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Map: Northwest Territorities Of Province Of Canada

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions1246
Date Range
1792-1812
Material Type
Manuscript
Accession No.
19821039000
Physical Description
1 item.
Scope and Content
The map is a reproduction of part of an original chart of the region lying between 46 and 60 degrees north latitude, and 84 and 184 degrees west longitude. This reproduction shows the area between 48 and 55 degrees north latitude, and 108 and 124 degrees west longitude. The region includes Nelson…
Material Type
Manuscript
Date Range
1792-1812
Physical Description
1 item.
Physical Condition
Good
History / Biographical
Canadian.
The original map was drawn for the north west company by David Thompson, and based on the work of John Stuart. Mr. Graspointer obtained this copy from an unidentified geologist in Calgary, who owns the original map.
Scope and Content
The map is a reproduction of part of an original chart of the region lying between 46 and 60 degrees north latitude, and 84 and 184 degrees west longitude. This reproduction shows the area between 48 and 55 degrees north latitude, and 108 and 124 degrees west longitude. The region includes Nelson's mountains, and portions of the Saskatchewan, Athabasca, Red Deer, and Bow rivers, as they were known in 1812.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
19821039000
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Date Range
1799-1916
Material Type
Manuscript
Accession No.
19861085000
Physical Description
1 item
Scope and Content
20 items. 19861085001- 7 items. Business papers of the Duff family in Scotland, including receipts, correspondence and business agreements, 1799-1884. 19861085002 - 12 items. Business papers of the Duff family in Lethbridge. Papers consist of receipts, land purchase and land sale agreements, purc…
Material Type
Manuscript
Date Range
1799-1916
Physical Description
1 item
Physical Condition
Good
History / Biographical
Scottish - Albertan.
Scope and Content
20 items. 19861085001- 7 items. Business papers of the Duff family in Scotland, including receipts, correspondence and business agreements, 1799-1884. 19861085002 - 12 items. Business papers of the Duff family in Lethbridge. Papers consist of receipts, land purchase and land sale agreements, purchases account sheets from the Hudson's Bay Company, and a stock certificate in Lethbridge oil fields limited, 1886-1916. 19861085003 - Diary and personal expenses notebook of John Duff. The diary tells of journey of Duff family to Lethbridge in 1885, and lists the expenses occurred on the trip, 1885.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
19861085000
Collection
Archive
Less detail
Date Range
1824
Description Level
Item
Material Type
Photograph
Accession No.
19770234001
Physical Description
2 Black and white copy prints Negative available
Scope and Content
Portrait of Charles Waterton by C. W. Peale, 1824.
  1 image  
Material Type
Photograph
Date Range
1824
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
2 Black and white copy prints Negative available
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
The portrait is hanging in the National Portrait Gallery, London, England.
Scope and Content
Portrait of Charles Waterton by C. W. Peale, 1824.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
19770234001
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Date Range
1820 - 1920
Description Level
Item
Material Type
Photograph
Accession No.
19731724000-021
Physical Description
15.2 cm x 12.6 cm 1 Black and white photograph
Scope and Content
Photograph of an engraving of a buffalo compound drawn by Lieutenant Back, Royal Navy.
  1 image  
Material Type
Photograph
Date Range
1820 - 1920
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
15.2 cm x 12.6 cm 1 Black and white photograph
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Canadian - Albertan. Photograph is one of many in an album originally owned and put together by Charles A. Magrath. He was responsible for the handwritten descriptions on each page.
Custodial History
1973
FAYE VAN DEURZEN
Scope and Content
Photograph of an engraving of a buffalo compound drawn by Lieutenant Back, Royal Navy.
Notes
Photograph found in Photo Album 19731724000
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
19731724000-021
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Date Range
1830's
Description Level
Item
Material Type
Photograph
Accession No.
19731724000-105
Physical Description
Black and white photograph
Scope and Content
Photograph of one of the buildings inside Fort Pelly.
  1 image  
Material Type
Photograph
Date Range
1830's
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
Black and white photograph
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
Canadian - Albertan. Photograph is one of many in an album originally owned and put together by Charles A. Magrath. He was responsible for the handwritten descriptions on each page.
Custodial History
1973
FAYE VAN DEURZEN
Scope and Content
Photograph of one of the buildings inside Fort Pelly.
Notes
Photograph found in Photo Album 19731724000
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
19731724000-105
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail

Blackfoot Warrior Iron Shirt With Coal-Dust Painted Face

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/descriptions9490
Date Range
1833
Description Level
Item
Material Type
Photograph
Accession No.
19901015041
Physical Description
25.2 x 20.3 cm Black and white copy print
Scope and Content
Blackfoot warrior, Iron Shirt. His face is painted black with a mixture of coal dust and oil.
  1 image  
Material Type
Photograph
Date Range
1833
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
25.2 x 20.3 cm Black and white copy print
Physical Condition
Excellent
History / Biographical
The photograph was collected by Alex Johnston to use in "Lethbridge: Its Coal Industry" By Johnston, Gladwyn and Ellis. 1989. Copyright: United States National Archives.
Scope and Content
Blackfoot warrior, Iron Shirt. His face is painted black with a mixture of coal dust and oil.
Access Restrictions
Public Access
Accession No.
19901015041
Collection
Archive
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DISTILLER'S PITCHER SET
Date Range From
1700
Date Range To
1750
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COPPER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19683355000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DISTILLER'S PITCHER SET
Date Range From
1700
Date Range To
1750
Materials
COPPER, BRASS
No. Pieces
4
Description
SET CONSISTS OF 4 PITCHERS OF VARIOUS SIZE., EACH IS COPPER, OR COPPER & BRASS .1 12.7 CM HT., 8 CM DIA. (BASE). TWO DENTS. "1/2 PINT" ON BRASS PLATE ON FRONT. "PER CO." ON INSIDE LIP & LITTLE CROWN. SUBSTANTIAL OXIDATION AROUND LIP. PORTIONS ARE COVERED WITH LEAD SOLDER. .2 17.8 CM HT. 15.2 CM. DIA. DENTED. CROWN WITH "PER CO" ON INSIDE LIP. "QUART" ALSO ON INSIDE LIP. MORE CORROSION AND OXIDATION. .3 20.6 CM HT., 12.9 CM DIA. DENTED. CROWN WITH "PER CO" ON INSIDE LIP. .4 23.2 CM HT., 18.4 CM DIA. 1/2 GALLON. CROWN WITH "PER CO" ON INSIDE LIP. ALL PIECES HAVE CURVED HANDLES AND ROUNDED LIPS FOR POURING.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
FOOD PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
USED IN A DISTILLERY IN SCOTLAND. DONOR'S FAMILY, JOHN & JANET DUFF BROUGHT SET WITH THEM WHEN THEY IMMIGRATED TO CANADA IN 1885. AS A RESULT OF RESEARCH DONE IN CONJUNCTION WITH A SCOTTISH-THEMED EXHIBIT IN 2009, THE GALT CONDUCTED NEW INFORMATION ON THE DUFF FAMILY, ADDING THE FOLLOWING TO THE RECORD. OBJECTS WERE BROUGHT TO CANADA BY THE FAMILY OF JOHN AND JANET DUFF. IN 1885, THE DUFFS LEFT SCOTLAND AND CAME DIRECTLY TO THE LETHBRIDGE, BECOMING ONE OF THE AREA’S FIRST PIONEER FAMILIES. JOHN DUFF RAN 250 TO 400 HEAD OF CATTLE ON LAND ON THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF THE LETHBRIDGE TOWN SITE. IN THE EARLY 1900S, THE HOMESTEAD WAS ANNEXED BY THE TOWN AND FOR DECADES THE FORMER FAMILY LANDS WERE KNOWN AS THE “DUFF ADDITION”. THE FAMILY INCLUDED THREE DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. THE DONOR, ISABEL STARNES (NEE DUFF), WAS MARRIED TO G.H. STARNES AND WAS THE LAST SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE ORIGINAL FAMILY, PASSING AWAY IN 1971. FOR OTHER DUFF FAMILY-REALTED MATERIALS, SEE DONATIONS BY BLENNER-HASSETT, JACK WEBSTER, MARY AND ISABEL STARNES. FOR MORE BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION, PLEASE REFERENCE THE PERMANENT FILE OF DONATION P19662224001
Catalogue Number
P19683355000
Acquisition Date
1968-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
REPLICA MATSU STATUE
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1899
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20010099015
  5 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
REPLICA MATSU STATUE
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1899
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
2
Height
18.0
Diameter
6.4
Description
CARVED OUT OF A SINGLE PIECE OF WOOD. THE OUTSIDE OF THE STATUE IS ENGRAVED WITH AN INTRICATE SEASCAPE. ONE HALF OF THE STATUE OPENS UP (TWO QUARTERS) TO SHOW AN EXTREMELY INTRICATE THREE DIMENSIONAL RELIEF OF THE GODESS MATSU AS WELL AS HER TWO BODY GUARDS FLANKING HER ON EITHER SIDE. ONE HAS HIS HAND UP TO EYES AS IF LOOKING INTO DISTANCE, THE OTHER, USING HIS HAND TO AMPLIFY SOUND AT LEFT EAR. ENGRAVED AROUND THIS INTERIOR RELIEF, ARE CHINESE CHARACTERS. THE WOOD IS NOT VARNISHED, OR PAINTED. THE STATUE IS CONTAINED INSIDE A RED BOX THAT IS TIED SHUT WITH TWO RIBBONS. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE BOX, ARE HEIGHT- 8.4CM LENGTH- 21.0CM, WIDTH- 9.4 CM.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
POLITICS
History
THIS REPLICA OF THE STATUE OF MATSU LOCATED IN TAINAN CITY TAIWAN, WAS CARVED OUT OF A SINGLE BLOCK OF WOOD SOMETIME DURING THE 19TH CENTURY. THIS ARTIFACT WAS ORIGINALLY CREATED AS A REPLICA OF THE ORIGINAL MATSU STATUE. MAYOR CARPENTER (1986-2001) HELPED CARRY ON HIS SECOND TRIP TO TAIWAN DURING THE 377TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RETURN OF MATSU - THE GODDESS OF THE SEA. IT IS EXTREMELY RARE WITH ONLY 5 OR 6 IN THE WORLD. FOR BELIEVERS OF THE BUDDHIST OR TAOIST FAITH, THIS ARTIFACT IS PRICELESS. THIS PRICE WAS QUOTED TO MAYOR CARPENTER UPON IT BEING GIVEN TO HIM. THIS WAS THE FIRST TIME THIS ARTIFACT WAS GIVEN TO A CIVILIAN. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THIS TRIP TO TAIWAN, SEE P20010099001. *UPDATE 2023* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILE ARTIFACTS AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING AN ALTAR CLOTH AND A SASH DONATED BY DAVID CARPENTER. ON MARCH 7, 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED CARPENTER REGARDING HIS DONATION OF 22 ARITFACTS RELATED TO HIS TRIPS TO TAIWAN AS THE MAYOR OF LETHBRIDGE. THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE EMPLOYEE, WEI QUO, WHO ACTED AS TRANSLATOR DURING THESE TRIPS WAS ALSO A PART OF THE MARCH 7, 2018 INTERVIEW. ON THIS ARTIFACT, CARPENTER STATED, “SO THIS- I GOT TO MEET THIS FAMILY MEMBER [HO JR.] WHO’S THE CHAIRMAN OF THE [HSIN KANG] TEMPLE AND, IN ADDITION TO THE BIG STONE STATUE [OF MATSU], THERE WERE SEVERAL... WOODEN ARTIFACTS MADE WHICH REPRESENT MATSU. … SO IT LOOKS KINDA LIKE A BULLET OR SO, BUT IT OPENS UP AND THIS IS THE GODDESS MATSU IN THE MIDDLE AND THESE ARE HER TWO PROTECTORS ON EACH SIDE. ... SO, AT THE SAME TIME, THE PRESIDENT OF THE TEMPLE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE APPROPRIATE IF I WAS A MEMBER OF THE TEMPLE.” “AFTER THE PARADE, AFTER THE FIREWORKS AND EVERYTHING, SO ABOUT MIDNIGHT. TOTALLY EXHAUSTED, I WAS TAKEN BACK TO MY QUARTERS IN THE EXECUTIVE SUITE OF FORMOSA PLASTICS. 2:30 AM THERE WAS A KNOCK ON MY DOOR. IT WAS HO JR. ACCOMPANIED BY MR. QUO. THEY EXPLAINED THAT BESIDES THE ORIGINAL STATUE OF MATSU THERE EXIST 5 OR 6 WOODEN REPLICAS OF MATSU AND HER TWO BODYGUARDS. EACH OF THESE WAS HAND CARVED IN THE 19TH CENTURY FROM A SINGLE BLOCK OF RARE WOOD. IT WAS FURTHER EXPLAINED THAT THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS HAS THE POWER TO PETITION MATSU, IF THEY FELT A PARTICULAR INDIVIDUAL WAS WORTHY OF BEING PRESENTED WITH ONE OF THESE STATUES. HOWEVER, TO THAT DATE, NONE HAD BEEN GIVEN AWAY. SO THAT’S 150 YEARS NONE OF THEM HAD BEEN GIVEN AWAY.” “MATSU DOESN’T ALWAYS RESPOND WHEN A MEMBER OF THE BOARD MEETS A PETITION. (LAUGHS) AND NO DEFINITIVE ANSWER WAS SENT TO THEIR PRAYERS THE NIGHT BEFORE. HOWEVER, AFTER THE PARADE, HO JR. EXERCISED HIS RIGHT TO PETITION MATSU DIRECTLY AND INDIVIDUALLY AS A MEMBER OF THE FAMILY WHO DONATED THE TEMPLE LAND. HE THEN PRESENTED ME WITH ONE OF THESE RARE WOODEN CARVINGS... AS FAR AS I UNDERSTOOD IT THE MEMBERS OF THE BUDDHIST OR TAOIST RELIGIONS WHO BELIEVE IN MATSU, THIS ITEM IS ABSOLUTELY PRICELESS. … THE NEED TO MAINTAIN THE CONDITIONS IS ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT REASONS FOR MY DECISION TO HAVE THE COLLECTION KEPT AT SIR ALEXANDER GALT … THAT AS I SAY IS IRREPLACEABLE.” WHEN ASKED IF HE REALIZED THE SIGNIFICANCE OF WHAT WAS HAPPENING IN THE MOMENT, “WELL I DID AT 2:30 IN THE MORNING! BECAUSE, AND THE REASON- SO THEY WERE EXTREMELY EXCITED BECAUSE IT HAD NEVER HAPPENED BEFORE! SO- I DIDN’T UNDERSTAND, YOU KNOW, I THOUGHT MAYBE THEY’RE ALWAYS THIS WAY BUT I’D KNOWN THEM THAN FOR A YEAR OR LONGER AND NEVER SEEN. AND IT WASN’T UNTIL LATER THAT MR. QUO TOLD ME THIS HAS NEVER BEEN DONE BEFORE.” QUO ADDED, “MATSU COME FROM CHINA, BUT OUT OF CHINA, THE CULTURAL LIBERATION THEY ALL THROW AWAY- EVEN THEY DON’T HAVE ANY KIND OF- EVEN THEY HAVE MEMORY BUT THEY DON’T HAVE ANY KIND OF RECORD. EVEN STATUES THEY THROW AWAY. SO NOW, THEY COME UP TAIWAN WONDERING WHAT DO YOU HAVE? THEN THEY JUST COPY IT DOWN, COPY HUNDREDS OF THIS KIND FROM THE WOOD. NO, THIS NOT GOOD. ... SO NOW THIS KIND IS A SPECIAL, LIKE CHINESE- IN CHINA THEY REALLY, LOOKING FOR ONE AND SAY 'CAN I GET ONE?' REALLY ORIGINAL ONE. REALLY IT’S BECAUSE CHINA SAY 'OH NO TAIWAN BELONG TO CHINA.' SO THEY WANT TO USE THIS KIND OF FOR THE POLITICAL, SAY 'HEY, YOU SEE TAIWANESE … YOU CAN COME BACK AND SEE WHERE MATSU BORN.' BUT WHEN THE TAIWANESE GO BACK, OH IT'S ALL EMPTY THERE YOU KNOW. ... SO ON THAT TIME, I REALLY SURPRISED. 2 O’CLOCK IN THE MORNING...” AS WRITTEN IN CARPENTER’S LETTER ON JANUARY 21, 1998, INFORMING THE CITY COUNCIL OF HIS INTENT TO VISIT, “THE HSIN KANG FENG TINE TEMPLE IS THE SEAT OF RELIGION IN CHAI YI COUNTRY. IT SERVES APPROXIMATELY 20 SURROUNDING COMMUNITIES. TWO MAJOR CEREMONIES ARE HELD AT THE TEMPLE EACH YEAR. ONE OF THE ANNUAL CEREMONIES IS THE CELEBRATION OF THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARRIVAL OF MATSU, GODDESS OF THE SEA. EVERY FOUR YEARS, AS A NEW BOARD OF DIRECTORS IS ELECTED, MATSU’S ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION INCLUDES A PARADE THAT WINDS THROUGH ALL THE COMMUNITIES SERVED BY THE TEMPLE. APPROXIMATELY 2 MILLION PEOPLE COME TO WATCH THE PARADE'S PROCESSION." “A LARGE PART OF THE CEREMONY IS THE RECOGNITION OF AN INTERNATIONAL FRIEND OF TAIWAN SELECTED TO BE THE 'HONOURED CITY'. SINCE THEIR 1997 VISIT TO LETHBRIDGE, THE TEMPLE HAS TWICE CHOSEN US AS THE COMMUNITY TO RECEIVE THIS HONOUR. … I WAS UNABLE TO ACCEPT THE FIRST INVITATION DUE TO TIMING. HOWEVER, I HAVE ACCEPTED THE FEBRUARY INVITATION TO JOIN THEIR CELEBRATION OF THE 377TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARRIVAL OF MATSU AND I HAVE ASKED MR. WEI QUO TO ACCOMPANY ME. I AM HONOURED TO REPRESENT LETHBRIDGE, LEAD THE COMMUNITY PARADE, AND TO TAKE PART IN, TO QUOTE A HSIN KANG RESIDENT, 'A GRAND AND HISTORICAL EVENT'. IN TAIWANESE CULTURE, A PERSONAL INVITATION TO THE TEMPLE IS A VERY HIGH HONOUR. TO BE SELECTED AS THE INTERNATIONAL 'HONOURED CITY' INDICATES THE ESTEEM WITH WHICH LETHBRIDGE, OUR CITY COUNCIL AND OUR PEOPLE ARE HELD IN THAT COUNTRY.” ON THE INVITATION, CARPENTER STATED, “THE SECOND TRIP I MADE WAS AS A GUEST OF THE TEMPLE CITY OF HSIN KANG. THAT WAS TO LEAD A PARADE OF 4000 CHURCHES. A REALLY, REALLY INTRIGUING DAY FOR ME. OTHER PEOPLE WHO HAVE DONE THAT WOULD BE PRIME MINISTER OF GREAT BRITAIN, VICE PRESIDENT OF THE U.S., SO FOR THE MAYOR OF LETHBRIDGE TO BE ASKED TO DO THAT, WAS SIGNIFICANT. THOSE WERE SIGNIFICANT THINGS.” “THE GODDESS MATSU IS VERY IMPORTANT IN THIS CULTURE AND THERE ARE... HUGE STONE CARVED LIKENESSES OF THE GODDESS MATSU. ... IT IS BELIEVED THAT THIS GIVES YOU A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT- IF YOU TOUCH IT OR COME EVEN CLOSE TO IT, IT WOULD GIVE YOU A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF GOOD FORTUNE. ... MATSU CAME ACROSS FROM MAINLAND CHINA, ACROSS THE STRAIT AND LANDED ON THE SHORES OF TAIWAN. ...IT’S ONE OF FOUR, SO THE STATUE IS ONE OF FOUR THAT EXISTS IN THE WORLD. THE OTHER THREE ARE IN MAINLAND CHINA.” “IT WAS NOT ORIGINALLY INTENDED THAT I WOULD LEAD THE PARADE AND ONLY I WOULD MEET WITH THE TEMPLE BOARD MEMBERS AND WATCH THE PARADE. HOWEVER, THE EVENING BEFORE THE CHAIRMAN ANNOUNCED THAT I WAS APPOINTED AN HONORARY MEMBER AND I WOULD LEAD THE PARADE.” ON THE PARADE ITSELF, CARPENTER STATED, “SO, THE PARADE- IT WAS AN ALL-DAY AFFAIR. SO, AND AS I SAY, FOUR THOUSAND DIFFERENT CHURCHES ALL THE WAY FROM TAIPEI DOWN TO KAOHSIUNG AND TAINAN, AND ALL THESE OTHER CITIES WOULD BRING THEIR FLOAT OR WHATEVER THEY HAD THEIR TRUCK WITH STUFF DECORATED ON IT OR WHATEVER THEY GOT, THEY ALL HAD A PRESENCE. TO LEAD THIS THING, WAS REALLY SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE IT WOULD GO DOWN MAIN STREETS BUT THEN IT WOULD ALSO GO THROUGH LITTLE ALLEYS AND PLACES I NEVER BEEN AND PERHAPS NEVER WOULD GO. ... WE WERE WALKING, THIS WASN’T- YOU WEREN’T RIDING IN A CAR AND WAVING OR ANYTHING. YOU WERE ACTUALLY WALKING DOWN THESE ROADS AND JUST TALKED TO PEOPLE AS YOU WENT. IT WAS REALLY AMAZING! ... SOMETIMES THEY WOULD, LIKE IF THEY HAD A HOCK OR FOOD STALL OR SOMETHING, SOMEBODY WOULD COME OVER AND JUST GIVE YOU A PIECE OF FOOD.” QUO ADDED, “THIS IS THE KIND OF- TAIWAN NEED TO WELCOME, KIND OF HONOUR A PERSON. WE TREAT HERE- REALLY HONOUR WE SAY OK, 'HERE. OH MY TREAT. YOU ARE WELCOME!' EVEN WHEN WE WALK, OH WE HAD A WALK ALL DAY. AND, EVEN WE DON’T HAVE TIME TO EAT. BUT THEY MAKE A SUPPLY. HERE, TAIWANESE MEATBALL... EVEN A JING SHAN TEA... THAT’S A, YOU SAY ORANGE PEKOE? ... THAT KIND OF HIGH QUALITY, THAT JING SHAN TEA. … JING SHAN IS VERY EXPENSIVE. BUT THEY SAID, 'YEAH, GO AHEAD. FREE!' ... WE HELP WALK ABOUT 25 VILLAGES IN MY MEMORY. 25 VILLAGES, YOU KNOW, SMALL TOWNS, WE WALK, WALK.” CARPENTER ADDED, “DO YOU REMEMBER JUST AS WE WERE FINISHING AND COMING BACK TO HSIN KANG, TO THE TEMPLE? AND THEY STARTED LIGHTING OFF FIREWORKS. NOW WE’VE SEEN FIREWORKS HERE, BUT THIS WAS AMAZING LIKE, I DON’T KNOW, PROBABLY WENT ON FOR AN HOUR? AND, YOU COULD JUST SMELL THE GUNPOWDER AND, JUST THE LIGHTS AND DAZZLING AND BRINGING THIS STATUE OF MATSU BACK, BECAUSE IT WAS IMPORTANT THAT SHE GO BACK RIGHT IN THE TEMPLE WHERE SHE WAS SUPPOSED TO BE.” TAKEN FROM CARPENTERS NOTES, “ONE OF MY FIRST PARADE DUTIES WAS TO ASSIST IN CARRYING MATSU FROM THE TEMPLE TO THE PARADE VEHICLE. IN DOING SO, I HAD THE EXTREME HONOUR OF ACTUALLY TOUCHING HER. … EACH OF THE 4000 TEMPLES IN THE AREA IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE A FLOAT REPRESENTING THEIR VERSION OF MATSU. THE RESULT WAS A PARADE 12 HOURS LONG. THE PARADE ROUTE WOUND THROUGH THE COMMUNITY AND THE SURROUNDING AREA. FIREWORKS PUNCTUATED EVERY CORNER; THE MORE FIREWORKS, THE MORE HONOUR. MR. HO, JR., A DESCENDENT OF THE FAMILY THAT DONATED THE TEMPLE LAND, FELT SOME AREAS WERE NOT SUPPLYING ENOUGH FIREWORKS, SO HE MADE A CONTRIBUTION EQUAL TO $25,000 CANADIAN DOLLARS TO ENSURE NOISE WORTHY OF MY PRESENCE. … THE NOISE, COLOR, CEREMONY AND PAGEANTRY OF THAT DAY ARE UNFORGETTABLE.” ON THE REASONING BEHIND THE DECISION TO VISIT TAIWAN AND HIS INVOLVEMENT AS MAYOR, CARPENTER STATED, “WHY TAIWAN? WE FELT, WHEN I WAS MAYOR, WE HAD A LOT OF- WE HAD RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER COMMUNITIES, PRIMARILY THE ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS SAINT LAURENT. IT WAS A CULTURAL RELATIONSHIP THAT WAS STARTED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA IN 1967. MY VIEW IS THAT, FROM A CIVIC GOVERNMENT STANDPOINT, I DIDN’T WANT TO GET INVOLVED WITH A BUNCH OF CULTURAL RELATIONSHIPS. ... REALLY, THEY HAVE LIMITED BENEFIT TO THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE IN THE CITY SO WE FELT THERE HAD TO BE AN ECONOMIC COMPONENT TO ANY SORT OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CITY OF LETHBRIDGE AND OTHER COMMUNITIES.” PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, OCTOBER 11, 1997, “'IN A WORLD ECONOMY, I BELIEVE WE HAVE GOT TO GO TO INTERNATIONAL COUNTRIES TO ATTRACT INVESTMENT.' SAID [DARREL] MCKENZIE [ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MANAGER]. … TAIWAN IS A GOOD EXAMPLE, SAID MCKENZIE. THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT IS CREDITED WITH INTRODUCING LETHBRIDGE TO THE BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES FROM TAIWAN, AND EARLY ON, MCKENZIE DETERMINED THAT TAIWAN BUSINESS HAD A LIMITED CONCEPT OF ALBERTA, LET ALONE SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND LETHBRIDGE. 'WE REALIZED WE HAD TO MAKE THEM AWARE,' HE SAID. THE SIGNAL WAS SENT TO THE ALBERTA AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT AND, ON TO TAIWAN THAT LETHBRIDGE WAS INTERESTED IN INVESTMENT.” CARPENTER'S THOUGHTS ON TRYING TO MARKET LETHBRIDGE AS A CENTER FOR INVESTMENT, “IT IS NECESSARY TO START THE PROCESS OF BUILDING THE RELATIONSHIP AND YOU- WE’RE, FROM A BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE, ALWAYS IN SUCH A HURRY IN NORTH AMERICA. WE WANT TO SHOW UP ON A THURSDAY AND HAVE A DEAL SIGNED FRIDAY MORNING, AND IT DOESN’T WORK THAT WAY IN ASIA VERY OFTEN. SO YOU NEED TO BUILD THE RELATIONSHIP FIRST, ESTABLISH A LEVEL OF TRUST, AND THEN PERHAPS YOU CAN MOVE ON. AND THAT WAS THE COURSE OF THIS. I WENT OVER [TO TAIWAN] IN LATE 1996 FOR THE FIRST VISIT, AND A LARGER CULTURAL COMPONENT, AND A LARGER COMPONENT OF GETTING TO KNOW PEOPLE, MEETING PEOPLE, EXPLAINING WHAT LETHBRIDGE WAS AND WHAT IT HAD TO OFFER, WHAT POSSIBILITIES EXISTED. AND THEN WE HOSTED A DELEGATION HERE FROM THERE IN, I THINK IT WAS SUMMER OF 1997, AND THEN IN LATE 1997 I RECEIVED THE INVITATION FOR THE PARADE AND WENT OVER IN 1998. FEBRUARY.” WHEN ASKED HOW CARPENTER MET QUO, WHO TRAVELLED WITH HIM ON THESE VISITS AS A TRANSLATOR, “DARREL MCKENZIE WAS THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MANAGER... IT WAS MR. MCKENZIE WHO ACTUALLY WENT WITH US ON THE FIRST TRIP AND, WAS ABLE TO BRING THE TWO OF US TOGETHER. THAT’S HOW WE MET. ... NOW MR. QUO, HE WAS A TEACHER, BUT A VERY, VERY HIGHLY RESPECTED TEACHER IN TAIWAN AND HAD MANY CONTACTS... HE HAD A LOT OF CONTACTS STILL IN THE TAIWAN GOVERNMENT AND WAS THE PERFECT PERSON. HE SERVED AS MY AID AND MY INTERPRETER.” FROM MCKENZIE’S SIDE, “THE ECONOMIC DEPARTMENT SEARCHED FOR EXPERTISE FROM WITHIN AND PLUCKED WEI QUO FROM ITS PARKS DEPARTMENT, ARRANGING FOR HIM HALF TIME FOR THE PAST YEAR. 'MR. QUO HAS WORKED FOR THE CITY FOR ABOUT 18 YEARS, AND WE WERE AWARE HE MAINTAINED CLOSE CONTACT WITH TAIWAN WHILE LIVING IN LETHBRIDGE.' SAID MCKENZIE. 'WE REALIZED THE INVESTMENT POTENTIAL, AND APPROACHED MR. QUO. HE EXPRESSED A WILLINGNESS TO HELP MAKE CONTACTS IN TAIWAN.'” (LETHBRIDGE HERALD, OCTOBER 11, 1997) WHEN ASKED IF QUO KNEW CARPENTER BEFORE THIS OPPORTUNITY, “OH I WAS WORKING IN THE PARK DEPARTMENT AND HE WAS MY MAYOR. (LAUGHS) … I FROM TAIWAN. THAT’S MY ORIGINAL COUNTRY. [I MOVED HERE] BECAUSE MY PARENTS WAS HERE. MY BROTHER WAS UNIVERSITY FUNDED- HE MOVED OUT TO THE VANCOUVER AND SO LEAVING MY PARENTS HERE. … AT THAT TIME I THINK THAT OUR MAYOR WAS JUST TRYING TO STAY IN THE BUDGET... HE DID A LOT OF PLAN AND KNEW MUCH TO TRY AND REDUCE THE DEBT, TRY BRINGING MORE BUSINESS MEN COME TO OPEN FOR CITY OF LETHBRIDGE.” ON THE ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES THEY PURSUED, CARPENTER STATES, “LETHBRIDGE AT THE TIME WAS LOOKING FOR MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING JOBS SO WE WANTED PLANTS TO BE BUILT... ANIMAL PROCESSING IS A NATURAL HERE, CATTLE AND HOGS AND ALL THE REST OF THIS STUFF. AT THE SAME TIME WE WERE DOING THAT, TAIWAN HAD JUST GONE THROUGH A PROBLEM OF FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE WITH THEIR HOG INDUSTRY. I WAS INTRODUCED TO A GROUP OF PEOPLE CALLED YUAN YI AND THEY WANTED TO SET UP A NEW PLANT SOMEWHERE ELSE IN THE WORLD TO UTILIZE THEIR EXPERTISE IN THIS BUSINESS AND TO SATISFY THEIR CUSTOMER BASE THROUGHOUT THE WORLD. CANADA SEEMED QUITE APPROPRIATE BECAUSE WE DO HAVE COLD WEATHER TO KILL OFF THE BACTERIA THAT ARE HARMFUL AND CAUSE SOME OF THESE DISEASES. THIS WAS A GOOD OPPORTUNITY TO TRY AND PURSUE THAT.” THE YUAN YI PROCESSING PLANT WAS ANNOUNCED, UNDER THE TITLE “BRINGING HOME THE BACON!”, ON JUNE 5, 1997, “MONEY CAN MAKE PEOPLE DO STRANGE THINGS – ESPECIALLY WHEN IT EQUATES TO $900 MILLION ANNUALLY TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S ECONOMY. THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF A MAJOR HOG PROCESSING PLANT FOR LETHBRIDGE NOT ONLY SAW THE MAYOR POSE WITH A STATUE OF A PIG, BUT AN ALDERMAN PULLED FROM HIS HOSPITAL BED TO APPROVE SALE OF THE CITY-OWNED LAND IT’S DESTINED FOR. LETHBRIDGE WAS ONE OF A HALF-DOZEN CITIES ACROSS NORTH AMERICA SERIOUSLY CONSIDERED BY TAIWANESE INTERESTS AND MAYOR DAVID CARPENTER CALLED THE COUP ONE OF THE HIGHLIGHTS OF HIS POLITICAL CAREER. 'THEY SEE TREMENDOUS OPPORTUNITY HERE AND WE SEE LIMITLESS POTENTIAL IN THEIR BEING HERE,' HE SAID WEDNESDAY.” “THE PLANT WILL EVENTUALLY EMPLOY UP TO 800 WORKERS, FILL VACANT HOMES, CREATE NUMEROUS CONSTRUCTION JOBS AND INCREASE THE CITY’S TAX BASE. AN UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE STUDY SHOWS DIRECT AND SPINOFF BENEFITS OF SOME $900 MILLION A YEAR. IN RETURN, YUAN YI AGRICULTURAL AND LIVESTOCK ENTERPRISE CO. LTD. CAN CONTINUE TO SUPPLY PORK TO THE HUGE JAPANESE MARKET DESPITE AN OUTBREAK OF SWINE DISEASE IN ITS HOMELAND. ...THE PROPOSED SALE WILL BE ADVERTISED AND THE PUBLIC WILL HAVE A 60-DAY WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY TO FILE A PETITION SHOULD THEY HAVE CONCERNS ABOUT THE SALE. 'IF THERE IS EVEN A HINT OF A PETITION THESE GUYS ARE GONE,' SAID CARPENTER, NOTING YUAN YI’S URGENCY IN GETTING THE PLANT UP AND RUNNING. 'I’M QUITE CERTAIN THE PEOPLE OF LETHBRIDGE WILL BACK THIS INITIATIVE.' WITH A STAFF OF 800 THE HOG PROCESSING PLANT WOULD BE LETHBRIDGE’S LARGEST PRIVATELY-OWNED EMPLOYER.” (LETHBRIDGE HERALD JUNE 5, 1997) “CARPENTER WELCOMED THE START TO THE PLANT. … 'I KNOW YUAN YI WILL MAKE A WONDERFUL ADDITION TO LETHBRIDGE’S CORPORATE FAMILY.' … CHI-NUAN LEE, GENERAL MANAGER OF THE PARENT TAIWANESE COMPANY WHO HAS MOVED WITH HIS WIFE TO LETHBRIDGE, SAID CIVIC SUPPORT AND ENCOURAGEMENT WERE MAJOR REASONS YUAN YI CHOSE LETHBRIDGE OVER OTHER COMMUNITIES.” (LETHBRIDGE HERALD SEPTEMBER 12, 1997) THE ANNOUNCEMENT WAS NOT WITHOUT CRITICISM, AS CARPENTER NOTES IN THE INTERVIEW, “THIS WAS A HIGHLY UNUSUAL SORT OF A THING. IT DIDN’T END UP AS WELL AS I HOPED. THERE WAS SOME PUSH BACK FROM SOME PEOPLE AND I REALLY DON’T KNOW WHO, BUT THEY WERE WELL FUNDED. THEY WERE BUYING NEWSPAPER ADS AND ALL THIS SORT OF STUFF AGAINST IT. THINGS LIKE, WE’RE GOING TO HAVE PIG BLOOD IN OUR WATER AND OF COURSE THAT’S JUST.” LIKELY REFERRING TO AN OPINION PIECE PUBLISHED BY MRS. A. W. MILLER, ENTITLED 'WILL OUR WATERS ALSO TURN TO BLOOD WITH THE COMING OF THE HOG PLANT?', THE PIECE TOUCHED ON CONCERNS THAT REPEATEDLY CAME UP ABOUT THE PLANT; “ARE THERE LESSONS TO BE LEARNED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA FROM THE EXPERIENCE OF NORTH CAROLINA? I BELIEVE THERE ARE. ALREADY WE HAVE ONE OF THE HIGHEST CONCENTRATIONS OF FEEDLOTS IN THE COUNTRY. I SHARE... CONCERNS ABOUT OUR AQUIFERS, THE INADEQUACY OF OUR WATER QUALITY AND WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES. I ALSO SHARE... DISAPPROVAL AT THE WAY THE PROJECT WAS PRESENTED AS A 'FAIT ACOMPLI' BEFORE THE COMMUNITY HAD TIME TO REACT. … AT PRESENT THERE SEEMS TO BE LITTLE EXCUSE FOR THE UNSEEMLY HASTE IN SEEING THIS PROJECT TO FRUITION.” (LETHBRIDGE HERALD JULY 21, 1997) DESPITE NO CITIZEN PETITION BEING FILED, THE PROJECT STILL FACED ROADBLOCKS; “LETHBRIDGE CITY COUNCIL DECIDED UNANIMOUSLY FRIDAY TO GO TO MARKET WITH INDUSTRIAL PARK LAND NEEDED BY YUAN YI TO PROCEED. ... HOWEVER, BRUCE AND JOAN HAIG, KRISTEN HUFFMAN AND KENNETH IKLE HAVE FILED A NOTICE OF MOTION WITH COURT OF QUEEN’S BENCH, INDICATING THEY WANT BOTH THE LAND SALE TRANSACTION AND RELATED REZONING DECLARED INVALID, THUS QUASHING THE PROJECT.” (LETHBRIDGE HERALD AUGUST 30, 1997) ALONGSIDE THE ONGOING LEGAL CHALLENGE AND PLANS FOR APPEALS, THE ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS BEGAN IN JUNE OF 1997; "RUMORS HAVE SURROUNDED THE $50-MILLION HOG SLAUGHTERING AND PROCESSING PLANT FOR MANY MONTHS. WHILE THE TALK INITIALLY FOCUSED ON YUAN YI’S SUPPOSED DISMAY OVER OPPOSITION TO ITS PLANS, MORE RECENTLY IT CENTERED AROUND THE DECLINING FINANCIAL FORTUNES OF THE COMPANY." (LETHBRIDGE HERALD FEBRUARY 13, 1998) ON MARCH 21, 1998, THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ANNOUNCED THAT THE YUAN YI PROCESSING PLANT WOULD NOT OPEN; “THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS DECIDED IT COULD WAIT NO LONGER FOR A LIGHT AT THE END OF THE TUNNEL. APPEALS TO BOTH THE ENVIRONMENT AND LEGAL PROCESSES PROMISED TO DRAG ON FOR MONTHS IF NOT LONGER. WAYNE PETERSON, LEGAL COUNSEL FOR YUAN YI, SAID THE PLANT NEEDED TO BE OPERATIONAL BY THIS APRIL TO MEET CONTRACTS WITH ITS CUSTOMERS. 'TODAY’S ANNOUNCEMENT IS A RESULT OF YUAN YI’S CUSTOMERS ADVISING THEY CAN’T WAIT ANY LONGER,' HE SAID.” “CARPENTER SAID HE WAS OBVIOUSLY DISAPPOINTED BUT IT WAS A BUSINESS DECISION AND ONE HE WOULD HAVE MADE UNDER THE SAME CIRCUMSTANCES. 'THE BEST WE CAN DO IS TO ALLOW THEM TO PURSUE THAT GOAL IN ANOTHER COMMUNITY AND WISH THEM THE BEST,' HE SAID.” (LETHBRIDGE HERALD MARCH 21, 1998) WHEN ASKED IN THE INTERVIEW ABOUT THE YUAN YI PLANT OUTCOME, CARPENTER STATED, “SO TWO MEMBERS OF COUNCIL CHANGED THEIR MINDS ON THE REZONING AND WE WEREN’T ABLE TO PROCEED FOR THESE FOLKS TO BUILD THE PLANT HERE. SO THAT WAS VERY SAD AND THEY INVESTED A LOT OF TIME AND A LOT OF MONEY. THEY SIMPLY LEFT. NOT THREE MONTHS LATER, ONE OF THE CATTLE PROCESSING FACILITIES WAS CONVERTED TO A HOG PROCESSING FACILITY. WITH ABSOLUTELY ZERO IN THE WAY OF PUBLIC OPPOSITION. JUST GOES TO SHOW YOU. I REALLY DON’T KNOW ALL THE INS AND OUTS OF THAT ONE. BUT THAT’S POLITICS, I GUESS.” AS REPORTED BY THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, ON OCTOBER 22, 1998, “MAPLE LEAF MEATS CONTINUES TO GEAR UP ITS NEW LETHBRIDGE HOG SLAUGHTERING PLANT FOR ITS CAPACITY PROCESSING TARGET DATE NOV. 16. … THE HOGS WILL BE CUT UP TO JAPANESE CONSUMER STANDARDS TO MEET SPECIFIC MARKET DEMANDS.” ON CARPENTER’S PERSONAL EXPERIENCE TRAVELLING TO TAIWAN, “WELL, SO, FIRST THING TO THINK ABOUT IS I HAD A VERY YOUNG FAMILY AT THE TIME. SO FOR ME TO TRAVEL, WAS NOT A REALLY GOOD THING. ... IT WAS NOT EASY ON US AS A FAMILY, FOR ME TO BE GONE FOR A WEEK OR 10 DAYS AT A TIME. SO FROM THAT PERSPECTIVE, A LITTLE DIFFICULT. THAT BEING THE CASE, I WILL STILL REMEMBER THESE RELATIONSHIPS THAT WERE FORMED AT THAT POINT IN TIME, EVEN WITH MR. QUO. I CALLED HIM UP LAST NIGHT AND IT WAS LIKE WE HADN’T EVER NOT TALKED. (LAUGHS)… WHAT I REMEMBER ABOUT EVERY ONE OF THE JOBS THAT I’VE HAD IS THE PEOPLE I WORKED WITH. THIS WAS NO DIFFERENT, THESE WERE REALLY WONDERFUL FOLKS.” “I HADN’T BEEN TO ASIA VERY MUCH BEFORE THIS. I GO ONCE OR TWICE A YEAR NOW. NOT TO TAIWAN, BUT USUALLY SINGAPORE. BUT, I’VE FOUND SOME INCREDIBLE LESSONS IN TERMS OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS AND HOW PEOPLE LIVE TOGETHER. SO YOU CAN IMAGINE IN THOSE DAYS, 22 MILLION PEOPLE LIVING ON A STRIP OF LAND ON THE WESTERN EDGE OF AN ISLAND. IT’S PRETTY CROWDED! YOU SAY NORMALLY SPEAKING, IF PEOPLE ARE THAT CROWDED THERE WOULD BE ALL KINDS OF FRICTION, YOU KNOW. THEFTS, AND ROBBERIES, AND PROBLEMS BETWEEN PEOPLE AND YET IF YOU TRAVEL IN ASIA, WHAT YOU FIND IS THERE IS FAR LESS. YOU CAN WALK SAFELY ALMOST ANYWHERE AT ANY TIME OF THE DAY... AGAIN, SUCH A WARM AND INVITING EXPERIENCE. WILL NEVER BE DUPLICATED AND I’M REALLY GLAD WE TOOK THE OPPORTUNITY TO DO.” PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR THE FULL INTERVIEW, INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND REFERENCED LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20010099015
Acquisition Date
2002-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

CANISTER, FOOD-STORAGE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact12519
Other Name
"3P" MINER'S LUNCH PAIL
Date Range From
1830
Date Range To
1840
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COPPER, PAPER, TAPE
Catalogue Number
P20090034000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"3P" MINER'S LUNCH PAIL
Date Range From
1830
Date Range To
1840
Materials
COPPER, PAPER, TAPE
No. Pieces
3
Height
14.0
Diameter
14.3
Description
COPPER CANNISTER WITH LID - 2 PIECES. POT, COPPER. IRON HANDLE LOOPED ONTO TWO ROUND COPPER PIECES (ONE ON EACH SIDE) WITH RECTANGULAR BASE THAT IS RIVETED ONTO BODY OF POT. RESIDUE COVERS MOST OF INSIDE OF POT. POT SCRATCHED THROUGHOUT. INTERMITTENT BROWN TO BLACK DISCOLORATIONS. SMALL DENT IN BOTTOM EDGE OF POT. ALSO INCLUDES LID, COPPER, ROUND. TWO CONNECTED CIRCLES RIVETED ONTO TOP OF LID HOLD CIRUCULAR COPPER HANDLE IN PLACE. MARKED "3P" ON TOP. INSIDE OF LID HAS PAPER NOTE TAPED ON MARKED "FOUND BY... ALBERTA." SCRATCHED THROUGHOUT. INTERMITTENT BLACK TO BROWN DISCOLORATION. SMALL DENT IN TOP EDGE.
Subjects
FOOD SERVICE T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
RETAIL TRADE
History
ACCORDING TO THE NOTE TAPED ON THE INSIDE OF THE LID THE CANISTER WAS "FOUND BY BETTY ZSOVAN IN 1950S IN LITTLE CAMERON LAKE AREA. TRIPPED ON IT WHEEN COMING OUT ON A FISHING TRIP. FOR CERTAIN AN 'ORES MOUNTAIN' MINER'S LUNCH PAIL. A UNIQUE SOUVENIR OF WATERTON LAKE'S NATIONAL PARK." THE CANISTER APPEARS TO BE SIMILAR TO THE COPPER TRADE KETTLES TRADED BY THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY IN THE EARLY 1800S. ACCORDING TO "THE FOUR LIVES OF A MICMAC COPPER POT" BY CALVIN MARTIN, COPPER TRADE KETTLES WERE AN IMPORTANT TRADE ITEM. NATIVES DESIRED THEM, AS THEY WERE MORE CONVENIENT AND DURABLE THAN THEIR TRADITIONAL METHODS OF COOKING. BETTY ZSOVAN WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 25, 1922. WHEN SHE WAS A YOUNG WOMAN SHE WORKED IN WATERTON NATIONAL PARK WITH HER SISTER VILMA. SHE WAS MARRIED TO STEVE SZOVAN. HER HOBBIES INCLUDED FISHING, CAMPING ANDGARDENING. SHE PASSED AWAY ON OCTOBER 14, 2009. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20090034000
Acquisition Date
2009-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WORK BOX
Date Range From
1830
Date Range To
1953
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, MOTHER OF PEARL, PAPER.
Catalogue Number
P20090016001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WORK BOX
Date Range From
1830
Date Range To
1953
Materials
WOOD, MOTHER OF PEARL, PAPER.
No. Pieces
14
Height
12.8
Length
19.9 19.9
Width
27.7
Description
WOODEN NEEDLEWORK BOX, TRAY, LIDS, NEEDLE HOLDERS, VENEER FRAGMENTS AND KEY – 14 PIECES. PLEASE REFER TO PERMANENT FILE FOR DIAGRAM OF BOX WITH LABELED COMPARTMENTS. 1. NEEDLEWORK BOX, DARK WOOD VENEER, RECTANGULAR SHAPE. TOP OF BOX DECORATED WITH TWO TONE DIAMOND SHAPED MOTHER OF PEARL INLAY, BORDER IS CREAM COLORED, MIDDLE BAND IS MARBELIZED, CENTRE IS CREAM WITH INITIALS "F.M" CARVED INTO THE SURFACE. SIMILAR TWO TONE DIAMOND SHAPED MOTHER OF PEARL INLAY LOCATED AROUND KEYHOLE ON FRONT OF BOX. PROPER LEFT SIDE OF LID MISSING STRIP OF VENEER GOING ENTIRE LENGTH OF BOX. VENEER ALSO MISSING ON BACK PROPER RIGHT CORNER AND FRONT PROPER LEFT CORNER. INSIDE OF BOX DECORATED WITH PINK SILK, AND CURVY STRIPED GREY AND CREAM PAPER. UNDERSIDE OF LID IS CREAM SILK PIN CUSION WITH METAL CLOSURE, PEARLESCENT BUTTON WITH MOTHER OF PEARL INLAY AND BLACK AND GOLD, FOLIAGE PATTERNED BORDER. PIN CUSHION PULLS OUT TO REVEAL EXPANDABLE PAPER FOLDER. BOX CONTAINS MULTI COMPARTMENT TRAY WHICH LIFTS OUT TO REVEAL LARGE STORAGE SPACE UNDERNEATH. 12.8 CM HIGH BY 19.9 CM LONG BY 27.7 CM WIDE. 2. TRAY WITH SIXTEEN COMPARTMENTS OF VARYING SIZES. WOODEN TRAY COVERED IN GREY AND CREAM CURVY STRIPED PAPER. FOUR COMPARMENTS COVERED WITH PINK SILK. PAPER PEELING ALONG FRONT, BOTTOM EDGE OF TRAY. 4.5 CM HIGH BY 17.3 CM LONG BY 25.2 CM WIDE. 3. LID, RECTANGULAR SHAPED. MOTHER OF PEARL FLOWER SHAPED HANDLE IN CENTER. TOP OF LID COVERED WITH PINK SILK, BOTTOM COVERED WITH GREY AND CREAM CURVY STRIPED PAPER. LID SOILED AND DISCOLORED THROUGHOUT. 0.8 CM HIGH BY 6.7 CM LONG BY 5.9 CM WIDE. 4. LID, RECTANGULAR SHAPED. PINK SILK COVERS TOP, GREY AND CREAM CURVY STRIPED FABRIC COVERS BOTTOM. PINK FABRIC LOOP ATTACHED TO PROPER LEFT SIDE OF LID. PINK SILK BAND WITH FOUR SEWN COMPARTMENTS RUNS THROUGH THE TOP CENTRE OF THE LID. APPEARS THAT THE BAND WOULD HAVE HELD TOOLS OF SOME SORT. SILK AND PAPER ARE SOILED AND DISCOLORED THROUGHOUT. EDGES OF SILK LOOP ARE FRAYING. 1.3 CM HIGH BY 6.9 CM LONG BY 12.8 CM WIDE. 5. LID, RECTANGULAR SHAPED. MOTHER OF PEARL FLOWER SHAPED HANDLE IN CENTRE. TOP OF LID COVERED WITH PINK SILK, BOTTOM COVERED WITH GREY AND CREAM CURVY STRIPED PAPER. LID SOILED AND DISCOLORED THROUGHOUT. 0.9 CM HIGH BY 6.7 CM LONG BY 6.0 CM WIDE 6. LID, RECTUANGULAR SHAPED. MOTHER OF PEARL FLOWER SHAPED HANDLE IN CENTRE. TOP OF LID COVERED WITH PINK SILK, BOTTOM COVERED WITH GREY AND CREAM CURVY STRIPED PAPER. LID SOILED AND DISCOLORED THROUGHOUT. 0.7 CM HIGH BY 3.6 CM LONG BY 11.5 CM WIDE. 7. COMPARTMENT DIVIDER, RECTANGULAR SHAPED. WOOD COVERED IN GREY AND CREAM CURVY STRIPED PAPER. PAPER SOILED AND DISCOLORED THROUGHOUT. PAPER ABSENT ON THREE OUT OF FOUR EDGES OF DIVIDER. 0.3 CM HIGH BY 3.0 CM LONG BY 2.5 CM WIDE. 8. (2) NEEDLE HOLDER BOOKS. OUTSIDE OF HOLDER COVERED IN PINK SILK, INSIDE COVERED IN GREY AND CREAM CURVY STRIPED PAPER. ATTACHED TO INSIDE OF HOLDER IS PIECE OF COTTON FABRIC WITH PINKED EDGES. EACH HOLDS ONE NEEDLE (SEE BELOW FOR DESCRIPTION). HOLDER SOILED AND DISCOLORED THROUGHOUT. 0.8 CM HIGH BY 4.8 CM LONG BY 2.5 CM WIDE. 9. NEEDLE, FINE, STAINLESS STEEL. SMALL EYE MEASURES A LITTLE LESS THAN 0.1 CM. 3.1 CM LONG BY LESS THAN 0.1 CM IN DIAMETER. 10. NEEDLE, STAINLESS STEEL. SMALL EYE MEASURES LESS THAN 0.1 CM. 3.9 CM LONG BY 0.1 CM IN DIAMETER. 11. VENEER, DARK COLORED WOOD. IRREGULAR EDGES. 19.1 CM LONG BY 1.1 CM WIDE. 12. VENEER, DARK COLORED WOOD. IRREGULAR EDGES. 11.8 CM LONG BY 1.3 CM WIDE. 13. KEY, SILVER. OVAL LOOP AT TOP, HOLLOW STEM WITH SMALL NODULE ON END. FOUR CIRCULAR INDENTED BANDS WHERE KEY LOOP MEETS KEY STEM. 0.4 CM HIGH BY 3.0 CM LONG BY 2.0 CM WIDE.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, KATHERINE IVES TWISS, SHE GOT THE BOX FROM EDITH KIRK. SHE SAID, "IT WAS HER MOTHER'S BOX. MISS KIRK GAVE IT TO MY MOTHER [ETTA HENDERSON IVES] TO GIVE TO ME." TWISS WAS GIVEN THE BOX BECAUSE SHE WAS A "STUDENT AND FRIEND" OF KIRK. THE DONATION WAS BROUGHT IN BY TWISS'S DAUGHTER, K.A. STEEL, IN HER LETTER SHE WRITES, "WHEN MISS KIRK PASSED AWAY SHE LEFT AN ANTIQUE JEWELLERY-TYPE BOX... TO TWISS.... MISS KIRK SAYS THAT THE BOX BELONGED TO HER MOTHER AND WAS OVER 100 YEARS OLD. MOST OF ITS CONTENTS WERE VERY OLD AND BROKEN DOWN, BUT VERY INTERESTING. THIS BOX WAS THE ONLY POSSESSION THAT MISS KIRK HAD, AND SHE MUST HAVE LOVED IT DEARLY. IT WOULD HAVE BEEN ALL THAT SHE HAD OF HER MOTHER. SHE BROUGHT IT ALL THE WAY FROM ENGLAND, AND KEPT IT SAFE ALL THROUGHOUT HER LIFE... [WHEN SHE CAME TO LETHBRIDGE] SHE MET MRS. MARGARET (ETTA) HENDERSON IVES, WHO HAD BEEN BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1890, AND THEY BECAME FRIENDS. MISS KIRK GOT SET UP IN A SMALL APARTMENT AND TAUGHT ART LESSONS. MRS. ETTA IVES HAD BOTH OF HER DAUGHTERS, MARGARET AND KATHARINE, TAKE ART LESSONS FROM MISS KIRK. MRS. IVES ALSO BOUGHT A NUMBER OF PAINTINGS FROM MISS KIRK. MISS KIRK WAS A LOVELY, DECENT WOMAN. MARGARET TOOK LESSONS BUT DIDN'T LOVE ART. KATHARINE LOVED ART AND WAS GIVEN MANY, MANY LESSONS. WHEN SHE LOOKS BACK SHE THINKS SHE WAS GIVEN SO MANY LESSONS NOT ONLY TO LEARN TO PAINT, BUT ALSO TO HELP MISS KIRK MAKE A LIVING. MISS KIRK HAD A TINY APARTMENT WHERE KATHARINE TOOK HER LESSONS. KATHARINE REMEMBERS THAT MISS KIRK ONLY HAD A HOT PLATE TO COOK HER MEALS ON. SHE REMEMBERS THAT MISS KIRK ALWAYS SEEMED TO BE COOKING AN EGG FOR HER MEAL. KATHARINE AND MISS KIRK ALSO SPENT A GREAT DEAL OF TIME TOGETHER IN THE COUNTRYSIDE SKETCHING... KATHARINE JUST LIKED MISS KIRK VERY MUCH AND REALLY LIKED THE ART LESSONS. SHE SAID THAT MISS KIRK REALLY KNEW HER COLOURS. MISS KIRK KNEW HOW TO MIX THE PAINTS TO GET JUST THE RIGHT COLOUR... AN ART LESSON COST 25 CENTS PER LESSON. ART SUPPLIES WERE EXPENSIVE AND GETTING ONE NEW COLOUR OF PAINT WAS AN EXCITING ADVENTURE. IT MUST HAVE BEEN HARD FOR MISS KIRK TO PURCASE ALL THE MATERIALS SHE NEEDED FOR HER PAINTINGS... KATHARINE GREW UP, MOVED AWAY... AND THEN MARRIED. MISS KIRK WANTED TO GIVE KATHARINE ONE OF HER PAINTINGS AS A WEDDING GIFT. MISS KIRK WROTE A LETTER TELLING KATHARINE TO COME AND PICK WHICHEVER PAINTING SHE LIKED THE BEST FOR HER WEDDING GIFT. KATHARINE DID PICK A PAINTING AND THAT PAINTING HAS BEEN ON HER WALL ALL OF THESE YEARS... " GALT CURATOR, WENDY AITKENS, DID SOME RESEARCH ON KIRK AND CONTINUES TO SEARCH FOR MORE ANSWERS ABOUT THE LIFE OF THIS WOMAN. SEE BELOW, "FOR 35 YEARS, LETHBRIDGE WAS THE HOME OF AN ACCOMPLISHED AND WELL KNOWN ARTIST AND ART TEACHER. EDITH FANNY KIRK, OR MISS KIRK AS MOST PEOPLE CALLED HER, CREATED WATER COLOUR LANDSCAPES OF ENGLAND, VANCOUVER, LETHBRIDGE, WATERTON, BANFF, AND JASPER. SHE TAUGHT MANY CHILDREN AND ADULTS THE SKILLS OF PAINTING. SHE ALSO SPOKE AT THE MATHESIS CLUB PERSENTING PAPERS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN ART, THE EVOLUTION OF ART AND ART APPRECIATION. JOAN STEBBINS, PAST CURATOR AT THE SAAG, CREDITS THE INFLUENCE OF MISS KIRK FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LETHBRIDGE SKETCH (NOW ARTISTS') CLUB IN THE 1930S. WHEN MISS KIRK ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1918, SHE WAS 60 YEARS OLD. SHE WAS BORN IN 1858 AND WAS RAISED IN YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND. HER MOTHER, FANNY (NEE MAUGHAM) PASSED AWAY WHEN EDITH WAS A YOUNG GIRL AND HER FATHER REMARRIED. THE STORY, FROM SECOND HAND SOURCES, WAS THAT SHE AND HER STEP MOTHER DID NOT LIKE ONE ANOTHER. THIS PROVIDED TO BE A BLESSING IN DISGUISE BECAUSE EDITH WAS SENT AWAY TO STUDY ART. EDITH STUDIED IN SOUTH KENSINGTON, LONDON AND PARIS. DURING HER SUMMERS SHE JOINED ARTIST'S COLONIES IN CORNWALL, WALES AND YORKSHIRE. SHE WROTE OF IMPRESSIONIST PAUL CEZANNE BEING HER "MODEL AND INSPIRATION" AND SHE GREATLY ADMIRED ROMANTIC ARTIST JOHN SELL COTMAN. KIRK NEVER MARRIED AND, FOR SOME REASON, SHE DECIDED TO IMMIGRATE TO CANADA AT THE AGE OF 46. SHE ARRIVED IN HALIFAX ABOARD THE HMS CANADA IN APRIL 1905. THE PASSENGER LIST INDICATED SHE WAS TRAVELING ON TO VANCOUVER AND HER OCCUPATION WAS LISTED AS A GOVERNESS. IT SEEMS SHE DIDN'T STAY LONG IN VANCOUVER BUT SOON TRAVELLED TO ATLIN, B.C. TO GET TO ATLIN, KIRK WOULD HAVE TAKEN A SHIP TO SKAGWAY, THE WHITE PASS RAILWAY TO CARCROSS AND THEN AN OVERLAND AND BOAT TRIP TO ATLIN. IT IS A MYSTERY WHY SHE CHOSE TO GO TO A REMOTE GOLD RUSH TOWN IN NORTH WESTERN BRITISH COLUMBIA. NEXT WE FIND KIRK, IN 1911, BOARDING WITH THE WOODS FAMILY IN LILLOOET, NORTHWEST OF KAMLOOPS, B.C. THERE SHE IS A PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHER. SEVEN YEARS LATER EDITH KIRK IS IN LETHBRIDGE. IT SEEMS SHE KNEW PEOPLE LIVING IN TABER, DR. ALFRED HAMMAN AND HIS SISTER MRS. SYLVIA GIDMAN, WHO CAME FROM HER HOMELAND IN ENGLAND SO CHOSE VISIT. THE CHARM OF THE PRAIRIE AND MOUNTAIN LANDSCAPES OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA ENTICED HER TO STAY. MISS KIRK LIVED IN THE VICTORIA MANSION AND THE TRAVELLER'S AID SOCIETY BUILDING AND SHE TAUGHT ART CLASSES AT THE YMCA FOR A FEW DOLLARS A MONTH." FOR PAPERS WRITTEN AND PRESENTED BY MISS EDITH KIRK TO MEMBERS OF THE MATHESIS CLUB OF LETHBRIDGE BETWEEN 1933 AND 1937, SEE ARCHIVAL DONATION P19951042000. THE PAPERS DISCUSS THE EVOLUTION OF ART, MODERN ART, HOW ARTISTS DEVELOP PAINTINGS AND ART APPRECIATION. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE OTHER KIRK DONATIONS, INCLUDING: P19820004000, P19960095000, P20090016*, P20140012*, P20140020*, P20140021000, P20150008000, P20150019000, P20150024000, P20150029000, AND P20150030000. SEE ALSO THE BOOK, "A LEGACY OF ADVENTURE AND ART: THE LIFE OF MISS EDITH FANNY KIRCK," BY WENDY AITKENS PUBLISHED IN 2015. ALSO SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20090016001
Acquisition Date
2009-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

89 records – page 1 of 9.