Skip header and navigation

168 records – page 1 of 17.

Other Name
PLAINS INDIGENOUS, SET OF 2
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WILLOW STICKS, COTTON FLANNEL, BEADWORK, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P19738058000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PLAINS INDIGENOUS, SET OF 2
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Materials
WILLOW STICKS, COTTON FLANNEL, BEADWORK, PAINT
No. Pieces
2
Description
.1 28 CM WTH. (TOP) 87.7 CM (BASE) X 127 CM LTH. TRIANGULAR BACK REST CONSTRUCTED OF WILLOW STICKS LASHED WITH SINEW. BACKREST IS EDGED WITH SEWN COTTON STRIPS AND GREEN FLANNEL TAPE DOWN SIDE. HEAD PIECE IS CONSTRUCTED OF BLACK FLANNEL EDGED WITH RED FLANNEL, INSET WITH RED FLANNEL GEOMETRIC DESIGNS ARE OUTLINED IN BROWN AND WHITE BEADS. PICTOGRAPH STORY OUTLINING A BATTLE IS PAINTED IN BLACK ON THE BACK REST SURFACE. .2 25.4 CM WTH. (TOP) 83.8 CM (BASE) X 130.8 CM LTH. TRIANGULAR BACK REST CONSTRUCTED OF WILLOW STICKS LASHED WITH SINEW. BACKREST IS EDGED WITH SEWN COTTON STRIPS AND GREEN FLANNEL TAPE DOWN SIDES. HEAD PIECE IS MADE OF RED FLANNEL EDGED WITH BLACK COTTON AND WHITE BEADS GEOMETRIC DESIGN BROWN EDGED WITH BLUE & BLUE EDGED WITH BROWN PICTOGRAPH STORY OUTLINING A BATTLE AND RAID IS PAINTED IN BLACK PAINT ON THE BACKREST SURFACE. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
FURNITURE
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PLAINS INDIGENOUS.
Catalogue Number
P19738058000
Acquisition Date
1973-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19820013000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.7
Length
4.5
Width
4.0
Description
BADGE DEPICTS HATCHET OR AXE CROSSED WITH PAIR OF TONGS OR PINCHERS. PIN CLIPS ON REVERSE ARE FLATTENED & BENT.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION UNKNOWN, POSSIBLY A TRADE ITEM OR TRADE UNION BADGE. FOUND IN INDIAN BATTLE PARK.
Catalogue Number
P19820013000
Acquisition Date
1982-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
KNITTING BAG
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1999
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, FABRIC, THREAD
Catalogue Number
P20160003005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KNITTING BAG
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1999
Materials
CANVAS, FABRIC, THREAD
No. Pieces
1
Length
41
Width
36
Description
HANDMADE BAG MADE OF 3 SECTIONS OF STRIPS OF ABOUT 5 INCHES (APPROX. 13 CM) EACH. IT IS RED WITH BLUE, YELLOW, GREEN, AND RAW MATERIAL ACCENTS. THE TRIM AT THE TOP OF THE BAG IS BLUE WITH A HANDLE OF THE SAME FABRIC ON EITHER SIDE. THERE IS A STRIP OF RAW, NOT PATTERNED FABRIC AT THE BOTTOM OF THE BAG. BOTH SIDES OF THE BAG HAVE THE SAME ARRANGEMENT OF PATTERNED STRIPS. THERE IS ONE SEAM CONNECTING THE FRONT AND THE BACK OF THE BAG ON BOTH SIDES. THE INSIDE IS UNLINED. GOOD TO VERY GOOD CONDITION. THERE IS SOME STITCHING COMING LOOSE AT VARIOUS POINTS OF THE PATTERNING.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
THE KONKINS WERE A RUSSIAN-SPEAKING FAMILY FROM THE TOWN OF SHOULDICE, ALBERTA, NEAR CALGARY. THEY AND MANY OTHER RUSSIAN FAMILIES COMPOSED THAT TOWN’S DOUKHOBOR COLONY. IT WAS THERE WILLIAM KONKIN MARRIED ELIZABETH WISHLOW. IN 1928 THEIR DAUGHTER, ELSIE WAS BORN. THEY LATER MOVED TO A FARM IN VAUXHALL, ALBERTA. THE PRECEDING AND FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM A TWO-PART INTERVIEW WITH DONOR ELSIE MORRIS, WHICH WAS CONDUCTED BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON FEBRUARY 17, 2016. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION COMES FROM FAMILY HISTORIES AND TEXTS PROVIDED BY THE DONOR. A FULL HISTORY OF THE KONKIN FAMILY CAN BE FOUND WITH THE RECORD P20160003001. A STATEMENT WRITTEN BY MORRIS ATTACHED TO THE BAG STATES THAT THE MATERIAL OF THE BAG ORIGINATES FROM THE 1870S. THE STATEMENT READS: “THIS BAG WAS HAND WOVEN IN STRIPS [THAT WERE USED] TO SEW ON THE BOTTOM OF PETTICOATS. THE GIRLS AT THAT TIME HAD TO HAVE A TROUSEUA [SIC] TO LAST A LIFETIME BECAUSE AFTER MARRIAGE THERE WOULD BE NO TIME TO MAKE CLOTHES SO WHAT THEY MADE WAS STURDY. THEY STARTED ON THEIR TROUSEUS [SIC] AS SOON AS THEY COULD HOLD A NEEDLE. WHEN IT WAS HAYING TIME THE GIRLS WENT OUT INTO THE FIELD TO RAKE THE HAY. THEY WORE PETTICOATS OF LINEN TO WHICH THESE BANDS WERE SEWN. THE LONG SKIRTS WERE PICKED UP AT THE SIDES AND TUCKED INTO THE WAISTBANDS SO THAT THE BOTTOMS OF THE PETTICOATS WERE ON DISPLAY.” “THESE BANDS WERE ORIGINALLY MY GREAT GRANDMOTHER’S WHO CAME OUT OF RUSSIA WITH THE DOUKHOBOR SETTLEMENT IN 1899. THEY WERE PASSED ON TO MY MOTHER, ELIZABETH KONKIN, WHO MADE THEM INTO A BAG IN THE 1940S” THE STRIPS THAT MAKE UP THE BAG SERVED A UTILITARIAN PURPOSE WHEN SEWN TO THE BOTTOM OF THE PETTICOATS. IN THE INTERVIEW, MORRIS EXPLAINS: “… THESE STRIPS ARE VERY STRONG. THEY’RE LIKE CANVAS. THEY WERE SEWN ONTO THE BOTTOM OF THE LADY’S PETTICOATS AND THEY WORE A SKIRT ON TOP OF THE PETTICOATS. THESE STRIPS LASTED A LIFETIME, IN FACT MORE THAN ONE LIFETIME BECAUSE I’VE GOT THEM NOW. THEY WOULD TUCK THE SKIRTS INTO THEIR WAISTBAND ON THE SIDE SO THEIR PETTICOATS SHOWED AND THEY WERE TRYING TO PRESERVE THEIR SKIRTS NOT TO GET CAUGHT IN THE GRAIN. THE GIRLS LIKED TO WEAR THEM TO SHOW OFF BECAUSE THE BOYS WERE THERE AND THEY ALWAYS WORE THEIR VERY BEST SUNDAY CLOTHES WHEN THEY WENT CUTTING WHEAT OR GRAIN." “[THE FABRIC] CAME FROM RUSSIA. WITH THE AREA WHERE THEY CAME FROM IS NOW GEORGIA AND THEY LIVED ABOUT SEVEN MILES NORTH OF THE TURKISH BORDER, THE PRESENT DAY TURKISH BORDER… [THE DOUKHOBORS] CAME TO CANADA IN 1897 AND 1899.” MORRIS EXPLAINS THAT SURPLUS FABRIC WOULD HAVE BEEN BROUGHT TO CANADA FROM RUSSIA BY HER MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER FOR FUTURE USE AND TO AID THE GIRLS IN MAKING THEIR TROUSSEAUS: “THE TROUSSEAU THE GIRLS MADE HAD TO LAST THEM A LIFETIME BECAUSE THEY WOULDN’T HAVE TIME BUT RAISING CHILDREN TO SEWING THINGS. SEWING MACHINES WERE UNKNOWN THEN.” THE BANDS OF FABRIC THAT MAKE UP THE BAG WOULD HAVE BEEN REMAINS NEVER USED FROM ELIZABETH KONKIN’S TROUSSEAU. SHE HAND WOVE THE BAG WHILE SHE WAS LIVING IN SHOULDICE. THE BAG WAS USED BY MORRIS’ MOTHER TO STORE HER KNITTING SUPPLIES. WHEN MORRIS ACQUIRED THE BAG IN THE 1990S, IT MAINTAINED A SIMILAR PURPOSE: “WELL I USED TO CARRY MY STUFF FOR THE WEAVER’S GUILD BUT NOW I DON’T USE IT FOR ANYTHING. IT’S VERY HANDY YOU KNOW IT DOESN’T WEAR OUT.” THERE WAS ONLY ONE BAG MADE OUT OF THESE REMNANTS BY MORRIS’ MOTHER. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, OBITUARIES, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND FAMILY HISTORIES.
Catalogue Number
P20160003005
Acquisition Date
2016-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1888
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19920020009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1888
Date Range To
1900
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
40.2
Width
28.0
Description
HEAVY LINEN BAG, 2 TIE STRAPS. PROBABLY HANDMADE. 20.4 CM SLIT ON FACE REINFORCED. SOME STAINS. WORN & PATCHED ON REAR FACE NEAR SLIT BOTTOM. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
EXCHANGE MEDIUM
Historical Association
BUSINESS
CURRENCY/MAUNDY
History
BEGINNING ABOUT 1888, JOB REED BEGAN A MARKET GARDEN BUSINESS IN LETHBRIDGE. HANDMADE BAG IS BELIEVED TO DATE TO ABOUT THAT TIME. SEE P19920020001-GA FOR FURTHER DONOR & REED FAMILY HISTORY. FOR EXTENSIVE INFORMATION ON REED FAMILY EXHIBITION SEE HARDCOPY FILE P19920001001. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH THE REED FAMILY. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF JOB REED WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM AN ARTICLE ON THE REED FAMILY AND FARM FROM THE DECEMBER 30, 1985 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, REED'S DEATH ANNOUNCEMENT FROM 1906, AND THE GALT ARCHIVES. JOB REED WAS BORN IN SOMERSETSHIRE, ENGLAND ON NOVEMBER 12, 1841. WHEN HE WAS 14, HIS FATHER DIED, LEAVING JOB THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PROVIDING FOR HIMSELF AND HIS WIDOWED MOTHER. HE WORKED FOR THE BRITISH POSTAL SERVICE AND COMPLETED HIS TEACHING CERTIFICATION. HE MARRIED MARY ELIZABETH HOBBS IN 1869, AND IMMIGRATED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1873, MOVING FROM NEW ORLEANS TO TEXAS AND THEN PENNSYLVANIA, WHERE REED OBTAINED A DEGREE IN MEDICINE. THE COUPLE RETURNED TO ENGLAND, BUT REED'S MEDICAL TRAINING WAS NOT RECOGNIZED THERE, AND IN 1882 THEY CROSSED THE ATLANTIC AGAIN, MOVING WEST ACROSS CANADA IN STAGES, FINALLY ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1886. THE FAMILY HAD SEVEN CHILDREN: RICHARD, HENRY, ELIZABETH (WHO MARRIED GEORGE HERBERT WATSON), JOB JUNIOR (KNOWN AS BUDD), GEORGE, ANNIE, AND ELLA. REED PURCHASED TWO LOTS ON WHAT IS NOW 6TH AVENUE SOUTH. THE FAMILY OWNED AND OPERATED A MARKET GARDEN ON THE PROPERY, AND BUILT A STONE DUPLEX THAT STILL STANDS ON THE 1200 BLOCK OF 6TH AVENUE. REED WORKED AS A COAL MINER TO EARN MORE MONEY TOWARDS INVESTING IN FURTHER LAND, AND RAISED PIGS WITH SCRAP FOOD FROM THE NEARBY RCMP BARRACKS. IN 1901, REED PURCHASED 2.5 SECTIONS OF LAND NEAR PRESENT-DAY GRANUM WITH HIS FOUR SONS AND ONE SON-IN-LAW; HIS SON BILLY LATER TOOK OVER THIS RANCH. REED WAS A JUSTICE OF THE PEACE IN LETHBRIDGE AND A MEMBER OF THE SCHOOL BOARD. IN EARLY 1906, HE PURCHASED EDGEHILL FARM, NEAR SIX MILE COULEE, BUT HE DIED LATER THAT YEAR ON APRIL 25. MARY REED LIVED AT THE FARM FOR YEARS AFTERWARD, AND DIED IN KELOWNA, B.C. IN 1932 AT HOME OF ONE OF HER SONS. BOTH JOB AND MARY REED ARE BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19980031006 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, AND PERMANENT FILE P19920001001 FOR RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY AIMEE VIEL FOR A GALT MUSUEM EXHIBIT ON THE REED FAMILY..
Catalogue Number
P19920020009
Acquisition Date
1992-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1888
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19920020015
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1888
Date Range To
1900
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
48.0
Width
27.5
Description
HEAVY LINEN BAG, 2 TIE STRAPS. PROBABLY HANDMADE. 14.7 CM SLIT ON FACE REINFORCED. SOME STAINS. CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
EXCHANGE MEDIUM
Historical Association
BUSINESS
CURRENCY/MAUNDY
History
HANDMADE BAG IS BELIEVED TO DATE TO ABOUT 1888 WHEN JOB REED BEGAN A MARKET GARDENING BUSINESS IN LETHBRIDGE. SEE P19920020001-GA FOR FURTHER REED FAMILY HISTORY & DONOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH THE REED FAMILY. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF JOB REED WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM AN ARTICLE ON THE REED FAMILY AND FARM FROM THE DECEMBER 30, 1985 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, REED'S DEATH ANNOUNCEMENT FROM 1906, AND THE GALT ARCHIVES. JOB REED WAS BORN IN SOMERSETSHIRE, ENGLAND ON NOVEMBER 12, 1841. WHEN HE WAS 14, HIS FATHER DIED, LEAVING JOB THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PROVIDING FOR HIMSELF AND HIS WIDOWED MOTHER. HE WORKED FOR THE BRITISH POSTAL SERVICE AND COMPLETED HIS TEACHING CERTIFICATION. HE MARRIED MARY ELIZABETH HOBBS IN 1869, AND IMMIGRATED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1873, MOVING FROM NEW ORLEANS TO TEXAS AND THEN PENNSYLVANIA, WHERE REED OBTAINED A DEGREE IN MEDICINE. THE COUPLE RETURNED TO ENGLAND, BUT REED'S MEDICAL TRAINING WAS NOT RECOGNIZED THERE, AND IN 1882 THEY CROSSED THE ATLANTIC AGAIN, MOVING WEST ACROSS CANADA IN STAGES, FINALLY ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1886. THE FAMILY HAD SEVEN CHILDREN: RICHARD, HENRY, ELIZABETH (WHO MARRIED GEORGE HERBERT WATSON), JOB JUNIOR (KNOWN AS BUDD), GEORGE, ANNIE, AND ELLA. REED PURCHASED TWO LOTS ON WHAT IS NOW 6TH AVENUE SOUTH. THE FAMILY OWNED AND OPERATED A MARKET GARDEN ON THE PROPERY, AND BUILT A STONE DUPLEX THAT STILL STANDS ON THE 1200 BLOCK OF 6TH AVENUE. REED WORKED AS A COAL MINER TO EARN MORE MONEY TOWARDS INVESTING IN FURTHER LAND, AND RAISED PIGS WITH SCRAP FOOD FROM THE NEARBY RCMP BARRACKS. IN 1901, REED PURCHASED 2.5 SECTIONS OF LAND NEAR PRESENT-DAY GRANUM WITH HIS FOUR SONS AND ONE SON-IN-LAW; HIS SON BILLY LATER TOOK OVER THIS RANCH. REED WAS A JUSTICE OF THE PEACE IN LETHBRIDGE AND A MEMBER OF THE SCHOOL BOARD. IN EARLY 1906, HE PURCHASED EDGEHILL FARM, NEAR SIX MILE COULEE, BUT HE DIED LATER THAT YEAR ON APRIL 25. MARY REED LIVED AT THE FARM FOR YEARS AFTERWARD, AND DIED IN KELOWNA, B.C. IN 1932 AT HOME OF ONE OF HER SONS. BOTH JOB AND MARY REED ARE BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19980031006 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, AND PERMANENT FILE P19920001001 FOR RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY AIMEE VIEL FOR A GALT MUSUEM EXHIBIT ON THE REED FAMILY..
Catalogue Number
P19920020015
Acquisition Date
1992-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1850
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, BEADS, QUILL
Catalogue Number
P19738050000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1850
Materials
BUCKSKIN, BEADS, QUILL
No. Pieces
1
Length
90.2
Width
19.1
Description
PINK, PURPLE, WHITE DYED PORCUPINE QUILL WORK (QUILLS FLATTENED & WRAPPED AROUND BUCKSKIN FRINGE. GLASS BEADS: RED, YELLOW, BLUE, GREEN, BROWN & WHITE ALL GEOMETRIC DESIGNS. SOME BEADS & QUILLWORK IS MISSING. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIGENOUS CULTURE. USED TO STORE PIPES. 22 OCTOBER 2021 UPDATE: THE LABEL TEXT QUOTED BELOW WAS DEVELOPED WITH KAINAI ELDERS FOR A SUB-THEME WITHIN THE EXHIBIT ‘MADE IN’, TITLED ‘NIITSITAPISSKSAHKOYI’ AND INSTALLED WITHIN THE GALT IN 2021. ELDERS WHO PROVIDED MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT WITH DIRECTION ON SUBTHEME’S CONTENT INCLUDED: AAGOHH GISS STSISTIIGIIAAKII (MANY OFFERINGS WOMAN, GRETA MANY BEARS), GUUYII STAA BAAMUUGHKAA (WALKING ON TOP, RAYMOND MANY BEARS), NIINAA PIIKSII (CHIEF BIRD, MIKE BRUISED HEAD), MO’TOKAANII’PO (WALKING WITH A SCALP, HARRISON RED CROW) AND MIINIIPOKA (SACRED BERRY CHILD, PETER WEASEL MOCCASIN). THE GALT APPRECIATED THE GENEROSITY OF THE ELDERS WHO SHARED THEIR KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS EXHIBIT PROJECT. “SOYAAHKOINNIMAAN (PIPE BAG): THIS PIPE BAG IS DECORATED USING BOTH BEADS AND PORCUPINE QUILLS. ‘WHEN MY DAD WAS STILL ALIVE, HE MADE TWO FORKED STICKS AND HE HAD A BLANKET. AND IF WE EVER SAW A PORCUPINE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE ROAD, WE STOPPED. AND THEN MY BROTHER OR MY NEPHEW WOULD PUT ONE STICK ON THE PORCUPINE’S HEAD AND ONE ON THE BACK. MY DAD WOULD THROW THE BLANKET OVER THE PORCUPINE AND THEN ALL THE QUILLS WOULD GO INTO THE BLANKET. THE HAIR WAS ALSO USED TO MAKE ROACHES. THE ANIMAL WAS SET FREE AGAIN AFTER THAT.’ – AAGOHH GISS STSISTIIGIIAAKII ‘THE MOUNTAIN DESIGN, THE DIAMOND DESIGN, THESE ARE TYPICAL BLACKFOOT ORIGIN, BUT THIS PIECE MAY HAVE BEEN A GIFT FROM DIFFERENT TRIBES. QUILLWORK WAS USED AMONG ALL TRIBES; ALL TRIBES DID USE THIS TECHNIQUE, BUT THE PATTERN LOOKS MORE CHEYENNE. THIS WAS PIECED FROM SOMETHING ELSE; YOU CAN TELL THERE WAS A POCKET. EVERYTHING WAS PRETTY MUCH ALWAYS RECYCLED.’ – MO’TOKAANII’PO”
Catalogue Number
P19738050000
Acquisition Date
1973-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1200
Date Range To
1750
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STONE
Catalogue Number
P19890042002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1200
Date Range To
1750
Materials
STONE
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
10.8
Description
GROUND STONE BALL, GRANITIC LITHIC. EVIDENCE OF USE ON ONE SURFACE.
Subjects
FOOD PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
NORTHWESTERN PLAINS, LATE PREHISTORIC PERIOD? DONOR FOUND ON FARM IN SOUTHERN SASKATCHEWAN. PROBABLE USE, PULVERIZING BONE OR SINEW. DONOR RETIRED & RESIDING IN LETHBRIDGE. REMAINDER OF DONATION IN EDUCATION COLLECTION.
Catalogue Number
P19890042002
Acquisition Date
1989-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN
Catalogue Number
P19890039004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Materials
LINEN
No. Pieces
1
Length
233
Width
192
Description
BEDSPREAD, MACHINE WOVEN LINEN. FLOWERY EMBROIDERY ON BORDER WITH LARGER FLORAL AND PLANT DESIGNS IN THE CENTRE. LARGE STAINS ON ONE SIDE, FOLDED CREASES. GENERALLY DIRTY AND YELLOWING.
Subjects
BEDDING
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
BELONGED TO DONOR'S GRANDMOTHER & GIVEN TO DONOR'S MOTHER (CYNTHIA DUNN) UPON HER MARRIAGE. MOTHER EMMIGRATED TO CANADA & SETTLED IN TURIN DISTRICT AT TURN OF THE CENTURY. IT IS BELIEVED DONOR'S MOTHER NEVER USED BEDSPREAD. *UPDATE* IN 2017, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE BOXED TEXTILE COLLECTION AND ARTIFACTS IN RELATED LOCATIONS, WHICH INCLUDED THIS WATCH BOX. A LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY THAT WAS PREVIOUSLY ADDED TO THE PERMANENT FILE STATES THE DONOR, ELLEN OSEEN, PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON JANUARY 29, 2010. SHE WAS BORN IN SUNDIAL, ALBERTA ON MARCH 18, 1914 AND WAS THE FIRST DAUGHTER OF BENJAMIN GEORGE AND CYNTHIA JANE DUNN (CUSTARD). ELLEN WAS ONE OF THEIR 13 CHILDREN. ELLEN WAS MARRIED TO ALFRED OLSEN AND TOGETHER THEY HAD FIVE SONS. *UPDATE* IN 2021 TWO COLLECTIONS ASSISTANTS, RYLEY GELINAS AND O. E., CONDUCTED AN AUDIT OF THE ROLLED TEXTILE COLLECTION, INCLUDING THIS ARTIFACT. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO THE DONOR WAS UNSUCCESSFUL AND NO FURTHER INFORMATION WAS MADE AVAILABLE AS A RESULT OF THE AUDIT WORK. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P19890039004
Acquisition Date
1989-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20170002000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
103.2
Width
5
Description
BEADED BELT WITH A GEOMETRIC PATTERN SET AGAINST A GREEN BEADED BACKGROUND. PATTERN ALTERNATES BETWEEN TWO MIRRORED BLACK, YELLOW, BLUE TRIANGLES WITH THEIR BASES AT EITHER WIDTH END OF THE BELT MEETING IN THE CENTER AT THEIR POINTS AND LARGE RED AND BLUE WITH A GREEN CENTERED TRIANGLES WITH THEIR BASE AT ONE WIDTH END AND THEIR POINTS EXTENDED TO THE OPPOSING END. BEADS ARE SEWN INTO A COTTON, CANVAS FABRIC. TWO ANIMAL HIDE TIES (EACH A DIFFERENT LENGTH FROM 6.2 TO 11.8) ON EACH END AT EACH CORNER OF BELT. BACK SIDE IS RAW FABRIC WITH SEAM AT CENTER CONNECTING THE TWO HALVES. ENDS ARE HEMMED WITH TIES SEWN TO THE OUTSIDE. CONDITION: SEVERE DISCOLOURATION TO FABRIC BACKING AND SEVERE WEAR TO ANIMAL HIDE TIES. MANY LOSS THREADS OVER ENTIRE SURFACE OF BACK. BEADS AND BEADING IN EXCELLENT CONDITION OVERALL.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
UPON THE DONATION OF THIS BELT TO THE GALT MUSEUM, THE DONOR – PATRICIA LYNCH-STAUNTON – EXPLAINED THAT THIS BELT BELONGED TO ALFRED HARDWICH LYNCH-STAUNTON, WHO SERVED IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN FORT MACLEOD. HE RANCHED IN THE LUNDBRECK AREA AND SUPPLIED HORSES TO THE MOUNTIES. THE DONOR SAID THAT SHE HAD “NO KNOWLEDGE OF HOW [ALFRED HARDWICK] CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE BELT. A NOTE ON THE INITIAL DOCUMENTATION ATTRIBUTES THE DATE OF THIS BELT TO CA. 1880-1890. THE ACTING CURATOR OF THE NATIVE NORTH AMERICAN DEPARTMENT OF THE GLENBOW, JOANNE SCHMIDT, AGREED WITH THE DONOR’S BELIEF THAT THE BELT WAS BLACKFOOT. THROUGH THE COMPARISON OF THE BEADED MOCCASINS AND BELTS IN THE GLENBOW’S COLLECTION WITH THIS BELT, SCHMIDT EXPLAINED THAT THE DESIGN ON THE BELT WAS MOSTLY FOUND ON THOSE FROM SIKSIKA, BUT SHE HAS ALSO SEEN THE DESIGN IN PIIKANI AND KAINAI BEADWORK THOUGH THERE ARE NOT MANY EXAMPLES IN THE COLLECTION. ALSO BY USING THE GLENBOW’S COLLECTION AS A POINT OF REFERENCE, THE CURATOR BELIEVES THAT THE BELT IS SIMILAR IN APPEARANCE TO THOSE OF THE 19TH CENTURY TO EARLY 20TH-CENTURY MUSEUM HOLDINGS. SCHMIDT ALSO PROVIDED AN EXPLANATION OF THE DESIGN FROM THE CANADIAN MUSEUM OF HISTORY. IT STATES, “ONE OF THE EARLIEST DESIGNS USED WAS ‘MIISTA-TSIKA-TUKSIIN,’ OR MOUNTAIN DESIGN. OTHER DESIGNS INCLUDED SQUARES, DIAMONDS, BARS, SLOTTED BARS AND STRIPES… TODAY SUCH DESIGNS ARE CALLED ‘MAAH-TOOHM-MOOWA-KA-NA-SKSIN,’ OR FIRST DESIGNS.” IT WAS FURTHER EXPLAINED THAT A COMPLICATING FACTOR IN IDENTIFYING THE BELT’S ORIGINS IS THE FACT THAT THE BLACKFOOT TENDED TO USE WHITE OR BLUE AS THE BACKGROUND COLOUR, NOT GREEN AS IS PRESENTED IN THE LYNCH-STAUNTON DONATION. ON 19 JANUARY 2017, MUSEUM STAFF FURTHER CONSULTED WITH RYAN HEAVY HEAD, FORMER DIRECTOR OF KAINAI STUDIES AT RED CROW COMMUNITY COLLEGE, REGARDING THE BELT’S DESIGN. HE EXPLAINED, “THE GREEN BACKGROUND IS ATYPICAL OF BLACKFOOT BEADWORK, WHICH IS NORMALLY BLUE. THE ‘MOUNTAIN DESIGN’ [DISPLAYED ON THE BELT] IS A COMMON MOTIF IN BLACKFOOT BEADWORK, BUT AGAIN THE COLOURS ARE NOT TYPICAL IN THIS EXAMPLE.” RYAN SPECULATED THAT DURING THE TIME OF DISEASE (WHEN THIS BELT APPEARS TO HAVE ORIGINATED) THERE WAS SOME DISRUPTION IN TRADITIONAL LIFE AND THAT COULD BE REFLECTED IN THE COLOUR CHOICES. ALTERNATIVELY, THE BELT MAY HAVE BEEN MADE BY THE GROS VENTRES FROM NORTHEAST MONTANA. THE DONOR, PATRICIA LYNCH-STAUNTON, IS THE GREAT-GRANDDAUGHTER OF ALFRED HARDWICK LYNCH-STAUNTON. THIS BELT WAS PASSED DOWN THROUGH THE FAMILY, FIRST FROM A. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON, THEN TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, F. C. LYNCH-STAUNTON, THEN TO HER FATHER, A. G. LYNCH-STAUNTON, FINALLY TO THE DONOR WHO BROUGHT IT TO THE MUSEUM. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM THE “A. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON FAMILY HISTORY” WRITTEN FOR THE MUSEUM USING ONLINE SOURCES, THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES, AND THE BOOK TITLED “HISTORY OF THE EARLY DAYS OF PINCHER CREEK AND SOUTHERN MOUNTAINS OF ALBERTA.” “ALFRED HARDWICK LYNCH-STAUNTON (1860-1932) WAS BORN IN HAMILTON, ON AND CAME TO FORT MACLEOD IN 1877 TO JOIN THE NWMP. ACCORDING TO THE PINCHER CREEK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, HE WAS SENT TO ESTABLISH A HORSE BREEDING FARM AT PINCHER CREEK IN 1878. AFTER RETIRING FROM THE NWMP IN 1880, LYNCH-STAUNTON STATED THE FIRST CATTLE RANCH IN THE PINCHER CREEK AREA WITH JAMES BRUNEAU AND ISSAC MAY, AND LATER HOMESTEADED WEST OF TOWN. ALONG WITH HIS RANCH, LYNCH-STAUNTON MARRIED SARAH MARY BLAKE (1864-1933) IN 1890 AND THEY HAVE FIVE CHILDREN: VICTORIA, FRANDA, FRANCIS, JOHN, AND D’ARCY… A.H.’S BROTHER RICHARD LYNCH-STAUNTON (1867-1961) CAME AS FAR WEST AS MEDICINE HAT IN 1883 WITH HIS FATHER, F. H. LYNCH-STAUNTON, WHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THE SURVEY PARTY. RICHARD CAME WEST AGAIN, TO PINCHER CREEK, IN 1885 OR 1886. IN ABOUT 1900, HE ACQUIRED LAND NORTH OF LUNDBRECK, ON TODD CREEEK, WHICH BECAME THE ANTELOPE BUTTE RANCH. RICHARD AND A. H. WERE IN PARTNERSHIP FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS IN CATTLE-RANCHING AND, ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, WITH THE BUTCHER SHOP. IN 1901, RICHARD MARRIED ISABELLE MARY WILSON (1868-1971), AND THEIR SON FRANK LYNCH-STAUNTON (1905-1990), ALBERTA’S 11TH LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR FROM 1979 TO 1985. LYNCH-STAUNTON DESCENDANTS CONTINUE TO RANCH IN THE LUNDBRECK/PINCHER CREEK AREA.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING CORRESPONDENCE WITH DONOR AND PEOPLE CITED IN ABOVE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P20170002000
Acquisition Date
2016-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BABY BLANKET
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P20000016010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BABY BLANKET
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.1
Length
136.0
Width
109.0
Description
IVORY WOOL, KNIT, BLANKET. CENTER OF BLANKET IS KNIT IN A ZIGZAG PATTERN. CENTER IS SURROUNDED BY A 19CM BORDER, CONSISTING OF 5 ROWS OF VARIED WIDTHS OF LOOSE STITCH. BLANKET HAS BEEN STRETCHED, THERE ARE VARIOUS HOLES THROUGHOUT, AND SOME PULLED THREADS.
Subjects
BEDDING
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
BLANKET BELONGED TO DONOR'S GRANDMOTHER, MATILDA SHERWOOD (NEE HUNTER). IN 1906 THE HUNTER FAMILY MOVED FROM LITTLE CURRENT, MANITOULIN ISLAND AND HOMESTEADED NEAR BARONS. IN 1910 MATILDA MARRIED WILL SHERWOOD, A NEARBY HOMESTEADER. MATILDA AND WILL WERE VERY ACTIVE IN CHURCH ACTIVITIES. MATILDA WAS A MEMBER OF THE W.I. (WOMEN'S INSTITUTE?), LATER THE GARDEN PRAIRIE WOMEN'S CLUB, AND A MEMBER OF THE ORDER OF EASTERN STAR (CLARESHOLM). MATILDA AND WILL RETIRED TO BARONS IN 1945. SEE "WHEAT HEART OF THE LAND" BOOK FOR MORE INFORMATION. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A DIAPER BAG DONATED BY TOM SHERWOOD. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES AND THE BOOK WHEAT HEART OF THE WEST: A HISTORY OF BARONS & DISTRICT. TOM SHERWOOD IS THE SON OF RALPH HUNTER SHERWOOD AND NORAH KATHLEEN SHERWOOD (NEE DOWNIE). RALPH HUNTER SHERWOOD WAS BORN ON JANUARY 10, 1918 ON THE FAMILY FARM IN BARONS, AB, THE SON OF WILL SHERWOOD AND TILLIE SHERWOOD (nee HUNTER). RALPH WAS BORN IN THE SAME HOUSE HE WOULD LATER LIVE IN WITH HIS WIFE NORAH, WHOM HE MARRIED ON OCTOBER 19, 1945. RALPH PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 74 ON OCTOBER 25, 1992. NORAH KATHLEEN SHERWOOD (NEE DOWNIE) WAS THE YOUNGEST DAUGHTER OF JAMES DOWNIE AND MARY ELLEN DOWNIE (NEE BOUSTEAD). NORAH PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 81 ON DECEMBER 24, 1999. JAMES DOWNIE WAS BORN IN SCOTLAND IN 1891 AND MOVED TO THE CLARESHOLM, AB DISTRICT IN 1913, TO COLEMAN IN 1917, TO GRANUM IN 1921, AND FINALLY IN 1949 TO BLACKIE WHERE HE LIVED UNTIL HE PASSED AWAY. ACCORDING TO HIS OBITUARY, JAMES WAS A CHARTER MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA WHEAT POOL. HE MARRIED MARY ELLEN BOUSTEAD ON NOVEMBER 10, 1917. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 74 ON AUGUST 10, 1966. MARY ELLEN DOWNIE (NEE BOUSTEAD) WAS BORN IN MANCHESTER, ENGLAND AND MOVED TO ONTARIO BEFORE WWI, AND THEN MOVED TO COWLEY, AB IN 1917, WHERE SHE WAS MARRIED TO JAMES DOWNIE ON NOVEMBER 10, 1917. THEN IN 1918 SHE MOVED TO COLEMAN, TO GRANUM IN 1921, TO BLACKIE IN 1949, AND FINALLY TO CLARESHOLM IN 1967. SHE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON OCTOBER 5, 1973. WILL SHERWOOD (WILLIAM JOHN SHERWOOD) WAS BORN IN 1880, THE ELDEST SON OF MR. AND MRS. THOMAS SHERWOOD AND MOVED TO THE BARONS DISTRICT IN APRIL 1904 FROM LATIMER, ON. WILL TOOK UP A HOMESTEAD 18.5 MILES FROM LEAVINGS (GRANUM), AB. HE MARRIED SARAH KATHLEEN MATILDA “TILLIE” HUNTER ON DECEMBER 7, 1910. WILL AND TILLIE RETIRED TO BARONS IN 1945. IN 1949, WILL WAS SUPERVISING THE CONSTRUCTION OF A CHURCH BASEMENT AND SUFFERED A FALL WHICH RESULTED IN HIS DEATH. HE PASSED AWAY IN AUGUST 1949. SARAH KATHLEEN MATILDA “TILLIE” SHERWOOD (NEE HUNTER) WAS BORN, RAISED, AND EDUCATED ON MANITOULIN ISLAND, ON AND MOVED TO BARONS IN 1906 WITH HER FAMILY. SHE WAS MARRIED TO WILL SHERWOOD IN DECEMBER 1910. SHE WAS REMARRIED AFTER WILL’S DEATH, TO LINUS ATKINSON IN SEPTEMBER 1972. TILLIE WAS HONOURED BY THE BARONS MEMORIAL UNITED CHURCH WOMEN’S ASSOCIATION WITH A LIFE MEMBERSHIP CERTIFICATE AND PIN IN 1960 FOR 50 YEARS MEMBERSHIP WITH THE GROUP. TILLIE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 90 ON JANUARY 16, 1982. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND THE BOOK WHEAT HEART OF THE WEST: A HISTORY OF BARONS & DISTRICT.
Catalogue Number
P20000016010
Acquisition Date
2000-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

168 records – page 1 of 17.