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163 records – page 1 of 17.

Other Name
ENGLISH TYPE GUN FLINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHALCEDONY
Catalogue Number
P19738044000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ENGLISH TYPE GUN FLINT
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1870
Materials
CHALCEDONY
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
3.3
Width
3.0
Description
LARGE SPALL OFF STRIKING EDGE. BUFF COLOURED.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ARCHAEOLOGY
Catalogue Number
P19738044000
Acquisition Date
1973-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

CARTRIDGE, CENTER-FIRE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact1440
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, PAPER, LEAD
Catalogue Number
P19640173000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
BRASS, PAPER, LEAD
No. Pieces
1
Length
6.3
Diameter
1.9
Description
UNFIRED, PAPER & TAPERED BRASS CASE, LEAD BULLET. BASE UNMARKED. .577 CALIBRE
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BRITAIN. FOR USE WITH A .577 CALIBRE SNYDER ENFIELD CARBINE, POSSIBLE ASSOCIATION WITH NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE & A POST 1873 DATE. ISSUED TO MEMBERS OF THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE FROM 1873 TO 1878. USED WITH A .577 CALIBRE SNIDER ENFIELD CARBINE, ISSUED TO MEMBERS OF THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE FROM 1873 TO 1878. THE SINGLE-SHOT SNIDER ENFIELD WAS REPLACED IN 1878 WITH THE MODEL 1876 WINCHESTER CARBINE.
Catalogue Number
P19640173000
Acquisition Date
1964-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

CARTRIDGE, CENTER-FIRE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact1441
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, LEAD
Catalogue Number
P19640174000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
BRASS, LEAD
No. Pieces
1
Length
6.4
Diameter
1.9
Description
UNFIRED. CALIBRE .577 SNYDER ENFIELD BRASS CASE, REPLACES ORIGINAL PAPER CARTRIDGE. TAPERED CASE. "D.C. CO. 57 SNIDER" ON BASE.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CANADA. FOR USE IN .577 CAL. SNYDER ENFIELD CARBINE. POSSIBLY ASSOCIATED WTH EARLY NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE, IN WHICH CASE DATED FROM EARLY 1870'S.
Catalogue Number
P19640174000
Acquisition Date
1964-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1867
Date Range To
1877
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CRYSTAL
Catalogue Number
P19651690000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1867
Date Range To
1877
Materials
CRYSTAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.2
Diameter
5.7
Description
EMBOSSED GRAPE & VINE DESIGN. STARBURST
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
DONOR CLAIMS DATES TO 1867. IN 2017, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A HATPIN, BROOCH, AND BUTTON DONATED BY ALVA MARION BUSSARD. HER HUSBAND, LAWRENCE HAYWORTH BUSSARD, WAS ALSO A DONOR TO THE MUSEUM. COLLECTIVELY, THE COUPLE DONATED 31 ARTIFACTS BETWEEN THE YEARS 1964 TO 1973. ALVA M. BUSSARD (NEE MCMOW)’S OBITUARY STATES SHE WAS BORN IN NIAGARA FALLS, NEW YORK ON OCTOBER 28, 1908. SHE MOVED WEST WITH HER FAMILY IN 1910 AND GREW UP IN THE OLDS-DIDSBURY AREA. SHE MARRIED LAWRENCE H. BUSSARD (B. 1906) ON SEPTEMBER 12, 1937. THEY LIVED IN VERMILLION UNTIL 1948, THEN MOVED TO DRUMHELLER. THEY RELOCATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1950 WHEN LAWRENCE TOOK THE JOB OF PUBLIC SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT. THE COUPLE HAD A SON, DENNIS JAMES (JIM) BUSSARD. LAWRENCE PASSED AWAY ON NOVEMBER 5, 1967 AT THE AGE OF 59 YEARS. L. H. BUSSARD’S OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD SPELLS HIS NAME “LAURENCE” AND STATES THAT HE MARRIED ALVA (SPELLED “ELVA”) ON DECEMBER 12, 1936. ACCORDING TO ALVA’S OBITUARY SHE MOVED TO SIDNEY, B. C. IN 1969. SHE THEN BACK TO RED DEER IN 1978 WHERE SHE PASSED AWAY ON MAY 2, 1998. ON NOVEMBER 28, 2017, PUNDYK SPOKE OVER THE PHONE WITH ALVA AND LAWRENCE’S SON, DENNIS BUSSARD OF RED DEER, ALBERTA, ABOUT THE 31 ARTIFACTS DONATED BY HIS PARENTS. HE DID NOT RECOGNIZE THE ARTIFACTS, BUT PROVIDED INFORMATION ABOUT HIS MOTHER. DENNIS STATED HE LEFT HIS PARENTS’ HOME IN 1956. HE ADDED TO THE INFORMATION FROM ALVA’S OBITUARY THAT SHE AND HER FAMILY MOVED TO SASKATCHEWAN BRIEFLY BEFORE MOVING TO ALBERTA FROM NEW YORK. HE EXPLAINED HIS MOTHER BECAME INVOLVED WITH HER FAMILY’S GENEALOGY AND FOUND HER BIRTH CERTIFICATE WHICH SPELLED HER NAME “ALVA” AND SHE ADOPTED THAT SPELLING. PRIOR TO THAT DISCOVERY, HIS MOTHER SPELLED HER NAME “ELVA,” WHICH IS THE REASON RECORDS EXIST WITH THAT SPELLING. THE GALT HOLDS A PAINTING DONATED BY L. H. BUSSARD THAT IS SIGNED “E. M. BUSSARD,” WHICH WAS DENNIS’S MOTHER. HE SAID THAT SHE BEGAN PAINTING FREQUENTLY AFTER HE LEFT HOME IN 1956. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19651668000 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING LETHBRIDGE HERALD CLIPPINGS.
Catalogue Number
P19651690000
Acquisition Date
1965-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUFFALO HORN, RAWHIDE, BUCKSKIN
Catalogue Number
P19641148000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1750
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BUFFALO HORN, RAWHIDE, BUCKSKIN
No. Pieces
1
Length
38.0
Diameter
8.9
Description
BUFFALO HORN CONTAINER WITH A RAWHIDE CAP AND BUCKSKIN THONG. CAP SEWN WITH SINEW. HOLES APPEAR MACHINE DRILLED. BASE OF HORN SHOWS CUT MARKS.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIGENOUS CULTURE *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641148000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BONE & STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19641173000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BONE & STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
12.5
Length
30.0
Width
3.8
Description
ORIGINAL BLADE AND HANDLE. BINDING POSSIBLY RECENT. SCRAPING TOOL
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIGENOUS CULTURE. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000. 22 OCTOBER 2021 UPDATE: THE LABEL TEXT QUOTED BELOW WAS DEVELOPED WITH KAINAI ELDERS FOR A SUB-THEME WITHIN THE EXHIBIT ‘MADE IN’, TITLED ‘NIITSITAPISSKSAHKOYI’ AND INSTALLED WITHIN THE GALT IN 2021. ELDERS WHO PROVIDED MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT WITH DIRECTION ON SUBTHEME’S CONTENT INCLUDED: AAGOHH GISS STSISTIIGIIAAKII (MANY OFFERINGS WOMAN, GRETA MANY BEARS), GUUYII STAA BAAMUUGHKAA (WALKING ON TOP, RAYMOND MANY BEARS), NIINAA PIIKSII (CHIEF BIRD, MIKE BRUISED HEAD), MO’TOKAANII’PO (WALKING WITH A SCALP, HARRISON RED CROW) AND MIINIIPOKA (SACRED BERRY CHILD, PETER WEASEL MOCCASIN). THE GALT APPRECIATED THE GENEROSITY OF THE ELDERS WHO SHARED THEIR KNOWLEDGE FOR THIS EXHIBIT PROJECT. “MATTSIKAAN (HIDE SCRAPER): ‘THERE WERE DIFFERENT STYLES OF SCRAPERS; AS YOU CAN SEE THIS ONE HAS A METAL BLADE, AND IT WAS USED TO SCRAPE THE MEAT OFF THE HIDE.’ – GUUYII STAA BAAMUUGHKAA ‘WITH THE ELK HORN FLESHER, IT’S KIND OF SHAPED LIKE TEETH BUT IT’S NOT VERY SHARP ON THE EDGES; THE CORNERS ARE ROUNDED JUST A BIT. THE BLADES WERE NOT TOO SHARP, OTHERWISE YOU WOULD CUT THE HIDE.’ – AAGOHH GISS STSISTIIGIIAAKII ‘IT’S GOT A METAL BLADE, SO NATURALLY THAT WOULD BE A TRADE ITEM.’ – MO’TOKAANII’PO”
Catalogue Number
P19641173000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
HORN
Catalogue Number
P19739374000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Materials
HORN
No. Pieces
1
Length
15.9
Width
6.0
Description
EDGE OF SPOON BOWL EXTENSIVELY NICKED. STEAMED, FLATTENED & HAND CARVED FROM MOUNTAIN GOAT HORN. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
FOOD SERVICE T&E
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PLATEAU INDIGENOUS CULTURE, PROBABLY TRADED INTO NORTHERN PLAINS.
Catalogue Number
P19739374000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
INDIGENOUS RIFLE CASE
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, FLANNEL, BEADWORK
Catalogue Number
P19738051000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
INDIGENOUS RIFLE CASE
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BUCKSKIN, FLANNEL, BEADWORK
No. Pieces
1
Length
73.6
Width
15.2
Description
TRIMMED WITH RED FLANNEL. GEOMETRIC BEADWORK DESIGNS IN RED, GREEN, YELLOW, BLACK, BLUE AT TOP & TOE OF CASE. CASE EMBRITTLED. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
DONOR ROBERT “BOB” GARDNER OF SALMON ARM, BC INFORMED MUSEUM TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN OF A FEW RIFLE CASE-RELATED MEMORIES BY PHONE ON 22 JUNE 2011. AT THE TIME OF THE CALL, MR. GARDNER WAS 84 YEARS OLD. MR. GARDNER CLAIMED THE RIFLE CASE WAS A GIFT FROM FAMILY FRIEND MS. JESSIE CONN. CONN WAS GARDNER’S MIDDLE-SCHOOL LCI TYPING TEACHER IN GRADES 9 & 10 (1937). HIS BEST GUESS WAS THAT THE CASE WAS RECEIVED FROM HER IN THE LATE 40S. WHEN ASKED HOW CONN CAME TO POSSESS THE CASE, GARDNER’S REPLY WAS TO SUPPOSE IT WAS FROM A “PIONEER”. AS HIS FAMILY’S FRIEND, CONN WAS AWARE OF HIS OWNERSHIP OF A .22 RIFLE AND GAVE IT TO HIM IN ORDER TO COVER IT. GARDNER NOTED, HOWEVER, THAT THE COVER “NEVER FIT PROPERLY” ON ACCOUNT THAT “THE REAR SIGHT WAS TOO HIGH”. REAL AND POTENTIAL DAMAGE POSED TO THE CASE, THEREFORE, MOVED GARDNER TO DONATE IT TO THE GALT MUSEUM. THE RIFLE WAS GIVEN IN RECENT DECADES (EARLY 90S) TO HIS DAUGHTER DAWN. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19651425000 FOR MORE INFORMATION ON JESSIE CONN.
Catalogue Number
P19738051000
Acquisition Date
1970-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
KNIFE SHEATH
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAWHIDE, IRON, GLASS BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19790235000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KNIFE SHEATH
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
RAWHIDE, IRON, GLASS BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
21.0 (SHEATH)
Width
6.4
Description
60.3 CM SLING. RAWHIDE SHEATH WITH OUTSIDE FACE COMPLETELY DECORATED WITH GLASS SEED BEADS -GREEN, BLUE, BROWN, PIN, WHITE, LIME (IN GEOMETRIC PATTERNS OF TRIANGLES & CROSSES) SOME BEADS MISSING NEAR THE TIP OF THE SHEATH. A ROW OF IRON TINKLER CONES TRAVERSE THE BEADED FACE. 2 CONES MISSING. BUCKSKIN LACE - SLING IS ATTACHED AT THE PROXIMAL AND DISTAL CORNERS OF THE SHEATH. SLING IS DECORATED WITH WRAPPED STRANDS OF GLASS SEED BEADS IN ALTERNATING BANDS OF BLUE, LIGHT BLUE, GREEN. SEVERAL WRAPPINGS OR BANDS OF BEADS ARE MISSING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PURCHASED, OR RECEIVED AS A GIFT, BY DONOR FROM INDIGENOUS PEOPLE WORKING OR STOPPING AT THE RANCH. POSSIBLY A WOMAN'S KNIFE SHEATH, DUE TO SLING-STYLE OPPOSED TO BELT-STYLE? DONOR CLAIMED THE SHEATH WAS VERY OLD AND WAS FROM THE SIOUX IN THE UNITED STATES. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI NATION, AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THE SHEATH IS MADE FROM ELK OR DEER HIDE. THE GEOMETRIC DESIGN IS APPLIED TO THE SURFACE AND FRINGES WITH CONE-SHAPED TIN “JINGLES” ATTACHED AT THE TOP. THE WHOLE LENGTH OF SHEATH HAS A BEADED RIM EXECUTED IN THE SAME COLOURS. CENTURIES AGO, THE BEADWORK WAS DONE WITH NATURALLY DYED SEEDS; LATER THE SEED BEADS – OBTAINED FROM EUROPEANS THROUGH TRADE – BECAME THE PREVALENT CHOICE OF KAINAI BEADERS. DESPITE THE SWITCH, THE CREATIVE PROCESS CONTINUED TO BE GROUNDED IN TRADITIONAL CULTURE AND SYMBOLS. THIS SHEATH WAS ONCE ATTACHED TO A RAWHIDE BEADED BELT WITH THE SAME DESIGN AND COLOUR SCHEME." *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, INCLUDING A DRUM DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES, ALSO THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR AND HER FAMILY'S RANCH, THE ROCKING P, WAS FOUND IN LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1931 AND 1953, THE BOOK 'COWBOYS, RANCHERS AND THE CATTLE BUSINESS: CROSS-BORDER PERSPECTIVES ON RANCHING HISTORY' BY SIMON M. EVANS, AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON AMERICASHORSEDAILY.COM, AND THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. RODERICK RIDDLE MACLEAY WAS BORN IN 1878 IN DANVILLE, QUEBEC. IN 1898 HE CAME TO ALBERTA AND BEGAN RANCING A SMALL HERD OF CATTLE ON LAND WEST OF HIGH RIVER. IN 1904, MACLEAY PURCHASED THE 40,000 ACRE BROOKS RANCH, AND THE FOLLOWING YEAR MARRIED LAURA STURTEVANT. THEY HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, DOROTHY AND MAXINE. DURING THE SEVERE WINTER OF 1906/07, MACLEAY LOST 90% OF HIS HERD , AND A FLAGGING CATTLE MARKET DEVASTATED HIS PROFITS. ONLY TWO YEARS LATER HOWEVER, MACLEAY ENTERED INTO A PARTNERSHIP WITH ROCKING P RANCH OWNER GEORGE EMERSON, AND IN 1914 MACLEAY BOUGHT OUT EMERSON WITH THE AGREEMENT TO MAINTAIN THE ROCKING P BRAND. OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS MACLEAY EXAPANDED Y ACQUIRING THE ADJACENT WILLOW CREEK, BAR S, AND LIVINGSTONE RANCHES. IN THE 1930S, MACLEAY HIRED ERNEST BLADES AS A COWBOY, AND BLADES MARRIED DOROTHY MACLEAY IN 1940. ROD MACLEAY DIED IN OCTOBER 1953, AND HIS LAND WAS LEFT TO HIS DAUGHTERS. DOROTHY AND ERNEST BLADES ASSUMED OPERATION OF THE ROCKING P, MANAGING IT ALONG WITH THEIR OWN RANCH, THE 3VS. THEIR SON, MAC BLADES, BEGAN WORKING FULL TIME ON THE RANCHES IN 1965 WHEN HE FINISHED HIGH SCHOOL, AND BY 1973 WAS RANCH MANAGER. IN 1996 THE PROPERTY WAS DIVIDED AMONG DOROTHY AND ERNEST'S FIVE CHILDREN, AND AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, MAC BLADES OWNS AND OPERATES THE ROCKING P RANCH. OF PARTICULAR NOTE TO THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES TO THE GALT MUSEUM IS THIS SHORT EXCERPT FROM ROD MACLEAY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY FROM OCTOBER 30, 1953: "[AN] INTEREST WHICH ENGROSSED [MACLEAY] WAS THE CAUSE OF THE STONEY INDIANS LIVING A NOMADIC LIFE AWAY FROM THE MORLEY RESERVATION. HE HAD MUCH TO DO WITH IMPRESSING SUCCESSFULLY ON THE GOVERNMENT THE NEED FOR A SUB-RESERVE." THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAKODA (FORMERLY CALLED STONEY) FIRST NATION AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE WAS SOURCED FROM ROCKYMOUNTAINNAKODA.COM. THE NAKODA "MOUNTAIN PEOPLE" HISTORICALLY TRAVERSED THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND FOOTHILLS IN SMALL, NOMADIC GROUPS, WITH EACH GROUP BEING LED BY A HEAD CHIEF. IN 1877 AT THE SIGNING OF TREATY 7, THE NAKODA WERE REPRESENTED BY THREE HEAD CHIEFS, WHO WERE ASSURED THAT THE NAKODA WOULD RETAIN THREE LARGE TRACTS OF TRADITIONAL HOMELAND, ONE FOR EACH NOMADIC GROUP. HOWEVER, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ALLOTED THE NAKODA ONLY ONE LAND ENTITLEMENT, NOW KNOWN AS THE MORLEY RESERVE, LOCATED WEST OF CALGARY. THE LAND ALLOTMENT WAS FENCED IN BARBED WIRE, PREVENTING THE NAKODA FROM THEIR NOMADIC MOVEMENTS. DURING THE 20TH CENTURY, TWO SMALLER SATELLITE RESERVES WERE ESTABLISHED FOR THE NAKODA FIRST NATION: THE BIG HORN RESERVE (KISKA WAPTADN "BIG HORN RIVER"), 265KM NORTHWEST OF MORLEY, AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE (GA-HNA "ALONG THE FOOTHILLS"), 120KM SOUTH OF MORLEY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19790235000
Acquisition Date
1974-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1885
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BISON HIDE & HORN, BEAR HIDE, HAWK & GOOSE FEATHERS
Catalogue Number
P19641147000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1870
Date Range To
1885
Materials
BISON HIDE & HORN, BEAR HIDE, HAWK & GOOSE FEATHERS
No. Pieces
1
Description
BUFFALO HORNS SEWN TO CAP LINED WITH COTTON, BEAR HIDE/CW HAIR BETWEEN HORNS SEWN TO BISON HIDE TRAILER. HAWK & GOOSE FEATHERS TIED WITH BUCKSKIN LEATHERS TO CAP.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIGENOUS CULTURE, LIKELY OF BLACKFOOT ORIGIN *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641147000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
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163 records – page 1 of 17.