, BC INFORMED MUSEUM TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN OF A FEW RIFLE CASE-RELATED MEMORIES BY PHONE ON 22 JUNE 2011. AT THE TIME OF THE CALL, MR. GARDNER WAS 84 YEARS OLD. MR. GARDNER CLAIMED THE RIFLE CASE WAS A GIFT FROM FAMILY FRIEND MS. JESSIE CONN. CONN WAS GARDNER’S MIDDLE-SCHOOL LCI TYPING TEACHER IN GRADES 9 & 10 (1937). HIS BEST GUESS WAS THAT THE CASE WAS RECEIVED FROM HER IN THE LATE 40S. WHEN ASKED HOW CONN CAME TO POSSESS THE CASE, GARDNER’S REPLY WAS TO SUPPOSE IT WAS FROM A “PIONEER”. AS HIS FAMILY’S FRIEND, CONN WAS AWARE OF HIS OWNERSHIP OF A .22 RIFLE AND GAVE IT TO HIM IN ORDER TO COVER IT. GARDNER NOTED, HOWEVER, THAT THE COVER “NEVER FIT PROPERLY” ON ACCOUNT THAT “THE REAR SIGHT WAS TOO HIGH”. REAL AND POTENTIAL DAMAGE POSED TO THE CASE, THEREFORE, MOVED GARDNER TO DONATE IT TO THE GALT MUSEUM. THE RIFLE WAS GIVEN IN RECENT DECADES (EARLY 90S) TO HIS DAUGHTER DAWN. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19651425000 FOR MORE INFORMATION ON JESSIE CONN.
Catalogue Number
P19738051000
Acquisition Date
1970-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CRADLEBOARD COVER
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, TAFFETA, BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19641160000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CRADLEBOARD COVER
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BUCKSKIN, TAFFETA, BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
43.2
Width
23.0
Description
BUCKSKIN, TAFFETA LINING, GLASS BEADWORK IN FLORAL DESIGN. BEAD COLORS ARE BLACK, YELLOW, RED & GREEN.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS, BLACKFOOT OR POSSIBLY PLAINS CREE. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641160000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1905
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, COTTON CLOTH, GLASS BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19693938000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1905
Materials
BUCKSKIN, COTTON CLOTH, GLASS BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
70
Width
16.5
Description
TRIANGULAR SHAPE, GEOMETRIC BEADWORK, BUCKSKIN FRINGE. BEADS ARE BLUE, WHITE, AMBER, GREEN, RED, & YELLOW. BACKING IS FLORAL PRINT COTTON CLOTH. BEADING IS DONE WITH A LAZY STITCH.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ATTRIBUTION MAY BE BLACKFOOT OR SIOUX. USE MAY BE EITHER AS A DECORATIVE BREAST PIECE FOR REGALIA, OR AS A TOMAHAWK DROP. STYLE & DESIGN WOULD SUGGEST THE LATTER USE. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19693938000
Acquisition Date
1969-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FOUR MAN DRUM
Date Range From
1875
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, WOOD, METAL
Catalogue Number
P19790234000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FOUR MAN DRUM
Date Range From
1875
Date Range To
1900
Materials
LEATHER, WOOD, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
22.2
Diameter
45.7
Description
OCTAGONAL STYLE. FRAME CONSTRUCTED WITH BOARDS FROM A PRODUCE PACKING CRATE, AND DECORATED WITH NAILED ON TIN CAN LIDS E.G. "BRUNSWICK" SARDINE TIN LIDS, ETC. AROUND THE EIGHT FRAME SIDES. DRUMHEAD OF BUFFALO RAWHIDE COVERING BOTH ENDS OF THE DRUM FRAME, LACED AROUND THE SIDES WITH RAWHIDE LACING. FOUR RAWHIDE HANDLES TIED (AS LOOPS) AROUND THE PERIMETER OF THE DRUM. ONE HANDLE IS MISSING. DRUMHEAD STAINED WITH RED OCHRE.
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIGENOUS. PURCHASED OR RECEIVED AS A GIFT BY DONOR. DRUM WAS HELD & BEATEN BY 4 DRUMMER/SINGERS AT RELIGIOUS OR SOCIAL EVENTS. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR, DOROTHY BLADES, AND HER FAMILY'S RANCH, THE ROCKING P, WAS FOUND IN LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1931 AND 1953, THE BOOK 'COWBOYS, RANCHERS AND THE CATTLE BUSINESS: CROSS-BORDER PERSPECTIVES ON RANCHING HISTORY' BY SIMON M. EVANS, AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON AMERICASHORSEDAILY.COM, AND THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. RODERICK RIDDLE MACLEAY WAS BORN IN 1878 IN DANVILLE, QUEBEC. IN 1898 HE CAME TO ALBERTA AND BEGAN RANCING A SMALL HERD OF CATTLE ON LAND WEST OF HIGH RIVER. IN 1904, MACLEAY PURCHASED THE 40,000 ACRE BROOKS RANCH, AND THE FOLLOWING YEAR MARRIED LAURA STURTEVANT. THEY HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, DOROTHY AND MAXINE. DURING THE SEVERE WINTER OF 1906/07, MACLEAY LOST 90% OF HIS HERD , AND A FLAGGING CATTLE MARKET DEVASTATED HIS PROFITS. ONLY TWO YEARS LATER HOWEVER, MACLEAY ENTERED INTO A PARTNERSHIP WITH ROCKING P RANCH OWNER GEORGE EMERSON, AND IN 1914 MACLEAY BOUGHT OUT EMERSON WITH THE AGREEMENT TO MAINTAIN THE ROCKING P BRAND. OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS MACLEAY EXAPANDED Y ACQUIRING THE ADJACENT WILLOW CREEK, BAR S, AND LIVINGSTONE RANCHES. IN THE 1930S, MACLEAY HIRED ERNEST BLADES AS A COWBOY, AND BLADES MARRIED DOROTHY MACLEAY IN 1940. ROD MACLEAY DIED IN OCTOBER 1953, AND HIS LAND WAS LEFT TO HIS DAUGHTERS. DOROTHY AND ERNEST BLADES ASSUMED OPERATION OF THE ROCKING P, MANAGING IT ALONG WITH THEIR OWN RANCH, THE 3VS. THEIR SON, MAC BLADES, BEGAN WORKING FULL TIME ON THE RANCHES IN 1965 WHEN HE FINISHED HIGH SCHOOL, AND BY 1973 WAS RANCH MANAGER. IN 1996 THE PROPERTY WAS DIVIDED AMONG DOROTHY AND ERNEST'S FIVE CHILDREN, AND AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, MAC BLADES OWNS AND OPERATES THE ROCKING P RANCH. OF PARTICULAR NOTE TO THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES TO THE GALT MUSEUM IS THIS SHORT EXCERPT FROM ROD MACLEAY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY FROM OCTOBER 30, 1953: "[AN] INTEREST WHICH ENGROSSED [MACLEAY] WAS THE CAUSE OF THE STONEY INDIANS LIVING A NOMADIC LIFE AWAY FROM THE MORLEY RESERVATION. HE HAD MUCH TO DO WITH IMPRESSING SUCCESSFULLY ON THE GOVERNMENT THE NEED FOR A SUB-RESERVE." THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAKODA (FORMERLY CALLED STONEY) FIRST NATION AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE WAS SOURCED FROM ROCKYMOUNTAINNAKODA.COM. THE NAKODA "MOUNTAIN PEOPLE" HISTORICALLY TRAVERSED THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND FOOTHILLS IN SMALL, NOMADIC GROUPS, WITH EACH GROUP BEING LED BY A HEAD CHIEF. IN 1877 AT THE SIGNING OF TREATY 7, THE NAKODA WERE REPRESENTED BY THREE HEAD CHIEFS, WHO WERE ASSURED THAT THE NAKODA WOULD RETAIN THREE LARGE TRACTS OF TRADITIONAL HOMELAND, ONE FOR EACH NOMADIC GROUP. HOWEVER, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ALLOTED THE NAKODA ONLY ONE LAND ENTITLEMENT, NOW KNOWN AS THE MORLEY RESERVE, LOCATED WEST OF CALGARY. THE LAND ALLOTMENT WAS FENCED IN BARBED WIRE, PREVENTING THE NAKODA FROM THEIR NOMADIC MOVEMENTS. DURING THE 20TH CENTURY, TWO SMALLER SATELLITE RESERVES WERE ESTABLISHED FOR THE NAKODA FIRST NATION: THE BIG HORN RESERVE (KISKA WAPTADN "BIG HORN RIVER"), 265KM NORTHWEST OF MORLEY, AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE (GA-HNA "ALONG THE FOOTHILLS"), 120KM SOUTH OF MORLEY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19790234000
Acquisition Date
1974-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DOUBLE HEADED WAR CLUB
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STONE, LEATHER, BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19920046000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DOUBLE HEADED WAR CLUB
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
WOOD, STONE, LEATHER, BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
57.2
Description
STONE HEAD, ELLIPTICAL SHAPE, WITH POINT EACH END. DRILLED TO PERMIT SHAFT OF HANDLE. WOOD HANDLE, DOESKIN WRAPPED & WRAPPED WITH COLORED BEADS IN VARYING SIZE BANDS. COLORS, PINK, GREEN, BLUE. WOOD SLOT HEAD SCREW DRIVEN INTO END OF SHAFT AT HEAD & IS WRAPPED IN BRASS BEADS. SEVERAL BEAD STRINGS ARE BROKEN, SHEDDING BEADS, DOESKIN HAS ALSO DETERIORATED & IS STAINED WITH USE. BEADS UNRAVELING. SEE ALSO CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-BLUDGEON
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
DONOR IS UNSURE OF AGE BUT BELIEVES HER BROTHER OR FATHER ACQUIRED IT IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. IT HAS BEEN IN HER POSSESSION FOR MANY YEARS & HAS ALWAYS BEEN REFERRED TO AS A TOMAHAWK. CLUB IS SIMILAR IN BEADWORK & HEAD DESIGNS TO SIOUX WAR CLUB. BRASS BEADS SUGGEST AN EARLY DATE. SOURCE: "THE SPIRIT OF NATIVE AMERICA. P.108 & P.118. 22 OCTOBER 2021 UPDATE: THE LABEL TEXT QUOTED BELOW WAS DEVELOPED WITH KAINAI ELDERS FOR A SUB-THEME WITHIN THE EXHIBIT ‘MADE IN’, TITLED ‘NIITSITAPISSKSAHKOYI’ AND INSTALLED WITHIN THE GALT IN 2021. ELDERS WHO PROVIDED MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT WITH DIRECTION ON SUBTHEME’S CONTENT INCLUDED: AAGOHH GISS STSISTIIGIIAAKII (MANY OFFERINGS WOMAN, GRETA MANY BEARS), GUUYII STAA BAAMUUGHKAA (WALKING ON TOP, RAYMOND MANY BEARS), NIINAA PIIKSII (CHIEF BIRD, MIKE BRUISED HEAD), MO’TOKAANII’PO (WALKING WITH A SCALP, HARRISON RED CROW) AND MIINIIPOKA (SACRED BERRY CHILD, PETER WEASEL MOCCASIN). THE GALT APPRECIATED THE GENEROSITY OF THE ELDERS WHO SHARED THEIR KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS EXHIBIT PROJECT. “APAKSA’TSIS (CLUB): ‘THIS IS A TOOL THAT COULD BE USED FOR VARIOUS PURPOSES, INCLUDING HUNTING.’ – MIINIIPOKA ‘THAT’S A PIPE STONE USED ON THE CLUB.’ – GUUYII STAA BAAMUUGHKAA ‘THAT KIND OF ROCK, IT’S KIND OF UNIQUE TO OLDMAN RIVER. IT’S NOT AS ABUNDANT ELSEWHERE AS RIGHT THROUGH HERE. IT’S NOT SUPER HARD, BUT HARD ENOUGH; IT’S SOFT ENOUGH TO CARVE. IF IT WAS REALLY HARD, IT WOULD BE HARD TO GET IT SMOOTH.’ – NIINAA PIIKSII”
Catalogue Number
P19920046000
Acquisition Date
1992-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1860
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19641141000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1860
Materials
WOOD, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
23.5(BLADE)
Width
7.3(BLADE)
Description
51.4 CM (HANDLE) X 1.6 CM X 2.5 CM DIA. (PIPE BOWL). WOOD HANDLE, BRASS HATCHET HEAD. HANDLE IS DIAMOND CUT WITH INCISED RED DIAMOND MARKINGS.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
WOODWORKING T&E
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
UNKNOWN MAKE. ASSOCIATED WITH CANADIAN FUR TRADE. CEREMONIAL TRADE HATCHET.
Catalogue Number
P19641141000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BUFFALO HORN WALL HAT-RACK
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
HORN, CLOTH, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19750128000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BUFFALO HORN WALL HAT-RACK
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1900
Materials
HORN, CLOTH, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
26.6
Length
48.3
Width
58.4
Description
HORNS MOUNTED ON WOOD WITH CLOTH DECORATIVE COVERING (VELVET). 7 DARK HORNS COMPOSE RACK, INCLUDING 2 HALF HORNS MOUNTED ON CENTRE. BLACK FABRIC COVERS WOODEN MOUNT AND SHOWS SOILING & TEARS. TOP OF MOUNT HAS TAN BRAIDED ROPE. HORNS ARE COVERED AT THEIR BASES WITH A TAN CANVAS AND BURGUNDY FELT COVERING. BRASS HOOK MOUNT AT REAR.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
GIVEN TO BEN T. WHITNEY FOR HIS LITTLE GIRL, ISABEL C. (MRS. GEORGE A. DALEY) BY SOME APPRECIATIVE INDIGENOUS PERSONS FOR FAVOURS RENDERED TO THEM BY MR. WHITNEY.
Catalogue Number
P19750128000
Acquisition Date
1975-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1885
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BISON HIDE & HORN, BEAR HIDE, HAWK & GOOSE FEATHERS
Catalogue Number
P19641147000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1885
Materials
BISON HIDE & HORN, BEAR HIDE, HAWK & GOOSE FEATHERS
No. Pieces
1
Description
BUFFALO HORNS SEWN TO CAP LINED WITH COTTON, BEAR HIDE/CW HAIR BETWEEN HORNS SEWN TO BISON HIDE TRAILER. HAWK & GOOSE FEATHERS TIED WITH BUCKSKIN LEATHERS TO CAP.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIGENOUS CULTURE, LIKELY OF BLACKFOOT ORIGIN *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641147000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FEATHERS, GLASS BEADS, FUR, FLANNEL
Catalogue Number
P19790237000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1910
Materials
FEATHERS, GLASS BEADS, FUR, FLANNEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
29.2
Length
41.0
Description
SIZE 6 1/2. CROWN CONSTRUCTED OF BROWN VELVET AND LINEN STITCHED WITH SMALL "PIPESTEM" BEADS. DYED OSTRICH PLUMES AND EAGLE BREAST FEATHERS ATTACHED TO TOP OF CROW- EAGLE FEATHERS (21 OF THEM) ARE ATTACHED TO THE CROWN RIM IN A STRAIGHT-UP STYLE. EACH FEATHER IS WRAPPED AT THE BASE IN RED FLANNEL WITH WHITE CORD WRAPPINGS. EACH FEATHER TIP HAS A TASSEL OF WHITE HORSE TAIL HAIR GLUED ON. TASSELS ARE MISSING FROM 7 FEATHERS. A BUCKSKIN LACE IS THREADED THROUGH THE FEATHERS AT MID HEIGHT TO MAINTAIN THEM IN THE "STRAIGHT-UP" POSITION.-SIDE TASSELS HANG DOWN FROM EITHER SIDE OF THE CROWN, CONSISTING OF BROWN & WHITE FUR, PLUMES AND A BEADED BRASS CHAIN. A HEART-SHAPED TASSEL IN RED, BLUE, YELLOW GLASS SEED BEADS HANGS FROM THE RIGHT SIDE. SOME BEADS ARE MISSING. THE FOREHEAD OR FRONT OF THE CROWN IS TRIMMED WITH GREY RABBIT FUR.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
BLACKFOOT, KAINAI OR PIIKANI. PURCHASED, OR RECEIVED AS A GIFT, BY DONOR FROM INDIGENOUS PEOPLE WORKING OR STOPPING AT THE RANCH. THE HEADDRESS IS OF THE MORE TRADITIONAL, OLDER BLACKFOOT STYLE. "STRAIGHT-UP" EAGLE FEATHER HEADDRESS. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, INCLUDING A DRUM DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES, ALSO THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR AND HER FAMILY'S RANCH, THE ROCKING P, WAS FOUND IN LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1931 AND 1953, THE BOOK 'COWBOYS, RANCHERS AND THE CATTLE BUSINESS: CROSS-BORDER PERSPECTIVES ON RANCHING HISTORY' BY SIMON M. EVANS, AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON AMERICASHORSEDAILY.COM, AND THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. RODERICK RIDDLE MACLEAY WAS BORN IN 1878 IN DANVILLE, QUEBEC. IN 1898 HE CAME TO ALBERTA AND BEGAN RANCING A SMALL HERD OF CATTLE ON LAND WEST OF HIGH RIVER. IN 1904, MACLEAY PURCHASED THE 40,000 ACRE BROOKS RANCH, AND THE FOLLOWING YEAR MARRIED LAURA STURTEVANT. THEY HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, DOROTHY AND MAXINE. DURING THE SEVERE WINTER OF 1906/07, MACLEAY LOST 90% OF HIS HERD , AND A FLAGGING CATTLE MARKET DEVASTATED HIS PROFITS. ONLY TWO YEARS LATER HOWEVER, MACLEAY ENTERED INTO A PARTNERSHIP WITH ROCKING P RANCH OWNER GEORGE EMERSON, AND IN 1914 MACLEAY BOUGHT OUT EMERSON WITH THE AGREEMENT TO MAINTAIN THE ROCKING P BRAND. OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS MACLEAY EXAPANDED Y ACQUIRING THE ADJACENT WILLOW CREEK, BAR S, AND LIVINGSTONE RANCHES. IN THE 1930S, MACLEAY HIRED ERNEST BLADES AS A COWBOY, AND BLADES MARRIED DOROTHY MACLEAY IN 1940. ROD MACLEAY DIED IN OCTOBER 1953, AND HIS LAND WAS LEFT TO HIS DAUGHTERS. DOROTHY AND ERNEST BLADES ASSUMED OPERATION OF THE ROCKING P, MANAGING IT ALONG WITH THEIR OWN RANCH, THE 3VS. THEIR SON, MAC BLADES, BEGAN WORKING FULL TIME ON THE RANCHES IN 1965 WHEN HE FINISHED HIGH SCHOOL, AND BY 1973 WAS RANCH MANAGER. IN 1996 THE PROPERTY WAS DIVIDED AMONG DOROTHY AND ERNEST'S FIVE CHILDREN, AND AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, MAC BLADES OWNS AND OPERATES THE ROCKING P RANCH. OF PARTICULAR NOTE TO THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES TO THE GALT MUSEUM IS THIS SHORT EXCERPT FROM ROD MACLEAY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY FROM OCTOBER 30, 1953: "[AN] INTEREST WHICH ENGROSSED [MACLEAY] WAS THE CAUSE OF THE STONEY INDIANS LIVING A NOMADIC LIFE AWAY FROM THE MORLEY RESERVATION. HE HAD MUCH TO DO WITH IMPRESSING SUCCESSFULLY ON THE GOVERNMENT THE NEED FOR A SUB-RESERVE." THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAKODA (FORMERLY CALLED STONEY) FIRST NATION AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE WAS SOURCED FROM ROCKYMOUNTAINNAKODA.COM. THE NAKODA "MOUNTAIN PEOPLE" HISTORICALLY TRAVERSED THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND FOOTHILLS IN SMALL, NOMADIC GROUPS, WITH EACH GROUP BEING LED BY A HEAD CHIEF. IN 1877 AT THE SIGNING OF TREATY 7, THE NAKODA WERE REPRESENTED BY THREE HEAD CHIEFS, WHO WERE ASSURED THAT THE NAKODA WOULD RETAIN THREE LARGE TRACTS OF TRADITIONAL HOMELAND, ONE FOR EACH NOMADIC GROUP. HOWEVER, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ALLOTED THE NAKODA ONLY ONE LAND ENTITLEMENT, NOW KNOWN AS THE MORLEY RESERVE, LOCATED WEST OF CALGARY. THE LAND ALLOTMENT WAS FENCED IN BARBED WIRE, PREVENTING THE NAKODA FROM THEIR NOMADIC MOVEMENTS. DURING THE 20TH CENTURY, TWO SMALLER SATELLITE RESERVES WERE ESTABLISHED FOR THE NAKODA FIRST NATION: THE BIG HORN RESERVE (KISKA WAPTADN "BIG HORN RIVER"), 265KM NORTHWEST OF MORLEY, AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE (GA-HNA "ALONG THE FOOTHILLS"), 120KM SOUTH OF MORLEY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19790237000
Acquisition Date
1974-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

44 records – page 2 of 5.